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HP 381513-B21 - Smart Array P800 Controller RAID User Manual

Smart array controllers for hp integrity servers
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HP Smart Array Controllers for HP Integrity

User Guide

Part Number 469987-002
March 2009 (Second Edition)



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  Summary of Contents for HP 381513-B21 - Smart Array P800 Controller RAID

  • Page 1: User Guide

    HP Smart Array Controllers for HP Integrity Servers User Guide Part Number 469987-002 March 2009 (Second Edition)
  • Page 2 © Copyright 2008, 2009 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Hardware features ........................5 E500 model ............................. 5 P700m model ............................6 P800 model ............................. 6 Summary of controller features and capabilities..................... 7 Features common to all controller models.................... 7 Model-specific features........................8 Overview of the installation procedure ..................10 Quick installation procedure (Windows or Linux)..................
  • Page 4 Replacing hard drives ..........................35 Factors to consider before replacing hard drives................35 Automatic data recovery (rebuild) ....................36 Upgrading hard drive capacity ....................... 38 Moving drives and arrays ........................38 Adding drives ............................39 Diagnosing array problems......................41 Controller board runtime LEDs........................41 Runtime LEDs for E500 model ......................
  • Page 5: Hardware Features

    Hardware features E500 model Item ID Description Connector for mini-SAS port 1E (external), 4x wide Connector for mini-SAS port 2E (external), 4x wide 40-bit, 256-MB cache module (also known as array accelerator) CAUTION: Do not use this controller with cache modules designed for other controller models, because the controller can malfunction and you can lose data.
  • Page 6: P700M Model

    P700m model Item ID Description Status LEDs (runtime LEDs). To interpret the illumination pattern of these LEDs, see "Controller board runtime LEDs (on page 41)". Connector (not used on HP Integrity servers). Cache module (also known as array accelerator). Connector for the cable to an optional cache battery that upgrades the cache to BBWC.
  • Page 7: Summary Of Controller Features And Capabilities

    Item ID Description Connector for mini-SAS ports 1E and 2E (external), each 4x wide Heartbeat LED (flashes green when operating normally and amber if the board has failed) Activity LED for external ports SAS port 3I (internal), 4x wide SAS port 4I (internal), 4x wide Cache module (also known as array accelerator) (Optional) Batteries for cache module Two batteries are normally sufficient, but you can add a third...
  • Page 8: Model-Specific Features

    Model-specific features HP Smart Array E500 Controller features In HP Integrity servers, the E500 controller does not support RAID-level or stripe-size migration, array capacity expansion, or logical drive extension. Feature Description Board type Low-profile, PCIe stand-up board Dimensions, cm* 16.8 x 7.0 x 1.8 Dimensions, in* 6.6 x 2.8 x 0.7 Maximum number...
  • Page 9 HP Smart Array P800 Controller features Feature Description Board type Full-size, PCIe stand-up board Dimensions, cm* 31.1 x 11.1 x 1.2 Dimensions, in* 12.3 x 4.4 x 0.5 Maximum number of 108 (internal + external) physical drives Maximum power 25 W required (approximate) RAID levels...
  • Page 10: Overview Of The Installation Procedure

    Overview of the installation procedure Quick installation procedure (Windows or Linux) Before installing the controller, refer to the support matrix on the HP website ( to confirm that the server and operating system support the controller. To install the controller: Power down the server.
  • Page 11 The latest firmware, drivers, utilities, software, and documentation for HP Integrity servers are available on the support page of the HP website ( Overview of the installation procedure 11...
  • Page 12: Installing The Controller Hardware

    Installing the controller hardware Preparing the server Back up all data. Close all applications. Power down the server. CAUTION: In systems that use external data storage, be sure that the server is the first unit to be powered down and the last to be powered back up. Taking this precaution ensures that the system does not erroneously mark the drives as failed when the server is powered up.
  • Page 13: Connecting Storage Devices

    Close or replace the access panel, and then secure it with thumbscrews, if any are present. CAUTION: Do not operate the server for long periods with the access panel open or removed. Operating the server in this manner results in improper airflow and improper cooling that can lead to thermal damage.
  • Page 14: Sas Cable Part Numbers

    Connect the other end of the cable to the SAS input connector of the external storage enclosure: If the enclosure uses a standard SAS 4x connector, insert the cable connector into the enclosure connector, and then tighten the lock screws on the cable connector. If the enclosure uses a mini SAS 4x connector, pull back the tab on the cable connector, insert the cable connector into the enclosure connector, and then release the tab.
  • Page 15: Updating The Firmware

    Updating the firmware Methods for updating the firmware (Windows or Linux) To update the firmware on the server, controller, or hard drives, use Smart Components. The most recent version of a particular component is available on the support page of the HP website (
  • Page 16: Configuring An Array

    Configuring an array Utilities available for configuring an array Two utilities are available for configuring an array on an HP Smart Array controller in an HP Integrity server: ORCA and ACU. • ORCA is a simple utility that is used mainly to configure the first logical drive in a new server before the operating system is loaded.
  • Page 17: Using Orca

    Supported procedures ORCA Assignment of RAID level Sharing of spare drives among several arrays Assignment of multiple spare drives per array Setting of stripe size Migration of RAID level or stripe size Configuration of controller settings Expansion of an array Creation of multiple logical drives per array Using ORCA Power up the server.
  • Page 18: Using Acu

    The screen displays a list of all available (unconfigured) physical drives and the valid RAID options for the system. Use the Arrow keys, Spacebar, and Tab key to navigate the screen and set up the logical drive, including an online spare drive if one is required. NOTE: You cannot use ORCA to configure one spare drive to be shared among several arrays.
  • Page 19: Installing Device Drivers And Management Agents

    Installing device drivers and Management Agents Systems using Microsoft Windows You can use the Integrity Support Pack to automatically install the device drivers, Event Notification Service, and Management Agents, or you can install these items manually. The Integrity Support Pack is located on the Smart Setup media. To install the Integrity Support Pack, launch Express Setup from EBSU and follow the on-screen instructions.
  • Page 20: Installing Management Agents

    Follow the standard procedure for installing Linux. As Linux is installed, it recognizes the controller and automatically loads the correct driver. In a system that already has Linux installed: Power down the system. Follow the standard controller installation procedure. Power up the system. As Linux boots, it recognizes the controller. Enter one of the following commands as appropriate to ensure that the driver is loaded correctly: Red Hat: #mkinitrd -f /boot/efi/efi/redhat/initrd-$(uname -r).img $(uname - Novell (SLES): #mkinitrd -k /boot/vmlinux -i/boot/initrd...
  • Page 21: Upgrading Or Replacing Controller Options

    Upgrading or replacing controller options Replacing the E500 cache CAUTION: Do not use this controller with cache modules designed for other controller models, because the controller can malfunction and you can lose data. Also, do not transfer this cache module to a different controller module, because you can lose data. Close all applications, and then power down the server.
  • Page 22 If the battery case is mounted on the inner wall of the server chassis: Back up all data. Close all applications. Power down the server. Remove the server from the enclosure. Remove the server access panel. Remove the battery case from the chassis wall. Disconnect the cable from the battery.
  • Page 23 Pull the right hand portion of the battery case away from the battery pack and simultaneously rotate the battery out of the opening. Position the replacement battery pack in the opening in the battery case as shown. The upper left edge of the battery is under the flanges on the pillars at the left edge of the opening, and the right side of the battery rests on the right pillars.
  • Page 24: Replacing A P800 Cache Battery

    Pull the right hand portion of the battery case away from the battery, and simultaneously rotate the battery pack into the opening. Connect the battery cable to the battery and the cache. Route the battery cable so that the cache and battery can be removed together.
  • Page 25 Remove the controller from the server. Pull the flanges on the battery clip outward (1), and then swivel the clip 180 degrees so that it rests on the batteries (2). Slide the batteries toward the right edge of the controller, away from the bracket. While holding the battery assembly, tilt the clip until it is at about 30 degrees to the batteries, and then push the clip in line with the clip hinges until the clip detaches from the batteries.
  • Page 26 Slide the batteries apart (2). Dispose of the exhausted or faulty battery using environmentally approved procedures ("Battery replacement notice" on page 51). Position the new battery and the remaining good battery as indicated, push them together, and then slide them until they are aligned. The batteries combine into one unit. Install the battery clip.
  • Page 27 Push the clip at the hinges until the clip clicks into place. Reinstall the batteries. Hold the controller board near the DIMM socket and at the top and right edges to minimize bending of the board. Position the batteries so that the pegs A on the underside of each battery are in the appropriate holes B on the controller board and pegs C are in slots D.
  • Page 28 Slide the batteries toward the board bracket until they are firmly seated against the connectors on the cache module. Secure the battery clip to the controller board: Swivel the clip over the cache module (1). Push the clip firmly at both ends (2) until it clicks into place under the controller board. Reinstall the controller in the server.
  • Page 29: Replacing The P800 Cache Module Or Controller

    Replacing the P800 cache module or controller CAUTION: Electrostatic discharge can damage electronic components. Be sure you are properly grounded before beginning this procedure. Close all applications, and then power down the server. This procedure flushes all data from the cache.
  • Page 30 Slide the battery assembly and the cache module off the controller board (2). The procedure at this point depends on whether you are replacing the controller or the cache module. If you are replacing the controller, go directly to the next step. If you are replacing the cache module, pull it out of the battery assembly, install the new cache module in its place, and then go to the next step.
  • Page 31 Slide the batteries toward the board bracket until the connectors on the cache module are firmly seated in the DIMM connector. (When the cache module is correctly seated, the gold contacts on the cache module are completely hidden within the DIMM connector.) Secure the battery clip to the controller board.
  • Page 32: Replacing, Moving, Or Adding Hard Drives

    Replacing, moving, or adding hard drives Identifying the status of a hard drive When a drive is configured as a part of an array and connected to a powered-up controller, the condition of the drive can be determined from the illumination pattern of the hard drive status lights (LEDs). Item Description Fault/UID LED (amber/blue)
  • Page 33: Recognizing Hard Drive Failure

    Online/activity Fault/UID LED Interpretation LED (green) (amber/blue) Flashing regularly Amber, flashing Do not remove the drive. Removing a drive may terminate the (1 Hz) regularly (1 Hz) current operation and cause data loss. The drive is part of an array that is undergoing capacity expansion or stripe migration, but a predictive failure alert has been received for this drive.
  • Page 34: Effects Of A Hard Drive Failure

    CAUTION: Sometimes, a drive that has previously been failed by the controller may seem to be operational after the system is power-cycled or (for a hot-pluggable drive) after the drive has been removed and reinserted. However, continued use of such marginal drives may eventually result in data loss.
  • Page 35: Replacing Hard Drives

    Recreate the partitions. Restore all data from backup. To minimize the risk of data loss that is caused by compromised fault tolerance, make frequent backups of all logical volumes. Replacing hard drives The most common reason for replacing a hard drive is that it has failed. However, another reason is to gradually increase the storage capacity of the entire system.
  • Page 36: Automatic Data Recovery (Rebuild)

    • Do not remove a second drive from an array until the first failed or missing drive has been replaced and the rebuild process is complete. (The rebuild is complete when the Online/Activity LED on the front of the drive stops blinking.) The following cases are exceptions: In RAID 6 (ADG) configurations, any two drives in the array can be replaced simultaneously.
  • Page 37 CAUTION: If the Online/Activity LED on the replacement drive does not light up while the corresponding LEDs on other drives in the array are active, the rebuild process has abnormally terminated. The amber Fault LED of one or more drives might also be illuminated. Refer to "Abnormal termination of a rebuild (on page 37)"...
  • Page 38: Upgrading Hard Drive Capacity

    Remove the drive that was originally to be replaced, and reinsert the replacement physical drive. The rebuild process automatically restarts. When the rebuild process has finished, replace the newly failed drive. However, if the newly failed drive has not recovered: Remove the drive that was originally to be replaced, and reinsert the replacement physical drive.
  • Page 39: Adding Drives

    • The controller is not running capacity expansion, capacity extension, or RAID or stripe size migration. • The controller is using the latest firmware version (recommended). Before you move an array to another controller: • If the other controller is already connected to one or more arrays of configured logical drives, the total number of logical drives on the controller after the drives have been moved must not exceed the number of logical drives that the controller supports.
  • Page 40 drive in the array. Each logical drive keeps the same fault-tolerance method in the enlarged array that it had in the smaller array. When the expansion process has finished, you can use the liberated storage capacity on the enlarged array to create new logical drives. Alternatively, you can use ACU to enlarge (extend) one of the original logical drives.
  • Page 41: Diagnosing Array Problems

    Diagnosing array problems Controller board runtime LEDs Immediately after you power up the server, the controller runtime LEDs illuminate briefly in a predetermined pattern as part of the POST sequence. At all other times during server operation, the illumination pattern of the runtime LEDs indicates the status of the controller. To determine the controller status, see the appropriate controller-specific section.
  • Page 42: Runtime Leds For P700M Model

    LED ID Color Name Comments Green CR7: Idle Task This LED, together with the Gas Pedal LED (previous item), indicates the amount of controller CPU activity. For details, see the following table. Gas Pedal LED Idle Task LED status Controller CPU activity status level Blinking...
  • Page 43: Runtime Leds For P800 Model

    LED ID Color Name Comments Green CR7: Gas Pedal This LED, together with the Idle Task LED (next item), indicates the amount of controller CPU activity. For details, see the following table. Green CR8: Idle Task This LED, together with the Gas Pedal LED (previous item), indicates the amount of controller CPU activity.
  • Page 44: Battery Pack Leds

    LED ID Color Name Comments Green CR507: Activity Port 3I is active. Green CR506: Command Outstanding The controller is working on a command from the host driver. Green CR505: Controller Heartbeat When the controller is in good health, this LED flashes every two seconds.
  • Page 45: Diagnostic Tools

    Item ID Color Description Green Auxiliary Power LED. This LED glows steadily when 3.3V auxiliary voltage is detected. The auxiliary voltage is used to preserve BBWC data and is available any time that the system power cords are connected to a power supply. Amber Battery Health LED.
  • Page 46 • This utility is a Windows®-based diagnostic tool that sends an email to HP Support when it detects any problems with the controllers and attached storage in a system. You can install ADU from the Smart Setup media. When installation is complete, run ADU by clicking Start, and then selecting Programs>HP System Tools>HP Array Diagnostic Utility.
  • Page 47: Electrostatic Discharge

    Electrostatic discharge Preventing electrostatic discharge To prevent damaging the system, be aware of the precautions you need to follow when setting up the system or handling parts. A discharge of static electricity from a finger or other conductor may damage system boards or other static-sensitive devices.
  • Page 48: Regulatory Compliance Notices

    Regulatory compliance notices Federal Communications Commission notice Part 15 of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and Regulations has established Radio Frequency (RF) emission limits to provide an interference-free radio frequency spectrum. Many electronic devices, including computers, generate RF energy incidental to their intended function and are, therefore, covered by these rules.
  • Page 49: Declaration Of Conformity For Products Marked With The Fcc Logo, United States Only

    To identify this product, refer to the part, series, or model number found on the product. Modifications The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications made to this device that are not expressly approved by Hewlett-Packard Company may void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. Cables Connections to this device must be made with shielded cables with metallic RFI/EMI connector hoods in order to maintain compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations.
  • Page 50: European Union Regulatory Notice

    EMC Directive 2004/108/EC Compliance with these directives implies conformity to applicable harmonized European standards (European Norms) which are listed on the EU Declaration of Conformity issued by Hewlett-Packard for this product or product family. This compliance is indicated by the following conformity marking placed on the product: This marking is valid for non-Telecom products and EU harmonized Telecom products (e.g.
  • Page 51: Japanese Notice

    Japanese notice Korean notice Class A equipment Class B equipment Battery replacement notice This component uses a nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery pack. WARNING: There is a risk of explosion, fire, or personal injury if a battery pack is mishandled. To reduce this risk: •...
  • Page 52: Taiwan Battery Recycling Notice

    Batteries, battery packs, and accumulators should not be disposed of together with the general household waste. To forward them to recycling or proper disposal, use the public collection system or return them to HP, an authorized HP Partner, or their agents. For more information about battery replacement or proper disposal, contact an authorized reseller or an authorized service provider.
  • Page 53: Acronyms And Abbreviations

    Acronyms and abbreviations Array Configuration Utility Advanced Data Guarding (also known as RAID 6) Array Diagnostics Utility BBWC battery-backed write cache EBSU EFI-based setup utility extensible firmware interface OBDR One Button Disaster Recovery ORCA Option ROM Configuration for Arrays POST Power-On Self Test Acronyms and abbreviations 53...
  • Page 54: Index

    Index diagnostic tools 45 drive failure, detecting 33 drive LEDs 32 ACU (Array Configuration Utility) 16, 18 drive types supported 7 adding drives 39 drivers 19 ADU (Array Diagnostic Utility) 45 Array Configuration Utility (ACU) 16, 18 array controller installation overview 10 Array Diagnostic Utility (ADU) 45 electrostatic discharge 47 array expansion 39...
  • Page 55 Japanese notice 51 spares, battery pack, part number 8 spares, cable part numbers 14 specifications, controller 7 static electricity 47 Korean notices 51 status lights, battery pack 44 status lights, controller 41 status lights, hard drive 32 storage capacity, increasing 38 LEDs, battery pack 44 storage devices, connecting 13 LEDs, controller 41...

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