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fx-9860GII SD
fx-9860GII
fx-9860G AU PLUS
fx-9860G Slim
fx-9860G SD
fx-9860G
fx-9860G AU
Software Version 2.00
User's Guide
CASIO Worldwide Education Website
http://edu.casio.com
CASIO EDUCATIONAL FORUM
http://edu.casio.com/forum/
(Updated to OS 2.00)
(Updated to OS 2.00)
(Updated to OS 2.00)
(Updated to OS 2.00)
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   Summary of Contents for Casio fx-9750GII

  • Page 1

    AU PLUS fx-9860G Slim fx-9860G SD fx-9860G fx-9860G AU Software Version 2.00 User’s Guide CASIO Worldwide Education Website http://edu.casio.com CASIO EDUCATIONAL FORUM http://edu.casio.com/forum/ (Updated to OS 2.00) (Updated to OS 2.00) (Updated to OS 2.00) (Updated to OS 2.00)

  • Page 2

    • The options described in Chapter 13 of this user’s guide may not be available in certain geographic areas. For full details on availability in your area, contact your nearest CASIO dealer or distributor. • Be sure to keep all user documentation handy for future reference.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Getting Acquainted — Read This First! Chapter 1 Basic Operation 1. Keys ... 1-1 2. Display ... 1-2 3. Inputting and Editing Calculations... 1-5 4. Using the Math Input/Output Mode ... 1-10 5. Option (OPTN) Menu ... 1-22 6. Variable Data (VARS) Menu ... 1-23 7.

  • Page 4

    2. PRGM Mode Function Keys ... 8-2 3. Editing Program Contents ... 8-3 4. File Management ... 8-5 5. Command Reference ... 8-7 6. Using Calculator Functions in Programs ... 8-21 7. PRGM Mode Command List ... 8-37 8. Program Library ... 8-42 Chapter 9 Spreadsheet 1.

  • Page 5

    2. System Settings ... 12-1 Chapter 13 Data Communications 1. Connecting Two Units ... 13-1 2. Connecting the Calculator to a Personal Computer ... 13-1 3. Performing a Data Communication Operation ... 13-2 4. Data Communications Precautions ... 13-5 5. Screen Image Send ... 13-11 Chapter 14 Using SD Cards (fx-9860G 1.

  • Page 6: Getting Acquainted - Read This First

    EQUA mode, and then press the Main Menu are indicated like this. Function Keys and Menus • Many of the operations performed by this calculator can be executed by pressing function keys through . The operation assigned to each function key changes according to —...

  • Page 7: Contrast Adjustment

    E-CON2 This manual does not cover the E-CON2 mode. For more information about the E-CON2 mode, download the E-CON2 manual (English version only) from: http://edu.casio.com. Contrast Adjustment Adjust the contrast whenever objects on the display appear dim or difficult to see.

  • Page 8: Chapter 1 Basic Operation

    1-30 1-30 2-30 2-30 Not all of the functions described above are available on all models covered by this manual. Depending on calculator model, some of the above keys may not be included on your calculator. Page Page Page Page...

  • Page 9: Display

    Key Markings Many of the calculator’s keys are used to perform more than one function. The functions marked on the keyboard are color coded to help you find the one you need quickly and easily. Function 10 x The following describes the color coding used for key markings.

  • Page 10

    Use this mode to perform spreadsheet calculations. Each file contains a 26-column × 999-line spreadsheet. In addition to the calculator’s built-in commands and S • SHT mode commands, you can also perform statistical calculations and graph statistical data using the same procedures that you use in the STAT mode.

  • Page 11

    About Display Screens This calculator uses two types of display screens: a text screen and a graph screen. The text screen can show 21 columns and 8 lines of characters, with the bottom line used for the function key menu.

  • Page 12: Inputting And Editing Calculations

    Fractions Hexadecimal Values Degrees/Minutes/Seconds • In addition to the above, this calculator also uses other indicators or symbols, which are described in each applicable section of this manual as they come up. 3. Inputting and Editing Calculations Inputting Calculations...

  • Page 13: Editing Calculations

    Editing Calculations Use the keys to move the cursor to the position you want to change, and then perform one of the operations described below. After you edit the calculation, you can execute it by pressing . Or you can use •...

  • Page 14

    Using Replay Memory The last calculation performed is always stored into replay memory. You can recall the contents of the replay memory by pressing If you press , the calculation appears with the cursor at the beginning. Pressing the calculation to appear with the cursor at the end. You can make changes in the calculation as you wish and then execute it again.

  • Page 15

    Press Make necessary changes. Execute again. Using the Clipboard for Copy and Paste You can copy (or cut) a function, command, or other input to the clipboard, and then paste the clipboard contents at another location. • The procedures described here all use the Linear input/output mode. For details about the copy and paste operation while the Math input/output mode is selected, see “Using the Clipboard for Copy and Paste in the Math Input/Output Mode”...

  • Page 16

    (PASTE) Catalog Function The Catalog is an alphabetic list of all the commands available on this calculator. You can input a command by calling up the Catalog and then selecting the command you want. To use the Catalog to input a command 1.

  • Page 17: Using The Math Input/output Mode

    4. Input the first letter of the command you want to input. This will display the first command that starts with that letter. 5. Use the cursor keys ( (INPUT) or Example To use the Catalog to input the ClrGraph command Pressing To input a command with 1.

  • Page 18

    • Unless specifically stated otherwise, all operations in this section are performed in the RUN • MAT mode. Input Operations in the Math Input/Output Mode Math Input/Output Mode Functions and Symbols The functions and symbols listed below can be used for natural input in the Math input/output mode.

  • Page 19

    Using the MATH Menu In the RUN • MAT mode, pressing You can use this menu for natural input of matrices, differentials, integrals, etc. • {MAT} ... {displays the MAT submenu, for natural input of matrices} • {2 2} ... {inputs a 2 × 2 matrix} •...

  • Page 20

    Example 3 To input To input 2 × Example 4 (MATH) (MATH) (MAT) (2×2) 1-13...

  • Page 21

    When the calculation does not fit within the display window Arrows appear at the left, right, top, or bottom edge of the display to let you know when there is more of the calculation off the screen in the corresponding direction. When you see an arrow, you can use the cursor keys to scroll the screen contents and view the part you want.

  • Page 22

    This capability can be used with the following functions. Function Improper Fraction Power Cube Root Power Root log(a,b) Absolute Value Linear Differential Quadratic Differential Integral Calculation • In the Linear input/output mode, pressing page 1-6 for more information. Editing Calculations in the Math Input/Output Mode The procedures for editing calculations in the Math input/output mode are basically the same as those for the Linear input/output mode.

  • Page 23

    Using Undoing and Redoing Operations You can use the following procedures during calculation expression input in the Math input/ output mode (up until you press the key operation you have just undone. - To undo the last key operation, press: - To redo a key operation you have just undone, press: •...

  • Page 24

    • Matrices are displayed in natural format, up to 6 × 6. A matrix that has more than six rows or columns will be displayed on a MatAns screen, which is the same screen used in the Linear input/output mode. •...

  • Page 25

    • The value stored in the answer memory is always dependent on the result produced by the last calculation performed. If history contents include operations that use the answer memory, editing a calculation may affect the answer memory value used in subsequent calculations.

  • Page 26

    2 + 3 1.5 + 2.3 − 6 = 52 x = 3 dx = ∑ − 3 = 55 Performing Matrix Calculations Using Math Input/Output Mode To specify the dimensions (size) of a matrix 1. In the RUN • MAT mode, press 2.

  • Page 27

    The following operation is a continuation of the example calculation on the previous page. To assign a matrix created using Math input/output mode to a MAT mode matrix Example To assign the calculation result to Mat J (Mat) (Mat) • Pressing the key while the cursor is located at the top (upper left) of the matrix will delete the entire matrix.

  • Page 28

    Important! • On a model whose operating system has been updated to OS 2.00 from an older OS version, Math input/output mode input and result display are not supported in any mode except the RUN • MAT mode and e • ACT mode. Math Input/Output Mode Input in the GRAPH Mode You can use the Math input/output mode for graph expression input in the GRAPH, DYNA, TABLE, and RECUR modes.

  • Page 29: Option (optn) Menu

    5. Option (OPTN) Menu The option menu gives you access to scientific functions and features that are not marked on the calculator’s keyboard. The contents of the option menu differ according to the mode you are in when you press the •...

  • Page 30: Variable Data (vars) Menu

    • The variable data menu does not appear if you press hexadecimal is set as the default number system. • Depending on the calculator model, some menu items may not be included. • For details about the commands included on the variable data (VARS) menu, see the “...

  • Page 31

    {INPT} • * ... {statistical calculation input values} ¯ x ¯ x ¯ x • { }/{s standard deviation}/{size of sample 1}/{size of sample 2}/{mean of sample 1}/{mean of sample 2}/{standard deviation of sample 1}/{standard deviation of sample 2}/{standard deviation of sample {RESLT} •...

  • Page 32: Program (prgm) Menu

    RECR* — Recalling recursion formula* • {FORM} ... {recursion formula data menu} • { } expressions • {RANG} ... {table range data menu} • {Strt}/{End} ... table range {start value}/{end value} • { • { St}/{ St}/{ St} ... origin of { graph (WEB graph) •...

  • Page 33: Using The Setup Screen

    • {DISP} ... {display command menu} • {REL} ... {conditional jump relational operator menu} • {I/O} ... {I/O control/transfer command menu} • {:} ... {multi-statement command} • {STR} ... {string command} The following function key menu appears if you press RUN) mode or the PRGM mode while binary, octal, decimal, or hexadecimal is set as the default number system.

  • Page 34

    Mode (calculation/binary, octal, decimal, hexadecimal mode) • {Comp} ... {arithmetic calculation mode} • {Dec}/{Hex}/{Bin}/{Oct} ... {decimal}/{hexadecimal}/{binary}/{octal} Frac Result (fraction result display format) • {d/c}/{ab/c} ... {improper}/{mixed} fraction Func Type (graph function type) Pressing one of the following function keys also switches the function of the •...

  • Page 35

    List File (list file display settings) • {FILE} ... {settings of list file on the display} Sub Name (list naming) • {On}/{Off} ... {display on}/{display off} Graph Func (function display during graph drawing and trace) • {On}/{Off} ... {display on}/{display off} Dual Screen (dual screen mode status) •...

  • Page 36: Using Screen Capture

    Sequence command generates a number table, and when you recall data from List memory. 9. Using Screen Capture Any time while operating the calculator, you can capture an image of the current screen and save it in capture memory. To capture a screen image 1.

  • Page 37: When You Keep Having Problems

    10. When you keep having problems… If you keep having problems when you are trying to perform operations, try the following before assuming that there is something wrong with the calculator. Getting the Calculator Back to its Original Mode Settings 1.

  • Page 38: Restart And Reset

    Reset Use reset when you want to delete all data currently in calculator memory and return all mode settings to their initial defaults. Before performing the reset operation, first make a written copy of all important data.

  • Page 39: Chapter 2 Manual Calculations

    Manual Calculations Chapter 2 1. Basic Calculations Arithmetic Calculations • Enter arithmetic calculations as they are written, from left to right. • Use the key to input the minus sign before a negative value. • Calculations are performed internally with a 15-digit mantissa. The result is rounded to a 10- digit mantissa before it is displayed.

  • Page 40: Calculation Priority Sequence

    (Example: To specify rounding to two decimal places) Calculation Priority Sequence This calculator employs true algebraic logic to calculate the parts of a formula in the following order: Type A functions • Coordinate transformation Pol ( • Functions that include parentheses (such as derivatives, integrations, , etc.)

  • Page 41

    • Anything contained within parentheses receives highest priority. Calculation Result Irrational Number Display You can configure the calculator to display calculation results in irrational number format (including or ) by selecting “Math” for the “Input/Output” mode setting on the Setup screen.

  • Page 42

    Calculation Result Display Range with Display of a calculation result in Calculation results in format take one of the following forms. d a b • The following are the ranges for each of the coefficients ( calculation result format. < 100, 1 < <...

  • Page 43: Multiplication Operations Without A Multiplication Sign

    Calculation Result Display Range with A calculation results is displayed using • When the calculation result can be displayed in the form is an integer up to |10 • When the calculation result can be displayed in the form However, {number of digits + number of when the above three.*...

  • Page 44: Special Functions

    Memory Variables (Alpha Memory) This calculator comes with 28 variables as standard. You can use variables to store values you want to use inside of calculations. Variables are identified by single-letter names, which are made up of the 26 letters of the alphabet, plus can assign to variables is 15 digits for the mantissa and 2 digits for the exponent.

  • Page 45

    Example 2 To add 456 to variable A and store the result in variable B To assign the same value to more than one variable [value] [first variable name] • You cannot use “ ” or “ ” as a variable name. Example To assign a value of 10 to variables A through F String Memory...

  • Page 46

    To store a function Example To store the function (A+B) (A–B) as function memory number 1 (STO) * fx-7400G • If the function memory number to which you store a function already contains a function, the previous function is replaced with the new one. •...

  • Page 47: Answer Function

    To delete a function Example To delete the contents of function memory number 1 (STO) * fx-7400G • Executing the store operation while the display is blank deletes the function in the function memory you specify. Answer Function The Answer Function automatically stores the last result you calculated by pressing (unless the key operation results in an error).

  • Page 48: Specifying The Angle Unit And Display Format

    Performing Continuous Calculations Answer memory also lets you use the result of one calculation as one of the arguments in the next calculation. Example (Continuing) Continuous calculations can also be used with Type B functions ( , ° ’ ”, etc. 3.

  • Page 49: Function Calculations

    4. Function Calculations Function Menus This calculator includes five function menus that give you access to scientific functions not printed on the key panel. • The contents of the function menu differ according to the mode you entered from the Main Menu before you pressed the appear in the RUN •...

  • Page 50

    Hyperbolic Calculations (HYP) • {sinh}/{cosh}/{tanh} ... hyperbolic {sine}/{cosine}/{tangent} –1 –1 –1 • {sinh }/{cosh }/{tanh } ... inverse hyperbolic {sine}/{cosine}/{tangent} Probability/Distribution Calculations (PROB) • { } ... {press after inputting a value to obtain the factorial of the value} • { } ...

  • Page 51: Angle Units

    Engineering Symbol (ESYM) μ • {m}/{ }/{n}/{p}/{f} ... {milli (10 • {k}/{M}/{G}/{T}/{P}/{E} ... {kilo (10 {exa (10 • {ENG}/{ENG} ... shifts the decimal place of the displayed value three digits to the {left}/{right} and {decreases}/{increases} the exponent by three. When you are using engineering notation, the engineering symbol is also changed accordingly.

  • Page 52: Logarithmic And Exponential Functions

    Logarithmic and Exponential Functions • Be sure to specify Comp for Mode in the Setup screen. Example log 1.23 (log 1.23) = 0.08990511144 8 = 3 (–3) = (–3) (–3) (–3) 123 (= 123 ) = 1.988647795 • The Linear input/output mode and Math input/output mode produce different results when two or more powers are input in series, like: 2 Linear input/output mode: 2^3^2 = 64 This is because the Math input/output mode internally treats the above input as: 2^(3^(2)).

  • Page 53

    Random Number Generation (RAND) Random Number Generation (0 to 1) (Ran#, RanList#) Ran# and RanList# generate 10 digit random numbers randomly or sequentially from 0 to 1. Ran# returns a single random number, while RanList# returns multiple random numbers in list form.

  • Page 54

    RanList# Examples Example RanList# (4) (Generates four random numbers and displays the result on the ListAns screen.) RanList# (3, 1) (Generates from the first to the third random numbers of sequence 1 and displays the result on the ListAns screen.) (Next, generates from the fourth to the sixth random number of sequence 1 and displays the result on the ListAns screen.)

  • Page 55: Coordinate Conversion

    Example RanNorm# (8, 68) (Randomly produces a body length value obtained in accordance with the normal distribution of a group of infants less than one year old with a mean body length of 68cm and standard deviation of 8.) RanNorm# (8, 68, 5) (Randomly produces the body lengths of five infants in the above example, and displays them in a list.)

  • Page 56: Permutation And Combination

    Example Calculate and ° when 24.989 24.989 55.928 55.928 Calculate when = 25 and 13.979 13.979 20.725 20.725 * fx-7400G Permutation and Combination Permutation n P r = n P r = ( n – r )! ( n – r )! •...

  • Page 57

    Division Remainder (MOD), Remainder of Exponential Division (MOD Exp) Example To determine the remainder when 137 is divided by 7 (MOD (137, 7) = 4) To determine the remainder when 5 divided by 3 (MOD E (5, 3, 3) = 2) •...

  • Page 58

    = 0.0009k (kilo) = 0.9 = 900m Converts the displayed value to the next higher engineering unit, by shifting the decimal point three places to the right. Converts the displayed value to the next lower engineering unit, by shifting the decimal point three places to the left.

  • Page 59: Numerical Calculations

    5. Numerical Calculations The following explains the numerical calculation operations included in the function menu displayed when (CALC) ( calculations can be performed. • {Int÷}/{Rmdr}/{Simp} ... {quotient}/{remainder}/{simplification} • {Solve}/{ {integration}/{ ) function solution} • {FMin}/{FMax}/{ (}/{log Quotient of Integer ÷ Integer The “Int÷”...

  • Page 60

    Under initial default settings, this calculator automatically simplifies fraction calculation results before displaying them. Before performing the following examples, use the Setup screen to change the “Simplify” setting from “Auto” to “Manual” (page 1-29). • When “a+b ” or “...

  • Page 61

    Variable table input is used with the Solve function in the EQUA mode. This input method is recommended for most normal Solve function input. An error (Time Out) occurs when there is no convergence of the solution. For information about Solve calculations, see page 4-4. •...

  • Page 62

    • Input of the tolerance ( ) value and the closing parenthesis can be omitted. If you omit tolerance ( ) value, the calculator automatically uses a value for • Specify a tolerance ( ) value of 1 solution that satisfies the tolerance value can be obtained.

  • Page 63: Quadratic Differential Calculations

    • Inaccurate results and errors can be caused by the following: - discontinuous points in - extreme changes in - inclusion of the local maximum point and local minimum point in - inclusion of the inflection point in - inclusion of undifferentiable points in - differential calculation results approaching zero •...

  • Page 64

    • Input of the tolerance ( ) value and the closing parenthesis can be omitted. • Specify a tolerance ( ) value of 1 solution that satisfies the tolerance value can be obtained. • The rules that apply for linear differential also apply when using a quadratic differential calculation for the graph formula (see page 2-24).

  • Page 65

    Example To perform the integration calculation for the function shown below, with a tolerance of “ + 3x + 4) dx + 3x + 4) dx Input the function (CALC)* Input the start point and end point. Input the tolerance value. Note the following points to ensure correct integration values.

  • Page 66

    (CALC) calculation. Be sure to keep separate and last term ( ) of sequence is greater than the value used as the initial 2-28 ,” the calculator –5 and cannot be changed. [OPTN]-[CALC]-[ (] * fx-7400G (CALC) , the calculator calculation term.

  • Page 67

    Maximum/Minimum Value Calculations After displaying the function analysis menu, you can input maximum/minimum calculations using the formats below, and solve for the maximum and minimum of a function within interval a x b Minimum Value (CALC)* : start point of interval, Maximum Value (CALC)* : start point of interval,...

  • Page 68: Complex Number Calculations

    6. Complex Number Calculations You can perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, parentheses calculations, function calculations, and memory calculations with complex numbers just as you do with the manual calculations described on pages 2-1 to 2-14. You can select the complex number calculation mode by changing the Complex Mode item on the Setup screen to one of the following settings.

  • Page 69: Arithmetic Operations

    Arithmetic Operations Arithmetic operations are the same as those you use for manual calculations. You can even use parentheses and memory. Example (1 + 2 ) + (2 + 3 * fx-7400G Reciprocals, Square Roots, and Squares Example (3 + * fx-7400G Complex Number Format Using Polar Form Example...

  • Page 70

    (Calculation of absolute value) * fx-7400G (Calculation of argument) * fx-7400G • The result of the argument calculation differs in accordance with the current angle unit setting (degrees, radians, grads). Conjugate Complex Numbers A complex number of the form a – bi Example To calculate the conjugate complex number for the complex number 2 + 4...

  • Page 71: Binary, Octal, Decimal, And Hexadecimal Calculations With Integers

    • If you attempt to enter a value that is invalid for the number system (binary, octal, decimal, hexadecimal) you are using, the calculator displays an error message. The following shows the numerals that can be used in each number system.

  • Page 72: Selecting A Number System

    Number System Display Capacity • The alphabetic characters used in the hexadecimal number appear differently on the display to distinguish them from text characters. Normal Text Hexadecimal Values Keys • The following are the calculation ranges for each of the number systems. Binary Values Positive: 0 111111111111111...

  • Page 73: Negative Values And Bitwise Operations

    To input values of mixed number systems Example To input 123 (SET UP) Move the highlighting to “Mode”, and then press (Hex) (d~o) Negative Values and Bitwise Operations Press (LOG) to display a menu of negation and bitwise operators. • {Neg} ... {negation}* •...

  • Page 74: Convert Displayed Value

    999. About Matrix Answer Memory (MatAns) • The calculator automatically stores matrix calculation results in Matrix Answer Memory. Note the following points about Matrix Answer Memory. • Whenever you perform a matrix calculation, the current Matrix Answer Memory contents are replaced by the new result.

  • Page 75

    Inputting and Editing Matrices Pressing ( MAT) displays the Matrix Editor screen. Use the Matrix Editor to input and edit matrices. None… no matrix preset • {DEL}/{DEL A} ... deletes {a specific matrix}/{all matrices} • • {DIM} ... {specifies the matrix dimensions (number of cells)} Creating a Matrix To create a matrix, you must first define its dimensions (size) in the Matrix Editor.

  • Page 76: Matrix Cell Operations

    The following operation is a continuation of the example calculation on the previous page. (Data is input into the highlighted cell. Each time you press to the next cell to the right.) • Displayed cell values show positive integers up to six digits, and negative integers up to five digits (one digit used for the negative sign).

  • Page 77

    Row Calculations The following menu appears whenever you press display. • {Swap} ... {row swap} • { Rw} ... {product of specified row and scalar} • { Rw+} ... {addition of one row and the product of a specified row with a scalar} •...

  • Page 78

    To add two rows together Example To add row 2 to row 3 (R-OP) Specify number of row to be added. Specify number of row to be added to. Row Operations • {DEL} ... {delete row} • {INS} ... {insert row} •...

  • Page 79

    Column Operations • {DEL} ... {delete column} • {INS} ... {insert column} • {ADD} ... {add column} To delete a column Example To delete column 2 (COL) (DEL) Modifying Matrices Using Matrix Commands To display the matrix commands 1. From the Main Menu, enter the RUN • MAT mode. 2.

  • Page 80: Modifying Matrices Using Matrix Commands

    Example To input the following data as Matrix A: ( [ ) ( ] ) ( ] ) (Mat) • The maximum value of both • An error occurs if memory becomes full as you are inputting data. • You can also use the above format inside a program that inputs matrix data. To input an identity matrix Use the Identity command to create an identity matrix.

  • Page 81

    To assign values to and recall values from an existing matrix Use the following format with the Mat command to specify a cell for value assignment and recall. Mat X [ X = matrix name (A through Z, or Ans) = row number = column number Example 1...

  • Page 82

    • You can use Matrix Answer Memory to assign the results of the above matrix input and edit operations to a matrix variable. To do so, use the following syntax. Fill ( , Mat ) Augment (Mat , Mat ) In the above, , , and are any variable names A through Z, and The above does not affect the contents of Matrix Answer Memory.

  • Page 83: Matrix Transposition

    Matrix Arithmetic Operations Example 1 To add the following two matrices (Matrix A + Matrix B): (MAT) (Mat) Example 2 To multiply the two matrices in Example 1 (Matrix A (MAT) (Mat) • The two matrices must have the same dimensions in order to be added or subtracted. An error occurs if you try to add or subtract matrices of different dimensions.

  • Page 84: Reduced Row Echelon Form

    (MAT) Row Echelon Form This command uses the Gaussian elimination algorithm to find the row echelon form of a matrix. Example To find the row echelon form of the following matrix: Matrix A = (MAT) (Mat) Reduced Row Echelon Form This command finds the reduced row echelon form of a matrix.

  • Page 85

    • Only square matrices (same number of rows and columns) can be inverted. Trying to invert a matrix that is not square produces an error. • A matrix with a determinant of zero cannot be inverted. Trying to invert a matrix with determinant of zero produces an error.

  • Page 86: Metric Conversion Calculations

    You can convert values from one unit of measurement to another. Measurement units are classified according to the following 11 categories. The indicators in the “Display Name” column show the text that appears in the calculator’s function menu. Display Name...

  • Page 87

    You can convert from any unit in a category to any other unit in the same category. • Attempting to convert from a unit in one category (such as “AREA”) to a unit in another category (such as “TIME”) results in a Conversion ERROR. •...

  • Page 88

    Unit Conversion Command List Cat. Display Name fermi Å angstrom micrometer millimeter centimeter meter kilometer astronomical unit l.y. light year parsec 1/1000 inch inch foot yard fath fathom mile mile n mile nautical mile square centimeter square meter hectare square kilometer square inch square foot square yard...

  • Page 89

    Cat. Display Name °C degrees Celsius Kelvin °F degrees Fahrenheit °R degrees Rankine meter per second km/h kilometer per hour knot knot ft/s foot per second mile/h mile per hour atomic mass unit milligram gram kilogram mton metric ton avoirdupois ounce pound mass slug slug...

  • Page 90: Inputting And Editing A List

    A list is a storage place for multiple data items. This calculator lets you store up to 26 lists in a single file, and you can store up to six files in memory. Stored lists can be used in arithmetic and statistical calculations, and for graphing.

  • Page 91: Editing List Values

    To batch input a series of values 1. Use the cursor keys to move the highlighting to another list. 2. Press ( { ), and then input the values you want, pressing between each one. Press inputting the final value. ( { ) 3.

  • Page 92

    To delete a cell 1. Use the cursor keys to move the highlighting to the cell you want to delete. 2. Press (DEL) to delete the selected cell and cause everything below it to be shifted • The cell delete operation does not affect cells in other lists. If the data in the list whose cell you delete is somehow related to the data in neighboring lists, deleting a cell can cause related values to become misaligned.

  • Page 93: Sorting List Values

    3. Type in the name and then press • To type in a name using alpha characters, press mode. Example: YEAR • The following operation displays a sub name in the RUN • MAT (or RUN) mode. (List) = list number from 1 to 26) •...

  • Page 94: Manipulating List Data

    Ascending order 1. While the lists are on the screen, press 2. The prompt “How Many Lists?:” appears to ask how many lists you want to sort. Here we will sort one base list linked to one other list, so we should input 2. 3.

  • Page 95

    Example To transfer the contents of List 1 (2, 3, 6, 5, 4) to column 1, and the contents of List 2 (11, 12, 13, 14, 15) to column 2 of Matrix Answer Memory (LIST) (List) To count the number of data items in a list (LIST) (Dim) (List) <list number 1 - 26>...

  • Page 96

    To generate a sequence of numbers (LIST) (Seq) <expression> <increment> • The result of this operation is stored in ListAns Memory. Example To input the number sequence 1 ) = X . Use a starting value of 1, an ending value of 11, and an increment of 5.

  • Page 97

    To calculate the median of data items of specified frequency This procedure uses two lists: one that contains values and one that indicates the frequency (number of occurrences) of each value. The frequency of the data in Cell 1 of the first list is indicated by the value in Cell 1 of the second list, etc.

  • Page 98

    To calculate the cumulative frequency of each data item (LIST) • The result of this operation is stored in ListAns Memory. Example To calculate the cumulative frequency of each data item in List 1 (2, 3, 6, 5, 4) (LIST) (List) To calculate the percentage represented by each data item (LIST)

  • Page 99: Arithmetic Calculations Using Lists

    • You can specify the storage location in list memory for a calculation result produced by a list calculation whose result is stored in ListAns memory. For example, specifying “ List 1 2” will store the result of List 1 in List 2. •...

  • Page 100: Recalling List Contents

    To directly input a list of values You can also directly input a list of values using {, }, and Example To input the list: 56, 82, 64 ( { ) To assign the contents of one list to another list to assign the contents of one list to another list.

  • Page 101: Graphing A Function Using A List

    Graphing a Function Using a List When using the graphing functions of this calculator, you can input a function such as Y1 = List 1X. If List 1 contains the values 1, 2, 3, this function will produces three graphs: Y = X, Y = 2X, Y = 3X.

  • Page 102: Switching Between List Files

    Performing Scientific Function Calculations Using a List Lists can be used just as numeric values are in scientific function calculations. When the calculation produces a list as a result, the list is stored in ListAns Memory. Example To use List 3 Use radians as the angle unit.

  • Page 103: Chapter 4 Equation Calculations

    Equation Calculations Chapter 4 From the Main Menu, enter the EQUA mode. • {SIML} ... {linear equation with 2 to 6 unknowns} • {POLY} ... {degree 2 to 6 equation} • {SOLV} ... {solve calculation} 1. Simultaneous Linear Equations You can solve simultaneous linear equations with two to six unknowns. •...

  • Page 104: High-order Equations From 2nd To 6th Degree

    • After calculation is complete, you can press re-calculate. 2. High-order Equations from 2nd to 6th Degree Your calculator can be used to solve high-order equations from 2nd to 6th degree. • Quadratic Equation: • Cubic Equation: • Quartic Equation: 1.

  • Page 105

    • It may take considerable time for the calculation result of a high-order equation of 3rd degree or higher to appear on the display. • An error occurs if the calculator is unable to find a solution. • High-order equation calculations may not produce accurate results when the equation has multiple solutions.

  • Page 106: Solve Calculations

    2. Select the SOLV (Solver) mode, and input the equation as it is written. • If you do not input an equals sign, the calculator assumes that the expression is to the left of the equals sign, and there is a zero to the right.

  • Page 107: Chapter 5 Graphing

    Graphing Chapter 5 Select the icon in the Main Menu that suits the type of graph you want to draw or the type of table you want to generate. • GRAPH … General function graphing • RUN • MAT (or RUN) … Manual graphing (pages 5-12 to 5-15) •...

  • Page 108: Controlling What Appears On A Graph Screen

    (CONV) Repeat this step as many times as required to input all of the functions you want. Next you should specify which of the functions among those that are stored in memory you want to graph (see page 5-6). If you do not select specific functions here, the graph operation will draw graphs of all the functions currently stored in memory.

  • Page 109

    To make V-Window settings 1. From the Main Menu, enter the GRAPH mode. 2. Press (V-WIN) to display the V-Window setting screen. Rectangular coordinate parameter Xmin/Xmax … Minimum/maximum Xscale … Spacing of -axis increments Xdot … Value that corresponds to one Ymin/Ymax …...

  • Page 110

    V-Window Memory You can store up to six sets of V-Window settings in V-Window memory for recall when you need them. To store V-Window settings 1. From the Main Menu, enter the GRAPH mode. 2. Press (V-WIN) to display the V-Window setting screen, and input the values you want.

  • Page 111

    Zoom This function lets you enlarge and reduce the graph on the screen. 1. Draw the graph. 2. Specify the zoom type. (ZOOM) (BOX) ... Box zoom (FACT) (IN)/ (AUTO) ... Auto zoom Box zoom range specification 3. Use the cursor keys to move the pointer ( where you want one corner of the box to be, and then press 4.

  • Page 112: Drawing A Graph

    (ZOOM) • You must specify two different points for box zoom, and the two points cannot be on a straight line vertically or horizontally from each other. 3. Drawing a Graph You can store up to 20 functions in memory. Functions in memory can be edited, recalled, and graphed.

  • Page 113

    To store a parametric function Example To store the following expressions in memory areas Xt3 and Yt3: x = 3 sinT y = 3 cosT (TYPE) To create a composite function Example To use relations in Y1 and Y2 to create composite functions for Y3 and Y4 Y1 = (X + 1), Y2 = X Assign Y1 °...

  • Page 114: Editing And Deleting Functions

    The above three screens are produced using the Trace function. See “Function Analysis” (page 5-29) for more information. Editing and Deleting Functions To edit a function in memory Example To change the expression in memory area Y1 from – 3 (Displays cursor.) (Stores new graph function.) To change the line style of a graph function...

  • Page 115

    3. Press (Yes) to delete the function or anything. • Using the above procedure to delete one line of a parametric function (such as Xt2) also will delete the applicable paired line (Yt2, in the case of Xt2). Selecting Functions for Graphing To specify the draw/non-draw status of a graph 1.

  • Page 116: Storing A Graph In Picture Memory

    • Storing a function in a memory area that already contains a function replaces the existing function with the new one. • If the data exceeds the calculator’s remaining memory capacity, an error occurs. To recall a graph function 1. Press (GMEM) (RCL) to display the pop-up window.

  • Page 117: Drawing Two Graphs On The Same Screen

    To recall a stored graph 1. After graphing in GRAPH mode, press window. 2. Press a number key to specify the Picture memory for the picture you want to recall, and then press . Pressing • Recalling picture memory contents causes the currently displayed graph to be overwritten. •...

  • Page 118: Manual Graphing

    Pressing (SEL) while one of the function’s is highlighted would causes its “ indicator to be cleared. A function without an indicator is drawn as the main screen graph (on the left side of the display). Example Graph Use the following V-Window settings. (Main Screen) Xmin = –2, (Sub-screen) GRAPH...

  • Page 119

    (V-WIN) (SKTCH) (Cls) (GRPH) (Y=) • Certain functions can be graphed easily using built-in function graphs. • You can draw graphs of the following built-in scientific functions. Rectangular Coordinate Graph • sin x • cos x • tan x –1 –1 •...

  • Page 120

    (TYPE) (Y=) ( [ ) ( ] ) (DRAW) • The value of only one of the variables in the expression can change. • Any of the following cannot be used for the variable name: X, Y, r, , T. •...

  • Page 121: Using Tables

    MAT (or RUN) • (CLIP) GRAPH (SET UP) (V-WIN) (TYPE) (Y=) (DRAW) (PASTE) • Paste is supported only when “Off” is selected for the “Dual Screen” setting on the Setup screen. • Though there is no limit on the number of graphs you can draw by pasting a function, the total number of graphs supported by trace and other functions is 30 (number of graphs drawn using expression number 1 to 20, plus graphs drawn using pasted functions).

  • Page 122: Generating A Table

    To generate a table using a table range Example To generate a table as the value of variable x changes from –3 to 3, in increments of 1 TABLE (SET) The numeric table range defines the conditions under which the value of variable during function calculation.

  • Page 123: Specifying The Function Type

    To generate a differential number table Changing the setting of Setup screen’s Derivative item to On causes a number table that includes the derivative to be displayed whenever you generate a number table. Locating the cursor at a differential coefficient displays “ which indicates differential.

  • Page 124: Copying A Table Column To A List

    Copying a Table Column to a List A simple operation lets you copy the contents of a numeric table column into a list. to move the cursor to the column you want to copy. The cursor can be in any row.

  • Page 125

    (TYPE) (Y=) (SET) (TABL) CON) • • You can use Trace, Zoom, or Sketch after drawing a graph. Simultaneously Displaying a Number Table and Graph Specifying T+G for Dual Screen on the Setup screen makes it possible to display a number table and graph at the same time.

  • Page 126: Dynamic Graphing

    8. Dynamic Graphing Important! • The fx-7400G is not equipped with the DYNA mode. Using Dynamic Graph Dynamic Graph lets you define a range of values for the coefficients in a function, and then observe how a graph is affected by changes in the value of a coefficient. It helps to see how the coefficients and terms that make up a function influence the shape and position of a graph.

  • Page 127

    Repeats from through Drawing a Dynamic Graph Locus Turning on the Dynamic Graph locus setting on the Setup screen lets you overlay a graph drawn by changing the coefficient values. 1. From the Main Menu, enter the DYNA mode. 2. Make V-Window settings. 3.

  • Page 128: Graphing A Recursion Formula

    Graph Calculation DOT Switching Function Use this function to specify drawing of all the dots on the Dynamic Graph X-axis, or every other dot. This setting is value for Dynamic Func Y= graphic only. 1. Press (SET UP) to display the Setup screen. 2.

  • Page 129

    2. Specify the recursion type. (TYPE) ) ... {general term of sequence ) ... {linear two-term recursion} ) ... {linear three-term recursion} 3. Input the recursion formula. 4. Specify the table range. Specify a start point and end point for value for the initial term, and a pointer start point value if you plan to graph the formula.

  • Page 130

    RECUR (V-WIN) (TYPE) (SET) (SEL+S) (TABL) CON) • • After drawing a graph, you can use Trace, Zoom, and Sketch. • Press to return to the number table screen. After drawing a graph, you can toggle between the number table screen and graph screen by pressing Graphing a Phase Plot from Two Numeric Sequences You can draw the phase plot for numeric sequences generated by two expressions input in the RECUR mode with one value on the horizontal axis and the other value on the vertical axis.

  • Page 131

    (TABL) (PHAS) • If you enter three expressions on the RECUR mode screen and select all of them for table creation, you will need to specify which two of the three expressions you want to use to draw the phase plot. To do so, use the function menu that appears when you press the table screen.

  • Page 132

    WEB Graph (Convergence, Divergence) ) is graphed by presuming composed of . Next, it can be determined whether the function is convergent or divergent. 1. From the Main Menu, enter the RECUR mode. 2. Make V-Window settings. 3. Select 2-term recursion as the recursion formula type, and input the formula. 4.

  • Page 133: Graphing A Conic Section

    10. Graphing a Conic Section Important! • The fx-7400G is not equipped with the CONICS mode. Graphing a Conic Section You can use the CONICS mode to graph parabolas, circles, ellipses, and hyperbolas. You can input a rectangular coordinate function, polar coordinate function, or parametric function for graphing.

  • Page 134

    1. From the Main Menu, enter the GRAPH mode. 2. Make V-Window settings. 3. On the Setup screen, use the “Sketch Line” setting to specify the line style you want. ) … Normal (initial default) ) … Thick (twice the thickness of Normal) ) …...

  • Page 135: Function Analysis

    (TYPE) (Y=) (DRAW) (SKTCH) You can draw a tangent line in succession by moving the “ 12. Function Analysis Reading Coordinates on a Graph Line Trace lets you move a pointer along a graph and read out coordinates on the display. 1.

  • Page 136

    1. From the Main Menu, enter the GRAPH mode. 2. On the Setup screen, specify On for Derivative. 3. Draw the graph. 4. Press (TRCE), and the pointer appears at the center of the graph. The current coordinates and the derivative also appear on the display at this time.

  • Page 137

    (Y-ICPT) ... (ISCT) ... Intersection of two graphs 4. When there are multiple graphs on the screen, the selection cursor ( ) is located at the lowest numbered graph. Press select. 5. Press to select the graph where the cursor is located and display the value produced by the analysis.

  • Page 138

    • You can calculate the point of intersection for rectangular coordinate graphs (Y= and inequality graphs (Y • Either of the following can cause poor accuracy or even make it impossible to obtain solutions. - When a solution is a point of tangency between two graphs - When a solution is an inflection point Determining the Coordinates for Given Points The following procedure describes how to determine the...

  • Page 139: Conic Section Graph Analysis

    Example Graph the function shown below, and then determine the integral value at (–2, 0). Y1 = + 2)( • You can also specify the lower limit and upper limit by inputting them on the 10-key pad. • When setting the range, make sure that the lower limit is less than the upper limit. •...

  • Page 140

    To calculate the focus and length of latus rectum Example To determine the focus and length of latus rectum for the parabola X = (Y – 2) Use the following V-Window settings. Xmin = –1, Ymin = –5, CONICS (G-SLV) (FOCS) (Calculates the focus.) (G-SLV)

  • Page 141: Chapter 6 Statistical Graphs And Calculations

    Statistical Graphs and Chapter 6 Calculations Important! This chapter contains a number of graph screen shots. In each case, new data values were input in order to highlight the particular characteristics of the graph being drawn. Note that when you try to draw a similar graph, the unit uses data values that you have input using the List function.

  • Page 142

    • List The initial default statistical data is List 1 for single-variable data, and List 1 and List 2 for paired-variable data. You can specify which statistical data list you want to use for -data. • Frequency Normally, each data item or data pair in the statistical data list is represented on a graph as a point.

  • Page 143

    • Display (pie graph value display setting) • {%}/{Data} ... For each data element {display as percentage}/{display as value} • % Sto Mem (Specifies storage of percentage values to a list.) • {None}/{List} ... For percentage values: {Do not store to list}/{Specify List 1 to 26 and store} When “Box”...

  • Page 144: Calculating And Graphing Single-variable Statistical Data

    2. Calculating and Graphing Single-Variable Statistical Data Single-variable data is data with only a single variable. If you are calculating the average height of the members of a class for example, there is only one variable (height). Single-variable statistics include distribution and sum. The following types of graphs are available for single-variable statistics.

  • Page 145: Bar Graph

    The display screen appears as shown above before the graph is drawn. At this point, you can change the Start and Width values. Med-box Graph This type of graph lets you see how a large number of data items are grouped within specific ranges. A box encloses all the data in an area from the first quartile (Q1) to the third quartile (Q3), with a line drawn at the median (Med).

  • Page 146: Normal Distribution Curve

    Normal Distribution Curve The normal distribution curve is graphed using the normal distribution function. XList specifies the list where the data is input, while Freq specifies the list where the data frequency is input. 1 is specified for Freq when frequency is not specified. Broken Line Graph Lines connect center points of a histogram bar.

  • Page 147

    • Press (DRAW) to return to the original single-variable statistical graph. • When Mod has multiple solutions, they are all displayed. • You can use the Setup screen’s “Q1Q3 Type” setting to select either “Std” (standard calculation) or “OnData” (French calculation) for the Q1 and Q3 calculation mode. For details about calculation methods while “Std”...

  • Page 148

    Center Point 2 + 3 2 + 3 = Q1 = Q1 OnData The Q1 and Q3 values for this calculation method are described below. Q1 = {value of element whose cumulative frequency ratio is greater than 1/4 and nearest to 1/4} Q3 = {value of element whose cumulative frequency ratio is greater than 3/4 and nearest to 3/4}...

  • Page 149: Calculating And Graphing Paired-variable Statistical Data

    3. Calculating and Graphing Paired-Variable Statistical Data Drawing a Scatter Diagram and The following procedure plots a scatter diagram and connects the dots to produce an graph. 1. From the Main Menu, enter the STAT mode. 2. Input the data into a list. 3.

  • Page 150: Selecting The Regression Type

    Example Input the two sets of data shown below and plot the data on a scatter diagram. Next, perform logarithmic regression on the data to display the regression parameters, and then draw the corresponding regression graph. 0.5, 1.2, 2.4, 4.0, 5.2 ( –2.1, 0.3, 1.5, 2.0, 2.4 ( STAT (GRPH)

  • Page 151: Graphing Statistical Calculation Results

    Graphing Statistical Calculation Results While the parameter calculation result is on the display, you can graph the displayed regression formula by pressing Linear Regression Graph Linear regression uses the method of least squares to plot a straight line that passes close to as many data points as possible, and returns values for the slope and when = 0) of the line.

  • Page 152: Logarithmic Regression Graph

    Quadratic regression Model formula..regression second coefficient ... regression first coefficient ... regression constant term -intercept) Quartic regression Model formula..regression fourth coefficient ... regression third coefficient ... regression second coefficient ... regression first coefficient ... regression constant term ( Logarithmic Regression Graph Logarithmic regression expresses regression formula is...

  • Page 153: Power Regression Graph

    ·sin( (CALC) (DRAW) Drawing a sine regression graph causes the angle unit setting of the calculator to automatically change to Rad (radians). The angle unit does not change when you perform a sine regression calculation without drawing a graph. • Certain types of data may take a long time to calculate. This does not indicate malfunction.

  • Page 154: Copying A Regression Graph Formula To The Graph Mode

    While the statistical data list is on the display, recall the Setup screen to specify a LIST (“List 1” through “List 26”) for “Resid List”. Calculated residual data is stored in the specified list. The vertical distance from the plots to the regression model will be stored in the list. Plots that are higher than the regression model are positive, while those that are lower are negative.

  • Page 155: Performing Statistical Calculations

    4. Performing Statistical Calculations All of the statistical calculations up to this point were performed after displaying a graph. The following procedures can be used to perform statistical calculations alone. To specify statistical calculation data lists You have to input the statistical data for the calculation you want to perform and specify where it is located before you start a calculation.

  • Page 156: Regression Calculation

    These values can also be directly obtained by displaying the statistical data list and pressing After this, pressing variable characteristics. For details on the meanings of these statistical values, see “Displaying the Calculation Results of a Drawn Paired-Variable Graph” (page 6-14). Regression Calculation In the explanations from “Linear Regression Graph”...

  • Page 157

    • Linear Regression ( )... )... • Quadratic Regression... • Cubic Regression ... • Quartic Regression ... • Logarithmic Regression... • Exponential Repression ( · · • Power Regression ... • Sin Regression ... • Logistic Regression ... Estimated Value Calculation for Regression Graphs The STAT mode also includes a Y-CAL function that uses regression to calculate the estimated -value for a particular -value after graphing a paired-variable statistical...

  • Page 158

    3. Pressing or a number key at this time causes the so you can perform another estimated value calculation if you want. • The pointer does not appear if the calculated coordinates are not within the display range. • The coordinates do not appear if “Off” is specified for the “Coord” item of the Setup screen. •...

  • Page 159

    Normal Probability Distribution Calculation You can calculate normal probability distributions for single-variable statistics with the RUN • MAT (or RUN) mode. Press (PROB) ( menu, which contains the following items. • {P(}/{Q(}/{R(} ... obtains normal probability {P( • { (} ... {obtains normalized variate •...

  • Page 160

    4. Press , select the RUN • MAT (or RUN) mode, press (PROB) on the fx-7400G (PROB)* * fx-7400G (Normalized variate (Normalized variate (P() (P() (Percentage of total) (R() (Percentile) Drawing a Normal Probability Distribution Graph You can draw a normal probability distribution graph using manual graphing with the RUN •...

  • Page 161

    1. From the Main Menu, enter the RUN • MAT mode. 2. Press the keys as follows. (STAT) (NPd) ( } ) • For details about what you can do with the distribution function and its syntax, see “Performing Distribution Calculations in a Program” (page 8-29). Determining Standard Deviation and Variance from List Data You can use functions to determine standard deviation and variance for specified list data.

  • Page 162: Tests

    Calculations Using the TEST Command Important! • The following operations cannot be performed on the fx-7400G You can use special functions in the RUN • MAT mode or PRGM mode to perform calculations that are the same as the STAT mode Example To determine the performed under the conditions below:...

  • Page 163

    1-Sample Test tests for the unknown population mean when the population standard deviation is known. 2-Sample Test tests the equality of the means of two populations based on independent samples when both population standard deviations are known. 1-Prop Test tests for an unknown proportion of successes. 2-Prop Test tests to compare the proportion of successes from two populations.

  • Page 164

    After setting all the parameters, use one of the function keys shown below to perform the calculation or draw the graph. • (CALC) ... Performs the calculation. • (DRAW) ... Draws the graph. • V-Window settings are automatically optimized for drawing the graph. Tests Z Test Common Functions You can use the following graph analysis functions after drawing a...

  • Page 165

    • [Save Res] does not save the 2-Sample Z Test This test is used when the standard deviations for two populations are known to test the hypothesis. The 2-Sample Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (TEST) (2-S) The following shows the parameter data specification items that are different from list data specification.

  • Page 166

    Calculation Result Output Example Prop 0.5 ... direction of test • [Save Res] does not save the Prop condition in line 2. 2-Prop Test This test is used to compare the proportion of successes. The 2-Prop normal distribution. Perform the following key operation from the statistical data list. (TEST) (2-P) Calculation Result Output Example...

  • Page 167

    Pressing (P) displays the • Executing an analysis function automatically stores the and P, respectively. 1-Sample t Test This test uses the hypothesis test for a single unknown population mean when the population standard deviation is unknown. The 1-Sample Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (TEST) (1-S) The following shows the parameter data specification items that are different from list data...

  • Page 168

    The following shows the parameter data specification items that are different from list data specification. Calculation Result Output Example ... direction of test ... Displayed only when Pooled: On setting. • [Save Res] does not save the LinearReg t Test LinearReg Test treats paired-variable data sets as ( squares to determine the most appropriate...

  • Page 169

    When there is a list specified for the [Resid List] item on the Setup screen, regression formula residual data is automatically saved to the specified list after the calculation is finished. • You cannot draw a graph for LinearReg • [Save Res] does not save the •...

  • Page 170

    Calculation Result Output Examples CNTRB ... list for output of contribution values • two-way Test two-way Test sets up a number of independent groups and tests hypothesis related to the proportion of the sample included in each group. The variables (variable with two possible values, such as yes/no). Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list.

  • Page 171

    Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (TEST) The following shows the parameter data specification items that are different from list data specification. Calculation Result Output Example ... direction of test ¯ x ... Displayed only for Data: List setting. ¯...

  • Page 172

    Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (TEST) (ANOV) The following is the meaning of each item in the case of list data specification. How Many... selects One-Way ANOVA or Two-Way ANOVA (number of levels) Factor A ... category list (List 1 to 26) Dependnt ...

  • Page 173

    -value ... degrees of freedom ... sum of squares ... mean squares With Two-Way ANOVA, you can draw Interaction Plot graphs. The number of graphs depends on Factor B, while the number of X-axis data depends on the Factor A. The Y-axis is the average value of each category.

  • Page 174: Input Example

    Define List 3 (the data for each group) as Dependent. Define List 1 and List 2 (the factor numbers for each data item in List 3) as Factor A and Factor B respectively. Executing the test produces the following results. •...

  • Page 175: Confidence Interval

    6. Confidence Interval Important! • Confidence interval calculations cannot be performed on the fx-7400G A confidence interval is a range (interval) that includes a statistical value, usually the population mean. A confidence interval that is too broad makes it difficult to get an idea of where the population value (true value) is located.

  • Page 176

    Z Interval 1-Sample Interval 1-Sample Interval calculates the confidence interval for an unknown population mean when the population standard deviation is known. Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (INTR) (1-S) The following shows the parameter data specification items that are different from list data specification.

  • Page 177

    Data is specified using parameter specification. Calculation Result Output Example Z Interval 2-Prop 2-Prop Interval uses the number of data items to calculate the confidence interval for the defference between the proportion of successes in two populations. Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (INTR) (2-P) t Interval...

  • Page 178: 2-sample T Interval

    2-Sample t Interval 2-Sample Interval calculates the confidence interval for the difference between two population means when both population standard deviations are unknown. The applied to distribution. Perform the following key operations from the statistical data list. (INTR) (2-S) 7. Distribution Important! •...

  • Page 179: Common Distribution Functions

    • (DIST) (NORM) ... Normal distribution (page 6-39) (t) ... Student- (CHI) ... (F) ... (BINM) ... Binomial distribution (page 6-44) After setting all the parameters, use one of the function keys shown below to perform the calculation or draw the graph. •...

  • Page 180

    • Normal probability density is applied to standard normal distribution. • Specifying = 1 and = 0 specifies standard normal distribution. Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified • Graphing is supported only when a variable is specified and a single data.

  • Page 181

    Specify the probability and use this formula to obtain the integration interval. • This calculator performs the above calculation using the following: • There is no graphing for Inverse Normal Cumulative Distribution. Student- Distribution • Student-...

  • Page 182

    • Graphing is supported only when a variable is specified and a single data. • Inverse Student- Cumulative Distribution Inverse Student- Cumulative Distribution calculates the lower bound value of a Student- a specified (degrees of freedom) value. Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified •...

  • Page 183

    Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified • Graphing is supported only when a variable is specified and a single data. • Inverse Cumulative Distribution Inverse Cumulative Distribution calculates the lower bound value of a cumulative distribution probability for a specified (degrees of freedom) value.

  • Page 184: Binomial Distribution

    • Cumulative Distribution Cumulative Distribution calculates the cumulative probability of an distribution between a lower bound and an upper bound. Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified • Graphing is supported only when a variable is specified and a single data.

  • Page 185

    Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified • There is no graphing for Binomial Probability. • Binomial Cumulative Distribution Binomial Cumulative Distribution calculates the cumulative probability in a binomial distribution that the success will occur on or before a specified trial. Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified •...

  • Page 186: Poisson Distribution

    Important! When executing the Inverse Binomial Cumulative Distribution calculation, the calculator uses the specified Area value and the value that is one less than the Area value minimum number of significant digits ( Area value) to calculate minimum number of trials values.

  • Page 187

    • There is no graphing for Inverse Poisson Cumulative Distribution. Important! When executing the Inverse Poisson Cumulative Distribution calculation, the calculator uses the specified Area value and the value that is one less than the Area value minimum number of significant digits ( Area value) to calculate minimum number of trials values.

  • Page 188

    Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified • There is no graphing for Geometric Probability. • Geometric Cumulative Distribution Geometric Cumulative Distribution calculates the cumulative probability in a geometric distribution that the success will occur on or before a specified trial. Calculation Result Output Examples When a list is specified •...

  • Page 189

    Important! When executing the Inverse Geometric Cumulative Distribution calculation, the calculator uses the specified Area value and the value that is one less than the Area value minimum number of significant digits ( Area value) to calculate minimum number of trials values.

  • Page 190: Input And Output Terms Of Tests, Confidence Interval, And Distribution

    • There is no graphing for Inverse Hypergeometric Cumulative Distribution. Important! When executing the Inverse Hypergeometric Cumulative Distribution calculation, the calculator uses the specified Area value and the value that is one less than the Area value minimum number of significant digits ( Area value) to calculate minimum number of trials values.

  • Page 191

    Prop (1-Prop Test) ...sample proportion test conditions (“ “< test.) (2-Prop Test)...sample proportion test conditions (“ “< 2, “> sample 2.) (1-Sample Test) ...population mean value test conditions (“ “< test.) (2-Sample Test) ...sample mean value test conditions (“ “< 2, “>...

  • Page 192

    XList...list for YList...list for C-Level...confidence level (0 Pooled...pooling On (in effect) or Off (not in effect) (Distribution)...data (Distribution) ...standard deviation ( > 0) (Distribution) ...mean Lower (Distribution)...lower boundary Upper (Distribution)...upper boundary (Distribution) ...degrees of freedom ( (Distribution) ...numerator degrees of freedom (positive integer) (Distribution) ...denominator degrees of freedom (positive integer) Numtrial (Distribution) ...number of trials (Distribution)...success probability (0...

  • Page 193: Statistic Formula

    9. Statistic Formula Test Test 1-Sample Test 2-Sample Test 1-Prop Test 2-Prop Test 1-Sample Test 2-Sample Test (pooled) 2-Sample Test (not pooled) LinearReg Test GOF Test two-way Test 2-Sample Test ANOVA Test – )/( /' ) – )/ ( ) + ( –...

  • Page 194

    Confidence Interval Left: confidence interval lower limit (left edge) Confidence Interval Right: confidence interval upper limit (right edge) 1-Sample Interval 2-Sample Interval Left, Right 1-Prop Interval Left, Right 2-Prop Interval Left, Right 1-Sample Interval Left, Right 2-Sample Interval (pooled) Left, Right 2-Sample Interval (not pooled)

  • Page 195

    Distribution Upper Normal – Distribution tail = Left Student- Distribution Distribution Distribution Distribution (Discrete) Distribution p(x) = Binomial Distribution Poisson Distribution p(x) = Geometric Distribution p(x) = p(1– p) p(x) = Hypergeometric Distribution Distribution Binomial Distribution Poisson Distribution Geometric Distribution Hypergeometric Distribution Inverse Cumulative Distribution...

  • Page 196: Chapter 7 Financial Calculation (tvm)

    Financial Calculation (TVM) Chapter 7 Important! • The fx-7400G is not equipped with the TVM mode. 1. Before Performing Financial Calculations From the Main Menu, enter the TVM mode and display the Financial screen like the one shown below. • {SMPL} … {simple interest} •...

  • Page 197: Simple Interest

    • Whenever performing an actual financial transaction, be sure to check any calculation results obtained using this calculator with against the figures calculated by your financial institution. 2. Simple Interest This calculator uses the following formulas to calculate simple interest.

  • Page 198: Compound Interest

    ( reverse direction. Press to return to the parameter input screen. 3. Compound Interest This calculator uses the following standard formulas to calculate compound interest. PV, PMT, FV, PV = – ( PV = – ( PMT +...

  • Page 199

    This calculator performs interest calculations using Newton’s Method, which produces approximate values whose precision can be affected by various calculation conditions. Because of this, interest calculation results produced by this calculator should be used keeping the above limitation in mind or the results should be verified.

  • Page 200: Cash Flow (investment Appraisal)

    4. Cash Flow (Investment Appraisal) This calculator uses the discounted cash flow (DCF) method to perform investment appraisal by totalling cash flow for a fixed period. This calculator can perform the following four types of investment appraisal. • Net present value ( •...

  • Page 201

    (1 + i ) In this formula, = 0, and the value of however, that minute fractional values tend to accumulate during the subsequent calculations performed automatically by the calculator, so becomes more accurate the closer that 0 ... ( 0 ... (...

  • Page 202: Amortization

    Press to return to the parameter input screen. 5. Amortization This calculator can be used to calculate the principal and interest portion of a monthly installment, the remaining principal, and amount of principal and interest repaid up to any point.

  • Page 203

    = I BAL = I BAL b : PRN b : PRN c : BAL c : BAL = BAL = BAL PRN = PRN PRN = PRN = 0 and Converting between the nominal interest rate and effective interest rate The nominal interest rate ( % value input by user) is converted to an effective interest rate %' ) for installment loans where the number of installments per year is different from the...

  • Page 204: Interest Rate Conversion

    • { INT} … {total interest paid from installment PM1 to installment PM2} • { PRN} … {total principal paid from installment PM1 to installment PM2} • {CMPD} … {compound interest screen} • An error (Ma ERROR) occurs if parameters are not configured correctly. Use the following function menus to maneuver between calculation result screens.

  • Page 205: Cost, Selling Price, Margin

    After configuring the parameters, use one of the function menus noted below to perform the corresponding calculation. • { EFF} … {converts annual percentage rate to effective interest rate} • { APR} … {converts effective interest rate to annual percent rate} •...

  • Page 206: Day/date Calculations

    Use the following function menu to maneuver between calculation result screens. • {REPT} … {parameter input screen} 8. Day/Date Calculations You can calculate the number of days between two dates, or you can determine what date comes a specific number of days before or after another date. Press (DAYS) from the Financial 2 screen to display the following input screen for day/date calculation.

  • Page 207: Depreciation

    9. Depreciation Depreciation lets you calculate the amount that a business expense can be offset by income (depreciated) over a given year. • This calculator supports the following four types of depreciation calculations. straight-line ( ), fixed-percentage ( • Any one of the above methods can be used to calculate depreciation for a specified period.

  • Page 208

    Declining-Balance Method (DB) Y–1 Y–1 = PV = PV 100n 100n = PV – FV – DB = PV – FV – DB = (RDV = (RDV + FV ) + FV ) j–1 j–1 = RDV = RDV – DB –...

  • Page 209: Bond Calculations

    An error (Ma ERROR) occurs if parameters are not configured correctly. Use the following function menu to maneuver between calculation result screens. • {REPT} … {parameter input screen} • {TABL} … {displays table} • {GRPH} … {draws graph} 10. Bond Calculations Bond calculation lets you calculate the purchase price or the annual yield of a bond.

  • Page 210

    • For more than one coupon period to redemption PRC = – PRC = – YLD/100 YLD/100 – – Annual Yield (YLD) YLD is calculated using Newton’s Method. Press (BOND) from the Financial 2 screen to display the following input screen for Bond calculation.

  • Page 211: Financial Calculations Using Functions

    MEMO Screen • The following describes the meaning of the MEMO screen display items..number of days from d1 to d2 ... number of coupon payments between settlement date and maturity date ... accrued days ... number of days from settlement date until next coupon payment date (D−A) ...

  • Page 212: Chapter 8 Programming

    Programming Chapter 8 1. Basic Programming Steps Commands and calculations are executed sequentially, just like manual calculation multi- statements. 1. From the Main Menu, enter the PRGM mode. When you do, a program list appears on the display. Files are listed in the alphabetic sequence of their names. 2.

  • Page 213: Prgm Mode Function Keys

    Pressing while the program’s final result is on the display exits the program. • You can also run a program while in the RUN • MAT (or RUN) mode by inputting: Prog "<file name>" • Pressing while the final result of a program executed using this method is on the display re-executes the program.

  • Page 214: Editing Program Contents

    • {I/O} ... {I/O control/transfer command menu} • {:} ... {multi-statement command} • {STR} ... {string command} See “Command Reference” on page 8-7 for full details on each of these commands. • Pressing (SET UP) displays the mode command menu shown below. •...

  • Page 215: Searching For Data Inside A Program

    • Error messages appearing when the program is run • Results that are not within your expectations To eliminate bugs that cause error messages An error message, like the one shown to the right, appears whenever something illegal occurs during program execution. When such a message appears, press error was caused.

  • Page 216: File Management

    4. Each press of to the next instance of the data you specified.* The message “Not Found” appears when the search data you specify cannot be found in the program. If there are no more instances of the data you specified, the search operation ends. •...

  • Page 217: Deleting A Program

    - Press to clear the error and return to the file name editing screen. - Press to clear the input file name and input a new one. Deleting a Program To delete a specific program 1. While the program list is on the display, use name of the program you want to delete.

  • Page 218: Command Reference

    5. Command Reference Command Index Break...8-10 CloseComport38k ...8-17 ClrGraph ... 8-14 ClrList ...8-14 ClrMat ...8-14 ClrText ...8-14 DispF-Tbl, DispR-Tbl ...8-14 Do~LpWhile ...8-10 DrawDyna ... 8-14 DrawFTG-Con, DrawFTG-Plt ...8-15 DrawGraph ...8-15 DrawR-Con, DrawR-Plt ...8-15 DrawR -Con, DrawR -Plt ...8-15 DrawStat ...8-15 DrawWeb ...

  • Page 219: Basic Operation Commands

    If you do not specify a prompt, execution of this command causes “?” to appear indicating the calculator is standing by for input. If a prompt is specified, “<prompt>?” appears to prompt input. Up to 255 bytes of text can be used for a prompt.

  • Page 220

    Program Commands (COM) If~Then~(Else~)IfEnd Function: The Then-statement is executed only when the If-condition is true (non-zero). The Else-statement is executed when the If-condition is false (0). The IfEnd-statement is always executed following either the Then-statement or Else-statement. Syntax: <condition> numeric expression Else <statement>...

  • Page 221

    Do~LpWhile Function: This command repeats specific commands as long as its condition is true (non- zero). Syntax: <statement> Parameters: expression Description: • This command repeats the commands contained in the loop as long as its condition is true (non-zero). When the condition becomes false (0), execution proceeds from the statement following the LpWhile-statement.

  • Page 222

    Prog Function: This command specifies execution of another program as a subroutine. In the RUN • MAT (or RUN) mode, this command executes a new program. Syntax: Prog "file name" Example: Prog "ABC" Description: • Even when this command is located inside of a loop, its execution immediately breaks the loop and launches the subroutine.

  • Page 223

    Jump Commands (JUMP) Function: This command is a count jump that decrements the value of a control variable by 1, and then jumps if the current value of the variable is zero. Syntax: Variable Value Dsz <variable name> : <statement> Variable Value = 0 Parameters: variable name: A to Z, [Example] Dsz B : Decrements the value assigned to variable B by 1.

  • Page 224

    Description: This command increments the value of a control variable by 1, and then tests (checks) it. If the current value is non-zero, execution continues with the next statement. If the current value is zero, execution jumps to the statement following the multi-statement command (:), display command ( ), or carriage return ( (Jump Code) Function: This code is used to set up conditions for a conditional jump.

  • Page 225

    Clear Commands (CLR) ClrGraph Function: This command clears the graph screen. Syntax: ClrGraph Description: This command clears the graph screen during program execution. ClrList Function: This command deletes list data. Syntax: ClrList <list name> ClrList Parameters: list name: 1 to 26, Ans Description: This command deletes the data in the list specified by “list name”.

  • Page 226

    DrawFTG-Con, DrawFTG-Plt Function: This command uses values in a generated table to graph a function. Description: • This command draws a function graph in accordance with conditions defined within the program. • DrawFTG-Con produces a connect type graph, while DrawFTG-Plt produces a plot type graph.

  • Page 227

    PlotPhase Function: Graphs a phase plot based on numeric sequences that correspond to the -axis. Syntax: PlotPhase < -axis numeric sequence name>, < Description: • Only the following commands can be input for each argument to specify the recursion table. •...

  • Page 228

    (1, 7) Example: Cls Locate 7, 1, "CASIO FX" This program displays the text “CASIO FX” in the center of the screen. • In some cases, the ClrText command should be executed before running the above program. Receive( / Send( Function: This command receives data from and sends data to a connected device.

  • Page 229

    Receive38k / Send38k Function: Executes data send and receive at a data rate of 38 kbps. Syntax: Send38k <expression> <variable name> Receive38k <list name> Description: • The OpenComport38k command must be executed before this command is executed. • The CloseComport38k command must be executed after this command is executed. •...

  • Page 230

    Exp( Function: Converts a string to an expression, and executes the expression. Syntax: Exp("<string>"[)] Exp Str( Function: Converts a graph expression to a string and assigns it to the specified variable. Syntax: Exp Str(<formula>, <string variable name>[)] Description: A graph expression (Y ), or function memory (f StrCmp( Function: Compares “<string 1>”...

  • Page 231

    StrMid( Function: Extracts from the Syntax: StrMid("<string>", Description: Omitting “ ” will extract from the StrRight( Function: Copies a string up to the Syntax: StrRight("<string>", StrRotate( Function: Rotates the left side part and right side part of a string at the Syntax: StrRotate("<string>", [, Description: Rotation is to the left when “...

  • Page 232: Using Calculator Functions In Programs

    RclCapt Function: Displayed the contents specified by the capture memory number. Syntax: RclCapt <capture memory number> 6. Using Calculator Functions in Programs Text Display You can include text in a program by simply enclosing it between double quotation marks. Such text appears on the display during program execution, which means you can add labels to input prompts and results.

  • Page 233: Using Graph Functions In A Program

    Executing this program produces the following result. To calculate a scalar multiplication ( Example 2 To calculate the product of Row 2 of the matrix in Example 1 and the scalar 4 The following is the syntax to use for this program. Row 4, A, 2 Mat A To calculate a scalar multiplication and add the results to another row...

  • Page 234

    • Graph draw operation DrawGraph Input this Y1 with if you input “Y” with the calculator keys. Syntax of other graphing functions • V-Window View Window <Xmin>, <Xmax>, <Xscale>, <Ymin>, <Ymax>, <Yscale>, <T min>, <T max>, <T pitch> StoV-Win <area of V-Win>... area: 1 to 6 RclV-Win <area of V-Win>...

  • Page 235: Using List Sort Functions In A Program

    • Dynamic Graph range D Start D End D pitch Using Table & Graph Functions in a Program Table & Graph functions in a program can generate numeric tables and perform graphing operations. The following shows various types of syntax you need to use when programming with Table &...

  • Page 236: Using Statistical Calculations And Graphs In A Program

    • Descending order SortD (List 1, List 2, List 3) Using Statistical Calculations and Graphs in a Program Including statistical calculations and graphing operations in a program lets you calculate and graph statistical data. To set conditions and draw a statistical graph Following a StatGraph command (“S-Gph1”, “S-Gph2”, or “S-Gph3”), you must specify the following graph conditions: •...

  • Page 237

    • The following is a typical graph condition specification for a regression graph. S-Gph1 DrawOn, Linear, List 1, List 2, List 3 The same format can be used for the following types of graphs, by simply replacing “Linear” in the above specification with the applicable graph type. Linear Regression ...

  • Page 238

    • Executing DrawDistNorm performs the above calculation in accordance with the specified conditions and draws the graph. At this time the ZLow graph is filled in. • At the same time, the , ZLow, and ZUp calculation result values are assigned respectively to variables , ZLow, and ZUp, and •...

  • Page 239

    ndf + ddf ndf + ddf Upper Upper Lower Lower • Executing DrawDistF performs the above calculation in accordance with the specified conditions and draws the graph. At this time the Lower filled in. • At the same time, calculation result Performing Statistical Calculations in a Program •...

  • Page 240

    • Sinusoidal regression statistical calculation SinReg List 1, List 2 • Logistic regression statistical calculation LogisticReg List 1, List 2 Performing Distribution Calculations in a Program • The following values are substituted whenever any of the values enclosed in brackets ([ ]) are omitted.

  • Page 241

    • Student- Distribution tPD(: Returns the Student- Syntax: tPD( • A single value or a list can be specified for and Ans (ListAns when tCD(: Returns the Student- Syntax: tCD(Lower,Upper, • Single values or lists can be specified for Lower and Upper. Calculation results and tUp are assigned respectively to variables assigned to Ans (ListAns when Lower and Upper are lists).

  • Page 242

    InvFCD(: Returns the inverse Syntax: InvFCD( • A single value or a list can be specified for Ans variables (ListAns when • Binomial Distribution BinomialPD(: Returns the binomial probability ( Syntax: BinomialPD([ ,P[)] • A single value or a list can be specified for and Ans (ListAns when BinomialCD(: Returns the binomial cumulative distribution ( Syntax: BinomialCD([X,]...

  • Page 243

    GeoCD(: Returns the geometric cumulative distribution ( Syntax: GeoCD(X,P[)] • A single value or a list can be specified for each X. Calculation result variables and Ans (ListAns when X is a list). InvGeoCD(: Returns the inverse geometric cumulative distribution for the specified data. Syntax: InvGeoCD( ,P[)] •...

  • Page 244

    Syntax: OneSample Output Values: , , s ListAns elements 1 through 5. TwoSample Test: Executes 2-sample Syntax: TwoSample Output Values: and to ListAns elements 1 through 6. Syntax: TwoSample Output Values: OneProp Test: Executes 1-proportion Syntax: OneProp p ˆ Output Values: elements 1 through 4.

  • Page 245

    • Test ChiGOFTest: Executes a chi-square goodness of fit test. Syntax: ChiGOFTest List 1, List 2, df, List 3 (List 1 is the Observed list, List 2 is the Expected list, and List 3 is the CNTRB list.) Output Values: and to ListAns elements 1 through 3.

  • Page 246

    Performing Financial Calculations in a Program • Setup Commands • Date Mode Setting for Financial Calculations DateMode365... 365 days DateMode360... 360 days • Payment Period Setting PmtBgn... Start of period PmtEnd... End of period • Bond Calculation Payment Periods PeriodsAnnual ... Annual PeriodsSemi ...

  • Page 247

    Syntax: Cmpd_PMT( Cmpd_FV: Returns the final input/output amount or total principal and interest. Syntax: Cmpd_FV( %, PV, PMT, P/Y, C/Y) • Cash Flow (Investment Appraisal) Cash_NPV: Returns the net present value. Syntax: Cash_NPV( %, Csh) Cash_IRR: Returns the internal rate of return. Syntax: Cash_IRR(Csh) Cash_PBP: Returns the payback period.

  • Page 248: Prgm Mode Command List

    • Day/Date Calculations Days_Prd: Returns the number of days from a specified d1 to specified d2. Syntax: Days_Prd(MM1, DD1, YYYY1, MM2, DD2, YYYY2) • Bond Calculations Bond_PRC: Returns in list form bond prices based on specified conditions. Syntax: Bond_PRC(MM1, DD1, YYYY1, MM2, DD2, YYYY2, RDV, CPN, YLD) = {PRC, INT, CST} Bond_YLD: Returns the yield based on specified conditions.

  • Page 249

    Sel_a RANG Sel_a Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Command LIST List List_ List Mat( Dim_ Fill Fill( Seq( Min( Max( Mean( Mean Median( Augment( Sum_ Prod_ Prod Cuml Cuml_ Percent_ List_ Mat_ Mat List( Det_ Trn_ Augment( Iden Identity_ Dim_ Fill Fill(...

  • Page 250

    Abs_ Int_ Frac Frac_ Intg Intg_ RndFi RndFix( GCD( LCM( MOD( MOD_Exp( • ANGL ’ ’’ Pol( Pol( Rec( Rec( ESYM μ μ PICT StoPict_ RclPict_ FMEM LOGIC And _And_ _Or_ Not_ Xor_ CAPT RclCapt_ SMPL Smpl_SI( Smpl_SFV( CMPD Cmpd_n( Cmpd_I%( Cmpd_PV( Cmpd_PMT(...

  • Page 251

    (PRGM) key Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Command Then Then_ Else Else_ IfEnd I-End For_ _To_ Step _Step_ Next Next Whle While_ WEnd WhileEnd Lp-W LpWhile_ Prog Prog_ Return Rtrn Break Stop Stop JUMP Lbl_ Goto_ Goto Isz_ Dsz_ Menu Menu_ Text...

  • Page 252

    SketchNormal_ STYL — SketchThick_ ····· SketchBroken_ ······ SketchDot_ BASE Program (MENU) key Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Command Neg_ Not_ xnor xnor DISP (PRGM) key Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Command Prog Prog_ Lbl_ JUMP Goto Goto_ Isz_ Dsz_ Menu Menu_...

  • Page 253: Program Library

    8. Program Library • Be sure to check how many bytes of unused memory are remaining before attempting to perform any programming. Program Name Description This program continually divides a natural number by factors until all its prime factors are produced.

  • Page 254

    Program Name Description This program displays a number table of the following values based on input of the foci of an ellipse, the sum of the distance between the loci and foci, and the pitch (step size) of X. Y1: Coordinate values of upper half of ellipse Y2: Coordinate values of lower half of ellipse Y3: Distances between right focus and loci Y4: Distances between left focus and loci...

  • Page 255: Chapter 9 Spreadsheet

    Spreadsheet Chapter 9 The Spreadsheet application provides you with powerful, take-along-anywhere spreadsheet capabilities. All of the operations in this section are performed in the S Important! • The fx-7400G and fx-9750G 1. Spreadsheet Basics and the Function Menu Selecting S SHT on the Main Menu will display a spreadsheet screen.

  • Page 256: Basic Spreadsheet Operations

    • {DEL} ... Displays the following DEL (delete) submenu. • {ROW}/{COL}/{ALL} • {INS} ... Displays the following INS (insert) submenu. • {ROW}/{COL} • {CLR} ... Clears the content from a selected range of cells. • {GRPH} ... Displays the following GRPH menu. (Same as in the STAT mode.) •...

  • Page 257

    To open a file 1. Press (FILE) (OPEN). 2. On the file list that appears, use Auto Save In the S SHT mode, Auto Save saves the currently open file automatically whenever you edit • it. This means you do not need to perform any manual save operation. To save a file under a new name 1.

  • Page 258

    Using the Cell Cursor The cell cursor shows the cell that is selected on a spreadsheet. The highlighted cell is the one that is currently selected by the cell cursor. When a single cell is selected by the cell cursor, the contents of that cell are displayed in the edit box.

  • Page 259

    • If the cell you select already contains data, the following step will overwrite the existing data with new input. 2. Use the calculator’s keys to input data. • As you perform key operations to input values or text (such as (B), etc.), the applicable figures...

  • Page 260

    To edit cell data 1. Move the cell cursor to the cell whose contents you want to edit. 2. Press (EDIT) (CELL). • Cell contents in the edit box will change from align left to align right. A text cursor will appear in the edit box so you can edit its contents.

  • Page 261

    To input text, make sure the first thing you input into the cell is tells the calculator that what follows is text, and should be displayed as-is without calculation. The quote mark (") is not displayed as part of the text.

  • Page 262

    Inputting a Formula into a Cell For the sake of example, let’s try making a table that contains data based on the formula <PRICE> <QUANTITY> = <TOTAL>. To do this, we would put <PRICE> values in column A, <QUANITY> values in column B, and calculation formulas (like = A1 so on) in column C.

  • Page 263

    To input a cell reference name using direct input Move the cell cursor to cell B1 and then perform the following operation. To input a cell reference name using the GRAB command Move the cell cursor to cell B1 and then perform the following operation. (GRAB) •...

  • Page 264

    Copying and Pasting Cell Contents You can copy the contents of one or more cells and paste them into another location. Once you perform the copy operation, you can copy the contents to multiple locations, if you want. To copy and paste spreadsheet data 1.

  • Page 265

    Cutting the B1:C1 range of cells that includes the formula =B1+5 and pasting it into B2:C2. The formula pasted into C2 is changed to =B2+5 in order to maintain the relationship with the cell to the left, which was also part of the pasted range. To cut and paste spreadsheet data 1.

  • Page 266

    To input the same formula into a range of cells 1. Select the range of cells into which you want to input the same formula. • In this example we will assume the B1:B3 is selected. See “To select a range of cells” (page 9-5).

  • Page 267

    1. Select one or more cells inside the row(s) or column(s) you want to delete. • If you want to delete lines 2 through 4, for example, you could select A2:B4, C2:C4, or any other range of cells that includes the lines to be deleted. •...

  • Page 268: Using Special S • Sht Mode Commands

    3. Using Special S The S SHT mode has a number of special commands like CellSum(, which returns the sum • of a range of cells, and CellIf(, which specifies branching conditions. These special commands can be used inside of formulas. Special S SHT Mode Command List •...

  • Page 269: Drawing Statistical Graphs, And Performing Statistical And Regression Calculations

    CellProd( (Product of Cells) SHT Mode Command Example • This example inputs the special S calculate the sum of all the data in cell range A1:B5. It is assumed that there is already data in the cell range A1:B5. 1. Move the cell cursor to cell C1 and then perform the following operation. (CEL) •...

  • Page 270

    Example of Statistical Graph Operations (GRPH Menu) Input the following data and draw a statistical graph (scatter plot in this example). 0.5, 1.2, 2.4, 4.0, 5.2 –2.1, 0.3, 1.5, 2.0, 2.4 To input data and draw a statistical graph (scatter plot) 1.

  • Page 271

    • The number of columns you select in step 1 will determine what information is input automatically on the general graph settings screen. If you select this number of columns: • The following describes each of the setting items for this screen. Item StatGraph1 Select the name of the setup you want.

  • Page 272

    To perform paired-variable statistical calculations and regression calculations 1. Input the above -data into cells A1:A5 of the spreadsheet and the -data into cells B2:B5, and then select the range of the cells where you input the data (A1: B5). 2.

  • Page 273

    • The following describes each of the setting items for this screen. Item 1Var XCell The cell range data specified here is used for variable Frequency values when performing single-variable statistical 1Var Freq calculations. 2Var XCell The cell range data specified here is used for variable and Frequency values when performing paired-variable statistical 2Var YCell calculations.

  • Page 274: Ssht Mode Memory

    5. S SHT Mode Memory • You can use the calculator’s different types of memory (variables, list memory, file memory, matrix memory) to store data, and recall data from a memory into the spreadsheet. Saving Spreadsheet Data to a Memory The following table shows an overview of the store operations for each type of memory.

  • Page 275

    4. Input the List number (1 to 26) of the list memory where you want to store the data and then press • Performing the next step will overwrite any data currently stored under the list memory number you specified here with the data in the range of cells specified by “CellRange”. 5.

  • Page 276: Chapter 10 Eactivity

    Chapter 10 You can use the eActivity mode to input data into an eActivity file. You can input text and numeric expressions, and also paste data (like graphs, tables, etc.) from the calculator’s built- in applications as “strips”. eActivity files can be used by a teacher, for example, to create math problems or exercises that provide hints to solutions, for distribution to students.

  • Page 277: Eactivity Function Menus

    • {DEL} ... Deletes an eActivity file. • {SRC} ... Searches for an eActivity file. • {SD}/{SMEM} ... Toggles the files displayed in the file menu between calculator main memory files and SD card memory files (models that support SD cards only). This menu item shows {SD} while the file menu is showing main memory files and {SMEM} while the file menu is showing SD card files.

  • Page 278: Eactivity File Operations

    • {INS} ... Displays the following insert submenu, for inserting a new line above the line that is currently selected or where the cursor is located. • {TEXT} ... Inserts a text line. • {CALC} ... Inserts a calculation line. •...

  • Page 279: Inputting And Editing Data

    To open a file to highlight the file you want to open, and then press * If an error occurs, delete capture memory and clipboard data, or transfer the data to your computer. To delete a file 1. Use to highlight the file you want to delete, and then press •...

  • Page 280

    Inputting into a Text Line Use a text line to input alphanumeric characters, expressions, etc. Inputting characters and expressions as text 1. Move the cursor to a text line. • While the cursor is in a text line, “TEXT” will be displayed for the F3 function menu item. This indicates that text input is enabled.

  • Page 281

    Inputting into a Calculation Line Inputting a calculation expression into an eActivity calculation line and pressing the calculation result in the following line. Such a calculation line can be used in the same way as the RUN MAT mode (page 1-3). A calculation line and its result make up one set. •...

  • Page 282

    Matrix Calculations Using the Matrix Editor Selecting { MAT} on the function menu displays the Matrix Editor. Matrix Editor operations and matrix calculations in the eActivity mode are the fundamentally identical to those in the RUN calculation operations, see “Matrix Calculations” (page 2-36). Note, however, that eActivity mode Matrix Editor operations and matrix calculations differ from those in the RUN mode as described below.

  • Page 283

    Strip Data Type Table MAT mode calculation data (When the RUN • called from an eActivity, it starts up in the natural input mode.) GRAPH mode graph screen data GRAPH mode graph relation list screen data TABLE mode table relation list screen data CONICS mode graph screen data CONICS mode function list screen data STAT mode statistical graph screen data...

  • Page 284

    2. Press (STRP). • This will display a dialog box with a list if insertable strips. For information about the display names and data types that appear on this dialog box, see the “Strip Data Type Table” (page 10-8). 3. Use to select the strip that corresponds to the type of data you want to insert.

  • Page 285

    Notes Strips “Notes” is a special eActivity text editor that comes in handy when you want to write long text explanations on the workspace screen. You can call up the Notes screen from a Notes strip on the workspace screen. Input and editing operations on the Notes screen are identical to those you use for an eActivity text line.

  • Page 286

    • Saving an existing file using the “save as” operation ( If you save an eActivity file using a calculator model covered by this manual to save a file with a file name extension “g1e” (a file transferred from an older version calculator), the file name extension will be determined according to the following rules.

  • Page 287

    OS Version 2.00 or later, and then saving the file may cause the new save to retain the “g1e” file name extension. Though you will be able to open such a file on a calculator running an operating system older than OS Version 2.00 (since it has the “g1e” file name extension), you will not be able to use the math functions and commands added since OS Version 2.00.

  • Page 288: Eactivity Guide

    Guide is a function that helps you navigate through scientific function calculation operations. You can perform calculator operations simply by following the instructions that appear on the display. • Using eActivity Guide to prepare lessons makes it possible for students to become familiar with calculator operations without using the user’s guide.

  • Page 289

    • In this example we will select a Graph Editor strip. 2. Press (GUIDE). • This will enter the guide creation mode and display the operation pattern selection screen. • {nKEYS} ... {creates an n-key operation} • {1-KEY} ... {creates a 1-key operation} •...

  • Page 290

    3. Input the key operation sequence. • In this example, we will input a graphing key sequence. (Inputs the graph function.) Indicates that recording is in progress. (DRAW) (Draws the graph.) (G-SLV) (Selects the integration command.) 4. After input is complete, press •...

  • Page 291

    3. Input any comment text you want about the key operation sequence. 4. After inputting comment text, press • This will return to the operation pattern selection screen. You can now edit the guide by pressing (PLAY) and selecting the key operation you want to change. See “Editing a Guide”...

  • Page 292

    7. After inputting comment text, press • This will return to the operation pattern selection screen. You can now edit the guide by pressing (PLAY) and selecting the key operation you want to change. • key and key operations are not recorded. The while creating a guide.

  • Page 293

    • An ongoing guide creation operation can be cancelled by pressing strip dialog box will not appear when a guide creation operation is cancelled. • Guide creation also canceled if the guide creation operation is in progress. The exit strip dialog box will not appear in this case, either.

  • Page 294

    3. Input a value to specify the number of keys you want to jump and then press • Here we want to jump to the • {nKEYS} ... {inserts an n-key operation at the display position} • {1-KEY} ... {inserts a 1-key operation at the display position} •...

  • Page 295

    2. Press (INS). 3. Press • This inputs a key before the the guide creation screen from the To change −2X + 1 to −2X 1. This will display the key editing screen. 2. Press (OVW). 3. Press • This will overwrite the display the guide creation screen from the next key ( key).

  • Page 296

    3. Edit the comment and then press • This will display the guide creation screen from the key. To change −2X + 2 to 2X 1. This will display the key editing screen. 2. Press (DEL). 3. Press (Yes). • This will delete the key and display the guide creation screen from the next key ( To exit a editing operation...

  • Page 297

    2. Press (GUIDE). • This will display the first key editing screen. 3. Operations from this points are identical to those under “Creating a Guide” (page 10-13) and “Editing the Guide You Are Creating” (page 10-18). Running a Guide This example shows how to run the guide created under “Creating a Guide” (page 10-13). 1.

  • Page 298

    • Pressing a key that is different from the one displayed in the upper or lower right corner of the screen will display the dialog box shown below. The guide operation cannot proceed if you do not follow its instructions..

  • Page 299: Chapter 11 Memory Manager

    Memory Manager Chapter 11 fx-7400G /fx-9750G These models support the following data operations: data display, search, and delete. Important! fx-7400G /fx-9750G calculators are not equipped with storage memory or an SD card slot. Because of this, the storage memory and SD card memory operations described below are not supported.

  • Page 300

    • Line 7 shows how many bytes of memory are currently unused in the currently selected memory (main, storage, or SD card). • The first time you store data to the storage memory, the calculator will reserve a management memory area automatically, which will reduce the “Free” value by 65536 bytes.

  • Page 301

    The following data can be checked. Main Memory Data Name ALPHA MEM <CAPTURE> CAPT = 1 to 20) CONICS* DYNA MEM* EQUATION FINANCIAL* <F-MEM> F-MEM = 1 to 20) <G-MEM> G-MEM = 1 to 20) <LISTFILE> LIST = 1 to 26, and Ans) LIST FILE = 1 to 6) <MATRIX>*...

  • Page 302

    “No Data” is displayed when there is no data in storage memory or on the SD card. The message “No Card” indicates there is no SD card loaded in the calculator. Creating a Folder in Storage Memory or on an SD Card To create a new folder 1.

  • Page 303

    3. Input up to eight characters for the name you want to give to the folder. • Only the following characters are supported: A through Z, {, }, ’, ~, 0 through 9 Inputting any invalid character will cause an “Invalid Name” error. •...

  • Page 304

    The file name input screen does not appear when you copy data from storage memory or/and SD card to main memory. To copy to the SD card, press SD card loaded in the calculator. or fx-9750G SD only). . The “No Card” error message will appear if there is no 11-6 calculator.

  • Page 305

    If a “Fragmentation ERROR” occurs, perform the optimization procedure (page 11-11). Overwrite check The calculator checks to see if there is any existing data at the copy destination with the same name as the data being copied. An overwrite confirmation message appears if there is data with the same name.

  • Page 306: Deleting Files

    Deleting Files To delete a main memory file 1. Display the main memory information screen. • See “Memory Information Screen” on page 11-2. 2. Select the file(s) you want to delete. You can select multiple files, if you want. 3. Press (DEL).

  • Page 307

    • The message “Not Found” appears if there are no file names that match your keyword. Backing Up Main Memory Data Important! • Data back-up is not supported on an fx-7400G To back up main memory data 1. On the initial MEMORY mode screen press SD only) or fx-9750G calculator. (BKUP). 11-9...

  • Page 308

    2. Press (SAVE). This displays the save location selection screen (fx-9860G SD only). • ... storage memory • ... SD card 3. Press (fx-9860G This displays a folder selection screen. 4. Use to select the folder where you want to save the data. 5.

  • Page 309

    MEMORY mode screen. • In some cases, the amount of free memory capacity may be unchanged when you check it after performing the optimization procedure. This does not indicate any problem with the calculator. will (OPT) to optimize the storage memory.

  • Page 310: Chapter 12 System Manager

    System Manager Chapter 12 Use the System Manager to view system information and make system settings. 1. Using the System Manager From the Main Menu, enter the SYSTEM mode and display the following menu items. • ) ... {display contrast adjustment} •...

  • Page 311

    (30) ... {turns off the backlight 30 seconds after the last key operation is performed} (initial default setting) • (Always) ... {leaves the backlight turned on until the backlight key is pressed or until the calculator is turned off} 3. Press (QUIT) to return to the initial SYSTEM mode screen. System Language Setting Use LANG to specify the display language for built-in applications.

  • Page 312: Version List

    - User name* 3. Press (QUIT) to return to the initial SYSTEM mode screen. • The operating system version that actually appears depends on the calculator model. To register a user name 1. While the Version list is displayed, press display the user name input screen.

  • Page 313

    Pressing ( ) on the above screen displays the Reset Screen 2 shown below. • (M&S) ... {main memory data and storage memory data clear}* • (ALL) ... {all memory clear}* • (SD) ... {SD card format} (fx-9860G * Not included on the fx-7400G The following table shows the functions of the function keys.

  • Page 314: Chapter 13 Data Communications

    Data Communications Chapter 13 This chapter tells you everything you need to know to transfer programs between two CASIO Power Graphic calculators connected using the cable that is equipped as a standard accessory. 1. Connecting Two Units The following procedure describes how to connect two units with the connecting cable that comes equipped as a standard accessory.

  • Page 315: Performing A Data Communication Operation

    (ScreenCapt) ... {mode selection for sending calculator screen captures to PC using FA- 124 Screen Capture function} • (Projector) ... {mode selection for calculator screen output to a CASIO OHP unit or CASIO projector} , fx-9860G AU PLUS, and fx-9860G Slim (OS 2.00),...

  • Page 316: Performing A Data Transfer Operation

    To set up the calculator to receive data, press (RECV) while the data communication main menu is displayed. The calculator enters a data receive standby mode and waits for data to arrive. Actual data receive starts as soon as data is sent from the sending unit. Sending unit...

  • Page 317

    • When communication is with a computer (USB selected as the cable type), connecting the USB cable to a computer and then to the calculator (while the calculator is turned off) will cause the calculator to turn on and the “Select Connection Mode” dialog box to appear.

  • Page 318: Data Communications Precautions

    1. On the receiver’s data communication main menu, press (WAKE). This displays the Wakeup setting screen. • {On} ... {turns Wakeup on} • {Off} ... {turns Wakeup off} 2. Press (On). This turns on Wakeup and returns of the data communication main menu. 3.

  • Page 319

    Data Item RECURSION* Recursion data SETUP Setup data STAT Stat result data <STRING> String memory group String memory (1 to 20) data OS and data shared by applications (clipboard, SYSTEM replay, history, etc.) <S-SHEET> Spreadsheet group Spreadsheet data Spreadsheet data names (All spreadsheet data are listed.) TABLE...

  • Page 320

    • Sending data from the OS 2.00 calculator to another calculator model Data that is supported by the OS 2.00 calculator but is not supported by the receiving model either is not sent or is converted to a format supported by the receiving model before it is sent.

  • Page 321

    (Example: etc.) • The following data is converted by the OS 2.00 calculator to a format that is supported by the receiving calculator model before it is sent. - GRAPH mode, DYNA mode Graph Type setting data When transferring to an fx-9860G series or CFX-9850G series calculator, X=, X>, X<, X ,...

  • Page 322

    OS 2.00 calculator Receiver: CFX-9850G series The following data is not sent from an OS 2.00 calculator or is disregarded when received by the CFX-9850G series calculator. • Capture memory data • Clipboard, replay, and history data (Including the “SYSTEM” data item.) •...

  • Page 323

    The following data is not sent from the OS 2.00 calculator or is disregarded when received by the fx-7400G series calculator • Any alpha memory variable (A to Z, • Answer Memory • Capture memory data • Clipboard, replay, and history data (Including the “SYSTEM” data item.) •...

  • Page 324: Screen Image Send

    (Capt) ... {mode selection for sending calculator screen captures to PC using FA-124 Screen Capture function (manual screen image send turned on)} • (Proj)* ... {mode selection for calculator screen output to a CASIO OHP unit or CASIO projector (auto screen image send turned on)} 13-11...

  • Page 325

    Set Mode screen as follows: (Projector) = (Proj), • The following types of screen images cannot be transferred to another calculator or computer using auto screen image send. - The screen displayed during data transfer - The screen displayed during a calculation...

  • Page 326

    6. To stop auto screen image send, press main menu. Connecting to a Projector You can connect the calculator to a CASIO projector and project calculator screen contents onto a screen. Connectable Projectors (As of January 2009) XJ-S35, XJ-S36, XJ-S46, XJ-S37, XJ-S47, XJ-S57, XJ-SC215 •...

  • Page 327: Precautions When Connecting

    To project calculator screen contents from a projector 1. Use the USB cable that comes with the calculator to connect to the projector (or YP-100 unit). • Connecting the USB cable to the calculator will cause the “Select Connection Mode” dialog box to appear.

  • Page 328: Chapter 14 Using Sd Cards (fx-9860g Ⅱ Sd Only)

    Removing the Dummy Card • Your calculator is shipped from the factory with a dummy card inserted in the SD card slot. Before using an SD card, first use the procedure under “To remove the SD card” on page 14-2 to remove the dummy card.

  • Page 329

    To insert an SD card 1. Orient the SD card so its back is facing upwards (in the same direction as the calculator keyboard). 2. Carefully insert the SD card into the calculator’s SD card slot. Important! • Never insert anything other than SD cards into the SD card slot. Doing so can damage the calculator.

  • Page 330: Formatting An Sd Card

    • Use of certain SD cards while calculator battery power is low can cause the display to go blank without displaying the low battery warning message. If this happens, replace the batteries.

  • Page 331: Appendix 1. Error Message Table

    Appendix 1. Error Message Table Message Syntax • Illegal syntax ERROR • Attempt to input an illegal command Ma ERROR • Calculation result exceeds the display range. • Calculation is outside the input range of a function. • Mathematical error (division by zero, etc.) •...

  • Page 332

    Complex • Data sent from a function of this Number in calculator (matrix, etc.) includes Data complex number data, but the corresponding function of the receiving calculator does not support data that includes complex numbers.

  • Page 333

    Message Can’t Solve! • A Solve calculation could not obtain Adjust initial a solution within the specified range. value or bounds. Then try again No Variable No variable specified within a graph function being used for Dynamic Graph. No variable within a Solve equation. Conversion •...

  • Page 334

    • The SD card is full. Invalid file • Data or folders that are supported name or folder by this calculator cannot be found name.* on the SD card. Invalid Card* • A card that is not compatible with the calculator is loaded.

  • Page 335: Input Ranges

    2. Input Ranges Input range for real Function number solutions (DEG) | | < 9 (RAD) | | < 5 (GRA) | | < 1 –1 –1 –1 | < 1 sinh 230.9516564 cosh | < 1 10 tanh | < 1 –1 sinh –1...

  • Page 336

    Input range for real Function number solutions < 1 ° ’ ” | < 1 Sexagesimal display: ° ’ ” | < 1 > 0: –1 < = 0 : > 0 < 0 : –––– are integers) However; –1 <...

  • Page 337: E-con2 Application

    E-CON2 Application...

  • Page 338

    All of the explanations provided here assume that you are already familiar with the operating precautions, terminology, and operational procedures of the calculator and the EA-200. 20051101...

  • Page 339: Con2 Overview

    • From the Main Menu, select E-CON2 to enter the E-CON2 Mode. • The “E-CON2 Mode” provides the functions listed below for simple and more efficient data sampling using the CASIO EA-200. • 1(SET) ... Displays a screen for setting up the EA-200.

  • Page 340: Using The Setup Wizard

    Setup Wizard lets you make changes to the following three EA-200 basic sampling parameters using an interactive wizard format. • Sensor (Select Sensor): Specify a CASIO or VERNIER* sensor from a menu of choices. *Vernier Software & Technology • Total Sampling Time: Specify a value within the range of 0.01 second to 30 days.

  • Page 341

    • This launches the Setup Wizard and displays the “Select Sensor” screen. 3. Press 1 to specify a CASIO sensor or 2 to specify a Vernier sensor. • Pressing either key will display the corresponding sensor list. The following shows the sensor list that appears when you press 1.

  • Page 342

    Note • With some sensors ([CASIO] - [Microphone] - [Sound wave], etc.) sampling time is limited to a few seconds. The unit for such a sensor is always seconds, and so the “Select Unit” screen does not appear.

  • Page 343

    7. After inputting total sampling time value you want, press w. This displays the “Select Unit” screen. 8. Use number keys b through e to specify the unit for the value you specified in step 6. • This displays a confirmation screen like the one shown below. 9.

  • Page 344

    1. Perform the first two steps of the procedure under “To configure an EA-200 setup using Setup Wizard” on page 2-2. 2. On the “Select Sensor” screen, select [CASIO] - [Microphone] - [Sound wave & FFT] or [CASIO] - [Microphone] - [FFT only].

  • Page 345

    k Using Setup Wizard to Configure a PhotoGate Setup Connection of a Vernier PhotoGate requires configuration of setup parameters that are slightly different from parameters for other types of sensors. To configure a setup for PhotoGate alone u u u u u 1.

  • Page 346

    4. Use function keys 1 through 4 to select a Gate Status setting. • Selecting a gate status causes a screen for specifying the number of samples to appear. 5. Input an integer in the range of 1 to 255 to specify the number of samples. 6.

  • Page 347

    Normally, the Setup Wizard helps you configure setups for sensors connected to the EA-200. If you select [CASIO] - [Speaker] - [y=f(x)] on the “Select Sensor” screen, however, it configures the EA-200 to output the sound that corresponds to a function that you input and graph on the calculator.

  • Page 348

    7. Press 6(DRAW) to graph the function. • This graphs the function and displays a vertical cursor line as shown below. Use the graph to specify the range that you want to output to the speaker. 8. Use the d and e cursor keys to move the cursor to the start point of the output, and then press w to register it.

  • Page 349

    14. Perform one of the following operations, depending on what you want to do. To change the output frequency and try again: Press 1(Yes) to return to the “Output Frequency” dialog box. Next, repeat the above steps from step 10. To change the output range of the waveform graph and try again: Press 6(No) to return to the graph screen in step 7.

  • Page 350: Using Advanced Setup

    3 Using Advanced Setup Advanced Setup provides you with total control over a number of parameters that you can adjust to configure the EA-200 setup that suits your particular needs. The procedures in this section provide the general steps you should perform when using Advanced Setup to configure an EA-200 setup, and to returns setup settings to their initial default values.

  • Page 351

    (page 10-1). • 6(ABT) ... Displays version information about the EA-200 unit that is currently connected to the calculator. u To return setup parameters to their initial defaults Perform the following procedure when you want to return the parameters of the setup in the current setup memory area to their initial defaults.

  • Page 352

    “Photogate”. Note • On the menu that appears after you select “Motion” from either the CASIO or Vernier sensor menu, select either “meters” or “feet” as the sampling unit. • After selecting “Motion” from either the CASIO or Vernier sensor menu, you can press the K key to toggle “smoothing (correction of measurement error)”...

  • Page 353

    • From the menu that appears after you select “Photogate” as the sensor, select [Gate] or [Pulley]. [Gate] ... Select this option when using the PhotoGate sensor alone. [Pulley] ... Select this option when using the PhotoGate sensor along with a smart pulley.

  • Page 354

    k Sample Setup The Sample Setup screen lets you configure a number of settings that control sampling. u u u u u To configure Sample Setup settings 1. While the Advanced Setup menu (page 3-1) is on the display, press c(Sample). •...

  • Page 355

    3. To change the sampling interval setting, move the highlighting to “Interval”. Next, press 1 to display a dialog box for specifying the sampling interval. • The range of values you can select depends on the current sampling mode setting. If this sampling mode is selected: Realtime Fast...

  • Page 356

    6. After all the settings are the way you want, press w. • This returns to the Advanced Setup menu. Note • Whenever the current Channel Setup (page 3-3) and Trigger Setup (page 3-8) settings become incompatible due to a change in Sample Setup settings, these settings revert automatically to their initial defaults.

  • Page 357

    k Trigger Setup You can use the Trigger Setup screen to specify the event that causes sampling to start (w key operation, etc.) The event that causes sampling to start is called the “trigger source”, which is indicated as “Source” on the Trigger Setup screen. The following table describes each of the six available trigger sources.

  • Page 358

    To configure Trigger Setup settings u u u u u 1. While the Advanced Setup menu (page 3-1) is on the display, press d(Trigger). • This displays the Trigger Setup screen with the “Source” line highlighted. • The function menu items that appears in the menu bar depend on the sampling mode selected with Sample Setup (page 3-5).

  • Page 359

    3. Perform one of the following operations, in accordance with the trigger source that was selected in step 2. If this is the trigger Do this next: source: Press w to finalize Trigger Setup and return to the Advanced [EXE] key Setup menu.

  • Page 360

    To specify the trigger threshold value and trigger edge type u u u u u Perform the following steps when “Fast”, “Normal”, or “Clock” is specified as the sampling mode (page 3-5). 1. Move the highlighting to “Threshold”. 2. Press 1(EDIT) to display a dialog box for specifying the trigger threshold value, which is value that data needs to attain before sampling starts.

  • Page 361

    To configure PhotoGate trigger start and end settings u u u u u Perform the following steps when CH1 is selected as a Photogate trigger source. 1. Move the highlighting to “Start to”. 2. Press one of the function keys described below. To specify this PhotoGate status: PhotoGate closed PhotoGate open...

  • Page 362

    k Graph Setup Use the Graph Setup screen to configure settings for the graph produced after sampling is complete. You use the Sample Setup settings (page 3-5) to turn graphing on or off. To configure Graph Setup settings u u u u u 1.

  • Page 363

    5. To change the real-time scroll setting, use the f and c cursor keys to move the highlighting to “RealScroll”. Next, press one of the function keys described below. To specify this real-time scrolling setting: Real-time scrolling on Real-time scrolling off 6.

  • Page 364: Using A Custom Probe

    You can use the procedures in this section to configure a custom probe for use with the EA- 200. The term “custom probe” means any sensor other than the CASIO or Vernier sensors specified as standard for the E-CON2 Mode.

  • Page 365

    6. Use the function keys described below to configure the custom probe setup. • To change the setting of an item, first use the f and c cursor keys to move the highlighting to the item. Next, use the function keys to select the setting you want. (1) Slope Press 1(EDIT) to input the slope for the linear interpolation formula.

  • Page 366

    To auto calibrate a custom probe 1. Connect the calculator and EA-200, and connect the custom probe you want to auto calibrate to CH1 of the EA-200. 2. What you should do first depends on whether you are configuring a new custom probe for calibration, or editing the configuration of an existing custom probe.

  • Page 367

    4. After the sampled value stabilizes, hold down w for a few seconds. • This will register the first sampled value and display it on the screen. At this time the cursor will appear at the bottom of the display, ready for input of a reference value. 5.

  • Page 368

    To zero adjust a custom probe 1. Connect the calculator and EA-200, and connect the custom probe you want to zero adjust to CH1 of the EA-200. 2. What you should do first depends on whether you are configuring a new custom probe for zero adjusting, or editing the configuration of an existing custom probe.

  • Page 369

    4. At the point your want to perform zero adjustment (the point that the displayed value is the appropriate zero adjust value), press w. • This will return to the custom probe setup screen. • The E-CON2 will set the intercept value automatically based on the sampled value. The automatically configured value will appear on the custom probe setup screen, where you can view it.

  • Page 370: Using The Multimeter Mode

    To use the MULTIMETER Mode u u u u u 1. Connect the calculator and EA-200, and connect the sensors you want to the applicable EA-200 channels. 2. From the Advanced Setup menu (page 3-1), use the Channel Setup screen (page 3-3) to configure sensor setups for each channel you will be using.

  • Page 371: Using Setup Memory

    “current setup memory area”. The current contents of the current setup memory area are overwritten whenever you create other setup data. You can use setup memory to save the current setup memory area contents to calculator memory to keep it from being overwritten, if you want.

  • Page 372

    2. If you are starting from the final Setup Wizard screen, press c(Save Setup-MEM). If you are starting from another screen, press 2(SAVE). • This displays the screen for inputting the setup name. 3. Input up to 18 characters for the setup name. 4.

  • Page 373

    To recall a setup and use it for sampling Be sure to perform the following steps before starting sampling with the EA-200. 1. Connect the calculator to the EA-200. 2. Turn on EA-200 power. 3. In accordance with the setup you plan to use, connect the proper sensor to the appropriate EA-200 channel.

  • Page 374

    u To delete setup data 1. On the E-CON2 main menu (page 1-1), press 2(MEM) to display the setup memory list. 2. Use the f and c cursor keys to highlight the name of the setup you want. 3. Press 4(DEL). 4.

  • Page 375: Using Program Converter

    7 Using Program Converter Program Converter converts an EA-200 setup you configured using Setup Wizard or Advanced Setup to a program that can run on the calculator. You can also use Program Converter to convert a setup to a CFX-9850 Series/fx-7400 Series-compatible program.* See the documentation that came with your scientific calculator or EA-200 for information about how to use a converted program.

  • Page 376

    To associate the program with this calculator: fx-9860 Series CFX-9850 Series fx-7400 Series • The number part of the scientific calculator model number you specify will appear in line “F1:” of the program converter screen. Note For information about 1(CALC)4(→38K), see “Converting a CFX-9850 Series Program to a fx-9860 Series Compatible Program”...

  • Page 377

    5. If you plan to use a custom probe connected to CH1 of the Data Analyzer, specify whether calibration or zero adjust should be performed. Perform one of the following key operations to configure the desired setting. To perform this operation: Calibration of the CH1 custom probe Zero adjust of the CH1 custom probe No calibration...

  • Page 378

    Converting a CFX-9850 Series Program to a fx-9860 Series Compatible Program To use an EA-200 control program created on the CFX-9850 Series calculator (for use on the CFX-9850) on the E-CON2, you need to convert the program to an fx-9860 program.

  • Page 379

    5. Enter up to eight characters for the program name. • If you want to password protect the program, perform steps 6 and 7 under “To convert a setup to a program” after inputting the program name. 6. Press w to start conversion of the program. •...

  • Page 380: Starting A Sampling Operation

    Before getting started... Be sure to perform the following steps before starting sampling with the EA-200. 1. Connect the calculator to the EA-200. 2. Turn on EA-200 power. 3. In accordance with the setup you plan to use, connect the proper sensor to the appropriate EA-200 channel.

  • Page 381

    “Operations during a sampling operation” below. u Operations during a sampling operation Sending a sample start command from the calculator to the EA-200 causes the following sequence to be performed. Setup Data Transfer → Sampling Start → Sampling End →...

  • Page 382

    Starting a Sampling Operation 20051101 20070101...

  • Page 383: Using Sample Data Memory

    9 Using Sample Data Memory Performing an EA-200 sampling operation from the E-CON2 Mode causes sampled results to be stored in the “current data area” of E-CON2 memory. Separate data is saved for each channel, and the data for a particular channel in the current data area is called that channel’s “current data”.

  • Page 384

    Using Sample Data Memory 3. Use the f and c cursor keys to move the highlighting to the current data file you want to save, and then press 2(SAVE). • This displays the screen for inputting a data name. 4. Enter up to 18 characters for the data file name, and then press w. •...

  • Page 385

    Using Sample Data Memory To rename an existing sample data file u u u u u Note • You cannot use this procedure to rename a current data file name. 1. On the E-CON2 main menu (page 1-1), press 5(GRPH). •...

  • Page 386: Using The Graph Analysis Tools To Graph Data

    Setup Wizard or from Advanced Setup (Realtime Mode) • In this case, data is graphed after the sampling operation is complete, and the calculator accesses Graph Analysis tools automatically. See “Graph Screen Key Operations” on page 11-1.

  • Page 387

    Using the Graph Analysis Tools to Graph Data k Selecting an Analysis Mode and Drawing a Graph This section contains a detailed procedure that covers all steps from selecting an analysis mode to drawing a graph. Note • Step 4 through step 6 are not essential and may be skipped, if you want. Skipping any step automatically applies the initial default values for its settings.

  • Page 388

    Using the Graph Analysis Tools to Graph Data 4. Specify the sampled data for graphing. a. Use the f and c cursor keys to move the highlighting to the name of the sampled data file you want to select, and then press 1(ASGN) or w. •...

  • Page 389

    Using the Graph Analysis Tools to Graph Data b. Use the function keys to specify the graph style you want. To specify this graph style: Line graph with dot ( • ) data markers Line graph with square ( Line graph with X (×) data markers Scatter graph with dot ( •...

  • Page 390: Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations

    !4(SKTCH) “5-10 Changing the Appearance of a Graph” in the manual that comes with the fx-9860G SD/fx-9860G calculator. Saves the currently displayed graph as a graphic image. You can recall a saved graph image and overlay it on another graph to compare them.

  • Page 391

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations Key Operation Displays a menu of functions for zooming and editing a particular graph K3(EDIT) when the graph screen contains multiple graphs. See “Working with Multiple Graphs” on page 11-10. Displays a menu that lets you transform a sample result graph to a function using Fourier series expansion, and to perform regression to K4(CALC) determine the tendency of a graph.

  • Page 392: Using Trace

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations k Using Trace Trace displays a crosshair pointer on the displayed graph along with the coordinates of the current cursor position. You can use the cursor keys to move the pointer along the graph. You can also use trace to obtain the periodic frequency value for a particular range, and assign the range (time) and periodic frequency values in separate Alpha-Memory values.

  • Page 393

    • This stores the values and exits the trace operation. • For details about using Alpha-Memory, see the manual that comes with the fx-9860G SD/fx-9860G calculator. k Using Zoom Zoom lets you enlarge or reduce the size of the graph along the Note •...

  • Page 394

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations 3. Press w. • This causes the magnifying glass to disappear and enters the zoom mode. • The cursor keys perform the following operations in the zoom mode. To do this: Enlarge the graph image horizontally Reduce the size of the graph image horizontally Enlarge the graph image vertically Reduce the size of the graph image vertically...

  • Page 395

    • For details about using list data, see the manual that comes with the fx-9860G SD/fx- 9860G calculator. Note • Pressing 1(All) in place of 2(SEL) in step 2 converts the entire graph to list data. In this case, the “Store Sample Data”...

  • Page 396

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations 4. Move the trace pointer to the end point of the range for which you want to perform Fourier series expansion, and then press w. • This displays a dialog box for specifying the start degree of the Fourier series. 5.

  • Page 397

    Cubic, Quartic, Logarithmic, Exponential, Power, Sine, and Logistic. For details about these regression types, see page 6-3-5 through 6-3-10 of the manual that comes with the fx-9860G SD/fx-9860G calculator. The following procedure shows how to perform quadratic regression. The same general steps can also be used to perform the other types of regression.

  • Page 398

    2. Input the function you want to graph. • To input a function, use the f and c cursor keys to move the highlighting to the line where you want to input it, and then use the calculator keys for input. Press w to store the function.

  • Page 399

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations 4. After the graph function list settings are configured the way you want, press 6(DRAW). • This overlays graphs of all the functions for which graphing is turned on, over the graph that was originally on the graph screen. Original Graph •...

  • Page 400

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations 3. Use the f and c cursor keys to cycle through the graphs until the one you want is displayed, and then press w. • This enters the zoom mode and causes all of the graphs to reappear, along with a magnifying glass cursor ( 4.

  • Page 401

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations To move a particular graph on a multi-graph display u u u u u 1. When the graph screen contains multiple graphs, press K, and then 3(EDIT). • This displays the [EDIT] menu. 2. Press 2(MOVE). •...

  • Page 402

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations 3. Move the trace pointer to the end point of the range you want to output from the speaker, and then press w. • After you specify the start point and end point, an output frequency dialog box shown below appears on the display.

  • Page 403

    Graph Analysis Tool Graph Screen Operations k Configuring View Window Parameters Pressing !3(V-Window) while the graph screen is on the display displays a View Window function key menu along the bottom of the display. Press the function key that corresponds to the View Window parameter you want to configure. Function Key Automatically applies the following View Window parameters.

  • Page 404: Calling E-con2 Functions From An Eactivity

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity 12 Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity You can call E-CON2 functions from an eActivity by including an “Econ strip” in the eActivity file. The following describes each of the four available Econ strips. u Econ SetupWizard strip This strip calls the E-CON2 Setup Wizard.

  • Page 405

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity k Inserting an Econ Strip into an eActivity File The following procedure assumes that the eActivity file into which you want to insert the Econ strip is already open. For information about creating a new file and other basic eActivity operations, see “Basic eActivity File Operation”...

  • Page 406

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity 6. Press w to assign the title to the strip. • This will highlight the strip. • You can execute the strip here by pressing w. For details about operations that are required when you execute a strip, see “Calling an E-CON2 Function from an Econ Strip”...

  • Page 407

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity 3. Perform the procedure under “To configure an EA-200 setup using Setup Wizard” (page 2-2) from step 3 to set up the EA-200 and execute sampling. Note • In the case of the Econ SetupWizard strip, only the “1: Start Setup” is available on the “Complete!”...

  • Page 408

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity To execute sampling from an Econ Sampling strip u u u u u 1. On the eActivity workspace screen, use the f and c keys to move the highlighting to the Econ Sampling strip. 2.

  • Page 409

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity 8. Press w. • This will set up the EA-200 in accordance with the setup data registered in the Econ Sampling strip. The message “Start sampling?” appears on the screen after EA-200 set up is complete. 9.

  • Page 410

    Calling E-CON2 Functions from an eActivity Econ Strip Memory Capacity Precautions u u u u u • The memory capacity of each Econ strip is 25 KB. An error will occur if you perform an operation that causes this capacity to be exceeded. Particular care is required when handling a large number of samples, which can cause memory capacity to be exceeded.

  • Page 411

    Manufacturer: CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. 6-2, Hon-machi 1-chome Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8543, Japan Responsible within the European Union: CASIO EUROPE GmbH Casio-Platz 1 22848 Norderstedt, Germany This mark applies in EU countries only.

  • Page 412

    CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. 6-2, Hon-machi 1-chome Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8543, Japan One or more of the following patents may be used in the product. U.S.Pats. 5,166,897 5,210,708 5,535,317 5,539,867 SA0902-A...

Comments to this Manuals

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  • skiNN.E.pen15 Feb 28, 2018 07:37:
    Ey boi not finna read 412 pages 8 more pages and maybe I'd be interested​. #scumgang ESKETIT
  • Suh Hawon Apr 05, 2016 03:45:
    Would you please be more specific or make better instructio​ns because this did not work for me? Also, the Casio calculator is quite hard to use.
  • rövknullare Nov 06, 2014 09:59:
    funkar fan inte din jävel usch