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Canon XA70 Instruction Manual

4k camcorder

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PUB. DIE-0572-000
4K Camcorder
Instruction Manual
NTSC

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Summary of Contents for Canon XA70

  • Page 1 PUB. DIE-0572-000 4K Camcorder Instruction Manual NTSC...
  • Page 2 Introduction Highlights of the Camcorder The Canon XA70 / XA75 4K Camcorder is a high-performance camcorder whose compact size makes it ideal in a variety of situations. The following are just some of the many functions featured in the camcorder.
  • Page 3: Checking Clips Recorded With Canon Log

    Software for aiding production workflow Other Features Canon XF Utility (A 119) lets you copy the clips you • Battery packs compatible with Intelligent System recorded from an SD card to a computer, play back for better remaining usage time information.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Selecting Drop Frame or Non-Drop Frame 72 Setting the File Name for XF-AVC Clips 37 Overlaying the Time Code/Date/Time on the Onscreen Displays 39 Recorded Image 72 Checking Clips Recorded with Canon Log 3 Setting the User Bit 73 Gamma (View Assistance) 41...
  • Page 6 Recording Audio 74 Clip and Photo Operations 107 Selecting the Audio Format of MP4 Clips 74 Deleting Clips and Photos 107 Audio Settings and Recorded Audio Channels 75 Trimming MP4 Clips 108 Connecting an External Microphone or External Copying Clips and Photos 109 Audio Input Source to the Camcorder 76 6.
  • Page 7: Introduction

    Introduction About this Manual Thank you for purchasing the Canon XA70 / XA75. Please read this manual carefully before you use the camcorder and retain it for future reference. Should the camcorder fail to operate correctly, refer to Troubleshooting (A 129).
  • Page 8 About this Manual • Operating mode icons: A shaded icon (like ) indicates that the function described can be used in the operating mode or video format shown; a non-shaded icon (like ) indicates that the function cannot be used. Position of the power switch: shooting (CAMERA) or playback (MEDIA) mode.
  • Page 9: Supplied Accessories

    Supplied Accessories Supplied Accessories The following accessories are supplied with the camcorder: Handle unit (incl. screws) Microphone holder unit PD-E1 USB Power Adapter BP-820 Battery Pack (incl. screws) Cable Clamp Lens cap Lens hood with lens barrier Quick Guide (comes pre-attached to the camcorder)
  • Page 10: Names Of Parts

    Names of Parts Names of Parts Camcorder 7 8 9 1 ND FILTER +/– buttons (A 67) 6 Focus/Zoom ring (A 45, 53) 2 PRE REC (pre-recording) button (A 84)/ 7 CUSTOM (customizable) dial (A 91) Assignable button 3 (A 92) 8 CUSTOM (customizable) button (A 91) 3 u (review recording) button (A 37)/ 9 Focus/Zoom ring switch (A 45, 53)
  • Page 11 Names of Parts 1 DC IN terminal (A 17) 5 Grip belt (A 23) 2 REMOTE terminal 6 USB terminal (A 88) For connecting the optional RC-V100 Remote 7 HDMI OUT terminal (A 113, 114) 8 × (headphones) terminal (A 82, 116) Controller (A 86) or commercially available 9 z SDI OUT terminal (A 113) remote controllers.
  • Page 12 Names of Parts 1 Joystick/SET button (A 28) 7 Viewfinder (A 22) 2 MENU button (A 28) 8 ACCESS (card access) indicator (A 35) 3 AF/MF button (A 45)/ 9 Dioptric adjustment lever (A 22) Assignable button 1 (A 92) 10 MAGN.
  • Page 13 Names of Parts 1 Handle attachment unit (A 20) 7 Mode switch (A 25) 2 POWER/CHG (battery charging) indicator 8 Card compartment cover (A 32) 9 SD card slot 2 (A 17) 10 SD card slot 3 3 Power switch (A 24) 4 Cold shoe/Handle attachment unit (A 20) 11 SD CARD (open the card compartment cover) 5 Built-in stereo microphone (A 74)
  • Page 14 Names of Parts 1 Socket for tripod's anti-rotation pin 2 Tripod socket (A 136) For use with tripods with a mounting screw up to 6.3 mm (0.25 in.) long 3 BATTERY RELEASE switch (A 18) 4 Eye cup (A 22)
  • Page 15: Handle Unit

    Names of Parts Handle Unit 10 11 1 Cold shoe 8 INPUT 1 (left) / INPUT 2 (right) switches 2 Handle zoom rocker (A 55) (audio source selection) (A 76) 3 REC button's lock (C) lever (A 36) 9 INPUT terminals: INPUT 1 (right), INPUT 2 (left) 4 REC (start/stop recording video) button (A 35) (A 76) 5 Audio level dials: for CH1 (left) and CH2 (right)
  • Page 16 Names of Parts...
  • Page 17: Preparations

    Preparations Preparing the Power Supply You can power the camcorder using a battery pack or directly using the PD-E1 USB Power Adapter. If you connect the USB power adapter to the camcorder while a battery pack is attached, the camcorder will draw power from the power outlet.
  • Page 18: Using A Power Outlet

    Preparing the Power Supply To remove the battery pack 1 Slide the BATTERY RELEASE switch in the direction of the arrow and hold it pressed down. 2 Slide the battery pack down and then pull it out. Checking the Remaining Battery Charge With the camcorder turned off, press the BATT.
  • Page 19 Preparing the Power Supply • Turn off the camcorder before connecting or disconnecting the USB power adapter. After you turn off the camcorder, important data is updated on the SD card. Be sure to wait until the green POWER/CHG indicator goes out.
  • Page 20: Preparing The Camcorder

    Preparing the Camcorder Preparing the Camcorder This section covers basic preparations for the camcorder such as attaching the supplied handle unit and lens hood, and adjusting the viewfinder and LCD screen. IMPORTANT • Be careful not to drop the camcorder when attaching, removing or adjusting the various accessories. Using a table or other stable surface is recommended.
  • Page 21: Attaching The Lens Hood

    Preparing the Camcorder Attaching the Lens Hood While recording, the supplied lens hood with lens barrier is effective for reducing stray light that can be the cause of lens flare and ghost images. Additionally, closing the lens barrier can help prevent fingerprints and dirt accumulation on the lens.
  • Page 22: Using The Lcd Screen

    Preparing the Camcorder Using the LCD Screen Open the LCD panel 90 degrees and adjust the viewing angle. NOTES > [£ Display • You can adjust the brightness and the backlight level of the LCD screen with the Setup] > [LCD Brightness] or [LCD Backlight] setting respectively. When the camcorder is on, you can also press and hold the DISP button for more than 2 seconds to open the [LCD Backlight] setup menu.
  • Page 23: Adjusting The Grip Belt And Using Straps

    Preparing the Camcorder NOTES • The viewfinder and LCD screen cannot be used simultaneously. To use the viewfinder, make sure to close the LCD panel and pull out the viewfinder. > [£ Display Setup] > [VF Luminance] • You can adjust the brightness of the viewfinder with the setting.
  • Page 24: Basic Operation Of The Camcorder

    Basic Operation of the Camcorder Basic Operation of the Camcorder Turning the Camcorder On and Off The camcorder has two operating modes: CAMERA ( ) mode for making recordings or MEDIA ( ) mode for playing back recordings. Select the operating mode using the power switch. To turn on the camcorder Set the power switch to CAMERA for mode (A 35) or...
  • Page 25: Changing The Camcorder's Operating Mode

    Basic Operation of the Camcorder Changing the Camcorder's Operating Mode When making recordings, you can change the camera mode to match your shooting style (A 35). (Auto) mode Set the mode switch to N. With this mode, the camcorder takes care of all the settings while you concentrate on recording.
  • Page 26: Date, Time And Language Settings

    Date, Time and Language Settings Date, Time and Language Settings Setting the Date and Time You will need to set the date and time of the camcorder before you can start using it. The [Date/Time] screen will appear automatically when the camcorder’s clock is not set. Operating modes: 1 Turn on the camcorder.
  • Page 27: Changing The Language

    Date, Time and Language Settings Changing the Language The default language of the camcorder is English. You can set it to one of 27 languages. Refer to Setup Menus (A 28) for details on how to navigate the menu to complete this procedure. Operating modes: 1 Select [Language H].
  • Page 28: Using The Menus

    Using the Menus Using the Menus The camcorder's functions can be adjusted from the setup menus, accessed by pressing the MENU button, or from the FUNC menu, accessed by touching or selecting the onscreen [FUNC] button. For details about the available menu options and settings, refer to Menu Options (A 121).
  • Page 29: Func Menu

    Using the Menus To use the joystick 1 Press the MENU button. 2 Push the joystick (Þ) to select the icon of the desired setup menu. • In the example, the B icon, corresponding to the [System Setup] menu. Ý •...
  • Page 30 Using the Menus NOTES • Depending on the selected function, other buttons, adjustment dials, and other controls may appear on the screen. These are explained in the respective section of the manual.
  • Page 31: Using Sd Cards

    * The SD card is used also to save custom picture files and menu settings files. Compatible SD Cards The following types of SD cards can be used with this camcorder. For the latest information about SD cards tested for use with this camcorder, visit your local Canon website. SD card type: SD cards...
  • Page 32: Inserting And Removing An Sd Card

    Using SD Cards Inserting and Removing an SD Card 1 Turn off the camcorder. • Make sure the POWER/CHG indicator is off. 2 Open the card compartment cover. • Slide the SD CARD switch all the way in the direction of the arrow to open the cover.
  • Page 33: Selecting The Sd Card For Recordings

    Using SD Cards Selecting the SD Card for Recordings You can select the card on which clips and photos will be recorded. Operating modes: 1 Select [Recording Media]. > [3 " Recording Setup] > [Recording Media] 2 Select the desired SD card ([6 Mem. Card A] or [7 Mem. Card B]) for recording clips ([v Rec Media for Movies]) and/or photos ([{ Rec Media for Photos]).
  • Page 34: Recovering Clips

    Using SD Cards Recovering Clips Some actions, such as suddenly turning off the camcorder or removing the SD card while data is being recorded, can cause data errors in the recorded clip. You may be able to recover clips with corrupted data with the following procedure.
  • Page 35: Recording

    Recording Recording Video and Photos This section explains the basics of recording clips* and photos. For details on recording audio, refer to Recording Audio (A 74). * "Clip" refers to a single movie unit recorded with a single recording operation. Operating modes: Recording When you use...
  • Page 36 4 Close the LCD panel and return the viewfinder to its retracted position. IMPORTANT • Be sure to save your recordings regularly (A 119), especially after making important recordings. Canon shall not be liable for any loss or corruption of data.
  • Page 37: Reviewing The Latest Clip Recorded

    Recording Video and Photos Reviewing the Latest Clip Recorded You can review the last 4 seconds of the last clip recorded with the camcorder without switching to mode. While reviewing the clip, there will be no sound from the built-in speaker. After having finished recording a clip, press the u button.
  • Page 38 Recording Video and Photos To set the clip numbering method 1 Select [Clip Numbering]. > [Æ $ Recording Setup] > [Clip Numbering] 2 Select [m Reset] or [n Continuous] and then select [X]. Options [m Reset]: The clip number will restart from 001 every time you insert a new card. [n Continuous]: Clip numbers will start from the initial number set with [Clip Number] (following procedure) and continue across multiple cards.
  • Page 39: Onscreen Displays

    Recording Video and Photos Onscreen Displays Refer to this section for an explanation of the various screen displays that appear in mode. The onscreen displays that actually appear at any time will vary depending on the current menu settings and operating mode. AF frames Depending on the selected AF frame size (A 50) and focus function used, you may see some of the following AF frames.
  • Page 40 Recording Video and Photos Icon/Display Description è, é, ê, ë (in white), Remaining battery charge (A 18) ë (in yellow), (in red) The icon shows an estimate of the remaining charge. The remaining recording time is displayed, in 000 min minutes, next to the icon.
  • Page 41: Gamma (View Assistance)

    Checking Clips Recorded with Canon Log 3 Gamma (View Assistance) When [Canon Log 3] gamma is used, the image displayed on the screen will appear darker than usual. You can use the view assistance function to display an image that approximates the one that would be obtained using [BT.709 Wide DR] gamma settings.
  • Page 42: Video Configuration: Video Format, Resolution, Bit Rate And Frame Rate

    Video Configuration: Video Format, Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate Video Configuration: Video Format, Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate With the following procedures you can set the video configuration used for recording clips. Select the combination of video format, resolution/bit rate and frame rate settings that best matches your creative needs. The color sampling will be YCbCr 4:2:0, 8 bit.
  • Page 43 Video Configuration: Video Format, Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate XF-AVC clips: Available video configuration settings Frame rate Resolution (Bit rate) 59.94P 59.94i 29.97P 23.98P ● ● 3840x2160 (160 Mbps) — — ● ● ● ● 1920x1080 (45 Mbps) NOTES NOTES •...
  • Page 44: Slow & Fast Motion Recording

    Slow & Fast Motion Recording Slow & Fast Motion Recording You can record clips that have a slow motion or fast motion effect during playback, simply by selecting the desired slow/fast motion rate. Available slow/fast motion rates will vary depending on the resolution and frame rate currently selected.
  • Page 45: Adjusting The Focus

    Adjusting the Focus Adjusting the Focus The camcorder offers the following ways to focus. Manual focus: Turn the focus/zoom ring to adjust the focus manually. You can use the focus assistance functions (A 47) to help you focus more accurately when using the manual focus. AF-Boosted MF: Focus manually most of the way and let the camcorder finish focusing automatically.
  • Page 46 Adjusting the Focus Focus Preset When manual focus is activated, you can register a certain focus point and then, after you focus manually somewhere else, have the camcorder return to the preset focus position. Operating modes: Touch to return to the Current focusing 1 Activate the manual focus using the FUNC menu and preset focus position...
  • Page 47 Adjusting the Focus Using the Focus Assistance Functions In order to focus more accurately, you can use the following focus assistance functions: Dual Pixel Focus Guide, an onscreen guide that shows you if the subject is in focus; peaking, which creates a clearer contrast by emphasizing the outlines of the subject;...
  • Page 48 Adjusting the Focus Peaking When peaking is activated, the edges of objects in focus will be highlighted in red, blue or yellow on the screen. In addition, you can choose to switch the screen to black & white while peaking is activated, further emphasizing the edges.
  • Page 49: Af-Boosted Mf

    Adjusting the Focus AF-Boosted MF With this focus mode, you can focus manually most of the way and let the camcorder finish focusing automatically. This is very convenient when you want to make certain that your 4K recordings are in sharp focus. Additionally, with this mode, if the camcorder cannot evaluate how to adjust the focus, it will not perform unreliable focus adjustments.
  • Page 50: Continuous Af

    Adjusting the Focus Continuous AF By default, the camcorder will focus automatically on a subject at the center of the screen. If the AF frame size has been changed to an option other than [k Automatic] (A 50), the camcorder will focus automatically on a subject inside the AF frame that appears on the screen.
  • Page 51: Face Detection & Tracking

    - Fast moving subjects - Subjects with a repetitive pattern - When the [Gamma] setting in the custom picture file (A 98) or look (A 70) is set to [Canon Log 3] or [BT.709 Wide DR]. - When subjects at different distances appear in the picture.
  • Page 52 Adjusting the Focus 3 If necessary, touch the desired subject on the screen to select a different main subject. • To select a different person: Touch a face with a gray frame. The face detection frame will change to a double frame £...
  • Page 53: Zooming

    Zooming Zooming To zoom in and out, you can use the focus/zoom ring, the zoom rockers on the camcorder and handle unit, an optional remote controller or the onscreen zoom controls. > [v Camera Setup] > [Digital Zoom] setting* to In addition to the 15x optical zoom, you can use the activate the digital zoom (600x) or the digital tele-converter, which allows you to enlarge the image on the screen digitally.
  • Page 54 Zooming Setting the Zoom Speed of the Grip Zoom Rocker You can select a variable speed (the harder you press, the faster the zoom) or a constant speed that you can set. Grip zoom rocker: Approximate zoom speeds (time required to zoom end-to-end) [Zoom Speed Level] setting Selected constant [Grip Zoom Speed] setting...
  • Page 55: Using The Handle Zoom Rocker

    Zooming Using the Handle Zoom Rocker To use the handle zoom rocker, attach the handle unit to the camcorder in advance (A 20). Move the handle zoom rocker toward T (wide angle) to zoom out. Move it toward S (telephoto) to zoom in. •...
  • Page 56: Using The Touch Screen's Zoom Controls

    Zooming Using the Touch Screen’s Zoom Controls 1 Open the onscreen zoom controls. [FUNC] > [R Zoom] • The zoom controls appear at the bottom the screen. 2 Touch the zoom controls to operate the zoom. • Touch anywhere within the V area to zoom out or anywhere within the U area to zoom in.
  • Page 57: Image Stabilization

    Image Stabilization Image Stabilization Use the image stabilizer to compensate for camcorder shake in order to achieve steadier shots. The camcorder offers the following IS modes. Standard IS (¯): Standard IS compensates for a lower degree of camcorder shake, for example, for handheld shots while you remain stationary, and is suitable for shooting natural-looking scenes.
  • Page 58 Image Stabilization NOTES NOTES • If the degree of camcorder shake is too high, the image stabilizer may not be able to compensate fully. • Powered IS is available even when [Image Stabilizer] is set to [® Off]. > • You can change the operation of the POWERED IS button (long press or toggle on/off) with the [v Camera Setup] >...
  • Page 59: Automatic Gain Control (Agc) Limit

    Wide DR] or the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/Color Space] setting in the custom picture file (A 94) is set to [BT.709 Wide DR] or [Canon Log 3], the lowest AGC limit that can be set will be 9.0 dB.
  • Page 60: Shooting Modes

    Shooting Modes Shooting Modes mode, the camcorder offers a number of shooting modes that give you varying degrees of control over the camcorder's settings. Select the shooting mode most appropriate to your needs or creative vision and adjust manually those settings you wish to control, letting the camcorder take care of the rest. Shooting modes cannot be used when infrared recording is activated.
  • Page 61 Shooting Modes Fireworks] To record fireworks. NOTES NOTES • [H Portrait]/[û Sports]/[ý Snow]/[L Beach]: The picture may not appear smooth during playback. • [ý Snow]/[L Beach]: The subject may become overexposed on cloudy days or in shaded places. Check the image on the screen. •...
  • Page 62: Adjusting The Exposure

    From 9.0 dB when [FUNC] > [Looks] is set to [ Wide DR] or the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/Color Space] setting in the custom picture file (A 94) is set to [BT.709 Wide DR] or [Canon Log 3]. The exposure bar Optimal exposure AE±0...
  • Page 63: Automatic Exposure: Programmed Ae (')

    Adjusting the Exposure Momentary Automatic Aperture - Push Auto Iris If you set an assignable button to [Push Auto Iris] (A 92), you can press the button to have the camera temporarily take control and adjust the aperture automatically for an optimal exposure. 1 Set an assignable button to [Push Auto Iris] (A 92).
  • Page 64: Automatic Exposure: Aperture Priority (")

    Adjusting the Exposure Automatic Exposure: Aperture Priority (“) With this shooting mode you set the aperture value manually to control the depth of field, for example, in order to defocus the background and make the subject stand out more. The camcorder will automatically adjust other settings to obtain the best exposure.
  • Page 65: Exposure Lock (Ae Lock)

    Adjusting the Exposure Exposure Lock (AE Lock) You can lock the current exposure settings and use them even when you reframe the picture. This function cannot be used when the shooting mode is set to n or [T Fireworks]. 1 Lock the current exposure. [FUNC] >...
  • Page 66: Backlight Correction

    Wide DR] or when the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/ Color Space] setting in the custom picture file (A 94) is set to [BT.709 Wide DR], [Canon Log 3] or [EOS Std.]. And also the shooting mode was set to n or the exposure settings have been locked.
  • Page 67: Nd Filter

    ND Filter ND Filter Using the ND filter allows you to open up the aperture to obtain a shallower depth of field even when recording in bright surroundings. You can also use the ND filter to avoid the soft focus caused by diffraction when using small apertures.
  • Page 68: White Balance

    White Balance White Balance The camcorder uses an electronic white balance process to calibrate the picture and produce accurate colors under different lighting conditions. This function can only be used when the shooting mode is set to ’, ‚, “ or n.
  • Page 69 White Balance • If you set an assignable button to [Å Set WB] (A 92), you can press the button to register a custom white balance after you point the camcorder at a gray card or white object. • Using a custom white balance may provide better results in the following cases: - Changing lighting conditions - Close-ups - Subjects in a single color (sky, sea or forest)
  • Page 70: Using Looks

    Using Looks Using Looks The camcorder can shoot using looks — combinations of settings that affect the characteristics of the image produced. The camcorder offers a number of preset looks, some of whose settings you can adjust to your preference. This function can only be used when the shooting mode is set to ’, ‚, “ or n. You can fully adjust the image characteristics using a custom picture file (A 94).
  • Page 71: Setting The Time Code

    Setting the Time Code Setting the Time Code The camcorder generates a time code signal and records it with the recorded clips. The time code signal is output from the SDI OUT terminal (z only) and can be output also from the HDMI OUT terminal (A 114). Depending on the frame rate used, you may be able to select between a drop frame an non-drop frame time code signal (A 72).
  • Page 72: Selecting Drop Frame Or Non-Drop Frame

    Setting the Time Code 3 After completing all the fields of the time code, select [OK]. • Select [Cancel] to close the screen without changing the time code. • If the running mode is set to [ Free Run], the time code will start running from the time code entered the moment you select [OK].
  • Page 73: Setting The User Bit

    Setting the User Bit Setting the User Bit The user bit can be selected from the date or the time of recording, or an identification code consisting of 8 characters in the hexadecimal system. There are sixteen possible characters: the numbers 0 to 9 and the letters A to F.
  • Page 74 Recording Audio Recording Audio The camcorder features 4-channel linear PCM (LPCM) or 2-channel AAC audio recording and playback for MP4 clips, and 4-channel LPCM audio recording and playback for XF-AVC clips. The sampling frequency is 48 kHz. You can record audio using the INPUT terminals* (commercially available microphones or analog line-in audio sources), the MIC terminal (commercially available microphones) or the built-in microphone.
  • Page 75 Recording Audio Audio Settings and Recorded Audio Channels Which audio inputs are recorded to which audio channels is determined by a combination of menu settings, whether the handle unit is attached, and other audio-related controls on the camcorder. The following table gives an overview of the possible combinations.
  • Page 76 Recording Audio Connecting an External Microphone or External Audio Input Source to the Camcorder To each of the INPUT terminals you can attach commercially available microphones or analog line-in sources with an XLR connector. To use the INPUT terminals and microphone holder, the handle unit must be correctly attached to the camcorder.
  • Page 77 Recording Audio 3 Close the audio controls cover to prevent the audio controls from being changed inadvertently. Recording the Same Audio Input to Two Channels By default, when using the INPUT terminals, each audio input is recorded to a separate audio channel (INPUT 1 to CH1 and INPUT 2 to CH2).
  • Page 78 Recording Audio Adjusting the Audio Recording Level You can adjust the audio recording level of the various audio channels using the audio controls on the handle unit or the audio screen in the FUNC menu. The audio screen shows an overview of the audio channels used and, for each audio channel: the audio input currently selected, whether the audio recording level is adjusted automatically or manually and the audio level indicator.
  • Page 79 Recording Audio Manual Audio Level Adjustment for CH1 or CH2 When the handle unit is attached to the camcorder, adjust the audio level using the controls on the handle unit. If the handle unit is not attached, adjust the audio levels using the FUNC menu (A 79). CH1/CH2 audio level dials CH1/CH2 audio level switches 1 Set the audio level switch of the desired channel to M (manual).
  • Page 80 Recording Audio Audio peak limiter • If at least one of the channels is set to the INPUT terminals and manual audio level adjustment, you can > [¡ " Audio Setup] > [INPUT activate the audio limiter to lessen audio distortions. Use the 1/2 Limiter] setting.
  • Page 81 Recording Audio Low-Cut Filter (Built-in Microphone) When using the built-in microphone, you can activate the low cut filter to reduce the sound of blowing wind and other ambient sounds when recording outdoors. When recording in surroundings unaffected by wind or if you want to record low-frequency sounds, we recommend turning off the low-cut filter.
  • Page 82 Using Headphones Using Headphones Connect headphones with a ∅ 3.5 mm stereo mini plug to the × (headphone) terminal for playback or to monitor the recorded audio (A 116). Operating modes: 1 Select [Headphone Volume]. > [C # Audio Setup] > [Headphone Volume] 2 Select [Ô] or [Õ] to adjust the volume and then select [X].
  • Page 83 • Color bars cannot be used together with slow & fast motion recording. • Not available when the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/Color Space] setting in the custom picture file is set to [Canon Log 3]. Audio Reference Signal The camcorder can output a 1 kHz audio reference signal with the color bars.
  • Page 84 Pre-Recording Pre-Recording When pre-recording is activated, the camcorder starts recording continuously into a temporary memory (approx. 3 seconds) so when you press the REC button, the clip will contain also a few seconds of video and audio recorded before you pressed the button. Operating modes: 1 Press the PRE REC button.
  • Page 85 Infrared Recording Infrared Recording In infrared mode the camcorder becomes more sensitive to infrared light, allowing you to record in dark locations. You can select the color of brighter areas of the picture (white or green). When the handle unit is attached to the camcorder, you can also use the handle unit's infrared light to make recordings even brighter.
  • Page 86 Using the RC-V100 Remote Controller Using the RC-V100 Remote Controller You can connect the optional RC-V100 Remote Controller to the camcorder’s REMOTE terminal in order to control the camcorder (including advanced recording functions) from a distance. The remote controller lets you turn the camcorder on, navigate the menus and remotely control the aperture and shutter speed, and more.
  • Page 87 (with compatible software). Only video can be recorded while using this function. For more details about supported operative systems or software tested for use with the camcorder, visit your local Canon website. For more details, refer to the computer’s and the USB cable's instruction manuals.
  • Page 88 For XF-AVC clips, the GPS information is recorded as part of the clip's metadata and can be used to organize and search recordings using Canon XF Utility (A 119). The recorded GPS information can be checked on the clip information screen or photo playback screen (single photo view).
  • Page 89 Using the Optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver IMPORTANT • In certain countries/regions, the use of GPS may be restricted. Be sure to use the GPS receiver in accordance with local laws and regulations of the country/region where the receiver is used. Be particularly careful when traveling outside of your home country.
  • Page 90 Using the Optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver...
  • Page 91 Customization CUSTOM Dial and Button You can assign to the CUSTOM button and dial one of several frequently used functions. You can then adjust the selected function using the CUSTOM button and dial, without having to access the menu. Operating modes: 1 Press and hold the CUSTOM button.
  • Page 92 Assignable Buttons Assignable Buttons The camcorder offers 5 assignable buttons on the camcorder's body and an onscreen button (touch operation) to which you can assign various functions (assignable buttons). Assign often-used functions to the buttons you find most convenient, to personalize the camcorder to your needs and preferences. The names of the buttons printed on the camcorder also indicate their default settings.
  • Page 93 Assignable Buttons Assignable functions Function name Description Digital Tele-conv.] Turns the digital tele-converter on/off. Only possible when [Digital Zoom] is set to [ Digital Tele- conv.]. AF/MF] Switches between autofocus and manual focus. AF Frame Size] Switches between AF frame size options in order. [~ Face Only AF] Switches between standard autofocus and autofocus only when a face is detected.
  • Page 94 These settings produce a wide dynamic range and are appropriate for playback C2: [Wide DR] [BT.709 Wide DR / BT.709] [Video] on a TV monitor. These settings use Canon Log 3 gamma and require post-production C3: [LOG3] [Canon Log 3 / BT.709] [Neutral] processing.
  • Page 95 Custom Picture Settings About changing custom picture related settings using the optional RC-V100 Remote Controller - When an RC-V100 Remote Controller is connected to the camera, you can press the remote controller’s CUSTOM PICT. button to open the custom picture settings menu. - If a protected custom picture file is selected on the camera, custom picture related settings cannot be changed using the remote controller.
  • Page 96 Custom Picture Settings Using the virtual keyboard screen 1 Touch the keys on the screen to enter the desired text. • Touch [Ï]/[Ð] to change the position of the cursor. • Touch [123] to switch between letters and numbers/special characters. •...
  • Page 97 Custom Picture Settings Embedding the Custom Picture File in Clips (CAMERA Mode) When you record in XF-AVC format after having set custom picture settings, you can have the custom picture file embedded in the metadata and saved along with the clips. Select [Æ...
  • Page 98 Available Custom Picture Settings Menu items Options / Additional information [Gamma/Color Space] [Canon Log 3 / BT.709], [BT.709 Wide DR / BT.709], [BT.709 Normal / BT.709], [BT.709 Standard / BT.709], [EOS Std. / BT.709] BT.709 Normal BT.709 Standard Combination of gamma curve and color space settings that affects the overall look and color space of the image.
  • Page 99 Custom Picture Settings Menu items Options / Additional information [Low Key Saturation] [Activate] [On], [Off] Set this setting to [On] to enable the adjustment of color saturation in dark areas with the [Level] setting. [Level] –50 to +50 (±0) Specifies how saturated colors are in dark areas. [Knee] [Activate] [On], [Off]...
  • Page 100 Custom Picture Settings Menu items Options / Additional information [Noise Reduction] [Automatic] [On], [Off] Set this setting to [On] to enable the automatic adjustment of the [Noise Reduction] settings. [Spatial Filter] [Off], 1 to 12 Reduces noise by applying a soft focus-like effect on the entire picture. When set to a value other than [Off], afterimages are not produced but the whole image will have a softer look.
  • Page 101 Determines how the camera handles video signals exceeding 100%. This setting is not available when the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/Color Space] setting is set to one of the [Canon Log 3] or [EOS Std.] options. [Through]: Leave the signal unchanged.
  • Page 102 After you adjust settings in the various menus, you can save those settings on an SD card. Only SD card B can be used to save and load menu settings files. You can load those settings at a later date or on another XA70 / XA75 camcorder so that you can use that camcorder in the same way.
  • Page 103 Playback Playback This section explains how to play back clips and photos. For details on playing back recordings using an external monitor, refer to Connecting to an External Monitor (A 113). Operating modes: The Playback Index Screen 1 Set the power switch to MEDIA. •...
  • Page 104 Playback Playing Back Recordings 1 In the index screen, touch the thumbnail of the desired recording. • Clips: Playback will start from the selected clip until the last clip in the index screen. Photos: The selected photo will be displayed. Swipe left/right to view other photos. 2 Touch the screen to display the playback controls.
  • Page 105 Playback Playback Controls The following playback types are available using the onscreen controls. Using the joystick, push the joystick to select the desired button and then press the joystick. Clip playback controls Playback type Operation Onscreen icon Fast playback* During playback, select [Ø] / [×]. •...
  • Page 106 Playback Displaying Clip Information 1 In the clip index screen select [I] and then select the desired clip. • The [Clip Info] screen will be displayed. • Select [Ï] / [Ð] to view the information for the previous/next clip. 2 Select [L] twice to return to the index screen. 1 File number (MP4 clips, A 125) 6 Date and time at the start of recording Clip's file name (XF-AVC clips, A 37)
  • Page 107 Clip and Photo Operations Clip and Photo Operations Deleting Clips and Photos You can delete clips and photos you are not interested in keeping. Operating modes: Deleting Clips and Photos from the Index Screen 1 Open the desired index screen (A 103). •...
  • Page 108 Clip and Photo Operations IMPORTANT • Be careful when deleting recordings. Once deleted, they cannot be recovered. • Save copies of important recordings before deleting them (A 119). NOTES • Photos that were protected with other devices cannot be deleted with this camcorder. •...
  • Page 109 Clip and Photo Operations Copying Clips and Photos You can copy clips and photos from one card to the other. Operating modes: Copying Clips and Photos from the Index Screen 1 Open the desired index screen (A 103). • To copy all the MP4 clips or photos recorded on the same date (saved in the same folder), drag your finger left/right until an MP4 clip or photo you want to copy appears.
  • Page 110 Clip and Photo Operations...
  • Page 111 External Connections Video Output Configuration The video signal output from the SDI OUT terminal (z only) and HDMI™ OUT terminal depends on the clip's video configuration and on various menu settings. The video signal output from the HDMI OUT terminal can also change depending on the capabilities of the connected monitor.
  • Page 112 Video Output Configuration Video Output Configuration (Playback) Recording Maximum Video output configuration video configuration Scan mode output resolution Resolution Frame rate Resolution Frame rate Color sampling 3840x2160 3840x2160 Same as the recording 1920x1080 1920x1080 Same as the recording 1280x720 29.97P 1280x720 59.94P 3840x2160...
  • Page 113 Connecting to an External Monitor Connecting to an External Monitor When you connect the camcorder to an external monitor (to monitor the recording or for playback), use the HDMI OUT terminal ({ only) or the terminal on the camcorder that matches the one you wish to use on the monitor (z only).
  • Page 114 Connecting to an External Monitor > [3 Recording Setup] > [Rec Command] to [i On] to use the camcorder’s REC • You can set button to control also the recording operation of an external recorder compatible with recording commands connected to the SDI OUT terminal. •...
  • Page 115 Connecting to an External Monitor Selecting the Video Output’s Scan Mode When using external devices that support only interlaced scanning, you can change the scan mode of the video signal output from the SDI OUT terminal (z only) or HDMI OUT terminal. 1 Select [SDI/HDMI Scan Mode] or [HDMI Scan Mode].
  • Page 116 Audio Output Audio Output The camcorder can output audio from the SDI OUT terminal (z only), HDMI OUT terminal, × (headphone) terminal or built-in speaker (monaural audio; mode only). When recording or playing back clips recorded with 4-channel audio, you can select which audio channels are output. Audio output configuration Audio output configuration Audio configuration of the...
  • Page 117 Audio Output Selecting the Audio Channels for HDMI Output The audio signal output from the HDMI OUT terminal will be 2-channel linear PCM audio (16 bit). You can select the pair of audio channels that are output from the terminal. 1 Select [HDMI Channels].
  • Page 118 Audio Output...
  • Page 119 Saving XF-AVC Clips Use Canon XF Utility to save and organize XF-AVC clips on a computer. You can use the Canon XF plugins to easily use clips directly from Avid non-linear editing (NLE) software. The software and plugins are available as free downloads from your local Canon website.
  • Page 120 Working with Clips on a Computer...
  • Page 121 Additional Information Menu Options For details about how to select an item, refer to Using the Menus (A 28). For details about each function, see the reference page. Setting options in boldface indicate default values. Depending on the camcorder’s operating mode and other current settings, some menu items may not be available.
  • Page 122 Menu Options FUNC menu in mode Menu item Setting options and additional information For clips: [y] index screen Single clip (playback pause) [Copy (6'7)], [Copy (7'6)] — (A 109) <folder name>**, Ü [Select], [All Clips] [Delete] (A 107) Ü [Trim] —...
  • Page 123 Menu Options Menu item Setting options and additional information [Auto Slow Shutter] [i On], [j Off] The camcorder automatically uses slow shutter speeds to obtain brighter recordings in places with insufficient lighting. • When this setting is set to [i On], the fastest shutter speed used is: 1/30 (59.94P), 1/15 (29.97P) or 1/12 (23.98P).
  • Page 124 Menu Options [É Playback Setup] menu ( mode only) Menu item Setting options and additional information [¸ Data Code] [j Off], [% Date] Data Code] [j Off], [% Date], [& Time], [ Date and Time], [ Camera Data] (XF-AVC [{ Data Code] clips) or [{ Camera Data] (photos) Displays the date when an MP4 clip was recorded ([¸...
  • Page 125 Menu Options Menu item Setting options and additional information [User Defined] Up to 5 characters, A to Z, 0 to 9 ([CANON]) (A 38) [Add / File] [i On], [j Off] (A 97) [Color Bars] [j Off], [ SMPTE], [...
  • Page 126 When this setting is set to [i On] and the gamma curve component of the [Gamma/Color Space] setting in the custom picture file (A 94) is set to [Canon Log 3], the image displayed on the screen will approximate the one that would be obtained using [BT.709 Wide DR] gamma settings.
  • Page 127 Menu Options Menu item Setting options and additional information [Output Onscreen Displays] [i On], [j Off] When this setting is set to [i On], the camcorder’s onscreen displays will appear also on the screen of a TV or monitor connected to the camcorder. [Onscreen Markers] [j Off], [4 Level (Gray)], [3 Level (White)], [6 Grid (Gray)], [5 Grid (White)], [...
  • Page 128 Menu Options Menu item Setting options and additional information [GPS Information Display]* — When the optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver is attached to the camcorder, the following settings become available: [GPS Auto Time Setting]: You can have the camcorder automatically set the time based on the information acquired from GPS.
  • Page 129 - If you are using a battery pack recommended by Canon for use with this camcorder, there may be a problem with the camcorder or battery pack. Consult a Canon Service Center.
  • Page 130 - The camcorder may become hot after using it continuously for long periods of time; this is not a malfunction. If the camcorder becomes unusually hot or it becomes hot after using it only for a short while, it may indicate a problem with the camcorder. Consult a Canon Service Center. Playback Cannot delete clips/photos - The LOCK switch on the SD card is set to prevent accidental erasure.
  • Page 131 - Charge the battery pack in temperatures between approximately 0 °C and 40 °C (32 °F and 104 °F). - The battery pack is damaged. Use a different battery pack. - Charging has stopped because the USB power adapter or the battery pack is faulty. Consult a Canon Service Center. 7 flashes on the screen.
  • Page 132 Troubleshooting Cannot record on the SD card. - A compatible card must be used (A 31). - Initialize the card (A 32) when you use it with the camcorder for the first time. - The LOCK switch on the SD card is set to prevent accidental erasure. Change the position of the LOCK switch. - The card is full.
  • Page 133 - You attached a battery pack that is not recommended by Canon for use with this camcorder. - If you are using a battery pack recommended by Canon for use with this camcorder, there may be a problem with the camcorder or battery pack.
  • Page 134 Turn the camcorder off and the on again. Remove the cards and reinsert them, or replace them with new cards. If the problem persists, consult a Canon Service Center. - Corrupted file control information cannot be recovered. Cards or XF-AVC clips with corrupt file control information cannot be read by Canon XF Utility.
  • Page 135 Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Be sure to read these instructions in order to operate the product safely. Follow these instructions to prevent injury or harm to the operator of the product or others. WARNING Denotes the risk of serious injury or death.
  • Page 136 This will protect your important recordings in case of damage and create more free space on the card. Canon shall not be liable for any data loss. • Do not use or store the camcorder in dusty or sandy places. The camcorder is not waterproof – avoid also water, mud or salt.
  • Page 137 Regarding the use of non-Canon battery packs • For your safety, battery packs that are not genuine Canon battery packs will not be charged even if you attach them to this camcorder or to the optional CG-800 Battery Charger.
  • Page 138 Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Lithium Button Battery WARNING • The battery used in this device may present a fire or chemical burn hazard if mishandled. • Do not disassemble, modify, immerse in water, heat above 100 °C (212 °F) or incinerate the battery. •...
  • Page 139 You can use the USB power adapter to operate the camcorder and the battery charger to charge battery packs in any country/region with power supply between 100 and 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz. Consult a Canon Service Center for information on plug adapters for overseas use.
  • Page 140 The message [Battery communication error] is displayed if you use a non-genuine Canon battery pack, and user response is required. Note that Canon shall not be liable for any damages resulting from accidents, such as malfunction or fire, that occur due to use of non-genuine Canon battery packs.
  • Page 141 • The tele-converter cannot be used together with the supplied lens hood. WA-U58 wide attachment • The wide attachment cannot be used together with the supplied lens hood. This mark identifies genuine Canon video accessories. When you use Canon video equipment, we recommend Canon-brand accessories or products bearing the same mark.
  • Page 142 Specifications Specifications XA70 / XA75 Camcorder — Values given are approximate figures. System • Recording System Clips: Video compression: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 Audio format: MPEG-2 AAC-LC, 16 bit, 48 kHz, 2 channels Linear PCM, 16 bit, 48 kHz, 4 channels File format: XF-AVC Video compression: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264...
  • Page 143 Specifications • White Balance Automatic white balance (AWB); 2 preset settings (daylight, tungsten lamp); color temperature setting; custom white balance (2 sets) • Minimum Illumination (Typical) 0.1 lx ([NLow Light] shooting mode, shutter speed 1/2) 1.7 lx ([’ Programmed AE] shooting mode, 59.94P, shutter speed 1/30, auto slow shutter [On]) •...
  • Page 144 Specifications • Weight Camcorder body (including grip belt and cable clamp): z 990 g (2.2 lb.), { 985 g (2.2 lb.) Typical working configuration*: z 1465 g (3.2 lb.), { 1460 g (3.2 lb.) * Camcorder with lens hood, handle unit with microphone holder, BP-820 battery pack and two SD cards. PD-E1 USB Power Adapter •...
  • Page 145 Reference Tables Reference Tables Approximate Recording Time on an SD Card Approximate times, for reference only, based on a continuous recording operation until the card is full. MP4 clips SD card Resolution MP4 audio format (bit rate) 8 GB 16 GB 32 GB 64 GB 128 GB...
  • Page 146 Reference Tables Video configuration Battery pack Usage conditions Resolution (bit rate) Frame rate BP-820 (supplied) BP-828 (optional) MP4 clips Recording (maximum) 130 min. 200 min. 3840x2160 Recording (typical) 70 min. 110 min. (150 Mbps) Playback 170 min. 255 min. Recording (maximum) 150 min.
  • Page 147 Reference Tables Video configuration Battery pack Usage conditions Resolution (bit rate) Frame rate BP-820 (supplied) BP-828 (optional) MP4 clips Recording (maximum) 135 min. 200 min. 3840x2160 Recording (typical) 75 min. 110 min. (150 Mbps) Playback 180 min. 265 min. Recording (maximum) 155 min.
  • Page 148 Manual focus .....45 Canon Log 3 ......94 Touch focus .
  • Page 149 Image stabilizer ......57 P (shooting mode) ..... . 63 Index screens .
  • Page 150 Snow (shooting mode) ....60 Specifications ......142 Video configuration .
  • Page 151 Trademark Acknowledgements • SD, SDHC and SDXC Logos are trademarks of SD-3C, LLC. • Microsoft and Windows are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. • macOS is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. •...
  • Page 152 B. If the Equipment is defective as a result of leaking batteries, sand, dirt or water damage; C. If defects or damages are caused by the use of parts or supplies (other than those sold by Canon USA) that cause damage to the Equipment or that cause abnormally frequent service calls or service problems;...
  • Page 153 Parts: Defective parts will be exchanged for new parts or comparable rebuilt parts for a period of ONE YEAR from the date of original purchase. Labor: For a period of ONE YEAR from the date of original purchase, labor will be provided free of charge by Canon Canada's factory service center or designated service facilities located in Canada.
  • Page 154 Canon Inc. 30-2, Shimomaruko 3-chome, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146-8501, Japan • The information in this document in verified as of September 2022. Subject to change without notice. Visit your local Canon website to download the latest version. © CANON INC. 2022...

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