Korg M1 Owner's Manual

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    This product uses applied technology from ART Teknika’s CONSOLE. • Mac, Mac logo and Audio Units logo are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. • Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. •...

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    Table of contents Table of contents........iii EASY page .............34 OSC page ..............37 How the M1 is structured....... 1 VDF page ...............42 VDA page ..............45 Combination mode........1 CONTROL page .............47 Multi mode ..........2 INSERT FX page ............50 Program mode..........3 Multi mode..........

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Program mode .......... 59 Performance Parameter ...........60 EASY page .............62 OSC page ..............62 VDF page ...............62 VDA page ..............62 CONTROL page .............63 INSERT FX page ............63 Global mode ..........64 Writing, saving, and loading data ..68 Writing to internal memory ......68 Saving data on your computer ....

  • Page 5: How The M1 Is Structured

    Program Program TIMBRE 8 On the M1 software synthesizer, the actual program data (not just a reference to a program) is loaded in each mode, so you can stay in the current mode and edit the programs you’re actually using.

  • Page 6: Multi Mode

    How the M1 is structured Multi mode In this mode, the M1 software synthesizer functions as an Multi mode and Combination mode are structured almost eight-part multi-timbral sound module. identically, but have the following differences. • Default output destination setting for each track (track 1 is...

  • Page 7: Program Mode

    (each accommodating 50 programs, for a total of 200) provided by OSC 1 the M1 software synthesizer. Multisound Each program uses one of three oscillator modes. Single Insert FX These programs use one oscillator.

  • Page 8: Global Mode

    Drums These programs use a drum kit as the oscillator. The pro- In this mode you can make settings that affect the entire M1 gram consists of an OSC, VDF, VDA, and Insert FX. software synthesizer, such as Master Tune, Transpose, Glo- bal MIDI Channel, MIDI Filter, and User Scale.

  • Page 9: Basic Operations

    If you prefer, you can disable Key Focus in Global mode. You may wish to do this if you’re using the M1 software syn- Panpot thesizer as a plug-in inside another application (sequencer You can use your computer keyboard to etc.), and don’t want the cursor key operations to conflict.

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    Basic operations Keyboard Knobs • Click the keyboard A note will play. • Drag (De-acceleration function) This will adjust the value of the knob. The type of • Drag over the keyboard response will depend on the “Knob operation” setting you A glissando will play.

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    Basic operations Value bars • Click while holding down the [Ctrl] key of your com- puter (Mac: Command+click) This will restore the default value (the initialized value). Zone bars • Click the bar (Key Focus) The value corresponding to the location on which you clicked will be assigned.

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    Basic operations Inc/Dec switches • Drag a value up/down (De-acceleration function) This adjusts the value. • Drag the value up/down while holding down the [Shift] key of your computer This lets you make fine adjustments to the value. • Click •...

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    Basic operations • Click while holding down the [Ctrl] key of your com- enabled, letting you edit the point by just using your com- puter (Mac: Command+click) puter’s up/down/left right cursor keys. This will restore the default value (the initialized value). If the oscillator mode is Double, the Point Select switch function applies to the EG that is selected by the EG Graphical envelopes...

  • Page 14

    Basic operations Popup menus You can enter names for combinations, programs, and drum kits that can be written to a memory card. You • Click ▼ can’t enter names for drum sounds or multisounds. Here you can choose a value from the popup menu that appears.

  • Page 15: Items In The Screen

    Items in the screen 4, 5, 6...

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    75. This indicates the current mode. Save 2. Master Volume Saves an M1 software synthesizer data file to your com- This adjusts the overall output level. puter. 3. Combi/Prog Name, INSTRUMENT For details on saving data, refer to “Saving data on your computer”...

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    However, parameters that exist only in Multi mode, such as 9. KORG logo menu the MASTER FX page “SEND” and “RETURN” parameters, Clicking on the KORG log allows you to access the follow- will not be copied. ing commands. Copy From Program Mode…...

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    ☞ “OSC page” on page 37 Displays the memory cards built into the M1 software syn- thesizer. These are shown with the design of the original M1 VDF: Displays the VDF page. option cards that were on sale in the past. Click on a card, ☞...

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    Items in the screen ☞ “CONTROL page” on page 47 INSERT FX: Displays the INSERT FX page. ☞ “INSERT FX page” on page 50 11. PREVIEW switch The PREVIEW switch plays the selected sound using one of six audition phrases, so you can quickly audition a sound. The timbre played by the preview playback function will be the timbre that’s selected by “Timbre Select”...

  • Page 20: The Browser

    The Browser The M1 software synthesizer provides a Browser function that goes beyond a simple category-based classification, making it easy to search through the gigantic library of sounds to find the one you need. You can search for a single instrument or sound character, or search for multiple instruments or sound characters.

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    The Browser 1. COMB/PROG Select tabs ALL CLEAR switch Clears the selected instruments. Use these to select the type of data you want to find. COMBI: Search for a combination. 5. CHARACTER PROG: Search for a program. Use these buttons to specify the sound character. If you’ve chosen SEARCH in the SEARCH/CARD tab, you can click In Multi mode and Program mode, only PROG will be here to specify the character of the sound you want to find.

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    The Browser 6. Sound list 8. CANCEL button This area shows the combinations or programs that were Closes the browser without applying the selected sound. found. When you double-click a displayed name, that sound 9. APPLY button will be selected and the browser will close. Applies the selected sound.

  • Page 23: Drum Kits

    The Browser Selecting multisounds, drum sounds, and 1. SEARCH/CARD Select tabs Use these to select how you want to find the sound. drum kits SEARCH: Search by type of instrument. You can also use the browser to find multisounds, individ- ual drum sounds, and drum kits.

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    If you’ve started up multi- ple instances of the M1 software synthesizer, dragging and 6. CANCEL button dropping between the sound lists of different instances will Closes the browser without applying the selected sound.

  • Page 25: Parameters Of Each Mode

    Parameters of each mode Combination mode In this mode you can create a single sound by assigning different programs to up to eight timbres. Click the [COMBI] switch to enter Combination mode.

  • Page 26: Timbre Parameters

    Parameters of each mode Timbre Parameters you’ve selected here. If you’re controlling the M1 software synthesizer from an external MIDI device, you won’t hear Here you can select the program used by each timbre, and anything unless the MIDI channel of your external MIDI set the output level, pan, and output destination of each tim- device matches the MIDI channel of the timbre you’ve...

  • Page 27: Combination Mode

    Lets you select a program. browser or a timbre. If you’re running more than one The browser will appear in the same way as when you click instance of the M1 software synthesizer, you can copy ☞ the [BROWSER] switch. ( “The Browser”...

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    Parameters of each mode PROGRAM Select ..........[BROWSER] OUT............[–, 1+2…15+16] Selects the program used by the timbre. To select the pro- Selects the output destination of each timbre. gram, use the browser that appears when you execute the If DRUMS is specified as the oscillator mode (☞ “OSC menu command “Load”...

  • Page 29: Performance Page

    Combination mode PERFORMANCE page Here you can adjust the program parameters used by each timbre. Click the [PERFORMANCE] switch to access this page. Adjusting the parameters in the PERFORMANCE page will not change the displayed value of the program parameters. When you execute a Write, Copy, or Apply performance command, the adjustments you made here will be applied to the program parameters.

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    Parameters of each mode TABLE..............[OFF, ON] Switches the parameter display. BALANCE ..........[–50…+00…+50] OFF: Close-up display of the parameters of the selected tim- Adjusts the volume of the oscillators. bre. If the program’s “OSC MODE” is Double, this adjusts the ON: Display the parameters for all eight timbres. volume balance of OSC1 and OSC2.

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    The same applies when you’re playing back automation INSERT FX while using the M1 software synthesizer as a plug-in within a host application. IFX BALANCE ..........[–50…+00…+50] Assigning a CC# to a knob Adjusts the balance between the insert effect’s processed...

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    Learn mode. In this state when you operate a controller on your external MIDI device, the M1 software synthe- sizer will receive that CC# and will assign it to the knob.

  • Page 33: Midi Page

    Combination mode MIDI page Here you can specify the MIDI channel, MIDI filtering, key zone, velocity zone, and pitch for each timbre. Click the [MIDI] switch to access this page.

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    OFF (dark): Receive. You can filter out certain types of MIDI messages, to prevent ON (lit): Don’t receive. them from being received by the M1 software synthesizer. DETUNE Set the filter to “ON” if you do not want to receive that type of MIDI message.

  • Page 35: Master Fx Page

    Combination mode MASTER FX page Here you can specify the master effects used by the combination, and the output destinations for the master effects. Click the [MASTER FX] switch to access this page.

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    Here you can edit the parameters of the effect selected by Adjusts the output level of the compressor. “EFFECT TYPE.” For details on the parameters available for each effect, refer to the PDF of the original M1 owner’s man- EQ TRIM............. [000…100] ual.

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    Combination mode PRE LEQ..........[–15…+00…+15dB] This EQ control will boost or cut the low frequencies of the input signal, before the compressor. PRE HEQ..........[–15…+00…+15dB] This EQ control will boost or cut the high frequencies of the input signal, before the compressor. DRY/WET ..........

  • Page 38: Easy Page

    Parameters of each mode EASY page Here you can edit the major parameters of the program. Click the [EASY] switch to access this page. Parameters not shown in this page can be edited in the OSC – INSERT FX pages.

  • Page 39

    Combination mode OSC MODE........[SINGLE, DOUBLE, DRUM] VDF SELECT Selects the oscillator mode. Specifies whether the VDF1 or the VDF2 will be shown in the foreground. MULTISOUND 1/MULTISOUND 2/DRUMKIT ..[BROWSER] CUTOFF ..............[00…99] Here you can select a multisound or drum kit. Specifies the cutoff frequency.

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    Parameters of each mode VDF EG If you’re using the composite effect (Delay/Hall etc.) as an insert effect, and if the “DRY/WET” values differ VDF EG SELECT between Delay and Hall, the Delay value is shown Specifies whether the VDF EG1 or the VDF EG2 will be here.

  • Page 41: Osc Page

    Combination mode OSC page Here you can make oscillator settings for the program. Click the [OSC] switch to access this page.

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    ENABLE: The sound will continue even if you release the keyboard. OSC2 OSC1 INTERVAL ............[–12…+12] ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 22 “F0-2: OSC1” Specifies the pitch of oscillator 2 in semitones relative to oscillator1. MULTISOUND 1..........[BROWSER] DETUNE ............. [–50…+50] Here you can select a multisound.

  • Page 43: Drum Parameters

    Specify the shape of the pitch EG. Drag the points of the graphic envelope to specify the shape of the EG. (☞ “Graph- ical envelopes” on page 9) ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 24 “F1-1: OSC1 PITCH EG” VEL SENS EG INT............[–99…+00…+99] Specify how velocity will affect the depth of the EG.

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    Specifies the volume level of each drum sound. lators. “INST LEVEL” is relative value to the oscillator level ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 30 “F6-1: PITCH MG” (☞ “OSC LEVEL” on page 38). OSC 1/OSC 2/DRUMS ......[DISABLE, ENABLE] INST DECAY ............

  • Page 45

    • If “TIMES” =4 (one MG cycle per beat) MG will synchronize to the MIDI Clock from that MIDI device. If you’re using the M1 software synthe- sizer as a plug-in, the MG will synchronize to the tempo of the host application.

  • Page 46: Vdf Page

    Parameters of each mode VDF page Here you can make VDF settings for the program. Click the [VDF] switch to access this page.

  • Page 47

    Combination mode VDF1 VEL SENS ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 26 “F2-3: VDF1 VEL CUTOFF ..............[00…99] SENS” Specifies the cutoff frequency. EG INT............[–99…+00…+99] RESONANCE Switch..........[OFF, ON] EG TIME..............[00…99] Switches the resonance on/off. ☞ “OSC1” on page 38 The M1 software synthesizer adds a new “RESONANCE”...

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    Parameters of each mode CENTER KEY............[C-1…G9] Specifies the key (note) that will be used as the center for keyboard tracking. You can also enter these values by double click, play- ing a note on the external MIDI keyboard, and press the [Enter] key of your computer.

  • Page 49: Vda Page

    Combination mode VDA page Here you can make VDA settings for the program. Click the [VDA] switch to access this page.

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    (☞ “Graphical envelopes” on page 9) These specify how velocity will affect the VDA 1 EG’s A ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 28 “F4-1: VDA1 EG” (Attack Time), D (Decay Time), S (Slope Time), and R (Release Time).

  • Page 51: Control Page

    Combination mode CONTROL page Here you can make settings that specify how aftertouch and external controllers will affect the tone and pitch. Click the [CON- TROL] switch to access this page.

  • Page 52: After Touch

    Parameters of each mode AFTER TOUCH CONTROLLER ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 32 “F7-1: AFTER ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 33 “F7-2: JOY STICK” TOUCH” PITCHBEND ..........[–12…+00…+12] PITCH ............[–12…+00…+12] Specifies the pitch bend range of an external controller.

  • Page 53

    Combination mode VDF MG FREQ/VDF MG TIMES ........[0…3] Specifies how an external controller will affect the VDF MG speed as a ratio relative to the “FREQ/TIMES” value of the VDF page. This setting will be either VDF MG FREQ or VDF MG TIMES, depending on the VDF page “TEMPO SYNC”...

  • Page 54: Insert Fx Page

    Parameters of each mode INSERT FX page Here you can select the insert effects for the program, and specify their output destination. Click the [INSERT FX] switch to access this page.

  • Page 55

    INSERT FX PAN ............[L50…C00…R50] Specifies the panning of A and B when the “OSC MODE” is ☞ M1 owner’s manual PDF, page 36 “3 - Effect parameters” set to SINGLE or DOUBLE. IFX ............... [OFF, ON] Specifies the panning of C and D when the “OSC MODE” is This switch acts as a bypass, turning the entire insert effect set to DRUMS.

  • Page 56

    Parameters of each mode Multi mode In this mode the M1 software synthesizer functions as an eight-part multi-timbral sound module. Click the [MULTI] switch to enter Multi mode.

  • Page 57: Track Parameter

    Multi mode Track Parameter track you’ve selected here. If you’re controlling the M1 soft- ware synthesizer from an external MIDI device, you won’t Here you can choose the program used by each track, and hear anything unless the MIDI channel of your external set the output level, pan, and output destination of each MIDI device matches the MIDI channel of the track you’ve...

  • Page 58

    If you’re running more than one The browser will appear in the same way as when you click instance of the M1 software synthesizer, you can copy the [BROWSER] switch. (☞ “The Browser” on page 16) and paste between different instances of the M1.

  • Page 59

    Multi mode PERFORMANCE page PROGRAM Select ..........[BROWSER] Selects the program used by the track. Here you can edit the program parameters used by each To select the program, use the browser that appears when track. Click the [PERFORMANCE] switch to access this you execute the menu command “Load”...

  • Page 60

    Parameters of each mode MASTER FX page Here you can edit the master effect settings. Click the [MASTER FX] switch to access this page. In Multi mode the master effects are used as send effects, so the input and output of the effects is determined by the send, return, and return destination settings.

  • Page 61

    Effect Parameter Here you can set the parameters of the effect selected in MASTER FX “EFFECT TYPE.” For the effects that were added in the M1 software synthesizer, refer to “Effect Parameters” on page ROUTING TYPE ........[SERIAL, PARALLEL] Selects the type of effect routing.

  • Page 62

    Parameters of each mode EASY page CONTROL page Here you can edit the major parameters of the program. Here you can specify how aftertouch and external control- Click the [EASY] switch to access this page. The parameters lers will affect each program’s pitch and tone. Click the are the same as in Combination mode.

  • Page 63

    Program mode Program mode In this mode you can play and edit a single program. Click the [PROG] switch to enter Program mode.

  • Page 64: Performance Parameter

    [BROWSER] switch. (☞ “The Browser” on page 16) Menu Commands Write Writes (stores) edited or created program data into the M1 software synthesizer’s internal memory. ☞ “Writing to internal memory” on page 69. Search Similar Program The browser will appear with the same instrument and sound character search settings as the currently-loaded pro- gram.

  • Page 65

    “IFX” (☞ “IFX” on page 22) is automatically turned on browser or a timbre or track. If you’re running more when you select a program. than one instance of the M1 software synthesizer, you LEVEL..............[00…99] can copy and paste between different instances of the Specifies the output level of the program.

  • Page 66

    Parameters of each mode INSERT FX OSC BALANCE ..........[–50…+00…+50] IFX BALANCE ..........[–50…+00…+50] These parameters are the same as in the “PERFORMANCE These parameters are the same as in the “PERFORMANCE page” of Combination mode. Refer to “PERFORMANCE page” of Combination mode. Refer to “PERFORMANCE page”...

  • Page 67

    Program mode VDA page Here you can edit the VDA settings of the program. Click the [VDA] switch to access this page. The parameters are the same as in Combination mode. Refer to “VDA page” on page 45. CONTROL page Here you can specify how aftertouch and external control- lers will affect the program’s pitch and tone.

  • Page 68

    Parameters of each mode Global mode Here you can make settings that apply to the entire M1 software synthesizer, such as master tune, transpose, global MIDI chan- nel, MIDI filtering, and user scale. Click the [GLOBAL] switch to enter Global mode.

  • Page 69: Midi Setting

    MIDI SETTING MIDI FILTER You can filter out certain types of MIDI messages, to prevent them from being received by the M1 software synthesizer. GLOBAL MIDI CHANNEL Set the filter to “ON” if you do not want to receive that type MIDI CHANNEL ............

  • Page 70

    Pure Minor: In this scale, the principle minor chords in the MASTER TUNE A4 ....... [420.00…460.00 Hz] selected key will be perfectly harmonious (pure minor tem- Adjusts the overall pitch of the M1 software synthesizer in perament). 0.01 Hz steps. This is shown as the pitch of the A4 (middle User1–12: The scale you created in “USER SCALE”...

  • Page 71

    This writes the settings of the Global page as the initial val- also be written to the automation of the host application. ues for the global data when the M1 software synthesizer is started up. If this setting is disabled, controlling parameters will not cause automation to be written.

  • Page 72: Writing, Saving, And Loading Data

    Writing to internal memory Settings that are remembered when you Write • Programs used by each timbre The settings you edit or create can be stored in the M1 soft- • Each timbre’s output settings, MIDI settings, key zone, ware synthesizer’s internal memory.

  • Page 73

    Program mode can be written (stored) to a user card in the M1 software synthesizer. The M1 software synthesizer provides four internal “user cards,” each holding 50 programs. This gives you a total of 200 programs stored within the M1.

  • Page 74

    Writing, saving, and loading data Settings that are not remembered when you Write You can also access the WRITE PROGRAM dialog box by selecting the Write menu command for each timbre • The LINK EDIT, VDF SELECT, VDF EG Select, and VDA (track).

  • Page 75: Writing To Internal Memory

    Program mode can be written (stored) to a user card in the M1 software synthesizer. The M1 software synthesizer provides two internal “user You can also access the WRITE PROGRAM dialog box cards” for storing drum kits. Since each card holds 20 drum by choosing the menu command Write.

  • Page 76: Saving Data On Your Computer

    Saving data on your computer The WRITE DRUM KIT dialog box will appear with the attribute that is specified for the drum kit selected. Here’s how the M1 software synthesizer’s internal data can be saved as a file on your computer. [FILE] button Click the [FILE] button displayed in the upper left of the screen in each mode.

  • Page 77: File Menu

    File menu Saving your MIDI control change assignments Save bank Click the KORG logo located in the upper right of the From the file menu located in the upper left of the screen, and choose “Save Controller Map…” from the screen, choose “Save Bank As…”.

  • Page 78: Computer

    “.m1multi”. Loading MIDI control change assignments 1 Program… Click the KORG logo located in the upper right of the The parameters of one program will be loaded. These screen, and choose “Load Controller Map…” from the files have an extension of “.m1prog”.

  • Page 79: Importing System Exclusive Data

    However if you’re using an option you should import this data in the order of GLOBAL, card, it will be recognized as card 1 by the M1 software ALL PROGRAM and then ALL COMBINATION. synthesizer, so you’ll need to re-select this after All Program…...

  • Page 80: Appendices, Computer Menus

    The menus appearing on your computer contain the follow- will be saved in a file with an extension of “.fxp”. ing commands. These are shown only when the M1 software Shortcut key: [Ctrl] key (Mac: [Command] key) + [E] synthesizer is running in stand-alone mode, and not when you’re using it as a plug-in.

  • Page 81

    Please also retain your receipt as proof of purchase otherwise your product may be disqualified from the manufacturer’s or distributor’s warranty. 4015-2 Yanokuchi, Inagi-city, Tokyo 206-0812 Japan © 2006 KORG INC.

  • Page 82: Midi Implementation Chart

    Program mode: Received on the Global MIDI channel to change programs. Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY Mode 2: OMNI ON, MONO : Yes Mode 3: OMNI OFF, POLY Mode 4: OMNI OFF, MONO Consult your local Korg distributor for more information on MIDI IMPLEMENTATION.

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