Also See for Ford 1996 Thunderbird

   Summary of Contents for Ford 1996 Thunderbird

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Introductory Information ... 1 Safety Restraints ... 7 Starting Your Thunderbird ... 45 Warning Lights and Gauges ... 55 Instrument Panel Controls ... 73 Steering Column Controls ... 91 Features ... 101 Electronic Sound Systems ... 131 Driving Your Thunderbird ...

  • Page 4: Introductory Information

    Introductory Information Ford’s Commitment to You Our Guiding Principles Quality comes first. For your satisfaction, the quality of our products and services must be our number one priority. You are the focus of everything we do. Our work must be done with you in mind, providing better products and services than our competition.

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    This guide describes equipment and gives specifications for equipment that was in effect when this guide was approved for printing. Ford may discontinue models or change specifications or design without any notice and without incurring obligation.

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    Canadian Owners — French Version French Owner Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box 1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.

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    If you lose your Warranty Information Booklet, you can get a new one free of charge. Contact any Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer, or refer to the addresses and phone numbers on the first page of this owner guide. Buying a Ford Extended Service Plan If you bought your vehicle in the U.S., you can...

  • Page 8

    The break-in period for new brake linings lasts for 100 miles (160 km) of city driving or 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of highway driving. Use only the type of engine oil that Ford recommends. See Engine oil recommendations in the Index. Do not use special “break-in”...

  • Page 9

    Washing and Polishing Your Vehicle Wash the outside of your vehicle, including the underside, with a mild detergent. DO NOT: Wash your vehicle with hot water Wash your vehicle while it sits in direct sunlight Wash your vehicle while the body is hot Polish your vehicle to remove harmful deposits and protect the finish.

  • Page 10: Safety Restraints

    Safety Restraints Important Safety Belt Information The use of safety belts helps to restrain you and your passengers in case of a collision. In most states and in Canada the law requires their use. Safety belts provide best restraint when: the seatback is upright the occupant is sitting upright (not slouched) the lap belt is snug and low on the hips...

  • Page 11

    RWARNING Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. Never swing it around the neck over the inside shoulder. Never use a single belt for more than one person or across more than one seating position. Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed to be used as a pair.

  • Page 12: Combination Lap And Shoulder Belts

    Combination Lap and Shoulder Belts While your vehicle is in motion, the combination lap and shoulder belt adjusts to your movement. However, if you brake hard, corner hard or if your vehicle receives an impact of 5 mph (8 km/h) or more, the lap and shoulder belt locks and helps reduce your forward movement.

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    Fastening the rear seat combination lap and shoulder belt NOTE: Be sure to read and understand Important Safety Belt Information at the beginning of this chapter. Safety Belts for the Front Passenger Outboard Seating Positions Your vehicle is equipped with a dual locking mode retractor on the shoulder belt portion of the combination lap/shoulder safety belt for front seat passengers and a locking “cinch...

  • Page 14

    safety belt is buckled, and does not allow the occupant freedom of movement. This mode provides the following: A tight lap/shoulder belt fit on the occupant. Child seat or infant carrier installation restraint. RWARNING Never install a rear-facing child seat or infant carrier in the right front passenger seat.

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    Safety Belts with Locking Cinch Tongue for Rear Outboard Seating Positions Your vehicle is equipped with safety seat belts containing a cinch tongue at the rear outboard seating positions. The locking cinch tongue will slide up and down the belt webbing when the belt is in the stowed position or while putting seat belts on.

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    Adjusting the cinch tongue rear combination lap and shoulder belt To fasten a cinch tongue, pull the combination lap and shoulder belt from the retractor so that the shoulder belt portion of the safety belt crosses your shoulder and chest. Be sure the belt is not twisted.

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    RWARNING All front and rear seat outboard occupants (including pregnant women) should wear lap and shoulder belts, for optimum protection in a collision. RWARNING Failure to follow these precautions could increase the risk and/or severity of injury in a collision. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the outside shoulder only.

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    To unfasten all the belts: 1. Push the release button on the end of the buckle. This allows the tongue to unlatch from the buckle. Unfastening the front outboard lap/shoulder belts Unfastening the rear outboard lap/shoulder belts 2. While the belt retracts, guide the tongue to its stowed position.

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    Lap Belts — Rear Center Seating Positions The lap belt in the center of the rear seat does not adjust automatically. You must adjust it to fit snugly and as low as possible around your hips. Do not wear it around your waist. Pull the belt across your hips and insert the tongue into the correct buckle on your seat until you hear a snap and feel it lock.

  • Page 20: Safety Belt Maintenance

    (slide bar) (if equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware, should be inspected after any collision. Ford recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a collision be replaced. However, if the collision...

  • Page 21

    during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted. Cleaning the Safety Belts Clean the safety belts with any mild soap solution that is recommended for cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belt webbing because this may weaken it.

  • Page 22

    There are four very important reasons to use safety belts even with an air bag system. Use your safety belts to: help keep you in the proper position (away from the air bag) when it inflates reduce the risk of harm in rollover, side or rear impact collisions, because an air bag is not designed to inflate in such situations reduce the risk of harm in frontal collisions...

  • Page 23

    In rear-facing infant seats, the infant’s head is closer to the air bag. The force of the rapidly inflating air bag could push the top of the rear-facing seat against the vehicle seatback, center console (if so equipped), or center armrests (if so equipped).

  • Page 24

    Children. For further information about the proper mounting of equipment in the front seat of this vehicle, please refer to Ford’s brochure entitled Some Important Information About Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System which can be obtained by calling Helm Inc. at 1-800-782-4356.

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    The location of the air bag and warning labels If a collision occurs, the sensors sense the severity of the impact and activates the air bags if necessary. The air bag system is designed to deploy in frontal and front-angled collisions more severe than hitting a parked vehicle (of similar size and weight) head-on at about 28 mph (45 km/h).

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    RWARNING Air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not touch them after inflation. Inflated driver side air bag...

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    Inflated right front passenger side air bag RWARNING If the air bag is inflated, THE AIR BAG WILL NOT FUNCTION AGAIN AND MUST BE REPLACED IMMEDIATELY. If the air bag is not replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a collision.

  • Page 28: Safety Restraints For Children

    If any of these things happen, have the air bag system serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer immediately. Unless serviced, the air bag supplemental restraint system may not function properly in the event of a collision.

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    RWARNING Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a collision. RWARNING Passengers should not be allowed to ride in the cargo area. Persons not riding in a seat with a fastened seat belt are much more likely to suffer serious injury in a collision.

  • Page 30

    Always follow the safety seat manufacturer’s instructions when installing and using the safety seat. Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable of providing a tether anchorage.

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    RWARNING REAR-FACING INFANT SEATS SHOULD NEVER BE USED IN THE FRONT SEAT. REAR-FACING INFANT SEATS MUST ALWAYS BE PLACED IN THE REAR SEAT. Failure to follow these instructions could result in serious injury. All child restraint systems are designed to be secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or by the lap portion of a lap-shoulder belt.

  • Page 32

    Installing Safety Seats in the Front Outboard Passenger Seating Position For seating positions equipped with a dual locking mode retractor, use the following procedure. If you choose to install a child safety seat or infant carrier in the front seating positions, move vehicle seat as far back as possible.

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    3. While holding the shoulder and lap belt portions together, route the tongue through the child seat according to the child seat manufacturer’s instructions. See Figure 2. Be sure that the belt webbing is not twisted. Routing the lap/shoulder belt...

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    4. Insert the belt tongue into the buckle for that seating position until you hear and feel the latch engage. Figure 3. Make sure tongue is latched securely to buckle by pulling on tongue. Buckling the belt...

  • Page 35

    5. Grasp the shoulder portion of the belt and pull downward until all of the belt is extracted and a click is heard. At this time, the retractor is in the automatic locking mode (child seat restraint mode). Figure 4. NOTE: The dual-locking mode retractor must be in the automatic locking mode to properly restrain a child.

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    7. Before placing the child in the child seat, forcibly tilt the seat from side to side, and tug it forward to make sure that the seat is securely held in place, Figure 7. Checking that the seat is secure 8.

  • Page 38

    Checking the retractor 9. Check to make sure that the child seat is properly secured prior to each use. If the retractor is not locked, repeat steps 4 through 7. Installing Child Safety Seats in the Rear Outboard Seating Positions Your rear outboard seating positions are equipped with a cinch tongue on the safety belts.

  • Page 39

    NOTE: The belt webbing below the tongue is the lap belt portion of the combination lap/shoulder belt, and the belt webbing above the tongue is the shoulder belt portion of the combination lap/shoulder belt. 2. With your other hand, grasp the tip (metal portion) of the tongue (not the cover) and slide the tongue up the webbing as far as it will go.

  • Page 40

    4. While holding the shoulder and lap belt portions together, route the tongue and webbing through the child seat according to the child seat manufacturer’s instructions. See Figure 2. Be sure that the belt webbing is not twisted.

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    5. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for that seating position until you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely latched to the buckle by pulling on the tongue. See Figure 3.

  • Page 42

    6. Push down on the child seat and pull up on the shoulder belt portion to tighten the lap belt portion of the combination lap and shoulder belt. See Figure 4.

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    7. Grasp belt close to child seat and pull on the shoulder belt portion of the combination lap/shoulder belt, then allow the belt to retract and remove all slack to securely tighten the child safety seat in the vehicle. See Figure 5. 8.

  • Page 45

    9. Check from time to time to be sure that there is no slack in the lap/shoulder belt. The shoulder belt must be snug to keep the lap belt tight during a collision. Installing a Child Safety Seat at the Rear Center Seating Position with Adjustable Lap Belt 1.

  • Page 46

    Safety Belts for Children Children who are too large for child safety seats should always wear safety belts. (See instructions with your child seat, or contact its manufacturer, to determine maximum size of child that will safely fit in the seat.) RWARNING If safety belts are not properly worn and adjusted as described, the risk of serious...

  • Page 47

    To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and...

  • Page 48: Starting Your Thunderbird

    Starting Your Thunderbird Ignition Understanding the Positions of the Ignition The positions of the key in the ignition ACCESSORY allows some of your vehicle’s electrical accessories such as the radio and the windshield wipers to operate while the engine is not running.

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    START cranks the engine. Release the key once the engine starts so that you do not damage the starter. The key should return to ON when you release it. The START position also allows you to test the brake warning light. Removing the Key From the Ignition 1.

  • Page 50: Starting Your Vehicle

    Fuel-Injected Engines When starting a fuel-injected engine, the most important thing to remember is to avoid pressing down on the accelerator before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have problems getting your vehicle started. See Starting Your Engine in this chapter for details about when to use the accelerator while you start your vehicle.

  • Page 51

    Starting Your Engine To start your engine: 1. Follow the steps under Preparing to Start Your Vehicle at the beginning of this section. 2. Turn the ignition key to the ON position. 3. DO NOT depress the accelerator pedal when starting your engine.

  • Page 52

    Whenever you start your vehicle, release the key as soon as the engine starts. Excessive cranking could damage the starter or flood the engine. After you start the engine, let it idle for a few seconds. Keep your foot on the brake pedal and put the gearshift lever in gear.

  • Page 53

    To turn the heater on, simply plug it into a grounded 110-volt outlet. Ford recommends that you use a 110-volt circuit that is protected by a ground fault circuit interrupter.

  • Page 54

    RWARNING To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater) adapters. For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before you start your vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not damage the engine, so you can plug it in at night to start your vehicle the following morning.

  • Page 55

    Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever: your vehicle is raised for service the sound of the exhaust system changes your vehicle has been damaged in a collision Improve your ventilation by keeping all air inlet vents clear of snow, leaves, and other debris. If the engine is idling while you are stopped in an open area for long periods of time, open the windows at least one inch (2.5 cm).

  • Page 56

    If the Engine Cranks but Does Not Start or Does Not Start After a Collision Fuel Pump Shut-off Switch If the engine cranks but does not start or does not start after a collision, the fuel pump shut-off switch may have been triggered. The shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.

  • Page 57

    If your engine cranks but does not start after a collision or substantial jolt: 1. Turn the ignition key to the OFF position. 2. Check under the vehicle for leaking fuel. 3. If you do not see or smell fuel, push the red reset button down.

  • Page 58: Warning Lights And Gauges

    Warning Lights and Gauges The instrument panel (dashboard) on your vehicle is divided into several different sections. The illustrations on the following pages show the major parts of the instrument panel that are described in this chapter. Some items shown may not be on all vehicles.

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    The Mechanical Cluster The following warning lights and gauges are on the mechanical cluster. All of the warning lights and gauges alert you to possible problems with your vehicle. Some of the lights listed are optional. The following sections detail what each of these indicators means.

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    Anti-Lock Brake System Light (If equipped) This warning light will go on each time you start your vehicle. If it remains on for longer than five seconds, you should shut off your engine and restart. If the anti-lock brake light stays on, this indicates that the anti-lock feature is disabled and should receive immediate attention by a qualified service technician.

  • Page 62

    RWARNING If the anti-lock brake system warning light remains on or comes on while driving, have the braking system checked by a qualified service technician as soon as possible. NOTE: If a fault occurs in the anti-lock system, and the brake warning light is not lit, the anti-lock system is disabled but normal brake function remains operational.

  • Page 63

    If either of these things happen, have the air bag system serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer immediately. Charging System Light...

  • Page 64

    If the light stays on or comes on when the engine is running, have the electrical system checked as soon as possible. Overdrive Off Indicator This light tells you that the Transmission Control Switch (TCS) on the gearshift lever has been pushed.

  • Page 65

    High Beam Light This light comes on when the headlamps are turned to high beam or when you flash the lights. Check Gauges Warning Light (if equipped) This light will come on when the key is in the ON position and the: engine coolant temperature gauge is high, or engine oil pressure gauge is low, or when the fuel tank has reached empty...

  • Page 66

    Check Engine Warning Light The Powertrain On-Board Diagnostic II (OBD II) system consists of the hardware and software necessary to monitor the operation of the powertrain. The OBD II system is designed to check the function of the vehicle’s powertrain control system during normal operation.

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    If the light turns on and off on rare occasions while you are driving, it means that a malfunction occurred and the condition corrected itself. An example of a condition which corrects itself occurs when an engine running out of fuel begins to misfire.

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    Turn Signal Indicator Lights The turn signal arrow will flash to indicate the direction in which you are going to be turning. Fuel Gauge The fuel gauge The fuel gauge displays approximately how much fuel is in the fuel tank only when the ignition switch is ON.

  • Page 69

    Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level or mixture, the gauge indication will not be accurate. The pointer moves from the C (cold) mark into the NORMAL band as your engine coolant warms up.

  • Page 70

    If your engine coolant overheats: 1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible. 2. Turn off the engine. 3. Let the engine cool. DO NOT REMOVE COOLANT SYSTEM FILL CAP UNTIL THE ENGINE IS COOL. 4. Check the coolant level following the instructions on checking and adding coolant to your engine, see Engine Coolant in the Index.

  • Page 71

    Trip Odometer If you want to track your mileage up to 999.9 miles (kilometers), use the trip odometer. Simply set the trip odometer to zero by pressing the reset button firmly when beginning the distance you wish to measure. Since the trip odometer displays distance independent of the odometer it will not always advance to the next mile (kilometer) at the same time as the odometer.

  • Page 72

    Battery Voltage Gauge (If Equipped) This gauge shows you the battery voltage when the ignition key is in the ON position. If the battery is operating under cold weather conditions, the pointer may indicate in the upper range of the NORMAL band while the battery is charging.

  • Page 73

    Engine oil pressure gauge If you lose engine oil pressure: 1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible. 2. Shut off the engine immediately or severe engine damage could result. 3. Check the engine’s oil level, following the instructions on checking and adding engine oil, see the Engine Oil in the Index.

  • Page 74

    Indicator Lamp Module (If equipped) The following warning lights are on the indicator lamp module. All of the warning lights alert you to possible problems. Some of the lights listed are optional. The following section details what each of these indicators mean. The indicator lamp module Door Ajar Light (If equipped) This light tells you when any door is not...

  • Page 75

    Low Coolant Light This light indicates that the level of the engine coolant is low inside the coolant recovery bottle and that you should add more coolant. See Engine Coolant in the Index. The low coolant light Low Fuel Light This light comes on when your fuel gauge indicates approximately 1/16 of a tank.

  • Page 77

    The main controls for the climate control system, clock, and radio are on the instrument panel. NOTE: Any cleaner or polish that increases the gloss (shine) of the upper part of the instrument panel should be avoided. The dull finish in this area is to help protect the driver from undesirable windshield reflection.

  • Page 78

    The knobs that control the manual heating and air conditioning system To heat the interior of your vehicle, turn the SELECT knob to FLOOR, turn the TEMP knob to the end of the red range (full right) and turn the FAN knob to HI. Temperature and fan speed can be adjusted as desired.

  • Page 79

    To cool your vehicle using outside air, turn the SELECT knob to A/C, turn the TEMP knob all the way to the end of the blue range (full left) and turn the FAN knob to the desired speed between LO and HI. A/C provides quieter system operation than MAX A/C, but it is not as efficient as MAX A/C which uses recirculated air.

  • Page 80

    Adjusting the panel register airflow The instrument panel registers may be adjusted to your comfort needs. The thumbwheel controls the volume of air and the knob in the center of the register controls direction up or down or side to side. Controlling the airflow from panel registers The Semi Automatic Temperature Control System (If equipped)

  • Page 81

    The controls for the Semi-Automatic Temperature Control system System Controls Digital display The temperature you select for your driving comfort is displayed here. You can change the temperature by pressing either the COOL or the WARM button. You may also display outside temperature for four seconds by depressing the OUTSIDE TEMP button.

  • Page 82

    Warm button This button is used to RAISE the temperature setting. Press the button once to raise the displayed temperature one degree. Holding the button in will continuously increase the temperature setting in one degree increments until you either release it or 85˚F (29˚C) is reached.

  • Page 83

    To cool your car quickly in warm weather, turn the SELECT knob to MAX A/C and turn the FAN knob to AUTO. As the vehicle interior cools down, the discharge air temperature and fan speed will automatically and gradually be changed to maintain the set temperature with airflow from the instrument panel registers.

  • Page 84: Rear Window Defroster

    Rear Window Defroster (If equipped) The defroster for the rear window clears frost, fog, or thin ice from both the inside and outside of the rear window. The button for the rear window defroster is located on the lower right side of the instrument panel, just left of the climate control panel.

  • Page 85: The Interior And Exterior Lights

    The Interior and Exterior Lights Daytime Running Light System (Canadian vehicles only) The Daytime Running Light (DRL) system turns the high beam headlamps on, with a reduced light output, when: The headlamp system is in the OFF position, The vehicle is running, and The vehicle has a fully released parking brake.

  • Page 86

    Turning On the Exterior Lights To turn on the headlamps, parking lamps, side markers, and tail lamps, use the rotary knob that is to the left of the steering wheel. The knob that controls the headlamps and parking lamps (shown with autolamp feature — other models similar) When you turn on the headlamps, the parking lamps, tail lamps, and side markers automatically turn on.

  • Page 87

    Chime for headlamps on This chime sounds if the driver or any passenger door is open when the parking lamps or headlamps are on. The chime sounds until you close the door, turn off the lamps or turn the ignition to the ON position. Cleaning the Exterior Lamps Do not use dry paper towel, chemical solvents or abrasive cleaners to clean the lamps, as these...

  • Page 88

    To set the autolamp: 1. Make sure the headlamp knob is in the OFF position. If the knob for the headlamps is ON, you cancel the autolamp. 2. Turn the ignition key to ON or start your vehicle. 3. Find the autolamp thumbwheel to the right of the panel dim thumbwheel.

  • Page 89

    Lighting Up the Interior and Instrument Panel Manual operation With the light knob in the parking lamps or the headlamps position, you can brighten or dim the lights in the instrument panel. To do this, use the thumbwheel to the left of the steering wheel. This wheel also turns on the interior lights with the light knob on or off.

  • Page 90

    Occasionally, you will need to clean the lens of the door lock assembly. Use Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner Concentrate, a mild soap, or household ammonia and water solution.

  • Page 91

    Turning on the Map and Reading Lamps Your vehicle has two map lamps for the passenger and the driver. To turn on the map lamps, push the switch next to each lamp. Map lamp (with optional moon roof) Front seat map and dome lamps (without optional moon roof) The dual beam map lamps are located on each side of the dome lamp.

  • Page 92

    Rear Seat Courtesy Lamps Your vehicle has rear seat courtesy lamps which are activated when the interior lights are turned on. These lamps are located on the quarter trim panels. Cleaning the Interior Lamps Your interior dome lamps and map lamps are plastic and should be cleaned with a mild detergent diluted in water.

  • Page 93

    Cleaning the Instrument Panel Lens Clean the instrument panel lens with a soft cloth and a glass cleaner, such as Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, or equivalent. Do not use paper towel or any abrasive cleaner to clean the lens as these may cause scratches.

  • Page 94: Steering Column Controls

    Steering Column Controls The controls on the steering column and wheel are designed to give you easy access to the controls while you are driving. The Turn Signal Lever You can use the turn signal lever on the left side of the steering column to: operate the turn signals turn the high beams on/off...

  • Page 95: Windshield Wipers And Washer

    If the turn signal stays on after you turn, move the lever back to the center (off) position. For lane changes, move the lever far enough to signal but not to latch. The lever will return to the off position when you release it. High Beams To turn on the high beams, turn the headlamp control knob to the headlamp ON position and...

  • Page 96

    HI, LO, or the interval setting selected. If the washer does not work, check the washer fluid level and fill it if it is low. See the Servicing Your Thunderbird chapter. If there is enough fluid, consult your nearest Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.

  • Page 97

    Do not try to clean the windshield when the washer fluid container is empty or activate the washers at any time for more than 15 seconds continuously. This could damage the washer pump system. RWARNING In freezing weather, the washer solution may freeze on the windshield and obscure your vision.

  • Page 98

    The control switch for the hazard flashers Horn To sound the horn, push the center pad area of the steering wheel. The horn on the steering wheel...

  • Page 99: Tilt Steering

    Tilt Steering RWARNING Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving. The lever to tilt the steering wheel To change the position of the steering wheel, pull the release lever on the column toward you. Tip the steering wheel to the desired position. Release the lever to lock the steering wheel in place.

  • Page 100

    Speed Control (If equipped) If your vehicle has speed control, you can automatically maintain a constant speed at or above 30 mph (50 km/h). Use of radio transmitting equipment that is not Federal Communications Commission (FCC) or in Canada the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved may cause the speed control to malfunction.

  • Page 101

    The speed control switches on the steering wheel To set the speed control: 1. Press and release the ON switch. 2. Accelerate to the desired speed above 30 mph (50 km/h) using the accelerator pedal. 3. Press the SET ACCEL switch and release it immediately to set your speed.

  • Page 102

    NOTE: If your speed increases above your set speed while driving in D (Drive) on a downhill grade, you may want to depress the Transmission Control Switch located on the shift lever to turn off overdrive to reduce vehicle speed. Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it goes above your set speed on a downhill grade.

  • Page 103

    To reset the speed control to a higher speed, follow one of these procedures: ACCEL — Press and hold the SET ACCEL switch. Release the switch when the vehicle has accelerated to the desired speed. Depress the accelerator pedal. When the vehicle attains the desired speed, press the SET ACCEL switch and release it immediately.

  • Page 104: Features

    Features Your vehicle has a variety of features designed for your comfort, convenience and safety. Read this chapter to find out about standard and optional features. Doors Anti-theft front door lock knobs Anti-theft lock knobs are designed to prevent unlocking the door by pulling up on the lock knob.

  • Page 105

    Power Door Locks (If equipped) If your vehicle has power door locks, the controls to lock the doors are on the trim panel of the front door. When you close the doors after you set the door locks, the doors remain locked.

  • Page 106

    Using the Illuminated Entry System (If equipped) The interior lights turn on when you lift the outside door handle on either front door when you press UNLOCK, TRUNK, or PANIC on a programmed remote entry transmitter if your vehicle is equipped with remote entry. These lights automatically turn off after 25 seconds or when you turn the ignition key to ON or ACC.

  • Page 107

    Anti-Theft Alarm System (If equipped) When armed, this system helps protect your vehicle against break-ins or theft. When an unauthorized entry occurs, the system triggers and will: flash the headlamps, parking lamps, and alarm indicator lamp honk the horn disable the starting circuit to prevent the vehicle from being started NOTE: The factory installed Remote Entry System has a PANIC feature that also...

  • Page 108

    To tell the difference between a PANIC alarm and a triggered Anti-theft alarm: only the Anti-Theft alarm will cause the alarm indicator lamp (located in the center of the instrument panel) to flash on and off. only the Anti-Theft alarm will disable the start circuit so that the vehicle can not be started.

  • Page 109

    Arming the system To arm the system, do the following steps in sequence: 1. Remove the key from the ignition. At this point, the anti-theft system automatically monitors the ignition keylock cylinder. If the lock cylinder is forcibly removed, the anti-theft alarm system will trigger.

  • Page 110

    You can also arm the anti-theft system by following this sequence: 1. Remove key from ignition. 2. Close all of the doors. 3. Press the remote entry transmitter LOCK button to lock the doors. The alarm indicator will come on for 30 seconds to show that the alarm is arming and then turn off to show that the alarm has been armed.

  • Page 111

    Disarming an untriggered anti-theft system You can disarm the system by: unlocking a door with the key (turn the key all the way to the end of travel or the system may not disarm. using the UNLOCK button of the remote entry transmitter using the keyless entry unlock code on the keypad...

  • Page 112

    Disarming a triggered system The alarm can be disarmed by: unlocking a front door with the key using the UNLOCK button of the remote entry transmitter NOTE: The flashing lights and honking horn will shut off automatically within 2 minutes 45 seconds after the system is triggered.

  • Page 113: Remote Entry System

    Remote Entry System (If equipped) If your vehicle has the remote entry system, you can lock and unlock the vehicle doors and open the trunk without using a key. The remote also has a personal alarm feature. The buttons for the system are located on the hand held transmitter(s) that came with your vehicle.

  • Page 114

    Unlocking the doors and opening the trunk To unlock the driver’s door, press the UNLOCK button. To unlock the other doors, press the UNLOCK button a second time within five seconds of unlocking the driver’s door. To open the trunk, press the TRUNK button. Locking the doors To lock all the doors, press the LOCK button.

  • Page 115

    (included) that should last for several years of normal use. If you notice a significant decrease in operating range, the batteries should be replaced. Replacement batteries can be purchased at most pharmacies, watch stores or at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.

  • Page 116

    NOTE: The operating range of the remote entry system can also be affected by weather conditions (such as very cold temperatures) or structures around the vehicle (buildings, other vehicles, radio and TV towers, etc.). Typical operating range will allow you to be up to 33 feet (10 meters) away from your vehicle.

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  • Page 118

    The master controls on the driver’s door Moon Roof (If equipped) You can move the moon roof back to open the glass panel, or you can tilt it up to ventilate the vehicle. There is also an intermediate position between closed and open which can reduce wind noise at speeds between 30 and 45 miles per hour (50 and 70 km/h).

  • Page 119

    The switch for the moon roof To open the moon roof, press and hold the rear portion of the switch. The glass panel will move to the intermediate position and stop. If the rear of the switch is pressed again the glass panel will move to the full open position and stop.

  • Page 120

    To tilt the moon roof into vent position when the glass panel is closed, press the front portion of the switch. To close from vent position, press and hold the rear portion of the switch. Occasionally wiping the outside guide rail covers of the moon roof with a clean cloth will help keep the moon roof working properly.

  • Page 121

    Seats Head Restraints If you use them properly, head restraints will help protect your head and neck in a collision. A head restraint helps protect you best if you position it behind your head and not behind your neck. Standard head restraints You can adjust the head restraints for your comfort and protection.

  • Page 122

    4. Release the bar to latch the seat in its new position. Make sure the seat locks securely in place. The front seat adjustment bar To recline the front manual seats: 1. On the side of the seat, find the handle for the recliner.

  • Page 123

    Seatback Recline Front seatback release levers It is not necessary to use the emergency seatback release lever for rear seat entry or exit. The seatback remains unlocked with normal usage and locks only during emergency stopping, upon impact, or on steep downhill grades. The inertia seatback latch will allow the seatback to rotate approximately 5˚...

  • Page 124

    Using the Power Seats (If equipped) If your vehicle has power seats, you can adjust them in several directions. The controls are on the side of the seats. The power controls on the driver’s seat RWARNING Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.

  • Page 125

    Sport Seat Sport seat controls...

  • Page 126

    Rear Seat Entry Entering the rear seat The rotating boot on the lap belt is designed to allow rear seat entry/exit. To enter the rear seat: 1. Rotate the safety belt boot rearward. 2. Enter the rear seat in front of the safety belt. 3.

  • Page 127

    Mirrors You can adjust your rearview mirror in any direction. The special swivel bracket lets you move the mirror up or down and from side to side. RWARNING Make sure you can see clearly through the rearview mirror at all times. Do not block your vision.

  • Page 128

    The mirror controls on the driver’s door To adjust the side mirrors: 1. Find the control switch in the driver’s door panel. 2. Select the right or left mirror by moving the selector switch to R or L. 3. Move the knob in the direction of the arrows for the direction you want to move the mirror.

  • Page 129: Sun Visors

    The Right Side Convex Mirror The side view mirror on the right is a convex mirror. This mirror gives you a wider view of the lanes on your right and behind you. RWARNING The side view mirror on the right makes objects appear smaller and farther away than they actually are.

  • Page 130

    Console Your vehicle has a full console. The full console has the features shown in the illustration below. The features on the full console...

  • Page 131: Storage Compartments

    Storage Compartments In addition to the console, your vehicle may have several small storage compartments: a glove compartment that locks. Use the round key to lock and unlock it. two map pockets on the panels of the front doors. RWARNING Do not put objects on the ledge between the back seat and the rear window, as they can become dangerous projectiles and...

  • Page 132

    Trunk Opening the Trunk Manually The trunk in your vehicle gives you plenty of room for storage — 15.1 cubic feet (.42 cubic meters). To open and close the trunk from the outside: 1. Insert the key into the lock on the trunk. 2.

  • Page 133

    Positive Location Floor Mat When installing or removing the driver’s side floor mat you must attach/detach the positive location grommet from the hook on the floor. The hook is just forward of the left hand track of the driver’s seat. The positive location floor mat hook...

  • Page 135

    Compact Disc Radio The Compact Disc Radio combines the Electronic Stereo Radio with the Ford Compact Disc Player. Using the Controls on Your New Compact Disc Radio Most of the features of this unit work for both radio and CD operation. Also, some of the knobs...

  • Page 136

    How to tune radio stations There are four ways for you to tune in a particular station. You can manually locate the station using the “SCAN/TUNE” button, “SEEK” the station, “SCAN” to the station or select the station by using the memory buttons, which you can set to any desired frequency.

  • Page 137

    Using the “SCAN/TUNE” button to scan radio stations Pressing the “SCAN/TUNE” button once enters the scan mode (display will indicate “SCN”). Pushing the top a half of the “SEEK” button will begin the scan mode up the frequency band, stopping on each listenable station for approximately five seconds.

  • Page 138

    Using the Automatic Memory Load feature If no stations are in memory preset, you can activate the Auto Memory Load feature by pressing and holding the “AUTO PRESET” button for approximately three seconds. Auto Memory Load sets all memory buttons in AM, FM1 and FM2 sequentially by seeking out the first six strong stations for the respective band and storing them in memory...

  • Page 139

    After all stations have been filled, the radio will begin playing the station stored on memory button 1. To deactivate the Auto Memory Store mode and return to the manually-set memory button stations (or those stations set using Auto Memory Load), simply push the “AUTO PRESET”...

  • Page 140

    (left to right, front to rear). Using the Controls on Your New Compact Disc Player Your new Ford Compact Disc Player is capable of playing 12 cm or 8 cm discs, without an adapter! The Player operates when the power is on and a disc is inserted (label side up).

  • Page 141

    NOTE: The volume, bass, treble, balance and fader controls on the radio are also used with the CD player. Refer to earlier operating instructions on these controls. How to insert a disc and begin play Insert one disc, label side up into the disc opening.

  • Page 142

    How to stop and restart the CD player When a disc is loaded, the unit automatically enters the play mode and the play indicator a illuminates. To stop temporarily, press the “PLAY/STOP” button or the “AM/FM” button. The stop indicator X in the display illuminates and operation returns to the radio mode.

  • Page 143

    Using the “SCAN” function Press the “SCAN/TUNE” button to enter the scan mode. Once in the scan mode, press the top a or bottom b half of the “SEEK” button to scan forward or reverse, respectively. The CD player will begin scanning the disc, stopping on each listenable track for approximately eight seconds.

  • Page 145

    Electronic Stereo Cassette Radio Using the Controls on Your New Radio How to turn the radio on and adjust the volume Press the “POWER” button to turn the radio on. Press it again to turn it off. Press the right (+) side of the “VOLUME” button to increase the volume.

  • Page 146

    Using the “AMS” function to manually tune your radio You can change the frequency up or down one increment at a time by first pressing the “AMS” button, (display shows “TUNE”) then pressing and releasing either the right a or left b side of the “SEEK”...

  • Page 147

    Setting the Station Memory Preset buttons Your radio is equipped with 6 station memory buttons. These buttons can be used to select up to 6 preset AM stations and 12 FM stations (6 in FM1 and 6 in FM2). Follow the easy steps below to set these buttons to the desired frequencies: 1.

  • Page 148

    Speaker features and operation Adjusting speaker balance Balance control allows you to adjust the sound distribution between the right and left speakers. Push the “AUDIO” button repeatedly until the display reads “BAL.” Push the right (+) side of the “VOLUME” button to shift the sound to the right speakers, and push the left ( ) side to shift the sound to the left speakers.

  • Page 149

    How to locate a desired track on the tape NOTE: The tape track number indicated in the display does not necessarily correspond to the tape track or side number on the cassette label. It is used only to indicate when the tape mechanism reverses tracks.

  • Page 150

    Using the Automatic Music Search (“AMS”) (if your display shows arrows) Press and hold the “AMS” button. Then, push the appropriate fast-wind button, depending upon the direction of the tape travel arrow in the display. For example, if the tape travel arrow is pointing to the left, push the left ( h ) button to rewind to the beginning of the current selection.

  • Page 151

    In order to keep your cassette tape player performing the way it was meant to, read and follow these simple precautions: Using a Ford Cassette Cleaning Cartridge to clean the tape player head after 10-12 hours of play will help maintain the best playback sound and proper tape operation.

  • Page 152

    Protect cassettes from exposure to direct sunlight, high humidity and extreme heat or cold. If they are exposed to extreme conditions, allow them to reach a moderate temperature before playing. If a tape is loose inside the cassette, tighten it before playing by putting your finger or a pencil into one of the holes and turning the hub until the tape is tight.

  • Page 154

    High-Level Audio System Using the Controls on Your New Radio How to turn the radio on and off Press the “POWER” button to turn the radio on. Press it again to turn it off. How to adjust the volume Press the +/– side of the “VOLUME” button to increase/decrease volume.

  • Page 155

    How to tune radio stations There are four ways for you to tune in a particular station. You can manually locate the station using the “SCAN/TUNE” button, “SEEK” the station, “SCAN” to the station or select the station by using the memory buttons, which you can set to any desired frequency.

  • Page 156

    Using the “SCAN” function Pressing the “SCAN/TUNE” button once enters the scan mode (display will indicate “SCN”). Pushing the right ( a ) side of the “SEEK” button will begin the scan mode up the frequency band, stopping on each listenable station for approximately a five-second sampling.

  • Page 157

    Using the Automatic Memory Load feature If no stations are in memory preset, you can activate the Auto Memory Load feature by pressing and holding the “AUTO PRESET” button for approximately three seconds. Auto Memory Load sets all memory buttons in AM, FM1 and FM2 sequentially by seeking out the first six strong stations for the respective band and storing them in memory...

  • Page 158

    After all stations have been filled, the radio will begin playing the station stored on memory button 1. To deactivate the Auto Memory Store mode and return to the manually-set memory button stations (or those stations set using Auto Memory Load), simply push the “AUTO PRESET”...

  • Page 159

    Adjusting speaker fader Fade control allows you to adjust the sound distribution between the front and rear speakers. Push the “AUDIO” button repeatedly until the display reads “FADE.” Push the right (+) side of the “VOLUME” button to shift the sound to the front speakers, and push the left ( ) side to shift the sound to the rear speakers.

  • Page 160

    How to locate a desired track on the tape There are four ways to quickly locate a desired selection on the tape. You can use the fast forward, rewind, “SEEK” or “SCAN” function. Following are brief descriptions of each. Fast forwarding the tape To fast forward the tape, press the “FF”...

  • Page 161

    Using the “SCAN” function with your cassette tape player Press the “SCAN/TUNE” button to enter the scan mode (display indicates “SCN”). Pushing the right ( a ) side of the “SEEK” button will begin the forward scan mode on the tape currently playing, stopping on each tape selection for approximately an eight-second sampling.

  • Page 162

    How to store the tape Press the “AM/FM” button to stop the tape player and resume radio play. The cassette will be stored in the tape player and the X symbol in the display will be lit until you push the “PLAY PROG”...

  • Page 163

    In order to keep your cassette tape player performing the way it was meant to, read and follow these simple precautions: Using a Ford Cassette Cleaning Cartridge to clean the tape player head after 10-12 hours of play will help maintain the best playback sound and proper tape operation.

  • Page 164

    Common Radio Reception Conditions Several conditions prevent FM reception from being completely clear and noise-free, such as the following: 1. Distance/Strength The strength of the FM signal is directly related to the distance the signal must travel. The listenable range of an average FM signal is approximately 25 miles (40 kilometers).

  • Page 165

    To minimize these conditions, a stereo/mono blend circuit has been incorporated into this system. This feature automatically switches a weak stereo signal to a clearer monaural signal, which improves the quality of reception. Several sources of static are normal conditions on AM frequencies.

  • Page 166

    All About Radio Frequencies The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) establishes the frequencies that AM and FM radio stations may use for their broadcasts. The allowable frequencies are, AM: 530, 540...1600, 1610 kHz in 10 kHz steps; FM: 87.9, 88.1...107.7, 107.9 MHz in 0.2 MHz steps. Not all frequencies will be assigned to a given area.

  • Page 167

    Ask your dealer for a copy of this limited warranty. Service At Ford Electronics, we stand behind our audio systems with a comprehensive service and repair program. If anything should go wrong with your Ford audio system, return to your dealer for service.

  • Page 168: Driving Your Thunderbird

    Driving Your Thunderbird Driving with an Automatic Overdrive Transmission The gearshift lever is floor mounted. The automatic overdrive transmission operates very much like a regular automatic transmission, except it offers the extra overdrive feature. Putting Your Vehicle in Gear RWARNING Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever from position to position.

  • Page 169

    Your vehicle is equipped with a Brake Shift Interlock safety feature. This feature prevents the gearshift from being moved from the P (Park) position until the brake pedal is depressed. This feature is active when the ignition is in the ON position.

  • Page 170

    The positions of the console-mounted gearshift Once the gearshift is secure in the desired position, release the brake pedal and use the accelerator as necessary. R (Reverse) With the gearshift in the R (Reverse) position, the vehicle will move backward. You should always come to a complete stop before shifting into or out of R (Reverse).

  • Page 171

    Transmission Control Indicator Light (O/D OFF) is located on the instrument panel. You can put the gearshift lever in any of the several positions. The OVERDRIVE OFF light is off (not illuminated) during normal vehicle operation. This allows the transmission to upshift and downshift from 1st through 4th gears.

  • Page 172

    When to use D (Overdrive) — with transmission control switch activated (O/D OFF light illuminated) Overdrive may not be appropriate for certain terrain. If the transmission shifts back and forth between Third and Fourth gears while you are driving on hilly roads or if your vehicle does not have adequate power for climbing hills, depress the TCS.

  • Page 173

    RWARNING Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is running. You can tell a console-mounted gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) if the lever is adjacent to the P (Park) and you cannot move it without pushing in the thumb button. Traction-Lok Axle (If equipped) This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when one wheel is on a...

  • Page 174

    The Traction Assist system can be manually turned off, to allow wheelspin if you want, by pushing the TRACTION ASSIST switch (located on the console) when the vehicle is not in the Traction Assist mode. The word “OFF” in the switch will light up to indicate the system is off.

  • Page 175: Steering Your Vehicle

    If the Traction Assist excessively, the system will shut down to prevent the rear brakes from overheating. During this shutdown period, the word OFF in the traction assist switch will be illuminated showing that the traction assist system is inoperative. A cooling down period is required to prevent damage to the rear brakes.

  • Page 176

    Brakes Applying the Brakes Braking non ABS models Your vehicle has standard power front disc brakes and rear drum brakes, (anti-lock disc brakes on all four wheels are optional). They adjust automatically as the brake pads or linings wear down. Apply the brake pedal gradually.

  • Page 177

    Ford Motor Company has not found any detrimental effects of popular mobile radio transmitting equipment installed on vehicles with the anti-lock brake system, if the equipment is installed according to the manufacturer’s...

  • Page 178

    The parking brake RWARNING Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the gearshift is securely latched in P (Park). To release the parking brake, press down on the pedal until you hear a click. Lift your foot off the pedal.

  • Page 179

    The parking brake system is designed for static parking only and is not designed to stop a moving vehicle, but you can use the parking brake to stop your vehicle in an emergency if the normal brakes fail. However, since the parking brake applies only the rear brakes, the stopping distance will increase greatly and the handling of your vehicle will be adversely...

  • Page 180

    RWARNING To avoid skidding and losing control on slippery roads, do not downshift into First (1) when you are moving faster than 20 mph (32 km/h). RWARNING If your vehicle has speed control, do not use it on slippery roads. You could lose control of your vehicle and could injure someone.

  • Page 181

    If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. You may have limited traction or wet brakes, so allow extra stopping distance because your vehicle will not stop as quickly as usual. After you drive through the standing water, apply your brakes gently several times as your vehicle moves slowly.

  • Page 182

    Limiting Your Vehicle’s Load The load that you add to your vehicle must not exceed the maximum load stated on the Safety Compliance Certification Decal attached to the left front door pillar. To figure the weight of your vehicle’s load, add the weights of: the driver and passengers luggage and any other items that you put in...

  • Page 183: Trailer Towing

    Trailer Towing Your vehicle does not come from the factory fully equipped to tow. No towing packages are available through Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealers. Because towing a trailer puts extra strain on your vehicle, you must follow certain...

  • Page 184

    If you are not certain that you are using the right equipment in the proper manner, see your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. Do not use hitches that clamp onto your vehicle’s bumper. The bumper is not designed to bear the load.

  • Page 185

    Using the hitch Your vehicle uses a load carrying hitch. Because this type of hitch places the tongue load of a trailer on the rear wheels of your vehicle, you must distribute the load in your trailer so that only 10 to 15% of the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.

  • Page 186

    To get the proper equipment for hooking up your trailer’s lights, see your local trailer dealer and your Ford dealer. Be sure to follow their instructions carefully. If your vehicle is equipped with the optional trailer tow package, the proper lamp wiring and equipment has been installed at the factory.

  • Page 187

    Driving While You Tow Be especially careful when driving while you tow a trailer. Never drive faster than 45 mph (70 km/h) when you tow in hilly country on hot days. Also, anticipate stops so that you can brake gradually. If you tow in Overdrive while riding through hilly country, your vehicle may frequently shift between Overdrive and Third gears.

  • Page 188: Roadside Emergencies

    Roadside Emergencies Jump-Starting Your Vehicle Your vehicle’s battery may die if you leave the lights on or any electrical equipment on after you turn the engine off. If this happens, you may be able to jump-start from a booster battery to start your vehicle.

  • Page 189

    If the acid touches someone’s skin, eyes, or clothing, immediately flush the area with water for at least 15 minutes. If someone swallows the acid, have him or her drink lots of milk or water first, then Milk of Magnesia, a beaten egg, or vegetable oil.

  • Page 190

    Connecting the jumper cables 1. Connect one end of the first jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery. (You can connect either jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal, as long as you use the same cable for both positive terminals.) Most jumper cables have a red cable and a black cable.

  • Page 191

    The 3.8L SFI engine...

  • Page 192

    The 4.6L SFI Engine...

  • Page 193

    Jump-Starting 1. Make sure that the jumper cables are not in the way of moving engine parts, then start the booster vehicle. Run the engine at a moderate speed. 2. Let the discharged battery charge for a few minutes and then start the disabled vehicle. It may take a couple of tries before the vehicle starts.

  • Page 194: Changing A Tire

    Changing a Tire If you get a flat tire while you are driving, do not apply the brake heavily. Instead, gradually decrease the speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road. Park on a level spot, turn off the ignition, set the parking brake, and turn on the hazard flashers.

  • Page 195

    When you drive with the temporary spare tire, DO NOT: exceed 50 mph (80 km/h) under any circumstances. load your vehicle so that it is heavier than the maximum vehicle load rating listed on the tire decal. tow a trailer. use tire chains on this tire.

  • Page 196

    Spare Tire Location The spare is stored in the trunk. The spare tire location To remove the spare tire: 1. Remove the spare tire cover. 2. Unscrew the wing-nut holding down the spare tire. NOTE: Wing-nut is not removable. 3. Lift out the spare tire, jack, and lug wrench.

  • Page 197

    Preparing to Change the Tire 1. Make sure that your vehicle will not move or roll. Put the gearshift in P (Park). Set the parking brake and block the wheel that is diagonally opposite the tire that you are changing. When one of the back wheels is off the ground, the transmission alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the jack,...

  • Page 198

    4. Loosen each wheel lug nut one-half turn counterclockwise, but do not remove them until the tire is raised off the ground. You should pull up on the handle rather than push to develop maximum force to loosen wheel lug nuts. See Anti-Theft Wheel Lug Nuts later in this chapter for information on removing anti-theft lug nuts.

  • Page 199

    The improper lift point NOTE: Never use the differential housing as a lift point.

  • Page 200

    The notches for the jack 2. Turn the jack handle clockwise until the wheel clears the ground. Remove the wheel lug nuts. 3. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure that the air valve stem is facing outward.

  • Page 201

    6. Remove the jack and fully tighten the lug nuts in the order shown in the following illustration. As soon as possible, have your dealer or a qualified service technician check the lug nuts for proper torque specifications. The lug nuts on the wheel 7.

  • Page 202

    2. If the tire needs to be removed from the wheel, remove the five screws, using a Phillips head screwdriver. Then pull the wheel cover off the wheel. The center attachment wheel cover To replace the wheel cover: 1. Place the tire valve stem hole in the wheel cover over the tire valve stem.

  • Page 203

    (not the dealer) to get a replacement key. NOTE: If entire lug wrench/lug nut key assembly is lost, see your nearest Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer who has access to a master set of keys. DO NOT USE A POWER IMPACT WRENCH ON THE LUG NUT KEY.

  • Page 204: Towing Your Vehicle

    DO NOT TOW WITH SLINGBELT EQUIPMENT WHEN TOWING YOUR THUNDERBIRD FROM THE REAR. Ford Motor Company has not developed or approved a T-hook sling-type procedure. When slingbelt towing from the front, the towbar will deform the soft fascia (bumper).

  • Page 205

    When calling for a tow truck, tell the operator what kind of vehicle you have. A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this manual for the proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.

  • Page 206: Customer Assistance

    Customer Assistance Roadside Assistance Ford Motor Company has set up a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week hotline with trained operators that put you in touch with the help you need if you experience a problem with your vehicle. This complimentary service is provided to you...

  • Page 207

    1-800-241-FORD (in Canada call 1-800-665-2006). If You Have a Service Problem Ford Motor Company has authorized Ford and Lincoln-Mercury dealerships that can service your vehicle for you. This chapter tells you how to get service or maintenance for your vehicle.

  • Page 208

    If you are away from home when your vehicle needs to be serviced, or if you need more help than the dealer gave you, contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership that may be able to help.

  • Page 209

    If you live in Canada and have any questions or concerns that the dealership cannot answer, contact the Customer Assistance Centre. Please have the following information available when contacting Ford Customer Assistance: your telephone number (both business and home) the name of the dealer and the city where the...

  • Page 210: The Dispute Settlement Board

    Review? The Board reviews all product performance and service complaints on Ford, Mercury and Lincoln Cars and Ford and Mercury Light Trucks under warranty that have not been resolved by a dealer or Ford Motor Company. The Board does not review issues involving:...

  • Page 211

    How Does the Board Work? The Board has four members: three consumer representatives a Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by an independent consulting firm. Dealers are chosen because of their business leadership qualities.

  • Page 212

    The decisions of the Board are binding on the dealer and Ford, but customers may have other options available to them under state or federal law. The decisions of the Board, however, may be...

  • Page 213

    Board address. At the same time, your dealer and Ford Motor Company representative are asked to submit statements. To review your case properly, the Board needs...

  • Page 214: Reporting Safety Defects

    Ford Motor Company the names (if known) of all people you contacted at the dealership a description of the action you want done to resolve your concern. Should your application NOT qualify for review, an explanation will be mailed to you.

  • Page 215

    If a specific item of concern arises, where a solution cannot be reached between a vehicle owner, Ford of Canada, and/or one of its dealers (that all parties can agree upon), the owner may wish to use the services offered by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).

  • Page 216

    Use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without a proper conversion may damage the effectiveness of your emissions control system and may cause engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company is not responsible for any damage that is caused by use of improper fuel.

  • Page 217

    If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write to: If you are in other foreign countries, contact the nearest Ford dealership.

  • Page 218: Accessories

    Accessories Ford Accessories for Your Vehicle Ford has many fine products available from your dealer to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. For best results, use the following, or products of equivalent quality:...

  • Page 219

    In addition, each accessory is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications. That is why Ford brand accessories are warranted for up to 3 years or 36,000 miles (60,000 km), whichever comes first. See your dealer for complete warranty information and accessory availability.

  • Page 220

    NOTE: When adding accessories, equipment, passengers, and luggage to your vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of the front or rear axle (GVWR, GAWR as shown on the Safety Compliance Certification Label). Consult your dealer for specific weight information.

  • Page 221

    5 watts or less will not ordinarily affect your vehicle’s operation.) NOTE: Because we have no control over the installation, design, or manufacture of such systems, Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage that may result if you use this equipment.

  • Page 225: Servicing Your Thunderbird

    Servicing Your Thunderbird Service Made Easy Ford has two goals for servicing your vehicle. 1. When we can, we design parts that do not need to be serviced. 2. We want to make servicing your vehicle as easy as possible. To help you:...

  • Page 226

    Motorcraft parts are designed and built to provide the best performance in your vehicle. Using these parts for replacement is your assurance that Ford-built quality stays in your vehicle. NOTE: Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner. Follow your community’s standards for...

  • Page 227

    If you must work with the engine running, avoid wearing loose clothing or jewelry that could get caught in moving parts. Take appropriate precautions with long hair. Do not work on a vehicle in an enclosed space with the engine running, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.

  • Page 228

    RWARNING Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not remove it while the engine is running. Opening the Hood 1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood release located under the lower left corner of the instrument panel.

  • Page 229: Engine Compartment

    Engine Compartment Your vehicle has one of these types of engines: a 3.8 liter SFI engine a 4.6 liter SFI engine The following pages show diagrams of each engine type and where to find items that you should regularly service.

  • Page 232: Filling The Fuel Tank

    Cleaning the Engine A clean engine is more efficient because a buildup of grease and dirt acts as an insulator, keeping the engine warmer than usual. Extreme care must be used if a power washer is used to clean the engine. The high pressure fluid could penetrate sealed parts and assemblies causing damage or malfunctions.

  • Page 233

    2. Put the nozzle all the way inside the fuel filler pipe before pumping the fuel. NOTE: If you spill any fuel on the body of your vehicle, clean it off immediately. The fuel may dull or soften the paint if you do not wash it off.

  • Page 234

    reformulated gasoline is not available when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated on non-California fuels. However, even though your engine will perform adequately on other gasolines, the performance of the emission control devices and systems may be adversely affected. Repair of damage caused by using a fuel that your vehicle was not designed for may not be covered by your warranty.

  • Page 235

    Cleaner air Ford recommends the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including reformulated gasolines, that contain oxygenates such as a maximum of 10% ethanol or 15% MTBE. There...

  • Page 236

    Turn vehicle off when refueling Do not smoke when refueling. Fuels are extremely flammable. Do not siphon any fuel by mouth. RWARNING Gasoline or gasoline blended with methanol can cause blindness and possible death when swallowed. If any fuel is swallowed, call a physician or poison control center immediately.

  • Page 237: Calculating Fuel Economy

    Running Out of Fuel NOTE: Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse effect on modern powertrain components. You may need to crank the engine several times before the fuel system starts to pump fuel from the tank to the engine.

  • Page 238

    Comparisons With EPA Estimates EPA fuel economy figures are obtained from laboratory tests under simulated road conditions and may not reflect the actual conditions you experience or your style of driving. The EPA fuel economy estimate is not a guarantee that you will achieve the fuel economy shown.

  • Page 239

    Check tires for excessive wear or worn edges Check the tire pressure at least monthly Engine Oil Recommendations We recommend using Motorcraft oil or an equivalent oil meeting Ford Specification WSS-M2C153-F and displaying the American Petroleum Institute CERTIFICATION MARK on the front of the container.

  • Page 240

    Checking and Adding Engine Oil Since the proper amount of engine oil is important for safe engine operation, check the oil using the dipstick each time you put fuel in your vehicle. Remember the engine must be off, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be parked on level ground.

  • Page 241

    6. Carefully, pull the dipstick out again. If the oil level is below the “ADD 1 QT” line, add engine oil as necessary. If the oil level is beyond the letter “F” in Full, engine damage or high oil consumption may occur and some oil must be removed from the engine.

  • Page 242: Engine Coolant

    NOTE: Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner. Follow your community’s standards for disposing of these types of fluids. Call your local recycling center to find out about recycling automotive fluids. RWARNING Continuous contact with USED motor oil has caused cancer in laboratory mice.

  • Page 243

    The engine coolant reservoir Checking Hoses Inspect all engine and heater system hoses and hose connections for deterioration, leaks, and loose hose clamps as specified in the Maintenance Schedule and Record booklet. Repair or replace with Motorcraft hoses or equivalent as necessary. Adding Engine Coolant RWARNING Do not put engine coolant in the container...

  • Page 244

    50/50 or appropriate mixture of water and the type of engine coolant that Ford specifies. You may add water by itself only in an emergency, but you should replace it with a 50/50 or appropriate mixture as soon as possible.

  • Page 245

    Ford Premium Cooling System Fluid is an optimized formula that will protect all metals and rubber elastomers used in Ford engines for four years or 50,000 miles (80,000 km). It is not necessary and not recommended to use supplemental coolant additives in your gasoline powered vehicle.

  • Page 246

    Use Ford Premium Cooling System Fluid E2FZ-19549-AA (in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-8-B) or an equivalent engine coolant that meets Ford Specification ESE-M97B44-A. Leave the engine coolant in all year. Make sure that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature level in which you drive during winter months.

  • Page 247

    Close the vent plug. Reinstall the coolant recovery reservoir cap by installing the cap to the fully installed position. Reinstall the pressure cap to the pressure relief position by installing the cap to the fully installed position, and then backing off to the first stop.

  • Page 248

    4.6L engine only With the engine OFF and cool, remove the pressure cap, located on the coolant reservoir. Remove the heater hose and clamp, located on the rear of the intake manifold. Add a 50/50 mixture of specified coolant and water to the coolant reservoir.

  • Page 249

    If the battery needs water quite often, have the charging system checked for a possible malfunction. Help Us Protect Our Environment Ford Motor Company strongly recommends that used lead-acid batteries be returned to an authorized recycling facility for disposal. Battery recycling symbol Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically...

  • Page 250

    battery. If you ever disconnect the battery or install a new battery, you must allow the computer to “relearn” its idle conditions before your vehicle will drive properly. To let the engine do this, put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all the accessories, and start the vehicle.

  • Page 251

    RWARNING Do not put windshield washer fluid in the container for the engine coolant. Use specially formulated windshield washer fluid rather than plain water, because specially formulated washer fluids contain additives that dissolve road grime. For safety reasons, washer fluids containing an appropriate antifreeze such as methanol should be used in freezing weather (temperatures below 32˚F [0˚C]).

  • Page 252

    Drive at safe speeds. If you do not take these precautions, your tires may fail or go flat. Ford Motor Company recommends obeying posted speed limits. RWARNING Driving too fast for conditions creates the possibility of loss of vehicle control.

  • Page 253

    At least once a month, check the pressure in all your vehicle’s tires, including the spare. Use an accurate tire pressure gauge. Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 3 miles (5 km).

  • Page 254

    Rotating the tires Replacing the Tires Replace any tires that show wear bands. When your tire shows a wear band, it has only 1/16 inch (2 mm) of tread left. A worn-out tire Because your vehicle’s tires may wear unevenly, you may need to replace them before a wear band appears across the entire tread.

  • Page 255

    Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2). U.S. Department of Transportation — Tire quality grades: The U.S. Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.

  • Page 256

    Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100.

  • Page 257

    represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

  • Page 258: Automatic Transmission Fluid

    Avoid fully loading your vehicle if possible. Remove tire chains at the first opportunity after using them on snow and ice. Do not use the chains on dry roads. Cleaning the Wheels Wash the wheels with the same detergent you use to wash your vehicle’s body.

  • Page 259

    With the vehicle on a level surface, start the engine and, while fully applying the brake pedal, move the transmission shift selector through all of the gear ranges allowing sufficient time for each position to engage. Securely latch the transmission shift selector in the P (Park) position, fully set the parking brake and leave the engine running.

  • Page 260: Brake Fluid

    NOTE: Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner. Follow your community’s standards for disposing of these types of fluids. Call your local recycling center to find out about recycling automotive fluids. Detail of the automatic transmission dipstick Brake Fluid Under normal circumstances, your vehicle should not use up brake fluid rapidly.

  • Page 261

    If the fluid is low, carefully clean and remove the cap from the reservoir. Fill the reservoir to the MAX line with Ford High Performance DOT 3 Brake Fluid C6AZ-19542-AA, C6AZ-19542-BA, or equivalent DOT 3 fluid meeting Ford specification ESA-M6C25-A.

  • Page 262

    RWARNING Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This may cause the brakes to fail. The anti-lock brake system fluid reservoir...

  • Page 263: Power Steering Fluid

    Power Steering Fluid Check the level of the power steering fluid at least twice a year (i.e., every Spring and Fall). Checking and Adding Power Steering Fluid 3.8L SFI engine 1. Start the engine and let it run until the power steering fluid reaches normal operating temperature.

  • Page 264

    The dipstick for power steering fluid Use only power steering fluid that meets Ford Specification ESW-M2C33-F, such as Ford Premium Power Steering Fluid, E6AZ-19582-AA or is an equivalent Type F Automatic Transmission Fluid with a Ford registration number (an 8-digit number beginning with “2P”...

  • Page 265

    4.6L SFI engine 1. Check the fluid level when the system is COLD (allow at least one half hour after driving for the power steering fluid to cool). 2. Locate the power steering reservoir mounted to the front upper left-hand corner of the engine.

  • Page 266: Circuit Breakers

    Use only power steering fluid that meets Ford’s Specification ESW-M2C33-F, such as Ford Premium Power Steering Fluid, E6AZ-19582-AA or an equivalent Type F Automatic Transmission Fluid with a Ford registration number (an 8-digit number beginning with “2P” printed on the fluid container).

  • Page 267

    The instrument panel fuse panel location The instrument panel fuse panel...

  • Page 268

    The Instrument Panel Fuses, Circuit Breakers and Relays...

  • Page 271

    These, like fuses, open when the circuit load exceeds their amperage rating. High current fuses may be purchased from your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. The high current fuse panel is located in the engine compartment on the left-hand fender apron.

  • Page 272

    The high current fuse panel...

  • Page 273

    The high current fuses and relays...

  • Page 274

    Checking and Replacing Fuses If you need to check a fuse, follow these steps: 1. Find the fuse panel underneath the instrument panel, to the left of the steering column. 2. Check the fuse to see if it is blown. Look through the clear side of the fuse to see if the metal wire inside is separated.

  • Page 275

    RWARNING Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire damage and could start a fire. 4. Close the cover. Even after you replace a fuse, it will continue to blow if you do not find what caused the overload.

  • Page 276

    If you replace a circuit breaker, use one with the same amperage rating. To remove a circuit breaker mounted in the fuse panel, grip it with your finger and thumb and pull it straight out of its socket. Lights and Bulb Replacement It is a good idea to check the operation of the following lights frequently: headlamps...

  • Page 277

    Headlamp Bulb The headlamps on your vehicle use replaceable bulbs. When the lamp burns out, simply replace the bulb, rather than the whole lamp. RWARNING Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the glass.

  • Page 278

    Removing the headlamp bulb 1. Make sure that the headlamp switch is in the OFF position. 2. Lift the hood and find the bulb in the headlamp socket. 3. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by grasping the wire with a quick pull rearward.

  • Page 279

    High-Mount Brakelamp Bulbs Your vehicle has a brakelamp mounted in the rear window, called a high-mount brakelamp. You may need to remove this lamp at times to replace the brakelamp bulb or to clean the rear window. Parts of the high-mount brakelamp...

  • Page 280

    To remove the high-mount brakelamp: 1. Slide the trim cover toward the front of the vehicle to disengage the retaining clips. 2. Twist the socket counterclockwise and remove from lamp. 3. Pull bulb out of socket. 4. Remove the retaining screw. 5.

  • Page 281

    Using the Right Bulbs...

  • Page 282: Emission Control System

    In general, maintenance, replacement, or service of the emissions control devices or systems in your new Ford Motor Company vehicle or engine may be performed at your expense by any automotive repair establishment or individual using automotive parts equivalent to...

  • Page 283

    Ford strongly recommends the use of genuine Ford replacement parts. If other than Ford or Motorcraft parts or Ford authorized remanufactured parts are used for maintenance replacements or for the service of components...

  • Page 284

    Never use a metal exhaust collector when you service your vehicle. If the metal collector contacts any of your vehicle’s plastic trim or bumper parts they could melt or deform. Do not drive your vehicle if it does not operate properly.

  • Page 285

    OBD II Drive Cycle The following steps must be run in the order shown. If steps 2 thru 9 are interrupted, repeat the preceding step. Any safe driving mode is acceptable between steps. Always drive vehicle in safe manner according to traffic conditions and obey all traffic laws.

  • Page 286

    7. Accelerate the vehicle up to between 45 and 60 mph (70-100 km/h). This should take approximately 5 minutes. 8. Drive vehicle and hold the throttle steady at the selected speed between 45 and 60 mph (70-100 km/h) for approximately 5 minutes. 9.

  • Page 287

    Refill Capacities, Motorcraft Parts, and Lubricant Specifications Refill Capacities NOTE: Rear axle lube quantities must be replaced every 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or if the axle has been submerged in water. Otherwise, the lube should not be checked or changed unless a leak is suspected or repair required.

  • Page 288

    Motorcraft Parts If a spark plug is removed for examination, it must be reinstalled in the same cylinder. For 3.8L engines: Cylinders #1, #2, #3 have an EG suffix. Cylinders #4, #5, #6 have an E suffix. For 4.6L (2V) engines: Cylinders #1, #2, #3, #4 have a PG suffix.

  • Page 289

    Lubricant Specifications...

  • Page 290: Vehicle Storage

    NOTE: Rear axle lube quantities must be replaced every 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or if the axle has been submerged in water. Otherwise, the lube should not be checked or changed unless a leak is suspected or repair required. Vehicle Storage Maintenance Tips If you plan on storing your vehicle for an extended period of time (60 days or more), refer...

  • Page 291

    Body Wash vehicle thoroughly to remove dirt, grease, oil, tar or mud from exterior surfaces, rear wheel housing and underside of front fenders. Periodically wash vehicles stored in exposed locations. Touch-up raw or primed metal to prevent rust. Cover chrome and stainless steel parts with a thick coat of auto wax to prevent discoloration.

  • Page 292

    Ford Gas Stabilizer should be added whenever actual or expected storage periods exceed 60 days. Follow the instructions on the label. The vehicle should then be operated at idle speed to circulate the additive throughout the fuel system. Cooling system Protect against freezing temperatures.

  • Page 294

    Label Locations...

  • Page 304: Electronic Sound Systems

    Index ABS warning light (see Anti-lock brake system) ..58 Accessory position on the ignition ..45 Additives, engine oil ..Air bag supplemental restraint system description .

  • Page 305

    Autolamp system (see Headlamps) ..84 Automatic transmission driving an automatic overdrive ..fluid, checking ... . fluid, refill capacities ..fluid, specification .

  • Page 306

    Brakes (continued) front disc brake linings... . noise ....parking .

  • Page 307

    Chime (continued) safety belt ....59 Circuit breakers checking and replacing ..see also fuses ... . . Cleaning your vehicle chrome and aluminum parts .

  • Page 308

    Cruise control (see Speed control) ..97 Customer Assistance Center, Ford (U.S.) ....Customer Assistance Centre, Ford of Canada... .

  • Page 309

    Emergency brake (parking brake) ..Emission control system, catalytic converter ... Engine check engine warning light ..63 does not start ....49 fuel injected engine, starting .

  • Page 310: Index

    ....Exhaust fumes ....51 Extended Service Plan, Ford ..Federal Communications Commission . . .

  • Page 311

    Fuses charts ....checking and replacing ..circuit breakers ... . Gas cap (see Fuel cap) .

  • Page 312

    Headlamps (continued) flashing ....92 high beam ....92 replacing bulbs ... . turning on and off .

  • Page 313

    Jack operation ....positioning ....Jump-starting your vehicle attaching cables ... . disconnecting cables .

  • Page 314

    Lights, warning and indicator air bag....60 anti-lock brakes (ABS)..58 brake ....57 charging system .

  • Page 315

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ... . Odometer description ....67 trip odometer ....68 Oil filter .

  • Page 316

    Radio (see Electronic sound systems) . . . Rear window, defroster ..81 Refill capacities for fluids ..Relays ....Remote control, trunk .

  • Page 317

    attaching with tether straps ..27 automatic locking mode (retractor) ..29 in center seating positions ..42 in front seat ....29 in rear outboard .

  • Page 318

    Starting your vehicle (continued) starting a cold engine ..48 starting after a collision ..53 starting a warm engine ..48 Steering, power .

  • Page 319

    Traction assist ....Traction-lok rear axle ..Trailer towing calculating maximum trailer weight chains .

  • Page 320

    Vehicle loading automatic transmissions ..calculating the load ..Vehicle storage ... . . Ventilating your vehicle (see Climate control) .

  • Page 321: Service Station Information

    Service Station Information...

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