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TP Link TL-WR841N User Manual

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TL-WR841N
TL-WR841ND
Wireless N Router
Rev: 1.0.1
1910010029

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Table of Contents

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   Summary of Contents for TP Link TL-WR841N

  • Page 1 TL-WR841N TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Rev: 1.0.1 1910010029...
  • Page 2: Fcc Statement

    COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS Specifications are subject to change without notice. TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. No part of the specifications may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
  • Page 3: Ce Mark Warning

    FCC RF Radiation Exposure Statement This equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. “To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements, this grant is applicable to only Mobile Configurations.
  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Package Contents ... 1 Chapter 1. Introduction... 2 1.1 Overview of the Router ... 2 1.2 Conventions ... 3 1.3 Main Features ... 3 1.4 Panel Layout ... 4 1.4.1 The Front Panel...4 1.4.2 The Rear Panel ...4 Chapter 2. Connecting the Router... 6 2.1 System Requirements...
  • Page 5 4.6.5 Wireless Statistics ...34 4.7 DHCP ...35 4.7.1 DHCP Settings ...35 4.7.2 DHCP Clients List...36 4.7.3 Address Reservation...37 4.8 Forwarding ...38 4.8.1 Virtual Servers...38 4.8.2 Port Triggering...40 4.8.3 DMZ...42 4.8.4 UPnP ...42 4.9 Security ...43 4.9.1 Firewall ...43 4.9.2 IP Filtering ...44 4.9.3 Domain Filtering ...47 4.9.4 MAC Filtering...49 4.10 Static Routing...50...
  • Page 6: Package Contents

    Package Contents The following items should be found in your package: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router DC Power Adapter for TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Quick Installation Guide Resource CD for TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router, including: • This Guide • Other Helpful Information Note: Make sure that the package contains the above items.
  • Page 7: Chapter 1. Introduction

    Flexible Access Control The TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router provides flexible access control, so that parents or network administrators can establish restricted access policies for children or staff. It also supports Virtual Server and DMZ host for Port Triggering, and then the network administrators can manage and monitor the network in real time with the remote management function.
  • Page 8: Conventions

    The router or TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND mentioned in this guide stands for TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router without any explanation. Note: The two devices of TL-WR841N and TL-WR841ND are sharing this User Guide. For simplicity, we will take TL-WR841ND for example throughout this Guide, The differences between them are: TL-WR841N router with 2 fixed antennas.
  • Page 9: Panel Layout

    Flashing WAN, LAN 1-4 Flashing Flash(green) On(green) Flash(red) TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 1-1 Front Panel sketch Indication Power off Power on The router is initializing or maybe has a system error The router is working properly The router has a system error...
  • Page 10: The Rear Panel

    The following parts are located on the rear panel (View from left to right). Power socket: The Power socket is where you will connect the power adapter. Please use the power adapter provided with this TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router. These ports (1, 2, 3, 4) connect the router to the local PC(s)
  • Page 11: Chapter 2. Connecting The Router

    Connect the PC(s) and each Switch/Hub in your LAN to the LAN Ports on the router, shown in Figure 2-1. (If you have the wireless NIC and want to use the wireless function, you can skip this step.) TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND (32 ~104 ) ℃...
  • Page 12 Connect the DC power adapter to the DC power socket on the router, and the other end into an electrical outlet. The router will start to work automatically. Power on your PC and Cable/DSL Modem. Figure 2-1 Hardware Installation of the TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 13: Chapter 3. Quick Installation Guide

    Open a command prompt, and type ping 192.168.1.1, and then press Enter. If the result displayed is similar to the Figure 3-1, it means the connection between your PC and the router has been established well. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Appendix B: "Configuring the Wireless N Router...
  • Page 14 The 1/2/3/4 LEDs of LAN ports which you link to on the router and LEDs on your PC's adapter should be lit. Is the TCP/IP configuration for your PC correct? Note: If the router's IP address is 192.168.1.1, your PC's IP address must be within the range of 192.168.1.2 ~ 192.168.1.254. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 15: Quick Installation Guide

    TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Quick Installation Guide ® With a Web-based (Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator) utility, it is easy to configure and manage the TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router. The Web-based utility can be used on any Windows, Macintosh or UNIX OS with a Web browser.
  • Page 16 ISP with no need to enter any parameters. c) If the IP parameters have been provided by your ISP, please choose "Static IP", and then the Static IP settings page will appear, shown in Figure 3-8 TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 3-7 Quick Setup - PPPoE Wireless N Router...
  • Page 17 TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Figure 3-8 Quick Setup - Static IP IP Address - This is the WAN IP address as seen by external users on the Internet (including your ISP). Enter the IP address into the field. Subnet Mask - The Subnet Mask is used for the WAN IP address, it is usually 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway - Enter the gateway IP address into the box if required.
  • Page 18 Section 4.5: "Wireless." 5. Click the Next button. You will then see the Finish page: After finishing all configurations of basic network parameters, please click Finish button to exit this Quick Setup. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 3-10 Quick Setup - Finish Wireless N Router...
  • Page 19: Chapter 4. Configuring The Router

    On the right, there are the corresponding explanations and instructions. The detailed explanations for each Web page’s key function are listed below. Status The Status page provides the current status information about the router. All information is read-only. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 20 TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Figure 4-1 Router Status...
  • Page 21: Quick Setup

    For the configuration of the new device, here takes the Wireless Adapter of our company for example. By PBC If the wireless adapter supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup and the Push Button Configuration (PBC) TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-2 QSS Wireless N Router...
  • Page 22 QSS as below, and click Next. The QSS Configuration Screen of Wireless Adapter Method Two: Step 1: Keep the default QSS Status as Enabled and click the Add device button in Figure 4-2, then the following screen will appear. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 23 Method One: Enter the PIN into my Router Step 1: Keep the default QSS Status as Enabled and click the Add device button in Figure 4-2, then the following screen will appear. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-3 Add A New Device Wireless N Router...
  • Page 24 In this example, the default PIN code of this adapter is 16952898 as the above figure shown. Method Two: Enter the PIN from my Router Step 1: Get the Current PIN code of the Router in Figure 4-2 (each router has its unique PIN TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 25 The default PIN code of the Router can be found in its label or the QSS configuration screen as Figure 4-2. You will see the following screen when the new device successfully connected to the network. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 26: Network

    If you change the IP Address of LAN, you must use the new IP Address to login the router. If the new LAN IP Address you set is not in the same subnet, the IP Address pool of the TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-5 LAN...
  • Page 27: Wan

    Use These DNS Servers - If your ISP gives you one or two DNS addresses, select Use These DNS Servers and enter the primary and secondary addresses into the correct fields. Otherwise, the DNS servers will be assigned dynamically from your ISP. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-6 WAN – Dynamic IP Wireless N Router...
  • Page 28 Primary/Secondary DNS - (Optional) Enter one or two DNS addresses in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP. If you choose PPPoE, you should enter the following parameters ( TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-7 Figure 4-7 WAN - Static IP Wireless N Router...
  • Page 29 Internet again. Caution: Sometimes the connection cannot be terminated although you specify a time to Max Idle Time, since some applications are visiting the Internet continually in the background. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-8 WAN - PPPoE Wireless N Router...
  • Page 30 “Use the following DNS servers” check box and enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary DNS server address is available, enter it as well. Click the Save button to save your settings. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-9 PPPoE Advanced Settings Wireless N Router...
  • Page 31: Mac Clone

    Only the PC on your LAN can use the MAC Address Clone function. Wireless Figure 4-11 Wireless menu There are five submenus under the Wireless menu (shown in Figure 4-11): Wireless Settings, Wireless Security, Wireless MAC Filtering, Wireless Advanced and Wireless Statistics. Click TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-10 MAC Address Clone Wireless N Router...
  • Page 32: Wireless Settings

    When you select your local region from the pull-down list, click the Save button, then the Note Dialog appears. Click OK. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-12 Wireless Settings Note Dialog Wireless N Router...
  • Page 33: Wireless Security

    Channel width - Select any channel width from the pull-down list . The default setting is automatic, which can adjust the channel width for your clients automatically. Enable Wireless Router Radio - The wireless radio of this Router can be enabled or disabled to allow wireless stations access.
  • Page 34 ASCII and Hexadecimal formats are provided for any combination of keyboard characters in the specified length. Hexadecimal format stands for any combination of hexadecimal digits (0-9, a-f, A-F) in the specified length. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-13 Wireless Security Wireless N Router...
  • Page 35 WPA2-PSK (Pre-shared key of WPA) automatically based on the wireless station's capability and request. • Encryption - When WPA-PSK or WPA is set as the Authentication Type, you can select either Automatic, or TKIP or AES as Encryption. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 36: Wireless Mac Filtering

    Description - A simple description of the wireless station. To Add a Wireless MAC Address filtering entry, click the Add New… button. The "Add or Modify Wireless MAC Address Filtering entry" page will appear, shown in Figure 4-15: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 37 Wireless MAC Address Filtering list by following these steps: 1. Click the Enable button to enable this function. 2. Select the radio button: Deny the stations not specified by any enabled entries in the list TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND hexadecimal Wireless N Router digit).
  • Page 38: Wireless Advanced

    RTS Threshold size, the router will send RTS frames to a particular receiving station and negotiate the sending of a data frame. The default value is 2346. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-16 Wireless Advanced Wireless N Router...
  • Page 39: Wireless Statistics

    Current Status - The connected wireless station's running status, one of WPA-PSK / WPA2 / WPA2-PSK Received Packets - Packets received by the station Sent Packets - Packets sent by the station TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router STA-ASSOC / WPA /...
  • Page 40: Dhcp

    LAN. DHCP Server - Enable or Disable the DHCP server. If you disable the Server, you must have another DHCP server within your network or else you must manually configure the TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-19 DHCP Settings Wireless N Router...
  • Page 41: Dhcp Clients List

    Assigned IP - The IP address that the router has allocated to the DHCP client. Lease Time - The time of the DHCP client leased. After the dynamic IP address has expired, the user will be automatically assigned a new dynamic IP address. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-20 DHCP Clients List Wireless N Router...
  • Page 42: Address Reservation

    Figure 4-22 Add or Modify an Address Reservation Entry To modify or delete an existing entry: Click the Modify in the entry you want to modify. If you want to delete the entry, click the TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-21 Address Reservation Wireless N Router...
  • Page 43: Forwarding

    Service Port - The numbers of External Ports. You can type a service port or a range of service ports (in XXX – YYY format, XXX is the start port number, YYY is the end port number). TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-24 Virtual Servers Wireless N Router...
  • Page 44 Click the Modify in the entry you want to modify. If you want to delete the entry, click the Delete. Modify the information. Click the Save button. Click the Enable/ Disabled All button to make all entries enabled/ disabled. Click the Delete All button to delete all entries. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 45: Port Triggering

    PC that triggered this rule. You can input at most 5 groups of ports (or port section). Every group of ports must be set apart with ",". For example, 2000-2038, 2050-2051, 2085, TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-26 Port Triggering Figure 4-26...
  • Page 46 Click the Modify in the entry you want to modify. If you want to delete the entry, click the Delete. Modify the information. Click the Save button. Click the Enable All button to make all entries enabled TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 47: Dmz

    Play) in the screen (shown in Figure 4-29).The UPnP feature allows the devices, such as Internet computers, to access the local host resources or devices as needed. UPnP devices can be automatically discovered by the UPnP service application on the LAN. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-28 DMZ Wireless N Router...
  • Page 48: Security

    (shown in Figure 4-31). The default setting for the switch is off. When the general firewall switch is off, even if IP Address Filtering, DNS Filtering and MAC Filtering are enabled, their settings are ineffective. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-29 UPnP Setting Wireless N Router...
  • Page 49: Ip Filtering

    Choose menu “Security→IP Filtering”, you can configure the IP Address filtering rule in the screen (shown in Figure 4-32). The IP Address Filtering feature allows you to control the Internet Access of some specific users based on their IP addresses. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-31 Firewall Wireless N Router...
  • Page 50 Filtering function first (shown in Figure 4-31). To add/modify an IP Address filtering entry: For example: If you desire to block E-mail received and sent by the IP address 192.168.1.7 on TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-32 IP address Filtering Wireless N Router...
  • Page 51 Select the “Protocol”, “Action” and “Status” for the rule as shown in the Figure 4-33 Click the Save button to save this entry. Go to Step 2 to complete the other rules continually. After you finish the configurations, you will see the rules in the table below: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-33 Wireless N Router...
  • Page 52: Domain Filtering

    Disabled means the rule is ineffective. Note: Before adding an IP Address Filtering entry, you should enable the Firewall and the IP Address Filtering function first (shown in Figure 4-31). TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-34 Domain Filtering Wireless N Router...
  • Page 53 Click the Previous button to view the information in the previous screen, click the Next button to view the information in the next screen. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND and websites with end of .net on the Internet, while no limit Figure 4-35 Add or Modify a Domain Filtering entry...
  • Page 54: Mac Filtering

    4-31). And then specify the Default MAC Address Filtering Rule as "Deny these PCs with enabled rules to access the Internet". Click Add New…/Modify shown in Figure 4-36, you will see the following screen. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-36 MAC Address Filtering Wireless N Router...
  • Page 55: Static Routing

    Choose menu “static routing”, you can configure the static route in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-38). A static route is a pre-determined path that network information must travel to reach a specific host or network. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-37 Wireless N Router...
  • Page 56 Click the Delete button to delete the entry. Click the Enable All button to enable all the entries. Click the Disable All button to disable all the entries. Click the Delete All button to delete all the entries. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-38 Static Routing Wireless N Router...
  • Page 57: Dynamic Dns

    Type the Password for your DDNS account. Click the Login button to login to the DDNS service. Connection Status -The status of the DDNS service connection is displayed here. Click Logout to logout of the DDNS service. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-40 Dyndns.org DDNS Settings Wireless N Router...
  • Page 58: System Tools

    NTP Server preferentially. In addition, the Router built-in some common NTP Servers, so it can get time automatically once it connects the Internet. To configure the system manually: Select your local time zone. Enter date and time in the right blanks. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-42 Time settings Wireless N Router...
  • Page 59: Firmware

    3. Click the Upgrade button. Note: 1) New firmware versions are posted at router experiences no difficulties, it is unnecessary to download a recent firmware version TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-43 Firmware Upgrade www.tp-link.com and can be downloaded for free. If your...
  • Page 60: Factory Defaults

    Choose menu “System Tools→Backup and Restore”, you can save the current configuration of the Router as a backup file and restore the configuration via a backup file(shown in Figure 4-45). Figure 4-45 Backup & Restore Configuration TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-44 Restore Factory Default Wireless N Router...
  • Page 61: Reboot

    Restore the router's settings to factory default (system will reboot automatically). 4.12.6 Password Choose menu “System Tools→Password”, you can change the factory default user name and password of the router in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-47). TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-46 Reboot the router Wireless N Router...
  • Page 62: System Log

    TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Figure 4-47 Password It is recommended strongly that you should change the factory default user name and password of the router, because all users who try to access the router's Web-based utility or Quick Setup will be prompted for the router's default user name and password.
  • Page 63: Remote Management

    4.12.9 Statistics Choose menu “System Tools→Statistics”, you can view the statistics of the Router, including total traffic and current traffic of the last “Packets Statistic interval” seconds. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-49 Remote Management The port number used to access the router.
  • Page 64 The total amount of the TCP SYN packets transmitted to WAN in the last Packets Statistic interval seconds. SYN Tx Click the Save button to save the Packets Statistic interval value. Click the Auto-refresh checkbox to refresh automatically. Click the Refresh button to refresh immediately. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure 4-50 Statistics Wireless N Router...
  • Page 65: Appendix A: Faq

    Max Idle Time, since some applications is visiting the Internet continually in the background. If you are a Cable user, please configure the router following the above steps. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure A-1 PPPoE Connection Type Figure A-2 PPPoE Connection Mode Wireless N Router...
  • Page 66 Add New, then on the “Add or Modify a Virtual Server” page, enter “1720” for the “Service Port” blank, and your IP address for the “IP Address” blank, taking 192.168.1.169 for an example, remember to “Enable” and “Save”. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure A-3 MAC Clone Figure A-4 Virtual Servers...
  • Page 67 "Remote Management" submenu. On the "Remote Management" page, type a port number except 80, such as 88, into the "Web Management Port" field. Click “Save” and reboot the router. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure A-6 DMZ Wireless N Router...
  • Page 68 “Enable” and “Save”. Figure A-9 Add or Modify a Virtual server Entry The wireless stations cannot connect to the router. Make sure the "Wireless Router Radio" is enabled. Make sure that the wireless stations' SSID accord with the router's SSID. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND...
  • Page 69 Make sure the wireless stations have right KEY for encryption when the router is encrypted. If the wireless connection is ready, but you can’t access the router, check the IP Address of your wireless stations. TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router...
  • Page 70: Appendix B: Configuring The Pcs

    Click the Network and Internet Connections icon, and then click on the Network Connections tab in the appearing window. Right click the icon that showed below, select Properties on the prompt page. In the prompt page that showed below, double click on the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure B-1 Wireless N Router...
  • Page 71 Now you have two ways to configure the TCP/IP protocol below: Setting IP address automatically Select Obtain an IP address automatically, Choose Obtain DNS server automatically, as shown in the Figure below: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure B-2 Wireless N Router...
  • Page 72 Type the router’s LAN IP address (the default IP is 192.168.1.1) into the Default gateway field. Select Use the following DNS server addresses radio button. In the Preferred DNS Server field you can type the DNS server IP address, which has been provided by your ISP TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Figure B-3 Wireless N Router...
  • Page 73 TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Figure B-4...
  • Page 74: Appendix C: Specifications

    2dBi * 2 Environmental and Physical Operating : Temperature. Storage: Operating: Humidity Storage: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) 0℃~40℃ (32 ~104 ℉ ℉) -40℃~70℃(-40℉~158℉) 10% - 90% RH, Non-condensing 5% - 90% RH, Non-condensing...
  • Page 75: Appendix D: Glossary

    TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router Appendix D: Glossary 802.11n - 802.11n builds upon previous 802.11 standards by adding MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output). MIMO uses multiple transmitter and receiver antennas to allow for increased data throughput via spatial multiplexing and increased range by exploiting the spatial diversity, perhaps through coding schemes like Alamouti coding.
  • Page 76 TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND Wireless N Router PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) - PPPoE is a protocol for connecting remote hosts to the Internet over an always-on connection by simulating a dial-up connection. SSID - A Service Set Identification is a thirty-two character (maximum) alphanumeric key identifying a wireless local area network.

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  • Dottie Lankard Jan 27, 2019 03:55:
    I can no longer print from my computer via wifi using this router. However, I can print via wifi using this router with our I Pad and mobile phones. The error message I receive from my computer says to disable the privacy separator feature. I am unsure how to do this.
  • AHARON Jan 26, 2017 07:30:
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