To avoid electrical shock which can cause severe personal injury or death, disconnect
power to refrigerator using power switch before servicing. Wires removed during
disassembly must be replaced on proper terminals to insure correct earth ground and
polarization. After servicing, reconnect power using power switch.
Evacuation and Charging
CAUTION: To avoid risk of fire, sealed
refrigeration system must be air free. To
reduce risk of air contamination, follow
evacuation procedures exactly.
NOTE: Before opening any refrigeration
system, EPA regulations require refrigerant in
system to be captured for safe disposal.
Proper evacuation of sealed refrigeration system
is an important service procedure. Usable life
and operational efficiency greatly depends upon
low completely air, moisture and other non-
condensables are evacuated from sealed system.
Air in sealed system causes high condensing
temperature and pressure, resulting in increased
power requirements and reduced performance.
Moisture in sealed system chemically reacts
with refrigerant and oil to form corrosive
hydrofluoric and hydrochloric acids.
acids attack motor windings and parts, causing
Before opening system, evaporator coil must be
at ambient temperature to minimize moisture
infiltration into system.
Evacuation: To evacuate sealed refrigeration
1. Connect vacuum pump, vacuum tight
manifold set with high vacuum hoses,
illustration. Evacuation should be done
through I.D. opening of tubes not
through line piercing valve.
2. Connect low side line to compressor
3. Connect high side line to drier/process
4. Evacuate both simultaneously.
valve "C" and "F" closed, open all other
valves and start vacuum pump.
Equipment Setup For Evacuation and Charging
5. After compound gauge (low side) drops
to approximately 29 inches gauge, open
valve "C" to vacuum thermocouple
gauge and take micron reading.
A high vacuum pump can only
a good vacuum if oil in pump is not
vacuum gauge registers 200 microns.
At 200 microns, close valve "A"
vacuum pump and allow micron reading
in system to balance. Micron lever will
If in 2
400 microns or below, system is ready
to be charges.
If micron level
and stabilizes, open valve "A" and
If micron reading rise
not stabilize, a leak still exists in system.
Close valve "A" to vacuum pump an
valve "C" to vacuum gauge. Invert
charging cylinder and open charging
cylinder valve "F" to add partial charge
for leak checking. With leak detector,
check manifold connections and system
for leaks. after locating leak, capture
refrigerant, repair leak, and begin at st
minutes, micron level stabilizes at
rises above 400 microns
s rapidly and does