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Kioti CK20 Owner's Manual

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Congratulations on being an owner of a versatile KIOTI CK20 tractor. This tractor has been designed with the
finest materials and under rigid quality control standards set forth by the DAEDONG engineering department.
Knowledge of tractor operation is essential for many years of dependable service and reliability. This manual
is given to help you familiarize yourself with the CK20 tractor and to give you helpful information about tractor
safety, operation and maintenance. It is the policy of KIOTI to provide each KIOTI tractor owner with a detailed
owner's manual to help you answer many questions. If the information you are seeking is not found in this
manual, your KIOTI tractor dealer will be happy to help you.
Please feel free to contact DAEDONG IND.CO.,LTD.
Throughout this manual, you will see text in italics, preceded by the words DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION or
IMPORTANT.
Such text has the following significance.
Signs
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
IMPORTANT

FOREWORD

This mark indicates hazardous situation which, if not observed, may result in death or
fatal injury.
This mark should be indicated for most dangerous situations only.
This mark indicates potentially hazardous situation which, if not observed, may result in
death or moderate injury.
This mark indicates potentially hazardous situation which, if not observed, may result in
minor or moderate injury. And this mark can be used as a warning against unsafe
activities.
This mark indicates emphasis on notable characteristics in working procedures or infor-
mation on working procedures and technology for convenient use.
Description

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  Summary of Contents for Kioti CK20

  • Page 1 Knowledge of tractor operation is essential for many years of dependable service and reliability. This manual is given to help you familiarize yourself with the CK20 tractor and to give you helpful information about tractor safety, operation and maintenance. It is the policy of KIOTI to provide each KIOTI tractor owner with a detailed owner’s manual to help you answer many questions.
  • Page 2 ABBREVIATION LIST Abbreviations Definitions Four Wheel Drive American Petroleum Institute ASAE American Society of Agricultural Engineers, USA ASTM American Society of Testing and Materials, USA Feet Per Minute Hi-Lo High Speed-Low Speed Hydrostatic Transmission Meters Per Second P.T.O Power Take OFF RH/LH Right-hand and Left-hand sides are determined by facing in the direction of forward travel...
  • Page 3: Universal Symbols

    UNIVERSAL SYMBOLS Various universal symbols have been used on the instruments and controls of your KIOTI tractor. Below is a list of the universal symbols and their meanings. Safety Alert Symbol Hazard Warning Lights Fuel-Level Master Lighting Switch Engine Coolant-Temperature...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS 1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ............2. SERVICING ................3. SPECIFICATIONS ..............4. INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS ......5. PRE-OPERATION CHECK ............. 6. OPERATING THE ENGINE ............ 7. OPERATING THE TRACTOR ..........8. THREE-POINT HITCH & DRAWBAR ........9. HYDRAULIC UNIT ..............10.
  • Page 7: Servicing

    BEFORE OPERATING THE TRACTOR OPERATING THE TRACTOR DRIVING THE TRACTOR PARKING THE TRACTOR OPERATING THE P.T.O SAFETY PRECAUTIONS USING 3-POINT HITCH SERVICING THE TRACTOR TRACTOR SAFETY LABELS...
  • Page 8 1-2 CK20 BEFORE OPERATING THE TRACTOR A careful operator is the best operator. Most accidents can be avoided by ob- serving certain precautions. To help pre- vent accidents, read and take these safety precautions and pay attention to the job at hand. If you can prevent an accident in advance, your time will have been spent well.
  • Page 9 13.Do not start your tractor by shorting across the starter. 18.No alterations should be made to your KIOTI tractor without first consulting you KIOTI dealer.
  • Page 10 1-4 CK20 20. For your safety ROPS with a seat belt is recommended for most applications. NOTE Always use seat belt when the trac- tor is equipped with a ROPS. Never use the seat belt when tractor is not equipped with a ROPS.
  • Page 11 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-5 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 196O108A 196O109A 196O110A 1. Avoid accidental contact with gear 2. Do not park your tractor on a steep 3. Do not operate your tractor in an en- shift levers while the engine is incline, and remember to shut off the closed building without the proper running.
  • Page 12 1-6 CK20 196O111A 196O112A 196O113A (1) Drawbar 4. Make sure that all pressured lines are 6. If the front of the tractor tends to rise 7. Do not leave equipment in the raised tight before starting the tractor. up when heavy implements are at-...
  • Page 13: Specifications

    SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-7 11. Driving forward out of a ditch or steep inclines can cause the tractor to tip over backwards. To avoid this you should back out of these positions. Four wheel drive tractors can give you a false sense of security in the tractors ability to maneuver out of these positions, so extra caution should be taken.
  • Page 14 1-8 CK20 DRIVING THE TRACTOR CK20 CK20H 196O117A 196O116A 196O118A 2. Always slow the tractor down before (1) Brake Pedal Lock (2) Brake Pedal (L) (1) Brake Pedal Lock (2) Brake Pedal (L) turning. Turning at high speed may tip...
  • Page 15 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-9 PARKING THE TRACTOR 4. Observe all local traffic and safety regulations. 5. Turn the headlights on. Dim them when meeting another vehicle. 6. Drive at speeds that allow you to main- tain control at all times. 7. Do not apply the differential lock while traveling at road speeds.
  • Page 16 1-10 CK20 OPERATING THE P.T.O USING 3-POINT HITCH 196O122A 196O123A 196O124A (1) P.T.O Shaft Cap (2) P.T.O Shaft Cover (1) 3-point hitch lowering speed knob (A) ”FAST” (C) ”LOCK” (B) ”SLOW” 1. Make sure the tractor is completely 3. Before installing or using P.T.O driven 1.
  • Page 17 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-11 SERVICING THE TRACTOR 196O125A 196O126A 196O127A In order to service your tractor you must 4. Before jump starting a dead battery, 6. Do not remove the radiator cap while park it on a flat level surface, set the read and follow all of the instructions.
  • Page 18 1-12 CK20 196O128A 196O129A 196O130A (1) Cardboard (3) Magnifying Glass (2) Hydraulic Line 9. Tire mounting should be done by quali- 11. Securely support the tractor when 7. When working with your tractors elec- changing wheels or the wheel tread...
  • Page 19 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-13 196O131A 14. Fluid escaping from pinholes may be invisible. Do not use hands to search for suspected leaks; Use a piece of cardbord or wood, instead. Use of safety goggles or other eye protection is also highly recommended.
  • Page 20 1-14 CK20 TRACTOR SAFETY LABELS 196O134B...
  • Page 21 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-15 196O135A...
  • Page 22 1-16 CK20 (1) Part No. : T2350-54122 (3) Part No. : T4625-52361 (5) Part No. : T2325-51962 (2) Part No. : T4625-52351 (4) Part No. : T2325-50743 (6) Part No. : T2445-50724...
  • Page 23 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1-17 (7) Part No. : T2615-53561 (9) Part No. : T2615-54112 (8) Part No. : T2350-54141...
  • Page 25 SERVICING THE TRACTOR SERVICING OF TRACTOR...
  • Page 26 Locate the serial numbers now and record them in the space provided. However, when in need of parts or major service, be sure to see your KIOTI dealer. Before using implements not sold by KIOTI Transmission Serial No. For service, contact the KIOTI dealership...
  • Page 27 SPECIFICATIONS SPECIFICATIONS IMPLEMENT LIMITATIONS...
  • Page 28 3-2 CK20 SPECIFICATIONS CK20 Model MECHANICAL Model 3C093 Type Liquid-cooled, 3-cylinder diesel Engine gross HP (kW) 21 (15.7) P.T.O(Factory observed) HP (kW)/rpm 16.5 (12.3)/2800 15.5 (11.6)/2800 Displacement cc (cu.in) 927 (56.6) Rated revolution r.p.m min-1 2,800 Fuel tank capacity (gal.) 20 (5.28)
  • Page 29 SPECIFICATIONS 3-3 CK20 Model MECHANICAL Front (AG, TURF, INDUSTRIAL) 6 - 12 (23 x 8.50 - 12, 23 x 8.50 - 12) Rear (AG, TURF, INDUSTRIAL) 9.5 - 16 (33 x 12.5 x 16.5, 12 - 16.5) Forward (At rated engine rpm) 1.10 ~ 16.24 (0.68 ~ 10.09)
  • Page 30 KIOTI and which exceed the maximum specifications listed below, or which are otherwise unfit for use with the KIOTI tractor may result in malfunctions or failures of the tractor, damage to other property and injury to the operator or others.
  • Page 31 SPECIFICATIONS 3-5 Implement Remarks CK20 CK20H Remarks Operating Capa.300kg(660lbs) Max. Bucket width mm(in) Loader 1219.2(48),1371.6(54) and below Max. Diging depth mm(ft.in) Do not use 3 point hitch backhoe Backhoe with sub frame 1955.8(6.5) and below Max. Cutting width mm(in) Mid Mower 1524(60) and below Max.
  • Page 33: Instrument Panel And Controls

    INSTRUMENT PANEL INSTRUMENT PANEL, SWITCHES AND HAND CONTROLS AND CONTROLS FOOT AND HAND CONTROLS...
  • Page 34 4-2 CK20 INSTRUMENT PANEL, SWITCHES AND HAND CONTROLS (1) Left Turn Indicator (2) Cooling Water Temp. Gauge (3) Turn Signal Switch & Light Switch (4) Hazard Lamp Switch (5) Engine Revolution Gauge (6) Right Turn Indicator (7) Fuel Gauge (8) Key Switch...
  • Page 35 INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS 4-3 FOOT AND HAND CONTROLS (1) Shuttle Shift Lever CK20 (2) Clutch Pedal (3) Hi-Lo Shift Lever (4) Parking Brake Lock Lever (5) Hand Throttle (6) Brake Pedal (L) (7) Brake Pedal (R) (8) Foot Throttle (M)
  • Page 36 4-4 CK20 (1) Forward/Back Ward Shuttle Pedal CK20H (2) Clutch Pedal (3) Hi-Lo Shift Lever (4) Parking Brake Lock Lever (5) Hand Throttle (6) Brake Pedal (L) (7) Brake Pedal (R) (8) Joystick Lever (9) Double Acting Lever (A, B)
  • Page 37 DAILY CHECK PRE-OPERATION...
  • Page 38 5-2 CK20 DAILY CHECK CHECK ITEM It is a good practice to know the condition - Do a walk around inspection. of your tractor before you start it. You - Check the engine oil level should do routine check before each use.
  • Page 39: Operating The Engine

    STARTING THE ENGINE STOPPING THE ENGINE OPERATING THE ENGINE WARMING UP JUMP STARTING...
  • Page 40 6-2 CK20 STARTING THE ENGINE MAKE SURE THE PARKING BRAKE IS SET 1. To set the parking brake; CAUTION 1) interlock the brake pedals To avoid personal injury: 2) Depress the brake pedals You must read and understand 3) Latch the brake pedals with the the warning and caution labels on parking brake lever.
  • Page 41 OPERATING THE ENGINE 6-3 PLACE THE P.T.O CLUTCH LE- MOVE THE HYDRAULIC VER IN “OFF” POSITION. CONTROL LEVER FORWARD. PLACE THE SPEED CON TROL PEDAL IN “NEUTRAL” POSITION. PLACE THE RANGE GEAR SHIFT LEVER (HI-LO) IN “NEUTRAL” POSITION. NOTE The speed control pedal automatically return to neutral when the operator’s foot is released from the pedal.
  • Page 42 6-4 CK20 SET THE THROTTLE LEVER TO INSERT THE KEY INTO THE KEY ABOUT HALF WAY SWITCH AND TURN IT “ON”. 196O604A 196O605B 196O606A (1) Hand Throttle Lever (1) Easy Checker (5) Glow Plug Indicator ) Off ) Pre-Heat (2) Key Switch...
  • Page 43 OPERATING THE ENGINE 6-5 TURN THE KEY TO “PREHEAT” TURN THE KEY TO “START” CHECK TO SEE THAT ALL THE POSITION AND HOLD IT FOR POSITION AND RELEASE WHEN LAMPS ON THE EASY CHECKER ABOUT 9 SECONDS. THE ENGINE STARTS. ARE “OFF”.
  • Page 44 6-6 CK20 STOPPING THE ENGINE WARMING UP WARM-UP AND TRANSMISSION OIL IN THE LOW TEMPERATURE RANGE Hydraulic oil serves as transmission CAUTION fluid. In cold weather, the oil may be During warm up of the engine be cold with increased viscosity. This can sure that the parking brake is set.
  • Page 45 OPERATING THE ENGINE 6-7 JUMP STARTING 6. Attach the red clamp to the positive CAUTION terminal of the dead battery, and at- To avoid personal injury: tach the other end to the positive cable Keep all flames, sparks, and ciga- of the helper battery.
  • Page 47: Operating The Tractor

    OPERATING NEW TRACTOR OPERATING FOLDABLE ROPS STARTING STOPPING OPERATING THE TRACTOR CHECK DURING DRIVING PARKING OPERAING TECHNIQUES P.T.O OPERATION...
  • Page 48 7-2 CK20 OPERATING NEW TRACTOR CHANGING LUBRICATING OIL FOR NEW TRACTORS How a new tractor is handled and main- In handling a new tractor, the following Special attention should be given to new tained determines the life of the tractor.
  • Page 49 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-3 OPERATING ROPS TO FOLD THE ROPS 196O701A 196O702A 196O703A (1) Bolt (1) ROPS (1) Bolt (2) Nut (2) Nut 1. Remove the nut and bolt. 2. Fold the ROPS. 3. Align bolt holes, insert both bolt, and secure them with the nut.
  • Page 50 7-4 CK20 TO RAISE THE ROPS TO UPRIGHT POSITION 196O704A 196O705A (1) Bolt (1) Bolt (2) Nut (2) Nut 1. Remove both the nut and bolt. 3. Align bolt holes, insert both bolt and secure them with the nut. 2. Raise ROPS to the upright position.
  • Page 51 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-5 STARTING ADJUSTING THE OPERATOR’S SEAT BELT POSITION TRAVEL ADJUSTMENT Pull out the position adjust lever and slide the seat backward or forward, as required. The seat will lock in position when the lever is released. IMPORTANT After adjusting the operator’s seat, be sure to check that the seat is properly locked.
  • Page 52 7-6 CK20 SELECTING LIGHT SWITCH POSITIONS HEAD LIGHT SWITCH (A): Head lights OFF. (B): Head lights - Low Beam ON. (C): Head lights - High Beam ON. HAZARD LIGHT SWITCH When hazard light switch is pulled up backward, the hazard lights flash along with the indicator on the instrument panel.
  • Page 53 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-7 CHECKING THE BRAKE PEDAL BRAKE PEDAL (RIGHT AND LEFT) CK20 CK20H WARNING To avoid personal injury: Applying one rear wheel brake at a time can cause the tractor to swerve or roll over at high speeds.
  • Page 54 7-8 CK20 RAISE THE IMPLEMENT (SEE DEPRESS THE CLUTCH PEDAL “HYDRAULIC UNIT” SECTION) IMPORTANT To help prevent premature clutch wear. The clutch pedal must be en- gaged slowly and disengaged quickly. Do not rest your foot on the clutch pedal.
  • Page 55 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-9 SELECTING THE TRAVEL SPEED. (1) Main Gear Shift Lever CK20 (2) Range Gear Shift Lever (Hi-Lo) (N) NEUTRAL POSITION HI - HIGH LO - LOW 196O715A...
  • Page 56 7-10 CK20 MAIN GEAR SHIFT LEVER RANGE GEAR SHIFT LEVER (HI-LO) The main shift uses a syncro-mesh and The range gear shift can only be shifted a constant mesh. when tractor is completely stopped and clutch is depressed. Rotary power which is transmitted from...
  • Page 57 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-11 (1) Speed Control Pedal CK20H (2) Range Gear Shift Lever (Hi-Lo) (A) FORWARD (B) REVERSE (N) NEUTRAL POSITION HI - HIGH LO - LOW 196O716A...
  • Page 58 7-12 CK20 FRONT WHEEL DRIVE LEVER ACCELERATE THE ENGINE The front wheel drive should always be engaged when the tractor is stopped. Shift the lever to the “ON” position to en- gage the front wheel. IMPORTANT Depress the clutch pedal before engaging the front wheel drive lever.
  • Page 59 If your tractor moves while on level ground with your foot of the con- trol pedal, do not operate the tractor. Consult your KIOTI dealer. FORWARD PEDAL Depress the control pedal with the toe of your right foot to move forward.
  • Page 60 7-14 CK20 LIVE P.T.O(CK20H) SPEED SET DEVICE “Live” P.T.O operation can be obtained The Speed Set Device is designed for with HST transmission tractor. Depress tractor operating efficiency and opera- clutch and move P.T.O gear shift lever to tor comfort. This device will provide a “ON”...
  • Page 61 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-15 STOPPING HORN(only EU) 1. Slow the engine to an idle NOTE 2. Depress the clutch and brake pedal If you step on the pedal on the for- 3. After the tractor has stopped, disen- ward travel side, the speed set de- gage the P.T.O, lower the implement, vice will disengage.
  • Page 62 7-16 CK20 CHECK DURING DRIVING IMMEDIATELY STOP THE ENGINE IF The engine suddenly slows or accelerates. Unusual noises are heard. Exhaust fumes become dark. While driving make the previous checks to ensure that all parts are functioning properly. 196O722A (1) Easy Checker...
  • Page 63 If this should happen during operation, eration and it does not go off when the check the electrical charging system or engine is accelerated above 1,000 rpm, consult your local KIOTI dealer. check the engine oil level. NOTE For checking and servicing of your tractor, consult your local KIOTI dealer for instructions.
  • Page 64 7-18 CK20 HOURMETER / TACHOMETER FUEL GAUGE COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE 196O727A 196O725A 196O726A (1) Tachometer (2) Hour meter (1) Fuel Gauge (1) Coolant Temperature Gauge (A) P.T.O: 540 rpm (A) EMPTY (B) FULL (A) COOL (B) HOT 1. The tachometer indicates the engine...
  • Page 65 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-19 PARKING PARKING BRAKE LEVER HANDBRAKE(only EU-CK20) CAUTION To avoid personal injury: Always set the parking brake and stop the engine before leaving the tractor seat. 1. When parking, be sure to set the park- ing brake.
  • Page 66 7-20 CK20 SEAT(only EU) The seat installed on your tractor has a comprehensive range of adjustments. Before prorating the tractor, it is impor- tant to adjust the seat to the comfortable position. 1.The lever which control the seat posi- tion (up or down) in accordance with operator’s.
  • Page 67 OPERATING THE TRACTOR 7-21 OPERATING TECHNIQUES DIFFERENTIAL LOCK OPERATING THE TRACTOR ON A ROAD WARNING To avoid personal injury due to loss of steering control. Do not operate the tractor at high speeds with the differential lock engaged. Do not attempt to turn with the differential lock engaged.
  • Page 68 7-22 CK20 OPERATING ON A SLOPES AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF ROUGH TERRAIN POWER STEERING 1. Power steering is activated only while CAUTION CAUTION the engine is running. Slow engine To avoid personal injury: To avoid personal injury: speeds make the steering a little...
  • Page 69 Shaft min-1 (rpm) min-1 (rpm) To avoid personal injury: cap when the P.T.O shaft is not in use. Disengage P.T.O, stop engine, CK20 2,646 6-Spline and allow all rotating compo- CK20H nents to come to a complete stop before connecting, disconnecting, NOTE adjusting, or cleaning any P.T.O...
  • Page 70 (1) P.T.O Gear Shift Lever (1) Mid P.T.O (3) P.T.O Shaft Cover (2) Mid-P.T.O Lever (2) Bolt REAR AND MID-P.T.O SPEED The mid P.T.O is available for KIOTI ap- proved implements. P.T.O REVOLUTION [mn (rpm)] P.T.O Gear Sift Lever/ MID- P.T.O Clutch control lever...
  • Page 71: Three-Point Hitch & Drawbar

    THREE-POINT HITCH & DRAWBAR THREE-POINT HITCH & 3-POINT HITCH DRAWBAR DRAWBAR...
  • Page 72 8-2 CK20 THREE-POINT HITCH & DRAWBAR (1) Top Link (2) Lifting Rod (Left) (3) Turnbuckle (4) Lower Link (5) Lifting Rod (Right) (6) Drawbar (7) Fixed Drawbar Frame 196O801A...
  • Page 73: Hydraulic Unit

    THREE-POINT HITCH & DRAWBAR 8-3 3-POINT HITCH MAKE PREPARATIONS FOR ATTACHING AND DETACHING ATTACHING IMPLEMENT IMPLEMENTS CAUTION To avoid personal injury: Be sure to stop the engine. Do not stand between tractor and implement unless parking brake is applied. Before attaching or detaching implement, locate the tractor and implement on a firm level surface.
  • Page 74 8-4 CK20 DRAWBAR ADJUSTING DRAWBAR LENGTH WARNING Use caution when adjusting the check chains. Heavy implement can move causing harm. To adjust the check chains, loosen the set nuts and twist the turn buckles on both sides until the desired amount of sway is reached.
  • Page 75 3-POINT HITCH CONTROL SYSTEM HYDRAULIC UNIT AUXILIARY HYDRAULICS...
  • Page 76 If noises are heard when imple- ment is lifting after the hydraulic control lever has been activated, the hydraulic mechanism is not adjusted properly. Unless corrected the unit will be damaged. Contact your KIOTI dealer for adjustment.
  • Page 77 HYDRAULIC UNIT 9-3 IMPLEMENT LOWERING LIMIT 3-POINT HITCH LOWERING SPEED HYDRAULIC BLOCK TYPE OUTLET Hydraulic block type outlet is useful when adding hydraulically operated equipment such as: front end loader, front blade, etc. WHEN IMPLEMENT IS ATTACHED 1. Remove the plugs. 2.
  • Page 78 9-4 CK20 When implement is not attached When implement is attached 196O904A 196O905A (1) To Hydraulic Control Valve (3-point hitch) (1) Flow Priority Valve (2) To Power steering (PS type only) (2) Inlet from Implements (PS 3/8´´) (3) From Gear Pump (3) Outlet to Implements (PS 3/8´´)
  • Page 79 HYDRAULIC UNIT 9-5 AUXILIARY HYDRAULICS JOYSTICK VALVE REMOVE VALVE TYPE This loader control valve has two stage dump position. The first dump position by moving the lever to the right is the “Regu- lar” dump position. It has good power and control for dump- ing precisely.
  • Page 80 Pull the hose straight from the hydrau- connected. lic coupler to release it. 4. Clean oil and dust from the coupler, then replace the dust plugs. NOTE Your local KIOTI Dealer can supply parts to adapt couplers to hydraulic hoses.
  • Page 81 HYDRAULIC UNIT 9-7 REMOTE CONTROL VALVE LEVER Move the lever up or down and hold. This Pressure will raise or lower the implement. Lever Returning will return to neutral when released. Lever (1) Push Pull IMPORTANT Port Do not hold the lever in the “pull” or “push”...
  • Page 82 9-8 CK20 HYDRAULIC CONTROL UNIT USE REFERENCE CHART In order to handle the hydraulics properly, the operator must be familiar with the following. Though this information may not be applicable to all types of implements and soil conditions, it is useful for general conditions.
  • Page 83: Tires, Wheels And Ballast

    TIRES, WHEELS TIRES TREAD AND BALLAST BALLAST TRAVELING SPEED...
  • Page 84 10-2 CK20 TIRES INFLATION PRESSURE Though the tire pressure is factory-set to the prescribed level, it naturally drops WARNING slowly in the course of time. Thus, check it everyday and inflate as necessary. To avoid personal injury: Tire sizes Inflation Pressure Do not attempt to mount a tire.
  • Page 85: Maintenance

    NOTE to the desired position, and then tighten IND… for Industrial the bolts. Models 196OA04A (1) 215 N·m (22 kgf·m, 160 lbs·ft) CK20, CK20H 890 mm 935 mm (35 in.) 9.5 - 16 Farm (36.8 in.) CK20, CK20H 995 mm IMPORTANT 33x12.5-16.5Turf...
  • Page 86 KIOTI dealer for a recommendation. The weight should be added to the trac- tor in the form of liquid ballast, rear wheel weights or both.
  • Page 87 TIRES, WHEELS AND BALLAST 10-5 TRAVELING SPEED * AT RATED ENGINE RPM WITH STANDARD TIRES. CK20 CK20H km/h(mile/h) km/h(mile/h) HI - LOW Main Speed HI - LOW Main Speed 1.10 ( 0.680 ) Forward 0 ~ 5.80 ( 0 ~ 3.604 ) Forward 1.70 ( 1.056 )
  • Page 89 SERVICE INTERVALS MAINTENANCE LUBRICANTS...
  • Page 90: Service Intervals

    11-2 CK20 SERVICE INTERVALS Indication on hour meter Reference Period Since then page 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 Engine oil Change Every 100 Hr 12-10 Engine oil filter Every 200 Hr...
  • Page 91 MAINTENANCE 11-3 Indication on hour meter Reference Period Since then page 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 Check Every 200 Hr 12-18,19 HST oil line (HST) Every 200 Hr 12-26 Replace Toe-in Adjust...
  • Page 92 11-4 CK20 LUBRICANTS Capacities Locations Lubricants CK20HST CK20 No.2-D diesel fuel Fuel 20 (5.28 U.S.gal.) No.1-D diesel fuel if temperature is below -10°C (14°F) Coolant Fresh clean water with anti-freeze 5.7 (1.50 U.S.gal.) Engine oil: API Service Classification CC or CD Above 25°C (77°F)
  • Page 93: Periodic Service

    HOW TO OPEN THE HOOD DAILY CHECK EVERY 50 HOURS EVERY 100 HOURS EVERY 200 HOURS EVERY 400 HOURS PERIODIC SERVICE EVERY 600 HOURS EVERY 800 HOURS EVERY 1 YEAR EVERY 2 YEAR SERVICE AS REQUIRED...
  • Page 94 12-2 CK20 HOW TO OPEN THE HOOD HOOD ENGINE COVER 196OC01A 196OC02A 196OC03A (1) Knob (A) PULL (1) Hood Rod (1) Sider Cover (A) Push (2) Hood To open the tractors hood you should To remove the sider cover. CAUTION first pull the knob to release the latch.
  • Page 95 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-3 DAILY CHECK CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL For your own safety and maximum ser- CAUTION vice life of the machine, make a thorough daily inspection before operating the To avoid personal injury: machine to start the engine. Be sure to stop the engine be- fore checking the oil level.
  • Page 96 12-4 CK20 CHECKING TRANSMISSION FLUID CHECKING AND REFUELING LEVEL 1. Park the machine on a flat surface, CK20 lower the implement and shut off engine. 2. View the fluid level through the fluid level gauge. If the level is too low, add new oil to the prescribed level at the oil inlet.
  • Page 97 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-5 1. Turn the key switch to “ON”, check Flash Point, Water and Sediment, Carbon Residue on, 10 Ash, the amount of fuel by fuel gauge. °C (°F) volume % percent Residuum, % weight % 2. Fill fuel tank when fuel gauge shows 1/4 or less fuel in tank.
  • Page 98 12-6 CK20 CHECKING COOLANT LEVEL CHECKING BRAKE AND CLUTCH PEDALS 1. Check to see that the coolant level is 1. The brake and clutch pedals should between the “FULL” and “LOW” marks be inspected for free travel, and of recovery tank.
  • Page 99 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-7 CLEANING GRILL, RADIATOR SCREEN CHECKING GAUGES, METER AND AND OIL COOLER SCREEN EASY CHECKER 1. Inspect the instrument panel for bro- CK20 CK20H ken gauge(s), meter(s) and Easy Checker lamps. 2. Replace if broken. CHECKING HEAD LIGHT, HAZARD LIGHT ETC.
  • Page 100 12-8 CK20 EVERY 50 HOURS LUBRICATING GREASE FITTINGS You should apply a small amount of multi- purpose grease to the following pints every 50 hours or as needed. If your tractor is operated in extremely wet, muddy, or dusty conditions you should lubricate the fittings more often.
  • Page 101 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-9 CHECKING WHEEL BOLT TORQUE 196OC15A 196OC16A 196OC17A (1) Grease Fitting (Top Link) (1) Battery (2) Battery Terminals (1) Bolt : 83 N·m (8.5 kgf·m, 62 lbf·ft) Nut : 68 N·m (7 kgf·m, 50 lbf·ft) (2) Bolt, Nut : 215 N·m (22 kgf·m, 160 lbf·ft) CAUTION To avoid personal injury: Never operate tractor with a...
  • Page 102 12-10 CK20 EVERY 100 HOURS CHANGING ENGINE OIL CLEANING AIR CLEANER PRI- MARY ELEMENT 196OC20A 196OC18A 196OC19A (1) Oil Inlet (2) Dipstick (1) Drain Plug (1) Element (3) Evacuator Valve (A) Oil level is acceptable within this range (2) Cover 1.
  • Page 103 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-11 1. Remove the air cleaner cover and EVACUATOR VALVE IMPORTANT element. Open the evacuator valve once a week The air cleaner uses a dry 2. Clean the element: under ordinary conditions - or daily when element, never apply oil. used in a dusty place - to get rid of large 1) When dry dust adheres to the Do not run the engine with filter...
  • Page 104 12-12 CK20 CLEANING FUEL FILTER CHECKING FUEL LINE IMPORTANT If dust and dirt enters the fuel system, the fuel pump and injec- tion nozzles are subject to pre- mature wear. To prevent this, be sure to clean the fuel filter bowl and element periodically.
  • Page 105 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-13 ADJUSTING CLUTCH PEDAL ADJUSTING BRAKE PEDAL 20 ~ 30 mm (0.787 ~ 0.181 in.) Proper brake on the pedal. pedal free Keep the free travel travel (A) in the right and left brake pedals equal. 1. Release parking brake 2.
  • Page 106 12-14 CK20 ADJUSTING HANDBRAKE (only EU-CK20) 1. Please adjust the parking brake wire by following the assembling dimen- sions as shown. ( A ) : 19 mm (B) : 17 mm (C) : 15 mm (D) : End play Adjustment (E) : End play Adjustment 2.
  • Page 107 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-15 BATTERY Mishandling or abuse of the battery can BATTERY CHARGING shorten the service life and adds to main- CAUTION tenance cost of the tractor. If the battery is weak it will cause the To avoid personal injury: engine to be hard to start and also make When battery...
  • Page 108: Storage

    12-16 CK20 3. To slow charge the battery, connect Table 1 the battery positive terminal to the charger positive terminal and the nega- Tractor Battery Volts tive to the negative, then recharge in model TYPE ( v ) the standard fashion.
  • Page 109 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-17 ADJUSTING FAN BELT TENSION A deflection of between CAUTION Proper 7 ~ 9 mm (0.28 ~ 0.34 in.) To avoid personal injury: fan belt when the belt is pressed Be sure to stop the engine be- tension in the middle of the span.
  • Page 110 To prevent serious damage to the To avoid personal injury: little. Make sure that the engine oil does engine, use only a KIOTI genuine Be sure to stop the engine before not leak through the seal and be sure filter.
  • Page 111 8. Make sure that the transmission fluid doesn’t leak through the seal. IMPORTANT 196OC07A (1) Gauge (2) Oil Filling Plug To prevent serious damage to the (A) Oil level is Acceptable Within this Range. hydraulic system, use only a KIOTI genuine filter.
  • Page 112: Troubleshooting

    12-20 CK20 CHECKING RADIATOR HOSE AND CHECKING HST OIL LINE (CK20H) CLAMP & POWER STEERING LINE PRECAUTION AT OVERHEATING CK20H Take the following actions in the event the coolant temperature be nearly or more than the boiling point, what is called “Overheating”...
  • Page 113 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-21 ADJUSTING TOE-IN 196OC37A 196OC38A (A) Wheel - to - wheel distance at rear (1) Tie Rod (2) Lock Nuts (B) Wheel - to - wheel distance at front ADJUSTING PROCEDURE 1. Park tractor on a flat place. 1.
  • Page 114 2. After draining reinstall the drain plug. 196OC06A 196OC41A 3. Fill with the new KIOTI TF65 fluid up (1) Drain Plugs to the upper line of the gauge. (See “LUBRICANTS” in Maintenance CK20H...
  • Page 115 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-23 REPLACING FUEL FILTER CHANGING FRONT AXLE CASE OIL ELEMENT (See “Cleaning fuel filter” in every 100 1. To drain the used oil, remove the right hours maintenance.) and left drain plugs and filling plug at the front axle case and drain the oil completely into the oil pan.
  • Page 116 ADJUSTING FRONT AXLE PIVOT ADJUSTING ENGINE VALVE REPLACING AIR CLEANER CLEARANCE ELEMENT (See “Cleaning Air Cleaner Element” in Consult your local KIOTI dealer for this service. every 100 hours maintenance.) 196OC43A (1) Adjusting Screw (2) Lock Nut If the front axle pivot pin adjustment is...
  • Page 117 50%. Coolant CK20H Securely tighten radiator cap. If capacity CK20 (1.50 U.S.gal.) the cap is loose or improperly fitted, water may leak out and the engine could overheat.
  • Page 118 12-26 CK20 ANTI-FREEZE REPLACING RADIATOR HOSE (WATER PIPES) If cooling water freezes, it can damage * At 760 mmHg pressure (atmospheric). Replace the hoses and clamps. the cylinders and radiator. It is necessary, A higher boiling point is obtained by (See “Checking Radiator Hose and Clamp”...
  • Page 119 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-27 SERVICE AS REQUIRED BLEEDING FUEL SYSTEM DRAINING CLUTCH HOUSING WATER BLEEDING PROCEDURE IS AS FOLLOWS: 1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel, and open the fuel cock. 2. Open the air vent cock on the fuel in- jection pump.
  • Page 120 If any of the fuses should blow, replace result in serious damage to the with a new one of the same capacity. tractor electrical system. Refer to the troubleshooting section of this manual or your local KIOTI dealer for specific information dealing with electrical problems.
  • Page 121 PERIODIC SERVICE 12-29 REPLACING LIGHT BULB 1. Head lights and rear combination lights: Take the bulb out of the light body and replace with a new one. 2. Other lights: Detach the lens and replace the bulb. Light Capacity Head Lights(USA) 23W / 35W 55W / 60W Head Lights(EU)
  • Page 123 TRACTOR STORAGE STORAGE REMOVING THE TRACTOR FROM STORAGE...
  • Page 124 13-2 CK20 TRACTOR STORAGE If you intend to store your tractor for an CAUTION extended period of time, follow the pro- To avoid personal injury: cedures outlined below. These proce- Do not clean the machine with en- dures will insure that the tractor is ready gine running.
  • Page 125 STORAGE 13-3 REMOVING THE TRACTOR FROM STORAGE 10. Keep the tractor in a dry place where 1. Check the tire air pressure and inflate the tractor is sheltered from rain. the tires if they are low. Cover the tractor. 2. Jack the tractor up and remove the 11.
  • Page 127 ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING...
  • Page 128 14-2 CK20 ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING If something is wrong with the engine, refer to the table below for the cause and its corrective measure. Trouble Cause Countermeasure Engine is difficult to start or won’t No fuel flow. Check the fuel tank and the fuel filter.
  • Page 129 Loose or defective fan belt Adjust or replace fan belt. Dirty radiator core or grille screens Remove all trash. Coolant flow route corroded Flush cooling system. If you have any questions, contact your local KIOTI dealer.
  • Page 131: Options

    OPTIONS OPTIONS...
  • Page 132 15-2 CK20 OPTIONS Consult your local KIOTI dealer for fur- ther detail. SMV (Slow Moving Vehicle) Emblem To identify slow moving vehicle Work Light High visibility for night work Drawbar Front end weights For front ballast Rear Wheel Weights For rear ballast...
  • Page 133: Index

    INDEX INDEX...
  • Page 134 16-2 CK20 Cleaning Grill, Radiator Screen and Oil EVERY 2 YEAR ........ 12-25 Cooler Screen ....... 12-7 Flush Cooling System and Changing AUXILIARY HYDRAULICS ....9-5 Checking gauges, Meter and Easy . Coolant ........12-25 Joystick Valve ......... 9-5 Checker ......... 12-7 Anti-Freeze .........
  • Page 135 INDEX 16-3 OPERATING ROPS ........ 7-3 To Fold the ROPS ......7-3 FOOT AND HAND CONTROLS ..... 4-3 To Raise the ROPS to Up Right Position SEAT ........... 7-20 ............7-4 SERVICE AS REQUIRED ....12-27 Adjustment of Foldable ROPS ..7-4 Bleeding Fuel System ....
  • Page 136 16-4 CK20 STOPPING THE ENGINE ......6-6 STOPPING ........... 7-15 WARMING UP ........6-6 Warm-UP and Trsnsmission Oil In the . Low Temperature Range ....6-6 3 - POINT HITCH ........8-3 Make Preparations for Attaching Imple- ment ..........8-3 Attaching and Detaching Implements ..