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Canon BJ-20 User Manual

Canon bj-20: user manual
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BJ-20
USER'S
MANUAL
Canon

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  Summary of Contents for Canon BJ-20

  • Page 1 BJ-20 USER’S MANUAL Canon...
  • Page 2 Installing the BJ Cartridge Connecting to an AC Outlet Cleaning the Print Head Testing the Printer Connecting to Your Personal Computer Setting of Your Software for the BJ-20 Testing the Whole System Additional Information Installing the Battery Pack (Optional) Checklist for Routine Operation...
  • Page 3: Chapter 6 Maintenance

    Glossary Index This manual is provided for information purposes only. All information included herein is subject to change without notice. Canon is not responsible for any damages, direct or indirect, arising from or related to use of this manual. ©1992 Canon Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in Japan Trademark Notice: EPSON LQ5 1 t) is a trademark of Epson America, Inc.
  • Page 4 IBM PC and Proprinter X24E are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. Lotus 1-2-3 is a trademark of the Lotus Development Corporation. WordPerfect is a trademark of WordPerfect Corporation. Professional Write and PFS: First Choice are trademarks of Software Publishing Corporation. Multi Mate Advantage II is a trademark of Borland International, Inc.
  • Page 5: Chapter 1 Introduction

    The BJ-20 fits easily into a briefcase. The rechargeable battery pack (optional) extends your ability to use it where AC power is not accessible. Low Noise Level With noise level as low as 45 decibels (dBA), the BJ-20 allows you to print even in an open-office environment.
  • Page 6 The BJ cartridge contains both ink and a print head. When the ink runs out, simply replace the whole cartridge with a new one. Flexible Control You can control the BJ-20 from the control panel, the DIP switches, or your software programs. Precautions...
  • Page 7 Relative humidity: Place the printer on a level surface. If the printer is placed near a window, use a blind or curtain to protect the printer from direct sunlight. Do not leave the printer in a vehicle because the temperature can suddenly rise.
  • Page 8 Do not place objects on top of the printer. Do not remove the BJ cartridge from the printer until it has to be replaced. The print head will dry out if continually exposed to the air.
  • Page 9 Chapter Identifying the Parts Front Inside Getting Started...
  • Page 11 Control Panel Rear...
  • Page 13: Checking The Package Contents

    Checking the Package Contents Make sure the following items are in the package: Notes AC adapter may differ, depending on the country of purchase. Read the BJ cartridge instruction sheet together with this manual.
  • Page 14: Installing The Bj Cartridge

    Installing the BJ Cartridge The BJ cartridge contains ink and a print head for printing. Each cartridge can print about 700,000 characters approximately. Before using a new BJ cartridge, perform the head cleaning operation first, otherwise, it may print poorly or not print at all. (For details, see page 21 on "Cleaning the Print Head") Prepare the cartridge by the following the instruction sheet that comes with it.
  • Page 15 Lift the lock lever on the carriage. Fit the BJ cartridge slot over the bright yellow mounting base.
  • Page 16 Push the lock lever down to lock the cartridge in place. Close the paper cover.
  • Page 17: Connecting To An Ac Outlet

    Before you start, check the voltage and frequency of the power source match the indication on the AC adapter label. Connect the AC adapter cable to the printer. Plug the adapter into a properly grounded AC outlet. The carriage moves...
  • Page 18 Cautions Use only the supplied AC adapter. If, however, you plan to operate the printer in another country, check the voltage of the country and , if necessary, obtain the appropriate AC adapter (with the correct voltage) from a Canon authorized dealer in that country.
  • Page 19: Cleaning The Print Head

    Cleaning the Print Head To ensure good print quality, clean the print head whenever you install a new BJ cartridge. Turn on the printer. The POWER indicator and the ERROR indicator light. Insert a sheet of paper (see loading standard paper page 45).
  • Page 20 Press and hold down the LF/FF switch to form-feed (FF) the paper. The paper advances to the position ready for printing. Press the ON LINE switch to turn the printer online.
  • Page 21 Press the FWD ADJ and REV ADJ switches simultaneously when the printer is online. The buzzer sounds. Immediately press the LF/FF switch before the buzzer sounds.
  • Page 22 To eject paper, press the ON LINE switch to turn of the ON LINE indicator, and press and hold the LF/FF switch for one second. If you wish to test the printer, turn off the printer. (The carriage returns to the home position and the print head is recapped automatically.)
  • Page 23 Notes You can do the cleaning process without print the check pattern. To do so, just do step 6 when the printer is online; this will start the cleaning. Paper can be fed from the auto sheet feeder as well, See page 4 on loading paper from the feeder.
  • Page 24: Testing The Printer

    Testing the Printer Now you can test to see whether the printer will print correctly or not. Make sure the printer is turned off. Hold down the LF/FF switch. Then slide and release the power switch. The POWER indicator and the ERROR indicator light.
  • Page 25 Press the LF/FF switch. The paper advances to the position ready for printing. Press the ON LINE switch.
  • Page 26 Press the LF/FF switch. To resume, press the switch again. When the test is suspended (the ON LINE indicator blinking), you can, for example, press the ON LINE switch to turn the printer online; but if you do so, you cannot return to the test again, without starting from step again.
  • Page 27 12 is off, IBM X24E emulation), the prestige font is used. When shipped, the printer is set to the BJ-10e mode (page 63). If you later change it to the LQ mode, the test page in the Ripple Pattern test will be printed in HQ prestige instead (See the Ripple Pattern test sample below).
  • Page 28 Connecting to Your Personal Computer The BJ-20 does not come with an interface cable, so you need to obtain an 8-bit, parallel cable for the connection. Remove the interface connector cap from the printer. Plug the appropriate end of the cable into the printer parallel interface...
  • Page 29 If necessary, consult your computer manual for information on printer cable connection. Setting of Your Software for the BJ-20 To print correctly, your software must know which brand printer and model it will print on. This is necessary because of printers do differ from one other.
  • Page 30 Select Canon BJ-10e and exit the program. The identification process is completed. If you cannot find Canon BJ-10e on the printer menu of your software, use the following table to choose the one that is closest, starting from the top.
  • Page 31 If all of the previous steps were successfully completed, you can do the final testing. Make sure the computer is turned on. Turn on the printer. The POWER and ERROR indicators light. Insert a sheet of paper (see loading standard paper page 45).
  • Page 32: Additional Information

    The ON LINE indicator lights. Start your software and prepare a short memo, for example, for printing. If necessary, specify to the software which printer to use, paper size, and paper direction, etc. Use the software’s printing function to start printing. If it can print correctly, the whole installation is completed and you can proceed to your normal printing.
  • Page 33 Cautions Use only the canon NB-150 rechargeable battery pack. Avoid touching the terminals. Loading the Pack Make sure the printer is turned off. Raise the printer and rotate the printer stand.
  • Page 34 Remove the battery compartment cover. Insert the battery pack into the compartment Replace the cover and return the stand to its original position.
  • Page 35 Charging the pack See page 92 Using the pack Make sure the printer is turned off and the battery pack switch is switched Unplug the AC adapter from the printer. Turn on the printer. Power is supplied from the battery pack. If the POWER indicator blinks,...
  • Page 36 Notes If the printer is connected to an AC outlet, when the printer starts up, it automatically used the power supplied from the AC outlet, even if the battery pack switch is switched on. When power is supplied from the battery pack, the printer will turn off automatically if it does not receive any data within 30 minutes.
  • Page 37 Remove the auto sheet feeder (page 51) if it is installed. Place the printer, interface cable, and AC adapter in a suitable carrying case.
  • Page 38 If you are traveling to another country, make sure the AC adapter matches the power requirements of that country. You may want to bring additional battery packs (fully charged) with you. Note This printer is X-ray safe. You need not worry about taking it through airport X-ray security.
  • Page 39: Handling Paper

    Handling Paper Paper The BJ-20 printer does not require special paper. You can print on plain Requirements paper, envelopes, and transparencies. Standard Paper (Plain Paper) Supported sizes Paper length Paper width Print start column A4 size Letter size Standard line feed pitch...
  • Page 40 where: HORIZONTAL In mm In inch 182-216 7.2-8.5 0.13 Letter 6.4 0.25 The paper should be smooth and flat, without any curls, folds, or damaged edges. VERTICAL In mm In Inch 182-356 72.-14.0 12.7 12.7...
  • Page 41 Envelopes The printer can handle envelopes of Commercial Number 10 size (4.1" X 9.5"). The following envelopes cannot be used: Envelopes with windows, holes, perforations, cutouts, and double flaps. Envelopes made with special coated paper or deep embossed paper. Envelopes with peel-off sealing strips.
  • Page 42 Temperature: 15° C to 30° C (59° F to 86° F) Humidity: 20% to 70% RH (no condensation) Loading Standard Make sure the printer is turned on and the top cover opened. (The Paper POWER and ERROR indicators light.) Check that the paper release level is in the normal position.
  • Page 43 Rotate the paper thickness adjustment dial until you feel a click. For envelopes, transparencies, and thick paper: Rotate the dial as far toward the back of the printer as possible. For high-density prints (e.g. graphics) on standard paper: Rotate the dial to its center position.
  • Page 44 The paper will curl and may not stack properly if it catches at the top of the paper cover when being fed into the printer ( as shown in the illustration). If this occurs, slightly tap the paper with your hand so that it stack properly against the cover.
  • Page 45 The example below shows how to load an envelope. Make sure the Loading printer is turned on and offline. Envelopes, Transparencies, or Thick Paper Raise the printer by adjusting the printer stand. Open the top cover and adjust the paper thickness adjustment dial.
  • Page 46 Align the envelope with the paper guide and insert the envelope ensuring it is straight Press the LF/FF switch to advance the envelope. If necessary, press the FWD ADJ or REV ADJ switch to adjust the first print line position.
  • Page 47 Press the ON LINE switch. The ON LINE indicator lights and the printer is ready for printing. Notes For envelope, remove it manually if it is not ejected after printing. For transparency, always feed it together with a cover sheet placed under it.
  • Page 48 Using the Auto Sheet Feeder The auto sheet feeder can handle up to 50 sheets of A4-, B5-, or letter-size paper (64 g/m Installing the Feeder Make sure the printer is turned off. Raise the printer by adjusting the printer stand.
  • Page 49 Attach the feeder to the printer, by inserting the hooks on the feeder into the slots on the back of the printer. Lock the feeder.
  • Page 50 The feeder installation is completed. Loading Standard Make sure the paper thickness adjustment dial (page 46) is set to the center position and the bin closed. Paper Adjust the left paper guide to the desired paper size.
  • Page 51 Slide the right paper guide to the right as far as it can go. Raise the two paper supports.
  • Page 52 Fan a stack of paper (up to 50 sheets). Insert the paper stack into the bin. Align the edges by tapping them lightly.
  • Page 53 Push the right paper guide against the stack. Open the bin. Open the top cover.
  • Page 54 Turn the printer on, and the printer is ready for auto paper feed printing. Caution Before removing the paper from the bin, always close the bin first. Loading Envelopes, Transparencies, or Thick paper Check that the ON LINE indicator is off. Turn it off by pressing the ON LINE switch, if necessary.
  • Page 55 Press the FWD ADJ switches to adjust the envelope to the first print line position. Press the ON LINE switch. The ON LINE indicator lights and the printer is ready for printing.
  • Page 56 Notes Remove the envelope manually if it is not ejected after printing. When using the auto sheet feeder, the REV ADJ Switch is not available. Specifications Size: 310.0 X 217.5 X 57.5mm (12.2" X 8.6" X 2.3") Weight: Approx. 1.3kg (2.9 lbs) Bin Capacity: 50 sheets of paper maximum - at 64 g/m Paper sizes:...
  • Page 57 Emulation (page 67) Quality/speed (page 66) Style (page 71) From Your See setting up your software for the BJ-20 on page 31 also refer to Chapter 5 Software Printer Control codes and Appendix A: Printer Control Codes Summary. Settings Online...
  • Page 58 From the DIP Use the DIP switches to make changes if you want the changes to be permanent until modified again. When the printer is turned off, the changes Switches persist. The twelve DIP switches and their corresponding functions are listed below.
  • Page 59 The BJ-10e mode is further divided into 2 emulations; the BJ-130E (MODE 2) and IBM PROPRINTER X24E emulations (MODE 1) (page 67). To change the DIP Switches Turn off the printer. Open the top and paper covers. Locate the DIP Switches.
  • Page 60 Choosing Between Print Quality and Speed By default, the printer prints at high quality - 83 characters per second (cps). For some work where speed is more important than print quality,...
  • Page 61 BJ cartridge life. Selecting Printer Emulation The BJ-20 allows you to emulate three types of printers: the Epson LQ- 510, the IBM Proprinter X24E, and the Canon BJ-l 30e printers. They are further grouped under two modes: the LQ mode and the BJ-lOe...
  • Page 62: Printing Text

    Use a ball point pen (or similar object) to change the DIP switch 12. When the DIP switch 12 set to OFF, the BJ-10e mode is selected. If the DIP switch 11 is ON, the printer emulates the Canon BJ- 130e printer, otherwise it emulates the IBM Proprinter X24E printer.
  • Page 63 Selecting By selecting the appropriate national character set, you can print in a National different language. The set is selected using a combination of the DIP switches. (See also Appendix B: Code Pages and Character Sets.) Character Set In LQ Mode Change the DIP switches 6, 7, and 8 according to the table below.
  • Page 64 To Add Condensed Effect in LQ Mode: Select the character pitch using the steps described above. Turn the printer online. Pressing the PITCH switch toggles the printer between the standard and the condensed versions of the pitch selected. Standard Pitch...
  • Page 65 To select a style: Press the ON LINE and PITCH switches simultaneously. The buzzer sounds 3 times and the printer enters the print style setting mode. The ON LINE indicator blinks. Press the PITCH switch the required number of times to move to the desired style.
  • Page 66 Press the LF/FF switch to select the print style. The buzzer sounds a shorter beep, indicating the change is made. Press the ON LINE switch to exit the setting mode. The printer becomes online. Notes "Printer reset" sets the print style to factory default (i.e. no print style).
  • Page 67 Orator (SCRIPT and ORATOR-S indicators light.) Orator-S. (ORATOR-S indicator lights.) Draft (All indicators are off.) [To select a font for permanent use] Make sure the printer is turned off. Set the DIP switches 9, 10, and 11 according to the table below. Font Roman...
  • Page 68 Chapter Main Control Codes To control the BJ-20, you can also use the printer control codes from your programs. This section describes some of the more important codes. See Appendix A: Printer Control Codes Summary for a complete listing. For information on the BJ-10e and LQ modes, see page 67.
  • Page 69 Select FORMAT ESC - 1 27 45 1 1B 2D 01 Comment Graphic characters and horizontal tabs set by the HT code are not underscored. Select Eight Lines Per Inch Use 8 lines per inch for line spacing. FORMAT ESC 0 27 48 1B 30 Select Character Set 1...
  • Page 70 If the printer is in the Canon BJ-130e emulation, then regardless of the auto sheet feeder, the new page length setting becomes effective immediately, and the current position is taken as the top of page.
  • Page 71 Down-Load Letter Quality Proportional Draft 12 cpi (created from Draft 10 cpi) Letter Quality Prestige 12 cpi (or Letter Quality 12 cpi in Canon BJ-130e emulation) Down-Load Draft 12 cpi (created from down-Load Draft 12 cpi) 14 Down-Load Letter Quality 12 cpi...
  • Page 72 FORMAT For superscript mode: FORMAT Select/Cancel Double Wide Mode Select or cancel printing of characters with character width double the normal size. Select FORMAT ESC W 1 27 87 1 1B 57 0l Set Presentation Highlight Set or cancel the presentation highlight (double-high) mode. FORMAT ESC [ @ n1 n2 ml m2 m3 m4 27 91 64 n1 n2 m1 m2 m3 m4 1B 5B 40 n1 n2 ml m2 m3 m4...
  • Page 73 Normal line feed Normal line feed Double line feed Double line feed Double line feed m4 determines character width: Character Width No change Single wide Double wide *In MODE 2 (BJ-130e emulation), shading and reverse modes can be set with m2. 0 No change 1 Cancel 2 Set...
  • Page 74 Select FORMAT Comment Setting the 2nd bit to 0 in the ESC ! n code can also cancel the condensed mode. Select/cancel cut sheet Feeder Select or cancel use of the installed auto sheet feeder (ASF). FORMAT ESC EM n 27 25 n 1B 19 n Comment...
  • Page 75 Select or Cancel Scores. FORMAT ESC ( - n1 n2 m d1 d2 27 40 45 n1 n2 m d1 d2 1B 28 2D n1 n2 m d1 d2 Comment The value of n1, n2, and m must be set to: n1 = 3 n2 = 0 m = 1...
  • Page 76 27 64 1B 40 Comment Initialize all printer settings, except character pitch set using the control panel, to the values when the printer powers up. If the DIP switch 1 is ON (i.e. font style locked), then the font style will be reset.
  • Page 77 FORMAT ESC C NUL n 27 67 0 n 1B 43 00n Comment The DIP switch 4 determines the initial page length when the printer powers up. DIP Switch 4 Select/Cancel Emphasized Mode Select or cancel printing in twice the normal dot density.
  • Page 78 FORMAT Select International Character Set Select national character set. FORMAT ESC R n 27 82 n 1B 52 n Comment National Character France Germany Denmark I Sweden Italy Spain I Japan Norway Denmark II Spain II Latin America Korea Legal The initial value is determined by the DIP switches 6, 7, and 8.
  • Page 79: Recharging The Battery Pack

    Otherwise, the battery life will become shorter. To Recharge it, make sure the battery pack is switched on. Turn off the Printer. While holding down the ON LINE switch, turn on the printer. The POWER indicator starts flashing, indicating the battery pack is being recharged.
  • Page 80 Leave the battery pack switched on. When the battery pack is switched on and the printer connected to an AC outlet, the printer will automatically use the AC power. To use the battery, simply disconnect the AC adapter.
  • Page 81: Replacing The Bj Cartridge

    When the cartridge has been used for over one year. When the print is not clear, or has missing dots even after head cleaning has been done over five times. Make sure the printer is offline. Open the top cover, then the paper cover. Unlock the BJ cartridge.
  • Page 82 Remove the BJ Cartridge. Caution Avoid touching the electrode on the mounting base. Prepare a new BJ cartridge and follow the installation procedure described in the "Installing the BJ Cartridge" Section on page 15. Cautions When discarding a used BJ cartridge, place it in a vinyl bag to avoid the possibility of ink spilling out.
  • Page 83 Do not disassemble the BJ cartridge, or the ink may spill out on your hands or clothes. Do not remove the BJ cartridge from the printer unless it is necessary to do so. (The ink may dry out, making the cartridge useless.)
  • Page 84 Cleaning the Printer Cabinet Clean the printer regularly to avoid print problem. Make sure the printer is off and the AC adapter disconnected. Use a soft, moistened cloth to remove any ink mist or paper debris from the inside of the printer.
  • Page 85: Storing And Transporting The Printer

    When cleaning the printer, avoid the area near the print head on the BJ cartridge. Do not touch the print head. Storing and Transporting the Printer If you need to ship the printer or store if for over one month, take the following steps. Turn off the printer.
  • Page 86 Remove the interface cable and AC adapter. If the battery pack has been installed, remove it also. Do not remove the BJ cartridge. Place the printer in its original carton, making sure that it is well cushioned with shock-absorbing packing materials.
  • Page 87: Chapter Troubleshooting 7

    Errors Displayed Via Indicators If any printer problem occurs, first look at the indicators on the control panel and see if the chart below can help. If that is not successful, then try the 'Errors Not Displayed Via Any Indicator"...
  • Page 88 Connect the printer to an AC outlet. Then press the ON LINE switch to resume printing. If AC outlet is not available, you can use the remaining battery power for limited printing.
  • Page 89 Incorrect Make sure the application program is using the correct printer driver to connect to the BJ-20. If printing is done on letter-size paper with 6 lines/inch line spacing and Printing 66 lines/page, set the DIP switch 2 to ON to enable the TextScale function.
  • Page 90: Paper Jams

    Paper Jams Paper Fed from the Top Cover Paper Fed from the Bottom Slot...
  • Page 91 Paper Fed from the ASF...
  • Page 92 Note If the platen becomes soiled with ink, clean by feeding a few sheets of paper.
  • Page 93 Printer control codes are listed under each of the 3 emulation's the BJ-20 supports: IBM Proprinter X24E, Canon BJ-130e and Epson LQ-510 (page 67). In the tables that follow, n, m, or ellipsis indicates a parameter that features the control code functions, and AGM means Alternate Graphics Mode.
  • Page 94 27 42 m n1 n2 Note Because of hardware differences, the reverse feed code - ESC - is not supported by the BJ-20. Also, the styles of block graphics characters at 12 cpi are different. MODE 2 (BJ-130e Emulation) 1B 42 n...00...
  • Page 95 ESC P n ESC [ @ n1 n2 ml m2 m3 m4 X24E: ESC [ K n1 n2 ml m2 m3 m4 Additionally, the printer supports the following codes in the BJ-130e emulation. Mnemonic Dec. ESC [ I n1 n2...
  • Page 96 Beeper Backspace Horizontal tab control Line feed Vertical tab control Form feed Carriage return Set double-wide mode by line Set condensed mode Select printer Cancel condensed mode Deselect printer Cancel double-wide mode Cancel line Escape sequences Delete character Hex. Function...
  • Page 97 27 120 n Note Because of hardware differences, the justification code - ESC a - is not supported on the BJ-20. Also, the styles of block graphics characters at 12 cpi are different. Using Printer Control Codes in Application Programs...
  • Page 98 Professional Write/PFS: First Choice Printer control codes are entered right into the document typing area. Each code begins and ends with an asterisk. The initial asterisk is followed by the world BUBBLE JET, followed by a space, then the numbers for the control code.
  • Page 99 Any control codes you enter when using Lotus 1-2-3 will affect the entire spreadsheet. To enter a control code, first access the printer option setup menu by typing/PPOS. Then type each number in the code preceded by a backlash. Each number in the decimal form of the code must be three characters long, so you need to add a leading 0 if the code is a two-digit number.
  • Page 100 Appendix B: Code Pages and Character Sets BJ-l0e Mode In BJ- 10e mode (IBM Proprinter X24E or Canon BJ- 130e emulation), the printer supports two IBM code pages - USA Code Page 437 and Multilingual Code Page 850. Each code page has three character sets: Set 1, Set 2, and the ALL Characters Chart.
  • Page 101 USA Code page 437 (Character Set 2) USA Code Page 437 (All Characters Chart)
  • Page 102 Multilingual Code Page 850 (Character Set 1) Multilingual Code Page 850 (Character Set 2)
  • Page 103 Multilingual Code Page 850 (All Characters Chart) LQ Mode In LQ mode (Epson LQ-510 emulation), the printer supports two character sets: the Epson Italics...
  • Page 104 Character Set 2 (See the previous section) The two Epson character sets are displayed in the following tables. Note A control code is an unprintable character that the printer used for print operations such as line spacing or carriage return Epson Italics Character Set...
  • Page 105 Espon Graphics Character Set International Character Set Use the table below to replace the characters marked by the shaded areas in the above Epson character sets.
  • Page 106 Note Countries from 0 to 7 (USA to Spain I) can also be selected using the DIP switches 6, 7, and 8. For details, see page 69.
  • Page 107 Download buffer size All DIP switches are set to OFF. Appendix D: Options and Supplies The following options are available for the BJ-20 printer. To order either of these items, contact your local Canon dealer. NiCd Rechargeable Battery Pack NB-150...
  • Page 108 Appendix E: Specifications Hardware Printing Method: Serial bubble jet ink on-demand 83 cps in 10 cpi HQ mode Printing Speed: 110 cps in 10 cpi HS mode Bi-directional in text mode Printing Directions: Uni-directional in image mode Uni-directional in block character mode Print Width: Max.
  • Page 109 Mode Pica Pica enlarged Pica condensed Pica condensed- enlarged Elite Elite enlarged Elite condensed Elite condensed- enlarged Micron Micron enlarged Proportional spacing BJ Mode Mode Pica Pica enlarged Pica condensed Pica condensed- enlarged Elite Elite enlarged Proportional spacing Graphic Image Data Print: Format:...
  • Page 110 Ink Amount: Acoustic Noise Under 45 dB Level: Operating Temperature: Environment Humidity: Power Supply AC adapter or optional NiCd battery pack Power Source USA/Canada: UK/Australia: Europe: Physical Dimensions Size: Weight: Approx. 28 g (0.9 oz) 5 C to 35C (41F to 95 F) 10% to 90% RH (no condensation) AC 120 V 60 Hz 30 W AC 240 V 50 Hz 25 W...