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HP 445860-B21 - 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch User Manual

Hp 10gb ethernet bl-c switch user guide.
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HP 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch

User Guide

Part Number 445941-002
August 2008 (Second Edition)


Table of Contents

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   Summary of Contents for HP 445860-B21 - 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch

  • Page 1: User Guide

    HP 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch User Guide Part Number 445941-002 August 2008 (Second Edition)
  • Page 2 © Copyright 2007, 2008 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Introduction ..........................6 Additional references..........................6 Features ..............................6 Enterprise class performance......................6 Switch redundancy .......................... 7 Configuration and management ......................8 Diagnostic tools..........................9 Switch architecture ............................ 9 Port Mapping..........................9 Dual switches..........................9 Redundant paths to server bays ......................9 Supported technologies..........................
  • Page 4 Replacing a switch........................23 Replacing an existing switch ........................23 Regulatory compliance notices ..................... 25 Class A equipment ..........................25 Modifications............................25 Cables ..............................25 Canadian notice ............................. 25 Chinese notice ............................25 European Union regulatory notice ......................25 BSMI notice ............................26 Japanese class A notice ...........................
  • Page 5 The switch does not let the user enable two adjacent ports into two different VLANs while assigning the ports to VLANs ..............................52 While using TFTP to download firmware, the switch fails to connect to the TFTP server, or after connection the download fails ............................
  • Page 6: Introduction

    Introduction Additional references Configure the switch after installation. Detailed information about how to configure the switch is available in the reference guides listed below. To obtain these guides, see the HP website ( • HP 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch Application Guide •...
  • Page 7: Switch Redundancy

    • Support for Telnet, SNMP, SCP, FTP, and TFTP file transfer, human read/write configuration file, XModem, and an extensive list of MIB objects further enhance the management capabilities • Fully redundant end-to-end architecture maximizing server availability from the network • Support for IGMP snooping for multicasting •...
  • Page 8: Configuration And Management

    • Up to two separate switches in slots 5 and/or 7 per one HP c-7000 BladeSystem server blade enclosure • Four, ten Gigabit Ethernet uplink ports (ports 18-21), per switch, for designing fully meshed uplink paths to the network backbone •...
  • Page 9: Diagnostic Tools

    Diagnostic tools The hardware, software, and firmware diagnostic tools that are available include: • HP Systems Insight Manager automatic discovery and identification • POST built into the switch boot process • Switch port mirroring • Switch LED panel displaying per port status and speed •...
  • Page 10: Supported Technologies

    Redundant Ethernet signals from each blade server are routed through the enclosure backplane to separate switches within the enclosure. However, specific switch port to server mapping varies depending on which type of server blade is installed. Supported technologies Layer 2 switching The switch uses Gigabit Layer 2 switching technology.
  • Page 11: Spanning Tree Protocol

    IMPORTANT: The greater the number of VLANs, the greater the switch CPU utilization. For maximum switch performance, HP recommends being judicious when configuring the number of VLANs. NOTE: VLAN 4095 is reserved for future functionality. Spanning Tree Protocol The switch supports IEEE 802.1D STP, which allows the blocking of links that form loops between switches in a network.
  • Page 12: Tftp Support

    TFTP support TFTP support allows the switch firmware to be upgraded by downloading a new firmware file from a TFTP server to the switch. Firmware images of the switch are also uploaded to a TFTP server, a configuration file is downloaded into a switch from a TFTP server, and configuration settings are saved to the TFTP server.
  • Page 13: Tacacs

    • Authorization of remote administrators • Determination of the permitted actions and customizing service for individual administrators TACACS+ The switch supports the TACACS+ method to authenticate, authorize, and account for remote administrators managing the switch. This method is based on a client/server model. The switch is a client to the back-end TACACS+ AAA server.
  • Page 14: Igmp Snooping

    IGMP Snooping The switch supports IGMP Snooping for multicasting. Version 1-, Version 2-, and Version 3-based IGMP Snooping are supported. In addition, auto detection of the multicast router port and manual configuration of the multicast router port is supported. For efficient multicast traffic management, the IGMP Filtering option is supported.
  • Page 15: Component Identification

    Component identification 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch front panel CAUTION: Pressing the Reset button while the Health LED is green resets the switch. Item Description UID LED Health LED • Off—Not powered up • Green—Powered up and all ports match • Amber—Indicates a problem such as a port mismatch.
  • Page 16: Installing The Switch

    Installing the switch Preparing for installation IMPORTANT: Before installing the switch, make a record of the MAC address (printed on the MAC address label attached to the switch). This address is needed when configuring the switch. Planning the switch configuration The switch ships with a default configuration in which all downlink and uplink ports are enabled and assigned a default VLAN with a VID equal to 1.
  • Page 17: Switch Security

    • User name and password settings • Default access to various management interfaces • NTP settings IMPORTANT: See "Runtime switching software default settings (on page 29)" for a complete list of default configuration settings. Switch security When planning the switch configuration, secure access to the management interface by: •...
  • Page 18: Manually Configuring A Switch

    User account Description and tasks performed Password User The user has no direct responsibility for switch management. He or she user can view all switch status information and statistics, but cannot make any configuration changes to the switch. Operator The operator manages all functions of the switch. The operator can reset ports or the entire switch.
  • Page 19: Installing The Switch

    Installing the switch CAUTION: Do not cable the switch until after configuration. IMPORTANT: Make sure that the server NIC configuration matches the switch bay selected. IMPORTANT: For the HP BladeSystem c7000 Enclosure, the switch can only be installed in bays 5/6 or 7/8. For the HP BladeSystem c3000 Enclosure, the switch can only be installed in bays 3/4.
  • Page 20: Accessing The Switch

    Install the switch. A successful installation is indicated by a green Health LED. If the Health LED is amber or power is not applied to the switch, see the "Troubleshooting" section of the HP BladeSystem enclosure setup and installation guide for more information. For a cabling diagram, see the HP BladeSystem enclosure setup and installation guide.
  • Page 21: Installing Xfp Transceivers

    Access the switch ("Accessing the switch" on page 20). After connecting to the switch console, the login prompt appears. Enter admin as the default administrator password. The Main Menu appears and displays all administrator privileges: See the HP 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch Command Reference Guide for information on configuring the IP address, changing configuration settings, and monitoring switch operation using one of the following interfaces: •...
  • Page 22: Supporting Software And Special Considerations

    Remove the dust plug and save for future use. IMPORTANT: Use only XFP transceivers purchased from HP. Insert the XFP transceiver. With latch closed, be sure that the transceiver is fully seated and securely in place. Enable the switch port. Supporting software and special considerations Supporting software is available to assist in configuring and managing the switch.
  • Page 23: Replacing A Switch

    Replacing a switch Replacing an existing switch CAUTION: Removing the switch from a powered enclosure results in the loss of network communications between the server blade network ports that are connected through this switch and the segment of network infrastructure those ports need to communicate. For continued blade server network communication and services availability before removing the switch, redirect critical high-availability services or applications to use the redundant network ports available on those blade servers that are connected through the redundant...
  • Page 24 If the configuration file was saved to a TFTP server, download the configuration. For more information on downloading a configuration file, see the HP 10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch Command Reference Guide. Replacing a switch 24...
  • Page 25: Regulatory Compliance Notices

    Modifications The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications made to this device that are not expressly approved by Hewlett-Packard Company may void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. Cables Connections to this device must be made with shielded cables with metallic RFI/EMI connector hoods in order to maintain compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations.
  • Page 26: Bsmi Notice

    EMC Directive 2004/108/EC Compliance with these directives implies conformity to applicable harmonized European standards (European Norms) which are listed on the EU Declaration of Conformity issued by Hewlett-Packard for this product or product family. This compliance is indicated by the following conformity marking placed on the product: This marking is valid for non-Telecom products and EU harmonized Telecom products (e.g.
  • Page 27: Laser Compliance

    Laser Compliance The transceiver is classified as a Class 1 Laser Product in accordance with US FDA regulations and the IEC 60825-1. The product does not emit hazardous laser radiation. Each laser product complies with 21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11 except for deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No.
  • Page 28: Technical Specifications

    Technical specifications General specifications Category Specification Standards: IEEE 802.3 10Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3u 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet IEEE 802.3ab 1000Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3z 1000Base-SX Ethernet IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1Q VLAN IEEE 802.3ac Frame Extensions for VLAN IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation Protocol (No LACP support)
  • Page 29: Runtime Switching Software Default Settings

    Port 21: speed—10000, auto—off • PVID—1 • Tag (Y/N)—N • VLAN Name—Default VLAN Port type Port number Port name Server Downlink1 Disabled Server Downlink2 Disabled Server Downlink3 Disabled Server Downlink4 Disabled Server Downlink5 Disabled Server Downlink6 Disabled Server Downlink7 Disabled Server Downlink8 Disabled...
  • Page 30 Setting Value IP address (if manual IP option is selected) Subnet mask (if manual IP option is selected) Primary default gateway Secondary default gateway Primary DNS server address Secondary DNS server address Default domain name None Management /
  • Page 31 Setting Value Port Trunking Trunk group 1, enabled with port 17 and 18 Port Trunking Load Sharing The algorithm selects the following as forwarding ports for forwarding traffic: Algorithm For forwarding IP Packets—modulus of XOR of last 3 bits of source and last 3 bits of Destination IP address For forwarding non-IP packets—modulus of XOR of last 3 bits of source and last 3 bits of Destination MAC address...
  • Page 32 Setting Value Serial Port Data Bit Serial Port Parity Bit None Serial Port Stop Bit Serial Port Flow Control None Default VLAN Default VLAN (VID=1) with all ports assigned including CPU, STG=1 NTP State Disabled NTP Server NTP Resync Interval 720 minutes GMT Timezone Offset -06:00...
  • Page 33 Setting Value Secondary RADIUS Server RADIUS Server Port 1645 RADIUS Server Retries RADIUS Server Timeout RADIUS Backdoor for Disabled Telnet Access Re-ARP Period in Minutes MSTP Disabled MSTP Default Mode RSTP MSTP Region Name None MSTP Region Version MSTP Max Hop Count CIST Bridge Max Age 20 seconds CIST Bridge Hello Time...
  • Page 34 Setting Value IGMP Robust Aggregate IGMP Report Disabled IGMP Fastleave Disabled IGMP Fastleave VLANs None IGMP Filtering Disabled IGMP Filters None Static Multicast Router Port None Uplink Failure Detection (UFD) UFD Failure Detection Pair Disabled UFD Link To Monitor - Port None UFD Link To Monitor - None...
  • Page 35 Setting Value RMON Alarm Falling Event Index RMON Alarm Owner Null IP Forwarding Disabled Configurable User Name - admin admpw Configurable User Name - Disabled Configurable User Name - user usrpw Configurable User Name - Disabled UID 1-10 Uplink Fast Disabled THASH - enable SIP and DIP...
  • Page 36: Physical And Environmental Specifications

    Setting Value SNMPv3 - v1v2only subtree=1, included subtree=, excluded subtree=, excluded subtree=, excluded FTP - port 21 (not configurable) Browser upgrade option Enabled, (not configurable) STP Fast Disabled HTTPS Port Disabled Physical and environmental specifications Category Specification DC inputs 12 VDC: 4.0 A maximum per switch Power consumption 50 W maximum per switch Operating...
  • Page 37 Category Specification MAC address Automatic update learning Forwarding table Maximum age: 1 to 1,000,000 seconds age time Default: 300 seconds Technical specifications 37...
  • Page 38: Performing A Serial Download

    Performing a serial download Introduction Perform a serial download of the switch operating system firmware, or boot code firmware if upgrading a switch directly from any existing OS or boot code images. This procedure requires: • A computer running terminal emulation software •...
  • Page 39 Hold down the Shift key and press the D key repeatedly during the Memory Test, until this message appears: NOTE: To perform serial downloads at 57600 baud rate, press the Shift-F keys. To perform serial downloads at 115200 baud rate, press the Shift-D keys. After the message in Step 4 appears, reconfigure the terminal emulation console using these parameters.
  • Page 40: Serial Upgrade Of Operating System Firmware Procedure

    Select <Transfer-Send File> from the menu and choose these options in the Send File window: The Send File window displays progress of the file transfer. The file transfer might take up to seven minutes. NOTE: Although slower, XModem also works if 1K MODEM is not used. After completing the transfer, a message displays how many bytes transferred, followed by another message displaying the status of image extraction.
  • Page 41 Using the null modem cable, connect the console port of the switch to the serial port of a PC that supports XModem/1K XModem. Start HyperTerminal (part of Microsoft Windows) or equivalent terminal emulation application (depending on the computer operating system) and set the parameters for terminal emulation console: Parameter Value...
  • Page 42 Parameter Value Data bits Parity None Stop bits Flow control None Press the Enter key several times on the PC that is connected to the console port of the switch. When the console port is successfully communicating with the PC, indicating readiness for image transfer, continuous C's appear: Be sure that the new switch operating system firmware file is available on the computer.
  • Page 43 -or- -or- Change the baud rate to 9600 and power off the switch. Wait for a few seconds, and power on the switch. During bootup the switch the following prompt appears: To use the other operating system image, press the Ctrl-o keys. Performing a serial download 43...
  • Page 44: Snmp Mibs Support

    SNMP MIBs support MIB overview Management and statistics information is stored in the switch in the MIB. The switch supports several standard MIBs. Values for MIB objects are retrieved with any SNMP-based network management software. In addition to the standard MIBs, the switch also supports its own proprietary enterprise MIB as an extended MIB.
  • Page 45: Supported Traps

    • GbE2c-10G-L2L3.mib • cpqhost.mib • cpqsinfo.mib • cpqrack.mib • hpswitchpl.mib • rfc1213.mib • rfc1493.mib • rfc1573.mib • rfc1643.mib • rfc1757.mib • rfc1907.mib • rfc2037.mib • rfc2571.mib • rfc2572.mib • rfc2573.mib • rfc2574.mib • rfc2575.mib • rfc2576.mib Supported traps The switch SNMP agent supports these traps: •...
  • Page 46 bntSwStgNewRoot bntSwCistNewRoot bntSwStgTopologyChanged bntSwCistTopologyChanged bntSFPInserted bntSFPRemoved • rfc1215.mib traps coldStart warmStart linkDown linkUp authenticationFailure egpNeighborLoss • rfc1493.mib traps newRoot topologyChange • rfc1757.mib traps risingAlarm fallingAlarm SNMP MIBs support 46...
  • Page 47: Electrostatic Discharge

    Electrostatic discharge Preventing electrostatic discharge To prevent damaging the system, be aware of the precautions you need to follow when setting up the system or handling parts. A discharge of static electricity from a finger or other conductor may damage system boards or other static-sensitive devices.
  • Page 48: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Forgotten administrator user name and password that was configured on the switch Action: Call HP technical support at 1-800-652-6672, or call a service representative to get a backdoor password. Health LED on the switch is not on Action: • The switch is not seated properly.
  • Page 49: Error Message That The Switch Failed To Complete The System Self-testing Appears On The Serial Console Screen

    Error message that the switch failed to complete the system self-testing appears on the serial console screen Action: The system diagnostic tests failed. Note the reason for the failure from the serial console screen message and call a service representative. The switch fails to get its IP settings from the BOOTP server, even though by default it is configured for BOOTP...
  • Page 50: Password Is Not Accepted By The Switch Using The Remote Console Interface Immediately After A Reboot

    • The setting allowing access to the switch using the Telnet interface is disabled. From the serial console interface, be sure that the Telnet interface is enabled. • The management network address/mask (if used) does not contain the IP address of the management station.
  • Page 51: The Port Activity Leds Continuously Indicate Activity After Connecting More Than One Port To Another Switch Or Destination Device

    The port activity LEDs continuously indicate activity after connecting more than one port to another switch or destination device Action: Because there are multiple links across this device and the destination device, they form loops, which cause broadcast storms. Enable STP for multiple links. This setting prevents loops and maintains standby links for resilience in case of primary link failure.
  • Page 52: Vlans

    The switch does not let the user enable two adjacent ports into two different VLANs while assigning the ports to VLANs Action: The ports are two adjacent ports that are bundled in a Port Trunk. Two ports that are assigned to a Port Trunk cannot be assigned to two different VLANs.
  • Page 53: Transfer After Forcing The Switch Into The Download Mode, And Does Not Display Cccc

    Be sure that a valid configuration file exists on the TFTP server to download to the switch. On the switch, check the file name configured to download or upload. • The TFTP server was started with a configured directory. The switch must be configured using the full path name, if it is not in the directory specified in the TFTP server.
  • Page 54 • Enable the switch port after inserting the HP authorized XFP transceiver. Troubleshooting 54...
  • Page 55: Acronyms And Abbreviations

    Acronyms and abbreviations authentication, authorization, and accounting browser-based interface BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol Command Line Interface central processing unit CSMA/CD Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection domain name system forwarding database file transfer protocol Greenwich mean time HTTP hypertext transfer protocol HTTPS hypertext transfer protocol secure sockets Acronyms and abbreviations 55...
  • Page 56 IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol Internet Protocol LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol local-area network Media Access Control media attachment unit medium dependent interface MDI-X medium dependent interface-crossover management information base MSTP Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol network access server network interface controller network time protocol...
  • Page 57 NVRAM non-volatile memory object identifier operating system Open Systems Interconnection OSPF open shortest path first POST Power-On Self Test Preboot Execution Environment RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service remote access service request for comments routing information protocol RMON remote monitoring RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol Secure Copy...
  • Page 58 small form-factor pluggable SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol Secure Shell Spanning Tree Protocol TACACS+ Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol User Datagram Protocol uplink failure detection unshielded twisted pair VLAN ID VLAN virtual local-area network VRRP virtual redundant router protocol 10 Gb small form factor pluggable...
  • Page 59: Index

    Index accessing the switch serial console interface, IGMP snooping 14 troubleshooting 48 installation 16 architecture 9 installing the switch 16 BOOTP server, troubleshooting 49 Japanese notice 26 BSMI notice 26 Layer 2 switching 10 Canadian notice 25 Layer 3 switching 10 Chinese notice 25 load balancing 11 configuration and management of switch 8...
  • Page 60 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) 11 SNMP interface, troubleshooting 50 SNMP Manager Software 44 SNMP MIBs support 44 specifications, environmental 36 specifications, performance 36 specifications, physical 36 specifications, technical 28 SSH, troubleshooting 50 store and forward switching scheme 12 supported technologies 10 switch self-test, troubleshooting 49 technical specifications 28 Telnet, troubleshooting 49...

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