HP 445946-001 Manuals

Manuals and User Guides for HP 445946-001. We have 1 HP 445946-001 manual available for free PDF download: Application Manual

HP 445946-001 Application Manual

HP 445946-001 Application Manual (198 pages)

10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch  
Brand: HP | Category: Switch | Size: 8.74 MB
Table of contents
Table Of Contents3................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction9................................................................................................................................................................
Additional References10................................................................................................................................................................
Typographical Conventions10................................................................................................................................................................
Management Network10................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Through The Console Port11................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Through Telnet11................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Through Secure Shell11................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Command Line Interfaces12................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Interface12................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Browser-based Interface13................................................................................................................................................................
Using Simple Network Management Protocol14................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp V1.014................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp V3.014................................................................................................................................................................
Default Configuration14................................................................................................................................................................
User Configuration15................................................................................................................................................................
View Based Configurations16................................................................................................................................................................
Cli User Equivalent16................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Oper Equivalent17................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Trap Hosts17................................................................................................................................................................
Snmpv1 Trap Host17................................................................................................................................................................
Snmpv2 Trap Host Configuration19................................................................................................................................................................
Snmpv3 Trap Host Configuration19................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Access To The Switch20................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Allowable Source Ip Address Ranges20................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Address Range For The Management Network21................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Authentication And Authorization21................................................................................................................................................................
How Radius Authentication Works21................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius On The Switch (cli Example)22................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius On The Switch (bbi Example)23................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Authentication Features24................................................................................................................................................................
User Accounts For Radius Users24................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Attributes For User Privileges25................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ Authentication25................................................................................................................................................................
How Tacacs+ Authentication Works26................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ Authentication Features26................................................................................................................................................................
Authorization26................................................................................................................................................................
Accounting27................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Tacacs+ Authentication On The Switch (cli Example)28................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Tacacs+ Authentication On The Switch (bbi Example)29................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Shell And Secure Copy30................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ssh And Scp Features (cli Example)31................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ssh And Scp Client Commands32................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh And Scp Encryption Of Management Messages33................................................................................................................................................................
Generating Rsa Host And Server Keys For Ssh Access33................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh/scp Integration With Radius And Tacacs+ Authentication34................................................................................................................................................................
User Access Control34................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Up User Ids35................................................................................................................................................................
Ports On The Switch36................................................................................................................................................................
Port Trunk Groups37................................................................................................................................................................
Statistical Load Distribution37................................................................................................................................................................
Built-in Fault Tolerance37................................................................................................................................................................
Before You Configure Trunks37................................................................................................................................................................
Trunk Group Configuration Rules38................................................................................................................................................................
Port Trunking Example39................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Trunk Groups (cli Example)40................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Trunk Groups (bbi Example)41................................................................................................................................................................
Configurable Trunk Hash Algorithm44................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Control Protocol44................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lacp46................................................................................................................................................................
Port-based Network Access And Traffic Control Port-based Network Access Control47................................................................................................................................................................
Extensible Authentication Protocol Over Lan47................................................................................................................................................................
X Authentication Process48................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol Message Exchange48................................................................................................................................................................
X Port States49................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Radius Attributes50................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol Configuration Guidelines51................................................................................................................................................................
Port-based Traffic Control51................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port-based Traffic Control52................................................................................................................................................................
Overview53................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans And Port Vlan Id Numbers53................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Numbers53................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Vlans54................................................................................................................................................................
Pvid Numbers54................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing And Configuring Pvids54................................................................................................................................................................
Port Information54................................................................................................................................................................
Port Configuration54................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Tagging55................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans And Ip Interfaces58................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Topologies And Design Considerations58................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Configuration Rules59................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Vlans With Tagging60................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Example Network61................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ports And Vlans On Switch 1 (cli Example)61................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ports And Vlans On Switch 2 (cli Example)63................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ports And Vlans On Switch 1 (bbi Example)64................................................................................................................................................................
Fdb Static Entries66................................................................................................................................................................
Trunking Support For Fdb Static Entries67................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Fdb Entry67................................................................................................................................................................
Bridge Protocol Data Units68................................................................................................................................................................
Determining The Path For Forwarding Bpdus69................................................................................................................................................................
Bridge Priority69................................................................................................................................................................
Port Priority69................................................................................................................................................................
Port Path Cost69................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Group Configuration Guidelines69................................................................................................................................................................
Default Spanning Tree Configuration69................................................................................................................................................................
Adding A Vlan To A Spanning Tree Group70................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Vlan70................................................................................................................................................................
Rules For Vlan Tagged Ports70................................................................................................................................................................
Adding And Removing Ports From Stgs70................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Cost To Ports And Trunk Groups71................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Spanning Trees71................................................................................................................................................................
Why Do We Need Multiple Spanning Trees71................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Participation In Spanning Tree Groups72................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multiple Spanning Tree Groups73................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Switch 1 (cli Example)73................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Switch 2 (cli Example)73................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Switch 1 (bbi Example)74................................................................................................................................................................
Port Fast Forwarding76................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Fast Forwarding76................................................................................................................................................................
Fast Uplink Convergence76................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Guidelines76................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Fast Uplink Convergence76................................................................................................................................................................
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol77................................................................................................................................................................
Port State Changes77................................................................................................................................................................
Port Type And Link Type78................................................................................................................................................................
Edge Port78................................................................................................................................................................
Link Type78................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp Configuration Guidelines78................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp Configuration Example78................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rapid Spanning Tree (cli Example)78................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (bbi Example)79................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol80................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Region80................................................................................................................................................................
Common Internal Spanning Tree80................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Guidelines81................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Example81................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (cli Example)81................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (bbi Example)82................................................................................................................................................................
Using Acl Filters87................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Packet Classifiers87................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Acl Actions89................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding Acl Precedence89................................................................................................................................................................
Using Acl Groups90................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Metering And Re-marking91................................................................................................................................................................
Metering91................................................................................................................................................................
Re-marking91................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Acl Statistics91................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Configuration Examples92................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Access Control Lists (cli Example)92................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Access Control Lists And Groups (bbi Example 1)93................................................................................................................................................................
Using Dscp Values To Provide Qos97................................................................................................................................................................
Differentiated Services Concepts97................................................................................................................................................................
Per Hop Behavior97................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Levels98................................................................................................................................................................
Using 802.1p Priorities To Provide Qos98................................................................................................................................................................
P Configuration (cli Example)100................................................................................................................................................................
P Configuration (bbi Example)100................................................................................................................................................................
Queuing And Scheduling105................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Routing Benefits106................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Between Ip Subnets106................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Subnet Routing109................................................................................................................................................................
Using Vlans To Segregate Broadcast Domains110................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol112................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent112................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration113................................................................................................................................................................
Stability114................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Updates114................................................................................................................................................................
Ripv1115................................................................................................................................................................
Ripv2115................................................................................................................................................................
Ripv2 In Ripv1 Compatibility Mode115................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Features115................................................................................................................................................................
Poison115................................................................................................................................................................
Triggered Updates115................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast116................................................................................................................................................................
Default116................................................................................................................................................................
Metric116................................................................................................................................................................
Authentication116................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Configuration Example117................................................................................................................................................................
Igmpv3119................................................................................................................................................................
Fastleave119................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Filtering120................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Range120................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Action120................................................................................................................................................................
Static Multicast Router121................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Configuration Example121................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Snooping (cli Example)121................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Filtering (cli Example)122................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Mrouter (cli Example)122................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Snooping (bbi Example)123................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Filtering (bbi Example)125................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Multicast Router (bbi Example)129................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Areas131................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Overview131................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Routing Devices132................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbors And Adjacencies133................................................................................................................................................................
Link-state Database133................................................................................................................................................................
Shortest Path First Tree133................................................................................................................................................................
Internal Versus External Routing134................................................................................................................................................................
Configurable Parameters134................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Implementation In Hp 10gbe Switch Software134................................................................................................................................................................
Defining Areas135................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Area Index135................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Area Id To Assign The Ospf Area Number136................................................................................................................................................................
Attaching An Area To A Network136................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Cost136................................................................................................................................................................
Electing The Designated Router And Backup137................................................................................................................................................................
Summarizing Routes137................................................................................................................................................................
Default Routes137................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Links138................................................................................................................................................................
Router Id138................................................................................................................................................................
Host Routes For Load Balancing140................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Features Not Supported In This Release141................................................................................................................................................................
Example 1: Simple Ospf Domain (cli Example)141................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Configuration Examples141................................................................................................................................................................
Example 1: Simple Ospf Domain (bbi Example)142................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: Virtual Links150................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf For A Virtual Link On Switch A150................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf For A Virtual Link On Switch B151................................................................................................................................................................
Other Virtual Link Options152................................................................................................................................................................
Example 3: Summarizing Routes152................................................................................................................................................................
Verifying Ospf Configuration154................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 1—statistics155................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rmon Statistics (cli Example)156................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rmon Statistics (bbi Example)156................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 2—history158................................................................................................................................................................
History Mib Objects159................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 3—alarms161................................................................................................................................................................
Alarm Mib Objects161................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 9—events165................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rmon Events (cli Example)165................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rmon Events (bbi Example)166................................................................................................................................................................
Uplink Failure Detection167................................................................................................................................................................
Failure Detection Pair168................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Protocol With Ufd168................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Uplink Failure Detection169................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Uplink Failure Detection169................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ufd On Switch 1 (cli Example)170................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ufd On Switch 2 (cli Example)170................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Uplink Failure Detection (bbi Example)171................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Overview173................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Components173................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router173................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router Mac Address173................................................................................................................................................................
Owners And Renters173................................................................................................................................................................
Master And Backup Virtual Router174................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Interface Router174................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Operation174................................................................................................................................................................
Selecting The Master Vrrp Router174................................................................................................................................................................
Failover Methods175................................................................................................................................................................
Active-active Redundancy175................................................................................................................................................................
Hp 10gbe Switch Extensions To Vrrp176................................................................................................................................................................
Tracking Vrrp Router Priority176................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router Deployment Considerations177................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Vrrp Virtual Router Id177................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Switch For Tracking177................................................................................................................................................................
High Availability Configurations178................................................................................................................................................................
Active-active Configuration178................................................................................................................................................................
Task 1: Configure Switch A178................................................................................................................................................................
Task 2: Configure Switch B180................................................................................................................................................................
Task 1: Configure Switch A (bbi Example)181................................................................................................................................................................
Port Mirroring191................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Mirroring (cli Example)192................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Mirroring (bbi Example)193................................................................................................................................................................
Other Network Troubleshooting Techniques195................................................................................................................................................................
Console And Syslog Messages195................................................................................................................................................................
Ping195................................................................................................................................................................
Trace Route195................................................................................................................................................................
Statistics And State Information195................................................................................................................................................................
Customer Support Tools195................................................................................................................................................................

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