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Pentax K10D Operating Manual

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Table of Contents
SLR Digital Camera
Operating Manual
For optimum camera performance, please read
the Operating Manual before using the camera.

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  Summary of Contents for Pentax K10D

  • Page 1 SLR Digital Camera Operating Manual For optimum camera performance, please read the Operating Manual before using the camera.
  • Page 2 Copyright Act, and care should be taken here also. Regarding trademarks PENTAX and smc PENTAX are trademarks of PENTAX Corporation. SD logo and SDHC logo are trademarks. The DNG logo is either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
  • Page 3: For Using Your Camera Safely

    • If any irregularities occur during use, such as smoke or a strange odor, stop use immediately, remove the batteries or the AC adapter, and contact your nearest PENTAX service center. Continued use could cause a fire or electric shock.
  • Page 4: Precautions For Battery Usage

    Caution • Do not short the batteries or dispose of the batteries in fire. Do not disassemble the batteries. The batteries could explode or catch fire. • Remove the batteries from the camera immediately if they become hot or begin to smoke. Be careful not to burn yourself during removal. •...
  • Page 5: Care To Be Taken During Handling

    PENTAX Service Center. Continued use could cause a fire or electric shock. • If water should happen to get inside the product, consult a PENTAX Service Center. Continuing to use the product can cause a fire or electrical shock.
  • Page 6 Regarding Product Registration In order to better serve you, we request that you complete the product registration, which can be found on the CD-ROM supplied with the camera or on the PENTAX website. Thank you for your cooperation. Refer to the PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating...
  • Page 7 Memo...
  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Contents FOR USING YOUR CAMERA SAFELY ...1 ABOUT THE CAMERA...1 PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE ...2 PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY CHARGER USAGE ...2 Care to be Taken During Handling ...3 Contents ...6 Composition of the Operating Manual ...11 Before Using Your Camera q Camera Characteristics...
  • Page 9 Getting Started Attaching the Strap ... 42 Using the Battery ... 43 Charging the Battery...43 Inserting/Removing the Battery ...44 Battery Level Indicator ...46 Approximate Image Storage Capacity and Playback Time (Exclusive Battery Fully Charged) ...46 Using the AC Adapter (Optional) ...47 Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card ...
  • Page 10 Playing Back Still Pictures ... 85 Playing Back Images ...85 Rotating Images...87 Enlarging Playback Images ...88 Displaying Multiple Images ...89 Displaying a Folder ...91 Slideshow ...92 Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment... 94 Processing Images with Filters ... 95 Processing Images with Digital Filters ...95 Editing RAW Images...98 Deleting Images ...
  • Page 11 Setting the Exposure ... 138 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed...138 Setting the Sensitivity ...140 Selecting the Metering Method ...142 Changing the Exposure Mode ...144 Setting the Exposure ...161 Changing the Shooting Conditions Automatically when Shooting (Auto Bracket)...163 Shooting in Multi-exposure Mode ...166 Storing User Settings...167 Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus Before Shooting ...
  • Page 12 Appendix Default Settings... 204 Functions Available with Various Lens Combinations ... 208 Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] ... 210 Cleaning the CCD... 211 Removing Dust by Shaking the CCD...211 Removing Dust with a Blower...212 Optional Accessories ... 214 Error Messages ... 217 Troubleshooting...
  • Page 13: Composition Of The Operating Manual

    Composition of the Operating Manual This operating manual contains the following chapters. 1 Before Using Your Camera Explains camera characteristics, accessories and the names and functions of various parts. 2 Getting Started Explains your first steps from purchasing the camera to taking pictures. Be sure to read it and follow the instructions.
  • Page 14 Memo...
  • Page 15: Before Using Your Camera

    Before Using Your Camera Check the package contents and names and functions of working parts before use. q Camera Characteristics ...14 Checking the Contents of the Package ...16 Names and Functions of Working Parts ...17 Display Indicators ...22 Using the Menu ...29 Using the Fn Menu ...36 Using the Mode Dial ...38 When using menus and Fn menu, items which cannot be changed due...
  • Page 16: Camera Characteristics

    q Camera Characteristics • Features a 23.5×15.7 mm CCD with 10.20 million effective pixels for high precision and a wide dynamic range. • Features Shake Reduction (SR), a CCD shifting shake reduction system. This enables you to capture sharp pictures with minimal camera shake regardless of the lens type.
  • Page 17 The captured area (view angle) will differ between the q and 35 mm SLR cameras even if the same lens is used because the format size for 35 mm film and CCD are different. Sizes for 35 mm film and CCD 35 mm film q CCD : 23.5×15.7 mm Angles of view being equal, the focal length of a lens used with a 35 mm camera...
  • Page 18: Checking The Contents Of The Package

    Body mount cover USB cable Video cable (Installed on camera) I-USB17 I-VC28 Software (CD-ROM) Strap Rechargeable lithium-ion S-SW55 O-ST53 D-LI50 battery Battery charger AC plug cord Operating Manual D-BC50 D-CO2 (this manual) PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/ PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual...
  • Page 19: Names And Functions Of Working Parts

    Names and Functions of Working Parts Camera Self-Timer lamp/ Remote control receiver Card cover Lens mount index Lens unlock button Built-in flash Cable switch terminal USB/Video terminal DC input terminal Terminal cover Tripod socket Battery grip connector terminal cover Hot shoe Mirror Strap lug AF coupler...
  • Page 20: Capture Mode

    Capture Mode Functions of buttons used during shooting are noted. 1 Green button Resets exposure settings (p.148) and automatically adjusts the appropriate exposure in a (Hyper- manual) mode. (p.158) 2 Shutter release button Press to capture images. (p.65) 3 Main switch Move to turn the power on/off (p.52) or to preview (p.170).
  • Page 21: Mode Dial

    6 Focus mode lever Switches between autofocus mode (k, l) (p.130) and manual focus mode (p.136). 7 | button Saves JPEG and RAW file. (p.122) 8 K button Press to pop up the built-in flash. (p.71) 9 Mode dial Changes the Exposure mode. (p.38) 0 Metering mode lever Changes the Metering mode.
  • Page 22: Playback Mode

    Playback Mode Functions of buttons used during playback are noted.
  • Page 23: Shutter Release Button

    1 Green button Press in Enlarged view to increase the magnification. (p.88) 2 Shutter release button Press halfway to switch to Capture mode. 3 Main switch Move to turn the camera on and off. (p.52) Set to the | position to switch to Capture mode and preview.
  • Page 24: Display Indicators

    Display Indicators LCD Monitor The following indicators appear on the LCD monitor depending on the status of the camera. At Start-up or when Operating the Mode Dial Guides appear on the LCD monitor for 3 seconds when the camera is switched on or the mode dial is turned.
  • Page 25 Capture Mode Press the M button in Capture mode to display the capture function settings on the LCD monitor for 15 seconds. Detailed Information USER USER USER 1 / 2 0 0 0 1 / 2 0 0 0 1 / 2 0 0 0 + 1 .
  • Page 26 Playback Mode Every time you press the M button during playback, the camera switches screen displays in the following order: Standard display, Histogram display, Detailed information display and No information display (image only). You can change the information initially displayed by pressing the Q button. Detailed Information 1 / 2 0 0 0 1 / 2 0 0 0...
  • Page 27: Histogram Display

    Histogram Display The q features two histogram displays. The “Brightness histogram” shows the distribution of brightness and the “RGB histogram” shows the distribution of color intensity. Press the four-way controller (23) to switch between “Brightness histogram” and “RGB histogram”. 100-0001 100-0001 100-0001 Brightness histogram...
  • Page 28: Viewfinder

    Viewfinder AF frame (p.60) Spot metering frame (p.142) AF point (p.132) Shake Reduction (p.67) Appears during Shake Reduction. Flash status (p.71) Appears when flash is available and blinks when flash is recommended but not set or is being charged. Shutter speed (p.150) Shutter speed when capturing or adjusting (underlined when shutter speed can be adjusted with the front e-dial).
  • Page 29 EV compensation (p.161) Appears when EV compensation is available or in use. Flash exposure compensation Appears when Flash exposure compensation is in use. AE lock indicator (p.162) Appears during AE lock. ISO warning (p.141) Appears when warning value is reached or exceeded. Number of recordable images/EV compensation/Confirm sensitivity Show the number of recordable images with current file format (p.122), JPEG recorded pixels (p.118) and JPEG quality (p.119).
  • Page 30: Lcd Panel

    LCD Panel The following information appears in the LCD panel on top of the camera. Shutter speed (p.150) Aperture (p.152) Flash mode (p.71) : Built-in flash is ready (when blinking, flash should be used or incompatible lens is being used) : Red-eye reduction flash on >...
  • Page 31: Using The Menu

    Using the Menu How to Operate the Menu This section explains operation methods for [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu, [R Set-up] menu and [A Custom Setting] menu. Displaying the Menu screen Press the 3 button in Capture mode. The [A Rec.
  • Page 32 Selecting and Setting a Menu Item Procedure to set the [JPEG Quality] on the [A Rec. Mode] menu is explained as an example. Use the four-way controller (23) to choose an item. Turn the front e-dial to navigate the menu a page at a time. Press the four-way controller (5).
  • Page 33: [A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items

    [A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items Perform settings related to capturing in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. Item Sets the Exposure mode. Exposure mode *Appears only when the mode dial is set to A. Sets the recording size of images for JPEG JPEG Rec.
  • Page 34: [R Set-Up] Menu Setting Items

    Select battery Dust Removal Sensor Cleaning Reset * Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC. Function Sets whether to display Bright/Dark area warning and histogram during Digital Preview.
  • Page 35: [A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items

    [A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items Set custom functions to fully use the functions of a SLR camera with the Custom Function Menu. The default setting does not use Custom Function. The [A Custom Setting] menu settings are activated when [Setting], the first item, is O (on).
  • Page 36 Item AF in remote control Noise Reduction Color Space Color temp. steps e-dial in Program e-dial in K mode e-dial in b mode e-dial in c mode Green Btn in Manual One-touch RAW + JPEG Illuminate LCD panel Sets whether to illuminate the LCD panel. Release when Chrging Preview Method...
  • Page 37 Item Sets to automatically rotate images when playing Auto Image Rotation back. Sets whether to save rotation information when Saving rotation info shooting. Sets to enable shutter release when lens Using aperture ring aperture ring is set at other than s. Reset Custom Resets all the settings in the Custom Function Fnction...
  • Page 38: Using The Fn Menu

    Using the Fn Menu Capture Mode Press the { button during playback. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (2345) to set the operation. Four-way controller Drive Mode Flash Mode White Balance Sensitivity Item Selects Continuous shooting, Self-timer or Remote control. Adjusts the method of flash discharge.
  • Page 39: Playback Mode

    Playback Mode Press the { button during playback. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (2345) to set the operation. Four-way Item controller DPOF Settings Digital Filter Slideshow RAW Display • RAW Display (3) cannot be selected when displaying a JPEG image. •...
  • Page 40: Using The Mode Dial

    Using the Mode Dial You can switch the Exposure mode by setting the icons on the mode dial to the dial indicator. Item A (USER) B (Green) e (Hyper-program) K (Sensitivity Priority) b (Shutter Priority) c (Aperture Priority) Dial indicator Function Lets you capture images with settings that you set.
  • Page 41 Item Automatically sets the sensitivity so that L (Shutter & shutter speed and aperture give the proper Aperture Priority) exposure according to the brightness of the subject. Lets you set shutter speed and aperture to a (Hyper-manual) capture the picture with creative intent. Lets you capture images that require slow p (Bulb) shutter speeds such as fireworks and night...
  • Page 42 Memo...
  • Page 43: Getting Started

    Getting Started This chapter explains your first steps from purchasing the camera to taking pictures. Be sure to read it and follow the instructions. Attaching the Strap ...42 Using the Battery ...43 Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card ...48 Turning the Camera On and Off ...52 Initial Settings ...53 Attaching the Lens ...58 Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter ...60...
  • Page 44: Attaching The Strap

    Attaching the Strap Pass the end of the strap through the strap lug, then secure it on the inside of the clasp. Pass the other end of the strap through the other strap lug on the camera, then secure it on the inside of the clasp.
  • Page 45: Using The Battery

    Using the Battery Insert the battery into the camera. Use only a D-LI50 battery. Charging the Battery Battery D-LI50 Indicator lamp When using the battery for the first time, or when the battery has not been used in a long time, or when [Battery depleted] appears, recharge the battery.
  • Page 46: Inserting/Removing The Battery

    • Do not use the provided battery charger to charge batteries other than rechargeable lithium-ion battery D-LI50. Charging other batteries may cause damage or heating. • If the battery is correctly oriented and inserted into the battery charger but the indicator lamp is not lit, the battery is faulty.
  • Page 47 Face the 2 mark on the battery towards the LCD monitor, push the battery lock lever in the direction of the arrow (1) and insert the battery. Insert until the battery locks. To remove the battery, push the battery lock lever in the direction of the arrow (1) with your hand.
  • Page 48: Battery Level Indicator

    D-LI50 The picture storage capacity (flash use 50%) is based on measuring conditions in accordance with CIPA standards and the others are based on PENTAX measuring conditions. Some deviation from the above figures may occur in actual use depending on shooting mode and shooting conditions.
  • Page 49: Using The Ac Adapter (Optional)

    Using the AC Adapter (Optional) We recommend using the AC adapter D-AC50 (optional) when using the LCD monitor for a long time or when connecting to your PC. Make sure the camera is turned off before opening the terminal cover. Connect the DC terminal on the AC adapter to the DC input terminal on the camera.
  • Page 50: Inserting/Removing The Sd Memory Card

    Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card Captured images are recorded on the SD Memory Card. Make sure the camera is turned off before inserting or removing the SD Memory Card (market product). • Do not remove the SD Memory Card while card access lamp is lit. •...
  • Page 51 • Avoid using or storing the card in direct sunlight or where it may be exposed to rapid changes in temperature or to condensation. • For information on compatible SD Memory Card, visit the PENTAX website or contact your nearest PENTAX customer service center.
  • Page 52: Recorded Pixels And Quality Level

    Recorded Pixels and Quality Level When File Format is JPEG Choose the number of pixels (size) and quality level (JPEG data compression rate) of pictures according to how you intend to use the pictures you have taken. Pictures with larger recorded pixels or more Es are clearer when printed. The number of pictures that can be taken (the number of pictures that can be recorded on an SD Memory Card) decreases less with larger file sizes.
  • Page 53 With q, you can record in the versatile JPEG format or the high quality and editable RAW format. For RAW file format, you can select the PENTAX original PEF format or general-purpose DNG (Digital Negative) format designed by Adobe Systems. On a 512 MB SD Memory Card, you can record up to 29 images in PEF format or DNG format.
  • Page 54: Turning The Camera On And Off

    Turning the Camera On and Off Move the main switch to [ON] position. The camera will turn on. Move the main switch to [OFF] position to turn off the camera. • Always turn the camera off when not in use. •...
  • Page 55: Initial Settings

    Initial Settings The first time the camera is turned on after purchasing, the [Language/ ] screen appears on the LCD monitor. Follow the procedure below to set the language displayed on the LCD monitor and the current date and time. Once setting is done, these will not need to be set again when turning your camera on.
  • Page 56 Press the four-way controller (3). The cursor moves to DST (daylight saving time). Use the four-way controller (45) to select (Off). Press the 4 button. The screen for setting the date and time will be displayed. (On) or P...
  • Page 57 When an Incorrect Language is Set If You Have Not Yet Proceeded to the Screen to Set Date and Time If you mistakenly select a language in the [Language/ perform the following operations to show the [Initial Setting] screen in that language if you have not yet proceeded to the screen to set the date and time.
  • Page 58: Setting The Date And Time

    Setting the Date and Time Set the current date and time and the display style. Press the four-way controller (5). The frame moves to [mm/dd/yy]. Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the date style. Press the four-way controller (5). The frame moves to [24h].
  • Page 59 Press the four-way controller (5). The frame moves to the month. Use the four-way controller (23) to set the month. Set the day and year in the same manner. Next, set the time. If you select [12h] in Step 4, the setting switches between am and pm depending on the time.
  • Page 60: Attaching The Lens

    Attaching the Lens All camera exposure modes are available when using DA, D FA, FA J or other lenses with Aperture s (Auto) position. Some functions are restricted when lenses are not set to Aperture s (Auto). Also see “Notes on [Using Aperture Ring]”...
  • Page 61 Remove the front lens cap by pushing the indicated portions inward. To detach the lens, hold down the lens unlock button ( ) and turn the lens counterclockwise. • The body mount cover (1) is a cover to prevent scratches and block dust when shipped.
  • Page 62: Adjusting The Viewfinder Diopter

    Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter Adjust the viewfinder to suit your eyesight. If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly, slide the diopter adjustment lever sideways. You can adjust the diopter from –2.5m Look through the viewfinder and point the camera at a white wall or other bright and consistent surface.
  • Page 63: Basic Operations

    Basic Operations This chapter explains basic operations for shooting by setting mode dial to Green mode (automatic exposure according to the Normal program line) to ensure successful capturing. For information about advanced functions and settings for taking pictures, refer to chapter 4 and onward. Basic Shooting Operation ...62 Taking Pictures Using the Shake Reduction Function ...67...
  • Page 64: Basic Shooting Operation

    Basic Shooting Operation Holding the Camera How you hold the camera is important when taking pictures. • Hold the camera firmly with both hands. • Press the shutter release button gently when taking a picture. Horizontal position • To reduce camera shake, support your body or the camera on a solid object such as a table, tree, or wall.
  • Page 65: Letting The Camera Choose The Optimal Settings

    Letting the Camera Choose the Optimal Settings The q features various Capture modes, Focus modes, and Drive modes suited for your intentions. This section explains how to take pictures by simply pressing the shutter release button. Set the mode dial to B. The Exposure mode changes to B (Green) mode.
  • Page 66 Look through the viewfinder to view the subject. A zoom lens can be used to change the size of the subject in the viewfinder. 1 Using a Zoom Lens (p.70) Position the subject inside the AF frame and press the shutter release button halfway.
  • Page 67: The Lcd Monitor

    Review the captured image on the LCD monitor. Image appears for 1 second on the LCD monitor after capturing (Instant Review). You can magnify the image during Instant Review with the rear e-dial. (p.89) You can delete the image during Instant Review by pressing the i button.
  • Page 68: Subjects That Are Difficult To Focus On

    Subjects that are Difficult to Focus on The autofocus mechanism is not perfect. Focusing may be difficult when taking pictures under the following conditions ((a) to (f) below). These also apply to manual focusing using the focus indicator ] in the viewfinder. If the subject cannot be focused automatically, set the focus mode lever to \ and use the manual focus mode to focus on the subject with the aid of the matte field in the viewfinder.
  • Page 69: Taking Pictures Using The Shake Reduction Function

    Taking Pictures Using the Shake Reduction Function You can easily take sharp pictures using the Shake Reduction function by simply turning on the Shake Reduction switch. Shake Reduction The Shake Reduction function reduces camera shake that occurs when the shutter release button is pressed. This is useful for taking pictures in situations where camera shake is likely to occur.
  • Page 70: Turning On The Shake Reduction Function

    The camera is ready to take pictures when k appears in the viewfinder. • Shake Reduction is available with any q compatible PENTAX lens. However, when the aperture ring is set at other than s (Auto) or a lens without an s (Auto) position is used, camera does not operate unless [Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (see p.35;...
  • Page 71: Setting The Shake Reduction Function

    Setting the Shake Reduction Function The [Shake Reduction] setting menu appears when the camera is turned on with the Shake Reduction switch on and a type of lens that does not support automatic acquisition of lens information such as focal length (p.67) is mounted.
  • Page 72: Using A Zoom Lens

    Using a Zoom Lens Enlarge the subject (telephoto) or capture a wider area (wide angle) with a zoom lens. Adjust it to the desired size and take the picture. Turn the zoom ring to the right or left. Turn the zoom ring clockwise for telephoto and counterclockwise for wide angle.
  • Page 73: Using The Built-In Flash

    Using the Built-in Flash If you wish to discharge the flash in a dark or backlit location, press the K button to pop up the flash. Select a flash mode to suit your purpose from the Flash options screen in the Fn menu. You can adjust the flash output with the rear e-dial in any Exposure mode other than Green mode.
  • Page 74: Selecting Flash Mode

    Selecting Flash Mode Press the { button. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (3). The Flash options screen appears. • When the mode dial is set to B, C and D can be selected, when set to b, L, a or p, E, F and I can be selected, and when set to M, E and F can be selected.
  • Page 75 Using Built-in Flash Press the K button. The built-in flash pops up and begins charging. When the flash is fully charged, E appears in the LCD panel and viewfinder. (p.23, p.26, p.28) Press the shutter release button halfway. The focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused. Press the shutter release button fully.
  • Page 76 Using Red-eye Reduction Flash “Red-eye” is the phenomenon where eyes look reddish in photographs taken in dark environments with a flash. This is caused by the reflection of the electronic flash in the retina of the eye. Red-eye occurs because pupils are dilated in dark environments.
  • Page 77: Other Shooting Modes

    Other Shooting Modes Continuous Shooting Pictures can be taken continuously while the shutter release button is held down. Press the { button. The Fn menu appears. AUTO AUTO AUTO Exit Exit Exit...
  • Page 78 Press the four-way controller (2). The Drive Mode options screen appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to select j. Press the 4 button. The camera returns to the Fn menu screen. Press the 4 button. The camera is ready to take pictures. Press the shutter release button halfway.
  • Page 79: Self-Timer Shooting

    Set [Rcd img no. (cont.)] in [Recordable Image No.] of the [A Custom Setting] menu. The number of continuously recordable images (buffer space) appears when shutter is pressed halfway. (p.34) Press the shutter release button fully. Pictures are taken continuously while the shutter release button is fully pressed.
  • Page 80 Press the { button. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (2). The Drive Mode options screen appears. AUTO AUTO AUTO Exit Exit Exit Drive Mode Drive Mode Drive Mode Single frame shooting Single frame shooting Single frame shooting...
  • Page 81 Use the four-way controller (45) to select g or Z. Press the 4 button. The camera returns to the Fn menu screen. Press the 4 button. The camera is ready to take pictures. Confirm in the viewfinder that the subject you wish to shoot is in the display and press the shutter release button halfway.
  • Page 82 Press the shutter release button fully. For g, the front and back self-timer lamps start blinking slowly and blink rapidly 2 seconds before the shutter is released. The beep is heard and the rate increases. The shutter will be released about 12 seconds after the shutter release button is pressed fully.
  • Page 83: Remote Control Shooting (Remote Control F: Sold Separately)

    Remote Control Shooting (Remote Control F: Sold Separately) The shutter can be released with the optional remote control unit. You can select from h (remote control) and i (3 sec. delayed release) for remote control shooting. The shutter will be released immediately after the shutter release button on the remote control unit is pressed.
  • Page 84 Press the four-way controller (2). The Drive Mode options screen appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to select h or i. The self-timer lamp will blink to let you know that the camera is in remote control wait status. Press the 4 button. The camera returns to the Fn menu screen.
  • Page 85: Remote Control

    5 minutes. • The remote control unit battery can send a remote control signal about 30,000 times. Contact PENTAX service center to replace the battery (this will involve a fee). Attaching the ME Viewfinder cap...
  • Page 86: Using Mirror Up Function To Prevent Camera Shake

    Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent Camera Shake Use the Mirror Up function if camera shake is evident even when cable switch (optional) or remote control unit (optional) is used. When shooting with the 2 sec. Self-Timer, the mirror pops up and the shutter is released 2 seconds after you press it, thereby avoiding the vibration of the mirror.
  • Page 87: Playing Back Still Pictures

    Playing Back Images You can play back captured still pictures with the camera. Use the included “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3” software to play back using a PC. Refer to the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” for details.
  • Page 88: Using The Histogram

    Press the four-way controller (45). 4 : The previous image appears. 5 : The next image appears. Using the Histogram A histogram shows the brightness distribution of an image. The horizontal axis represents brightness (dark at the left and bright at the right) and the vertical axis represents the number of pixels.
  • Page 89: Rotating Images

    Understanding Contrast The graph peaks gradually for images in which contrast is balanced. The graph peaks on both sides but sinks in the middle for images with a large difference in contrast and low amounts of mid-level brightness. Understanding Color Balance Distribution of color intensity is displayed for each color in the RGB histogram.
  • Page 90: Enlarging Playback Images

    Press the 4 button. Image rotation information is saved. You cannot rotate the image if [Auto Image Rotation] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to Off. Enlarging Playback Images Images can be magnified up to 20 times in playback mode. Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45) to select an image.
  • Page 91: Displaying Multiple Images

    Turn the rear e-dial to the right (toward y). Image enlarges at each calibration (1.2 times* to 20 times). Operations available during Enlarged view Four-way controller (2345) Moves area to enlarge Rear e-dial (toward right)/ Green button Rear e-dial (toward left)/ m button 4 button M button...
  • Page 92 The default setting is 9-image display. The number of images can be changed but 9-image display is explained here. Press the Q button. The most recently captured image (image with the largest file number) is displayed on the LCD monitor. Turn the rear e-dial to the left (toward f).
  • Page 93: Displaying A Folder

    Selecting the Number of Images to Display In the multi-image display screen, press the { button. The multi-image options screen appears. Use the four-way controller (425) to select the number of images to display at once. 4 images 9 images 16 images The camera returns to the multi-image display screen.
  • Page 94: Slideshow

    Slideshow You can play back all images recorded on your SD Memory Card successively. To start continuous playback, use the menu screen displayed on the LCD monitor. Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45) to select an image to be displayed first.
  • Page 95 Press the four-way controller (5). Start screen is displayed and slideshow begins. Operations available during a slideshow 4 button Four-way controller (4) Four-way controller (5) Four-way controller (3) Operations available when paused 4 button Four-way controller (4) Four-way controller (5) Four-way controller (3) Stop the slideshow.
  • Page 96: Connecting The Camera To Av Equipment

    Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment By using the video cable, you can play back images using a TV or other device with a video IN jack as your monitor. Make sure that both the TV and the camera are turned off before connecting the cable. 1 Selecting the Video Output Format (p.195) Open the terminal cover and connect the video cable to the USB/Video terminal.
  • Page 97: Processing Images With Filters

    Processing Images with Filters Processing Images with Digital Filters You can edit shot images using digital filters. Processed images are saved under a different name. • RAW images cannot be processed using the digital filter. • Additionally, set digital filters from the [Q Playback] menu. Press the { button in Playback mode.
  • Page 98 Press the four-way controller (4). The screen for selecting the filter appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to select an image. Use the four-way controller (23) to select a filter. Select a filter and preview the effects on the image. Adjust with the front e-dial and rear e-dial.
  • Page 99 Filter name Converts to a black and white image. Changes the contrast to B&W appear as if a B&W color filter was used. Adds a vintage touch to photos by converting them to sepia color. Sepia Selects from three levels of density.
  • Page 100: Editing Raw Images

    Editing RAW Images You can convert captured RAW files into JPEG files. Press the { button in Playback mode. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (3). Press the 4 button. The parameters recorded in the image file appear. Proceed to Step 7 if you do not want to change the current parameters.
  • Page 101 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the parameter you want to change. The following parameters can be changed. Recorded Pixels J (3872×2592), P (3008×2000), i (1824×1216) Quality Level C (Best), D (Better), E (Good) F (Auto), G (Daylight), H (Shade), ^ (Cloudy), JN (Daylight white fluorescent lights), JW (White light White Balance fluorescent lights), JD (Daylight colors fluorescent...
  • Page 102: Deleting Images

    Deleting Images Deleting a Single Image You can delete one image at a time. • Deleted images cannot be restored. • Protected images cannot be deleted. Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45) to select an image to delete. Press the i button.
  • Page 103: Deleting All Images

    Press the 4 button. The image is deleted. Deleting All Images You can delete all saved images at once. • Deleted images cannot be restored. • Protected images cannot be deleted. Press the Q button. Press the i button twice. The Delete All screen appears.
  • Page 104: Deleting Selected Images (From Multi-Image Display)

    Deleting Selected Images (from Multi-image Display) You can delete multiple images from the multi-image display at once. • Deleted images cannot be restored. • Protected images cannot be deleted. • Only files in the same folder can be selected at once. Press the Q button.
  • Page 105 Press the i button. 9 appears on the images. Use the four-way controller (2345) to move to the images to delete and press the 4 button. Image is selected and O appears. Press the { button to select all images (the selection of images may take time to complete depending on the number of images).
  • Page 106: Protecting Images From Deletion (Protect)

    Protecting Images from Deletion (Protect) You can protect images from being accidentally deleted. Even protected images are deleted if the SD Memory Card is formatted. Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (45) to select an image. The most recently captured image (image with the largest file number) is displayed first on the LCD monitor.
  • Page 107: Protecting All Images

    Protecting All Images Press the Q button. Press the Z button twice. The Protect all images screen appears. Press the four-way controller (2) to select [Protect] and press the 4 button. All images saved in the SD Memory Card are protected. Select [Unprotect] in Step 3 to cancel the Protect setting on all of the images.
  • Page 108: Setting The Printing Service (Dpof)

    Setting the Printing Service (DPOF) You can order conventional photograph prints by taking the SD Memory Card with recorded images to a store for a printing service. DPOF (Digital Print Order Format) settings allow you to specify the number of copies or to imprint the date. DPOF settings cannot be applied to RAW images.
  • Page 109: Settings For All Images

    Use the four-way controller (45) to choose the number of copies and press the four-way controller (3). The frame moves to [Date]. Use the four-way controller (45) to choose whether to insert the date (O) or not (P). O : The date will be imprinted. P : The date will not be imprinted.
  • Page 110 Press the four-way controller (2). The DPOF screen appears. Press the { button. The screen for making DPOF settings for all images appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to choose the number of copies and whether to insert the date (O) or not (P). Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing Single Images”...
  • Page 111: Printing Using Pictbridge

    • RAW images cannot be printed directly from the camera. Use [RAW display] (p.98) to convert to a JPEG image or transfer to a PC and use PHOTO Browser 3 to print RAW images. • See the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” when connecting to a PC.
  • Page 112: Setting [Transfer Mode]

    Setting [Transfer Mode] Press the 3 button. The [A Rec. Mode] menu appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to select the [R Set-up] menu. Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Transfer Mode]. Press the four-way controller (5). A pop-up menu appears. Set-up USER Format...
  • Page 113: Connecting The Camera To The Printer

    Use the four-way controller (23) to select [PictBridge]. Press the 4 button. The setting is changed. Press the 3 button. Connecting the Camera to the Printer Turn the camera off. Connect the camera and PictBridge compatible printer using the USB cable supplied with the camera. The PictBridge logo is displayed on PictBridge compatible printers.
  • Page 114: Printing Single Images

    Turn the printer on. After printer start-up is complete, turn the camera on. The PictBridge menu appears. PictBridge menu is not displayed if [Transfer Mode] is set to [PC] or [PC-F]. Printing Single Images Use the four-way controller (23) to select [Print One] on the PictBridge menu.
  • Page 115 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose the number of copies. You can print up to 99 copies. Use the { button to choose whether to insert the date (O) or not (P). O : The date will be printed. P : The date will not be printed.
  • Page 116: Printing All Images

    Press the 4 button. Repeat Steps 8 to 10 to set [Paper Type], [Quality] and [Border Status]. The print settings change screen appears after each item has been set. When [Std.] is selected for these print settings, images are printed according to the printer settings.
  • Page 117 Choose the number of copies and whether to imprint the date or not. The number of copies and the date setting that you choose apply to all of the images. Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing Single Images” (p.113) for details on how to make the settings.
  • Page 118: Printing Images Using The Dpof Settings

    Printing Images Using the DPOF Settings Use the four-way controller (23) to select [DPOF AUTOPRINT] on the PictBridge menu. Press the 4 button. The Print w/DPOF settings screen appears. Use the four-way controller (45) to check the number of copies for each image, whether the date is imprinted or not, and total number of copies.
  • Page 119: Function Reference

    Function Reference Introduces functions to further enhance your q experience. Setting the File Format ...118 Focusing ...130 Setting the Exposure ...138 Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus Before Shooting ...169 Using the Built-in Flash ...172 Settings During Playback ...186 Camera Settings ...188 Resetting to Default Settings ...201...
  • Page 120: Setting The File Format

    Setting the File Format Setting the JPEG Recorded Pixels You can select the number of recorded pixels from J, P and i. The more pixels there are, the larger the picture and the bigger the file size. The file size will also differ according to the [JPEG Quality] setting. The default setting is J 3872×2592.
  • Page 121: Setting The Jpeg Quality Level

    Setting the JPEG Quality Level You can set the image quality level. The file size will also differ according to the [JPEG Rec. Pixels] setting. The default setting is C (Best). Best Images will be clearer but file size will be larger. Better Good Images will be grainier but file size will be smaller.
  • Page 122: Setting The Image Tone

    Setting the Image Tone Set the basic color tone of pictures. The default setting is G (Natural). Natural Bright Set in [Image Tone] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.29) Rec. Mode JPEG Rec. Pixels JPEG Quality Image Tone Saturation Sharpness Contrast Cancel...
  • Page 123: Setting The Saturation/Sharpness/Contrast

    Setting the Saturation/Sharpness/Contrast Select from five levels of Saturation, Sharpness and Contrast. The default setting is [0 (Standard)] for all. Saturation Sets the color saturation. Sharpness Makes the image outlines sharp or soft. Contrast Sets the image contrast. Set [Saturation], [Sharpness] and [Contrast] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.29) Rec.
  • Page 124: Setting The File Format

    Effects such as White Balance, Contrast, Saturation and Sharpness are not applied to the image but such information is saved. Use Raw Display (p.98) or transfer to a PC, apply effects with the enclosed PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 and create JPEG and TIFF images.
  • Page 125: Setting The White Balance

    Setting the White Balance White balance is a function for adjusting the color of an image so that white objects appear white. Set the white balance if you are not satisfied with the color balance of pictures taken with white balance set to F (Auto), or to intentionally apply a creative effect to your images.
  • Page 126 Press the four-way controller (23) and set. Set the main switch to | to display Digital Preview with the set White Balance. Fine-tuning White Balance is easier with Digital Preview. Press the 4 button twice. The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance. •...
  • Page 127: Adjusting The White Balance Manually

    Press the 4 button. The camera returns to the White Balance screen. Press the 4 button twice. The camera is ready to take a picture with the set White Balance. Set [Fine tune when AWB] in [A Custom Setting] to [Enabled] when fine-tuning in AWB.
  • Page 128 Under the light to adjust the white balance, fully display a white sheet of paper in the viewfinder or select a white area as the subject. Press the shutter release button fully. Slide the focus mode lever to \ when the shutter cannot be released. The screen to select the measuring range is displayed.
  • Page 129: Adjusting The White Balance With Color Temperature

    Adjusting the White Balance with Color Temperature Use figures to set the color temperature. Press the Fn button. The Fn menu appears. Press the four-way controller (4). The White Balance screen appears. Use the four-way controller (3) to select Color temperature (the default setting is 5000K).
  • Page 130: Color Temperature

    Adjust the Color Temperature with the front and rear e-dial. Color Temperature steps differ depending on the e-dial. Front e-dial Rear e-dial * The default setting for Color Temperature step units is Kelvin. You can change the step units to Mired in [Color temp. steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. However, figures are converted to Kelvin and displayed.
  • Page 131: Setting The Color Space

    Setting the Color Space You can set the color space to use. The default setting is [sRGB]. Sets to sRGB color space. sRGB Sets to AdobeRGB color space. AdobeRGB Set in [Color Space] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.34) C Color Space sRGB AdobeRGB...
  • Page 132: Focusing

    Focusing You can focus with the following methods. Autofocus Manual focus Using the Autofocus You can also choose the autofocus mode from l (Single mode) where the shutter release button is pressed halfway to focus on the subject and the focus is locked at that position, and k (Continuous mode) where the subject is kept in focus by continuous adjustment while the shutter release button is pressed halfway.
  • Page 133 Look through the viewfinder and press the shutter release button halfway. The focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused (if it is blinking, the subject is not in focus). 1 Subjects that are Difficult to Focus on (p.66) •...
  • Page 134: Selecting The Focusing Area (Af Point)

    Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point) Choose the part of the viewfinder to set focus to. The factory default setting is S (Auto). The selected AF point lights red in the viewfinder. (Superimpose AF Area) Auto Select Center Set with the AF point switching dial. (p.18). •...
  • Page 135 Setting the Focus Position in the Viewfinder Select j (Select) with the AF point switching dial. Look through the viewfinder and check the position of the subject. Use the four-way controller (2345) to select the desired AF point. The AF point lights red in the viewfinder (Superimpose AF Area) and you can check where you set the AF point.
  • Page 136: Fixing The Focus (Focus Lock)

    Fixing the Focus (Focus Lock) If the subject is outside the range of the focusing area, the camera cannot automatically focus on the subject. In this situation, you can aim the focusing area toward the subject, use focus lock and recompose the picture.
  • Page 137 Re-compose the picture while keeping the shutter release button pressed halfway. • The focus is locked while the focus indicator ] is lit. • Turning the zoom ring in focus lock mode may cause the subject to be out of focus.
  • Page 138: Adjusting The Focus Manually (Manual Focus)

    Adjusting the Focus Manually (Manual Focus) When you adjust the focus manually, you can either check with the focus indicator in the viewfinder or use the viewfinder matte field to adjust focus. Using the Focus Indicator You can manually adjust the focus using the focus indicator ]. Set the focus mode lever to Look through the viewfinder, press the shutter release...
  • Page 139: Using The = Button

    • Use the matte field in the viewfinder when the subject is difficult to focus (p.66) and the focus indicator will not stay lit. • The beep can be turned off. (p.189) Using the Viewfinder Matte Field You can manually adjust the focus using the viewfinder matte field. Set the focus mode lever to Look through the viewfinder and turn the focusing ring until...
  • Page 140: Setting The Exposure

    Setting the Exposure Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed Correct exposure of the subject is determined by the combination of shutter speed and aperture setting. There are many correct combinations of shutter speed and aperture for a particular subject. Different combinations produce different effects.
  • Page 141: Depth Of Field

    Effect of Aperture Adjust the amount of light hitting the CCD by changing the aperture. Opening the aperture (reduce the aperture value) Objects closer and farther than the focused subject will be more out of focus. For instance, if you take a picture of a flower against a landscape with the aperture open, the landscape in front and behind the flower will be blurred, emphasizing only the flower.
  • Page 142: Setting The Sensitivity

    Setting the Sensitivity You can set the sensitivity to suit the brightness of the surroundings. The sensitivity can be set to [AUTO] or within a sensitivity range equivalent to ISO 100 to 1600. The default setting is [AUTO]. Set [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu. (p.36) Sensitivity Sensitivity Sensitivity...
  • Page 143: Iso Warning

    ISO Warning ISO warning appears in the viewfinder when a sensitivity value of your choice is reached or exceeded. Set a sensitivity that is not regularly used to avoid forgetting to reset when sensitivity is raised. ISO warning is not displayed by default.
  • Page 144: Selecting The Metering Method

    Selecting the Metering Method Choose the part of the screen to use for measuring brightness and determining exposure. L (Multi-segment metering), M (Center-weighted metering) or N (Spot metering) mode can be selected. The factory default setting is L (Multi-segment metering). Multi-segment metering Center-...
  • Page 145: Using The Spot Metering

    Linking AF Point and AE During Multi-Segmented Metering In [Link AF Point and AE] (p.33) of the [A Custom Setting] menu, you can link the exposure and AF point in the focusing area during multi- segment metering. The default setting is [Off]. Exposure is set separately from AF point.
  • Page 146: Changing The Exposure Mode

    Changing the Exposure Mode This camera features the following nine exposure modes. Use the mode dial (p.38) to change the exposure mode. Exposure Mode Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the proper exposure according (Green) to Program line when taking pictures.
  • Page 147 Exposure Description Mode Lets you set shutter speed (Hyper- and aperture to capture the manual) picture with creative intent. Lets you capture images that require slow shutter speeds p (Bulb) such as fireworks and night scenes. Locks the shutter speed at 1/180 sec.
  • Page 148 Using the B (Green) Mode Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture value to the proper exposure according to Program line when taking pictures. Set the mode dial to B. Confirm the shutter speed and aperture in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. Shutter speed, aperture, AE lock, EV compensation, Auto bracket, Multi-exposure, and Flash compensation cannot be set in B (Green) mode.
  • Page 149 Using the e (Hyper-program) Mode Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture to the proper exposure according to Program line when taking pictures. Use the front e-dial and rear e-dial to change the shutter speed and aperture while maintaining the proper exposure (Hyper-program). Set the mode dial to e.
  • Page 150 Hyper-program To change the shutter speed You can switch to Shutter Priority automatic exposure by turning the front e-dial in e (Hyper-program) mode. • You can only set the shutter speed to a value that is in relation to aperture. •...
  • Page 151: Exposure Warning

    Turn the rear e-dial and adjust the sensitivity. The shutter speed, aperture value and sensitivity are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. • You can set the sensitivity to values equivalent to ISO 100 to ISO 1600. [AUTO] is not available.
  • Page 152 Using the b (Shutter Priority) Mode Set the shutter speed faster and capture fast moving subjects as if they are still or slow down the shutter speed and capture images emphasizing subject movement. Aperture value is automatically set to give the appropriate exposure depending on the shutter speed.
  • Page 153 • Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV Compensation value. (p.161) • Set the shutter speed in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.162) •...
  • Page 154 Using the c (Aperture Priority) Mode Set aperture for controlling the depth of field. The depth of field is deeper and the front and back of the focused object is clear when aperture is set to a large value. The depth of field is shallower and the front and back of the focused object is blurred when aperture is set to a small value.
  • Page 155 • Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV Compensation value. (p.161) • Set the aperture value in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.162) •...
  • Page 156 Using the L (Shutter & Aperture Priority) Mode You can set both the desired shutter speed and aperture to take the picture. Automatically sets the sensitivity so that shutter speed and aperture will give the proper exposure according to the brightness of the subject. Set the mode dial to TAv.
  • Page 157 • Turn the front e-dial while pressing the m button to change the EV Compensation value. (p.161) • Set the shutter speed and aperture values in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.162) •...
  • Page 158 Using a (Hyper-manual) Mode This mode is convenient for taking pictures using the same shutter speed and aperture setting combination or taking intentionally underexposed (darker) or over-exposed (brighter) photographs. 1 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.138) Set the mode dial to a. Press the Green button.
  • Page 159 • When the sensitivity is set to [AUTO] and exposure mode is set to a (Hyper- manual) mode, the sensitivity is the lowest sensitivity set in “Setting the Range of Automatic Correction in AUTO” (p.140). • The viewfinder indicator blinks when the difference from appropriate exposure is over ±3.0.
  • Page 160 Combining with L Press the L button (p.162) to record the exposure value in Hyper-manual. If the shutter speed or aperture is then changed, the combination of shutter speed and aperture changes while exposure is retained. Example) If the shutter speed is 1/125 sec and aperture is F5.6 and is recorded with the L button, and the shutter speed is changed to 1/30 sec with the front e-dial, the aperture automatically changes to F11.
  • Page 161 Using the p (Bulb) Mode This mode is useful for the long exposures required for shooting night scenes and fireworks. The shutter remains open as long as the shutter release button is kept pressed. Set the mode dial to p. •...
  • Page 162 Using the M (Flash X-Sync Speed) Mode The shutter speed is locked at 1/180 seconds. Use this when using an External flash that does not automatically change the shutter speed. Set the mode dial to M. • Turn the rear e-dial to adjust the aperture value. •...
  • Page 163: Setting The Exposure

    Setting the Exposure This allows you to deliberately overexpose (brighten) or under-expose (darken) your picture. Select 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.162) You can adjust the EV Compensation from –3 to +3 (EV) in increments of 1/2 EV or –2 to +2 (EV) in increments of 1/3 EV.
  • Page 164: Recording The Exposure Before Shooting (Ae Lock)

    Changing the Exposure Steps Set Exposure Steps in [EV Steps] in [A Custom Setting] to increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. C EV Steps 1/2 EV Steps 1/3 EV Steps Exposure setting steps are set to 1/2 EV Recording the Exposure Before Shooting (AE Lock) AE Lock is a function that memorizes the exposure prior to taking the picture.
  • Page 165: Changing The Shooting Conditions Automatically When Shooting (Auto Bracket)

    Changing the Shooting Conditions Automatically when Shooting (Auto Bracket) Shooting in Exposure Bracket Mode You can take continuous pictures with different exposure when the shutter release button is pressed. The first frame is exposed with no compensation, the second frame is underexposed (negative compensation) and the third is overexposed (positive compensation) (when the number of frames is set to [3]).
  • Page 166 Set the step interval. Turn the rear e-dial while pressing the ] button. The available bracketing amounts in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.33) are as follows. Bracketng amount (Step interval) Press the shutter release button halfway. Focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused.
  • Page 167 Shooting in Extended Bracket Mode You can save pictures with three different white balance, saturation, sharpness and contrast levels. Unlike exposure bracketing, three pictures are saved with each shot. You can set the saving order with [Auto Bracketng order] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
  • Page 168: Shooting In Multi-Exposure Mode

    Press the 3 button. The camera returns to the Capture mode. Shoot. Three frames are saved. • You can use extended bracketing in combination with exposure bracketing (p.163). • Extended Bracket and Multi-exposure cannot be used together. The mode set afterwards is set. •...
  • Page 169: Storing User Settings

    Press the 4 button. The camera returns to the Capture mode. Shoot. The created picture is displayed in Instant Review each time the shutter release button is pressed. Press the i button during Instant Review to discard pictures created to that point and create again from the first picture. The picture is saved when the set number of shots has been taken.
  • Page 170 Changing the Settings in A Mode You can also perform settings when the mode dial is set to A. To change the Exposure Mode, press the 3 button in Capture mode and perform settings in [Exposure Mode] in the [A USER] menu. U S E R Exposure Mode Recorded Pixels...
  • Page 171: Checking The Composition, Exposure And Focus Before Shooting

    Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus Before Shooting You can use the preview function to check the depth of field, composition, exposure and focus before taking a picture. There are 2 preview methods. Optical Preview For checking the depth of field with the viewfinder. For checking the composition, exposure and focus in the Digital Preview LCD monitor.
  • Page 172: Displaying The Preview

    Displaying the Preview Display the Optical Preview or Digital Preview. Displaying the Optical Preview Position the subject inside the AF frame and press the shutter release button halfway. Turn the main switch to | while looking through the viewfinder. You can check the depth of field in the viewfinder while the main switch is on |.
  • Page 173: Displaying The Digital Preview

    Displaying the Digital Preview Focus on the subject, then compose the picture in the viewfinder and move the main switch to |. The icon (|) appears in the LCD monitor during preview and you can check the composition, exposure and focus. Press the shutter release button halfway to end Digital Preview and start focusing.
  • Page 174: Using The Built-In Flash

    Using the Built-in Flash Compensating Flash Output You can change the flash output in a range of –2.0 to +1.0. The Flash Compensation values are as follows for 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV. Step interval 1/2 EV –2.0, –1.5, –1.0, –0.5, 0.0, +0.5, +1.0 1/3 EV –2.0, –1.7, –1.3, –1.0, –0.7, –0.3, 0.0, +0.3, +0.7, +1.0 * Set interval of steps in [EV Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
  • Page 175: Allowing Shooting While Charging Flash

    Allowing Shooting while Charging Flash You can set to enable shooting while flash is being charged. Set [On] for [Release when Chrging] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.34). Pictures cannot be taken while the flash is charging by default. C Release when Chrging Enables shutter release while the built-in...
  • Page 176 Using Slow-Speed-Sync You can use slow-speed-sync when shooting portraits with the sunset in the background. Both the portrait and the background are captured beautifully. • Slow-speed-sync slows the shutter speed. Use the Shake Reduction function or turn off the Shake Reduction function and use a tripod to avoid camera shake.
  • Page 177 Using Trailing Curtain Sync Trailing curtain sync discharges the flash immediately before the shutter curtain closes. When shooting moving objects with a slow shutter speed, Trailing curtain sync and Slow-speed sync produce different effects depending on when the flash is discharged. For example, when shooting a moving car with Trailing curtain sync, trailing light is captured while the shutter is open and the flash captures the car when the shutter is released.
  • Page 178: Distance And Aperture When Using The Built-In Flash

    Distance and Aperture when Using the Built-in Flash A set criteria is necessary between the guide number, aperture and distance when shooting with the flash. Calculate and adjust the shooting conditions if flash is not sufficient. Built-in flash guide number Sensitivity Built-in flash guide number ISO 100...
  • Page 179: Da, D Fa , Fa J, Fa And F Lens Compatibility With The Built-In Flash

    DA, D FA , FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility with the Built-in Flash When using DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F lenses with the q without the hood, built-in flash compatibility is shown below. Yes : Available : Available depending on other factors No : Unavailable due to vignetting Following are evaluated without a hood.
  • Page 180 Lens Name FA J75-300 mm F4.5-5.8AL FA 80-200 mm F2.8ED (IF) FA80-320 mm F4.5-5.6 FA80-200 mm F4.7-5.6 FA100-300 mm F4.7-5.8 FA 250-600 mm F5.6ED (IF) DA14 mm F2.8ED (IF) FA20 mm F2.8 DA21 mm F3.2AL Limited FA 24 mm F2AL (IF) FA28 mm F2.8AL FA31 mm F1.8AL Limited FA35 mm F2AL...
  • Page 181: Using An External Flash (Optional)

    Using an External Flash (Optional) Using the optional external flash AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ enables a variety of flash modes, such as P-TTL auto flash mode, high-speed flash sync mode, and wireless mode. See the chart below for details. (Yes: Available #: Restricted No: Not available) Camera Function Red-eye reduction flash Automatic flash discharge...
  • Page 182 About the LCD Panel Display for AF360FGZ The AF360FGZ does not have the function to set the FORMAT size to [DIGITAL], but the difference in angle of view between standard 35 mm format and the q is automatically calculated based on the focal length of the lens used (when using DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lenses).
  • Page 183: Using In Wireless Mode

    Using High-Speed Flash Sync Mode With the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ, you can discharge the flash to take a picture at a shutter speed faster than 1/180 second. High-speed flash sync can be used with the flash attached to the camera, or wireless. Attaching and Using the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ on the Camera 1 Remove the cover of the hot shoe and attach the external flash (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ).
  • Page 184 Using in Wireless Mode 1 Place the external flash (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) at the desired location. 2 Set the power switch of the above external flash to [WIRELESS]. 3 Set the wireless mode of the above external flash to [S] (Slave). 4 Turn on the camera, and then turn the mode dial and set the exposure mode to B, e, K, b, c, L or a.
  • Page 185: Trailing Curtain Sync

    Red-Eye Reduction As with the built-in flash, red-eye reduction is available with an external flash. This may not be available on some flashes or may have restrictions for usage conditions. See the chart on p.179. • The red-eye reduction feature works even when only an external flash is used.
  • Page 186 Discharging Multiple Flashes You can combine two or more external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) or you can use an external flash in combination with the built-in flash. You can use the extension cord connection terminal on the flash to connect the AF540FGZ.
  • Page 187 Hot Shoe Grip as a malfunction may occur. • Combining with flashes from other manufacturers may cause equipment breakdown. We recommend using PENTAX automatic flashes. 1 Connect the external flash to the camera indirectly. (p.183) 2 Set the sync mode for the external flash to the Contrast-Control-Sync mode.
  • Page 188: Settings During Playback

    Settings During Playback Changing Playback Display Method The camera switches display information when you press the M button in the Playback screen. Standard Histogram Detailed Info No info. Display • Refer to p.24 for various display information details. • The information that is shown first during Playback is the last screen that was displayed in the previous session.
  • Page 189: Setting The Slideshow Display Interval

    Setting the Slideshow Display Interval You can play back all images recorded on your SD Memory Card successively. (p.92) Set image display interval to [3 sec], [5 sec], [10 sec] or [30 sec]. The default setting is [3 sec]. Set whether or not to play back repeatedly. The default setting is [Off]. Select [Slideshow] in the [Q Playback] menu.
  • Page 190: Camera Settings

    Camera Settings Formatting the SD Memory Card Use this camera to format (initialize) an SD Memory Card that is unused or has been used on other cameras or digital devices. Formatting will delete all the data on the SD Memory Card. •...
  • Page 191: Turning The Beep On And Off

    Turning the Beep On and Off You can turn the camera operation beep on or off. The default setting is all O (On) . There are five items that you can set: In-focus, AE Lock, | button, Self- timer and Remote Control. Select [Beep] in the [R Set-up] menu.
  • Page 192: Changing The Date And Time And The Display Style

    Changing the Date and Time and the Display Style You can change the initial date and time settings. You can also set the display style. Choose [mm/dd/yy], [dd/mm/yy] or [yy/mm/dd]. Choose [12h] (12 hour) or [24h] (24 hour) for time display method. Set in [Date Adjust] in the [R Set-up] menu.
  • Page 193: Setting The World Time

    Setting the World Time The date and time selected in “Initial Settings” (p.53) serve as the date and time of your present location. Setting [World Time] enables you to display the local date and time on the LCD monitor when traveling overseas. Select [World Time] in the [R Set-up] menu.
  • Page 194 Use the four-way controller (45) to select the Destination city. The current time, location and time difference of the selected city appears. Use the four-way controller (3) to select [DST]. Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P (Off).
  • Page 195: List Of World Time Cities

    List of World Time Cities City Region Honolulu North America Anchorage Vancouver San Francisco Los Angeles Calgary Denver Chicago Miami Toronto New York Halifax Mexico City Central and South Lima America Santiago Caracas Buenos Aires Sao Paulo Rio de Janeiro Lisbon Europe Madrid...
  • Page 196: Setting The Display Language

    Setting the Display Language You can change the language in which the menus, error messages, etc. are displayed. Set in [Language/ You can choose from twelve languages: English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Swedish, Dutch, Russian, Korean, Chinese (Traditional/Simplified) and Japanese. 1 Setting the Display Language (p.53) Language English...
  • Page 197: Adjusting The Brightness Of The Lcd Monitor

    Adjusting the Brightness of the LCD Monitor You can adjust the brightness of the LCD monitor. Adjust settings when the LCD monitor is hard to see. Set in [Brightness Level] in the [R Set-up] menu. (p.32) Set-up Guide display 3 sec Brightness Level Video Out Transfer Mode...
  • Page 198: Setting Auto Power Off

    Setting Auto Power Off You can set the camera to turn off automatically if unused after a certain length of time. Select from [1 min], [3 min], [5 min], [10 min], [30 min] or [Off]. The default setting is [1 min]. Set in [Auto Power Off] in the [R Set-up] menu.
  • Page 199: Setting The Display Instant Review And Digital Preview

    Setting the Display Instant Review and Digital Preview You can perform the settings related to Instant Review and Digital Preview. Setting the Instant Review You can set the Instant Review display time and whether or not to display the histogram and Bright/Dark area warning. The default settings are [1 sec] for the display time and [Off] for the histogram and Bright/Dark area warning.
  • Page 200: Selecting A Battery

    Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P (Off). Press the 3 button twice. The camera is ready to take a picture. Setting the Digital Preview You can set whether or not to display the histogram and Bright/Dark area warning during Digital Preview.
  • Page 201: Selecting Capture Mode Settings To Save In The Camera

    Press the four-way controller (5). Use the four-way controller (23) to select from [Auto], [Body First] and [Grip First]. Press the 4 button. Press the 3 button twice. The camera is ready to take a picture. When the battery is inserted into both the body and grip, both batteries are slightly used to check remaining battery level regardless of [Select Battery] settings.
  • Page 202 Use the four-way controller (23) to choose an item. Use the four-way controller (45) to select O (On) or P (Off). Press the 3 button twice. The camera is ready to take a picture. • When [File No.] is set to O (On), the file number of the last image taken is saved and subsequent images are assigned sequential file numbers even if a new SD Memory Card is inserted.
  • Page 203: Resetting To Default Settings

    Resetting to Default Settings Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Set-up Menu Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [R Set-up] menu can be reset to default settings. However, Date Adjust, Language, Video Out and World Time are not reset. Select [Reset] in the [R Set-up] menu. Use the four-way controller (5) to display the [Reset] screen.
  • Page 204: Resetting The Custom Function Menu

    Resetting the Custom Function Menu Reset settings in [A Custom Setting] menu to default settings. Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [R Set-up] menu are not reset. Select [Reset] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. Use the four-way controller (5) to display the Reset Custom Function screen.
  • Page 205: Appendix

    Appendix Default Settings ...204 Functions Available with Various Lens Combinations ...208 Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] ...210 Cleaning the CCD ...211 Optional Accessories ...214 Error Messages ...217 Troubleshooting ...219 Main Specifications ...221 Glossary ...224 Index ...228 WARRANTY POLICY ...232...
  • Page 206: Default Settings

    Default Settings The table below lists the factory default settings. Table notations are as follows. The current setting (last memory) is saved when the camera is turned off. Reset Setting Yes : The setting returns to the default setting with the reset function (p.201).
  • Page 207 Item Display Time Instant Histogram Review Bright/Dark area Histogram Digital Preview Bright/Dark area Digital Filter Interval Slideshow Repeat Playback * The slimness setting for the slim filter, the softness setting for the soft filter, the brightness setting for the brightness filter, and the color setting for the color filter can be saved/reset.
  • Page 208 Item Dust Removal Dust Removal Start-up action Sensor Cleaning Reset * Return to the default settings only when Mode dial is set to A (USER) and is reset. [A Custom Setting] Menu Item Settings Program Line EV Steps Sensitivity Steps ISO warning Meter Operating Time AE-L with AF locked...
  • Page 209 Item Release when Chrging Preview Method Recordable Image No. Initial zoom display Auto Image Rotation Saving rotation info Using aperture ring Reset Custom Fnction * Reset settings in [A Custom Setting] menu. Fn Menu Item Drive Mode Flash Mode White Balance Sensitivity DPOF settings Digital Filter...
  • Page 210: Functions Available With Various Lens Combinations

    Functions Available with Various Lens Combinations Lenses that can be used with this camera Only DA and FA J lenses and D FA/FA/F/A lenses having an s position on the aperture ring can be used with this camera. Refer to “Notes on [Using Aperture Ring]”...
  • Page 211 Lens names and mount names FA prime lenses (non-zoom lenses) and DA, D FA, FA J and F lenses use the K mount. Of the FA zoom lenses, power zoom enabled lenses use the K mount. Lenses without power zoom use the K lens manual for details.
  • Page 212: Notes On [Using Aperture Ring]

    Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] Aperture Ring Use When [Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in [A Custom Setting] menu (p.35), the shutter can be released even if the aperture ring of the D FA, FA, F or A lens is not set to the s position or a lens without a s position is attached.
  • Page 213: Cleaning The Ccd

    Cleaning the CCD Shadows may appear in the image for white backgrounds and other shooting conditions if the CCD becomes dirty or dusty. This indicates that the CCD must be cleaned. Removing Dust by Shaking the CCD The Dust Removal function shakes the CCD to remove dust that has collected.
  • Page 214: Removing Dust With A Blower

    Removing Dust with a Blower Raise the mirror up and open the shutter to clean with a blower. Please contact PENTAX service center for professional cleaning because the CCD is a precision part. Cleaning services involve a fee. You can use the Imagesensor Cleaning Kit O-ICK1 (optional) when cleaning the CCD.
  • Page 215 Use the four-way controller (2) to select [Mirror Up]. Press the 4 button. The mirror is locked in the up position. Clean the CCD. Use a brush-less blower to remove dirt and dust from the CCD. Using a blower with a brush may scratch the CCD. Do not wipe the CCD with a cloth.
  • Page 216: Optional Accessories

    Optional Accessories A number of dedicated accessories are available for this camera. Please contact a service center for details regarding accessories. Battery Grip D-BG2 The Battery Grip has features such as a shutter release button, front e- dial, rear e-dial, and L button to accommodate shooting vertically. AC Adapter D-AC50 Lets you power your camera with the outlet when combined with the AC plug cord.
  • Page 217: Flash Accessories

    Flash Accessories Auto Flash AF540FGZ Auto Flash AF360FGZ The AF540FGZ and AF360FGZ are P-TTL auto flash units with a maximum guide number of 54 and 36 (ISO 100/m), respectively. Their features include slave-sync flash, contrast-control-sync flash, Auto flash, high-speed sync flash, wireless flash, Slow-speed sync and trailing curtain sync flash.
  • Page 218: Interchangeable Focusing Screen

    Diopter correction lens adapter M This accessory adjusts the diopter. Install it on the viewfinder. If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly, choose one of the eight correction lens adapter M of –5 to +3 m Interchangeable Focusing Screen LF-80: AF Frame Matte (standard) LL-80: AF Divided Matte LI-80: AF Scale Matte...
  • Page 219: Error Messages

    Error Messages Error Message Memory card full No image Camera cannot display this image No card in the camera Memory card error Card not formatted Card locked Card is locked Rotation information cannot be saved The card is electronically locked This image cannot be enlarged This image is protected Rotation information...
  • Page 220 Error Message Description The batteries are exhausted. Install new Battery depleted batteries in the camera. (p.43) Appears during CCD cleaning if the battery level Not enough battery is insufficient. Replace the battery with a new remaining one or use an AC adaptor D-AC50 (optional). to clean sensor (p.47) The maximum folder number (999) and file...
  • Page 221: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting We recommend checking the following items before contacting a service center. Problem Cause Batteries are not installed Camera does not turn on Battery power is low The lens aperture ring setting is other than the s position The shutter does not Flash is charging release...
  • Page 222 After the procedure is done, if the camera operates correctly, it does not require any repairs. Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC.
  • Page 223: Main Specifications

    Main Specifications TTL autofocus, auto-exposure SLR digital-still camera with built- Type in retractable P-TTL flash Effective Pixels 10.20 megapixels Total pixels 10.75 megapixels, interline/interlace scan CCD with Sensor a primary color filter J (RAW/JPEG: 3872×2592 pixels), P (3008×2000 pixels), Recorded Pixels i (1824×1216 pixels) Auto, Manual (ISO 100 to 1600 (EV steps can be set to 1 EV, Sensitivity...
  • Page 224 Start by pressing shutter release button. Operation confirmation: Possible to set beep. Can be cancelled after operation Pentax Remote Control F (optional) Release shutter immediately or three seconds after pressing the remote control shutter button. Quick-return mirror, mirror up function (2 sec. self-timer) Three or five frames (underexposed, proper exposure and overexposed) are shot continuously with exposure bracketing.
  • Page 225 *1 The number of recordable images (without flash) and playback time Battery Life (23°C) are based on PENTAX measuring conditions. Some deviation from the above figures may occur in actual use depending on usage conditions. *2 The number of recordable images (50% flash usage) is based on measuring conditions in accordance with CIPA standards.
  • Page 226: Glossary

    Glossary AdobeRGB Color space recommended by Adobe Systems, Inc. for commercial printing. Wider range of color reproduction than sRGB. Covers most of the color range so colors only available when printed are not lost when editing images on a computer. When image is opened by non-compatible software, the colors look lighter.
  • Page 227 The color of light shifts to a bluish color as the color temperature rises, and to a reddish color as the color temperature falls. DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) A digital camera file system standard established by the Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA). Dark Portion Underexposed area in the image loses contrast and appears black.
  • Page 228 Process of adjusting the image brightness by changing the shutter speed and aperture value. Exif (Exchangeable image file format for digital still camera) A standard digital camera file format established by the Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA). Focus point Position in the viewfinder that determines focus.
  • Page 229: Quality Level

    Quality Level This refers to the image compression ratio. The lower the compression, the more detailed the image. The image becomes rougher as the compression rate rises. | data Unedited image data output from the CCD. RAW data is data before being internally processed by the camera.
  • Page 230: Index

    Index Symbols [A Custom Setting] Menu ...33, 206 i(Delete) button ...21, 100 m (EV Compensation) button ...19, 161 ] (Exposure Bracket) button ...19, 163 K (Flash pop-up) button ...19, 71 B Green mode ...146 Q (Playback) button ...19, 21, 85 [Q Playback] Menu ...31, 204 | Preview ...170, 171 Z(Protect) button ...21, 104...
  • Page 231 [A Custom Setting] Menu ...33, 206 Date Adjust ...56 Date change ...190 Daylight (White Balance) ...123 Daylight-Sync Shooting ...74 Default Setting ...53, 204 Delete ...100 Delete All Images ...101 i(Delete) button ...21, 100 Deleting a Single Image ...100 Depth of Field ...139 Digital Filter ...95 Digital Preview ...170 Diopter Adjust ...60...
  • Page 232 ISO Sensitivity ...140 ISO warning ...141 JPEG Quality ...50, 119 JPEG Rec. Pixels ...50, 118 Language ...53 LCD Monitor ...22 LCD panel ...28 Lens ...58, 208 Lens unlock button ...18, 59 Lock Exposure ...135 a (Hyper-manual) Mode ...156 Main switch ...18, 21, 52 Manual Exposure Mode a ...156 \ (Manual focus) ...136 Manual focus \ ...136...
  • Page 233 Recorded Pixels ...50, 118 Red-eye reduction ...74, 183 Remaining image storage capacity ...46 Remote Control ...81 Reset ...201, 202 Rotate ...87 Saturation ...121 SD Memory Card ...48 Select&Delete ...102 Self-Timer ...77 Sensitivity ...140 Sensitivity Priority Mode K ...148 Sensor Cleaning ...211 Sepia (Digital Filter) ...97 [R Set-up] Menu ...32, 205 Shade (White Balance) ...123...
  • Page 234: Warranty Policy

    Shipping charges are to be borne by the owner. If your PENTAX was purchased outside of the country where you wish to have it serviced during the warranty period, regular handling and servicing fees may be charged by the manufacturer’s representatives in that...
  • Page 235 Therefore, we recommend that you review the warranty card supplied with your product at the time of purchase, or contact the PENTAX distributor in your country for more information and to receive a copy of the warranty policy.
  • Page 236 For customers in USA STATEMENT OF FCC COMPLIANCE This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
  • Page 237: Declaration Of Conformity

    Product Name: Model Number: q Contact person: Customer Service Manager Date and Place: October, 2006, Colorado PENTAX Imaging Company A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc. 600 12 Street, Suite 300 Golden, Colorado 80401 U.S.A. Phone: 303-799-8000 FAX: 303-790-1131 PENTAX Digital Still Camera...
  • Page 238 Information on disposal for users 1. In the European Union If your product is marked with this symbol, it means that used electrical/electronic products should not be mixed with general household waste. There exists a separate collection system for these products. Used electric/electronic equipment must be treated separately and in accordance with legislation that requires proper treatment, recovery and recycling of these products.
  • Page 239 Memo...
  • Page 240 (European Headquarters) PENTAX U.K. Limited PENTAX France S.A.S. PENTAX (Schweiz) AG PENTAX Scandinavia AB P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN PENTAX Imaging Company A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc. PENTAX Canada Inc. • Specifications and external dimensions are subject to change without notice.

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