HP workstation xw5000 Getting Started Manual

Linux-based workstations
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getting started guide
Linux-based workstations
hp workstation xw5000
hp workstation xw8000
Document Part Number: 322496-001
April 2003
Use this guide as a reference when setting up your new Linux®-based
workstation. For more information about your workstation, review the
other documentation that came with your system and visit HP's Web
site at


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  Summary of Contents for HP workstation xw5000

  • Page 1 Document Part Number: 322496-001 April 2003 Use this guide as a reference when setting up your new Linux®-based workstation. For more information about your workstation, review the other documentation that came with your system and visit HP’s Web www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport. site at...
  • Page 2 The warranties for HP products are set forth in the express limited warranty statements accompanying such products. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    ........1–10 setting hardware passwords in the hp setup program ......1–11 to set a password .
  • Page 4 contents 2 Linux system setup and recovery configuring your Linux workstation ........2–1 setting the root password (required) .
  • Page 5: Setting Up And Using Your Workstation

    setting up and using your workstation setting up your workstation Å WARNING: If you have any doubt that you can lift the workstation and monitor safely, do not move them without help. prepare your workspace 1. Unpack all components. 2. Place your monitor on a sturdy desk with easily accessible power 3.
  • Page 6: Install Your Graphics Card

    Your HP workstation is available with a range of graphics cards. For a complete and current list of supported cards, see: http://www.hp.com/workstations/ia32/options/graphicscontrollers. html Some video cards are pre-installed in the system, whereas others are packaged separately and shipped with the system.
  • Page 7 The following illustration shows the hp workstation xw5000 rear panel connectors. hp workstation xw5000 rear panel connectors getting started guide Power PS2 Mouse (green) PS2 Keyboard (purple) USB (black) Parallel (burgundy) setting up and using your workstation...
  • Page 8 The following illustration shows the hp workstation xw8000 rear panel connectors. hp workstation xw8000 rear panel connectors 1–4 Power PS2 Mouse (green) PS2 Keyboard (purple) USB (black) Parallel (burgundy)
  • Page 9: Front Panel Connectors

    The front panel of the workstations include these connectors: NOTE: The IEEE-1394 connector comes is an optional feature on the hp workstation xw5000. If you did not order this feature, the connector comes covered with a removable plug. Flip down the front panel cover to access the front panel connectors.
  • Page 10: Connect To A Local Area Network (Lan)

    Local Area Network (LAN) The hp workstation xw5000 includes a 10BT/100TX LAN auto-sensing interface adapter supporting both 10Mbps and 100Mbps operation. The hp workstation xw8000 uses a 10/100/1000 Mb Ethernet adapter supporting 10Mbps, 100Mbps, and 1000Mbps.
  • Page 11: Starting And Shutting Down Your Workstation

    Your Linux® workstation has pre-installed Red Hat® Linux and HP software. It is initialized the first time you start the workstation. The software initialization process takes a few minutes. The first time the workstation is booted, the Linux Setup Tool utility displays.
  • Page 12: Workstation Start-Up

    Setup program and rebooting the system. The choice is valid for this boot only; setup preferences are not modified. To select a boot option, press F8 when the HP splash screen is displayed. This screen lists only allowed boot devices. For example, if the administrator has disabled the “boot from floppy”...
  • Page 13: Shutting Down Your Workstation

    shutting down your workstation Ä CAUTION: Turning off your system without using the following instructions may result in a loss of data or a damaged file system. To shut down your workstation: 1. Exit all applications. 2. Shut down the workstation using the operating system’s 3.
  • Page 14: Using Your Workstation

    The hardware control panel located on the front of the workstation is identical for both the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000. xw5000 and xw8000 front panel components Power On/Off button. Press this button to start the workstation. You can also wake the workstation from Hibernate or Standby mode by pressing this button for less than four seconds.
  • Page 15: Setting Hardware Passwords In The Hp Setup Program

    Down command before resetting the machine. Hard Disk Activity LED. Flickers when your hard disk is being accessed. setting hardware passwords in the hp setup program You can set hardware passwords to provide different levels of protection for your workstation: the Administrator password and the User password.
  • Page 16: If You Forget Your User Password

    6. Go to the Set User Password field and set a new User password. 7. Press Esc or select Exit Menu to save the new password and exit configuring your workstation Use the HP Setup program to configure your workstation. With this program you can: Ä...
  • Page 17: Setup Program Menus

    setup program menus The opening screen of the workstation setup program is displayed. The following display: main menu The Main Menu presents a list of fields, including: By default, “Reset Configuration Data” is set to No. Select Yes to clear the system configuration data and return to the default settings. advanced menu The Advanced Menu offers a list of sub-menus allowing you to view or configure:...
  • Page 18: Security Menu

    setting up and using your workstation security menu The Security menu lets you: boot menu The Boot menu allows you to select the order of the devices from which you want the BIOS to attempt to boot the operating system. The QuickBoot mode option allows the system to skip certain tests while booting.
  • Page 19: Viewing Your Workstation Configuration

    2. When the start-up logo appears on your display, press Esc. This loading software applications for your optical drive The Linux-based hp workstations xw5000 and xw8000 are available with different optical drives. Each requires different software or drivers to operate properly. Only the CD-ROM comes with pre-installed drivers.
  • Page 20: Configuring Your Video Card And Monitor

    Your workstation has been designed to respect the environment as much as possible. HP can take an old workstation back for recycling when it reaches the end of its useful life through the product take-back program. Collected equipment is sent to one of HP’s recycling facilities. As many parts as possible are reused and the rest are recycled.
  • Page 21: Linux System Setup And Recovery

    Linux system setup and recovery configuring your Linux workstation Make sure there are no disks in the 3.5-inch floppy drive or the CD-ROM drive, then turn on the power switch. As the workstation boots, it describes what is happening with messages on the screen. You do not need to respond to any messages you see.
  • Page 22 Linux system setup and recovery After a few minutes, the start-up process ends and the Linux Setup Tool window, shown below, appears. You can choose from the tabs at the top of the screen to select the various areas of functionality. 2–2 getting started guide...
  • Page 23: Setting The Root Password (Required)

    setting the root password (required) Before you exit, you must set your own root password. enforces this. Click on the Passwords tab at the top of the Setup Tool window. This brings up the window shown below. To set the password: 1.
  • Page 24: Changing Boot/Network Parameters

    Linux system setup and recovery changing boot/network parameters Choose the Network tab and the following window displays. There are three kinds of booting protocols that setparms can set up for you: Static, DHCP, and BOOTP. Choose the appropriate protocol based on the following descriptions: static boot protocol If you choose Static booting, you will have to set several networking parameters.
  • Page 25: Dhcp Boot Protocol

    Files that are modified with these network changes are: DHCP boot protocol If you choose DHCP booting, your IP address, hostname, gateway, netmask, domain name, and DNS server information are all set up for you at boot time. It should also set up your NIS information. However, the current DHCP client-side implementation from Red Hat does not request this from the server, so you will have to set that up yourself if you use it.
  • Page 26: Graphics Parameters

    Linux system setup and recovery graphics parameters To set Monitor and Video parameters, use the Graphics tab at the top of the Setup Tool window. The window (see below) allows you to choose monitor manufacturer/type, video modes and which Default Window Manager to use.
  • Page 27: Dns Parameters Configuration

    DNS parameters configuration In the Network tab, select the DNS Servers tab to configure you DNS connections. The window contains two other sections: DNS Servers (IP Address) and DNS Search Domains. To set the DNS parameters: 1. Type the network Domain Name Server address in the Server 2.
  • Page 28: System Time, Timezone, Date Parameters

    Linux system setup and recovery system time, timezone, date parameters The “Time/Timezone” tab at the top of the Setup Tool screen will display the window shown below which is used for setting your system time and date. To enter the current time, day, month, and year: 1.
  • Page 29: Setting The Keyboard Language

    This step creates a symbolic link from /etc/localtime to /usr/share/zoneinfo/<timezone>. Selecting the “Set time on Save” option causes setparms to set and save the system clock and the hardware clock with the time and date specified in the Time and Date fields. If you do not select that option, they will remain set to their current value.
  • Page 30: Summary

    Linux system setup and recovery summary This completes the miscellaneous parameters you can set from the Linux Setup Tool window. If you want to erase the changes you have made and keep the current configuration settings, click the Reset Configuration button. The Show Summary window, shown below, contains all the information you entered.
  • Page 31: Recovering Your Linux System

    recovering your Linux system This section provides information on how to recover your Linux system should it be required. the Linux Rescue Mode The Linux Rescue Mode is a Linux environment that lets you access files on your Linux workstation when you cannot actually run Linux. You may be unable to run Linux because it will not boot or you have had a hardware or software failure.
  • Page 32: Booting Your System In Rescue Mode

    Linux system setup and recovery booting your system in Rescue Mode To boot your system in Rescue Mode, enter the following parameter at the installation boot prompt: boot: linux rescue You can get to the installation boot prompt in one of these ways: 1.
  • Page 33 table 2-1. Linux commands (Continued) ddcprove depmode e2fsck fdisk fsck fsck.ext2 genhdlist gnome-pty-helper minfo grep gunzip NOTE: The man command is not available in Rescue Mode. Make sure you know how to use all the above commands before you use Rescue Mode.
  • Page 34: Booting Single User Mode Directly

    Linux system setup and recovery booting single user mode directly You may be able to boot single-user mode directly. If your system boots, but does not allow you to login when it has completed booting, try rebooting and specifying one of these options at the LILO boot prompt: LILO boot: linux single LILO boot: linux emergency...
  • Page 35: Troubleshooting

    This section contains information for diagnosing and solving common problems on the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000. For more detailed help, refer to the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000 Technical Reference Guides at http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport. getting started guide...
  • Page 36: Workstation Does Not Start Properly

    After viewing these details, you are returned to the original POST display screen. Note: A list of POST errors with suggested solutions is included in the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000 Technical Reference Guides at: http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport getting started guide...
  • Page 37 there are one or more beeps and the system does not boot. When your workstation starts, the system tests your hardware for possible problems. If a critical problem is detected, the system emits audible beeps. Make sure... You count the beeps to determine the error and suggested solutions.
  • Page 38: Hardware Problems

    troubleshooting hardware problems The following table will assist you in resolving issues when your workstation has a hardware problem. table 3-2. keyboard and mouse problems the keyboard doesn’t work. Make sure... The keyboard cable is correctly connected. The keyboard is free of debris. The keyboard itself is not defective.
  • Page 39 table 3-3. video problems the system’s power indicator light works, but the monitor remains blank. Make sure... The monitor is switched ON (LED is on). The monitor’s power cord is correctly connected. The graphics card is installed and the monitor (video) cable is correctly connected.
  • Page 40 Run the Setup program and enable booting to removable media and verify boot order settings. Insert a bootable CD in the drive. Refer to the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000 Technical Reference Guides http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport Install decoder software. See the “Loading Software Applications for Your Optical Drive”...
  • Page 41 the optical drive cannot read a disc or takes too long to start. DVD drives take longer to start because they must determine the type of media played, such as audio or video. Wait at least 30 seconds to let the DVD drive determine the type of media being played.
  • Page 42 “Connect the Components” section in this guide for more information. Connect the audio cable between the CD or DVD-ROM drive and the system board. See the hp workstation xw5000 and xw8000 Technical Reference Guides at http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport Turn on and use headphones or external speakers, if connected, or disconnect headphones or external speakers.
  • Page 43: Issues With Bios Passwords

    noise or no sound comes out of the speakers or headphones. Make sure... The workstation is detecting the correct speaker/headphone type and analog-to-digital auto-sense is engaged. issues with BIOS passwords If you forget the BIOS passwords for the workstation, you must clear them before you can set new passwords.
  • Page 44 “setting hardware passwords in the hp setup program” section in Chapter 1. getting started guide...
  • Page 45: Understanding The E-Buzzer Beep Codes

    Help desk equipment to extract the workstation model, serial number, and details about any faults. To send this signal to HP Support, hold your telephone next to the speaker on the system front bezel when the system is booting.
  • Page 46: Restoring Your Os And Software From Cd

    Restore the original OS and factory-installed software by using the CDs provided with your workstation. Carefully read and follow the instructions that came with the CDs. For questions about problems with these CDs, contact HP Customer Care. Å WARNING: The operations you perform using the recover CDs permanently erase the contents of your hard disk.
  • Page 47 3–11 BIOS 3–12 boot BOOTP protocol 2–5 menu 1–8 parameters 2–4 static protocol 2–4 components connecting 1–2 xw5000 rear panel 1–3 xw8000 rear panel 1–4 connecting keyboard 1–5 LAN 1–6 mouse 1–5 power cords 1–6 connectors front panel 1–5 xw5000 rear panel 1–3...
  • Page 48 Rescue mode 2–11 single user mode 2–14 system recovery 2–11 Linux Setup Tool 2–2 memory 3–11 motherboard 3–12 mouse troubleshooting 3–4 xw5000 connector 1–3 xw8000 connector 1–4 network parameters 2–4 parameters boot 2–4 date 2–8 DNS 2–7 graphics 2–6 network 2–4 system time 2–8...

This manual is also suitable for:

Workstation xw8000

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