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Canon XA40 Instruction Manual

Canon XA40 Instruction Manual

4k camcorder
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PUB. DIE-0525-000
4K Camcorder
Instruction Manual


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for Canon XA40

  • Page 1 PUB. DIE-0525-000 4K Camcorder Instruction Manual...
  • Page 2 • Other names and products not mentioned above may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. • This device incorporates exFAT technology licensed from Microsoft. • “Full HD 1080” refers to Canon camcorders compliant with high-definition video composed of 1,080 vertical pixels (scanning lines).
  • Page 3 Highlights of the Camcorder The Canon XA45 / XA40 4K Camcorder is a high-performance camcorder whose compact size makes it ideal in a variety of situations. The following are just some of the many functions featured in the camcorder. 4K Recording...
  • Page 4 Other Features Face detection & tracking (A 61) After detecting a subject's face, the camcorder • Battery packs compatible with Intelligent can focus on it and even track it. Furthermore, System give you an estimate (in minutes) of the camcorder can be in manual focus but the remaining recording time.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 1 Introduction 7 Video Configuration: Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate 37 About this Manual 7 Selecting the Resolution and Bit Conventions Used in this Manual 7 Rate 37 Supplied Accessories 9 Selecting the Frame Rate 37 Names of Parts 10 Slow &...
  • Page 6 Using Line Input or an External 6 External Connections 94 Microphone Connected to an INPUT Video Output Configuration 94 Terminal 71 Connecting to an External Monitor 96 Audio Recording Level (INPUT Connection Diagram 96 Terminals) 72 s Selecting the Terminal Used For Adjusting the Microphone’s Sensitivity Output 96 (INPUT terminals) 72...
  • Page 7: Introduction

    Introduction Introduction About this Manual Thank you for purchasing the Canon XA45 / XA40. Please read this manual carefully before you use the camcorder and retain it for future reference. Should your camcorder fail to operate correctly, refer Troubleshooting (A 116).
  • Page 8 About this Manual These icons indicate the camcorder’s operating mode and whether a function is available in that mode. : Indicates whether the : Indicates the camera mode. For Setting the Camera Mode camcorder is in shooting (CAMERA) or details, refer to playback (MEDIA) mode.
  • Page 9: Supplied Accessories

    Supplied Accessories Supplied Accessories The following accessories are supplied with the camcorder: CA-570 Compact Power Adapter Ferrite core BP-820 Battery Pack (incl. power cord) Microphone holder unit Handle unit (incl. screws) Lens hood with lens barrier (incl. screws) Lens cap Quick Guide...
  • Page 10: Names Of Parts

    Names of Parts Names of Parts Left side view 1 Lens barrier switch (A 34) 8 CUSTOM (customizable) button 2 SD card slot 2 (A 30) (A 84) 3 SD card slot 3 (A 30) 9 INFRARED switch (A 80) 4 u (review recording) button (A 36)/ 10 SD card compartment cover Assignable button 5 (A 85)
  • Page 11 Names of Parts Right side view 5 s SDI OUT terminal (A 97) 1 Built-in speaker (A 91) 6 × (headphones) terminal (A 76) 2 MIC terminal (A 68) 3 HDMI OUT terminal (A 96, 97) 7 USB terminal (A 82) 4 REMOTE terminal (A 81) 8 DC IN terminal (A 15) For connecting commercially...
  • Page 12 Names of Parts Front view Back view 1 Instant AF sensor (A 60, 126) 7 Dioptric adjustment lever (A 20) 2 AF/MF button (A 57)/ 8 Joystick/SET button (A 24) Assignable button 1 (A 85) 9 Strap mount (A 21) 3 PRE REC (pre-recording) button 10 Assignable button 3 (A 85) (A 78)/...
  • Page 13 Names of Parts Top view Bottom view 1 Power switch (A 23) 8 Handle unit mount (A 18) 2 POWER / CHG (battery charging) 9 Lens hood mount index mark indicator (A 15) 10 Tripod socket 3 Built-in stereo microphone For mounting the camcorder on a (A 68) tripod with a mounting screw 6.5 mm...
  • Page 14 Names of Parts Handle unit 1 Microphone holder unit (A 68) 10 Audio level dials for CH1 and CH2 2 Microphone lock screw (A 68) (A 72) 3 Accessory shoe 11 Microphone cable clamp (A 70) 4 Handle zoom rocker (A 53) 12 INPUT 1 and INPUT 2 terminals 5 START/STOP lock (C) lever (A 35) (collectively referred to as "INPUT...
  • Page 15: Preparations

    Attaching the Ferrite Core Preparations Preparations Attaching the Ferrite Core Attach the enclosed ferrite core before you connect the compact power adapter to the camcorder. Attaching the ferrite core to the compact power adapter cable is necessary to suppress RF interference.
  • Page 16 Charging the Battery Pack POWER/CHG (battery charging) indicator 3 Charging will start when the camcorder is turned off. • If the camcorder was on, the green POWER/CHG indicator will go out when you turn off the camcorder. After a moment, the POWER/CHG indicator will turn on in red (battery pack charging).
  • Page 17 Charging the Battery Pack • If remaining battery time is an issue, you can power the camcorder using the compact power adapter so the battery pack will not be consumed. • Charged battery packs continue to discharge naturally. Therefore, charge them on the day of use, or the day before, to ensure a full charge.
  • Page 18: Preparing The Camcorder

    Preparing the Camcorder Preparing the Camcorder This section covers the basic preparations for the camcorder such as attaching the handle unit and lens hood, and adjusting the viewfinder and LCD screen. IMPORTANT • Be careful not to drop the camcorder when attaching, removing or adjusting the various accessories.
  • Page 19: Using The Lens Hood

    Preparing the Camcorder Using the Lens Hood While recording, the supplied lens hood with lens barrier is effective for reducing stray light that can be the cause of lens flare and ghost images. Additionally, closing the lens barrier can help prevent fingerprints and dirt accumulation on the lens.
  • Page 20: Using The Viewfinder

    Preparing the Camcorder • Adjusting the brightness does not affect the brightness of recordings. • Using a brighter setting will shorten the effective usage time of the battery pack. > • When the LCD panel is turned 180 degrees toward the subject, you can use the >...
  • Page 21: Grip Belt And Straps

    Preparing the Camcorder • Make sure you keep the eye cup attached when using the camcorder. If you wear glasses, you may find the viewfinder easier to use if you flip back the outer edge of the eye cup toward the camcorder body.
  • Page 22 Preparing the Camcorder Attaching an optional shoulder strap Pass the ends of the shoulder strap through the strap mount on the grip belt and adjust the length of the strap.
  • Page 23: Basic Operation Of The Camcorder

    Basic Operation of the Camcorder Basic Operation of the Camcorder Turning the Camcorder On and Off You can choose to turn the camcorder on in CAMERA ( ) mode for making recordings or MEDIA ) mode for playing back recordings. Select the mode using the power switch. To turn on the camcorder Set the power switch to CAMERA for mode (A...
  • Page 24: Setting The Camera Mode

    Basic Operation of the Camcorder Setting the Camera Mode When making recordings, you can change the camera mode to match your shooting style. (Auto) mode Set the camera mode switch to N. With this mode, the camcorder takes care of all the settings while you concentrate on recording (A 35). This operating mode is suitable if you just prefer not to bother with detailed camcorder settings.
  • Page 25: First Time Settings

    First Time Settings First Time Settings Setting the Date and Time You will need to set the date and time of the camcorder before you can start using it. The [Date/Time] screen will appear automatically when the camcorder’s clock is not set. Operating modes: 1 Use the power switch to turn on the camcorder.
  • Page 26: Changing The Language

    First Time Settings Changing the Language The default language of the camcorder is English. You can set it to one of 27 languages. Setup Menus Refer to (A 27) for details on how to navigate the menu for this procedure. Operating modes: 1 Open the [Language ] screen.
  • Page 27: Using The Menus

    Using the Menus Using the Menus The camcorder’s functions can be adjusted from the setup menus, accessed by pressing the MENU button, or from the FUNC menu, accessed by touching or selecting the onscreen [FUNC] button. For Menu Options details about the available menu options and settings, refer to (A 102).
  • Page 28: Func Menu

    Using the Menus To use the joystick 1 Press the MENU button. 2 Push the joystick (Þ) to select the icon of the desired setup menu. • In the example, the B icon, corresponding to the [System Setup] menu. • If one of the icons in the top row is not selected when you open the menu, first push the joystick Ý...
  • Page 29 Using the Menus To use the joystick 1 On the shooting screen, push the joystick to select [FUNC] and then press SET. 2 Push the joystick (Ý) to select the desired icon from the left column and then press SET. 3 Push the joystick (Þ) to select the desired icon from the bottom row and then press SET.
  • Page 30: Using Sd Cards

    Compatible SD Cards The following types of SD cards can be used with this camcorder. For the latest information about SD cards tested for use with this camcorder, visit your local Canon website. SD card type: SD cards SDHC cards...
  • Page 31: Inserting And Removing An Sd Card

    Using SD Cards Inserting and Removing an SD Card 1 Turn off the camcorder ( • Make sure the indicator is off. POWER/CHG 2 Open the SD card compartment cover ( 3 Insert the SD card straight, with the label facing the front of the camcorder, all the way into one of the SD card slots ( •...
  • Page 32: Initializing An Sd Card

    Using SD Cards Initializing an SD Card Initialize SD cards when you use them with this camcorder for the first time. You can also initialize a card to permanently delete all the recordings it contains. Operating modes: 1 Select [Initialize] for the desired SD card. >...
  • Page 33: Recovering Clips

    Using SD Cards 2 Select [4 Dual Recording] or [ Relay Recording] (or [ Relay Recording]) and then select [X]. • When dual recording is activated, the status of both SD cards will appear at the top right of the screen.
  • Page 34: Recording

    Recording Clips and Photos Recording Recording Recording Clips and Photos This section explains the basics of recording clips* and photos. For details on recording audio, refer to Recording Audio (A 68). Before making important recordings for the first time, make test recordings using the video configuration(s) you plan to use to check that the camcorder operates correctly.
  • Page 35 IMPORTANT • Be sure to save your recordings regularly (A 100), especially after making important recordings. Canon shall not be liable for any loss or corruption of data. NOTES • The START/STOP button on the handle unit has a lock lever to prevent accidental operation. Set the lock lever to C in cases such as when you do not want a recording inadvertently paused or do not plan to use this START/STOP button.
  • Page 36: Reviewing The Latest Clip Recorded

    Recording Clips and Photos Reviewing the Latest Clip Recorded You can review the last 4 seconds of the last clip recorded with the camcorder without switching to mode. While reviewing the clip, there will be no sound from the built-in speaker. 1 Record a clip.
  • Page 37: Video Configuration: Resolution, Bit Rate And Frame Rate

    Video Configuration: Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate Video Configuration: Resolution, Bit Rate and Frame Rate With the following procedures you can set the video configuration used for recording clips. Select the combination of resolution/bit rate and frame rate settings that best matches your creative needs. The color sampling will be YCbCr 4:2:0, 8 bit.
  • Page 38: Slow & Fast Motion Recording

    Slow & Fast Motion Recording Slow & Fast Motion Recording You can record clips that have a slow motion or fast motion effect during playback, simply by selecting the desired slow/fast motion rate. Available slow/fast motion rates will vary depending on the resolution and frame rate currently selected.
  • Page 39: Shooting Modes

    Shooting Modes Shooting Modes mode, the camcorder offers a number of shooting modes that give you varying degrees of control over the camcorder’s settings. Select the shooting mode most appropriate to your needs or creative vision and adjust manually those settings you wish to control, letting the camcorder take care of the rest.
  • Page 40: Special Scene Modes

    Shooting Modes Special Scene Modes Using a Special Scene mode can be an easy and convenient alternative to adjusting detailed exposure settings. [HPortrait] The camcorder uses a large aperture, to achieve a sharp focus on the subject while blurring the background. û...
  • Page 41 Shooting Modes Fireworks] To record fireworks. NOTES • [H Portrait]/[û Sports]/[K Snow]/[L Beach]: The picture may not appear smooth during playback. • [H Portrait]: The blur effect of the background increases the more you zoom in (S). • [K Snow]/[L Beach]: The subject may become overexposed on cloudy days or in shaded places. Check the image on the screen.
  • Page 42: Exposure Adjustment

    Exposure Adjustment Exposure Adjustment At times, the overall exposure obtained automatically by the camcorder may not be best for your shot. You can select a shooting mode that will give you a varying amount of control over the aperture, shutter speed and gain, from partial to full control, while the camcorder automatically adjusts the settings that you do not.
  • Page 43: Automatic Exposure

    Exposure Adjustment The exposure bar Optimal exposure AE±0 When the shooting mode is set to n, the exposure bar will appear on the screen, showing the optimal automatic exposure and current exposure. When the difference between current and optimal exposure is larger than ±2 EV, the indicator will flash at the edge of the exposure bar.
  • Page 44: Touch Exposure

    Exposure Adjustment 2 Open the aperture screen. > [FUNC] Aperture] • An adjustment dial will appear on the screen. • You can select [ ] to display the zebra pattern (A 46, step 2) and check for overexposed areas. 3 Drag your finger along the dial to set the desired aperture value. •...
  • Page 45: Exposure Lock (Ae Lock)

    Exposure Adjustment Exposure Lock (AE Lock) You can lock the current exposure settings and use them even when you reframe the picture. This function can only be used when the shooting mode is set to ’, ‚, “ or one of the Special Scene modes, except for [T Fireworks].
  • Page 46: Nd Filter

    Exposure Adjustment ND Filter Using the ND filter allows you to open up the aperture to obtain a shallower depth of field even when recording in bright surroundings. You can also use the ND filter to avoid the soft focus caused by diffraction when using small apertures.
  • Page 47: Backlight Correction

    Exposure Adjustment Backlight Correction When you need to record a scene with constant backlight conditions, you can use backlight correction to make the picture, especially the darker areas, brighter. This function cannot be used when the shooting mode is set to [T Fireworks]. 1 Select [ BLC Always On].
  • Page 48: Automatic Gain Control (Agc) Limit

    Automatic Gain Control (AGC) Limit Automatic Gain Control (AGC) Limit When recording in dark surroundings, the camcorder will automatically increase the gain to try to get a brighter picture. By setting a maximum gain value, you can limit the amount of noise in the picture and keep a darker look.
  • Page 49: White Balance

    White Balance White Balance The camcorder uses an electronic white balance process to calibrate the picture and produce accurate colors under different lighting conditions. This function can only be used when the shooting mode is set to ’, ‚, “ or n. Operating modes: 1 Select [ White Balance].
  • Page 50 White Balance NOTES • When you select a custom white balance: - Do not adjust the zoom to the digital zoom range (light blue area of the zoom bar). - Reset the white balance when you change locations or the lighting or other conditions change. - Depending on the light source, Å...
  • Page 51: Using Looks

    Using Looks Using Looks You have the option of adding a “look” to your recordings. A look is a combination of various picture settings, such as color depth and sharpness, that can enhance the recording's visual quality. This function can only be used when the shooting mode is set to ’, ‚, “ or n. Operating modes: 1 Open the looks screen.
  • Page 52: Zooming

    Zooming Zooming Operating modes: To zoom in and out, you can use the focus/zoom ring, the zoom rockers on the camcorder and handle unit, or the zoom controls on the touch screen. You can also zoom using the optional RC-V100 Remote Controller (A 81).
  • Page 53: Using The Zoom Rockers

    Zooming Using the Zoom Rockers Move the zoom rocker on the camcorder or handle unit toward T (wide angle) to zoom out. Move it toward S (telephoto) to zoom in. • By default, the grip zoom rocker (the rocker near the grip belt) operates at a variable speed –...
  • Page 54 Zooming Approximate zoom speeds* (grip zoom rocker) [Zoom Speed Level] setting [Grip Zoom Selected Speed] setting constant speed [] Slow] [[ Normal] [Z Fast] [Y] (variable) – 3 sec. to 3 min. 25 sec. 2.5 sec. to 2 min 10 sec. 1.8 sec.** to 45 sec.
  • Page 55: Using The Touch Screen's Zoom Controls

    Zooming Using the Touch Screen’s Zoom Controls 1 Open the onscreen zoom controls. > [FUNC] [R Zoom] • The zoom controls appear at the bottom the screen. 2 Touch the zoom controls to operate the zoom. • Touch anywhere within the V area to zoom out or anywhere within the U area to zoom in.
  • Page 56: Digital Tele-Converter

    Zooming Digital Tele-Converter Using the digital tele-converter, you can digitally increase the focal length of the camcorder by a factor of approx. 2 and record the enlarged image. Operating modes: 1 Select [Digital Zoom]. > [v ! Camera Setup] > [Digital Zoom] 2 Select [ Digital Tele-conv.] and then select [X].
  • Page 57: Focus Adjustment

    Focus Adjustment Focus Adjustment The camcorder offers manual and automatic focus adjustment. When using manual focus, you can use the focus preset and peaking functions to assist you. When using automatic focus, you can use face detection & tracking to help make sure the subject is in focus. Manual Focus Use the focus/zoom ring to focus manually.
  • Page 58 Focus Adjustment Focus Preset Select to return to the When manual focus is activated, you can register a Current focusing preset focus position distance certain focus point and then, after you focus manually somewhere else, have the camcorder return to the preset focus position.
  • Page 59 Focus Adjustment Peaking When peaking is activated, the edges of objects in focus will be highlighted in red, blue or yellow on the screen. In addition, you can choose to switch the screen to black & white while peaking is activated, further emphasizing the edges.
  • Page 60: Autofocus

    Focus Adjustment Autofocus When autofocus is activated, the camcorder continuously adjusts the focus on the subject in the center of the screen. The focusing range is 1 cm (0.39 in.; at full wide-angle, measured from the front of the lens barrel) to G and 60 cm (2 ft.; throughout the zoom range, measured from the front of the lens barrel) to G.
  • Page 61: Face Detection & Tracking

    Focus Adjustment • About soft focus due to smaller apertures: When recording in bright surroundings, the camcorder closes down the aperture. This may cause the picture to appear blurred and is more noticeable toward the wide angle end of the zoom range. In such case, in mode, select the [’...
  • Page 62 Focus Adjustment Limiting Autofocus to Faces While using autofocus, you can limit the autofocus function only to cases when a subject’s face is detected and use manual focus for all other scenes. The camcorder will also adjust the brightness when focusing automatically on the subject’s face. Set an assignable button to [~ Face Only AF] (A 85) and press the button.
  • Page 63: Image Stabilization

    Image Stabilization Image Stabilization Use the image stabilizer to compensate for camcorder shake in order to achieve steadier shots. The camcorder offers 3 methods of image stabilization. Standard IS (Å): Standard IS compensates for a lower degree of camcorder shake, for example, for handheld shots while you remain stationary, and is suitable for shooting natural-looking scenes.
  • Page 64: Setting The Time Code

    Setting the Time Code Setting the Time Code The camcorder generates a time code signal and records it with the recorded clips. The time code signal can be output from the SDI OUT terminal (s only) and HDMI OUT terminal. Depending on the frame rate used, you may be able to select between a drop frame an non-drop frame time code signal (A 66).
  • Page 65 Setting the Time Code Setting the Time Code’s Initial Value If you set the running mode to [ Preset], you can set the initial value of the time code. 1 Select [Initial Time Code]. > [3 # Recording Setup] > [Initial Time Code] •...
  • Page 66: Selecting Drop Frame Or Non-Drop Frame

    Setting the Time Code Selecting Drop Frame or Non-Drop Frame You can select between a drop frame (DF) or non-drop frame (NDF) time code, depending on how you plan to use your recordings. However, when the frame rate is set to 23.98P, the time code is set to non-drop frame (NDF) and cannot be changed.
  • Page 67: Setting The User Bit

    Setting the User Bit Setting the User Bit The user bit display can be selected from the date or the time of recording, or an identification code consisting of 8 characters in the hexadecimal system. There are sixteen possible characters: the numbers 0 to 9 and the letters A to F.
  • Page 68: Recording Audio

    Recording Audio Recording Audio The camcorder features 4-channel linear PCM or 2-channel AAC audio recording and playback. The sampling frequency is 48 kHz and the audio sampling bit depth is 16 bit. You can record audio using the built-in stereo microphone, commercially available external microphone (INPUT 1/INPUT 2 terminals*, MIC terminal) or line input (INPUT 1/INPUT 2 terminals*).
  • Page 69: Audio Settings And Recorded Audio Channels

    Recording Audio Audio Settings and Recorded Audio Channels Which audio inputs are recorded to which audio channels is determined by a combination of menu settings, whether the handle unit is attached, and other audio-related controls on the camcorder. The following table gives an overview of the possible combinations. Position of Recorded audio channels/audio sources Handle unit...
  • Page 70: Connecting An External Microphone Or External Audio Input Source To The Camcorder

    Recording Audio Connecting an External Microphone or External Audio Input Source to the Camcorder To each of the INPUT terminals you can attach commercially available microphones or analog line-in sources with an XLR connector. To use the INPUT terminals and microphone holder, the handle unit must be correctly attached to the camcorder.
  • Page 71: Terminal

    Recording Audio Using Line Input or an External Microphone Connected to an INPUT Terminal 1 Set the INPUT terminal ON/OFF switch to ON. 2 Set the sensitivity selection switches for INPUT 1/ INPUT 2 to LINE or MIC. • To supply a microphone with phantom power, set the switch to MIC+48V instead.
  • Page 72: Audio Recording Level (Input Terminals)

    Recording Audio Audio Recording Level (INPUT Terminals) You can set the audio recording level to automatic or manual independently for each channel. Furthermore, when you adjust the audio recording level manually, you can set the level (from –G to 18 dB) independently for each channel, as well. 1 Set the audio level switch of the desired channel to A (automatic) or M (manual).
  • Page 73: External Microphone Connected To The Mic Terminal

    Recording Audio Microphone Attenuator (INPUT terminals) When one of the audio channels is set to the INPUT terminals and the corresponding sensitivity selection switch is set to MIC or MIC+48V, you can activate the external microphone’s attenuator (20 dB). 1 Select the desired INPUT terminal’s sensitivity. >...
  • Page 74: Audio Recording Level (Built-In Microphone/Mic Terminal)

    Recording Audio Audio Recording Level (Built-in Microphone/MIC Terminal) You can adjust the audio recording level of the built-in microphone or an external microphone connected to the MIC terminal. 1 Open the audio screen. > [FUNC] [C Audio] 2 Select [CH1/2] or [CH3/4] as necessary, to change the pair of audio channels you wish to adjust. >...
  • Page 75: Microphone Attenuator (Built-In Microphone Or Mic Terminal)

    Recording Audio Microphone Attenuator (Built-in Microphone or MIC Terminal) If the audio level is too high and the audio sounds distorted while recording with the built-in microphone or external microphone (MIC terminal), activate the microphone attenuator (20 dB) for the respective microphone.
  • Page 76: Using Headphones

    Using Headphones Using Headphones Use headphones for playback or to check the audio level while recording. The following procedure explains how to adjust the volume. Operating modes: 1 Select [Headphone Volume]. > [C # Audio Setup] > [Headphone Volume] 2 Select [Ô] or [Õ] to adjust the volume and then select [X]. •...
  • Page 77: Color Bars/Audio Reference Signal

    Color Bars/Audio Reference Signal Color Bars/Audio Reference Signal You can have the camcorder output and record color bars and a 1 kHz audio reference signal and output them from the HDMI OUT terminal, SDI OUT terminal (s only) and × (headphone) terminal (audio reference signal only).
  • Page 78: Pre-Recording

    Pre-Recording Pre-Recording When pre-recording is activated, the camcorder starts recording continuously into a temporary memory (approx. 3 seconds) so when you press the START/STOP button, the clip will contain also a few seconds of video and audio recorded before you pressed the button. Operating modes: 1 Press the PRE REC button.
  • Page 79: Onscreen Displays

    Onscreen Displays Onscreen Displays You can turn most onscreen displays on or off. Operating modes: Repeatedly press the DISP button to turn the onscreen displays on/off in the following sequence: mode: • All displays on • Onscreen markers • Displays off mode •...
  • Page 80: Infrared Recording

    Infrared Recording Infrared Recording Using the infrared mode, the camcorder becomes more sensitive to infrared light, allowing you to record in dark locations. You can also use the handle unit's infrared light to keep shooting even in very dark conditions. Also, you can select whether the brighter areas of the picture appear in green or white.
  • Page 81: Using The Optional Rc-V100 Remote Controller

    Using the Optional RC-V100 Remote Controller Using the Optional RC-V100 Remote Controller You can connect the optional RC-V100 Remote Controller to the camcorder’s REMOTE terminal in order to control the camcorder (including advanced recording functions) from a distance. The remote controller lets you turn the camcorder on, navigate the menus and remotely control the aperture and shutter speed, and more.
  • Page 82: Using The Gp-E2 Gps Receiver

    Using the GP-E2 GPS Receiver Using the GP-E2 GPS Receiver When the optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver is connected to the camcorder's USB terminal, the camcorder will automatically record the GPS information (longitude, latitude and altitude) and the UTC (coordinated universal time) date and time to every recording you make (clips and photos). The recorded GPS information can be checked on the clip information screen or photo playback screen (single photo view).
  • Page 83 Using the GP-E2 GPS Receiver IMPORTANT • In certain countries/regions, the use of GPS may be restricted. Be sure to use the GPS receiver in accordance with local laws and regulations of the country/region where the receiver is used. Be particularly careful when traveling outside of your home country.
  • Page 84: Customization

    CUSTOM Dial and Button Customization Customization CUSTOM Dial and Button You can assign to the CUSTOM button and dial one of several frequently used functions. You can then adjust the selected function using the CUSTOM button and dial, without having to access the menu. Operating modes: 1 Select [CUSTOM Dial &...
  • Page 85: Assignable Buttons

    Assignable Buttons Assignable Buttons The camcorder offers 5 assignable buttons on the camcorder's body and an onscreen button (touch operation) to which you can assign various functions (assignable buttons). Assign often-used functions to the buttons you find most convenient, to personalize the camcorder to your needs and preferences. The names of the buttons printed on the camcorder also indicate their default settings.
  • Page 86 Assignable Buttons Assignable functions Function name Description [B AF/MF] Switches between autofocus and manual focus. [~ Face Only AF] Switches between standard autofocus and autofocus only when a face is detected. [^ Magnification] Turns magnification on/off. BLC Always On] Turns the constant backlight correction function on/off. [±...
  • Page 87: Saving And Loading Menu Settings

    After you adjust settings in the various menus, you can save those settings on an SD card. You can load those settings at a later date or on another XA45 / XA40 camcorder so that you can use that camcorder in a similar way.
  • Page 88: Playback

    Basic Playback Playback Playback Basic Playback This section explains how to play back clips and photos. For details on playing back recordings using Connecting to an External Monitor an external monitor, refer to (A 96). Operating modes: 1 Set the power switch to MEDIA. •...
  • Page 89 Basic Playback 4 Touch the screen to display the playback controls. • During video or photo playback, the playback controls will disappear automatically after a few seconds. In video playback pause, touch the screen again to hide the playback controls. Playback Controls •...
  • Page 90: Playback Controls

    Basic Playback Playback Controls The following playback types are available using the onscreen controls. Using the joystick, push the joystick to select the desired button and then press the joystick. Clip playback controls Playback type Operation Onscreen icon Fast playback* During playback, select [Ø] / [×].
  • Page 91: Adjusting The Volume

    Basic Playback Adjusting the Volume During playback, audio will be output from the monaural built-in speaker. You can connect a pair of headphones to the × (headphone) terminal to listen to the audio in stereo. 1 During playback, touch the screen to display the playback controls. 2 Select [Ó/ ].
  • Page 92: Clip And Photo Operations

    Clip and Photo Operations Clip and Photo Operations Deleting Clips and Photos You can delete clips and photos you are not interested in keeping. Operating modes: Deleting Clips and Photos from the Index Screen 1 Open the desired index screen (A 88). •...
  • Page 93: Trimming Clips

    Clip and Photo Operations Deleting a Photo during Playback 1 Play back the desired photo (A 88). 2 Touch the screen to display the playback controls and then delete the photo. > > > [FUNC] [Delete] [¸ Proceed] [Yes] 3 Drag your finger left/right to select another photo to delete or select [X]. IMPORTANT •...
  • Page 94: External Connections

    Video Output Configuration External Connections External Connections Video Output Configuration The video signal output from the SDI OUT terminal (s only) and HDMI™ OUT terminal depends on the clip's video configuration and on various menu settings. The video signal output from the HDMI OUT terminal can also change depending on the capabilities of the connected monitor.
  • Page 95 Video Output Configuration Video Output Configuration (Playback) Video configuration Maximum Video output configuration Scan mode of the clip resolution setting setting Resolution Frame rate Resolution Frame rate Color sampling Same as that for 3840x2160 3840x2160 video configuration Same as that for 1920x1080 1920x1080 video...
  • Page 96: Connecting To An External Monitor

    Connecting to an External Monitor Connecting to an External Monitor When you connect the camcorder to an external monitor for playback, use the terminal that matches the one you with to use on the monitor (s only) or the HDMI OUT terminal. Then, select the video signal output configuration.
  • Page 97: S Using The Sdi Out Terminal

    Connecting to an External Monitor s Using the SDI OUT Terminal The digital signal that is output from the SDI OUT terminal includes the video signal, audio signal, time code and recording command. You can output also the onscreen displays (A 108). Make sure the SDI OUT terminal is set for output in advance (A 96).
  • Page 98 Connecting to an External Monitor NOTES • The HDMI OUT terminal on the camcorder is for output only. Do not connect it to an HDMI output terminal on an external device, as this may damage the camcorder. • Correct operation cannot be guaranteed when connecting the camcorder to DVI monitors. •...
  • Page 99: Audio Output

    Audio Output Audio Output The camcorder can output audio from the SDI OUT terminal (s only), HDMI OUT terminal, × (headphone) terminal or speaker (monaural; mode only). When recording or playing back clips recorded with 4-channel audio, you can select the 2-channel output. Audio output configuration Audio output configuration Audio configuration of the...
  • Page 100: Saving Clips

    • The video (stream) file in the clip will be split approximately every 4 GB. MP4 Join Tool is available as a free download (for Windows or macOS) from your local Canon website. Check the download page for the system requirements and latest information.
  • Page 101: Copying Clips And Photos Between Sd Cards

    Copying Clips and Photos Between SD Cards Copying Clips and Photos Between SD Cards You can copy clips and photos from one SD card to the other. Operating modes: 1 Open the desired index screen (A 88). • To copy all the clips or photos recorded on the same date (saved in the same folder), drag your finger left/right until a clip or photo you want to copy appears.
  • Page 102: Additional Information

    Menu Options Additional Information Additional Information Menu Options Menu items not available appear grayed out. For details about how to select an item, refer to Using the Menus (A 27). For details about each function, see the reference page. Menu options without a reference page are explained after the tables.
  • Page 103: Setup Menus

    Menu Options FUNC Menu ( Mode) Menu item Setting options and additional information For clips: [y] index screen Single clip (playback pause) [Copy (6'7)], [Copy (7'6)] – folder name < >,  [Select], [All Clips] [Delete]  [Trim] – For photos: [}] index screen Single photo view ...
  • Page 104 Menu Options Menu item Setting options [Zoom Ring Direction] [h Normal], [X Reverse] – [IR Light] [i On], [j Off] – [IR Rec Color] [± White], [² Green] [Digital Zoom]: Determines the operation of the digital zoom. • When you zoom, once you exceed the optical zoom range, the camcorder will automatically switch to digital zoom.
  • Page 105 Menu Options • The tele-converter increases the focal length by a factor of approximately 1.5 while the wide attachment decreases it by a factor of approximately 0.75. • When you select a setting other than [j Off], the AF mode is automatically set to [@ Normal AF].
  • Page 106 Menu Options [Æ Recording Setup] menu Menu item Setting options  [¸ Resolution] [3840x2160 (150 Mbps)], [1920x1080 (35 Mbps)], – [1920x1080 (17 Mbps)], [1280x720 (8 Mbps)]  [¸ Frame Rate] [¼ 59.94P], [» 29.97P], [º 23.98P] –  [¸ Audio Format] [ AAC 16bit 2CH], [ LPCM 16bit 4CH] –...
  • Page 107 Menu Options [MP4 Clip / Photo Numbering]: Clips and photos are saved as files in folders. You can select the file numbering method for those files. File numbers appear on screens in playback mode in a format such as "101-0107". The first 3 digits indicate the folder number and the last 4 digits are different for each file in a folder.
  • Page 108 Menu Options Menu item Setting options  [MIC Att.] [k Automatic], [i On], [j Off] – –  [MIC Low Cut] [i On], [j Off] – –  [MIC ALC Link] Linked], [ Separated] – –  [MIC Power] [i On], [ Off] –...
  • Page 109 Menu Options Menu item Setting options  [Onscreen Markers] [j Off], [4 Level (Gray)], [3 Level (White)], – – [6 Grid (Gray)], [5 Grid (White)]   [Distance Units] [. meters], [/ feet] – [Output Status]: Displays a screen where you can verify the standard of the output signal from the SDI OUT (s only) terminal or HDMI OUT terminal.
  • Page 110 Menu Options [B System Setup] menu Menu item Setting options   [Language ], [Dansk], [Deutsch], [ ], [English], [Español], [Français], [Italiano], [Magyar], [Melayu], [Nederlands], [Norsk], [Polski], [Português], [ ], [Suomi], [Svenska], [Türkçe], ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [...
  • Page 111 Menu Options [Battery Info]: When you are using a battery pack that is compatible with Intelligent System, this option displays a screen where you can verify the battery charge (as a percentage) and the remaining recording time ( mode) or playback time ( mode).
  • Page 112: Appendix: Onscreen Icons And Displays

    Appendix: Onscreen Icons and Displays Appendix: Onscreen Icons and Displays Recording Onscreen markers (A109) Face detection frame (A61) Tracking (A61) Left side of the screen Icon/Display Description F00.0 Aperture value (A 43) ND1/0 ND filter (A 46) Infrared light (A 80) 1/00000 Shutter speed (A 42) 00.0dB...
  • Page 113 Appendix: Onscreen Icons and Displays Top of the screen Icon/Display Description mode (A 34, 35) ’, ‚, “, n, H, Shooting mode (A 39) I, Q, K, L, M, R, S, T Infrared mode (A 80) 00:00:00.00, 00:00:00:00 Time code (A 64) Ñ, Ü...
  • Page 114 Appendix: Onscreen Icons and Displays Icon/Display Description å, Microphone attenuator (A 75) æ Audio peak limiter (A 72) MIC power (A 73) CH0/0, CH0+0/0+0 Audio output channel (A 99) Audio format (A 68) Bottom of the screen Icon/Display Description [FUNC] Opens the FUNC menu (A 28, 102) B, ~, ^, Onscreen assignable button (A 85)
  • Page 115 Appendix: Onscreen Icons and Displays Playback Clips Photos Top of the screen Icon/Display Description [FUNC] Opens the FUNC menu (A 28). Ð, Ý, Ø, ×, Ö, Playback operation (A 90) Õ, Ô, Ó Ð: Playback, Ý: Playback pause, Ø/×: Fast playback, Ö/Õ: Slow playback, Ô/Ó: Frame reverse/advance CH0/0, CH0+0/0+0 Audio output channel (A 99)
  • Page 116: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Troubleshooting If you have a problem with your camcorder, refer to this section. Consult your dealer or a Canon Service Center if the problem persists. Power source The camcorder will not turn on or it turns off by itself.
  • Page 117 - The camcorder may become hot after using it continuously for long periods of time; this is not a malfunction. If the camcorder becomes unusually hot or it becomes hot after using it only for a short while, it may indicate a problem with the camcorder. Consult a Canon Service Center. Playback Cannot delete clips/photos.
  • Page 118 - The battery pack is damaged. Use a different battery pack. - Charging has stopped because the compact power adapter or the battery pack is faulty. Consult a Canon Service Center. 7 flashes on the screen. - You connected the optional GP-E2 GPS Receiver to the camcorder in mode.
  • Page 119 Troubleshooting Audio cannot be recorded. - The INPUT terminal ON/OFF switch is not set to the correct position. - The external microphone connected to the INPUT 1/INPUT 2 terminal requires phantom power. Set the corresponding sensitivity selection switch for INPUT 1/INPUT 2 to MIC+48V (A 71). - The external microphone connected to the MIC terminal is not turned on or its battery is depleted.
  • Page 120: List Of Messages

    - You attached a battery pack that is not recommended by Canon for use with this camcorder. - If you are using a battery pack recommended by Canon for use with this camcorder, there may be a problem with the camcorder or battery pack. Consult a Canon Service Center.
  • Page 121 Troubleshooting File name error > - The folder and file numbers have reached their maximum value. Set [Recording Setup] [MP4 Clip / Photo Numbering] to [Reset] and initialize the SD card (A 32). Initialize only using the camcorder - Initialize the SD card with this camcorder (A 32). May not be possible to record movies on this memory card - An SD card error occurred.
  • Page 122: Safety Instructions And Handling Precautions

    Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Be sure to read these instructions in order to operate the product safely. WARNING Denotes the risk of serious injury or death. • Stop using the product in any case of unusual circumstances such as the presence of smoke or a strange smell.
  • Page 123: Camcorder

    This will protect your important recordings in case of damage and create more free space on the SD card. Canon shall not be liable for any data loss. • Do not use or store the camcorder in dusty or sandy places. The camcorder is not waterproof –...
  • Page 124: Battery Pack

    Regarding the use of non-Canon battery packs • For your safety, battery packs that are not genuine Canon battery packs will not be charged even if you attach them to this camcorder or to the optional CG-800 Battery Charger.
  • Page 125: Built-In Rechargeable Lithium Battery

    Safety Instructions and Handling Precautions Built-in Rechargeable Lithium Battery The camcorder has a built-in rechargeable lithium battery to keep the date/time and other settings. The built-in lithium battery is recharged while you use the camcorder; however, it will discharge completely if you do not use the camcorder for about 3 months. To recharge the built-in lithium battery: Connect the compact power adapter to the camcorder and leave it connected for 24 hours with the camcorder off.
  • Page 126: Maintenance/Others

    Maintenance/Others Maintenance/Others Cleaning Camcorder Body • Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the camcorder body. Never use chemically treated cloths or volatile solvents such as paint thinner. Lens, Viewfinder and Instant AF Sensor • If the lens surface or Instant AF sensor is dirty, autofocus may not work properly. •...
  • Page 127: Using The Camcorder Abroad

    You can use the compact power adapter to operate the camcorder and to charge battery packs in any country with power supply between 100 and 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz. Consult a Canon Service Center for information on plug adapters for overseas use.
  • Page 128: Optional Accessories

    Optional Accessories Optional Accessories (Availability differs from area to area) The following optional accessories are compatible with this camcorder. Select accessories are described in more detail in the following pages. BP-820, BP-828 CG-800 CA-570 Compact TL-H58 Battery Pack Battery Charger Power Adapter Tele-converter WA-H58 Wide...
  • Page 129 This product is designed to achieve excellent performance when used with genuine Canon accesso- ries. Canon shall not be liable for any damage to this product and/or accidents such as fire, etc., caused by the malfunction of non-genuine Canon accessories (e.g., a leakage and/or explosion of a battery pack).
  • Page 130 SC-2000 Soft Carrying Case A handy camcorder bag with padded compartments and plenty of space for accessories. This mark identifies genuine Canon video accessories. When you use Canon video equipment, we recommend Canon-brand accessories or products bearing the same mark.
  • Page 131: Specifications

    Specifications Specifications XA45 / XA40  — Values given are approximate figures. System • Recording System Clips: Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 Audio: MPEG-2 LPCM (4ch), MPEG-2 AAC-LC (2ch) Video configuration (resolution, bit rate, frame rate) 3840x2160: 150 Mbps (29.97P, 23.98P) 1920x1080: 35 Mbps, 17 Mbps (59.94P, 29.97P, 23.98P) 1280x720: 8 Mbps (59.94P)
  • Page 132 Specifications • White Balance Auto white balance, Custom white balance (2 settings), User-defined color temperature or Preset white balance settings: Daylight, Tungsten • Minimum Illumination  0.3 lx ([Low Light] shooting mode, 1/2 shutter speed)  5.0 lx ([Programmed AE] shooting mode, 59.94P frame rate, 1/30 shutter speed, auto slow shutter •...
  • Page 133 Specifications  • Weight Camcorder only: 740 g (1.6 lb.) Camcorder with lens hood, BP-820 Battery Pack, one SD card, handle unit: 1,130 g (2.5 lb.) Camcorder only: 730 g (1.6 lb.) Camcorder with lens hood, BP-820 Battery Pack, one SD card, handle unit: 1,120 g (2.5 lb.) CA-570 Compact Power Adapter •...
  • Page 134: Reference Tables

    Reference Tables Reference Tables Approximate recording times The camcorder uses a variable bit rate (VBR) to encode video so the actual recording times will vary depending on the subject. The following table shows the approximate recording times for a single recording operation until the indicated SD card becomes full.
  • Page 135 Reference Tables Battery pack Resolution/Bit rate Recording (maximum) Recording (typical)* Playback 3840x2160 (150 Mbps) 170 min. 95 min. 280 min. BP-820 1920x1080 (35 Mbps) 200 min. 110 min. 290 min. 1280x720 (8 Mbps) 175 min. 100 min. 300 min. 3840x2160 (150 Mbps) 265 min.
  • Page 136: Index

    Index 4-channel audio recording ....68 DC IN terminal ..... . . 15 Deleting recordings .
  • Page 137 Resolution (frame size) ....37 Reviewing recordings ....36 Language .
  • Page 138 Zebra pattern ......46 Zoom ......52 Digital zoom .
  • Page 139 B. If the Equipment is defective as a result of leaking batteries, sand, dirt or water damage; C. If defects or damages are caused by the use of parts or supplies (other than those sold by Canon USA) that cause damage to the Equipment or that cause abnormally frequent service calls or service problems;...
  • Page 140 B. If the Equipment is defective as a result of leaking batteries, sand, dirt or water damage; C. If defects or damages are caused by the use of parts or supplies (other than those sold by Canon Canada) that cause damage to the Equipment or that cause abnormally frequent service calls or service problems;...
  • Page 141 Canon Inc. 30-2, Shimomaruko 3-chome, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146-8501, Japan The information in this document is verified as of February 2019. Subject to change without notice. Visit your local Canon website to download the latest version. PUB.DIE-0525-000 © CANON INC. 2019...

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