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Nortel DMS-100 User Manual

Nortel ethernet interface unit user guide.
297-8991-910
DMS-100 Family
Ethernet Interface Unit
User Guide
TELECOM12 Standard 03.01 August 1999

   Related Manuals for Nortel DMS-100

   Summary of Contents for Nortel DMS-100

  • Page 1

    297-8991-910 DMS-100 Family Ethernet Interface Unit User Guide TELECOM12 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 3

    Information is subject to change without notice. DataSPAN, DMS, DMS-100, DMS-100/200, DMS-200, MAP, Meridian, Nortel, SuperNode, and SuperNode Data Manager are trademarks of Northern Telecom. Ethernet is a trademark of Xerox Corporation. MacIntosh is a trademark of Apple Corp. Sun is a...

  • Page 4

    297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 5

    TL09 Standard 02.01 Updated table IPNETWRK with correct datafill. Implemented design review comments. TL08 Standard 02.01 References to file transport access manager (FTAM) deleted. TL07 February 1998 TL07 Standard 01.01 First standard release of this document. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 6

    vi Publication history 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    DMS-bus inter-MS provisioning 39 DMS-bus external MS provisioning 40 EIU provisioning 41 EIU sparing and redundancy 41 Billing 42 Service orders 42 User interface characteristics 42 Logs, alarms, and OMs 43 Log reports 43 Alarms 43 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    viii Contents Operational measurements 43 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Software architecture 46 Supported protocols 49 Addressing 54 Protocol engineering 61 IP throttling 61 TCP connection management 61 FTP session control 63 Protocol buffer engineering 63 IP throttling 65 IP throttling for LPP 65 IP throttling for SSLPP 66 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Interdependency and auto-configuration 68...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    What is FTP? 118 Automatic Record Length Detection 118 Volume listing 120 FTP cookbook 120 FTP on the DMS-100 switch 120 Obtaining the IP address of the SuperNode host 122 Tutorial: basic FTP operations 123 Tutorial: moving files 126 Tutorial: advanced operations 131...

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    x Contents IP addresses 150 Address masks 157 Network numbering example 158 Firewalls and network security 159 Variable-width subnetworks 160 Protocols related to Internet Protocol 160 Internet Protocol 160 Internet control message protocol 161 Transmission control protocol 161 User datagram protocol 161 Address resolution protocol 161 Reverse ARP 162 Proxy ARP 162...

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    Figure 28 IP address structure Figure 29 IP addressing: class A Figure 30 Subnet mask: class A Figure 31 IP addressing: class B Figure 32 Subnet mask: class B Figure 33 IP addressing: class C DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    Figure 34 Figure 35 Figure 36 Figure 37 Figure 38 Figure 39 Figure 40 Figure 41 Figure 42 Figure 43 Figure 44 Figure 45 Figure 46 Figure 47 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Subnet mask: class C IP addressing: class D IP addressing: class E Address mask example Simple network numbering...

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    EIU troubleshooting checklist Table 31 Examples of filenames with record length in their extension Table 32 Examples of filenames without record length in their extension Table 33 FTP commands on the DMS-100 switch DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 xiii...

  • Page 14

    Table 34 Table 35 Table 36 Table 37 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 FTP operations reference: workstation to DMS FTP operations reference: DMS to workstation IP address classes NIC IP address request form...

  • Page 15

    “Publication history” on page v of this document. References in this document The following documents can be consulted for additional information or are referred to in this document: DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 16

    Link Interface Unit (LIU7) Memory Calculation for an Integrated Node, System Engineering Bulletin SEB 92-03-005 • LPP/ELPP/LIU7/DLIU Performance, Throughput, and Capacity, System Engineering Bulletin SEB 92-12-001 • DMS-100 Alarm Clearing and Performance Monitoring Procedures, 297-xxxx-543 • DMS-100 Card Replacement Procedures, 297-xxxx-547 • DMS-100 Log Reports Reference Manual, 297-xxxx-840 •...

  • Page 17

    Possible loss of service Before continuing, confirm that you are removing the card from the inactive unit of the peripheral module. Subscriber service will be lost if you remove a card from the active unit. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 xvii...

  • Page 18

    xviii CAUTION CAUTION DANGER DANGER How commands, parameters, and responses are represented Commands, parameters, and responses in this document conform to the following conventions. Input prompt (>) An input prompt (>) indicates that the information that follows is a command: >BSY 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Possibility of equipment damage...

  • Page 19

    Example of a MAP response: Allocated a Session ID Successfully 220 bcaryfc6 FTP server (Version $Revision: 1.21 $ is the portion of the IP address that identifies the node $Date: 88/12/21 10:19:25 $) r DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 20

    297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 21: Chapter 1: Introduction To The Eiu

    OA&M data communications equipment products. By using the EIU, telnet, and FTP software, the operating company assumes any and all risks associated with the implementation and use of this hardware and software. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 22: Overview Of The Eiu

    Overview of the EIU The EIU is an application-specific unit (ASU) that supports Ethernet connectivity on the DMS-100 switch. You can configure the EIU as either an IP router or an OSI router. The EIU also supports host services. The EIU is intended primarily as a high-speed interface that provides connectivity in a co-located environment such as that in a Central Office.

  • Page 23: System Architecture

    (MAP terminals, printers, and so on) to the system. The Ethernet also provides a link between the DMS-100 switch and the workstations used for processing. Figure 1 shows an overview of the architecture of the enhanced SuperNode system.

  • Page 24: Dms-bus Interface And Expansion, Figure 1 Overall Architecture Of Enhanced Supernode System

    24 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU Figure 1 Overall architecture of enhanced SuperNode system DMS-core DMS-bus (flexible file system) DMS-bus interface and expansion Two methods are used to interface processing engines to the DMS-bus. Direct links between the processors and the DMS-bus is the primary method for establishing this connection.

  • Page 25: Inter-message Switch Links Required With Lpp, Data Communications Interface Architecture

    The emphasis is on providing locally attached, nonswitched connections primarily for OAM interfaces. An example of the overall data flow for the data communications environment is shown in figure 2. Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 25 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 26

    10 Mbit/s base band bus type of LAN for broadcast. The LAN uses a carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) method for arbitrating access to the communications channel. Lastly, the EIU also provides a protocol gateway into the DMS-100 environment. 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 27

    The Ethernet interface takes advantage of commercially supported peripherals and functions. These interface devices are selected and qualified for applications in the DMS-100 switch, with particular attention to hardware compliance, maintainability, and the protocol set provided. The following devices are commercially available: •...

  • Page 28: Hardware Description, Figure 3 Eiu Mapping To Lower Levels Of The Osi Communications Model

    28 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU Figure 3 EIU mapping to lower levels of the OSI communications model OSI reference model layers Data link Layer Physical Layer Hardware description The EIU is based on hardware originally developed for the signaling transfer point (STP).

  • Page 29: Figure 4 Link Interface Shelf, With 2-slot Eiu Locations

    Top view of LIS shelf Rear paddle boards NT9X85 Ethernet AUI PB 2-slot EIU Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 29 NT9X84 Ethernet interface card NTEX22 Integrated processor and F-bus card DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 2-slot ASU Front cards...

  • Page 30: Figure 5 Sslpp, With 2-slot Eiu Locations

    30 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU Figure 5 SSLPP, with 2-slot EIU locations Top view of SSLPP shelf Rear paddle boards NT9X85 Ethernet AUI PB 2-slot EIU Figure 6 shows the placement of an LPP provisioned with an EIU on a DMS SuperNode switch.

  • Page 31: Ethernet Interface Card (nt9x84), Figure 7 Dms Supernode Flis With An Eiu

    Figure 8 illustrates the memory and buffer architecture. Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 31 F-bus 0 plane 0 plane1 F-bus 1 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Ethernet...

  • Page 32: Ethernet Physical Interfaces, Figure 8 Ethernet Interface Architecture

    32 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU Figure 8 Ethernet interface architecture NTEX22 CPU/IPF Ethernet Ethernet physical interfaces The physical interface to the Ethernet system is defined by the paddle board located behind the EIC. The interfaces available are described in the following sections.

  • Page 33: Grounding Requirements, Capabilities, Limitations, And Restrictions

    The card provides a 4-wire twisted-pair connection externally. Up to four external LAN devices can be connected to the hub. This development provides a cost reduction over an OEM 10BaseT LAN configuration and puts maintenance of the hub more in line with standard DMS-100 maintenance practices. Grounding requirements Isolated system ground (ISG) is not mandatory.

  • Page 34: Eiu Hardware Capabilities And Limitations, Table

    This capability follows the standard DMS-100 maintenance philosophy, which states that a node must be maintainable even under overload conditions. In a lab environment, it has been demonstrated that a moderately heavily loaded LAN with broadcast messages caused workstations and a router to lock up, while the EIU remained functional.

  • Page 35

    SNSE LIS, System Engineering Bulletin SEB 92-02-001. • The DMS-100 switch supports a maximum of eight EIUs per switch. Each of the eight EIUs can be configured on a separate LAN. However, EIUs configured on the same LAN can provide simple load balancing of IP traffic between EIUs, and tolerance to failure of a single EIU.

  • Page 36: System-wide Limitations, Limitations Associated With Maintenance, Table

    36 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU System-wide limitations The EIU is collocated in an LPP shelf with other ASUs such as the link interface unit (LIU7) and frame relay interface unit (FRIU). The exact configuration of ASU-type units depends on the applications. The LPP is connected to the DMS-bus through eight DS30 links in a load-sharing arrangement.

  • Page 37: Limitations Associated With Protocols, Table

    IP address to identify their subnet. If a subnet does not adhere to this rule, unpredictable and intermittent loss-of- connectivity behavior may be experienced on the EIU. RIP-II, which supports variable-length subnetting, is not implemented on the EIU. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 38: Feature Packaging, Table 1 Dms-core Feature Packages

    All subnet size combinations are permitted in table IPNETWRK. However, the subnet size in the DMS-100 switch must be the same as the subnet size of the LAN to which the DMS-100 switch is connected. This requirement is a result of the limitation of the RIP version 1.0 implementation in the EIU.

  • Page 39: Eiu Provisioning Requirements, Dms-bus Inter-ms Provisioning

    21 (that is, the NT9X17DA is in 21F and the NT9X20BB Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 39 Title TCP/IP Telnet/RMAP DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Description This package is the protocol software from the transport layer down to the link layer.

  • Page 40: Dms-bus External Ms Provisioning

    40 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU is in 21R), the cards in the MS at the other end of the link must also be provisioned in slot 21. This example is shown in figure 9. Figure 9 Example of DMS-bus intermessage switch configuration NT9X20BB DS512 fiber paddle board NT9X17DA port card...

  • Page 41: Eiu Provisioning, Eiu Sparing And Redundancy, Table 2 Dms-bus Port Engineering Requirements For Peripherals

    — links between the EIU and the LAN-side subnet — links between the EIU and the SuperNode-side subnet Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 41 Message Switch Port Card Paddle Board NT9X17AA NT9X23BA DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Comments 1 LPP requires 1 MS port card...

  • Page 42: Billing, Service Orders, User Interface Characteristics, Figure 10 Map Display Level Hierarchy

    42 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU — the EIU state • During normal operation, the default EIU routes all messages to the CM. If there is a problem with the default EIU or its links, the following occurs: — the default EIU advertises to the network that it is no longer available (or in the event of a LAN-side link failure, the neighboring routers cannot reach the default EIU) —...

  • Page 43: Logs, Alarms, And Oms, Log Reports, Alarms, Operational Measurements

    This banner displays alarms with the most urgent priority; as maintenance personnel clear the highest priority alarms, next in priority display for each subsystem. In a healthy DMS-100 switch (that is, operations are normal), there are few alarms occurring.

  • Page 44

    44 Chapter 1: Introduction to the EIU 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 45: Chapter 2: Eiu Messaging Protocols

    OA&M data communications equipment products. By using the EIU, telnet, and FTP software, the operating company assumes any and all risks associated with the implementation and use of this hardware and software. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 46: Software Architecture

    Software architecture also includes key protocols such as address resolution protocol (ARP), Internet control message protocol (ICMP) and routing information protocol (RIP) Figure 11 shows the structure of the DMS-100 switch EIU protocol stack. 1. EIU only. 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 47: Figure 11 Supernode Tcp/ Ip Protocol Stack

    Ethernet LAN, is shown in figure 12 in this section. Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 47 SNMP TLI (transport layer interface) 161, 162 GNI (generic subnet interface) ETHERNET DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-7 BOOTP 67, 68 ICMP...

  • Page 48

    48 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Figure 12 SuperNode TCP/IP message flow DMS-core Applications TCP/UDP DMS-bus Ethernet LAN Workstation Applications Ethernet 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 File processor Applications TCP/UDP Applications TCP/UDP Ethernet EIU as router Inter-host connections...

  • Page 49: Supported Protocols

    BOOTP reply back to the FP. Refer to “TCP” on page • Nodes that are part of the DMS product but not connected to the DMS-100 switch can be configured on an Ethernet LAN using EIUs. Such nodes must be on the same subnet as the LAN side of the EIUs to be configured...

  • Page 50

    50 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols has an Ethernet card). Such nodes have to be on the same subnet as the CM to be configured through the BOOTP server on the CM, except if the maximum hops count accepted by the server is increased. File transfer protocol File transfer protocol has been implemented on all the SuperNode-based nodes including CM.

  • Page 51

    VAR record length for binary transfer mode. Volume listing is available via any FTP connection to the DMS-100 switch. To list the available volumes when connected to the DMS FTP server, type the following command: ws>ls /...

  • Page 52

    • dynamic assignment of telnet sessions Telnet functionality has been implemented in the DMS-100 switch to provide access to the CI and the MAPCI, which are running on a DMS-core (CM), from a workstation or other FTP-capable devices on an Ethernet LAN.

  • Page 53

    IP routers on the Ethernet LAN. The dynamic routing information is required on the SuperNode to be able to route datagrams to hosts on distant LANs. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 54: Addressing

    54 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Upon receiving RIP update from either another EIU or IP router on the LAN, the RIP software updates internal IP routing table. According to RFC1058, RIP response messages are transmitted every 30 s to Ethernet LAN. Addressing Within a single SuperNode switch, multiple hosts and multiple applications within a single host may simultaneously request TCP/IP services.

  • Page 55

    The EIU host application is addressed from within the SuperNode switch or from external LAN workstations by addressing the EIU SuperNode side IP address. The exception is the routing information protocol, which uses the LAN side IP address. Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 55 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 56

    56 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Figure 13 Typical configuration for LAN and SuperNode subnets For more information on IP addresses, refer to “Appendix H: IP network number requests” and “Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing”. How to get IP addresses for SuperNode To ensure that the network portion of an IP address is unique, all IP addresses are assigned by a central authority, the Network Information Center (NIC).

  • Page 57

    IP messages destined to hosts on the LAN are sent through one of the available (in service) EIU IP routers connected to that LAN. 2. A SuperNode network is the network of SuperNode hosts reachable through FTS. Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 57 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 , IP must...

  • Page 58

    58 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols • Upon failure of any one EIU IP router, the traffic is switched over to another available (in service) EIU IP router on the same LAN. • IP routing handles a mix of EIU IP routers and EIU hosts on the same LAN.

  • Page 59: Figure 14 An Example Supernode Ethernet

    Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 59 Figure 14 An example SuperNode Ethernet Ethernet LAN Ethernet LAN Router Router Workstation Ethernet LAN Workstation DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 60: Table 3 Ip Routing Table, Table 4 Ip Route List Table

    60 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Routing tables The IP routing table structure is briefly explained here. The knowledge of IP routing tables is critical in understanding SuperNode IP routing issues. The SuperNode IP routing information is organized locally on all hosts in two separate tables.

  • Page 61: Protocol Engineering, Ip Throttling, Tcp Connection Management

    • decreasing the allowed number of connections causes all connections to be dropped • existing connections are maintained when you increase the number of connections Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 61 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 62: Table 5 Tcp Connection Limits By Supernode Subsystem

    If the new value is zero, TCP remains out of service until a nonzero value number is datafilled for that node. The DMS-100 switch responds in the same way when the IP address of the node is modified while the node is in service. In this case, if the number of TCP connections remains the same or is increased, the reallocation is not required.

  • Page 63: Ftp Session Control, Protocol Buffer Engineering

    A default number of buffers is allocated for IP receive and transmit purposes. The buffers are divided into three categories: • small (128 bytes) Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 63 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 64: Table 7 Buffer Allocation Per End Point

    64 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols • medium (1024 bytes) • large (1600 bytes) When the IP layer comes into service, the number of buffers allocated by default is 10 for the small buffer size and 5 each for the medium and large buffer sizes.

  • Page 65: Ip Throttling, Ip Throttling For Lpp, Table 8 Ip Throttling Values For Lpp

    (Sheet 1 of 2) Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols 65 Buffer type ICBM common pool Transmit (application must allocate the number of buffers and size) CSP04/05 CSP04 TOPS DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Number Size (in of buffers bytes) CSP04 IEC04...

  • Page 66: Ip Throttling For Sslpp, Table 9 Ip Throttling Values For Sslpp

    66 Chapter 2: EIU messaging protocols Table 8 IP throttling values for LPP (continued) Approved BCS BCS36 Approved CSP CSP02 Approved S/W IP router application Note 1: Values for DS30 in kbyte/s Note 2: EIU = LMS node Note 3: CM = SuperNode (Sheet 2 of 2) IP throttling for SSLPP The SSLPP incorporates additional throttling control for TCP/IP traffic sent...

  • Page 67: Table 10 Summary Of Data Schema Tables Required For Eiu Provisioning

    Table EXNDINV lets the maintenance and administration position (MAP) operator monitor and control nodes that are either attached to SuperNode switches by EIU, or attached to SuperNode or NT40 switches by an input/output controller (IOC) X.25 card. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 68: Chapter 3: Eiu Datafill, Table Liuinv

    68 Chapter 3: EIU datafill The following sections describe these tables as they apply to EIU provisioning. For complete information on data schema, refer to DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-8xxx-350. Interdependency and auto-configuration Tables IPROUTER and IPHOST are interdependent on each other, as well as on table IPNETWRK.

  • Page 69: Table 11 Field Descriptions For Table Liuinv For Eiu Datafill

    Table 11 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table LIUINV. While table 11 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table LIUINV is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 11 Field descriptions for table LIUINV for EIU datafill...

  • Page 70

    70 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 11 Field descriptions for table LIUINV for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement LIUNO LOCATION LOCATION CTRL CONTROL MSCARD MSPORT LIMNUM SHELFNUM (Sheet 2 of 4) 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Entry Explanation and action 0 to 511 Link interface unit number Enter the number assigned to the EIU.

  • Page 71

    F-bus interface card. This field identifies the PEC of EIU circuit packs. The EIC PEC code is NT9X84AA and the Ethernet interface paddle board (EIP) PEC code is NT9X85AA. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 71...

  • Page 72: Eiu Mac Addresses

    By industry convention, MAC addresses for networking devices are unique worldwide. In typical networking devices, the MAC address is burned into a PROM on the circuit pack. However, for EIUs on the DMS-100 switch, the 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 73: Ip Addresses, Table Ipnetwrk

    Protocol (TCP/IP) protocols on the DMS SuperNode. This implementation provides the following functionality: • third-party compatibility with host machines for connection setup and data exchange is added LOAD PROCINFO NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F4C117 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 73 CARDINFO NTEX22BB...

  • Page 74

    74 Chapter 3: EIU datafill • routing tables and algorithms are added to the IP as part of its addressing function • the capability to datafill and distribute configurable information that is associated with the TCP/IP protocols using table control and the distributed data manager is added Datafill sequence and implications Before datafilling table IPNETWRK, the following prerequisites must be in...

  • Page 75: Table 12 Field Descriptions For Table Ipnetwrk For Eiu Datafill

    While table 12 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table IPNETWRK is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 12 Field descriptions for table IPNETWRK for EIU datafill Field Subfield or refinement KEYREF TAB_KEY...

  • Page 76

    76 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 12 Field descriptions for table IPNETWRK for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement PARM DFLT_ INTERFACE (Sheet 2 of 3) 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Entry Explanation and action SCRNFLAG Parameter. If a screening flag is a requirement, enter SCRNGLAG.

  • Page 77

    Enter the associated IOM port number. 0 to 255 Enter the associated packlet number. 0 to 255 EIU 117) (DFLT_INTERFACE y) (DFLT_GTWY_IPPADDR 47 209 192 15)$ DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 77 OPTION PARMAREA (SCRNFLAG N)$...

  • Page 78: Supplementary Information, Table Iprouter

    78 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Supplementary information The TRANSLATE command in the NETMAN tool can be used to convert an IP address into network parameters and vice versa. Observe the following criteria required for the subnet: • the subnet size must be the same as the subnet size used on the LAN-side of the EIU •...

  • Page 79: Datafill, Table 13 Field Descriptions For Table Iprouter For Eiu Datafill

    Table 13 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table IPROUTER. While table 13 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table IPROUTER is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 13 Field descriptions for table IPROUTER for EIU datafill...

  • Page 80: Table Iphost

    80 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 13 Field descriptions for table IPROUTER for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement ETHARP ETHPARP (Sheet 2 of 2) Sample datafill for table IPROUTER Figure 17 shows sample datafill for table IPROUTER for an EIU. Figure 17 Datafill example for table IPROUTER RKEY ROUTER...

  • Page 81: Table 14 Field Descriptions For Table Iphost For Eiu Datafill, Datafill

    Table 14 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table IPHOST. While table 14 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table IPHOST is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 14 Field descriptions for table IPHOST for EIU datafill...

  • Page 82

    82 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 14 Field descriptions for table IPHOST for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement NODENAME NODE (Sheet 2 of 2) NODENAME = AP If the entry in field NODENAME is AP, enter the data in the following refinements: •...

  • Page 83: Table 15 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Ap

    File transfer protocol server 0 to 10 connections Enter the FTP server number. table of 4 Unix address (0 to 255) Enter the UNIX side IP address fo the node.. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 83...

  • Page 84: Table 16 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Apu

    84 Chapter 3: EIU datafill The datafill appears in the following table. Table 16 Field descriptions for conditional datafill for NODENAME = APU Field Subfield or refinement APUINDEX SOSADDR UNIXADDR TCPCONN FTPCLCON FTPSVCON NODENAME = CM If the entry in field NODENAME is CM, enter the data in the following refinements.

  • Page 85: Table 17 Field Descriptions For Conditional Data For Nodename = Cm

    File transfer protocol connections Enter the maximum number of FTP client sessions. 0 to 48 File transfer protocol server connections Enter the maximum number of FTP server sessions . DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 85...

  • Page 86: Table 18 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Eiu

    86 Chapter 3: EIU datafill The datafill appears in the following table. Table 18 Field descriptions for conditional datafill for NODENAME = EIU Field Subfield or refinement EIUINDEX SNADDR LANADDR TCPCONN FTPCLCON FTPSVCON NODENAME = ELIU If the entry in field NODENAME is ELIU, enter the data in the following refinements: •...

  • Page 87: Table 19 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Eliu

    4 Second IP address for ELIU host (0 to 255) Enter the second IP address for the ELIU host. Transmission control protocol connections Correct entry is 2. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 87...

  • Page 88: Table 20 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Fp

    88 Chapter 3: EIU datafill The datafill appears in the following table. Table 20 Field descriptions for conditional datafill for NODENAME = FP Field Subfield or refinement SMNINDEX SNADDR TCPCONN FTPCLCON FTPSVCON UNIXADDR NODENAME = MS If the entry in field NODENAME is MS, enter the data in the following refinements.

  • Page 89: Table Ipthron, Table 21 Field Descriptions For Conditional Datafill For Nodename = Ms

    Enter the TCP connections number. File transfer protocol connections Enter the FTP connections number. File transfer protocol server connections Enter the FTP server number. 59 132 241 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 89 NODEINFO...

  • Page 90

    90 Chapter 3: EIU datafill • The first two fields for the tuple are numbers between 0 (zero) and 32 767 that represents the maximum IP transmit-and-receive rate in kbyte/s to and from the node that is datafilled as a key. •...

  • Page 91: Table 22 Field Descriptions For Table Ipthron For Eiu Datafill, Datafill

    Table 22 on page 91 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table IPHOST. While table 22 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table IPHOST is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 22 Field descriptions for table IPTHRON for EIU datafill...

  • Page 92

    92 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 22 Field descriptions for table IPTHRON for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement OPTION SNNODE SMNINDEX APUINDEX (Sheet 2 of 3) 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Entry Explanation and action see subfield Option This field consists of subfield SNNODE.

  • Page 93: Table Ipproto

    Transmit capacity Enter the IP transmission rate in kilobits per second from node to node. The node name and number are specified as a key to this tuple. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 93 OPTION...

  • Page 94: Table 23 Field Descriptions For Table Ipproto For Eiu Datafill, Datafill

    94 Chapter 3: EIU datafill If there is a serious performance problem, typically on very slow networks, modification of this table may be considered to increase timeout values. Datafill sequence and implications There are no datafill sequence and implications. Datafill Table 23 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table IPPROTO.

  • Page 95: Table Ensites, Datafill, Table Entypes, Table 24 Field Descriptions For Table Ensites For Eiu Datafill

    Table 24 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table ENSITES. While table 24 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table ENSITES is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 24 Field descriptions for table ENSITES for EIU datafill...

  • Page 96: Standard 03.01 August, Table Exndinv, Table 25 Field Descriptions For Table Entype For Eiu Datafill

    96 Chapter 3: EIU datafill While table 25 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table ENTYPES is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 25 Field descriptions for table ENTYPE for EIU datafill Field...

  • Page 97

    ENSITES (specifies external node and service peripheral module [SPM] sites) • ENTYPES (specifies external node types) Note: Table IPROUTER is not required for interface EIUs. EIU 1 47.208.8.2 WS #1 47.208.8.96 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 97 Base_Tel-6 WS #2 47.208.8.82...

  • Page 98: Table 26 Field Descriptions For Table Exndinv For Eiu Datafill, Datafill

    Table 26 lists the fields and value ranges used to datafill an EIU in table EXNDINV. While table 26 provides all the information you need to datafill for EIUs, complete information on table EXNDINV is in DMS-100 Translations Guide, 297-xxxx-350. Table 26 Field descriptions for table EXNDINV for EIU datafill...

  • Page 99

    Ethernet interface. This subfield consists of a machine address and an indication as to whether the DMS-100 switch provides boot protocol (BOOTP) capability to the node. The MAC address consists of 12 bytes, each with a hex digit value in the range of {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, a, b, c, d, e, f}.

  • Page 100

    100 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 26 Field descriptions for table EXNDINV for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement FLOOR POSITION ENTYPE ENINFO ENPROCSR ENPROTCL (Sheet 3 of 5) 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 Entry Explanation and action 0 to 99 Floor number Enter the number of the floor on which the node is located.

  • Page 101

    Enter the circuit number on the MTM of the scan circuit. 0 to 6 Critical alarm scan point Enter the scan point associated with the critical alarm for the node. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Chapter 3: EIU datafill 101...

  • Page 102

    102 Chapter 3: EIU datafill Table 26 Field descriptions for table EXNDINV for EIU datafill (continued) Field Subfield or refinement MAJSCPT MINSCPT (Sheet 5 of 5) Sample datafill for table EXNDINV Figure 24 shows sample datafill for table EXNDINV for an EIU. Figure 24 Datafill example for table EXNDINV EXNDKEY ENNAME ENADDR ENFNAME ENSITE ENLOCN ENTYPE ENINFO ENPROCSR ENPROTCL EN0LKALM EN1LKALM ENALMSPT...

  • Page 103: Chapter 4: Eiu Maintenance

    LAN equipment beyond the EIP, such as a media access unit (MAU) or hub. However, the DMS-100 switch can detect some local area network (LAN) faults, which it reports using EIU in-service trouble alarms and logs.

  • Page 104: Eiu Map Level, Manual Busy State, In-service State, Eiu Diagnostics, Out-of-service Diagnostics

    104 Chapter 4: EIU maintenance EIU MAP level EIU information is available on the maintenance and administration position command interface (MAPCI) display under the PM level. The command to access the EIU MAP display is as follows: >MAPCI;MTC;PM;POST where is the EIU index The maintenance actions implemented for an EIU are similar to those required for any other application-specific unit (ASU) on the LPP.

  • Page 105: In-service Diagnostics, In-service Leaky Bucket Audit

    This value is added to the bucket level when an error event occurs. • good event factor. This value is subtracted from the bucket level when a good event occurs. Chapter 4: EIU maintenance 105 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 106: Eiu Overload Control, Table 27 Eiu Lan Fault Leaky Bucket Parameters

    106 Chapter 4: EIU maintenance Table 27 summarizes the preset bucket parameters for reported LAN faults. Table 27 EIU LAN fault leaky bucket parameters Bucket name Bucket size Receive 3000 framing error Receiver 3000 overflow Receive CRC 3000 Transmit Deferred Loss of carrier 30000 Late collision...

  • Page 107: Eiu Sparing Requirements

    • If one of the EIUs in the list fails, the DMS-100 switch selects the next standby EIU in the list. If all EIUs in the list fail, the DMS-100 switch uses an alternate list if one is available. •...

  • Page 108: Automated System Maintenance

    108 Chapter 4: EIU maintenance A simple form of load balancing is used such that multiple end-hosts in the DMS switch are assigned an active EIU in a round-robin fashion. This requirement does not take into account the relative amounts of traffic to or from the end hosts.

  • Page 109: Manual System Maintenance

    Manual system maintenance Maintenance personnel and engineers can manually maintain the EIU and related hardware in the same way that they maintain all DMS-100 and SuperNode hardware: • commands are used to put the node into a variety of states (for example, OFFL and MBSY •...

  • Page 110: Logs Relevant To Eiu Oa&m, Oms Relevant To Eiu Oa&m

    110 Chapter 4: EIU maintenance For information and procedures, refer to Card Replacement Procedures, 297-xxxx-547. Logs relevant to EIU OA&M The following logs are relevant to EIU operations, administration, and maintenance: • TELN • Note: For more information on these logs, refer to the DMS 100 Logs Reports Reference Manual, 297-xxxx-840.

  • Page 111: Appendix A: Eiu Installation Checklist

    Appendix A: EIU installation checklist This appendix provides a checklist of activities that the operating company follows to install Ethernet interface units (EIU) in a DMS-100 switch. CAUTION Possible loss of network security Using the Ethernet interface unit (EIU) and a telnet or file...

  • Page 112: Table 28 Eiu Installation Checklist

    EIU software load: • - ETC - Ethernet IP router customer load Consult the DMS-100 PM Software Release Document , 297- 8981-599 Datafill EIU media access control (MAC) address Note: Refer to Appendix I Obtaining a MAC address...

  • Page 113: Appendix B: Eiu Troubleshooting

    OA&M data communications equipment products. By using the EIU, telnet, and FTP software, the operating company assumes any and all risks associated with the implementation and use of this hardware and software. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 114: Tools, Troubleshooting Checklist, Table 29 Tools For Eiu Troubleshooting, Table 30 Eiu Troubleshooting Checklist

    114 Appendix B: EIU troubleshooting Tools Table 29 summarizes the tools available for troubleshooting the EIU. Table 29 Tools for EIU troubleshooting Tool name IPOMSCI IPRTRACE NETMAN SNPINGCI For more information on these tools, refer to Commands Reference Manual, 297-1001-822. Troubleshooting checklist Much of the troubleshooting required for the EIU is handled at the frame, shelf, and software load levels.

  • Page 115

    The system permits only one FTP session at a time for the admin user. There are no TCP resources. (Sheet 2 of 2) Appendix B: EIU troubleshooting 115 Probable cause 4, 8 4, 5 4, 5, 6 7, 8 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 116

    116 Appendix B: EIU troubleshooting 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 117: Appendix C: Using Ftp

    OA&M data communications equipment products. By using the EIU, telnet, and FTP software, the operating company assumes any and all risks associated with the implementation and use of this hardware and software. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide 03.01...

  • Page 118: Automatic Record Length Detection

    Create the secure userID and password via the FTP level or the FTP MIB using SNMP. FTP on the DMS-100 switch conforms to industry standards regulating FTP. As a result, users can exchange files between the computing module (CM), file processors (FP), UNIX workstations or PCs, mainframes, and other computing platforms that have an industry-standard implementation of FTP.

  • Page 119

    138 FILE1 binary, lrecl 55 FILE1 binary, lrecl 2048 FILE1 binary, lrecl 1024 FILE1 Format binary, lrecl 128 binary, lrecl 256 ascii, lrecl80 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 DMS filename after transfer to the DMS FILE1$PATCH FILE1$LD FILE1...

  • Page 120: Volume Listing, Ftp Cookbook, Ftp On The Dms-100 Switch

    ‘503 TYPE must be ASCII.’ Volume listing The FTP application provides the ability to determine available volumes on the DMS-100 switch. Use the command ls / or to list the available active disk volumes on the DMS-100 switch. Example of command: WS>ls /...

  • Page 121: Table 33 Ftp Commands On The Dms-100 Switch

    DMS>put ‘/a/b/filename’ destination • If you have a client session on the DMS-100 switch, destination and source file names on the local host can be in lowercase or uppercase. But since the DMS CI tries to convert every letter on the command line to uppercase, you must take care and place single quotes around path names that are in lowercase.

  • Page 122: Obtaining The Ip Address Of The Supernode Host

    122 Appendix C: Using FTP Table 33 FTP commands on the DMS-100 switch (continued) Command DELUSERINFO FTPCLOSE FTPDEBUG FTPOPEN FTPQUERY FTPQUIT HELP LRECL MKDIR NOOP PASS QUIT QUOTE RENAME RMDIR SHOWSVUSERS STATUS SVRESERVE SVUNRESERVE USER (Sheet 2 of 2) Obtaining the IP address of the SuperNode host 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 123: Tutorial: Basic Ftp Operations

    IPHOST for addresses of all other SuperNode hosts Tutorial: basic FTP operations This section provides a set of procedures for using FTP on the DMS-100 switch to transfer files to and from the DMS-100 switch. Use these procedures as either reference or as a tutorial.

  • Page 124

    124 Appendix C: Using FTP where passwd You are placed in the default directory. Example of a MAP response: 230 User johnh logged in. You have completed this procedure. Procedure 2 Determining your directory location Step Action Establish an FTP session as described in procedure 1 in this appendix. Request the current directory path by typing ftp>...

  • Page 125

    Quit the FTP session from the prompt by typing ftp> quit and pressing the Enter key. Example of a MAP response: 221 Goodbye. FTP: Session ID deallocated. Appendix C: Using FTP 125 2 07:55 PERSONAL 1995 .Xresources 1 09:08 WSFILE DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 126

    You have completed this procedure. Tutorial: moving files This section provides a set of procedures to move files between a remote host and the DMS-100 switch which is the local host. It describes the command lines for the following FTP operations: •...

  • Page 127

    file Example: ftp> lrecl 256 This example sets the default record length on the DMS-100 switch to 256. Appendix C: Using FTP 127 step 6 step 7 step 8 step 10...

  • Page 128

    file_name1 file_name2 Example: ftp> put ‘RECORDFILE’ ‘jan18.log’ This example takes the file RECORDFILE from the DMS-100 switch, renames it jan18.log and puts it on the remote host. Example of a MAP response : 226 Transfer complete. 12365 bytes transferred in 0 hrs. 0 mins. 4 secs. 110 ms.

  • Page 129

    Change directory on the local host (DMS-100 switch) by typing ftp> lcd path_name and pressing the Enter key. Appendix C: Using FTP 129 step 3...

  • Page 130

    Enter key. where rec_length Example: ftp> lrecl 256 This example sets the default record length on the DMS-100 switch to 256. Get the file from the remote host by typing ftp> get file_name1 and pressing the Enter key. where file_name1...

  • Page 131: Tutorial: Advanced Operations

    Example: ftp> get ‘file1.bin1020’ This example gets a file called file1.bin1020 from the remote host and renames it to FILE1 on the DMS-100 switch. You have completed this procedure. Tutorial: advanced operations This section provides a set of procedures that demonstrate how to add FTP users on the DMS-100 switch.

  • Page 132

    132 Appendix C: Using FTP Start the FTP tool without connecting to a host by typing ftp> ftp and pressing the Enter key. Reserve a session by typing ftp> svreserve 1 and pressing the Enter key. Example: ftp> svreserve 1 Example of a MAP response: 1 SERVER SESSION RESERVED TOTAL NUMBER OF SERVER SESSIONS RESERVED ->...

  • Page 133

    Enter key. where command is a specific command mask_state is permission to use the command: clear gives permission, set denies permissions Example: Appendix C: Using FTP 133 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 134

    134 Appendix C: Using FTP ftp> commandmask mkdir set Example of a MAP response: Command mask for the mkdir command has been set Add user information associated with this command mask by typing ftp> adduserinfo user_id passwd default_dir privilege and pressing the Enter key. where user_id passwd...

  • Page 135: Ftp Operations Reference

    A value of 0 means forever. is the user_ID is the password for this userID is the default working directory is permission to access absolute path names: y gives permissions, n denies permissions DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Appendix C: Using FTP 135...

  • Page 136

    136 Appendix C: Using FTP Table 34 shows FTP operations for sessions started on a workstation for connection to a DMS-100 switch. In this scenario, the DMS-100 switch is the remote host and the workstation is the local host. Table 34 FTP operations reference: workstation to DMS...

  • Page 137

    FILE_NAME$LD is the name of the target file on the DMS. The above command sequence • sets the transfer type to binary • puts the file in the current directory of the DMS DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Appendix C: Using FTP 137...

  • Page 138

    Send an unIPLed load to the DMS (Sheet 3 of 3) Table 35 shows FTP operations for sessions started on a DMS-100 switch for connection to a workstation. In this scenario, the DMS-100 switch is the local host and the workstation is the remote host.

  • Page 139

    If filename is in lowercase, use single quotation marks around the name. The above command sequence • sets the transfer type to ASCII • puts the file in the current directory of the DMS DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Appendix C: Using FTP 139...

  • Page 140

    140 Appendix C: Using FTP Table 35 FTP operations reference: DMS to workstation Action Send an ASCII file to the workstation Get a LOAD68K file from the workstation Get an image (ISN) from the workstation Get an unIPLed (ISN) load from the workstation Send an image on unIPLed (ISN) load to the workstation...

  • Page 141: Appendix D: Using Telnet

    OA&M data communications equipment products. By using the EIU, telnet, and FTP software, the operating company assumes any and all risks associated with the implementation and use of this hardware and software. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 142: Telnet Access To A Switch

    142 Appendix D: Using telnet Telnet access to a switch Procedure 12 Telnetting into a switch for MAP session access (pre-CSP05) Step Action Go to the CI level of the MAP display. Open table IPHOST by typing >table IPHOST and pressing the Enter key. List available EIUs by typing >list all and pressing the Enter key.

  • Page 143

    Telnet into the CM by typing >telnet ip_addr and pressing the Enter key. where ip_addr is IP address for the CM that you found at step 3 You have completed this procedure. Appendix D: Using telnet 143 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 144

    144 Appendix D: Using telnet 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 145: Appendix E: Understanding Ip And Ip Addressing, What Is Internetworking

    It was thought at this time that the communications duties could be handled by the application program residing in the host computer. This approach was fine as long as there was only one DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 146: What Is Routing, Routing And Routed Protocols

    146 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing application that the user needed to access. Otherwise, the user required a separate line and terminal device for each application. As the number of communications duties grew (such as addressing, route selection, and error detection and correction), there came a point where the applications had to be uncoupled from the communications “network.”...

  • Page 147: Planning Overview, Mapping The Network

    IP addresses assigned to the ports. Figure 26 on page 148 illustrates a simple network map. Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 147 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 148: Figure 26 Simple Network Map

    IP address. For large LANs or for geographically dispersed networks, these maps can require several sheets. Figure 27 on page 149 is an example of one page of such a network map. 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 172.113.4.5 DMS-100 switch with EIUs Network 172.113.4.0 Main file server...

  • Page 149: Choosing Ip Addresses, Figure 27 Detailed Network Diagram

    However, the use of arbitrary numbers is Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 149 DMS-100 switch with EIUs 138.109.3.1 138.109.2.1 Network 138.109.2.0 Mask 255.255.255.0 Network 138.109.3.0 Mask 255.255.255.0 138.109.3.2 File server 138.109.3.3 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 138.109.4.1 To remote router 138.109.4.0 Printer 138.109.3.4...

  • Page 150: Figure 28 Ip Address Structure, Ip Addresses

    150 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing not recommended. If connection to public networks is needed later, all the addressing work must be repeated. IP addresses IP uses a 32-bit address, which consists of four sets of eight-bit numbers, normally expressed in decimal notation.

  • Page 151

    Network address 127 is not a valid network number. It is used for testing purposes only. The EIU supports Ethernet connectivity to class A, B or C networks. The following diagrams show addressing and subnet mask examples of Network classes. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 152: Figure 29 Ip Addressing: Class A

    152 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing Figure 29 IP addressing: class A Class A addresses range from 1.X.X.X to 127.X.X.X (standard network mask is 255.0.0.0). Therefore, we can have 127-2 class A networks each with 16,777,216-2 hosts (if no subnets). networkid 1 bit bits...

  • Page 153: Figure 30 Subnet Mask: Class A

    Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 153 CLASS A subnet masks netmask Netmask in binary format (11111111.11000000.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11100000.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11110000.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11111000.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11111100.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11111110.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.10000000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11000000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11100000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000) Host/Router DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-10 IPNETWRK subnet size...

  • Page 154: Figure 31 Ip Addressing: Class B

    154 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing Figure 31 IP addressing: class B Class B addresses range from 128.0.X.X to 191.255.X.X (standard network mask is 255.255.0.0), therefore, we can have 16384-2 class B networks each with 65536-2 hosts (if no subnets). networkid 2 bit Class B indicator...

  • Page 155: Figure 32 Subnet Mask: Class B

    Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 155 CLASS B subnet masks netmask Netmask in binary format (11111111.11111111.11000000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11100000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111000.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.11110000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000) (11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100) Host/Router DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-12 IPNETWRK subnet size...

  • Page 156: Figure 33 Ip Addressing: Class C, Figure 34 Subnet Mask: Class C

    156 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing Figure 33 IP addressing: class C Class C addresses range from 192.0.0.X to 223.255.255.X (standard network mask is 255.255.255.0), therefore, we can have 16384-2 class C networks each with 65536-2 hosts (if no subnets). 3 bit Class C indicator Field subnet in table IPNETWRK...

  • Page 157: Address Masks, Figure 35 Ip Addressing: Class D, Figure 36 Ip Addressing: Class E

    Without a subnetwork mask, the last two fields of the address identify individual hosts. In this case, assume the company has five major Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 157 multicast bits experimental bits DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-15 bits Base_Tel-16 bits...

  • Page 158: Network Numbering Example, Figure 37 Address Mask Example

    158 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing departments. Each department expects to use fewer than 254 host addresses, so the entire third byte of the address is chosen for the subnetwork number. To reserve the third byte for the subnetwork number, they use subnetwork mask 255.255.255.0.

  • Page 159: Firewalls And Network Security, Figure 38 Simple Network Numbering

    For alternative approaches, contact a Nortel Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 159 23.1.0.0 22.0.0.0 21.0.0.0 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Engineering router 23.2.0.0 23.3.0.0 23.4.0.0...

  • Page 160: Variable-width Subnetworks, Protocols Related To Internet Protocol, Internet Protocol

    160 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing representative to discuss state-of-the-art secure data communications equipment products. Variable-width subnetworks When subnetworks were first invented, they were intended to be used in a star topology, with the major router at the port of entry connected to all subnetworks.

  • Page 161: Internet Control Message Protocol, Transmission Control Protocol, User Datagram Protocol, Address Resolution Protocol

    ICMP messages are sent in several situations—for example, to report resource or routing problems or to report a shorter available route to a destination. The DMS-100 switch uses ICMP echoes and echo replies to verify the reachability of routers or end systems.

  • Page 162: Reverse Arp, Proxy Arp, Inverse Arp, Bootstrap Protocol

    162 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing Included in the family of address resolution protocols are reverse address resolution protocol (RARP), proxy address resolution protocol (proxy ARP), and inverse address resolution protocol (InARP). ARP is defined in RFC826. Reverse ARP RARP is used to determine or assign a particular station IP address when only the station LAN MAC address is known.

  • Page 163: File Transfer Protocol, Routing Information Protocol, Telnet

    File transfer protocol FTP provides a robust file transfer mechanism for data transfer between IP hosts. FTP is used to transfer files between the DMS-100 file system and a server or workstation. Once a connection is established, the EIU node requests the appropriate account information (including security information) before establishing a session.

  • Page 164

    164 Appendix E: Understanding IP and IP addressing 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 165

    Appendix F: EIU supported configurations This appendix provides examples of EIU supported configurations. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 166: Appendix F: Eiu Supported Configurations

    166 Appendix F: EIU supported configurations Figure 39 Host configuration Subnet 1 classA.networkidB.subnetX.hostZ 47.105.150.1 47.105.150.2 Notes: 1. Class and network are the same on both sides of EIU but subnets are different. 2: Subnet size must be the same for all subnets on a network. (ie: subnetX size = subnetY size) TABLE LIUINV EIU 1 LIM 0 1 26 ERS09BB NTEX22BB NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F17009 TABLE IPNETWRK...

  • Page 167

    47.105.144.2 EIU 2 47.105.144.4 (EIU 1) $ (SCRNFLAG N) $ 47 105 144 2 47 105 144 4 SubnetX size DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-8 External router Can be another subnet or new network on this side of external...

  • Page 168

    168 Appendix F: EIU supported configurations Figure 41 Host and router configuration Subnet 1 classA.networkidB.subnetX.hostZ 47.105.150.1 47.105.150.2 47.105.150.3 Notes: 1. Class and network are the same on both sides of EIU but subnets are different. 2: Subnet size must be the same for all subnets on a network. (ie: subnetX size = subnetY size) TABLE LIUINV EIU 1 LIM 0 1 26 ERS09BB NTEX22BB NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F17009 EIU 2 LIM 0 2 14 ERS09BB NTEX22BB NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F17015...

  • Page 169

    Appendix F: EIU supported configurations 169 Subnet 1 classA.networkidB.subnetX.hostZ 47.105.150.3 47.105.150.1 Host EIU 1 EIU 2 255.255.240.0 router mask DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 Base_Tel-3 External router Can be another subnet or new network on this side of external...

  • Page 170

    170 Appendix F: EIU supported configurations Figure 43 Interface Configuration part 2 Subnet 1 47.105.150.1 47.105.160.1 Subnet 2 Note: The CM node can support up to 16 different IP addresses. TABLE LIUINV EIU 1 LIM 0 1 26 ERS09BB NTEX22BB NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F17009 EIU 2 LIM 0 2 14 ERS09BB NTEX22BB NT9X84AA NT9X85AA YES 000075F17015 TABLE IPNETWRK 1 47 105 150 1 12 $ (EIU_INTERFACE EIU 1) (DFLT_INTERFACE Y) (DFLT_GTWY_IPADDR 47 105 150 3)

  • Page 171: Appendix G: Ip Network Number Requests, Overview, Considerations For Obtaining Ip Addresses

    Consider the following characteristics of the network when assigning IP addresses to hosts within the network: • SuperNode network topology • the dynamic routing strategy (only routing information protocol [RIP] is supported on the Ethernet interface unit [EIU]) • network security DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 172: Nic Ip Network Number Request Form

    172 Appendix G: IP network number requests The network topology consists of the SuperNode and other third-party equipment, such as hubs and workstations. Some third-party routers may be required for distant LANs or for fault-tolerant network architecture. Based on network topology, the following information may be required: •...

  • Page 173

    The technical POC may also be responsible for hosts attached to this network. 2a. NIC handle (if known): 2b. Technical POC name (Last name, First name): 2c. Technical POC title: 2d. Mail address: 2e. Phone: 2f. Net mailbox: (Sheet 2 of 4) DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 174

    174 Appendix G: IP network number requests Table 37 NIC IP address request form IP address request form (continued) 3) Supply the short mnemonic name for the network (up to 12 characters). This is the name that will be used as an identifier in Internet name and address tables. 3a.

  • Page 175

    HOSTMASTER@NIC.DDN.MIL Telephone: (800) 365-3642 Postal mail: DDN Network Information Center 14200 Park Meadow Dr., Suite 200 Chantilly, VA 22021 (Sheet 4 of 4) Appendix G: IP network number requests 175 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 176

    176 Appendix G: IP network number requests 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 177: Appendix H: Asu Background Information, Link Interface Unit, Ethernet Interface Unit

    • advanced intelligent network (AIN) services Ethernet interface unit The Ethernet interface unit (EIU) supports Ethernet connectivity on the DMS- 100 switch. The operating company can configure the EIU as either an IP or DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 178: Frame Relay Interface Unit, X.25/x.75 Link Interface Unit

    178 Appendix H: ASU background information OSI router or support host services. The current list of router and host services that use dedicated EIUs include: • automated directory assistance service (ADAS) • billing server • cellular digital packet data (CDPD) •...

  • Page 179: Network Interface Unit, Voice Processor Unit And Adas, Asus And Cellular Digital Packet Data

    There are three types of ASUs that provide support for CDPD service: • CDPD EIU provides communication between the DMS-100 switch supporting mobile-end systems and private and public data networks by providing a link to the Ethernet. There are two types of functions supported by EIUs for CDPD: —...

  • Page 180: External Routers, Platforms, Link Peripheral Processor

    CDPD NIU stores and maintains subscriber routing and mobility information on the NIU software. The NIU contains the software that interfaces with the computing module (CM) for maintenance functions. The NIU also gives the XLIU channelized access to the DMS-100 switch network. External routers...

  • Page 181: Figure 44 Lpp Architecture

    2 DS30 DS30 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 0 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 12 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 24 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 2 MS 1 LMS 1 DS30 T-bus Rate adapter F-bus repeater ASU 11 F-bus...

  • Page 182: Single-shelf Link Peripheral Processor

    182 Appendix H: ASU background information DMS-bus. While the rate adapter is responsible for mediating traffic flow between the F-bus and T-bus, the T-bus provides the following functionality: • T-bus for inter- and intra-LPP messaging (inter-LPP messaging is carried on DS30 links) •...

  • Page 183: Supernode Se Link Interface Shelf, Figure 45 Sslpp Architecture

    Figure 46 on page 184 provides an overview of the SNSE LIS configuration with its inter-shelf F-bus connection to the MS. Appendix H: ASU background information 183 SR128/256 to MS 1 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 12 DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12 F-bus interface...

  • Page 184: Figure 46 Snse-lis Architecture

    184 Appendix H: ASU background information Figure 46 SNSE-LIS architecture Rate MS 0 adapter Intershelf F-bus 0 F-bus shelf repeater F-bus shelf repeater 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999 MS 1 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 1 F-bus 0 F-bus 1 ASU 13 Rate adapter...

  • Page 185: Appendix I: Obtaining A Mac Address, Overview, Mac Address Format

    SuperNode supports 48-bit addresses. The 48-bit MAC address structure is shown in figure 47. 1. The MAC address is also known as an Ethernet address. In this document, the industry - standard term MAC address is used. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 186: Figure 47 Eiu Mac Address Format, Standard 03.01 August

    186 Appendix I: Obtaining a MAC address Figure 47 EIU MAC address format Nortel’s vendor ID The format of the MAC address is defined as follows: • Nortel sets the two bits for the I/G and U/L fields according to the IEEE definition of the MAC address.

  • Page 187: How To Get The Mac Address For An Eiu

    Do not assign an arbitrary MAC address to either EIUs or other SuperNode equipment. Duplicate MAC addresses can cause protocol conflicts at the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) data link or equivalent layer, making equipment unaccessible to the network. DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 188

    188 Appendix I: Obtaining a MAC address 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 189: List Of Terms

    BMSM BMS manager BOOTP boot protocol CCS7 common channel signaling for SS7 CLASS custom local area signaling service CSMA/CD carrier sense multiple access with collision detection CDPD cellular digital packet data CI command interpreter DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 190

    190 List of terms CM computing module CPU central processing unit DATAS DMS Accounting and Traffic Analysis System DCP data communication processor (now EIU) DMS Digital Multiplex System DTMF dual-tone multifrequency E800 enhanced 800 services EIC Ethernet interface card EIP Ethernet interface paddle board EIU Ethernet interface unit EMI electromagnetic interference F-Bus frame transport bus...

  • Page 191

    LIS link interface shelf LIU link interface unit LIU7 LIU for CCS7 LLC line load control LMS local message switch LPP link peripheral processor MAC media access control MAN metropolitan-area network MAU media access unit DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 192

    192 List of terms MAP maintenance and administration position Mbyte megabyte Mbyte/s Mbit megabits Mbit/s megabits per second MDLP mobile data link protocol MDR7 message detail recording for CSS7 MS message switch MTP message transfer part NIC Network Information Center NFS network file system OM operational measurement OSPF open shortest path first...

  • Page 193

    SysB system busy T-bus transport bus TCAP transaction capabilities application part TCP transmission control protocol TCP/IP transmission control protocol/Internet Protocol TFTP trivial file transfer protocol TOS type of service TRMS Transaction Record Management System DMS-100 Family EIU User Guide TELECOM12...

  • Page 194

    194 List of terms UDP user datagram protocol ULP upper layer protocol UTP unshielded twisted-pair VPU voice processor unit WAN wide area network WS workstation XDR external data representation XLIU X.25/X.75 link interface unit 297-8991-910 Standard 03.01 August 1999...

  • Page 196

    Information is subject to change without notice. DATASpan, DMS, DMS-100, DMS-100/200, DMS-200, MAP, Meridian, Nortel, SuperNode, and SuperNode Data Manager are trademarks of Northern Telecom. Ethernet is a trademark of Xerox Coporation.

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