Summary of Contents for Panasonic HVX200A - Camcorder - 1080p
THE INVALUABLE GUIDE TO THE AG-HVX200 This guidebook provides a comprehensive description of the functions and features of the AG-HVX200, from detailed information on the HD multi-format system, variable frame rates, and P2 card recording, to a variety of application examples.
A Camera-Recorder Packed with Leading-Edge Technology and Know-How DVCPRO HD Image Quality and Performance The AG-HVX200 records in all HD/SD formats, including 1080i, 720p, and 480i. For HD, it uses the broadcast-proven DVCPRO HD format. P2 Card Speed and Future Potential Video and audio signals are recorded onto the P2 flash memory card.
CONTENTS Types and Differences of HD Video Formats High-Quality HD/SD Multi-Format Recording HD/SD Multi-Format Recording with the AG-HVX200 720 Progressive Scan HD Images with Higher Resolution than Interlaced 1080i 24p HD and a Cine-Like Gamma Curve Meet Film Production Needs Advantages of DVCPRO HD DVCPRO HD and the DVCPRO Family: A Proven Track Record in Broadcasting DVCPRO's Intraframe Compression System:...
1. Types and Differences of HD Video Formats 1-1 High-Quality HD (High Definition)/ SD (Standard Definition) Multi-Format Recording Leica Dicomar HD Lens New High-Sensitivity Progressive CCD Newly Designed Leica Dicomar 13x Optical Zoom Lens for HD Applications Developed specifically for HD recording, the new Leica Dicomar lens features a large 82-mm (diameter) filter.
DVCPRO HD DVCPRO50 DVCPRO P2 card 1080p processing New DSP with 14-bit A/D Conversion and 19-bit Processing Mini DV tape settings for a variety of image adjustments and handles P/I (Progressive to Interlace) conversion, cross conversion and down conversion for HD and SD formats. DVCPRO HD Recording onto a P2 Card The AG-HVX200 is the compact camera-recorder to offer 1080/24p (over 60i) shooting.
1. Types and Differences of HD Video Formats 1-2 HD/SD Multi-Format Recording with the AG-HVX200 1080i 1080 lines 720p 720 lines 480i 480 lines...
1080/60i This HD format is supported by DVCPRO HD, HDCAM, and HDV. This is a popular broadcast HD format. 1080/24p (over 60i) The 1080/24p format is commonly used for HD video masters of material shot on 35mm film. It is supported by HD-D5 and other high-end equipment. It is possible to record in this format, but it does not allow the use of speed effects because of its fixed frame rate.
1. Types and Differences of HD Video Formats 1-3 720 Progressive Scan HD Images with Higher Resolution than Interlaced 1080i Interlace Image Progressive Image Many TV broadcasteres use the interlaced system, which divides each image into alternating odd and even horizontal scan lines. For example, in 1080/60i, each field displays 540 lines, or half of the total number of its 1,080 lines, every 1/60th of a second.
Interlace Freeze Frame image Progressive Freeze Frame Image The picture on the left is an interlace The progressive capture does an excellent freeze frame, and because it's interlace it job of conveying information about the doesn’t have a lot of detail that is design and make up of the ball.
1. Types and Differences of HD Video Formats 1-4 24p HD and a Cine-Like Gamma Curve Meet Film Production Needs 24 frame/s Movie Film Video The film cameras used in making movies have a longer history than TV broadcasting cameras, and capture 24 frames per second onto silver halide film.
Another distinctive point in film SD NORM cameras is the image texture that results from the rich tonal gradation of their wide dynamic range. Panasonic has HD NORM now achieved this same level of gradation in HD video with our original CINE-LIKE_D cine-like gamma curve.
2. Advantages of DVCPRO HD 2-1 DVCPRO HD and the DVCPRO Family: A Proven Track Record in Broadcasting DVCPRO HD — Developed for High End HD Production A key advantage of the AG-HVX200 is that it uses DVCPRO HD (DVCPRO 50/DVCPRO/DV).
In 2003, Panasonic began developing the DVCPRO P2 series. While upgrading the recording media from tape to the solid-state P2 memory card, Panasonic insisted on using the same DVCPRO/DVCPRO 50 codecs. Now, with the new AG-HVX200, Panasonic introduces a P2 camera-recorder that offers a multi-codec capability, allowing you to select from DVCPRO HD, DVCPRO 50, DVCPRO and DV as the recording format.
2. Advantages of DVCPRO HD 2-2 DVCPRO's Intraframe Compression System: Designed to Retain All Image Information All DVCPRO equipment uses intraframe compression. Data is produced and compressed independently for each frame, even in the case of DVCPRO HD and the huge amount of data it captures. This helps maintain superior pictures, sound and reliability not only in nonlinear editing, but also in tape editing using VTRs.
DVCPRO, DVCPRO 50, DVCPRO HD Motion Image Recording Image 0110010 0110010 0110010 0110010 0110010 0110010 1001100 1001100 1001100 1001100 1001100 1001100 Data 1011001 1011001 1011001 1011001 1011001 1011001 01010 01010 01010 01010 01010 01010 Intra-Frame Compression DVCPRO family: The data from each frame is compressed independently, so each frame can be reproduced singularly.
2. Advantages of DVCPRO HD 2-3 DVCPRO HD's 4:2:2 Sampling Rate Is Most Beneficial for Professional Video Production 4:2:2 only • DVCPRO HD • DVCPRO 50 only Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 DVCPRO HD and DVCPRO 50 convert video signals to digital component signals at a 4:2:2 sampling (digitizing) ratio before recording.
offers higher color resolution, it 4:1:1 minimizes jaggies at chroma only • DVCPRO (NTSC/PAL) edges - and thus is suitable for • DV (NTSC) only • DVCAM (NTSC) image composition. Line 1 DVCPRO, DV (NTSC), and DVCAM (NTSC) use a 4:1:1 Line 2 sampling rate.
2. Advantages of DVCPRO HD 2-4 Differences in Audio Recording DVCPRO HD format supports professional-level audio specifications with up to eight channels of uncompressed 48-kHz, 16-bit digital sound. AG-HVX200 itself can record up to four channels of audio. In HDV, audio recorded in MP2 format is compressed to 384 kilobits per second. Comparison between HDV and DVCPRO HD in Audio Recording DVCPRO HD Compressed...
Many of the truly innovative functions of the AG-HVX200 are made possible by P2 card recording. The P2 card is a flash memory card developed by Panasonic as a professional AV media. Anyone who has used a digital still camera understands the advantages and convenience of file-based recording onto a memory card.
Super-Compact, Large Capacity and High Speed P2, which stands for Professional Plug-in, is a compact solid-state memory card designed for professional AV use. Basically, four SD Memory Cards are packaged together to create a single P2 card. When striped as a RAID 0 array, this gives the P2 four times the transfer speed and four times the capacity of a single SD Memory Card.
3. A Revolution in Recording with the P2 Card 3-2 The New P2 Card Workflow Panasonic has provided an SD (Standard Definition)- based news gathering system using the P2 card since 2003. Many of the world's broadcasting studios, which place top priority on speed and cost, have adopted the system and give it considerable and widespread praise.
Using the P2 Card in a Nonlinear Editor You can insert the P2 card directly into the PC card slot of a notebook PC, or connect the P2 drive to a desktop PC via USB. Recordings are mounted as MXF files, so the clips can be directly registered in your nonlinear editing application without the need to digitize them.
3. A Revolution in Recording with the P2 Card 3-3 P2 Card Recording Functions on the AG-HVX200 Dual Card Slots and Multi-Codec Recording The AG-HVX200 has two P2 card slots, so you can record continuously onto two cards at a time. Choose from a DVCPRO HD, DVCPRO 50, DVCPRO or DV codec, or mix formats on the same card.
Pre-rec While in standby mode, you can continuously store, and subsequently record, up to 7 seconds in DVCPRO or 3 seconds in DVCPRO HD of video and audio. In effect, this lets you record footage of events that occur even before you press the rec start button, giving you a way to "go back"...
3. A Revolution in Recording with the P2 Card 3-4 The P2 Workflow Following Acquisition IEEE1394 (A/V Stream) IEEE1394 USB2.0 (File Transfer) (A/V Stream, File Transfer) AG-HVX200 Windows PC AG-HVX200 Macintosh P2 card P2 card Capture on a Card, Then Link to Mac or Windows in PC Mode P2 offers a highly simple solution to video production, because it lets you shoot, preview, and edit using only the AG-HVX200 and a notebook PC.
DVCPRO HD DVCPRO HD VTR Workflow Tape AJ-HD1200A IEEE 1394 DVCPRO 50 (AVC) DVCPRO 50 VTR Workflow DVCPRO AJ-SD93 AG-HVX200 IEEE 1394 (AVC/SBP2) FOCUS FS-100 FOCUS FS-100 External Recording with IEEE 1394 Streaming The IEEE 1394 interface can be used to control an external device synched with the camera's Start/Stop operation, making it easy to create backup recordings.
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? 4-1 An Important Part of the VariCam's Creative Expressiveness Movie Film Camera Panasonic "VariCam" AJ-HDC27H AG-HVX200...
This is one of the reasons why many image creators prefer film cameras. Panasonic's revolutionary VariCam (AJ-HDC27F/H) HD camera changed all that. Using the 720p HD recording format, the VariCam achieved a rate of 60 fps. This allowed overcranking and undercranking based on the standard rate of 24 fps.
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? 4-2 Overcranking and Undercranking by Changing the Frame Rate Rec & Play 24 fps Standard recording speed for Movie Production (Playback at Same Speed) Overcranking 48 fps 2x Higher speed shooting Play 24 fps provide 1/2x slow-motion when standard playback Undercranking 12 fps...
When set to 720p mode*, the AG-HVX200 lets you change the frame rate from the standard 24p/30p to any of 11 steps from 12p to 60p. * In 1080 and 480 modes, the frame rate cannot be changed from the 24p/30p/60i setting. Standard Recording Speed (24 fps) for Movie Production When making movies that will be projected onto a screen, video is recorded at the standard (1x) frame rate of 24 fps, which is the same as the playback speed of...
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? 4-3 Slow-Motion and Fast-Motion Effects Slow-Motion Effect 2.5 times slower when set to 60fps in 24p mode, two times slower when set to 60fps in 30p mode Dramatic Effects for Decisive Moments in Sports Competition Slow-motion is most commonly used to give a dramatic effect to crucial moments in sports scenes.
Fast Motion 2 times faster when set to 12fps in 24p mode, 2.5 times faster when set to 12fps in 30p mode Adjusting the Speed to Show Actors in Fast Motion A fast-motion effect can be used to compensate for the slower movements of the actor wearing heavy costumes.
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? Special Techniques Undercranking to Increase the Gain When lighting is insufficient, the frame rate can be reduced to increase the gain while preserving image quality. A slower shutter speed produces an even more effective result. Undercranking with No FRC This technique uses undercranking for fast-motion recording.
Table of Frame Rate and Speed Effect Supported Frame Rate Speed Effect in 24p base Speed Effect in 30p base 12 fps 200% Quick 250% Quick 18 fps 133% Quick 167% Quick 20 fps 120% Quick 150% Quick 22 fps 109% Quick 136% Quick 24 fps...
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? 4-4 Native Mode (720/24pN and 720/30pN) for Special Effects Using only the Camera-Recorder Frame Rate DVCPRO HD Converter (FRC) Studio VTR VARICAM AG-HVX200 New Function: Native Mode(720/24pN and 720/30pN) The use of the P2 card as a recording media has led to the development of a new function, native mode, for recording images at the frame rate used by the camera.
In comparison, the AG-HVX200's native 24p mode (24pN) records only 24 fps onto a P2 card. This lets you preview the slow- or fast-motion effect of the variable frame rate function on-the-spot without having to use a frame rate converter. Copying Slow-/Fast-Motion Recordings onto DV Tape In addition to its P2 card slots, the AG-HVX200 is equipped with a mini DV tape drive.
4. What's a Variable Frame Rate? 4-5 720p (over 60p) Mode Provides Extra Convenience for VariCam and Other Systems USB2.0 P2 card P2 drive USB2.0 P2 card (recorded) P2 store P2 card (blank) AG-HVX200 IEEE 1394 (AVC) IEEE 1394 (AVC/SBP2) FOCUS FS-100 IEEE 1394 (AVC) AJ-HD1200A...
60i/24p conversion can be done with minimal image degradation, thus allowing you to maintain high image quality in production. * Applicable systems and formats, visit our Website : <https://eww.pavc.panasonic.co.jp/pro-av/>, "P2 Compatibility Table". • 24p Mode (2:3 pulldown)
5. Camera Functions and Operating Ease Inheriting the Popular DVX100 Series Design • Leica Dicomar lens with 13x optical zoom and optical image stabilizer • Eight gamma curves, including the cine-like gamma curve • Matrix table selection, including the cine-like mode •...
• Max. 1/12 sec slow/synchro/high-speed shutter (1/2000 sec.) • Three user buttons • 3-position white balance selector/auto-tracking white balance • Mode check: Easy camera status display • Two XLR audio input terminals with 48-volt phantom power supply • Large, bright 3.5-inch color LCD monitor •...
5. Camera Functions and Operating Ease • Analog Component Out for outputting 1080i/720p/480i (each 59.94 Hz) • Remote control of focus, iris, zoom, and rec start/stop • Large audio recording level controls • Large tiltable electronic viewfinder • Front and rear tally lamps •...
Six Scene Files (Factory Setting) F1: SCENE File suitable for normal shooting. F2: SCENE FLUO. File suitable for shooting under fluorescent lights, i.e. indoors. F3: SCENE SPARK File suitable for shooting with greater extremes of detail enhancement, color and contrast. F4: SCENE B-STR File for broadening the contrast of dark parts, such as when shooting sunsets.
6. Applications and Workflows 6-1 High-End Production of Movies and Commercials Mobility, Easy Operation and High Cost-Performance The mobility of the compact, lightweight AG-HVX200 rivals that of a DV camera for use in high-end production, such as in movies and TV commercials. It allows the kind of active shooting that is difficult with a conventional shoulder-type HD camera, and introduces an entirely new level of video expression.
Aerial shots from a radio-controlled helicopter A radio-controlled helicopter can be used to create low-budget aerial shots, and to capture scenes in places so narrow that only a toy helicopter can enter. More expansive images can be taken by using a wide-conversion lens (available soon from a third-party vendor).
6. Applications and Workflows Clay animation Use the one-shot recording function with the P2 card to take HD-quality clay animation shots. Interval recording HD images enable precise, accelerated views of slow- changing scenes, such as sunrises, cloud movement, or plant growth. Capturing decisive moments (using the pre-rec function) Using the pre-rec function with the P2 card, you can...
6-2 Video and Independent Movie Production High-Quality HD, Expressive VFR -- Versatile, Low-Cost Production The AG-HVX200 lets you produce the same level of slow- or fast-motion HD images in high resolution that were previously possible only with expensive, high-end video systems. And it does it at a cost closer to the level of DV production.
6. Applications and Workflows 16:9 native mode You can use the 16:9 aspect ratio for shooting in 480i, 720p, or 1080i format. The 16:9 native CCD in the AG-HVX200 ensures superb image quality in each. Low-budget HD nonlinear production Recording onto the P2 card and using the PC mode of the AG-HVX200 lets you perform HD editing with the simple connection of a compatible nonlinear system (available from Apple, Avid, and Canopus).
Shots Employing a Variety of Functions Multi-camera shots Simultaneous multi-angle shots can be taken with comparatively low cost. This is ideal, for example, for producing videos of live concerts or events. Clay animation Use the one-shot recording function with the P2 card to take clay animation shots.
6. Applications and Workflows 6-3 Events and Other Professional Video Work Adding high-end expression to DV production The Variable Frame Rate function of the AG-HVX200 can add dramatic, film-like, slow- motion effects to lower-budget event and wedding videos. Richer expression and cinematic quality can also be achieved by using other AG-HVX200 functions, such as multi-camera simultaneous recording.
Capture the bouquet toss with multi-cameras Using Initial Time Code Copy function, multi-camera shooting becomes easier, and you can have varieties of effective video images. And, the editing is easier using time code. For example, camera A can record bride from straight ahead, then zoom in to show her with the lucky girl who caught the bouquet.
6. Applications and Workflows 6-4 Image Production Workflow Together with Tape S H O O T I N G DVCPRO HD tape IEEE 1394 IEEE 1394 AJ-HD1200A (AVC) (AVC) VARICAM USB2.0 P2 card AJ-HDX400 P2 drive P2 card USB2.0 (recorded) P2 store P2 store AG-HVX200...
• Broadcast-quality DVCPRO HD acquisition • Various kinds of video effects (slow- and fast-motion, blur, etc.) • Reliable and quick operation with the P2 card • Support for the DVCPRO HD tape workflow E D I T I N G D I S T R I B U T I O N IEEE 1394 (AVC)
6. Applications and Workflows 6-5 File-Based Image Production Workflow S H O O T I N G IEEE 1394 IEEE 1394 (AVC) (AVC) AJ-HD1200A USB2.0 P2 card P2 drive P2 card (recorded) AG-HVX200 USB2.0 DVCPRO HD P2 card P2 store P2 store (blank) •...
• Broadcast-quality DVCPRO HD acquisition • Various kinds of video effects (slow- and fast-motion, blur, etc.) • Reliable and quick operation with the P2 card E D I T I N G D I S T R I B U T I O N HD Monitor Projector BT-LH1700W...
6. Applications and Workflows 6-6 DV-Based Image Production Workflow S H O O T I N G IEEE 1394 Mini-DV (AVC) DV VTR AG-HVX200 DV AG-DV2500 Convert DUB. P2 card Mini-DV VFR recorded DVCPRO HD) Record with a variable frame rate onto a P2 card, then dub it onto DV tape to achieve speed effects in your existing DV environment.
• Various kinds of video effects (slow- and fast-motion, soft focus, etc.) can be achieved in your existing DV production environment. • Record with a variable frame rate onto a P2 card, then dub it onto DV tape to achieve speed effects in your existing DV environment. E D I T I N G D I S T R I B U T I O N HD Monitor...
6. Applications and Workflows 6-7 News Workflow S H O O T I N G P2 drive P2 card (recorded) P2 store P2 store AG-HVX200 P2 card DVCPRO HD Field temporary back up (blank) • Speedy content • Transferring files for checking and selection quick, easy uploading with the thumbnail display...
• The P2 handheld camera is ideal for journalists • SD/HD multi-format recording • Versatile recording modes help to catch sudden shooting opportunities • Reliable and quick operation with the P2 card E D I T I N G N E T W O R K I N G Contents Aircive EtherNet Nonlinear Editors...
7. Terminology [P.1] Cam-driven zoom: This zoom system lets the operator directly control the zoom lens by manually operating the zoom ring. The zoom lens is controlled by a cam mechanism, from which the name is derived. Because there is no time lag during operation, as there is with electronic zoom systems, you get exactly the zoom effect you’re looking for.
Limited (JVC). HD-D5: A full-specification HD component digital format developed by Panasonic. It uses 10-bit sampling of the HD component signal, with a Y:Pb:Pr = 4:2:2 sampling rate. It is able to preserve high image quality by covering the entire HD signal frequency range.
7. Terminology preserving high image quality. With a data transfer speed of 25 Mbps, DVCPRO is a professional-level format that differs from the DV format in that its audio data is synchronized with the video data (locked audio). It is also sometimes called DVCPRO 25M to differentiate it from other DVCPRO formats.
separates the brightness signal (Y) and the color difference signals (R-Y, B-Y) from the three primary color signals (RGB). Sampling: A process of dividing a signal along the time axis when converting from analog to digital. Also called digitizing. SDI: Abbreviation for Serial Digital Interface.
7. Terminology Jaggy: Zigzag lines that are often produced at the edges of characters and figures in computer- graphic (CG) images such as composition images. Jaggies can be eliminated by anti- aliasing (a process for smoothing the edges of characters and figures). [P.16] 24pA (Advance) mode: A recording mode in which 24p video is converted to 60i.
signal is indicated in the counterclockwise direction based on the B-Y color difference signal as a reference (color burst is specified to have an angle of 180° from the B-Y axis). In a color bar, the phase becomes larger in the order of magenta, red, yellow, green, cyan and blue.
7. Specifications GENERAL Supply Voltage: DC7.2V / 7.9V, Battery or DC Input Power Consumption: 11.6W (when viewfinder is used, and recorded in HD format) 12.0W (when LCD monitor is used, and recorded in HD format) 14.0W (Max) Operating Temperature: 32°F to +104°F (0°C to +40°C) Operating Humidity: 10% to 85% (no condensation) Weight:...
Audio Recording Format: PCM digital recording 48 kHz /16 bits 4ch (DVCPRO HD / DVCPRO 50), 2ch/4ch selectable (DVCPRO / DV) Recording Time*: 8 minutes with one AJ-P2C008HG (DVCPRO HD, 1080/60i) (Approx.) 20 minutes with one AJ-P2C008HG (DVCPRO HD, 720/24pN) VTR part General Recording Format: DV (25Mbps only, 4:1:1, 5:1 compression)
PANASONIC BROADCAST & TELEVISION SYSTEMS COMPANY UNIT OF PANASONIC CORPORATION OF NORTH AMERICA www.panasonic.com/broadcast Executive Office: One Panasonic Way, 4E-7, Secaucus, NJ 07094 (201) 348-5300 EASTERN ZONE: One Panasonic Way 4E-7, Secaucus, NJ 07094 (including Southeast) (201) 348-7196 WESTERN ZONE: 3330 Cahuenga Blvd W., Los Angeles, CA 90068...