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Yaesu VX-5R Operating Manual

50/144/430mhz triple-band heavy duty fm transceiver.
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50/144/430MH
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-B
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RIPLE
AND
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FM T
EAVY
UTY
RANSCEIVER
VX- 5R
O
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PERATING
ANUAL
YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD.
1-20-2 Shimomaruko, Ota-Ku, Tokyo 146-8649, Japan
YAESU U.S.A.
17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, CA 90703, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
Snipweg 3, 1118DN Schiphol, The Netherlands
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Trading Estate
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
YAESU GERMANY GmbH
Am Kronberger Hang 2, D-65824 Schwalbach, Germany
YAESU HK LTD.
11th Floor Tsim Sha Tsui Centre, 66 Mody Rd.,
Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowloon, Hong Kong
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RadioAmateur.EU

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   Summary of Contents for Yaesu VX-5R

  • Page 1

    RIPLE FM T EAVY RANSCEIVER VX- 5R PERATING ANUAL YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD. 1-20-2 Shimomaruko, Ota-Ku, Tokyo 146-8649, Japan YAESU U.S.A. 17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, CA 90703, U.S.A. YAESU EUROPE B.V. Snipweg 3, 1118DN Schiphol, The Netherlands YAESU UK LTD.

  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Contents Introduction .......... 1 Disabling the BUSY/TX LED ......33 Controls & Connections ....... 2 Battery Utilization Monitor ........ 33 Display Icons & Indicators ....3 Automatic Power-Off (APO) Feature ....33 Keypad Function ........4 Automatic Power-On Feature ......34 Accessories &...

  • Page 3: Introduction

    When 13.8V DC power is supplied from an external source, power output is five watts on all bands. A wide variety of tone signaling formats are built into the VX-5R, in addition to Yaesu’s exclusive ARTS™ (Auto-Range Transponder System), which “beeps” the user when you move out of communications range with another ARTS™-equipped station.

  • Page 4: Controls & Connections

    SPEAKER These 17 keys select many The internal speaker of the most important oper- is located directly be- ating features on the VX-5R. low the display. The function of the keys are described in detail on pages 4 and 5.

  • Page 5: Display Icons & Indicators

    Display Icons & Indicators VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 6: Keypad Function

    Select the synthesizer Activate the Key Press [ F/W ] + steps to be used None Lockout Feature. during VFO operation. Display the current Press and hold Display the current None temperature inside the Barometric Pressure. transceiver’s case. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 7: Keypad Functions

    Activate the Spectrum Press [ F/W ] + Beeper on or off. Watch feature. Analyzer feature. Illuminate the LCD and Press and hold Display the current Activate VFO keypad until you press Altitude. scanning. the key again. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 8: Accessories & Options

    Cloning Cable Availability of accessories may vary. Some accessories are supplied as standard per local requirements, while others may be unavailable in some regions. Consult your Yaesu Dealer for details regarding these and any newly-available options. Connection of any non-Yaesu-ap- proved accessory, should it cause damage, may void the Limited Warranty on this apparatus.

  • Page 9: Installation Of Accessories

    Do not over- tighten by use of extreme force. When operating the VX-5R on frequencies lower than the 50 MHz band, disconnect the antenna cap from the base antenna then screw the Extender Element onto the Base Antenna.

  • Page 10: Installation Of Fnb-58li Battery Pack

    The display will indicate “ ” while the battery is being charged. When complete complete complete complete complete charging is finished, the display will change to indicate “ .” VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 11: Installation Of Fba-23 Alkaline Battery Case

    The FBA-23 is designed for use only with AA-type Alkaline cells. If you do not use the VX-5R for a long time, remove the Alkaline batteries from the FBA-23, as battery leakage could cause damage to the FBA-23 and/or the trans- ceiver.

  • Page 12: Battery Life Information

    PERATION SING ECEIVING ONLY The VX-5R may be operated from your house current by use of the supplied NC-72B/C/U Battery Charger. To use the NC-72B/C/U, turn the transceiver off, then plug the miniature connector of the Battery Charger into the EXT DC jack on the side of the radio. Now plug the Battery Charger into the wall outlet.

  • Page 13: Interface Of Packet Tncs

    The audio level from the receiver to the TNC may be adjusted by using the VOLUME knob, as with voice operation. The input level to the VX-5R from the TNC should be adjusted at the TNC side; the optimum input voltage is approximately 5 mV at 2 k .

  • Page 14: Operation

    Hi! I’m R. F. Radio, and I’ll be helping you along as you learn the many features of the VX-5R . I know you’re anxious to get on the air, but I encour- age you to read the “Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as possible, so you’ll get the most out of this fantastic new transceiver.

  • Page 15: Selecting The Operating Band

    (subaudible) CTCSS tone. Or if your friends have radios equipped with DCS (Digital Coded Squelch) like your VX-5R has, try using that mode for silent monitoring of busy channels.

  • Page 16: Frequency Navigation

    REQUENCY AVIGATION The VX-5R will initially be operating in the “VFO” mode, as just described. This is a channelized system which allows free tuning throughout the currently-selected operating band. You can confirm that you are in the VFO mode by looking in the upper-left-hand corner of the display;...

  • Page 17: Transmission

    Once you have set up an appropriate frequency inside one of the three Amateur bands on which the VX-5R can transmit (50 MHz, 144 MHz or 430 MHz), you’re ready to transmit. These are the most basic steps; more advanced aspects of transmitter operation will be discussed later.

  • Page 18: Am Aircraft Reception

    /TV A ROADCAST UDIO ECEPTION The VX-5R also includes provision for reception in the FM broadcast band, utilizing a wide-bandwidth filter which provides excellent fidelity. To Activate FM Broadcast Reception • Press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key repetitively until a frequency in the FM broadcast band appears on the display.

  • Page 19: Weather Broadcast Reception

    Operation EATHER ROADCAST ECEPTION The VX-5R includes a unique feature which allows reception of weather broadcasts in the 160-MHz frequency range. Ten standard Weather Broadcast channels are pre-loaded into a special memory bank. To listen to a Weather Broadcast Channel: •...

  • Page 20: Keypad/lcd Illumination

    EYPAD LLUMINATION Your VX-5R includes a reddish illumination lamp which aids in nighttime operation. The red illumination yields clear viewing of the display in a dark environment, with minimal degradation of your night vision. Three options for activating the lamp are provided:...

  • Page 21

    Operation VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 22: Advanced Operation

    Advanced Operation Now that you’ve mastered the basics of VX-5R operation, let’s learn more about some of the really neat features. . . ETTING THE REQUENCY ISPLAY MAGE VFO Mode The VX-5R’s display may be configured so that only VFO- A is displayed, or (alternatively) it may be set for display (in smaller characters) of the Main (A or B) and Sub VFOs.

  • Page 23: Vfo Split Mode

    “VFO Split” mode may be used. Here is the proce- dure: Set the VX-5R for display of both the Main and Sub VFOs, per the preceding section. Press the VFO key, as needed, to select VFO-A. Set VFO-A for the receiving fre- quency (for example, 437.950 MHz).

  • Page 24: Vfo Linking

    20/25/50/100 kHz per step, any number of which may be important to your operating requirements. The VX-5R is set up at the factory with different default steps on each oper- ating band which probably are satisfactory for most operation. However, if you need to change the channel step increments, the procedure to do so is very easy.

  • Page 25: Changing The Operating Mode

    HANGING THE PERATING The VX-5R provides for automatic mode changing when the radio is tuned to different operating frequencies. However, should an unusual operating situation arise in which you need to change between the available operating modes (FM-Narrow, FM-Wide, and AM),...

  • Page 26: Repeater Operation

    Repeater Shifts Your VX-5R has been configured, at the factory, for the repeater shifts customary in your country. For the 50 MHz band, this usually will be 1 MHz, while the 144 MHz shift will be 600 kHz; on 70 cm, the shift may be 1.6 MHz, 7.6 MHz, or 5 MHz (USA version).

  • Page 27: Manual Repeater Shift Activation

    To do this, follow the procedure below: • Set the VX-5R to the band on which you wish to change the default repeater shift. ‚ Press the [ F/W ] key, then immediately press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to enter the Set mode.

  • Page 28: Ctcss Operation

    ” icon. When “ ” appears, this means that the Tone SQueLch system is active, which mutes your VX-5R’s receiver until it receives a call from another radio sending out a matching CTCSS tone. This can help keep your radio quiet until a specific call is received, which may be helpful while operating in con- gested areas.

  • Page 29: Dcs Operation

    CTCSS. The DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your VX-5R, and operation is very similar to that just described for CTCSS. Your repeater system may be configured for DCS;...

  • Page 30: Tone Search Scanning

    You also can press the MONI key during Tone Scanning to listen to the (muted) signal from the other station. When you release the MONI key, Tone Scanning will resume after about a second. Tone Scanning works either in the VFO or Memory modes. Downloaded by RadioAmateur.EU VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 31: Ctcss/dcs Bell Operation

    CTCSS/DCS B PERATION During CTCSS Decode or DCS operation, you may set the VX-5R up such that a ringing “bell” sound alerts you to the fact that a call is coming in. Here is the procedure for activat- ing the Bell will ring in accordance with this programming.

  • Page 32: Changing The Transmitter Power Level

    OWER EVEL You can select between a total of four transmitter power levels on your VX-5R. The exact power output will vary somewhat, depending on the voltage supplied to the transceiver. With the standard FNB-58LI Battery Pack, the power output levels available are:...

  • Page 33: Transmitter Time-out Timer (tot)

    Press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to enable adjustment of this Menu item. Rotate the DIAL to set the BCLO feature to the “ON” position. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and resume normal operation. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 34: Receive Battery Saver Setup

    AVER ETUP An important feature of the VX-5R is its Receive Battery Saver, which “puts the radio to sleep” for a time interval, periodically “waking it up” to check for activity. If somebody is talking on the channel, the VX-5R will remain in the “active” mode, then resume its “sleep”...

  • Page 35: Disabling The Busy/tx Led

    TILIZATION ONITOR The VX-5R includes a timer circuit which can be used to monitor the elapsed time since your radio’s battery was most recently charged. This can serve as a handy method of anticipating when you will need to re-charge the battery.

  • Page 36: Automatic Power-on Feature

    OWER EATURE The VX-5R also includes the capability to turn itself on after a programmed time interval. • Press the [ F/W ] key, then press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to enter the Set mode.

  • Page 37: Disabling The Keypad Beeper

    ATTERY OLTAGE The VX-5R’s microprocessor includes programming which will detect the battery type and measure the current battery voltage. To check the battery condition, press and hold in the [ 3 ( DT ) VLT ] key for one second.

  • Page 38: Dtmf Operation

    DTMF O PERATION The VX-5R’s 16-button keypad allows easy DTMF dialing for Autopatch or repeater con- trol purposes. Besides numerical digits [ 0 ] through [ 9 ] , the keypad includes the [ ] and [ # ] digits, plus the [ A ] , [ B ] , [ C ] , and [ D ] tones often used for repeater control.

  • Page 39: Emergency Channel Operation

    MERGENCY HANNEL PERATION The VX-5R includes an “Emergency” feature which may be useful if you have someone monitoring on the same frequency as your transceiver’s UHF “Home” channel. See page 43 for details on setting the Home channel. The “Emergency” feature is activated by pressing the [ HM/RV ( EMG )] key for one second.

  • Page 40: Arts (automatic Range Transponder System)

    “ .” If you move back into range, your radio will again beep, and the display will change back to the “ ” indication. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 41: Basic Arts Setup And Operation

    Press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to enable changing of this Menu item. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired polling interval (15 or 25 seconds). When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 42: Arts Alert Beep Options

    Press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to enable changing of this Menu item. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired ARTS Beep mode (see above). When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 43: Cw Identifier Setup

    Note that the “DE” ( – – – – – • • • ) preceding your callsign is already programmed; you only need to program your callsign, and the “DE” will be appended at the time of transmission. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 44: Memory Mode

    Memory Mode The VX-5R provides a wide variety of memory system resources. These include: 1 1 1 1 1 ¦ 220 “Standard” memory channels, numbered “ ” through “ .” ¦ A H channel per band, allowing storage and quick recall of one prime fre- quency on each band.

  • Page 45: Memory Recall

    Aviation band, the “Aviation Band Home Channel” will be selected). Note that the UHF HOME channel is the one used during “Emergency” operation. See page 37 for details regarding this feature. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 46: Labeling Memories

    Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you may easily tune off that channel, as though you were in the “VFO” mode. With the VX-5R in the “MR” (Memory Recall) mode, select the desired memory chan- nel. Now press the [ MR ( SKP ) SC ] key momentarily. The “...

  • Page 47: Masking Memories

    (up to 24 channels). To exit the Memory Group, press [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] then [ MR ( SKP ) SC ] to return to the (non-grouped) Memory mode. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 48: Scanning

    Scanning The VX-5R allows you to scan just the memory channels, the entire operating band, or a portion of that band. It will halt on signals encountered, so you can talk to the station(s) on that frequency, if you like.

  • Page 49: Vfo Scanning

    To cancel scanning, press the PTT, [ MR ( SKP ) SC ] , or [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] key. When you press the [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] key to start scanning, the VX-5R will be changing frequency in the upward direction.

  • Page 50: How To Skip A Channel During Memory Scan

    REFERENTIAL EMORY The VX-5R also allows you to set up a “Preferential Scan List” of channels which you can “flag” within the memory system. These channels are designated by a “e e e e e ” icon when you have selected them, one by one, for the Preferential Scan List. When you initiate memory scanning on a channel with the “e e e e e ”...

  • Page 51: Programmable Memory Scan (pms)

    PMS operation. Press and hold in the [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] key instead. ‡ Ten pairs of Band Limit memories, labeled through are available. You therefore can set upper and lower operation limits on a number of bands, if you like. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 52: Priority Channel" Scanning (dual Watch)

    A “P P P P P ” icon will appear to the right of the memory channel number, indicating it is the priority channel. ƒ Now set the VX-5R for operation on another memory channel, or on a VFO frequency. „ Press the [ F/W ] key, then press the [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] key (momentarily). The display will remain on the VFO or memory channel selected, but every four seconds the VX- 5R will check the Priority Channel (now labeled n n n n n P P P P P ) for activity (when “...

  • Page 53: Band Edge Beeper

    Scanning EEPER The VX-5R will automatically “beep” when a band edge is encountered during scanning (either in standard VFO scanning or during PMS operation). You may disable this feature, if it is annoying, without disabling the keypad beeper (the default condition for this feature is “ON”).

  • Page 54: Smart Search Operation

    Smart Search is a great tool when visiting a city for the first time. You don’t need to spend hours looking up repeater frequencies from a reference guide- book... just ask your VX-5R where the action is! VX-5R O PERATING...

  • Page 55: Spectrum Analyzer Operation

    To turn the Spectrum Analyzer off and operate on the centered (and displayed) channel, press the PTT switch momentarily, then press [ F/W ] key, followed by LAMP key. Downloaded by RadioAmateur.EU VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 56: Altitude Metering

    ”), then press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key momentarily. Turn the DIAL to set the difference (value) between the VX-5R display and the cali- brated barometer display. For example, if the VX-5R display shows “ ”...

  • Page 57: Barometric Pressure

    1026 30.3 29.1 1002 29.6 1013 29.9 1029 30.4 29.2 1004 29.6 5 1014 29.9 5 1033 30.5 29.3 1006 29.7 1016 30.0 1036 30.6 29.4 1007 29.7 5 1019 30.1 29.5 1009 29.8 1023 30.2 VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 58: Display Customization

    Display Customization The VX-5R’s display includes several unique customization options which can expand your enjoyment of your transceiver. The display’s alphanumeric labels can be replaced by pictorial icons, which may be easier to remember during operation. mode, press and hold in the [ 5 ( AP ) ICO ] key for one second. The display To activate the I will change to incorporate the default icons, as stored in the microprocessor's firmware.

  • Page 59: Power-off Display Mode

    Display Customization OWER ISPLAY When the VX-5R is turned off, the LCD may be set up to display one or more environmen- tal measurements. These include temperature, barometric pressure, altitude, or combina- tions of these. • Press the [ F/W ] key, then press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key to activate the Set mode.

  • Page 60: Reset

    Press and hold the [ MR ( SKP ) SC ] and [ VFO ( DW ) SC ] key while turning the radio on. Press the [ F/W ] key momentarily to initialize the Set mode. VX-5R O PERATING...

  • Page 61: Cloning

    The VX-5R includes a convenient “Clone” feature, which allows the memory and configu- ration data from one transceiver to be transferred to another VX-5R. This can be particu- larly useful when configuring a number of transceivers for a public service operation. Here is the procedure for Cloning one radio’s data to another:...

  • Page 62: Set Mode

    Set Mode The VX-5R Set (Menu) mode is easy to activate and set. Use the following procedure: • Press the [ F/W ] key, then press the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key, to activate the Set mode.

  • Page 63

    Repeat the previous step as necessary to complete, pressing the [ BAND ( SET ) AR ] key after each entry. … Press the PTT key momentarily to save the your new setting and exit to normal operation. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 64

    Default: OFF When this feature “ON,” you can operate in a “split” mode between the Main and Sub VFO frequencies (the Main VFO will be used for Rx, while the Sub VFO will be used for Tx). VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 65

    Available Values: OFF/200mS(1:1)/300mS(1:1.5)/500mS(1:2.5)/1s(1:5)/2s(1:10) Default: 200mS(1:1) Set Item 15 Function: Enable/disable The Transmit Battery Saver. Available Values: ON/OFF Default: OFF Set Item 16 Function: Set the Automatic Power-Off time. Available Values: OFF/30 min/1 hour/3 hours/5 hours/8 hours Default: OFF VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 66

    VFO Scanning) or when it reaches Memory channel “1” (during Memory Channel Scanning). Set Item 22 [ BELL BELL ] BELL BELL BELL Function: Select the CTCSS Bell ringer repetitions. Available Values: OFF/1/3/5/8/REPEAT Default: OFF VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 67

    Available Values: ON/OFF Default: OFF Set Item 28 Function: Shifting of CPU clock frequency. Available Values: ON/OFF Default: OFF This function is only used to move a spurious response “birdie” should it fall on a desired frequency. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 68

    If you make a mistake, press the MONI key twice to clear the current digit and re-enter the correct number. After entering the final digit, press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 69

    Set Item 36 Function: Select the Operating mode. Available Values: AUTO/N-FM/AM/W-FM Default: AUTO (Mode automatically changes according to operating frequency) Set Item 37 Function: Select the Control Locking lockout combination. Available Values: KEY/DIAL/PTT/KEY+DIAL/KEY+PTT/DIAL+PTT/ALL Default: KEY VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 70

    Set Item 43 Function: Correcting the atmospheric pressure. Available Values: –500 ~ +500 hpa (mb) Default: 0 hpa (mb) Set Item 44 Function: Correcting the altimeter setting. Available Values: –500 ~ +500 m Default: 0 m VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 71

    TEMP+ALTI: The current temperature and altitude will be displayed while the transceiver’s power is off. ALL: The current temperature, barometric pressure and altitude will be displayed while the transceiver’s power is off. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 72: Specifications

    1.7 A (5 W Tx, 144 MHz) 1.9 A (4.5 W Tx, 430 MHz) Operating Temperature: –20°C to +60°C Case Size: 58 (W) x 88 (H) x 27 (D) mm (w/o knob & antenna) Weight: 255 g Downloaded by RadioAmateur.EU VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 73

    15 kHz/35 kHz (–6dB/–60dB: N-FM) AF Output: 400 mW @ 8 for 10 % THD (@ 7.2 V DC) Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within amateur bands only. Downloaded by RadioAmateur.EU VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 74: Installation Of The Su-1

    The Barometric Pressure/Altitude features of the optional SU-1 are designed to be supplemental aids for the information of the user, and are not intended to be a substitute for accurate, calibrated Barometer or Altimeter devices used for naviga- tion critical to personal safety. VX-5R O PERATING ANUAL...

  • Page 75

    This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the condition that this device does not cause harmful interference.

  • Page 76

    Copyright 1998 No portion of this manual Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd. may be reproduced All rights reserved. without the permission of Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd. Downloaded by Printed in Japan RadioAmateur.EU...

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