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Asus PCI-DA2100 User Manual

Pci-to-scsi ultrawide raid controller card.
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PCI-DA2100
PCI-to-SCSI UltraWide RAID Controller Card
PCI-DA2200
PCI-to-SCSI Ultra2/Wide RAID Controller Card
User's Manual
ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User's Manual
1

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Table of Contents

   Related Manuals for Asus PCI-DA2100

   Summary of Contents for Asus PCI-DA2100

  • Page 1 PCI-DA2100 PCI-to-SCSI UltraWide RAID Controller Card PCI-DA2200 PCI-to-SCSI Ultra2/Wide RAID Controller Card User’s Manual ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 2: Copyright Information

    Trademarks ASUS and ASUSTeK are registered trademarks of Computer Inc. AMD is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. DEC and Alpha are registered trademarks of DIGITAL Equipment Corporation in the U.S.
  • Page 3: Contact Information

    WWW: www.asus.com FTP: ftp.asus.com.tw/pub/ASUS ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Europe) Marketing Address: Harkort Str. 25, 40880 Ratingen, BRD, Germany Telephone: 49-2102-445011 Fax: 49-2102-442066 Email: sales@asuscom.de Tech Support Hotline: 49-2102-499712 BBS: 49-2102-448690 Email: tsd@asuscom.de WWW: www.asuscom.de FTP: ftp.asuscom.de/pub/ASUSCOM ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 4: Federal Communications Commission Statement

    This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. This class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    GUI RAID Manager Using SNMP Service......135 Appendix A Driver Installation ..........139 ® MS-DOS ASPI Drivers Installation........139 ® NetWare Driver Installation ..........141 Installing NetWare 3.1x ............ 141 Installing NetWare 4.0x/4.1/4.11........143 ® Windows NT 3.1/3.51 Driver Installation....... 151 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 6 Making Floppy Diskettes for Red Hat 5.1 Installation ..170 Making Floppy Diskettes for SlackWare 3.2 Installation..171 Installing Red Hat Linux............171 Installing SlackWare Linux ..........173 Running the ASUS Text RAID Manager for Linux.....175 ™ Drivers and Utilities for Sun Solaris ........176 Solaris 2.5.x and 2.6 (x86 platform)........176...
  • Page 7: Chapter 1 Introduction

    The controller also supports spare drive operation. Remarkably, all of these failure recovery procedures are transparent to the host system. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 has been designed with ease of integration and maintenance in mind. The major features are described in the next chapter.
  • Page 8 This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 9: Chapter 2 Features

    RAID initialization writes ü PCI Rev. 2.1 compliant ü PCI form factor: 6.87”(L) X 4.2”(W) (PCI-DA2100) 9.21”(L) x 4.2”(W) (PCI-DA2200) ü Supports up to 15 SCSI drives per channel ü Up to 8 logical drives, each with independent RAID modes ü...
  • Page 10 DA2200) CPU with all executable firmware downloaded into high-speed DRAM ü EDO DRAM supported for enhanced performance ü Up to 64MB (PCI-DA2100) or 128MB (PCI-DA2200) of intelligent Read-Ahead/Write-Back cache ü Firmware resides in easy-to-update Flash Memory ü GUI RAID Manager and Text RAID Manager interfaces for RAID management ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 11: Chapter 3 Functional Description

    Chapter 3 Functional Description The advantages of RAID are: Availability, Capacity and Performance. Choosing the right RAID level and drive failure management can increase Availability, subsequently increasing Performance and Capacity. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller provides complete RAID functionality enhanced...
  • Page 12 Minimum Disks required Capacity Redundancy JBOD stands for Just a Bunch of Drives. The controller treats each drive as a stand-alone disk, therefore each drive is an independent logical drive. JBOD does not provide data redundancy. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 13: Disk Mirroring

    RAID 1 mirrors the data stored in one hard drive to another. RAID 1 can only be performed with two hard drives. If there are more than two hard drives, RAID (0+1) will be performed automatically. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 14 Block 3 RAID 3 Block 3 Block 4 Parity (3,4) Block 4 Minimum Block 5 Block 6 Parity (5,6) Block 5 Block 7 Block 8 Parity (7,8) Disks required Block 6 Capacity Block 7 Redundancy Block 8 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 15 RAID 5 is similar to RAID 3 but the parity data is not stored in one dedicated hard drive. Parity information is interspersed across the drive array. In the event of a failure, the controller can recover/regenerate the lost data of the failed drive from the other surviving drives. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 16: Drive Failure Management

    When a member drive from any of the logical drive fails, the Global Spare Drive will join that logical drive and automatically starts to rebuild. Global Spare Drive Global Spare Drive Global Spare Drives serve any logical drives. Logical Drive 0 Logical Drive 1 Logical Drive 2 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 17 Logical Drive 0 Logical Drive 1 Logical Drive 2 The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller provides both Local Spare Drive and Global Spare Drive functions. On certain occasions, applying these two functions together will better fit various needs. Take note though that the Local Spare Drive always has higher priority than the Global Spare Drive.
  • Page 18: Identifying Drives

    That is, the read/write LED of the failed hard drive will light. This LED will prevent you from removing the wrong drive, and is also helpful when locating for a drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 19 “Flash Selected SCSI Drive” function, use “Flash All SCSI Drives”. The “Flash All SCSI Drives” function will light LED Steadily ON LEDs of all the drives except the defective one. LED Steadily ON LED Steadily ON ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 20: Automatic Rebuild And Manual Rebuild

    Once the failed drive has been swapped, the rebuild will begin immediately. If the failed drive is not swapped but a local spare drive is added to the logical drive, rebuilding will begin with the spare drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 21: Manual Rebuild

    RAID (0+1) allows multiple drive failure and concurrent multiple drive rebuild. Newly replaced drives must be scanned and set as Local Spare Drives. These drives will be rebuilt at the same time (you do not need to repeat the rebuilding process for each drive). ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 22: Disk Array Parameters

    Rebuild Priority Rebuilding time will depend on the capacity of the logical drive. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller provides background rebuilding ability. Meaning, the controller is able to serve other I/O requests while rebuilding the logical drives. The rebuilding process is totally transparent to the host computer or the operating system.
  • Page 23: Cache Parameters

    When using RAID with applications such as video or image oriented applications, the application reads/writes from the drive using large- block, sequential files instead of small-block, random access files. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller provides the options to optimize for large-sequential I/O or optimize for small-random I/O access.
  • Page 24: Drive-side Scsi Parameters

    When connecting dual host computers to the same SCSI bus, the SCSI bus reset will interrupt all the read/write requests that are being performed. This may cause some operating systems or host computers to act abnormally. Disable the “SCSI Reset at Power-up” to avoid this situation. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 25: Disk Access Delay Time

    Using the default setting – “32” – is highly recommended. Changing the maximum tag count to “Disable” will cause the internal cache of the drive to be ignored (i.e., not used). ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 26 “Disabled”. If the enclosure does have a SAF-TE device and features, enable the controller to poll the device by selecting a time interval. The RAID controller will then check the SAF-TE device status at that interval. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 27: Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion

    What Is It and How Does It Work? Before Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion, increasing the capacity of a RAID system using traditional methods meant backing up, re- creating and then restoring. Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion allows ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 28: Two Modes Of Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion

    The data will be re-striped onto the original and newly added disks. RAID Expansion - Mode 1 RAID 5 Logical Drive - 4GB Add-in New Drives RAID Expansion RAID 5 Logical Drive - 8GB ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 29 Copy and Replace the other member drives one by one until all the member drives have been replaced Copy and Replace each member drive. After all the member drives have been replaced, execute the In use “RAID Expansion” to use the additional capacity. Unused ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 30 At the time of this printing, the firmware does not support the “Copy and Replace” function that is required for Mode 2 Expansion. Third- party hard disk utilities may be used for Mode 2 Expansion of logical drives. Future versions of the firmware will support “Copy and Replace.” ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 31 3. The drive that will be extended should be using the NTFS file system. The Example: The following example demonstrates the expansion of a 900MB RAID 0 logical drive. The Text RAID Manager software that comes with the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 is used to communicate with the RAID controller. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 32 You can view information about this drive in the Windows NT Server’s Disk Administrator. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 33 Place the cursor on Disk 1, right-click your mouse, and select "Properties." You will see that the total capacity for the Drive E: is just under 900MB. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 34 Follow the steps described in section 8.2.8 to add SCSI disk drives and perform Mode 1 Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion. The 900MB logical drive has become a 1800MB logical drive. Place the cursor on that logical drive, and then press <Enter>. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 35 Host LUN. The new partition must be mapped to a host LUN in order for the HBA (host-bus adapter) to see it. Once you have mapped the partition, reboot Windows NT. The HBA should be able to detect an additional "disk." ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 36 Return to Windows NT Server’s Disk Administrator. There now exists a Disk 2 with 900MB of free space. Click on Disk 2 to select it. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 37 From the "Partition" menu, select "Extend Volume Set." ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 38 The screen will display that volume set of Drive E: has been extended by the 900MB in Disk2. Move the cursor to "Commit Changes Now" to confirm that you want the free space to become a part of the same logical drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 39 Logical Drive E: is now composed of two 900MB partitions with a total volume of 1800MB. To see this, hold down on the <Ctrl> key and select both Disk 1 and Disk2; then right-click your mouse and select "Properties." ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 40 Drive E: now has a capacity just under 1800MB. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 41: Chapter 4 Hardware Installation

    This EPS picture will print to a PostScript printer, but not to other types of printers. JP1 and JP2 on the PCI-DA2100 is for manufacturer’s use and should be left open for normal operation. PCI-DA2100 LED Connector for Hard Drive Activity Indicator...
  • Page 42 PCI-DA2200 LED Connector for Hard Drive Activity Indicator Symbol Type Description +5V voltage input BUSYLED Front panel LED:”BUSY” BUSYLED Front panel LED:”BUSY” +5V voltage input PCI-DA2200 I C Connector Symbol Type Description I2CCLK C clock Signal ground +5V voltage input I2CDATA C data ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 43: Installing Dram Simm

    DA2100/-DA2200, but DRAM with parity is recommended for greater data integrity. PCI-DA2100: A minimum of 2 Mbytes DRAM is required to be in- stalled in the SIMM socket, however 4 Mbytes is recommended for full functionality. Supports 8, 16, 32, and 64 Mbytes DRAM SIMM modules up to 64 Mbytes.
  • Page 44: Basic Operational Set-up

    Basic Operational Set-Up Some of the examples presented in this section are only illustrated for the ASUS PCI-DA2200. There are three major differences between the two RAID cards when referring to the following examples. PCI-DA2100 only supports UltraWide and earlier SCSI devices.
  • Page 45 ASUS PCI-DA2200. SCSI nodes on the same channel have unique ID number. The SCSI ID 7 is reserved for the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 adapter and thus no drives should use ID 7. Both ends of all SCSI cables are properly terminated. Terminate the SCSI cable by installing an external terminator on the end connector of the ASUS PCI-DA2200.
  • Page 46: Configuration & Termination

    LVD Terminator Each SCSI drive channel has embedded terminators. The termination on each channel can be enabled or disabled by user with Text RAID Manager in each operating system, or configured in the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 BIOS settings. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 47 4.4.1 Internal Drives Only (PCI-DA2200) (PCI-DA2100 only has external Ch.0 & is terminated by the end device.) Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External ….. Up to 15 drives Terminator SCSI cable Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) External …..
  • Page 48 4.4.2 External Drives Only (PCI-DA2200) (PCI-DA2100 only has external Ch.0 & is terminated by the end device.) Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External ….. Up to 15 drives Terminator Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External …..
  • Page 49 4.4.3 Mixing Internal and External Drives (PCI-DA2200) (PCI-DA2100 only has external Ch.0 & is terminated by the end device.) Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External ….. Terminator Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External ….. Terminator Terminator...
  • Page 50: Scsi Bus

    4.4.4 Mixing LVD and Single-ended Devices (PCI-DA2200) (PCI-DA2100 only has external Ch.0 & is terminated by the end device.) Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External ….. Terminator Ultra2 Wide SCSI Bus (LVD) SCSI cable External S.E. to LVD …..
  • Page 51: Chapter 5 Quick Setup

    NOTE: A "Logical Drive" is a set of drives grouped together to operate under a given RAID level and appears as a single contiguous drive. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 is capable of grouping connected drives into 8 logical drives, each operating on the same or different RAID levels. The logical drive can be further divided into a maximum of 8 "Partitions".
  • Page 52 RAID level and press [Enter]. The spear drive assigned in this item is Local Spare drive, not Global Spare drive. The controller will start initialization and automatically map the logical drive to LUN 0 of the first host channel. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 53: Chapter 6 Configuring Raid

    NOTE: A “Logical Drive” is a set of drives grouped together to operate under a given RAID level and appears as a single contiguous drive. The ASUS PCI- DA2100/-DA2200 controller is capable of grouping connected drives to as many as 8 logical drives, each configured on the same or different RAID levels.
  • Page 54: How Does The Raid Controller Work

    Each cabinet (SCSI ID) can have up to 32 drawers (LUNs). Data can be stored into one of the LUNs of the LUN 2 SCSI ID. Most SCSI host adapters treat a LUN like another SCSI device. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 55 ASUS RAID Controller The physical connection should be similar to the one shown above. Install the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller into a vacant PCI slot in the host system, connect the drives to the SCSI channels on the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200.
  • Page 56 L ogical D rive 1 2.5GB Partition 2 Partition 0 LUN 1 LUN 1 L ogical D rive 1 L ogical D rive 0 1.5GB Partition 1 Partition 1 LUN 2 L ogical D rive 0 Partition 0 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 57 Logical Drive 0 Partition 0 4.5GB Host SCSI Channel ID 0 ID 1 ID 2 ID 3 ID 4 ID 7 1.5GB ASUS PCI-DA2200 Logical Drive 0 Logical Drive 1 RAID Controller Partition 1 Partition 1 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 58 This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 59: Bios Configuration Utility

    FW : shows the firmware version number of ASUS PCI- DA2100/-DA2200. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 BIOS waits 3 seconds for a keystroke. You can press [Ctrl-I] to enter the configuration utility, or press Q to skip waiting for a keystroke. If [Ctrl-I] is pressed to enter configuration utility, the main menu will appear.
  • Page 60: Configuration

    Auto mode : BIOS detects the existing CHS mapping from the disk. If any valid CHS mapping is found, BIOS uses it. If no valid CHS mapping is found, BIOS uses Fixed mode. Fixed mode : ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 61 Disk Access Delay on Power-up (Sec) ISA Emulation Mode If you are going to use ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 device driver distributed by Infortrend, you MUST set the IO port address to "Disabled". You can select an IO Port address from a list by pressing [Enter].
  • Page 62 Sync Transfer Period (4ns) 12 Enable SCSI Disconnect Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Enable SCSI Parity Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Enable Wide SCSI Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 63 Selecting this option starts the BIOS RAID Manager. The utility is identical in appearance and features to the Text RAID Manager. See chapter 8, Text RAID Manager User Interface, for complete details on the use of the BIOS RAID Manager. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 64: Color/monochrome

    7.1.5 Reset to Defaults If this option is selected, all the configurations are reset to the manufacturer's defaults. Color/Monochrome Switches display mode between color and monochrome. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 65: Chapter 8 Text Raid Manager User Interface

    Chapter 8 Text RAID Manager User Interface To operate Text RAID Manager, simply put the ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 driver diskette into your floppy disk drive. Change the directory to RAIDMAN. You will see directories for various operating systems. Change to the directory that corresponds to your operating system.
  • Page 66: Main Menu

    8.1.1 Main Menu Use the arrow keys to move the cursor bar through the menu item, then press ENTER to choose a menu, or ESC to return to the previous menu/screen. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 67 “Optimization for Sequential I/O”, but the current setting is “Optimization for Random I/O”. The logical drive was created with “Optimization for Random I/O”, but the current setting is “Optimization for Sequential I/O”. The logical drive is in good condition. GOOD ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 68 #Fail Failed drive member in the logical drive. Logical drive name. Name 8.1.4 SCSI Drive’s Status Slot Slot number of the SCSI drive. The SCSI Channel of the connected drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 69 BAD Failed drive. ABSENT Drive does not exist. Drive once exist, but is missing MISSING now. SB-MISS Spare drive missing. Vendor / Product ID The vendor and product model information of the drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 70 DefSynClk Default SCSI bus sync clock: The default setting of the SCSI channel is ??.?M ??.? Mhz in Synchronous mode. Async The default setting of the SCSI channel is Asynchronous mode. Default SCSI Bus Width: DefWid ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 71 Reset the system for the changes to take effect. Current SCSI Bus Width: CurWid Wide 16-bit SCSI Narrow 8-bit SCSI The default SCSI bus width has changed. (empty) Reset the controller for the changes to take effect. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 72: Viewing The Current Setting Of Each Function

    WARNING: Using hardware restart or shut down (using buttons or switches on the chassis) will result in data loss if write-back cache is “Enabled.” ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 73 The current setting of “SCSI Motor Spin-Up” is “Disabled”. The current setting of “SCSI Reset at Power-Up” is “Enabled”. The current setting of “Disk Access Delay Time” is “15 seconds”. The current setting of “Maximum Tag Count” is “32”. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 74: Viewing And Editing Logical Drives

    Choose a logical drive number that has not yet been defined, then press [Enter]. A prompt “Create Logical Drive?” will appear. Select “Yes” and press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 75 A list of supported RAID levels will appear. Choose a RAID level for this logical drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 76 [Enter]. Press [ESC] when done. To exit this menu, press [ESC]. A prompt to confirm the changes will appear. Select Yes to create the logical drive, or No to cancel. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 77 When a fault-tolerant RAID level (1, 3 or 5) has been selected, the controller will start initializing parity. A progress indicator will be displayed on the screen. After initialization is done, the created logical drive is also complete. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 78: Viewing Logical Drives And Drive Members

    To view the SCSI drive members of the logical drive, choose the logical drive by pressing [Enter]. Choose “View SCSI Drives”. The member drive information will be displayed on the screen. Refer to section 8.1.3, SCSI Drive’s Status, for the detailed descriptions of each item. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 79 Choose “Delete logical drive”. Choose Yes when prompted to confirm. 8.2.4 Partitioning a Logical Drive Choose the logical drive you wish to partition, then press [Enter]. Choose “Partition logical drive”, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes to confirm. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 80 The screen will display a partition table of up to 8 partitions with the last partition selected. Press [Enter] and type the desired size for the selected partition, then press [Enter]. The remaining size will be allotted to the next partition. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 81: Deleting A Partition Of A Logical Drive

    Partition 0 - 100MB partitions will be added to Partition 1 - 200MB the last partition. Delete Partition 2 - 300MB Partition 1 - 300MB Partition 1 Partition 3 - 400MB Partition 2 - 600MB 400 + 200 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 82: Assigning A Logical Drive Name

    The current logical drive name will be displayed on the screen. You may now enter the new logical drive name in this field. Enter the logical drive name, then press [Enter] to save the new name. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 83 Choose the logical drive that has a failed member drive, then press [Enter]. Choose “Rebuild logical drive”, then press [Enter]. When prompted with “Rebuild Logical Drive?”, select Yes. The rebuilding progress will be displayed on the screen. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 84 From the main menu, select “View and Edit Logical Drives.” The logical drive that you wish to expand will be displayed. Move the cursor to that logical drive (if there is more than one) and press [Enter] to select it. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 85 Drives,” and then press [Enter]. SCSI drives that are available for ‘adding’ will be displayed. Select drives by highlighting them and then pressing [Enter]. An asterisk *] is displayed by each drive selected. When you are finished selecting, press [Esc] to confirm. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 86 You will be prompted to confirm that you would like to add the SCSI drives to the logical drive. A bar will appear displaying the progress of adding the SCSI drives ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 87: Viewing And Editing Scsi Id Map

    Viewing and Editing SCSI ID Map 8.3.1 Mapping a Logical Drive to an ID/LUN Choose “View and Edit SCSI ID Map” in the Main Menu, then press [Enter]. When prompted to “Map Logical Drive?”, select Yes. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 88 Choose the SCSI ID you wish to map, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 89 LUN (one not mapped yet) by moving the cursor bar to the LUN, then pressing [Enter]. A list of available logical drives will be displayed on the screen. Move the cursor bar to the desired logical drive, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 90 A partition table of the logical drive will be displayed on the screen. Move the cursor to the desired partition, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 91 The prompt shown above will display the mapping you wish to create. Choose Yes to create the LUN mapping you selected. In the example above, partition 3 of logical drive 0 will map to LUN 0 of SCSI ID 3 on channel 0. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 92: Viewing And Deleting The Lun Mappings

    A list of the current LUN mapping will be displayed on the screen. Move the cursor bar to the LUN mapping you wish to delete, then press [Enter]. Select Yes to delete the LUN mapping, or No to cancel. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 93: Viewing And Editing Scsi Drives

    Viewing and Editing SCSI Drives Choose “View and Edit SCSI Drives” in the Main Menu. All drives attached to the drive channels will be displayed on the screen. Refer to “8.1.4 SCSI Drive’s Status” for detailed descriptions of each column. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 94: Scanning A New Scsi Drive

    Choose a drive and press [Enter]. Choose “Scan SCSI drive”, then press [Enter]. The menu may vary according to the drive status. Choose the drive channel and SCSI ID of the drive you wish to scan, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 95: Viewing Drive Information

    Choose the SCSI drive you wish to view, then press [Enter]. Select “View drive information”. The revision number, serial number and disk capacity (counts in block; one block refers to 512K) of the drive will be displayed on the screen. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 96: Adding A Local Spare Drive

    Move the cursor bar to a logical drive, then press [Enter]. The unassigned SCSI drive will be assigned to this logical drive as the Local Spare Drive. When prompted with “Add Local Spare Drive?”, choose Yes. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 97: Adding A Global Spare Drive

    Move the cursor bar to the SCSI drive that has not yet been assigned to a logical drive or as a spare drive, then press [Enter]. Choose “Add Global Spare Drive”. When prompted with “Add Global Spare Drive?”, choose Yes. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 98 8.4.5 Deleting a Spare Drive (Global / Local Spare) Move the cursor to a Local Spare Drive or Global Spare Drive, then press [Enter]. Choose “Delete Global/Local Spare Drive”, then press [Enter] again. Choose Yes. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 99: Viewing And Editing Scsi Channels

    Viewing and Editing SCSI Channels Choose “View and Edit SCSI Channels” in the Main Menu. A list of all the channels will be displayed on the screen. Refer to section 8.1.4, SCSI Channel Status, for detailed information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 100 8.5.2 Setting a SCSI Channel’s Terminator Choose the channel you wish the terminator enabled or disabled, then press [Enter]. Choose “SCSI Terminator”, then press [Enter]. A dialog box will appear. Choose Yes, then press [Enter]. IMPORTANT: ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 101: Setting A Transfer Speed

    Move the cursor bar to the desired speed and press [Enter]. A dialog box “Change Sync Transfer Clock?” will appear. Choose Yes. IMPORTANT: Every time you change the SCSI Transfer Speed, you must reset the system for the changes to take effect. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 102: Setting A Transfer Width

    Transfer”, then press [Enter]. A dialog box “Disable Wide Transfer?” or “Enable Wide Transfer?” will appear. Choose Yes. IMPORTANT: Every time you change the SCSI Transfer Width, you must reset the system for the changes to take effect. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 103 8.5.5 Viewing and Editing SCSI Target / Drive Channel Move the cursor bar to a Drive channel, then press [Enter]. Select “View and Edit SCSI Target”, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 104 A list of all the SCSI targets and their current settings will appear. Press [Enter] on a SCSI target and a menu list will appear on the screen. Slot Number Slot Number is reserved from use. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 105 Choose “Maximum Sync. Xfer Clock”, then press [Enter]. A dialog box will appear on the screen. Enter the clock, then press [Enter]. Please refer to Appendix D, Sync. Clock Period and Sync. Clock Frequency, for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 106 Wide Transfer Choose “Wide Transfer”, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box to confirm the setting. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 107 Parity Check Choose “Parity Check”. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 108 Disconnecting Support Choose “Disconnect Support”. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 109 Choose “SCSI I/O Timeout”, then press [Enter]. A list of available timeout intervals will appear. Move the cursor bar to an interval, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 110 [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. IMPORTANT: Disabling the Maximum Tag Count will disable the internal cache of the SCSI drive. Disabling Tag Command Queuing will disable the Write-Back cache built in the hard drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 111 "Disabled"), the controller will not be able to detect any drive removal that occurs after the controller has been powered on. The controller will only be able to detect drive removal when a host attempts to access the data on the drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 112 SAF-TE Enclosure Monitoring From the “Drive-side SCSI Parameters” menu, select “Periodic SAF- TE Device Check Time – Disabled” and then press [Enter]. Use the arrow keys to choose the desired SAF-TE status check interval. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 113 (i.e., the controller checks the same drive channel and ID at the assigned interval.) Once the drive has been replaced with another drive, the controller will automatically start to rebuild to that replacement drive. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 114 Restoring the Default Setting for Target Choose “Restore to default setting”, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to restore all the settings of the SCSI target. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 115: Viewing And Editing Configuration Parameters

    Write-Back Cache. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. IMPORTANT: Every time you change the Cache Parameters, you must reset the system for the changes to take effect. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 116 Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. IMPORTANT: Every time you change this setting, you must reset the system for the changes to take effect. Refer to “3.4.1 Optimal for Sequential or Random I/O” for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 117 Choose “SCSI Parameters”, then press [Enter]. Choose “Maximum Queued I/O Count”, then press [Enter]. A list of available selections will appear. Move the cursor bar to an item, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 118 8.6.3 Drive-side SCSI Parameters Choose “Drive-side SCSI Parameters”, then press [Enter]. The Drive- side SCSI parameters menu will appear. SCSI Motor Spin-Up ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 119 Choose “SCSI Motor Spin-Up”, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. SCSI Reset at Power-Up ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 120 Choose “Disk Access Delay Time”, then press [Enter]. A list of selections will appear. Move the cursor bar on a selection, then press [Enter]. Choose Yes in the dialog box that followed to confirm the setting. Please see section 3.5.3 for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 121 Choose “Maximum Tag Count”, then press [Enter]. A list of selections will appear. Move the cursor bar to a selection, then press [Enter]. Select Yes in the dialog box that followed, then press [Enter] to confirm the setting. Please see section 3.5.5 for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 122 8.6.4 Disk Array Parameters Choose “Disk Array Parameters”, then press [Enter]. The Disk Array Parameters menu will appear. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 123 Rebuild Priority Choose “Rebuild Priority”, then press [Enter]. A list of the priority selections will appear. Move the cursor bar to a selection, then press [Enter]. Please see section 3.3.1 for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 124 (Refer to section 3.3.2 for more information.) IMPORTANT: Every time you change this setting, you must reset the system for the changes to take effect. Refer to “3.5.2 SCSI Reset at Power-Up” for more information. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 125 8.6.5 Controller Parameters Controller Name Choose “Controller Parameters”, then press [Enter]. The current controller name will be displayed. Press [Enter]. Enter the new controller name in the dialog box that followed, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 126 Password Validation Timeout From the “Controller Parameters” menu, select “Password Validation Timeout” and then press [Enter]. You may select an interval for password validation, “Always check,” or “Disabled.” Press [Enter] and then select Yes to confirm your selection. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 127: System Functions

    System Functions Choose “System Functions” in the Main Menu, then press [Enter]. The System Functions menu will appear. Move the cursor bar to an item, then press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 128: Mute Beeper

    When the controller’s beeper has been activated, choose “Mute beeper”, then press [Enter]. Choose “Yes” and press [Enter] in the next dialog box to turn the beeper off temporarily. The beeper will still activate on the next event. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 129: Change Password

    The controller password and controller name are sharing a 16-character space. The maximum characters for the controller password is 15. When the controller name occupied 15 characters, there is only one character left for the controller password and vice versa. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 130 If the password is correct, or there is no preset password, it will ask for the new password. Setting a New Password Enter the desired password in the column, then press [Enter]. The next dialog box will display “Re-Enter Password”. Enter the password again and press [Enter]. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 131: Reset Controller

    The existing password will be deleted. No password checking will occur when entering the Main Menu from the Initial screen. 8.7.3 Reset Controller This function is not supported. The controller is reset when the system is reset. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 132 8.7.4 Shutdown Controller This function is not supported. The controller is shutdown when the system is shutdown. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 133 8.7.5 Controller Maintenance This function is not supported from within the Text RAID Manager. Controller maintenance functions – such as downloading new firmware – can be performed from the start-up menu of the Text RAID Manager. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 134: Viewing System Information

    CPU Type controller. Total Cache Size The total DRAM size installed in the controller. The version of the firmware. Firmware Version The version of the boot record. Bootrecord Version The serial number of the controller. Serial Number ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 135: Chapter 9 Remote Administration

    Remote Administration ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID Controller administrated remotely. When there is an event, warning or controller notification happened, the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 can inform the administrator to take measure in time. GUI RAID Manager Using SNMP Service Internet TCP/IP+SNMP TCP/IP+SNMP SNMP Agent for:...
  • Page 136 Enter the Agent name or the IP address and the Community name of the host computer in the first column. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 137 Click on the select button in front of “Host Bus Interface” to select. Choose “0” if there is only one ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller installed in the remote host computer. Press “OK” to establish the connection. After the connection established, all the operation will act exactly the same as executing the GUI RAID Manager from the host computer.
  • Page 138 This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 139: Appendix A Driver Installation

    ® MS-DOS ASPI Drivers Installation The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 can be used as a host adapter for SCSI tape drives and CD-ROM drives. To access such devices under MS-DOS, it is necessary to install the ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 MS-DOS ASPI Manager device driver.
  • Page 140 C:\DOS\MSCDEX /D:mscd001 Note that there are no restrictions with regard to where these lines are added in the CONFIG.SYS. Also note that the ASUS PCI- DA2100/-DA2200 ASPI Manager will automatically select an optimal configuration so no load line options are needed.
  • Page 141: Netware Driver Installation

    [Ctrl-I], select Configure Card option, then change IO Port Address to DISABLED. 3. Use ASUS Text RAID Manager to configure Logical Drives and SCSI Devices and map them to valid SCSI-IDs/LUNs. Note that SCSI ID 7 is reserved for the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200...
  • Page 142 DA2100/-DA2200 driver according to which PCI slot the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 has been plugged into. Write down the slot number for later using in STARTUP.NCF. 9. At this point, press [Enter]. If the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver installs successfully, the system console will display the following messages on the screen:...
  • Page 143: Installing Netware 4.0x/4.1/4.11

    DA2100/-DA2200 drivers should resemble the following: # load da2000 slot = x x is the slot number of slot into which the ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 has been plugged. The slot number is auto-detected by ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver and shown on the system console screen during ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver loading.
  • Page 144 Appendix A will show the following messages on the screen for each installed ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controller: ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 145 !! Press <Ctrl><I> for Configuration Utility, <Q> to Skip !! 6. Make sure the RAID configuration is properly set.(Refer to section 4 ASUS Text RAID Manager and RS-232 Terminal Interface Operation). 7. Change to sub-directory where the NetWare install program locate, then typing install and press Enter.
  • Page 146 Disk drivers are in the directory \NETWARE.40\________\DISKDRV and LAN drivers are in \NETWARE.40\________\LANDRV on the CD-ROM. Press <F3> to specify a different path; Press <Enter> to continue. Continue <Enter> Specify a different source drive/directory <F3> Help <F1> Previous screen <Esc> Abort INSTALL <ALT><F10> ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 147 Help <F1> Previous screen <Esc> Abort INSTALL <ALT><F10> 11. Insert the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Driver Diskette into floppy A: and give the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 NetWare drivers path by typing netware\v4.x and press [Enter] then wait for the following screen to appears:...
  • Page 148 ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 PCI-TO-SCSI Disk Driver for NetWare v4.0x, v4.1 RAIDASPI.DSK DA ASPI Manager for NetWare v3.1X, v4.0x and v4.1 This driver supports up to four ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Loaded Drivers Controllers and multiple SCSI LUN. When you load DA2000.DSK you have to specify which...
  • Page 149 DA2000.DSK did not finish loading in the time allowed (15 seconds). Controller will be switched to the system console screen, where you may either see it finish or enter information to finish loading it. (INSTALL-4.0-247) Press <Enter> to continue. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 150 Appendix A 14. Press [Enter] to switch to system console screen. LOAD C:\SERVER.40\DA2000.DSK ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Disk Driver for NetWare v4.0x, v4.1 Version x.xx October 27, 1995 Auto-loading module DAASPI.DSK DA ASPI Manager for NetWare v3.1x, v4.0x and v4.1 Version x.xx October 27, 1995...
  • Page 151 DA2100/-DA2200 drivers should resemble the following: # load da2000 slot = x x is the slot number of slot into which where the ASUS PCI- DA2100/-DA2200 has been plugged. The slot number is auto- detected by ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver and shown on the system console screen during ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver loading.
  • Page 152: Windows Nt 3.1/3.51 Driver Installation

    ® Windows NT 3.1/3.51 Driver Installation Up to 4 ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controllers can be installed in one computer. The following files are supplied for driver installation, to be found in the subdirectory \WINNT\V3_1 for Windows NT 3.1. DA2000.SYS: ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Miniport Driver for Windows NT 3.1.
  • Page 153: Installing Driver In Existing Winnt 3.1/3.51 System

    Appendix A 3. Prepare for the installation by using DISKCOPY (or any other disk-copy utility) to make a backup copy of ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 controller distribution diskette. If you are installing Windows NT 3.1, copy all files from \WINNT\V3_1 to root directory of the backup diskette.
  • Page 154 [Ctrl-I], select Configure Card option, then change IO Port Address to DISABLED. 2. Use ASUS Text RAID Manager to configure Logical Drives and SCSI Devices and map them to valid host SCSI-IDs/LUNs. Note that SCSI ID 7 is reserved for the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controller and thus no logical drives or devices should be mapped to this SCSI ID.
  • Page 155: Updating Windows Nt 3.1/3.51 Device Driver

    Skip step 2 if the version of your Windows NT is not v3.1. 2. If one of the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controllers control the system boot disk, use ATTRIB.EXE to disable the hidden, system and read only attributes of c:\ntbootdd.sys, then copy the same driver to c:\ntbootdd.sys and restore the attributes of...
  • Page 156: Installing The Driver During Winnt 4.0 Installation

    ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller. You are prompted to select the controller. Press <Enter> to select. 4. You will see the Main Menu of the ASUS Text RAID Manager. Select View and Edit Logical Drives, and then press <Enter>.
  • Page 157 Appendix A 5. Press <Esc> and exit the ASUS Text RAID Manager. Remove the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver diskette. 6. Insert the Windows NT 4.0 Installation Diskette #1. Reset the computer to begin installation of Windows NT. 7. You will be prompted to insert diskette #2 and diskette #3 (for detailed information about Windows NT 4.0 installation, see...
  • Page 158: Installing Driver While Installing Winnt4(dec Alpha)

    The Windows NT 4.0 for DEC Alpha installation is almost identical to the installation for Windows NT 4.0 for x86. There are two differences. First, the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 cannot be used as the boot device in Windows NT for DEC Alpha; and second, in step 10 (see Installing the Driver During Windows NT 4.0 Installation), you...
  • Page 159: Installing The Driver In Existing Winnt4 (dec Alpha)

    This section describes the procedure for installing the driver in a DEC Alpha system that is running Windows NT 4.0. IMPORTANT: Under Windows NT 4.0 for DEC Alpha, the ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 cannot be the boot device. 1. Go the Control Panel and select SCSI Adapters.
  • Page 160 Appendix A 4. Insert the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver diskette, and then press <Enter>. Windows NT will check the floppy drive for a diskette. Files and directories on the diskette are displayed. 5. With your mouse, click on the folder icons for WINNT and then V4_0.
  • Page 161: Windows 95/98 Driver Installation

    [Ctrl-I], select Configure Card option, then change IO Port Address to DISABLED. 2. Use ASUS Text RAID Manager or RS-232 Terminal Interface to configure Logical Drives and SCSI Devices and map them to valid SCSI-IDs/LUNs. Note that SCSI ID 7 is reserved for the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controller and thus no logical drives or devices should be mapped to this SCSI ID.
  • Page 162 It is perfectly normal to see this message when using the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 under Windows 95/98. 15. Make sure that the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Miniport Driver is working properly by using Device Manager tab of System icon in Control Panel. Click on the plus sign next to the SCSI controllers icon, and double-click on the ASUS PCI-DA2100/- DA2200 PCI-to-SCSI RAID Adapter icon.
  • Page 163: Updating Device Driver For Windows 95/98

    6. Click on the "Have Disk" button and enter a:\win95 as the subdirectory to copy the manufacturer's file from. Click "OK". 7. Select ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 PCI-to-SCSI RAID Adapter, and click on "OK". 8. Click on "OK". The driver is copied.
  • Page 164: Os/2 Driver Installation

    Appendix A ® OS/2 Driver Installation Up to 4 ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controllers can be installed in one computer. The following files are supplied for driver installation, they are put in the \OS2 subdirectory. DA2000.ADD : ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 OS/2 2.x and 3.0(Warp) Device Driver.
  • Page 165: Installing Driver In An Existing Os/2 2.x/3.0

    Appendix A Installing Driver in an Existing OS/2 2.x/3.0 If you are adding an ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controller to a computer that already has an ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controller installed for OS/2 2.x/3.0, then follow step 1 through step 2 only. If...
  • Page 166: Da2100/2200 Os/2 Driver Command-line Options

    0 to 255. Default value is 255. 4. Adapter-Options : /A:n Adapter Identification. where n is a decimal value. This option specifies the ordering of adapters. Normally, adapters are numbered consecutively, starting at 0. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 167 /DEV:n PCI Device Number into which the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 is plugged. You can get the PCI device number from the information that the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 BIOS displays at system bootup.
  • Page 168 /A:n, to be supported by the IBM-supplied SCSI manager (OS2SCSI.DMD). The default setting is /SM. Note : The driver will find all the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 controllers in your computer automatically, if no /BUS and /DEV options are specified.
  • Page 169: Driver Installation For Sco Openserver & Unixware

    [Ctrl-I], select Configure Card option, then change IO Port Address to DISABLED. 2. Use ASUS Text RAID Manager (refer to chapter 6) to configure Logical Drives and SCSI Devices and map them to valid SCSI- IDs/LUNs.
  • Page 170 ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 SCSI Disk Array Driver for UNIX system Please enter the names of the packages you wish to install or q to quit:_ [default:da2x] 11. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 driver will now be linked into the SCO UNIX kernel. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 171: Drivers And Utilities For Linux

    3. Place the formatted disk into the floppy drive and use the UNIX "dd" command to make the driver floppy diskettes. For example: # dd if=iabl11f2 of=/dev/fd0 bs=1440k # dd if=iabl11f3 of=/dev/fd0 bs=1440k # dd if=iabl11f4 of=/dev/fd0 bs=1440k 4. Label each disk according to the above description. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 172: Making Floppy Diskettes For Slackware 3.2 Installation

    INSTALLING OPERATING SYSTEMS PARTITIONING. The ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 is a high-performance PCI RAID controller with Write-Back cache enabled. During the installation of some operating systems, the installation program might reset the computer automatically while the cache still contains data not yet written to the drives.
  • Page 173 (The IDE CD-ROM drive can be a substitute for the SCSI CD- ROM drive). 3. If using ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 BIOS v1.17B, do not leave Red Hat CD disc in the CD-ROM drive during system reboot. The BIOS 1.17B has CD-ROM boot ability, it detects the CD in the CD-ROM drive, once it detects the CD disc is bootable, the system will boot from CD-ROM not from floppy.
  • Page 174: Installing Slackware Linux

    6. Choose "SCSI CD-ROM", the installation program will found ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller, follow the on- screen instructions to continue. 7. Insert "ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Red Hat 5.1 Supplement Disk" disk 4 into floppy drive when prompted. 8. When on-screen appears "Please insert the Disk 3 (Driver disk)", insert "ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Text RAID Manager,...
  • Page 175 2. Follow the original procedure to create the SlackWare Boot Disk and Root Disk from the SlackWare CD-ROM. 3. If using ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 BIOS v1.17B, do not leave SlackWare CD disc in the CD-ROM drive during system reboot. The BIOS 1.17B has CD-ROM boot ability, it detects the CD in the CD-ROM drive, once it detects the CD disc is bootable, the system will boot from CD-ROM not from floppy.
  • Page 176: Running The Asus Text Raid Manager For Linux

    Appendix A Running the ASUS Text RAID Manager for Linux 1. Insert "ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 Text RAID Manager, RAIDSNMP for Linux" (disk 3) into the floppy drive and mount # mount -r /dev/fd0 /mnt 2. Execute the Raidman in the /tools directory.
  • Page 177: Drivers And Utilities For Sun Solaris

    \IAAS111D_.Z- Driver files packed by "tar" and "compress". The files extracted from either one of above are exactly the same. IMPORTANT: The logical drive created on ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 RAID controller cannot be used as the Solaris boot drive. 8.1.1 Creating the Driver Diskette from the Image File 1.
  • Page 178: Installing X86 Driver & Text Raid Manager

    Select package(s) you will to process (or 'all' to process all packages). (default: all) [?,??,q]: 3 A3. After the driver installed, the same selections appear again. Choose "2" this time to install the ASUS Text RAID Manager for Solaris. A4. After the driver installed, the same selections appear again.
  • Page 179: Drivers & Utilities - Solaris 2.5.x/2.6 (sparc)

    "/2101" is the directory where the driver files were extracted. B2. Follow the instructions from A2 to A7 of above to install the driver and the ASUS Text RAID Manager, and RAID SNMP sub- agent for Solaris. Drivers & Utilities - Solaris 2.5.x/2.6 (SPARC) The drivers and utilities can be found in the following directory: \2101\SOLARIS.SPK...
  • Page 180 If it is in lower case "z", change it to "Z". # mv sun_tar.z sun_tar.Z 4. Uncompress the file: # uncompress sun_tar.Z 5. Use "tar" command to extract the files: # tar xvf sun_tar The driver files will be extracted into the current directory. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 181: Installing Sparc Driver & Text Raid Manager

    (default: all) [?,??,q]: 3 A3. After the driver has been installed, the same selections appear again. Choose "2" this time to install the ASUS Text RAID Manager for Solaris. A4. After the driver installed, the same selections appear again.
  • Page 182: Configuring Raid In Solaris With Text Raid Manager

    1. Change the current directory to where the ASUS Text RAID Manager is located. # cd /usr/lib/raidsnmp 2. Execute the ASUS Text RAID Manager under command prompt: # ./raidman Please refer to chapter 6 for details on the operation of the ASUS Text RAID Manager. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 183 Asynchronous 5 MB/Sec (Fast) SCSI-2 8-bit 10MHz 10 MB/Sec (Fast) Wide SCSI-2 16-bit 10MHz 20 MB/Sec Ultra SCSI-2 8-bit 20MHz 20 MB/Sec Ultra Wide SCSI-2 16-bit 20MHz 40 MB/Sec Ultra2 Wide SCSI-2 16-bit 40MHz 80 MB/Sec ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 184 Appendix B This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 185: Appendix C Upgrading Bios, Firmware, And Boot Record

    The BIOS, firmware and boot record (the section of code that boots the controller and allows for temporary download of firmware) of the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 stored in flash memory can be updated via the Text RAID Manager under MS-DOS . New releases ®...
  • Page 186 4; then, when prompted for a file name, enter the name of firmware file. When file transfer is complete, please wait a moment while the ASUS PCI-DA2100/-DA2200 burns the code into the flash memory. IMPORTANT: Allow the downloading process to finish.
  • Page 187: Appendix D Sync. Clock Period/frequency

    Clock Period. Synchronous Synchronous Synchronous Synchronous Clock Period Clock Clock Period Clock Frequency Frequency 16.6 13.8 10.0 Asynchronous These three clock periods aren’t in accordance with the sample equation; they are specially defined in the SCSI-3 specification. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 188 Appendix D This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 189: Appendix E Troubleshooting Guide

    SCSI channel). 1. DRAM SIMM should be Parity error detected replaced. 1. Check proper installation or Logical drive failure detected connection of the drives (use the during boot-up "View SCSI drives" function to help locate the problem). ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 190 “20.8Mhz”, not “40Mhz” Specifications, for details. 1. After the system installation is All settings are too complex to completed, write down all of the remember. settings and related information in Appendix G, Record the Settings, for future reference. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 191: Appendix F Specifications

    No. of logical drives 8, each capable of different RAID levels Partitions 8 per logical drive, total of 64 No. of LUNs Up to 32 LUNs per SCSI ID Control Via Text RAID Manager or GUI RAID Manager ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 192 68-pin ultra-high-density external connect. Ultra2 Wide-SCSI cabling Low-voltage differential Voltage +5 Volts Current 3 Amp Operating Temperature 5 to 44 C Relative Humidity 10-96%, non-condensing Operating Altitude Sea level to 10,000 ft. Dimensions 9.21”(L) x 4.2”(W) x 0.56” (H) ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 193: Appendix G Record The Settings

    Appendix G Appendix G Record the Settings View and Edit Logical Drives Logical Drive Information RAID Level #On-Line #STB Logical Drive Name (DRV=) (SB=) Partition Information Partition Size (MB) Partition Size (MB) ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 194: View And Edit Host Luns

    LUN Mappings Host Pri. / Sec. SCSI ID Logical Partition Size Channel Controller Drive View and Edit SCSI Drives Slot Size Ultra? Wide? LG DRV? Vendor & (MB) (Y/N) (Y/N) Global Spare? Product ID Local Spare? ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 195: View And Edit Scsi Channels

    Maximum Tag Count Disabled _______ Disk Array Parameters Rebuild Priority Normal Improved High Verifications on Writes Verifications on LD Enabled Disabled Initialization Writes Verifications on LD Rebuild Enabled Disabled Writes Verifications on Normal Enabled Disabled Drive Writes ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 196: View System Information

    Active High Active Low Temperature Alert Signal Active High Active Low UPS Power Fail Signal Active High Active Low View System Information Total Cache Size EDO DRAM Normal DRAM _________ MB Firmware Version Bootrecord Version Serial Number ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 197: Index

    OS installation, A-1 display of RAM type and size, 7-1 enable write-back, 8-49 cache parameters, 3-12 record of settings, G-3 capacitance, B-1 changing the password, 8-61, 8-62 concurrent rebuild in RAID (0+1), 3-10 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 198 NT v4.0 installation, A-18 installing driver in existing NT v4.0 system, A-19 default setting restoring, 7-1, 8-48 delay skew, B-1 Device #, 7-1 disable write-back, 8-49 disabling the password, 8-63 disconnecting support, 8-43 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 199 SCSI drives, 3-8 selected SCSI drive, 3-8 form factor, 2-1 global spare drive, 3-5 adding one, 8-32 deleting, 8-32 hardware installation, 4-1 hot swap, drive detection of followed by auto rebuild, 8-47 hot-swapping, 2-1 How does it work? ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 200 OS/2 driver, A-23 Windows 95 driver, A-20 Installation SCO Unix and UnixWare, A-27 IRQ, 7-1 JBOD, 3-2 keys for navigation in Text RAID Manager, 5-1 Linux drivers and utilities for, A-29 drivers and utilities for SPARC platform, A-36 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 201 LUN mappings record of settings, G-2 viewing and deleting, 8-27 main menu, 8-1, 8-2 manual rebuild, 3-9 maximum queued I/O count, 8-51 maximum synchronize transfer clock, 8-40 maximum tag count, 8-45, 8-54 maximum transfer width, 8-41 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 202 A-24 updating IFT-2101U2 OS/2 device driver, A-24 parameters cache, 3-12, 8-49 controller, 8-58 disk array, 3-11 drive-side SCSI, 3-12 SCSI, 8-51 parity check, 8-42 partition record of settings, G-1 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 203 B-1 queued I/O count maximum, 8-51 quick setup, 5-1 RAID (0+1), 3-4 0, 3-3 1, 3-3 3, 3-4 5, 3-5 a definition, 3-1 configuring, 6-1 RAID level, 5-1 RAID levels, 3-1 RAID management, 3-1 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 204 8-35 status, 8-6 viewing and editing, 8-33, 8-34 SCSI drive record of settings, G-2 scanning a new one, 8-29 status, 8-4 viewing and editing, 8-28 viewing information, 8-30 SCSI drive channel viewing and editing, 8-38 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 205 SPARC platform driver and Text RAID Manager, A-37 installing x86 platform driver and text RAID Manager, A-35 Text RAID Manager, A-38 spanning NRAID, 3-2 spare drive adding a global, 8-32 adding a local, 8-31 global, 3-5 local, 3-5 priority, 3-6 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 206 8-60 system information record of settings, G-4 viewing, 8-66 tag command queuing, 8-45 tag count maximum, 3-14, 8-45, 8-54 Text RAID Manager, 8-1 keys, 5-1 transfer rate, B-1 transfer speed setting it, 8-36 transfer width ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 207 Windows NT example of RAID expansion, 3-19 installing driver during DEC Alpha v4.0 installation, A-18 installing driver during v4.0 installation, A-16 installing driver in existing DEC Alpha v4.0 system, A-19 updating device driver in v3.1/3.51 system, A-15 ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 208 Index This page is left intentionally blank. ASUS PCI-DA2100/PCI-DA2200 User’s Manual...
  • Page 209 GUI RAID Manager For ASUS Disk Array Controllers User’s Guide Revision 1.5...
  • Page 210 Trademarks ASUS and ASUSTeK are registered trademarks of Computer Inc. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S. and other countries.
  • Page 211 Table of Contents About this Guide.................. v Overview of the User’s Guide ............vi Introduction................... 1 System Description............... 2 Feature Summary..............3 Feature Highlights ..............6 Installation..................1 System Requirements ............2 Hardware Setup..............3 In-band SCSI................ 8 Software Setup..............22 Upgrading Firmware ............
  • Page 212 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Table of Contents 4.17 Redundant Controller ............50 Notification Configuration............1 Introduction ................1 Before You Begin..............2 Notification Levels ..............9 Configuring Notification Options ......... 11 Configuring a Pager Notification ......... 13 Configuring a Fax Notification..........21 Configuring an E-Mail Notification........
  • Page 213: About This Guide

    About this Guide Congratulations on your decision to use ASUS’ GUI RAID Manager disk array management program. This management program allows you to control and monitor disk array systems, either from a local host, or from a remote station connected through a local area network (LAN), telephone line, or the Internet.
  • Page 214: Overview Of The User's Guide

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: About this Guide Overview of the User’s Guide Chapter 1, Introduction. Provides information about the GUI RAID Manager, including the system description, feature summary, and feature highlights. Chapter 2, Installation. Discusses how to install the GUI RAID Manager to your computer.
  • Page 215 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: About this Guide Chapter 6, Running in Demo Mode. Provides information on how to run the GUI RAID Manager in demo mode. You can use the demo mode as a tool for learning the basics of disk array system management and for demonstrating the GUI RAID Manager functionality without connecting to a real disk array.
  • Page 216: Introduction

    Introduction This chapter provides information about the GUI RAID Manager management program. These include the following topics: System description Feature summary Feature highlights...
  • Page 217: System Description

    The ASUS’ GUI RAID Manager is a Windows-based program specifically designed for use in managing disk array systems implemented using any of ASUS’ line of PCI-to-SCSI or SCSI- to-SCSI controllers (GUI stands for graphic user interface.) The GUI RAID Manager provides a user-friendly interface that...
  • Page 218: Feature Summary

    The list below summarizes the GUI RAID Manager features. User-friendly graphical interface running under the Windows NT or Windows 95/98 environment Supports the entire new line of ASUS’ SCSI-to-SCSI and PCI-to-SCSI RAID controllers Communicates with the controllers via the RS-232 cable,...
  • Page 219 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction logical drives; rebuilding logical drives; defining spare drives; creating, deleting, and partitioning logical volumes; and mapping logical volume partitions to specific host channels/LUNs Enclosure management functions, including defining multiple customizable enclosures, dimensions, and number of drives; monitoring physical drives, power supply, fan, and temperature status;...
  • Page 220 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction Optional notification retransmission until addressee responds locally at the console or remotely over the Local Area Network (LAN), Internet, or modem Configurable latency time between notification retransmission; can be set to different values at different times of the day Ø...
  • Page 221: Feature Highlights

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction Provides password protection for guarding against unauthorized modification of disk array configuration. Provides Demo mode for use as a learning tool and for demonstration purposes. perform experimentation on various disk array configurations and monitor the performance of the system under such conditions.
  • Page 222 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction per row and column, and drive orientation. Once an enclosure is defined, drives can be dragged and dropped into their respective drive bays corresponding to their actual locations. In this way, drives can be monitored in an enclosure-relative context.
  • Page 223 1.3.4 Remote Management via SNMP or Modem The GUI RAID Manager supports remote management of the ASUS’ disk array controllers over a LAN using SNMP, or over the telephone line using a dial-up modem. Management over the LAN is achieved through the exchanges of SNMP management packets between the remote GUI RAID Manager station and the SNMP agent on the Windows NT or Windows 95/98 local host.
  • Page 224 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction and then sends back a reply to the requesting manager. The following figure shows a typical SNMP connection: Network RAID Controller Local Host GUI RAID with SNMP Agent Manager Station Alternatively, for management at even greater distances, the RS-...
  • Page 225: Password Protection

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction 1.3.5 Password Protection The GUI RAID Manager comes with password protection to prevent unauthorized users from maliciously modifying the configuration of the disk array system. This security feature is put into effect the first time an attempt is made to modify the...
  • Page 226 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Introduction 1-11 Feature Highlights...
  • Page 227: Installation

    Installation This chapter contains information about software setup and hardware setup for local and remote management. following topics are discussed: System requirements Hardware setup Software setup Downloading new releases of the GUI RAID Manager program...
  • Page 228: System Requirements

    FAX/modem (if FAX event notification is desired) SNMP service for Windows NT (if SNMP remote management is desired) Local host running ASUS’ SNMP agent (for SNMP remote management only) IBM-compatible 386 or above running Windows NT or Windows 95/98...
  • Page 229: Hardware Setup

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Hardware Setup The GUI RAID Manager supports both local and remote management of the ASUS’ disk array system. Local management refers to management of the disk array from a local host management transactions traverse the PCI bus (for PCI-to- SCSI controller) or an RS-232 cable (for SCSI-to-SCSI controller) connected between the controller and the host’s serial...
  • Page 230: Local Management

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 2.2.1 Local Management For local management, the controller is either installed in (for PCI-to-SCSI controller) or connected to (for SCSI-to-SCSI controller) the host. The following figure illustrates a typical setup for a PCI-to-SCSI controller: GUI RAID...
  • Page 231 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 4 4 Setting up a SCSI-to-SCSI controller using RS-232 1. Connect the RS-232 port of the SCSI-to-SCSI controller to a null modem using the appropriate RS-232 cable. Do the same to the serial interface of the local host. If your local...
  • Page 232: Remote Management

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 2.2.2 Remote Management You can set up your hardware two ways in remote management: network and telephone. Network setup provides a faster data transfer rate than the telephone setup for it utilizes the network bandwidth of 10 Mbps (million bits per second) for Ethernet, 100 Mbps for Fast Ethernet, and so on;...
  • Page 233 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Local Host RS-232 SCSI Bus RS-232 GUI RAID Modem/Fax SCSI-to-SCSI Manager Station Modem/Fax Modem/Fax (Windows 95, Windows NT) RAID Controller Telephone Line To manage the disk array system, just dial in the number of the modem connected to the SCSI-to-SCSI controller.
  • Page 234: In-band Scsi

    RAID controller just as it could before via RS-232C. (Note: It is assumed that users of In-band SCSI possess the following: a third- party SCSI adapter and a channel on their ASUS RAID controller that can be designated as a host channel.) Both of these are required for In-band SCSI communication between the host and the RAID controller.
  • Page 235 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation controller and to the host computer's SNMP settings before the two can communicate using SCSI commands. (Note: The SNMP settings must be changed prior to installation of the GUI RAID Manager. See SNMP Settings below for a detailed explanation.) The RAID controller settings can be changed using the Front Panel.
  • Page 236 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Peripheral Device Type Parameters Reference for Various Operating Systems: Operating Peripheral Peripheral Device System Device Device Support Applicability Type Qualifier Removabl e Media NT 4.0 connected disabled All Undefined LUNs NT 5.0 connected enabled All Undefined...
  • Page 237 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Peripheral Device Type Settings: Device Type Setting No Device Present Direct-access Device Sequential-access Device CD-ROM Device Scanner Device MO Device Unknown Device Processor Type Example: Settings for Windows NT 4.0 The settings for Windows NT 4.0 are provided here as an example.
  • Page 238 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation (For this example, we assume that Device Type - No Device (0x7f) there are currently no peripheral devices.) Set Device Type? Press t or s to choose "Unknown Unknown (0x1f) Device - 1f". Press <Enter> to confirm the selection. Now that we have changed the Peripheral Device Type, let us set the Peripheral Device Qualifier.
  • Page 239 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation "Disabled." reads "Enabled," press <Enter> and you will be prompted to accept a change. If the screen reads “Disabled,” press <Esc> to return Host-side SCSI submenu’s. Press select "LUN LUN Application- All Undefine LUN Application"; and then press <Enter>.
  • Page 240 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation have been completed. For remotely accessing the host computer, further adjustments must be made (see section 4.10.3.2, Remote Connection — SNMP Required). 2.3.2 Using In-band SCSI in GUI RAID Manager Local Connection — SNMP Not Required If you are using the GUI RAID Manager on the host computer that is using In-band SCSI -- ie., ‘local access’...
  • Page 241 RAID controller via a SCSI cable. The "Manager Site" is a Windows NT system with the GUI RAID Manager. The Agent Site could be running an operating system other than Windows NT. ASUS provides the In-band SCSI SNMP agents for the following operating systems: Windows NT...
  • Page 242 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation The Manager Site should be a Windows NT Workstation or Server with SNMP service and the GUI RAID Manager installed. Basic Procedures to Establish the Connection The following criteria must be met for the Agent Site and Manager...
  • Page 243 Checklist for Manager Site 1. The system is running Windows NT (Workstation or Server) and has SNMP Service installed. 2. The ASUS GUI RAID Manager was installed with the "SNMP Manager Site" option selected. 3. The GUI RAID Manager is running.
  • Page 244 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation The Properties window appears. Choose the "Service" tab. If the SNMP Service is already installed, please go ahead to step called "Install the SNMP Agent and GUI RAID Manager." If the SNMP Service is not yet installed, click on "Add" and choose "SNMP Service"...
  • Page 245 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 2. Install the SNMP Agents and GUI RAID Manager. The GUI RAID Manager can install the In-band SCSI SNMP Agent during installation. During GUI RAID Manager installation, be sure to select both the "SNMP Manager Site" and "SNMP Agent Site"...
  • Page 246 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 2. The "Setting of SNMP Interface" window appears. Enter the IP address and community name of the Agent Site. For "Agent-site Communication Type," choose "SCSI Bus Interface." The "Controller Index" refers to the sequence of the RAID controller which is going to be administrated.
  • Page 247: Software Setup

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 3. After the connection is established, all of the operations in the GUI RAID Manager are the same as before (please refer to the GUI RAID Manager User Guide for complete details on its operation.)
  • Page 248 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Ensure that your system meets the minimum hardware and software requirements listed in the System Requirements section. Ensure that the disk array system is installed properly. For the installation procedure, see the documentation that came with the controller.
  • Page 249 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 3. If you are currently running other applications, close them first before proceeding with the setup process. This will minimize the possibility of encountering system errors during setup. Then, click OK to continue. 4. To accept the default destination directory, click on the setup button at the top left portion of the screen;...
  • Page 250 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation 5. Select the appropriate option for the type of system on which you are setting up the GUI RAID Manager. If you are setting up on a host where array management will be performed, you only need the Local Manager Site option (selected by default);...
  • Page 251 You can download the latest GUI RAID Manager program from ASUS’ FTP sites at ftp.ASUS.com in the U.S.A., or ftp.ASUS.com.tw in Taiwan. For more information about this service, call ASUS or call the local distributor or dealer in your area. 2-25...
  • Page 252: Upgrading Firmware

    New releases of the firmware are available in the form of a DOS file, which is located in the "pub" directory of ASUS’ FTP site or on a 5.25" or 3.5" diskette. The file available at the FTP site is usually a self-...
  • Page 253 Upgrading the firmware using In-band SCSI + GUI RAID Manager The In-band SCSI connection and the ability to upgrade the firmware via In-band SCSI are supported in ASUS GUI RAID Manager, version 1.61B and later versions. This version of the GUI RAID Manager is for use with the firmware 2.11.
  • Page 254 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Upgrade Both Boot Record and Firmware Binaries 1. Double click on the controller panel to get the menu appears. Choose "Controller Maintenance" > "Advanced Maintenance" - > "Download Boot Record and Firmware". 2. Provide the boot record binary filename, the GUI RAID Manager will start to download the boot record binary to the controller.
  • Page 255 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Installation Upgrade the Firmware Binary Only 1. Double click on the controller panel to get the menu appears. Choose "Controller Maintenance". If both boot record and firmware are desired to upgrade, choose "Download Firmware". 2. Provide the firmware filename to the GUI RAID Manager. It will start to download the firmware to the controller.
  • Page 256: Basic Operations At Startup

    Please refer to the appropriate section below for information. 4 4 Starting the GUI RAID Manager under the Windows 95/98 or Windows NT 4.0 environment 1. From the Start menu, select Programs à ASUS GUI RAID Manager. -or-...
  • Page 257 Array System section of this chapter. 4 4 Starting the GUI RAID Manager under the Windows NT 3.5x environment 1. Open the ASUS GUI RAID Manager group window from the Program Manager, if not yet open. 2. From the ASUS GUI RAID Manager group window, double-click on the ASUS GUI RAID Manager icon.
  • Page 258 3. Run the GUI RAID Manager on the remote station. If you are using Windows 95/98 or Windows NT 4.0, follow these steps: 3a. From the Start menu, select Programs à ASUS GUI RAID Manager. -or- Double-click on the ASUS GUI RAID Manager icon.
  • Page 259: Connecting And Disconnecting From A Disk Array

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3. When a link is established, connect to the disk array system. For information on how to connect, see the Connecting and Disconnecting from a Disk Array System section of this chapter.
  • Page 260 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Click on the Connect/Open command button. following submenu appears on the screen: Note that there will be one PCI Bus entry for each PCI-to- SCSI controller installed. If none are installed, then no PCI Bus entries will be displayed.
  • Page 261 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 2. Select RS-232. The Settings of RS-232 Interface dialog box appears: 3. From the COM Port# drop-down list box, select which COM port on the local host is connected to the controller via the RS-232 cable.
  • Page 262 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Management. For information about the console interface, see the documentation that came with the controller. 5. Click OK. The enabling of the toolbar buttons signifies a successful connection. 4 4 Connecting to a PCI-to-SCSI controller from a remote station (via network) 1.
  • Page 263 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3. In the Agent Name or IP Address text box, type in the IP address of the local host where the target disk array system is connected. Alternatively, you may specify the host name of the local host.
  • Page 264 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup arrow button at the right of the box, then select the option you need. 6. Click OK. The enabling of the toolbar buttons signifies a successful connection. 4 4 Connecting to a SCSI-to-SCSI controller from a remote station (via network) 1.
  • Page 265 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3. In the Agent Name or IP Address text box, type in the IP address of the local host where the target disk array system is connected. Alternatively, you may specify the host name of the local host.
  • Page 266 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup From the COM Port# drop-down list box, specify which COM port on the local host is used to connect to the disk array system. To select, click on the down-arrow button at the right of the box, then select the option you need.
  • Page 267 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 2. Select RS-232. The Settings of RS-232 Interface dialog box appears on the screen: 3. From the COM Port# drop-down list box, select which COM port on your GUI RAID Manager station you connected the modem.
  • Page 268: Setting Up Security

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Setting Up Security The GUI RAID Manager provides password protection to prevent unauthorized modification of the system configuration. This protection, which is implemented on the GUI RAID Manager station, prompts a user for the station password the first...
  • Page 269: Displaying And Hiding The Toolbar

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup controller or card layout for a PCI-to-SCSI controller). The Controller Settings dialog box appears: 3. Check the Change Password check box. 4. Type in the password you want in the New Password text box taking note that the password is case-sensitive.
  • Page 270 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup You have the option to display or hide the toolbar depending on your specific needs. If you need bigger working space for viewing the various disk array elements or for executing various management operations, hide the toolbar;...
  • Page 271: Displaying And Hiding The Status Bar

    4 4 Unhiding the toolbar From the View menu, click on Toolbar until a check mark “ “ appears next to this command. The toolbar is displayed back in the ASUS GUI RAID Manager main window. Displaying and Hiding the Status...
  • Page 272 4 4 Unhiding the status bar From the View menu, click on Status Bar until a check mark “ ” appears next to this command. The status bar will reappear in the ASUS GUI RAID Manager main window. 3-17 Displaying and Hiding the Status Bar...
  • Page 273: Working With Windows

    This section describes how to work with the GUI RAID Manager windows. 3.6.1 Using the Main Window After starting the GUI RAID Manager, the ASUS GUI RAID Manager main window appears on the screen. All management operations pertaining to the disk array system will be performed within the main window.
  • Page 274 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup operations. Most commonly used commands such as Statistics and Event Log come with command buttons to facilitate their execution you can either select the command from the menu, or click on its respective command button on the toolbar.
  • Page 275 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Ø The Tile In-Sequence command button arranges the displayed windows next each other, with arrangement based on their uses, and each window reduced to fit all elements within its width. This button, however, only affects the Enclosure, Physical...
  • Page 276 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Ø The Event Log command button displays the Event Log window for viewing the contents of the log file. This button provides the same function as the Event Log command in the Open menu.
  • Page 277 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3.6.2 Using the Enclosure Window The Enclosure window appears when you click on the Enclosure command button or select the Enclosure command from the Open menu. The Enclosure window allows you to define customizable enclosures for creating an exact replica of the disk array’s drive bays, displaying the exact location of the...
  • Page 278 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup NOTE: The Physical Drives window also provides you with a real-time report on the drive status, using the same symbols and colors to represent various conditions. What you see on the Enclosure window is also reflected on the Physical Drives window.
  • Page 279 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3.6.3 Using the Physical Drives Window The Physical Drives window is where you view and modify the configuration of the controller and manage physical drives. This window provides almost the same function as the Enclosure...
  • Page 280 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup reflects what appears on the actual front panel of a SCSI-to-SCSI controller. Also shown in this window are the physical drives and hosts (for SCSI-to-SCSI controllers only) connected to the controller. How they are connected and configured, including their current status (for drives only), are all depicted on the screen.
  • Page 281 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup number, channel mode (that is, host or drive), SCSI ID, the default and current transfer clock rate, and the default and current transfer width. Letting the mouse pointer hover over a drive displays a table...
  • Page 282 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Fault Bus is a proprietary enclosure management interface. It will warn the user if a dangerous situation occurs within the RAID system. Fault Bus gathers the failure signals from the cooling fans, redundant power supply, enclosure temperature sensor and UPS device.
  • Page 283 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup The user is given the choice of enabling or disabling failure signals. In addition, each signal must be configured as either High or Low (refer to your 3rd-party circuit’s manual for the proper settings.)
  • Page 284 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup SAF-TE Support RAID Front Panel UPS Failure Controller error alert Signal Input SAF-TE SCSI Chipset Cooling Fan Failure Signal Input GUI RAID Manager Power Supply error alert Drive Status Temperature Alert Failure...
  • Page 285 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup SAF-TE is configured by selecting the "SAF-TE Polling Period" under the "SCSI" menu. Intervals ranging from .05 to 60 seconds are available. The default polling period is "Disabled." 3-30 Working with Windows...
  • Page 286 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 3.6.4 Using the Logical Drives Window The Logical Drives window is where you perform management on the logical drives of the disk array system. Logical drives are combinations of physical drives, which are used to create logical volumes.
  • Page 287 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup If you need information about a particular logical drive, just let the mouse pointer hover over its corresponding icon. A table similar to the following will appear: This table displays the ID number of the logical drive, the RAID...
  • Page 288 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Logical volumes are a grouping of multiple logical drives combined together into one large unit. This unit is, in turn, mapped entirely or by parts (that is, by partitions) to various host LUNs.
  • Page 289 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup Logical volumes that have been partitioned appear with dotted lines on them. The relative position of a dotted line indicates the location of the boundary between partitions within the volume. Moving this line will change the location of the boundary thereby changing the size of the partitions so bounded.
  • Page 290 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup To display the Host LUN Assignment window, you can either click on the Host LUN Assignment command button or select the Host LUN Assignment command from the Open menu. A window similar to the following appears on the screen:...
  • Page 291 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup For information on mapping logical volumes and/or partitions to host LUNs, and deleting existing mappings, see Chapter 4, Array Management. 3.6.7 Arranging Windows The Window menu provides you with commands for rearranging the displayed GUI RAID Manager windows (excluding the main window) in various ways.
  • Page 292: Exiting Gui Raid Manager

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Basic Operations at Startup 4 4 Arranging windows using the Tile Horizontal command From the Window menu, select Tile Horizontal. 4 4 Arranging windows using the Tile Vertical command From the Window menu, select Tile Vertical.
  • Page 293: Array Management

    4 Array Management This chapter describes the steps on how to manage a disk array system. The topics include the following: Background information about disk array management Defining enclosures Setting controller configuration Setting channel configuration Scanning in drives Creating logical drives Assigning spare drives Deleting logical drives Rebuilding logical drives...
  • Page 294 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management chapter, Background Information, to get basic information about disk array management. You will need this basic knowledge to be able to effectively use the GUI RAID Manager. Background Information...
  • Page 295: Background Information

    Appendix C, RAID Levels, gives information about these levels, including the benefits of each. ASUS disk array controllers support hot-swapping where a failed drive can be replaced while the disk array system continues to function. Spares can also be assigned so that, as soon as a drive fails, the spare will be automatically configured into the array and reconstruction will commence.
  • Page 296 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management immediately commence. Spare drives appear in darker (shaded) colors than normal drives. Replacement drives. These are physical drives that are manually configured into the array to replace failed drives. In the absence of spare drives, you will need to use replacement drives to replace defective drives before rebuilding can be performed.
  • Page 297: Operation Without Spare Drives

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management If a spare drive exists in the same logical drive, the controller will automatically mount the spare drive and start data rebuilding in the background. Depending on the design of the system external to the...
  • Page 298 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management same logical drive. A defective drive must be promptly replaced and data rebuilt. CAUTION: When performing hot-swapping, be sure to remove only the defective drive. Removing the wrong drive will result in unrecoverable data loss. Use the Enclosure or Physical Drives window to locate the exact location of the failed drive.
  • Page 299: Before You Start

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Before you Start The GUI RAID Manager station comes with password protection that prevents unauthorized modification of the disk array configuration. During first attempts at modifying the system configuration after starting up the GUI RAID Manager or after the GUI RAID Manager comes back from a period of inactivity, the configuration will be password protected.
  • Page 300: Defining Enclosures

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Defining Enclosures You create custom enclosures to facilitate management of the physical drives in the disk array system. These enclosures can replicate closely real enclosures with real drive bays, depicting the exact locations and positions of the physical drives. When a...
  • Page 301 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4. Resize the enclosure icon to display the exact number of drive bays you need. To resize, place the mouse pointer on the bottom-side or right-side of the icon and press and hold the left mouse button. When the mouse pointer changes to a double-headed arrow, drag the mouse pointer until the desired number of drive bays is displayed.
  • Page 302 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 1. Double-click on the target drive bay. The following menu will appear on the screen: 2. Select Remove Bay from Enclosure. 4 4 Moving an enclosure 1. Place the mouse pointer on the left-side or top-side of the enclosure icon and press and hold the left mouse button.
  • Page 303: Setting Controller Configuration

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Setting Controller Configuration The GUI RAID Manager enables you to modify the configuration of the disk array controller from your manager console. You can enable or disable the write-back cache of the system, set whether or not the controller will reset the SCSI bus during power-on, stagger the drives’...
  • Page 304 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Change Password. This parameter allows you to modify the current password of the GUI RAID Manager station. This password prevents any unauthorized modifications on the system configuration. For more information about the station password and other security issues, see the Setting Up Security section of Chapter 3, Basic Operations at Startup.
  • Page 305: Setting Channel Configuration

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management enable the write-back cache, select Enabled; to disable, select Disabled. 4. If you want a SCSI bus reset to be issued on the drive channels every time you power on or reset the disk array system, set the SCSI Reset on Power-Up parameter to Enabled.
  • Page 306 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management channel operation mode to host or drive, enable or disable the channel termination, set its SCSI ID, set the transfer clock rate for synchronous communication, and select the transfer width. The following describes the user-configurable parameters: Channel Mode.
  • Page 307 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management assigned as the default value for host channels, and 7 for drive channels. Default Sync Clock (MHz), Default Xfer Width. These parameters set the data transfer clock rate for synchronous communication over the SCSI bus, and enable or disable wide transfer, respectively.
  • Page 308 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management wide transfer may need to be disabled, forcing the controller to use narrow transfer mode with that device. 4 4 Setting the configuration of a channel 1. Display the Physical Drives window by clicking on the Physical Drives command button or selecting the Physical Drives command from the Open menu.
  • Page 309: Scanning In Drives

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4. From the Termination drop-down list box, specify whether to enable the channel termination or not. To enable, select Enabled; to disable, select Disabled. 5. If you want to assign a different SCSI ID to the selected channel, specify the new ID in the SCSI ID drop-down list box.
  • Page 310 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4 4 Scanning in a drive 1. Display the Physical Drives window by clicking on the Physical Drives command button or selecting the Physical Drives command from the Open menu. 2. From the Physical Drives window, double-click on the connector corresponding to the SCSI ID of the drive being scanned.
  • Page 311: Creating And Deleting Logical Drives

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Creating and Deleting Logical Drives You can create logical drives by simply combining physical drives together. The GUI RAID Manager provides you with two options for creating logical drives: automatic and manual. In the...
  • Page 312 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4 4 To create a logical drive 1. Display the Logical Drives window by clicking on the Logical Drives command button or selecting the Logical Drives command from the Open menu. If you intend to use...
  • Page 313 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 5. From the Physical Drives window, click on the target drives. Be sure to select only unassigned drives (those that appear in gray). The Number of Drives Selected field displays the number of selected drives.
  • Page 314: Assigning Spare Drives

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 3. Select Delete. Assigning Spare Drives You can assign spare drives to a logical drive to serve as backups for failed drives. In the event of a drive failure, the spare drive will automatically...
  • Page 315 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management NOTE: Adding a spare drive can be done automatically by selecting the 1+Spare, 3+Spare or 5+Spare option from the Logical Drive Selection dialog box when creating a logical drive. These options however only apply to RAID 1, RAID 3, and RAID 5 levels respectively.
  • Page 316: Rebuilding Logical Drives

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.10 Rebuilding Logical Drives Depending on whether or not there is a spare drive, rebuilding is initiated automatically or manually. In the presence of a spare drive, the system automatically rebuilds onto the spare drive.
  • Page 317: Creating And Deleting Logical Volumes

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.11 Creating and Deleting Logical Volumes You can create and delete logical volumes from your GUI RAID Manager station. Logical volumes are created by simply combining unassigned logical drives together. You can combine logical drives with different capacities and RAID levels into one logical volume.
  • Page 318 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 6. Select Volume. Then, from the next menu, select Create The logical volume is now created. You may now define its partitions. See the Creating and Deleting Partitions section of this chapter. 4-26 4.11...
  • Page 319 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4 4 To delete a logical volume 1. Display the Volume window by clicking on the Logical Volume command button or selecting the Logical Volume command from the Open menu. 2. Double-click the right mouse button on the target logical volume.
  • Page 320: Creating And Deleting Partitions

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.12 Creating and Deleting Partitions Depending on your specific needs, you can either partition a logical volume into smaller sizes or just leave it at its default size (that is, one large partition covering the entire volume). If you intend to map the entire logical volume to a single host LUN, then partitioning becomes irrelevant;...
  • Page 321 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4. Select Create Partition. A table similar to the following will appear displaying the current partition layout: 5. Adjust the partition size using the vertical scroll bar on the displayed table. Click OK when the desired size is achieved.
  • Page 322 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 7. After defining the desired partitions, double-click the right mouse button on the current logical volume. 8. From the displayed menu, select Partition. Then, select Set Partition. The logical volume is now ready for mapping to host LUNs. See the Mapping Logical Volumes/Partitions to Host LUNs section of this chapter.
  • Page 323 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4. Select Delete Partition. 5. Repeat the same procedure to delete the other unwanted partitions. 6. After deleting partitions, double-click the right mouse button on the current logical volume. 7. From the displayed menu, select Partition. Then, select Set Partition.
  • Page 324: Mapping Logical Volumes/partitions To Host Luns

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.13 Mapping Logical Volumes/Partitions to Host LUNs After creating a logical volume, you can map it as is to a host LUN if you prefer; or, if partitions are set, you can map each partition to specific host LUNs.
  • Page 325 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management window, click on the Host LUN Assignment command button or select the Host LUN Assignment command from the same menu. 2. From the Volume window, position the mouse pointer on the partition you wish to map and press and hold down the left mouse button.
  • Page 326: Displaying The Event Log

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.14 Displaying the Event Log The GUI RAID Manager keeps a log file for documenting all events that occurred in the disk array system ranging from simple notifications, to warnings, to alerts. The GUI RAID Manager saves the system log into a file named EVENT.LOG in the GUI RAID Manager directory.
  • Page 327 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 2. To scroll through the list, use the vertical scroll bars. 4-35 4.14 Displaying the Event Log...
  • Page 328: Monitoring Statistics

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.15 Monitoring Statistics The GUI RAID Manager comes with a statistics monitoring feature to report on the overall performance of the disk array system. This feature provides a real-time report on the current throughput of the system, displaying the number of bytes being read and written per second.
  • Page 329: Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.16 Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion What Is It and How Does It Work? Before Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion, increasing the capacity of a RAID system using traditional methods meant backing up, re-creating and then restoring. Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion (a new feature of firmware version 2.11) allows users to add new SCSI hard disk...
  • Page 330 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Mode 1 Expansion involves adding more SCSI hard disk drives to a logical drive, which may require that the user obtain an enclosure with more drive bays. The data will be re-striped onto the original and newly added disks.
  • Page 331 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Mode 2 Expansion, on the other hand, requires the same number of higher-capacity SCSI hard disk drives for a given logical drive. RAID Expansion - Mode 2 (1/3) 2 GB 2 GB 2 GB...
  • Page 332 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management RAID Expansion - Mode 2 (2/3) 4 GB 2 GB 2 GB 4 GB Drive RAID 5 (4GB) Copy and Replace the other member drives one by one until all the member drives have been replaced Copy and Replace each member drive.
  • Page 333 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management IMPORTANT: The increased capacity from Mode 1 Expansion of a logical drive will be a new partition. At the time of this printing, Firmware version 2.11 does not support the "Copy and Replace" function that is required for Mode 2 Expansion.
  • Page 334 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management The Example: The following example demonstrates the expansion of a 900MB RAID 0 logical drive. The GUI RAID Manager is used to connect to the RAID controller. You can view information about this drive in the Windows NT Server’s Disk Administrator.
  • Page 335 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Place the cursor on Disk 1, right-click your mouse, and select "Properties." You will see that the total capacity for the Drive E: is just under 900MB. 4-43 4.16 Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion...
  • Page 336 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Three new drives are scanned in (see section 4.7 for details on scanning in new drives.) To add the drives to the logical drive, first right-click on the logical drive icon, and then select "Add SCSI Drive."...
  • Page 337 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management From the menu, select Partition Logical Drive. You will see that the 1800MB logical drive is composed of two 900MB partitions. Follow the directions in section 4.13 to map the new partition to a Host LUN. The new partition must be mapped to a host LUN in order for the HBA (host-bus adapter) to see it.
  • Page 338 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management From the "Partition" menu, select "Extend Volume Set." 4-46 4.16 Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion...
  • Page 339 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management The screen will display that volume set of Drive E: has been extended by the 900MB in Disk2. Move the cursor to "Commit Changes Now" to confirm that you want the free space to become a part of the same logical drive.
  • Page 340 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Logical Drive E: is now composed of two 900MB partitions with a total volume of 1800MB. To see this, hold down on the <Ctrl> key and select both Disk 1 and Disk2; then right-click your mouse and select "Properties."...
  • Page 341 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management Drive E: now has a capacity just under 1800MB. 4-49 4.16 Dynamic Logical Drive Expansion...
  • Page 342: Redundant Controller

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management 4.17 Redundant Controller Redundant Controllers For the SCSI-to-SCSI controllers, the GUI RAID Manager is capable monitoring redundant controller configuration. 4-50 4.17 Redundant Controller...
  • Page 343 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Array Management The failed controller will display a red "X". Primary and Secondary controllers must be configured using the front panel. Please refer to your RAID controller instruction manual for details. 4-51 4.17 Redundant Controller...
  • Page 344: Notification Configuration

    Notification Configuration This chapter discusses how to configure notifications. topics include the following: Description of the notification function Notification levels Configuring notification options Configuring a pager notification Configuring a fax notification Configuring an e-mail notification Configuring a broadcast notification Introduction A management program is almost useless without reporting or notification function ability.
  • Page 345: Before You Begin

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration The GUI RAID Manager provides four methods of sending notifications: Pager E-mail Broadcast You can use any of the notification methods mentioned above; be reminded though that before you can use a particular method,...
  • Page 346 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 5.2.2 Pre-configuring the Fax Service in Windows NT 4.0 Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 ships without fax service. Administrators who desire fax notification have two choices: one, installing a MAPI-compliant fax software; or two, obtaining the file FAX_I386.EXE from Microsoft, which –...
  • Page 347 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 1. From the Windows Start bar, run the file FAX_I386.EXE. Enter information regarding your desired fax configuration as prompted. 2. Open the Control Panel and click on the Mail icon. Before You Begin...
  • Page 348 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. The Windows Messaging Settings Properties window will be displayed. The profile now displays two new services – Fax Address Book and Fax Mail Transport. Before You Begin...
  • Page 349 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 4. The format of the fax can be configured by selecting Fax Mail Transport and clicking on Properties. The user can select whether or not to include a cover page as well as the fax’s font and size.
  • Page 350 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration The following are instructions for installing the Internet Mail service in Windows NT 4.0: 1. Open the Control Panel and click on the Mail icon. 2. The Windows Messaging Settings Properties window will be displayed.
  • Page 351 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. Select “Internet Mail,” and then click on “OK.” 4. Fill in all of the fields with the settings for your Internet account, and then click on “OK.” Before You Begin...
  • Page 352: Notification Levels

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 5. Repeat steps 1 through 3, selecting “Personal Address Book” and “Personal Folders” at step 3. Please see section 5.7 for complete details on Configuring an E-Mail Notification. 5.2.4 Pre-configuring Broadcast in Windows NT 4.0...
  • Page 353 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration Rebuild Initiated Rebuild Complete Rebuild Failed Logical Drive Initialization Started Logical Drive Initialization Complete Logical Drive Initialization Failed Level 2 Sample Events SCSI Target Select Timeout SCSI Target Phase/Signal Error SCSI Target Unexpected Disconnect...
  • Page 354: Configuring Notification Options

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration Level 3 Sample Events SCSI Drive Failure You select the notification level from the RAID Manager Options dialog box. Selecting a relatively low level also selects the level(s) above it; thus, selecting Level 1 events, for example, will also select Levels 2 and 3 events.
  • Page 355 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 2. To enable the notification function of the GUI RAID Manager, select the Enable option button in the Event Notification field. To disable, select the Disable option button. 3. From the RAID Event Level drop-down list box, select the notification level.
  • Page 356: Configuring A Pager Notification

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration user-configurable time interval, you can stop subsequent transmissions with this check box. Be reminded though that this will only affect the current event; for succeeding events, this check box will revert to its default state of disabled (no check mark).
  • Page 357 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 5.5.1 Selecting the Destinations You can configure the pager notification function to send a notification to multiple pagers. This is achieved through the pager address book provided by the GUI RAID Manager. From this book, you can add and remove entries, and select which of these entries will receive notification from the system.
  • Page 358 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. In the Full Name text box, type in the name of the notification recipient. This only serves for reference purposes in the address book. 4. Enter the pager number in the Pager Number text box, including the area code.
  • Page 359 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 6. To enable pager notification for this particular entry, select the Enable option button. To disable, select the Disable option button. 7. If you want to check the reachability of the specified destination, click on the Test button. Then, check whether or not the notification is received successfully on the pager.
  • Page 360 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration NOTE: The prescheduled pager notification does not affect in any way the configured pager notification prescheduled pager notification is triggered by time, while configured pager notification is triggered by events based on the selected notification level.
  • Page 361 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. Click on the Period button. The Scheduled Period for Calling Pager dialog box appears: 5-18 Configuring a Pager Notification...
  • Page 362 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 4. In the From and To text boxes, specify the time ranges you want. 5. For each time range, specify the notification frequency in the respective Period (Min) text box. For example, if you want...
  • Page 363 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration retransmissions for a particular destination, or for all destinations. 4 4 To stop any on-going pager notification to a particular destination 1. From the list box in the Address Book for Pager Notification dialog box, select the target entry, then click on the Properties button.
  • Page 364: Configuring A Fax Notification

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 2. If there is on-going pager notification and you want to stop subsequent retransmissions, check the Stop In-Progress Event Notification check box. 3. Click OK. You can also stop on-going pager notification for all destination pagers through the RAID Manager Options dialog box.
  • Page 365 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 5.6.1 Selecting the Destinations You can configure the fax notification function to send a notification to multiple users. This is achieved through the fax address book provided by the GUI RAID Manager. From this book, you can add and remove entries, and select which of these entries will receive notification from the system.
  • Page 366 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. In the Display Name text box, type in the name of the user that will receive a fax notification. If you specify a name that does not have an account on Fax Exchange yet, the program will prompt you to create one for this particular user.
  • Page 367: Configuring An E-mail Notification

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 9. Repeat the same procedure to add the other entries you want. 10. If you want to delete an entry from the address book, select it from the list box and then click on the Remove button.
  • Page 368 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 5.7.1 Selecting the Destinations You can configure the e-mail notification function to send a notification to multiple users. This is achieved through the e- mail address book provided by the GUI RAID Manager. From this book, you can add and remove entries, and select which of these entries will receive notification from the system.
  • Page 369 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 3. In the Display Name text box, type in the name of the user that will receive an e-mail notification. Typing the e-mail address directly may work; it all depends on the e-mail program that you are using. You can enter the destination e- mail address in this box if you are using the Microsoft Internet Mail service.
  • Page 370: Configuring A Broadcast Message Notification

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration on how to proceed from here, refer to your Windows manual. 9. Repeat the same procedure to add the other entries you want. 10. If you want to delete an entry from the address book, select it from the list box and then click on the Remove button.
  • Page 371 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration is necessary to first execute on that system. WINPOPUP is located in the Windows directory. WINPOPUP 5.8.1 Selecting the Destinations You can configure the broadcast message notification function to send messages to multiple users. This is achieved through the broadcast message address book provided by the GUI RAID Manager.
  • Page 372 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration The list box on the left of this dialog box displays the current contents of the broadcast message address book. 2. Click on the Add button to add a new entry. The Personal Information: Broadcast dialog box will appear: 3.
  • Page 373: Message Notification

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 7. Click OK to add the specified entry to the address book. 8. Repeat the same procedure to add the other entries you want. 9. If you want to delete an entry from the address book, select it from the list box and then click on the Remove button.
  • Page 374 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration The list box on the left of this dialog box displays the current contents of the broadcast message address book. 2. From the list box, select the target entry, then click on the Properties button.
  • Page 375 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 4. In the From and To text boxes, specify the time ranges you want. 5. For each time range, specify the notification frequency in the respective Period (Min) text box. For example, if you want...
  • Page 376 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration message reception by the intended administrator. If, however, the destination computer is off-line, you can terminate subsequent message retransmissions to cut back in the processing time of your computer, and also to lessen traffic on the network.
  • Page 377 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Notification Configuration 2. If there is on-going broadcast message notification and you want to stop subsequent retransmissions, check the Stop In- Progress Event Notification check box. 3. Click OK. 5-34 Configuring a Broadcast Message Notification...
  • Page 378: Running In Demo Mode

    6 Running in Demo Mode This chapter provides information on how to run the GUI RAID Manager in Demo mode. These include the following topics: Introduction about the Demo program Starting the Demo program Failing a drive Exiting the Demo program...
  • Page 379: Introduction

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode Introduction The GUI RAID Manager provides a Demo program for use as a learning tool and for demonstration purposes. This program allows you to experiment with various disk array configurations and check how the system responds and operates under various conditions.
  • Page 380: Starting The Demo Program

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode Starting the Demo Program You can use the Demo program any time, even without a real disk array system (that is, a controller and SCSI drives) installed in your computer. Since the Demo program only simulates management of a disk array system, you will not need any of these devices.
  • Page 381 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode 4. In the Controller Type section, select the type of controller you want to use. To use a PCI-to-SCSI controller, select the Host Adapter option button; to use a SCSI-to-SCSI controller, select Target Controller.
  • Page 382: Failing A Drive

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode 6. If you selected Host Adapter in step 4, proceed to the next step; otherwise, select the channel mode for each enabled Channel x Mode section. To configure the channel as a host channel, select the Host option button;...
  • Page 383 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode During a drive failure, the system responds differently depending on the current array configuration. The following describes the possible scenarios: If there is a spare drive assigned to the selected logical drive, the virtual controller will automatically start data rebuilding in the background onto the spare drive.
  • Page 384 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode 4 4 To fail a drive 1. Display the Logical Drives window by clicking on the Logical Drives command button or selecting the Logical Drives command from the Open menu. 2. From the Logical Drives window, double-click the right mouse button on the target logical drive.
  • Page 385: Exiting The Demo Program

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Running in Demo Mode Exiting the Demo Program If you are done with the Demo program and you want to manage the real disk array system installed in your computer, quit from the Demo program and then connect to your disk array system.
  • Page 386: A Command Summary

    Command Summary This appendix describes the available commands in the GUI RAID Manager disk array management program. These commands are presented either in menus or command buttons. Menu Commands This section lists and explains in tabular form the commands available from the menus in the menu bar. Keyboard strokes for commands that can also be executed from the keyboard are indicated in the tables inside angle brackets.
  • Page 387 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Open Menu Commands Command Description Enclosure <E> Displays the Enclosure window. This command has the same function as the Enclosure command button found on the toolbar. Physical Drive <P> Displays the Physical Drives window.
  • Page 388: View Menu Commands

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Command Description Logical Drive <L> Displays the Logical Drives window. This command has the same function as the Logical Drives command button found on the toolbar. Logical Volume Displays the Volume window. This command <V>...
  • Page 389 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Tile In-Sequence A command specifically designed for disk array <S> management. This command arranges the displayed windows horizontally based on their uses, with each window reduced to fit all elements within its width. Has the same function as the Tile In-Sequence command button found on the toolbar.
  • Page 390: Help Menu Commands

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Options Command Command Description Options This command allows you to configure the system notification function. From this command, you can enable or disable the notification function, select the event severity, specify the event countdown limit, and stop all on-going pager notifications.
  • Page 391: Command Buttons

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Command Buttons This section describes the various command buttons provided by the system to facilitate execution of commonly used commands. These buttons can be found on the toolbar. Tile In-Sequence Logical Volume Physical Drives...
  • Page 392 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Command Button Description Tile In-Sequence A command button specifically designed for disk array management. This button arranges the displayed windows horizontally based on their uses, with each window reduced to fit all elements within its width.
  • Page 393 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Command Summary Command Button Description Statistics Displays the Statistics window. Has the same function as the Statistics command in the Open menu. Command Buttons...
  • Page 394: B Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting This appendix provides troubleshooting tips for common problems you may encounter while using the GUI RAID Manager. These include the following topics: Startup errors Notification errors SNMP errors...
  • Page 395: Startup Errors

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Troubleshooting Startup Errors Error Message1: Error encountered during OPEN: Unable to Connect to Controller Cause1: The GUI RAID Manager was not able to establish a link with the target disk array system. This may be caused by one (or...
  • Page 396: Notification Errors

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Troubleshooting Error Message4: Error in loading DLL Cause4: The GUI RAID Manager cannot find one of its components. Solution4: Re-install the GUI RAID Manager. Notification Errors Error Condition1: Pager notification does not work Cause1: This error can be caused by one (or more) of the following:...
  • Page 397 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Troubleshooting the message number. If your pager number is 1234567, for example, and the message you want to send is 911, you can specify one of the following: 1234567,,, (in the Pager Number text box) -or- ,,,911 (in the Message text box) You can specify as many commas as you want;...
  • Page 398: Snmp Errors

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Troubleshooting Error Condition4: E-mail notification does not work Cause4: This error can be caused by one (or more) of the following: the Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft Mail and/or Microsoft Internet Mail is not properly installed in your system, there is problem with your Internet connection, E-mail address is not correct, or the recipient’s Mail Server is not active.
  • Page 399 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Troubleshooting Solution1: Install the appropriate SNMP service for the environment you are using for the local host or the remote manager station. You can get this service from the software provider; that is, Microsoft for Windows NT and Windows 95, and Novell for NetWare.
  • Page 400: Craid Levels

    RAID Levels This appendix provides a functional description of Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID). This includes information about RAID and available RAID levels. RAID Description Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) is a storage technology used to improve the processing capability of storage systems.
  • Page 401 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels would create a single logical drive with a total disk capacity of 4GB. Disk spanning is considered non-RAID due to the fact that it neither provides redundancy nor improves performance. Disk spanning is inexpensive, flexible, and easy to implement;...
  • Page 402 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels multiple disks. Furthermore, for I/Os that do not span more than one drive, read/writes to different drives can be processed concurrently. Logical Drive Physical Disks Block 1 Striping Block 2 Block 1 Block 2...
  • Page 403: Raid 0

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels Logical Drive Physical Disks Block 1 Mirroring Block 2 Block 1 Block 1 Block 3 Block 2 Block 2 Block 4 Block 3 Block 3 Block 5 Block 4 Block 4 Block 6 Block 7...
  • Page 404: Raid 3

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels Physical Disks Logical Drive Striping Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block 1 Block 5 Block 6 Block 2 Block 7 Block 8 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Mirror 1...
  • Page 405: Raid 5

    ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels Logical Drive Physical Disks Dedicated Parity Block 1 Block 2 Striping Block 1 Block 2 Parity (1,2) Block 3 Block 3 Block 4 Parity (3,4) Block 4 Block 5 Block 6 Parity (5,6) Block 5...
  • Page 406 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: RAID Levels Logical Drive Physical Disks Block 1 Striping + non-dedicated Parity Block 2 Block 1 Block 2 Parity (1,2) Block 3 Parity (3,4) Block 3 Block 4 Block 4 Block 6 Parity (5,6) Block 5...
  • Page 407 Index —A— —D— address book 1-4, 1-5, 1-8, 5-14, data traffic 4-36 5-15, 5-16, 5-17, 5-22, 5-23, 5- data transfer clock rate 4-15 24, 5-25, 5-26, 5-27, 5-28, 5-29, dedicated parity C-5 5-30, 5-31 deleting partitions 4-31 disk mirroring C-3 disk spanning C-1 —B—...
  • Page 408 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Index Firmware Logical Drives command button 3-20, 3-31, 4-20, 4-21, 4-23, 4- upgrading 2-27 24, 4-25, 6-7, A-3 Logical Drives window 3-20, 3- front panel 3-13, 3-24, 4-12 31, 4-4, 4-20, 4-21, 4-23, 4-24, FTP sites 2-26...
  • Page 409 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Index rebuilding logical drives 1-4 —P— Redundant Controller 4-50 pager notification 5-1, 5-2, 5-11, remote management 1-3, 1-8, 2-1, 5-12, 5-13, 5-14, 5-16, 5-17, 5- 2-2, 2-3, 2-6, 2-7, 2-23, 3-2, 3-3 19, 5-20, 5-21, A-4, A-5, B-4...
  • Page 410 ASUS GUI RAID Manager: Index —V— —W— Volume window 3-20, 3-33, 4- wide transfer 4-15, 4-17 25, 4-27, 4-28, 4-30, 4-32, 4-33, windows display area 3-15, 3-16, A-3, A-7 3-21 Index-4...

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