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Cisco RSP2 - Route Switch Processor 2 Installation And Configuration Manual

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Route Switch Processor (RSP2)
Installation and Configuration Guide
Product Numbers: RSP2, RSP=, ROMMON-RSP2, MEM-RSP-8M=, MEM-RSP-16M=, MEM-RSP-24M=,
MEM-RSP-32M=, MEM-RSP-64M=, MEM-RSP-128M=, MEM-RSP-FLC8M=, MEM-RSP-FLC16M=,
MEM-RSP-FLC20M=, MEM-RSP-FLC32M=
Customer Order Number: DOC-782026=
This document describes the Route Switch Processor (RSP2), the default system processor for the
Cisco 7505, Cisco 7507 and Cisco 7513 routers.
We strongly recommend that you do not use the RSP2 in the Cisco 7507-MX, and Cisco 7513-MX
Caution
routers. The Cisco 7507-MX and Cisco 7513-MX routers ship by default with an RSP8.
The RSP2 supports the high system availability (HSA) feature, which allows two RSP2s, or an RSP4/4+
and an RSP2, to be used in a Cisco 7507 and Cisco 7513 routers. See the
Availability" section on page 23
The RSP2 also supports high availability (HA), a series of features that operates similarly to HSA, but
which further minimizes system downtime. (HSA is the system default.) For more information on HA,
see the
With HA or HSA enabled, the RSP2 supports online insertion and removal (OIR).
Document Contents
This document contains the following sections:
Corporate Headquarters:
Cisco Systems, Inc., 170 West Tasman Drive, San Jose, CA 95134-1706 USA
Copyright © 2003 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
"Enabling High Availability Features" section on page
Related Documentation, page 2
Product Description, page 3
Installation Prerequisites, page 8
Connecting the Console Terminal, page 18
for more information on HSA.
"Configuring High System
38.

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  Summary of Contents for Cisco RSP2 - Route Switch Processor 2

  • Page 1 This document describes the Route Switch Processor (RSP2), the default system processor for the Cisco 7505, Cisco 7507 and Cisco 7513 routers. We strongly recommend that you do not use the RSP2 in the Cisco 7507-MX, and Cisco 7513-MX Caution routers.
  • Page 2: Related Documentation

    Documentation flyer (part number DOC-7812955) that shipped with your RSP, or online at http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/core/cis7505/12955fly.htm. Your router and the Cisco IOS software running on it contain extensive features and functionality, which are documented in the following resources: Cisco IOS software: •...
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Specifications, page 7 System Software, page 8 • The RSP2 supports the VIP2 and the VIP4 in the Cisco 7505, Cisco 7507, and the Cisco 7513. (See Figure 1 Figure The RSP2 supports the VIP2 and VIP4 in the Cisco 7000 series routers, and the VIP2, VIP4, and the VIP6-80 in the Cisco 7505, Cisco 7507, and the Cisco 7513 routers.
  • Page 4: Cpu

    The RSP2 uses a 16-million-instructions-per-second (mips) processor to provide high-speed, autonomous switching and routing. The RSP2 installs in the following slots on your Cisco 7000 or Cisco 7500 series router: Slot 4 in the Cisco 7505 router •...
  • Page 5: Memory Components

    1. 32 MB of DRAM is the default DRAM configuration for the RSP2. 2. A system configuration file is contained in NVRAM, which allows the Cisco IOS software to control several system variables. 3. Only Intel Series 2 Flash memory cards can be used with the RSP2.
  • Page 6: Leds

    To prevent system problems, use Flash memory cards in the RSP2 that were formatted on an RP, RSP1, Caution or RSP7000 running Cisco IOS Release 11.1(8)CA1 or a later release of 11.1 CA1. You cannot use Flash memory cards on the RSP2 (as storage or boot devices) that were formatted on an RP, RSP1, or RSP7000 using a Cisco IOS boot image earlier than Cisco IOS Release 11.1(8)CA1.
  • Page 7: Pc Card Slots

    Description Specifications Physical dimensions The RSP2 occupies one RSP slot and can only be operated in a Cisco 7500 series or RSP7000-equipped Cisco 7000 series router. Shipping weight 5 lb (2.25 kg) Operating temperature 32 to 104˚F (0 to 40˚C)
  • Page 8: System Software

    EPROM images. The Cisco IOS software images reside in Flash memory, which is located on the RSP2 in the form of a single in-line memory module (SIMM), on Flash memory cards that insert in the two PC Card slots (slot 0 and slot 1) on the front of the RSP2.
  • Page 9: Safety Guidelines

    Safety Guidelines This section lists safety guidelines you should follow when working with any equipment that connects to electrical power or telephone wiring. Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install or replace this equipment. Warning Safety Guidelines Following are safety guidelines that you should follow when working with any equipment that connects to electrical power or telephone wiring.
  • Page 10 Warnung Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie mit der Arbeit an irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der mit elektrischen Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der Standardpraktiken zur Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt. Übersetzungen der in dieser Veröffentlichung enthaltenen Warnhinweise finden Sie im Dokument Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Informationen zu behördlichen Vorschriften und Sicherheit), das zusammen mit diesem Gerät geliefert wurde.
  • Page 11 Do not perform any action that creates a potential hazard to people or makes the equipment unsafe. • Carefully examine your work area for possible hazards such as moist floors, ungrounded power • extension cables, and missing safety grounds. Telephone Wiring Guidelines Use the following guidelines when working with any equipment that is connected to telephone wiring or to other network cabling: •...
  • Page 12: Compatibility Requirements

    6 or slot 7, or both. With the HSA or HA features enabled, you will install an RSP2 (or an RSP4/4+ and an RSP2) in both RSP slots. It is assumed that if you install two RSP2s (or am RSP4/4+ and an RSP2) in the Cisco 7507 or •...
  • Page 13 Software Prerequisites The minimum supported Cisco IOS release compatible with the RSP2 is 10.3(6) or a later release of Cisco IOS release 10.3. For the latest compatible software releases, refer to the software advisor at http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/Support/CompNav/Index.pl. The 32-MB Flash memory card is compatible with Cisco IOS Release 12.1(5)T1 or a later release of Note Cisco IOS Release 12.1 T.
  • Page 14: List Of Parts And Tools

    We recommend that you use only the microcode image that is bundled. The exception to this is CIP microcode, which as of Cisco IOS Release 11.1(1), is unbundled from the IOS software image bundle, and is available in a separate bundle on floppy disks, a TFTP server, CCO, or Flash memory cards.
  • Page 15 RSP2). • DRAM SIMMs from Cisco if you are replacing SIMMs. Removing the RSP2 When you remove or install the RSP2, be sure to use the ejector levers, which help to ensure that the RSP2 is fully inserted in the backplane or fully dislodged from it.
  • Page 16 Figure 3 Ejector Levers and Captive Installation Screw Bottom ejector lever Processor Processor module slot module carrier guide Captive installation screw STOP! on contact Step 7 Place the removed RSP2 on an antistatic mat or foam. If you plan to return the RSP2 to the factory, immediately place it in an antistatic bag to prevent ESD damage.
  • Page 17 The RSP2 is keyed for installation only in an RSP slot. By default, the system active is the RSP that occupies the first RSP slot in the router: slot 2 in the Cisco 7507, and slot 6 in the Cisco 7513. Follow...
  • Page 18: Connecting The Console Terminal

    If you disconnected the console terminal to remove the RSP2, or if you are installing a new RSP2, Step 7 connect the console terminal to the console port. (See the “Connecting the Console Terminal” section on page 18.) Step 8 Ensure that a console terminal is connected (see the “Connecting the Console Terminal”...
  • Page 19: Connecting To The Auxiliary Port

    Connecting to the Auxiliary Port The auxiliary port on the RSP2 is a DB-25 plug DTE port for connecting a modem or other DCE device (such as a channel service unit [CSU], data service unit [DSU], or other router) to the router. The port is located above the console port on the RSP2 and is labeled AUX.
  • Page 20: Restarting The System

    As the RSP2 initializes each interface processor, the status LEDs on each interface processor go on and off in irregular sequence. For a Cisco 7507 or Cisco 7513 with HSA or HA configured, verify that the console terminal displays Step 3 the system banner and startup screen as the system restarts.
  • Page 21 Step 7 In systems with a second RSP2 installed (and HSA or HA configured), use the show version command to verify that the standby RSP2 is recognized by the system. Following is a sample from a Cisco 7513: Router> show version Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software IOS (tm) GS Software (RSP-JV), Version 11.1(4) [biff 51096]...
  • Page 22 Cisco hardware at http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/index.htm. If you have more than one RSP2 (or an RSP2 and an RSP4/4+), and you are using a Cisco 7507 router or a Cisco 7513 router, you must configure your router for either high system availability (HSA) the default, (see the “Configuring High System Availability”...
  • Page 23 EXEC-level commands. This completes the procedure for using the EXEC command interpreter. For configuration information and support, refer to the Cisco IOS software configuration documentation set that corresponds to the software release installed on your Cisco hardware.
  • Page 24 RSP in the odd slot becomes the active and the RSP in the even slot becomes the standby. HSA is supported with RSP2 on the following routers: Cisco 7507, and Cisco 7513. HSA is not supported on the Cisco 7505 or the Cisco 7576 routers.
  • Page 25 HSA System Requirements To configure HSA operation with the RSP2, you must have: A Cisco 7507 and Cisco 7513 router containing one RSP active processor card, one RSP standby • processor card, and the proper Cisco IOS release (refer to the Software Advisor at http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/Support/CompNav/Index.pl...
  • Page 26 Automatically Setting Environment Variables on the Standby RSP, page 37 (both implementations) • The following HSA configuration examples refer to a Cisco 7513. If you have a Cisco 7507, the primary Note difference is that the active and the standby RSPs are located in slots 2 and 3, respectively.
  • Page 27: Ensuring That Both Rsps Contain The Same Configuration File

    Ensuring That Both RSPs Contain the Same Configuration File With the simple hardware backup and software error protection implementation methods, you always want your active and standby configuration files to match. To ensure that they match, turn on automatic synchronization. In automatic synchronization mode, the active copies its startup configuration to the standby’s startup configuration when you issue a copy command that specifies the active’s startup configuration (nvram:startup-config) as the target.
  • Page 28 Standard 16-, and 20-MB Flash memory cards are supported with the RSP2 (The 20-MB Flash memory Note card is currently the default.). See Flash Memory Card Installation Instructions for detailed information. You should specify slot0 or slot1 in your command, depending on which slot you are using. Standard 48- and 128-MB Flash Disks are supported with the RSP2.
  • Page 29: Ensuring That Both Rsps Contain The Same Microcode Image

    Ensuring that Both RSPs Contain the Same Microcode Image To ensure that both RSPs have the same microcode images, use the following commands in Table 7 privileged EXEC mode: Table 7 Confirming That Both RSPs Have the Same Microcode Images Step Command Description...
  • Page 30: Specifying Different Startup Images For The Active And The Standby Rsps

    ATM4/0, applique is SONET (155Mbps) gfreeq 48000150, lfreeq 480001D0 (4544 bytes), throttled 0 rxlo 4, rxhi 165, rxcurr 0, maxrxcurr 0 txq 480001D8, txacc 480000BA (value 0), txlimit 95 slot9: MIP, hw 1.0, sw 20.02, ccb 5800FFC0, cmdq 480000C8, vps 8192 software loaded from system T1 9/0, applique is Channelized T1 gfreeq 48000138, lfreeq 480001E0 (1536 bytes), throttled 0...
  • Page 31: Router# Configure Terminal

    Note In the following example, assume the following: The active RSP2 is in processor slot 6, and the standby RSP2 is in processor slot 7 of a Cisco 7513. • The system has the same image, rsp-k-mx11.1, in PC Card slot 0 of both the active and the standby •...
  • Page 32 1999 21:38:04 rsp-k-mx11.1 7993896 bytes available (1496 bytes used) Because you want to run the Cisco IOS Release 12.1(12)E system image on one RSP and the Cisco IOS Step 3 Release 12.1(13)E system image on the other RSP, copy the Cisco IOS Release 12.1(13)E system image to the active’s slot 0:...
  • Page 33 Backing Up with an Older Software Version Example In the following sample scenario, assume the following: The active RSP is in processor slot 6, and the standby RSP is in processor slot 7 of a Cisco 7513. • The system has the same image, rsp-k-mx11.2, in PC Card slot 0 of both the active and the standby •...
  • Page 34 In this scenario, you begin with the configuration shown in Figure Figure 9 Software Error Protection—Backing Up with an Older Software Version, Part I slot0:rsp-k-mx11.2 slot0:rsp-k-mx11.2 Active RSP card Standby RSP card Flash memory Flash memory Next, you copy the rsp-k-mx11.1 image to the active and the standby RSPs, as shown in Figure Figure 10 Software Error Protection—Backing Up with an Older Software Version, Part II...
  • Page 35 Last, delete the rsp-k-mx11.2 image from the standby RSP, as shown in Figure Figure 11 Software Error Protection—Backing Up with an Older Software Version, Part III slot0:rsp-k-mx11.1 slot0:rsp-k-mx11.1 slot0:rsp-k-mx11.2 Active RSP card Standby RSP card Flash memory Flash memory config.file boot system flash slot0:rsp-k-mx11.2 boot system flash slot0:rsp-k-mx11.1 The following commands configure software error protection for this sample scenario:...
  • Page 36 Setting Environment Variables on the Active and the Standby RSPs You can optionally set environment variables on both RSPs in a Cisco 7507 and Cisco 7513. When you configure the HSA operation, we recommend that you use the default environment variables.
  • Page 37: Manually Setting Environment Variables On The Standby Rsp

    Manually Setting Environment Variables on the Standby RSP Once you set the active RSP environment variables, you can manually set the same environment variables on the standby RSP using the slave sync config command. To manually set environment variables on the standby RSP, use the following commands in Table 9 privileged EXEC mode: Table 9...
  • Page 38 Monitoring and Maintaining HSA Operation To monitor and maintain HSA operation, you can override the standby image that is bundled with the active image. To do so, perform the following task in global configuration mode: Command Task hw-module slot image Specifies which image the standby runs.
  • Page 39: High Availability Features

    “warm standby.” Warm standby allows the system to switch over to a standby RSP preloaded with a Cisco IOS image in 30 seconds to 5 minutes, depending on the feature. For more information on high service availability (HSA), the system default program, refer to the “Configuring High System Availability”...
  • Page 40: Hardware And Software Prerequisites

    Upgrade permits users to upgrade to an interim release or next minor release Cisco IOS image by uploading it to the standby RSP first. After loading the new Cisco IOS image on the standby RSP, the user can issue a command to switch to the standby RSP, and all the line cards will be reloaded, similar to what occurs in RPR.
  • Page 41: Installation Procedures

    Installation Procedures See the following sections for the configuration tasks required to run the RPR/RPR+, SSO with NSF, FSU, and SLCR features. • Enabling the Router, page 41 (required) Copying an Image onto an RSP, page 42 (required) • Setting the Config-Register Boot Variable, page 43 (optional) •...
  • Page 42: Step 1

    Copying an Image onto an RSP Use TFTP to copy a high availability Cisco IOS image onto the active and standby RSPs: Command Purpose Step 1 Uses TFTP to copy a high availability Cisco IOS Router# copy tftp slot slot-number : image onto the Flash memory card of the active RSP.
  • Page 43: Configuring Rpr And Rpr

    RSP slot • where the Flash memory card is located. Valid numbers are slot 2 or slot 3 for a Cisco 7507 router and slot 6 or slot 7 for a Cisco 7513 router. Step 4...
  • Page 44 RSP slot where the Flash memory card is located. Valid numbers are slot 2 or slot 3 for a Cisco 7507 router or slot 6 or slot 7 for a Cisco 7513 router. file-spec—Indicates the flash device and the •...
  • Page 45 Reason for last switchover:User forced. Configuring RPR and RPR+ Example In the following example, the active RSP is in slot 2 and the standby RSP is installed in slot 3 of a Cisco 7507 router. Router# copy tftp slot0:rsp-pv-mz Router# copy tftp slaveslot0:rsp-pv-mz...
  • Page 46 • slot-number—Specifies the active RSP slot where the Flash memory card is located. Valid numbers are slot 2 or slot 3 for a Cisco 7507 router or slot 6 or slot 7 for a Cisco 7513 router. file-spec—Indicates the Flash device and the •...
  • Page 47 • slot-number—Specifies the active RSP slot where the Flash memory card is located. Valid numbers are slot 2 or slot 3 for a Cisco 7507 router or slot 6 or slot 7 for a Cisco 7513 router. file-spec—Indicates the Flash device and the •...
  • Page 48 The output of these commands will vary based on your device configuration and system site Note requirements. Enter the show redundancy command to verify that SSO is configured on the device. Step 1 Router# show redundancy Operating mode is sso redundancy mode sso hw-module slot 6 image disk0:rsp-pv-mz hw-module slot 7 image disk0:rsp-pv-mz...
  • Page 49: Configuring Nonstop Forwarding (Nsf)

    “Configuring a Stateful Switchover (SSO)” section on page 46. Cisco NSF is supported by the BGP, OSPF, and IS-IS protocols for routing and by Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) for forwarding. Of the routing protocols, BGP, OSPF, and IS-IS have been enhanced with NSF-capability and awareness, which means that routers running these protocols can detect a switchover and take the necessary actions to continue forwarding network traffic and to recover route information from the peer devices.
  • Page 50: Configuring Ospf Nsf

    Enter the ietf keyword to enable IS-IS in homogeneous network where adjacencies with networking devices supporting IETF draft-based restartability is guaranteed. Enter the cisco keyword to run IS-IS in heterogeneous networks that might not have adjacencies with NSF-aware networking devices.
  • Page 51: Verifying Cef Nsf

    Command Purpose Step 1 Router(config-router)# nsf interval [minutes] (Optional) Specifies the minimum time between NSF restart attempts. The default time between consecutive NSF restart attempts is 5 minutes. Step 1 Router(config-router)# nsf t3 {manual (Optional) Specifies the time IS-IS will wait for [seconds] | adjacency} the IS-IS database to synchronize before generating overloaded link-state information for...
  • Page 52: Verifying Bgp Nsf

    Redundancy mode: sso(7) CEF NSF: enabled/running Verifying BGP NSF To verify NSF for BGP, you must check that the graceful restart function is configured on the SSO-enabled networking device and on the neighbor devices. Perform the following steps: Verify that "bgp graceful-restart" appears in the BGP configuration of the SSO-enabled router by Step 1 entering the show running-config command: Router# show running-config...
  • Page 53: Verifying Is-Is Nsf

    If the NSF configuration is set to cisco, use the show isis nsf command to verify that NSF is enabled on Step 2 the device. Using the Cisco configuration, the display output will be different on the active and standby RSPs.
  • Page 54: Troubleshooting Nsf Features

    Begins a new epoch and increments the epoch number for a CEF table. Router# clear cef epoch Displays information about the IS-IS state during a Cisco NSF restart. Router# debug isis nsf [detail] Displays debugging messages related to OSPF Cisco NSF commands.
  • Page 55: Configuring Bgp Nsf Example

    Command Purpose Displays the IS-IS link-state database. Router# show isis database [detail] Displays the current state information regarding IS-IS Cisco NSF. Router# show isis nsf The following tips may help you to troubleshoot the device. The system displays FIB errors.
  • Page 56: Performing A Fast Software Upgrade

    Configuring IS-IS NSF Example The following example configures Cisco proprietary IS-IS NSF operation on a networking device: router# configure terminal router(config)# router isis router(config-router)# nsf cisco The following example configures IS-IS NSF for IETF operation on a networking device: router# configure terminal...
  • Page 57 RSP slot where the Flash memory card is located. Valid numbers are slot 2 or slot 3 for a Cisco 7507 router or slot 6 or slot 7 for a Cisco 7513 router. file-spec—Indicates the Flash device and the •...
  • Page 58 Router# hw-module sec-cpu reset Router# copy running-config startup-config Router# redundancy force-switchover RPR, RPR+, SSO, and FSU Troubleshooting Tips Use the commands in the table below to troubleshoot the RPR, RPR+, and FSU features on Cisco 7500 series routers: Command Purpose Router# show diag Use this command to display hardware information for the router.
  • Page 59: Configuring Slcr

    (optional) The Cisco 7500 SLCR feature is disabled by default. Therefore, the process for disabling this feature is only necessary if the Cisco 7500 SLCR feature has been enabled by the user on the Cisco 7500 series router. To enable the Cisco 7500 Single Line Card Reload (SLCR) feature, enter the service single-slot-reload-enable configuration command on the Cisco 7500 series router.
  • Page 60: Troubleshooting The Installation

    Miscellaneous HSA and HA Commands This section describes miscellaneous HSA and HA commands, and how to perform an OIR of an interface processor. Listed below are commands to display information about failed and active RSPs. To access a failed RSP: •...
  • Page 61 For descriptions of environmental monitoring functions, refer to the Cisco 7500 Series Installation and Configuration Guide, which is available online, on the Documentation CD-ROM, or in print.
  • Page 62 12) resets the RSP2 and the entire system. To prevent system errors and Caution problems, use it only at the direction of your Cisco-certified service representative. Verifying System Startup Sequence By checking the state of the LEDs, you can determine when and where the system failed in the startup sequence.
  • Page 63 Note you removed (or replaced) the RSP2. If the following sequence uncovers a new problem with the power subsystem or one of the interface processors, refer to the Cisco 7500 Series Installation and Configuration Guide for system startup troubleshooting procedures.
  • Page 64 Copyright (c) 1986-1999 by cisco Systems, Inc. SLOT 6 RSP2 is system master (SLOT 2 for a Cisco 7507) SLOT 7 RSP2 is system slave (SLOT 3 for a Cisco 7507, if installed) RSP2 processor with 128 Mbytes of main memory ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 11.1 [biff 2], RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
  • Page 65 Router Fails to Boot The Cisco 7500 series routers require that the first file on bootflash be a boot image. If it is not, the bootstrap software attempts to boot whatever file is first. While attempting to boot a non-image file, the system either crashes or hangs.
  • Page 66: Maintenance Information

    Cisco 7513 systems that are configured with an RSP4 as the system standby are not affected and will not experience this problem. If you have a Cisco 7507 or a Cisco 7513 with an RSP2 configured as the system standby, we strongly recommend that you use the following procedure to remove and replace an interface processor: Step 1 Remove the standby RSP2.
  • Page 67 “Using the EXEC Command Interpreter” section on page 22 contact your system administrator to obtain access, if necessary. For configuration information and support, refer to the Cisco IOS software configuration documentation set that corresponds to the software release installed on your Cisco hardware.
  • Page 68 Copying the Configuration File Before you copy (save) the running configuration to the TFTP file server, ensure the following: • You have a connection to the router either with a console terminal connected to the RSP2 console port, or remotely through a Telnet session. The router is connected to a network supporting a file server (remote host).
  • Page 69 The EXEC command interpreter prompts you for the name of the file that will contain the configuration. Step 8 By default, the system appends -confg to the router’s name to create the new filename. Press Return to accept the default filename, or enter a different name for the file before pressing Return. In the following example, the default is accepted: Name of configuration file to write [Router-confg]? Write file Router-confg on host 1.1.1.1? [confirm]...
  • Page 70 You can access the router through a console terminal attached to the RSP2 console port, or you can Telnet to the router from a remote terminal. Follow these steps to retrieve the currently running configuration from a remote host: On the console terminal, the system prompt should display a pound sign (#) to indicate the privileged Step 1 level of the EXEC command interpreter.
  • Page 71 Booting Router-confg ..[timed out] If the display indicates that the process was successful, as shown in Step 8, proceed to the Step Step 9 If the display indicates that the process failed, verify the name or address of the remote server and the filename, and repeat the preceding steps.
  • Page 72: Removing Simms

    13.) Figure 13 Handling the SIMM Note Use only SDRAM SIMMs from Cisco Systems. A Cisco manufacturing part number appears on each SDRAM SIMM. Removing SIMMs This section discusses the procedure for removing SIMMs from your RSP2. Use this procedure to remove the existing SIMMs:...
  • Page 73 Open the SIMM socket release levers on the SIMM to release the SIMM from the socket. (See Step 5 Figure 14.) The SIMM is under tension in the socket; therefore, the SIMM might be released from the socket with some force. Figure 14 Using the SIMM Socket Release Levers to Remove a SIMM Pull the tabs away with...
  • Page 74 Each SIMM socket must contain a SIMM of the correct size and speed or the system cannot – operate. To ensure this, use only memory devices that are included with Cisco Systems memory kits. If after several attempts the system fails to restart properly, contact TAC (see the “Obtaining Technical...
  • Page 75: Recovering A Lost Password

    This completes the RSP memory upgrade verification. Recovering a Lost Password An overview of the procedure for recovering a lost password follows: Enter the show version command to note the existing software configuration register value. • Break to the bootstrap program prompt. •...
  • Page 76: Reference Information

    change boot characteristics? y/n [n] Configuration Summary enabled are: console baud: 9600 boot: image specified by the boot system command or default to: cisco2-RSP do you wish to change the configuration? y/n [n] You must reset or power cycle for the new config to take effect Initialize the router by entering the i command as follows: Step 7 rommon 1 >...
  • Page 77 Using Flash Memory, page 85 • Console Port Signals The console port on the RSP2 is an EIA/TIA-232, DCE, DB-25 receptacle. Both Data Set Ready (DSR) and Data Carrier Detect (DCD) are active when the system is running. The Request To Send (RTS) signal tracks the state of the Clear To Send (CTS) input.
  • Page 78 The console and auxiliary Y-cables allow you to simultaneously connect the console ports or auxiliary ports on two RSPs (configured as system active and slave in RSP slots 2 and 3 in the Cisco 7507, and RSP slots 6 and 7 in the Cisco 7513 to one console terminal or external auxiliary device (such as a modem).
  • Page 79 Software Configuration Register Settings Settings for the 16-bit software configuration register are written into the NVRAM. Following are some reasons for changing the software configuration register settings: • To select a boot source and default boot filename To enable or disable the Break function •...
  • Page 80: Changing Settings

    Table 18 Software Configuration Register Bit Meanings (Continued) Bit Number Hexadecimal Meaning 0x4000 IP broadcasts do not have network numbers 0x8000 Enable diagnostic messages and ignore NVRAM contents 1. The factory default value for the configuration register is 0x0102. This value is a combination of the following: bit 8 = 0x0100 and bits 00 through 03 = 0x0001 (see Table 19).
  • Page 81 The server creates a default boot filename as part of the automatic configuration processes. To form the boot filename, the server starts with the name cisco and adds the octal equivalent of the boot field number, a hyphen, and the processor-type name.
  • Page 82 Table 20 Default Boot Filenames (Continued) Action/Filename Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 cisco7-RSP cisco10-RSP cisco11-RSP cisco12-RSP cisco13-RSP cisco14-RSP cisco15-RSP cisco16-RSP cisco17-RSP Bit 8 controls the console Break key. Setting bit 8 (the factory default) causes the processor to ignore the console Break key.
  • Page 83 Bit 13 determines the server response to a bootload failure. Setting bit 13 causes the server to load operating software from Flash memory after five unsuccessful attempts to load a boot file from the network. Clearing bit 13 causes the server to continue attempting to load a boot file from the network indefinitely.
  • Page 84 Configure the terminal to operate at 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 2 stop bits (or to whatever settings Step 2 the router is set). Enter the show version command to display the existing configuration register value. Note this value for Step 3 later use in Step 13.
  • Page 85: Obtaining Documentation

    Cisco provides several ways to obtain documentation, technical assistance, and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain technical information from Cisco Systems. Cisco.com You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at this URL: http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm You can access the Cisco website at this URL: http://www.cisco.com...
  • Page 86: Ordering Documentation

    For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco service contracts, the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) provides 24-hour, award-winning technical support services, online and over the phone. Cisco.com features the Cisco TAC website as an online starting point for technical assistance.
  • Page 87 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Accessing all the tools on the Cisco TAC website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a login ID or password, register at this URL: http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do...
  • Page 88: Obtaining Additional Publications And Information

    CCIP, CCSP, the Cisco Arrow logo, the Cisco Powered Network mark, Cisco Unity, Follow Me Browsing, FormShare, and StackWise are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn, and iQuick Study are service marks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; and Aironet, ASIST,...