Operation Guide
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  • Page 1

    Operation Guide...

  • Page 3: About This Manual, Conventions In This Manual

    Thank you for purchasing the Korg KRONOS. To help you get the most out of your new instrument, please read this manual carefully. About this manual For information on any front-panel button, knob, slider, or The owner’s manuals and how to use...

  • Page 4

    Random FF/REW and Scene Matrix are trademarks of Ste- phen Kay, Karma-Lab LLC. This manual copyright © 1994- 2014 by Korg Inc. and Stephen Kay. All rights reserved. * Screen shots from the KARMA software that appear through- out this guide are © 1994-2014 by Stephen Kay, Karma Lab LLC.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Sequencer mode ......73 About the KRONOS’ modes....13 Saving your edits .

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Modulating Wave Sequences ....184 About sampling on the KRONOS ....131 Saving Wave Sequences.

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Disk and Media information....280 Types of media supported by the KRONOS ..280 Using the Drum Track ....249 Operations that the KRONOS can perform on media .

  • Page 8

    viii...

  • Page 9: Introduction To Kronos

    Introduction to KRONOS Front and rear panels Front panel 4. Disk Access Indicator 1. Volume 2. Control Surface 3. Data Entry 5. Mode 6. Utility 7. Bank Select 8. KARMA 9. Vector 19. TouchView Joystick Display 10. Drum Track 11. SW 1&2 12.

  • Page 10: Data Entry

    Introduction to KRONOS If you switch to one of the other Control Assign modes, and To reset all of the sliders, knobs, and switches of the current then go back to TIMBRE/TRACK, it will automatically CONTROL ASSIGN mode at once, hold down RESET return to the previously selected group (1-8 or 9-16).

  • Page 11: Utility Buttons, Mode Buttons

    SET LIST button This selects Set List mode. Set Lists make it simple to play and organize any of the sounds loaded into the KRONOS, without regard for what bank they’re stored in or whether they’re Programs, Combinations, or even Songs.

  • Page 12: Vector Joystick

    G, g(1), etc. The Drum Track is a built-in drum machine, fueled by the What’s in each bank? KRONOS’s high-quality drum sounds. This button turns the For details on the contents of the Program banks, see Drum Track on and off.

  • Page 13: Ribbon Controller, Headphone Jack, Exit Button

    Front and rear panels Front panel Also, each one may work either as a toggle, or as a When a dialog box is open, this button cancels the settings momentary switch. In toggle mode, each press alternates made in the dialog box and closes the dialog box, just like between on and off;...

  • Page 14

    TEMPO knob • If Trigger is set to Threshold, sampling will begin as This knob adjusts the tempo for the KRONOS soon as the selected audio source reaches a preset as a whole, including Songs, KARMA, the volume level.

  • Page 15

    For more information, including other ways to move The Auto Song Setup feature copies the current Program or between the modes, see “Editing Programs from within a Combination into a Song, and then puts the KRONOS in Combination or Song” on page 72. record-ready mode.

  • Page 16: Rear Panel

    We recommend that you first connect the power cable to the MIC/LINE switches KRONOS, and then connect the other end of the cable to an AC outlet (see “1. Connecting the power cable” on page 20). These set the input’s nominal signal level. Set these switches according to the type of device that you’re connecting, and...

  • Page 17

    For the damper–also known as the sustain pedal– you can connect either a standard footswitch, or Korg’s special half- MIDI lets you connect KRONOS to computers or other damper pedal, the optional DS-1H. MIDI devices, for sending and receiving notes, controller The DS-1H is a continuous pedal designed specifically for gestures, sound settings, and so on.

  • Page 18: Touchview User Interface

    Slider g: Page tab h: Page group Tab The KRONOS uses Korg’s TouchView graphical user interface. By touching objects displayed in the LCD screen, Many popup menus have a “Pin” in the you can select pages, set parameter values, move sliders and upper left.

  • Page 19

    Front and rear panels TouchView user interface Scroll bar Even though each page may have its own unique menu commands, the menus are standardized as much as possible. When a list is too long for all items to fit on the screen at For instance, WRITE is almost always the first menu item in once, the popup includes scroll bars.

  • Page 20

    Introduction to KRONOS Play/Rec/Mute buttons in Sequencer mode: Other objects Solo On/Off buttons in Sequencer mode: j: Radio button Effects On/Off buttons: Press a radio button to select one value from two or more choices. k: Check box Each time you press a check box, it alternates between the checked (red) and unchecked states.

  • Page 21: Basic Information

    Basic information About the KRONOS’ modes Basic information About the KRONOS’ modes The KRONOS has a large number of features that let you Combination mode play and edit programs and combinations, record and play sequence data, record and play back samples, and manage Combinations are sets of up to 16 Programs that can be data on disk.

  • Page 22

    Global mode lets you make overall settings for the entire KRONOS, and edit wave sequences and drum kits. For instance, you can: • Make settings that affect the entire KRONOS, such as master tune and global MIDI channel • Set up sample auto-loading at startup •...

  • Page 23

    Basic information About the KRONOS’ modes SET LIST Set List 000 ... 127 Multisample Slot 000 Slot 001 Slot 127 PROGRAM (EXi) Insert / Master / Total Effect EXi 1 IFX 1 MFX 1 AL-1 STR-1 PolysixEX EP-1 MFX 2...

  • Page 24: About The Kronos' Pcm Memory

    “PCM” is another way of saying “samples.” The KRONOS has several types of PCM banks, as described below: ROM, When EXs data is loaded into RAM, the KRONOS uses a EXs, User Sample Banks, and Sampling Mode data lossless compression technique. This yields a modest For more information on the contents of the included ROM reduction in size;...

  • Page 25: Basic Operations

    After you’ve turned on the KRONOS, here’s how to perform basic operations such as selecting modes and pages. 1. Selecting modes In order to use a particular function on the KRONOS, you must first select the appropriate mode. Press one of the front panel mode buttons to enter the corresponding mode.

  • Page 26

    Introduction to KRONOS VALUE entry When you press the COMPARE switch once again, the LED will go dark and you will return to the settings that you were VALUE slider editing. Use this when you wish to make major changes If you edit the settings that are recalled by pressing the in the value.

  • Page 27

    Basic information Basic operations Preset/user Drum Track patterns are saved in internal 4. Selecting and executing menu memory even when the power is turned off. Patterns you commands create in Sequencer mode can be converted into user Drum Track patterns and saved in internal memory. The menu provides commands that are specific to each page, •...

  • Page 28: Setup

    If you are unsure of how to make connections, The KRONOS can be set to automatically turn off the power please contact your Korg Distributor. when the system has not been active for a certain length of Make sure that your AC outlet is the correct voltage for time.

  • Page 29: Connections

    1. Analog audio output connections 1. Connect the (INDIVIDUAL) 1…4 outputs to the your amp or mixer inputs. Here’s how to connect the KRONOS to your analog amp or mixer. 2. Use the Bus Select parameters to send the desired sounds, audio tracks, inputs, or effects to the If you’re using a home stereo system, be aware that...

  • Page 30: Analog Audio Input Connections

    Digital audio output or another synthesizer. For best results, use balanced line The KRONOS main stereo output can be digitally connections. transmitted to an audio system, digital mixer, or other device Note: Guitars with active pickups can be connected directly.

  • Page 31

    You can connect class-compliant USB MIDI controllers directly to the KRONOS, and use them just as you would 1. Connect an optional XVP-10 or EXP-2 etc. to the controllers connected to the 5-pin MIDI jacks. To do so: ASSIGNABLE PEDAL jacks.

  • Page 32

    Introduction to KRONOS If the controller is set to a different MIDI channel than the 6. MIDI connections to equipment & KRONOS’s Global MIDI Channel, you can use it to play a computers different sound than the local keyboard in Combinations or Songs, as controlled by the Timbre or Track MIDI settings.

  • Page 33

    Setup Connections About the software The most recent versions of the Korg drivers and Editor/ Plug-In Editor can be downloaded from the Korg website (http://www.korg.com/kronos). Please note before use Copyright to all software included in this product is the property of Korg Inc.

  • Page 34: Update Information

    Set Lists now support different colors for each Slot, to make them easier to distinguish quickly. Slots can now also be KRONOS software version 3.0 is a major upgrade, featuring transposed individually. the new SGX-2, system-wide touch-drag gestural input from...

  • Page 35: New Features In Software Version 2.1

    Programs, which you can load separately if desired can now be mapped to a different function on the KRONOS. (see “New CX-3 Programs,” below). For instance, you can have multiple switches assigned to...

  • Page 36: New Features In Software Version 2.0

    The KRONOS uses widely available, off-the-shelf DIMMs. Installation by an authorized Korg service center is required; KRONOS version 1.5 adds 7 more User Banks each of user installation is not supported and may void your Programs, Wave Sequences and Drum Kits, numbered warranty.

  • Page 37

    For more details, see “USB MIDI controllers” on page 1132 of the Parameter Guide. KRONOS Editor and Plug-In Editor Version 1.5 adds support for the KRONOS Editor and Plug- In Editor, which let you edit and organize sounds from your Mac OS X or Windows computer. Plug-in operation allows...

  • Page 38

    Introduction to KRONOS...

  • Page 39: Playing And Editing Programs

    This section of the manual takes a quick look at playing Programs, including tours of the front-panel controllers and Programs are the basic sounds of the KRONOS. You can basic editing techniques. play them by themselves, layer them together in...

  • Page 40

    Playing and editing Programs 5. Press the OK button. Selecting by bank and number An “are you sure?” dialog appears. You can select Programs from a list organized by Program 6. If you’re certain of the change, press OK again. bank.

  • Page 41

    Playing Programs Selecting Programs In addition to the on-screen keyboard, you can use a USB Selecting by Category alphanumeric keyboard to enter text. For more information, see “Editing names and entering text” on page 193. You can select Programs from within a category, such as keyboard, organ, bass, and drums.

  • Page 42: General Midi Programs

    ASSIGNABLE SWITCH input. You can select any Program from any bank by using MIDI Program Change messages in conjunction with MIDI Bank Use a simple on/off footswitch, such as the optional Korg Select messages. When you select Programs from the front PS-1.

  • Page 43: Using Controllers

    Playing Programs Using Controllers Using Controllers The KRONOS provides a lot of hands-on ways to control the Vector Joystick sound–the mod and pitch-bend joystick, the Vector joystick, the ribbon controller, two switches (SW1 and SW2), and the The Vector Joystick lets you Control Surface knobs, sliders, and switches.

  • Page 44

    Playing and editing Programs Each Program, Combination, and Song stores its own settings for what the switches will do, and whether each switch is on or off (based on their current states when the Program, Combination, or Song is saved). You can also make settings for Sampling mode as a whole.

  • Page 45: Value Slider

    Playing Programs Using Controllers The slider, knob, or switch will be reset to the value stored in Control Surface knobs, sliders, & the Program (or, if applicable, the default value). switches 3. When you’re done, release the RESET CONTROLS button. The Control Surface has 8 knobs, 8 sliders plus a master slider, and 16 switches.

  • Page 46

    Combi or Song. Assignable Foot Switch This lets you use a simple footswitch, such as the Korg PS-1, as an assignable controller. The footswitch can perform a wide variety of functions, such as: •...

  • Page 47: Using The Chord Pads

    To use any of these Korg controllers, simply connect the strike forcefully; instead, use a light and precise controller to one of the KRONOS’s two USB A ports. The touch.”Velocity” is controlled by position, and not by KRONOS will automatically determine the MIDI force.

  • Page 48: Using Chord Mode

    Using the on-screen pads, only one pad can be played at a Press Chord Assign, and then play notes time. When using MIDI, the keyboard, or a Korg USB MIDI This method lets you create a chord out of widely-spaced pad controller, however, multiple pads can be played at once.

  • Page 49

    Playing Programs Using Chord mode Assigning SW1/2 to control Chord on/off 2. Set Timbre 1’s Chord to Off, and Timbre 2’s Chord to Basic. Within any individual Program, Combi, or Song, you can set Now, the Chord SW will enable/disable the chord for the either SW1 or SW2 to turn Chord mode on and off.

  • Page 50

    Playing and editing Programs Chord mode is enabled when the Chord SW is either unassigned or turned On, and… • In Program mode, Chord is set to Basic or Advanced • In Combi mode, Chord is set to Basic or Advanced on any Timbre (with Status set to INT) on the Global channel •...

  • Page 51: Easy Program Editing

    Easy Program Editing Quick edits using the knobs, sliders, and switches Easy Program Editing Quick edits using the knobs, sliders, and switches You can edit any of the Programs shipped with KRONOS, or 6. Press the MIXER KNOBS button until you can start with an initialized Program to create sounds the CHANNEL STRIP LED lights up.

  • Page 52

    Playing and editing Programs Real-Time Knob functions 6. Hold the RESET CONTROLS button. Knob MIDI CC Normally controls… 7. While holding RESET CONTROLS, move first knob 1, and then knob 2. Filter Cutoff Frequency As you move the knobs, their values will be Filter Resonance reset to the default, center positions.

  • Page 53

    Easy Program Editing Quick edits using the knobs, sliders, and switches The pitch modulation has added some shimmer to the sound. Using Tone Adjust Now, maybe it could use a bit more edge… Tone Adjust lets you use all of the sliders, knobs, and 11.Look at the assignments for SELECT switches 1 and switches on the Control Surface to edit Program parameters, like the knobs on an analog synth.

  • Page 54

    Playing and editing Programs 5. Press the Main tab to return to the main Play page. 7. Press OK again to start the write process. 6. Touch the PolysixEX graphic around the Cutoff and 8. If you’re sure you want to write to this location, press Resonance knobs.

  • Page 55: Detailed Program Editing

    Detailed Program Editing Editing HD-1 Programs Detailed Program Editing Editing HD-1 Programs Creating your own Programs For details on how to select the different pages, see “Basic operations” on page 17. You can create your own original HD-1 sounds by editing the factory Programs, or by initializing a Program and You can sample from within Program mode—including starting from scratch.

  • Page 56: Using Drum Kits

    Oscillator / Pitch Filter Amplifier Effects P1–1, P2–2, etc. indicate the on-screen pages and tabs used when editing on the KRONOS. Voice Assign Mode Working with Multisamples The Voice Assign Mode selects whether the Program will As described above, the sound of the HD-1 starts with one or play polyphonically (Poly) or monophonically (Mono).

  • Page 57

    11.Next, set MS1’s Xfade Range to 20, and its Curve to EXs Multisample banks are PCM expansion sets created Linear. especially for the KRONOS. Each has its own unique Notice that the graphic now shows the two ranges tapering number; for instance, the ROM Expansion is EXs1, and the into one another.

  • Page 58: Using Lfos And Envelopes (egs)

    In order for the LFO to actually affect the sound, you can use the dedicated LFO routings on the Filter, Pitch, and The KRONOS LFOs are very powerful, and offer lots of Amp pages, or use the LFOs as AMS sources for a wide control for the power user.

  • Page 59: And The Ams Mixers

    Using Alternate Modulation (AMS) and the AMS Mixers AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) refers to any of the AMS Mixer A+B example assignable modulation sources in KRONOS, including: AMS A: LFO • Built-in physical controllers, such as the Joystick, Ribbon, and Real-Time Knobs •...

  • Page 60: Controlling Pitch

    Playing and editing Programs AMS Mixer Smoothing examples • “Quantized Ribbon Pitch Bend” on page 101 • “Selective pitch-bend, using a switch” on page 102 Smoothing with Long Attack Original AMS A: • “Selective pitch-bend, using only the joystick” on and Short Release: page 102 •...

  • Page 61: Using Filters

    Detailed Program Editing Using Filters The Time parameter controls how long it take the pitch to You can turn Portamento on and off via SW1 or SW2, by change. As this value is increased, the pitch will change over assigning them to Porta.SW CC#65. a longer time.

  • Page 62

    Playing and editing Programs Filter Types and Cutoff Frequency At medium settings, the resonance will alter the timbre of the filter, making it sound more nasal, or more extreme. At very high settings, the resonance can be heard as a separate, whistling pitch.

  • Page 63

    Intensity = +50 (Less Effect) consistent across the entire range. The KRONOS keyboard tracking can also be much more complex, since it allows you to create different rates of change over up to four different parts of the keyboard. For...

  • Page 64: Using The Amp Section

    With a setting of Random, the pan will change randomly The volume will be affected by the LFO(s) for which you set each time you play a note on KRONOS, producing an an LFO1 Intensity, LFO2 Intensity value. interesting effect.

  • Page 65

    Detailed Program Editing Using the Amp section For example if you set AMS to JS-Y (CC #02), tremolo will be applied when you move the joystick of KRONOS toward yourself, or when CC#02 is received. Amp EG The Amp EG lets you control how the volume changes over the course of a note.

  • Page 66: Using Exi

    “5–1a: String Resonance” on page 396 of the Parameter Guide. Una Corda Most KRONOS sounds, including all SGX-2 Piano Types, include at least basic support for soft pedals via MIDI CC#67. For these sounds, when CC#67 is on, effective velocity is reduced—as if you were playing a little softer...

  • Page 67

    PolysixEX proves you don’t have to be fancy in order to be great. Based on the classic Korg Polysix analog synth, its timbre is distinctly different from the AL-1 and the MS-20EX, but we didn’t stop there; we added modulation of every control on the front panel, for a world of sounds impossible on the original.

  • Page 68: Using Vector Synthesis

    Playing and editing Programs Using Vector Synthesis Vector Joystick and Vector Envelope Vector Synthesis lets you control Program and Effects parameters by moving the Vector Joystick, by using the You can move the Vector point using the combination of the programmable Vector Envelope, or by the combination of Vector Joystick and the Vector Envelope.

  • Page 69

    Detailed Program Editing Using Vector Synthesis Vector Synthesis System Vector CC MIDI Output Global switch: Vector MIDI Out Vector Joystick Global Controllers MIDI CC Assignments Vector Joystick Vector CC MIDI Output Defaults: X=118, Y=119 Vector CC Control Vector Joystick MIDI In Vector CC Control X+/ –...

  • Page 70: Effects

    Automatically importing a Program into Sequencer mode The Auto Song Setup feature copies the current Program or Combination into a Song, and then puts the KRONOS in record-ready mode. If inspiration for a phrase or song strikes you while you’re playing, you can use this function to start recording immediately.

  • Page 71: Playing And Editing Combinations

    Dec buttons. • Use the numeric keypad [0]–[9] to specify the number, KRONOS ships from the factory with hundreds of factory- and press the ENTER key. programmed Combinations. You can create your own 5. Press a BANK button (INT or USER A-G) to switch original combinations by editing these factory-set banks.

  • Page 72

    Playing and editing Combinations Combination Select Category (Category/Combination) Popup button Favorite Combination Select Find Popup button Category (Category/Program) Popup button Bank/Program Select Popup button Program Select Status Play/Mute Solo On/Off Volume Timbre 01 If you press the Cancel button, the selection you made here Selecting by Bank and number will be discarded, and you will return to the Combination that had been selected before you opened the menu.

  • Page 73: Using Controllers To Modify The Sound

    For more information, see “Using a footswitch to select Programs” on page 33. Selecting Combinations via MIDI You can send MIDI Program Change messages to KRONOS from external MIDI devices, such as computer sequencers or other MIDI controllers. In conjunction with MIDI Bank Select, you can use these to select any Combination from all 14 Banks.

  • Page 74: Easy Combination Editing

    Playing and editing Combinations Easy Combination editing Changing the Programs within a Combi Changing the Programs assigned to the 16 Timbres is a quick The Category Select window will disappear. Note that the way to dramatically alter the sound of the Combination. new Program is now selected for Timbre 1.

  • Page 75: Easy Karma Editing

    Easy Combination editing Easy KARMA editing 9. Press MIX SELECT button 2. 10.Edit the Channel Strip for Timbre 2 as desired. The Channel Strip now controls the Pan, EQ, and FX Sends Notice that Pan is available, in different ways, with both for Timbre 2.

  • Page 76: Detailed Combination Editing

    You can edit any of the Combinations shipped with To add finishing touches to the sound, set up the Insert, KRONOS, or you can start with an initialized Combination Master, and Total Effects as desired (on the P8: Insert Effects to create sounds from scratch.

  • Page 77: Layers, Splits, And Velocity Switches

    Layers cause two or more Programs to sound simultaneously when a note is played. On KRONOS, you can use a different Program for each of up to sixteen Timbres, and combine two or more of the above methods to create even more complex setups.

  • Page 78: Midi Settings

    The checked items will be transmitted and received. Timbres that you wish to play from KRONOS’s keyboard must be set to the global MIDI channel. Your playing on the keyboard is transmitted on the global MIDI channel, and will...

  • Page 79: Altering Programs To Fit Within A Combination

    The MIDI filters don’t turn the functions themselves on or For example, if portamento is on, portamento will be applied off. Instead, the filter just controls whether or not that MIDI to the internal KRONOS sound even if Portamento SW message will be transmitted and received. CC#65 is unchecked.

  • Page 80

    Playing and editing Combinations setting, the relationship between notes and drum sounds Editing Programs with Tone Adjust will change. Using Tone Adjust, you can make detailed edits to Programs Adjusting the BPM of multisamples or within the context of the Combi. These edits will not affect samples created in Sampling mode the original Program, or any other Combis which use the Program.

  • Page 81

    • P0–6: KARMA GE play the Program during editing. If the sound is being played • P0–7: Controller View/Effect by other means—for example, from the KRONOS • P0–8: Audio Input/Sampling sequencer, KARMA, or an external DAW or MIDI controller—then this may not matter. If necessary, you can •...

  • Page 82: Saving Your Edits

    Playing and editing Combinations Saving your edits Once you’ve tweaked the sound to perfection, you’ll want to save your work. To save your edits: 1. Select the Write Combination command from the page menu, at the upper right-hand corner of the screen.

  • Page 83: Creating Songs (sequencer Mode)

    Patterns user patterns. There are two types of patterns: preset patterns and user A maximum of 200 songs can be loaded into the KRONOS patterns. memory at once. Thousands can be stored on the internal • Preset patterns: Patterns suitable for drum tracks are disk, or on USB storage media.

  • Page 84

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Sequencer patterns and Drum Track patterns Preset patterns are directly available for use as Drum Track patterns. User patterns can also be used with the Drum Track, but they must first be converted into user Drum Track patterns (via the Convert to Drum Track Pattern menu command on P5: Pattern/RPPR).

  • Page 85

    Automation events Setting Perfor- Audio events Region parameters mance Automation events Audio recording function WAVE (Mono) Internal disk Make Audio CD WAVE (Stereo) Resampling (L/R 2ch Mix) Parentheses such as (P7) indicate the KRONOS page used for editing.

  • Page 86: Playing Songs

    Song from disk, send the Song to the Song. KRONOS via MIDI SysEx, or record a new Song. The locate point defaults to the start of the Song. You can change this as desired; see “LOCATE settings” on page 79.

  • Page 87: Loop Playback

    Playing Songs Playback Tip: Play/Rec/Mute can be controlled from the front For more information, see “Set Location (for Locate Key)” panel mixer section, or from the P0– Control Surface on page 629 of the Parameter Guide. page of the LCD screen. (See “The control surface in Sequencer mode”...

  • Page 88: The Control Surface In Sequencer Mode

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) The control surface in Sequencer mode In Sequencer mode, you can use the nine sliders, eight MIX SELECT: Press these buttons to select the current knobs, and sixteen switches of the control surface to edit the track.

  • Page 89

    Playing Songs The control surface in Sequencer mode Use the MIX SELECT switches to select the input/track you want to control, and use the knobs to control them. MIX PLAY/MUTE, MIX SELECT: These switches work in the same way as they do for TIMBRE/TRACK, as described above.

  • Page 90: Midi Recording

    “Track Select.” (The MIDI select programs by category. channel of the external tone generator must be set to match the MIDI Channel of KRONOS tracks that are set You can copy various settings from Programs or to EXT, EX2 or BTH.) Combinations, including effects, KARMA settings, Tone Adjust, and so on.

  • Page 91

    MIDI recording Preparations for recording 5. Set the tempo and time signature. Template Songs To set the tempo, you can turn the TEMPO knob or press the TAP TEMPO switch at the desired interval. Template Songs store pretty much everything in the Song except for the MIDI and audio data itself.

  • Page 92: Recording Midi In Real-time

    Real-time recording lets you record your performance on the track is overwritten by the newly recorded data. When you KRONOS, including the notes that you play, joystick and perform overwrite recording on a previously-recorded track, knob movements, and so on. This is in contrast to step its musical data will be deleted and replaced by the newly recording, which is described in a later section.

  • Page 93

    MIDI recording Recording MIDI in real-time If the Metronome Setup is still set to the default settings, 6. When you finish recording, press the SEQUENCER the metronome will sound for a two-measure pre-count, REC/WRITE switch. and then recording will begin. Recording will end (playback will continue).

  • Page 94

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) 3. Use “Location” to specify the measure at which recording will begin. 4. Press the SEQUENCER REC/WRITE switch. 5. For the track you want to record, press Play/Rec/Mute to make it indicate Rec. 3. In “M (Loop Start Measure), “M (Loop End 6.

  • Page 95: Midi Step Recording

    MIDI recording MIDI step recording 001. When you play back, MIDI track 01 will repeatedly play the first measure. MIDI step recording Input the first C3 note as e. (a dotted eighth note). Step recording is the recording method in which you specify Use the radio button at the left to select e.

  • Page 96: Recording The Sound Of A Combination Or Program

    3. Press the OK button to perform the Auto Song Setup. With Drum Track set to Track 10 The KRONOS will automatically switch to Sequencer mode, Additionally, several Song parameters are changed: and the Combination’s settings will be applied to the first unused song.

  • Page 97

    MIDI recording Recording the sound of a Combination or Program Setup in Sequencer mode (Copy From Combination and Copy From Program) In Sequencer mode, you can use the “Copy From Combi” and “Copy From Program” page menu commands to set up a Song based on a Combination or Program.

  • Page 98: An External Sequencer

    5. In the P2: Track Parameters– MIDI page, use MIDI Channel to specify the MIDI channel of each track. Set the MIDI channel of each KRONOS track to match the MIDI channel of each external sequencer track. Data of the matching channel will be recorded on each KRONOS track.

  • Page 99: Recording System Exclusive Events

    GM, XG, and GS exclusive messages can be recorded on a track, but the KRONOS’s tone generator will not respond to these messages. Recording internal parameter changes You can use SysEx for automation of internal KRONOS effects and Program parameters.

  • Page 100: Recording Patterns

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Note: Exclusive messages are always recorded on the Exclusive events cannot be changed to a different type of current track selected by “Track Select.” In this example, event. Nor can other events be changed into exclusive they are recorded on MIDI track 9.

  • Page 101

    MIDI recording Recording patterns recording. If you continue recording, the newly recorded 10.Press the SEQUENCER START/STOP switch to stop data will be added to the previously-recorded data. recording. 9. If you want to delete specific data while you continue If you made a mistake or decide to re-record, press the pattern recording, you can press the SEQUENCER SEQUENCER START/STOP switch to stop recording, REC/WRITE switch or check the “Remove Data”...

  • Page 102: Other Ways To Record

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Other ways to record Multi-track recording with KARMA and the Drum Track You can record multi-track performances generated by KARMA and/or the Drum Track. For more information, see “Using KARMA in Sequencer mode” on page 244. Multi-track recording with RPPR You can record multi-track performances generated by RPPR.

  • Page 103: Audio Recording

    Audio recording Audio recording overview Audio recording Audio recording overview • There are sixteen audio tracks. They allow 16- or 24-bit When recording audio tracks, the MIDI Clock must be linear PCM recording with a maximum time of 80 set to Internal. For more information, see “MIDI Clock minutes.

  • Page 104: Audio Input Settings And Recording Source Selection

    This main directory contains sub-directories for each song, you’ll see the following dialog the next time you start up the named SONG000, SONG001, etc. These in turn contain sub- KRONOS: directories for each audio track, named ATRACK01, /TEMP folder detected.

  • Page 105

    SOLO On/Off bus. Choose this when you want other signals such the KRONOS’ internal tone generator to be recorded along with This indicates the SOLO status of each external audio input an external audio source. Set REC Source to L/R.

  • Page 106

    Choose this if you want to record an external audio signal being sent to the L/R bus, or the sound being produced by the KRONOS (and sent to the L/R bus) in response to sequencer playback, keyboard playing, or MIDI input.

  • Page 107: Recording Procedure

    Audio recording Recording procedure Recording procedure Auto Punch In Select this method when you wish to automatically re-record selected portions of a previously-recorded track. For both Manual Punch In and Auto Punch In, recording will occur as follows. Audio Track Audio Events, Audio Track Automation Events: Only the measures you recorded will be overwritten;...

  • Page 108: Analog Inputs

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Audio track monitoring Track Select, and Overwrite are set automatically. For (Input: REC Source, Track: track playback) more information, see “Auto HDR/Sampling Setup” on page 632 of the Parameter Guide. During Punch Rec Setting levels For the best results, set the levels as described below: 1.

  • Page 109

    Such guitars should be routed through a preamp or an effect unit first, and then connected to the Go to the P8: Insert Effect– Audio Routing1 page. KRONOS. Set the output for Audio Track 1 as follows. Setup Bus Select (IFX/Indiv. Out Assign): L/R 2.

  • Page 110

    If you want to start recording from the beginning of the song, set this to 001:01.000. 8. Press the SEQUENCER REC/WRITE switch The KRONOS will be in record-ready mode. If you’ve made metronome settings, the metronome will sound the count.

  • Page 111

    Audio recording Recording procedure 2. Set Track Select to Audio Track 02. 3. Record as described in step 8 and following of the preceding section. Applying an insert effect while you record In this example, we’ll apply an insert effect to the guitar that’s connected to Audio Input 1, and record the effect- processed sound on audio track 1.

  • Page 112

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Setup earlier than the region you specified for “M***– M***”. 1. In the P0: Play/REC– Preference page, make sure that 10.Press the SEQUENCER REC/WRITE switch. Audio Track 01 is selected for the “Track Select” parameter. You will enter record-ready mode. 2.

  • Page 113: Other Variations Of Audio Track Recording

    Audio recording Other variations of audio track recording Other variations of audio track recording – Audio TRK 03 – Bouncing audio tracks Name, Take, Take No.: Specify the desired region and Bouncing lets you combine two or more tracks into either a WAVE filename to be recorded.

  • Page 114

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Record Recording automation events for pan, 6. Press the SEQUENCER REC/WRITE switch. EQ, and volume etc. on an audio track The metronome will begin sounding, and you will be in All audio track parameters (Pan, Volume, Send1/2, and record-ready mode.

  • Page 115: Placing A Wave File In An Audio Track

    Audio recording Placing a WAVE file in an audio track Placing a WAVE file in an audio track You can play back a WAVE file by importing it into a region 5. Select the region into which you want to import the of an audio track.

  • Page 116

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) 7. Press the OK button, the selected region will be placed in the audio track. 8. Select the event that you want to edit, and use the location parameters “Measure” and “Beat Tick” to edit the location of the event. You can’t place two or more events at the same location.

  • Page 117: Song Editing

    Song editing Songs Song editing You can apply a variety of editing operations to Songs, MIDI Tracks, and Audio Tracks, as described below. Songs Initialize Song: This command erases all data in the current Auto HDR/Sampling Setup song, and restores all parameters to their default states. For more information, see “Initialize Song,”...

  • Page 118: Common To Midi Tracks And Audio Tracks

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Event Edit: Here you can edit individual events of the Put To MIDI Track: This command places a pattern into a musical data in a pattern. For more information, see “Event MIDI track. For more information, see “Put To MIDI Track” Edit”...

  • Page 119: Audio Tracks

    Song editing Audio Tracks Audio Tracks Audio Event Edit: This command lets you edit individual audio events that have been recorded, or trim (i.e., make adjustments in steps of a single sample to) the region used by audio events. For more information, see “Audio Event Edit” on page 641 of the Parameter Guide.

  • Page 120: Using Rppr (realtime Pattern Play/record)

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Using RPPR (Realtime Pattern Play/Record) This section explains how to assign a pattern to RPPR, and how to play and record using RPPR. Creating RPPR data 1. Create a new song, and choose a drum program for 7.

  • Page 121: Rppr Playback

    Using RPPR (Realtime Pattern Play/Record) RPPR playback will start in sync with the end of previously played 13.To stop playback, either press the same key once pattern. again, or press the C2 or lower key. If you change the “Mode” setting to Once, the entire pattern will playback to the end even if you release your finger from the keyboard immediately.

  • Page 122

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) “Track Name,” select MIDI track 1 (T01) to which you Note: If Recording Setup is set to “Loop All Tracks,” it assigned a drum program. will not be possible to select Multi REC. Set the Recording Setup to Overwrite. 2.

  • Page 123: Sampling In Sequencer Mode

    Sampling in Sequencer mode Recording an RPPR performance Sampling in Sequencer mode Sampling is still available in Sequencer mode - which can be very convenient. The main areas of functionality are summarized below. For more information, see “Sampling in Sequencer mode” on page 159. •...

  • Page 124: Saving Your Song

    Creating songs (Sequencer mode) Saving your Song This section explains how to save your song on the internal disk. To ensure that your data will be reproduced perfectly, we recommend that you use Save All to save your song. This saves your sounds, samples, and Song at the same time, with names to tie them together: •...

  • Page 125: Other Notes About Sequencer Mode

    849 of the Parameter Guide, and “Save SEQ” on • The KRONOS preloaded Programs are not the same as page 847 of the Parameter Guide. those of the OASYS. Please load the PCG file saved with the Song.

  • Page 126: Memory Protect

    Track status You can specify whether each track will use the internal KRONOS sounds, or use an external MIDI tone generator. When the Track Status (P2– MIDI page) is set to INT or BTH, operating KRONOS’s keyboard and controllers will sound and control KRONOS’s own tone generator.

  • Page 127: Set Lists

    SST is active in all of the KRONOS modes, but Set Lists give you greater control over the transitions. You can fine-tune the ring-out time for each sound, so that (for instance) one sound fades out very quickly, while another sound’s delays continue to repeat for...

  • Page 128: Selecting And Playing Sounds

    Set Lists Selecting and playing sounds Set List Play page Set List Name Slot Name Slot Comments Comment Aria Selected Slot Previous button Next button Selecting Set Lists Selecting via the touch-screen The large name in the Set List display is the name of the current Slot, so that you can easily see the sound that you’re You can select Set Lists from an on-screen list, as well.

  • Page 129: Selecting Slots

    If you have navigated away from the current group of Slots, Global P0 Bank Map you can return easily: The Global P0 Bank Map (Korg, GM(2)) parameter does not affect the reception or transmission of Set List Program and Bank Select messages.

  • Page 130: Using The Comment Pad

    Set Lists 1. Use the [T] Text Edit button to set the name, as Save Changes before changing Set List: a desired. confirmation dialog If a USB QWERTY keyboard is connected, you can use this to enter text instead of the on-screen keyboard. If you have edited a Set List, and then do something that would select a different Set List (including directly changing 2.

  • Page 131: Editing Set Lists

    Editing Set Lists Selecting and re-arranging sounds Editing Set Lists Set List Edit page Bank & Number Select Set List Name Slot Name Sound Type Parameter box Category Select Keyboard Track Selected Slot Previous button • Customize the appearance of the Slot, including the color Overview and comment font size For each Slot, you can:...

  • Page 132: Detailed Set List Editing

    Set Lists Notice that the selected Slot now has a different highlight Adding items to the Set List from other color. modes 3. Select the Slot at the other end of the desired range. Program, Combination, and Sequencer modes each have a Once the desired range is selected, use the command in their P0 page menus: Add To Set List.

  • Page 133

    To edit the comments: If you prefer the graphical appearance of Set Lists prior to KRONOS software version 3.0, you can enable the Legacy 1. Press the Edit Comment button to bring up the text Slot Style option in the menu.

  • Page 134: Set Lists And The Control Surface

    It’s a pretty deep and powerful Set List. All other Control Surface edits are not stored with part of the KRONOS; for an in-depth look at some of what it the Set List. Instead, they must be stored with the original can do, see “Quick edits using the knobs,...

  • Page 135

    Editing Set Lists Set Lists and the Control Surface Songs work slightly differently, since they don’t have a Similar to the Timbre/Track and Audio buttons, the setting is Write command (and must be saved to disk). All edits made indicated by LEDs to the right of the button. To set the in Set List mode apply directly to the Songs in memory, and Control Surface to control the Graphic EQ: can be saved to disk as desired.

  • Page 136: Smooth Sound Transitions

    10.Play the phrase again, and this time immediately Using Hold Time switch to Slot 2. The KRONOS has two Hold Time parameters. As noted This time, the sound disappears very quickly. The Hold above, these control how long the old sound rings out after Time comes into play when you change between different all of its notes have been released.

  • Page 137

    MIDI messages, if desired. Effects Internally, the KRONOS has two separate sets of effects, like two racks of effects. One of these racks is used by the current sound; the other is used by the previous sound. This allows the two sets of effects to work simultaneously;...

  • Page 138

    Set Lists...

  • Page 139: Sampling (open Sampling System)

    Both 16- and 24-bit WAVE files can be used directly in Sequencer mode audio tracks. When loaded as The KRONOS (2014) comes with 3 GB of RAM pre- RAM samples, 24-bit WAVE files are automatically installed. Approximately 1 GB of this RAM is used by the converted to 16-bit resolution.

  • Page 140: Samples And Multisamples

    Time resample a complete live performance including filters, effects, KARMA, and even sequencer playback. You can also sample external audio sources, mix the KRONOS sounds with the external audio and sample the 48 kHz Level = 48,000 times every second combined result, or even monitor the performance of the = 0.0208 mS cycle...

  • Page 141

    All of the instrumental sounds in the KRONOS’s internal preset multisamples are constructed in this way. For example, you might record one sample per octave, and assign each of these samples to an index covering a one- octave range on the keyboard.

  • Page 142: Preparations For Sampling

    The When Use Global Setting is On, the Program, Combination, KRONOS supports S/P DIF input and output at 48 kHz. or Song uses the Global settings. This is the default, and lets...

  • Page 143

    Choose this if you want to sample the performance of If Bus Select (IFX/Indiv.) is set to IFX1–12, the send levels the KRONOS itself along with the other signals of the L/R to the master effects are set by the post-IFX1–12 Send1 and bus.

  • Page 144

    The audio signals sent to the L/R bus and sounds played on the KRONOS from the keyboard or via MIDI IN and sent to Trigger the L/R bus will be sampled. Normally you will use the L/R This controls how sampling will be initiated.

  • Page 145

    Preparations for sampling Audio Settings Input Recording Level [dB] Sampling Setup Metronome Setup The Recording Setup page in each mode In Sequencer mode, you can select any of the above, plus the Sequencer START SW. Mode Page For the trigger mode that’s most appropriate in various Sampling Sampling P0–...

  • Page 146

    136. You can select a disk, directory, and file name for the In order to maintain headroom, the KRONOS generally recorded file using the Select Directory/File for Sample to plays back samples 12 dB softer than the original volume (if Disk menu command.

  • Page 147

    Preparations for sampling Audio Settings This option will keep the greatest amount of RAM free for sampling. However, it requires a little time to work, and so the sound will stop for a time after sampling ends. Also, if a song is playing in Sequencer mode, the playback will stop.

  • Page 148: Sampling And Editing In Sampling Mode

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) Sampling and editing in Sampling mode In Sampling mode, you can record samples, and edit sample data that you sampled or loaded from media (including WAVE and AIFF formats). You can also assign the edited samples to indexes (zones) to create a multisample. Sampling mode page structure Page Explanation...

  • Page 149: And Sampling–p0: Recording

    Sampling and editing in Sampling mode Creating multisample indexes and sampling–P0: Recording Creating multisample indexes and sampling–P0: Recording Here’s how to create indexes in a multisample, and assign a Immediately after the power is turned on, Position will sample to each index. be Right (to selected index), Zone Range will be 1 Keys, and Original Key Position will be Bottom, so that 1.

  • Page 150

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) Creating multiple samples On-screen pads in Sampling mode In the example procedure described above, several indexes were created (by pressing the Create button several times), and then samples were assigned to each Index. As an alternative method, it is also possible to create one index, sample into it, and then repeat these two steps.

  • Page 151: Basic Examples Of Sampling

    Sampling and editing in Sampling mode Basic examples of sampling Basic examples of sampling This means that you’ll be sampling the instrument or Sampling your voice from a mic, and other external audio input source connected to AUDIO playing it back as a one-shot sample INPUT 1 and 2.

  • Page 152

    15.Press the SAMPLING REC switch. Recording will begin immediately (5 ms) before The KRONOS will be in record-ready mode. sampling is started, so that the attack of the sound is not 16.Speak into the mic, saying the word(s) you want to lost.

  • Page 153

    24.Repeat steps 14 and 15 several times more to record a few more samples. (Example: “Easy,” “To,” “Sample,” “With,” “KRONOS”) 3. Go to the P8: Insert Effect– Insert FX page. Listen to the recorded result Press the IFX tab, and then the Insert FX tab.

  • Page 154

    You can process a sample through effects, and then sample the result. This is called “resampling.” During resampling, the KRONOS can even play a selected source sample automatically. To do this: 1. Go to the P0: Recording–Audio Input page.

  • Page 155: Editing Loops

    Sampling and editing in Sampling mode Editing loops 11.Enable Auto +12dB On. Also make sure that IFX1’s Bus Sel. is set to L/R. The +12 dB setting will be turned on for the newly recorded samples. Press the C2 key, and verify that reverb is applied. 14.Press the SAMPLING REC switch, and then the SAMPLING START/STOP switch.

  • Page 156: Loop Settings

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) decay-type sounds such as drums). (Stereo samples are supported.) • Sometimes when looping a sample of pitched instruments such as strings or winds, the looped portion may play back in an unnatural way. By executing the Crossfade Loop function you can eliminate this problem so that the loop sounds right.

  • Page 157: Using Time Slice

    Sequencer mode. You will need to provide rhythm loop samples of drums etc. You can either record these on the KRONOS, or load them in Disk mode. Initially, you should try this using a one- measure pattern in 4/4 time with a fairly simple beat, and record the pattern as a mono rhythm loop sample.

  • Page 158

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) 2. Go to the P2: Loop Edit page. Select the page menu Program: as desired (for instance, U-G000) command “Time Slice.” Track: On The Set Sample Tempo dialog box will appear. Song: 000, Track: 01, Meter: 4/4 Start Measure: 001, Time: 008 3.

  • Page 159

    Sampling and editing in Sampling mode Using Time Slice 7. Press the SEQ button to enter Sequencer mode, and 8. In “Song Select,” choose 001. select 000 for “Song Select.” The following song data has been set/created automatically as you specified in step 5. •...

  • Page 160: Sample Waveform Editing

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) Sample waveform editing In the P1: Sample Edit screen you can do the following things. • You can set the Edit Range Start and End while watching the waveform. You can use functions such as Zoom In/Out, Use Zero, and Grid to edit the waveform efficiently.

  • Page 161: Multisample Editing

    1–8. Sampling from an Audio CD The KRONOS allows you to “rip” digital audio data from an 4. Set the left channel’s Pan to L000, and the right audio CD inserted in a connected USB CD drive. To do so: channel’s Pan to R127.

  • Page 162: Saving, Converting To Programs, And Comparing

    Sequence Bank (when Type is set to Multisample). In this KSC Files and User Sample Banks case, the Multisample will sound according to the settings of KSC stands for Korg Sample Collection. KSC files are saved the program parameters. to and loaded from disk; they group your Samples and 1.

  • Page 163

    Sampling and editing in Sampling mode Saving, converting to Programs, and Comparing Compare In Sampling mode, there is no Compare function that lets you return to the state prior to editing. If you want to preserve the state prior to editing, use a function such as Copy Sample or Copy MS to copy the multisample or sample before you begin editing.

  • Page 164: And Combination Modes

    Sampling in Program and Combination modes Overview In addition to using Sample mode, you can also sample both You can also sample the KRONOS’s performance together external audio sources and internal sounds in Program, with audio from an external input source, or monitor the Combination, and Sequencer modes.

  • Page 165: Auto Sampling Setup

    AUDIO INPUT jack can be played along to a drum Guitar Effect unit phrase played by the KRONOS, and how both can be sampled together. Sampling can be performed in a similar way in Combination and Sequencer modes as well as in Program mode.

  • Page 166: Sampling A Guitar From The Audio Inputs While Listening To A Karma Drum Phrase

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) Recording Level: 0.0 Press the KARMA ON/OFF switch to turn it on, play the keyboard to start the drum phrase, and play your guitar This is the default setting for resampling. while adjusting the final volume. –...

  • Page 167

    Sampling in Sequencer mode In-Track Sampling Sampling in Sequencer mode In Sequencer mode, you can sample just like in Program and In-Track Sampling lets you sample an audio source that’s Combination modes, but there’s an additional option unique being played along with the song. During the sampling to Sequencer mode: In-Track Sampling.

  • Page 168: Resampling A Song To Create A Wave File

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) If the display indicates “ADC OVERLOAD !” (AD Press the LOCATE switch to reset the song playback converter input overload), turn the rear panel [LEVEL] location to the beginning of the song, and press the knob toward MIN to adjust the level appropriately. SEQUENCER START/STOP switch to play back.

  • Page 169

    Note: It will take between several seconds to nearly a minute from the moment you press the SAMPLING REC switch until the KRONOS enters standby mode (i.e., until the SAMPLING REC switch changes from blinking to lit). This time is required in order to allocate sufficient space on the disk.

  • Page 170: User Sample Banks

    User Sample Banks bring the benefits of EXs to your own sample libraries. You can load and play gigabytes of your KSC stands for Korg Sample Collection. .KSC files contain custom or converted samples at once, using Virtual Memory. links to Sampling Mode, EXs, and/or User Sample Bank Disk and memory management is easy: you can create data, including Multisamples, Samples, and Drumsamples.

  • Page 171

    User Sample Banks Saving User Sample Banks Saving creates two KSC files If you have Programs, Wave Sequences, etc. that you want to switch from using the original User Sample Bank to the new When you save a KSC which includes Sampling Mode data, one, use the Remap MS/Sample Banks menu command to two KSC files are created: do so (you can find this on the Global Sample Management...

  • Page 172: Loading User Sample Banks

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) 1. Save any data you’ve created in Sampling Mode. (The 5. Load additional Multisamples or Drumsamples from next step will erase all Sampling Mode data.) other UserBank.KSC files, using the Append Option. 2. In Disk mode, browse into the 6.

  • Page 173: User Sample Bank Ids And Limitations

    User Sample Bank IDs the following circumstances: Under the hood, the KRONOS keeps track of User Sample • When a KSC with Sampling Mode data is loaded using Banks by a special ID saved in the KSC file. This lets the...

  • Page 174

    Sampling (Open Sampling System) Tone Adjust “MS Bank” Similarly, the Tone Adjust MS Bank meta-parameter supports only ROM, the current Sampling Mode data, and EXs1…EXs125. Tone Adjust MS/WS/DKit Select can still be used to select different Multisamples or Drumsamples from within the current bank, including EXs above 125 and User Sample Banks, as long as MS Bank is not used.

  • Page 175: Drum Kits

    Global mode overview In Global mode you can make overall settings that apply to the entire KRONOS, such as master tune, key transpose, effect global switch, global MIDI channel, and system clock. In addition, you can create user Drum Kits, Wave Sequence,...

  • Page 176: Global Settings

    MIDI controller to play the regardless of the mode. For example, if you’ve connected KRONOS. the KRONOS’s outputs to an external mixer and are using an See “Transposing the keyboard,” above, for details on external effect processor to apply reverb or chorus to the Convert Position.

  • Page 177

    Combination check-boxes under the heading Load page at power-on KARMA Settings When Changing. The state of KRONOS when the power is turned on will On (checked) means that when you select Programs (or depend on the setting of Power On Mode.

  • Page 178: Global Audio Settings

    Global MIDI Channel KRONOS tempo. The Global MIDI Channel is the most important MIDI- • If external clocks are not being received, the KRONOS related setting in the KRONOS. It determines the main MIDI uses its internal tempo instead. channel used for both Program and Combination modes, for Synchronizing to a USB-connected computer instance.

  • Page 179: Pedal And Other Controller Settings

    Foot Switch Assign lets you assign a function to a well as setting up controller mappings for the KARMA footswitch (such as the optional Korg PS-1) connected to the controls and the chord pads. rear-panel ASSIGNABLE SWITCH jack.

  • Page 180: Creating User Scales

    This is controlled by the Foot Pedal Assign parameter. foot switch you have connected. You can choose from the following functions: If you have connected a Korg PS-1 pedal switch, set this • Master volume to (–) Korg Standard. If the polarity is not set correctly, the pedal will not function appropriately.

  • Page 181: Combinations, And Karma

    Global Settings Setting Category Names for Programs, Combinations, and KARMA Note: You can copy one of the preset scales and edit it to 4. If you want the Track to use the scale saved with its create an original scale. To do so, use the page menu individual Program, check the track’s “Use command Copy Scale.

  • Page 182: Automatically Loading Sample Data

    Loading a KSC file loads all of the linked data. You can also remove KSCs from the list. Note that this only You can load KSC files in Disk mode, and the KRONOS can affects the contents of the list; it does not affect the files also automatically load one or more KSC files at startup.

  • Page 183: Creating And Saving .ksc Files

    1. Go to the Global Sample Management page. for optional Korg or third-party EXs, or for your own 2. Above the list of sample data, select the desired Bank samples. This is easy to do. You can unload an entire EXs, if and Type.

  • Page 184

    Global Settings, Wave Seq., Drum Kits Creating a new KSC by loading individual Saving a KSC file Multisamples 1. In Disk mode, go to the Save page. You can also load a few Multisamples from an existing KSC, 2. In the menu, select the Save Sampling Data command. and then save out the result as a new KSC.

  • Page 185: Via Usb Ethernet And Ftp

    Connecting to computers via USB Ethernet and FTP After connecting, you should be able to see the internal Overview disk(s) of your KRONOS. You can then use your FTP client software to transfer files between the KRONOS and your You can use a separately-purchased USB Ethernet adapter computer.

  • Page 186: Using Wave Sequences

    Wave Sequences optional sound banks from Korg, or third-party sound on the two Oscillators, and so on. libraries. Each user bank contains 32 Wave Sequences.

  • Page 187: Programming Basics

    Using Wave Sequences Programming Basics Programming Basics The Wave Sequence parameters are spread over two pages. • The current step is marked by a red arrow. The Seq Parameters page has controls for the Wave • Red boxes are Multisample steps. Sequence as a whole, such as the start and end steps, •...

  • Page 188: Adjusting The Sound Of An Individual Step

    Global Settings, Wave Seq., Drum Kits Adjusting the sound of an individual step You can make some basic adjustments to the sound of each 2. Press the Copy button. step’s Multisample, including changing its volume and pitch, You’re now ready to insert or paste the step. making it play in reverse, and changing the sample start 3.

  • Page 189: Using Rhythmic Wave Sequences

    Using Wave Sequences Using rhythmic Wave Sequences You may wonder - what if the Program uses more than one 3. Go to the AMS Mix 1 tab of the AMS Mix/C.KeyTrk Wave Sequence, and each is sending out different AMS page.

  • Page 190: Setting The Tempo

    Wave Sequences in a chord to start Using Swing together and sync together, in lock-step. KRONOS gives you two tools to make this happen: Key Sync Off, and Quantize Swing adds a human feel to the rhythm, and provides an Triggers.

  • Page 191: Creating Smooth, Evolving Timbres

    Using Wave Sequences Creating smooth, evolving timbres When Quantize Trigger is On, note-ons are quantized to Quantize Triggers 8th notes using the current tempo reference. (See below for a few more details.) The tempo reference can come from different sources, depending on the current mode, and whether or not KARMA N ote-On is on:...

  • Page 192: Modulating Wave Sequences

    Global Settings, Wave Seq., Drum Kits Modulating Wave Sequences 2. Set the Start Step to 10, and the End Step to 25. Position modulation 3. Set the Loop Start and Loop End to the same points – Position modulation lets you offset the Wave Sequence from 10 and 25.

  • Page 193: Saving Wave Sequences

    Using Wave Sequences Saving Wave Sequences 11th note: 4, 5, 3, 4, 5, 6 5th note: 3, 4, 5, 3, 4, 5, 3, 4, 5… 12th note: 5, 3, 4, 5, 6 6th note: 4, 5, 3, 4, 5, 3, 4, 5… 13th note: 3, 4, 5, 6 7th note: 5, 3, 4, 5, 3, 4, 5…...

  • Page 194: Using Drum Kits

    There are still eight levels of velocity switches and layers - but these are within the Drum Kit itself, and not stored or The KRONOS has over 270 Drum Kits, divided into edited in the Program. Internal, User, and GM (General MIDI) groups as shown below.

  • Page 195: Editing Drum Kits

    EXs Drumsample banks are PCM expansion sets created You can save this to a different memory location after especially for the KRONOS. Each has its own unique editing, if you like. number; for instance, the ROM Expansion is EXs1, and the 5.

  • Page 196: Using Hold

    Global Settings, Wave Seq., Drum Kits Fine-tuning the sound of each sample Controlling effects for each key 1. If you like, adjust the Levels for the two Drum Kits have their own, built-in mixers. For each key, you Drumsamples. can control the Insert Effects bussing, Master Effects sends, and pan.

  • Page 197: Saving Drum Kits

    Using Drum Kits Saving Drum Kits Saving Drum Kits Once you’ve spent all this time editing, you’ll want to save your work. To save your Drum Kit edits: 1. Select the Write Drum Kit command from the page menu. This brings up a dialog box which allows you to save the Drum Kit.

  • Page 198

    Global Settings, Wave Seq., Drum Kits...

  • Page 199: And Creating Cds

    • Songs Sequences, and Multisamples. For more information, see “Dump Program” on page 808 of Once they’ve been saved to disk, you can set the KRONOS the Parameter Guide. to automatically load them at startup. For details, see “Automatically loading sample data” on page 174.

  • Page 200: Writing To Internal Memory

    Loading & saving data, and creating CDs “Writing to internal memory.” All of this data is stored in the • Demo songs internal disk, and backups are provided on the included Preset data is data that cannot be rewritten by the Write Accessory Discs.

  • Page 201

    IN T 0...149 IN T 0...39 parameter settings until the Program is saved. When the Program is saved, the KRONOS calculates the combined effects of Tone Adjust and dedicated CC modulation Compare (from the Real Time Knobs, for instance), and saves the results into the Program parameters directly.

  • Page 202

    Loading & saving data, and creating CDs 4. Press the Shift button again to switch to lowercase Note that some characters may not be supported. Also, some characters, and press the characters i, a, n, o. names—such as files and directories on the disk—may support more limited character sets than internal names.

  • Page 203: Writing Global Settings

    Saving data Writing to internal memory Memory protect Writing Global settings Memory Protect lets you prevent certain types of data from Any edits in Global pages P0–P3 are temporary until you use being overwritten accidentally. There are individual check- the Write command to store them in the internal memory. If boxes to enable Memory Protect for different parts of the you don’t use the Write command, your changes will be system, as described below.

  • Page 204: Saving To Disks, Cds, And Usb Media

    After plugging it in, turn on the power. more information, see “Convert to ISO9660 Format” on While the KRONOS is accessing the USB device, do not page 854 of the Parameter Guide. connect another USB device or disconnect the connected You can also load data from UDF-formatted DVD-ROMs.

  • Page 205

    7. Press the text edit button and enter a name for the you exchange media in your USB device, press the LCD files. (See “Editing names and entering text” on screen to make the KRONOS detect the media. When the page 193.) media has been detected, the LCD screen will display All of the files created by Save All will share this name, but information about the media.

  • Page 206: Formatting Media

    KRONOS. samples that were created in on KRONOS, we recommend that you use Save All to save the data. • The KRONOS is shipped with the internal disk already formatted. When you use Save PCG or Save Sampling Data to individually save a program or drum kit, or a multisample or •...

  • Page 207

    You do not need to format a CD-R/RW disc that you will use to create an audio CD. You must use the KRONOS to format the media. The KRONOS will not correctly recognize media that has been formatted by another device.

  • Page 208: Loading Data From Disk

    As described under “Saving memory contents to disk” on Up button to move to a higher level. page 197, the KRONOS assumes that if .SNG, .PCG, .KSC, The selected .SNG file will be highlighted. and .KGE files share the same name, they’re associated with one another.

  • Page 209

    Loading data from disk Loading Songs, sounds, samples, and KARMA GEs together Clear Sampling Mode Data will erase all Multisamples and Samples from Sampling Mode, and load the data in the same configuration with which it was saved. Existing EXs and User Sample Bank data is left intact.

  • Page 210

    1 combination DOS directory bank I-A...G, U-A...G (Red) All drum kits 1 drum kit 1 drum kit DOS directory (created by Save SEQ on the KRONOS) (User) bank INT, U-A...GG (Purple) DOS directory All wave 1 wave sequence 1 wave sequence...

  • Page 211: Loading Individual Banks From A .pcg File

    • If the song contains track/pattern events, the program banks within these events Loading data by individual item or bank The KRONOS lets you load programs, combinations, drum 1) Perform steps 1–5 under “Loading Songs, sounds, kits, and wave sequences individually or by individual samples, and KARMA GEs together”...

  • Page 212: Combinations

    (lower line) to specify the destination combination. For this example, select INT-E000. Note: When you press the keyboard of the KRONOS, the As shipped from the factory, this Combi location is empty; it selected combination will sound. However, the internal has no name, and makes no sound.

  • Page 213

    Loading data from disk Loading the samples required by Programs or Combinations 3. Select the Load complete banks radio button to load the entire bank(s) containing the data. Check the Memory Required and (Memory) Available to see that there’s enough room to load the data. 4.

  • Page 214: Creating And Playing Audio Cds

    CDs. Creating audio CDs In conjunction with an external USB CD-R/RW drive, you can use the KRONOS to create audio CDs of your music. To do this, you’ll: • Bounce the completed Songs to WAVE files •...

  • Page 215

    Creating and playing audio CDs Creating audio CDs Note: If you check the Multiple Select option, you’ll be Use Speed to set the writing speed. This will indicate the able to select multiple WAVE files and insert them in a speeds supported by the CD-R/RW drive you are using.

  • Page 216: Playing Audio Cds

    Loading & saving data, and creating CDs Playing audio CDs You can play audio CDs–including CDs you’ve created– directly on the KRONOS, in conjunction with an external USB CD-R/RW drive. To do so: 1. Press the Play Audio CD tab to go to the Play Audio CD page.

  • Page 217: Other Disk Operations

    Other disk operations Setting the date and time KRONOS has an internal calendar, which is used to record the date and time when you save data. You can set the date and time by using the Disk Utility page’s Set Date/Time menu command.

  • Page 218

    Loading & saving data, and creating CDs...

  • Page 219: Using Effects

    There is no limitation on the maximum number or type of effects you can use. During Smooth Sound Transitions, the KRONOS may use up to 34 effects at once (including the Set List EQ). However, a certain amount of digital processing capability must be used in order to produce each effect.

  • Page 220: Effect I/o

    Using Effects Effect I/O Selecting “000: No Effect” will mute the output. The Insert effects processed signal will be output in one of the following ways, according to the type of effects 001–197. Insert Effects (IFX 1–12) are stereo-in/stereo-out. If you set Wet/Dry to Dry, the input signal will pass through without being processed by the effect.

  • Page 221: Audio Inputs

    Global Setting checked. Uncheck this if you want programs KRONOS as a 6-in (AUDIO INPUT 1-2, S/P DIF IN L, R, and combinations to use their own settings. For example and USB) 6-out effect processor.

  • Page 222: Effects Selection And Routing

    Using Effects Effects selection and routing The insert effects, master effects, and total effects have the effect, master effect or total effect. In the pages that follow, same structure in all modes, but the routing settings will we will explain how you can make routing settings and determine how the oscillators of a Program, timbres of a effect settings in each mode.

  • Page 223: Master Effects

    Insert FX page. Master effects P (Effect Preset): Selects an effect preset. The KRONOS’ internal memory contains “effect presets” The input levels to the master effects are set by the Send 1 & which are parameter settings for each effect from 001: 2 levels.

  • Page 224: Using Effects In Combinations And Songs

    Using Effects The procedure is the same as when selecting an insert The output from the master effects is sent to the total effects effect. via the Return 1 and Return 2 settings on the Program P9: Master/Total Effect– Routing page. 3.

  • Page 225: Insert Effects

    Effects selection and routing Using effects in Combinations and Songs processed by an insert effect, sent to a REC bus, and Insert effects sampled. Continuing from the above: Note: In Sequencer mode, you can also choose a REC bus as the REC Source for each track in the P0– Audio Track 1.

  • Page 226: Using Effects In Sampling Mode

    Using Effects Using effects in Sampling mode In Sampling mode, you can apply effects to external audio Insert effects sources from the AUDIO INPUT 1–2 and S/P DIF IN jacks, and sample the result. You can also apply effects to the audio 1.

  • Page 227: Using Effects With The Audio Inputs

    Combination, and Sequencer modes also let you apply the KRONOS’ effects to the signals from the analog, S/P DIF, or USB inputs and sample the result, or to use the KRONOS as a 6-in (analog, S/P DIF, and USB) 6-out effect processor.

  • Page 228

    Noise can enter the KRONOS via these buses; see “Avoiding extraneous noise” on page 97. If you want to save the edited settings in the KRONOS, you must write them. Use the Global mode page menu command Write Global Setting to do this.

  • Page 229: Detailed Effects Editing

    Dynamic modulation (Dmod) Using Dmod to change the feedback level via Dynamic modulation (Dmod) lets you use MIDI messages or the KRONOS’s controllers to modulate specific effect parameters in real-time. 5. In the P1: Basic/Vector– Set Up Controllers page, set For more information, see “Dynamic Modulation Sources...

  • Page 230: Common Fx Lfo

    Using Effects For this example, set Delay Base Note to e and Times to x1 Select any desired KARMA GE. When you rotate the so that the effect will be easily understandable. The delay TEMPO knob, the delay time will change in synchronization time will repeat at an interval of a 8th note.

  • Page 231: Effect Presets

    Insert FX page. You can’t save your own settings here. P01…P15: These contain Korg preset data. We recommend that you store your settings in U00–U15. U00…U15: These are areas in which you can store your own settings.

  • Page 232

    Using Effects...

  • Page 233: Using Karma

    The KRONOS provides a large number of GEs that can be In Program mode, the KARMA module transmits and used for a variety of instruments, performance techniques, receives all MIDI data on the Global MIDI channel and musical styles.

  • Page 234

    Using KARMA You can control the phrase or pattern by editing these parameters, or by assigning them to the KARMA CONTROLS sliders or KARMA SWITCH buttons and operating these during your performance. KARMA - Program mode KARMA function KARMA module A MIDI IN GE (Generated Effect) KARMA module parameters...

  • Page 235

    Each GE is assigned one of the following RTC Models. Dynamic MIDI • DP1 - Drum/Perc • BL1 - Bass/Lead Dynamic MIDI is a function that uses the KRONOS’ controllers or MIDI control messages to control specific • DM1 - Drum Melodic functions of KARMA.

  • Page 236

    Using KARMA KARMA CONTROLS sliders 1–8 KARMA SWITCHES 1–8 KARMA SCENES 1–8 When CONTROL ASSIGN is set to RT KNOBS/ KARMA, these control the KARMA module(s) selected by MODULE CONTROL. By operating these controls, you can adjust GE realtime parameters and KARMA module parameters to freely vary the phrases or patterns generated by the KARMA module.

  • Page 237: Performing With Karma

    Auto MIDI or USB and the KRONOS is currently receiving MIDI clocks, the Tempo display will indicate “q =” EXT, and the KRONOS will be synchronized to an external MIDI device. In this case, you won’t be able to change the tempo by operating the KRONOS.

  • Page 238

    Using KARMA Modifying the phrase or pattern generated by Checking note-on/off and key zone the KARMA module: KARMA CONTROLS 1–8 sliders, KARMA SWITCHES 1–8, SCENE 1–8 The screen shown below is a realtime display of the note switches data received from the keyboard, pads 1–8, and MIDI IN, and the note on/off data generated by the KARMA module, Parameters useful for controlling the phrase or pattern are together with the name of the chord that was detected.

  • Page 239

    When KARMA is on, the KARMA module uses a GE to Restoring the state of the sliders and switches generate phrases or patterns. The KRONOS provides a wide range of GEs that you can use for a variety of instruments, You can do this by adjusting the controls while you watch playing techniques, and musical styles (See “The structure of...

  • Page 240: Performing With Karma In Combination Mode

    Using KARMA Editing KARMA module parameters 4. If you are satisfied with the program you selected, press the OK button to close the menu. For details on editing the parameters of a KARMA module, Alternatively, you can select a GE by choosing “GE Select” see “Editing KARMA”...

  • Page 241

    Performing with KARMA Performing with KARMA in Combination mode 4. Use the front panel SCENE 1–8 switches to choose a Using the KARMA controllers scene. You can operate the KARMA controllers to control the This changes the scene for the KARMA module(s) selected phrase or pattern generated by each KARMA module.

  • Page 242

    Using KARMA If you turn “Solo” On (checked), only that KARMA module will sound. This is useful when you are selecting a GE, or when you want to audition the phrase that a module is generating. Modules whose “Solo” is On (checked) will sound even if “Run”...

  • Page 243: Editing Karma

    GE will be used; with any The on/off status is saved when you write the program. other setting, the time signature will change temporarily. The KRONOS provides numerous preset GEs that can be Selecting a GE used for a wide range of instruments, playing techniques, and musical styles.

  • Page 244

    Using KARMA 3. Press OK to execute the copy, or press Cancel if you KARMA module MIDI filtering and CC decide to cancel. offset Setting KARMA’s keyboard zone 1. Go to the Program P7: KARMA– MIDI Filter/CC Offset page. Here’s how to specify the zone of keys that will trigger KARMA.

  • Page 245

    Editing KARMA Editing KARMA in Program mode GE Real-Time Parameters Here we will describe how to edit the most frequently-used parameters. For details on the other parameters, refer to “7– Here you can edit the GE realtime parameters that are 3a: Program Name and Tempo”...

  • Page 246

    MAX value to the MIN value. Dynamic MIDI setting Perf RTP (Perf Real-Time Parameters) Dynamic MIDI lets you use a KRONOS controller or a MIDI control message to control a specific parameter of Here’s how KARMA parameters such as KARMA key zone KARMA.

  • Page 247: Editing Karma In Combination Mode

    Editing KARMA Editing KARMA in Combination mode Editing KARMA in Combination mode In Combination mode (and Sequencer mode) you can use Note: Alternatively, you can make these settings in the four KARMA modules (modules A, B, C, and D). In a Combination P0: Play–...

  • Page 248

    Using KARMA Setting example 2 Timbre 4: 4 ch Timbre 5: 5 ch This example shows how the “Timbre Thru” option works. 2. Set the MIDI channels for the pads as follows. Select a piano program for timbre 1, a bass program for timbre 2, and a drum program for timbre 3.

  • Page 249

    Editing KARMA Editing KARMA in Combination mode When KARMA is on, your playing on the keyboard will GE Real-Time Parameters sound a piano on timbre 1, and will simultaneously be sent to KARMA modules A and B. Here’s how to edit the parameters of the GE selected for each KARMA module.

  • Page 250

    Using KARMA Perf RTP (Perf Real-Time Parameters) KARMA module [A] In the same way as for a program, KARMA parameters other KARMA module [B] MODULE KARMA REALTIME CON TROLS than GE realtime parameters (e.g., KARMA module CON TROL KARMA SCEN ES MASTER KARMA SW ITCHES parameters) can also be assigned to controllers.

  • Page 251

    Editing KARMA Editing KARMA in Combination mode In a combination, the area in square brackets [ ] automatically shows a portion of the category name of the program selected for each timbre controlled by the KARMA CONTROLS sliders and KARMA SWITCHES. This lets you know the timbre whose phrase is being controlled by each KARMA CONTROLS slider and KARMA SWITCH.

  • Page 252: Using Karma In Sequencer Mode

    KRONOS in record-ready mode. You can then according to the Metronome setting (Sequencer 0–5c). begin recording immediately just by pressing the 6.

  • Page 253: Recording Using Karma (single-track Recording)

    Using KARMA in Sequencer mode Recording using KARMA (single-track recording) Recording using KARMA (single-track recording) In the following example, we’ll use KARMA to record a drum pattern on track 1. 1. Select the desired drum program for track 1 as described in the procedure for realtime-recording a track and for preparing to record (see p.84).

  • Page 254: Settings Copied From A Combination

    Using KARMA • While KARMA is running, press the START/STOP • If you want KARMA to start at the moment recording switch; KARMA will synchronize to the synthesizer begins, press the (KARMA) ON/OFF switch to turn it timing. on, and then play the keyboard during the pre-count before recording.

  • Page 255: Synchronizing Karma

    Synchronizing KARMA Synchronization basics Synchronizing KARMA Synchronization basics KARMA will be reset, and the phrases or patterns it Synchronization with Wave Sequences generates will start from the beginning. If you want a KARMA module to synchronize with • While the sequencer is playing and KARMA is stopped, currently-playing Wave Sequences (“Mode”= Tempo), turn and you change the location by pressing the LOCATE “Quantize Trig”...

  • Page 256: Slave Operation

    KRONOS, and KARMA will be controlled in the same way as when Note: If the KRONOS is set to MIDI Clock= Auto, it will you change the location on the KRONOS. also synchronize to the external MIDI device in the same...

  • Page 257: Using The Drum Track

    What is the Drum Track? The Drum Track is a built-in drum machine, fueled by the KRONOS’s high-quality drum sounds. It gives you a beat to play along with as you experiment with Programs and Combinations, or as you work out the outline of a song.

  • Page 258: Performing With The Drum Track

    “ =” EXT, and the You can adjust the pitch of individual Drumsamples by KRONOS will sync to the incoming clocks. When syncing editing Drum Kits in Global mode. to external clock, the TEMPO knob and TAP TEMPO button have no effect.

  • Page 259

    Performing with the Drum Track Using the Drum Track in Program mode Drum Track Drum Track Play/Mute, Select, (SWITCHES [3]) (SWITCHES [11]) [MIXER] T1–8 KARMA LINKED LED [DRUM TRACK] Drum Track Volume (SLIDERS [3]) Linking with KARMA Drum Track and the Control Surface You can link KARMA and the Drum Track so that they start You can use the control surface to control the Drum Track’s and stop together.

  • Page 260: Using The Drum Track In Combination Mode

    Using the Drum Track Using the Drum Track in Combination mode Turning the Drum Track on and off You can turn the Drum Track on and off, and control the tempo, just as in Program mode. For more information, see “Turning the Drum Track on and off”...

  • Page 261: Drum Track Settings

    Drum Track settings Drum Track settings in Program mode Drum Track settings Drum Track settings in Program mode If the Trigger Mode is set to Start Immediately, the switch Controlling how the Drum Track starts status is always saved as Off, regardless of the whether the and stops switch is on or off when you Write.

  • Page 262: Drum Track Settings In Combination Mode

    Drum Pattern Input setting of each song. setting, the MIDI channel of the track selected by Track Normally you’ll set this to Tch and use the KRONOS’s Select will automatically be used as the trigger channel. keyboard to control the triggering.

  • Page 263: Using Karma And The Drum Track Together

    Drum Track settings Using KARMA and the Drum Track together Using KARMA and the Drum Track together If you’re using the Drum Track and KARMA together, you Settings in Combination and Sequencer can link the start/stop operation of both, and specify whether modes or not the Drum Track pattern will play for each KARMA scene.

  • Page 264: Synchronizing The Drum Track

    Master operation will occur at the moment you play the keyboard. Synchronizing the Drum Track with KARMA, the Connect the KRONOS’s MIDI IN to your external MIDI device’s MIDI OUT, or connect the KRONOS’s USB B Sequencer, and RPPR performance connector to your computer’s USB port.

  • Page 265: Creating Drum Track Patterns

    Creating Drum Track patterns Preparing a user pattern Creating Drum Track patterns To create a Drum Track pattern, you’ll use the Sequencer the Drum Track in each mode. These converted Drum Track mode P10: Pattern/RPPR– Pattern Edit page to convert a patterns are held in internal memory even after you turn off user pattern into a user Drum Track pattern.

  • Page 266

    Using the Drum Track...

  • Page 267: Appendices

    Is the POWER switch turned on? • Turn on the rear panel POWER switch. See “Turning the In some cases, the KRONOS will not start up properly if power on/off” on page 20. certain USB storage devices are connected. In this case, disconnect the USB devices from the KRONOS, wait about 10 seconds, and then turn on the power again.

  • Page 268: Audio Input And Output

    Can’t switch modes or pages Polarity,” on page 781 of the Parameter Guide. If the KRONOS is doing any of the following, you may not • In some cases, this problem can be solved be executing be able to change modes or switch to a different page: the page menu command Half Damper Calibration •...

  • Page 269: Programs And Combinations

    • Only 48 kHz sampling rate is supported. If the connected Check that the electrical grounding is correct for the device is using an unsupported rate, you may hear noise, KRONOS and all connected audio equipment, and remove and the message “CLOCK ERROR!” may appear. any ground loops.

  • Page 270: Songs

    Loading OASYS-format Songs of the items that you wanted to save? The KRONOS can play Songs created on the Korg OASYS. Are the Programs used by the Song the same as when the However, the name of the audio directory will need to be song was created? changed slightly.

  • Page 271

    Troubleshooting Set Lists Is the MIDI Clock (Global P1: MIDI) set to Internal or Can’t record on an audio track Auto? Have you unchecked the Memory Protect Internal HDD EXi programs don’t play correctly in a Save check box (Global P0)? Song.

  • Page 272: Sampling

    “0–4: Sample Management” on page 766 of the computer applications create files with a four character Parameter Guide. suffix, .AIFF, which is not recognized by the KRONOS. • Save important samples to disk, and then delete them from memory.

  • Page 273: Karma

    Troubleshooting KARMA KARMA Is MIDI Clock (Global P1: MIDI) set to Internal or Auto? KARMA does not start In the Global P0: Basic Setup page, could All KARMA Off Is the KARMA ON/OFF switch turned on (lit)? be checked? If a KARMA module does not start in Combination or Is the KARMA LINKED LED lit? If so, KARMA is linked Sequencer mode, is the Run Check Box checked for that with the Drum Track.

  • Page 274: Wave Sequences

    Is the MIDI data being received on the channel on which it is Change, Enable AfterTouch, and Enable Exclusive each being transmitted? checked? Does the KRONOS support the types of messages that are being sent to it? Incorrect response to program change messages Is the Bank Map setting correct?

  • Page 275: Other Problems

    In this case if you install Can’t load ISO9660 level 3 compatible reader software or packet Is the WAVE file in a format that the KRONOS can load? writing software on your computer, it will be possible to recognize the disc.

  • Page 276: Error And Confirmation Messages

    Can’t open pattern external device is the MIDI clock master. Set MIDI Continue? Clock to Internal so that the KRONOS is the MIDI clock master. Meaning: When you finished recording, it was not possible to allocate enough memory to open the pattern that was Put Meaning: If the Global mode Memory Protect parameter into the track.

  • Page 277: D (destination–disk)

    (Press the OK button to close the message.) only one word clock master. You can set the word clock • In the Perf RTP page, cancel the performance realtime for the KRONOS using the Global page System Clock parameter assignment for Start Seed. D (Destination–Disk) •...

  • Page 278: E (error–exceeded)

    Advanced Conversion Load. When an AKAI Program is loaded, it will be converted into multiple programs and one combination according to its structure. At this time, the maximum number of KRONOS programs resulting from...

  • Page 279: F (file–front)

    Meaning: You attempted to load an AIFF, WAVE, or KSF Meaning: When executing a Create Directory or File file that was in a format not supported by the KRONOS. Rename operation, a directory or file of the same name • In the case of a AIFF or WAVE file, use a computer (if already exists on the disk.

  • Page 280: I (illegal–index)

    • Media that was formatted or written by a device other • Change the filename you are specifying. Filenames not than the KRONOS may be impossible for the KRONOS permitted by MS-DOS cannot be used as a filename. to convert into ISO9660 format. To perform the conversion, use the packet writing software that was used to format or write the media.

  • Page 281: M (master–multisample)

    • If you are receiving two or more sets of exclusive data, Meaning: The attempted edit operation would cause the transmit them separately to the KRONOS. maximum number of events in a measure (approximately Meaning: In Disk mode, you attempted to load more sample 65,535) to be exceeded.

  • Page 282: N (no Data–not Enough Song Memory)

    Appendices • Try again. Alternatively, try again using a different CD. MIDI data receiving error Meaning: While receiving MIDI System Exclusive data, the Multisample L and R are identical format of the received data was invalid, for example because Meaning: Since the destination (save location) L and R the size of the data was incorrect.

  • Page 283

    .EXL file that required more than try the operation again. 1,048,576 bytes. Such a file cannot be loaded by the KRONOS. Not enough relative parameter memory Meaning: When in Disk mode you attempted to load an...

  • Page 284: O (obey Copyright Rules–oscillator)

    Meaning: When receiving an All Programs dump, the not be executed because a pattern had been put in the KRONOS received a bank whose bank type did not match. destination end measure or the source start measure, and had Only banks of the matching bank type will be received.

  • Page 285: S (sample–source)

    Meaning: The battery for the clock/calendar function has up before proceeding! To proceed with formatting the disk, run low, and needs to be replaced. Your Korg Distributor can press OK. help you find a service center to replace the battery.

  • Page 286: U (unable To Create Directory–usb Hub)

    Appendices • Cut unneeded tracks, and then execute the Insert There is no readable data operation once again. Meaning: Either the file size is 0 or the file does not contain data that can be accessed by the load or open operation. /TEMP folder detected.

  • Page 287

    Error and confirmation messages Y (You) WAVE file size over limit Meaning: When editing an audio track in Sequencer mode, you exceeded the maximum number of 230,400,000 samples (80 minutes at a sample rate of 48 kHz, 16-bit) allowable in a WAVE file.

  • Page 288: Disk And Media Information

    External USB storage media USB CD-R/RW and DVD The KRONOS supports USB external storage class devices, Using a USB CD-R/RW drive, the KRONOS can read and including hard drives, flash drives, magneto-optical disks, write UDF format CD-R/RW disks. For more information, floppy disks, etc.

  • Page 289: Restoring The Factory Settings

    2. Press the DISK button to enter Disk mode. 5. Press the on-screen Open button. 3. Wait for a few seconds, to give the KRONOS time to The LCD will now show the contents of the FACTORY recognize the disk.

  • Page 290: Specifications

    *2: In rare cases, when a large number of processor-intensive effects are active simultaneously (for instance, more than 14 O-Verbs), polyphony may be slightly reduced. *3: A portion of the multicore processor in KRONOS is devoted to generating voices, and a separate portion is devoted to generating effects. KRONOS dynamically allocates the voice processing power between the engines as necessary.

  • Page 291

    16 preset “pluck” types, with modulatable width and randomization. Noise generator with saturation and dedicated lowpass filter. PCM Oscillator Korg’s ultra-low-aliasing technology, as introduced in the HD-1. 4 velocity zones per oscillator. Uses any mono Multisamples, including ROM, EXs, User Sample Bank, or Sampling Mode.

  • Page 292

    Use incoming audio as a trigger and/or CV source. Processor) Modulation MS-20: Original DAR and HADSR EGs 1 & 2, original MG (with MIDI sync), Sample-and-Hold, MVCA. KRONOS: 4 additional multi-stage Envelopes, 4 additional per-voice LFOs, and 4 AMS Mixers. PolysixEX Oscillators VCO: Saw, Pulse, PWM...

  • Page 293

    16,000 samples/4,000 multisamples (128 indexes per multisample) Ripping Direct sampling (ripping) from audio CD (CD-DA) Formats Korg format, AKAI S1000/S3000 data (with advanced Program parameter conversion); SoundFont 2.0, AIFF, and WAVE formats Editing Time Stretch, Time Slice, Crossfade Loop, and other standard editing features.

  • Page 294

    Appendices General Disk Mode Load, save, utility, audio CD burning, audio CD playback, data filer function (save/load MIDI System Exclusive data), CD-R/RW (UDF format read/write), ISO9660 Level 1 Controllers Vector joystick, joystick, ribbon controller, switches 1 & 2 Control Surface Control Assign Switches: Assigns the Control Surface to Timber/Track, Audio, External, Realtime Knobs/KARMA, Tone Adjust/EQ Mixer Knobs Switch: Assigns the Mixer Knobs to either Channel Strip or...

  • Page 295

    KRONOS2-88: 24.1 kg / 53.13 lbs Power Consumption Accessories AC cord, Quick Start Guide, Accessory DVD Discs 1-3 (DVDs include KRONOS Operation Guide, Parameter Guide, and Voice Name List PDF files; Video Manual; KORG USB-MIDI Driver; System Restore Data, etc.)

  • Page 296: Midi Implementation Chart

    *3: RPN (LSB,MSB)=00,00: Pitch bend range, 01,00: Fine tune, 02,00: Coarse tune *4: Valid if assigned as a MIDI control change in Global P1: External 1, 2 *5: In addition to Korg exclusive messages, Inquiry, GM System On, Master Volume, Master Balance, Master Fine Tune, and Master Coarse Tune are supported.

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