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Canon BJ-230 User Manual

Bubble jet printer
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  • Page 1 BJ-230 USER’S MANUAL Canon...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Introduction Features and Benefits Using This Manual Customer Support Chapter 2 Setting Up the Printer Unpacking the Printer Choosing a Location for Your Printer Examining the Printer Assembling the Printer Chapter 3 Loading Paper Automatically Feeding Paper Printing On Envelopes...
  • Page 3 Appendix B Interface Specifications Appendix C Printer Command Summaries and Character Set BJ-10 Command Summary BJ-10 Character Sets Epson LQ Command Summary Epson LQ Character Sets Glossary Index editiing by Jason Plank and Cindy Cassat...
  • Page 4: Introduction

    Congratulations on your purchase of the Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ- 230. We appreciate you choosing this printer to meet your printing needs. It offers exceptional print quality, flexible paper handling, fast printing speeds, and trouble-free operation. This chapter introduces you to the features of your new printer and describes how to use this User's Manual.
  • Page 5: Using This Manual

    Describes how to select a location for your printer, and how to unpack and assemble it. Chapter 3, Loading Paper Describes how to select paper and how to load it in the printer. It also shows you how to print on envelopes and thick paper. Chapter 4, Using the Operator Panel Explains how to control your printer using the buttons on the operator panel.
  • Page 6: Customer Support

    The Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ-200/BJ-230 Programmer's Manual is available for software designers, advanced programmers, and users interested in using a programming language to send commands to the printer. To obtain a copy of this manual, call the Canon Special Offers Group at 1-800-385-2155. Conventions...
  • Page 7: Servicing The Printer

    CCSI's experienced support personnel at the help desk. Canon also provides a bulletin board service (BBS). Call the help desk to obtain the number for the BBS. If you use CompuServe, you can access the Canon Peripherals Forum.
  • Page 8: Setting Up The Printer

    If you have already set up your printer using the Quick Start Guide, you may want to scan this chapter for the additional information it supplies.
  • Page 9: Choosing A Location For Your Printer

    Open the front cover and remove the tape that secures the ink cartridge holder. Make sure the paper thickness lever is to the left for printing on normal paper. NOTE: Be sure to fill out your Registration card and send it to Canon Computer Systems, Inc. Choosing a Location for Your Printer Whether at home or in the office, you need to find a comfortable and convenient location for the printer.
  • Page 10 Place the printer in a cool, dry, clean, well ventilated area. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight. Set the printer on a sturdy, level surface. Do not set the printer on an angled printer stand. Place the printer where the temperature is stable and set for human comfort.
  • Page 11: Examining The Printer

    Examining the Printer Before setting up your printer, you should become familiar with its components and understand their functions. From the Front...
  • Page 12 See Chapter 4, Using the Operator Panel, for complete information on these buttons and lights. Front cover Allows access to the inside of the printer when you are installing the ink cartridge or adjusting the paper thickness lever. Paper exit support...
  • Page 13: From The Back

    (How you attach this support is describe later in this chapter.) Dip switch cover Protects the DIP switches. You use these switches to change the printer's factory default settings. For information about changing the default settings, see Chapter 8, Customizing the Printer. From the Back Parallel interface port Allows you to attach the printer's interface cable.
  • Page 14: Assembling The Printer

    CAUTION: Canon makes numerous ink cartridges; teh BC-02 is desginged specifically for the Bubble Jet Printers BJ-200 and BJ-230 and is the only one you should use.
  • Page 15 To avoid spilling ink, follow these precautions: Do not touch the print head on the ink cartridge or the sharp edges around it. Do not hold the ink cartridge, or place it on your table, with the print head facing down, except when you are installing it. Do not attempt to disassemble the cartridge.
  • Page 16 4. Locate the cartridge holder on the right side of the printer. CAUTION: Avoid touching the yellow mounting base on which you place the cartridge -- especially the circuit board on the side of the mounting base and the film cable that extends from the cartridge holder.
  • Page 17 6. Fit the ink cartridge over the yellow mounting base with the print head facing down. (When installed correctly, the label on the cartridge will appear upside down.) 7. Push the lock lever down until it snaps into place.
  • Page 18 If you unplug the printer while it is printing, or if you move the ink cartridge from the home position, the cartridge is not capped and may dry out.
  • Page 19: Loading Paper

    This chapter descibes how to load paper, envelopes, thick paper, and transparencies in the printer. To ensure the best performance of your printer, you want to select the best paper and load it correctly. The wide-carriage capabilities of your printer allow you to load letter- size paper in either portrait or landscape orientation and legal-or ledger- size paper in portrait orientation.
  • Page 20 75 g/m), in in the sheet feeder. NOTE: Make sure the paper size you select within your printer driver matches the orientation in which you load the paper in the printer. See Chapter 5, Using the Printer With Software, for information on printer drivers.
  • Page 21 Do not force the paper into the printer. Make sure the stack of paper does not exceed the paper limit mark or the tab on the right side of the sheet feeder.
  • Page 22: Printing On Envelopes

    6. Make sure the printer is on-line and start your print operation. NOTE: Do not leave paper stacked in the printer for long periods os time; longer sheets of paper may become bent or curled over time. This may cause multiple sheets to feed or the paper may jam.
  • Page 23 Press ON LINE to set the printer back on-line. 3. Set the green paper thickness lever on the inside of the printer to the right. 4. Set the paper selection lever to the forward position, and move...
  • Page 24 5. Arrange the stack of envelopes on a firm surface and press down firmly on the edges to make the folds crisp. Press all the way around the envelopes to remove any curls and expel air from inside the envelopes. 6.
  • Page 25: Manually Feeding Thick Paper Or Transparencies

    (up to 28lb or 105 g/m²) or a transparency stock. Use transparencies that are intended for use with ink jet printers. For best results, use Canon's BJ transparency film #Q07-0001-M1. You can also use 3M's CG3480 transparency film. CAUTION: Always feed transparencies manually.
  • Page 26: Loading Paper In Landscape Orientation

    The printer will automatically load the paper into position. 6. Start your print operation. NOTE: After printing on thick paper or envelopes, set the paper thickness lever (inside the printer) back to the left position before printing on normal paper. Loading Paper in Landscape Orientation You can stack up to 100 sheets of plain letter-size paper in landscape orientation in the sheet feeder.
  • Page 27 The printer prints faster on letter-size paper loaded in landscape orientation than it does when actually printing in landscape mode. When you load paper in landscape orientation, you can use reduction mode to fit even more text on next page. (See Chapter 4, Using the...
  • Page 28: Using The Operator Panel

    If you want to pause a print operation, press the ON LINE button again to set the printer off-line. The ON LINE light will go off and the printer Using the Operator Panel Chapter 4...
  • Page 29: Feeding Paper

    Feeding Paper When the printer is off-line, you can use the LF/FF button to advance the paper in the printer. You can perform a line feed or a form feed, or you can eject a sheet of paper. Line feeding When a sheet of paper is loaded and the printer is off-line, press the LF/FF button to advance the paper one line.
  • Page 30: Selecting Reduction Mode

    PRINT MODE button. Use the SHQ mode when you want extremely high quality print or you want the printer to be very quiet. In this mode, the printer uses a higher quality print density and consumes more ink than in HQ mode.
  • Page 31 (not Windows applications). Windows applications have a fit-to-page feature that is not compatible with reduction mode. In reduction mode, the printer ignores the page length command and the perforation skip command. Before using reduction mode, make sure the following conditions are set: Set the page length to 66 lines or less.
  • Page 32: Printing The Test Prints

    Printing the Test Prints The printer includes two tests prints: the self test and the font list. Use these test prints to check the operation of the printer. To print the self tests, you must be automatically feeding paper. The self tests are not available when you are manually feedign paper.
  • Page 33: Font List

    In Epson LQ mode, the self test looks like this: Font List You can print this sample in both printer control modes: BJ-10 mode or Epson LQ mode. The printer prints all characters in the available print styles and pitches.
  • Page 34 Stopping the test To stop printing the font list, press and hold the ON LINE button for one second. The printer stops printing, ejects the current sheet of paper, and goes on-line. In BJ-10 mode, the font list looks like this:...
  • Page 35: Performing Automatic Line Feeds

    Performing Automatic Line Feeds You can set the printer so that it performs an automatic line feed each time it recieves a carriage return. Then, when the printer receives a carriage return code from the computer, it moves to the beginning of the next line.
  • Page 36: Using The Printer With Your Software

    Installing the Printer Driver 1. Make sure your computer is turned on. 2. Make a backup copy of the diskette containing the Canon BJ-230 printer driver for Windows. 3. Start Windows and follow the steps that are specific to the version of Windows you are using.
  • Page 37 A:, you can enter the pathname that identifies the drive you are using or use Browse to locate the drive.) 6. Choose Canon BJ-230 from the LIst of Printers and select OK. The Control Panel installs the BJ-230.DRV file on your hard disk.
  • Page 38 Connect button to display the Connect dialog box. 8. Choose your port and select OK. 9. If you want to use the Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230 for all of your work, make sure Canon BJ-230 is highlighted and select the Set As Default Printer button from the Printers dialog box.
  • Page 39: Printer Setup Within Windows

    Configure dialog box. 9. Choose your port and select OK. 10. Select Active for the status of the BJ-230. If you intended to use it for all of your work, double-click on its name in the Installed Printers box to select it as the default printer.
  • Page 40 Tabloid 11 x 17 in A3 297 x 420 mm Envelope #10 9.5 x 4.1 in User Defined Size ... Make sure the paper size you select here matches the orientation in which you load the paper in the printer:...
  • Page 41 NOTE: When you load letter-wide paper in landscape orientation, the printer actually prints in portrait mode. So make sure you select portrait for your printing orientation in the printer driver. If you select User Defined Size, the Setup program displays the...
  • Page 42: Printing A Document

    Options As part of your printer setup, you can specify certain options that control the darkness and fineness of your printed graphics and text. Click on Opitions in the main dialog box to display the Options dialog box: From this screen you can select dithering options and an intensity level.
  • Page 43: Setting Up Other Software Applications

    Setting Up Other Software Applications If you are not using Windows, follow the guidelines in this section for setting up your applications for use with the Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230. If you installed the Canon BJ-230 Windows printer driver as described in the previous section and will be printing only under Windows, you can ignore this information.
  • Page 44: Selecting A Printer Control Mode

    Canon BJ-230 drivers, call your software application's technical support line and ask if a BJ-230 driver is available. If they are unable to assist you, call the Canon help desk at 1- 800-423-2366 to see if the driver is available.
  • Page 45 Your printer has two resident printer control modes: BJ-10 mode and Epson LQ mode. BJ-10 mode is the default. If you were able to select a Canon BJ printer or the IBM Proprinter X24E through your application program, you will want to use the printer in BJ-10 mode.
  • Page 46: Software And Printer Compatibility

    You use DIP switch 12 to select the printer control mode. When DIP switch 12 is OFF, which is the default, the printer uses BJ-10 mode. Set DIP switch 12 to ON to select LQ mode. See Chapter 8, Customizing the Printer, for more information on DIP switches.
  • Page 47: Maintaining The Printer

    This chapter covers the care and maintenance of your Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ-230. This includes cautions, cleaning the printer, replacing the ink cartridge, and transporting the printer. Cautions Follow these guidelines to avoid damage to your printer and harm to you or others: Set the printer on a stable surface.
  • Page 48: Replacing The Ink Cartridge

    Do not use any oil or cleanser inside the the printer. Use a soft cloth to clean the printer; do not use paper towels or tissues. Do not clean the exterior of the printer with volatile liquids, such as thinners or benzine, or any other spray spray-type or chemical cleaners.
  • Page 49: Installing The Ink Cartridge

    Installing the Ink Cartridge CAUTION: Canon makes numerous ink cartridges; the BC-02 is designed specifically for the Bubble Jet Printers BJ-200 and BJ-230 and is the only one you should use. To avoid spilling ink, follow these precautions: Do not touch the print head on the ink cartridge or the sharp edges around it.
  • Page 50 67-63-0. To install a new ink cartridge, follow these steps: 1. Make sure the printer is turned off. 2. Open the front cover. 3. Lift the green lock lever on the cartridge holder. Slide the old ink cartridge out of the holder and dispose of it properly.
  • Page 51 5. Fit the ink cartridge over the yellow mounting base with the print head facing down. (When installed correctly, the label on the cartridge will be upside down.) CAUTION: Avoid touching the yellow mounting base on which you place the cartridge--especially the circuit board on the side of the mounting base and the film cable that extends from the cartridge holder.
  • Page 52: Cleaning The Print Head

    7. Close the front cover. When you are not using the printer, make sure the ink cartridge is in its home position, which is on the right side of the printer. Cleaning the Print Head The print head on a new ink cartridge needs to be cleaned to ensure the best possible print quality.
  • Page 53: Transporting The Printer

    Transporting the Printer If you plan to move the printer from one location to another, or if you want to store it, follow these steps: 1. Press the POWER button to turn off the printer. This moves the print head to the home position.
  • Page 54: Troubleshooting

    Many printing problems are related to how your software interacts with the printer. If your printer is not operating properly, try the suggestions in this chapter. The following list shows the problems covered here. Operational Problems...
  • Page 55: Operational Problems

    NOTE: If you have a problem with your printer and you cannot resolve it by referring to the information in this chapter, contact the Canon help desk at 1-800-423-2366. Attempting to repair the printer yourself may void the warranty. Operational Problems This section contains problems and solutions related to the operation of your hardware.
  • Page 56 (See the Print Head Needs Cleaning section.) ON LINE, HS, and HQ Indicators Are Blinking If you turn on the printer and the ON LINE, HS, and HQ indicators are blinking, a RAM/ROM error has probably occurred. Try these steps to clear the problem: 1.
  • Page 57: Paper Loading Problems

    If the ERROR indicator lights, follow these steps: 1. Check the sheet feeder. If the printer is out of paper, load paper into the sheet feeder and press ON LINE to continue printing. 2. Check the printer for a paper jam. If a paper jam has occurred, clear is as described later in this chapter.
  • Page 58 (241 x 104 mm). Paper Does Not Eject After Printing Most software applications tell the printer to eject the paper after printing, however, some do not. If the printer does not automatically eject a sheet of paper after printing, follow these steps: 1.
  • Page 59: Print Quality Problems

    Fan the paper before stacking it in the sheet feeder. This keeps the sheet of paper from sticking together. Check that the paper you are using and your printing environment are within the specifications of the Canon Bubble Jet Printer BJ- 230. See Appendix A, Printer Specifications, for details. Print Quality Problems...
  • Page 60: Characters Are Blurred Or Smudged

    3. Make sure you are using a BC-02 ink cartridge. If not, replace the ink cartridge with a BC-02. Smudges on Back of Printed Page If ink happens to get on the printer's platen, the back side of the printed Try a different paper type Try a different paper type...
  • Page 61 1. Make sure the printer is turned on and on-line. 2. Press the ON LINE and PRINT MODE buttons at the same time. The ON LINE indicator will blink for about 12 seconds while the printer cleans the print head. When complete, the ON LINE indicator stops blinking and goes off.
  • Page 62: Printing Problems

    If your ink cartridges seem to run out of ink before you think they should, make sure you are following these guidelines: 1. Make sure you turn off the printer only when the ink cartridge is in the home position.
  • Page 63 Printing Incorrect Number of Lines on Page If the printer is not printing the number of lines you expect on a page, follow these steps. 1. Check the setting of DIP switch 4. This DIP switch determines the...
  • Page 64: Windows Problems

    Windows applications. Printer Prints Garbage or Does Not Print If you are using Windows and the printer prints garbage or does not print, you may see a dialog box that displays this message: Cannot print, check if printer is off-line. Follow these steps: 1.
  • Page 65: Customizing The Printer

    You will find that the factory default settings provide features to meet most of your printing needs. With these settings, your printer emulates any Canon BJ printer and the IBM Proprinter X24E. This means you can use the printer with any software application that supports these printers.
  • Page 66: Dip Switch Settings

    The printer functions defined by the DIP switches are determined by the printer control mode. DIP switch 12 selects the printer control mode. When DIP switch 12 is OFF, the printer is in BJ-10 mode; when DIP switch 12 is ON, the printer is in Epson LQ mode.
  • Page 67 4. Close the DIP switch cover after making your selections. The new DIP switch settings take effect when you turn on the printer. If you turn off or reset the printer, or if the printer receives the Set Initial Conditions command from a software program, the printer resets its functions to the settings defined by the DIP switches.
  • Page 68: Dip Switch Setting

    DIP switch 6 When this switch is OFF, the printer performs a normal line feed. Set this to On if you want the printer to perform a carriage return after each line feed. DIP switch7...
  • Page 69: Epson Lq Mode

    12-inch page length 7 ON AGM mode enabled 9 ON Code page 850 Epson LQ Mode When the printer is in Epson LQ mode (DIP switch 12 is ON), you can set the DIP switches to control the following functions:...
  • Page 70 If you are using a software application that assumes 66 lines will fit on each page, set this switch to ON. The printer will reduce the line spacing by a factor of 14/15, which is from 63 lines per page to 66 lines per page if line spacing is set to 6 lines per inch (lpi).
  • Page 71 Script Orator Orator-S DIP switch 12 When this switch is OFF, the printer is in BJ-10 mode. When this switch is ON, the printer is in Epson LQ mode. Example The following DIP switch settings select the specified printer functions...
  • Page 72 United Kingdom character set 11 ON Sans serif typeface NOTE: Unlike some previous Canon printers, internal fonts are available only through software commands. They cannot be selected through the operator panel nor the DIP switches. This is only an issue...
  • Page 73 9.5 x 4.1 inches (commercial number 10) Paper Type Plain paper Envelopes (Commercial number 10) Transparency film (Canon #Q07-0001-M1) available with manual feed Paper Weight 17 to 24 lb (64 to 90 g/m ) with automatic feed 17 to 28 lb (64 to 105 g/m...
  • Page 74 Horizontal a 8.3 to 11.7 inches (210 to 297 mm) b 0.13 inch (3.4 mm) A4 and A3-size paper 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) Letter-, legal-, ledger-size paper Vertical c 8.3 to 17 inches (210 to 431 mm) d 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) e 0.3 inch (8 mm) Envelopes:...
  • Page 75 Maximum 10.5 inches (DIP switch 1 OFF) or 11.4 inches (DIP switch 1 Line Feed Speed 100 ms/line at 1/6-inch line in HQ, HS mode 190 ms/line at 1/6-inch line in SHQ mode Resident Printer Control Modes IBM Proprinter X24E BJ-10 mode: emulation...
  • Page 76: Mode Epson Lq Mode

    BJ-10 mode 10 cpi, 12 cpi, 17 cpi, and PS Epson LQ 10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi, 17 cpi, 20 cpi, and mode Cell Composition: 36 (h) x 48 (v) dot matrix in HQ mode 18 out of 36 (h) x 48 (v) dot matrix in HS mode Character Set: IBM Character Sets 1 and 2 and 3 BJ-10 mode...
  • Page 77 15 cpi double-wide Proportional spacing Graphic Image Print Data format: Vertical 8, 24, and/or 48-dot format Resolution: Horizontal 60, 120, 180, 240, or 360 dpi Buffer BJ-10 mode Input buffer: Approx. 41.2 KB (or 1.2 KB) Download buffer: 0 KB (or 40 KB) Epson LQ mode Input buffer: Approx.
  • Page 78 Dimensions 16.9 inches (428 mm) W x 8.2 inches (209 mm) D x 7.9 inches (201.2 mm) H Weight Approx. 7.7 lbs (3.5 kg)
  • Page 79: Basic Control Codes

    BJ-10 mode and Epson LQ mode, and shows the character sets available in each mode. For a complete description of these programming commands, you can order the Canon Bubble Jet Priner BJ- 200/BJ-230 Programmer's Manual. Call the Canon help desk at 1-800- 423-2366 to order this manual.
  • Page 80: Escape Sequence Codes

    Perform form feed Perform carriage return Set double-wide mode by line Set condensed mode (17 cpi); cancelled by DC2 Set printer on-line Set 10 cpi mode Cancel double-wide mode Cancel data Insert space ESCape Sequence Codes...
  • Page 81 ESC P n spacing mode n Setting 0 End proportional spacing 1 Start proportional spacing Deselect printer ESC Q n Set all tabs to default ESC R 27 58 1B 3A 27 61 n1 n2 37 1B 3D n1 n2 25...
  • Page 82 ESC S n n Setting 0 Select superscript mode 1 Select subscript mode Cancel super/subscript ESC T mode set by ESC S Select printer direction ESC U n Set/cancel double-wide ESC W n mode n Setting 0 Cancel double-wide mode 1 Start double-wide mode Set horizontal margins;...
  • Page 83: Miscellaneous Control Codes

    Set/perform 1/360-inch graphics line spacing BJ-10 Character Sets In BJ-10 mode, your printer supports two IBM code pages: USA code page 437 and Multilingual code page 850. Each code page has three character sets: Character Set 1, Character Set 2, and All Characters Chart.
  • Page 84 USA Code Page 437 Character Set 1 USA Code Page 437 Character Set 2...
  • Page 85 USA Code Page 437 Characters Chart Multilingual Code Page Character Set 1...
  • Page 86 Multilingual Code Page Character Set 2...
  • Page 87: Epson Lq Command Summary

    Epson LQ Command Summary You can use the control codes listed in the following tables when the printer is in LQ mode; that is, when DIP switch 12 is set to ON. NOTE: Because of hardware differences, the justification code, ESC a, and the perforation skip codes, ESC M and ESC N, are not supported by your printer.
  • Page 88 Perform form feed Perform carriage return Set double-wide mode by line Set condensed mode (17 cpi); cancelled by Set printer on-line Cancel condensed mode (17 cpi) set by SI Set printer off-line Cancel double-wide mode Cancel data...
  • Page 89 Set most significant bit (MSB) to 0 Set most significant bit (MSB) to 1 Reassign image graphics mode Reset printer settings to the default values that were set when you turned on the printer Set n/60-inch line spacing; n = 0 to 127 Set vertical tabs;...