Safety Precautions For your safety, read this manual thoroughly before operating your Scan Tool. Always refer to and follow safety messages and test procedures provided by the manufacturer of the vehicle or equipment being tested. The safety messages presented below and throughout this user’s manual are reminders to the operator to exercise extreme care when using this test instrument.
Safety Precautions Type Styles Used: Safety messages contain three different type styles. • Normal type states the hazard. • Bold type states how to avoid the hazard. Italic type states the possible consequences of not avoiding the • hazard Icons used: An icon, when present, gives a graphical description of a potential hazard.
Safety Precautions Important Safety Messages Risk of electric shock. • Do not exceed voltage limits between inputs indicated in the Specifications. • Use extreme caution when working with circuits that have voltage greater than 60 volts DC or 24 volts Electric shock can cause injury.
Safety Precautions • Avoid making an accidental connection between the battery terminals. Do not place uninsulated metal tools on the battery. • When removing battery cables, remove the ground cable first. • Avoid sparks when connecting or disconnecting power leads to the battery. •...
Safety Precautions Battery acid is a highly corrosive sulfuric acid. WARNING • Safety goggles and protective gloves must be worn by the operator and any bystanders. - Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not provide adequate protection.
Safety Precautions Risk of fire. • Safety goggles and protective clothing must be worn by the operator and any bystanders. - Even if your everyday glasses have impact resistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses, and may not provide adequate protection. •...
Safety Precautions Risk of burns. Batteries can produce a short-circuit current high • enough to weld jewelry to metal. - Remove jewelry such as rings, bracelets and watches before working near batteries. Short circuits can cause injury. Risk of burns. WARNING •...
Safety Precautions Engine compartment contains electrical connections and hot or moving parts. • Keep yourself, test leads, clothing and other objects clear of electrical connections and hot or moving engine parts. • Do not wear watches, rings, or loose fitting clothing when working in an engine compartment.
Safety Precautions Risk of unexpected vehicle movement. WARNING • Block drive wheels before performing a test with engine running. • Unless instructed otherwise: PRNDL2 - set parking brake - put gear selector in neutral for manual transmissions - put gear selector in park for automatic transmissions - disconnect release mechanism on the automatic parking brake release for testing and reconnect when testing is completed.
Safety Precautions Misdiagnosis may lead to incorrect or improper repair CAUTION and/or adjustment. • Do not rely on erratic, questionable, or obviously erroneous test information or results. - If test information or results are erratic, questionable, or obviously erroneous, make sure all connections and data entry information are correct and test procedures were performed correctly.
Section 1 – Using This Manual This manual contains instructions for the use and setup of your Scan Tool. A table of contents and glossary are provided to make this manual easy to use. Some of the information shown in text or illustrations is obtained using optional equipment.
Using This Manual Functions and Selections Diagnostic and tool functions performed by the Scan Tool are highlighted in bold. Example: The View Data function allows you to view the vehicle’s parameter identification (PID) data in real time. Menus The menus on the Scan Tool display are referenced in the procedures and are highlighted in bold-italic text.
Section 2 – Getting Started Introduction The Scan Tool was developed by experts in the automotive service industry to help diagnose vehicles and assist in troubleshooting procedures. The Scan Tool monitors vehicle events and retrieves codes from the vehicle’s control modules to help pinpoint problem areas. All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest information available from industry sources at the time of publication.
Getting Started Using the CD ✓ The included CD is NOT required to operate the Scan Tool ✓ Install the CD application prior to connecting the Scan Tool to the ✓ Some of the items included on the CD are: ❒...
Getting Started Installing Applications On Included CD 1. Close all programs on the computer. 2. Place the CD in CD-Drive. ✓ If CD does not start automatically; ❒ Select the Start button. ❒ Select Run... ❒ Enter “X:\Setup.htm” in Open Box on Computer and select OK.
Getting Started Vehicle Service Information The following is a list of web sites and phone numbers where electronic engine control (EEC) diagnostic information is available. ✓ Some manuals may be available at your local dealer, auto parts stores or local public libraries. Domestic Vehicles General Motors Chevrolet...
Getting Started Hyundai www.hyundai.com Infiniti www.infiniti.com Nissan www.nissanusa.com www.kia.com Mazda www.mazda.com Daewoo www.daewoo.com Subaru www.subaru.com Isuzu www.isuzu.com Not Available Mitsubishi www.mitsubishi.com Suzuki www.suzukiauto.com Other Manuals Chilton Book Company www.chiltonsonline.com Haynes Publications www.haynes.com Bentley Publishers ‘ www.bentleypublishers.com 1-800-423-4595 Repair Information Programs Mitchell www.mitchell1.com ALLDATA...
Getting Started Introduction to On-Board Diagnostics OBD I The original on-board diagnostics (OBD I) lacked consistency in communication and interface while allowing different interpretations among vehicle manufacturers. Ford and Chrysler used different types of engine control computers and data link connectors ( DLCs), and GM varied the trouble codes and communication protocols from year-to-year.
Getting Started SAE Publications SAE has published hundreds of pages of text defining a standard communication protocol that establishes hardware, software, and circuit parameters of OBD II systems. Unfortunately, vehicle manufacturers have different interpretations of this standard communications protocol. As a result, the generic OBD II communications scheme varies, depending on the vehicle.
Getting Started Ford On-Board Diagnostics System Long Name Microprocessor Control Unit 1980 –1991 Electronic Engine Control, EEC-IV Fourth generation Mazda Electronic Control MECS System Electronic Engine Control, EEC-V Fifth generation Powertrain Electronic PTEC Controller * EEC-V OBD II system used in 1994-1995 vehicles equipped with a 3.8L or 4.6L engine. Chrysler On-Board Diagnostics System Long Name...
Getting Started Data Link Connector (DLC) The data link connector (DLC) allows the Scan Tool to communicate with the vehicle’s computer(s). Before OBD II, manufacturers used different DLC’s to communicate with the vehicle. use the proper DLC adapter cable to connect the Scan Tool to the vehicle. Also, the vehicle’s DLC may be found in several different places and have many different configurations.
Getting Started Data Link Connector (DLC) Pins 1 - Manufacturer Reserved 2 - J1850 Bus+ 3 - Manufacturer Reserved 4 - Chassis Ground 5 - Signal Ground 6 - CAN High, J-2284 7 - K Line, ISO 9141-2 & ISO/DIS 14230-4 8 - Manufacturer Reserved 9 - Manufacturer Reserved 10 - J1850 Bus-...
Getting Started MECS MECS vehicles (1988 –1995) use either a 6-pin (with pigtail) or a 17-pin DLC. Use the MECS 6-pin adapter cable kit (CP9131) for both configurations. The MECS adapter cable kit includes jumper wires to connect to the MECS 17-pin DLC. The MECS adapter cable kit is optional and must be purchased separately.
Getting Started 17-Pin MECS Adapter Cable 6-Pin MECS Scan Tool MECS Ford Probe Certain Ford Probes have a WHITE TACH IMPORTANT CONNECTOR located very close to the 6-pin self-test connector and bundled in the same wiring harness. This is not the self-test input (STI) pigtail. Connect the pigtail to the BLACK STI connector located farther back on the wire harness.
Getting Started GM Historic Prior to1996, most GM vehicles used the 12-pin Assembly Line Diagnostic Link (ALDL) DLC. The GM ALDL cable kit includes the ALDL adapter and cigarette lighter power cable. This adapter cable is included with the Scan Tool. In 1994 and 1995, certain GM vehicles used the J1962 (OBD II) DLC, but are not OBD II compliant.
Getting Started Chrysler Historic Prior to 1996, most Chrysler vehicles used either the serial communications interface (SCI) or LH DLC. Refer to Appendix B - Data Link Connectors for DLC type and location. The SCI adapter cable is included with the Scan Tool. The LH adapter cable (CP9130) can be purchased from your dealer.
Getting Started OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) ✓ DTCs are used to help determine the cause of a problem or problems with a vehicle. ❒ DTCs consist of a five-digit alphanumeric code. ❒ The DTCs format and general code types are shown below. P 0 1 0 1 Bx - Body Cx - Chassis...
Getting Started Lower Upper Assigned DTC System P0000 P00FF Fuel Air Metering Auxiliary Emission Controls P0100 P02FF Fuel Air Metering P0300 P03FF Ignition System or Misfire P0400 P04FF Auxiliary Emission Controls P0500 P05FF Vehicle Speed Idle Control Auxiliary Inputs Computer and Auxiliary P0600 P06FF Outputs P0700 P09FF Transmission...
Section 3 – Using The Scan Tool The Scan Tool LCD Display – backlit, 128 x 64 pixel display with contrast adjustment. UP and DOWN arrow keys – moves selection UP or DOWN. ENTER key – selects displayed items. LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys –...
Using The Scan Tool Specifications Display: Backlit, 128 x 64 pixel display with contrast adjust Operating Temperature: 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F) Storage Temperature: -20 to 70°C (-4 to 158°F) Internal Power: 9V Battery External Power: 7 to 16 Volts ✓...
Using The Scan Tool Included with Scan Tool Table 1: Included with Scan Tool Part The CD contains the Manual in English, French and Spanish. The CD also includes a DTC lookup program for looking up DTCs, and language appli- cations for reprogramming the Scan Tool in Span- ish and French.
Using The Scan Tool ✓ Replacement Parts are available from the manufacturer by contacting customer service. • Phone at 1-800-228-7667 (8:00 - 6:00 EST Monday - Friday) Display The display has a large viewing area displaying messages, instructions, and diagnostic information. ✓...
Using The Scan Tool Do not soak keypad as water might find its way CAUTION inside the Scan Tool. Power ✓ Refer to Scan Tool Does Not Power Up in section 9 Troubleshooting on page 9-2 if there are problems. ✓...
Using The Scan Tool ✓ Each time the Scan Tool is powered up, voltage of the internal battery is checked. ❒ If voltage is low, the Low Battery Symbol ( on screen. ❒ Replace the battery using instructions provided in Battery Replacement.
Using The Scan Tool AC Power Adapter An AC power adapter (not included) can be used to power the Scan Tool when reprogramming from a personal computer or for off-vehicle reviewing of codes and printing.12V AC-DC converters are available at most PC and electronic stores.
Using The Scan Tool ✓ System Setup settings remain until internal battery becomes discharged or is removed. From Main Menu: 1.Select System Setup. UP or •Use key until System Setup is highlighted. ENTER. •Press Changing Measurement Units ✓ English is the default measurement unit. ✓...
Using The Scan Tool 2.Select Desired Measurement Unit. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until desired unit is highlighted. 3.Save Measurement Setting. ENTER. •Press ✓ ENTER again to return to the Press System Setup menu. Changing Display Contrast From System Setup screen: 1.Select Contrast Adjust.
Using The Scan Tool 2.Increase or Decrease Display Contrast. UP arrow key to •Use increase Contrast. DOWN arrow key to •Use decrease Contrast. 3.Save Contrast Setting and return to the System Setup menu. ENTER. •Press Beeper ✓ Beeper selection allows the user to turn off the Scan Tool’s beeper. The bell symbol the display when the beeper is off.
Using The Scan Tool 1.Select Beeper. UP or • Use arrow key until Beeper is highlighted. ENTER. • Press 2.Select desired Beeper sound choice. UP or • Use arrow key until desired choice is highlighted. 3.Save Beeper sound setting. ENTER. •...
Using The Scan Tool 2.Increase or Decrease Auto Power Off Time. UP arrow key to •Use increase Time. DOWN arrow key to •Use decrease Time. 3.Save Auto Power Off Time. ENTER. •Press ✓ ENTER again to return to the Press System Setup menu.
Using The Scan Tool 2.View Information: ❒ Serial Number (Serial No:) ❒ Software ID (SW ID:) ❒ Hardware Version (HW Ver:) ❒ Boot Version (Boot Ver:) ❒ Product ID (Prod ID:) ❒ Board ID (Board ID:) ❒ Burn Date (Burn Date:) ❒...
Using The Scan Tool 2. Start Display Test. ENTER. •Press 3. Look for Missing Spots. • All characters display in solid black if there are no concerns. • Screen flips back and forth between screens shown below. 4. When Done, Press 3 –...
Using The Scan Tool Keyboard Test The Keyboard Test is used to verify keys are working correctly. From System Setup menu: 1.Select Keyboard Test. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Keyboard Test is highlighted. ENTER. •Press 2. Press a KEY. •...
Using The Scan Tool From System Setup menu: 1.Select Memory Test. UP or •Use key until Memory Test is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ Dots along the bottom of the screen show progress of the Memory Test. ❒ Memory Test may take several minutes to complete.
Using The Scan Tool Program Mode The Program Mode is used for reprogramming the Scan Tool with English, Spanish or French languages. The Scan Tool is programmed with English by default. The Program Mode is also used for updating the Scan Tool. Instructions are provided with upgrades.
Using The Scan Tool 2.Find DLC on vehicle. •For OBD II vehicles, look under the dashboard on the driver’s side of the vehicle. •If the DLC is not located under the dashboard, a label should be there telling the location. For GM, Ford, and Chrysler Historic vehicles refer to “...
Using The Scan Tool ✓ Scan Tool Review Data function has different types of data to review depending on vehicle selected. Refer to appropriate section of this manual for what functions have data for review. 2.Follow prompts and instructions provided by Scan Tool. ✓...
Using The Scan Tool 2. Play Back Recording. ENTER. •Press ✓ On GM Historic and Ford Historic vehicles, you must select the data to playback as an Entire Data List or Custom Data List. ✓ The Playback has frame number and timestamp (in seconds).
Using The Scan Tool ✓ Different vehicles communicate at different speeds and support a different number of PIDs. Therefore, the maximum number of frames that can be recorded varies. ✓ Some vehicles wait a long period of time to store a DTC after a driveability problem occurs.
Using The Scan Tool From Special Tests menu: 1. Select Print Data. UP or •Use key until Print Data is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ On the Print Menu, Print All prints all data collected by the Scan Tool. ✓ When printing playback data, Start Frame and End Frame need to be defined.
Using The Scan Tool ✓ When selected data does not exist in the Scan Tool’s memory, a message informs the user to run the function. 3.Return to Select Print Data screen. ENTER •Press Code Lookup Code Lookup is used to look up definitions of DTCs stored in the Scan Tool.
Using The Scan Tool 2.Enter code. •All characters must be entered •Only one character can be changed at a time. LEFT or •Use arrow keys to scroll to desired character. UP or •Use keys to change selected character. ENTER • Press ✓...
Using The Scan Tool ✓ To View Previous or Next DTC use UP or DOWN arrow key. ✓ To enter another DTC, press ✓ BACK again to return to menu Press from which Code Lookup was selected. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 – 25 P1575 Warning Buzzer Malfunction...
Using The Scan Tool Setup User Key USER KEY allows the operator to read or erase codes with the touch of a key. ✓ The User Key can only be used when the Scan Tool is in a vehicle specific Function List or a sub menu.
Using The Scan Tool Vehicle Selection From Main Menu: 1.Select desired vehicle to diagnose. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key to highlight. ❒ Global OBD II ❒ Domestic Vehicles ❒ European Vehicles ❒ Asian Vehicles ENTER. •Press ✓ If vehicle displayed is not the vehicle being diagnosed select CHANGE and go to step 3.
Using The Scan Tool 3. Select erase data stored in the tool from the previous vehicle tested or not. LEFT or •Use arrow key. ENTER. •Press ✓ On GM vehicles the tool may require you to look at the VIN to determine the Series, Model, Engine Size and more.
Using The Scan Tool ✓ The following screen only displays when power comes from vehicle. 5. Follow Instructions on the display. •Turn vehicle key off for 10 seconds. •Turn vehicle key back to the on position. ENTER on the Scan •Press Tool.
Section 4 – Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ The first time the scan tool links to the vehicle, the communication protocol is automatically detected, and is used until the Scan Tool is turned off or another vehicle is diagnosed. ✓ If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBDII connector is attached, and the ignition key is on.
Global OBD II Diagnostics Global Function List Items marked with “-” are covered in section 3 of this IMPORTANT manual. These items are not covered in this section. ✓ The Global Function List is broken down into the following menus: ❒...
Global OBD II Diagnostics ❒ Review Data ❒ Print Data •I/M Readiness •State OBD Check •DTC (Codes) •Pending Codes •Freeze Frame •O2 Monitor Test •Diag Monitor Tests •Playback •Vehicle Info •Modules Present ✓ For Global OBD II Diagnostics, The above functions have data to review or print.
Global OBD II Diagnostics View Data The View Data function allows real time viewing of the vehicle’s computer module’s PID data. As the computer monitors the vehicle, information is simultaneously transmitted to scan tool. ✓ View data allows the following items to be viewed on the scan tool: ❒...
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ Multiple PIDs may be sent if vehicle is equipped with more than one computer module (for example a powertrain control module [PCM] and a transmission control module [TCM]). The Scan Tool identifies them by their identification names (ID) assigned by manufacturer (i.e. $10 or $1A).
Global OBD II Diagnostics If the icon displays while a PID is selected press graph. ✓ Graphing is only available on 1996 and newer vehicles using an OBD II (J1962) DLC. 3. Return to PID Screen. BACK. •Press 4. Return to Select Data to View Menu.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. Select View Instructions or Not. LEFT or •Use arrow key. ENTER. •Press Select PIDs to View. UP or DOWN •Use RIGHT arrow keys to move up and down list RIGHT arrow selects • The or deselects data parameter. All selected data values are marked with ✓...
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ If the icon displays while a PID is selected press graph. Press Return to PID Screen. ✓ Graphing is only available on 1996 and newer vehicles using an OBD II (J1962) DLC. 5. Return to Select Data to View Menu.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. Select Display Lines. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key. ENTER. •Press Changing Measurement Units ✓ Refer to “Changing Measurement Units” on page 3-8 of Using The Scan Tool. Record Data ✓ The Record Data function records PIDs while vehicle is parked or being driven.
Global OBD II Diagnostics From Datastream Menu: 1. Select Record Data. UP or •Use key until Record Data is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ Follow all instructions on display. ✓ The ScanTool can maintain only one recording. Make sure to thoroughly review old recording before erasing. ✓...
Global OBD II Diagnostics 3. From the Pick Trigger Method Screen. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until desired trigger method is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ When trigger event (either a DTC or a Press of the occurs, time is recorded and data is saved. Record Data Waiting for trouble code to trigger...
Global OBD II Diagnostics 4. After recording, Scan Tool displays a prompt to Playback Data. • Answer No to return to Datastream Menu. •Answer Yes to display recorded data. ❒ Refer to Playback from Review Data and press ENTER . Diagnostic Codes Menu Items marked with “-”...
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ Read Codes can be done with the key on engine off (KOEO) or with the key on engine running (KOER). From Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1. Select Read Codes. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Read Codes is highlighted.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 3. Return to Diagnostic Codes Menu. BACK. • Press Pending Codes Pending Codes are also referred to as continuous monitor or maturing codes. An intermittent fault causes the control module to store a code in memory. If the fault does not occur within a certain number of warm-up cycles (depending on vehicle), the code clears from memory.
Global OBD II Diagnostics From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1. Select Pending Codes UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Pending Codes is highlighted ENTER. •Press ✓ If no Pending Codes are present a message stating System Pass: No Faults Detected is displayed. (Do not mistake this message. It refers only to Pending Codes and is not a warning of DTCs.) 2.
Global OBD II Diagnostics Erase Codes The Erase Codes function deletes DTCs and I/M Readiness data from vehicle’s control module(s). Perform this function with KOEO. Do not start the engine. ✓ The Erase Codes function may also erase View Freeze Data, O2 Monitor Test, and Diagnostic Monitor Test results depending on vehicle.
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ If diagnostic results and codes are not to be erased select No and ENTER. press •Selecting No displays a Com- mand Cancelled message prompting to press ENTER to return to Diagnostic Codes Menu. 2. Select Yes to erase diagnostic results and codes.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 4. Observe Command Sent message is displayed. ENTER. •Press 5. Return to Diagnostic Codes Menu. ENTER . •Press View Freeze Data When an emission-related fault occurs, certain vehicle conditions are recorded by the on-board computer. This information is referred to as freeze frame data.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. Select Frame (if more than 1 frame is present). UP or DOWN arrow •Use key. ENTER. •Press 3. Select another frame to view (if available) BACK. •Press 4. Return to Diagnostic Codes Menu BACK. •Press Special Tests Menu Items marked with “-”...
Global OBD II Diagnostics I/M Readiness The I/M Readiness (Inspection / Maintenance) function is used to view a snapshot of the operations for the emission system on OBD II vehicles. ✓ I/M Readiness is a very useful function. To guarantee no faults exist make sure all monitors are ok or n/a and no DTC’s exist.
Global OBD II Diagnostics From the Special Tests Menu: 1. Select I/M Readiness. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until I/M Readiness is highlighted. ENTER. •Press Two types of I/M Readiness test are: ❒ Since DTCs Cleared - shows status of the monitors since the DTCs were last erased.
Global OBD II Diagnostics Abbreviations and names for OBD II Monitors supported by the Scan Tool are shown below. They are required by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Not all monitors are supported by all vehicles •Abbreviated Name - Misfire Monitor - Fuel System Mon - Comp Component...
Global OBD II Diagnostics Drive Cycle Monitor The Drive Cycle Monitor function is very similar to the I/M Monitors though the Drive Cycle Monitor is used to view REAL TIME operations of the Emissions System on OBD II vehicles. ✓ Drive Cycle Monitor continuously updates as the vehicle reports operations of the Emission System.
Global OBD II Diagnostics From the Special Tests Menu: 1. Select Drive Cycle Monitor. UP or •Use key to highlight Drive Cycle Monitors. ENTER. •Press ✓ Two types of Drive Cycle Monitors are: ❒ SINCE DTCs CLEARED shows status of the monitors since the Diagnostic Trouble Codes were last erased.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 3.Depending on the Drive Cycle Monitors one of these 2 screens will be present. This Drive Cycle Catalyst Mon Htd Catalyst Evap System Mon 4.Return to Special Tests Menu. BACK key. • Press ✓ The Scan Tool display is continuously updated.
Global OBD II Diagnostics State OBD Check The State OBD Check function is used to display a basic status of the vehicles OBD system. ❒ Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Status ❒ Codes Found ❒ I/M Readiness Erase Codes deletes DTCs and clears I/M Monitors from vehicle’s computer module(s).
Global OBD II Diagnostics From the Special Tests Menu: 1. Select State OBD Check UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until State OBD Check is highlighted ENTER . •Press 2. View State OBD Check Display 3. Return to Special Tests Menu.
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ O2 sensors are located before (upstream) and after (downstream) catalyst(s). Sensors are named (xy) for their position to both cylinder banks and catalysts. ❒ The O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1 has prefix 1y while O2 sensor for cylinder bank 2 has prefix 2y.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. Select O2 Sensor. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until desired O2 Sensor is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ The O2 sensors located upstream (before catalyst) may perform differently than ones located downstream (after catalyst). ✓ Test IDs are shown for unknown O2 sensor tests.
Global OBD II Diagnostics Diagnostic Monitor Tests The Diagnostic Monitor Test function is useful after servicing or after erasing a vehicle’s memory. Test results do not necessarily indicate a faulty component or system. ✓ Non-CAN vehicles Diagnostic Monitor Test receives test results for emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not continuously monitored.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. Review test results displayed on Scan Tool. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until desired test results is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ Refer to appropriate vehicle service manual for test IDs and definitions. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 31 Select Diag Mon Test Non-CAN Vehicles Select Diag Mon Test...
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ On Non-CAN vehicles the Scan Tool displays: ❒ Test data (test ID) ❒ Maximum value (MAX) ❒ Test measurements (MEAS) ❒ Minimum value (MIN) ❒ Status (STS) ❒ Measurements and Specification values are hexadecimal numbers (i.e., $1A, $FE, $11.) ❒...
Global OBD II Diagnostics On-Board Systems The On-Board Systems test allows the Scan Tool to control operation of vehicle components, tests or systems. ✓ Some manufacturers do not allow tools to control vehicle systems. A vehicle not supporting an on-board system is identified by a message that is displayed when selected.
Global OBD II Diagnostics ✓ The manufacturer is responsible for determining the criteria to automatically stop test. Refer to appropriate vehicle service manual. Vehicle Info The Vehicle Info function allows the Scan Tool to request the vehicle’s VIN number, calibration ID(s) which identifies software version in vehicle control module(s), calibration verification numbers (CVN(s)) and in-use performance tracking.
Global OBD II Diagnostics 2. View Information Supported by Vehicle. UP or DOWN arrow key (if required). •Use Vehicle Info #1 Mod $10 ABCDEFGHIJ1234567 CAL ID #1 Mod $10 0008 ✓ In the above examples, Module $10 and $18 returned data. Scroll down to view information.
Global OBD II Diagnostics Abbreviated Name In-Use Perf In-Use Performance Tracking Tracking OBD Mon Cond OBD Monitoring Conditions Encountered Counts Ignition Cycles Ignition Counter Cat Comp Bank x Catalyst Monitor Completion Counts Bank x Cat Cond Bank x Catalyst Monitor Conditions Encountered Counts Bank x O2 Comp Bank x O2 Sensor Monitor Completion Counts Bank x...
Global OBD II Diagnostics Modules Present The Scan Tool identifies the module IDs and communication type for OBD II modules in the vehicle. From the Special Tests Menu: 1. Select Modules Present. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Modules Present is highlighted.
Global OBD II Diagnostics ❒ SAE J1850 protocol is shown as VPWM or PWM. ❒ ISO 15765-4 protocol is shown as CAN. ✓ Since CAN vehicles use module IDs larger than 2 digits, the Scan Tool assigns a 2 digit module ID to be used in place of the actual CAN module ID.
Global OBD II Diagnostics •ISO 14230-4 protocol is shown as K2K (Keyword 2000.) ✓ In the above examples the * indicates the protocol used to communicate to the vehicle’s control module. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 – 39 Modules Present Protocols $10 K2K*...
Section 5 – GM Diagnostics GM HISTORIC (OBD I) DIAGNOSTICS GM Function List All items marked with “-” are covered either in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ✓ The GM Function List is broken down into the following menus: ❒...
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ❒ Review Data ❒ Print Data •Read Codes •Playback ✓ The above stored infromation can be reviewed for GM vehicles. Refer to Review Data and Print Data in the Using the Scan Tool section of this manual. –...
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics View Data ✓ The View Data function allows the user to view the vehicle parameter identification (PID) data in real time. As the powertrain control module (PCM) monitors PIDs, they are simultaneously transmitted to the Scan Tool. The PIDs are continuously updated at the PCM’s rate.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 2.Select the type of data to view. UP or •Use key to highlight. Refer to View Data on page 4-4 for Entire or Custom Data Lists. ENTER to establish •Press a communication link. View PIDs on Scan Tool. UP or •Use keys to scroll through the PIDs.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Never operate the tool while driving. Have another WARNING WARNING person assist with the operation of the Scan Tool. ✓ This function can be performed with KOEO or KOER. Confirm selection. LEFT or •Press response. ENTER.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ The function runs automatically and stops when the Scan Tool’s memory is filled. 4.When done, the Scan Tool prompts you to Play the Recording? Select Yes to review the data now or No to review it later using Review Data.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Read Codes ✓ The Read Codes function is used to retrieve all stored DTCs from the control module(s). This can be performed with KOEO or KOER. Two types of codes were used by GM in the Historic System: Current codes and History codes.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ If no DTCs are present a message stating System Pass: No faults detected is displayed 2.View and write down DTCs. UP or •Use keys. 3. Return to Diagnostic Codes Menu. BACK. •Press Erase Codes ✓...
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: Select Erase Codes. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Erase Codes is highlighted. ENTER. •Press 2.Confirm selection. LEFT or •Press to move the brackets to the desired response. ENTER. •...
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Field Service ✓ Field Service is a special diagnostic mode to monitor fuel system operation and read DTCs. Some GM service manuals may refer to this mode as the Field Service Mode Check. This mode works on vehicles equipped with a 12-pin ALDL connector with a wire present in pin-B, Diagnostic or Test Enable.
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ If CHECK ENGINE light is functional, the Field Service screen is displayed. Pressing ENTER will toggle the short to Pins A and B On and Off. ✓ Continue with either the KOEO procedure or KOER procedure. ✓...
GM Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 4) When Field Service mode is on, most computer controlled relays and solenoids will be turned on, except for the fuel pump relay and fuel injectors. Toggle the Field Service mode on and off. ❒ Use a voltmeter to measure relays and solenoids input voltage to verify on/off conditions.
GM Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics GM ENHANCED (OBD II) DIAGNOSTICS GM Function List All items marked with “-” are covered either in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ✓ The GM Function List is broken down into the following menus: ❒...
GM Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics ❒ Review Data ❒ Print Data •I/M Readiness •DTC (Codes) •Pending Codes •Freeze Frame •O2 Monitor Test •Diagnostic Monitor Tests •Vehicle Info •Playback •State OBD Check •Modules Present ✓ The following stored infromation can be reviewed for GM vehi- cles.
GM Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics ✓ If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBD II connector is securely attached, and the ignition key is on. Cycle the ignition key to off for 10 seconds, then on. This may be required to reset the computer.
GM Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1.Select Read Codes. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key until Read Codes is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ If no DTCs are present a message stating System Pass: No faults detected is displayed View and write down the DTCs.
GM Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics Erase Codes ✓ The Erase Codes menu has a menu asking what module to erase codes for, if more than one module exists for this vehicle. From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: Select Erase Codes. UP or •Use key until Erase Codes is highlighted.
Section 6 – Ford Diagnostics Ford Historic Diagnostics ✓ Due to different processor calibrations, all Ford Function Lists for a particular vehicle may or may not appear as shown. Based on the vehicle information entered at the Vehicle Selection menu, the Scan Tool automatically recognizes the computer system installed.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ❒ Review Data ❒ Print Data •KOEO Codes •KOER Codes •IVSC KOEO Codes •IVSC KOER Codes •Playback ✓ For Ford Historic diagnostics, the above functions have data to review or print. For Review/Print Data instructions, refer to appropriate page in Using The Scan Tool.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Datastream Menu All items marked with “-” are covered either in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ❒ Datastream Menu ❒ View Data ❒ Record Data – Review Data –...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 2. Select data to view. • See View Data on page 4-4 of Global OBD II Diagnostics for Entire or Custom Data Lists. ENTER. •Press 3. View PIDs on Scan Tool. UP or •Use the 4.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ If a recording currently exists in memory, a message to ERASE OLD RECORDING displays. ✓ The Scan Tool maintains only one recording at a time, so be sure to thoroughly review an old recording before erasing it. Power to store recordings is provided by the Scan Tool’s internal battery, thus, recordings are stored in memory only for the life of the battery.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics When the recording is in progress, the screen to the right is displayed. 3. After recording, Scan Tool displays a prompt to Playback Data. • Answer NO to return to the Datastream Menu. •Answer YES to display recorded data. Refer to “Playback”...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Read KOEO Codes ✓ The Read KOEO Codes function activates the KOEO and Continuous Memory self-tests which retrieve KOEO and continuous memory diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) from the PCM. • KOEO DTCs are transmitted through the PCM data link when a trouble condition is active.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ Follow the instructions step-by-step 1) Set parking brake. 2) Transmission in park (P) or neutral (N). 3) Turn A/C off. 4) Start engine and let idle until hot. 5) Turn ignition key off. 6) Wait 10 seconds. Turn key on-engine off. Do not start engine. Avoid cooling fan! It may turn on during test.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 4. View and write down DTCs. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key. ✓ ENG indicates that DTC is from the engine or powertrain control module. ✓ After viewing and noting the KOEO codes, use the arrow key to view continuous memory codes.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Exhaust gases are harmful or lethal. Always WARNING operate vehicle in a well-ventilated area. The KOER test is done with the engine running. Do CAUTION not over-rev engine. Observe all safety precautions. Avoid cooling fan! It may turn on during test. CAUTION From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ The following actions do not apply to MECS vehicles. ❒ For a 7.3L Diesel, press the throttle until test is done. ❒ If applicable, set octane switch to premium. ✓ The Scan Tool prompt the user to: ❒...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Computed Timing Check (1984-1991 EEC-IV Vehicles) ✓ This option of the KOER Read Codes function allows you to check both the Base engine timing (no computer adjustment) and the ability of the computer to control spark advance. ✓...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ If a KOER code of 98 or 998 is detected, then the fault must be fixed before performing this function. Press the to return to the Diagnostic Codes Menu. ✓ Otherwise, the timing remains fixed for 90 seconds to allow you to measure it with the timing light.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ Only continuous memory codes can be erased from the vehicle without repairing the fault. To remove KOEO and KOER codes, the fault must be repaired since they only exist when a fault exists. 2. Perform the following: 1) Turn ignition key off.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 2. Follow all instructions on the display. 1) Turn ignition key off. 2) Disconnect negative (–) battery cable. 3) Hold down brake pedal for 10 seconds. 4) Connect negative (–) battery cable. ENTER after each •Press message.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics IVSC-Speed Ctrl (EEC-IV Vehicles) ✓ The IVSC-Speed Ctrl (Integrated Vehicle Speed Control) is Ford’s computerized cruise control system on EEC-IV vehicles. It is controlled by the PCM and contains a dedicated network of sensors, switches, and actuators. Both KOEO and KOER Codes exist for this test.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Avoid cooling fan! It may turn on during test. CAUTION ✓ During testing, it is VERY IMPORTANT that each required step be performed when prompted by the Scan Tool. Failure to perform these steps may set DTC(s) in the PCM. During this test, the Scan Tool prompts the user to perform the following steps: ❒...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Reading IVSC KOER Codes From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1. Select IVSC Speed Ctrl. UP or •Use the arrow keys until IVSC Speed Ctrl is highlighted. ENTER. •Press 2. Select Read KOER Codes. UP or •Use the arrow keys until Read KOER Codes is highlighted.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ During testing, it is VERY IMPORTANT that each required step be performed when prompted by the Scan Tool. Failure to perform these steps may set DTCs in the PCM. Be sure to observe the Scan Tool display for indications to perform these steps.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Wiggle Test (EEC-IV Vehicles) ✓ The Wiggle Test, often referred to as the Continuous Monitor Test, is used to locate intermittent electrical faults on EEC-IV vehicles. When the test is activated, the Scan Tool beeps and displays a message when a fault is present.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 4. Wiggle Test instructions. LEFT or •Use the instructions or not. ENTER to continue. •Press ✓ Instructions are available for viewing. The default is Yes. If No is selected, the test begins to initialize. ✓ If Yes is selected, the following instructions appear.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ Perform the “ Read KOEO Codes DTC(s) set during wiggle test. ✓ After making all repairs, perform “ clear the memory. Output Switch Test (EEC-IV Vehicles) ✓ The Output Sw (Switch) Test, also known as the Output State Check, is used to check the operation of the computer-controlled relays and solenoids on EEC-IV vehicles.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 2. Perform the following: 1) Set parking brake. 2) Transmission in park (P) or neutral (N). 3) Turn A/C off. 4) Start engine and let idle until hot. 5) Turn ignition key off. 6) Wait 10 seconds. 7) Turn key on engine off.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics Cylinder (Cyl) Balance Test (EEC-IV Vehicles) ✓ The Cyl Balance Test is only applicable to engines equipped with EEC-IV Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection (SEFI or SFI). ✓ The Cyl Balance Test identifies a weak cylinder(s) on EEC-IV vehicles.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics 3. Wait for the Cylinder ID. •Follow all user prompts: ❒ Work steering wheel ❒ Pump brake pedal and cycle overdrive (OD) cancel switch. ✓ Observe the screen for the prompt to perform the next action. ❒...
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ If throttle is moved after pressing and releasing the Scan Tool displays an error message indicating the test failed due to throttle movement. ✓ Noise from the throttle position sensor (TPS) may cause the test to abort even though the throttle was not moved.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics STAR Test Mode (EEC-IV, MECS and MCU Vehicles) ✓ The STAR Test Mode can be used to retrieve DTCs from the PCM or other self-test automatic readout (STAR) compatible controllers installed in the vehicle. STAR Test Mode functions largely the same way and serves the same purpose as running KOEO and KOER tests.
Ford Historic (OBD I) Diagnostics ✓ With the STI in the TEST state, the self-test begins. The Self-Test Output (STO) parameter flashes either a HIGH or LOW. A beep accompanies each LOW flash. Write down the 2– digit or 3 – digit code for reference.
Ford Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics FORD ENHANCED (OBD II) DIAGNOSTICS This system applies to Ford vehicles manufactured from IMPORTANT 1996 to present. Some vehicles in 1994 and 1995 were equipped with the EEC-V system. Refer to “ Data Link Connectors Ford Function List All items marked with “-”...
Ford Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics – Special Tests Menu – I/M Readiness – Drive Cycle Monitor – State OBD Check – O2 Monitor Test – Diagnostic Monitor Test – On-Board Systems – Vehicle Information – Modules Present – Review Data –...
Ford Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics – Tool Setup Menu – English/Metric – Contrast Adjust – Beeper – Setup User Key IMPORTANT If the function is not supported by the vehicle, the Scan Tool does not display it. ✓ If an Error Message displays, make sure the OBD II connector is securely attached, and the ignition key is on.
Ford Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics From the Diagnostic Codes Menu: 1. Select Read Codes. UP or •Use the arrow keys until Read Codes is highlighted. ENTER. •Press ✓ The Scan Tool retrieves the DTCs stored in the vehicle’s computer module(s). ✓...
Ford Enhanced (OBD II) Diagnostics 2. View and write down DTCs. UP or •Use the arrow keys. ❒ In the examples shown: ❒ MIL indicates that this DTC has turned on the MIL light. ❒ Pending Indicates a Global OBD II pending code. Refer to Pending Codes in Global OBD II Diagnostics.
Section 7 – Chrysler Diagnostics ✓ Due to different processor calibrations used, all Chrysler functions for a particular vehicle may or may not appear as shown. Based on the vehicle information entered at the Vehicle Setup menu, the Scan Tool recognizes the computer system installed. Chrysler Function List All items marked with “-”...
Chrysler Diagnostics ❒ Special Tests Menu – I/M Readiness – Drive Cycle Monitor – State OBD Check – O2 Monitor Test – Diagnostic Monitor Test – On-Board Systems – Vehicle Information – Modules Present – Review Data – Print Data –...
Chrysler Diagnostics ✓ The above stored infromation can be reviewed for Chrysler vehicles. Refer to Review Data and Print Data in the Using the Scan Tool section of this manual. – Code Lookup – Tool Setup Menu – English/Metric – Contrast Adjust –...
Chrysler Diagnostics Datastream Menu All items marked with “-” are covered in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ❒ Datastream Menu ❒ View Data ❒ Record Data ❒ Sensor Test – Review Data –...
Chrysler Diagnostics Keep hands and tools away from fan and engine CAUTION during test. 2. Select the type of data to view. UP or DOWN arrow •Use key to highlight.. ✓ For additional View Data informa- tion, refer to “Section 4 - Global OBD II Diagnostics"of this man- ual.
Chrysler Diagnostics Record Data ✓ The Record Data function records vehicle PID data while the vehi- cle is parked or being driven. This function is mainly used for diag- nosing intermittent driveability problems that cannot be isolated by any other method. ✓...
Chrysler Diagnostics Sensor Test ✓ The Sensor Test is used to view the sensor outputs of some mon- itored vehicle systems. The Sensor Test is similar to View Data, as it allows the user to read the current output of various sensors throughout the vehicle.
Chrysler Diagnostics Diagnostic Codes Menu All items marked with “-” are covered in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ❒ Diagnostic Codes Menu ❒ Read Codes – Pending Codes ❒ Erase Codes View Freeze Data –...
Chrysler Diagnostics ✓ If no DTCs have been stored in vehicle’s memory, a System Pass screen displays. 2. View and write down DTCs. UP or •Use the arrow keys to scroll through the DTCs. ✓ The DTCs are categorized by ENG (engine) or TRANS (transmission).
Chrysler Diagnostics Erase Codes ✓ The Erase Codes function deletes the DTCs from the vehicle’s computer memory. Perform this function only after the systems have been checked completely and DTCs have been docu- mented. This function should be performed KOEO. Do not start engine.
Chrysler Diagnostics Device Controls Menu All items marked with “-” are covered in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ❒ Device Controls Menu ❒ Switch Test ❒ Actuator Test ❒ Idle Speed Test –...
Chrysler Diagnostics 3. Operate selected switch. •To test switch, press the switch. The switch status on the bottom should change if the switch is working. 4. To test another switch. BACK. •Press 5. Return to the Device Controls Menu. BACK. •Press Actuator Test ✓...
Chrysler Diagnostics 2. Select Actuator to test. UP or •Use the arrow key. ENTER. •Press ✓ Actuators for the engine and transmission are combined into one list when applicable. ✓ If the actuator selected is not available for the vehicle under test, the Scan Tool will indicate so.
Chrysler Diagnostics Idle Speed Test ✓ The Idle Speed Test is used to test the functionality of the vehicle idle speed control system. The test allows the user to enter the desired engine speed. The test vehicle should respond by match- ing the speed commanded.
Section 8 – Import Diagnostics IMPORT (OBD II) DIAGNOSTICS IMPORT Function List All items marked with “-” are covered either in section 3 or 4. IMPORTANT These items are not covered in this section. ✓ The IMPORT Function List is broken down into the following menus: ❒...
IMPORT (OBD II) Diagnostics ❒ Review Data ❒ Print Data •I/M Readiness •DTC (Codes) •Pending Codes •Freeze Frame •O2 Monitor Test •Diagnostic Monitor Tests •Vehicle Info •Playback •State OBD Check •Modules Present ✓ The following stored infromation can be reviewed for Import vehi- cles.
IMPORT (OBD II) Diagnostics Read Codes ✓ The Read Codes function allows the Scan Tool to read the DTCs from the vehicle’s control modules. DTCs are used to help determine the cause of a problem or problems with a vehicle. These codes cause the control module to illuminate the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) when emission-related or driveability fault occurs.
IMPORT (OBD II) Diagnostics ❒ In the example shown module (MOD) $18 is reporting the DTCs. ✓ On some Toyota vehicles the tool will show current and history DTC status information. 3. Return to Diagnostic Codes Menu. BACK • Press 8 –...
Section 9 – Troubleshooting How to Use On-Line Help Scan tool contains On-Line Help for specific Scan Tool screens, functions, and error messages. ✓ When icon (?) appears on the top of the display, On-Line Help is available. To Use On-Line Help: HELP 1.Press Key.
Troubleshooting Error Messages Check the following if an error message displays: ❒ Verify ignition key is in the ON and not in the ACCESSORIES position. ❒ Make sure OBD II Cable is attached to vehicle’s data link connector (DLC) and Scan Tool. ❒...
Troubleshooting Vehicle Communication Fault The vehicle’s control module(s) enters into an unrecoverable state. 1.Turn vehicle key to off position. Vehicle Comm Fault • Wait 10 seconds. Please Turn the ENTER. • Press Key Off For 10 Seconds Press ENTER To Reset Tool. •...
Troubleshooting Battery Replacement The Scan Tool requires 9V alkaline battery to operate without vehicle power. ✓ When the battery needs to be replaced, the low-battery icon ( ) displays. ✓ Rechargeable batteries do not last as long as alkaline types and are not recommended.
Appendix A – PID Definitions All global parameter identification data (PID) listed was verified on actual vehicles to guarantee accuracy. PID Definitions were obtained from reliable sources and are accu- rate at time of printing. It is possible that some newer vehicles may contain data different from that listed in Appendix A.
PID Definitions CAT TEMPxy (- 40 – 6513.5ºC) or ( - 40 – 9999.9ºF) Catalyst Temperature displays the cata- lyst substrate temperature for a Bank x catalyst (if used by control module strat- egy for OBD monitoring) or displays the Bank x Sensor y catalyst temperature sensor.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PID Definitions rent storage being used by module, but a fault with at least one O2 sensor has...
PID Definitions manding that secondary air be added at exhaust mani- folds DNS - DOWN STREAM module is demanding secondary air be added at catalytic converter OFF - Module is demanding no sec- ondary air to be added. ST FTRMxy (- 100 – 99.22%) Short-term Fuel Trim Bank calculated value represents the short-term relation of fuel metering on a fuel-injected engine.
PID Definitions AIR PUMP AIR PUMP RELAY AIR PUMP SOL CMD AIR SOLENOID AIR STAT AIR SWITCH AIR SW SOL AIS POS REQ AIS POSITION ALCH CTNT ALCOHOL(%) ALL SOL/REL ALL SOLS/RELS Alt F-Term ALT FIELD AMB/BAT A/D AMB/BAT S/N AMB/BATSNS AMB/BATT AMB AIR TEMP(V)
PID Definitions EVAP VP EVAPPRG OSG EVAPPRG STP EVAPVNT DR H EVAPVNT DR L EVAPVNT OSG EVAPVNT STP EVO ACTUATOR EVO DUTY EVO DUTY CYCLE EVO FDBACK EVO FEEDBACK EVO SOL CMD EVR MONITOR EVR-EGR(%) EXH BCKPRS EXT IDLE REQ SW EXHAUST O2 EXHAUST O2 L EXHAUST O2 R...
PID Definitions LO COOLANT LMP LO FAN RELAY LO RES REF LO SPK MOD LOAD AT MISF LOOP STATUS LOSS OF MATCH LOW COOLANT LOW OIL LOW OIL LMP LR CL VOL IND LR PRESS SW LR SOL LR TCS SOL LR TCS STATUS LR WHEEL SPD LRCC CLUTCH ST...
PID Definitions MIS CUR 6 MIS CUR 7 MIS CUR 8 MIS CYL P MIS CYL S MIS CYL STAT MIS EGRDPFE MIS HIST 1 MIS HIST 2 MIS HIST 3 MIS HIST 4 MIS HIST 5 MIS HIST 6 MIS HIST 7 MIS HIST 8 MIS HIST 9...
PID Definitions REV INHIBIT REV LCKOUT SOL REV LOCKOUT SOL REV MISF RF COMMAND RF SENSED RF SOL STATUS RF WHEEL SPD RF WHL STATUS RIDE CTRL RIDECTL DR H RIDECTL DR L RO2 CROS CNT RPM DIFRNTIAL RPM PASSES/FAILED RR TCS SOL RR TCS STATUS RR WHEEL SPD...
PID Definitions SPKADV CYL4 SRI LAMP SRV SOL SRV THROT SS CTCH SLP SS1 DRVR H SS1 DRVR L SS2 DRVR H SS2 DRVR L SS SLIP SS SLIP S ST FTRM ST FTRM1 ST FTRM2 ST FTRM AV1 ST FTRM AV2 ST FL TRM 1 ST FL TRM 2 ST FL TRM AV1...
PID Definitions VEH SPEED VEH VELOCITY VEHSPEED VFS FDBCK VH SPEED VNT #3 SOL VOTE VPP44 FL SHUTOFF VPWR VREF VSS DELTA VTD FL DISAB VTD FL ENA PCM VTD PASSWORD WAC-A/C OFF WAIT TO STRT LMP WASTEGATE (%) WASTEGATE SOL WASTEGATE(%) WATER INJECT WATER/FUEL (V)
Appendix B – Data Link Connectors GM Cars, Light Trucks & Vans ALDL DLC 94-95 GM Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Model 2.3L DOHC PFI Achieva 2.3L SOHC PFI Aurora Beretta/Corsica Camaro, Firebird, Trans Am Caprice / Impala Cavalier Century Concours 5.7L OHC (ZR-1) Corvette...
Data Link Connectors 94-95 GM Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Model Grand Prix LeSabre Lumina, Monte Carlo Regal Riviera Roadmaster Saturn SC1, SL, SL1, SW1 Saturn SC2, SL, SL2, SW2 Skylark Sunbird Sunfire C Series 4x2 & K series 4x4 Conventional Cab Pickup, Sierra, Blazer, Suburban, Yukon &...
Data Link Connectors Ford, Lincoln & Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans EEC-IV DLC MECS 6-Pin DLC Optional P/N 9603 MCU DLC Ford, Lincoln & Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Model Engines Aspire 1.3L 94-95 Capri 1.6L, 1.6L T 91-94 2.3L, 2.3L T, 3.8L, 84-86...
Data Link Connectors Ford, Lincoln & Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Model Engines Marquis/LTD 2.3L, 3.8L Mark VII 5.0L, 5.0L HO Mark VIII 4.6L Mustang 2.3L,2.3L Turbo, 5.0L, 5.0L HO, 5.0L SHP 3.8L 3.8L Mystique 2.0L, 2.5L Probe 2.0L (A/T only in 93) 2.2L, 2.2L Turbo 2.5L...
Data Link Connectors Ford, Lincoln & Mercury Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Model Engines Tracer 1.8L 88-89 91-95 1.9L 91-95 XR4Ti 2.3L Turbo 85-88 Aerostar 2.3L, 2.8L, 3.0L, 86-92 4.0L 93-95 Bronco 4.9L*, 5.0L*, 5.8L* 84-87 88-95 84-85 A/T Only Bronco II 2.8L, 2.9L 84-88...
Data Link Connectors Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans LH DLC Optional P/N 9605 OBD II (J1962) DLC Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Make/Model Year Acclaim 89-95 Aries K, Reliant 89-91 Caravan, 92-93 Grand Caravan 94-95 Cherokee 91-95 Cirrus Comanche 91-92 Concorde,...
Data Link Connectors Chrysler Cars, Light Trucks & Vans Make/Model Year Engine Horizon, Omni 89-90 Lancer LeBaron Coupe, 89-95 Convertible LeBaron Sedan, 89-95 94-95 Neon 89-93 New Yorker 94-95 89-95 5.2L, 5.9L 89-95 3.9L, 5.9L Pickup D/W, RAM series 94-95 8.0L 89-90 5.2L, 5.9L...
Appendix C – Glossary A/C: Air Conditioner A/D: Analog to Digital A/F: Air/Fuel ratio. The proportion of air and fuel delivered to the cylinder for combustion. For example, an A/F ratio of 14:1 denotes 14 times as much air as fuel in the mixture.
Glossary BCM: Body Control Module Boost Control Solenoid: A solenoid that is energized by the PCM, in order to control turbo/supercharger boost pressure. Brake Switch Signal: An input signal to the PCM indicating that the brake pedal is being pressed. This signal is typically used to disengage Cruise Control systems and Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoids.
Glossary EFI: Electronic Fuel Injection. Any system where a computer controls fuel delivery to the engine by using fuel injectors. EGR: Exhaust Gas Recirculation. The PCM uses the EGR system to recirculate exhaust gases back into the intake manifold to reduce emissions. EGR is used only during warm engine cruise conditions.
Glossary MAP: Manifold Absolute Pressure (sensor). Measures intake manifold vacuum or pressure and sends a frequency or voltage signal (depending on sensor type) to the PCM. This gives the PCM information on engine load for control of fuel delivery, spark advance, and EGR flow. MAT: Manifold Air Temperature (sensor).
Glossary ROM: Read-Only Memory. Permanent programming information stored inside the PCM, containing the information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle model/engine combination. RPM: Revolutions Per Minute SAE: Society of Automotive Engineers. Scan Tool: A device that interfaces with and communicates information on a data link. SDM: Sensing and Diagnostic Module Sensor x:...
Glossary Warm-up Cycle: Warm-up cycle is when the engine coolant temperature rises at least 40 degrees above that at engine start up. WOT: Wide-Open Throttle. The vehicle operating condition brought about when the throttle is completely (or nearly) open. The PCM typically delivers extra fuel to the engine and de-energizs the A/C compressor at this time for acceleration purposes.
SPX Corporation Limited Warranty THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO ORIGINAL RETAIL BUYERS OF SPX ELECTRONIC DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS (“UNITS”). SPX Units are warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for one year (12 months) from date of delivery. This warranty does not cover any Unit that has been abused, altered, used for a purpose other than that for which it was intended, or used in a manner inconsistent with instructions regarding use.