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The information disclosed in this document, including all designs and related
materials, is the valuable property of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard
Bell NEC, Inc. (hereinafter "NECCSD") and/or its licensors. NECCSD and/or its
licensors, as appropriate, reserve all patent, copyright and other proprietary rights
to this document, including all design, manufacturing, reproduction, use, and
sales rights thereto, except to the extent said rights are expressly granted to
The NECCSD product(s) discussed in this document are warranted in accordance
with the terms of the Warranty Statement accompanying each product. However,
actual performance of each such product is dependent upon factors such as system
configuration, customer data, and operator control. Since implementation by
customers of each product may vary, the suitability of specific product
configurations and applications must be determined by the customer and is not
warranted by NECCSD.
To allow for design and specification improvements, the information in this
document is subject to change at any time, without notice. Reproduction of this
document or portions thereof without prior written approval of NECCSD is
FaxFlash and Direction are trademarks of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell, NEC.
NEC is a registered trademark of NEC Corporation; MultiSync is a registered trademark of NEC
Technologies, Inc.; these trademarks are used under license by NEC Computer Systems Division,
Packard Bell, NEC.
All other product, brand, or trade names used in this publication are the trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective trademark owners.
First Printing — August 1997
Copyright 1997
NEC Computer Systems Division
Packard Bell NEC, Inc.
1414 Massachusetts Avenue
Boxborough, MA 01719-2298
All Rights Reserved


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for NEC DIRECTION L

  • Page 1 FaxFlash and Direction are trademarks of NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell, NEC. NEC is a registered trademark of NEC Corporation; MultiSync is a registered trademark of NEC Technologies, Inc.; these trademarks are used under license by NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell, NEC.
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Contents Using This Guide Text Conventions............xiii Related Documents ........... Introducing Your Computer Front Features ............System Controls and Lamps......... Diskette Drive A ..........CD-ROM Reader..........Back Features............External Connectors..........Power Supply Features ........1-12 Zip Drive............. 1-12 Microphone ............1-14 Speakers..............
  • Page 3 Productivity.............. 2-11 Saving Your Work..........2-11 Backing Up Your Work ........2-12 Printing a Document ..........2-12 Display Properties ............ 2-13 System Care ............. 2-15 Protecting Your System from Damage....2-15 Keeping Your System in Good Condition ..... 2-16 Moving or Shipping Your System ......2-17 Battery Replacement..........
  • Page 4 Audio ..............Power Backup ............. System BIOS and Utilities System BIOS and the Setup Utility......The Setup Utility ..........When to Use Setup ......... How to Start Setup ......... How to Use Setup ........... Maintenance Menu ..........Processor Speed..........Clear All Passwords........Main Menu............
  • Page 5 Removable Devices Submenu......4-24 Exit Menu ............4-25 BIOS Flash Utility ............ 4-26 Video Drivers ............4-27 Installing Options Option Installation ............ Safety Precautions ..........Cover Removal and Replacement ......Removing the Access Cover......... Replacing the Access Cover ......... Expansion Boards............. Installing an Expansion Board......
  • Page 6 Setting System Board Jumpers Locating the Jumper..........Clearing Your Password ........... Recovering the BIOS ..........24-Hour Information Services NECCSD FaxFlash Service ........NECCSD Bulletin Board Service ......America Online Service..........Compuserve Online Service ........E-Mail/Fax Technical Support Service...... Internet..............NECCSD Technical Support Services....... 7-10 If You Have a Problem Problem Checklist.............
  • Page 7 Adjust Your Monitor ..........Vary Your Workday ..........A-10 Preexisting Conditions and Psychosocial Factors ..A-11 Checking Your Comfort: How Do You Measure Up? ............A-12 Checking Your Chair ........... A-12 Checking Your Keyboard........A-12 Checking Your Mouse ......... A-12 Checking Your Monitor ........
  • Page 8 IDE Support ............Super I/O Controller ..........Serial Ports............C-10 Parallel Port............C-10 Floppy Controller ..........C-10 Keyboard & Mouse ..........C-10 Interrupt Requests (IRQs) ........C-11 Audio Support ............. C-12 OPL3-SA3 Audio System ....... C-12 OPL4-ML Wavetable Synthesizer....C-12 Audio Connectors ...........
  • Page 9: Using This Guide

    Using This Guide The NEC Direction L-Series User Manual provides a quick reference to information about your computer. This manual contains the following information: Chapter 1, Introducing Your Computer, provides a look at system components. See this chapter to familiarize yourself with your system.
  • Page 10 Chapter 8, If You Have a Problem, contains troubleshooting tips for solving simple problems and provides information on where you can find help when you cannot solve a problem yourself. Appendix A, Setting Up a Healthy Work Environment, contains guidelines to help you use your computer productively and safely.
  • Page 11: Text Conventions

    TEXT CONVENTIONS This manual uses the following text conventions. Warnings, cautions, and notes have the following meanings: WARNING Warnings alert you to situations that could result in serious personal injury or loss of life. CAUTION Cautions indicate situations that can damage the hardware or software.
  • Page 12: Related Documents

    RELATED DOCUMENTS In addition to this guide, the following printed documentation ships with your NEC Direction L-Series system: NEC Direction L-Series Quick Setup Quick Setup contains information for quickly getting your system up and running. Read this information to set up the system for the first time.
  • Page 13 NECCSD FaxFlash™ Service NECCSD FaxFlash is an automated service that sends the latest information about NECCSD and its products directly to a fax machine. The service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. With FaxFlash, you can obtain product literature and technical information bulletins.
  • Page 14: Introducing Your Computer

    Appendix A, Setting Up a Healthy Work Environment. Your NEC Direction L-Series multimedia computer comes with state-of-the-art, high-performance components for ® delivering years of service. Based on an Intel ®...
  • Page 15: Front Features

    FRONT FEATURES Daily contact with your system is through the controls on the front panel. The following figures show the control features on the front of the system. Front features — desktop models 1-2 Introducing Your Computer...
  • Page 16: System Controls And Lamps

    Front panel features — minitower models System Controls and Lamps System controls let you select specific system operations; the lamps let you know the status of system operation. Your computer has the following controls and lamps: Power button Turns the system on and off. Reset button Lets you restart your system manually when it does not respond to keyboard commands.
  • Page 17: Diskette Drive A

    CAUTION Resetting your system can result in the loss of data. Press the reset button only when all other methods of restarting your computer fail. System power lamp Lights when the system is turned on. Disk lamp Lights when the hard disk drive is active, reading or writing data.
  • Page 18: Cd-Rom Reader

    Diskette drive eject button Lets you remove a diskette from the diskette drive. Diskette drive features CD-ROM Reader Your computer comes with a high-speed ATAPI CD-ROM reader. The CD-ROM reader operates at different speeds depending on whether the CD you are using contains data or music.
  • Page 19 CD-ROM reader features Headphone jack Allows the connection of an optional set of stereo headphones through a mini-jack plug. Volume control knob Controls the volume of the optional headphones. Open/close button Opens and closes the CD tray. Press this button when the computer power is on to insert or remove a CD.
  • Page 20: Back Features

    BACK FEATURES Setting up your system is mainly done through external connectors on the back of the computer. The following figures show these connectors. Note that the minitower and desktop models differ only in orientation. Rear features — desktop models Introducing Your Computer 1-7...
  • Page 21 Audio connectors — desktop models Rear features — minitower models 1-8 Introducing Your Computer...
  • Page 22: External Connectors

    Audio connectors — minitower models External Connectors Your peripheral components attach to connectors on the back of your computer. This is where you connect the monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, and printer. NOTE Your system might have additional boards not shown in the previous figures. Boards and board locations vary depending on the model and options you purchased.
  • Page 23 Keyboard port Connect the keyboard that comes with your computer to this port. The keyboard port supports a personal system ® (PS)/2 -compatible, 104-key keyboard with a 6-pin mini DIN connector. Mouse port Attach the mouse that comes with your computer to this port.
  • Page 24 (MIDI) files or a joystick or gamepad for playing games. Video connector Attach the signal cable from your monitor to this connector. This connection supports an NEC ® MultiSync monitor or other video graphics array (VGA)-compatible monitor with a 15-pin connector.
  • Page 25: Power Supply Features

    Fax/modem ports (some models) Some models come with a fax/data/voice modem board. The fax/modem allows the connection of a phone line to the computer for fax, data communications, and speakerphone functions. This is your connection to information services worldwide. See the fax/modem documentation that comes with your system to connect and use your fax/modem.
  • Page 26 Use the Zip drive to back up work, archive old files and email, organize your work, transport your work, and more. With 100-MB Zip disks, you get an unlimited storage capacity. The Zip drive features include a release button/data lamp. Press this button to release a Zip disk from the drive.
  • Page 27: Microphone

    Microphone All systems come with a microphone. Use it to record voice and sound into your audio files. Microphone Speakers All systems come with a pair of high-quality, stereo speakers that you can arrange to suit your work environment. See the documentation that comes with your speakers to set up your speakers and to adjust sound.
  • Page 28: Mouse

    Mouse In addition to the right and left mouse buttons, your mouse features a cursor movement wheel. The cursor movement wheel lets you scroll vertically and horizontally and zoom in to view data on the screen.. Mouse features Introducing Your Computer 1-15...
  • Page 29: Using Your Computer

    Using Your Computer This chapter provides the information you need to start using your computer. Information includes: System operation Productivity Video display properties System care Moving or shipping your system Battery replacement Online documentation. NOTE Check the additional documentation that comes with your computer for information about using your monitor, speakers, graphics board, and any other devices that you purchased (such as a...
  • Page 30: Starting Up

    using system features such as the CD-ROM reader using power management and security features. Starting Up Press the power button to start up your system. The power lamp lights green to indicate that the system is on. Several configuration messages appear on the screen at startup.
  • Page 31: Shutting Down

    Shutting Down Follow these steps to shut down (power off) your computer. Save your work. See the documentation that comes with your application. Exit the application program. Close any open applications. If you have programs in the taskbar, click on them and close them. Make sure that the hard drive and diskette drives are off.
  • Page 32: Setting The Date And Time

    NOTE If you are unable to exit using the Windows Start button, you can use the power button on the front of the system to power off. Press and hold in the power button for about ten seconds to shut down the system manually.
  • Page 33: Using Cds

    NOTE If your diskette did not come formatted, you must format it before storing information on it. See your operating system documentation information about formatting a diskette. CAUTION Do not format your hard drive. Formatting the hard drive erases all preinstalled applications. To remove a diskette from the diskette drive, press the release button on the 3.5-inch diskette drive.
  • Page 34: Handling Compact Discs

    Handling Compact Discs To protect your CDs from damage, use the following guidelines when you handle them. Always pick up the disc by its edges. Do not touch the surfaces of the disc. Handle it by the edges and, if necessary, by putting your finger through the hole.
  • Page 35: Loading A Cd

    Cleaning a CD CAUTION Do NOT use benzene, paint thinner, record cleaner, static repellent, or any other chemical on the disc. Chemicals and cleaners can damage the disc. Loading a CD To insert a CD into the CD-ROM reader, follow these steps: Press the open/close button.
  • Page 36: Removing A Cd

    Removing a CD To remove a CD, simply press the open/close button and remove the CD when the tray slides out. Press the open/close button again to close the reader tray. Using Your System’s Audio Functions Multimedia systems come with all the audio functions and components you need to produce fine stereo output.
  • Page 37: Protecting Your System

    Use the up and right arrow keys to select Exit. Select “Exit Saving Changes.” Press Enter At the prompt, to confirm exiting setup, press Enter Exit the Setup utility. NOTE When you want to resume work after your computer has entered power-saving mode, just move your mouse or press a key, and your computer is active again.
  • Page 38: Using A Password

    Using your arrow keys, select Security from the menu bar. The Security menu appears. Select “Set Supervisor Password” or “Set User Password” with the arrow keys and press Enter NOTE Enabling the Supervisor Password feature requires that a password be entered before entering the Setup Utility.
  • Page 39: Productivity

    NOTE For security, characters you enter do not appear on your screen. Enter your password carefully. If you enter the password incorrectly, your system does not boot. You have three chances to enter the correct password. After the third unsuccessful attempt, you must reboot your system and try again.
  • Page 40: Backing Up Your Work

    Backing Up Your Work Back up your work on a regular basis! Backup procedures are important for the efficient and effective use of your computer. Protect your program and data files with regular backup procedures. Make backup copies of your program and data files that are on diskette and on the hard drive.
  • Page 41: Display Properties

    Be sure you have paper in your printer. See your printer documentation to load paper. Check that the printer is “online” or “selected.” See your printer documentation for information about choosing the online mode. Select “Print” from the File menu of your Windows application.
  • Page 42 NOTE The appearance of your desktop may vary slightly from the one shown. Display Properties Window NOTE Both the screen resolution and the color palette were set at the factory for optimum performance. Before you change these settings, be sure that your monitor and video adapter support the new settings.
  • Page 43: System Care

    Use the slide bar in the Display Area section of the screen to select the screen resolution. Select the number of colors you want to display from the Color Palette section of the screen. NOTE If you are using Windows NT, you can click on List All Modes.
  • Page 44: Keeping Your System In Good Condition

    Avoid repeated power-on cycles. These subject the system components to temperature variations and stress. Disconnect your system from telephone and power lines when an electrical storm threatens. If you have a fax/modem, lightning can travel in on the phone line and damage both the fax/modem and the system unit.
  • Page 45: Moving Or Shipping Your System

    WARNING For safety, turn off and unplug your system, monitor, and any external devices before cleaning them. Clean the outside of the computer with a soft clean cloth. You can remove stubborn stains with a cloth slightly dampened with a mild detergent. Never use a strong cleaner or solvent on any part of the system.
  • Page 46: Battery Replacement

    Remove any diskette from the diskette drive. If you have a CD in the CD-ROM reader, remove the CD. If you have a Zip disk in a Zip drive, remove the disk. Turn off the system unit and any external options connected to it.
  • Page 47 WARNING The battery can explode if it is incorrectly replaced or improperly discarded. Use only the same battery or an equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer when replacing the battery. Lithium acts as a catalyst when exposed to water and causes spontaneous combustion on contact. Discard used batteries...
  • Page 48 Locating the battery Carefully pull the battery upward until there is sufficient space to slide the battery out of the socket. You can lift the battery with a plastic screwdriver or orange wood stick; however, be careful to avoid scratching the system board.
  • Page 49: Online Documentation

    ONLINE DOCUMENTATION Most of your application programs include online help at the touch of a button (usually the Help button). Many programs also incorporate separate, complete online user’s guides. Windows 95 and Windows NT provide extensive online help and “wizards” to guide you through procedures. WHERE TO GO FROM HERE Once you have your system up and running, we suggest that you install your applications and study the documentation...
  • Page 50 Quick Reference to Information About Your Computer WHAT YOU WANT TO FIND WHERE TO FIND IT Basic information about my “Introducing Your Computer,” Chapter 1 computer Setting a password “Setting a Password” in this chapter Loading a CD “Loading a CD” in this chapter Adding options Chapter 5, “Installing Options”...
  • Page 51: Understanding System Features

    Understanding System Features Your Direction L-Series computer is a 233-, 266-, or ® ® 300-MHz Intel Pentium II-based system with MMX technology and 512 KB of pipeline burst cache memory. STANDARD FEATURES All models come with the following features: 3.5-inch, 1.44-MB diskette drive Memory —...
  • Page 52: System Chassis

    Software installed on the hard disk includes: ® ® ® Microsoft Windows NT or Windows ® MS Office 97 Appropriate drivers for your hardware ® McAfee VirusScan™, McAfee WebScan™ ® ® Adobe Acrobat SYSTEM CHASSIS The chassis provides an enclosure for the system board, power supply, three PCI, one ISA expansion slot, one set of shared PCI/ISA slots, one specialized slot for the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), and seven storage device...
  • Page 53: Ports

    Ports Your computer’s system board includes the following connectors on the rear panel: PS/2-style keyboard and mouse ports Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports Two serial ports (9-pin “D” style) One parallel port Audio — microphone in, line in, line out, MIDI/game port.
  • Page 54: Plug And Play

    facilitates adopting new technology while maintaining corporate standards gives network administrators company-wide control of BIOS revisions. Information on how to use the Flash utility is provided in Chapter 4, System BIOS and Utilities. Plug and Play The Intel/Phoenix BIOS is Plug and Play. It automatically configures both PCI and Plug and Play devices.
  • Page 55: Audio

    Audio ® Your system’s integrated audio chip, the Yamaha OPL YMF715, and optionally the Yamaha YMF704 Wavetable Synthesizer on a module, integrates an enhanced stereo controller with an interface for MPU401 and a game port. It provides: all the digital and analog mixing functions you need to record and play sound line, microphone, and monoaural inputs Plug and Play compatibility...
  • Page 56: Usb Ports

    Multimode bidirectional parallel port with Standard mode compatibility Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) mode with BIOS and driver support High-speed Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) mode Floppy disk controller Keyboard and mouse controller. USB Ports The two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports allow you to add serial devices without opening up the system;...
  • Page 57: Options And Upgrades

    In Setup, you can adjust how long a period of inactivity will elapse before the energy-saving Standby mode takes effect. This is a convenient way to save power when you need to be away from your computer for a short period of time. Press a key or move the mouse and your system quickly returns to full power and to where you left off.
  • Page 58: Keyboard

    Keyboard Microsoft Natural Keyboard Audio Altec Lansing ACS-410 Dolby® Surround Sound Stereo speaker system with ACS-251 subwoofer Power Backup APC Model BF250 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) power backup system 3-8 Understanding System Features...
  • Page 59: System Bios And Utilities

    System BIOS and Utilities Your NEC Direction L-Series computer system is made up of many different components that work together to keep the system operating normally. This chapter provides information on the NECCSD utilities available for your system: Setup utility BIOS flash utility Video drivers.
  • Page 60 Installing Options Your Direction L-Series system supports a variety of industry-standard and NEC expansion options. You can customize your computer with: Monitors your system supports the connection of a VGA-compatible monitor such as the NEC MultiSync XE and XP series and NEC CS series.
  • Page 61 video memory upgrade — see the documentation for your video board data storage devices external options. Installation of all options (except external options) requires access cover removal. Procedures for removing the cover are explained in this chapter. Safety Precautions Before opening your computer, see the grounding instructions in Appendix D.
  • Page 62 Dissipate static electricity before handling any system components (boards, chips, and so on) by touching a grounded metal object, such as the system’s unpainted metal chassis. If possible, use anti-static devices, such as wrist straps and floor mats. Always hold a chip or board by its edges. Avoid touching the components on the chip or board.
  • Page 63 NOTE It is recommended that you place the minitower model on its side with the base over the edge of a table to remove/replace the access cover and add options. In this position, the following figures apply to the minitower as well as the desktop.
  • Page 64 Loosen the thumb screw at the rear of the system by turning it counterclockwise. If you installed a lock on the back of the system, unlock the lock and remove it. Press in the release tabs located at the sides of the access cover.
  • Page 65 Slide the cover toward the rear until it stops. (If it is very tight, you can also carefully insert a screwdriver into the slot adjacent to the fans at the back side of the cover, and very gently rock the cover loose, taking care not to scratch the system).
  • Page 66 Replacing the Access Cover Gently set the access cover inside the edge of the case, taking care not to bend the metal tabs as follows. Align the tabs on the access cover with their corresponding slots on the system. Insert the tabs on the edge of the access cover into their slots on the system.
  • Page 67 TV board. Depending on the system you purchased, some of these devices may be installed in your system. The Direction L-Series supports ISA Plug and Play expansion boards, which allow you to install a board in an expansion slot without changing the hardware settings.
  • Page 68 Your system has six expansion slots: one ISA slot three PCI slots one set of shared ISA and PCI slots one AGP slot. The option board slot configuration accommodates the following devices: NOTE The furthest-right slot (as seen from the front) on the desktop model or highest slot on the minitower is not used.
  • Page 69 Locating expansion slots Installing an Expansion Board Although Plug and Play boards are detected by the system, and potential conflicts are resolved automatically, boards which are not Plug and Play may require you to change settings. Before installing the new board, check its documentation and the Interrupt Request (IRQ) assignments in Appendix C.
  • Page 70 Remove the screw securing an expansion slot cover and remove the cover. Removing the slot cover Save the screw for installing the expansion board. Be sure to save the slot cover for future use. CAUTION A slot cover can damage the system board or any option board if it falls into the system.
  • Page 71 Press the board firmly into the expansion slot connector. Gently rock the board from side-to-side to seat it into the connector. Insert the screw removed in step 3 to secure the expansion board to the support bracket. 7. Attach any cables required by the expansion board. Replace the access cover (see “Replacing the Access Cover”).
  • Page 72 Depending on product upgrade availability, your system memory can be upgraded to a total of 384 MB. When upgrading your system memory, note the following conditions: Be sure to use 168-pin 3.3V DIMMs with gold-plated contacts. Bus speed of 66 MHz only is supported. Non-Error Correcting and Checking (64-bit) and ECC (72-bit) DIMMs are both supported.
  • Page 73: Sample Memory Configurations

    Locate the three DIMM sockets, J7J1–Bank 0, J6J2- Bank-1 and J6J1–Bank 2. See Appendix D to identify the sockets. Any approved size DIMM can be installed in either socket The following table shows some example configurations. Sample Memory Configurations BANK 0 BANK 1 BANK 2 TOTAL RAM...
  • Page 74 Removing a DIMM Use the following procedure to remove a DIMM. CAUTION: Reduce static discharge by touching the system’s metal chassis. Remove the access cover (see “Removing the Access Cover). Locate the DIMM sockets. To remove a DIMM from its socket, press the plastic clips at the outer edges of the socket away from the DIMM.
  • Page 75 (If necessary, repeat Steps 2 through 4 if an additional module was installed in the other DIMM socket.). Installing a DIMM Use the following procedure to install a DIMM. Remove the access cover (see “Removing the Access Cover). Locate the DIMM sockets. Remove any currently-installed DIMMs that are not needed.
  • Page 76 Insert the DIMM into the socket. Close the plastic clips at both ends of the socket. Installing a DIMM Replace any cables or boards that may have been removed. Replace the access cover (see “Replacing the Access Cover). Your system automatically detects the memory at bootup. VIDEO UPGRADE Your computer comes with an AGP video board.
  • Page 77 DATA STORAGE DEVICES The system board in your computer supports the following storage devices: two diskette drives, including the standard 1.44-MB diskette drive and a tape backup unit up to four IDE drives. CAUTION Reduce static discharge by touching the system's metal chassis.
  • Page 78 Locating accessible devices Preparing the Device Before installing a storage device in the system, follow any preinstallation instructions that come with the device. For example, check the following: Diskette drive remove any termination jumpers on the optional diskette drive. See the documentation included with the drive.
  • Page 79: The Setup Utility

    The Setup Utility The Setup utility program allows you to enter system configuration information in the BIOS and control special features of the system. NOTE We recommend that you print out or write down your current setup parameters and store the information in a safe place.
  • Page 80: How To Start Setup

    to customize your system with security features such as passwords to set system parameters in the event that you need to replace the CMOS battery. How to Start Setup To start the Setup utility, follow these steps: Turn on or reboot the system. Press after POST begins, but before the system boots up, to start the memory test.
  • Page 81: Maintenance Menu

    Use the key to return to a previous menu or to “escape” from the Setup program without changing any settings. When exiting and the menu asks if you want to discard configuration changes and exit now, be sure the menu’s “Yes”...
  • Page 82: Processor Type

    Main Menu Various menu options are available; others cannot be changed. Brief explanations of each menu entry follow. Processor Type This field displays your computer’s processor type. Processor Speed This field displays your processor’s speed. Cache RAM This field displays the size of your system’s L2 cache. Total Memory This field displays the total amount of memory installed on your system board.
  • Page 83: Bios Version

    BIOS Version This field displays your system’s BIOS version number. Language This field displays the current default language used by the BIOS. Depending on the system you purchased, you may choose a different display language from among the options listed below. English (US) —...
  • Page 84: Ide Devices

    Diskette A:/B: These fields specify the capacity and physical size of Diskette Drive A and B (if included). To change these, highlight the field for the drive, press the Enter key and select from the following options: Disabled 360KB, 5.25 inch 1.2MB, 5.25 inch 720KB, 3.5 inch 1.44/1.25 MB, 3.5 inch (default for Drive A)
  • Page 85: Primary/Secondary Ide Master/Slave Submenus

    The submenus can be used to auto-configure or manually configure the IDE devices, usually hard drives or CD-ROM drives. Depending on the system you purchased, the available options may include “User,” “Auto” (default), “CD-ROM,” “IDE Removable” “ATAPI Removable” or “None.” The standard hard drive (drive C) shipped with the system is configured as “Primary IDE Master.”...
  • Page 86 Sectors — If your device configuration type is set to “Auto,” this field displays the number of sectors for your hard drive and cannot be changed. If the Type is set to “User,” you must enter the correct number of sectors for your hard drive.
  • Page 87 WARNING Don’t change the translation mode setting from the option selected when the hard drive was formatted. Changing the option after formatting could result in corrupted data! 32 Bit I/O This option enables (default) or disables 32 Bit IDE data transfers between the processor and the IDE device.
  • Page 88: Advanced Menu

    To return to the Main Menu, press the key. To move to the Advanced Menu, press the right arrow key. Advanced Menu This menu features the following information fields or options: Advanced Menu Plug & Play O/S This option lets you specify whether a Plug and Play-compatible operating system is being used in your system.
  • Page 89: Resource Configuration Submenu

    Reset Configuration Data This option clears the BIOS configuration data on the next boot. The options include “No” (default) or “Yes.” Memory Cache This option sets the state of the memory cache. The options include “Enabled” (default) or “Disabled.” Resource Configuration Submenu This option allows you to reserve specific resources for use by legacy ISA devices.
  • Page 90: Peripheral Configuration Submenu

    WARNING An asterisk symbol appearing next to an option indicates that the selected IRQ is set to conflict with another device. To return to the Advanced Menu, press the twice. Peripheral Configuration Submenu This submenu can be used to configure your system’s ports or peripheral devices.
  • Page 91 NOTE If you select the Enabled option, you’ll see additional options that allow you to specify the Base address and IRQs for port you're configuring. Mode (Serial Port B) If installed, this option sets the mode for “Serial Port B” to “Normal.”...
  • Page 92: Keyboard Configuration Submenu

    WARNING An asterisk symbol appearing next to an option indicates that the selected IRQ is set to conflict with another device, To return to the Resource Configuration submenu, press key on your keyboard. Then press a second time to return to the Advanced Menu. Floppy Disk Controller This option configures the system’s diskette drive controller.
  • Page 93: Video Configuration Submenu

    Key Click This feature enables or disables the key click option. Select “Enabled” or “Disabled” (default). Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate This feature selects the key repeat rate, the rate at which a key, when pressed and held, repeats itself. The eight options range from 30 per second (default) to 2 per second.
  • Page 94 Event Log Capacity/Event Log Validity These fields indicate whether space is available in the Event Log, and whether the contents of the log are valid. View DMI Event Log If there are no event logs stored, you cannot access this log.
  • Page 95: Security Menu

    Security Menu Security Menu The Security Menu can be used to set a user password and/or a supervisor password. A User Password controls access to the system and Setup Utility Program at boot up. If the User Password feature has been enabled, you’ll need to enter your User password correctly whenever you boot the system before you’ll be able to use it.
  • Page 96: How To Set A Password

    WARNING When a Supervisor Password is enabled, access to many features in the Setup Utility Program is restricted. How to Set a Password Use the following steps to select the password feature you want to set. Highlight the “Set User Password” or “Set Supervisor Password”...
  • Page 97: How To Disable Password Protection

    WARNING If the User Password Is Clear field (or Supervisor Password Is Clear) appears in the Security Menu, the corresponding password feature is disabled. (Your system is not password protected.) How to Disable Password Protection From the Security Menu, highlight the “Set User Password”...
  • Page 98: Power Menu

    Power Menu The Power Menu can be used to enable or disable the system’s power management features. When the power management option is enabled, the Power Menu displays the options shown in the following screen. Power Menu Power Management This feature lets you enable or disable BIOS power management.
  • Page 99: Boot Menu

    Inactivity Timer The Inactivity Timer lets you set the length of time that the system needs to be inactive before entering its low- power or Standby mode. The low-power mode powers down various devices in the system until you resume using it.
  • Page 100 Boot Menu Restore on AC/Power Loss This option specifies whether or not to restore power to the system if it is turned on and there is a power failure. The options are “Stay Off” which keeps the power off, “Power On” which restores the system’s power, and “Last State”...
  • Page 101: Hard Drive Submenu

    On PME This option controls how the system responds to a PCI power management event. The options are “Stay Off” (default) and “Power On.” First/Second/Third/Fourth Boot Device You can select the sequence of boot devices by type. Pressing your keyboard’s + (plus) or – (minus) keys allows you to select the order.
  • Page 102: Exit Menu

    Exit Menu The Exit Menu allows you to choose how to exit the Setup program. Press the arrow (cursor) keys to select the desired option, then press the key to make your choice (or Enter use the arrow key to select another one). Exit Menu Exit Saving Changes This option exits the Setup program and saves your...
  • Page 103: Bios Flash Utility

    Load Setup Defaults This option loads the Setup program’s default values. Load Custom Defaults This option loads Custom default settings. Save Custom Defaults This option saves your changes to Custom default settings. Discard Changes This option loads previous values from CMOS RAM for all BIOS settings.
  • Page 104: Video Drivers

    Write down the setup parameters currently set on your system. Turn off the system. Insert the flash upgrade diskette in drive A and turn on the system. When the flash upgrade menu appears, choose “Update Flash Memory Area from a file.” When the menu asks you to enter a path/filename, use the arrow keys to select the .bio file, and press Enter...
  • Page 105 Additional VGA drivers are available for a variety of software applications through the NECCSD BBS (see “NECCSD Bulletin Board Service” in Chapter 7). NOTE A multifrequency monitor, such as an NEC MultiSync® monitor, is required to access the extended graphics mode. 4-28 System BIOS and Utilities...
  • Page 106: Device Cables

    The standard IDE hard disk is set as the master device on the primary IDE connector. The standard CD-ROM reader is the master device on the secondary IDE connector. SCSI device — The last SCSI device connected to the system (internally or externally) must have a termination resistor, either installed manually or set automatically if the device is self-terminating.
  • Page 107: Diskette Drive Signal Cable

    Diskette Drive Signal Cable A two-connector diskette drive signal cable comes attached to the system board and to the standard 1.44-MB diskette drive. If your system comes standard with an Iomega Ditto tape backup unit, the signal cable has three connectors. Depending on your system, installation of a second diskette drive may require the replacement of the existing diskette drive signal cable with a three-connector cable.
  • Page 108: Ide Signal Cables

    IDE Signal Cables Each system comes with a three-connector IDE interface cable attached to the primary IDE connector, and another IDE cable joining the CD-ROM reader to the secondary IDE connector. Each IDE connector on the system board supports two devices.
  • Page 109: System Power Cables

    System Power Cables Power cables come from the power supply and are attached to the standard storage devices. System power cables vary in length and provide connector sizes to accommodate a variety of supported storage configurations. Power cable connectors are keyed to fit only in the correct position. The following figure shows the power cable connectors.
  • Page 110: Cabling An Ide Device

    Cabling an IDE Device The following procedure explains IDE device cabling. Connect the signal cable connector to the matching pins on the device. Take care to prevent bending drive connector pins. Align the cable connector to the matching pins on the drive.
  • Page 111: Cabling A Diskette Drive

    If you are installing an IDE CD-ROM reader, also connect the audio cable (see the instructions that came with the reader). Cabling a Diskette Drive Connect the diskette drive signal cable connector to the appropriate connector on the diskette drive as shown in the following figure.
  • Page 112: Installing Storage Devices

    Installing Storage Devices The following subsections describe how to install 3 1/2-inch and 5 1/4-inch devices. NOTE The left side cover (as seen from the rear) on either system only needs to be removed when replacing the CD-ROM reader. The installation procedures include: removing the front panel installing a 3 1/2-inch device installing a 5 1/4-inch device...
  • Page 113: Removing The Front Panel

    Removing the Front Panel Locate the two plastic tabs at the front of the chassis. They are indicated by two arrows engraved on the chassis. Press down on the two tabs and press in a third tab at the end of the panel to release the panel. Releasing the front panel Pull the panel away from the chassis.
  • Page 114: Installing A 3 1/2-Inch Device

    Installing a 3 1/2-Inch Device Use the following procedure to install a 3 1/2-inch device. Follow the preinstallation instructions that came with the device, such as setting jumpers and switches. Remove the access cover (see “Removing the Access Cover). Remove and label any cables that interfere with installing the device.
  • Page 115 Choose the slot for the device being installed. If you are installing the device in an accessible slot, goto step 6. If you are installing the device in the second 3 1/2-inch internal device slot, simply insert the drive into the opening until it is secured by the clips. No screws are required to secure the device.
  • Page 116 Remove the plastic blank panel from the selected slot by pressing the panel tab and swinging the blank panel out. Removing the blank panel Remove the metal slot cover by carefully pressing it until it breaks away from the chassis. Be careful of sharp edges! Slide the device into the slot and secure the device.
  • Page 117: Installing The 5 1/4-Inch Device

    Installing the 5 1/4-Inch Device Install an accessible device into the device slot as follows. Follow the preinstallation instructions that came with the device, such as setting jumpers and switches. NOTE If your 5 1/4-inch device comes with drive rails, do not attach them. remove any rails attached. See the documentation that comes with the device.
  • Page 118 Connect the device cables (see “Cabling Storage Devices”). Align the holes in the device with the holes in the chassis. Secure the device with the screws that came with the device. Installing the device NOTE If you removed the side cover on your minitower or the accessible device cage on your desktop, replace it.
  • Page 119: Accessing The Cd-Rom Reader

    Replace the access cover (see “Replacing the Access Cover”). Accessing the CD-ROM Reader If you need to access the CD-ROM reader, you need to remove the side cover on the minitower or the accessible device cage on the desktop. For the minitower, press the side cover in and slide it toward the rear of the system.
  • Page 120: Adding External Options

    After securing your system, reboot it and run the Setup program to set the new configuration. ADDING EXTERNAL OPTIONS This subsection includes installation procedures for the following external options: parallel printer serial devices Connecting a Parallel Printer NOTE Before connecting a printer to the system, be sure the printer is set up correctly.
  • Page 121 Connect the other end of the cable to the printer. Turn on the printer and the computer. Locating the parallel port Installing Options 5-35...
  • Page 122: Connecting A Serial Device

    Connecting a Serial Device NOTE Before connecting a serial device to the system, be sure the serial device is set up correctly. Follow the setup instructions that came with the option. Connect a serial device to the system as follows. Turn off power to the system and to the serial device.
  • Page 123: Setting System Board Jumpers

    Setting System Board Jumpers The system board provides a configuration jumper setting for overriding current BIOS settings or recovering the BIOS. When you override the BIOS settings, Setup’s Maintenance menu appears allowing you to set the processor speed and disable the user and supervisor passwords.
  • Page 124: Clearing Your Password

    The following table summarizes the system board jumper settings. System Board Jumper Settings FUNCTION JUMPER J8B2 CONFIGURATION Normal The BIOS uses current configuration information and passwords for booting. Configure After POST, Setup runs automatically. The Maintenance menu appears. Recovery None BIOS attempts to recover the BIOS configuration.
  • Page 125 You may have to remove any installed expansion boards to access the jumper (see “Removing an Expansion Board” in Chapter 5). Remove the jumper block from pins 1-2 and set it on pins 2-3. We recommend that you use needle nose pliers to move a jumper.
  • Page 126: Recovering The Bios

    RECOVERING THE BIOS The following sections describe how to recover the system BIOS. Turn off the power and unplug the system and any peripherals. WARNING Turn off the system before you change any jumper settings. Remove the access cover (see “Removing the Access Cover”...
  • Page 127 Replace it on pins 1-2. If you removed any expansion boards, replace them (see “Installing an Expansion Board” in Chapter 5). Replace the access cover. Reconnect the system power cables and peripheral devices. Power on the system. Run Setup (see Chapter 4, System BIOS and Utilities). Setting System Board Jumpers 6-5...
  • Page 128: 24-Hour Information Services

    24-Hour Information Services NECCSD has made it easy for you to get information and help when you need it. We offer the following 24-hour information services: NECCSD FaxFlash™ Service NECCSD Bulletin Board Service ® America Online Service ® CompuServe Online Service E-mail to NECCSD Technical Support Services through a commercial online service or the Internet Fax Service to NECCSD Technical Support Services...
  • Page 129: Neccsd Faxflash Service

    Catalog 1, NECCSD Telephone Directory and Online Service Information Catalog 3, NECCSD Computer Product Specifications, Warranty Policy, Ultracare Guidelines, and Sales Information Catalog 5, NEC ProServa™ and Express Server Product Information Catalog 6, NEC Ready Consumer Desktop Systems Catalog 7, NEC PowerMate Commercial Desktop Systems ®...
  • Page 130: Neccsd Bulletin Board Service

    Order information from FaxFlash as follows. If you would like instructions for using FaxFlash, request document number 63233469 when prompted. Be sure that your fax machine or fax/modem is turned on. Have the document number ready for the document you want. At your touch-tone telephone, enter 1-888-329-0088 (U.S.
  • Page 131 The BBS can also be accessed through the CompuServe online service, although you cannot download any files through CompuServe. Log onto the BBS as follows. From the Windows 95 desktop, click the Start button. Point to Programs. Point to Accessories and then click HyperTerminal.
  • Page 132 NOTE The first time that you use the BBS, you will be requested to provide information for a new user questionnaire. Press twice Enter Enter your first name, last name, and password. Press after each. Enter Follow the screen prompts until the Main Menu is displayed.
  • Page 133: America Online Service

    At the opening screen, click Go To in the Main Menu. At the Go To menu, click Keyword. At the prompt, type NEC, then press Enter At the NEC menu, double-click one of the following topics, then follow the prompts: About NEC Terms and Conditions...
  • Page 134: Compuserve Online Service

    Log onto CompuServe. At the opening screen, click Service, type in at the prompt, and click “OK.” At the NEC menu, double-click one of the following topics, then follow the prompts: NEC Bulletin Board Information About This Service Access NEC BBS...
  • Page 135: E-Mail/Fax Technical Support Service

    Access CompuServe Information Services Exit. Exit anytime by double-clicking the rectangle in the upper left corner of the screen. E-MAIL/FAX TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICE NECCSD Technical Support offers technical support by E- mail over the Internet network if you have a modem. The Internet address is: You can also fax technical questions to NECCSD Technical...
  • Page 136: Internet

    Service. To access the World-Wide-Web NECCSD Home Page, enter the following Internet Uniform Resource Locator (URL) through your service: To access the NECCSD ftp Site, enter the following Internet ftp address through your service: Once in the file menu, follow the prompts to choose and download the file(s) you want.
  • Page 137: Neccsd Technical Support Services

    NECCSD TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICES NECCSD also offers direct technical support through its Technical Support. Direct assistance is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Call NECCSD Technical Support, toll free, at 1-888-632-2678 (U.S. only). Free technical support for hardware is limited to the length of the standard warranty.
  • Page 138: If You Have A Problem

    If You have a Problem Your NEC Direction system has a built-in checking program that automatically tests its components when you turn the system unit power on. If there is a problem, the system displays an error message. If this happens, follow any instructions on the screen.
  • Page 139: Problem Checklist

    PROBLEM CHECKLIST If you have a problem, go through the following checklist for possible solutions. Is the power switch on for the computer and any connected peripherals (monitor, printer)? Check that all power switches are on. Are the computer and its peripherals connected to a working AC power outlet or surge protector? Check the outlet or surge protector by plugging a lamp into the outlet or surge protector.
  • Page 140: Solutions To Common Problems

    SOLUTIONS TO COMMON PROBLEMS See the following sections to match your problem area and view the possible causes and solutions. When trying to solve problems, you should note what the system was doing when the problem occurred and what you attempted to do to correct the problem.
  • Page 141 System does not boot from hard disk The system tries to start from the diskette drive before it starts from the hard drive. Remove the diskette from the diskette drive. Run the Setup Utility and check the Boot parameter settings to verify that the initial boot parameter is set for hard drive C and not for a diskette drive.
  • Page 142: Diskette Drive Problems

    Diskette Drive Problems Check the following problems to see the possible cause and solution. Diskette won’t load Check that the diskette is being loaded correctly. Check that the system and monitor power lamps are on and the power-on screen appears. Check that the diskette is formatted.
  • Page 143: Monitor Problems

    Monitor Problems Check the following problems to see the possible cause and solution. Monitor screen is dark Check that the monitor power cable is connected to the monitor and a power outlet, the monitor signal cable is connected to the system, and the brightness and contrast controls are adjusted.
  • Page 144: Keyboard/Mouse Problems

    Keyboard/Mouse Problems Check the following problem to see the possible cause and solution. Image appears on screen but nothing happens when you use the mouse or keyboard Check that the keyboard or mouse cable connection is snug. If this does not help, turn off the system, wait five or more seconds, and turn on the system.
  • Page 145: Speaker Problems

    Speaker Problems Check the following problems to see the possible cause and solution. No sound from the speakers Check that the speaker power is on. Speaker volume is too low Adjust the volume control on the speaker. If the volume is still too low, adjust the volume by clicking on the Sound Mixer in Windows.
  • Page 146: Getting Help From Your Company

    Getting Help From Your Company If you are in a company, the best source of help may be internal. Your company may have designated central support personnel to whom you can go when you have problems. Getting Help From Your NECCSD Dealer The NECCSD dealer from whom you purchased your system is a good source of help and should be contacted.
  • Page 147: Neccsd Warranty/Non-Warranty Repair Service

    NECCSD Warranty/Non-Warranty Repair Service The NECCSD repair service is designed to support your warranty and non-warranty service activity. Before you call for repair service, see the previous sections in this chapter to determine if you can solve the problem yourself, within your company, through your dealer, or with the help of a technician from NECCSD Technical Support.
  • Page 148: Setting Up A Healthy Work Environment

    Setting Up a Healthy Work Environment WARNING Prolonged or improper use of a computer workstation may pose a risk of serious injury. To reduce your risk of injury, set up and use your computer in the manner described in this appendix. Contact a doctor if you experience pain, tenderness, swelling, burning, cramping, stiffness, throbbing, weak- ness, soreness, tingling and/or numbness in the hands,...
  • Page 149 Although some studies have shown an association between increasing hours of keyboard use and the development of some musculoskeletal disorders, it is still unclear whether working at a computer causes such disorders. Some doctors believe that using the keyboard and mouse may aggravate existing musculoskeletal disorders.
  • Page 150: Arrange Your Equipment

    ARRANGE YOUR EQUIPMENT Arrange your equipment so that you can work in a natural and relaxed position. Place items that you use frequently within easy reach. Adjust your workstation setup to the proper height (as described in this appendix) by lowering the table or stand that holds your computer equipment or raising the seat height of your chair.
  • Page 151: Adjust Your Chair

    ADJUST YOUR CHAIR Your chair should be adjustable and stable. Vary your posture throughout the day. Check the following: Keep your body in a relaxed yet upright position. The backrest of your chair should support the inward curve of your back. Use the entire seat and backrest to support your body.
  • Page 152 Your seat depth should allow your lower back to comfortably contact the backrest. Make sure that the backs of your lower legs do not press against the front of the chair. Extend your lower legs slightly so that the angle between your thighs and lower legs is 90°...
  • Page 153: Adjust Your Input Devices

    ADJUST YOUR INPUT DEVICES Follow these points in positioning your keyboard and mouse. Position your keyboard directly in front of you. Avoid reaching when using your keyboard or mouse. If you use a mouse, position it at the same height as the keyboard and next to the keyboard.
  • Page 154 Type with your hands and wrists floating above the keyboard. Use a wrist pad only to rest your wrists between typing. Avoid resting your wrists on sharp edges. Type with your wrists straight. Instead of twisting your wrists sideways to press hard-to-reach keys, move your whole arm.
  • Page 155: Adjust Your Monitor

    ADJUST YOUR MONITOR Correct placement and adjustment of the monitor can reduce eye, shoulder, and neck fatigue. Check the following when you position the monitor. Adjust the monitor height so that the top of the screen is at or slightly below eye level. Your eyes should look slightly downward when viewing the middle of the screen.
  • Page 156 Rest your eyes periodically by focusing on an object at least 20 feet away. Blink often. Position the monitor at a 90° angle to windows and other light sources to minimize glare and reflections. Adjust the monitor tilt so that ceiling lights do not reflect on your screen.
  • Page 157: Vary Your Workday

    VARY YOUR WORKDAY If you use your computer for prolonged periods, follow these instructions. Vary your tasks throughout the day. Take frequent short breaks that involve walking, standing, and stretching. During these breaks, stretch muscles and joints that were in one position for an extended period of time.
  • Page 158: Preexisting Conditions And Psychosocial Factors

    Use a timer or reminder software to remind you to take breaks. To enhance blood circulation, alter your sitting posture periodically and keep your hands and wrists warm. PREEXISTING CONDITIONS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS Preexisting conditions that may cause or make some people more susceptible to musculoskeletal disorders include the following: hereditary factors, vascular disorders, obesity, nutritional deficiencies (e.g., Vitamin B deficiency),...
  • Page 159: Checking Your Comfort: How Do You Measure Up

    CHECKING YOUR COMFORT: HOW DO YOU MEASURE UP? Use this checklist to see if you are setting up your work environment to fit your physical needs. Checking Your Chair Do you sit in an upright position with the backrest supporting your lower back? When sitting, are your feet flat on the floor? Do you periodically adjust your chair and your posture? Checking Your Keyboard...
  • Page 160: Checking You

    Checking You Is your work area set up to promote a natural and relaxing working position with frequently used work items within close reach? Do you take frequent short breaks? Do you stretch and walk during your breaks? Do you vary your tasks during the day? Do you have regular eye checkups? Do you contact your doctor if you feel any sustained discomfort?
  • Page 161: Limited Warranty

    Limited Warranty NEC Computer Systems Division, Packard Bell NEC, Inc. (hereinafter “NECCSD”) warrants this Product to be free from defects in material and workmanship under the following terms: HOW LONG IS THE WARRANTY? Labor and parts are warranted for three (3) years from the date of the first consumer purchase in the U.S.A., Canada,...
  • Page 162: What We Will Pay For And What We Will Not Pay For

    Damage, deterioration, or malfunction resulting from, but not limited to: Accident, misuse, abuse, neglect, fire, water, lightning or other acts of nature, unauthorized Product modification, or failure to follow instructions supplied with the product. Repair or attempted repair by anyone not authorized by NECCSD.
  • Page 163: How You Can Get Warranty Service

    HOW YOU CAN GET WARRANTY SERVICE Year One For the first year, NECCSD provides an on-site limited warranty for your NECCSD computer. Such on-site warranty service may be obtained by calling 1-888-632-2678. You may also obtain warranty service in the same manner as the procedure for years two and three, below.
  • Page 164: For Customer Service And Other Information

    FOR CUSTOMER SERVICE AND OTHER INFORMATION, TELEPHONE 1-888-632-9128 NECCSD offers warranty upgrades, service extensions and other technical support programs for its products. For information or to order any such services, call toll-free 1-888-632-9128. NECCSD products are warranted in accordance with the terms of the applicable NECCSD limited warranty.
  • Page 165: Limitation Of Damages And Implied Warranties

  • Page 166: System Specifications

    System Specifications STANDARD FEATURES The NEC Direction L-Series computer uses a high-performance ATX system board outfitted with a Pentium II processor. System specifications are listed by component. Processor 233-MHz, 266-MHz, or 300-MHz, depending on the system you purchased. Implements the MMX instruction set which optimizes multimedia performance Backward compatible with the 8086, 80286, Intel386™,...
  • Page 167: Second Level Cache

    Second Level Cache The second level cache (L2) consists of 512 MB of pipeline burst static RAM (PBSRAM). Also called external cache memory, it is part of the SEC cartridge and cannot be expanded. Memory With three dual in-line memory module (DIMM) sockets, memory is expandable to 384 MB;...
  • Page 168: Acceptable Dimm Options

    Acceptable DIMM Options NON-ECC DIMM SIZE CONFIGURATION CONFIGURATION 8 MB 1 Mbit x 64 1 Mbit x 72 16 MB 2 Mbit x 64 2 Mbit x 72 32 MB 4 Mbit x 64 4 Mbit x 72 64 MB 8 Mbit x 64 8 Mbit x 72 128 MB...
  • Page 169 Sample Memory Configurations BANK 0 BANK 1 BANK 2 TOTAL RAM 1 Mx64 (8) Empty (0) Empty (0) 8 MB (minimum) Empty (0) 4 Mx64 (32) 8 Mx64 (64) 96 MB 16 Mx64 Empty (0) 2 Mx64 (16) 144 MB (128) 2 Mx72 (16) 2 Mx72 (16)
  • Page 170: Chipset

    Chipset The Intel 440LX chipset was designed for the Pentium II processor. It consists of the Intel 82443LX PCI/A.G.P. controller (PAC) and the Intel 82371AB PCI/ISA IDE Xccelerator (PIIX4) bridge chip. Intel 82443LX PCI/A.G.P. Controller (PAC) The PAC provides bus-control signals, address paths, and data paths for transfers between the processor’s host bus, PCI bus, Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) and main memory.
  • Page 171: Intel 82371Ab Pci Isa Ide Xccelerator (Piix4

    Fully synchronous PCI bus interface PCI-to-DRAM access greater than 100 MB/seconds Supports five PCI bus masters in addition to the host and PCI-to-ISA I/O bridge Delayed transactions PCI parity checking and generation support Data buffering Supports host-to-DRAM, PCI-to-DRAM, and AGP-to-DRAM write-data buffering Supports write-combining for host-to-PCI burst writes Supports concurrent host, PCI, and AGP...
  • Page 172 Integrated dual-channel enhanced IDE interface Supports up to four IDE devices Supports PIO Mode 4 transfers at up to 14 MB/second Supports Ultra DMA/33 synchronous DMA mode transfers up to 33 MB/second Supports bus master mode with an 8x32-bit buffer for bus master PCI IDE burst transfers Enhanced DMA controller with two 8237-based DMA controllers...
  • Page 173: Accelerated Graphics Port (Agp

    16-bit counters/timers based on 82C54. Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) The AGP is a high-performance interface for intensive graphics programs, such as 3D applications. Independent of the PCI bus, the AGP is intended for exclusive use with graphical display devices. The AGP features: AC timing for 133 MHz data transfer rates, allowing data throughput of 500 MB/second Pipeline-memory read and write operations that hide...
  • Page 174: Ide Support

    NOTE Use shielded cable that meets the FCC Class B requirements to connect any USB device. IDE Support Two independent bus mastering PCI IDE interfaces support PIO Modes 3 and 4, ATA-33 (Ultra DMA-33) and ATAPI devices. The BIOS supports Logical Block Addressing (LBA) and Extended Cylinder Head Sector (ECHS) translation modes.
  • Page 175: Serial Ports

    Serial Ports External 9-pin D-sub serial port connectors Four internal 8-bit DMA options for the UART with SIR support (USI) Send/receive 16-byte FIFO Two 16450/16550A-software compatible UARTs supporting data transfers up to 921.6 Kbaud. Extended UART mode supports data transfers up to 1.5 Mbaud.
  • Page 176: Interrupt Requests (Irqs

    Interrupt Requests (IRQs) Interrupt Assignments NORMAL ASSIGNMENT NMI I/O channel check Reserved, interval timer Reserved, keyboard buffer Reserved, cascade interrupt from slave PIC COM2* COM1* LPT2 (Plug and Play option) / audio /user available Floppy Drive Parallel Port 1 (LPT1)* Real time clock User available User available / USB...
  • Page 177: Audio Support

    Audio Support Your system is equipped with the OPL3-SA3 audio system. The wavetable synthesizer is available as an upgrade. Details follow. OPL3-SA3 Audio System 16-bit audio codec OPL3 FM synthesis Integrated 3D enhanced stereo controller including all required analog components Interface for MPU-401 and a joystick Stereo analog-to-digital and D/A converters Analog mixing, anti-aliasing, and reconstruction filters...
  • Page 178: Audio Connectors

    Compliance with general MIDI system 1 Compliance with MPU-401 UART mode 24 simultaneous voices 100-pin SQFP package. Audio Connectors Back panel audio jacks (line in, line out, mic in) CD-ROM audio connector (both CD and ATAPI) Telephony connector (ATAPI style) Line-in audio input connector (style) Supports hardware wavetable.
  • Page 179: Video Support And Monitor

    Security features include User and Supervisor passwords. Video Support and Monitor Depending on the system you purchased, your computer may be equipped with one of several monitors and high- performance graphics adapters. See the separate documentation that comes with these products for relevant specifications.
  • Page 180: Power Consumption

    Outside the U.S.A. and Canada, the plug must be rated for 250 VAC, 10 amp minimum, and must display an international agency approval marking. The cord must be suitable for use in the end-user country. Consult your dealer or the local electrical authorities if you are unsure of the type of power cord to use in your country.
  • Page 181: Environmental Specifications

    Environmental Specifications Ambient Temperature Operating: 5 to 35 C (41 to 95 F) Non-Operating: –40 to 70 C (–4 to 158 F) Humidity Operating: 85% relative humidity (max.) at 35 C (95 F) Non-Operating: 95% relative humidity (max.) at 35 C (95 F) C-16 System Specifications...
  • Page 182: System Board, Connectors, And Error Messages

    System Board, Connectors, and Error Messages This chapter contains illustrations of the Direction L-Series system board, a list of connectors, and list of error messages. SYSTEM BOARD Your system is equipped with a Pentium II that runs at 233 MHz, 266 MHz or 300 MHz, depending on the system you purchased.
  • Page 183: Connectors

    Connect the computer’s power cord between the computer and a three-pronged, grounded electrical outlet. Be sure power to the computer is turned off. Touch, and maintain continuous contact with an unpainted metal surface of the computer system while handling or touching any internal components, chips, add-on boards or disk drives.
  • Page 184: Rear Panel Connectors

    Rear Panel Connectors The following table lists the external connectors on the rear panel. System Board External Connectors NAME FUNCTION PS/2 keyboard Connects to your keyboard PS/2 mouse Connects to your mouse USB (Universal Reserved for future product development Serial Bus) Parallel port Connects to an optional parallel printer data cable...
  • Page 185: Internal Connectors

    Internal Connectors The following connectors and jumper are located inside your computer. System Board Internal Connectors CONNECTOR FUNCTION J4E1 AGP video connector J2F2 ATAPI audio line-in connector J1F1 ATAPI CD-ROM audio connector J2F1 ATAPI telephony connector BT2E1 CMOS/BIOS battery socket J8B2 Configuration Normal mode...
  • Page 186 System Board Internal Connectors CONNECTOR FUNCTION J4J1 Pentium II CPU socket (Slot 1) J7L1 Power supply connector J8B1 SCSI hard drive LED J1C1 Wake on LAN J8A1 Wake on ring J6B1/J6B2 Yamaha wavetable The following figures show the system board internal connectors and jumper.
  • Page 187: Error Messages

    System board connectors and jumper ERROR MESSAGES When your computer’s power is switched on, the system automatically goes through initialization, which includes running the Power-On Self Test (POST). Fatal errors are those that prevent the system from continuing the boot process.
  • Page 188 Message Entering SETUP… Cause Starting the Setup Utility program. Message Extended memory not working or not configured properly at offset: nnnn . Cause Extended RAM failed at offset: nnnn. Message Fixed Disk 0 or Fixed Disk 1 Failure, or Fixed Disk Controller Failure.
  • Page 189 Message Keyboard error. Cause The keyboard is not working. The keyboard may need to be replaced. Message Keyboard error nnnn . Cause BIOS discovered a stuck key and displays the scan code nn for the key. Message Keyboard locked—Unlock key switch. Cause Unlock the system to proceed.
  • Page 190 Message Operating System not found. Cause The operating system cannot be found in either Drive A or Drive C. Solution Run the Setup program and make sure the fixed disk and drive A are properly identified. Message Press <F1> to resume, <F2> to enter SETUP. Cause Displayed after any recoverable error message.
  • Page 191 Message Real time clock error. Cause The real time clock failed BIOS test. Solution This malfunction may require board repair. Message Shadow RAM failed at offset: nnnn . Cause Shadow RAM failed at offset: nnnn of the 64K block at which the error was detected. Message System cache error –...
  • Page 192: Beep Codes

    BEEP CODES Beep codes can signify a terminal error. If the BIOS detects a terminal error condition, it sounds an error beep code, halts the POST, and attempts to display a port 80h code on the POST card’s LED display. A table of beep codes follows.
  • Page 193: Index

    Index handling, 2-6 loading, 2-7 Access cover removal, 5-4 removing, 2-8 Access cover replacement, 5-7 using, 2-5 Advanced Power Management, 2-8 Chassis, 3-2 America Online, 7-6 Checking hard disk drive Audio connectors parameters, 4-8 features, 1-10 Cleaning your system, 2-16 line in jack, 1-10 CMOS line out jack, 1-10...
  • Page 194 features, 1-4 diskette drive, 1-4 using, 2-4 diskettes, 2-4 Diskette drive cabling, 5-25 fax/modem, 1-12 Diskettes, 2-4 microphone, 1-14 Display mouse, 1-15 properties, 2-13 multimedia, 2-8, 3-4 video drivers, 2-13 power management, 2-8 Documentation, xiv–xv speakers, 1-14 online, 2-21 system, 3-1 printed, 2-1, 2-21 system board, 3-2 Drivers...
  • Page 195 E-mail support, 7-8 fax support, 7-8 NECCSD bulletin board service, Internet, 7-9 NECCSD technical support, NECCSD FaxFlash, 7-2 7-10 NECCSD technical support, 8-9 NECCSD bulletin board service, NECCSD Technical support services, 7-10 NECCSD FaxFlash, 7-2 Non-warranty repair service, 8-10 NECCSD ftp site, 7-9 NECCSD World Wide Web Online documentation, 2-21 home page, 7-9...
  • Page 196 Diskette drive, 8-5 Setting the date and time, 2-4 Keyboard/mouse, 8-7 Setup utility, 4-2 Microphone, 8-8 Setup utility uses, 4-2 Monitor, 8-6 Shipping procedures, 2-17 Speakers, 8-8 Shutting down the system, 2-3 System, 8-3 Speakers, 1-14 What to do, 8-2 Starting Setup utility, 4-3 Productivity, 2-11 Starting the system, 2-2...
  • Page 197 Video upgrade, 5-17 Voltage selector switch, 1-12 Warranty repair service, 8-10 Zip drive release button/data lamp, 1-13 using, 1-12 Index-5...
  • Page 198 (For United States Use Only) FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENT WARNING: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
  • Page 199 BATTERY REPLACEMENT A lithium battery in some computers maintains system configuration information. In the event that the battery fails to maintain system configuration information, NECCSD recommends that you replace the battery. See “Battery Replacement” in Chapter 2 of this guide for battery replacement information. WARNING: There is a danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced.

This manual is also suitable for:

Direction l-series

Table of Contents