HP 1810-24G Management And Configuration Manual

HP 1810-24G Management And Configuration Manual

1810 series
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HP 1810 Switches

Management and Configuration Guide

This document is intended for network administrators and support personnel, and applies to the switch models listed on this
page unless otherwise noted. This guide does not provide information about upgrading or replacing switch hardware. The
information in this guide is subject to change without notice.
Applicable Products
HP 1810-8 Switch (J9800A)
HP 1810-8G Switch (J9802A)
HP 1810-24 Switch (J9801A)
HP 1810-24G Switch (J9803A)
HP Part Number: 5998-7093
Published: January 2015
Edition: 1


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  Summary of Contents for HP 1810-24G

  • Page 1: Management And Configuration Guide

    This guide does not provide information about upgrading or replacing switch hardware. The information in this guide is subject to change without notice. Applicable Products HP 1810-8 Switch (J9800A) HP 1810-8G Switch (J9802A) HP 1810-24 Switch (J9801A) HP 1810-24G Switch (J9803A) HP Part Number: 5998-7093 Published: January 2015 Edition: 1...
  • Page 2 Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents About This Document..................5 Audience..........................5 About Your Switch Manual Set....................5 Supported Features........................5 1 Getting Started..................7 Connecting the switch to a network.....................7 Operating system and browser support...................7 Getting started with the web interface..................8 Logging on.........................8 Interface layout and features....................8 Common page elements.......................9 Saving changes........................9 User-defined fields......................10 Web Applet........................10...
  • Page 4 10 Maintenance Pages.................59 Backup Manager........................59 Example — Backing Up a Configuration File.................60 Update Manager........................61 Example — Updating the Switch Software................62 Password Manager.........................64 Dual Image Configuration......................65 1 1 Support and other resources..............67 Contacting HP........................67 Subscription Service......................67 Typographic conventions......................67 12 Documentation feedback.................69 Index......................70 Contents...
  • Page 5: About This Document

    The HP 1810 series switches can be managed in-band from a remote network station using a web GUI, and its configuration may also be viewed using the SNMP manager. This guide describes how to configure and view the software features using the Web-based graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Page 6 Soft session HTTPS timeout 1 min–60 min Hard session HTTPS timeout 1 Hr–168 Hrs HTTPS sessions Trunk configuration (1810-24/1810-24G) Trunk configuration (1810-8/1810-8G) Trunk membership ports (1810-24/1810-24G) Trunk membership ports (1810-8/1810-8G) VLANs VLAN IDs 4094 VLAN priority levels 0–7 Syslog servers...
  • Page 7: Getting Started

    1 Getting Started This chapter describes how to make the initial connections to the switch and provides an overview of the Web interface. Connecting the switch to a network To enable remote management of the switch through a Web browser, the switch must be connected to the network.
  • Page 8: Getting Started With The Web Interface

    Getting started with the web interface This section describes the following Web pages: Logging on Interface layout and features Logging on Follow these steps to log on through Web interface: Open a Web browser and enter the IP address of the switch in the Web browser address field.
  • Page 9: Common Page Elements

    1-minute delay. See “Saving changes” (page Click Refresh to refresh the page with the latest information from the switch. Click Support to access the HP ProCurve Web site (Internet access required). Click Logout to end the current management session. Saving changes...
  • Page 10: User-Defined Fields

    User-defined fields User-defined fields can contain 1–31 characters, including hyphens, commas, and spaces. Web Applet The Web Applets, shown in Figure 3, display at the top of the page as a graphic representation of the switch to provide information regarding the status parameters of individual ports. The Web Applet enables easy system configuration and Web-based navigation.
  • Page 11: System Leds

    System LEDs Point to the System LEDs area to view information about the following LEDs: Power (Green) ◦ On—The switch is receiving power. ◦ Off—The switch is NOT receiving power. Fault (Orange) ◦ Blinking—A fault has occurred, other than during self-test. ◦...
  • Page 12: Status

    2 Status Pages You can use the Status pages to view system information and statistics. System Description page The System Description page displays basic information such as the product name, model, ports, and switch type: Gigabit Ethernet or a Fast Ethernet. The software and boot ROM versions are also displayed.
  • Page 13: Log Status Page

    Table 1 Log Page (continued) Field Description Current Time The current time in hours, minutes and seconds as configured(24 or 12-hr AM/PM format) by the user. Date The current date in month, day, and year format. NOTE: The System Name, System Location, and System Contact accept all alphanumeric characters including hyphens, commas and spaces.
  • Page 14: Port Summary Page

    Table 2 System Description Fields (continued) Field Description Component Component from which the massage was logged. Description Description of the entry. For information on configuring log settings, see “Log Configuration” (page 54). Port Summary page The Port Summary page displays a summary of network traffic from the ports. This summary can be used to identify potential problems with the switch.
  • Page 15: Lldp Statistics Page

    Table 3 Port Summary Fields Field Description Port Summary Interface List of physical and logical interfaces supported or configured on a particular platform. Physical Type Displays whether the port is operating in copper mode or fiber mode. Port Status The physical status (up or down) of the link at the port. AutoNeg Status Displays whether Auto negotiation is enabled or disabled on the port.
  • Page 16: Trunk Status Page

    Figure 7 LLDP Statistics page Table 4 LLDP Statistics Page Fields Field Description LLDP Global Statistics Insertions The number of times the complete set of information advertised by a particular MAC Service Access Point (MSAP) has been inserted into tables associated with the remote systems.
  • Page 17: Mac Table Page

    To display the Trunk page, click Status > Trunk in the navigation pane. Figure 8 displays the configuration summary and status of a trunk named Trunk1. This trunk is configured in dynamic mode and has 3 and 5 interfaces as its active members. Figure 8 Trunk Page Table 5 Trunk Port Configuration Fields Field...
  • Page 18: Loop Protection Status Page

    Figure 9 MAC Table Page Table 6 MAC Table Fields Field Description Maximum Entries Supported Displays a maximum of 8192 MAC address entries that can be learned on the switch. Current Entries Displays the number of MAC address entries currently learned. MAC Address The list of MAC addresses learned on a particular interface.
  • Page 19: Spanning Tree Status Page

    Table 7 Loop Protection Fields Field Description Interface List of ports with loop protection currently enabled. Configured Action Taken The action that is set to occur when a loop is detected on the port with Loop Protection enabled: Shutdown port—The port will be shut down for the configured period. Log—The event will be logged and the port remains operational.
  • Page 20 Table 8 Spanning Tree fields Field Description Spanning Tree Bridge Status Spanning Tree The current operational state of the bridge (enabled or disabled). Spanning Tree Version The current protocol version of the bridge (STP or RSTP). Switch MAC Address MAC address of the switch. Switch Priority The configured spanning tree priority of the switch.
  • Page 21: Green Features Status Page

    Table 8 Spanning Tree fields (continued) Field Description to fail and the spanning tree algorithm determines the port may transition to the forwarding state. BPDU data is still received in blocking state. Forwarding—A port receiving and sending data. STP still monitors incoming BPDUs that may indicate it should return to the blocking state to prevent a loop.
  • Page 22: Dual Image Status Page

    Table 9 Green Features Status fields Field Description Port Energy Saving Configuration Auto Port Power-Down The current Auto Port Power-Down setting (Enabled or Disabled). When enabled, the port is set in power save mode when there is no link. Low-Traffic Idle (EEE) The current Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE) setting (Enabled or Disabled).
  • Page 23: Clock Status Page

    Figure 13 Dual Image Status page Table 10 Dual Image Status fields Field Description Active The currently active image name. Next-Active The next active image name. The administrator can configure the image to take effect the next time the system is booted. It may be a different than the currently active image (for example, if the administrator configures the backup image to take effect upon the next reboot).
  • Page 24 Table 1 1 Clock Status Fields (continued) Field Description Time Zone Time Zone The currently set time zone. Acronym The acronym configured on the system for the time zone (e.g., PST, EDT). Daylight Savings Time Daylight Savings Time Shows whether Daylight Savings Time is enabled and the mode of operation: Enabled—Clock adjustment made for Daylight Savings time.
  • Page 25: Network Setup

    3 Network Setup You can use the Network Setup pages to configure how a management computer connects to the switch and how the switch connects to a server to synchronize its time. Get Connected Use the Get Connected page to configure settings for the network interface. The network interface is defined by an IP address, mask, and gateway.
  • Page 26 Table 12 Get Connected Fields (continued) Field Description IP Address The IPv4 address to be used. The default IP address is Subnet Mask The IPv4 subnet address to be used. The default IP subnet address is Gateway Address The IPv4 gateway address to be used.
  • Page 27: Simple Network Time Protocol

    IP address. Simple Network Time Protocol The HP 1810 series switch software supports the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). SNTP ensures accurate network device clock time synchronization up to the millisecond. Time synchronization is performed by a network SNTP server. The software operates only as an SNTP client and cannot provide time services to other systems.
  • Page 28: Time Zone

    Time Zone The Time Zone page is used to configure your local time zone. The switch must be configured to acquire the time from an SNTP server. An acronym can also be assigned to a selected time zone. No time zone is configured by default. To display the Time Zone page, click Network Setup >...
  • Page 29 Figure 18 Daylight Saving Time page Table 15 Daylight Saving Time Fields Field Description Daylight Saving Time Select how DST will operate: Disabled—No clock adjustment will be made for DST. Recurring—The settings will be in effect for the upcoming period and subsequent years.
  • Page 30 To view a summary of clock and DST information, click Status > Clock in the navigation pane. Network Setup...
  • Page 31: Switching

    4 Switching Pages You can use the Switching Pages to configure port operation and capabilities. Port Configuration Use the Port Configuration page to view and configure the Admin mode and link speed setting for each port on the switch. It is also used to display the link status and physical type of each switch port.
  • Page 32: Jumbo Frames

    Table 16 Port Configuration Fields (continued) Field Description 100FDX—100Mbps, full-duplex 1000FDX—1000Mbps, full duplex (for fiber ports) NOTE: The port's maximum capability is advertised. Click Apply to save any changes for the current boot session; the changes take effect immediately. To view a summary of port information, click Status > Port Summary in the navigation pane. Jumbo Frames Use the Jumbo Frames page to enable the switch to forward jumbo Ethernet frames.
  • Page 33: Flow Control

    Figure 21 Port Mirroring Page Table 18 Port Mirroring Fields Field Description Enable Mirroring Enable port mirroring capability globally on the switch. Clear to disable the feature. Destination Port Select the port to which packets will be mirrored. Source Port Direction For each source port you want to mirror to the destination port, select the direction of the packets to be mirrored: Tx and Rx—...
  • Page 34: Green Features

    As shown in the example configuration in Figure 22, flow control is enabled globally, which would enable flow control on all the ports in the switch. Figure 22 Flow Control Page Table 19 Flow Control Fields Field Description Enable Flow Control Enable flow control on the switch.
  • Page 35: Loop Protection

    Loop Protection Loops in a network can consume switch resources and degrade performance. Detecting loops manually can be very cumbersome and time consuming. The HP 1810 series switch software provides an automatic Loop Protection feature. Loop Protection may be enabled or disabled globally and on a port-by-port basis. When enabled globally, the software sends loop protection packets to a reserved layer 2 multicast destination address on all the ports on which the feature is enabled.
  • Page 36 Figure 24 Loop Protection Table 21 Loop Protection Fields Field Description Loop Protection Enable this feature globally. Transmission Time Enter the time interval, in seconds, between sending Loop Protection packets. Shutdown Time Set the number of seconds that a port remains shut down if a loop has been detected on the port.
  • Page 37: Spanning Tree

    STP protocol by automatically reconfiguring ports to STP-compliant mode if they detect STP protocol messages from attached devices. HP 1810 series switches support the Spanning Tree versions IEEE 802.1D STP, and 802.1w RSTP in conformance with the IEEE802.1Q 2005.
  • Page 38 Table 22 Spanning Tree Fields (continued) Field Description BPDU Port Error Recovery Set the port to recover from an error-disabled state. If recovery is not enabled, a port has to be disabled and re-enabled for normal STP operation. The condition is also cleared by a system reboot.
  • Page 39: Security

    5 Security The HP 1810 series switch software includes a robust set of built-in denial-of-service (DoS) and stormcontrol protections, and allows configuring secure HTTP (HTTPS) management sessions. Advanced Security The HP 1810 series switch software provides the following built-in security features: Storm Control—This feature protects against condition where incoming packets flood the LAN,...
  • Page 40 NOTE: SSL is described in client/server terminology, where the SSL-enabled switch is the server and a Web browser is the client. The certificate provides information to the browser such as the server name, the trusted certificate authority (CA) that issued the certificate, the date it was issued, and the switch’s public key. The browser and server use this information to negotiate a secure connection in the following manner: The browser verifies the certificate authority’s authenticity by checking it against its own list...
  • Page 41: Downloading Ssl Certificates And Diffie-Hellman Files

    Table 24 Secure Connection Fields (continued) Field Description Session Hard Timeout The number of minutes after which an HTTPS session times-out, regardless of recent user activity. Certificate Present? True—A certificate is available for use with HTTPS sessions. False—No certificate is available on the switch. Certificate Generation Status Indicates that a certificate is being generated or that no certificate generation is in progress.
  • Page 42: Generating Certificates

    Figure 28 Using Update Manager to Download Certificates Select the protocol to use, based on the server type that the certificate is stored on: TFTP or HTTP. For an HTTP upload, browse for the file on your local computer or network. For a TFTP upload, enter the Server IP address, and specify the File Path and File Name.
  • Page 43: Trunks

    6 Trunks Trunks enable aggregating multiple full-duplex Ethernet links into a single logical link. Network devices treat an aggregation as if it were a single link, which increases fault tolerance and provides load sharing capability. You assign the trunk VLAN membership after creating the trunk. A trunk interface can be either static or dynamic, but not both.
  • Page 44: Trunk Modes

    Table 25 Trunk Configuration Fields (continued) Field Description Mode Mode (static or dynamic) configured for the trunk. Port Members Select the trunk membership for a port. By default, no ports belong to any trunk. A grayed out port indicates that it has been configured for port mirroring (destination or source port), or that it is set to half duplex.
  • Page 45: Static Trunk Mode

    Removing a port from a trunk can create a loop and cause a broadcast storm. When you remove a port from a trunk where spanning tree is not in use, HP recommends that you first disable the port or disconnect the link on that port.
  • Page 46: Trunking Capacities

    Figure 32 LACP Trunk Mode (Active and Passive) Trunking Capacities Feature Trunking Capacity HP 1810-24G Switch HP 1810-8G Switch HP 1810-24 Switch HP 1810-8 Switch (J9803A) (J9802A) (J9801A) (J9800A) Trunks supported Maximum ports in a trunk Trunks...
  • Page 47: Virtual Lan

    VLAN ID. A given port may handle traffic for more than one VLAN, but it can only support one default VLAN ID. HP 1810 series switches support up to 64 VLANs. VLAN Configuration Use the VLAN Configuration page to define VLAN groups.
  • Page 48: Vlan Ports

    Table 26 VLAN Configuration Fields (continued) Field Description Number of VLANs The current number of VLANs. Up to 64 VLANs can be created. VLAN Name After the VLAN ID has been created using the previously described fields, you can apply a name to it or delete it.
  • Page 49: Vlan Participation / Tagging

    VLAN Participation / Tagging Use this page to include ports or trunks in particular VLANs and to specify the tagging policy for outgoing packets on a port or trunk. NOTE: All ports are members of VLAN1 by default. Each port must be a member of at least one VLAN. An error message is displayed if a user attempts to exclude a port from participation in its only VLAN.
  • Page 50: Link Layer Discovery Protocol (Lldp)

    8 Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) The IEEE 802.1AB defined standard, Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP), allows stations residing on an IEEE 802 LAN to advertise major capabilities and physical descriptions. This information is viewed by a network manager to identify system topology and detect bad configurations on the LAN.
  • Page 51: Lldp Local Device

    Table 29 LLDP Configuration Fields (continued) Field Description Notification Interval Specify a limit for the transmission of notifications (range 5–3600 seconds, default = Interface Mode Interface The list of all physical and trunk interfaces on the system. Transmit Enable Enable or disable the transmission of LLDP PDUs. The default is enabled. Receive Enable Enable or disable the ability of the port to receive LLDP PDUs.
  • Page 52: Lldp Remote Device

    Table 30 LLDP Local Device Fields (continued) Field Description Capabilities Enabled Displays the system capabilities of the local system that are supported and enabled. The default is Bridge. LLDP Interface Description LLDP Interface The interface on which LLDP 802.1AB frames can be transmitted. Port Description The description of the selected port associated with the local system.
  • Page 53 sending normal idle signals. After a period of time called Tw (time to wake), the link becomes active and begins passing traffic. Ts and Tw are negotiated between the link partners using LLDP. To display the EEE page, click LLDP > EEE in the navigation pane. EEE activated columns show if the switch and the link partner have agreed upon which wakeup times to use.
  • Page 54: Diagnostics

    9 Diagnostics You can use the Diagnostics Pages to test, configure, and reboot the HP 1810 series switch. Ping Test Use the Ping Test page to determine whether another device on the network is reachable. Ping provides a synchronous response when initiated.
  • Page 55: Reboot Switch

    NOTE: The storage size of the log file is 10k, approximately 100 entries. The most recent 100 log entries are displayed; index numbering may not be 1- 1 00. See your syslog entries to view more than 100 log messages. To display the Log Configuration page, click Diagnostics >...
  • Page 56: Factory Defaults

    Figure 42 Reboot Switch Page Click Reboot Switch to reboot the switch. Factory Defaults Two configuration files are kept in system memory: one contains custom settings; the other contains the factory defaults. Use this page to restore all settings to the factory defaults. To display the Factory Defaults page, click Diagnostics >...
  • Page 57: Locator

    The support file page includes the following information: System description Dual image status and descriptions Buffered log messages Logging configuration details SNTP configuration Time zone configuration Network details Web parameters Management access SNMP Port configuration details, summary, and statistics Trunk statistics Jumbo frames configuration details Storm control, Auto DoS, and Flow control configuration Web configuration...
  • Page 58 Select Locate and click Apply to cause the Locator LED on the switch to blink for 30 minutes. Diagnostics...
  • Page 59: Maintenance

    10 Maintenance Pages Backup Manager The Backup Manager page provides a means to save a backup copy of the switch’s image or configuration files on a local system or network directory. The page displays different options depending on the protocol and image or file type selected for the backup.
  • Page 60: Example - Backing Up A Configuration File

    NOTE: If using Internet Explorer, when you attempt a backup operation from a secure HTTP session using the HTTP protocol, you may receive the following error message, even though the document is available and downloaded from the server: Internet Explorer cannot download filename from <site name>. Internet Explorer was not able to open this Internet site.
  • Page 61: Update Manager

    Click OK. The Backup Manager page displays the following status message: Click Back to re-display the Backup Manager page. NOTE: To restore a backed-up code or configuration file, use Update Manager. Update Manager The Update Manager page enables a new image or configuration file to be uploaded from the local system or network to the switch.
  • Page 62: Example - Updating The Switch Software

    Table 36 Update Manager Fields (continued) Field Description NOTE: If the file name differs from the default name on the switch, the file will be renamed to the default name when uploaded (see the Update Type field description). Server IP (TFTP upload only) If a TFTP download is performed, enter the IP address of the TFTP server.
  • Page 63 Click OK. The following page displays: Click OK. The following message displays on the Update Manager page: Code (Configuration) download through HTTP (TFTP) is in Progress. Please wait... When the transfer is complete, a window like the following displays: Click OK. Update Manager displays the following status message: Update Manager...
  • Page 64: Password Manager

    Click Back to re-display the Update Manager page. Note that, in this example, the image was downloaded as the inactive (backup) image. To complete the update process and to activate the backup image as the operating software, use the Dual Image Configuration page. In the following example, Image1 is the active image, and Image2 is the newly updated backup image.
  • Page 65: Dual Image Configuration

    Figure 48 Password Manager Page NOTE: There is no default password. Passwords must be at least 8 characters but no more than 64 characters long. Passwords are case sensitive. There is no default password. Passwords are up to 64 alpha-numeric and special characters (~,`,!,@,#,$,%,^,&,*,(,),-,_,+,=,{,[,},],|,\,<,,,>,.,?,/",' and space) in length, and are case sensitive.
  • Page 66 To view dual image status information, click Status > Dual Image Status in the navigation pane. Maintenance Pages...
  • Page 67: 1 Support And Other Resources

    Operating system type and revision level Detailed questions Subscription Service HP strongly recommends that customers register online using the Subscriber's choice web site: http://www.hp.com/go/e-updates. Subscribing to this service provides you with e-mail updates on the latest product enhancements, newest driver versions, and firmware documentation updates as well as instant access to numerous other product resources.
  • Page 68 Table 38 Document conventions (continued) Convention Element Monospace text File and directory names System output Code Commands, their arguments, and argument values Monospace, italic text Code variables Command variables Monospace, bold text Emphasized monospace text WARNING! Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in bodily harm or death. CAUTION: Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.
  • Page 69: 12 Documentation Feedback

    12 Documentation feedback HP is committed to providing documentation that meets your needs. To help us improve the documentation, send any errors, suggestions, or comments to Documentation Feedback (docsfeedback@hp.com). Include the document title and part number, version number, or the URL...
  • Page 70: Index

    Spanning Tree Status page, help SSL certificates, obtaining, statistics viewing, Subscriber's choice web site, Status pages, technical support, Subscriber's choice, HP, support file, symbols in text, jumbo frames, system information viewing, System LEDs, Link Layer Discovery Protocol, see also LLDP...
  • Page 71 Trunk Status page, trunks, configuration and membership, dynamic, modes, disabling, LACP, static, static, typographic conventions, updating switch software, Virtual LAN, see also VLAN VLAN, see also Virtual LAN configuration, ports, tagging, Web Applet, web interface logging on, web sites HP Subscriber's choice,...

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