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Kenwood TS-870S Instruction Manual

Kenwood digital communications system instruction manual ts-870s.

 
HF TRANSCEIVER
TS-870S
Intelligent Digital Enhanced Communications System
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
KENWOOD CORPORATION
© B62-1536-00 (K,P,E,X,M)(MC)
09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00

Summary of Contents

  • Page 1

    HF TRANSCEIVER TS-870S Intelligent Digital Enhanced Communications System INSTRUCTION MANUAL KENWOOD CORPORATION © B62-1536-00 (K,P,E,X,M)(MC) 09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00...

  • Page 2

    APPLICABLE MODEL This manual applies to the following model: TS-870S: HF Transceiver Intelligent Digital Enhanced Communications System WRITING CONVENTIONS FOLLOWED The writing conventions described below have been followed to simplify instructions and avoid unnecessary repetition. This format is less confusing for the reader.

  • Page 3

    Please read all safety and operating instructions before using this transceiver. For best results, be aware of all warnings on the transceiver and follow the provided operating instructions. Retain these safety and operating instructions for future reference. 1 Power Sources Connect this transceiver only to the power source described in the operating instructions or as marked on the transceiver itself.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    APPLICABLE MODEL ... Inside Front Cover WRITING CONVENTIONS FOLLOWED ... Inside Front Cover NOTICE TO THE USER ... Inside Front Cover PRECAUTIONS CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION THANK YOU! ... 1 DSP — MAXIMUM SIGNAL/ MINIMUM NOISE ... 1 FEATURES ... 1 SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES ...

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    FM TRANSMISSION ... 38 FM REPEATER OPERATION ... 38 Selecting Subtone Frequency ... 39 Continuous or Burst Subtones? ... 39 AM TRANSMISSION ... 40 DIGITAL OPERATION ... 40 RTTY (FREQUENCY SHIFT KEYING) ... 40 ERROR-CHECKING MODES (AMTOR/ PACKET/ PACTOR/ G-TOR/ CLOVER ... 41 SPLIT-FREQUENCY OPERATION ...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    CHAPTER 11 OPERATOR CONVENIENCES MICROPROCESSOR RESET ... 63 INITIAL SETTINGS ... 63 PARTIAL RESET ... 63 FULL RESET ... 63 SWITCHING ANT 1/ ANT 2 ... 63 PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTION BUTTONS ... 63 ASSIGNING FUNCTIONS ... 64 USING THE PROGRAMMED BUTTONS ... 64 LOCK FUNCTION ...

  • Page 7: Chapter 1 Introduction, Thank You, Dsp — Maximum Signal/ Minimum Noise, Features, Supplied Accessories

    TS-870S is technically sophisticated and some features may be new to you. Your reward for your diligence will be mastery of the TS-870S in the shortest time possible with maximum fun. As you continue exploring Amateur radio, thank you for allowing the KENWOOD family to join you in this chapter of your adventure.

  • Page 8: Chapter 2 Installation, Antenna Connection

    INSTALLATION |nstall and connect an antenna system {page 2}. Install a ground system that satisfies DC and RF grounding requirements {page 3}. Install lightning protection to protect the antenna system, your personal safety, and your property {page 3}. ANTENNA CONNECTION The type of the antenna system, consisting of the antenna, ground, and feed line, will greatly affect the successful performance of the transceiver.

  • Page 9: Ground Connection, Lightning Protection, Dc Power Supply Connection, Replacing Fuses

    Panel. Press the DC power cable connector firmly into the connector on the transceiver until the locking tab clicks. Fuse holders Black TS-870S DC power supply REPLACING FUSES If the fuse blows, determine the cause then correct the problem. After the problem is resolved, only then replace the fuse.

  • Page 10: Accessory Connections, Front Panel, Headphones (phones), Microphone (mic), Rear Panel, External Speaker (ext Sp)

    PROC MONI MENU SPLIT TONE CTRL WIDTH SHIFT COMP AUTO M. SCR SCAN F. LOCK FINE TS-870S MICq PTTw DOWNe Microphone MIC connector (Front view) External speaker TS-870S Ground + ・Straight key ・Bug ・Electronic keyer ・MCP CW output iGND(STBY) uGND(MIC)

  • Page 11: Computer Interface (com), Rtty Equipment (rtty And Acc 2), Linear Amplifier (remote)

    The TX/RX control method differs depending on external amplifier models. Some amplifiers enter the TX mode when the control terminal is grounded. For those amplifiers, connect pin 2 of the the connector to the control terminal of the amplifier. TS-870S Linear amplifier Black...

  • Page 12: Antenna Tuner (at), Sm-230 Station Monitor (if Out 1), Accessory Equipment (acc 2)

    ■ SM-230 Station Monitor (IF OUT 1) Connect a cable from the IF OUT 1 jack to the IF IN jack on the SM-230 Station Monitor. This cable couples the 8.83 MHz IF from your TS-870S for pan display on the Station Monitor. TS-870S ■...

  • Page 13

    PTT control (in parallel with MIC jack) for connecting a footswitch or other external controller TNC/MCP power supply TNC/MCP Personal computer/ dumb terminal Function Ω • Squelch closed: High impedance TS-870S ACC 2 Connector (Rear Panel view) 2 INSTALLATION Black PS-52...

  • Page 14: Chapter 3 Getting Acquainted, Your First Qso, Receiving

    YOUR FIRST QSO Since you’ve now installed the TS-870S, why not try it? The instructions below are abbreviated. They are intended only to act as a quick introduction. If you encounter problems or there’s something you don’t understand, you can read about the subject in more detail later.

  • Page 15: Transmitting

    Press the [SEND] button again when you want to return to the receive mode. This completes your introduction to the TS-870S, but there is a great deal more to know. Continue reading the remainder of this chapter to become totally acquainted with the TS-870S.

  • Page 16: Front Panel

    3 GETTING ACQUAINTED FRONT PANEL DOWN FULL/SEMI HF TRANSCEIVER METER PROC AT TUNE THRU/AUTO KEY SPEED PROC SEND PHONES SLOW FAST DELAY (POWER) switch Press and hold down briefly to switch the transceiver power ON. Press again to switch OFF the power {page 19}.

  • Page 17

    DOWN FULL/SEMI METER PROC AT TUNE THRU/AUTO KEY SPEED PROC SEND PHONES SLOW FAST DELAY @0 @1 @2 @3 !4 Multi-purpose keypad Consists of 10 buttons that are used for inputting numeric data. Also used for other functions: • [M.IN]: Writes data into memory channels {page 54}, selects Memory Scroll mode {page 56}, and adds items to the Quick Menu {page 24}.

  • Page 18

    3 GETTING ACQUAINTED DOWN FULL/SEMI HF TRANSCEIVER METER PROC AT TUNE THRU/AUTO KEY SPEED PROC SEND PHONES SLOW FAST DELAY @6 Programmable Function buttons The functions of these four buttons are selected and assigned by you so you can customize the transceiver as you like {page 63}.

  • Page 19

    DOWN FULL/SEMI METER PROC AT TUNE THRU/AUTO KEY SPEED PROC SEND PHONES SLOW FAST DELAY #2 , Note: Only Auto Notch or Beat Cancel #1 VFO/ Memory channel buttons Press to select VFO A, VFO B, or a memory channel for receive or transmit.

  • Page 20: Microphone

    3 GETTING ACQUAINTED DOWN FULL/SEMI HF TRANSCEIVER METER PROC AT TUNE THRU/AUTO KEY SPEED PROC SEND PHONES SLOW FAST DELAY $1 NB button Press to switch the analog Noise Blanker function ON or OFF. This function works best against short duration pulse noise {page 53}.

  • Page 21: Rear Panel

    Power Input DC 13.8 V connector Connect a 13.8 V DC power source {page 3}. Use the supplied cable with a regulated DC power supply. The TS-870S draws less than 20.5 A at maximum transmit output. r AT connector Mates with the connector on the cable supplied with the AT-300 antenna tuner.

  • Page 22: Display

    3 GETTING ACQUAINTED DISPLAY FILTER COMP HF TRANSCEIVER q METER While receiving, serves as an S-meter to measure and display the received signal strength. Also while receiving, a 30-segment display represents the width and relative shift of the currently selected receive pass band.

  • Page 23

    FILTER COMP HF TRANSCEIVER !5 MENU Lights while Menu mode is being accessed. Flashes when the Menu has been temporarily reset {page 24}. !6 A/B “A” lights while Menu A is being accessed. “B” lights while Menu B is being accessed {page 24}. !7 SPLIT Lights while a different transmit and receive frequency are selected for split frequency {page 42}.

  • Page 24

    3 GETTING ACQUAINTED FILTER COMP HF TRANSCEIVER #2 ON AIR Lights while the transceiver is in the transmit mode {page 23}. #3 AT TUNE Lights while the internal antenna tuner is actually tuning for a correct match between the antenna system and the transceiver.

  • Page 25: Chapter 4 Operating Basics, Switching Power On/off, Adjusting Volume, Audio Frequency (af) Gain

    • After the “HELLO” message, the frequency and other indicators light. Pressing [ ] (POWER) too long, switches the power OFF. If the TS-870S has not been used for an extended period, “HELLO” may not appear immediately. To switch OFF the transceiver, press [ ] (POWER).

  • Page 26: Equalizing Vfo Frequencies ([a=b]), Selecting Mode, Selecting Frequency, Changing Bands, Using 1 Mhz Steps

    4 OPERATING BASICS EQUALIZING VFO FREQUENCIES ([A=B]) Press [A=B] to transfer the frequency and modulation mode of the active VFO to the inactive VFO. FULL SEMI AUTO PROC AUTO ON AIR ENTER FINE 1 Assume that you are presently using VFO A. 2 Press [RX B].

  • Page 27: Quick Changes, Changing Step Sizes, Fine Tuning

    QUICK CHANGES To move up or down in frequency quickly, use the M.CH/VFO.CH control. M.CH/VFO.CH FULL SEMI AUTO PROC AUTO ON AIR ENTER FINE • Turn the M.CH/VFO.CH control clockwise to increase the frequency; counterclockwise to decrease the frequency. Due to the large step sizes available, you can quickly move across the band.

  • Page 28: Direct Frequency Entry, Front Panel Meter

    • Attempting to enter a frequency that is outside the TS-870S frequency range causes an alarm to be generated. The entered frequency is rejected. • If an incorrect digit is pressed, restore the previous frequency by pressing [CLEAR], or [SEND], or Mic [PTT].

  • Page 29: Selecting Transmit Power, Transmitting, Transmit Carrier Level, Microphone Gain

    It’s wise, and required by law, to select the lowest transmit power that allows reliable communication. Reducing power lowers the risk of interfering with others on the band. On the TS-870S, it is possible to change output power while transmitting. To change your output power, turn the PWR control counterclockwise to reduce power and clockwise to increase power.

  • Page 30: Chapter 5 Menu Setup, Menu Access, Quick Menu Function, Programming The Quick Menu

    If the power is switched OFF before this step is completed, the selection just made will be canceled. MENU A/ MENU B The TS-870S has two menus. These menus are called Menu A and Menu B. The menus contain identical functions; however, each menu can be configured independently.

  • Page 31: Menu Configuration

    MENU CONFIGURATION Menu Menu Item MENU.A/B Menu A or B selection AUT/MAN AGC mode: Manual (OFF), Automatic (ON) AGC SSB Automatic AGC release time for SSB mode • 1 (Slow) → 20 (Fast) AGC CW Automatic AGC release time for CW mode •...

  • Page 32

    5 MENU SETUP Menu Menu Item VOX gain VOX.GAIN • 0 (minimum gain) → 7 (maximum gain) TX bandwidth for SSB and AM modes TX.WIDTH TX bandshift for SSB and AM modes TX.SHIFT TX equalizer for SSB mode TX EQ. •...

  • Page 33

    Menu Menu Item PF.KEY.LL Programmable Function button (lower left) CH.SHIFT Fixed (OFF) or tunable (ON) memory channel frequencies DIMMER Display brightness (controls LCD and LED brightness) • L: Low • H: High LINEAR Linear amplifier relay response time • 1: Fast, 2: Slow 1M/500k 1 MHz button frequency step EXT RX...

  • Page 34: Cross Reference For Menu Functions

    5 MENU SETUP CROSS REFERENCE FOR MENU FUNCTIONS Use this table arranged by subject to help you locate the function that you are interested in checking or changing. Consult “MENU CONFIGURATION” {page 25} for more detail for each function. Function AMPLIFIER Linear amplifier relay ANTENNA TUNER (AT)

  • Page 35: Chapter 6 Communicating, Ssb Transmission, Slow Scan Tv/ Facsimile

    SSB the mode that most prefer on HF. Due to this popularity, you will want to use the technology available on the TS-870S as explained in this and later sections to make your transmitted signal the best possible.

  • Page 36: Cw Transmission, Tx Sidetone/ Rx Pitch Frequency, Zero-beating, Switching Tx/rx Manually

    CW can have. Therefore, functions required by CW operators were given serious consideration from the start of the TS-870S design. Refer, if necessary, to “OPERATING BASICS” beginning on page 19 for complete receiving details for any mode.

  • Page 37: Semi Break-in, Setting Delay Time, Full Break-in, Cw Reverse (receive), Rise/decay Times

    You can adjust the CW rise time for the TS-870S via Menu No. 23 (CW RISE). The default is 4 ms. This adjustment also affects the decay time. The decay time excludes the short break delay from the moment when the key opens to when the RF output begins to fall.

  • Page 38: Electronic Keyer, Learning Outline

    6 COMMUNICATING ELECTRONIC KEYER The keyer supplied with the TS-870S is a full-featured K-1 Logikey keyer that will delight anybody that respects a good keyer. A great deal of information on using this keyer is provided in this manual, not because it is difficult to use, but because it has an incredible number of features.

  • Page 39: Multiple-button Functions, Emulation Options

    ■ Multiple-Button Functions Function Buttons Name Decrement [CH 2]+ The keyer [CH 3] acknowledges with "D", then decrements the serial number. Function [CH 1]+ The keyer [CH 2] acknowledges with "F", then waits for paddle entry of the desired command. Hand-key [CH 1]+ The keyer...

  • Page 40: Storing Cw Messages, Cw Message Playback

    6 COMMUNICATING ■ Storing CW Messages The two modes available for storing messages are Character mode and Real Time mode. Each message may be as long as you want provided that the total of all four messages including spaces does not exceed about 220 characters.

  • Page 41: Erasing Cw Messages, Inquiry Functions

    ■ Erasing CW Messages 1 To erase a memory channel’s message, press its associated button ([CH 1] or [CH 2] or [CH 3] or [CH 4]) until you hear a tone. • The keyer will send the letter “C” or “R” depending whether you are in Character or Real Time mode.

  • Page 42: Function Commands

    6 COMMUNICATING ■ Function Commands Commands to the keyer are entered in Morse code using your paddle. The keyer disables output keying. When the function is complete, output keying is enabled, and the previous operating speed is restored. 1 Press [CH 1]+[CH 2]. •...

  • Page 43: Embedded Functions, Serial Number Options

    ■ Embedded Functions Certain functions can be embedded within character messages. The command strings are prefixed by a “/”, and are entered as a separate word. The letters following a “/” that are contained within a word are not interpreted as an embedded function. For example, the keyer understands that “WD6DJY/VE7”...

  • Page 44: Fm Transmission, Fm Repeater Operation

    Switch ON Menu No. 12 (FM.S-MET) if you prefer. This Note: function applies a correction for the S-meter when operating on FM. This correction will adjust S-meter readings to be equal with other KENWOOD HF transceivers. 1 Select the operating frequency. 2 Press [FM/AM] to select FM mode.

  • Page 45: Selecting Subtone Frequency, Continuous Or Burst Subtones

    6 Select the receive frequency. AUTO 7 Press [TX B] (or [TX A]) to select split operation. • This must be the same VFO as selected in Step 1. • The Tone function automatically switches ON. AUTO 8 Select the Subtone frequency via Menu No 57 (SUB.TONE) and Menu No.

  • Page 46: Am Transmission, Digital Operation, Rtty (frequency Shift Keying)

    Amateurs enjoy operating using a number of digital modes. The power and variety of Amateur radio increased greatly with the development of MCP that can use your TS-870S transceiver as the communications link. For example, it’s possible to take advantage of the...

  • Page 47: Error-checking Modes (amtor/ Packet Pactor/ G-tor/ Clover

    4 Following the instructions provided with your MCP or RTTY equipment, enter the key sequence at your RTTY keyboard to select the transmit mode. • The “ON AIR” indicator lights. • You may instead press [SEND] to manually select transmit. 5 Adjust the CAR control so that the meter reads in the ALC zone but doesn’t exceed the upper ALC zone limit.

  • Page 48: Split-frequency Operation

    18105~18110 situation and complete contacts is much improved by “going to split”. The following procedure explains how to 21090~21100 operate split frequency on the TS-870S. — 1 Press [RX A] or [RX B] or [RX M.CH]. 28120~28189 •...

  • Page 49: Tf-set (transmit Frequency Set), Satellite Operation

    Contacts are possible on bands that might otherwise be vacant during low periods of the solar cycle. Your TS-870S can also be used with Mode A satellites, those that use a VHF uplink and an HF downlink, if you also have an SSB/CW VHF transceiver.

  • Page 50: Chapter 7 Operating Aids, Receiving, Rit (receive Incremental Tuning), Agc (automatic Gain Control), Changing Agc

    Receiving weak signals • Receiving high-speed CW The TS-870S will take charge of setting the AGC, using independent release times that you specify for each mode. Or, you can have total control by manually adjusting the AGC yourself from the Front Panel. When...

  • Page 51: Vox (voice-operated Transmit), Transmitting, Microphone Input Level Adjustment, Delay Time Adjustment, Transmit Inhibit

    TRANSMITTING VOX (VOICE-OPERATED TRANSMIT) VOX eliminates the necessity of manually switching to the transmit mode each time that you want to transmit. The transceiver automatically switches to transmit when the VOX circuitry senses that you have begun speaking into the microphone. When using VOX, get into the habit of pausing between thoughts to let the transceiver drop back to receive briefly.

  • Page 52: Speech Processor (ssb/am), Changing Frequency While Transmitting, Transmit Monitor

    7 OPERATING AIDS SPEECH PROCESSOR (SSB/AM) The speech processor functions by leveling the large fluctuations in your voice when you speak. This leveling action effectively raises the average transmit output power resulting in a more understandable signal when operating using SSB or AM. You will notice that using the speech processor makes it easier to be heard by distant stations.

  • Page 53: Customizing Transmit Signal Characteristics (ssb/am), Changing Transmit Bandwidth, Transmit Bandshift, Equalizing Transmit Audio, Microphone Agc

    CUSTOMIZING TRANSMIT SIGNAL CHARACTERISTICS (SSB/AM) The quality of your transmitted signal is important regardless which on-the-air activity you pursue. However, it’s easy to be casual and overlook this fact since you don’t listen to your own signal. The following sub-sections provide information that will help you tailor your transmitted signal.

  • Page 54: Automatic Mode, Automatic Mode Boundaries, Using Automatic Mode

    7 OPERATING AIDS AUTOMATIC MODE Automatic Mode automatically selects the operating mode according to a set of frequency and mode data that you input. The purpose of Automatic Mode is for the transceiver to select the correct mode for you as you tune within a band.

  • Page 55: Automatic Antenna Tuner, Presetting (internal Tuner Only), Internal Tuner

    AUTOMATIC ANTENNA TUNER You have the choice of using the internal tuner, an external AT-300 tuner, or both. Note: ◆ The antenna tuners will not tune outside the authorized transmit limits of Amateur bands. ◆ If an external AT-300 tuner is connected, the internal tuner is bypassed when the ANT 1 connector is selected.

  • Page 56: At-300 External Tuner (optional), Computer [\ Transceiver Interface, Communication Parameters

    Note: ◆ The AT-300 must be connected while the transceiver power is switched OFF. ◆ There is a 4 A fuse inside the TS-870S for the AT-300 Antenna Tuner. 1 Press [ANT] to select Antenna 1. 2 Press [THRU/AUTO]. •...

  • Page 57: Chapter 8 Rejecting Interference, Dsp Tools, Slope Tuning (ssb/am), If Shift (cw)

    REJECTING INTERFERENCE DSP TOOLS SLOPE TUNING (SSB/AM) Changing the positions of the LO/WIDTH and HI/SHIFT controls while in SSB or AM mode changes the cut-off frequencies for the receive pass band. Controlling the pass band in this way allows you to eliminate adjacent frequency interference.

  • Page 58: Adaptive Filters, Auto Notch (ssb), Beat Cancel (ssb/am)

    Only Auto Notch, or Beat Cancel, or Noise Reduction can be used at one time. They cannot be activated at the same time. Also, Menu No. 18 changes to its default setting when the TS-870S power is switched OFF and then ON again.

  • Page 59: Noise Reduction (ssb/cw/fsk/am), Setting Spac Time, Noise Blanker, Aip (advanced Intercept Point), Attenuator

    NOISE REDUCTION (SSB/CW/FSK/AM) Menu No. 13 (LINE.ENH) determines whether the Line Enhance function (an adaptive filter) or the SPAC filter is used. When using the Line Enhance function, switch Menu No. 18 (TRACK) to ON. The SPAC filter works better for reducing noise and is effective for eliminating various types of noise.

  • Page 60: Chapter 9 Memory Features, Microprocessor Memory Backup, Conventional Or Quick Memory, Conventional Memory

    If you find the transceiver powers-up with default settings, and VFO and memory channel data is erased, have the lithium battery replaced. Contact an authorized KENWOOD Service Facility or dealer. CONVENTIONAL OR QUICK MEMORY? Memory channels allow you to save various operating parameters (receive frequency, operating mode, etc.)

  • Page 61: Split-frequency Channels, Memory Channel Recall, Quick Channel Search

    ■ Split-Frequency Channels 1 Using VFO A, select a receive frequency and mode. 2 Using VFO B, select a transmit frequency and mode. 3 Press [RX A], [TX B] to select split-frequency mode. • The indicators in the [RX A] and [TX B] buttons must be ON.

  • Page 62: Temporary Frequency Changes, Memory Channel Scroll, Memory Transfer, Memory \ Vfo Transfers

    9 MEMORY FEATURES ■ Temporary Frequency Changes After recalling a memory channel, it is possible to change the displayed frequency without altering the frequency that is actually stored in that memory channel. After changing the frequency, you could then store the new frequency in a memory channel if you wanted to save it for future use.

  • Page 63: Channel To Channel Transfers, Erasing Memory Channels, Full Reset

    ■ Channel to Channel Transfers 1 Press [RX M.CH] to select Memory Recall mode. AUTO M.CH 2 Select the memory channel that contains the data to be transferred. 3 Press [M.IN] to select Memory Scroll mode. AUTO M.CH M. SCR 4 Select the destination memory channel.

  • Page 64: Storing Scan Limits In Ch 99, Confirming Start/end Frequencies, Programmable Vfo Function

    9 MEMORY FEATURES STORING SCAN LIMITS IN CH 99 Although the Scan function is discussed fully in the next chapter, here you will learn how to store the frequency limits that must be saved first before Scan can be used. 1 Select the Start frequency limit and mode using VFO A.

  • Page 65: Quick Memory, Storing Into Quick Memory, Recalling From Quick Memory, Temporary Frequency Changes

    QUICK MEMORY Quick memory stores a maximum of five frequencies in a stack arrangement. As each new frequency is stored, all previously stored frequencies are bumped to their next respective Quick memory channel. When all five channels contain frequencies, storing one more frequency then bumps all frequencies to the next channel and the frequency in Quick memory channel 5 is bumped off the stack and erased.

  • Page 66: Chapter 10 Scan, Program Scan, Scan Hold, Confirming Start/end Limits

    SCAN Scan is a useful feature for hands-off monitoring of your favorite frequencies. After becoming comfortable with how to use all types of Scan, the monitoring flexibility gained will increase your operating efficiency. This transceiver provides the following types of Scan: Scan Type Program Scan General update of activity...

  • Page 67: Memory Scan, Busy Frequency Stop, Scan Resume Methods, All-channel Scan

    MEMORY SCAN Memory Scan scans all memory channels containing data (All-channel Scan) or only a group of channels specified by you (Group Scan). This type of scan always ascends up through the channel numbers; the direction of scan cannot be changed. While scanning, if you want to skip over some programmed channels, turn the M.CH/VFO.CH control.

  • Page 68: Group Scan, Memory Channel Lockout, Setting Scan Speed

    10 SCAN GROUP SCAN For the purpose of Group Scan, the 100 Conventional memory channels are divided into 10 groups each containing 10 channels. The channels are grouped as follows: • 00 ~ 09, 10 ~19, 20 ~ 29, ..90 ~ 99 The transceiver only scans memory channels that belong to the specified group and contain frequency data.

  • Page 69: Chapter 11 Operator Conveniences, Microprocessor Reset, Initial Settings, Partial Reset, Full Reset

    SWITCHING ANT 1/ ANT 2 The antenna that you use for transmission/reception with the TS-870S can be selected via the [ANT] button on the Front Panel. There are two choices: ANT 1 and ANT 2. ANT 1 selects the antenna connected to the ANT 1 connector on the Rear Panel;...

  • Page 70: Assigning Functions, Using The Programmed Buttons, Lock Function, Beep Function

    11 OPERATOR CONVENIENCES ASSIGNING FUNCTIONS 1 Press [MENU]. 2 Turn the M.CH/VFO.CH control to select Menu No. 45, 46, 47, or 48. 3 Press [UP], or [DOWN], or Mic [UP], or Mic [DWN] to change the current selection for this Menu item. Menu/ Function Function No.

  • Page 71: Button Confirmation, Alarm Notification, Display Dimmer, Quick Data Transfer, Setting Up, Equipment Needed

    ALARM NOTIFICATION An alarm will automatically alert you any time that your action requires the TS-870S to respond in a manner that is outside its set of defined parameters. The alarm may be configured for either three beeps or a Morse code message via Menu No.

  • Page 72: Connections, Using Quick Transfer, Transferring Data, Receiving Data

    (TS-450S/690S: channel 00), or • This choice is made on the Slave transceiver. On the TS-870S, Menu No. 55 (DIRECT) can be set to OFF to receive data into Quick memory, or to ON to receive data in a VFO. Check your Instruction Manual for other transceivers.

  • Page 73: Recording Messages, Message Playback, Checking Messages, Transmitting Messages (vox)

    DRU-3 DIGITAL RECORDING SYSTEM (OPTIONAL) The DRU-3 DRS unit allows you to record approximately 15 seconds of audio per channel on up to 4 channels. The audio is input via your transceiver microphone. Once recorded, the audio can then be transmitted.

  • Page 74: Transmitting Messages (manual Tx/rx), Continuous Multi-channel Playback, Altering Inter-message Interval, Vs-2 Voice Synthesizer (optional)

    No. 40 (REP.TIME). The default interval is 5 seconds. VS-2 VOICE SYNTHESIZER (OPTIONAL) When equipped with the VS-2 Voice Synthesizer unit, the TS-870S can announce displayed information. A Programmable Function (PF) button must be assigned the VOICE function to use the Voice Synthesizer. Refer to “PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTION BUTTONS”...

  • Page 75: Chapter 12 Maintenance, General Information, Service, Service Note, Cleaning

    You may return your transceiver for service to the authorized KENWOOD Dealer from whom you purchased it or any authorized KENWOOD service center. A copy of the service report will be returned with the transceiver. Please do not send subassemblies or printed circuit boards.

  • Page 76: Internal Adjustments, Reference Frequency Calibration, At-300 External Tuner (optional)

    12 MAINTENANCE INTERNAL ADJUSTMENTS REFERENCE FREQUENCY CALIBRATION Note: The transceiver is adjusted at the factory prior to shipping. Unless necessary, DO NOT perform this adjustment. 1 Remove the top case (10 screws) from the transceiver. 2 Set the following on the transceiver: •...

  • Page 77: Troubleshooting

    Due to frequency relationships of some circuits in this transceiver, beat tones may be heard on the following frequencies: 10.000 MHz, 20.000 MHz, 30.000 MHz. This is not a fault. ◆ Placing a powered handy transceiver near this transceiver may cause noise in the TS-870S. Problem Symptom The transceiver will not 1 The DC power supply is not switched ON.

  • Page 78

    12 MAINTENANCE No signals are received 1 The SQL control is fully clockwise. or receive sensitivity 2 The Attenuator function is ON. seems poor. 3 The transceiver is in the transmit mode since the [SEND] switch was pressed. 4 The Microphone PTT switch is pressed. 5 The LO/WIDTH control or HI/SHIFT control is set incorrectly.

  • Page 79

    3 If using a third party terminal program (not supplied by KENWOOD) on your computer, it is not accurately interfacing with the transceiver COM port protocol. 4 The serial port on your computer is not functioning correctly.

  • Page 80: Chapter 13 Optional Accessories

    OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES PS-52 MC-43S HEAVY-DUTY Power Hand Microphone Supply (22.5 A) MC-85 MC-90 Multi-function Desktop DSP-compatible Desktop Microphone Microphone Microphone sensitivity is low in FM mode. HS-6 SP-31 Small Headphones External Speaker VS-2 SM-230 Voice Synthesizer Unit Station Monitor IF-232C LF-30A Interface Unit Low-pass Filter...

  • Page 81: Chapter 14 Installing Options, Removing The Case, Top Case, Bottom Case, Dru-3 Digital Recording Unit

    INSTALLING OPTIONS REMOVING THE CASE TOP CASE 1 Remove the screws (10 screws). 2 Lift off the top case. BOTTOM CASE 1 Remove the screws (12 screws). 2 Lift off the bottom case. DRU-3 DIGITAL RECORDING UNIT Switch OFF the power and unplug the DC power cable CAUTION: before beginning installation.

  • Page 82: So-2 Temperature-compensated Crystal Oscillator (tcxo)

    14 INSTALLING OPTIONS 5 Orient the VS-2 unit with the large IC (IC1) facing down, then install this unit on the two threaded posts using the 2 screws. 6 Re-install Cover A (7 screws). 7 Replace the bottom case and re-install its screws (12 screws).

  • Page 83: Specifications

    SPECIFICATIONS Mode Number of memory channels Antenna impedance Supply voltage Grounding method Current Usable temperature range Frequency stability (–10°C ~ 50°C) Frequency accuracy (at room temperature) Dimensions [W x H x D] (Projections included) Weight Frequency range Output power Modulation Spurious emissions Carrier suppression Unwanted sideband suppression...

  • Page 84

    SPECIFICATIONS Circuit type Frequency range Intermediate frequency SSB, CW, FSK (at 10 dB (S+N)/N) Sensitivity (at 10 dB (S+N)/N) (at 12 dB SINAD) Lo: 300 Hz, Hi: 2600 Hz Width: 200 Hz Selectivity Width: 500 Hz Lo: 100 Hz, Hi: 4000 Hz Width: 14 kHz Image rejection (1.8 MHz ~ 30 MHz) 1st IF rejection (1.8 MHz ~ 30 MHz)

  • Page 85: Appendices, Appendix A: Learning About Dsp

    Menu system, and after you are fully familiar with the controls and buttons on the TS-870S. This manual will not make you an expert on using the DSP functions; that knowledge will come as a result of hands-on experience with the TS-870S.

  • Page 86: Appendix B: Propagation Information, Standard Time And Information Stations, Ncdxf/iaru Beacon Network, Hf Beacons

    ● APPENDICES APPENDIX B: PROPAGATION INFORMATION STANDARD TIME AND INFORMATION STATIONS Besides providing an extremely accurate time source and other information, stations WWV and WWVH, in the continental U.S.A. and Hawaii respectively, deliver propagation announcements every hour in addition to acting as powerful beacons themselves.

  • Page 87

    Freq (kHz) Call Sign Location 28210 Mauritius 3B8MS 28210 Elizabethtown, KY K4KMZ 28210 Wilmington, NC KC4DPC 28212.5 EA6RCM Palma de Mallorca 28212.5 Gough Island ZD9GI 28215 Slough GB3RAL 28215 Champaign, IL KA9SZX 28215 LU4XI Cape Horn 28216 Slough Berkshire GB3RAL 28216.8 California N6UGR...

  • Page 88: Appendix C: General Coverage Receiver For Swling

    Often, inferior receivers that were readily available were used in those days. With your TS-870S, you now have the opportunity to re-visit those same crowded broadcast bands, but truly enjoy the myriad of stations that can be heard. For...

  • Page 89: Appendix D: Com Connector Protocol, Hardware Description, Control Operation, Commands, Command Description

    APPENDIX D: COM CONNECTOR PROTOCOL HARDWARE DESCRIPTION The TS-870S uses a full-duplex, asynchronous, serial interface for communicating through the male 9-pin RS-232C COM connector. Bytes are constructed with 1 start bit, 8 data bits, and 1 stop bit (4800 bps can be configured for 1 or 2 stop bits).

  • Page 90: Parameter Description

    If a particular parameter is not applicable to the TS-870S, the parameter digits should be filled using any character except the ASCII control codes (00 to 1Fh) and the terminator (;).

  • Page 91: Terminator, Types Of Commands, Computer Control Commands

    “FA00007000000;” COMPUTER CONTROL COMMANDS A summary of the command library for communication between a computer and the TS-870S is included in this section. This information can be used if you are developing your own transceiver control program, or you are troubleshooting an existing control application.

  • Page 92: Error Messages, Command Use Precautions

    ● APPENDICES Command Function Sets or reads VFO B frequency. Reads RX filter dot display. Sets RX (VFO A/B, memory channel). Fine function (OFF/ON) Sets TX (VFO A/B, memory channel). Sets or reads filter bandwidth. For SSB and AM, sets or reads the high-pass filter cut-off frequency.

  • Page 93: Menu Selection Table For Ex" Command, Parameter 36

    MENU SELECTION TABLE FOR “EX” COMMAND, PARAMETER 36 Menu Menu Item 0001 0000 MENU.A/B AUT/MAN AGC SSB/ 02/ 03/ AGC CW/ 04/ 05 0016: 0017: AGC FSK/ AGC AM AF.AGC Slow AF.AGC.LV RX AT P HOLD ∆ FREQ AIP.GAIN FM.S–MET LINE.ENH LINE.ENH (Fast)

  • Page 94

    ● APPENDICES Menu Menu Item 0001 0000 Fast LINEAR 1M/500k (kHz) EXT RX TRNSFER DIRECT 24 1 COM.RATE 12 1               Sub Tone Nos. 01~39: 0001~0039 SUB.TONE SUB.TONE FM.BOOST FM WIDE High FM MIC FSK.SHFT (Hz) MARK.POL 2125 FSK.TONE (Hz) 1275 PG.S.HOLD GRP.SCAN...

  • Page 95: Reading Command Tables, Command Tables

    !0 Indicates the function of the parameter. COMMAND TABLES Parameters that have a Parameter Function of “NOT USED” are not supported by the TS-870S. Any character except the ASCII control Note: codes (00 to 1Fh) and the terminator (;) may be entered for those parameters.

  • Page 96

    ● APPENDICES BC BEAT CANCEL Sets or reads Beat Cancel. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 B C P1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 B C P1 ;...

  • Page 97

    FT FUNCTION RX, FUNCTION TX Sets RX/TX (VFO A/B, memory channel). 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 P1 ; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 F R/T ; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 P1 ;...

  • Page 98

    ● APPENDICES LK LOCK Sets Lock OFF/ON or reads status. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 L K P1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 L K P1 ;...

  • Page 99

    MX MIXER Sets AIP OFF/ON or reads status. 9 10 11 12 13 14 M X P1 9 10 11 12 13 14 9 10 11 12 13 14 M X P1 ; NB NOISE BLANKER Sets Noise Blanker OFF/ON or reads status. 9 10 11 12 13 14 N B P1 9 10 11 12 13 14...

  • Page 100

    ● APPENDICES RA RF ATTENUATOR Sets or reads RF ATT(attenuator). 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 RIT CLEAR Sets the RIT frequency shift to 0.

  • Page 101

    SQ SQUELCH LEVEL Sets or reads squelch level. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 SR SYSTEM RESET Resets the transceiver.

  • Page 102: Index

    Accessories Connecting ... 4 Connector (ACC 2) ... 7 Optional, Available ... 74 Optional, Installing ... 75 Supplied ... 1 Adjustments, Internal ... 70 Advanced Intercept Point ... 53 AGC ... 44 AIP ... 53 Alarms ... 65 Frequencies, Popular ... 40 Transmitting ...

  • Page 103

    Memory Channels Channel 99 ... 54 Conventional ... 54 Erasing ... 57 Lockout ... 62 Quick, Recalling ... 59 Quick, Storing ... 59 Quick, Transfers to VFO ... 59 Quick, Tunable ... 59 Recalling ... 55 Resetting ... 57 Scanning, All-Channel ... 61 Scanning, Group ...

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