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Honda H3013H Owner's Manual

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I Power
Owner's Manual
Riding Mower
LTD. 1989



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  Summary of Contents for Honda H3013H

  • Page 1 I Power Equipment Owner’s Manual Riding Mower H3013H HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. 1989...
  • Page 3 Thank you for purchasing a Honda riding mower. This manual describes operation and maintenance of the Honda H3013H riding mower, type SA (side discharge). All information in this publication is based on the latest product information available at the time of printing.
  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS 1, SAFETY INFORMATION 2. COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION 3. CONTROLS ... Engine switch ... Throttle lever ... Cutter deck height adjusting lever ... Shift lever ... Power take-off fP.T.0) lever ... Brake pedal ... Parking brake lever and warning buzzer ... Transmission release lever ...
  • Page 5 7. MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE Engine oil change Air cleaner service ... Spark plug service ... Recommended spark plug Battery service ... Wheel removal ... Cutter deck removal ... Blade belt adjustment/replacement Primary belt replacement Blade bolt tightness/Blade replacement Spark arrester maintenance ... Fuse replacement 8.
  • Page 6: 1, Safety Information

    1. SAFETY INFORMATION Read all safety instructions before you ride1 SPARKS, AND OPEN FLAME...
  • Page 7 SAFETY INFORMATION For your safety and the safety of others, pay special attention to these precautions: Operator Responsibility Always make a PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION (page 17) before you operate the riding mower, you may prevent an accident or equipment damage. Keep the riding mower in good operating condition. Operating a riding mower in poor, or questionable condition could result in serious injury.
  • Page 8 Cutting Blade Hazard The cutting blades are sharp, and they turn at high speed. Accidental con- tact can cause serious injury. Keep your hands and feet away from the mower deck while the engine is running. Stop the engine, disengage the Power Take Off (P.T.O.) clutch and remove the key before inspection or maintenance of the deck or blades.
  • Page 9 The engine and exhaust system become very hot during operation and re- main hot for a while after stopping. Contact with hot engine components can cause burn injuries and can ignite some materials. Avoid touching a hot engine or exhaust system. Allow the engine to cool before performing maintenance or storing the riding mower indoors.
  • Page 10: Component Identification

  • Page 11 DECK HEIGHT OWNER’S MANUAL TRAY ENGINE SEklAL NUMBER Record the frame and engine serial numbers for your reference. Reier to the serial numbers when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquiries (see page 71). Frame serial number: Engine serial number: RELEASE LEVER NUMBER REA,R BODY...
  • Page 13: Controls

    Engine switch Always remove the key from the engine switch whenever the riding mower is unattended to prevent children or unauthorized persons from starting, the engine. This riding mower is equipped with an automotive type engine switch, which controls all the electrical circuits. The switch is located on the right- hand side in front of the gear shift lever.
  • Page 14: Cutter Deck Height Adjusting Lever

    Cutter deck height adjusting lever This lever is used to raise and lower the cutter deck. To adjust the cutting height, squeeze the handle lock and then press in and hold the set button. Raise or lower the lever until the desired cutting height appears on the in- dicator.
  • Page 15: Shift Lever

    Shift lever Use the shift lever to change the forward/reverse mower and/or to shift the transmission into NEUTRAL (STOP). To drive the riding mower forward, release the parking brake and slowly move the shift lever from NEUTRAL to’forward direction (away from you). To drive in reverse, slowly move the shift lever back (toward you).
  • Page 16: Power Take-Off Fp.t.0) Lever

    Power Take-Off (P.T.O.) lever This lever engages and disengages the power take-off clutch to drive the blades. Lever positions: ON (Engaged)... OFF (Disengaged)... NOTE: An interlock switch prevents the engine from starting unless the P.T.O. lever is in the OFF position. Brake pedal The brake pedal and the shift lever are interconnected.
  • Page 17: Parking Brake Lever And Warning Buzzer

    Parking brake lever and warning buzzer This lever is used to set the brake when the riding mower is parked. Pull the lever fully up until the ratchet locks. To set the parking brake, pull up on the parking brake lever until the set button locks in place.
  • Page 18: Transmission Release Lever

    Transmission release lever This lever is used when it becomes necessary to push or move the riding mower manually. Operating the transmission release lever while on a slope or hill, could result in a loss of control causing serious injury or equipment damage.
  • Page 19: Pre-Operation Checks

    Following the procedures before each use: 1. Park the riding mower on a level surface. 2. Place the shift lever in the neutral position and set the park brake. 3. Disconnect the spark plug cap and remove the engine switch key td prevent accidental engine start-up.
  • Page 20: Engine Oil

    ENGINE OIL IMPORTANT NoT’CE serious engine damage. 1. Place the riding mower on a level surface. 2. Lift the rear body, wipe dust and dirt from around the oil filler cap, remove the cap and wipe the dipstick clean. 3. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler neck, but do not screw it in. 4.
  • Page 21: Fuel

    FUEL Raise the rear body and check the fuel level. Refill the tank to the upper level mark if necessary. Do not fill the fuel tank above the UPPER level mark. Fuel tank capacity: 2.5 P (0.66 US gal) Gasoline is extremely flammable, and gasoline vapor can explode. Use ex- treme care when handling gasoline.
  • Page 22 IMPORTANT NoTKE pinging can cause engine damage. Running the engine with persistent spark knock or pinging is considered misuse, and the Distributor’s damaged by misuse. Occasionally you may hear light spark knock while operating under heavy loads. This is no cause for concern. It simply means your engine is operating efficiently.
  • Page 23: Gasolines Containing Alcohol

    GASOLINES CONTAINING If you decide to use a gasoline containing alcohol (gasohol), be sure its rating is at least as high as that recommended by Honda (see Fuel Recom- mendation on page 19). There are two types of “gasohol”: one containing ethanol, and the other containing methanol.
  • Page 24: Air Cleaner

    AIR CLEANER Check that the air cleaner elements are clean and in good condition. A dir- ty air cleaner will restrict air flow to the carburetor, reducing engine perfor- mance. A damaged air cleaner will allow dirt to enter the engine, causing rapid engine wear.
  • Page 25 BATTERY Raise the rear body and check the battery electrolyte level. The electrolyte level must be kept between the UPPER and LOWER level marks. If the electrolyte level is near the LOWER mark, remove the battery filler caps and carefully add distilled water to the upper level line (see page 49).
  • Page 26: Transmission Fluid

    TRANSMISSION FLUID Check,the transmission fluid with the riding mower parked on level ground and the transmission at ambient temperature. NOTE: HST fluid changes its volume with changes of temperature. The upper and lower marks are calibrated for HST fluid temperature between 32OF (OOC) and 68OF (2OOC).
  • Page 27: Primary Belt And Blade Belt

    PRIMARY BELT AND BLADE BELT ti Wear or damage 1. Move the P.T.O. lever to the OFF (Disengaged) position. 2. Lower the cutter deck as far as it will go with the cutter d.eck height ad- justing lever. 3. Inspect both belts for wear and damage. If the belts are worn or damag- ed, replace them according to the instructions on pages 56 and 57.
  • Page 28: Tire

    TIRES [ IMPORTANT NOTICE 1 0 the tires to manufacturer’s recommended tire pressure. Check the tire pressure with an air pressure gauge. Pressure: Front ..l.O kg/cm2 (14 psi) Rear ..0.7 kg/cm2 (10 psi) CUTTER DECK Prior to using the riding mower, be sure to check that dirt, mud and grass are not built up in the cutter deck.
  • Page 29 BLADE Before each use, check the cutter blades for damage or excessive wear. To avoid injury, remove the engine switch key and disconnect the spark plug cap to prevent accidental starting; wear heavy gloves to protect your hands from the cutter blades. 1.
  • Page 30 4. If either of the blades shows signs of damage or excessive wear, remove the cutter deck, and thoroughly.inspect deck removal instructions on page 52). Dull blades can be sharpened, but blades that are worn out, bent, cracked, or otherwise damaged must be replaced.
  • Page 31: Safety Switch

    SAFETY SWITCH Before performing these inspections, remove the spark plug cap. 1. P.T.O. sw’itch inspection With the shift lever in the N (Neutral) position, set the P.T.O. lever in the ON (Engaged position). Check that the starter motor is not started when the engine switch is turned to the START position.
  • Page 32: Operation

    5. OPERATION Starting the engine Exhaust gas contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas that may cause loss of consciousness and lead to death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Be sure to provide ,adequate ventilation. 1. Raise the rear body, turn the fuel valve ON and close the rear body. REAR 2.
  • Page 33 ’ 4. Turn the engine switch to START. (5 second maximum) IMPORTANT NoTCE damage the motor. If the engine fails to start, release the engine switch key, and wait at least IO seconds before operating the starter motor again. 5. After the engine starts, let the engine switch return to ON. 6.
  • Page 34 Seat safety switch operation check The seat safety switch automatically stops the engine if the operator’s weight is off the seat when the following inter-locks are actuated. 1. While oarked on a level surface. move the P.T.O. lever to ON (Engaged).
  • Page 35: Mowing

    Mowing Before operating this riding mower you should read and under- stand the SAFETY INSTRUCTION on pages 4-7. IMPORTANT NOTICE 1 Be aware of rocks, roots, holes and hidden hazards in the terrain. Un- seen hazards may cause loss of control or damage the riding mower. In tall grass, first mow with the cutter deck fully raised (3 l/2’);...
  • Page 36 Always engage the P.T.O. before selecting the desired mowing speed to avoid leaving uncut grass. Engaging the P.T.O. in tall uncut grass may cause the engine to stall. Mow at full throttle with the transmission in the desired mowing speed for the best cut quality and performance.
  • Page 37: Starting The Riding Mower

    Starting the riding mower Be sure the mowing area is clear obstacles before mowing. 1. Set the cutter deck height adjusting lever to the desired cutting height. SET BUTTON 2. Move the throttle lever to the FAST position. NOTE: For best cut quality, and performance always use full throttle. Use the shift lever to select the.desired mowing speed range.
  • Page 38 3. Move the P.T.O. lever to the ON (Engaged) position. OFF (Disengaged) ON (Engaged) 4. Move the shift lever to select the desired mowing speed position. IMPORTANT NoTlCE When operating the riding mower on rough or unever terrain, select a mowing speed that will give you safe ground speed while the engine is running at full throttle.
  • Page 39: Cutting Patterns

    Cutting patterns These cutting patterns are only recommended for a flat, level lawn surface. In a small area First make 2 or 3 turns in a clockwise direction; then turn around and continue cutting in the reverse direction. In a large area ‘The first round of cuts is the key to making a neat finish.
  • Page 40 Mowing on unsquare areas If your mowing area is not square or four-sided, divide the area into several blocks you can mow in a neat mowing pattern. in straight-a-ways OVedapping Be sure that each mowing lane overlaps sufficiently. The recommended overlap width is between 4-6 the mower’s front tires.
  • Page 41: Stopping On A Hill

    Stopping on a hill If possible avoid stopping the riding mower while driving uphill. If it is necessary to stop on a hill, follow the procedures below. Depress the foot the brake to the floor (shift lever returns to “N”). Move the P.T.O.
  • Page 42: Stopping The Engine

    Stopping the engine 0 In an emergency: (1) Turn the engine switch OFF and depress the foot brake. (21 Set the parking brake. In normal use: Move the-P.T.O. Move the shift lever to the Neutral position. Set the parking brake. Turn the engine switch OFF.
  • Page 43: High Altitude Operation

    High Altitude Operation At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A very rich fuel mixture may also foul the spark plugs and cause hard starting. High altitude performance can be improved by installing a smaller diameter main fuel jet in the carburetor and readjusting the pilot screw.
  • Page 44: Transporting

    6. TRANSPORTING Transporting The engine becomes very hot during operation and remains hot for a while after stopping. Allow the engine to cool before transporting. Contact with a hot engine or exhaust system can cause serious burns or fires. Let the engine cool before transporting. Transport the riding mower on a flat level trailer or in a pickup truck.
  • Page 45: Maintenance

    Periodic maintenance and adjustment are necessary to keep the riding mower in good operating condition. Service and inspect according to the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE. To avoid carbon monoxide poisoning, shut off the engine before performing any maintenance. If you run the engine in an area that is confined, or even partially enclosed, the air you breathe will contain a dangerous amount of exhaust gas.
  • Page 46 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD Performed every indicated month or operating interval. whichever comes first. ITEM ClWCk level Engine oil Change Check Air cleaner C”eck p*^^L ,^.,^, ^^_ C”eCk &de belt Transmission Change Brake and clutch s-L..-I. ,..“*.““” Valve cleerance Check-Adjust Engine fine end shroud NOTE:...
  • Page 47: Engine Oil Change

    Engine Oil Change Drain the oil while the engine is warm to assure rapid and complete draining. NOTE: Used motor oil may cause skin oanoer if repeatedly left in contact with the skin for prolonged periods. Although this is unlikely, unless you handle used oil on a daily basis, it is still advisable to thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water as soon as possible after handling used oil.
  • Page 48: Air Cleaner Service

    Air Cleaner Service A dirty air cleaner will restriot air flow to the carburetor. If you operate the riding mower in very dusty areas, clean the air cleaner more often than specified in the MAINTENANCE [ IMPORTANT NoTtCE 1 Operating the englne without cause rapid engine wear.
  • Page 49: Spark Plug Service

    Spark Plug Service Recommended spark plug: BPR5ES (NGKI Touching a hot engine or exhaust system can cause serious burns. Let the engine cool before performing maintenance. rrMPoRTANTNOTtCE 1 Spark plugs of the wrong heat range can cause engine damage. For good performance, the spark plug must be properly gapped and free of deposits.
  • Page 50 6. Install the spark plug carefully, by hand, to avoid cross-threading, 7. After the spark plug is seated, tighten with a spark plug wrench to com- press the washer. IMPORTANT NoTbCE Loose spark plug can get hot enough to damage the engine.
  • Page 51: Battery Service

    Battery Service n Refilling battery fluid If the riding mower is operated with insufficient battery electrolyte, sulfa- tion and battery plate damage will occur. If iapid loss of electrolyte is experienced, or if your battery seems to be weak, causing slow starting or other electrical authorized Honda riding mower dealer.
  • Page 52 m Battery cleaning If the battery terminals are contaminated or corroded, remove the battery and clean the terminals. 1. Remove battery set plate. 2. Disconnect the battery cable at the battery negative (-1 terminal, then at the battery positive (+I terminal. NEGATIVE t-1 TERMINAL BAlTERY 3.
  • Page 53: Wheel Removal

    Wheel removal not attempt to remove a wheel unless the riding mower is on firm and level ground. not attempt to remove or replace a tire unless you have the equip- ment and knowledge to do so properly. Block the wheels securely.’ Front wheel 1.
  • Page 54: Cutter Deck Removal

    Cutter deck removal 1. Position the front wheel straight ahead and lower the cutter deck. 2. Move the P.T.O. lever to OFF (disengaged), and remove the rear belt stopper. Remove the lock pins, collar, and washers, then remove the clutch rod from the cutter deck. Remove the four lock pins (two pins for right and left sides respectively) and washer from the right and left sides of the cutter deck.
  • Page 55 5. Remove the two lock pins and washers from the right and left front deck arms, then remove the front deck arms from the frame body (one lock pin for each front deck arm). NOTE: Mark each front deck arm left and right to ensure proper position at reassembly.
  • Page 56 BRAKE ROD SHIFT ROD lnstallatidn is the reverse order of removal.
  • Page 57: Blade Belt Adjustment/Replacement

    Blade belt adjustment/replacement Never attempt to change a belt while the engine is running. Remove the engine switch key from engine switch and disconnect the spark plug cap to prevent accidental start up. Wear heavy gloves to protect your hands when replacing belts or when working with the cutter blade.
  • Page 58 W Replacement 1. Remove the spark plug cap from the spark plug, set the park brake, and, lower the cutter deck all the way down. 2. Set the P.T.O. lever in the OFF (disengaged) position and remove the rear belt stopper. 3.
  • Page 59: Primary Belt Replacement

    Primary belt replacement 1. Remove the cutter deck (see pages 52-54). 2. Remove the prim,ary belt from the pulley on the belt tensioner arm while pressing out on the arm by hand. Remove the primary belt from the pulley on the engine. 3.
  • Page 60: Blade Bolt Tightness/Blade Replacement

    Blade bolt tightness/Blade To avoid severe personal Injury, remove the ignition key and disconnect the spark plug cap to prevent accidental starting; wear heavy gloves to protect your hands from the cutter blade. Blade bolt tightness Remove the cutter deck from the riding mower (see pages 52- Turn the cutter deck upside down.
  • Page 61 n Blade installation 1 IMPORTANT NOTICE equivalent. - 1. Clean dirt and grass from the blade, blade holder, and the inside the cutter deck. Install the blade holder, blade, washer, and blade bolts. NOTE: Right and left blades are not interchangeable. Be sure to install the high-lift blade on the right (discharge side) and the low-lift blade on the left sides, as shown.
  • Page 62: Spark Arrester Maintenance

    Spark arrester maintenance (optional The muffler becomes very hot during operation and remains hot for a while afterthe while it is hot. Allow it to cool before proceeding. The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 ‘hours to maintain its efficiency.
  • Page 63: Fuse Replacement

    Fuse replacement The 5 A main fuse is located near the battery on the positive terminal. When frequent fuse failure occurs, it usually indicates a short circuit or an overload in the electrical system. See your authorized Honda riding mower dealer for repair.
  • Page 64: Storage

    8. STORAGE Preparation for storage The engine becomes very hot during operation and remains hot for a while after stopping. Allow the engine to cool before storing. Contact with a hot engine or exhaust system can cause serious burns or fires. Let the engine cool before storing. The following steps should be taken to protect the riding mower whenever it will be stored for longer than 30 days.
  • Page 65 2. Change the engine oil (see page 451. IMPoRTANT NOTiCE To avoid engine damage, do not store riding mower without engine oil in crankcase. NOTE: If the riding mower will be stored for longer than 3 months, raise the rear body and remove the spark plug and pour three tablespoons (ap- proximately 1 oz.) of clean motor oil into the cylinder.
  • Page 66: Removal From Storage

    7. For longer service and greater efficiency, keep the underside of the mower housing clean and free of accumulated washing it down with a hose after use and/or cleaning it with a wire brush and scraper. Remove any rust and apply a rust-resistant paint. Cleaning and rust prevention are especially important before seasonal storage.
  • Page 67: Troubleshooting

    Engine fails to start; 1. No fuel. 2. Shift lever in gear. -Position 3. P.T.O. lever engaged. -Position 4. Parking brake not set.- 5. Seat switch is not -Sit depressed. 6. Spark plug faulty or -Regap improperly gapped. 7. Spark plug wire loose- or disconnected.
  • Page 68 Engine overheats; 1, Cooling air intake plugged. -Clean 2. Engine overloaded. -Shift 3. Low engine oil level. -Fill 4. Spark plug improperly -Regap gapped. 5. Cooling fan damage -See Oil consumption 1. Incorrect oil viscosity -Use 2. Oil leaks 3. Worn piston ring, etc. -See Erratic operation;...
  • Page 69 Parking brake warning buzzer does not operate 1. Blown fuse 2. Faulty buzzer Steering is too heavy 1. Insufficient tire air - pressure Mower steers one side 1. Incorrect steering system -See alignments 2. Each tire air pressure -Correct uneven. 3.
  • Page 70 Clogged cutter deck discharge chute, 1. Wrong blade. 2. Deck too low. 3. Engine overloaded.- 4. Wet lawn. 5. Lawn too tall 6. Low engine rpm 7. Grass bags full (Optional part). 8. Blades installed upside down- Blade does not rotate or stop. 1.
  • Page 71: Specifications

    Travel speed (3,300 rpm) Fuel tank capacity Batterv NOTE: Specifications are subject to change without notice. SPECIFICATIONS H3013H MZAH GXV390 4-stroke, overhead valve, 1 cylinder 389 cm3 (23.7 cu in) 88 x 64 mm (3.5 x 2.5 in) 20” BTDC...
  • Page 73: Warranty Service

    Owner Satisfaction Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and to us. All Honda warranty details are explained in the Distributor’s Limited Warran- ty. Normally, any problems concerning the product will be handled by your dealer’s service department. If you have a warranty problem that has not been handled to your satisfaction, action: Discuss your problem with a member of dealership managemert.
  • Page 74 When you write or call, please provide the following information: • Model and serial numbers • Name of the dealer who sold the Honda power equipment to you • Name and address of the dealer who services your equipment •...
  • Page 75 MEMO...
  • Page 77 @I @ 0 5009009 31763901 PRINTED IN JAPAN 00X31-763-901...