does not need to be a danger, you may be surprised
and lose control of the saw. Never saw stacked logs
or branches without first separating them. Only saw
one log or one piece at a time. Remove the cut pieces
to keep your working area safe. (46)
Never use the chain saw above shoulder height
and try not to cut with the tip of the bar. Never use
the chain saw one-handed! (47)
You must have a steady stance in order to have full
control over the chain saw. Never work standing on a
ladder, in a tree or where you do not have firm ground
to stand on. (48)
Always use a fast cutting speed, i.e. full throttle.
Take great care when you cut with the top edge of the
bar, i.e. when cutting from the underside of the object.
This is known as cutting on the push stroke. The chain
tries to push the chain saw back towards the user. If
the saw chain is jamming, the saw may be pushed
back at you. (49)
Unless the user resists this pushing force there is a
risk that the chain saw will move so far backwards
that only the kickback zone of the bar is in contact
with the tree, which will lead to a kickback. (50)
Cutting with the bottom edge of the bar, i.e. from the
top of the object downwards, is known as cutting on
the pull stroke. In this case the chain saw pulls itself
towards the tree and the front edge of the chain saw
body rests naturally on the trunk when cutting. Cutting
on the pull stroke gives the operator better control
over the chain saw and the position of the kickback
Follow the instructions on sharpening and maintaining
your bar and chain. When you replace the bar and
chain use only combinations that are recommended
by us. See instructions under the headings Cutting
equipment and Technical data.
Basic cutting technique
WARNING! Never use a chain saw by
holding it with one hand. A chain saw is
not safely controlled with one hand.
Always have a secure, firm grip around
the handles with both hands.
Always use full throttle when cutting!
Reduce the speed to idle after every cut (running the
engine for too long at full throttle without any load, i.e.
without any resistance from the chain during cutting,
can lead to serious engine damage).
Cutting from above = Cutting on the pull stroke.
Cutting from below = Cutting on the push stroke.
Cutting on the push stroke increases the risk of kickback.
See instructions under the heading How to avoid
Cutting = General term for cutting through wood.
Limbing = Cutting branches off a felled tree.
Splitting = When the object you are cutting breaks off
before the cut is complete.
There are five important factors you should consider
before making a cut:
Make sure the cutting equipment will not jam in the
Make sure the object you are cutting will not split. (52)
Make sure the chain will not strike the ground or any
other object during or after cutting. (54)
Is there a risk of kickback? (4)
Do the conditions and surrounding terrain affect how
safely you can stand and move about?
Two factors decide whether the chain will jam or the
object that you are cutting will split: the first is how the
object is supported before and after cutting, and the
second is whether it is in tension.
In most cases you can avoid these problems by cutting in
two stages; from the top and from the bottom. You need
to support the object so that it will not trap the chain or
split during cutting.
IMPORTANT! If the chain jams in the cut: stop the
engine! Don't try to pull the chain saw free. If you do
you may be injured by the chain when the chain saw
suddenly breaks free. Use a lever to open up the cut
and free the chain saw.
The following instructions describe how to handle the
commonest situations you are likely to encounter when
using a chain saw.
When limbing thick branches you should use the same
approach as for cutting.
Cut difficult branches piece by piece. (55)
WARNING! Never attempt to cut logs
while they are in a pile or when a couple
of logs are lying together. Such
procedures drastically increase the risk
of kickback which can result in a serious
or fatal injury.
If you have a pile of logs, each log you attempt to cut
should be removed from the pile, placed on a saw horse
or runners and cut individually.
Remove the cut pieces from the cutting area. By leaving
them in the cutting area, you increase the risk for
inadvertently getting a kickback, as well as increasing the
risk of losing your balance while working. (56)