# Random Numbers - HP 49g+ User Manual

Graphing calculator.

To simplify notation, use P(n,r) for permutations, and C(n,r) for combinations.
We can calculate combinations, permutations, and factorials with functions
COMB, PERM, and ! from the MTH/PROBABILITY.. sub-menu. The operation
of those functions is described next:
COMB(n,r): Combinations of n items taken r at a time
PERM(n,r): Permutations of n items taken r at a time
n!:
Factorial of a positive integer.
Γ(x+1), where Γ(x) is the Gamma function (see Chapter 3).
factorial symbol (!) can be entered also as the keystroke combination
~‚2.
Example of applications of these functions are shown next:

## Random numbers

The calculator provides a random number generator that returns a uniformly
distributed, random real number between 0 and 1.
produce sequences of random numbers. However, after a certain number of
times (a very large number indeed), the sequence tends to repeat itself. For
that reason, the random number generator is more properly referred to as a
pseudo-random number generator. To generate a random number with your
calculator use function RAND from the MTH/PROBABILITY sub-menu.
following screen shows a number of random numbers produced using RAND.
The numbers in the left-hand side figure are produced with calling function
RAND without an argument. If you place an argument list in function RAND,
you get back the list of numbers plus an additional random number attached
to it as illustrated in the right-hand side figure.
For a non-integer, x! returns
The generator is able to
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