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LSI MegaRAID 320 User Manual

Storage adapters.
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USER'S
GUIDE
®
MegaRAID
320
Storage Adapters
J u l y 2 0 0 3
®
DB15-000260-03

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  • Page 1

    USER’S GUIDE ® MegaRAID Storage Adapters J u l y 2 0 0 3 ® DB15-000260-03...

  • Page 2: Electromagnetic Compatibility Notices

    LSI Logic. The correction of interferences caused by such unauthorized modification, substitution, or attachment will be the responsibility of the user. The LSI Logic MegaRAID 320 storage adapters are tested to comply with FCC standards for home or office use. This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.

  • Page 3

    LSI Logic; nor does the purchase or use of a product from LSI Logic convey a license under any patent rights, copyrights, trademark rights, or any other of the intellectual property rights of LSI Logic or third parties.

  • Page 4

    Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 5

    Preface This book is the primary reference and user’s guide for the LSI Logic ® MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters. It contains complete installation instructions for these adapters and includes specifications for them. The LSI Logic MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter family consists of the...

  • Page 6

    (available for download from the LSI Logic web site) MegaRAID Software User’s Guide, LSI Logic Document No. DB15- 000269-00 (on the CD included with the MegaRAID 320 storage adapter) MegaRAID Device Driver Installation User’s Guide, LSI Logic Document No. DB11-000018-00 (on the CD included with the MegaRAID 320...

  • Page 7

    Keep your computer away from radiators and heat sources. Also, do not block cooling vents. Avoid placing loose papers underneath your computer; do not place your computer in a closed-in wall unit or on a rug. Preface Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 8

    In addition to the preceding precautions, you can also take the following steps to prevent damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD): viii Preface Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 9

    When transporting a sensitive component, first place it in an antistatic container or packaging. Handle all sensitive components in a static-safe area. If possible, use antistatic floor pads and workbench pads. Preface Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 10

    Preface Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    3.3.1 Storage Adapter Specifications 3-10 3.3.2 Array Performance Features 3-13 3.3.3 Fault Tolerance 3-13 3.3.4 Electrical Characteristics 3-14 3.3.5 Thermal and Atmospheric Characteristics 3-14 MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters User’s Guide Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 12

    Verifying Installation 4-26 Installing SCSI Drives 4-27 4.5.1 Configuring the SCSI Devices 4-28 4.5.2 Terminating the Shared SCSI Bus 4-28 Appendix A Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Customer Feedback Contents Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 13

    Figures Inserting the MegaRAID 320 Card in a PCI Slot Terminating an Internal SCSI Disk Array MegaRAID 320-1 Layout MegaRAID 320-2 Layout MegaRAID 320-2X Layout MegaRAID 320-4X Layout xiii Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 14

    Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 15

    MegaRAID 320-4X Headers and Connectors Storage Adapter Characteristics 3-10 Storage Adapter Specifications 3-11 Array Performance Features 3-13 MegaRAID 320 Fault Tolerance Features 3-13 Maximum Power Requirements 3-14 Nodes and Storage Devices Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 16

    Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 17: Overview

    Chapter 1 Overview This section provides a general overview of the LSI Logic MegaRAID 320 series of PCI-to-SCSI storage adapters with RAID control capabilities. It consists of the following sections. Section 1.1, “Overview,” page 1-1 Section 1.2, “Features,” page 1-3 Section 1.3, “Hardware,”...

  • Page 18

    12 meters long. Throughput on each SCSI channel can be as high as 320 Mbytes/s. You can install the MegaRAID 320 storage adapters in PCI-X computer systems with a standard bracket type. With these adapters in your PCI or PCI-X system, you can connect SCSI devices over a SCSI bus.

  • Page 19: Features

    MegaRAID 320-2 supports up to 256 Mbytes of SDRAM; a 32-, 64-, 128-, or 256-Mbyte DIMM can be installed. MegaRAID 320-2X and -4X support up to 1 Gbyte of double data rate (DDR) SDRAM; a 32-, 64-, 128-, 256, or 512-Mbyte, or 1-Gbyte DIMM can be installed.

  • Page 20: Hardware

    Battery backup for up to 72 hours for the MegaRAID 320-2, -2X, and Support for up to 14 SCSI drives per channel on storage system with SAF-TE enclosures (SCSI accessed fault-tolerant enclosures): 15 SCSI drives per channel for other configurations 32 Kbyte x 8 NVRAM for storing RAID system configuration...

  • Page 21

    Mixed Capacity Hard Disk Drives Number of 16-bit Internal Connectors Number of 16-bit External Connectors Cluster Support Hardware Exclusive OR (XOR) Assistance Direct I/O Architecture Fusion-MPT Fusion-MPT Fusion-MPT Fusion-MPT Hardware Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 22: Configuration On Disk

    Configuration on Disk Configuration on Disk saves configuration information both in NVRAM on the MegaRAID 320 storage adapter and on the disk drives attached to the storage adapter. If the storage adapter is replaced, the new storage adapter detects the actual RAID configuration from the configuration information on the drives.

  • Page 23: Megaraid 320-1, -2, -2x, -4x Hardware Installation

    Chapter 2 MegaRAID 320-1, -2, -2X, -4X Hardware Installation This chapter describes the procedures for installing the MegaRAID 320-1, -2, -2X, and -4X storage adapters. It contains the following sections: Section 2.1, “Requirements,” page 2-1 Section 2.2, “Quick Installation,” page 2-2 Section 2.3, “Detailed Installation,”...

  • Page 24: Quick Installation

    Step 3. Determine the SCSI ID and SCSI termination requirements. Step 4. Install the MegaRAID 320 storage adapter in the server, connect SCSI devices to it, and set termination correctly on the SCSI channel(s). Ensure that the SCSI cables you use conform to all SCSI specifications.

  • Page 25

    PCI bus connector to the slot. Press down gently but firmly to ensure that the card is properly seated in the slot, as shown in Figure 2.1. Then screw the bracket into the computer chassis. Detailed Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 26: Target Id's

    Figure 2.1 Inserting the MegaRAID 320 Card in a PCI Slot Bracket Screw 32-Bit Slots 64-Bit Slots Step 5. Set the Target IDs. Set target identifiers (TIDs) on the SCSI devices. Each device in a channel must have a unique TID. Provide unique TIDs for non-disk devices (CD-ROM or tapes), regardless of the channel where they are connected.

  • Page 27

    SCSI device does not disturb termination. An easy way to do this is to connect the storage adapter to one end of the SCSI cable and to connect an external terminator module Detailed Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 28: Terminating An Internal Scsi Disk Array

    Terminating an Internal SCSI Disk Array Terminator ID2 – No Termination ID1 – No Termination ID0 – Boot Drive No Termination MegaRAID 320 SCSI ID 7 Host Computer MegaRAID 320-1, -2, -2X, -4X Hardware Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 29: After You Have Installed The Storage Adapter

    The firmware takes several seconds to initialize. During this time, the storage adapter scans the SCSI channel(s). The MegaRAID 320 BIOS Configuration utility prompt times out after several seconds. The second portion of the BIOS message displays the MegaRAID 320 storage adapter number, firmware version, and cache SDRAM size.

  • Page 30

    MegaRAID 320-1, -2, -2X, -4X Hardware Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 31: Megaraid 320 Storage Adapter Characteristics

    PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.2, and PCI- X Addendum to the PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 1.0a. The MegaRAID 320 storage adapters are used in PCI-X and PCI computer systems with PCI standard and PCI low-profile bracket types.

  • Page 32: Single-channel Storage Adapter

    3.1.1 Single-Channel Storage Adapter The MegaRAID 320-1 is a single-channel Ultra320 SCSI-to-PCI storage adapter that supports one Ultra320 SCSI channel. The MegaRAID 320-1 SCSI channel interface is made through connectors J1 and J7. See Figure 3.1 Table 3.1 for information about the important connectors and headers on the MegaRAID 320-1 storage adapter.

  • Page 33: Megaraid 320-1 Headers And Connectors

    3-pin header Jumper on pins 1-2: Software uses drive detection to Termination Enable control SCSI termination (default: do not change). Jumper on pins 2-3: Onboard SCSI termination disabled. No jumper: Onboard SCSI termination enabled. The MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Family Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 34: Megaraid 320-2 Layout

    Ultra320 SCSI channels. Figure 3.2 Table 3.2 for information about the important connectors and headers on the MegaRAID 320-2 storage adapter. See Figure 3.3 Table 3.3 for information about the important connectors and headers on the MegaRAID 320-2X storage adapter.

  • Page 35

    Channel 1 enabled from the SCSI bus. (See J4 and J5) External SCSI Channel 1 Connector 68-pin connector External very high-density SCSI bus connector. The MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Family Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 36: Megaraid 320-2x Layout

    LED glows when the onboard cache contains data and header a write from the cache to the hard drives is pending. BBU Daughter Card 40-pin Connector for an optional back-up battery pack. header MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Characteristics Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 37: Megaraid 320-2x Headers And Connectors

    DIMM Socket DIMM The MegaRAID 320-2X supports the following sizes of socket SDRAM: 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512 Mbytes, and 1 Gbyte. The MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Family Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 38: Megaraid 320-4x Layout

    3.1.3 Quad-Channel Storage Adapter The LSI Logic MegaRAID 320-4X is a quad-channel Ultra320 SCSI-to- PCI-X storage adapter that supports four Ultra320 SCSI Channels. See Figure 3.4 Table 3.4 for information about the important connectors and headers on the MegaRAID 320-4X storage adapter.

  • Page 39

    Connector for enclosure LED to indicate when (Dirty Cache LED) header data in the cache has yet to be written to the device. Optional. The MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Family Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 40: Megaraid 320 Storage Adapter Characteristics

    Fusion-MPT architecture that allows for thinner drivers and better performance. Technical Specifications The design and implementation of the MegaRAID 320 storage adapters minimizes electromagnetic emissions, susceptibility to radio frequency energy, and the effects of electrostatic discharge. The storage adapters carry the CE mark, C-Tick mark, FCC Self-Certification logo, Canadian...

  • Page 41: Storage Adapter Specifications

    3.3.1 Storage Adapter Specifications Table 3.6 lists the specifications for the MegaRAID 320-1, -2, -2X, and -4X storage adapters. Table 3.6 Storage Adapter Specifications MegaRAID 320-1 MegaRAID 320-2 MegaRAID 320-2X MegaRAID 320-4X Processor Intel GC80302 64-bit Intel GC80303 64-bit Intel GC80321 64-...

  • Page 42: Array Performance Features

    2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, or 128 Kbyte or 128 Kbyte or 128 Kbyte or 128 Kbyte Maximum Number of Concurrent Commands Support for Multiple Initiators 3-12 MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapter Characteristics Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 43: Fault Tolerance

    SMART also monitors the internal performance of all motors, heads, and drive electronics. 3.3.4 Electrical Characteristics This section provides the power requirements for the MegaRAID 320 storage adapters. Table 3.9 lists the maximum power requirements, which include SCSI TERMPWR, under normal operation.

  • Page 44: Safety Characteristics

    Relative humidity range: 5% to 90% noncondensing 3.3.6 Safety Characteristics All MegaRAID 320 storage adapters meet or exceed the requirements of UL flammability rating 94 V0. Each bare board is also marked with the supplier’s name or trademark, type, and UL flammability rating. Since these boards are installed in a PCI bus slot, all voltages are below the SELV 42.4 V limit.

  • Page 45: Installing And Configuring Clusters

    This generally means that the servers in a cluster have the same architecture and run the same version of the operating system. MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters User’s Guide Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 46: Benefits Of Clusters

    BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl><M>); these cannot be failed over individually when they are assigned drive letters in Windows 2000. 11. Follow the on-screen instructions to create arrays, and save the configuration. Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 47: Driver Installation Instructions Under Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server

    5. Repeat steps 1 through 4 to install the device driver on the second system. After the cluster is installed and both nodes are in the Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server, the system detects a SCSI processor device. Installation and Configuration Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 48: Network Requirements

    If you do not use two network adapters for each node, your configuration is unsupported. HCL certification requires a separate private network adapter. Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 49: Shared Disk Requirements

    This ensures uncorrupted data on disks attached to the shared storage bus. Data corruption can occur when multiple nodes try to write simultaneously to the same disk that is not yet protected by the cluster software. Cluster Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 50: Nodes And Storage Devices

    Each node must be a member server, or must be a domain controller inside the same domain. A mix of domain controllers and member servers in a cluster is not acceptable. Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 51: Installing Microsoft Windows 2000

    View the Network and Dial-up Connections screen to check the connections. Cluster Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 52: Configuring The Cluster Node Network Adapter

    (Local Area Connection) is connected to the public network; the second network adapter (Local Area Connection 2) is connected to the private cluster network. This might not be the case in your network. Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 53: Setting Up The First Node In Your Cluster

    8. Click on Advanced. The network card adapter properties window displays. 9. Set network adapters on the private network to the actual speed of the network, rather than the default automated speed selection. Cluster Installation Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 54: Configuring The Public Network Adapter

    DHCP server is temporarily lost. In all cases, set static IP addresses for the private network connector. Note that Cluster Service recognizes only one network interface per subnet. 4-10 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 55: Verifying Connectivity And Name Resolution

    Network Adapter IP Address Public Cluster Connection 192.168.0.171 Private Cluster Connection 10.1.1.1 Public Cluster Connection 192.168.0.172 Private Cluster Connection 10.1.1.2 In this example, you would type: Ping 192.168.0.172 Cluster Installation 4-11 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 56: Verifying Domain Membership

    4. Click the plus sign (+) to expand the domain name (if it is not already expanded.) 5. Click on Users. 6. Right-click on Users. 4-12 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 57: Setting Up Shared Disks

    4.4.9.1 Quorum Disk The quorum disk stores cluster configuration database checkpoints and log files that help manage the cluster. Windows 2000 makes the following quorum disk recommendations: Cluster Installation 4-13 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 58: Configuring Shared Disks

    8. Enter the desired partition size in Mbytes, and click on Next. 9. Accept the default drive letter assignment by clicking on Next. 10. Click on Next to format and create a partition. 4-14 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 59: Assigning Drive Letters

    10. A copy of the file should now exist on the shared disk. 11. Double-click on test.txt to open it on the shared disk. 12. Close the file. Cluster Installation 4-15 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 60: Installing Cluster Service Software

    (If the Windows 2000 Setup flashscreen displays, close it.) 7. Click on OK. The Cluster Service Configuration Window displays. 8. Click on Next. The Hardware Configuration Certification window appears. 4-16 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 61

    Do not enter a password. 13. Type the domain name, then click on Next. At this point the Cluster Service Configuration Wizard validates the user account and password. Cluster Installation 4-17 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 62: Configuring Cluster Disks

    SCSI disks that are not to be used as shared storage. You must remove any SCSI disks that are internal to the node and not to be shared storage. 4-18 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 63

    Cluster Service recognizes only one network interface per subnet. This document assumes that only two networks are in use. It describes how you can configure these networks as one mixed and one private network. Cluster Installation 4-19 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 64

    SCSI bus that will be used by Cluster Service. Add or remove disks as necessary, then click on Next. The following screen displays. 4-20 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 65

    6. Check the box Enable this network for cluster use. 7. Select the option Internal cluster communications only, then click on Next. Cluster Installation 4-21 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 66

    8. Verify that the first connection in the list is the Private Cluster Connection, then click on Next. Note: Always set the order of the connections so that the Private Cluster Connection is first in the list. 4-22 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 67

    IP address with one of the public or mixed networks. It uses the subnet mask to select the correct network. 10. Click Finish to complete the cluster configuration on the first node. Cluster Installation 4-23 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 68

    After the files are copied, the Cluster Service registry entries are created, the log files on the quorum resource are created, and the Cluster Service is started on the first node. 4-24 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 69: Validating The Cluster Installation

    Cluster Service was successfully installed on the first node. You are now ready to install Cluster Service on the second node. Cluster Installation 4-25 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 70: Configuring The Second Node

    There are several ways to verify that Cluster Service was successfully installed. Here is a simple one: 1. Click Start, click Programs, click Administrative Tools, then click Cluster Administrator. 4-26 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 71: Installing Scsi Drives

    This information is provided as a generic instruction set for SCSI drive installations. If the SCSI hard disk vendor’s instructions conflict with the instructions in this section, always use the instructions supplied by the vendor. Installing SCSI Drives 4-27 Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 72: Configuring The Scsi Devices

    Note: Any devices that are not at the end of the shared bus must have their internal termination disabled. 4-28 Installing and Configuring Clusters Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 73

    See NVRAM. External SCSI A SCSI device installed outside the computer cabinet. These devices are Device connected together using specific types of shielded cables. MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters User’s Guide Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 74

    Any device that conforms to the SCSI standard and is attached to the SCSI bus by a SCSI cable. This includes SCSI storage adapters (host adapters) and SCSI peripherals. Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 75

    SCSI, which uses a separate ground for each signal). TolerANT A technology developed and used by LSI Logic to improve data integrity, data transfer rates, and noise immunity through the use of active negation and input signal filtering.

  • Page 76

    Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 77

    Thank you for your help in improving the quality of our documents. MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters User’s Guide Copyright © 2003 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Page 78

    Fax your comments to: LSI Logic Corporation Technical Publications M/S E-198 Fax: 408.433.4333 Please tell us how you rate this document: MegaRAID 320 Storage Adapters User’s Guide. Place a check mark in the appropriate blank for each category. Excellent Good Average Fair...

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