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Installation Guide (Linux)
NEC Express Server
Express5800 Series
Express5800/R320e-E4
Express5800/R320e-M4
EXP320R, EXP320S
Chapter 1 Installing Operating System
Chapter 2 Installing Bundled Software
30.102.01-103.01
August 2016
© NEC Corporation 2016

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   Summary of Contents for NEC Express Server Express5800 Series

  • Page 1 Installation Guide (Linux) NEC Express Server Express5800 Series Express5800/R320e-E4 Express5800/R320e-M4 EXP320R, EXP320S Chapter 1 Installing Operating System Chapter 2 Installing Bundled Software 30.102.01-103.01 August 2016 © NEC Corporation 2016...
  • Page 2: Manuals

    Changing hardware configuration, installing additional devices and Upgrading the System setting up management tools Chapter 3: Useful Features The detail of system BIOS settings, SAS Configuration Utility, and EXPRESSBUILDER Other manuals The detail of NEC ESMPRO, BMC Configuration, and other features. Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux)
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Installing ft Server Control Software ..................34 2.3.7 Before installing NEC ESMPRO Agent ..................35 2.3.8 Installing NEC ESMPRO Agent ....................36 2.3.9 Setting required after installing NEC ESMPRO Agent ............. 37 2.3.10 Troubleshooting ........................38 Connecting Optional Device ......................... 39 2.4.1 PCI board ..........................39 2.4.2...
  • Page 4 Processing detail of initial configuration script ..................56 Chapter 2 Installing Bundled Software ......................61 Bundled Software for the Server ........................62 NEC ESMPRO Agent (Linux) ....................... 62 Bundled Software for "PC for Management" ....................63 NEC ESMPRO Manager ........................63 Glossary ................................
  • Page 5: Conventions Used In This Document

    Conventions Used in This Document Conventions Used in This Document Notations used in the text In addition to safety-related symbols urging caution, three other types of notations are used in this document. These notations have the following meanings. Important Indicates critical items that must be followed when handling hardware or operating software. If the procedures described are not followed, hardware failure, data loss, and other serious malfunctions could occur.
  • Page 6: Post

    Conventions Used in This Document POST POST described in this document refers to the following.  Power On Self-Test BMC described in this document refers to the following.  Baseboard Management Controller Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux)
  • Page 7: Trademarks

    Trademarks Trademarks EXPRESSSCOPE is a registered trademark of NEC Corporation Microsoft, Windows, and Windows Server are registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. Intel, and Xeon are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation of the United States.
  • Page 8: Warnings And Additions To This Document

    This document is subject to change at any time without notice. Do not make copies or alter the document content without permission from NEC Corporation. If you have any concerns, or discover errors or omissions in this document, contact your sales representative.
  • Page 9: Chapter 1 Installing Operating System

    NEC Express5800 Series Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installing Operating System This chapter describes how to install an operating system. Read through this chapter to set up the system correctly. 1. Before Starting Setup Describes overview of setup and precautions on installing an OS.
  • Page 10: Before Starting Setup

    Setup by using"EXPRESSBUILDER" coming with this product is not allowed. Important This document describes the procedure for establishing the environment recommended by NEC. If customers customize the system, fully study the system configuration in advance, and replace the description as required to set up the system.
  • Page 11: Setting Up

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Setting up This section describes how to set up. Setup Flow Set up the system according to the following workflow. Start 2.2 Before starting setup 2.3 OS Setup 2.4 Connecting Optional Device 2.5 Network Setting 2.6 Installing Bundled Software 2.7 Enabling OS Boot Monitoring Feature...
  • Page 12: Before Starting Setup

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Before starting setup The required preparation before the setup is described here. Important You can set up OS on the internal hard disk drive only. OS setup on the external storage is not supported. 2.2.1 Preparation for hardware The location of components that are required for setup or confirmation is as shown in the figure below.
  • Page 13 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Perform the preparation process for the server as shown below. – Disconnect all LAN cables. – Disconnect the cable from the connector on an SAS board if it is installed. – Disconnect the cable from the connector on a Fibre Channel board if it is installed. –...
  • Page 14: Disabling Os Boot Monitoring Feature

    POWER switch After a while, the "NEC" logo will appear on the screen. While the "NEC" logo is displayed on the screen, the server performs a power-on self test Tips (POST) to check itself. OS starts upon completion of POST.
  • Page 15 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up When POST proceeds, the following message appears at lower left of the screen. Press <F2> SETUP, ... (The on-screen message depends on your system environment.) If you press <F2>, SETUP will start after POST, and the Main menu appears. (You can also start SETUP by pressing <F2>...
  • Page 16 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Among the parameters, choose Disabled and press Enter. When the <Enter> key is pressed, the current display of the configuration for OS Boot Monitoring will be changed to "Disabled". Now OS Boot Monitoring setting is completed. Continue to check Boot Mode Settings in next procedure (2.2.3 Checking Boot Mode Settings).
  • Page 17: Checking Boot Mode Settings

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.2.3 Checking Boot Mode Settings Check Boot Mode settings before setup. When you move the cursor onto Boot, the Boot menu appears. Check the settings of Boot Mode. If the mode is not [UEFI], change it to [UEFI]. Move the cursor onto Save &...
  • Page 18: Preparation For Software

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.2.4 Preparation for software Requirements for Setup  To be obtained from Red Hat, Inc.  Note Download the file from Red Hat Network (https://rhn.redhat.com/). Check that the SHA256 check sum of the downloaded file matches the SHA256 check sum described in the download page by using the following command.
  • Page 19 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up dracut-033-360.el7_2.x86_64.rpm dracut-config-rescue-033-360.el7_2.x86_64.rpm dracut-network-033-360.el7_2.x86_64.rpm Important In dracut included in the RHEL7.2 installation media, it turns out that systemd may output an error message repeatedly at startup of OS, and the operation may stall. This problem has been corrected in dracut-033-360.el7_2 or later.
  • Page 20: Os Setup

    This section describes how to set up an OS.  This document describes the procedure for establishing the environment Important recommended by NEC. If customers customize the system, fully study the system configuration in advance, and replace the description as required to set up the system. ...
  • Page 21 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 4. The "INSTALLATION SUMMARY" screen appears. Click [DATE & TIME]. 5. The "DATE & TIME" screen appears. Change the date and time displayed at the bottom of the screen as required, and click [Done]. Note The date and time specified here is converted to Universal Time Coordinated (UTC), and reflected to the hardware clock when the installer exits.
  • Page 22 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 7. The "SOFTWARE SERECTION" screen appears. Select [Server with GUI] for "Base Environment", select the module marked with for "Add-Ons for Selected Environment", and click [Done]. Backup Server  DNS Name Server ...
  • Page 23 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up  Tips The required package for the ft control software is automatically installed. See Chapter 1 (2.3.3 Installing the required package) of this manual.  Select [Server with GUI] for "Base Environment" to use the graphical target (graphical login mode).
  • Page 24 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 10. The "MANUAL PARTITIONING" screen appears. Click [+]. The recommended system partition configuration is listed below. System partition configuration Size *1 File system *2 Pattern 1 /boot/efi 200MB EFI System Partition /boot 1024MB ext4 /var/crash...
  • Page 25 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up *5 The following table shows the recommended swap partition size in accordance with the memory space mounted in this machine. Mounted memory space swap partition size 8 GB or less Mounted memory space More than 8 GB and 64 GB or Half of the mounted memory less...
  • Page 26 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up The "ADD A NEW MOUNT POINT" screen appears. Set [Mount Point] and [Desired Capacity], and click [Add mount point]. Do not allocate the /usr partition to the partitions other than the / (root) partition Important since the boot process becomes complex.
  • Page 27 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 11. Check that all settings are correct, and click [Done] 12. The "SUMMARY OF CHANGES" screen appears. Check the contents, and click [Accept Changes]. 13. Click [NETWORK & HOST NAME]. Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux)
  • Page 28 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 14. The "NETWORK & HOST NAME" screen appears. Specify the desired host name in [Host name], and click [Done]. 15. Click [Begin Installation] to start the installation process. KDUMP can be set automatically according to the subsequent steps. Do not change the Note KDUMP setting before and after installation.
  • Page 29 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 17. The "CREATE USER" screen appears. Specify [Full name], [User name], [Password], and [Confirm password], and then click [Done]. 18. Click [ROOT PASSWORD]. 19. The "ROOT PASSWORD" screen appears. Specify [Root Password] and [Confirm], and then click [Done]. Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux)
  • Page 30 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 20. After installation is completed, click [Reboot] to restart the system. Then, remove the installation media. If any item other than [Server with GUI] is selected, proceed to the steps described in Note Chapter 1 (2.3.2 Installing the recommended package) in this manual.
  • Page 31: Installing The Recommended Package

    2.3.2 Installing the recommended package Individually install the package recommended by NEC according to the following procedure. 1. Log in to the server as the root user. If you login with graphical mode, select [Others...] to login. 2. Install the following packages additionally by using the yum command. For how to add the package, see Chapter 1 (3.1 Adding the Package Group and Package)of this manual.
  • Page 32: Installing The Required Package

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.3.3 Installing the required package Install the packages required for the ft control software according to the following procedure. The package may not be mounted automatically depending on the environment. Mount it to Tips the desired position in this case.
  • Page 33: Updating Packages

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.3.5 Updating packages Follow the steps below to update packages. Store the package you have downloaded from Red Hat Network in the desired directory, and go to that directory. Run the following command to update packages. # rpm -Uvh --oldpackage nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7.x86_64.rpm If nfs-utils included in the RHEL7.2 installation media is not installed due to customization Tips...
  • Page 34: Installing Ft Server Control Software

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.3.6 Installing ft Server Control Software Follow the steps below to install ft Server Control Software. Login the system with root user. If you login with graphical mode, select [Others...] to login. Set the ft Server Control Software Install CD to optical disk drive.
  • Page 35: Before Installing Nec Esmpro Agent

    ESMPRO MIB, and restart snmpd. If these features are not used, the community privilege can be "read". When NEC ESMPRO Agent is installed by using rpm command, it adds the following information to snmpd.conf to cope with SNMP request from ESMPRO MIB and Ethernet Like MIB.
  • Page 36: Installing Nec Esmpro Agent

    Insert the ft Server Control Software Install CD into optical disk drive of the server, and mount it by running the following command. # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt Move to the directory where NEC ESMPRO Agent is stored, and execute install script. # cd /mnt/esmpro_sa/ # sh ./pp_install -s OFF -l en_US.UTF-8 Remove the ft Server Control Software Install CD from optical disk drive of the server.
  • Page 37: Setting Required After Installing Nec Esmpro Agent

    * Shown below is an example of ports opened by using iptables. Setting must be saved finally. # iptables -I INPUT -p udp --dport 161 -s <IP address of NEC ESMPRO Manager> -j ACCEPT # iptables -I OUTPUT -p udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT...
  • Page 38: Troubleshooting

    # iptables -I OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT # service iptables save NEC ESMPRO Agent uses the following internal ports. When configuring access control on your server using iptables or TCP Wrapper, allow these ports as accessible. Between NEC ESMPRO Agent and another NEC ESMPRO Agent...
  • Page 39: Connecting Optional Device

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Connecting Optional Device 2.4.1 PCI board If there is an uninstalled PCI board, install it by referring to the following procedure. - Chapter 2 (5.7 PCI Card) in "Maintenance Guide" If the LAN board is installed, duplicate it by referring to the following procedure. - Chapter 2 (2.
  • Page 40: Network Setting

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Network Setting Network setting is described here. Important Be sure to use the vndctl command if setting the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. For details, see Chapter 2 (2. Network Duplexing) in "Maintenance Guide".
  • Page 41: Network Setting Method

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.5.2 Network setting method An example of setting the following items is described here. Slot number of the vndctl command:1 IP address :192.168.0.10 Subnet mask :255.255.255.0 Default gateway :192.168.0.1 Install the LAN cable. Log in to the server as the root user.
  • Page 42: Installing Bundled Software

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Installing Bundled Software 2.6.1 Installing bundled software (see Chapter 2) Install the bundled software and configure it according to Chapter 2. 2.6.2 How to check the kernel and ft control software version Check the kernel and ft control software version by the following command The version of the kernel being operated : # uname -r...
  • Page 43: Backing Up System Information

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up Backing Up System Information It is recommended to write down your system information when you finish system setup. With backup copy of system information, the information and settings that are specific to your server can be restored after the server is repaired.
  • Page 44: System Information

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 2. Setting up 2.8.2 System information Run POST. While the following message appears, press <F4>. Press <F2> SETUP, <F4> ROM Utility, <F12> Network When POST completes, the keyboard selection menu appears. If you select your keyboard layout, the following menu will appear. Off-line TOOL MENU Maintenance Utility BMC Configuration...
  • Page 45: Procedure For Changing The System Environment Setting

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting The procedure for changing the system environment setting is described here. Adding the Package Group and Package Install the package group and package additionally according to the following procedure. "/mnt"...
  • Page 46 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Execute the following command, and check the package included in the package group (the package group "Web Server" is specified here). Among the packages in "Mandatory Packages:" and "Default Packages:", the packages with "+"...
  • Page 47 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Execute the following command, specify the package group, and install it (the package group "Web Server" is specified here). # LANG=C yum groupinstall "Web Server" Loaded plugins: langpacks, product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription- : manager This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management.
  • Page 48 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Execute the following command, specify the package, and install it (the package "squid" is specified here). # LANG=C yum install squid Loaded plugins: langpacks, product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription- : manager This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management.
  • Page 49: Changing The Default Target

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Changing the Default Target Change the default target at the system startup according to the following procedure. Install the base environment of the server ([Server with GUI]) in advance to start up the graphical target (graphical login mode).
  • Page 50: Adding Partitions

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Adding Partitions Perform the following procedure to create an additional partition in a free space of a hard disk drive installed in slot0 of CPU/IO module 0 and CPU/IO module 1. In the following example, a RAID1 device (/dev/md/data) is created in a partition of 10GB and that partition is set as “/mnt/data”.
  • Page 51 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Execute the print sub command to check the status of the created partition. (parted) print Model: HGST HUC156030CSS200 (scsi) Disk /dev/sdq: 300GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: gpt Disk Flags: Number Start Size...
  • Page 52 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting 12. Execute "1 List RAID Arrays" of the ftdiskadm command to check that the RAID1device has been created. [List RAID Arrays] Name Partition Status Member =============================================================================== < Mirroring Array (RAID1) >...
  • Page 53: Expanding The Swap Area

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Expanding the swap Area Expand the swap area according to the following procedure. 3.4.1 Using the swap partition If there is a free space in the hard disk drive of the slot 0 of the CPU/IO module 0 and CPU/IO module 1, the partition for swap can be created, and the swap area can be expanded.
  • Page 54: Using The Swap File

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting 3.4.2 Using the swap file If the swap partition cannot be secured, the swap file can be created and the swap area can be expanded. The procedure for creating the swap file with the file name "swap file" and 1 GB capacity in the root directory is described here.
  • Page 55: Setting Selinux

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 3. Procedure for Changing the System Environment Setting Setting SELinux SELinux is set to "Disabled" by default. Change the SELinux setting as required according to the following procedure. If the SELinux setting is not "Disabled", set the appropriate security context by the SELinux Tips policy setting file.
  • Page 56: Appendix

    Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 4. Appendix Appendix This section describes processing detail of initial configuration script. Processing detail of initial configuration script The following processings are executed by initial configuration script. Change of default setting of SELinux Change setting of SELinux from "Enforcing" (OS's default setting) to "Disabled" so that SELinux is to be used only when it is necessary.
  • Page 57 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 4. Appendix Installation of 32-bit library When installing the library package that provides both 32-bit and 64-bit version in x86_64 environment by using yum, add "multilib_policy=all" to "/etc/yum.conf" to install 32-bit library together with 64-bit library.
  • Page 58 Chapter 1 Installing Operating System 4. Appendix Disabling the <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Delete> keys To prevent the wrong operation, disable the system restart by using the <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Delete> keys. Changing the setting Execute the following command. Enabling the <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Delete> keys # systemctl unmask ctrl-alt-del.target Disabling the <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Delete>...
  • Page 59 HISTTIMEFORMAT=" %F %T " # Displaying the date and time when displaying the history Add the "acpi_pad" module to the blacklist. Add the following setting to the "/etc/modprobe.d/nec.conf" file to add "acpi_pad" module to the blacklist and disable it. blacklist acpi_pad...
  • Page 60 If the file is modified while running initial configuration script, the backup file immediately before applying the script is created in the following directory. /opt/nec/setup/backup/rhel7_2_x86_64_nec_setup _<date>_<Boot kernel> * Depending on an environment where the initial configuration script is to be applied, it may not need to modify the file.
  • Page 61: Chapter 2 Installing Bundled Software

    NEC Express5800 Series Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installing Bundled Software This chapter provides brief explanation of bundled software and how to install them. 1. Bundled Software for the Server Describes the bundled software to be installed in the server system. 2. Bundled Software for "PC for Management Describes the bundled software to be installed in "PC for management"...
  • Page 62: Bundled Software For The Server

    NEC ESMPRO Agent (Linux) is an application used to monitor the server. NEC ESMPRO Agent (Linux) is stored in ft Server Constol Software Install CD. For how to install it, see Chapter 1 (2.3.7 Before installing NEC ESMPRO Agent), (2.3.8 Installing NEC ESMPRO Agent), and (2.3.9 Setting required after installing NEC ESMPRO Agent).
  • Page 63: Bundled Software For "pc For Management

    NEC ESMPRO Manager remotely controls and monitors the server hardware. To use these features, install the bundled software such as NEC ESMPRO Agent on the server. For details about the system requirements of NEC ESMPRO Manager and how to install it, see "NEC ESMPRO Manager Installation Guide" in EXPRESSBUILDER.
  • Page 64: Glossary

    Standard software for the server management. This consists of several applications for managing or monitoring. NEC ESMPRO Agent Software for monitoring the server. This works with NEC ESMPRO Manager and resides as the OS service. NEC ESMPRO Agent Extension Software for performing the scheduled operations. This works with NEC ESMPRO Manager.
  • Page 65: Revision Record

    Revision Record Revision Record Revision (Document Number) Date Issued Description 30.102.01-103.01 August 2016 Newly created Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux)
  • Page 66 NEC Express Server Express5800/R320e-E4, R320e-M4 Installation Guide (Linux) August 2016 NEC Corporation 7-1 Shiba 5-Chome, Minato-Ku Tokyo 108-8001, Japan © NEC Corporation 2016 The contents of this manual may not be copied or altered without the prior written permission of NEC Corporation.

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