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RCA DRD102RW Installation Manual

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DSS Sqsrem


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  • Page 1

    DSS Sqsrem Installation Training Flanual...

  • Page 2

    Foreword This publication is intended to assist the installation technician installing the RCA brand DSS Digital Satellite System. In this publication, basic installation techniques are covered for most common situations. Included in each explanation is a suggested material and tool list. Also included is an overview of the DSS System plus a signal flow description of the DSS receiver.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Acquiring S ignal ................Troubleshooting ........................APPENDICES A. Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevation ................B. Using a Compass ......................C. National Electrical Code ....................D. DSS Reference Publications .................... E. RCA DSS Dish Parts List ....................Glossary ............................ Index ............................

  • Page 4: Overview

    Unlike C-band satellites, these newer KU-band DBS satellites have exclusive rights to the frequencies they occupy, and therefore have no microwave interference problems. The RCA D SS System will receive programming from high-power KU-band satellites operating in the DBS band.

  • Page 5

    RCA DSS System The RCA DSS System is a direct broadcast satellite system that enables millions of viewers to receive many channels of high quality digital video programs fi, o m anywhere in the continental United States.

  • Page 6


  • Page 7

    8 Overview Connections include: Satellite in: Provides direct connection from the satellite antenna/LNB. In from Ant: Provides connection from an off-air antenna or cable feed. Out to TV: Provides connection to antenna input of television. S-VIDEO: Provides direct Y/C output to compatible televisions and VCRs.

  • Page 8

    The model DS2430RW Deluxe Package includes a DRD203RW satellite receiver, Package #217094 (CRK91B 1) remote and a DSA400RW antenna/LNB. DRD203RW Satellite Receiver Includes all of the features of the DRD102RW plus: • Second pair of AN jacks on Satellite Receiver. •...

  • Page 9

    Technical Overview Technical Uplink The DSS System transports digital data, video and audio to the customer's home via Overview a high powered KU-band satellite. The program provider sends its program material to the uplink site where the signal is digitally encoded. The "uplink"...

  • Page 10: Technical Overview

    Technical Overview different types of data packets are Video, Audio, CA, PC compatible serial data and Program Guide. Video and audio packets contain the visual and audio information the program. The CA (Conditional Access) packet contains information that is addressed to individual receivers.

  • Page 11: Satellites

    Technical Overview Each data packet is 147 bytes long. The first two bytes (a byte is made up of 8 bits) of information contain the SCID and Flags. The SCID (Service Channel ID) is a unique 12bit number from 0 to 4095 that uniquely identifies the packet's data channel. The Flags are made up of 4 bits used primarily to control whether or not the packet is encrypted and which key to use.

  • Page 12

    Technical Overview LONGITUDE 101 ° UPHNK SITE DDDDD OOOOO TELEPHONE MNE, PROGRAM PRO_DER Figure 5, Digital Satellite System...

  • Page 13: Dish

    Technical Overview Although there are only 16 transponders per satellite, the channel capabilities are far greater. Using datacompression and multiplexing, the two satellites working together have the possibility of carrying over 150 conventional (non-HDTV) audio and video channels via 32 transponders. Dish The"dish"...

  • Page 14

    Technical Overview The LNB converts the 12.2 GHz to 12.7 GHz downlink signal fi'om the satellites to the 950 MHz to 1450 MI-Iz signal required by the receiver tuner. Two types of LNB's are available - dual and single output. The single output LNB has only one RF connector while the dual output LNB has two, figure 7.

  • Page 15: Receiver Circuitry

    Technical Overview Receiver The receiver is a complex digital signal processor. The amount and speed of data the Circuitw receiver processes rivals even the faster personal computers on the market today. The information received from the satellite is a digital signal that is decoded and digitally processed.

  • Page 16: Diagnostics

    Technical Overview The Access Card receives the encrypted keys for decoding a scrambled channel from the transport IC. The Access Card deerypts the keys and stores them in a register in the transport IC. The transport IC uses the keys to decode the data. The Access Card also handles the tracking and billing for these services Video data is processed by the MPEG video decoder.

  • Page 17

    Technical Overview The response for all tests will be an "OK" display or an appropriate message informing the customer the general area of the problem. To enter the System Test feature: Select "Options" from the "DSS Main Menu. '" DSS Main Menu Fmedrl k e_l_er mP_e m 1Pe_eu_...

  • Page 18

    Technical Overview Select "'System Test" from the "Setup "' menu. 1_ Dil_ P01flllng 3 IndJl A_em C_d 4 PiO_e S_e 0Bdt I Deim1"_dJyo_D_D_il_mm_l_. Figure 11, Setup Menu Select "'Test" from the "System Test'" menu. Tost a_JGT. t]mmM m _ MWsJ. N_IN Figure 12, System Test Menu The system test results are displayed automatically wben the test is complete.

  • Page 19

    Technical Overview ServicerControlledDiagnostics The servicer controlled test provides a more in-depth analysis of the receiver for proper operation. The test pattern checks all possible connections between compo- nents as a troubleshooting aid. The following information is provided to the servicer: 1.

  • Page 20

    Technical Overview IOFF MESSAGE Figure 15, Front Panel Buttons Also included in the Service Test Menu are previsions for testing the modem and setting a single digit prefix number. During the service test, the modem will dial the phone number that appears in the boxes at the top of the test menu. The phone number earl be changed by using the "DOWN"...

  • Page 21

    22 Site Survey SITE The purpose of the site survey is to plan the installation of the Digital Satellite System. SURVEY This planning includes the locations of the dish, receiver, and routing of cables. This helps to determine the tool and hardware requirements for the installation;...

  • Page 22

    Site Survey 37 g MINNEAPOLIS DISH ELEVATION 48 _ HOUSTON Figure 16, DSS Satellite Elevation Determine a location for the Dish. The first step in selecting a mounting site for the dish is to approximate the location of the DSS satellites in the sky. Then, select mounting site options that have the best possible view.

  • Page 23

    24 Site Survey MAGNETIC NORTH AZIMUTH TO DSS SATELLITES INDIANAPOLIS 202 ° SEATTLE 131 o SYRACUSE 226 g 125 ° 101 _ SEATTLE 80 g SYRACUSE 86 g INDIANAPOLIS 101Q Figure 17, DSS Satellite Azimuth or west of 101 ° west longitude. For example, Seattle is about 125 °...

  • Page 24

    Site Survey compass, first align the arrow of the compass with magnetic north. With the compass aligned correctly, draw an imaginary line from the center of the compass to the azimuth of the satellites. This is the general direction the dish must point. If possible, pick a landmark in the distance that aligns with this bearing.

  • Page 25

    26 Site Survey front of the straight edge to the correct elevation. Sight along the upper edge of the straight edge to the satellites (see figure 19). With the azimuth and elevation to the satellites known, select possible mounting sites for the dish.

  • Page 26: Sitesurvey

    SiteSurvey Selecting a Mounting System for the Dish There are several different mounting systems for the DSS dish. These include horizontal, vertical, and special. Use a horizontal mounting system for horizontal surfaces and vertical for vertical surfaces. Special mounting systems include pole and chimney mounts.

  • Page 27

    Site Survey possibilities, explain them to the customer pointing out the advantages and disadvan- tages of each. If the customer is unsure of how they would like to connect the receiver, use your experience to recommend a hookup that will work best for them. Evaluate Off-Air Solution Local programming...

  • Page 28

    Site Survey • Providing up to 20 minutes of customer education on system operation. • Estimated time to complete a "basic" installation is 2 hours. • The "basic" install includes travel up to 25 miles (or 25 minutes in dense metro areas) for the installation without additional mileage charge to the consumer.

  • Page 29

    30 Si_Survey Optional accessories are items that may be required for an installation but not included in the basic installation guidelines. Therefore, cost of these items can be passed on to the customer. Some example of optional accessories are: • 12' AN cables.

  • Page 30

    Site Survey NOTES...

  • Page 31: Installation

    Digital Satellite System. Special mounting systems include chimney and pole mounts. These systems require the use of hardware that is not included with the RCA Digital Satellite System, such as a metal pole and concrete for a pole mount system and a chimney bracket for a chimney mount system.

  • Page 32


  • Page 33

    34 Installation Before starting the installation, there some important things to remember about installing the system. First, never mount the dish on a surface that is not structurally sound. Excessive movement of the mounting surface will reduce the performance the system. Second, whenever drilling holes in a home, follow the old rule of measure twice and drill once.

  • Page 34

    Installation Figure 22, Horizontal Leveling with Bubble Level There are two leveling procedures, one for mounting the foot on a vertical surface and the other for a horizontal surface. Leveling procedures for special mounting systems are provided in the specific mounting instructions given later in this manual.

  • Page 35

    36 Installation When horizontal leveling with a plumb line, use the following procedure: 1. Hold the string of the plumb line over the top of the mast so it hangs as shown in figure 23. Move the lower part of the foot until the plumb line aligns parallel to the side of the mast.

  • Page 36

    lns_l_tion ADJUST Figure 24, Vertical Plumbing with Bubble Level To level the mast vertically with a bubble level, use the following procedure. 1. Loosen the two bolts holding the mast in position on the foot. 2. Place the level on the mast as shown in figure 24. 3.

  • Page 37

    38 Installation To level the mast vertically with a plumb line, use the following procedure: 1. Loosen the two bolts holding the mast in position on the foot.. 2. Hold the string of the plumb line over the top of the mast so it hangs as shown in figure 25.

  • Page 38

    Insml_tion The important thing in horizontal mast leveling is positioning of the foot on the mounting surface. This is due to the one adjustment of the foot. When positioning foot on a horizontal surface, orient the adj u stment in the direction that h as the most angle to it.

  • Page 39

    Installation MOVE ADJUSTMENT Figure 28, Horizontal Surface Mast Leveling with Foot Adjustment SPACERS (IF REQUIRED) Figure 29, Horizontal Surface Side to Side Leveling...

  • Page 40

    Installation Move the bubble level (or plumb line) 90 degrees and measure. If level, double check both measurements and secure the foot (skip steps 5 and 6). If it is not level, continue to step 5. If the side to side measurement of the mast is not level, use spacers to level it.

  • Page 41

    42 Installation/Mounting the Dish PANEL SIDING Material List: • 2EA. I "x3" screws. • 4EA /16 xlV2"Lag STUD WOOD PANEL screws. • 2EA. 1- /4 Flat washers. • 4 EA. 5/is" Flat wash- Tool List: • Drill. • l/s" Twist drill bit. 3/16"Twist drill bit.

  • Page 42: Vertical Mounting Systems

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Panel siding is typically a 4' x 8' sheet of material mounted over some type of insulating Vertical sub layer. The thickness of these panels varies from 3/8" to 5/8". Nails secure the Mounting panels to the frame structure of the home. Usually, the edges of panels are cut so that Systems lap joints form where two panels meet.

  • Page 43

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 2. Place the mounting foot on the panel aligning the center holes with the center of the stud. With a pencil, mark the upper center hole of the mounting foot. 3. Remove the mounting foot and drill a 1/8" hole in the location just marked. With a 114"...

  • Page 44

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 45 LOOSEN Figure 32, Loosening Lower Nuts required for the installation. These screws reduce the side-to-side movement of the dish. 12. Vertically level the dish with a bubble level or plumb line. To do this, place the level, or plumb line, on the mast at an parallel angle to the wall.

  • Page 45: Lap Siding

    46 Installation/Mounting the Dish LAP SIDING Material List: _>.2x4 STUD • 2 EA.I/4" x 3" Lag SCI_WS. • 4 EA. s/16" x IV2" Lag screws. • 4 EA. 5/16"Flat washers. • 2 EA. 1/4" Flat washers. Tool List: • Drill. •...

  • Page 46

    Installation/Mounting theDish Lap sided walls are made up of many narrow boards stacked horizontally up the wall. Each board is lapped by the board above it. Usually, all the boards on one wall are the same width; however, the width of lap siding material can vary from 4 to 10 inches. Therefore, it is possible for one wall to use 5"...

  • Page 47

    48 Installation/Mounting the Dish FACE WIDTH Figure 35, Lap Siding Face Width Another difference with the siding styles that do not have flat surfaces is the different amount of exposed board, called the face width. For example, the face width of bevel and taper siding styles can vary from 3-1/2"...

  • Page 48

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 49 Lap siding can be made from many different types of materials. These materials range from solid wood to aluminum. Do not mount the DSS Dish on any type of aluminum or vinyl siding,. We also do not recommend mounting the system on any type of composite material.

  • Page 49

    50 Installation/Mounting the Dish Horizontally level the mast using either a bubble level or a plumb line. To horizontally level the mast, place the level, or plumb line, on the mast at an perpendicular angle to the wall. If you are using a bubble level, move the bottom of the mounting foot to center the bubble in the window of the level.

  • Page 50

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 13. Check the tightness of all bolts and proceed to the Assembling the Dish section. Installing a Spacer (Optional) If the siding is too narrow for the mounting foot, a spacer must be installed. The spacer can be held in place by the lower two mounting bolts of the mounting foot. To do this, use the following steps.

  • Page 51: Brick

    52 Installation l Mounting the Dish BRICK WALL Material List: • 4EA. l/4" Wall anchors. • 4 EA. 1/4" x 11/2" Machine screws. • 4EA. V4"Flat washers. Tool List: • Drill. • V2"Masonry drill bit. • Bubble level or plumb line. 7116"...

  • Page 52

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Using wall anchors, the foot can be mounted to most brick walls. Wall anchors insert into a hole drilled into the brick. These anchors come in a variety of types and sizes. When selecting a wall anchor to use, select one that will work in brick and has at least 300 pounds of pull out strength.

  • Page 53

    54 Installation/Mounting the Dish 1 3/4" DEPTH BRICK (MINIMUM) Figure 37, Drilling Holes for Wall Anchors 7. Horizontally level the mast with a bubble level or plumb line. To horizontally level the mast, place the level, or plumb line, on the mast at an perpendicular angle to the wall.

  • Page 54

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 11. Insert expansion anchors in each hole. 12. Use four 1/4" x 20 x 1-1/2" machine screws and 1/4" washers to attach the mounting foot to the wall. Tighten all four screws. 13. Vertically Level the dish with a bubble level or plumb line. To do this, place the level, or plumb line, on the mast at an parallel angle to the wall.

  • Page 55

    56 Installation/Mounting the Dish CINDER BLOCK WALL Material List: • 4EA. V4"x3" Machine screws. • 4 EA. 1/4"Hollow wall anchors or togglers. • 4 EA. 1/4" Flat washers. Tool List: • Drill. • 1/2" Masonary drill bit. • Bubble level or plumb line.

  • Page 56

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Cinder blocks can come in a variety of sizes. These sizes vary in length and in the number of cores, or cavities, in the block. The block sizes are three core (8" x 8" x 16"), two core (8" x 8" x 16"), and a smaller two core (8" x 8" x 12"). In many areas, the two core 16"...

  • Page 57

    58 Installation/Mounting the Dish Installing the Mounting Foot on a Cinder Block Wall Using Togglers: When following these instructions, take extreme care to avoid contact with overhead power lines, lights, and power circuits. DANGER! Contact with power lines, lights, and circuits may prove fatal. 1.

  • Page 58

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 59 WALL PLASTIC CHANNEL RING Figure 43, Toggler Installation Step 2 4.3. Place thumb between plastic straps. Push side to side snapping off straps flush with wall. Figure 44, Toggler Installation Step 3 5. With the 1/4" x 20" x 1-1/2" machine screw and 1/4" washer, attach the mounting foot to the wall.

  • Page 59

    60 Installation/Mounting the Dish VERTICAL HORIZONTAL LEVELING LEVELING Figure 46, Horizontal and Vertical Leveling...

  • Page 60

    Installation/Mounting theDish 6. Horizontally level the mast with a bubble level or plumb line. To level the mast horizontally with either a bubble or plumb line, place them on the mast at an perpendicular angle to the wall. If you are using a bubble level, move the bottom of the mounting foot to center the bubble in the window of the level.

  • Page 61: Deck Railing

    Installation/Mounting the Dish DECK RAILING Material List: • 4 EA. /16 1112" Wood lag screws. • 4 EA. 5/16" Flat washers. Tool List: Drill. • sit6" Twist drill bit. • Bubble level or plumb line. • Screwdriver. • Pencil. OUTSIDE/_ o "o OUTSIDE HOLES...

  • Page 62: Horizontal Mounting Systems

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Horizontal When selecting horizontal mounting surface for the DSS dish, select one that is both structurally sound and offers some protection from traffic. Do not position the dish Mounting where it may be used as a hand rail or have objects hung from it. Deck railings and Systems floors are examples of good mounting...

  • Page 63: Roof

    64 Installation/Mounting the Dish ROOF INSTALLATION Material List: • 2 EA. 1/4" x 3" lag screws. • 4EAS16"x 11/2'' lag screws. • 2 EA. 1/4"Flat washers. • 4 EA. 516"Flat washers. • Roof Sealant. Tool List: • Drill. CENTER • V8"Twist drill bit. HOLE •...

  • Page 64

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 65 Do a roof installation only if there is no other mounting option for that installation site. This is due to the difficulties of installing a satellite dish on a roof. These difficulties include damaging the roof by walking on it or causing leaks by not correctly sealing the mounting holes.

  • Page 65

    66 Installation /Mounting theDish RAFTERS TRANSFER MEASUREMENT ROOF SHINGLE OVERHANG MEASURE FACING FROM ROOF EDGE BOARD TO NAILS Figure 50, Locating Rafters To locate the rafter near the mounting site, look at the facing board near the site. Locate the closest nails securing the facing board. Measure from the edge of the roof to the nails and record that distance.

  • Page 66

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Position the mounting foot so that the center two holes align with the center of the rafter. Mark the two center holes (the mast may need to be repositioned for marking of the second hole). Drill two 1/8" holes in the locations marked. Fill each hole with a small amount of roof sealant.

  • Page 67

    68 Installation/Mounting the Dish POLE MOUNT Material List: • 1 EA. 1 1/4" ID Schedule 40 galva- nized steel pipe (1- 1/20D). • 3 Bags quick setting concrete. • 1 EA. 1 l/2" Ground clamp. • 1 EA. Ground rod •...

  • Page 68: Special Mounting Systems

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Special In this mounting system, a pole replaces the foot and mast assembly supplied with the Mounting DSS dish. This pole is placed in a hole and secured in the ground with concrete. Systems dish is held on the pole by the clamp of the LNB support arm. This clamp fits over the pole.

  • Page 69

    70 Installation/Mounting the Dish 1. Dig a 8" diameter hole at least 26" deep. CAUTION: Before you dig, call your local utility and phone company for help In locating underground utility lines. With a hack saw, cut bottom edge of the pole to about a 45 °. This prevents the pole from rotating in the concrete over time.

  • Page 70

    Installation/Mounting the Dish GROUNDING CONDUCTOR CLAMP GROUND ° Figure 55, Grounding Pole least two different locations on the side of the pole. These two measurement should be at right angles to each other. Note: The dirt or stone placed in the hole in step two should hold the pole upright. If not, attach guy wires to the pole to keep it upright.

  • Page 71: Chimney

    72 Installation/Mounting the Dish CHIMNEY INSTALLATION Material List: • 1 EA. RCAD915 chimney mount kit. Tool List: • Bubble level or plumb line. • 7/1_" Box or open end wrench. • Ladder. Figure 56, Chimney Mount Installation...

  • Page 72

    EYEBOLTS Figure 57, RCA (D915) Chimney Mount Kit To mount the dish on a chimney requiresthe use of the chimney mount kit (RCA model number D915) and the foot and mast assembly included with the dish. The chimney mount kit includes a bracket, straps (2EA), eye bolts (2EA.), clamps (2 EA), and bolts (4 EA.).

  • Page 73

    74 Installation/Mounting the Dish Before climbing a ladder, assemble the chimney mount kit. To do this, use the following steps: 1. From the chimney mount kit, locate the straps and chimney bracket. Each metal strap in the chimney mount kit has a pre-attached eyebolts.

  • Page 74

    Installation/Mounting the Dish FOOT BOLTS Figure 59, Assembly of Chimney Mount Kit Steps 6 and 7 7. Secure the mounting foot to the chimney bracket with the four bolts supplied with the chimney mount kit. With the chimney mount assembled, install the mount on the chimney.

  • Page 75

    Installation/Mounting the Dish Stretch one metal strap around the chimney. Do not allow the strap to twist. Pull the strap tight around the chimney. Make sure the strap is horizontal all the way around. 4. Insert the free end of the strap through the eyebolt supplied with the kit. Then, attach the strap clamps as shown below.

  • Page 76

    Installation/Mounting the Dish 77 7. With the mounting foot adjustment, vertically level the mast. To do this, place the level, or plumb line, on the mast at an perpendicular angle to the chimney. If you have not loosened the two bolts securing the azimuth adjustment on the mounting foot, do it now.

  • Page 77: Dish Assembly

    78 Installation/Dish Assembly DISH ASSEMBLY Material List: • RG6 coax cable. • Coax cable ground block. INSTALL • "F" fittings for RG6 coax cable. • Ground Conductor (No. 10 copper or No. 8 aluminum ASSEMBLE _" DISH wire). • Telephone wire (minimum conductor).

  • Page 78: Assemblethedish

    Installation/Dish Assembly This section uses four steps to assemble the different components of the DSS dish Assemble antenna. The first and second steps are assemble the dish and install the LNB cable. Dish The third step explains the installation of the LNB. This includes connecting the LNB cable to the LNB and fastening the LNB to the dish.

  • Page 79

    80 InstallationZ Dish Assembly 3. insert a pan head bolt into one of the holes. Thread a nut onto this bolt. 4. Align the remaining three holes and nuts and bolts in each. 5. With a 7/16" wrench, tighten all four bolts. When tightening, use your thumb to hold the heads of the pan head bolts flat on the dish.

  • Page 80

    Installation /Dish Assembly 81 Installing the LNB Cable Depending on the installation site and the type of system installed, there may be up to three cables run into the home during the installation. If you are installing the basic system, there may be up to two cables. One cable is from the dish and carries the LNB signal to the receiver.

  • Page 81

    82 Installation / Dish Assembly Depending on the routing of the LNB cable, you may want to use a type that can be buried. When normal coax cable is buried, soil decays its outer cover and shortens its life. Cables that are suitable to be buried use a special outer cover that resists breakdown.

  • Page 82

    Installation / Dish Assembly GROUND BLOCK DRIP COAX LOOP CABLE GROUND WIRE CONNECTION GROUND CONDUCTOR Figure 68, Coax Cable Ground Block and Drip Loops The LNB cable supplies the signal from the LNB to the receiver. This cable also carries the DC power to the LNB from the receiver. For the LNB to receive power and operate, it is important that any splitters or amplifiers inserted in the LNB cable must pass DC.

  • Page 83

    84 Installation/DishAssembly between the ground block and ground electrode) must be in a straight line, if possible, from the ground block to the grounding electrode. Also, splices in the conductor between the electrode and grounding block are prohibited. Article 820-33 of the National Electrical codes also states that, "Where coaxial cable is exposed to lightning •..

  • Page 84

    Installation / Dish Assembly 3. Connect one end of the LNB cable to the grounding block. 4. Route the cable from the ground block to the dish mounting foot. Leave enough slack in the cable to form a 3" to 5" drip loop. Also, leave enough cable to reach the LNB from the mounting foot (about 3 feet).

  • Page 85: Install T Helnb

    86 Installation / Dish Assembly Attaching the LNB The LNB attaches to the LNB support arm. To do this step, you will need the LNB mounting bolt, washer, and nut from the hardware packet. You will also need to remove the LNB from the packaging. The tools you will need are a Phillips head screwdriver and the tools required to install an F-type connector...

  • Page 86

    Installation / Dish Assembly CONNECTOR CABLE Figure 71, Connecting LNB Cable To LNB 2. Install an F-type connector on the end of the cable. If the cable already has a connector on it, disregard this step. 3. Thread the coax cable onto the LNB connector. 4.

  • Page 87

    88 Installation / Dish Assembly Attaching the LNB Cable to the Receiver In the next step of the installation, route the LNB cable from the ground block to the receiver. In most installations, there is more than one way to get the LNB cable to the receiver from the grounding block.

  • Page 88

    Installation / Dish Assembly CONNECT CABLE u: .e. 0000000000000 0000000 O00000000O! E_::=o) Figure 74, Connect LNB Cable to Receiver's "Satellite In" Jack 4. With cable clips, secure the drip loop and cable to the wall. 5. In the home, route the cable to the rear of the receiver. Depending on the installation site, this could be through a floor or directly to the rear of the receiver.

  • Page 89

    90 Installation / Dish Assembly GROUNDING CONDUCTOR MOUNTING HOLES Figure 75, Attaching Grounding Conductor to Mounting Foot The National Electrical code is also very specific on acceptable electrodes for the ground. Some possible grounding electrodes are: Grounded Interior Metal Water Pipe (cold water). Ground Rod (must be driven at least 8 feet into the ground).

  • Page 90

    InstaUation / Dish Assembly 2. Route the grounding conductor to the grounding electrode. While doing this, use the shortest and straightest possible path. 3. Attach the grounding conductor to the grounding electrode. The method of attaching the conductor will vary with different grounding electrodes, use the correct method for the electrode you are connecting...

  • Page 91

    92 Installation / Dish Assembly wiring from the telephone company to one side of this junction box is the telephone company's responsibility, while the wiring connected to the other side of the box is the customer's responsibility. The customer can add additional wiring and telephones to their home as long as they follow local and FCC guidelines and do not connect anything...

  • Page 92


  • Page 93

    94 lnstallation / Dish Assembly Use the following procedure to install a telephone jack: Never work with active telephone lines. When the telephone is ringing, the current carried on these lines may shock you. While working on the telephone line, disconnect the wiring at the point of demarcation.

  • Page 94

    Installation/Dish Assembly Modular Plug Installation Different modular crimping tools have slightly different procedures. Follow the procedure the accompanies the crimping tool you are using. 1. With the cable cut to length, trim the ends so they are straight and not diagonal.

  • Page 95

    96 Installation / Dish Assembly NOTE: In most installations, the other end of the telephone cable will be hardwired to a junction box. If you must install a modular connector on the other end of the cable, the orientation of the wire in the connector is different.

  • Page 96

    Installation/Dish Assembly Use a Wireless Phone Adaptor These units use the AC wiring of the home to connect a remote telephone or the DSS receiver to the telephone lines. Wireless phone adaptors usually include two pieces. One piece, called the base unit, plugs into an AC outlet near an existing phone jack. A modular telephone cable then connects between the existing phone jack the base...

  • Page 97

    All connections to the receiver are made at the back panel. These connections slightly different for the two models of receiver's. DRD102RW Figure 83 is the rear panel of the DRD 102RW receiver. Its connection can be divided in inputs and outputs. The following is a functional list of the jack panel connections:...

  • Page 98: Installing Thereceiver

    Installation/Installing the Receiver AUDIO R (fight) and AUDIO L (left) This is left and right channel audio signal from the receiver. If you are connecting receiver to a monitor type of television, connect these to the audio inputs. You can also connect there connectors to the audio input of a stereo amplifier.

  • Page 99

    This 9 pin serial interface is designed to be used in conjunction with data services. SYSTEM CONNECTIONS Figure 85 is a basic connection system that will work with both the DRD102RW DRD203RW. The connection system works with a standard television using RF cables.

  • Page 100

    Installation/Installing the Receiver RECEIVER (DRD102RW) TOTV SATELLITE RECEIVER Material List: • 1 EA RF Cable (must have screw type of Fconnectors) Figure 85, Basic Hookup With Either DRDIO2RW or DRD203RW...

  • Page 101

    102 Installation/Installing the Receiver RECEIVER (DRD 102 RW) to VCR and TV SATELLITE _',_:_O000UOOHOOD_O_O0000 0000000000_00000 ,._o_@@ @ yi// _,o_--°_ @ @_ • _i_- Material List Basic Hookup: Material List Monitor TV Hookup: • 2 EA. RF cables (use only cables with screw •...

  • Page 102

    Installation/Installing the Receiver RECEIVER (DRD 203RW) to VCR and TV Material List Monitor TV Hookup: Material List Basic Hookup: • 1 EA. Video Cable. • 2 EA. RF cables (use only cables with screw • 1 EA. Stereo audio Cable. type F connectors).

  • Page 103

    104 Installation/Installing the Receiver Figure 86 incorporates a VCR in the connection system. This system is shown using the DRD102RW receiver. This connection system applies the RF signal from an antenna, or cable, to the RF in of the receiver.

  • Page 104

    Installation/Aligning the Dish 105 This step of the installation accurately points the dish at the satellites. This alignment Aligning The Dish is critical to the performance of the system. When the dish is pointed directly at the satellites, the receiver receives a strong signal. Any drop outs in this signal would be small and corrected in the receiver.

  • Page 105: Alignthedish

    106 Installation/Aligning the Dish There are four steps to align the dish: 1. Determine the azimuth and elevation settings for your geographic location. 2. Adjust the elevation. 3. Adjust the azimuth. 4. Acquire and fine tune a signal. To align the Digital Satellite System, first find the approximate position of the...

  • Page 106

    Installation/Aligning the Dish 107 3. To use the zip code method, select the "Pointing Dish using Zip Code" category of the menu. Once selected, the Enter Zip Code screen appears. Enter the installation site's five-digit zip code in the boxes provided and then select the OK box.

  • Page 107

    Installation/Aligning the Dish 5060 Figure 90, Elevation Adjustment 2. Move the dish to point the LNB in the direction of the satellites (this is the azimuth coordinate determined in step I). This step assumes the azimuth bolts of the LNB support arm have not been tightened.

  • Page 108

    Installation/Aligning the Dish 8kDnml _t_ We=_ Slrang Figure 92, Signal Strength Menu Acquiring and fine tuning the Dish Position. In the previous steps, the azimuth and elevation were adjusted to point the dish in the general direction of the satellites. The next step of the installation uses the receiver's alignment system to fine tune the position of the dish.

  • Page 109

    110 Installation/Aligning the Dish When aligning the dish, move the dish only after the receiver is finished with one complete search routine. Both the on-screen display and audio tone signal the end of a search routine. The video display will flash the "Rotate the Dish 3 Degrees" prompt every other search routine.

  • Page 110

    Installation/Aligning the Dish 111 TICK MARKS ALIGNMENT TAPE Figure 95, Adjusting Azimuth with Alignment Tape Continue this sequence and stop at the signal strength display's largest number or the longest bar display. If you turn the dish all the way to one direction without locking on a good signal, move back to the starting point and repeat the same process in the opposite direction.

  • Page 111

    112 Installation/Aligning theDish SECOND FIRST MARK MARK CENTER MARK Figure 96,Azimuth Adjustment with Audio Tone Aligning with the Audio Tone 1. To listen to the audio tone, use a television, stereo, or wireless headphones. Connect the satellite receiver's audio output connector to the device you are using. Gendy turn the dish either right or left one tick mark of the alignment tape and pause.

  • Page 112

    Installation/Aligning theDish 113 Note: It is possible that a continuous tone is received immediately after you enter the signal strength menu. If so, move the dish in three degree increments until the tone stops. Mark that position on the mast and return the dish's position to the...

  • Page 113

    Troubleshooting Troubleshooting To make troubleshooting easier, the DSS receiver has a diagnostic system built into it. This system makes several checks of key areas in the receiver to determine their status. The tests made are in the following areas: • Signal •...

  • Page 114: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting If the on-screen menus are visible on the television, use the receiver's diagnostics menus to help determine the problem. To do this, use the front panel controls or IR transmitter of the receiver to place it in the customer test mode. Once in the test mode, the receiver runs four tests.

  • Page 115

    Troubleshooting Step 2 Step 2 verifies the dish is pointed at the satellites. To confirm this, use the signal strength meter in the receiver's alignment menu. This menu has two indicators that are important to troubleshooting. These are signal strength and lock. The signal strength meter indicates the amount of signal received by the receiver.

  • Page 116

    Troubleshooting Tuning The tuner check indicates whether the receiver's tuner is tuning to a satellite transponder. If the signal strength is good but the tuning test fails, suspect a defective receiver or LNB. Phone During the phone portion of the self test, the receiver checks for a dial tone and performs an internal loopback test.

  • Page 117

    Appendix A / Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevations A coarse alignment of the satellite antenna to locate the satellite can be accomplished by using the following map and charts. The map shows latitude and longitude lines running through the United States. The additional curved lines on the map represent the magnetic variation of the earth's magnetic field.

  • Page 118: Finding Dss Azimuth And Elevation

    Appendix A / Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevations Latitude Longitude Map of United States.

  • Page 119

    Appendix A/Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevations SATELLITE 101 g WEST *MAG, TRUE NORTH *MAG. LATITUDE .ONGITUDE ELEV. DECL. NORTH AZ 52.5 55.7 58.3 60.0 60.8 60.4 50.1 56.8 48.2 50.9 53.0 54.4 56.2 54.8 53.7 51.8 40.9 43.6 45.9 47.7 48.9 40.3 49.1...

  • Page 120

    Appendix A / Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevations SATELLITE 101_ WEST *MAG. TRUE NORTH *MAG. LATITUDE LONGITUDE ELEV. DECL. NORTH AZ 27.2 29.8 32.1 34.1 35.8 37.0 37.8 38.2 36.9 37.4 36.3 34.0 33.0 23.4 25.6 27.6 29.3 30.7 31.8 32.4 32.7 32.6...

  • Page 121

    122 Appendix A / Finding DSS Azimuth and Elevations Press DSS on the receiver's remote control. 4. Press MENU on the remote control to bring up the Main menu. Note: Each of the receiver's screens includes instructions that will help you use the menu system.

  • Page 122

    AppendixA / Finding DSSAzimuthand Elevations The DSS receiver can also use the latitude and longitude of the installation site to determine the azimuth and elevation to the DSS satellites. There two steps to do this. The first is to determine the latitude and longitude of the installation site.

  • Page 123: Using A Compass

    Appendix Using Compass Finding the The magnetic azimuth is the directional reading in degrees taken directly fi'om the Magnetic compass. This reading represents the number of degrees offofmagnetic north. For Azimuth example: East - 90° Azimuth West - 270 ° Azimuth South - 180°...

  • Page 124

    Appendix Using a Compass To find the magnetic azimuth with the standard compass, rotate the compass so the needle lines up on the O*(north) mark. The compass is now aligned with magnetic north and the azimuth degrees are the same as the degree markings on the dial.

  • Page 125

    126 Appendix C/National Electrical Code The following is the portions of the 1993 National Electrical Code that pertains to the installation of the Digital Satellite Systems. These are only pieces of the complete code and if there are any questions National Electrical Code handbook...

  • Page 126: National Electrical Code

    Appendix C/National Electrical Code 127 250-83. Made and Other Electrodes. Where none of the electrodes specified in Section 250-81 is available, one or more of the electrodes specified in (b) through (d)* below shall be used. Where practicable, made electrodes shall be embedded below permanent moisture level. Made electrodes shall be free from nonconductive coatings, such as paint or enamel.

  • Page 127

    128 Appendix C/National Electrical Code 250-115. Connection to Electrodes. The grounding conductor shall be connected to the grounding electrode by exothermic welding, listed lugs, listed pressure connectors, listed clamps, or other listed means. Connections depending on solder shall not be used. Ground clamps shall be listed for the materials of the grounding electrode and the grounding electrode conductor and, where used on pipe, rod, or other buried electrodes, shall also be listed for direct soil burial.

  • Page 128: Dss Reference Publications

    Appendix C & D/DSS Reference Publications (e) Run in Straight Line. The grounding conductor for an antenna mast or antenna discharge unit shall be run in as straight a line a practicable from the mast or discharge unit to the grounding electrode. (f) Electrode.

  • Page 129

    If information must be mailed to the Installation Reimburse- To order training packets or return completed installation ment Center, use this address: certification exams, use this address: Thomson Consumer Electronics RCA DSS Certification Center P.O. Box 7020 P.O. Box 33809 Indianapolis, Indiana 4620%7020...

  • Page 130

    Appendix D/DSS Installers Reference Guide "BASIC" INSTALLATION GUIDE LINES • The dish unit can be mounted on a stable structure of the dwelling - a vertical wall, chimney, or roof, within a 100-foot cable length of the connected TV. Hardware necessary to mount the dish must be provided by the installer and included in "basic"installation price.

  • Page 131: Rca Dss Dish Parts List

    132 Appendix E / RCA DSS Dish Parts List 22111HS 22t197 DESCRff'TION STOCK NUMBER 221197 #_nt_nna, 18" S_I, RCA DSS, Dark Gray, DSAI00RW 221196 Kn_.ana, 18" S_I, DSS logo oRly, I_a'k Gray, DSA 112NW/DSA2] 2NW 221198 _nnL 18" SMC, RCA DS$, Light Gray, DSA400RW...

  • Page 132: Glossary

    Glossary GLOSSARY Alignment The process of adjusting the satellite dish to receive the strongest satellite signal. Azimuth Left and right adjustments to your satellite dish. Technically, the degrees of rotation on a compass, measured in a clockwise direction from true North. This information can be used to determine...

  • Page 133

    134 Glossary Earth Ground Conducting connection to the earth for an electrical charge so that the electrical charge is at zero potential with respect to earth. Elevation Up and down adjustments of you dish. Technically, the vertical angle that is measured from the horizon up to the satellite.

  • Page 134

    Glossary Main Menu The first menu in the on-screen menu system. Menus are lists of choices that allow you to customize the DSS Receiver and access features available through the on-screen menu system. Mast Metal pipe attached to the mounting foot. Supports the LNB support arm and dish. In a pole mounting system, the metal pole is the mast.

  • Page 135: Index

    Data Encryption LNB Cable Data Packets LNB Installation Diagnostics Local Controls DIRECTV Dish Dish Assembly Dish positioning Materials required for an installation DRD102RW microprocessor DRD203RW modem Drip loop 82 MPEG 17 DS 1120RW MPEG2 Compression DS2430RW DSA200RW Antenna/LNB Optional accessories...

  • Page 136

    Index from the Selecting a Mounting System for the Dish Identify a Route For the Cables that Run from the Special Mounting Systems Pole Mount Chimney Mount Telephone Cable color code Install a phone jack. Modular Plug Installation Use a Wireless Phone Adaptor Use an existing phone jack.

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    ® T-DSSINSTALL-I Printed In U.S.A.

This manual also for:

Dsa100rw, Ds1120rw

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