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Brother HL-5130 Service Manual

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5130/5140/5150D/5170DN
Read this manual thoroughly before maintenance work.
Keep this manual in a convenient place for quick and easy reference at all times.
December 2003
SM-PRN051
Brother Laser Printer

SERVICE MANUAL

MODEL: HL-

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  Summary of Contents for Brother HL-5130

  • Page 1: Service Manual

    Brother Laser Printer SERVICE MANUAL MODEL: HL- 5130/5140/5150D/5170DN Read this manual thoroughly before maintenance work. Keep this manual in a convenient place for quick and easy reference at all times. December 2003 SM-PRN051...
  • Page 2 Specifications are subject to change without notice. Trademarks: The brother logo is a registered trademark of Brother Industries, Ltd. Apple, the Apple Logo, and Macintosh are trademarks, registered in the United States and other countries, and TrueType is a trademark of Apple computer, Inc.
  • Page 3 (hereinafter referred to as "this machine" or "the printer"). This information is vital to the service technician to maintain the high printing quality and performance of the printer. This service manual covers the HL-5130/5140/5150/5170N printers. This manual consists of the following chapters:...
  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    For Macintosh Users...................... 2-11 PRINTING METHODS.....................2-14 Printing from the Paper Tray..................2-14 Printing from manual feed Tray (HL-5130/5140 only) ........... 2-14 Printing from Multi-purpose Tray (MP Tray) (HL-5150D/5170DN only) ......2-15 Printing on envelopes ....................2-17 Printing on transparencies ..................... 2-21...
  • Page 5 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Printing on Both Sides of the Paper (manual duplex printing)........2-24 Paper orientation for printing on both sides of the paper..........2-26 Printing on both sides of the paper (automatic duplex printing) ........2-27 CONTROL PANEL OPERATION ................2-28 Control Panel Buttons &...
  • Page 6 Rear Cover L/R ......................4-20 3.10 Side Cover L/R....................... 4-21 3.11 Top Cover ........................4-22 3.12 Front Cover ASSY (for HL-5130/5140 only) ..............4-25 3.13 MP Unit (for HL-5150D/5170DN only) ................4-26 3.14 Fixing Unit ........................4-32 3.15 Rear Cover Sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN)..............4-41 3.16 Laser Unit........................
  • Page 7 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 3.21 High-voltage PS PCB ASSY ..................4-48 3.22 Low-voltage PS PCB ASSY................... 4-48 3.23 Paper Feeder ......................... 4-50 3.24 Frame L/ Drive Unit......................4-58 3.25 Fan Motor 60 Unit LV/ Fan Motor 60 Unit..............4-62 3.26 Frame R ......................... 4-63 PACKING ........................4-65...
  • Page 8 NVRAM DEFAUT VALUE..................7-12 HOW TO REWRITE HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN FLASH ROM......7-13 APPENDICES MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM, HL-5130/5140/5150D (1/3) ........A-1 MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM, HL-5130/5140/5150D (2/3) ........A-2 MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM, HL-5130/5140/5150D (3/3) ........A-3 MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM, HL-5170DN (1/4)..........A-4 MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM, HL-5170DN (2/4)..........
  • Page 9 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL POINT TO POINT CONNECTION DIAGRAM ............A-8 ENGINE PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (1/2)..............A-9 10. ENGINE PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (2/2) ............... A-10 11. LOW-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (120V) ....A-11 12. LOW-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (230V) ....A-12 13.
  • Page 10: Regulation

    This product complies with FDA radiation performance standards, 21 CFR Subchapter J. The label for Chinese manufactured products MANUFACTURED: BROTHER Corporation (Asia) Ltd. Shenzen Buji Nan Ling Factory Gold Garden Ind., Nan Ling Village, Buji, Rong Gang, Shenzen, CHINA This product complies with FDA radiation performance standards, 21 CFR Subchapter J.
  • Page 11 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL IEC 825 (220-240V MODEL ONLY) This printer is a Class I laser product as defined in IEC 825 specifications. The label shown below is attached in countries where required. CLASS 1LASERP RODUCT APPAREIL Å LASER DE CLASSE 1 LASER KLASSE 1 PRODUKT This printer has a laser diode which emits invisible laser radiation in the Laser Unit.
  • Page 12: Safety Information

    SAFETY INFORMATION SAFETY INFORMATION CAUTION FOR LASER PRODUCT (WARNHINWEIS FUR LASER DRUCKER) CAUTION: When the machine during servicing is operated with the cover open, the regulations of VBG 93 and the performance instructions for VBG 93 are valid. CAUTION: In case of any trouble with the laser unit, replace the laser unit itself. To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure of the laser unit.
  • Page 13 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL DEFINITIONS OF WARNINGS, CAUTIONS AND NOTES The following conventions are used in this service manual: WARNING Indicates warnings that must be observed to prevent possible personal injury. CAUTION: Indicates cautions that must be observed to service the printer properly or prevent damage to the printer.
  • Page 14: Chapter 1 General

    True 600 x 600 dots/ true 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) and HQ1200 for graphics with microfine toner and up to 17 (HL-5130)/ 20 (HL-5140/5150D/5170DN) pages per minute (ppm) print speed for A4 and 18 (HL-5130)/ 21 (HL-5140/5150D/5170DN) pages per minute (ppm) print speed for Letter- size paper.
  • Page 15 HL-5150D/5170DN printers. The printers also support auto-emulation switching between HP, Brother BR-Script 3 and Epson or HP, BR-Script 3 and IBM. If you want to set the printer emulation, you can do it using the Remote Printer Console Program.
  • Page 16 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Duplex printing (HL-5150D/HL-5170DN only) This printer has duplex function as standard. You can print on both sides of paper by using this function.
  • Page 17: Overview

    Face-down Power Switch Output Tray Support Flap S Front Cover Release Button Control Panel (HL-5130/5140) Manual Feed Tray Support Flap (HL-5150D/5170DN) Multi-purpose Tray (MP Tray) Front cover Paper Tray *The printer illustration is based on HL-5150D and HL-5170DN. Fig. 1-1 <Rear View>...
  • Page 18: Specifications

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL SPECIFICATIONS Printing Print method Electrophotography by semiconductor laser beam scanning Laser Wavelength: 780 nm Output: 5mW max ® ® ® Resolution HQ1200 (for Windows 95/98/Me, WindowsNT 4.0, Windows 2000/XP, and Mac OS) ® ® ® 600 dpi (for Windows 95/98/Me, WindowsNT 4.0, Windows...
  • Page 19: Functions

    Fujitsu SPARClite 133MHz Emulation <HL-5130> <HL-5140> HP LaserJet (PCL level 6) <HL-5150D/5170DN> Automatic emulation selection among HP LaserJet (PCL level 6), Brother BR-Script Level 3, EPSON FX-850 or IBM Proprinter XL Printer driver <PCL Driver>   Windows 95/98/Me, Windows NT 4.0, Windows®...
  • Page 20: Electrical And Mechanical

    *When the lower tray is installed, the total height (printer + lower tray) will be 353mm. Weight HL-5130/5140: Approx. 10.5 kg (Included Toner and Drum) Approx. 9.1 kg (Excluded Toner and Drum) HL-5150D/5170DN: Approx. 11.9 kg (Included Toner and Drum) Approx.
  • Page 21: Network

    DLC/LLC • Web Based Management (HTTPD) Management • BRAdmin Professional (using TCP/IP protocol or IPX/SPX) • SNMP, MIB II as well as Brother private MIB • TELNET command console • Web BRAdmin Firmware update Flash ROM based for Network module •...
  • Page 22: Paper

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Paper 3.5.1 Feedable paper (1) Paper type Select the paper Manual Paper type Tray1 MP tray Tray 2 type from the feed tray printer driver Plain paper Plain paper 60 g/m to 105 g/m (16 to 28 lbs.)
  • Page 23 CHAPTER 1 GENERAL (3) Other paper specifications <Paper tray> Cut sheet Basis weight 60 to 105 g/m (16 to 28 lb.) Caliper 0.08 to 0.13 mm (0.003 to 0.005 in.) 4% to 6% by weight Moisture content <Multi-purpose tray> Cut sheet Envelope Basis weight 60 to 161 g/m...
  • Page 24: Paper Tray Capacity

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CAUTION: When you are choosing print media, be sure to follow the information given below to prevent any paper jams, print quality problems or printer damage; • It is recommended to use long-grained paper for the best print quality. If short-grained paper is being used, it might be the cause of paper jams.
  • Page 25 CHAPTER 1 GENERAL (3) We recommend the following print methods (output tray) for each paper media type. Paper output Media type Face down Face up Plain paper Thick paper Recycled paper Transparency Label Envelope Card 1-12...
  • Page 26: Pcl5E/Epson/Ibm Emulation

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Printable Area 3.6.1 PCL5e/EPSON/IBM emulation When using PCL emulation, the edges of the paper that cannot be printed on are shown below. Physical page Printable area Logical page Physical page length Maximum logical page length Distance from edge of physical page to edge of logical page NOTE: “Logical page” shows the printable area for a PCL driver.
  • Page 27 CHAPTER 1 GENERAL The table below shows the printable areas when printing on Portrait for each paper size. Size 215.9 mm 279.4 mm 203.2 mm 279.4 mm 6.35 mm 4.2 mm 8.5” 11.0” 8.0” 11.0” 0.25” 0 mm 0.16” Letter (2,550 dots) (3,300 dots) (2,400 dots)
  • Page 28 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Physical page Printable area Logical page Physical page length Maximum logical page length Distance from edge of physical page to edge of logical page NOTE: “Logical page” shows the printable area for a PCL driver. “Printable area” shows mechanical printable area of the machine. Therefore, the machine can only print within the shaded area when you use a PCL driver.
  • Page 29: Pcl6/Br-Script3 Emulation

    CHAPTER 1 GENERAL The table below shows the printable areas when printing on Landscape for each paper size. Size 279.4 mm 215.9 mm 269.3 mm 215.9 mm 5.0 mm 4.2 mm 11.0” 8.5” 10.6” 8.5” 0.2” 0 mm 0.16” Letter (3,300 dots) (2,550 dots) (3,180 dots)
  • Page 30: Print Speeds With Various Settings

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Print Speeds with Various Settings Print speed is up to 17/18 ppm (HL-5130), 20/21 ppm (HL-5140when loading A4 or Letter size paper from the paper tray in the plain paper mode. Actual print speed varies depending on the media type or paper size as shown in the tables below;...
  • Page 31: Toner Cartridge Weight Information

    CHAPTER 1 GENERAL Toner Cartridge Weight Information Toner Cartridge Weight (approx weight) TN3060/TN570 TN3030/TN540 Brand new Toner Cartridge Weight 827.5g 772.5g Toner Weight at Brand New Toner Cartridge 197.5±2.5g 142.5±2.5g Toner Cartridge Weight at Toner Near Empty 693.5-698.5g 693.5-698.5g Remain Toner Weight at Toner Near Empty 80-85g 80-85g Toner Cartridge Weight at Toner Empty...
  • Page 32: Serial No. Descriptions

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL SERIAL NO. DESCRIPTIONS The descriptions below show how to understand the meanings of the numbers printed on the labels or bag of the printer and printer parts: < ID for production month > January February March April...
  • Page 33 CHAPTER 1 GENERAL (4) Toner cartridge: Imprinted on the aluminum bag 3 A 3 0 YEAR MONTH DATE FACTORY ID NO. Printed on the bar code label attached on the toner cartridge CARTRIDGE M 3 9 A 0 0 0 1 9 9 A PRODUCTION INFO.
  • Page 34: Chapter 2 Installation And Basic Operation

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION CONDITIONS REQUIRED FOR INSTALLATION Power Supply • The source voltage must stay within ±10% of the rated voltage shown on the rating plate. • The power cord, including extensions, should not exceed 5 meters (16.5 feet).
  • Page 35 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION System Requirements for Brother Printer Solution Check the following system requirements to setup and operate the printer using Brother Printing Solution: Computing System Processor Speed Minimum Recommended Available Operating System Version Hard Disk Space ...
  • Page 36: Unpacking

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL UNPACKING When unpacking the printer, check to see that all of the following components are included in the carton. Printer Drum Unit Assembly (with Toner Cartridge included) CD-ROM AC power cord Quick Setup Guide Fig. 2-1 NOTE: Components may vary depending on the country.
  • Page 37: Install The Printer

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION INSTALL THE PRINTER You need to implement hardware setup and driver installation to use the printer. ® ® Firstly, identify the Operating System on your computer. (Windows 95/98/Me, Windows NT ® 4.0, Windows 2000/XP and Macintosh)Then, purchase the appropriate interface cable (Parallel, USB or Network) for your computer.
  • Page 38: Install The Drum Unit Assembly

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 3.1.1 Install the drum unit assembly (1) Open the front cover by pressing the front cover release button. (2) Unpack the drum unit assembly. Remove the protective part. (3) Rock it from side to side several times to distribute the toner evenly inside the assembly.
  • Page 39: Print A Test Page

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION (3) Fan the stack of paper well to avoid paper jams and misfeeds. (4) Put paper in the paper tray. Check that the paper is flat in the tray and below the maximum paper mark. Fig.
  • Page 40: For Windows Users

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Follows the instructions for your operating system and interface cable type. For Windows Users Connect the printer to the PC & install the driver For parallel interface cable users (1) Click “Connect the interface cable & Install the printer driver/utility” from the Initial Setup menu.
  • Page 41 1. For the administrator Install the BRAdmin Professional Utility (Windows Users Only) The BRAdmin Professional software utility is designed to manage your Brother network connected devices such as network-ready printers and/or network-ready Multifunction devices in a Local Area Network (LAN) environment.
  • Page 42 The default password for the print server is “access”. You can use the BRAdmin Professional software or a web browser to change this password. Brother has also developed Web BRAdmin, an enterprise network software utility that enables management of Brother and other SNMP compliant devices in larger LAN/WAN environments.
  • Page 43 Fig. 2-8 (3) Click the Finish button. (4) The setup is now complete. 4. For Brother Peer-to-Peer network printer users (LPR-recommended Peer-to- Peer printing method) Configuring the LPR port (1) Select Search from a list of available printers or enter your printer’s IP address. Click the Next button.
  • Page 44: For Macintosh Users

    NOTE: Do not connect the USB cable to the keyboard USB Port or a non-powered USB Hub. (5) Open the Chooser from the Apple menu. (6) Click the Brother Laser and select the appropriate printer. Close the Chooser. (7) The setup is now complete.
  • Page 45 (8) Select Printer (USB), and then click the OK button. (9) Click the Change……button in the PostScript Printer Description (PPD) file. Select Brother HL-5150D series/HL-5170DN series, and then click the Select button. (10) Click the Change…..button in the USB Printer Selection. Select HL-5150D series/HL- 5170DN series, and then click the OK button.
  • Page 46 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL For network users (HL-5170DN only) Connect the printer to the Macintosh & install the BR-Script PPD file ® <For Mac OS 8.6 to 9.2 Users> (1) Click Connect the interface cable & Install the driver/utility from the Initial Setup menu.
  • Page 47: Printing Methods

    3.1.2 ‘Load paper into the paper tray’ in this chapter subsection 3.5 ‘Paper’ in CHAPTER Printing from manual feed tray (HL-5130/5140 only) (1) Select the Paper Size, Media Type and paper Source etc. in the printer driver. (2) Send the print data to the printer.
  • Page 48: Printing From Multi-Purpose Tray (Mp Tray) (Hl-5150D/5170Dn Only)

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL (4) Using both hands to put paper in the manual feed tray until the front edge of the paper touches the paper feed roller. Hold the paper in this position until the printer automatically feeds the paper in for a short distance, and then let go of the printer.
  • Page 49 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION (3) Pull out the MP tray support flap. Fig. 2-15 (4) When loading paper in the MP tray, make sure it touches the back of the tray and remains under the maximum paper height guides on both sides of the tray. NOTE: Note the following when placing paper on the multi-purpose tray: •...
  • Page 50: Printing On Envelopes

    You are responsible for the quality and performance of envelopes you use. Printing on envelopes from the manual feed tray (For HL-5130 and HL-5140) The printer has a straight paper path from the manual feed tray to the back of the printer. Use this paper feed and output method when you want to print envelopes.
  • Page 51 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION (2) Open the back output tray. Fig.2-16 (3) Send the print data to the printer. NOTE: A NO PAPER status is shown by the control panel LEDs until you put a sheet of paper in the manual feed tray. Fig.2-17 (4) Open the manual feed tray.
  • Page 52 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL (5) Using both hands put the envelope in the manual feed tray until the front edge of the envelope touches the paper feed roller. Hold the envelope in this position until the printer automatically feeds it in for a short distance, and then let go of the envelope.
  • Page 53 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION NOTE: <Envelopes that have been creased after they have been printed> At the back of the printer, open the back output tray and push down the blue tabs at the left and right hand sides (as shown in the figure below). When you have finished printing your envelopes, close the back output tray to reset the two blue tabs back to their original position.
  • Page 54: Printing On Transparencies

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL NOTE: When you put envelopes in the MP tray, please remember the following; *During printing, the inside tray rises to feed envelopes into the printer. *The side to be printed on must be face up. *Put the leading edge (top of the paper) in first and push it gently into the tray.
  • Page 55 CAUTION: Remove each transparency immediately. Printing on transparencies from the manual feed tray (For HL-5130 and HL-5140) NOTE: When the back output tray is open, the printer has a straight paper path from the manual feed tray to the back output tray.
  • Page 56 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Printing on transparencies from the MP tray (For HL-5150D and HL-5170DN) NOTE: When the back output tray is open, the printer has a straight paper path from the MP tray to the back of the printer. (1) Select the Paper Size, Media Type, Paper Source, and other settings in the printer driver.
  • Page 57: Printing On Both Sides Of The Paper (Manual Duplex Printing)

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION Printing on Both Sides of the Paper (manual duplex printing) The supplied printer drivers for Windows® 95/98/Me, Windows® NT 4.0, Windows® 2000/XP, Mac OS 8.6 to 9.2 and Mac OS X 10.1 or later (except for Mac OSX 10.2) all enable manual duplex printing.
  • Page 58 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL (3) Remove the printed even-numbered pages from the output tray and put them in the same order back into the manual feed tray. Place the paper with the side that is going to be printed on (the blank side) face up. Follow the instructions on the computer screen.
  • Page 59: Paper Orientation For Printing On Both Sides Of The Paper

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION (4) Repeat Step 3 until you have printed all the odd-numbered pages on the other side of the paper. Paper orientation for printing on both sides of the paper The printer prints the second page first. If you print 10 pages on 5 sheets of paper, it will print page 2 then page 1 on the first sheet of paper.
  • Page 60: Printing On Both Sides Of The Paper (Automatic Duplex Printing)

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Printing on both sides of the paper (automatic duplex printing) : For HL-5150D and HL-5170DN <Guidelines for automatic duplex printing> *Use A4, Letter or Legal size plain paper. *If paper is curled, straighten it and then put it back in the paper tray.
  • Page 61: Control Panel Operation

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION CONTROL PANEL OPERATION There are four LEDs (Toner, Drum, Paper, Status) and the two control panel buttons (Job Cancel, Go) on the control panel. LEDs Control Panel Button Control Panel Button Fig. 2-32 Control Panel Buttons & LED functions 5.1.1 LEDs 1) Toner LED indicates when the Toner is low or empty.
  • Page 62: Led Indications

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL LED Indications NOTE: When the power switch is off or the printer is in Sleep mode, all the LEDs are off. Printer status Sleep mode Toner The power switch is off or the printer is in Sleep mode. Pressing the Go button wakes up the printer from Sleep mode to Warming up mode.
  • Page 63 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION Toner low Toner Indicates that the toner cartridge is nearly empty. Purchase a new toner cartridge and have it ready for when Toner Empty is indicated. Drum Paper The Toner LED alternates turning on for 2 seconds and off for 3 seconds alternately.
  • Page 64: Service Call Indications

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Front Cover Open Toner Close the front cover of the printer. Jam Clear Cover Open Drum Close the jam clear cover of the printer. Paper Face up Open (HL-5150D and HL-5170DN: When you use the duplex printing function) Close the face-up output tray of the printer.
  • Page 65: Control Panel Button Operations

    CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND BASIC OPERATION Table 1: LED indications after pressing Go and Job Cancel Fixing Main Engine Laser unit Main PCB DIMM LEDs unit motor failure failure failure failure failure failure Toner Drum Paper Status Control Panel Button Operations The control panel button is used for the following purposes depending on the situation.
  • Page 66: Other Control Features

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Other Control Features The printer has the following useful features; 5.5.1 Sleep mode When the printer does not receive data for a certain period of time (timeout), it enters sleep mode. The default timeout is 5 minutes and it is automatically adjusted to the most suitable time-out setting depending on the frequency of your printer use (Intelligent Sleep Mode).
  • Page 67: Print A Test Page

    Press the Go button again. The printer will print a test page. <Using the printer driver> If you are using Brother’s Windows PCL printer driver, open the printer folder, then choose and right click the Brother’s Windows PCL printer driver. The Print Test Page button is in the General Tab of the “Property”.
  • Page 68: Print Fonts (For Hl-5140, Hl-5150D And Hl-5170Dn)

    <Using the printer driver (For HL-5140, HL-5150D and HL-5170DN)> If you are using Brother’s Windows PCL printer driver, you can print a list of the internal fonts by clicking the Print Fonts button in the Support tab. 2-35...
  • Page 69: Network Functions

    *If you wish to reset the printer and automatically disable the APIPA protocol, follow steps 1 to 4 above, however, hold down the Go button until the Status LED is green, not yellow. *For more information on APIPA, see the Network User’s Guide or visit http://solutions.brother.com 2-36...
  • Page 70: Paper Tray Information (For Europe Only)

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL PAPER TRAY INFORMATION (FOR EUROPE ONLY) The paper tray fitted to the printer is different from the service manual information for printers shipped to Europe as follows: (1) The paper tray supplied with the HL- 5130/5140/5150D/5170DN printer does not have a paper path.
  • Page 71: Chapter 3 Theory Of Operation

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION ELECTRONICS General Block Diagram Fig. 3-1 shows a general block diagram. (HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN) RAM (DIMM)(max. 160MB) Ethernet (Option for HL-5140/5150D/5170DN) 10/100 Base TX (HL-5170DN only) Control system Expansion PCI bus HL-5130:8MB memory I/O...
  • Page 72: Main Pcb Block Diagram

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION Main PCB Block Diagram Fig. 3-2 shows the block diagram of the main PCB. (HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN) A S I C CPU Core (SPARClite 133MHz) Reset Circuit Oscillator 66.6MHz Address Decoder Program + Font ROM DRAM Control...
  • Page 73: Main Pcb

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Main PCB For the entire circuit diagram of the main PCB, see APPENDIX 1. to 7. ‘MAIN PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM’ in this manual. 1.3.1 A Fujitsu 32bit RISC CPU, SPARClite is built in the ASIC. While the CPU is driven with a clock frequency of 66.66 MHz in the user logic block, it itself runs at 133.33 MHz, which is...
  • Page 74 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION <HL-5170DN> VDD3 ADR[23-1] TP198 5F/6C/7F/3-2E/ TP728 TP35 DATA[0] ADR[1] RA11 R124 3-3D/4-6E/3-3C/ DATA00 ADR01/24 7A/7B/3-2D DATA[1] ADR[2] DATA01 ADR02 DATA[2] ADR[3] DATA02 ADR03 ADR[4] DATA[3] DATA03 ADR04 TP36 TP729 ADR[5] DATA[4] RA12 DATA04 ADR05 ADR[6] DATA[5] DATA05 ADR06...
  • Page 75: Usb

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL The functions of the interface block communication with external devices are described below; 1.3.2 Stores the data received from the PC into DRAM as controlled by the DMA controller. The transmission speed is 480Mbps or 12Mbps. <HL-5130/5140/5150D>...
  • Page 76: Ieee1284

    Stores the data received from the PC into DRAM as controlled by the DMA controller. It is applicable to both normal receiving and bi-directional communication (nibble mode, byte mode, ECP mode). 74LVX161284, 3.3V 5.0V level shifter IC stores the pull-up resistance in signal wire at the connector side <HL-5130/5140/5150D> Printer Printer VDD3 CDCC_DIR CDCC_HD...
  • Page 77: Network Interface

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.3.4 Network Interface The National Semiconductor brand 10 Base-T/100 Base-TX network controller DP83816 is connected with the ASIC through the PCI bus. The pulse transformer and the Link/Active LED are built in the RJ-45 connector. <HL-5170DN> @C46...
  • Page 78: Rom

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 1.3.5 A 16Mbit ROM (x 16bit) is fitted. (HL-5130) A 32Mbit ROM (x 16bit) is fitted. (HL-5140) A 64Mbit ROM (x 16bit) is fitted. (HL-5150D) <HL-5130/5140/5150D> FLASH for MAIN PROGRAM ADR[22] MASK ROM ADR[22] ADR[23]...
  • Page 79: Flash Rom

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.3.6 Flash ROM A 16Mbit flash ROM (x 16bit) is fitted. (HL-5170DN) FLASH for NETWORK PROGRAM ADR[22] ROMCSN1 VDD3 1-4C IOWEN @C134 1-4C/1-6D C103 IORDN VSS27 TP151 1-4C/1-6D/1-7D ADR[20] @R132 RY/BY VSS46 BYTE @R133 VDD3 VDD3 RESET...
  • Page 80: Sdram

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 1.3.7 SDRAM A 64Mbit SDRAM (x 16bit) is used as the RAM. (HL-5130) A 128Mbit SDRAM (x 16bit) is used as the RAM. (HL-5140/5150D) <HL-5130/5140/5150D> SDRAM VDD1 VDD3 SDCSN0 RASN ADR[17] VDDQ3 6F/7A/7C/7F/3-2E/3-4C CASN ADR[18]...
  • Page 81: Optional Ram

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.3.8 Optional RAM A 32bit (100 pin) DIMM can be fitted as optional RAM. The main PCB has one slot and the capacity of DIMM can be from 16MB to 128MB. <HL-5140/5150D> DQ[31-0] DQ[31-0] 7D/1-8C DIMM DQ[0]...
  • Page 82 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION <HL-5170DN> DQ[31-0] 1-8C/7D/4-7E DIMM DQ[0] VDD3 DQ[1] DQ[2] DQ[3] DQ[4] DQ[5] DQ[6] DQ[7] DQ[8] DQ[9] DQ[10] DQ10 DQ[11] DQ11 DQ[12] DQ12 DQ[13] DQ13 DQ[14] DQ14 DQ[15] DQ15 DQ[16] DQ16 DQ[17] DQ17 DQ[18] DQ18 DQ[19] DQ19 DQ[20] DQ20 DQ[21]...
  • Page 83: Eeprom

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.3.9 EEPROM The EEPROM is BR24C04 type of two-wire method with a 512 x 8bit configuration. <HL-5130/5140/5150D> C103 VDD3 VDD3 4.7k TP58 TP67 EESCL TP59 TP68 EESDA TEST BR24C04F Aurora Fig. 3-17 The EEPROM is BR24C64 type of two-wire method with a 8192 x 8bit configuration.
  • Page 84: 1.3.11 Engine I/O

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 1.3.11 Engine I/O The interface with the engine PCB is by full-duplex synchronous serial method, of which transfer rate is 520kbps. <HL-5130/5140/5150D> VDD3 ENGINE VDD3 3.3V TP200 TP202 R104 RESET ENGRSTN TP203 TP201 R100 ENGDI...
  • Page 85: 1.3.13 Video I/O

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.3.13 Video I/O The video signal output from the ASIC is reversed through a transistor and output after being corrected by the buffer IC. <HL-5130/5140/5150D> VDD3 VDD3 VDD3 VDD5 VDD5 C103 C103 TP233 BLM18RK221 C471 DATA1 TP230...
  • Page 86: 1.3.14 Power Supply

    IEEE1284 interface, the LD PCB and the engine PCB. In addition, +1.9V is generated by the 3-pin regulator from 3.3V supplied from the LVPS. +1.9V is used for the CPU within the ASIC and the logic circuit. <HL-5130/5140/5150D> VDD3 C101 C100 6.3V 6V...
  • Page 87: Engine Pcb

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Engine PCB The gate array which transforms the serial signal from the main PCB into the parallel signal is mounted on the engine PCB. The engine PCB controls the following parts by using the transferred signal data;...
  • Page 88: Power Supply

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION Power Supply 1.5.1 Low-voltage power supply The power supply uses a switching regulation system to generate the regulated DC power (+3.3V, +8V [non regulated] and +24V), which are converted from the AC line. The regulated output and the production code of each power supply are listed below; Regulated Output Production Code +3.3V / 1.5A...
  • Page 89: High-Voltage Power Supply

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 1.5.2 High-voltage power supply The high-voltage power supply generates and outputs the voltages and currents for the charging, development and transfer functions. For the circuit diagram of the high-voltage power supply PCB, see APPENDIX 13. ‘HIGH- VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY PCB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM’...
  • Page 90: Mechanics

    CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION MECHANICS Overview of Printing Mechanism Heat roller Corona wire Second Eject roller LASER UNIT Scanner motor Blade Outer chute MP DRUM UNIT Rear cover Development roller Supply roller Paper feed pinch roller First Eject roller Regist front actuator Upper auger Y First feed pinch roller...
  • Page 91: Paper Transfer

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Paper Transfer 2.2.1 Paper supply The paper pick-up roller picks up one sheet of paper from the paper tray every time it is rotated and feeds it to the paper feed roller. First feed roller First feed pinch roller...
  • Page 92 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 2.2.2 Paper registration After the paper top position is detected by the regist front actuator, the paper, separated into individual sheets by the paper pick-up roller, is fed further for a specified time, and the paper top position reaches the paper feed roller so that the paper skew is adjusted.
  • Page 93 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 2.2.4 Duplex printing (HL-5150D/5170DN only) After the paper exits from the second eject roller with the front of sheet printed, the second eject roller rotates conversely and feeds the paper to the duplex tray, where the paper skew is adjusted.
  • Page 94 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION Sensors 2.3.1 Cover sensors Detect opening and closing of the front cover. Front cover sensor Fig. 3-36 2.3.2 Toner sensors Detects if there is toner in the toner cartridge. The toner sensor at the left side emits light through the window on the left side of the toner cartridge, then the toner sensor at the right side receives it when the toner is low.
  • Page 95 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 2.3.3 Cassette sensor / Paper empty sensor (HL-5140/5150D/5170DN) Detect if the paper tray is installed. They also detect if there is paper in the paper tray. Paper empty sensor Cassette sensor PCB ASSY Cassette sensor Fig. 3-38 2.3.4...
  • Page 96 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 2.3.5 MP-PE sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN) Detects if there is paper in the MP tray. MP-PE sensor PCB ASSY Feed MP unit Fig. 3-40 2.3.6 DX sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN) DX sensor PCB Fig. 3-41 3-26...
  • Page 97 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 2.3.7 Regist sensor Engine PCB ASSY Regist sensor Fig. 3-42 2.3.8 Rear cover sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN) Rear cover sensor Fig. 3-43 3-27...
  • Page 98 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION Drum Unit 2.4.1 Photosensitive drum Generates the latent electrostatic image and develops the image on the drum surface. 2.4.2 Primary charger Forms a uniform charge on the drum surface. (1) Corona wire Generates the ion charge on the drum. (2) Grid Spreads the ion charge evenly over the drum surface.
  • Page 99 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 2.6.2 Exposure stage After the drum is positively charged, it is exposed to the light emitted from the laser unit. Drum Laser beam Paper Laser beam f θ lens Laser detector Polygon mirror Laser diode Motor Lens Fig.
  • Page 100 CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF OPERATION 2.6.3 Developing Developing causes the toner to be attracted to the electrostatic image on the drum so as to transform it into a visible image. The developer consists of a non-magnetic toner. The development roller is made of conductive rubber and the supply roller (which is also made of conductive sponge) rotate against each other.
  • Page 101 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 2.6.5 Fixing stage The image transferred to the paper by static electricity is fixed by heat and pressure when passing through the heat roller and the pressure roller in the fixing unit. The thermistor keeps the surface temperature of the heat roller constant by detecting the surface temperature of the heat roller and turning on or off the halogen heater lamp.
  • Page 102: Safety Precautions

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN Service Manual CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS To avoid creating secondary problems by mishandling, follow the warnings and precautions below during maintenance work. WARNING (1) Always turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before accessing any parts inside the printer.
  • Page 103: Disassembly Flow

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY DISASSEMBLY FLOW AC Cord Rear Cover Sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN) Drum Unit Laser Unit Paper Tray Base Plate / LV Insulation Sheet DX Feed ASSY (HL-5150D/5170DN) DX-Sensor PCB ASSY (HL-5150D/5170DN) Access Cover Main PCB Engine PCB  Rear Cover C  (HL-5130/5140)  High-voltage PS PCB ASSY Rear Cover MP ASSY Outer Chute MP ASSY        Outer Chute (HL-5130/5140) (HL-5150D/5170DN) Low-voltage PS PCB ASSY Rear Cover L/R Fixing Unit Paper Feeder Side Cover L/R Front Cover ASSY (HL-5130/5140) Frame L/ Drive Unit Top Cover MP Unit Fan Motor 60 Unit LV/ (HL-5150D/5170DN) Fan Motor 60 Unit...
  • Page 104: Disassembly Procedure

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE AC Cord (1) Disconnect the AC cord from the printer. Printer AC cord Fig. 4-1 Drum Unit (1) Open the front cover and remove the drum unit. Drum unit Front cover Fig. 4-2...
  • Page 105: Paper Tray

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY Paper Tray (1) Close the front cover and pull out the paper tray. (2) Remove the paper from the paper tray. Front cover Paper tray Fig. 4-3 (3) Remove the pad holder and the separation pad spring from the paper tray. Pad holder Separation pad spring Paper tray...
  • Page 106 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual NOTE: When replacing/re-assembling the pad holder ZL2 ASSY, remove the old grease and apply a suitable amount of grease referring to the figure below; Paper pick-up roller Paper tray Grease: Molykote PG-662 (4 mm dia.ball) Fig. 4-5 (4) Remove the four bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the paper tray front cover.
  • Page 107 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (5) Remove the two Taptite, cup B M3x10, and then remove the paper tray cover. Paper tray Tpatite, cup B M3x10 Paper tray cover Tpatite, cup B M3x10 Fig. 4-7 (6) Remove the pressure roller holder ASSY. Pressure roller holder ASSY Paper tray Flat screwdriver...
  • Page 108 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (7) Remove the pressure roller collar. (8) Remove the pressure roller shaft. Pressure roller shaft Pressure roller collar Pressure roller holder ASSY Fig. 4-9 (9) Remove the scratch spongy holder ASSY from the pressure roller holder ASSY.
  • Page 109 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (12) Remove the two cup M2.6x5 Taptite screws. (13) Release the lock lever, and then unhook the catches of the two side guide racks. Taptite, cup M2.6x5 Side guide L Taptite, cup M2.6x5 Side guide rack Catches Paper tray Lock lever...
  • Page 110 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (15) Unhook the two catches (A) of the pressure plate while pulling the plastic frame outwards, then unhook the other two catches (B) of the plate while pulling the plastic frame outwards to remove the pressure plate ASSY.
  • Page 111 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY NOTE: When re-assembling the pressure plate ASSY, ensure that the paper indicator arm is under the pressure plate. CAUTION: When unhooking the catches to remove the pressure plate, do not bend the pressure plate, gently ease the plastic cover. If the pressure plate is deformed, paper feeding problems may occur.
  • Page 112 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (19) Remove the cup B M3x8 Taptite screw, and then remove the side guide gear and the friction spring. (20) Remove the two side guide racks. Taptite, cup B M3x8 Side guide rack Side guide gear Friction spring Side guide rack Fig.
  • Page 113 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY NOTE: • When re-assembling the side guide racks, they should both be aligned so that the wide end of the racks are in line with the inside edge of the paper guide release slots in the tray before refitting the spring and gear.
  • Page 114 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (24) Remove the paper rear guide. Paper tray Paper rear guide Fig. 4-20 4-13...
  • Page 115 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY DX Feed ASSY (HL-5150D/5170DN) (1) Remove the DX feed ASSY. DX feed ASSY Fig. 4-21 (2) Remove the four bind B M3x8 Taptite screws, and then remove the DX roller holder and three pressure rollers. (3) Remove the three pressure roller springs.
  • Page 116 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual NOTE: Set pressure roller, and assemble pressure roller spring after assembling DX roller holder. Pressure roller spring Pressure roller Tray feed ZL2 Fig. 4-23 (4) Remove the two bind B M3x8 Taptite screws, and then remove the guide plate stopper.
  • Page 117 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (6) Remove the side regist guide. (7) Remove the left guide plate ASSY and DX paper switch pull arm. Side regist guide Left guide plate ASSY DX paper switch pull arm Hooks Tray feed ZL2 Fig.
  • Page 118: Access Cover

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual Access Cover (1) Remove the access cover. Access cover Fig. 4-27 Rear Cover C (1) Remove the bind B M4x12 Taptite screw, and then remove the rear cover C. Rear cover C Taptite, bind B M4x12 Fig. 4-28...
  • Page 119 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY Outer Chute (HL-5130/5140) (1) Remove the outer chute. Hook Outer Chute Fig. 4-29 4-18...
  • Page 120 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual Rear Cover MP ASSY / Outer Chute MP ASSY (HL-5150D/5170DN) (1) Remove the rear cover MP ASSY. Hook Rear cover MP ASSY Fig. 4-30 (2) Remove the outer chute MP ASSY. Hook Outer chute MP ASSY Fig. 4-31...
  • Page 121: Rear Cover L/R

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (3) Remove the rear cover MP tray. Rear cover MP ASSY Rear cover MP tray Fig. 4-32 Rear Cover L/R (1) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the rear cover L. (2) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the rear cover R.
  • Page 122: Side Cover L/R

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.10 Side Cover L/R (1) Remove the three bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the side cover R. Hooks Taptite, bind B M4x12 Side cover R Hook Hooks Hook Taptite, bind B M4x12 Fig. 4-34 (2) Remove the four bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the side cover L.
  • Page 123: Top Cover

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.11 Top Cover (1) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the top cover ASSY. (2) Disconnect the panel PCB harness from the panel PCB ASSY. Taptite, bind B M4x12 Top cover ASSY Hooks Hook Taptite, bind B...
  • Page 124 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (4) Remove the two cup B M3x8 Taptite screws, and then remove the panel PCB ASSY. (5) Remove the SW key A, the SW key B and the panel light guide from the top cover ASSY. Top cover ASSY...
  • Page 125 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (7) Remove the five bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the inner chute. Inner chute Taptite, bind B M4x12 Taptite, bind B M4x12 Hooks Taptite, bind B M4x12 Top cover printed ASSY Hook Fig.
  • Page 126 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.12 Front Cover ASSY (HL-5130/5140) (1) Release the link. (2) Remove the front cover ASSY. Frame Front cover ASSY Link Fig. 4-42 4-25...
  • Page 127 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.13 MP Unit (HL-5150D/5170DN) (1) Disconnect the two connectors. (2) Remove the MP ground spring. (3) Remove the two bind B M3x10 and cup S M3x6 Taptite screws. (4) Remove the MP solenoid holder unit. MP ground spring MP solenoid holder unit Engine PCB...
  • Page 128 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (7) While pushing the MP pressure plate, remove the separation plate ASSY. Separation plate ASSY MP chute ASSY MP pressure plate Fig. 4-45 NOTE: When replacing with the new separation plate ASSY, attach it after peeling the cover paper of double-faced tape.
  • Page 129 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (8) Remove the shaft of the MP front cover ASSY from the drive release link, and then remove the MP front cover ASSY from the MP chute ASSY. MP chute ASSY Drive release link Shaft MP front cover ASSY Shaft Fig.
  • Page 130 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (10) Remove the MP tray ASSY. MP chute ASSY MP tray ASSY Fig. 4-49 (11) Remove the MP paper guide 2 and the MP paper guide 3 from the MP tray ASSY. MP paper guide 3 MP paper guide 2 MP tray ASSY Fig.
  • Page 131 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (12) Open the MP chute ASSY cover. (13) Remove the MP-PE actuator. MP-PE actuator MP chute ASSY Fig. 4-51 (14) Remove the four bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the MP chute ASSY. Taptite, bind B M4x12 MP chute ASSY Taptite, bind B M4x12...
  • Page 132 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (15) Remove the MP-PE sensor PCB ASSY. MP-PE sensor PCB ASSY MP chute ASSY Hook Hooks Hooks Fig. 4-53 4-31...
  • Page 133 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.14 Fixing Unit (1) Disconnect the heater harness and thermistor harness. (2) Remove the bind B M4x12 Taptite screw and the shoulder screw, and then remove the fixing unit. Fixing unit Shoulder screw Heater harness Taptite, bind B M4x12 Thermistor harness Fig.
  • Page 134 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (4) Remove the three cup B M3x10 Taptite screws, and then remove the star wheel holder. Fixing unit Taptite, cup B M3x10 Star wheel holder Fig. 4-56 (5) Remove the cup B M3x12 Taptite screw. (6) Release the thermistor ASSY harness from the four hooks.
  • Page 135 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY NOTE: When re-assembling the thermistor to the FU frame upper, ensure the direction of the thermistor is correct referring to the figure below; FU frame upper Thermistor Thermistor Taptite, cup B M3x12 Fig. 4-58 (8) Remove the two cup B M3x20 Taptite screws. (9) Remove the FU frame upper from the FU frame lower.
  • Page 136 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (10) Remove the two pan (washer) M26x8 Taptite screws. (11) Remove the heat roller 25. (12) Remove the halogen lamp. Heat roller 25 Screw, pan (S/P washer) M26x8 Washer, Plain 26 Halogen lamp Screw, pan (S/P washer) M26x8...
  • Page 137 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (13) Remove the HR bearing 25. (14) Remove the HR gear 34. (15) Remove the HR retaining ring 25. (16) Remove the heat roller washer 25. (17) Remove the HR bearing 25. HR bearing 25 HR bearing 25 Heat roller 25 Heat roller washer 25...
  • Page 138 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual • When re-assembling the heat roller 25 to the FU frame upper, ensure you do not damage the heat roller 25 with the four separate claw ASSY on the FU frame upper. Heat roller 25 Separate claw ASSY...
  • Page 139 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (19) Remove the three cleaner spring S. (20) Remove the three cleaner pinch roller ASSY S. (21) Remove the cleaner spring L. (22) Remove the cleaner pinch roller ASSY L. Cleaner spring S Cleaner spring L Cleaner pinch roller ASSY S Cleaner spring S Cleaner pinch roller ASSY L...
  • Page 140 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (23) Disconnect the connector for the eject sensor harness from the thermistor relay PCB ASSY. (24) Release the eject sensor harness from the three hooks. (25) Remove the bind B M3x10 Taptite screw, and then remove the eject sensor PCB ASSY.
  • Page 141 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY NOTE: When re-assembling the paper eject actuator and the eject actuator spring to the FU frame lower, ensure the paper eject actuator is seated correctly in the locating channel referring to the figure below; FU frame lower Eject actuator spring Paper eject actuator Fig.
  • Page 142: Rear Cover Sensor (Hl-5150D/5170Dn)

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.15 Rear Cover Sensor (HL-5150D/5170DN) (1) Disconnect the connector, and then remove the rear cover sensor. Connector Rear cover sensor   Fig. 4-72 3.16 Laser Unit (1) Remove the filter, and then remove the cup S M3x8 Taptite screw and the air duct.
  • Page 143 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (2) Disconnect the LD harness 5P from the laser unit. (3) Disconnect the polygon motor harness and remove the sponge from the laser unit. (4) Remove the six cup S M3x8 Taptite screws, and then remove the laser unit. Sponge Polygon motor harness Laser unit...
  • Page 144 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.17 Main PCB (1) Loosen the two access plate screws. (2) Remove the access plate. Hooks Hooks Access plate Access plate screws Hook Hook Fig. 4-76 (3) Disconnect the LD harness 5P from the Main PCB ASSY.
  • Page 145 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (5) Remove the three pan M3x6 screws. (6) Remove the four cup S M3x6 Taptite screws, and then remove the main PCB ASSY. Screw, pan M3x6 Taptite, cup S M3x6 Main PCB ASSY Taptite, cup S M3x6 Fig.
  • Page 146 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.18 Base Plate / LV Insulation Sheet (1) Remove the eight bind B M4x12 Taptite screws. (2) Remove the four cup S M3x6 Taptite screws. (3) Remove the pan (washer) M3.5x6 Taptite screw, and then remove the ground wire.
  • Page 147: Dx-Sensor Pcb Assy (Hl-5150D/5170Dn)

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.19 DX-Sensor PCB ASSY (HL-5150D/5170DN) (1) Disconnect the connector. (2) Remove the bind B M3x10 Taptite screws, and then remove the DX-sensor PCB ASSY. Taptite, bind B M3x10 DX-sensor PCB ASSY Engine PCB ASSY Fig. 4-81 4-46...
  • Page 148: Engine Pcb

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.20 Engine PCB (1) Disconnect the connectors. DX rear cover connector Fan motor 60 unit connector Toner sensor (light reception) connector LT connector Thermistor relay PCB connector Polygon motor connector Main motor connector Fan motor 60 connector...
  • Page 149: High-Voltage Ps Pcb Assy

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.21 High-voltage PS PCB ASSY (1) Remove the bind B M4x12 Taptite screw, and then remove the high-voltage PS PCB ASSY. (2) Disconnect the flat cable from the high-voltage PS PCB ASSY. Taptite, bind B M4x12 High-voltage PS PCB ASSY Flat cable Fig.
  • Page 150 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (3) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the inlet holder. (4) Remove the bind B M4x12 Taptite screw, and then remove the SW holder. (5) Remove the Fan motor 60. (6) Remove the low-voltage PS PCB from the frame.
  • Page 151: Paper Feeder

    CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.23 Paper Feeder (1) Remove the bearing R. (2) Remove the paper pick-up roller ASSY. Remove the two roller collars from the paper pick-up roller ASSY. Roller collar Paper pick-up roller ASSY Roller collar Bearing R Fig.
  • Page 152 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (6) Remove the PE actuator and the CA actuator from the frame. CA actuator PE actuator Frame Fig. 4-89 (7) Remove the spring, extension P/R from the gear 63P/R. (8) Remove the gear 63P/R. (9) Remove the ground wire from the conductor bearing.
  • Page 153 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (10) Remove the bearing L from the P/R shaft. (11) Remove the P/R shaft from the frame. P/R shaft Bearing L Fig. 4-91 (12) Remove the idle gear 22. (13) Remove the middle roller gear. (14) Remove the bind B M3x10 taptite screw and the conductor bearing.
  • Page 154 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (16) Remove the two cup S M3x6 Taptite screws and the four bind B M4x12 Taptite screws. (17) Remove the front chute ASSY. Taptite, bind B M4x12 Front chute ASSY Taptite, cup S M3x6 Taptite, bind B M4x12 Taptite, cup S M3x6 Fig.
  • Page 155 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (22) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the chute 3. Taptite, bind B M4x12 Chute 3 Fig. 4-95 (23) Remove the feed roller gear. (24) Remove the bearing F/R. (25) Remove the feed roller gear shaft from the frame. Bearing F/R Hook Feed roller gear shaft...
  • Page 156 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (26) Remove the hook of the bearing 5, and then slide the feed roller ASSY in the direction of the arrow. (27) Remove the feed roller ASSY. (28) Remove the joint 5 and the bearing 5 from the feed roller ASSY.
  • Page 157 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (29) Remove the chute cover. Chute cover Hook Hook Fig. 4-99 (30) Remove the regist front actuator and regist front actuator spring. (31) Remove the regist rear actuator and regist rear actuator spring. Regist front actuator Regist front actuator spring Regist rear actuator Regist rear actuator spring...
  • Page 158 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual NOTE: When assembling the regist front actuator and the regist rear actuator, set the spring as shown in the figure. Regist rear actuator spring Regist rear actuator Hole Regist front actuator Hole Regist front actuator spring Fig. 4-101...
  • Page 159 Main PCB sheet Taptite, bind B M4x12 Under bar Taptite, bind B M3x10 Taptite, bind B M3x10 Fig. 4-102 (4) Remove the back up plate ground spring. (HL-5130/5140) Drive unit Frame L Back up plate ground spring Fig. 4-103 4-58...
  • Page 160 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (5) Remove the cup S M3x6 Taptite screw. (6) Remove the ground spring. (7) Remove the six bind B M4x12 Taptite screws. (8) Remove the cup S M3x6 Taptite screw. (9) Remove the cup S M3x6 Taptite screw, and then remove the sub gear plate.
  • Page 161 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (13) Remove the four cup S M3x6 Taptite screws, and then remove the main motor ASSY. (14) Remove the develop joint and joint spring from the drive unit. (15) Release the two hooks from the develop joint, and remove the joint stopper. Develop joint Joint stopper Joint spring...
  • Page 162 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual (17) Remove the bind B M3x10 Taptite screw. (18) Remove the P/R solenoid ASSY, the P/R solenoid lever and the solenoid release spring P/R. (19) Remove the bind B M3x10 Taptite screw. (20) Remove the F/R solenoid ASSY and solenoid release spring F/ R.
  • Page 163 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 3.25 Fan Motor 60 Unit LV / Fan Motor 60 Unit (1) Remove the fan motor 60 unit LV and the fan motor 60 unit from the main frame R. Main frame R Fan motor 60 unit Fan motor 60 unit LV Fig.
  • Page 164: Frame R

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual 3.26 Frame R (1) Remove the four bind B M4x12 Taptite screws. (2) Remove the two cup S M3x6 Taptite screws. (3) Remove the cup S M3x16 Taptite screw. (4) Remove the main frame R unit. Main frame R unit...
  • Page 165 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY (5) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws. (6) Remove the cup S M3x6 Taptite screw. (7) Remove the drum spring R. (8) Remove the FG plate. Main frame R Taptite, cup S M3x6 FG plate Taptite, bind B M4x12 Drum spring R...
  • Page 166 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual PACKING AC cords Accessory bag Accessory carton Drum unit Printer Carton Fig. 4-113 4-65...
  • Page 167 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY LUBRICATION Frame L Gear 20 center F/R Idle gear 16A Gear 17 planetary Shaft idle gear 16 Gear 45 arm F/R Shaft idle gear 16 Gear, 40/54Y Idle gear 16A Pendulum gear 22 Drive unit Pendulum gear 22 Gear 58/88 Gear 58/88...
  • Page 168: Duplex Tray

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual Duplex tray Side regist roller Side regist roller DX feed roller * EM3: Molykote EM-D110 (3 mm dia. Ball) <Duplex Tray> 4-67...
  • Page 169: Guidelines For Lead Free Solder

    Relatively poor wettability, rough surface (bumps are likely to be formed), and solder dragging Poor solder elevation Poor thermal conductivity and heat resistant (difficult to melt) 2. Metal composition & wire solder The metal composition of lead-free solder allowed for use on PCBs for Brother's products is following. Compositon Manufacture Origin...
  • Page 170 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5150DN Service Manual Shrinkage cracks Figure 1 Shrinkage Cracks 4. Identification of lead-free solder on PCBs For PCBs that use lead-free solder, "LF" is indicated by silk-screen printing or attaching a label. "LF" stands for lead free and indicates that the PCBs bearing such an indication have been soldered with lead-free solder.
  • Page 171 CHAPTER 4 DISASSEMBLY AND RE-ASSEMBLY 7) A localized ventilation system and gloves are required for soldering operations. Lead-free solder does not contain the toxic substance lead, however, inhalation of the fumes may adversely affect the health of workers. The silver contained in lead- free solder is also a toxic substance, though it is not as toxic as lead, and, therefore, a localized ventilation system and gloves are required for lead-free solder soldering operations, as required for those with conventional solder.
  • Page 172: Chapter 5 Periodic Maintenance

    *For best performance, use only genuine Brother toner. The printer should be used only in a clean, dust-free environment with adequate ventilation.
  • Page 173 CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE <Change Drum message> If the LED shows the message below, it means the drum unit is near the end of its life. We recommend that you replace the drum unit with a new one before there is a noticeable deterioration in the print quality.
  • Page 174 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL (3) While pressing the blue lock lever, take the toner cartridge out of the drum unit assembly. (Fig.5-4) Fig. 5-4 (4) Unpack the new drum unit. (5) Put the toner cartridge in the new drum unit until you hear it lock into place with a click.
  • Page 175 CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE NOTE: *There are many factors that determine the actual toner life, such as temperature, humidity, type of paper that you use, the number of pages per print job, etc. *The amount of toner used varies according to what is printed on the page and the print density setting.
  • Page 176 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CAUTION: *It is recommended to place the drum unit assembly on a piece of disposable paper or cloth in case you accidentally spill or scatter toner. *To prevent damage to the printer from static electricity, do not touch the electrodes shown in the figure below.
  • Page 177 • If an unpacked drum unit is subjected to excessive direct sunlight or room light, the unit may be damaged. • Use a Brother genuine toner cartridge which is specially formulated to ensure top print quality. • Printing with a 3rd party toner or toner cartridge may reduce not only the printing quality but also the quality and life of the printer itself.
  • Page 178 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL NOTE: It is recommended to clean the printer when you replace the toner cartridge. Refer to subsection 3. ‘PERIODICAL CLEANING’ in this Chapter.
  • Page 179: Periodical Replacement Parts

    CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE PERIODICAL REPLACEMENT PARTS Periodical replacement parts are the parts to be replaced periodically to maintain product quality. These parts would affect the product quality greatly if they lost their function even if they do not appear to be damaged or there is no change in their appearance.) The periodical replacement parts listed below should be replaced at the service center referring to the service life.
  • Page 180 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Fixing Unit <Replacement procedure> 1) Disconnect the AC cord from the printer. Printer AC cord Fig.5-15 2) Close the front cover and pull out the paper tray. Front cover Paper Tray Fig.5-16...
  • Page 181 CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 3) Remove the bind B M4x12 Taptite screw, and then remove the rear cover C. Rear Cover C Taptite, bind B M4x12 Fig.5-17 4) Remove the rear cover outer chute. Hook Outer Chute Fig.5-18 5-10...
  • Page 182 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 5) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the rear cover L. 6) Remove the two bind B M4x12 Taptite screws, and then remove the rear cover R. Taptite, bind B Taptite, bind B...
  • Page 183: Paper Feeding Kit

    CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Paper Feeding Kit <Replacement procedure> 1) Disconnect the AC cord from the printer. Printer AC cord Fig.5-21 2) Close the front cover and pull out the paper tray. Front cover Paper tray Fig.5-22 5-12...
  • Page 184 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 3) Remove the pad holder and the separation pad spring from the paper tray. Pad holder Separation pad spring Fig.5-23 4) Remove the bearing R. 5) Remove the paper pick-up roller ASSY. 5) Remove the two roller collars from the paper pick-up roller ASSY.
  • Page 185: Periodical Cleaning

    CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE PERIODICAL CLEANING Clean the following parts periodically to avoid any printer problems or print image defects. CAUTION: While drum unit and scanner window cleaning basically can be implemented by the end user, the electrical terminals inside the printer and on the drum unit should be cleaned by a service technician.
  • Page 186: Cleaning The Scanner Window

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Clean the primary corona wire inside the drum unit by gently sliding the blue tab from right to left several times. Return the tab to the home position before re-install the drum unit assembly. Home position Fig. 5-25...
  • Page 187 CHAPTER 5 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CAUTION: • Handle the drum unit carefully since it contains toner. If toner scatters and your hands or cloths get dirty, immediately wipe or wash it off with cold water. • Do not touch the scanner window with your fingers. •...
  • Page 188: Mtbf / Mttr

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL MTBF / MTTR The meantime between failure (MTBF and the meantime to repair (MTTR) for this printer are as follows; MTBF: Up to 4,000 hours MTTR: Average 30 minutes except the periodical maintenance parts (the Paper Feeding Kit) and the printer control boards whose MTTR is average 10 minutes.
  • Page 189: Chapter 6 Troubleshooting

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING INTRODUCTION Initial Check (1) Operating environment Check if : • The source voltage stays within ±10% from the rated voltage shown on the rating plate. • The printer is installed on a solid, level surface.
  • Page 190: Warnings For Maintenance Work

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING (4) Others Condensation: When the printer is moved from a cold room into a warm room in cold weather, condensation may occur inside the printer, causing various problems as listed below: • Condensation on the optical surfaces such as the scanning mirror, lenses, the reflection mirror and the protection glass may cause the print image to be light.
  • Page 192: Operator Calls & Service Calls

    Press the panel button if the printer does not automatically resume printing. No paper Load paper into the printer. (HL-5130) Press the go button. No paper (HL- Load paper into the printer. 5140/5150D/5170 No tray 1 Install the tray 1.
  • Page 193: Service Calls

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Service Calls If service calls occur, all four LEDs (Status LED: Red) flash on and off to notice it. In this state execute the operation described on the top of Table 1 to notify a fault location from the specific combination of ON/OFF and status color of the LED.
  • Page 194: Error Message

    No Paper Tray2 installed. If it is empty, put a new stack of paper in the No Paper Manual Feed paper tray. For HL-5130, put paper in the paper tray and No Paper Multi Purpose Tray then press the Go button.
  • Page 195: Error Message Printouts

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Error message Remedy Resolution Reduced to • Reduce the complexity of your document before you print Enable Printing to prevent automatic reduction of the resolution. (The printer has printed the • Expand the printer memory by adding a commercially document at a reduced available DIMM memory module.
  • Page 196: Paper Problems

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING PAPER PROBLEMS Paper Loading Problems First, make sure that you are using paper that meets Brother recommended paper specifications. See 3.5 Paper in Chapter 1. Problem Remedy The printer does not feed • If there is paper in the paper tray, make sure it is straight.
  • Page 197: Paper Jams

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Paper Jams 4.2.1 Clearing jammed paper Clear the jammed paper following the procedures below; Pull the paper tray completely out of the printer. Fig. 6-1 Pull the jammed paper up and out of the printer. Fig. 6-2 Press the cover release button and then open the front cover.
  • Page 198 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Pull out the drum unit assembly. Pull the jammed paper up and out of the printer. If you cannot remove the drum unit assembly easily at this time, do not use extra force. Instead, pull the edge of the jammed paper from the paper tray. Fig.
  • Page 199 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Open the back output tray. Pull the jammed paper out of the fuser unit. If the paper jam can be cleared, go to Step 7. Fig. 6-6 NOTE: If you have to pull the paper toward the back of the printer, the fuser may get dirty with toner powder and it may scatter on the next printouts.
  • Page 200 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Close the jam clear cover. Close the back output tray. Push the lock lever down and take the toner cartridge out of the drum unit assembly. Take out the jammed paper if there is any inside the drum unit. Fig.
  • Page 201 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL 4.2.2 Causes & countermeasures The causes for paper jam problems vary depending on the location of the paper jam. When a paper jam occurs inside the printer, you have to find the location of the paper jam first, remove the jammed paper and then take the appropriate countermeasure referring to the table below;...
  • Page 202: Paper Feeding Problems

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Paper Feeding Problems Even if the paper is printed and ejected without any problems such as paper jams, paper feeding problems below may appear. Users can clear these problems by following the ‘User Check’ items for each problem. Even if the same problem occurs again, follow the procedures in the table below.
  • Page 203 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Curl or Wave User Check (1) Check the paper used meets the recommended paper specifications. Both high temperature and humidity will cause paper to curl. (2) If the printer is used infrequently, the paper may have sat for too long in the paper tray. Turn over the stack of paper in the paper tray.
  • Page 204: Software Setting Problems

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING SOFTWARE SETTING PROBLEMS The printer may not print the data correctly if there are incorrect software settings. “There was an error writing to LPT1: (or BRUSB) for the printer” error message appears. User Check (1) Check that the printer cable is not damaged or broken. Check also that the cable is connected to the correct interface connectors of both the printer and PC.
  • Page 205 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Although the USB driver is installed, it is unable to find the BRUSB: port. (Windows98/Me only) User Check (1) Re-install the USB driver by following the steps below; Turn the printer off. Double-click the file “Deins USB.exe” in the USB directory of the CD-ROM.
  • Page 206 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING This printer does not appear in Chooser with iMac and Power Macintosh G3 with USB. (HL-5130/5140) User Check (1) Check the printer is turned on. (2) Check the USB interface cable is connected correctly. (3) Check the printer driver is installed correctly.
  • Page 207 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL MALFUNCTIONS When taking countermeasures for malfunctions as described in this section, check connectors for contact failure before measuring the voltage at the specified connector pins. No AC power supplied Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Supply voltage...
  • Page 208 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING WARNING If you analyze malfunctions with the power plug inserted into the power outlet, special caution should be exercised even if the power switch is OFF because it is a single pole switch. Main motor failure Possible cause Step Check Result...
  • Page 209 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Insufficient output from high-voltage power supply unit Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy High-voltage Do any of the terminals on the Clean the terminals. contact high-voltage contacts have dirt or contact burns? High-voltage Check the connections of the...
  • Page 210 1.3. ‘INSPECTION MODE’ Chapter 7? Software bug Does this problem appear Inform the Brother office of when printing specific data or the used specific data, printer printing under a specific condition and system environment? environment.
  • Page 211 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL M-12 Engine PCB error Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Fixing unit Is the ground wire on the fixing Secure the ground wire ground wire unit secured with the shoulder correctly with the shoulder connection screw correctly? screw.
  • Page 212: Image Defects

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING IMAGE DEFECTS Image Defect Examples I-1 Light I-2 Dark I-2 Dark I-3 Completely blank I-5 Dirt on back of paper I-4 All black I-6 Black vertical I-6 Black vertical I-7 Black horizontal I-8 Black vertical I-9 White vertical streaks streaks stripes...
  • Page 213: Troubleshooting Image Defect

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Troubleshooting Image Defect Several types of the image defects can be cleared by end users. For those defects, instruct the user to check the ‘User Check’ items described in each table. Even if the same image defect appears, the following procedures should be followed in the event of specific image defects.
  • Page 214 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Dark User Check (1) Check the paper used meets the recommended paper specifications. (2) Check the printer’s environment. High temperature and high humidity conditions can increase the amount of background shading. (3) Clean the corona wire with the wire cleaner. (4) Try installing a new toner cartridge or drum unit.
  • Page 215 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Completely blank Ground Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts Developing bias Are the developing bias Clean the electrodes contact failure contacts between the printer at both sides. body and drum unit dirty? Drum unit Are the drum shaft and drum...
  • Page 216 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING All black User Check (1) Clean the corona wire of the drum unit. (2) The drum unit may be damaged. Install a new drum unit. Ground Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts Corona failure Is the corona wire dirty? Clean the corona wire with the wire cleaner.
  • Page 217 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Dirt on the back of paper Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Clean the pressure roller Fixing unit dirty Is the pressure roller dirty? referring to the following Is any other area in the printer procedure. dirty?
  • Page 218 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Black and blurred vertical streaks User Check (1) Clean the corona wire in the drum unit. (2) Check that the corona wire cleaner is at the home position. (3) Check that the toner cartridge is not empty. (4) The drum unit may be damaged.
  • Page 219 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Black and blurred horizontal stripes User Check (1) The drum unit may be damaged. Install a new drum unit. (2) Check the paper used meets the recommended paper specifications. (3) Clean the printer interior and the corona wire in the drum unit.
  • Page 220 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING White vertical streaks User Check (1) Try to wipe the scanner window with a soft cloth. (2) The toner cartridge may be damaged. Install a new toner cartridge. (3) Check the printer’s environment. High temperature and high humidity conditions can cause this problem.
  • Page 221 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-11 Faulty registration Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Excessive paper Is the paper loaded in the Instruct the user to keep paper load paper tray more than 27mm loads below 27mm in depth. high? Print paper...
  • Page 222 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING I-13 Image distortion Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Laser unit Is the laser unit secured to the Secure the unit correctly and installation frame incorrectly? tighten the screws. (Check if there is any play.) Scanner LD Is the laser diode or the Replace the laser unit.
  • Page 223 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-15 White spots User Check (1) If the problem is not solved after printing a few pages, the drum unit may have glue from label stock on the photosensitive drum surface. Refer to Step 1 in the...
  • Page 224 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING NOTE: Clean the drum unit as follows: (1) Remove the toner cartridge from the drum unit. Place the printing samples in front of the drum unit, and find the exact position of the image defect. Drum unit Position of smudge on the drum 94mm interval...
  • Page 225 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-16 Black spots User Check (1) If the problem is not solved after printing a few pages, the drum unit may have glue from label stock on the photosensitive drum surface. Refer to Step 1 in the...
  • Page 226 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING I-17 Black band Ground Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts Corona failure Is the wire cleaner at its home Return the wire position? cleaner to its home position. Corona failure Is the corona wire dirty? 1) Clean the corona wire.
  • Page 227 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-18 Gray background Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Print paper Does the paper being used Recommend to use the meet the paper specification specified types of paper. (weight, etc.). Recommend to change to freshly unpacked paper.
  • Page 228 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING I-19 Hollow print User Check (1) Check the paper used meets the recommended paper specifications. (2) Select the ‘Thick paper mode’ in the printer driver, or use thinner paper than you are currently using. (3) Check the printer’s environment, conditions such as high humidity may cause this situation to occur.
  • Page 229 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-21 Horizontal lines Ground Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts Paper feed roller Are the feed roller shaft and Check the connection the ground contact connected between the shaft and correctly? the ground contact. Also check the ground contact on the back of the feed roller.
  • Page 230 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING I-22 Light rain Ground Remedy Possible cause Step Check Result contact Drum unit failure Is the problem solved after Replace the drum replacing the drum unit? unit. Drum Is the contact between the Clean contact connection drum unit and printer body electrode both on the failure connected correctly?
  • Page 231 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL I-24 Toner specks User Check (1) Check the paper used meets the recommended paper specifications. A rough surfaced paper may cause the problem. (2) The toner cartridge may be damaged. Install a new toner cartridge. (3) The drum unit may be damaged, or may be nearly at the end of life. Install a new drum unit.
  • Page 232: Location Of Grounding Contacts

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Location of Grounding Contacts 7.4.1 Drum unit (2) Wire cleaner Drum Unit (5) Grid (8) Cleaner (4) Development roller (3) Charge (1) Photosensitive drum (6) Transfer roller Fig. 6-14 7.4.2 Printer body & Paper tray (1) Photosensitive drum (5) Grid (3) Charge (4) Development roller...
  • Page 233: Incorrect Printout

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL INCORRECT PRINTOUT When the data is not printed correctly as it is seen on the PC screen, follow the procedures below in the event of a specific error. The printer prints unexpectedly or it prints garbage. User Check (1) Check if the printer cable is not too long.
  • Page 234 (2) If this does not clear the error, reduce the complexity of your document or reduce the printer resolution. (3) Expand the printer memory by adding a commercially available DIMM. (except for HL-5130) (4) Change the following setting in the printer driver and try again. The best combination of settings below will vary depending on your document.
  • Page 235 Remember that the printer emulates widely used printer selections: HL-5140: HP Laser Jet 6P HL-5150D/5170DN: HP Laser Jet 6P, Brother BR-Script Level 3, Epson FX-850, IBM Proprinter XL Try setting the printer into HP emulation and then select the HP LaserJet 6P (for HL5140/5150D/5170DN) printer in the application software.
  • Page 236: Network Problem

    INFORMATION, and select the name of the print server (make sure that you have entered the print server name). If you can see Print Server Status and Control in the menu, then the Brother print server is visible to the network, proceed to subsection 9.11 ‘Novell NetWare...
  • Page 237: Intermittent Problem

    (a process known as filtering); therefore, such a bridge must be configured to allow Brother print server addresses. Likewise, a router can be set up to pass only certain protocols, so be sure that the desired protocol can be passed through to the print server.
  • Page 238: Unix Troubleshooting

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING TCP/IP Troubleshooting If you are using TCP/IP and cannot print to the print server and you have checked the hardware and network as described in the previous steps, then check the following: NOTE: It is always a good idea to try the following in order to eliminate the possibility of setup errors. •...
  • Page 239: Windows Nt/Lan Server (Tcp/Ip) Troubleshooting

    (11) If you cannot print from DEC TCP/IP Service for VMS (UCX), make sure that you haave version 2.0B or later of this software, because earlier versions will not work with Brother print servers.
  • Page 240: Brother Internet Print (Tcp/Ip) Troubleshooting

    If you are having trouble printing on a Windows 95/98/Me/NT 4.0/2000/XP Peer to Peer network (NetBIOS), check the following: (1) Make sure that the Brother NetBIOS Port driver is securely installed and configured according to the Windows 95/98/Me/NT 4.0/2000/XP Peer to Peer (NetBIOS) chapters.
  • Page 241: Novell Netware Troubleshooting

    Get More Info option in Windows 2000 will not function. If you wish to use the Get More Info option use the following URL: http://ip_address This will then force Windows 2000/XP to use Port 80 to communicate with the Brother print server. Windows® 95/98/Me clients not able to get the driver from a Windows® 2000/XP system.
  • Page 242: Appletalk Troubleshooting

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING 9.12 AppleTalk Troubleshooting If you cannot print from an AppleTalk for Macintosh computer and you have checked the hardware and network as described in the previous steps, then check the following: (1) Make sure that you are running Phase 2 AppleTalk and that you have selected the correct network interface from the Apple Talk Control Panel on the Macintosh.
  • Page 243: Chapter 7 Service Support Software

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL CHAPTER 7 SERVICE SUPPORT SOFTWARE CONTROL PANEL Test Print Mode The printer incorporates various test print modes. Select the test mode you want to use following the steps below; (1) Turn off the power switch of the printer and check that the front cover is closed.
  • Page 244: Service Mode

    CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT Service Mode The printer incorporates various service modes. Select the service mode you want to use according to the steps shown below; (1) Turn off the power switch of the printer and check that the front cover is closed. (2) Turn on the power switch while holding down the Job Cancel button.
  • Page 245: Inspection Mode

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Inspection Mode The printer incorporates various inspection modes such as the factory inspection mode and the test print mode. The printer supports a factory inspection mode, continuous grid pattern print mode, 3 patterns print mode and NV-RAM value dump mode.
  • Page 246 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT <HL-5140> After checking of all 6 sensors, Toner LED is lit if no unusual states are detected. Front registration sensor Rear registration sensor Paper eject sensor Front cover sensor Fixing unit cover sensor Toner sensor After checking of all 5 sensors, Drum LED is lit if no unusual states are detected.
  • Page 247 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL HOW TO KNOW DRUM UNIT LIFE & PAGE COUNTER If you want to know the drum unit life or the number of printed pages, you should print out the Print Settings. Printing out the Print Settings (1) Press the Go switch three times.
  • Page 248 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT Contents Overview The Print Settings, configured with two pages, is for both PCL and PS. However, page 3 is added when BR-Net is equipped. All pages have following terms in common: *Title *Model name *Serial number The setting indication is the same as the panel setting information, supporting 10 languages.
  • Page 249 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL <How to Read the Drum Unit Life> The drum unit life is shown by the bar at the center of Print Settings; • It initially indicates 100% and gradually decreases. • It indicates 0% when the Drum LED is blinking.
  • Page 250 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT • Total paper jams Number of jams occurred in Tray1, Tray2, MP Tray, Inside, Rear, and Duplex (for Tray2 and Duplex, it is indicated only when they are equipped.) The maximum count for each item is 255 times.
  • Page 251 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL How to Read the Maintenance Information To obtain the maintenance information, you need to obtain and load the Maintenance Information utility which supplied on Service Databank by following the steps below; Get the information; The items like Printer’s ID, Version, Serial No., and Page Counter are displayed .
  • Page 252: How To Use The Self-Diagnostics Tools

    CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT HOW TO USE THE SELF-DIAGNOSTICS TOOLS Three self-diagnostics tools below are automatically installed when the printer driver is installed; 1) Troubleshooting for Printer won’t print 2) Diagnostics 3) Printer Information The following sections describe the details on each tool. Troubleshooting for Printer won’t print This tool instructs you how to clear the problem such as ‘The printer can’t print’...
  • Page 253 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Diagnostics This tool helps you to report your PC environment to investigate the cause of problem such as ‘Printer won’t print’ or ‘Printer prints garbage or incorrect fonts’. Before using this tool, however, you have to check if you can clear the problem using the ‘Troubleshooting for printer won’t print’...
  • Page 254 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT (3) If you click the OK button in Step 2, the dialog box below appears. Fig. 7-7 (4) Check the result that the printer reported and click the A, B or C button depending on the result.
  • Page 255: Printer Information

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Printer Information The drum unit life or page counter is printed on Print Configuration in some countries as described in 2. ‘HOW TO KNOW DRUM UNIT LIFE & PAGE COUNTER’. This tool also shows the printer information such as printer version or page counter for all models only when the printer is connected to a parallel port or USB.
  • Page 256: Nvram Default Value

    CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT NVRAM DEFAULT VALUE The default values for the main items to be set in NVRAM are as follows; Items Descriptions Timing of Drum LED ON 18,000 pages (Counted from the drum unit life.) Development switching The developing bias is switched from 400V to 300V when timing 7,000 pages are printed.
  • Page 257: How To Rewrite Hl-5130/5140/5150D/5170Dn Flash Rom

    HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL HOW TO REWRITE HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN FLASH ROM The ROM composition of each PCB is as follows. MODEL MAIN PCB ROM 0 ROM 1 HL-5130 Production 16 Mbit MASK ROM x 1 Spares 16 Mbit FLASH ROM x 1...
  • Page 258 Enter a batch file name and press Enter. (type: DRV51 + ENTER) HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN/kensa drivers (USB) will be installed. 8) PIT3SPFX.EXE; Set up by country Download “PIT3SPFX.EXE” from Utility DB, then copy it to “PIT3” folder in C drive. Extract the EXE file.
  • Page 259 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Controller Firmware Writing procedure (For AVA file) 1) Choose Start…>Program…>Accessory…>Command prompt Since the DOS window is opened, move the ZL2E folder. Type c:+ ENTER, CD \ZL2E + ENTER. 2) Turn off the printer. Connect the USB cable to the printer. Open the front cover, and turn on the printer while holding down the Go button.
  • Page 260 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT Network Firmware (ROM 1) (for HL-5170DN only) 1) Choose Start…>Program…>Accessory…>Command prompt Since the DOS window is opened, move the ZL2E folder. Type c:+ ENTER, CD \ZL2E + ENTER. 2) Connect the USB cable to the printer. Turn the printer ON while holding down the Go and Job Cancel buttons.
  • Page 261 HL-5130/5140/5150D/5170DN SERVICE MANUAL Set the serial number <PIT3> 1) Follow the same step as procedure 2) and 3) above. 2) Move the folder to “PIT3” in DOS window and type “PIT3”, then press ENTER key. PIT3 (software tool) will start.
  • Page 262 CHAPTER 7 SOFTWARE SERVICE SUPPORT MODEL Input Code Message HL-5130 /CS5130 CS5130 (SCRPT:Y.YY) HL-5140 /CS5140 CS5140 (SCRPT:Y.YY) HL-5150D /CS5150D CS5150D (SCRPT:Y.YY) HL-5170DN /CS5170DN CS5170DN (SCRPT:Y.YY) Y,YY expresses a version of script Code Country HL-5130 HL-5140 HL-5150D HL-5170DN .00101 .00102 Canada .00103...
  • Page 263 APPENDIX Appendix 1. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5130/5140/5150D (1/3) VDD3 ADR[23-1] 6F/7C/7F/3-2E/3-4D/3-4C/8A/8B/3-2D TP731 TP35 TP198 ADR[1] SDRAM DATA[0] RA12 DATA00 ADR01/24 ADR[2] DATA[1] DATA01 ADR02 DATA[2] ADR[3] SDCSN0 VDD1 VDD3 DATA02 ADR03 RASN DATA[3] ADR[4] ADR[17] VDDQ3 DATA03 ADR04 TP36...
  • Page 264 APPENDIX Appendix 2. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5130/5140/5150D (2/3) Printer Printer CDCC_DIR VDD3 CDCC_HD VDD5 VCC_CABLE VDD5 VCC_CABLE CDCC_D[7-0] D[7-0] CDCC_D[0] PAD00 PRSTN TP536 D[0] CDCC_D[1] PAD01 D[1] CDCC_D[2] PAD02 PCLKOUT TP537 D[2] CDCC_D[3] PAD03 D[3] VDD3 CDCC_D[4] PAD04 GACLKOUT...
  • Page 265 APPENDIX Appendix 3. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5130/5140/5150D (3/3) DQ[31-0] DQ[31-0] 7D/1-8C DIMM DQ[0] VDD3 DQ[1] DATA[15-0] 1-3B/1-7F/1-8F DQ[2] DQ[3] DATA[0] DQ[0] DQ[4] DATA[1] DQ[1] DQ[5] DATA[2] DQ[2] DQ[6] DATA[3] DQ[3] DQ[7] DQ[4] DATA[4] DQ[8] DATA[5] DQ[5] DQ[9] DATA[6] DQ[6]...
  • Page 266 APPENDIX Appendix 4. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5170DN (1/4) VDD3 SDRAM ADR[23-1] 5F/6C/7F/3-2E/3-3D/4-6E/3-3C/7A/7B/3-2D TP35 TP198 TP728 DATA[0] ADR[1] RA11 R124 DATA00 ADR01/24 ADR[2] SDCSN0 VDD1 VDD3 DATA[1] DATA01 ADR02 RASN ADR[3] ADR[17] VDDQ3 DATA[2] 5F/6A/6C/7F/3-2E/3-3C/4-6E DATA02 ADR03 CASN ADR[18] VDDQ9 DATA[3] ADR[4] DATA03...
  • Page 267 APPENDIX Appendix 5. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5170DN (2/4) Printer Printer CDCC_DIR VDD3 CDCC_HD VDD5 VCC_CABLE VDD5 VCC_CABLE CDCC_D[7-0] D[7-0] CDC-.cir/3C CDCC_D[0] D[0] CDCC_D[1] D[1] CDCC_D[2] D[2] VDD5 CDCC_D[3] D[3] CDCC_D[4] D[4] CDCC_D[5] D[5] CDCC_D[6] D[6] CDCC_D[7] D[7] VDD3 INITN CDCCINITN CDCCACKN SEINN...
  • Page 268 APPENDIX Appendix 6. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5170DN (3/4) DQ[31-0] 1-8C/7D/4-7E DIMM DATA[15-0] DQ[0] 1-2B/1-6F/1-8F VDD3 DQ[1] DQ[2] DATA[0] DQ[0] DQ[3] DATA[1] DQ[1] DQ[4] DATA[2] DQ[2] DQ[5] DATA[3] DQ[3] DQ[6] DATA[4] DQ[4] DQ[7] DQ[5] DATA[5] DQ[8] DATA[6] DQ[6] DQ[9] DATA[7] DQ[7] DQ[10] DQ10...
  • Page 269 APPENDIX Appendix 7. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, HL-5170DN (4/4) C104 @C46 C100 C100 @DA1 @C45 RJ-45 C104 @CN2 TP69 TP74 12 FG @R64 IDSEL IF_FG4 11 FG DF5A6.8LF PAD[31-0] 7 LED1_C PAD[0] PAD00 PRSTN RSTN REQN PREQ1 A_VDD 8 LED1_A LINK : YELLOW PAD[1] 1/10W...
  • Page 270 APPENDIX Appendix 8. Point To Point Connection Diagram CN*d-1 CN101-3 +3.3V +3.3V CDCC I/F NETWORK LIVE except 30 only 70N LVPS HEATON NEUTRAL +24V 30/40/50 P0V(GND24V) CN*a CN10 CN*b CN*c except 30 OPTION : LT CN*d MAIN PCB CN*a-1 SW1-JOB_n LED3-GREEN LED3 T2 PICK UP...
  • Page 271 APPENDIX Appendix 9. Engine PCB Circuit Diagram (1/2) CODE LJ923001 NAME B512153CIR (1/2) A - 9...
  • Page 272 APPENDIX Appendix 10. Engine PCB Circuit Diagram (2/2) CODE LJ923001 NAME B512153CIR (2/2) A - 10...
  • Page 273 APPENDIX Appendix 11. Low-voltage Power Supply PCB Circuit Diagram (120V) Low-voltage PS Circuit(120V) NAME A - 11 A-11...
  • Page 274 APPENDIX Appendix 12. Low-voltage Power Supply PCB Circuit Diagram (230V) NAME Low-voltage PS Circuit(230V) A - 12...
  • Page 275 APPENDIX Appendix 13. High-voltage Power Supply PCB Circuit Diagram NAME High-voltage PS Circuit A - 13 A-13...
  • Page 276 APPENDIX APPENDIX 14. HARNESS ROUTING Toner sensor PCB Fan motor 60 unit Fan motor 60 unit LV Laser unit (Polygon motor harness) Toner sensor PCB Fan motor 60 unit Fan motor 60 unit LV Laser unit Engine PCB Engine PCB Engine PCB Engine PCB MP-PE sensor PCB...

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Hl-5140Hl-5150dHl-5170dn