HP Workstations for Linux
SUMMARY
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  • Page 1: User Guide

    HP Workstations for Linux User Guide SUMMARY You must have Adobe® Acrobat® Reader installed to view PDF files. The reader is a free plug-in available at the Adobe® web site. HP recommends using Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or greater to view PDFs larger than 4 megabytes and use byte-serving capabilities.

  • Page 2

    Copyright Information Warranty Trademark Credits © 2007–2009 Copyright Hewlett-Packard Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable The HP Invent logo is a trademark of Hewlett- Development Company, L.P. for technical or editorial errors or omissions Packard Company in the U.S. and other contained herein or for incidental or countries.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 1 Linux on HP Workstations Introduction ............................1 Red Hat Enterprise Linux ........................1 Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise ......................2 Warranty ............................... 2 Graphics cards ............................. 2 System RAM ............................2 Audio ..............................3 Network cards ............................3 Hyper-threading ............................

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Performance considerations ....................... 17 Configuring software RAID ......................... 18 6 Installing and configuring SAS hardware RAID Introduction ............................19 Supported Configurations ........................20 LSI 3041E and Integrated LSI 1064/1068 Setup ................20 LSI 8344ELP and LSI 8888ELP Setup ....................24 Additional RAID Information .......................

  • Page 5: Introduction, Red Hat Enterprise Linux

    Linux on HP Workstations Introduction This document describes the supported use of the Linux® operating system on HP Workstations. HP offers a variety of Linux solutions for HP Workstation customers: ● HP certifies and supports versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) on HP Workstations. ●...

  • Page 6: Novell Suse Linux Enterprise, Warranty, Graphics Cards, System Ram

    Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise HP offers a 64-bit SLED 11 preload on 400 and xw4600 Workstations, and supports both 32-bit and 64-bit SLED 11 on these Workstations. Other HP Workstation models are certified on various versions of SLED and SLES. For information about Novell certifications on HP Workstations, refer to the Novell certification bulletin search page at http://developer.novell.com/yessearch/.

  • Page 7: Audio, Network Cards, Hyper-threading, Numa

    Audio All HP Workstations come with built-in audio hardware. The audio hardware is supported by Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) sound drivers included with all modern Linux distributions. The audio hardware provides basic playback and recording features. The ability to simultaneously play audio from multiple sources, such as applications and CDROM, is provided by software mixing functionality in the ALSA driver.

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    Chapter 1 Linux on HP Workstations ENWW...

  • Page 9: Hp Installer Kit For Red Hat Linux Introduction

    HP Installer Kit for Red Hat Linux Introduction The HP Installer Kit for Linux enables you to install Red Hat Linux on HP workstations. The kit provides updated drivers, tools, and an operating system to enable HP hardware with various Linux operating system versions.

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    Table 2-1 Red Hat Linux supported hardware platforms (continued) Update 1 Update 1 xw4400 HP Installer Kit for Linux—HP Driver CD for RHEL 5 Rev. B xw4550 xw4600 xw6400 xw6600 xw8400 xw8600 xw9400 Update 2 Update 2 xw4550 HP Installer Kit for Linux—HP Driver CD for RHEL 5 Rev.

  • Page 11

    Table 2-1 Red Hat Linux supported hardware platforms (continued) Update 3 Update 3 xw4300 HP Installer Kit for Linux—HP Driver CD for RHEL 4 Rev. A xw6200 xw6400 xw8200 xw8400 xw9300 Update 4 Update 4 xw4300 HP Installer Kit for Linux—HP Driver CD for RHEL 4 Rev.

  • Page 12

    Table 2-1 Red Hat Linux supported hardware platforms (continued) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 (x86) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 (AMD64 / EM64T) Revision Supported Red Supported hardware CDs (ISOs) in the HP Installer Kit for Linux Hat update platforms Update 1 Update 1 xw4100...

  • Page 13: Hp Driver Cds, Description

    HP Driver CDs Description HP supports multiple versions of Red Hat Linux on HP xw and Workstation series. The supported versions include Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 (RHEL WS 3), RHEL WS 4, and RHEL Desktop 5. To provide flexibility in installing the Red Hat operating system version, HP has created Driver CDs. These CDs are included in the HP Installer Kit for Linux.

  • Page 14: Installing With The Hp Driver Cd, Installing With The Hp Installer Kit For Linux

    Installing with the HP Driver CD Install the operation system using the CDs included in the Red Hat Linux box-set. If there is a Red Hat Driver Disk that corresponds to the Red Hat Linux operating system that is being installed, enter linux dd on the initial install splash screen, and then press Enter. NOTE: You must enter linux dd before pressing Enter.

  • Page 15

    HP Installer Kit for Novell HP provides an HP Installer Kit for SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 CD. This CD includes software packages (called RPMs) that enable or enhance the functionality or performance of SLED 11 on the 400 and xw4600 Workstations. The contents of this CD are included in the SLED 11 preload on these workstations.

  • Page 16: Restoring Novell Sled, Creating Restore Media

    Restoring Novell SLED The SLED restore media is required to restore the Linux operating system. Creating restore media THE SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop preload includes a SUSE ISO icon on the desktop. Select this icon to go to the /iso directory. The /iso directory contains all iso images used to preload the workstation. Open the file that contains the instructions to create and restore the SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop at /iso/ReadMe, or select the SUSE ISO icon.

  • Page 17: Linux Graphics Drivers For Hp Workstations, Nvidia® Graphics Workstations, X Server Configuration

    Linux graphics for HP workstations This chapter provides an overview of accelerated graphics solutions for HP Workstations running the Linux operating system and the X.org X Window System. It covers vendor-specific driver configuration utilities, system functionality, and support information for workstation users. This chapter assumes familiarity with Linux configuration, basic X server usage, window managers, and essential video graphics card fundamentals such as PCI Express versus PCI, VGA versus DVI connectors, and 3D versus 2D accelerated graphics.

  • Page 18: Sli Graphics Acceleration, Xinerama / Nvidia Twinview, Bit (10-bit-per-channel) X Visuals

    If you use the HP version of the tested Nvidia drivers, use the /usr/bin/nvidia-settings command to access the desktop icon for the graphical utility: This utility provides access to: ● X Server information ● X Server Display Information - includes screen layouts, display resolutions and timings, and TwinView™...

  • Page 19: Amd® / Ati Graphics Workstations

    Professional Displays). These cards have higher fidelity than standard DVI-driven or VGA-driven monitors that support 24-bit, 8-bit-per-channel signals. Work to support 30-bit visuals on the enterprise desktop is ongoing with X.org X servers at X11 R7.4 or later. (To correctly manage mixed 30-bit and 24-bit visual requests, these servers require later versions of GDM , Gnome, and KDE display managers).

  • Page 20: Troubleshooting

    NOTE: Use of this feature may reduce the life of the graphics card. ● Framelock/ Genlock—Genlock is commonly used in video post-production, nonlinear editing (NLE), and broadcast studios. Its ensures that workstation graphics output is locked (LOCK) to an externally generated (GEN) signal. This guarantees that the studio’s devices (cameras, videotape recorders, or character or title generators) work together effectively.

  • Page 21: Software Raid In Hp Linux Workstations Introduction, Software Raid Considerations, Performance Considerations

    Software RAID in HP Linux workstations Introduction This chapter provides an summary of software RAID considerations for HP workstations running the Linux operating system. In addition references to procedures on configuring software RAID are also provided in this chapter. NOTE: While BIOS messages might refer to hardware RAID, only SAS hardware RAID is supported by HP Linux workstations.

  • Page 22: Configuring Software Raid

    Configuring software RAID See the following links for additional resources on how to configure software RAID on Red Hat Enterprise Linux or Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED): ● Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5—Deployment Guide Software RAID:http://www.redhat.com/docs/en- US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/5/html/Deployment_Guide/s1-raid-config.html. ● Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4—System Administrator Guide Software RAID at:http://www.redhat.com/docs/manuals/enterprise/RHEL-4-Manual/en-US/ System_Administration_Guide_/Software_RAID_Configuration.html.

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    Installing and configuring SAS hardware RAID Introduction This chapter provides an overview of hardware RAID solutions for HP workstations running the Linux operating system. It assumes a basic understanding of computer hardware, filesystems, and the Linux operating system. It covers an overview of hardware RAID solutions, the differences between software and hardware RAID offerings, and information regarding the configuration of hardware RAID on HP Linux workstations.

  • Page 24: Supported Configurations, Lsi 3041e And Integrated Lsi 1064/1068 Setup

    Supported Configurations Hardware RAID for HP Linux workstations is currently supported for user-configured RAID solutions for the HP workstations below. Not all configurations that are made available by the RAID chipsets or plugin cards are supported by HP; only the configurations listed below are supported on HP Linux workstations. Table 6-1 Maximum supported hard drives xw4600...

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    Use the following steps as a guide to set up the LSI 3041E or the onboard LSI controllers for SAS RAID. Details vary based on the specific configuration, such as RAID level and number of disks used. Boot the workstation, and when prompted, press any key to view option ROM messages. A message indicating the presence of the LSI onboard controller or plug-in card and the LSI Logic MPT SAS BIOS appears.

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    Press enter to select and configure the highlighted adapter from the list. The next screen will display properties of the selected adapter. Information on the attached drives, any RAID arrays present, and more advanced adapter properties is available. Figure 6-3 LSI Logic MPT Setup Utility –...

  • Page 27

    To create a new array, select one of the options to create either an IM, IME, or IS volume and press enter. IM, or Integrated Mirroring, is also known as RAID-1. IME, or Integrated Mirroring Enhanced, is RAID-10. IS, or Integrated Striping, is RAID-0. The next screen will list the disks. For each disk to be part of the array, move to the column labeled “RAID Disk”...

  • Page 28: Lsi 8344elp And Lsi 8888elp Setup

    Select Manage Array and press Enter to use the management features. From here, the disks that are configured to be hot spares can be managed, the array can be activated, deactivated, or deleted, and if the array is not at an Optimal status due to a disk failure or other problem, it can be synchronized from this menu.

  • Page 29

    Use the following steps as a guide to set up the LSI 8344ELP or the LSI 8888ELP or SAS RAID. Details will vary based on the specific configuration used. Boot the workstation, and when prompted, press CTRL-H to enter LSI’s WebBIOS utility. WebBIOS will be run after POST completes.

  • Page 30

    The Configuration Wizard can be used to create a new RAID array on the device. From the MegaRAID Configuration Wizard screen, there are options available to clear any existing device configuration, add new drives to an existing configuration, or create a new configuration from scratch.

  • Page 31

    Automatic configurations will automatically add all available disks to a RAID array, with the RAID level determined by whether or not redundancy is selected. Custom configuration allows the user to select disks, array size, and RAID level. The next screen allows for the selection of the disks which will be part of the RAID array.

  • Page 32

    The next screen allows for more advanced configuration of the RAID array. Many details about the disk policies can be selected here. The most important options on this screen are the RAID level and size. First select the RAID level from the drop-down menu- the RAID levels available will vary depending on the number of physical disks in the disk group.

  • Page 33

    The next screen will display the physical disks on the left and the proposed virtual disk (RAID array) on the right as a preview of the proposed disk configuration. If changes are needed, press “Back” to go back and change details of the configuration, or press “Accept” to accept the configuration. On the next screen, press “Yes”...

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    Press C or CTRL-H when indicated to enter the utility. When the home screen appears, the new disk will be marked as “Unconfigured bad” and the missing disk will be labeled in red. Click on the new unconfigured disk in order to configure it and add it to the RAID array. Figure 6-14 LSI WebBIOS –...

  • Page 35: Additional Raid Information

    From the next screen, select the option to make the disk Unconfigured good so it can be made to be part of a disk group, and then select Go. The next screen displays the configured disk groups. The group from which the original disk was missing is indicated. Select the location of the disk from the row labeled DG Missing Row, where the listed options are the locations where a disk was missing from the RAID array.

  • Page 36

    Chapter 6 Installing and configuring SAS hardware RAID ENWW...

  • Page 37

    Links Check the following resources for additional information on topics presented in this user manual. ● Linux on HP workstations: http://www.hp.com/linux ◦ Select Platforms and printers ◦ Select Workstations ● Driver Updates & HPIKL images: http://www.hp.com/support/ ◦ Select the country ◦...

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    Chapter 7 Links ENWW...

  • Page 39

    Appendix—HP release notes for Linux operating systems Introduction Release Notes for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) contain a list of known issues on HP Linux workstations when using RHEL 3, RHEL 4, and RHEL Client 5 as of June 2009. For additional information or updates, see http://www.hp.com/go/workstationsupport and complete the...

  • Page 40: Customer Advisories For Red Hat Enterprise Linux Ws 3

    Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 Use the following table to determine which advisories are applicable to the RHEL 3 workstation. Table A-1 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 Advisory Update 8 Update 7 Update 6 Update 5 Update 4...

  • Page 41

    Table A-1 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 (continued) Advisory Update 8 Update 7 Update 6 Update 5 Update 4 Update 3 Update 2 /c00676526 No Audio with xw4300 xw4300 UP Kernel xw4400 xw6400 xw6400 xw8400 xw8400 xw9400 c/00676466 ATI Graphics xw4300...

  • Page 42

    Table A-1 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 3 (continued) Advisory Update 8 Update 7 Update 6 Update 5 Update 4 Update 3 Update 2 /c00767049 Wake-on- xw9300 LAN May Fail /c00909919 (AMD64/ xw4400 xw6400 EM64T) FX4600 issues xw6400 xw8400 with vesa driver...

  • Page 43: Customer Advisories For Red Hat Enterprise Linux Ws 4

    Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 4 Use the following tables to determine which advisories are applicable to the RHEL 4 workstation. Table A-2 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 4 Advisory Updates Update 6 Update Update 4 Update 3 Update...

  • Page 44

    Table A-2 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 4 (continued) Advisory Updates Update 6 Update Update 4 Update 3 Update Update 1 Base 7 & 8 /c00517759 (x86) xw4300 SMP Kernel may xw9300 Panic after X Starts /c00645864 LAN xw4300 Driver Issues /c00632558 Network...

  • Page 45

    Table A-2 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS 4 (continued) Advisory Updates Update 6 Update Update 4 Update 3 Update Update 1 Base 7 & 8 /c01106514 X may xw6400 xw6400 xw6400 xw6400 fail to start with xw8400 xw8400 xw8400 xw8400...

  • Page 46: Customer Advisories For Red Hat Enterprise Linux Client 5

    Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux Client 5 Use the following tables to determine which advisories are applicable to the RHEL Client 5 workstation. Table A-3 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux Client 5 Advisory Update 3 Update 1 Base /c00910216 (x86_64) xw9400 may panic during xw9400...

  • Page 47

    Table A-3 Customer advisories for Red Hat Enterprise Linux Client 5 (continued) Advisory Update 3 Update 1 Base /c01742190 Linux Operating Systems using xw4600 NVIDIA Graphics Driver Need to be Upgraded xw6600 xw8600 xw9400 Z400 Z600 Z800 /c01766812 HP Workstations - Workstations xw4600 Connected to a Dual Link Monitor or a HP LP3065 xw6600...

  • Page 48: Customer Advisories For Suse Linux Enterprise Desktop 11

    Customer advisories for SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop Advisory Base /c01742190 HP Z series Workstations - Linux Operating xw4600 Systems using NVIDIA Graphics Driver Need to be Upgraded xw6800 xw9400 Z400 Z600 Z800 /c01742287 HP xw4600 and Z400 Workstations - Configure xw4600 Audio on HP Workstations running SuSE Linux Enterprise Z400...

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