Hardware Maintenance Manual
ThinkPad X131e

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   Summary of Contents for Lenovo ThinkPad X131e

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual ThinkPad X131e...

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    Appendix A “Notices” on page 85. First Edition (June 2012) © Copyright Lenovo 2012. LIMITED AND RESTRICTED RIGHTS NOTICE: If data or software is delivered pursuant a General Services Administration “GSA” contract, use, reproduction, or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in Contract No. GS-35F-05925.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Checkout guide ....Chapter 8. FRU replacement Lenovo Solution Center ..notices ....51 Quick test programs.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    1060 PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN or 2010 LCD unit ....mSATA solid-state drive ... 2020 LCD bezel assembly .

  • Page 5: About This Manual

    Use this manual along with the advanced diagnostic tests to troubleshoot problems effectively. Before servicing a ThinkPad product, be sure to read all the information under and Chapter 2 “Important service information” on page 19. © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 7: Chapter 1. Safety Information, General Safety, Electrical Safety

    • Fan louvers on the machine help to prevent overheating of internal components. Do not obstruct fan louvers or cover them with labels or stickers. Electrical safety Observe the following rules when working on electrical equipment. © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

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    Important: • Use only approved tools and test equipment. Some hand tools have handles covered with a soft material that does not insulate you when working with live electrical currents. • Many customers have, near their equipment, rubber floor mats that contain small conductive fibers to decrease electrostatic discharges.

  • Page 9: Safety Inspection Guide, Handling Devices That Are Sensitive To Electrostatic Discharge

    0.1 ohm or less between the external ground pin and the frame ground. b. The power cord should be the authorized type specified for your computer on the Web page http://www.lenovo.com/serviceparts-lookup. c. Insulation must not be frayed or worn.

  • Page 10: Grounding Requirements, Safety Notices (multilingual Translations)

    When handling ESD-sensitive parts: • Keep the parts in protective packages until they are inserted into the product. • Avoid contact with other people. • Wear a grounded wrist strap against your skin to eliminate static on your body. • Prevent the part from touching your clothing. Most clothing is insulative and retains a charge even when you are wearing a wrist strap.

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    DANGER DANGER DANGER DANGER DANGER Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    DANGER Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    PERIGO PERIGO PERIGO Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    PERIGO PERIGO PERIGO PERIGO PERIGO DANGER Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    DANGER DANGER DANGER DANGER DANGER Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    DANGER DANGER VORSICHT VORSICHT VORSICHT Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    VORSICHT VORSICHT VORSICHT VORSICHT VORSICHT Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    Chapter 1 Safety information...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 25: Chapter 2. Important Service Information, Strategy For Replacing Frus

    UEFI BIOS downloads. Telephone numbers for Lenovo Support are available at: http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone • System disassembly and reassembly videos that show the FRU removal or replacement procedures for the Lenovo authorized service technicians are available at: http://www.lenovoservicetraining.com/ion/ Strategy for replacing FRUs Before replacing parts: Ensure that all software fixes, drivers, and UEFI BIOS downloads are installed before replacing any FRUs listed in this manual.

  • Page 26: Solid-state Drive, Or An Msata Solid-state Drive, Important Notice For Replacing A System Board

    Dynamic Configure To Order (CTO) This provides the ability for a customer to configure a Lenovo solution from an eSite, and have this configuration sent to fulfillment, where it is built and shipped directly to the customer. The machine label, Product Entitlement Warehouse (PEW), and eSupport will load these products as the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO”...

  • Page 27: Products

    • eSupport can be used to view the list of key commodities built in a particular machine serial (this is the same record found in PEW). • eSupport can be accessed at http://www.lenovo.com/support. • To view the key commodities, do the following: 1.

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 29: Chapter 3. General Checkout, What To Do First

    Before checking problems with the computer, determine whether the damage is covered under the warranty by referring to the following list: The following are not covered under warranty: • LCD panel cracked from the application of excessive force or from being dropped • Scratched (cosmetic) parts © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

  • Page 30: Checkout Guide, Lenovo Solution Center, Quick Test Programs

    It also can be downloaded from http://www.lenovo.com/diags. To run the Lenovo Solution Center program, click Start ➙ Control Panel ➙ System and Security ➙ Lenovo - System Health and Diagnostics, and then follow the instructions on the screen.

  • Page 31: Uefi Diagnostic Program, Bootable Diagnostic Programs

    F12 key. 3. Press the Tab key to switch to the Application Menu window. 4. Use the arrow keys to select Lenovo Diagnostics and then press Enter. The main screen of the UEFI diagnostic program is displayed.

  • Page 32: Power System Checkout, Checking The Ac Power Adapter

    2. Turn on the computer. If the computer cannot be turned on, go to “Power system checkout” on page 26, and check the power sources. If an error code is displayed, go to for error code descriptions and troubleshooting hints. 3.

  • Page 33: Checking Operational Charging, Checking The Battery Pack

    Voltage (V dc) Ground (20V) Note: Output voltage across pin 2 of the ac power adapter might differ from the one you are servicing. 3. If the voltage is not correct, replace the ac adapter. 4. If the voltage is acceptable, replace the system board. Note: Noise from the ac adapter does not always indicate a defect.

  • Page 34: Checking The Backup Battery

    Terminal Voltage (V dc) + 0 to + 12.6 Ground (-) 7(-) 6(-) 2(+) 1(+) 3. If the voltage is less than +11.0 V dc, the battery pack has been discharged. Note: Recharging will take at least 3 hours, even if the indicator does not turn on. If the voltage is still less than +11.0 V dc after recharging, replace the battery.

  • Page 35: Chapter 4. Related Service Information, Restoring The Factory Contents By Using Recovery Disc Set

    Disc Set and the drive at the same time so that you can recover the new drive with the pre-installed software when they arrive. For information on which discs to order, go to http://www.lenovo.com/serviceparts-lookup. The recovery disc set consists of the user instructions and the following set of DVDs to restore the computer to the original factory configuration.

  • Page 36: Passwords, Power-on Password, Hard Disk Password

    If a master hard disk password has been set, it can be used to access the hard disk drive. If no master hard disk password is available, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo authorized service technicians provide Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 37: Supervisor Password, How To Remove The Power-on Password, How To Remove The Hard-disk Password

    Attention: If User only mode is selected and the user hard disk password has been forgotten and cannot be made available to the service technician, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo authorized service technicians provide any services to reset the user hard disk password, or to recover data from the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive can be replaced for a scheduled fee.

  • Page 38: Power Management, Screen Blank Mode, Sleep Mode, Hibernation Mode

    2. When the ThinkPad logo is displayed, immediately press F1 to enter the ThinkPad Setup program. 3. Select Security. 4. Select Password. 5. Select Hard-disk x password where x is the letter of the hard disk drive. A pop-up window opens. 6.

  • Page 39: Symptom-to-fru Index

    • The system status, RAM, VRAM, and setup data are stored on the hard disk. • The system is powered off. To put the computer into hibernation mode, use the Power Manager program to define one of the following actions as the event that causes the system to go into hibernation mode. Then perform the defined action. •...

  • Page 40: Numeric Error Codes

    Numeric error codes Table 1. Numeric error codes Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence 0177: Bad SVP data, stop POST task. — The checksum System board of the supervisor password in the EEPROM is not correct. 0183: Bad CRC of Security Settings in EFI Variable. Enter ThinkPad Setup to correct Security settings in Enter ThinkPad Setup.

  • Page 41: Error Messages, Beep Symptoms, No-beep Symptoms

    System board This system supports only batteries specially designed Replace the battery. for this specific system and manufactured by Lenovo or an authorized builder. The system does not support unauthorized batteries or batteries designed for other systems. If an unauthorized battery or a battery designed for another system is installed, the system will not charge.

  • Page 42: Lcd-related Symptoms, Intermittent Problems, Undetermined Problems

    • This policy applies to all ThinkPad notebook computers purchased on 1 January, 2008 or later. • Lenovo will not provide replacement if the LCD is within specification as we cannot guarantee that any replacement LCD will have zero pixel defects.

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    f. Memory module installed in slot ( “1030 Memory modules” on page 58) g. PC Cards 4. Turn on the computer. 5. Determine whether the problem has been solved. 6. If the problem does not recur, reconnect the removed devices one at a time until you find the failing FRU. 7.

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 45: Copyright Lenovo, Chapter 5. Status Indicators

    • Slow blinking red: The computer is in sleep mode. • Off: The computer is off or in hibernation mode. Wireless status • Green: The wireless LAN, WAN, or Bluetooth feature is enabled. indicator • Off: The wireless features are disabled. © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

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  • Page 47: Chapter 6. Fn Key Combinations

    Has the same function as the Pause key on a conventional keyboard. Fn+S Has the same function as the SysRq key on a conventional keyboard. Fn+K Has the same function as the ScrLK key on a conventional keyboard. © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 49: Chapter 7. Locations, Locating Computer Controls, Connectors, And Indicators, Front View

    Always on USB connector UltraNav® pointing device HDMI connector Built-in digital microphone Media card reader slot Power button System status indicator For the description of the system status indicator, see Chapter 5 “Status indicators” on page 39. © Copyright Lenovo 2012...

  • Page 50: Rear View, Bottom View, Locating Frus And Crus

    Rear view System status indicator USB 3.0 connectors Wireless status indicator Fan louver Combo audio connector Video graphics array (VGA) connector RJ45 Ethernet connector For the description of the system status indicator and the wireless status indicator, see Chapter 5 “Status indicators”...

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    CRU, Lenovo will ship the CRU to you. CRU information and replacement instructions are shipped with your product and are available from Lenovo at any time upon request. You can find a list of CRUs for your product in this Hardware Maintenance Manual. An electronic version of this manual can be found at http://www.lenovo.com/support.

  • Page 52: Major Frus And Crus

    Major FRUs and CRUs Table 8. Major FRUs and CRUs FRU description Self-service CRU Optional-service LCD unit (See “LCD FRUs and CRUs” on page 48.) Keyboard bezel assembly Backup battery Hardware Maintenance Manual...

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    Table 8. Major FRUs and CRUs (continued) FRU description Self-service CRU Optional-service I/O board Battery Base cover assembly DC-in cable assembly Hard disk drive or solid-state drive Bottom slot cover PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN mSATA solid-state drive Memory module Speaker assembly...

  • Page 54: Lcd Frus And Crus

    LCD FRUs and CRUs Table 9. LCD FRUs and CRUs FRU description Self-service CRU Optional-service LCD screw caps LCD bezel assembly Camera Antenna kit Hinges LCD rear cover assembly Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 55: Looking Up Fru Information

    Table 9. LCD FRUs and CRUs (continued) FRU description Self-service CRU Optional-service Camera cable LCD cable LCD panel Looking up FRU information For detailed FRU information, including part numbers, descriptions, and substitution part numbers, go to http://www.lenovo.com/serviceparts-lookup. Chapter 7 Locations...

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  • Page 57: Chapter 8. Fru Replacement Notices, Screw Notices

    Lenovo will ship the CRU to you. CRU information and replacement instructions are shipped with your product and are available from Lenovo at any time upon request. You can find a list of CRUs for your product in this Hardware Maintenance Manual. An electronic version of this manual can be found at http://www.lenovo.com/support.

  • Page 58: Retaining Serial Numbers, Restoring The Serial Number Of The System Unit

    If you replace the system board, you must restore the serial number of the system unit to its original value. Before replacing the system board, save the original serial number by doing the following: 1. Install the LENOVO ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.76 or later, and restart the computer.

  • Page 59: Retaining The Uuid, Reading Or Writing The Eca Information

    When you replace the system board, you must set the UUID on the new system board by doing the following: 1. Install the LENOVO ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.76 or later, and restart the computer.

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 61: General Guidelines

    Lenovo will ship the CRU to you. CRU information and replacement instructions are shipped with your product and are available from Lenovo at any time upon request. You can find a list of CRUs for your product in this Hardware Maintenance Manual. An electronic version of this manual can be found at http://www.lenovo.com/support.

  • Page 62: Removing The Sim Card, Battery Pack

    • The only exception to this is if the battery pack is physically damaged or a customer is reporting a possible safety issue. • If the Lenovo Solution Center program is not installed in the computer, the customer should download this program before a non-physically damaged battery pack is replaced. Note that a physically damaged battery pack is not covered by the warranty.

  • Page 63: Bottom Slot Cover

    When installing: Install the battery pack in the slot, and ensure that the battery latch is in the locked position. 1020 Bottom slot cover For access, remove this FRU: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 Removal steps of bottom slot cover Note: Loosen the screws , but do not remove them.

  • Page 64: Memory Modules

    1030 Memory modules For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 Removal steps of memory modules When installing: Note: If only one memory module is to be installed on the computer you are servicing, the memory module must be installed in SLOT , but not in SLOT Insert the notched end of the memory module into the slot.

  • Page 65: Hard Disk Drive Or Solid-state Drive Assembly

    1040 Hard disk drive or solid-state drive assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 Attention: • Do not drop the drive or apply any physical shock to it. The drive is sensitive to physical shock. Improper handling can cause damage and permanent loss of data.

  • Page 66: Pci Express Mini Card For Wireless Lan

    Removal steps of the hard disk drive or solid-state drive bracket Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque M3 × 3.5 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) Silver 0.392 Nm (4 kgfcm) 1050 PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN For access, remove these FRUs in order: •...

  • Page 67: Msata Solid-state Drive

    Torque Step Screw (quantity) Color M2 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (1) Black 0.181 Nm (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Plug the gray cable into the main connector, and the black cable into the auxiliary connector. Note: In models with a wireless LAN card that has three antenna connectors, plug the gray cable (MAIN) into the main connector, and the black cable (AUX) into the auxiliary connector.

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    Removal steps of PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN (full-size WWAN card) In step , unplug the connectors by using the removal tool antenna RF connector or pick the connectors with your fingers and gently unplug them in the direction of the arrows. Step Screw (quantity) Color...

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    Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.181 Nm M2 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (1) (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Plug the red cable into the main connector, and the blue cable into the auxiliary connector. Removal steps of mSATA solid-state drive Note: The computer comes with either a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN or an mSATA solid-state drive.

  • Page 70: Keyboard

    • After installation of a new drive, go to http://www.lenovo.com/support for instructions on configuring the drive. Torque Step Screw (quantity) Color M2 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (1) Black 0.181 Nm (1.85 kgfcm) 1070 Keyboard For access, remove these FRUs in order: •...

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    Removal steps of keyboard When installing: Ensure that the screws have been fastened to secure the keyboard. Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.181 Nm M2 × 8 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) (1.85 kgfcm) Chapter 9 Removing or replacing a FRU...

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    Installation steps of keyboard To install the keyboard, do the following: 1. Attach the connectors. 2. Attach the keyboard and ensure that the hooks on the front edge of the keyboard are under the frame. Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 73: Keyboard Bezel Assembly

    3. When the front edge of the keyboard is housed firmly, gently press the keys with your fingers and slide the keyboard toward you until the keyboard is in place. 4. Secure the keyboard by tightening the screws from the bottom side of the computer. 1080 Keyboard bezel assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: •...

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    Removal steps of keyboard bezel assembly Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.392 Nm M2.5 × 6 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) (4 kgfcm) M2 × 8 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) Black 0.181 Nm (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Ensure that the connectors are attached firmly. Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 75: Microphone

    Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.181 Nm M2 × 5 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (3) (1.85 kgfcm) In step , release the keyboard bezel assembly from the frame as shown in the following illustration using a plastic pry tool, and remove the keyboard bezel assembly in the direction shown by the arrow When installing: Ensure that all the projections of the keyboard bezel assembly are attached firmly to the guide holes of the base cover.

  • Page 76: Speaker Assembly

    1100 Speaker assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 • “1070 Keyboard” on page 64 • “1080 Keyboard bezel assembly” on page 67 Removal steps of speaker assembly Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 77: I/o Board

    Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque M2 × 5.5 mm, shoulder screw, nylon-coated (4) Black 0.181 Nm (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Attach the speaker assembly and route the cable as shown in the following illustration, and ensure that the speaker connector is attached firmly. 1110 I/O board For access, remove these FRUs in order: •...

  • Page 78: Crt Board Assembly (with Cable), System Board Assembly, Thermal Fan Assembly, And Backup Battery

    When installing: Ensure that the connector is attached firmly. 1120 CRT board assembly (with cable) For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 • “1070 Keyboard” on page 64 •...

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    • If you put a system board down, be sure to put it only on a padded surface such as an ESD mat or conductive corrugated material. For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 •...

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    Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.181 Nm M2 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Ensure that the connector is attached firmly. Removal steps of thermal fan assembly and backup battery Loosen the screws in ascending alphabetic order as illustrated, but do not remove them. DANGER Use only the authorized battery specified for your computer.

  • Page 81: Dc-in Cable And Base Cover Assembly

    When installing: Ensure that the connectors are attached firmly. 1140 DC-in cable and base cover assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 • “1040 Hard disk drive or solid-state drive assembly” on page 59 •...

  • Page 82

    Applying labels to the base cover The new base cover FRU is shipped with a kit containing labels of several kinds, including but not limited to those described in this topic. The following illustration shows the correct location of each label. When you replace the base cover, apply the following labels: Certificate of Authenticity (COA) label Serial number label...

  • Page 83: Lcd Unit

    Note: If the COA label is attached to a part that is replaced, return the old part with the label attached to the customer, or provide a letter to the customer stating what the label was originally on the computer and what the label part number, serial number, and product key were.

  • Page 84: Lcd Bezel Assembly

    Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque Black 0.392 Nm M2.5 × 6 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (4) (4 kgfcm) 2020 LCD bezel assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 •...

  • Page 85: Lcd Panel, Lcd Cable, And Hinges

    • “1080 Keyboard bezel assembly” on page 67 • “1130 System board assembly, thermal fan assembly, and backup battery” on page 72 • “2010 LCD unit” on page 77 Removal steps of LCD bezel assembly Step Screw cap Screw (quantity) Color Torque M2 ×...

  • Page 86

    • “2020 LCD bezel assembly” on page 78 Removal steps of LCD panel and LCD cable Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque M1.7 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (4) Silver 0.181 Nm (1.85 kgfcm) When installing: Ensure that the connectors are attached firmly. Removal steps of hinges Step Screw (quantity)

  • Page 87: Integrated Camera And Camera Cable

    2040 Integrated camera and camera cable For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 • “1040 Hard disk drive or solid-state drive assembly” on page 59 •...

  • Page 88: Antenna Kit And Lcd Rear Cover Assembly

    2050 Antenna kit and LCD rear cover assembly For access, remove these FRUs in order: • “1010 Battery pack” on page 56 • “1020 Bottom slot cover” on page 57 • “1040 Hard disk drive or solid-state drive assembly” on page 59 •...

  • Page 89

    Cable routing: When you install the antenna kit, route the cables as shown in the following illustration. As you route the cables, ensure that they are not subject to any tension. Tension could cause the cables to be damaged by the cable guides, or a wire to be broken. Wireless LAN AUX antenna (black) Wireless WAN AUX antenna (blue, on some models) Wireless WAN MAIN antenna (red, on some models)

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    Hardware Maintenance Manual...

  • Page 91: Appendix A. Notices

    Lenovo representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to a Lenovo product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that Lenovo product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does not infringe any Lenovo intellectual property right may be used instead.

  • Page 92: Electronic Emission Notices, Trademarks

    Electronic emission notices For electronic emission information on Class B digital devices, refer to the corresponding information in the User Guide. Trademarks The following terms are trademarks of Lenovo in the United States, other countries or both: Lenovo ThinkPad ThinkVantage...

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    Part Number: 0B48698 Printed in China (1P) P/N: 0B48698 *1P0B48698*...

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