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The Nikon Guide to Digital Photography
with the
DIGITAL CAMERA

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   Summary of Contents for Nikon D70s

  • Page 1

    The Nikon Guide to Digital Photography with the DIGITAL CAMERA...

  • Page 2: Product Documentation

    Nikon takes every possible precaution to pre vent foreign matter from com ing into con tact with the low-pass fi lter during production and ship ping. The D70S, how ev er, is designed to be used with interchangeable lens es, and for eign matter may enter the camera when lens es are removed or exchanged.

  • Page 3

    How to Read This Manual First, be aware of the warnings, cautions, and notices on pages ii–v. Next, read “Overview” and “Getting to Know the Camera” to fa mil iar ize your self with the con ven - tions used in this man u al and the names of cam era parts, then set up your cam era as de scribed in “First Steps.”...

  • Page 4: For Your Safety

    For Your Safety To prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or to others, read the following safety precautions in their entirety before using this equip- ment. Keep these safety instructions where all those who use the product will read them.

  • Page 5

    Use appropriate cables When connecting cables to the in put and output jacks, use only the ca bles pro- vid ed or sold by Nikon for the pur pose, to main tain com pli ance with prod uct reg u la tions.

  • Page 6

    • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help. • Nikon will not be held liable for any damages resulting from the use of this product. • While every effort has been made to...

  • Page 7

    United States and/or other countries. Lexar Me dia is a trade mark of Lexar Me dia Cor po ra tion. PictBridge is a trademark. All oth er trade names men tioned in this man u al or the oth er doc u men ta tion pro vid ed with your Nikon prod uct are trade marks or reg is tered trade marks of their re spec tive holders.

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents For Your Safety ... Notices ... Introduction... Overview ... Getting to Know the Camera... First Steps ... 13 Attaching the Camera Strap... 13 Inserting Batteries ... 14 Basic Setup ... 16 Attaching Lenses... 18 Inserting Memory Cards ... 20 Tutorial...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Exposure ... 75 Metering... 75 Exposure Mode ... 76 Autoexposure Lock ... 84 Exposure Compensation... 86 Bracketing ... 87 Flash Photography ... 94 Flash Sync Modes... 95 Using the Built-in Speedlight ... 97 Self-Timer Mode... 105 Using a Remote Control ... 107 Two-Button Reset...

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Connecting to a Computer... 171 Printing Photographs... 175 Technical Notes... 181 Camera Settings ... 182 Optional Accessories... 183 Lenses for the D70S ... 183 Optional Speedlights ... 186 Other Accessories... 190 Caring for the Camera... 193 Troubleshooting... 198 Specifi cations ... 201 Index ...

  • Page 11: Introduction

    Introduction Getting Started This chapter is divided into the following sections: Overview Read this section for a description of how this man u al is organized and for an ex pla na tion of the symbols and conventions used. Getting to Know the Camera Bookmark this section and refer to it for informa- tion on the names and func tions of camera parts.

  • Page 12: Overview

    (FAQs), and gen er al advice on digital imaging and pho- tog ra phy. Ad di tion al information may be available from the Nikon rep re sen ta tive in your area. See the URL below for contact in for ma tion: http://nikonimaging.com/...

  • Page 13: Getting To Know The Camera

    Getting to Know the Camera Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera controls and dis- plays. You may fi nd it helpful to bookmark this section and refer to it as you read through the rest of the manual. Camera Body Eyelet for camera...

  • Page 14

    Camera Body (continued) Built-in Speedlight: Self-timer lamp: 105, 107 AF-assist illuminator: Red-eye reduction lamp: Sub-command dial: Depth-of-fi eld preview button: Battery-chamber cover: Battery-chamber cover latch: Speedlight lock release ( ) button: Flash sync mode ( ) button: Flash exposure compensation ) button: Infrared receiver: Remote cord connector...

  • Page 15

    Viewfi nder eyepiece: Shooting mode ( button: Format ( ) button: Bracketing ( ) button: Playback ( button: Menu ( button: Sensitivity (ISO) button: Thumbnail ( button: White balance (WB) button: Protect ( ) button: Help ( ) button: Image quality / size (QUAL) button: Playback zoom ( ) button:...

  • Page 16: Control Panel

    Control Panel Shutter speed ... 76 Exposure compensation value ... 86 Flash compensation value ... 102 White balance adjustment ... 50 Number of shots in bracketing sequence ... 87 Sensitivity (ISO) indicator... 46 Auto sensitivity indicator... 142 Battery indicator ... 24 Flash sync mode ...

  • Page 17

    Flash compensation indicator... 102 Exposure compensation indicator.. 86 Flexible program indicator... 77 Autofocus mode... 139 Focus area ... 66 AF-area mode ... 140 LCD Illuminator Pressing the button activates the control panel backlight (LCD illuminator), allowing the display to be read in the dark. Metering mode...

  • Page 18

    The Viewfi nder Display Advanced Focusing Screen Display When the background is bright, the active focus area ( When the background is dark, the active focus area is highlighted briefl y in red as needed to establish contrast with the background (“Vari-Brite” focus areas), making it easier to identify the selected focus area.

  • Page 19

    8-mm (0.31˝) reference circle for center-weighted metering... 75 Focus brackets (focus areas) ... 66 Spot metering targets ... 75 Reference grid (displayed when On is selected for Custom Setting 8)... 144 Focus indicator ... 28 Focus area ... 66 AF-area mode ... 140 Autoexposure (AE) lock...

  • Page 20: The Mode Dial

    In addition to Digital Vari-Programs that allow settings to be adjusted to suit a particular scene simply by rotating the mode dial to the appropriate mode, the D70S is equipped with exposure modes that offer complete control over settings. Digital Vari-Programs...

  • Page 21: Exposure Modes

    Exposure Modes Select these modes for full control over camera set- tings, including shutter speed and aperture, fl ash mode, and camera menus. P Auto Multi Program ( Let the camera optimize exposure to suit the subject. Use fl exible program to control shutter speed and aperture ( 77), or adjust exposure with exposure compensation ( 86).

  • Page 22: Navigating The Menus

    Navigating the Menus The multi selector is used to navigate through the camera menus. Cancel and return to previous menu, or move cursor left The Shutter-Release Button The camera has a two stage shutter-release button. The camera sets focus and exposure when the button is pressed halfway. To take the picture, press the shutter-release button the rest of the way down.

  • Page 23: First Steps, Attaching The Camera Strap

    First Steps Getting the Camera Ready for Use Attaching the Camera Strap Attach the camera strap securely to the two eyelets on the camera body as shown below. The Monitor Cover A clear plastic cover (the BM-5 LCD monitor cover) is pro vid ed with the cam era to keep the monitor clean, and to pro tect the mon i tor when the camera is not in use or when you are trans port ing the camera.

  • Page 24: Inserting Batteries

    Inserting Batteries The D70S uses a rechargeable EN-EL3a Li-ion battery (supplied). Charge the battery before fi rst use or after long periods of disuse (see the charger manual for details). About two hours are required to recharge a fully-discharged bat- tery.

  • Page 25

    Using the Optional MS-D70 CR2 Lithium Battery Holder When inserted in the MS-D70 battery holder (available separately), CR2 lithium bat- teries can be used as a backup power source in place of the EN-EL3a. CR2 batteries are however suited to use at a restricted range of temperatures. Read the following notice before using CR2 batteries.

  • Page 26: Basic Setup

    Basic Setup The fi rst time the camera is turned on, the language selection dialog shown in Step 1 will be displayed in the monitor and the the control panel. Follow the steps below to choose a language and set the time and date.

  • Page 27

    Basic Setup If the button is not pressed at the completion of basic setup, the language selection dialog will be displayed the next time the camera is turned on. Until setup is complete, icon will continue to fl ash, and no photographs can be taken nor other operations performed.

  • Page 28: Attaching Lenses

    Attaching Lenses Nikon recommends using a type G or type D CPU lens to take full ad van tage of the features the camera offers. CPU lenses have CPU contacts Turn the camera off Turn the camera off before attaching or re- mov ing lenses.

  • Page 29

    Protect the Camera from Dirt and Dust Any dust, dirt, or other foreign matter inside your cam era could show up as specks or blotches in your pho to graphs or the viewfi nder display. When no lens is in place, keep the lens mount covered with the supplied body cap.

  • Page 30: Inserting Memory Cards

    Inserting Memory Cards In place of fi lm, the D70S uses CompactFlash or microdrive memory cards to store photographs. For a list of approved mem o ry cards, see “Technical Notes: Approved Memory Cards” ( Turn the cam era off Turn the cam era off before inserting or re- mov ing mem o ry cards.

  • Page 31

    Format the mem o ry card Memory cards must be for mat ted be fore fi rst use. Formatting Memory Cards Formatting memory cards permanently deletes any data they may contain. Be sure to copy any photographs and other data you wish to keep to a com put er be fore proceeding ( To for mat the card, turn the camera on and hold the but tons down si mul ta neous ly for ap prox i mate ly two sec onds.

  • Page 32

    Removing Memory Cards Memory cards can be removed without loss of data when the camera is off. Be fore removing the mem o ry card, wait for the green card access lamp next to the card slot cover to go out and then turn the camera off. Do while the ac cess lamp is on.

  • Page 33: Tutorial

    Tutorial Basic Photography and Playback This chapter is divided into the following sections: Basic Photography This section details how to use the Vari-Program for “point-and-shoot” pho tog ra phy that produces optimal re sults in most situations. Step 1 Rotate the Mode Dial to Step 2 Ready the Camera Step 3...

  • Page 34: Basic Photography, Step 1—rotate The Mode Dial To, Step 2—ready The Camera

    Basic Photography Step 1—Rotate the Mode Dial to Rotate the mode dial to “point-and-shoot” mode, the majority of set- tings are controlled by the camera in response to shooting conditions, making it ideal for fi rst-time users of digital SLR cameras. Step 2—Ready the Camera Before taking photographs, ready the camera as described below.

  • Page 35

    Digital Vari-Program modes (including The shutter release is disabled when a non-CPU lens is attached. See “Optional Acces- sories: Lenses for the D70S” ( CR2 Batteries Depending on the type of battery and on battery use, the camera may require more time to update the exposure-count display when CR2 batteries are used.

  • Page 36: Step 3—adjust Camera Settings

    Step 3—Adjust Camera Settings When the mode dial is rotated to justed to produce optimal results in most situations. Image quality, image size, sensitivity, and shooting mode are set to the values in the table below. See “Taking Photographs” ( Image quality Image size Option...

  • Page 37: Step 4—frame A Photograph

    Step 4—Frame a Photograph Choose a focus mode and frame a photograph. .1 Choose autofocus Confi rm that the focus-mode selector is pointing to AF (autofocus). At this setting, the camera will focus automatically when the shutter-release button is pressed half- way.

  • Page 38: Step 5—focus

    Step 5—Focus Press the shutter-release button halfway. The camera will automatically select the focus area containing the subject closest to the camera (closest subject priority; beep will sound, the selected focus area will be highlighted ( in-focus indicator (●) will appear in the viewfi nder (see table below). If the subject moves out of the selected focus area before the camera has focused, the camera will focus based on information from other focus areas.

  • Page 39

    mode, the camera automatically sets shut- ter speed and aperture when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. Before shooting, check the shut ter-speed and aperture in di ca tors in the viewfi nder. If the photo would be overexposed at cur rent settings, optional Neutral Density (ND) fi...

  • Page 40: Step 6—take The Photograph

    Shutter Sound The D70S is equipped with a combined electronic (CCD) and mechanical shutter. This shutter operates on a different principle from the mechanical shutters found in fi lm cameras. As a result, the interval between the sounds made by the shutter and mirror...

  • Page 41: Basic Playback

    Basic Playback Photographs are displayed automatically while being recorded to the memo- ry card. Photographs can also be viewed by pressing the most recent pho to graph in the mon i tor. During Recording Photographs are automatically displayed while being recorded to memory card.

  • Page 42: Digital Vari-programs

    Digital Vari-Programs The D70S offers a choice of seven Digital Vari-Pro- gram modes. Selecting a program automatically optimizes settings to suit the selected scene, mak- ing creative photography as simple as rotating the mode dial. Digital Vari-Programs are available with CPU lenses only. When a non-CPU lens is attached, the shutter release is disabled.

  • Page 43

    Close up Use for close-up shots of fl owers, insects, and other small objects in which main subject stands out clearly. Reds and greens are captured particularly vividly. • Camera automatically selects center focus area. Focus area selection can be changed. •...

  • Page 44

    Night portrait Provides natural balance between main subject and back- ground in portraits taken under low light. Lighting for por- trait subject will seem natural even when fl ash is used. • Tripod, self-timer ( control ( 107) or MC-DC1 remote cord ( blurring at slow shutter speeds.

  • Page 45: Taking Photographs

    Taking Photographs “Tutorial: Taking Photographs” described the basic order of operations for taking photographs at the most commonly-used settings. This chapter ex- plains how and when to adjust camera set tings for different shooting conditions. The Details...

  • Page 46: When To Use Shooting Options

    When to Use Shooting Options The following fi gure illustrates when to use the shooting options described in this chapter. Photos “grainy” when enlarged? Files too big for e-mail? Need to get more pictures on a memory card? Shutter response too slow? Photos out of focus? Want to shoot a self-portrait? Photos blurred by camera shake?

  • Page 47

    Photos dull and lifeless? Colors not natural? Subject too bright? Subject too dark, or backlit? Sensitivity ( 46–47) Raise sensitivity to reduce the amount of light needed to make an exposure. Photos blurred? Optimizing Images ( Adjust sharpness, contrast, color space, saturation, and hue to suit your creative intent.

  • Page 48

    The chart below shows the basic order for adjusting settings when taking photographs. Before proceeding, be sure to read “Using Camera Menus” 39) for information on menu operations. How will this photograph be used? Image Quality and Size... Optimizing Images ... The Shooting Menu ...

  • Page 49: Using Camera Menus

    Using Camera Menus The next four sections involve settings that can be accessed via the camera menus. To view the menus, turn the camera on and press the Choosing a Menu The camera has four main menus: the playback menu, the shooting menu, the Custom Settings menu, and the setup menu.

  • Page 50

    Making a Selection To modify settings for an item in the current menu: Highlight menu item. Highlight option. • To return to the previous menu without making a selection, press the multi se lec tor to the left. • The selection for some options is made from a sub-menu. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to make a selection from a sub-menu.

  • Page 51: Image Quality And Size, Image Quality

    L; JPEG image is 3,008 × 2,000 pixels in size. NEF (Raw) / NEF + JPEG NEF images can only be viewed using Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later (available separately; 191) or PictureProject. When photographs taken at NEF + JPEG Basic are viewed on the camera, only the JPEG image will be displayed.

  • Page 52

    Image quality can be set using the Image quality option in the shooting menu or by pressing the QUAL button and rotating the main command dial. The Image Quality Menu Highlight Im age quality in the shooting menu ( 132) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 53: Image Size

    QUAL button and rotating the sub-command dial. Image size can not be selected when NEF (Raw) or NEF+JPEG Basic is selected for image quality. When opened in Nikon Capture version 4.2 or later (available separately; 191) or PictureProject, NEF im ag es are 3,008 × 2,000 pixels in size.

  • Page 54

    The QUAL Button When the monitor is off, image size can be set by pressing the QUAL button and rotating the sub-command dial. Image size is displayed in the control panel:...

  • Page 55

    fi lls may vary with make of memory card. ‡ Size of JPEG image fi xed at L. When opened in Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later (available separately) or PictureProject, NEF im ag e is 3,008 × 2,000 pixels.

  • Page 56: Sensitivity (iso Equivalency)

    Sensitivity (ISO Equivalency) “Sensitivity” is the digital equivalent of fi lm speed. The higher the sensitivity, the less light needed to make an exposure, allowing higher shutter speeds or smaller apertures. Sensitivity can be set between values roughly equivalent to ISO 200 and ISO 1600 in steps equivalent to option in the shooting menu or by pressing the ISO button and rotating the main command dial.

  • Page 57

    The ISO Button When the monitor is off, sensitivity can be set by pressing the ISO button and rotating the main command dial. Sensitivity is displayed in the control panel:...

  • Page 58: White Balance

    fl ects conditions in effect when Speedlight fi res. Use under incandescent lighting. Use under fl uorescent lighting. Use with subjects lit by direct sunlight. Use with Nikon Speedlights, including built-in Speedlight. Use in daylight under overcast skies. Use in daylight with subjects in the shade.

  • Page 59

    White balance can be set using the White bal. option in the shooting menu or by pressing the WB button and rotating the main command dial. The White Balance Menu Highlight White bal. in the shooting menu 132) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 60: Fine-tuning White Balance

    Fine-Tuning White Balance At settings other than Preset, white bal ance can be “fi ne tuned” to compen- sate for vari a tions in the color of the light source or to in tro duce a deliberate “warm” or “cold” cast into an image. Higher settings can be used to lend im ag es a blu ish tinge or to com pen sate for light sources with a yellow or red cast, while low er ing white bal ance can make pho to graphs ap pear slight ly more yellow or red or com pen sate for light sources with a blue cast.

  • Page 61

    The WB Button When the monitor is off, white balance can be fi ne tuned by pressing the WB button and rotating the sub-command dial. Fine-Tuning and Color Temperature Approximate color-temperatures for settings other than A (auto) are given below (val- ues may differ from color temperatures given by pho to color meters): Incandescent Fluorescent...

  • Page 62: Preset White Balance

    fi nal photograph and white balance is measured by camera. Copy from White balance value is copied from photo taken with D70S (if de- existing sired, source picture can be RAW image modifi ed using white bal- photograph ance adjustment option in Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later).

  • Page 63

    Release the WB button briefl y and then press the button until the panel starts to fl ash. A blinking appear in the control panel and viewfi nder frame-count displays. Frame the reference object so that it fi lls the viewfi...

  • Page 64

    Copying White Balance from a Photograph To copy a value for white balance from a photograph on the memory card, display the white balance menu ( Highlight Preset. Highlight Use photo. * To use white balance value for current photo, proceed to Step 11. If no photo is displayed, preset white balance will be set to 5,200 K (Dir.

  • Page 65

    Highlight photograph. † Images displayed may include those created by other cameras, but only photographs created with D70S can be used as source for preset white balance. Highlight This image. ‡ To select different photo, repeat steps 5–12. Using the Current Value for Preset White Balance...

  • Page 66: Optimizing Images

    Optimizing Images When a Digital Vari-Program mode is selected, the camera automatically op- timizes outlines, contrast, saturation, and hue according to the type of scene. In P, S, A, and M modes, image enhancement options can be selected from Normal, Vivid, Sharper, Softer, Direct Print, Portrait, or Landscape to optimize photographs according to how the picture will be used or the type of scene.

  • Page 67: Customizing Image Enhancement Options

    To select an image optimization option: Highlight Optimize image in the shooting menu ( 132) and press the multi selector to the right. High light the desired option and press the multi se lec tor to the right. If Custom is se- lected, a menu of custom options will be dis- played.

  • Page 68

    Preserves de tail in misty land scapes and other low-contrast High contrast subjects. Custom curve can be created in Nikon Capture 4 version 4.1 or later (available separately) and downloaded to camera. Choose Custom to se lect this user-defi ned curve.

  • Page 69

    Suiting Colors to a Workfl ow: Color Mode The D70S offers a choice of color modes, which determine the gamut of col- ors available for color reproduction. Choose a color mode according to how pho to graphs will be pro cessed on leaving the cam era.

  • Page 70

    Controlling Vividness: Saturation Saturation controls the vividness of colors. Option Normal Normal vividness. Recommended for most situations. (default) Reduced vividness. Use when taking pictures that will later be Moderate retouched by computer. Increased vividness. Use for vivid, photoprint effect when taking Enhanced pictures that will be printed “as is,”...

  • Page 71

    Choosing Custom Image Optimization Options Choosing Custom in the Optimize image menu ( shown in Step 1. Highlight optimization option. Highlight option. Repeat steps 1–4 to adjust other options. 57) displays the menu Display sub-menu. Make selection. Highlight Done. Return to shooting menu.

  • Page 72: Choosing A Shooting Mode

    Choosing a Shooting Mode Single Frame, Continuous, Self-Timer, or Remote Control Shooting mode determines how the camera takes pho to graphs: one at a time, in a continuous sequence, with a timed shutter-release delay, or using a remote control. Mode Camera takes one photograph each time shutter release button is Single pressed.

  • Page 73

    To choose a shooting mode, press the and rotate the main command dial. Shooting mode is displayed in the control panel: The Memory Buffer The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for tem po rary storage, allowing shoot- ing to continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card. When the buff er is full, the shut ter is disabled until enough data have been trans ferred to the mem o ry card to make room for another photograph.

  • Page 74: Focus, Focus Mode

    Focus This section describes the options that control how your camera focuses: fo cus mode, focus-area selection, and AF-area mode. Focus Mode Focus mode is controlled by the focus mode se- lec tor on the front of the camera. Two modes are available: Option Camera focuses automatically when shutter-release button is pressed...

  • Page 75

    Predictive Focus Tracking If the camera autofocus system detects that the subject is moving when the shutter- release button is pressed halfway, it will au to mat i cal ly ini tiate pre dic tive focus track ing. If the sub ject is mov ing toward or away from the cam era, the camera will track focus while at tempt ing to predict where the subject will be when the shutter is re leased.

  • Page 76: Focus Area Selection

    Focus Area Selection The D70S offers a choice of fi ve focus areas that together cover a wide area of the frame. The focus area can be selected manually, allowing photo- graphs to be com posed with the main sub ject positioned almost anywhere in the frame, or automatically to ensure that the subject closest to the camera is always in focus regardless of where it is the frame (closest-subject priority;...

  • Page 77

    3—AF-Area Mode ( Custom Setting 3 (AF-area mode) de ter mines how the focus area is selected and what hap pens if the sub ject moves out of the selected focus area while the cam era is still fo cus ing. The current setting is indicated by the focus-area displays in the control panel and viewfi...

  • Page 78

    Summary of Autofocus Options Custom Setting 2 Custom Setting 3 (Autofocus) (AF-area mode) Single area AF-S Dynamic area Closest subjct Single area Dynamic area AF-C Closest subjct Control View- Active panel fi nder focus area Shown in viewfi nder and control panel Shown in viewfi...

  • Page 79

    How it works Camera focuses on subject in selected focus area. Beep sounds when camera has focused. Focus will remain locked while shutter-release button is pressed half way. Camera focuses on subject in selected focus area. If sub ject moves before cam era has focused, camera will focus based on in for ma tion from other focus areas.

  • Page 80: Focus Lock

    Focus Lock Focus lock can be used to change the com po si tion after focusing, making it possible to focus on a subject that will not be in one of the fi ve focus areas in the fi nal composition. It can also be used when the autofocus system is unable to focus ( 73).

  • Page 81

    Re com pose the pho to graph and shoot. In single-ser vo AF (AF-S), focus will remain locked be tween shots as long as the shutter-re lease button is kept pressed half way, al low ing sev er al pho to - graphs in suc ces sion to be taken at the same focus setting.

  • Page 82: The Af-assist Illuminator

    The AF-Assist Illuminator The built-in AF assist illuminator enables the camera to focus even when the subject is poorly lit. To use the illuminator, AF-S must be selected for Custom Setting 2 (Autofocus; AF-Nikkor lens must be attached, and the center focus area must be selected or closest subject priority in effect.

  • Page 83: Getting Good Results With Autofocus

    Getting Good Results with Autofocus Autofocus does not perform well under the conditions listed below. If the camera is unable to focus using autofocus, use manual focus ( 74) or use focus lock ( 70) to focus on another subject at the same distance and then recompose the photograph.

  • Page 84: Manual Focus

    Manual Focus Manual focus is available for lenses that do not sup port autofocus (non-AF Nikkor lens es) or when autofocus does not produce the desired re sults ( 73). To focus manually, set the focus- mode selector to M and adjust the lens focusing ring until the image displayed on the clear matte fi...

  • Page 85: Exposure, Metering

    Exposure Metering In P, S, A, and M modes, the metering mode determines how the camera sets exposure. The following options are available when a CPU lens is attached (metering is not performed when a non-CPU lens is used). Method Metering is performed by 1,005-pixel RGB sensor, which sets exposure based on variety of information from all areas of frame.

  • Page 86: Exposure Mode

    Exposure Mode When the mode dial is rotated to P, S, A, or M, the user can set shutter speed and aperture as described on the following pages. CPU Lenses When using a CPU lens equipped with an aperture ring, lock the aperture ring at the min i mum aperture (highest f/-number).

  • Page 87

    P: Auto Multi Program In this mode, the camera automatically adjusts shutter speed and aperture ac cord ing to a built-in program ( u a tions. This mode is recommended for snapshots and other sit u a tions in which you want to leave the camera in charge of shutter speed and aperture. Ad just ments can be made using fl...

  • Page 88

    Exposure Warning If the limits of the exposure metering system are exceeded, one of the following indica- tors will be dis played in the control panel and viewfi nder: Indicator Subject too bright. Use optional Neutral Density (ND) fi lter or lower sensitivity ( 46).

  • Page 89

    S: Shutter-Priority Auto In mode S, you choose the shutter speed while the camera au to mat i cal ly se- lects the aperture that will produce the optimal exposure. Shutter speed can be set to values between 30 s and motion by blurring moving objects, high shutter speeds to “freeze”...

  • Page 90

    Changing from Mode M to Mode S If you select a shutter speed of then select mode S without changing the shutter speed, the shutter-speed display will fl ash and the shutter can not be released. Rotate the main command dial to select a different shutter speed before shooting.

  • Page 91

    A: Aperture-Priority Auto In mode A, you choose the aperture while the camera controls shutter speed for optimal exposure. Small apertures (high f/-numbers) increase depth of fi eld, bringing both the main subject and back ground into focus. Large apertures (low f/-num bers) soften background details and let more light into the camera, increasing the range of the fl...

  • Page 92

    M: Manual In mode M, the user controls both shutter speed and aperture. Shut ter speed can be set to values between 30 s and open indefi nitely for a long time-exposure ( val ues between the minimum and maximum values for the lens. Using the elec tron ic analog exposure display in the viewfi...

  • Page 93

    , the shutter will remain open while the camera shutter- ; the shutter opens when the shutter-release button 107). Nikon recommends using a will appear in the aperture displays in EV or ½ EV. If the limits of the ex po sure metering system “EV step”...

  • Page 94: Autoexposure Lock

    Autoexposure Lock When center-weighted metering is used, an area in the center of the frame is assigned the greatest weight when determining exposure. Similarly, when spot metering is used, exposure is based upon lighting conditions in the se- lected focus area. If the subject is not in the metered area when the picture is taken, exposure will be based on lighting conditions in the back ground, and the main sub ject may be under- or over-exposed.

  • Page 95

    Keeping the AE-L/AF-L but ton pressed, re com pose the pho to graph and shoot. Metered Area In spot metering, exposure will be locked at the value metered in a 2.3-mm (0.09˝) cir- cle centered on the selected focus area. In center-weighted metering, exposure will be locked at the value metered in an 8-mm (0.31˝) circle at the center of the viewfi...

  • Page 96: Exposure Compensation

    Exposure Compensation To obtain the desired results with certain subject compositions, it may be nec es sary to use ex po sure compensation to alter exposure from the val ue sug gest ed by the cam era. As a rule of thumb, positive compensation may be needed when the main sub ject is dark er than the background, negative val ues when the main sub ject is bright er than the background.

  • Page 97: Bracketing

    Bracketing In P, S, A, and M modes, the D70S offers three types of bracketing (bracket- ing is not available in Digital Vari-Program modes). The type of bracketing performed is determined by the option selected for Custom Setting 12 (BKT set): AE &...

  • Page 98

    Exposure and Flash Bracketing Se lect the type of brack et ing to be per formed us ing Cus tom Set ting 12 (BKT set; Choose AE & fl ash to vary both ex po sure and fl ash level (the de fault setting), AE only to vary only exposure, or Flash only to vary only fl...

  • Page 99

    Com pose a photograph, focus, and shoot. The cam era will vary ex po sure and/or fl ash level shot-by-shot according to the brack et ing pro gram se lect ed. Mod i fi ca tions to ex po sure and fl...

  • Page 100

    The bracketing programs available depend on the option selected for Cus- tom Setting 9 (EV step; Custom Setting 9 Control panel (EV step) 1/3 step (default) 13—BKT Order ( 146) This option can be used to change the bracketing order. 144).

  • Page 101

    Custom Setting 9 Control panel (EV step) 1/2 step Re sum ing Exposure or Flash Bracketing If the mem o ry card fi lls before all shots in the sequence have been taken, shooting can be resumed from the next shot in the sequence after the memory card has been re placed or shots have been deleted to make room on the memory card.

  • Page 102

    White Balance Bracketing Choose WB bracketing for Cus tom Set ting 12 (BKT set; 146). Note that white bal- ance bracketing will not be performed if NEF (Raw) or NEF+JPEG Basic is selected for im- age quality. Press ing the button, rotate the main com- mand dial until panel.

  • Page 103

    Com pose a photograph, focus, and shoot. Each shot will pro cessed to create the num ber of cop ies spec i fi ed in the brack et ing program, and each copy will have a dif fer ent white bal ance.

  • Page 104: Flash Photography

    Flash Photography The D70S is equipped with a Guide Number 15/49 Speedlight (ISO 200, m/ft; Guide Number at ISO 100 is 11/36). When a CPU lens is attached, the built-in Speedlight emits monitor prefl ashes that are analyzed using through- the-lens (TTL) technology (i-TTL fl...

  • Page 105: Flash Sync Modes

    Flash Sync Modes The following fl ash sync settings are available in P, S, A, and M modes: Flash sync mode This mode is recommended for most situations. In P and A modes, shutter speed will au to mat i cal ly be set to values Front-curtain sync between Red-eye reduction lamp lights for approximately 1 s before...

  • Page 106

    The following fl ash sync settings are available in Flash sync mode If lighting is poor or subject is back-lit, fl ash pops up when shut- ter-release button is pressed halfway and fi res automatically when shutter is released. Shutter speed is restricted to values between Auto front- curtain sync selected automatically when mode dial is rotated to...

  • Page 107: Using The Built-in Speedlight

    Using the Built-in Speedlight Follow these steps when using the built-in Speedlight with a CPU lens. Rotate the mode dial to the desired setting 10). If proceed to Step 4 ( Flash for Digital SLR will be selected, and the built-in Speedlight will pop-up automatically when required.

  • Page 108

    Press the button and rotate the main command dial until the desired fl ash sync icon is displayed in the control panel. The options available depend on the mode selected with the mode dial: Front curtain sync 1 Available only in P and A modes. If mode dial is rotated to S or M after this option has been selected in P or A mode, fl...

  • Page 109

    Press the shutter-release button halfway and check exposure (shutter speed and aperture). In will pop up automatically if required for additional lighting and the fl ash will begin charging. The shutter speeds and apertures available when the built-in Speedlight is raised are listed below. Mode Set automatically by camera ( Value selected by user (...

  • Page 110

    Using the Built-in Speedlight If the built-in Speedlight is used in continuous shooting mode, only one photograph will be taken each time the shutter-release button is pressed. Vibration reduction (available with VR lenses) does not take effect if the shutter-release button is pressed halfway while the built-in Speedlight is recharging.

  • Page 111

    Compatible Lenses The built-in Speedlight can be used with any CPU lens with a focal length of 18– 300 mm. Note that the built-in Speedlight may be unable to light the entire subject if the following lenses are not used at or above the minimum ranges given below: Lens AF-S DX ED 12–24 mm f/4G AF-S ED 17–35 mm f/2.8D...

  • Page 112: Flash Exposure Compensation

    Flash Exposure Compensation In P, S, A, and M modes, fl ash exposure compensation can be used to increase or reduce fl ash output from the level chosen by the camera’s fl ash control system (fl ash exposure compensation is not available in Digital Vari-Program modes).

  • Page 113

    FV Lock This feature is used to lock fl ash output, allowing photographs to be re- composed without changing the fl ash level. This ensures that fl ash output is appropriate to the subject even when the subject is not positioned in the center of the frame.

  • Page 114

    Recompose the photograph. Press the shutter-release button the rest of the way down to shoot. If desired, additional pic- tures can be taken without releasing FV lock. Press the AE-L / AF-L button to release FV lock and confi rm that the EL icon is no longer dis- played in the control panel and viewfi...

  • Page 115: Self-timer Mode

    Self-Timer Mode The self-timer can be used to reduce camera shake or for self-portraits. To use the self-timer: Mount the camera on a tripod (recommended) or place the camera on a stable, level sur face. Press the button and ro tate main com- mand dial until displayed in the control panel.

  • Page 116

    Press the shutter-release button all the way down to start the self-timer. The self-tim er lamp (AF-assist lamp) will start to blink and a beep will begin to sound. Two seconds before the photograph is taken, the self-timer lamp will stop blinking and the beeping will become more rapid. After the photograph is taken, the shooting mode in effect before the self-timer was selected will be restored.

  • Page 117: Using A Remote Control

    Gives operator time to pose when taking self-portrait using remote control. Ensures quick shutter response; can be used to reduce blur- ring caused by camera shake. can be selected for shutter speed. At 83). Nikon recommends using a fully-charged EN-EL3a , and modes,...

  • Page 118

    To use the remote control: Mount the camera on a tripod (recommended) or place the camera on a stable, level sur face. Press the button and ro tate main com- mand dial until (delayed remote) or response remote) is displayed in the control panel.

  • Page 119

    Aim the transmitter on the ML-L3 at the in- frared receiver on the camera and press the shutter-release button on the ML-L3 (when using the remote outdoors, make sure that the subject is not backlit and that the line of site between the transmitter and the infrared receiver is not blocked by the lens or other ob- stacles).

  • Page 120

    Replacing the Battery The ML-L3 remote control is powered by a three-volt CR2025 lithium battery. To replace the battery: After sliding the latch in the direction shown to unlatch the battery holder, remove the holder as shown in Remove the battery from the battery holder. Insert a fresh battery with the face marked “+”...

  • Page 121: Two-button Reset

    Two-Button Reset The camera settings listed below can be re stored to default values by holding the tons down together for more than two seconds (these but tons are marked by a green dot). Cus- tom Settings are not affected. Option Shooting mode Single frame...

  • Page 123: More About Playback

    More About Playback This section details the operations that can be per formed during playback, including thumbnail play back, playback zoom, and photo information dis play. Playback Options...

  • Page 124: Single-image Playback

    Single-Image Playback Photographs are displayed in the monitor during recording and when the button is pressed. During Recording Photographs are automatically displayed while being recorded to memory card. Photographs taken in “tall” (portrait) orientation are displayed in tall orientation. Using the Multi Selector The multi selector can be used at any time when the monitor is on.

  • Page 125

    The following operations can be performed in single-image playback: Press View additional photographs View photo information View thumbnails Zoom in on photograph Protect / remove protection from photograph Delete photograph Display menus Shutter End playback release / Description Press multi selector down to view photographs in order recorded, up to view photographs in reverse order.

  • Page 126: Photo Information

    Photo Information Photo in for ma tion is su per im posed on images displayed in single-im age play back. Press the multi-se lec tor left or right to cycle through photo in for - ma tion as follows: Shooting Data Page 2 ↔ Shooting Data Page 1 ↔ File Information ↔...

  • Page 127

    Histogram Protect status...121 Frame number / total number of images...126 Histogram showing the dis tri bu tion of tones in the im age. The horizontal axis cor re sponds to pixel bright ness, with dark tones to the left and bright tones to the right.

  • Page 128: Viewing Multiple Images: Thumbnail Playback

    Viewing Multiple Images: Thumbnail Playback To display images in “con tact sheets” of four or nine images, press the playback. The fol low ing operations can be per- formed while thumb nails are displayed: Press Change num- ber of images displayed Highlight photographs...

  • Page 129

    Using the Multi Selector The multi selector can be used at any time when the monitor is on. The focus selector lock switch only takes effect when the monitor is off. 22—Monitor Off ( The monitor will turn off automatically to save pow er if no operations are performed for the time spec i fi...

  • Page 130: Taking A Closer Look: Playback Zoom

    Taking a Closer Look: Playback Zoom Press the button to zoom in on the im age displayed in single-image playback or on the im age currently highlighted in thumbnail playback. The following operations can be performed while zoom is in effect: Press and / or rotate Cancel / resume...

  • Page 131: Protecting Photographs From Deletion

    Protecting Photographs from Deletion In full-frame and thumbnail playback, the pho to graphs from ac ci den tal deletion. Protected fi les can not be deleted using the button or the Delete op tion in the playback menu, and have DOS “read-only”...

  • Page 132: Deleting Individual Photographs

    Deleting Individual Photographs To delete a photograph displayed in single-image playback, or the pho to - graph highlighted in thumbnail playback, press the let ed, photographs can not be recovered. Display the image in full-frame playback or highlight it in the thumbnail list.

  • Page 133: Menu Guide

    Menu Guide Index to Menu Options Changes to a variety of camera settings are made with the help of menus that appear in the camera monitor. This chapter covers: The Playback Menu The playback menu contains options for managing the images stored on memory cards, and for play- ing pictures back in automated slide shows.

  • Page 134: The Playback Menu, Delete

    The Playback Menu The playback menu contains the following options: The playback menu is not displayed when no memory card is inserted. Delete To display the delete menu, highlight Delete and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 135

    Deleting Selected Photographs: Selected Choosing Selected displays the photographs in the fold er or folders selected in the Playback fl dr menu ( Highlight image. Repeat steps 1 and 2 to select additional pictures. To deselect picture, highlight and press center of multi selector. To exit without deleting pictures, press button.

  • Page 136: Playback Fldr, Rotate Tall

    Select All to begin playback. Images in all folders created by cameras that conform to Design Rule for Camera File System (DCF)—all Nikon digital cam er as and most other makes of digital camera—will be vis i ble during playback.

  • Page 137: Slide Show

    Slide Show To play images back one after the other in an automated “slide show,” highlight Slide show in the playback menu ( selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 138

    The dialog shown at right is displayed when the show ends or when the button is pressed to pause playback. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection. •...

  • Page 139: Hide Image

    Hide Image The Hide image option is used to hide or reveal selected photographs. Hidden images are visible only in the Hide image menu, and can only be deleted by formatting the memory card. High- light Hide image in the playback menu ( and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 140: Print Set

    DPOF. Exif version 2.21 The D70S supports Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) ver- sion 2.21, a stan dard that al lows in for ma tion stored with pho to graphs to be used for optimal color re pro duc tion when im ag es are output on Exif-compliant print ers.

  • Page 141

    Modifying the Print Order: Select / Set Choosing Select / set displays the photographs in the fold er or folders se- lected in the Playback fl dr menu ( Repeat steps 1 and 2 to select additional pictures. To deselect picture, press multi selector down when number of prints is 1.

  • Page 142: The Shooting Menu, Optimize Image

    The Shooting Menu The shooting menu contains the following options: Optimize Image When the mode dial is set to P, S, A, or M, pho- tographs are enhanced according to the option selected in the Optimize image menu. See “Tak- ing Photographs: Optimizing Images”...

  • Page 143: Long Exp. Nr

    Long Exp. NR This option controls whether photographs taken at shutter speeds slower than about 1 s are processed to reduce “noise” (randomly-spaced, brightly-col ored pix els that appear at slow shutter speeds, particularly in shad ows). Highlight Long Exp. NR in the shooting menu ( the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 144: Image Quality, Image Size, White Bal

    Image Quality Image quality can be selected from the options shown at right. For more information, see “Taking Photographs: Image Quality and Size” ( 41). Image Size Image size can be selected from L (3008 × 2000), M (2240 × 1488), and S (1504 × 1000). See “Tak- ing Photographs: Image Quality and Size”...

  • Page 145: Custom Settings

    Custom Settings The Custom Settings (CSM) menu can be used to customize camera settings to suit individual preferences. When Simple is selected for the CSM menu option in the setup menu ( the Custom Settings menu contains the following options: Option Menu reset Beep...

  • Page 146

    The HELP Button To view help on Custom Settings, press the (HELP) button when an item is highlighted in the CSM menu or when the options for a Custom Setting are displayed. Custom Setting R: Menu Reset To restore Custom Settings to default values, highlight Menu reset in the CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 147

    Default settings are listed below. Option Menu reset Beep Autofocus AF-area mode AF assist ISO auto No CF Card? Release locked Image review Grid display EV step Exp comp. Center wtd BKT set * Default for mode is AF-C. † Default for Default Option BKT Order...

  • Page 148

    Custom Setting 1: Beep To turn the camera speaker on or off, highlight Beep in the CSM menu ( multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection. Option Speaker on;...

  • Page 149: Custom Setting 2: Autofocus

    Custom Setting 2: Autofocus To choose how the camera focuses when the fo- cus-mode selector is set to AF, highlight Autofo- cus in the CSM menu ( selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 150: Custom Setting 3: Af-area Mode

    Custom Setting 3: AF-Area Mode To choose how the focus area is selected when the focus-mode selector is set to AF, highlight AF- area mode in the CSM menu ( the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 151: Custom Setting 4: Af Assist

    Custom Setting 4: AF Assist To choose whether the built-in AF-assist illumina- tor lights to assist the focus operation when the subject is poorly lit, highlight AF assist in the CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 152: Custom Setting 5: Iso Auto

    Custom Setting 5: ISO Auto To choose whether the camera automatically ad- justs sensitivity (ISO equivalency) as necessary to achieve optimal exposure and fl ash level, highlight ISO auto in the CSM menu ( multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 153

    Option Shutter-release button disabled when no memory card is inserted. Release Shutter release will not lock if Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later locked (available separately) is being used to record photographs to com- (default) puter.

  • Page 154

    Custom Setting 7: Image Review This option determines whether photographs are automatically displayed in the monitor after shooting (On, the default option) or only when button is pressed (Off). Highlight Image review in the CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 155

    Custom Setting 10: Exp Comp. This option controls whether the needed to set exposure compensation in P, S, and A modes ( 86). Highlight Exp comp. in the detailed CSM menu ( selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 156

    Custom Setting 12: BKT Set This option controls what settings are affected when auto bracketing is in effect. Highlight BKT set in the detailed CSM menu ( the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 157

    Custom Setting 14: Command Dial This option can be used to exchange the func- tions of the main and sub-command dials when setting shutter speed and aperture in S, A, and M modes. Highlight Command dial in the detailed CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 158

    Custom Setting 16: AE Lock This option controls whether exposure locks while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. Highlight AE Lock in the detailed CSM menu 135) and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selec- tion.

  • Page 159

    Custom Setting 18: AF Area Illm This option controls whether or not the active focus area is highlighted in red in the viewfi nder. Highlight AF area illm in the detailed CSM menu 135) and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selec- tion.

  • Page 160: Custom Setting 19: Flash Mode

    Custom Setting 19: Flash Mode To choose the fl ash mode for the built-in Speed- light, highlight Flash mode in the detailed CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to high- light an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 161: Commander Mode

    Commander Mode When using optional SB-800 or SB-600 Speedlights with Commander mode selected for Custom Setting 19 (Flash mode), set the optional Speedlights to Channel 3, Group A and position them as shown below. 30 ° or less 10 m /33´ or less 30 °...

  • Page 162

    Custom Setting 20: Flash Sign In P, S, A, and M modes, the built-in Speedlight does not pop up automatically. This option deter- mines whether the indicator in the viewfi nder fl ickers to warn that the built-in Speedlight is required for additional lighting when the shutter- release button is pressed halfway.

  • Page 163

    Custom Setting 22: Monitor Off This option controls how long the monitor remains on when no operations are performed: 10 s, 20 s (the default option), 1 minute, 5 minutes, or 10 minutes. Highlight Monitor off in the detailed CSM menu ( 135) and press the multi selector to the right.

  • Page 164

    Custom Setting 25: Remote This option controls how long the camera will continue to wait for a signal from the remote control when no operations are performed in delayed remote or quick-response remote modes: 1 minute (the default option), 5 minutes, 10 min- utes, or 15 minutes.

  • Page 165: The Setup Menu

    The Setup Menu The setup menu contains three pages of options: Using the Multi Selector The multi selector can be used at any time when the monitor is on. The focus selector lock switch only takes effect when the monitor is off. Camera Setup Option Folders...

  • Page 166: Folders

    Folders To create and manage folders, or to choose the folder in which photographs will be stored, high- light Folders in the setup menu ( press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 167

    For example, if the folder NIKON is selected, pictures in all folders named NIKON (100NIKON, 101NIKON, 102NIKON, etc.) will be visible when Current is selected in the Playback fl dr menu ( 126).

  • Page 168

    Rename To rename an existing folder, highlight Rename in the Folders menu and press the multi selector to the right. A list of existing folders will be displayed. Press multi selector up or down to highlight a folder name. Press the multi selector to the right. dialog shown at right will be displayed.

  • Page 169: File No. Seq

    File No. Seq. When a photograph is taken, the camera names the new fi le by adding one to the last fi le number used. This option controls whether fi le numbering continues from the last number used when a new folder is created, the memory card is formatted, or a new memory card is inserted in the camera.

  • Page 170: Format

    Be fore for mat ting, be sure to transfer to a computer any pictures you would like to keep. FAT 32 The D70S supports FAT 32, allowing use of memory cards with capacities of over 2 GB. FAT 16 is used when reformatting cards already formatted in FAT 16. Two-Button Format...

  • Page 171: Csm Menu, Date, Lcd Brightness

    CSM Menu To choose whether the CSM menu lists all twenty- six Custom Settings or only the fi rst ten options, highlight CSM menu in the setup menu ( and press the multi selector to the right. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight an option, then press to the right to make a selection.

  • Page 172: Mirror Lock-up, Video Mode

    “– – – – – – ” is displayed in control panel. Mirror will return to down position when camera is turned off. To ensure power is available to lower mirror, Nikon recommends using this option only when camera is powered by EH-5 AC adapter.

  • Page 173: Language, Image Comment

    Using this option, brief text com ments can be added to photographs as they are taken. Com- ments can be viewed when the pho to graphs are displayed using PictureProject or Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later. Highlight Image comment in the setup menu ( selector to the right.

  • Page 174

    To move the cursor in the comment area, press the button and rotate the main command dial. To enter a new letter at the current cursor position, use the multi selector to highlight the desired character in the keyboard area and press the button.

  • Page 175

    171, 176), select the appropri- ate USB option. When connecting the camera to a PictBridge printer or using the Camera Control component of Nikon Capture 4 (available sepa- rately; version 4.2 or later required), select PTP. When using PictureProject to transfer (copy) pic-...

  • Page 176: Dust Ref Photo

    (RAW) photographs to remove the effects of dust in the camera imaging system by comparing the images to the data acquired with Dust ref photo. It is not available with JPEG images. The D70S can be used with Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later. will...

  • Page 177: Firmware Ver

    Position the lens ten centimeters (four inches) from a bright, featureless white object. After framing the object so that nothing else is visible in the viewfi nder, press the shutter-release button halfway. In autofocus mode, focus will automatically be set to infi nity; in manual focus mode, set focus to infi...

  • Page 178: Image Rotation

    (default) Landscape (wide) orientation Camera orientation is not recorded. Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later and PictureProject display all photographs in landscape (wide) orientation, and camera rotation icon in Nikon Capture 4 Camera Control shows camera in horizontal (landscape) orientation. Choose this option when taking photographs with lens pointing up or lens pointing down.

  • Page 179: Connections

    Connections Connecting to External Devices Photographs and camera menus can be displayed on a tele vi sion screen or recorded to video tape. If the PictureProject software provided with the camera is installed, the cam era can be connected to a com put er and pho to graphs copied to disk for ed it ing, viewing, print ing, or long-term stor age.

  • Page 180: Television Playback

    Television Playback The supplied EG-D100 video cable can be used to connect the D70S to a tele vi sion or VCR for playback or recording. Turn the camera off. The EG-D100 Turn the camera off before connecting or dis- connecting the EG-D100.

  • Page 181: Connecting To A Computer

    Windows 2000 Professional Windows Millennium Edition (Me) Windows 98 Second Edition (SE) Mac OS 9 * Camera Control for D70S available with Nikon Capture 4 version 4.2 or later. Data Transfer and Camera Control PictureProject Camera Control Choose PTP or...

  • Page 182

    Connecting the USB Cable Turn the computer on and wait for it to start up. Turn the camera off. Connect the UC-E4 USB cable as shown below. Connect the camera directly to the computer; do not connect the cable via a USB hub or key- board.

  • Page 183

    See the Nikon Cap ture 4 User’s Man u al for more in for ma tion. Do Not Turn the Camera Off Do not turn the camera off while transfer is in progress.

  • Page 184

    Windows 98 Second Edition (SE) In My Computer, click with the right mouse but- ton on the removable disk corresponding to the camera and select Eject from the menu that ap- pears. Macintosh Drag the camera volume (“NIKON D70S”) into the Trash.

  • Page 185: Printing Photographs

    Printing Photographs Connecting to a PictBridge Printer When the camera is connected to a PictBridge- compatible printer, photographs can be printed directly from the camera.

  • Page 186

    When the camera is connected to a PictBridge-compatible printer via the supplied UC-E4 USB cable, selected JPEG photographs can be printed directly from the camera (RAW photographs can not be printed using this method). Before connecting the printer, confi rm that it supports PictBridge. To ensure that printing is not interrupted, be sure the camera battery is fully charged.

  • Page 187

    Turn the camera on. A welcome screen will be displayed in the monitor, followed by a PictBridge menu. Press the multi selector up or down to highlight Setup and press the multi selector to the right. The menu shown at right will be displayed; press the multi selector up or down to highlight an op- tion, then press the multi selector to the right to make the selection.

  • Page 188

    Printing Selected Photographs To print selected photos, highlight Print in the PictBridge menu and press the multi selector to the right. The menu shown in Step 1 will be displayed. Highlight Choose folder. Highlight folder. * To display photos in all folders, highlight All. To make selection from one folder only, highlight folder name.

  • Page 189

    ‡ If printer supports cropping, photo can be cropped for printing by pressing right will be displayed; rotate main command dial to zoom in or out and use multi selector to scroll to other areas of image (note that prints may become slightly “grainy”...

  • Page 190

    Printing the Current Print Order To print the current print order, highlight Print (DPOF) in the PictBridge menu and press the multi selector to the right. This option is only available if a print order is present on the memory card. “Data Imprint”...

  • Page 191: Technical Notes

    Lists the lenses and other accessories available for the D70S. Caring for Your Camera Provides information on storage and mainte- nance. Troubleshooting Lists the error messages displayed by your cam era and how to deal with them. Specifi cations Principal specifi cations for the D70S.

  • Page 192: Camera Settings

    Camera Settings The following table lists the settings that can be adjusted in each mode. Image size Image quality Sensitivity (ISO equivalency) White balance Optimize image Shooting mode Focus lock Metering Depth-of-fi eld preview Flexible program Autoexposure lock Exposure compensation Bracketing Flash sync mode Manual pop-up for built-in Speedlight...

  • Page 193: Optional Accessories, Lenses For The D70s

    Optional Accessories Lenses for the D70S CPU lenses (particularly type G and D lenses) are recommended for use with the D70S. IX Nikkor CPU lenses can not be used. Camera setting Lens / accessory Type G or D AF Nikkor AF-S, AF-I Nikkor PC-Micro Nikkor 85 mm f/2.8D...

  • Page 194

    fl ash control can not be used. If another mode is selected when a non-CPU lens is attached, the shutter-release will be disabled. Type G lens be used with the D70S: • 200–600 mm f/9.5 280001–300490)

  • Page 195

    A 35-mm cam era has a di ag o nal pic ture angle ap prox i mate ly one-and-a-half times that of the D70S. When cal cu lat ing the focal length of lenses for the D70S in 35-mm format, you will therefore need to mul ti ply the focal length of the lens by 1.5, as shown in the following table:...

  • Page 196: Optional Speedlights

    fl ash. Be fore us ing a Nikon Speed light not listed in this section, con- tact a Nikon-au tho rized ser vice rep re sen ta tive for more information.

  • Page 197

    3 Use Speedlight controls to select fl ash mode. 4 Available only with non-CPU lenses. The Accessory Shoe The D70S is equipped with an accessory shoe that allows SB-series Speedlights, including the SB-800, 600, 80DX, 28DX, 28, 50DX, 27, 23, 22S, and 29S to be mounted directly on the camera without a sync cable.

  • Page 198

    Repeating fl ash REAR Rear-curtain sync 1 When an SB-27 is mounted on the D70S, the fl ash mode is automatically set to TTL, and the shutter-release will be disabled. Set the SB-27 to A (non-TTL auto fl ash). 2 Autofocus is only avail able with AF-Mi cro lenses (60 mm, 105 mm, 200 mm, or 70–180 mm).

  • Page 199

    Refer to the Speedlight manual for detailed instructions. If the Speedlight supports the Creative Lighting System, refer to the section on CLS-compatible digital SLR cameras. The D70S is not included in the “digital SLR” category in the SB-80DX, SB-28DX, and SB-50DX manuals.

  • Page 200: Other Accessories

    Other Accessories At the time of writing, the following accessories were available for the D70S. Contact your retailer or local Nikon representative for details. ♦ EN-EL3a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery: Additional EN-EL3a batteries Batteries/ Chargers/ are available from local retailers and Nikon service representatives.

  • Page 201

    Use Only Nikon Brand Ac ces so ries Only Nikon brand ac ces so ries cer ti fi ed by Nikon spe cifi cal ly for use with your Nikon dig i tal cam era are engineered and proven to op er ate with in its op er a tion al and safety requirements.

  • Page 202: Approved Memory Cards

    Approved Memory Cards The following cards have been tested and approved for use in the D70S: SDCFB SDCFB (Type II) SDCF2B (Type II) SanDisk SDCFH (Ultra) SDCFH (Ultra II) SDFCX SDCFX (Extreme III) 4× USB 8× USB 12× USB 16× USB...

  • Page 203: Caring For The Camera

    Camera thoroughly. The camera may be damaged if foreign matter gets inside body the camera body. Nikon cannot accept liability for damage caused by dirt or sand. These elements are made of glass and are easily dam aged. Remove dust and lint with a blower. If using an aerosol blower, keep the can Lens, vertical to prevent the discharge of liquid.

  • Page 204

    The Low-Pass Filter The CCD image sensor that acts as the cam era’s picture element is fi tted with a low-pass fi lter to prevent moiré. Al though this fi lter prevents foreign ob- jects from adhering directly to the image sensor, under certain con di tions dirt or dust on the fi...

  • Page 205

    Replace the lens or body cap. Servicing the Camera and Accessories The D70S is a precision device and requires regular servicing. Nikon recommends that the camera be inspected by the original retailer or Nikon service representative once every one to two years, and that it be serviced once every three to fi...

  • Page 206

    Caring for the Camera and Battery: Cautions Do not drop The product may malfunction if sub ject ed to strong shocks or vi bra tion. Keep dry This product is not waterproof, and may mal func tion if im mersed in wa ter or ex posed to high levels of hu mid i ty.

  • Page 207

    not be us ing the prod uct for long pe ri ods, re move the bat tery to pre vent leak age and store the cam era in a plastic bag con tain ing a des ic cant. Do not, how ev er, store the cam- era case in a plas tic bag, as this may cause the ma te ri al to de te ri o rate.

  • Page 208: Troubleshooting

    This section lists the indicators and error messages that appear in the view- fi nder, control panel, and monitor when there is a problem with the camera. Con sult the list below before contacting your retailer or Nikon representa- tive.

  • Page 209

    Camera PRESENT memory card. CARD IS NOT Memory card has not been FORMATTED formatted for use in D70S. Problem Change shutter speed or se- lect mode M. • Raise built-in Speedlight. • Check photo in monitor; if underexposed, adjust set- tings and try again.

  • Page 210

    ( 16). In the event of con tin ued mal- func tion, con tact your re tail er or Nikon rep re sen ta tive. Note that dis con nect ing the power source as de scribed above may result in loss of any data not re cord ed to the memory card at the time the prob lem occurred.

  • Page 211: Specifi Cations

    23.7 × 15.6 mm; total pixels: 6.24 million Image size (pixels) • 3008 × 2000 (Large) • 1504 × 1000 (Small) Lens mount Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts) Compatible lenses Type G or D AF Nikkor All functions supported Micro Nikkor 85 mm All functions supported except autofocus and some exposure f/2.8D...

  • Page 212

    Autofocus TTL phase detection by Nikon Multi-CAM900 autofocus module with AF-assist illuminator (range approximately 0.5–3.0 m / 1´8˝–9´10˝) Detection range –1 – +19 EV (ISO 100 at 20 °C/68 °F) AF-area mode Single-area AF, dynamic-area AF, dynamic-area AF with clos-...

  • Page 213

    Built-in Speedlight • • P, S, A, M: manual pop-up with button release Guide number • ISO 200: approximately 15/49 (manual 17/56) (m / ft at 20 °C/68 °F) • ISO 100: approximately 11/36 (manual 12/39) Flash Sync contact X-contact only; fl ash synchronization at up to Flash control TTL fl...

  • Page 214

    20 °C (68 °F). • Nikon reserves the right to change the specifi cations of the hardware and software described this manual at any time and without prior notice. Nikon will not be held...

  • Page 215

    Battery Life The number of shots that can be taken with a fully-charged EN-EL3a battery (1500 mAh) varies with the con di tion of the batteries, temperature, and how the camera is used. The following measurements were performed at a temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). Example 1: 2500 shots Zoom Nikkor AF-S DX 18–70 mm f/3.5–4.5G IF ED lens;...

  • Page 216: Index

    Index Menus Playback menu, 124–131 Delete, 124–125 Playback fl dr, 126 Rotate tall, 126 Slide show, 127–128 Hide image, 129 Print set, 130–131 Shooting menu, 132–134 Optimize image, 56–61 Long exp. NR, 133 Image quality, 41–42 Image size, 43–45 White bal., 48–55 ISO, 46–47 CSM menu, 135–154 R Menu reset, 136–137...

  • Page 217

    153 cover, 13 Monitor pre-fl ashes, 94 NEF, 41–45. See also Shooting menu, Im age qual- i ty; RAW Nikon Capture 4, 41, 59, 163, 165, 166, 168, 171, 173, 191 Noise, 83 reduction, 133 NORMAL. See Shooting menu, Image quality On-Demand grid lines.

  • Page 218

    Shutter speed, 76–83 and fl ash synchronization, Shooting menu, 132–134 Shooting mode, 62–63 Single-area AF. See AF-area mode. Single-frame playback, 114–115 Single-frame shooting. See Shooting mode Size. See Shooting menu, Image size Slide shows. See Playback menu, Slide show Speedlight, 94–104, 186–189. See also fl...

  • Page 219

    No reproduction in any form of this manual, in whole or in part (except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews), may be made without written authorization from NIKON CORPORATION. SB5B04200101(11) 6MBA2811--...

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