# HP 49g+ User Manual Page 605

Graphing calculator.

deviation s = 3.5. We assume that we don't know the value of the population
standard deviation, therefore, we calculate a t statistic as follows:
t
=
o
The corresponding P-value, for n = 25 - 1 = 24 degrees of freedom is
P-value = 2⋅UTPT(24,-0.7142) = 2⋅0.7590 = 1.5169,
since 1.5169 > 0.05, i.e., P-value > α, we cannot reject the null hypothesis
: µ = 22.0.
H
o
One-sided hypothesis
The problem consists in testing the null hypothesis H
alternative hypothesis, H
α)100%, or significance level α, using a sample of size n with a mean x and
a standard deviation s. This test is referred to as a one-sided or one-tailed
test.
The procedure for performing a one-side test starts as in the two-tailed
test by calculating the appropriate statistic for the test (t
above.
Next, we use the P-value associated with either z
to decide whether or not to reject the null hypothesis. The P-value for a two-
sided test is defined as either
P-value = P(z > |z
The criteria to use for hypothesis testing is:
if P-value < α
Reject H
o
Do not reject H
o
Notice that the criteria are exactly the same as in the two-sided test. The main
difference is the way that the P-value is calculated. The P-value for a one-
sided test can be calculated using the probability functions in the calculator as
follows:
x
µ
22
0 .
22
5 .
=
=
o
s
/
n
. 3
/ 5
25
: µ > µ
: µ < µ
or H
ο
ο
1
1
|), or, P-value = P(t > |t
o
if P-value > α.
. 0
7142
: µ = µ
, against the
o
o
at a level of confidence (1-
or z
) as indicated
o
o
, and compare it to α
or t
ο
ο
|).
o
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