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Siemens SIMODRIVE 611 Configuration Manual

Low-voltage converter, general section for synchronous motors.
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General Section for Synchronous
Configuration Manual
(PJAL), 11.2005 Edition
6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4
Electrical Data
Mechanical Data
Electrical Connections
Motor Components


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   Summary of Contents for Siemens SIMODRIVE 611

  • Page 1

    Foreword Electrical Data Mechanical Data SIMODRIVE 611, SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES Configuration General Section for Synchronous Electrical Connections Motors Motor Components Configuration Manual Appendix (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 2

    Trademarks All names identified by ® are registered trademarks of the Siemens AG. The remaining trademarks in this publication may be trademarks whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owner.

  • Page 3

    We would also like to point-out that the contents of this document are neither part of nor modify any prior or existing agreement, commitment or contractual relationship. The sales contract contains the entire obligations of Siemens. The warranty contained in the contract between the parties is the sole warranty of Siemens. Any statements contained herein neither create new warranties nor modify the existing warranty.

  • Page 4

    If you have any questions, please contact the following Hotline: Phone: +49 (0) 180 5050–222 Fax: +49 (0) 180 5050–223 Internet: Please send any questions about the documentation (e.g. suggestions for improvement, corrections) to the following fax number or email address: Fax: +49 (0) 9131 98–63315 Fax form:...

  • Page 5

    Foreword Safety Guidelines Danger Start-up/commissioning is absolutely prohibited until it has been completely ensured that the machine, in which the components described here are to be installed, is in full compliance with the specifications of Directive 98/37/EC. Only appropriately qualified personnel may commission SIMODRIVE and SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES drive units and the synchronous motors.

  • Page 6

    Foreword Caution SIMODRIVE and SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES drive units with synchronous motors are subject, as part of the type test, to a voltage test corresponding to EN 50178. According to EN 60204-1, Section 19.4, while electrical equipment of industrial machines are being subject to a voltage test, all of the SIMODRIVE and SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES drive unit connections must be disconnected/withdrawn in order to avoid damaging the SIMODRIVE and SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES drive units.

  • Page 7

    Foreword ESDS instructions Caution ElectroStatic Discharge Sensitive Devices (ESDS) are individual components, integrated circuits, or modules that can be damaged by electrostatic fields or discharges. ESDS regulations for handling boards and equipment: When handling components that can be destroyed by electrostatic discharge, it must be ensured that personnel, the workstation and packaging are well grounded! Personnel in ESDS zones with conductive floors may only touch electronic components if they are...

  • Page 8

    Foreword General Section for Synchronous Motors viii Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents Foreword ..............................iii Electrical Data ............................1-1 Definitions ..........................1-1 Mechanical Data............................2-1 Definitions ..........................2-1 Selecting the motor degree of protection................... 2-5 Cooling ............................2-7 Configuration ............................. 3-1 Engineering software ......................... 3-1 3.1.1 NCSD Configurator ........................3-1 3.1.2 PATH Plus engineering tool.......................

  • Page 10

    Table of contents General Section for Synchronous Motors Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 11: Electrical Data

    Electrical Data Definitions Figure 1-1 Speed-torque diagram, examples for various winding versions General Section for Synchronous Motors Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 12

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions 100 K, 60 K values 100 K or 60 K is the average winding temperature rise in Kelvin. 105 K corresponds to a utilization according to temperature Class F. 60 K lies in the utilization within temperature Class B. The 60 K utilization is used: •...

  • Page 13

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Thermal limiting characteristic In the diagram this corresponds to the S1 (100 K) characteristic. Also in intermittent duty, the geometrical average must not exceed this value. Figure 1-3 Periodic intermittent duty - duty type S3 Load Electrical losses Time Duty duration 10 min (if not otherwise specified)

  • Page 14

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Voltage limiting characteristics The motor EMF increases proportionally with the speed. Only the difference between the DC link voltage and the increasing motor counter-voltage can be used to impress the current This limits the magnitude of the current which can be impressed at high speeds. Warning Continuous duty to the right of the voltage limiting characteristic and in the range above the S1 characteristic is thermally inadmissible for the motor (refer to Fig.

  • Page 15

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Offset of the voltage limiting characteristic Notice The offset of the voltage limiting characteristic only applies for linear limiting characteristics, e.g. for 1FK6 and 1FK7 motors. In order to identify the limits of the motor for a drive converter output voltage (V ) not equal to 340 V, 380 V or 425 V, the associated voltage limiting characteristic shown must be shifted (offset) for the particular new output voltage (V...

  • Page 16

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Calculating the new limiting torque with the new limiting characteristic • The value M is read-off from the limiting characteristic for V (value at the rated speed). limit Figure 1-4 The voltage limiting characteristic is shifted from V to V mot new The voltage limiting characteristic, specified for V...

  • Page 17

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Example for shifting the voltage limiting characteristic with motor 1FK7032-5AK71 = 290 V; V = 6 ∙ 42 V; calculated with V = 425 V mot, new Condition: V > V is fulfilled. mot, new Enter points P2 and P4 and connect. This line is the new drive converter output voltage V mot, new Rated speed n...

  • Page 18

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Maximum speed n max, mech The maximum permissible mechanical speed is n . It is defined by the centrifugal forces and frictional forces in the bearings. Maximum torque M Torque which is generated at the maximum permissible current. The maximum torque is briefly available for high-speed operations (dynamic response to quickly change loads).

  • Page 19

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Typical M/I characteristic The individual characteristics of the 1FT☐ and 1FK☐ motor series have been combined in "typical shaft height ranges". The left-hand characteristic of the corresponding shaft height can be considered as "best case" - the right-hand characteristic as the "worst case". Figure 1-6 Typical torque-current characteristic for various shaft heights for naturally-ventilated motors with the same temperature rise...

  • Page 20

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Voltage constant k (value for an average winding temperature rise of 20 K) Value of the induced motor voltage at a speed of 1000 RPM at an ambient temperature of 20 °C. The phase-to-phase rms motor terminal voltage is specified for FK☐/1FT6. Winding resistance R The resistance of a phase at a room temperature of 20 °C is specified.The winding has a star circuit configuration.

  • Page 21

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions Braking torque M b, opt corresponds to the average, optimum braking torque which is achieved using the b, opt series brake resistor R Tolerance data (data going beyond this are subject to a specific measuring accuracy) Table 1-2 Tolerance data in the motor list data Motor list data...

  • Page 22

    Electrical Data 1.1 Definitions General Section for Synchronous Motors 1-12 Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 23: Mechanical Data

    Mechanical Data Definitions Types of construction (acc. to IEC 60034-7) Standard for 1FK☐ motors: IM B5 Standard for 1FT☐ motors: SH 28 to 100: IM B5 SH 132 to 160: IM B5, IM B35 (refer to Catalog) Without having to be specifically ordered, the motors can also be used in the following types of construction: for 1FK☐...

  • Page 24

    Mechanical Data 2.1 Definitions Note When engineering motors, types of construction IM V3, IMV19 and IM V36, the permissible axial forces (force due to the weight of the drive-out elements) and especially the necessary degree of protection must be carefully observed. Threaded inserts are included in the retaining holes for the following types of construction: IM B14, IM V18 and IM V19 Figure 2-2...

  • Page 25

    2.1 Definitions Radial eccentricity, concentricity and axial eccentricity The motors are tested in compliance with DIN 42955, IEC 60072. Noise (acc. to DIN 45635) The noise levels apply for operation when connected to SIMODRIVE 611 and MASTERDRIVES MC. Table 2-1 Noise...

  • Page 26

    Mechanical Data 2.1 Definitions Operation under vibrational conditions, shock stressing In order to ensure perfect functioning and a long bearing lifetime, the vibration values specified according to ISO 10816 should not be exceeded. Table 2-2 Vibration values Vibrational velocity V (mm/s) Frequency f (Hz) Acceleration a (m∕s...

  • Page 27: Selecting The Motor Degree Of Protection

    Mechanical Data 2.2 Selecting the motor degree of protection Selecting the motor degree of protection Degree of protection The degree of protection designation according to EN 60034-5 and IEC 60034-5 consists of the letters "IP" and two digits (e.g. IP64). The second digit in the designation represents the protection against water, the first digit the protection against penetration of foreign matter.

  • Page 28

    Mechanical Data 2.2 Selecting the motor degree of protection Table 2-5 Overview, motor shaft sealing Degree of protection Shaft sealing using Applications EN 60034-5 It is not permissible that there is any IP64 (for 1FK⃞) Without simple labyrinth seal moisture in the area around the shaft and the flange.

  • Page 29: Cooling

    Mechanical Data 2.3 Cooling Cooling Cooling versions 1FT☐ and 1FK☐ motors can be supplied with the following cooling versions: Table 2-6 Cooling versions of 1FT☐ and 1FK☐ motors Motor types Natural ventilation Forced ventilation Water cooling 9th position of the motor Order No.

  • Page 30

    Mechanical Data 2.3 Cooling General Section for Synchronous Motors Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 31: Configuration

    Configuration Engineering software 3.1.1 NCSD Configurator Intelligent selection tool to engineer SINUMERIK and SIMODRIVE components Customized plants and systems can be simply and quickly engineered - from selecting the CNC control through the assignment of the operator components up to the drive configuration.

  • Page 32: Path Plus Engineering Tool

    You can obtain the NCSD Configurator as follows: • Together with the interactive CA 01 Catalog, or • Continually updated on the Internet under: 3.1.2 PATH Plus engineering tool Using the PATH Plus engineering program, three-phase variable-frequency drives can be simply and quickly engineered for the SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES Vector Control and Motion Control series.

  • Page 33

    (Products&Systems/Drive systems/Software), or simply use the fax form in the Appendix of the Manual. The full version of PATH Plus can be ordered from your local Siemens office under Order No. 6SW1710-0JA00-2FC0. General Section for Synchronous Motors Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 34: Procedure When Engineering

    Configuration 3.2 Procedure when engineering Procedure when engineering Motion Control Servo drives are optimized for motion control applications. They execute linear or rotary movements within a defined movement cycle. All movements should be optimized in terms of time. As a result of these considerations, servo drives must meet the following requirements: •...

  • Page 35: Dimensioning

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning Dimensioning 3.3.1 1. Clarification of the type of drive The motor is selected on the basis of the required torque, which is defined by the application, e.g. traveling drive, hoisting drive, feed drive or main spindle drive. Gear units to convert motion or to adapt the motor speed and motor torque to the load conditions must also be considered.

  • Page 36: Definition Of The Load, Calculation Of Max. Load Torque, Definition Of The Motor

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning For motion control and technology functions (e.g. positioning), as well as for synchronous functions, the corresponding automation system, e.g. SIMOTION D, is used. The drives are interfaced to the higher-level automation system via PROFIBUS. 3.3.3 3. Definition of the load, calculation of max. load torque, definition of the motor The motor-specific limiting curves are used as basis when selecting a motor.

  • Page 37

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning The maximum motor torque is then verified using the motor limiting curves. The following criteria must be taken into account when selecting the motor: • The dynamic limits must be observed, i.e., all speed-torque points of the load must lie below the relevant limiting curve.

  • Page 38

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning Figure 3-2 Selection of motors for load duty cycles with constant on period (examples) Load duty cycles with varying on period As well as continuous duty (S1), standard intermittent duty types (S3) are also defined for load duty cycles with varying on periods. This involves operation that comprises a sequence of similar load cycles, each of which comprises a time with constant load and an off period.

  • Page 39

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning Figure 3-4 S3 duty (intermittent operation without influencing starting) Fixed variables are usually used for the relative on period: • S3 – 60% • S3 – 40% • S3 – 25% The corresponding motor characteristics are provided for these specifications. The load torque must lie below the corresponding thermal limiting curve of the motor.

  • Page 40

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning Load duty cycle A load duty cycle defines the characteristics of the motor speed and the torque with respect to time. Figure 3-6 Example of a load duty cycle A load torque is specified for each time period. In addition to the load torque, the average load moment of inertia and motor moment of inertia must be taken into account for acceleration.

  • Page 41

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning The average motor speed is calculated as follows: • Motor moment of inertia Gearbox moment of inertia Load moment of inertia load Load speed load Gear ratio η Gearbox efficiency Load torque load Friction torque Cycle time, clock cycle time Initial value, final value in time slice Δ...

  • Page 42

    Configuration 3.3 Dimensioning Motor selection By making the appropriate iterations, a motor can now be selected that precisely fulfills the operating conditions and application. In a second step, a check is made as to whether the thermal limits are maintained. To do this, the motor current at the base load must be calculated.

  • Page 43: Electrical Connections

    Caution The synchronous motors are not designed to be directly connected to the line supply and may only be operated with the associated SIMODRIVE 611 or SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES MC drive converters. Carefully observe the rating plate data and adequately dimension the connecting cables (the appropriate tables are provided in the Instructions) and ensure that the cables are adequately strain relieved.

  • Page 44

    Electrical Connections 4.1 Power cable Caution When engineering the system it must be checked to ensure that the power cable can be connected to the power module. Assignment: Motor - cable cross-section - terminal box - power connector The assignment: Motor - cable cross-section - terminal box - power connector is described in the appropriate Motor Configuration Manual.

  • Page 45: Order Nos. For Power Cables

    Electrical Connections 4.2 Order Nos. for power cables Order Nos. for power cables 4.2.1 Overview Prefabricated cables reduce the mounting/installation time and costs and increase the operational reliability. Power cables available for synchronous motors: • Prefabricated cable without brake conductors with overall shield •...

  • Page 46

    Electrical Connections 4.2 Order Nos. for power cables Length code Table 4-2 Length codes for prefabricated cables Cables, prefabricated Length code 6FX2002-..- ☐ ☐ ☐ 6FX5002-..- ☐ ☐ ☐ 6F82002-..- ☐ ☐ ☐ 1 m – 99 m 100 m – 199 m 200 m –...

  • Page 47: Prefabricated Power Cable Without Brake Conductors

    Electrical Connections 4.2 Order Nos. for power cables Definition of lengths for prefabricated cables The cable length specified does not include the connector. Note For technical data and additional cable versions, refer to Catalog, Chapter MOTION CONNECT Connection System. 4.2.2 Prefabricated power cable without brake conductors Figure 4-1 Prefabricated power cables without brake conductors with overall shield...

  • Page 48: Prefabricated Power Cable With Brake Conductors

    Electrical Connections 4.2 Order Nos. for power cables 4.2.3 Prefabricated power cable with brake conductors Figure 4-2 Prefabricated power cable with brake conductors with overall shield Order No. 6FX☐002-5DA☐☐-☐☐☐0 4.2.4 Power cable sold by the meter without brake conductors Order No. 6FX ☐...

  • Page 49: Power Cable Sold By The Meter With Brake Conductors

    8 = MOTION-CONNECTⓇ800 4.2.6 Signal cable We recommend that prefabricated cables from SIEMENS are used. In addition to having the security of knowing that they function perfectly and are high quality products, there are also some associated cost benefits. The signal cables must be routed separately away from the power cables in order to avoid noise and disturbances being coupled in.

  • Page 50: Shielding

    If the brake conductors in the SIEMENS cables are not used, then the brake conductors and shields must be connected to the cabinet ground. (open-circuit cables result in capacitive charges!).

  • Page 51: Motor Components

    Motor Components Influence of the mounting type and mounted components Some of the motor power loss is dissipated through the flange when the motor is connected to the mounting flange. Non-thermally insulated mounting The following mounting conditions apply for the specified motor data: Table 5-1 Non-thermally insulated mounting conditions Shaft height...

  • Page 52: Drive-out Couplings

    The torque has to be reduced (refer to Fig. "S1 characteristics")) Drive-out couplings After investigating various drive-out couplings for servomotors in conjunction with Siemens drive converters, it was seen, that in many cases, the drive-out couplings were the cause of vibration problems.

  • Page 53

    Motor Components 5.2 Drive-out couplings The gearboxes can be ordered from KTR; they can also provide information about the various products, delivery times and prices. Address: Kupplungstechnik GmbH Rodder Damm 170 D-48432 Rheine Postal address: Postfach 1763 D-48407 Rheine Tel. Engineering Dept.: +49 (0) 5971 / 798 - 465 (337) FAX: +49 (0) 5971 / 798 - 450...

  • Page 54: Armature Short-circuit Braking

    Motor Components 5.3 Armature short-circuit braking Armature short-circuit braking For transistor PWM converters, when the DC link voltage values are exceeded or if the electronics fails, then electrical braking is no longer possible. If the drive which is coasting down, can represent a potential hazard, then the motor can be braked by short-circuiting the armature.

  • Page 55

    Motor Components 5.3 Armature short-circuit braking Rating The resistor can be dimensioned so that a surface temperature of 300° C can occur briefly (max. 500 ms). In order to prevent the resistor from being destroyed, braking from the rated speed can occur max. every 2 minutes. Other braking cycles must be specified when ordering the resistors.

  • Page 56

    Motor Components 5.3 Armature short-circuit braking Figure 5-2 Armature short-circuit braking Figure 5-3 Circuit (principle) for armature short-circuit braking General Section for Synchronous Motors Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 57: Holding Brake

    Motor Components 5.4 Holding brake Holding brake Characteristics • The integrated or mounted holding brake is used to clamp the motor shaft when the motor is at a standstill. The holding brake is not a working brake that is used to brake a motor that is still rotating.

  • Page 58

    Motor Components 5.4 Holding brake Mode of operation of a spring-operated brake For a spring-operated brake, instead of the magnetic field of a permanent magnet, the force of a spring is used. In order for a spring-operated brake to operate, the brake armature disk must be able to axially move.

  • Page 59

    Motor Components 5.4 Holding brake Figure 5-4 Recommended circuit for the external power supply with protective circuit Table 5-2 Example: Electronic components for the recommended circuit Electr. Examples component 3RV10 circuit-breaker with current Miniature circuit-breaker paths connected in series. (if 5SX21.

  • Page 60

    Motor Components 5.4 Holding brake Determining the minimum voltage The minimum voltage of 24 V DC -10% must be available at the connector on the motor side in order to guarantee that the brake reliably opens. If the maximum voltage of 24 V DC +10 % is exceeded, then the brake could re-close.

  • Page 61: Thermal Motor Protection

    Motor Components 5.5 Thermal motor protection Thermal motor protection A temperature-dependent resistor is integrated as temperature sensor to monitor the motor temperature. Table 5-3 Features and technical data Type KTY 84 (PTC thermistor) Resistance when cold (20°C) approx. 580 Ohm Resistance when hot (100°C) approx.

  • Page 62

    Motor Components 5.5 Thermal motor protection R [k Ω Figure 5-6 Resistance characteristic of the KTY 84 as a function of the temperature General Section for Synchronous Motors 5-12 Configuration Manual, (PJAL), 11.2005 Edition, 6SN1 197-0AD07-0BP4...

  • Page 63: Appendix

    Appendix References An overview of publications that is updated monthly is provided in a number of languages in the Internet at: <> through "Support", "Technical Documentation", "Documentation Ov erview" General Documentation /D 21.2/ SINAMICS S120 Catalog SINAMICS S120 Servo Control Drive System /D 21.1/...

  • Page 64: A.1 References

    /PFT6S/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Motors SINAMICS S120 1FT6 Synchronous Motors /PMH2/ Configuration Manual, Hollow-Shaft Measuring System SINAMICS S120, SIMODRIVE 611, SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES, SIMAG H2 Hollow-Shaft Measuring System /PFK7/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Motors SIMODRIVE 611, SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES 1FK7 Synchronous Motors /PFT6/...

  • Page 65

    Appendix A.1 References /PFK6/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Motors SIMODRIVE 611, SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES 1FK6 Synchronous Motors /PFS6/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Motors SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES 1FS6 Synchronous Motors, Explosion-Protected /PFU/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Motors SINAMICS S120, SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES, MICROMASTER SIEMOSYN Synchronous Motors 1FU8...

  • Page 66

    Appendix A.1 References /PJFE/ Configuration Manual, Synchronous Built-in Motors SIMODRIVE 611 Synchronous Motors for Main Spindle Drives 1FE1 Synchronous Built-in Motors /PJTM/ Configuration Manual, Built-in Torque Motors SIMODRIVE 611 Built-in Torque Motors 1FW6 /PJLM/ Configuration Manual, Linear Motors SIMODRIVE 611...

  • Page 67: Index

    Index Armature short-circuit braking, 5-4 Inductance, 1-10 Axial eccentricity, 2-3 Limiting voltage characteristic, 1-4 Balancing, 2-4 Bearings, 2-2 Brake resistor, 1-10, 5-4 Braking torque, 1-11 M/I characteristic, 1-9 Maximum current, 1-7 Maximum rotational speed, 1-8 Maximum torque, 1-8 Calculation Mechanical time constant, 1-10 Motor rms torque, 3-10 Mechanical turning, 2-2 Motor speed, 3-10...

  • Page 68

    Index Radial eccentricity tolerance, 2-3 Rated current, 1-7 Rated speed, 1-7 Rated torque, 1-7 Resistance characteristic, 5-12 Safety Guidelines, v Shaft end, 2-2 Shaft torsional stiffness, 1-10 Signal lines, 4-7 Stall current, 1-7 Standard engineering, 3-2 Static torque, 1-7 Surface temperature, 2-2 Technical Support, iv Temperature sensor, KTY 84, 5-11 Thermal limiting characteristic, 1-3...

  • Page 69

    Suggestions SIEMENS AG Corrections A&D MC BMS For Publication/Manual: Postfach 3180 Synchronous Motors D-91050 Erlangen General Section Tel.: +49 (0) 180 / 5050 - 222 (Service Support) Fax: +49 (0) 9131 / 98 – 63315 (Documentation) Manufacturer/Service Documentation From...

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