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Yamaha TYROS Owner's Manual

Yamaha musical instrument owner's manual
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  • Page 2: Special Message Section

    SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be cor- rect at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
  • Page 3: Important Safety Instructions

    Please make sure that benches are stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well secured BEFORE using. Benches supplied by Yamaha are designed for seating only. No other uses are recommended. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 4 Yamaha service personnel. Location • Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal...
  • Page 5 Caution for data operations Make sure NEVER to turn the TYROS’ power off during any kind of data operation involving the USER/FD/HD drives — such as saving, deleting, or copying/pasting — until the operation is completely finished. (Make sure to wait until the alert message shown below disappears.) Turning the power off during the operation results in the loss of the data being saved or pasted to the respective drive.
  • Page 6: Handling The Floppy Disk Drive(Fdd) And Floppy Disk

    • When the TYROS is turned on, the LED below the floppy disk slot will be lit indicating that the Disk Drive is ready to use.
  • Page 7: Congratulations

    TYROS, are courtesy of the Gakkigaku Shiryokan (Collection for Organolgy), Kunitachi College of Music. • The following instruments, shown in the displays of the TYROS, are on display at the Hamamatsu Museum of Musical Instruments: balafon, gender, kalimba, kanoon, santur, gamelan gong, harp, hand bell, bagpipe, banjo, carillon, man- dolin, oud, pan flute, pungi, rabab.
  • Page 8: Panel Logos

    The Style File Format —SFF— is Yamaha’s original style file format which uses a unique conver- sion system to provide high-quality automatic accompaniment based on a wide range of chord types. The TYROS uses the SFF internally, reads optional SFF style disks, and creates SFF styles using the Style Creator function.
  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    — allowing you to quickly and easily find how to perform a particular operation or explore a topic of interest. Panel Controls and Terminals Use this section to find out about all of the buttons and controls of the TYROS. Basic Operations ... page 60 Here, we’ll show you the basic structure in handling and organizing the data of the...
  • Page 10: Contents

    Selecting the desired music genre from the Record List... 40 Searching the Ideal Setups by Keyword ... 41 Creating a Set of Favorite Records ... 42 TYROS Owner’s Manual Song Playback...43 Playback of Song Disks...43 Using Song Position Markers ...44 Adjusting the Volume Balance between the Song and the Keyboard ...45...
  • Page 11 Voices ... 78 Voices and Keyboard Parts ... 78 Voice Types ... 79 Voice Effects... 81 Changing Pitch on the TYROS ... 82 Organ Flutes (Sound Creator) ... 83 Sound Creator Parameters (Organ Flutes Voices)... 83 Voice Creating (Sound Creator) ... 85 Sound Creator Parameters (Normal Voices) ...
  • Page 12: Application Index

    G Using the Metronome ...Page 156 G Displaying and playing along with the music notation of the song during playback...Song Score...Page 88 Selecting the programs and settings of the TYROS G Voices ...Page 26 G Styles ...Page 32 G Multi Pad banks ...Page 38 G Songs...Page 43...
  • Page 13: Tyros Owner's Manual

    G Saving the created data as a file ...Page 69 Understanding the organization and structure of the TYROS G About the various types of data/files managed with the TYROS ...Pages 63 - 65 G About files and folders ...Page 63 G About the color-coded button lamps ...Page 73...
  • Page 14: Using Foot Pedals

    Group performance tips and techniques G Independently transposing the song and keyboard pitch to match your singing range ...Page 135 G Tuning the overall sound of the TYROS to match other instruments ...Page 150 G Synchronizing the TYROS to other MIDI instruments...Page 146 Learning about MIDI G About MIDI note events (playing the keyboard) ...Page 142...
  • Page 15: Tyros Owner's Manual

    G Connecting a separate TV monitor ...Page 151 Computer applications G What you can do with MIDI using a computer and the TYROS ...Page 58 G Connecting a computer to the TYROS using a USB cable ...Page 58 G Using the Voice Editor software ...Page 58 G Using the File Utility software ...Page 58...
  • Page 16: Panel Controls And Terminals

    ENDING/rit. STYLE CONTROL Keyboard The keyboard of the TYROS is equipped with a touch response fea- ture (initial touch and after touch) that lets you dynamically and expressively control the level of the voices with your playing strength – just as on an acoustic instrument.
  • Page 17 PART ON/ OFF Floppy Disk Drive The TYROS also features a built-in disk drive that lets you save all your important original data to floppy disk for future recall. The TYROS is compatible with a wide variety of disk formats, allowing you to playback song data on commercially available XG, GM , DOC, and Disklavier Piano Soft disks.
  • Page 18: Rear Panel & Connections

    Panel Controls and Terminals I Rear Panel & Connections • Since the TYROS has no built-in speakers, you need to monitor its sound output via external audio equipment. Alternatively, you could use a pair of headphones. For installing an optional set of speakers.
  • Page 19 TYROS’ vocal har- mony function. The LINE OUT jacks are used to send the TYROS output to a keyboard amplifier, stereo sound system, mixing console, or tape recorder. If you are connecting the TYROS to a mono sound system, use only the L/L+R jack.
  • Page 20: Starting Up

    Starting Up This section contains information about setting up your TYROS and preparing to play. Be sure to read through this section carefully before turning the power on. Power Supply Make sure the POWER ON/OFF switch on the TYROS is set to OFF.
  • Page 21: Music Rest

    Check carefully that all parts (two music rest brackets and one music rest, shown below) are included before following the instructions below. You’ll also need a Phillips screwdriver. Supplied with the TYROS Music rest brackets (2) Remove the four screws from the rear panel of the TYROS with a Phillips screwdriver. ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL MIDI A...
  • Page 22: Turning The Power On/Off

    [POWER ON/OFF] switch. Turning the Power Off If necessary, save any data you’ve created using the TYROS’ features to the User or Disk drive. Make sure that the [MASTER VOLUME] and [INPUT VOLUME] are set to “MIN” and turn the TYROS off by pressing the [POWER ON/OFF] switch.
  • Page 23: Raising And Closing The Display Panel

    Raising and Closing the Display Panel The TYROS features a semi-detachable display panel that can be tilted and adjusted — with four different latch points — to the most convenient viewing angle. I Raising the Display Panel Unfasten the lock located at the back of the display panel. Then lift the panel and tilt it toward you.
  • Page 24: Quick Guide

    The TYROS can display text in any one of several languages. Text is used for the Demos (below), Help (page 61), and the Display Messages (page 62). Before playing the Demo, select the desired language by following the instructions below.
  • Page 25 Press any of the LCD buttons to call up the display of the correspond- ing function. BACK NEXT Depending on the particular display, you may need to use the [BACK]/[NEXT] buttons to call up other topics and menus. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 26: Playing Voices

    LEFT RIGHT1 RIGHT2 RIGHT3 PART ON/OFF The TYROS has a huge selection of various musical instrument voices which you can play. Try out the differ- ent voices on your own — checking the voice name printed above each VOICE button on the panel, or refer- ring to the voice list in the separate Data List booklet.
  • Page 27: Playing Two Or Three Voices Simultaneously

    Stereo sampled drums played by brush. Check out toms and cymbals. Stereo sampled percussion with various playing styles. Quick Guide Playing Voices • The voice selected here is called voice RIGHT 2. See page 74 for more information on voice RIGHT2. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 28: Playing Different Voices With The Left And Right Hands

    Voices RIGHT 1 - 3 are meant to be played with the right hand. Voice LEFT is played with the left hand. Adjusting the Octave Setting The [UPPER OCTAVE] button allows the RIGHT1, RIGHT2, and RIGHT3 parts to be simulta- neously transposed up or down by one octave. TYROS Owner’s Manual PART SELECT LEFT HOLD LEFT RIGHT1...
  • Page 29: Organ Flutes

    Organ Flutes The TYROS uses advanced digital modeling technology to recreate the legendary sound of vin- tage organs. Just as on a traditional organ, you can create your own sound by increasing and decreasing the levels of the flute footages.
  • Page 30: Collecting Your Favorite Voices To The User Drive Or Floppy Disk

    Playing Voices Collecting your favorite voices to the User drive or floppy disk The TYROS has a huge amount of high-quality voices, covering an exceptionally broad range of instrument sounds — making it perfect for virtually every musical application. However, the sheer number of voices may seem overwhelming at first.
  • Page 31 Press the [COPY] LCD button (lower [3] button). Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [7] button). Quick Guide Playing Voices BACK NEXT Press the [NEXT] button. The Voice located in the PRESET drive is copied to the USER drive. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 32: Selecting And Playing A Style - Auto Accompaniment (Acmp)

    The TYROS features a variety of accompaniment styles (rhythm patterns) in a variety of different musical genres. Try out the different styles on your own — checking the style name printed above each STYLE button on the panel, or referring to the style list in the separate Data List booklet.
  • Page 33 In this condition — called “Stop Accompaniment” — any valid chord fingerings (page 108) are recognized and the chord root/type are shown in the LCD. Since the TYROS properly recognizes the chord, you can also use the Chord Match function (page 38) with the Multi Pads or the Harmony effect (page 39) without having to play back a style.
  • Page 34: Pattern Variation (Sections)

    Selecting and Playing a Style — Auto Accompaniment (ACMP) Pattern Variation (Sections) The TYROS features a wide variety of style “sections” that allow you to vary the arrangement of the accompaniment to match the song you are playing. They are: Intro, Main, Fill-in, Break and Ending.
  • Page 35 G Red (flashing) This indicates the section that will be played next, following the one whose button is lit up in red (not flashing). page 109 page 109 page 110 TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 36: One Touch Setting

    PART Determines the volume of song playback (page 43) Determines the volume of style playback TYROS Owner’s Manual [BALANCE] button Split Point Chord section Determines the volume of the microphone sound (page 46) Determines the volume of Multi Pad playback (page 38)
  • Page 37: Turning Style Parts On/Off And Changing Voices

    The TYROS can play back style files contained on the floppy disk. Because the TYROS is compatible with the Style File format, the TYROS can directly play back style files contained on commercially available floppy disks bearing the Style File logo (page 8). The TYROS can also play back the disk style files created via various Yamaha keyboards such as the CVP-209/207/205/203/201,...
  • Page 38: The Multi Pads

    Chord section In this example, the phrase for Pad 2 will be transposed into F major before playing back. Try out other various chord types while playing the Multi Pads. TYROS Owner’s Manual Reference on page 124 STOP The corresponding phrase (in this case, for Pad 1) starts playing back in its entirety as soon as the pad is pressed.
  • Page 39: Voice Effects

    Harp Strum Reference on pages 81, 154 The TYROS features a sophisticated multi-proces- sor effect system which can add extraordinary depth and expression to your sound. This effect system can be turned on or off by using the following but- tons.
  • Page 40: Calling Up Ideal Setups For Your Music - Music Finder

    DATA ENTRY DATA ENTRY ENTER — Music Finder Reference on page 126 BACK NEXT If necessary, press the [BACK]/[NEXT] but- ton to call up the “ALL” page. All the preset Records built into the TYROS are listed on this page. ENTER...
  • Page 41: Searching The Ideal Setups By Keyword

    Searching the Ideal Setups by Keyword The Music Finder feature of the TYROS has a wide range of more than 1000 different records — making it exceptionally versatile, yet difficult to find a desired setup. That’s where the Search function comes in handy. It lets you quickly and easily find the records that you want to use.
  • Page 42: Creating A Set Of Favorite Records

    Press the upper or lower button to move the cursor up or down alphabetically and select the new record. Simultaneously press the up and down buttons to move the cursor to the first record. TYROS Owner’s Manual Press the [H] button to add the selected record to the Favorite page.
  • Page 43: Song Playback

    Song Playback Reference on page 88 You can play MIDI song data directly from the TYROS. This includes not only the preset demo songs, but also commercially available song data on floppy disk, as well as songs you’ve created with the Song Recording function (page 54) or Song Cre- ator function (page 94).
  • Page 44: Using Song Position Markers

    Go to the top of the song to which you’ve entered the markers and start it. Top of the song [SP1] Green TYROS Owner’s Manual NEW SONG SYNC START LOOP If a marker has already been entered to the button, the lamp is lit in green or red. Double- clicking on the button will set the marker to a new song position.
  • Page 45: Adjusting The Volume Balance Between The Song And The Keyboard

    Quick Guide Song Playback End of the song End of the song End of the song End of the song Press the LCD button cor- responding to the part (channel) you wish to turn on or off. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 46: Singing With A Connected Microphone

    Quick Guide Singing with a Connected Microphone The TYROS is equipped with an input jack, letting you con- nect another audio source — such as a microphone for your voice, an electric guitar, or a CD player — and mix it with the sounds of the TYROS.
  • Page 47: Applying Harmony To Your Voice

    (other than your voice) – the Style playback sound from the TYROS, for exam- ple. In particular, bass sounds can cause mistracking of the Vocal Harmony feature. The solution to...
  • Page 48: Keyboard And Vocal Practice Using The Guide Function

    Yamaha Clavinova series. This function is used for practicing purposes, with built-in lamps on the keyboard indicating the notes to be played. Even though the TYROS does not have these lamps, you can use the same function by following the indications in the displayed notation with the Song Score function.
  • Page 49: Keyboard Practice Using "Follow Lights

    To stop the practice session in the middle of the song, stop song playback. NEW SONG Keyboard and Vocal Practice using the Guide function GUIDE SONG CONTROL LOOP START/ STOP SYNC START SONG CONTROL LOOP START/ STOP SYNC START Quick Guide TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 50: Vocal Practice Using "Vocal Cue Time

    Quick Guide Keyboard and Vocal Practice using the Guide function Vocal Practice using “Vocal Cue Time” Connect a microphone to the TYROS (page 46). Select the desired song for singing. Call up the SONG SETTING display by following the procedure described on page 48 and select “Vocal Cue TIME.”...
  • Page 51: Saving And Recalling Custom Panel Setups - Registration Memory

    Registration Memory bank to the User drive (page 30). Since the TYROS is such a sophisticated instrument with such a variety of controls and functions — voice, style, and effect settings, just to name a few — it may be difficult to get a handle on them all.
  • Page 52: Saving Your Registration Memory To The User Drive

    Saving your Registration Memory to the User drive The TYROS allows you to save all eight memorized buttons as a single Registration Memory bank. You can save as many Registration Memory banks as you want, up to the internal memory capacity of the TYROS.
  • Page 53: Recalling A Registration Memory Setup

    — Freeze function 128 Registration Memory lets you recall all the TYROS panel settings you made with a single button press. However, there may be times that you want certain parameters and settings to remain the same, even when changing Registration Memory presets. For example, you may want to switch voices or effect settings while keeping the same accompaniment style.
  • Page 54: Recording Your Performances And Creating Songs - Song Recording

    • Check whether the selected Multi Pad Bank is appropriate or not. If necessary, select the desired bank... page 38 • Turn on [HARMONY/ECHO] if desired... page 39 • Press one of the REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons if desired... page 53 TYROS Owner’s Manual G Quick Recording With this method, you can quickly and easily record a song, without hav- ing to make detailed settings.
  • Page 55 • The recorded song will be lost if you change to another song or you turn the power off without executing the save operation in step #8. Make sure to execute the save operation in step #8. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 56: Multi Recording

    MIDI channel. With Quick Recording (on the previous page), the TYROS takes care of this chore for you — letting you record a song without having to worry about which part goes to which channel. However, you’ll increase your understanding of the recording process and gain greater flexibility and control by reading through...
  • Page 57: Start Recording

    • The recorded song will be lost if you change another song or you turn the power off without executing the save operation in step #8. Make sure to execute the save operation in step #8. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 58: Connecting To A Computer

    I What you can do with a computer G Manage files in the USER/FD/HD (optional) drive of the TYROS using the File Utility software on the included CD-ROM. File Utility also lets you transmit your TYROS files to a computer, and vice versa.
  • Page 59: Using The Voice Editor

    Using the Voice Editor You can expand the sonic palette of the TYROS by creating your own original voices — using the Voice Editor (included on the CD-ROM). The voices you create can be saved to the PRESET drive on the TYROS as Custom Voices, and can be called up any time by pressing the [CUSTOM VOICE] button.
  • Page 60: Basic Operations

    Basic Operations Display-based Controls As you’ve seen in “Quick Guide” above, the TYROS features an exceptionally large and easy-to-understand display. It provides comprehensive at-a-glance information on all current settings, and gives you convenient, intuitive control over the TYROS’ functions. LCD buttons...
  • Page 61: Help/Display Messages

    If this happens, you can return to “home base” by pressing the [EXIT] button several times. This returns the TYROS to the default Main display (page 24) — the same display that appears when the power is turned on.
  • Page 62: Direct Access - Instant Selection Of Displays

    The TYROS utilizes a variety of data types — including voices, styles, songs and registration memory settings. Much of this data is already programmed and contained in the TYROS; you can also create and edit your own data with some of the functions on the instrument.
  • Page 63: G Multi Pad Banks

    I Data files The following 11 types of data are handled by the TYROS as files. These can be viewed or selected mainly by using the respective Open/Save display. G Voices (of musical instruments) ... pages 26, 78 G Styles ... pages 32, 108 G Songs...
  • Page 64 Open/Save display, for example, indicates only voices even if style or song files are saved to the floppy disk. TYROS Owner’s Manual G File Utility You can manage files (copy, etc) on User drive or Disk drive by using a computer and the included File Util- ity software.
  • Page 65 I TYROS’ Features and Memory Drives Features Voice Editor Sound Creator Record/ Assemble Style Creator Memorize Memorize Panel settings Creating a New Record Record Song Creator Record Multi Pad Creator MIDI Vocal Harmony Type User Effect (Mixing Console) Master EQ Edit...
  • Page 66: Folder/File Operations Using The Open/Save Display

    The Open/Save display is the “home base” for folder/file operations. It is from this display that you save and manage your data files (as described on page 63). Since there are eleven different data types, the TYROS has eleven different Open/Save displays.
  • Page 67: Creating A New Folder

    Creating a New Folder As your TYROS data library grows, you’ll want to organize it in various folders. This operation lets you create new folders on the User, Floppy Disk and optional Hard Disk drives. The basic procedure is described below; for a specific example (using Voices), see page 30 in the Quick Guide.
  • Page 68: Copying Folders/Files (Copy & Paste)

    (path) as needed. Press the [PASTE] LCD button (lower [4] button). The folders/files moved from the source page (path) appear on the display. TYROS Owner’s Manual • The Open/Save display does not let you directly copy a file/folder from one floppy disk to another. If...
  • Page 69: Deleting Folders/Files

    User Effect, User Master EQ, and User Master Compres- sor) — a pop-up window (like that in step #3 here) will be called up instead of the Open/Save dis- play. In this case, steps #2 and #3 are unnecessary. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 70: Naming Folders/Files

    Press the [OK] LCD button (lower [8] button) to actually enter the new name for the item and return to the original display. TYROS Owner’s Manual Press the [OK] LCD button (upper [8] button) to actually enter the new name and return to the original display.
  • Page 71: Changing The Open/Save Display View

    Input type, on the other hand, lets you call up the desired file by entering the appropriate file number (see below). Since the TYROS has many files spread out over several pages, Number Input may be quicker and more convenient — providing you know the number of the file.
  • Page 72 Call up the other path (for example, the Open/Save display for voices) and press the same button as in step #2. You will see the display same as shown in step #1. Paths for style files can also be memorized, as explained above. See page 111 for details. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 73: About The Highlight Cursor In The Display

    The corresponding section of the selected style has data and is ac- tive. A song position marker is assigned to the button and represents the lat- est marker to be passed during play- back. Active (playing back). TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 74: About The Keyboard

    About the Keyboard The TYROS keyboard features various functions and performance conveniences that are simply unavailable on an acoustic instrument. As explained in the Quick Guide for example, it allows you to play several different voices together in a layer, or play one voice with your left hand while you play a different voice (or even three layered voices!) with your right.
  • Page 75: Function Tree

    Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data Page 22, 24 46, 130 47, 130 47, 130 44, 91 44, 91 43, 91 43, 91 43, 66 32, 66 37, 111 37, 111 37, 111 32, 110 38, 124 38, 124 TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 76 MIDI transmit channel settings RECEIVE MIDI receive channel settings MIDI chord root settings that determines whether or not the TYROS rec- ROOT ognizes the received note event as the chord root for the style playback MIDI chord root settings that determines whether or not the TYROS rec-...
  • Page 77 Applying a vibrato effect to notes played on the keyboard Basic Operations — Organizing Your Data Function Tree Page 83, 85 40, 126 36, 110 26, 66 74, 78 39, 154 39, 81 39, 81 39, 81 39, 81 39, 81 TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 78: Reference

    As you know by now, the TYROS has a wide variety of musical instrument sounds, referred to as “voices.” And, as shown on page 74, the TYROS allows you to independently select and play up to four voice parts at the same time in a number of ways.
  • Page 79: Voice Types

    User drive or disk drive will be called up, along with the appropriate Open/Save display. Reference Voices Preset Voices • The Transpose functions (page 82) do not affect the Drum Kit or SFX Kit voices. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 80 Mega voices and refer to these maps when creating MIDI sequence data for songs, styles, and Multi Pads. Since the Mega voices are fundamentally different from the other voices of the TYROS, you should keep in mind the following points and precau- tions when working with them.
  • Page 81: Voice Effects

    I DSP and DSP Variation With the digital effects built into the TYROS you can add ambience and depth to your music in a variety of ways — such as adding reverb that makes you sound like you are playing in a concert hall.
  • Page 82: Changing Pitch On The Tyros

    MODULATION I Transpose With this function, you can transpose the pitch of the TYROS up or down over a range of ±2 octaves in semitone steps. Three transposing methods (Keyboard, Song, and Master) are available; select the desired method in the [FUNCTION] → CONTROLLER → KEYBOARD/PANEL display (page 154), then use the [TRANSPOSE] buttons to change the value.
  • Page 83: Organ Flutes (Sound Creator)

    Organ Flutes (Sound Creator) The TYROS features a variety of lush, dynamic organ voices that you can call up with the [ORGAN FLUTES] button. It also gives you the tools to create your own original organ sounds by using the Sound Creator (called up with the [SOUND CREATOR] button).
  • Page 84 Indicates the parameter to which the variation is applied depending on the selected DSP type. VALUE Adjusts the degree of the DSP variation parameter. EQ LOW/HIGH These determine the Frequency and Gain of the Low and High EQ bands. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 85: Voice Creating (Sound Creator)

    Voice Creating (Sound Creator) The TYROS has a Sound Creator feature that allows you to create your own voices by editing some parameters of the existing voices. Once you’ve created a voice, you can save it as a User voice to the User drive or Disk drive for future recall.
  • Page 86: Sound Creator Parameters (Normal Voices)

    Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the pitch, or the vibrato ef- LFO PMOD fect. Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the Filter modulation, or the LFO FMOD wah effect. Determines the degree to which Aftertouch modulates the amplitude, or the tremolo LFO AMOD effect. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 87 Cutoff Frequency Frequency (pitch) These frequencies are Cutoff range “passed” by the filter. Level ATTACK DECAY Key on Key off SPEED Level DELAY Reference Voice Creating (Sound Creator) Resonance Frequency (pitch) Sustain Level RELEASE Time DEPTH Time TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 88: Song Playback

    floppy disk (GM- or XG-compatible), and performances you’ve recorded yourself with the Song Recording features (page 54) and saved to one of the drives. In addition, the TYROS can display music notation and lyrics, and you can use the sophisticated Guide functions to practice the keyboard and your singing as well.
  • Page 89 The root note is indicated as Do. For example, in the key of G major the root note of Sol would be indicated as Do. As with “Fixed Do,” the indication differs depending on the selected language. Reference Song Playback TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 90: Displaying Lyrics

    • Connect an external TV monitor to the TYROS, and you can have the lyrics displayed on the TV — for group sing-alongs and the like. You can even set the TYROS so that the lyrics are shown on the TV monitor while the LCD of the instrument displays a different operation or function.
  • Page 91: Song Position

    Song Position The TYROS provides the following song position features. • The current song position is indicated on the Main display as measure/beat number during playback — letting you easily see where you are in the song. • Pressing the [FF] or [REW] button automatically calls up a pop-up window showing the current measure number (or Phrase Mark number) in the Main display.
  • Page 92: Song Playback Related Parameters

    Song Playback Song Playback Related Parameters The TYROS has a variety of song playback functions — which can be accessed by pressing [FUNCTION] → SONG SETTING. • Listen to (or practice along with) your favorite song repeatedly — with Repeat Playback.
  • Page 93 On some commercially available song data, certain settings related to the song (such as voice selection, volume, etc.) are recorded to the first measure, before the actual note data. When Quick Start is set to “ON,” the TYROS reads all initial non- QUICK START note data of the song at the highest possible speed, then automatically slows down to the appropriate tempo at the first note.
  • Page 94: Song Creator (Digital Recording)

    RECORDING] button. Press the [SONG CREATOR] LCD button. TYROS Owner’s Manual sages (including volume and pan of the Mixing Console settings), and pitch bend • From the Song Creator display you can fast-forward or rewind through the song as desired — letting you quickly navigate to and check different sections of the song.
  • Page 95: Record Mode Settings (Setting Up For Re-Recording)

    Examples for re-recording depending on the REC MODE settings The TYROS features several different ways you can re-record or replace a specific section of an already recorded channel. The illustrations below indicate a variety of situations in which selected measures in an eight-measure phrase are re-recorded.
  • Page 96: Editing Data For Each Channel

    This lets you delete recorded data of the specified channel in the song data. Select the channel to be deleted by using the upper/lower LCD [1] - [8] buttons and press the [EXECUTE] LCD button. TYROS Owner’s Manual Set the parameters as desired.
  • Page 97: Channel Transpose

    To simultaneously set all channels to the same value, adjust the Channel Transpose for one of the channels while holding down this button. Use this to checkmark the selected item. Checkmarked items are recorded to the song. TYROS Owner’s Manual Reference...
  • Page 98: Step Recording For Chord Data Using The Event List

    Indicates the Chord change event. • Make sure to turn [AUTO FILL IN] off. TYROS Owner’s Manual Use the STEP RECORD display if you wish to enter the Chord events from scratch. EXIT This sets the “size” of the next Chord/Section...
  • Page 99 The chord progression can be played back only from this STEP RECORD display. To play the chords, you’ll need to press the [EXPAND] LCD button (next page) on the CHD display to convert the events recorded here to song data. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 100: Step Recording For Notes Using The Event List

    This page lets you create a song by entering notes one by one for each channel with precise timing, without having to perform them in real time. The TYROS lets you record the chords for style playback and the melody (explained here) separately.
  • Page 101 Tenuto Staccato Staccatissimo Manual START/ STOP NEW SONG SYNC START Reference Song Creator (Digital Recording) Actual recorded velocity The gate time (note length) can be set to any desired per- centage by using the [DATA ENTRY] dial. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 102 This enters a half note (for “F”) and a tied 8th note. Set the parameters below in sequence. Play the keys E, F and A, as specified in the example. TYROS Owner’s Manual Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be entered. Here, we’ll select “mp,” as specified in the example.
  • Page 103 Use these buttons to set the resolution of the next note. Here, we’ll set the resolution to a 1/4 note, as specified in the example. START/ STOP NEW SONG SYNC START Reference Song Creator (Digital Recording) TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 104 While holding the keys C3 and E3, press the 1/8 note LCD button. Enter the note G3. While holding the keys C3, E3 and G3, press the 1/8 note LCD button. TYROS Owner’s Manual Determines the velocity (loudness) of the note to be entered. Here, we’ll select “ff,” as specified in the example.
  • Page 105 If the value at the cursor has been changed, pressing this restores the original value. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 106: Step Recording For System Exclusive Messages Using The Event List

    Lyrics Allows you to enter lyrics. CR : Enters a line break in the lyrics text. LF : Unavailable on the TYROS. On some MIDI devices, such as sequencers, this Code (Other controls) TYROS Owner’s Manual Pressing one of these buttons from the Lyrics display calls up the pop-up window for entering lyrics to the currently selected posi- tion.
  • Page 107 Enters checkmarks for all event types. Selects only note data; checkmarks for all other boxes are removed. Reverses the checkmark settings for all boxes. In other words, this enters checkmarks to all boxes that were previously unchecked and vice versa. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 108: Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment)

    G FINGERED Lets you finger your own chords on the Chord section of the keyboard, while the TYROS supplies appropriately orchestrated rhythm, bass, and chord accompaniment in the selected style. The Fingered recognizes the various chord types which are listed on the separate Data List booklet and can be looked up using the Chord Tutor function above.
  • Page 109: Fade In/Out

    The [FADE IN/OUT] button can be used to produce smooth fade-ins and fade-outs when starting and stopping the style/song playback. This affects the overall sound of the TYROS — including the your keyboard performance and the Multi Pads, as well as the styles and songs.
  • Page 110: Synchro Start And Synchro Stop

    — letting you instantly reconfigure the instrument to suit the music you play. The TYROS actually has three different features that let you instantly call up complete panel setups: One Touch Setting (described here), Music Finder, and Registration Memory. One Touch Setting differs from the other two in that each OTS panel setting is dedicated to a particular style —...
  • Page 111: Instant Style Selection

    WORLD BALLROOM PRESET PARTY USER /DISK MOVIE & SHOW LATIN WORLD BALLROOM PRESET PARTY MOVIE & SHOW USER /DISK Turn [USER/DISK] on and press appropriate STYLE button (set in step #3 above). Reference Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment) TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 112: Style Playback Related Settings

    Reference Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment) Style Playback Related Settings The TYROS has a variety of style playback functions, including Split Point and many others — which can be accessed by pressing [FUNCTION] → STYLE SETTING/SPLIT POINT. MENU SOUN FUNCTION CREA...
  • Page 113 • The style stops when you stop the song. If the accompaniment style is playing and you start the song, the accompaniment automatically stops. • Some of the songs have been created using the built-in styles. For these songs, the styles are automatically started when starting song playback. Reference Style Playback (Auto Accompaniment) TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 114: Style Creator (Digital Recording)

    - C are created by keeping and using the original data. MAIN C and FILL IN A are created via three ways: Recording, Assembly, and using the origi- nal data. TYROS Owner’s Manual Each style contains 120 MIDI data sequences (15 Sections x 8 Parts) Part RHYTHM 1...
  • Page 115 Snare Drum Bass Drum The Style File Format (SFF) combines all of Yamaha’s auto accompaniment (style playback) know-how into a single unified format. By using the Style Cre- ator, you can take advantage of the power of the SFF format and freely create your own styles.
  • Page 116: Basic Settings And Realtime Recording For Each Part (Channel)

    For actual instruction steps for recording, see the sections below. I Recording note events to a Rhythm part (channel) Select one of the Rhythm parts as a recording part on the BASIC display (above). TYROS Owner’s Manual • Any voice can be selected for the RHY1 channel, with DIGITAL RECORDING the exception of Organ Flutes.
  • Page 117: Step Recording For Notes Using The Event List

    (You need not follow the rules described at left.) • If you want to record the pattern with a Source Chord other than CM7, set the PLAY ROOT and PLAY CHORD parameters on the PARAMETER page (page 120) before performing step #2. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 118: Assembling A Style From Existing Pattern Data

    The Undo function only has one level; only the previous opera- tion can be undone. This menu is available on both of the GROOVE page and DYNAMICS page. TYROS Owner’s Manual Hard Rock Rhythm 1 Rhythm 2 Bass Chord 1...
  • Page 119 100% compress it. Boosts or cuts all velocity values in the selected section/channel. Values above BOOST/CUT 100% boost the overall velocity, while values below 100% reduce it. Reference Style Creator (Digital Recording) TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 120: Editing Data For Each Channel

    Use these to select the desired edit operation. Select the desired channel (part) to be edited. TYROS Owner’s Manual Select a channel Set the parameters (part) of which data for executing the edit is to be executed. data edit. After you’ve finished creat-...
  • Page 121 1+2+5 C = Chord notes C, R = Recommended notes C C R When playing When playing a C major an F major chord. chord. When playing When playing a C major an F major chord. chord. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 122: Custom Style Recording Via An External Sequence Recorder

    Custom Style Recording via an External Sequence Recorder If you have a favorite sequencer or sequence software, you can use that to create custom styles, instead of using the Style Creator on the TYROS. I Connections •...
  • Page 123 (up to 255 bars) Corresponds to 1 bar Fill In Pattern FILL IN D Initial Source Setup Pattern — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 124: The Multi Pads

    Open/Save display. Press the [DIGITAL RECORDING] button. Select “MULTI PAD CREATOR.” The operations corresponding to step #4 are covered in the following page. TYROS Owner’s Manual Quick Guide on page 38 MULTI PAD CONTROL MULTI PAD CONTROL MULTI PAD CONTROL...
  • Page 125: Multi Pad Realtime Recording

    C = Chord note C, R = Recommended note C R C C R C G Stop recording Press the [STOP] LCD button or the panel MULTI PAD [STOP] button to stop record- ing when you’ve finished playing the phrase. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 126: Music Finder

    Records added from the (editable) Music Finder display. Up to 2500 records can be created and saved. TYROS Owner’s Manual Enter each item in the same way as done in the Search display. Clears the selected record. The deleted record number becomes empty.
  • Page 127 I Restoring the Factory-programmed Music Finder The operation below lets you restore the TYROS’ Music Finder to its original factory settings. Select “UTILITY.” Press the [FUNC- TION] button. MENU SOUN FUNCTION CREA I Calling up Music Finder files saved to User or Disk drive You can call up Music Finder data saved to any of the installed drives by the following procedure.
  • Page 128: Registration Memory

    Save display and changing the Memory number according to the order deter- mined from the Registration Sequence display – can be assigned to the [BACK]/[NEXT] button and the foot pedal connected to the TYROS. Select a Registration Memory bank of which the sequence is programmed.
  • Page 129 Memory bank file (in step #5 below). Any Registration Sequence data is lost when changing Registra- tion Memory banks or when turning the power off, unless you’ve saved it with the Registration Memory bank file. BACK NEXT TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 130: Using A Microphone

    This is especially useful when you talk between songs during a performance. This turns the Vocal Harmony effect on or off. If you connect a microphone to the TYROS, you can sing along with the song or style and have vocal har- mony parts added automatically. Press the [EDIT] LCD button.
  • Page 131 Detunes the first/second/third harmony note by the specified number of cents. When this is set to “ON,” you can “play” the voices of the TYROS with your voice. (The TYROS tracks the pitch of your voice and converts it to note data for the tone PITCH TO NOTE generator.
  • Page 132: Talk Setting

    EQ (Equalizer) is a processor that divides the frequency spectrum into multiple bands which can be boosted or cut as required to tailor the overall frequency response. The TYROS features a high grade three-band digital equalizer function for the microphone sound.
  • Page 133: Noise Gate

    I MIC (Microphone) The following parameters determine how the microphone sound is controlled. MUTE When set to OFF, the microphone sound is turned off. VOLUME Adjusts the output volume of the microphone sound. Reference Using a Microphone TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 134: Mixing Console

    Mixing Console There are many components that make up the overall sound of the TYROS. These include MIDI sequence data from the songs, styles, and Multi Pads, and audio input from a microphone, as well as the various parts of your keyboard performance.
  • Page 135: Part Settings

    Master Transpose to “0,” the Keyboard Transpose to “2,” and the Song Transpose to “-3.” This brings the keyboard part up and the song data down to your comfortable singing key. TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 136: Song Auto Revoice

    Song Auto Revoice This feature lets you use the stunning sound of the TYROS to full advantage with XG-compatible song data. When you play back any commercially available XG song data or that created on other instruments, you can use Auto Revoice to automatically assign the specially created voices of the TYROS (Natural!, Live!, Cool!, etc.) instead of the conventional XG voices of the same type.
  • Page 137: System Effects And Insertion Effects

    (from the song). System Effect Reverb Chorus DSP1 When DSP1 is set as an System effect DSP1 Vocal Harmony Reference Mixing Console Return Level (set for all parts or channels) Master Master EQ Output Compressor TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 138: G Effect Types

    • Keep in mind that in some cases noise may result if you adjust the effect parameters while playing the instrument. TYROS Owner’s Manual G Effect Type Selection display for each block Select an Effect Block and a part to which the corresponding effect is applied.
  • Page 139: Equalizer (Eq)

    “boomy,” or boost the high frequencies in rooms and close spaces where the sound is relatively “dead” and free of echoes. The TYROS possesses a high grade five-band digital EQ. With this function, a final effect—tone control—can be added to the output of your instrument.
  • Page 140: Master Compressor

    For Drum Parts, you can even select specific drum sounds to be output through these jacks. In general, the extensive built-in effects and other Part controls of the TYROS provide all you need for processing and mixing complex multi-Part songs. However, there may be times when you want to “sweeten” or process a certain Voice or sound with a favorite outboard effect unit, or record a Part to a separate track of a tape recorder.
  • Page 141 An individual percussion setting overrides the Part set- tings made from the PANEL page at left. Select the desired drum instrument. • When using one of the SUB Line TYROS Owner’s Manual Reference Mixing Console Out settings, make sure that you’ve connected cables to the...
  • Page 142: Midi

    MIDI Built into the rear panel of the TYROS are two sets of MIDI terminals (MIDI IN A/B, MIDI OUT A/B), and a USB terminal. The MIDI Functions give you a comprehensive, powerful set of tools for expanding your music recording and performance possibilities.
  • Page 143: Midi Channels

    To transmit/receive MIDI data between two devices, a proper cable connection is needed. You can connect the TYROS to another device by MIDI cables (using the MIDI terminals) or by a USB cable (using the USB connectors). (See page 58.)
  • Page 144: Midi Data Compatibility

    Format 1. Many MIDI devices are compatible with Format 0, and most commercially available software is recorded as Format 0. The TYROS is compatible with both Format 0 and Format 1. Song data recorded on the TYROS is automatically recorded as SMF Format 0.
  • Page 145: Function Midi

    Select a MIDI template (page 144). Press the [EDIT] LCD button to call up the display for setting the MIDI parameters. Here you can see and edit the detailed settings that correspond to the MIDI template selected in step #3. TYROS Owner’s Manual MIDI...
  • Page 146: Midi System Settings

    I Local Control Turns the Local Control for each part on or off. When Local Control is set to “ON,” the keyboard of the TYROS controls its own (local) internal tone generator, allowing the internal voices to be played directly from the keyboard. If you set Local to “OFF,” the keyboard and controllers are internally disconnected from the TYROS’...
  • Page 147: Midi Receive Settings

    There are four parts specially reserved for receiving and playing MIDI data. Normally, these parts are not used by the instrument itself. The TYROS can be used as a 32- channel multi-timbral tone generator by using these four parts in addition to the parts (except for the microphone sound) described on page 134.
  • Page 148: Setting The Chord Root For Style Playback Via Midi Receive

    EDIT → MFC10. Two settings (below) can be made from this display. • Each footswitch (F00 - F29) on the MFC10 sends a note number to the TYROS, and the TYROS determines how it responds to (which function is executed by) that note number.
  • Page 149 Disconnect the MIDI cable from the TYROS and the MFC10, and connect the MIDI OUT terminal of the MFC10 to the MIDI IN terminal of the TYROS according to the setting above by using the MIDI cable.
  • Page 150: Making Global And Other Important Settings - Function

    Making Global and Other Important Settings The Function menu called up by pressing the [FUNCTION] button gives you access to various advanced functions related to the instrument as a whole. These sophisticated functions let you customize the TYROS to your own musical needs and preferences.
  • Page 151: Voice Set

    Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “VIDEO OUT” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are explained below. You can connect the TYROS to a television or video monitor to display the lyrics and chords in your song data on a larger screen.
  • Page 152: Controller

    Parameters set on the display called up by selecting “CONTROLLER” in step #2 of the Basic Procedure on page 150 are explained below. This display lets you make settings for controllers with which the TYROS is equipped (including the keyboard, modulation wheel, pitch bend wheel) and which are connected to the TYROS (including the footswitch and foot controller).
  • Page 153 Recalls next higher One Touch Setting. OTS- Recalls next lower One Touch Setting. * For best results, use an optional Yamaha FC7 Foot Controller. Making Global and Other Important Settings – Function • The Sostenuto and Portamento functions will not affect the Organ Flutes Voices, even they have been assigned to the Foot Pedals.
  • Page 154: Harmony/Echo

    This display lets you set the parameters related to the Harmony/Echo effect applied to the keyboard performance when the [HARMONY/ECHO] button is turned on. Select a Harmony type. TYROS Owner’s Manual Requires strong playing to produce high volume. Best for players with a heavy touch.
  • Page 155 These types apply the echo effect to the note in the right-hand section of the keyboard in time with the currently set tempo. LEFT HOLD LEFT RIGHT1 RIGHT2 PART ON/ OFF RIGHT1 - 3 voices RIGHT 1 RIGHT 2 RIGHT 3 TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 156: Other Settings (Utility)

    Speaker sound is always on. Speaker sound is off. I DISK From the [FUNCTION] → UTILITY → DISK display, you can set or execute important disk-related operations (below) for the TYROS. Compatible disk types G Floppy disk TYROS Owner’s Manual...
  • Page 157 Because only one floppy disk can be inserted to the floppy disk drive, this operation copies the contents of the source disk to internal memory of the TYROS, then copies it to the desti- nation disk, as shown below.
  • Page 158 Even though a variety of pictures are available on the preset drive, you can load your own favorite picture data to the TYROS for use as background. Keep in mind the following points and limitations when using your own picture data.
  • Page 159 G Factory Reset — Restoring the factory programmed settings This function lets you restore the status of the TYROS to the original factory settings. You can set whether or not each of the following six items is to be restored to its original factory settings before executing the operation.
  • Page 160: Appendix

    Subwoofer speakers (2) speaker (1) Turn the TYROS’ power off, and disconnect the AC power cord. Also, make sure to disconnect the keyboard from any other external devices. Remove the four screws from the rear panel of the TYROS. ASSIGNABLE FOOT PEDAL...
  • Page 161 TYROS Sub-Woofer Connect the power plugs of the TYROS and the subwoofer to an appropriate AC outlet. First, set the volume controls (MASTER VOLUME on the TYROS and BASS on the sub- woofer) to minimum. Finally, turn on the power of the subwoofer, then the TYROS.
  • Page 162: Installing An Optional Hard Disk

    Installing an Optional Hard Disk By installing an optional hard disk drive to the TYROS, you can vastly expand the data storage capacity — letting you create a large library of your important data, without having to worry about a lack of memory space. The hard disk used must be a 2.5-inch IDE-compatible;...
  • Page 163 TYROS’ LCD display — however, they will not be accessible. To actually use the files on the TYROS, you will need to convert the PSR-8000 data using a computer and the File Converter soft- ware (contained in the included CD- ROM).
  • Page 164: Troubleshooting

    Check whether or not the selected part is turned on (page 74). You are probably exceeding the maximum polyphony of the TYROS. The TYROS can play up to 128 notes at the same time — including voice RIGHT2, voice RIGHT3, voice LEFT, style, song, and multi pad notes.
  • Page 165 • Are the RIGHT1 and RIGHT2 parts set to “ON”, for example, and both parts set to play the same voice? • If you are routing the MIDI OUT on the TYROS to a sequencer and back to the MIDI IN, you may want to set Local Control (page 146) to “off”...
  • Page 166: Glossary

    Refers to the amount or degree to which a parameter setting changes the original sound. Effect On the TYROS, an “Effect” is a processing block that alters the sound output from the tone generator block of the instru- ment, using DSP (Digital Signal Processing) circuitry to change the sound in various ways.
  • Page 167 Select messages allows you to select any of the voices via MIDI. Preset Preset Data supplied with the internal memory of the TYROS shipped from the factory. There are various types of Preset data, such as Preset voices, Preset songs, Preset waves — as opposed to User data, which is your own originally created data.
  • Page 168: Specifications

    FADE IN/OUT TAP TEMPO Fingered Mode TYROS Owner’s Manual 403 voices (Normal: 393 + Mega: 10) + 10 Organ Flutes voices + 480 XG voices + 256 GM2 voices + 31 drum kits (XG and Panel: 22 + GM2: 9) + 5 SFX kits Created data can be saved to the USER/FD/HD drive.
  • Page 169 * Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer. Programmable Programmable up to 2500 Records.
  • Page 170: Index

    BASIC Basic Operations BASS HOLD Beat Beat Converter BREAK Brightness CD-ROM CHANNEL Channel message CHANNEL ON/OFF Channel Transpose TYROS Owner’s Manual CHORD Chord CHORD DETECT CHORD FINGERING Chord Fingerings Chord Match CHORD NOTE ONLY Chord Tutor Chordal Chorus Clock COMMON...
  • Page 171 MFC10 MIC SETTING MIC/LINE IN Microphone MIDI MIDI channel MIDI Setup MIDI Template MIXING CONSOLE Mixing Console Mode MODULATION Modulation MODULATION wheel Mono Multi Assign Multi Finger Multi Pad Multi Pad Bank MULTI PAD CONTROL TYROS Owner’s Manual Appendix Index...
  • Page 172 Overdub Recording OWNER Owner name Panel logos Panpot PARAMETER Parameter Lock Part Part EQ PART ON/OFF PART SELECT TYROS Owner’s Manual Part Settings Paste Path PEDAL PUNCH IN/OUT PERCUSSION Phrase Mark PITCH BEND Pitch Bend Pitch Bend Range PITCH BEND wheel...
  • Page 173 VIDEO OUT VIEW Vocal Cue Time VOCAL HARMONY Vocal Harmony Vocal Harmony mode Vocal Harmony Type Vocoder VOICE Voice Voice Allocation Format Voice Editor VOICE EFFECT Voice Effect VOICE SET Voice Set VOL/VOICE VOLUME Volume TYROS Owner’s Manual Appendix Index...
  • Page 174 Compliance with FCC regulations does * This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA. IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM Connecting the Plug and Cord IMPORTANT.
  • Page 175 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
  • Page 176 Yamaha PK CLUB (Portable Keyboard Home Page, English only) Yamaha Manual Library M.D.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation © 2002 Yamaha Corporation V922620 ???PO???.?-02B0 Printed in China...