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Midi; What Is Midi; General Midi - Casio CTK-496 User Manual

Casio ctk-496: users guide
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MIDI

What is MIDI?

The letters MIDI stand for Musical Instrument Digital
Interface, which is the name of a worldwide standard for
digital signals and connectors that makes it possible to
exchange musical data between musical instruments and
computers (machines) produced by different manufacturers.
MIDI Connections
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT

General MIDI

General MIDI standardizes MIDI data for all sound source
types, regardless of manufacturer. General MIDI specifies
such factors as tone numbering, drum sounds, and available
MIDI channels for all sound sources. This standard makes it
possible for all MIDI equipment to reproduce the same
nuances when playing General MIDI data, regardless of the
manufacturer of the sound source.
Though the sound source of this keyboard is not General
MIDI compatible, you can still connect the keyboard to a
computer or other MIDI equipment to playback General MIDI
data that is widely available in stores, over computer
networks, and from other sources.
NOTE
• General MIDI data made up of a large number of parts
may not play correctly on this keyboard.
• You will have most success playing back General MIDI
data that has few parts and is made up of data on
channels 1, 2, 3, 4, and 10.
Messages
There is a wide variety of messages defined under the MIDI
standard, and this section details the particular messages that
can be sent and received by this keyboard.
E-30
MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
Computer or other MIDI device
NOTE ON/OFF
This message sends data when a key is pressed (NOTE ON)
or released (NOTE OFF).
A NOTE ON/OFF message include a note number (to indicate
note whose key is being pressed or released) and velocity
(keyboard pressure as a value from 1 to 127).
NOTE ON velocity is always used to determine the relative
volume of the note. This keyboard does not receive NOTE
OFF velocity data.
Whenever you press or release a key on this keyboard, the
corresponding NOTE ON or NOTE OFF message is sent by
constant velocity from the MIDI OUT terminal.
NOTE
• The pitch of a note depends on the tone that is being
used, as shown in the Note Table on page A-2. Whenever
this keyboard receives a note number that is outside its
range for that tone, the same tone in the nearest
available octave is substituted.
PROGRAM CHANGE
This is the tone selection message. PROGRAM CHANGE can
contain tone data within the range of 0 to 127.
A PROGRAM CHANGE message (0 to 99) is sent out through
this keyboard's MIDI OUT terminal whenever you manually
change its tone number. Receipt of a PROGRAM CHANGE
message from an external machine changes the tone setting
of this keyboard (this page).
This keyboard can send tone data within the range of 00 to
99 and receive tone data within the range of 0 to 127.
PITCH BEND
This message carries pitch bend information for smoothly
sliding the pitch upwards or downwards during keyboard
play. This keyboard does not send pitch bend data, but is can
receive such data.
CONTROL CHANGE
This message adds effects such as vibrato and volume changes
applied during keyboard play.
CONTROL CHANGE data includes a control number (to
identify the effect type) and a control value (to specify the
on/off status and depth of the effect).
The following is a list of data that can be received using
CONTROL CHANGE.
Effect
VOLUME
HOLD1 *
MODULATION
* Pressing the foot pedal causes the sustain effect (HOLD1)
to be sent (control number 64).
Control Number
7
64
1
627A-E-032A

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