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Table of Contents Preface ...................... iii Audience ......................iii Organization ......................iii Documentation ......................iv Technical Support and Customer Service ..............v 1 Steps for Getting Started................1-1 2 Hardware Installation ................... 2-1 Protecting Hardware ................... 2-1 Network Requirements and Recommendations..........2-2 Installing a PS6000 Array...................
Installation and Setup Table of Contents Step 3: Start the Software Configuration............3-4 Using the setup Utility to Configure the Software........3-4 Using the Remote Setup Wizard to Configure the Software ....... 3-7 Step 4: Set the Member RAID Policy..............3-8 Using the CLI to Set the RAID Policy............
Preface With one or more PS Series storage arrays, you can create a PS Series group—a self-managing, iSCSI storage area network (SAN) that is affordable and easy to use, regardless of scale. This manual describes how to install PS6000 and PS6500 array hardware, configure the software, and start using the SAN.
• PS Series Release Notes. Provides the latest information about PS Series arrays and groups. • Dell EqualLogic PS Series Array End User License Agreement (EULA) • Warranty and Support Information (WSI) • Safety, Environmental, and Regulatory Information (SERI) •...
Preface Technical Support and Customer Service Dell's support service is available to answer your questions about PS Series arrays. If you have an Express Service Code, have it ready when you call. The code helps Dell's automated-support telephone system direct your call more efficiently.
Installation and Setup Preface • (Latin American countries) www.dell.com/la • (Canada only) www.dell.ca You can access Dell Support through the following websites: • support.dell.com • support.dell.com/EqualLogic • (Japan only) support.jp.dell.com • Europe only) support.euro.dell.com (...
1 Steps for Getting Started To set up a SAN and start using your array, follow these steps: 1. Set up the PS Series array hardware configuration. This manual includes information on connecting a PS Series array to your network and to power. See Chapter 2, Hardware Installation.
2 Hardware Installation The first step in using your PS Series array is to install the hardware. This chapter contains the following general electrostatic safety and network information, and installation information for PS6000 and PS6500 arrays: • Protecting Hardware on page 2-1 •...
Installation and Setup Network Requirements and Recommendations Network Requirements and Recommendations The minimum network configuration for a PS Series array consists of a connection between Ethernet 0 on each control module and a computer or a network switch. To increase performance and availability, configure multiple network interfaces on an array and connect them to multiple switches.
Installation and Setup Network Requirements and Recommendations Table 2-1: Network Recommendations (Continued) Recommendation Description No STP functionality If possible, do not use Spanning-Tree Protocol (STP) on switch on switch ports that ports that connect end nodes (iSCSI initiators or array network connect end nodes interfaces).
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Installing a PS6000 Array Use these instructions if you have a PS6000 array, which is a 3U array with 16 drive slots, two power supply and cooling modules, and two control modules. Figure 2-2: PS6000 Array - Front View Figure 2-3: PS6000 Array - Rear View Before You Begin You must meet these prerequisites before installing a PS6000 array:...
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Environmental Requirements You must meet these environmental requirements for a PS6000 array: • Only operate an enclosure from a power source with a voltage range of 100 to 240 VAC. • Make sure each power source has sufficient electrical overload protection. •...
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Shipping Box Contents and Required Hardware Make sure you have all the items supplied in the shipping box, described in Table 2-3. You must also provide additional hardware that is specific to your environment and not included in the shipping box.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Table 2-4: Required Hardware – Not Supplied Component Description Standard 19 in. four- Provides easy access to arrays and other hardware in your pole rack computing environment. Two to eight network Connects an array to a network switch. Use Category 5E or cables Category 6 cables with RJ45 connectors.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array 2. Connect the array to the network. See Step 2: Connect the Array to the Network on page 2-9. 3. Turn on power to the array. See Step 3: Turn on Power to the Array on page 2- 4.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Figure 2-4: Recommended Power Configuration - PS6000 Step 2: Connect the Array to the Network The PS6000 array includes two control modules of the same type and color. Each control module has four network interface ports, labeled from 0 to 3. One functioning network connection is required for array operation.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Figure 2-5: Minimum Network Configuration - PS6000 For maximum network bandwidth and availability, it is recommended that you use eight network cables to connect all the network interfaces to multiple network switches. The switches must be connected with interswitch links that have sufficient bandwidth.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Step 3: Turn on Power to the Array Before turning on power, allow sufficient time for the PS6000 to adjust to ambient temperature (for example, overnight). The power switch is located below the power plug on each power supply and cooling module.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array Table 2-5: DB9 to DB9 Pinout Information (Continued) DB9-1 DB9-2 Function Pin Pin Function System Ground System Ground Data Set Ready + Carrier Detect Data Terminal Ready Request to Send Clear to Send Clear to Send Request to Send Attach the cable to the serial port on the active control module (ACT LED will be...
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6000 Array The serial connection must have the following characteristics: • 9600 baud • One STOP bit • No parity • 8 data bits • No flow control Note: Keep the serial cable. You must use the serial cable to manage the group or a specific array if there is no network access.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Installing a PS6500 Array Use these instructions if you have a PS6500 array, which is a 4U array with 48 drive slots, three power supply and cooling modules, and two control modules. Figure 2-9: PS6500 Array - Front View Figure 2-10: PS6500 Array - Rear View Before You Begin You must meet these prerequisites before installing a PS6500 array:...
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Environmental Requirements You must meet these environmental requirements for a PS6500 array: • Only operate an enclosure from a power source with a voltage range of 100 to 240 VAC. • Make sure your power source has sufficient electrical overload protection. •...
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Table 2-6: PS6500 Technical Specifications (Continued) Component Requirement Dimensions 6.89 in. x 19.01 in. x 31.9 in. (17.5 cm x 48.3 cm x 81.0 cm) Shipping Box Contents and Required Hardware Make sure you have all the items supplied in the shipping box, described in Table 2-7.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Table 2-7: PS6500 Shipping Box Contents (Continued) Component Description Documentation The following documentation is included in the shipping box: • Unpacking Instructions • Rack Mount Instructions • Setup poster • Installation and Setup manual (this document) •...
PS Series support provider or reseller for power cable information. Note: Dell recommends that you connect the supplied 6 foot (2 m) C113/C14 power cables to the array. They are the correct length to route through the cable management system, and are designed to connect tightly to the power supply modules.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array • Connect two power supply and cooling modules to UPS systems and connect the other module to a different source of power. Figure 2-11: Recommended Power Configuration - PS6500 You must use the cable management system to organize your power (and network) cables.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-12: Cable Management System – Not Installed The cable management system is attached to the rear of the array chassis and to the rack rails. See Figure 2-13. Figure 2-13: Cable Management System – Installed See the Rack Mount Instructions for information about installing the cable management system.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array cables have sufficient slack between the array back panel and the first connection to the cable management system ( ). Figure 2-14: Cable Routing Diagram 2. Connect all three fasteners on the arm and place the cables below the arms. See Figure 2-15.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-16: Cables Attached to the Cable Management System Note: Do not turn on power to the array. At this time, the power cables are only for grounding purposes. Once you connect a power supply to a source of power, the array will enter standby mode.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-17: Minimum Network Configuration - PS6500 For maximum bandwidth and availability, it is recommended that you use eight network cables to connect all the network interfaces to multiple network switches. The switches must be connected with interswitch links that have sufficient bandwidth.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-18: Recommended Network Configuration - PS6500 Use the cable management system to organize the network cables, along with the power cables. See Figure 2-12 through Figure 2-16. Step 3: Turn on Power to the Array Before turning on power, allow sufficient time for the PS6500 to adjust to ambient temperature (for example, overnight).
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-19: Unlocking the Bezel 2. Hold the bezel on the right side and push the bezel release latch up on the left side to disengage the bezel from the chassis. See Figure 2-20. Figure 2-20: Pushing Up the Bezel Release Latch 3.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Note: Batteries will start to charge and some hardware components will start to synchronize when power is turned on. Array LEDs indicate this activity, which is normal array behavior. To install and lock the bezel: 1.
Installation and Setup Installing a PS6500 Array Figure 2-22: Connecting a Serial Cable to an Array The serial connection must have the following characteristics: • 9600 baud • One STOP bit • No parity • 8 data bits • No flow control Note: Keep the serial cable.
3 Software Configuration After you complete the array hardware installation, you can initialize the array and create a PS Series group with the array as the first group member. Alternately, you can add the array to an existing group. When you expand a group, capacity and performance scale automatically with no impact on users.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration The Remote Setup Wizard has the following requirements: • Computer running Windows XP or a higher version. • Connection between the array and computer. There are two options: – Connect the computer to the same Ethernet segment as the array, and make sure that Layer 2 multicasting is not blocked between the array and the computer.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Table 3-1: Array Configuration (Continued) Prompt Description IP address Network address for the array network interface. Note: Each member must have at least one network interface on the same subnet as the group IP address. Netmask Address that combines with the IP address to identify the subnet on which the array network interface resides (default is 255.255.255.0).
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Table 3-2: Group Configuration Prompt Description Microsoft service CHAP user name and password used to enable Microsoft service user name and (VSS or VDS) access to the group. The user name must have 3 to 63 password alphanumeric characters.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Specify whether to create a group with the array as the first member or add the array to an existing group. Note: There may be a short delay after entering the group IP address as the array searches the network.
Example 3-1: Using the setup Utility Login: grpadmin Password: xxxxxxxx Welcome to Group Manager Copyright 2001 - 2008 Dell, Inc. It appears that the storage array has not been configured. Would you like to configure the array now? (y/n) [n] y Group Manager Setup Utility...
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Using the Remote Setup Wizard to Configure the Software The Remote Setup wizard is located on the Host Integration Tools CD-ROM and must be installed on a Windows computer. The Host Integration Tools User Guide provides detailed information about using the full capabilities of the Remote Setup Wizard.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Step 4: Set the Member RAID Policy The storage space in a new group member (array) is not available until you configure a RAID policy on the member. A RAID policy consists of a RAID level and a spare disk configuration.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration For example, the following command configures member1 with RAID50: member select member1 raid-policy raid50 group1> Using the GUI to Set the RAID Policy For the latest information on browser support for the Group Manager GUI, see the PS Series Release Notes.
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Figure 3-2: Group Summary – RAID Policy Is Not Set on Member 3. In the warning message dialog box that appears, click to configure RAID on the member. 4. In the Configure Member – General Settings dialog box (Figure 3-3), click Next 3–10...
Installation and Setup Software Configuration Figure 3-3: Configure Member – General Settings 5. In the Configure Member – RAID Configuration dialog box (Figure 3-4), do the following and then click Next • Select the RAID policy. • Optionally, to delay using the member’s storage space until the RAID verification completes and the batteries are fully charged, select Wait .
Installation and Setup Software Configuration 6. In the Configure Member – Summary dialog box (Figure 3-5), click Finish if the member configuration is satisfactory. Click to make changes. Back Figure 3-5: Configure Member – Summary The array storage is ready to use. 3–12...
4 Storage Allocation Allocating group storage space to users involves the following steps: • Step 1: Create a Volume on page 4-1. • Step 2: Connect a Computer to a Volume on page 4-5. After allocating storage, you can customize the group and use its more advanced features.
Installation and Setup Storage Allocation Optionally, you can set aside space for volume snapshots or configure a volume with thin provisioning. However, thin provisioning is not appropriate for all storage environments. See the PS Series Group Administration manual for information about advanced volume functionality. Using the CLI to Create a Volume 1.
Installation and Setup Storage Allocation The following example creates a 50 GB volume and one access control record. Only a computer with the specified initiator name will be able to access the volume. group1> volume create staff1 50GB group1> volume select staff1 access create initiator \ iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:WIN2008Server.company.com Using the GUI to Create a Volume 1.
Installation and Setup Storage Allocation Figure 4-2: Create Volume – Space Reserve 5. Specify the iSCSI initiator name or IP address for the access control record and click (Figure 4-3). Next Figure 4-3: Create Volume – iSCSI Access 6. Review the summary information (Figure 4-4) and click if the Finish volume configuration is correct.
Configure your initiator using the instructions provided by the vendor. Note: Dell recommends that you visit the Technical Support website to obtain important information about using initiators to access PS Series group volumes.
Installation and Setup Storage Allocation • Using the CLI, enter the following command: volume select volume_name access show • Using the GUI, expand in the far-left panel, select the volume Volumes name, and click the tab. Access If necessary, use the CLI or the GUI to create an access control record that the computer will match.
Add network connections Multiple network connections increase performance and to a group member availability and are required for multipath I/O. Dell recommends that you connect all the network interfaces on both control modules to multiple network switches and then use the GUI or CLI to assign an IP address and netmask to the interfaces.
Installation and Setup Where to Go Next Advanced Group Administration Tasks Table 5-2 describes the advanced group administration tasks. These tasks are fully documented in the PS Series Group Administration manual. Table 5-2: Advanced Administration Tasks Task Description Add a member to the Although a one-member group is fully functional, adding group more arrays expands capacity, increases network bandwidth,...
Index access controls electrostatic discharge, avoiding protecting volumes electrostatic wrist strap, using setting up with CLI environmental requirements setting up with GUI PS6000 accounts, configuring after setup 2-15 PS6500 array event notification, configuring initializing network address RAID policy Flow Control recommendation software configuration 2-24 full-power mode, defined...
Installation and Setup Index hosts network Flow Control recommendation array IP address Jumbo Frames recommendation configuring multiple interfaces group IP address improving performance recommendations initiator (iSCSI) requirements accessing a volume network cables computer requirements connecting, PS6000 installing the bezel 2-22 connecting, PS6500 2-26 PS6500...
Installation and Setup Index PS6000 RAID policy connecting network cables description connecting power cables setting with CLI 2-11 connecting the serial cable setting with GUI control modules recommended power configuration environmental requirements 2-19 hardware installation Remote Setup Wizard hardware requirements configuring the software installing description...
Installation and Setup Index 2-10, 2-23 link recommendation unicast storm control recommendation Spanning-Tree recommendation unicast storm control recommendation VLAN recommendation VLAN recommendation volumes access controls accessing from a computer target (iSCSI) connecting to connecting to creating obtaining name creating with CLI technical specifications creating with GUI PS6000...