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Sony XCL-U100 Technical Manual

Digital video camera module.
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A-D9A-100-11 (1)
Digital Video
Camera Module
Technical Manual
© 2009 Sony Corporation


Table of Contents

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   Summary of Contents for Sony XCL-U100

  • Page 1 A-D9A-100-11 (1) Digital Video Camera Module Technical Manual XCL-U100 © 2009 Sony Corporation...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    2.1. Port assignment ........12 Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical 2.2. Output data size ........12 Values) ..............42 3. Camera mode........... 13 XCL-U100 Dimensions ........43 3.1. Horizontal timing ........13 3.2. Vertical timing ......... 14 3.2.1. Normal mode ........14 3.2.2. Binning mode ........15 3.2.3.
  • Page 3: Overview

    The screw holes to install the camera module are located Equipped with a Camera Link standard mini connector. under the front panel (the CCD reference plane). The XCL-U100 can output a digital image at 15 frames Installing the camera module on the front panel per second.
  • Page 4: Typical Ccd Phenomena

    Typical CCD Phenomena The following effects on the monitor screen are characteristic of CCD cameras. They do not indicate any fault with the camera module. Smear This occurs when shooting a very bright object such as electric lighting, the sun, or a strong reflection. This phenomenon is caused by an electric charge induced by infrared radiation deep in the photosensor.
  • Page 5: System Components

    System Components Video Camera Module Camera cable C-mount lens Camera adaptor Tripod adaptor XCL-U100 CCXC-12P02N (2 m, 6.6 ft) High-resolution lens DC-700/700CE VCT-333I (Insulated type) CCXC-12P05N (5 m, 16.4 ft) CCXC-12P10N (10 m, 32.8 ft) CCXC-12P25N (25 m, 82 ft) Install the board in a PCI bus slot in devices such as a computer.
  • Page 6: Connection

    Using the DIGITAL IF connector The XCL-U100 supports the PoCL (Power over Camera Link) standard. By connecting a PoCL-compatible camera link cable to a PoCL-compatible camera module interface board, you can power, control, and output images from the camera using a single cable.
  • Page 7: Location And Function Of Parts And Operation

    Locking the camera module into these holes secures the optical axis alignment. Note Refer to XCL-U100 Demensions in page 43 for about the position/size of the Guide hole and the Reference hole. Location and Function of Parts and Operation...
  • Page 8: Rear

    Rear e DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin) f DIGITAL IF (Interface) connector (26-pin mini connector) e DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin) Pin No. Signal Pin No. Signal You can connect a camera cable CCXC-12P05N etc. to Power supply or INNER_SHIELD input the +12 V DC power supply.
  • Page 9: Connecting The Cables

    Refer to “Camera Control Commands” on page 33 for Note details on how to send a command, the commands, and When you operate a camera module by inputting an their parameters. external trigger signal via the 26-pin mini connector, Control functions Description make sure to input external trigger signals that meet the following specifications to both the two pins.
  • Page 10: Trigger Signal Specifications

    Trigger signal specifications DVAL/Exposure output specific (only DC IN terminal) DC IN terminal 4 - 5 V When trigger pulse polarity is positive 2 - 5 V Amplitude Stated in the voltage of when terminating at more than 0 - 0.6 V 10 k ohms Rising time 2.0 µs or less...
  • Page 11: Functions

    The XCL-U100 is a 2-megapixel digital video camera model that is based on the XCL-5005 and supports the PoCL standard. Some of the control commands used on the XCL-U100 differ from those on the XCL-5005. The main differences are as follows.
  • Page 12: Video Output Format

    Port C5 Port C6 Port C7 2.2. Output data size The XCL-U100 has an effective resolution of 1600 × 1200 (horizontal/vertical). The effective clock for standard LVAL is 1600, and the effective lines for FVAL is 1200. 2. Video output format...
  • Page 13: Camera Mode

    3.1. Horizontal timing The horizontal timing is common for all modes. The XCL-U100 is provided with a horizontal partial scan function (HPARTIAL) that is capable of changing the length of the Hi section of the LVAL signal. Configuring a minimum of 128 columns anywhere between columns...
  • Page 14: Vertical Timing

    3.2. Vertical timing The vertical timing differs between each mode. 3.2.1. Normal mode This mode is for outputting the individual video signals of all pixels as continuous video at 15 frames per second. FVAL 1200 H LVAL DVAL Video output 1200 1199 1200...
  • Page 15: Binning Mode

    3.2.2. Binning mode This mode is for adding two vertical lines to read from the CDD in order to almost double the frame rate. FVAL 600 H LVAL DVAL Video output 1H = 53.333 µs (lines) 1 CL = 27.777 ns 1600 CL 320 CL Shutter Frame rate...
  • Page 16: Partial Scan Mode

    3.2.3. Partial scan mode This mode increases the frame rate by dividing the whole video period vertically, reading only the necessary lines as the actual video, and transferring unnecessary lines at high-speed. You can set the area between the starting and ending positions for reading to a minimum of 240 lines.
  • Page 17 When the shutter is OFF, the exposure time is equal to Shutter When configuring the shutter, the shutter speed must be less than or equal to T1 to be valid. 1/2 s 500 ms The setting will be ignored otherwise. 1/7.5 s 133.34 ms 1/15 s...
  • Page 18: Trigger Mode

    3.2.4. Trigger mode This mode is for starting exposure by synchronization with the external trigger input (DC IN connector or DIGITAL IF connector) and then outputting the individual video signals of all pixels after the time that was set for the shutter elapses. There is the edge detection mode for detecting the rise edge of the external trigger signal and the width detection mode for detecting the effective period of the trigger.
  • Page 19: Trigger Binning Mode

    Width trigger mode Shutter Trigger width = T2 2.001 s or more 2.002 s 1.001 s or more 1.002 s 501 ms or more 500 ms 501.71 ms 134 ms or more 133.34 ms 135.05 ms 66.67 ms 68.38 ms 33.34 ms 35.05 ms 16.67 ms...
  • Page 20 Edge trigger mode Shutter Trigger width 2.001 s or more 2.001 s 1.001 s or more 1.001 s 1/2 s 501 ms or more 500 ms 501 ms 1/7.5 s 134 ms or more 133.34 ms 134.3 ms 1/15 s 66.8 ms or more 66.68 ms 67.64 ms...
  • Page 21: Trigger Partial Scan Mode

    3.2.6. Trigger partial scan mode In this mode the partial scan action begins through synchronization with the external trigger input. When trigger pulse polarity is positive 240 H FVAL (number of lines displayed) LVAL DVAL 501 502 739 740 Video output (lines) 1H = 53.333 µs 1600 CL...
  • Page 22: Shutter Setting

    4. Shutter setting You can use the electronic shutter to set to the exposure time. Furthermore, when the exposure output setting (command: WEN-STRB 2) is selected for the 10th pin signal output terminal of the DC IN connector (12-pin connector), Hi is output for the exposure period. The shutter has preset shutter settings in which the exposure time is fixed, and an arbitrary shutter setting that can be set in increments of 1 µs or clock units (27.78 ns).
  • Page 23: Arbitrary Shutter Setting

    4.2. Arbitrary shutter setting You can set the shutter setting from a minimum of 10 µs to a maximum of 60 s in increments of 1 CLK or 1 µs. ♦ Configuring an arbitrary shutter setting Set three parameters with SHUTTER commands. Parameter 1: 16 (Arbitrary shutter selection) Parameter 2: Numeral in increments of 1 µs.
  • Page 24: Overlap

    4.3. Overlap Configure this setting with TRG-OVLP. In trigger mode or various modes that use an arbitrary shutter, horizontal noise may occur on the screen if an electronic shutter pulse SUB exists in the horizontal transferring period of the CCD. If TRG-OVLP=1 is set, SUB is automatically adjusted so that it occurs in the horizontal transferring blanking period, thus enabling you to prevent the inclusion of noise.
  • Page 25: Dsp Operation

    5. DSP Operation 5.1. Signal processing block chart Image Analog Digital AFE gain/pedestal 3 × 3 filter Gamma (Edge detection) Digital clamp Digital gain Digital pedestal correction Binarization Bit depth Camera link output Grayscale chart As each DSP function is composed of an independent module, DSP functions can be used in combination.
  • Page 26: Digital Clamp

    5.2. Digital clamp You can adjust between +255 and 0 steps for 12-bit output images. With the value of 1023 (default value) at 0 step, you can adjust to +255 step by entering 0. 5.3. Digital gain Configure this setting with DGAIN. Set the variable between x0 (black) to x15 and set the factor between 0 and 15, and Yout = Yin x factor.
  • Page 27: Gamma Correction

    5.5. Gamma correction Configure each mode with GAMMA-MODE. There is a method for setting LUT arbitrarily, and a method for setting the gamma curve coefficient. There are five gamma modes from Mode 1 to Mode 5. Apart from Mode 3, which performs LUT initialization to return the setting to value at the time of shipment, the modes load the LUT value saved last time and are capable of accepting a GAMMA command.
  • Page 28 > GAMMA 0.60 500 (Check the picture. The gamma 4095 value is not saved here.) γ curve > SAVE (The gamma mode is also not saved. The gamma mode will be MODE 4, the offset will be 300, and the ? coefficient will be 0.45 at the next launch.) Return the gamma curve to 4.
  • Page 29: Filter

    5.6. 3 × 3 filter Configure each mode with FILTER-MODE. This executes a matrix operation of 3 × 3 pixels to add various processing to the image. In Mode 1, you can set nine filter coefficients within the range of –10.000 to +10.000 in increments of 0.001.
  • Page 30: Mode 2

    (b) Image sharpening filter Parts where the density varies such as edges are –0.111 –0.111 –0.111 emphasized by subtracting the secondary differentiation –0.111 1.888 –0.111 from the target image. The following filter multiplies the –0.111 –0.111 –0.111 Laplacian filter of 8 proximity by a weighting coefficient of 0.111, and then subtracts the value from the original image, so the edges are emphasized while controlling the sharpness level.
  • Page 31: Binarization

    5.7. Binarization Configure this setting with BINARIZE. This setting performs the binarization processing. You can set the threshold value within the range of 16 to 243 (when 8 bits). If the image output bit is changed, the setting ranges for the threshold value will be 64 to 975 (when 10 bits) and 256 to 3800 (when 12 bits).
  • Page 32: 8/10/12 Bit Depth Selection

    5.8. 8/10/12 bit depth selection Configure this setting with BIT-DEPTH. You can select 8-bit output, 10-bit output, and 12-bit output. 5.9. Grayscale chart Configure this setting with GRAYSCALE. This setting outputs the grayscale chart in the camera instead of video signals. This is common for all modes. It can be used to, for example, set the condition and check the level in the current usage environment.
  • Page 33: Camera Control Commands

    [Enter] (Carriage Return). Input of letters and symbols other than those above are General ignored. The XCL-U100 can be controlled externally via a serial • When command execution is completed normally, communication using such communication software as “OK” is displayed.
  • Page 34: Command Specification

    60000000)> This section describes the details of control commands ([Parameter 3]) <Shutter speed fine adjusting (0 - 35)> available for the XCL-U100, classified by category. [Process] Sets the shutter speed. If Parameter 1 is set to arbitrary setting, Parameter 2 and Parameter 3 are valid.
  • Page 35: Binarization Setting Command

    Each parameter delays by (setting value) × clock unit x LUT Value Setting (the case of gamma mode (27.777 ns). 1 and 2) [Command] GAMMA [Parameter 1] <IN data (0 - 4095)> Binarization Setting Command [Parameter 2] <OUT data (0 - 4095)> [Process] Sets the LUT value optionally.
  • Page 36: In/out Setting Command

    0: OFF x Serial Transmission Speed Setting 1: ON [Command] BRATE [Parameter 2] <Read beginning column (0 - 1472)> [Parameter 1] <Baud rate (0 - 3)> [Parameter 3] <Read ending column (127 - 1599)> 0: 9600 bps [Process] Sets the beginning column and ending column 1: 19200 bps numbers for reading during horizontal partial scan 2: 38400 bps...
  • Page 37: Setting Value Accession Command

    Setting Value Accession Command x Setting Value Accession [Command] RMEM ([Parameter 1]) <Setting value selection (None, 1 - 2)> None: Camera setting value accession 1: Filter factor accession 2: LUT value accession [Process] Sends the data which can be set by Serial communication and the camera information (version) to the camera control application.
  • Page 38: Others

    Others x Version Indication [Command] VERSION [Process] The camera model name and the camera version are displayed. <Input> VERSION<CR> <Window display> XCL-U100 Ver. * . ** <CRLF> OK<CRLF> x Help Indication [Command] HELP [Parameter 1] <None, command name> None: List of command names...
  • Page 39: Command List

    Command List The following is the list of camera control commands. Command Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Parameter 3 Explanation GAIN-STEP Gain – – Gain-step setting GAIN-FINE Gain – – Gain-fine setting PEDESTAL Pedestal level – – Pedestal level setting DGAIN Mode Gain –...
  • Page 40: Parameter List

    Parameter List The following is the camera initial value parameter list. Command Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Parameter 3 Explanation GAIN-STEP – – Gain-step setting GAIN-FINE – – Gain-fine setting PEDESTAL 1023 – – Pedestal level setting DGAIN 0 (OFF) 01.000 –...
  • Page 41: Specifications

    Storage temperature Specifications –30 to +60 °C (–22 to 140 °F) Operating relative humidity 20 to 80% (no condensation) Storage relative humidity 20 to 95% (no condensation) Specifications Vibration resistance 10 G (20 Hz to 200 Hz) Shock resistance Imaging system 70 G Pickup device Progressive scan 1/1.8 type CCD...
  • Page 42: Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (typical Values)

    Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values) Camera Relative Response 1000 Wave Length [nm] (Lens characteristics included, and light source characteristics excluded.) Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)
  • Page 43: Xcl-u100 Dimensions

    XCL-U100 Dimensions 2-M2 Depth 3 14.5 non-PoCL/PoCL 23.7 4-M2 Depth 3 3-M2 Depth 3 16.5 Unit: mm XCL-U100 Dimensions...
  • Page 44 Technical information contained herein is for reference only and does not convey any license by any implication or otherwise under any intellectual property right or other right of Sony or third parties. Sony cannot assume responsibility for any right infringements arising out of the use of this information. Sony Corporation...

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