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Administration Guide
hp StorageWorks
NAS 2000s
First Edition(September 2003)
Part Number: 345650-001
This guide provides information on performing the administrative tasks necessary to manage the HP
StorageWorks NAS 2000s server. Overview information as well as procedural instructions are included in this


   Related Manuals for HP 345646-001 - StorageWorks NAS 2000s External Storage Server

   Summary of Contents for HP 345646-001 - StorageWorks NAS 2000s External Storage Server

  • Page 1

    Administration Guide hp StorageWorks NAS 2000s First Edition(September 2003) Part Number: 345650-001 This guide provides information on performing the administrative tasks necessary to manage the HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s server. Overview information as well as procedural instructions are included in this guide.

  • Page 2

    Hewlett-Packard Company shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. The information is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind and is subject to change without notice. The warranties for Hewlett-Packard Company products are set forth in the express limited warranty statements for such products.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Contents About this Guide...........11 Overview.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Contents Users ............22 Shares .

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Contents Managing System Storage ..........42 Creating and Managing Users and Groups .

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Contents Step 4: Create a Volume on the new logical disk ......59 Array Configuration Utility ..........60 Using the ACU to Configure Storage .

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Contents Viewing Shadow Copy Properties ......... . 90 Disabling Shadow Copies .

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Contents Managing File Level Permissions ......... 117 Share Management .

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Contents Microsoft Services for NFS ......... . .147 Server for NFS .

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Contents Using Remote Desktop ..........174 NetWare File System Management .

  • Page 11: About This Guide

    About This Guide About this Guide This administration guide provides information to help administrators: Plan the storage configuration About this Guide Setup physical storage Manage users and groups Manage folders and shares Manage a UNIX® file system Manage a NetWare file system Remotely access the NAS 2000s server “About this Guide”...

  • Page 12: Overview, Intended Audience, Prerequisites, Conventions, Document Conventions

    About this Guide Overview This section covers the following topics: Intended Audience Prerequisites Intended Audience This book is intended for use by system administrators who are experienced with setting up and managing a network server. Prerequisites Before beginning, make sure you consider the items below. Knowledge of Microsoft®...

  • Page 13: Text Symbols, Equipment Symbols

    About this Guide Text Symbols The following symbols may be found in the text of this guide. They have the following meanings: WARNING: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow directions in the warning could result in bodily harm or death. Caution: Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.

  • Page 14: Rack Stability

    About this Guide Power supplies or systems marked with these symbols indicate the presence of multiple sources of power. WARNING: To reduce the risk of personal injury from electrical shock, remove all power cords to completely disconnect power from the power supplies and systems.

  • Page 15: Getting Help, Hp Technical Support, Hp Storage Website, Hp Authorized Reseller

    About this Guide Getting Help If you still have a question after reading this guide, contact an HP authorized service provider or access our website: HP Technical Support Telephone numbers for worldwide technical support are listed on the following HP website:

  • Page 16

    About this Guide NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 17: System Overview, Product Definition And Information, Server Hardware And Software Features, Product Manageability

    System Overview The HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s server can be used in many types of computing environments, from basic Microsoft Windows workgroups to complicated multiprotocol domains using DFS, NFS, FTP, HTTP, and Microsoft SMB. The corresponding varieties of clients that can be serviced include any Windows, UNIX, Linux, Novell, or Macintosh variant. This chapter provides an overview of these environments and deployments and includes brief descriptions of system user interfaces, applications, and options.

  • Page 18: Product Redundancy, Product Scalability

    System Overview Product Redundancy The NAS 2000s is specifically designed to perform file serving tasks for networks. Using industry standard components, redundancy of power supplies, NICs, and fans ensures reliability. Other industry standard features, such as redundant array of independent drives (RAID) and remote manageability, further enhance the overall dependability of the NAS 2000s.

  • Page 19: Deployment Scenarios

    System Overview Deployment Scenarios Various deployment scenarios are possible. See the HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s Installation Guide for configurations. Typical application of NAS devices include: File server consolidation As businesses continue to expand their information technology (IT) infrastructures, they must find ways to manage larger environments without a corresponding increase in IT staff.

  • Page 20: Environment Scenarios, Workgroup, Domain

    System Overview Environment Scenarios The NAS 2000s is deployed in one of two security modes: Workgroup Domain (Windows NT Domain or Active Directory Domain) The NAS 2000s uses standard Windows user and group administration methods in each of these environments. For procedural instructions on managing users and groups, see Chapter 5 of this guide.

  • Page 21: User Interfaces, Nas 2000s Web-based User Interface

    System Overview User Interfaces There are several user interfaces that administrators can use to access and manage the NAS 2000s. Two of these interfaces are: NAS 2000s WebUI NAS 2000s Desktop Each interface contains the same or similar capabilities, but presents them in a different manner.

  • Page 22: Menu Tabs, Status, Network, Disks, Users, Shares, Maintenance, Hp Utilities, Help, Welcome Screen Contents

    System Overview Menu Tabs Status The Status option displays alerts generated by the WebUI. Network The Network option contains system settings, including system identification, global settings, interfaces settings, administration settings, Telnet settings, and SNMP settings. Disks Use this option to manage disks, volumes, disk quotas, and shadow copies. Users Use this option to manage local users and groups.

  • Page 23: Set Server Name, Set Default Page, Nas 2000s Desktop

    System Overview Set Server Name Choose a name so that client computers can connect to the server. Set Default Page Choose which page the server appliance displays first. NAS 2000s Desktop The NAS 2000s desktop can be accessed by: Directly connecting a keyboard, mouse, and monitor Using the WebUI Maintenance tab and selecting Remote Desktop Using the Integrated Lights-Out port Note:...

  • Page 24: Nas Management Console, Nic Team Setup

    System Overview NAS Management Console Click this icon to access the following folders: Core Operating System is used to manage local users and groups, access performance logs and alerts, and manage the event viewer. Disk System contains access to the Compaq Array Configuration Utility and local disk management, including a volume list and a graphical view of the disks.

  • Page 25: Basic Administrative Procedures And Setup Completion, Basic Administrative Procedures

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Basic system administration functions are discussed in this chapter. This chapter also continues the process of setting up the system that was started using the HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s Installation Guide by discussing additional setup procedures and options.

  • Page 26: Setting The System Date And Time

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Figure 3: Maintenance menu Setting the System Date and Time To change the system date or time: 1. From the WebUI, select Maintenance and Date/Time. The Date and Time Settings dialog box is displayed. 2.

  • Page 27: Shutting Down Or Restarting The Server

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Shutting Down or Restarting the Server Caution: Notify users before powering down the system. Both UNIX and Windows NT users can be drastically affected if they are not prepared for a system power-down. 1. From the NAS 2000s WebUI, select Maintenance, Shutdown. Several options are displayed: Restart, Shut Down, and Scheduled Shutdown.

  • Page 28: Viewing And Maintaining Audit Logs

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Viewing and Maintaining Audit Logs A variety of audit logs are provided on the NAS 2000s. System events are grouped into similar categories, representing the seven different logs. To access the logs from the WebUI, select Maintenance, Logs. The Logs menu is displayed. Figure 6: Logs menu A variety of logs are available and are listed in Figure...

  • Page 29: Using Remote Desktop, Improper Closure Of Remote Desktop

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Using Remote Desktop Remote Desktop is provided in the WebUI to allow for additional remote system administration and the use of approved third-party applications. Backup software and antivirus programs are examples of approved applications. To open a Remote Desktop session from the WebUI, select Maintenance, Remote Desktop.

  • Page 30: Setting Up E-mail Alerts

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Other applications may become orphaned in this manner when the Remote Desktop session is exited improperly. A maximum of two Remote Desktop sessions may be used at any given time. Improper exit from a session can result in the sessions becoming consumed. Sessions and processes can be terminated using the Terminal Services Manager via Start >Programs >Administrator Tools.

  • Page 31: Changing System Network Settings

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion 3. Indicate the types of messages to be sent. Critical alerts Warning alerts Informational alerts 4. Enter the desired e-mail address in the appropriate boxes. 5. After all settings have been entered, click OK. Changing System Network Settings Network properties are entered and managed from the Network menu.

  • Page 32: Setup Completion, Activating The Ilo Port Using The License Key

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Setup Completion After the NAS device is physically set up and the basic configuration is established, additional setup steps must be completed. Depending on the deployment scenario of the NAS device, these steps may vary. Additional setup steps may include: Activating the iLO port using the license key Setting up Ethernet NIC teams (optional)

  • Page 33: Installing The Hp Network Teaming Utility

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Installing the HP Network Teaming Utility Before using the HP Network Teaming utility, it must be installed. Note: Installing and configuring NIC teaming should always be performed via iLO port or the console using a direct attached keyboard, monitor, and mouse since IP connections could be reset during the configuration process.

  • Page 34: Opening The Hp Network Teaming Utility

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Figure 10: Network Teaming installation complete 10. Restart the system. Caution: To ensure proper functioning of the software, the server must be restarted at this time. Opening the HP Network Teaming Utility The HP Network Teaming utility is now accessible from the Windows toolbar at the bottom of the NAS server desktop.

  • Page 35: Adding And Configuring Nics In A Team

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Adding and Configuring NICs in a Team Before a NIC is teamed, verify the following: The NICs must be on the same network. The NICs must be DHCP enabled and the DNS server address must be left blank. Note: The teaming utility becomes unstable if static IP addresses, subnets, and DNS addresses are set before teaming.

  • Page 36: Fault Tolerance

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Figure 13: NIC Properties, Teaming Controls tab, Fault Tolerant option 4. Configure the team by choosing either Fault Tolerant or Load Balancing. The fault tolerance and load balancing options are discussed in the following sections. Fault Tolerance The Fault Tolerance teaming option provides three redundancy control options: Manual—This setting allows change from a Primary NIC to a Secondary NIC only when...

  • Page 37: Load Balancing

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Load Balancing The Load Balancing teaming option provides four load balancing control options: Figure 14: NIC Properties, Teaming Controls tab, Load Balancing option Detailed information about these four load balancing teaming options can be found in the HP Network Teaming Help.

  • Page 38: Configuring The Nic Team Properties, Renaming The Teamed Connection

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion 5. Click OK to accept the team properties. 6. Click OK in the HP Network Teaming and Configuration Properties Screen to apply the changes. 7. Click Yes when prompted to apply all configuration changes. Wait while the adapters are configured.

  • Page 39: Showing A Connection Icon On The Taskbar, Configuring The Tcp/ip Protocol On The New Team

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Showing a Connection Icon on the Taskbar To show a connection icon: 1. In the Network and Dial up Connections screen, double-click the NIC Team connection, and then click Properties. 2. At the bottom of the screen, select Show icon in task bar when connected, and then click Close.

  • Page 40

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion 3. Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties. The following screen is displayed: Figure 17: NIC Team TCP/IP Properties dialog box Note: If a NIC is teamed, do not modify the TCP/IP settings for the individual NIC ports. 4.

  • Page 41: Checking The Status Of The Team, Nic Teaming Troubleshooting

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Checking the Status of the Team To check the status of the Ethernet Team, open the HP Network Teaming utility. The Configuration Properties screen is displayed, showing the teamed NICs. Figure 18: NIC Teaming status NIC Teaming Troubleshooting Problems with the NIC teaming feature are diagnosed by the connection icons displayed in the HP Network Teaming and Configuration dialog box.

  • Page 42: Managing System Storage, Creating And Managing Users And Groups, Creating And Managing File Shares

    Basic Administrative Procedures and Setup Completion Table 2: NIC Teaming Troubleshooting RJ-45 Description Hardware failure—The driver is installed in the registry and is loaded. The driver is reporting a hardware problem with the NIC. This indicates a serious problem. Contact your HP authorized service provider. Unknown—The server is unable to communicate with the driver for the installed NIC.

  • Page 43: Storage Management Overview, Storage Management Process

    Storage Management Overview With the HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s the administrator has complete control over all storage issues. The NAS administrator uses the Array Configuration Utility (ACU) to manage the hardware storage, Disk Manager to manage the volume level, and Shadow Copies to manage the shadow copies (snapshots).

  • Page 44

    Storage Management Overview Physical Disks RAID Arrays (ACU) Storage Elements Logical Drives (ACU) Visible Disks (Windows Device Manager) Logical Partitioning Storage (Win2K Elements Disk Manager) NFS Volumes (Logical Disk Manager) \Engineering \Users \Sales File File Folders System \Marketing Elements @GMT-2003.04.27-04:00:00 Shadow Copies Shadow Copies Elements...

  • Page 45: Storage Elements Overview, Physical Hard Drives, Arrays

    Storage Management Overview Storage Elements Overview Note: Each fully populated HP StorageWorks 4300/4400 Family storage enclosure supports up to 14 hard drives. Preliminary physical storage management tasks involve managing: Physical Hard Drives Arrays Logical Drives (LUNs) Drive array concepts and data protection methods, including fault tolerance options are discussed in this section.

  • Page 46

    Storage Management Overview Figure 21: Configuring the physical drives into an array dramatically improves read/write efficiency Because the read/write heads are active simultaneously, the same amount of data is written to each drive during any given time interval. Each unit of data is termed a block. The blocks form a set of data stripes over all the hard drives in an array, as shown in Figure Figure 22: RAID 0 (data striping) (S1-S4) of data blocks (B1-B12)

  • Page 47: Logical Drives (luns)

    Storage Management Overview Logical Drives (LUNs) As previously stated, drive array technology distributes data across a series of individual hard drives to unite these physical drives into one or more higher performance arrays. Distributing the data allows for concurrent access from multiple drives in the array, yielding faster I/O rates than non arrayed drives.

  • Page 48: Fault-tolerance Methods, Advantages

    Storage Management Overview Fault-Tolerance Methods Different RAID (redundant array of independent disks) types use different methods of striping the arrays and different ways of writing data and parity to the drives to offer a variety of fault tolerance and capacity usage. The RAID methods supported by the NAS 2000s include: RAID 0—Data Striping only, no fault tolerance RAID 1+0—Drive Mirroring and striping RAID 5—Distributed Data Guarding...

  • Page 49: Disadvantages, Advantages

    Storage Management Overview Disadvantages All data on logical drive is lost if a hard drive fails Cannot use an online spare Data can only be preserved by being backed up to external media RAID 1+0—Drive Mirroring and Striping In this configuration, information on one drive is duplicated onto a second drive, creating identical copies of the information as shown in Figure 24.

  • Page 50

    Storage Management Overview Disadvantages Some disadvantages of drive mirroring are: Increased expense—Since many drives must be used for fault tolerance and hard drives must be added in pairs. Decreased storage capacity—Only 50% of the total drive capacity is usable. RAID 5—Distributed Data Guarding Using this method, a block of parity data (rather than redundant data) is calculated for each stripe from the data that is in all other blocks within that stripe.

  • Page 51: Advantages, Disadvantages

    Storage Management Overview Advantages Distributed data guarding offers: High read and write performance Protection against data loss if one drive fails Increased usable storage capacity, since capacity equal to only one physical drive is used to store parity information Disadvantages Some disadvantages of distributed data guarding are: Lower write performance than RAID 0 or RAID 1+0 Possibility of data loss if a second drive fails before data from the first failed drive has...

  • Page 52: Disadvantage, Advantages

    Storage Management Overview This technology allows the safe deployment of large capacity disk drives and the creation of very large storage volumes without expensive overhead to protect business critical data. This technology provides more flexibility in responding to drive failures without the fear of costly server downtime.

  • Page 53: Online Spares, Physical Storage Best Practices, Logical Storage Elements Overview, Partitions

    Storage Management Overview Online Spares Further protection against data loss can be achieved by assigning an online spare (or hot spare) to any configuration except RAID 0. This hard drive contains no data and is contained within the same storage sub system as the other drives in the array. When a hard drive in the array fails, the controller can then automatically rebuild information that was originally on the failed drive onto the online spare.

  • Page 54: Volumes, Utilizing Dm Storage Elements

    Storage Management Overview Volumes When planning dynamic disks and volumes there is a limit to the amount of growth a single volume can undergo. Volumes are limited in size and are limited to no more than 32 separate LUNs with each LUN not exceeding 2 terabytes (TB). Volumes also cannot exceed 64 TB of disk space.

  • Page 55: Volume Shadow Copy Service Overview, File System Elements, File-sharing Elements

    Storage Management Overview Volume Shadow Copy Service Overview The Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) provides an infrastructure for creating point-in-time snapshots (shadow copies) of volumes. VSS supports 64 shadow copies per volume. Shadow Copies of Shared Folders resides within this infrastructure and helps alleviate data loss by creating shadow copies of files or folders that are stored on network file shares at pre-determined time intervals.

  • Page 56

    Storage Management Overview NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 57: Disk Management, Webui Disks Tab

    Disk Management Disk Management is core to the Windows NAS product. The process of creating storage elements and presenting them to the NAS OS is facilitated by the use of the WebUI. This chapter documents the contents of the WebUI for disks and volume management. WebUI Disks Tab The online Storage Guide provides an overview of the storage management process as a supplement to this administration guide.

  • Page 58

    Disk Management To manage disks and volumes via the WebUI, click on Disks. Figure 27: Disks menu The Disks tab contains the following task items for configuring the NAS device: Table 4: Disks Tab Options Option Task Array Configuration Utility (ACU) Configure SCSI array controllers installed inside or connected to the NAS system.

  • Page 59: Storage Configuration Overview, Step 1: Create Disk Arrays

    Disk Management Storage Configuration Overview Physical disks can be arranged as RAID arrays for fault tolerance and enhanced performance, then segmented into logical disks of appropriate sizes for particular storage needs. These logical disks then become the volumes that appear as drives on the NAS server. Step 1: Create Disk Arrays 1.

  • Page 60: Array Configuration Utility, Using The Acu To Configure Storage

    Disk Management Array Configuration Utility RAID arrays and LUNs are created and can be managed using the HP Array Configuration Utility. Features of ACU: Graphical representation of drive array configurations with wizards that help optimize array configuration Online spare (hot spare) configuration Separate fault tolerance configurations on a logical drive (LUN) basis Easy capacity expansion of arrays Online RAID level and stripe size migration...

  • Page 61

    Disk Management 3. Log into the ACU utility. The default user name is administrator and the default password is administrator. Figure 28: Systems Management Homepage The Array Configuration Utility is displayed. Figure 29: Array Configuration Utility 4. Select a controller from the list on the left side to begin configuration. The controller named Smart Array 5i Controller in the embedded slot is for all drives in the server chassis, and drives contained in an external storage enclosure attached to the Smart Array 5i on the server head if present.

  • Page 62

    Disk Management The controller named Smart Array 6400 Controller (if present) is used for all externally SCSI attached storage. Caution: On the Smart Array 5i controller there are two logical drives pre-configured under Array A. These two logical drives are configured for the NAS operating system and should not be altered.

  • Page 63: Acu Guidelines, Managing Disks

    Disk Management ACU Guidelines Do not modify Array A off of the Smart Array 5i controller as it contains the NAS OS Spanning more than 14 disks with a RAID 5 volume is not recommended Designate spares for RAID sets to provide greater protection against failures RAID sets cannot span controllers A single array can contain multiple logical drives of varying RAID settings.

  • Page 64: Disk Management Utility

    Disk Management Figure 30: Manage Disks screen Table 5: Manage Disks Options Option Task Rescan Select to detect a new disk added to the system. By default, drives are dynamically recognized by the system. Occasionally a rescan of the hardware is required. The rescan is not synchronous and may require a browser refresh after the scan is initiated to display the new content.

  • Page 65: Disk Management Guidelines

    Disk Management Figure 31: Disk Management utility Note: When the Disk Management utility is accessed, the Remote Desktop connection assumes a dedicated mode and can only be used to manage disks and volumes on the server. Navigating to another page during an open session closes the session. Note: It may take a few moments for the Remote Desktop Connection session to log off when closing Disk Management.

  • Page 66: Volumes Page

    Disk Management When managing basic disks, only the last partition on the disk can be extended unless the disk is changed to dynamic. Basic disks can be converted to dynamic without bringing the system offline or loss of data, but the volume will be unavailable during the conversion. Basic disks can contain up to four primary partitions (or three primary partitions and one extended partition).

  • Page 67

    Disk Management Figure 32: Volumes tab Table 6: Volumes Page Object/Task Selector Option Task Manage... Select to display the Manage Volumes screen. Schedule Defrag... Select to schedule defragmentation for the selected volume. Set Default Quota Select to set quota limits to manage use of the volume. Settings on this page apply to new users and any users for whom user quota entries have not previously been set.

  • Page 68: Managing Volumes

    Disk Management Managing Volumes To manage volumes on the server: 1. On the primary navigation bar, click Disks. 2. Click Volumes. 3. Select the volume to manage. 4. In the Tasks list, click Manage. The Manage Volumes screen is displayed. The Manage Volumes page displays all volumes on the NAS device regardless of their format (NTFS, FAT, or FAT32).

  • Page 69: Dynamic Growth, Expanding A Lun

    Disk Management Table 7: Manage Volumes Options (Continued) Option Task Extend Opens a page to extend a partition based on a basic disk or it opens Windows Disk Management to extend dynamic based volumes. Rescan Select to detect a volume or partition added to the system or to update the size of a volume that has undergone expansion.

  • Page 70: To Extend A Lun Where Space Is Available In The Array

    Disk Management To extend a LUN where space is available in the array: 1. Click the Disks tab. 2. Click Array Configuration Utility and log in. 3. Select the appropriate array controller and the appropriate array that the logical drive is contained in.

  • Page 71: Extending Using Diskpart

    Disk Management Figure 35: Extending a volume Extending a Volume on Dynamic Disks The WebUI allows for the extension of volumes based on a dynamic disk or a set of dynamic disks. To extend a volume perform the following steps: 1.

  • Page 72: Scheduling Defragmentation

    Disk Management Type Extend. The volume is extended to the capacity of the underlying disk. specify the amount to extend or to extend to another disk, type extend [size=N] [disk=N] Size is in MB. Type exit to exit the utility. Scheduling Defragmentation Defragmentation is the process of analyzing local volumes and consolidating fragmented files and folders so that each occupies a single, contiguous space on the volume.

  • Page 73: Managing Disks After Quick Restore

    Disk Management If defragmenting volumes on which shadow copies are enabled, use a cluster (or allocation unit) size of 16 KB or larger during the format. Otherwise defragmentation registers as a change by the Shadow Copy process. This increase in the number of changes forces Shadow Copy to delete snapshots as the limit for the cache file is reached.

  • Page 74

    Disk Management Figure 37: Enter new drive letter 5. Click Yes to confirm the drive letter change. Figure 38: Confirm drive letter change 6. If the dialog box in Figure 39 is displayed, select Yes to continue. If the old drive letter needs to be reused, reboot the server after clicking Yes.

  • Page 75: Disk Quotas, Enabling Quota Management

    Disk Management Disk Quotas Disk quotas track and control disk space use in volumes. Note: To limit the size of a folder or share, see “Directory Quotas” in Chapter 7. Configure the volumes on the server to perform the following tasks: Prevent further disk space use and log an event when a user exceeds a specified disk space limit.

  • Page 76: Setting User Quota Entries

    Disk Management Note: When enabling disk quotas on a volume, any users with write access to the volume who have not exceeded their quota limit can store data on the volume. The first time a user writes data to a quota-enabled volume, default values for disk space limit and warning level are automatically assigned by the quota system.

  • Page 77

    Disk Management To create a new user quota entry: 1. Click New Quota Entry. 2. Select a user. 3. Set the limit. 4. Set the warning level. 5. Click OK. Figure 41: Add new quota entry To change a quota entry: 1.

  • Page 78: Diskpart

    Disk Management DiskPart DiskPart.exe is a text-mode command interpreter that enables the administrator to manage disks, partitions, or volumes. When using the list commands, an asterisk (*) appears next to the object with focus. Select an object by its number or drive letter, such as disk 0, partition 1, volume 3, or volume C. When selecting an object, the focus remains on that object until a different object is selected.

  • Page 79: Example Of Using Diskpart

    Disk Management For a complete list of DiskPart commands, go to the Windows 2003 Desktop on the NAS device via Remote Desktop and select Start >Help and Support, search on DiskPart. Example of using DiskPart The following example shows how to configure a volume on the NAS server. In the cmd window, type: c:\>diskpart DISKPART>Rescan...

  • Page 80

    Disk Management NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 81: Shadow Copies, Overview

    Shadow Copies Overview The Volume Shadow Copy Service provides an infrastructure for creating point-in-time snapshots (shadow copies) of volumes. Shadow Copy supports 64 shadow copies per volume. A shadow copy contains previous versions of the files or folders contained on a volume at a specific point in time.

  • Page 82: Shadow Copy Planning, Identifying The Volume

    Shadow Copies Shadow Copy Planning Before setup is initiated on the server and the client interface is made available to end users, consider the following: From what volume will shadow copies be taken? How much disk space should be allocated for shadow copies? Will separate disks be used to store shadow copies? How frequently will shadow copies be made? Identifying the Volume...

  • Page 83: Allocating Disk Space

    Shadow Copies Allocating Disk Space When shadow copies are enabled on a volume, the maximum amount of volume space to be used for the shadow copies can be specified. The default limit is 10 percent of the source volume (the volume being copied). The limit for volumes in which users frequently change files should be increased.

  • Page 84: Identifying The Storage Area, Determining Creation Frequency

    Shadow Copies Note: Use the mountvol command with the /p option to dismount the volume and take it offline. Mount the volume and bring it online using the mountvol command or the Disk Management snap-in. Identifying the Storage Area To store the shadow copies of another volume on the same file server, a volume can be dedicated on separate disks.

  • Page 85: Shadow Copies And Drive Defragmentation, Mounted Drives

    Shadow Copies Shadow Copies and Drive Defragmentation When running Disk Defragmenter on a volume with shadow copies activated, all or some of the shadow copies may be lost, starting with the oldest shadow copies. If defragmenting volumes on which shadow copies are enabled, use a cluster (or allocation unit) size of 16 KB or larger.

  • Page 86: Managing Shadow Copies

    Shadow Copies Managing Shadow Copies From the WebUI Welcome screen, click Disks, then Shadow Copies to display the Shadow Copies screen. Figure 42: Shadow Copies screen Table 9: Shadow Copies Fields Field Description Volume Lists all volumes of the server on which the Shadow Copies service can be used.

  • Page 87: The Shadow Copy Cache File

    Shadow Copies Table 10: Shadow Copies Tasks Task Description Enable Click to enable Shadow Copies on the selected volume. Disable Click to enable Shadow Copies on the selected volume. New Shadow Copy Click to immediately create a new shadow copy on the selected volume. View Shadow Click to view a list of shadow copies on the selected volume.

  • Page 88

    Shadow Copies cache file cache file cache file Figure 44: Shadow copies stored on separate volume The main advantage to storing shadow copies on a separate volume is ease of management and performance. Shadow copies on a source volume must be continually monitored and can consume space designated for file sharing.

  • Page 89: Enabling And Creating Shadow Copies, Viewing A List Of Shadow Copies

    Shadow Copies Enabling and Creating Shadow Copies Enabling the Shadow Copies service for a volume or creating a shadow copy can be done directly from the Manage Shadow Copies page. Enabling shadow copies on a volume automatically results in several actions: Creates a shadow copy of the selected volume Sets the maximum storage space for the shadow copies Schedules shadow copies to be made at 7 A.M.

  • Page 90: Set Schedules, Scheduling Shadow Copies, Deleting A Shadow Copy Schedule, Viewing Shadow Copy Properties

    Shadow Copies Set Schedules Shadow Copy schedules control how frequently shadow copies of a volume are made. There are a number of factors that can help determine the most effective shadow copy schedule for an organization. These include the work habits and locations of the users. For example, if users do not all live in the same time zone, or they work on different schedules, it is possible to adjust the daily shadow-copy schedule to allow for these differences.

  • Page 91

    Shadow Copies 3. On the Manage Shadow Copies page, select the volume on which to view shadow copy properties. 4. On the Tasks list, click Properties. The Shadow Copy Properties screen, as shown in Figure 45, lists the number of copies, the date and time the most recent shadow copy was made, and the maximum size setting.

  • Page 92: Disabling Shadow Copies, Managing Shadow Copies From The Nas Desktop

    Shadow Copies Disabling Shadow Copies When shadow copies are disabled on a volume, all existing shadow copies on the volume are deleted as well as the schedule for making new shadow copies. To disable shadow copies on a volume: 1. On the primary navigation bar, click Disks. 2.

  • Page 93

    Shadow Copies Figure 46: Accessing shadow copies from My Computer NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 94: Shadow Copies For Shared Folders, Smb Shadow Copies

    Shadow Copies Shadow Copies for Shared Folders Shadow Copies are accessed over the network by supported clients and protocols. There are two sets of supported protocols, SMB and NFS. All other protocols are not supported; this would include HTTP, FTP, AppleTalk, and NetWare Shares. For SMB support a client side application denoted as Shadow Copies for Shared Folders is required.

  • Page 95: Nfs Shadow Copies

    Shadow Copies Users access shadow copies with Windows Explorer by selecting View, Copy, or Restore, from the Previous Versions tab. See Figure 47. Both individual files and folders may be restored. Figure 47: Client GUI When users view a network folder hosted on the NAS device for which shadow copies are enabled, old versions (prior to the snapshot) of a file or directory are available.

  • Page 96: Recovery Of Files Or Folders

    Shadow Copies Access to NFS shadow copy pseudo-subdirectories is governed by normal access-control mechanisms using the permissions stored in the file system. Users can access only those shadow copies to which they have read access at the time the shadow copy is taken. To prevent users from modifying shadow copies, all pseudo-subdirectories are marked read-only, regardless of the user's ownership or access rights, or the permissions set on the original files.

  • Page 97: Recovering A Deleted File Or Folder (non-sharepoint Or Windows Xp/windows 2003)

    Shadow Copies Recovering a Deleted File or Folder (non-sharepoint or Windows XP/Windows 2003) To recover a deleted file or folder within a folder: 1. Navigate to the folder where the deleted file was stored. 2. Position the cursor over a blank space in the folder. If the cursor hovers over a file, that file will be selected.

  • Page 98: Recovering A Deleted File Or Folder (sharepoint - Windows 2000 Sp3 Only)

    Shadow Copies Recovering a Deleted File or Folder (sharepoint - Windows 2000 SP3 only) To recover a deleted file or folder at a sharepoint: 1. Navigate to the sharepoint where the deleted file or folder was stored. 2. Recreate the file or folder that was deleted with the exact same name. 3.

  • Page 99: Recovering An Overwritten Or Corrupted File

    Shadow Copies Figure 50: Viewing root shares Recovering an Overwritten or Corrupted File Recovering an overwritten or corrupted file is easier than recovering a deleted file because the file itself can be right-clicked instead of the folder. To recover an overwritten or corrupted file use the following procedure: 1.

  • Page 100: Recovering A Folder, Backup And Shadow Copies

    Shadow Copies Recovering a Folder To recover a folder use the following procedure: 1. Position the cursor so that it is over a blank space in the folder that will be recovered. If the cursor hovers over a file, that file will be selected. 2.

  • Page 101: User And Group Management, Domain Compared To Workgroup Environments

    User and Group Management There are two system environments for users and groups: workgroup and domain. Because users and groups in a domain environment are managed through standard Windows NT or Windows 2000 domain administration methods, this document discusses only local users and groups, which are stored and managed on the NAS device.

  • Page 102: User And Group Name Planning, Managing User Names, Managing Group Names

    User and Group Management The configuration of the domain controller is reflected on the NAS 2000s because it obtains user account information from the domain controller when deployed in a domain environment. As mentioned previously, the server cannot act as a domain controller itself. User and Group Name Planning Effective user and group management is dependent upon how well the user and group names are organized.

  • Page 103: Workgroup User And Group Management, Managing Local Users

    User and Group Management Using tags is a helpful convention that indicates the specific access that a particular user has to a network resource. For example, if there is a data share on the device, the network administrator can create a “Data Users ROnly” group and a “Data Users RWrite” group to contain users that have read only or read write access on the share, respectively.

  • Page 104: Adding A New User, Deleting A User

    User and Group Management All available options include: New, Delete, Set a Password, and Properties. When the Local Users dialog box is initially displayed, only the New option is available. After an existing user is selected, the additional actions are displayed. Each of these options is discussed in the following paragraphs.

  • Page 105: Modifying A User Password, Modifying User Properties

    User and Group Management Modifying a User Password Follow these steps to modify a user password: 1. In the Local Users dialog box, select the user whose password needs to be changed. Then, click Set a Password. The Set Password dialog box is displayed. 2.

  • Page 106: Managing Local Groups

    User and Group Management Managing Local Groups Managing groups includes the following tasks: Adding a new group Deleting a group Modifying group properties, including user memberships Local groups in a workgroup environment are managed through the Users option in the WebUI.

  • Page 107: Adding A New Group, Deleting A Group

    User and Group Management Adding a New Group To add a group: 1. In the Local Groups dialog box, click New. The Create New Group dialog box is displayed. Figure 55: Create New Group dialog box, General tab 2. Enter the group name and description. 3.

  • Page 108: Modifying Group Properties, General Tab, Members Tab

    User and Group Management Modifying Group Properties To modify other group properties: 1. From the Local Groups dialog box, select the desired group and then click Properties. The Properties dialog box is displayed. Figure 56: Group Properties dialog box, General tab Within the Properties dialog box are two tabs: General tab Members tab...

  • Page 109

    User and Group Management To add an existing local user to a group: 1. Select the desired user from the Add user or group box 2. Click the Add button. 3. Click OK to save the changes. To remove an existing local user from a group: 1.

  • Page 110

    User and Group Management NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 111: Folder, Printer, And Share Management, Folder Management

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management The HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s supports several file sharing protocols, including DFS, NFS, FTP, HTTP, and Microsoft SMB. This chapter discusses overview information as well as procedural instructions for the setup and management of the file shares for the supported protocols.

  • Page 112: Navigating To A Specific Volume Or Folder

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Navigating to a Specific Volume or Folder When you work with volumes and folders, the first task is to gain access to the desired volume or folder. The steps are the same, whether navigating to a volume or a folder: 1.

  • Page 113: Creating A New Folder

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 59: Folders dialog box After accessing the desired folder, the following actions can be performed: Creating a new folder Deleting a folder Modifying folder properties Creating a new share for the volume or folder Managing shares for the volume or folder Creating a New Folder To create a new folder:...

  • Page 114: Deleting A Folder, Modifying Folder Properties

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 60: Create a New Folder dialog box, General tab 3. In the Compress tab, indicate whether and how this folder and its contents are to be compressed. 4. After all information for the new folder is entered, click OK. Deleting a Folder To delete a folder: 1.

  • Page 115: Creating A New Share For A Volume Or Folder

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 61: Folder Properties dialog box, General tab 2. In the General tab, enter the new information for the folder, which may include: Folder Name Folder Attributes 3. In the Compress tab, indicate whether and how this folder and its contents are to be compressed.

  • Page 116: Managing Shares For A Volume Or Folder

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 62: Create New Share dialog box, General tab 3. Enter the information for the share, including the name of the share, the allowed protocols, and corresponding permissions. Note: The Share path is the path of the previously selected volume or folder. This field is automatically completed by the system.

  • Page 117: Managing File Level Permissions

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Note: This section discusses managing shares from the Folders menu, and is an overview of the procedures. Complete details on the process of managing shares are included in the discussion that documents creating shares through the Shares menu. See the “Managing Shares” section later in this chapter for these details.

  • Page 118

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 63: Security Properties dialog box Several options are available in the Security tab dialog box: To add users and groups to the permissions list, click Add. Then follow the dialog box instructions. To remove users and groups from the permissions list, highlight the desired user or group and then click Remove.

  • Page 119

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 64: Advanced security settings To modify specific permissions assigned to a particular user or group for a selected file or folder in the Advanced screen: 1. Select the desired user or group. 2. Click Edit. 3.

  • Page 120

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 65: User or Group Permission Entry dialog box Other functionality available in the Advanced Security Settings tab is illustrated in Figure 64 and includes: Add a new user or group. Click Add, and then follow the dialog box instructions. Remove a user or group.

  • Page 121

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 66: Advanced Security Settings, Auditing tab dialog box 4. Click Add to display the Select User or Group dialog box. Figure 67: Select User or Group dialog box Note: Click Advanced to search for users or groups. 5.

  • Page 122

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 68: Auditing Entry dialog box for folder name NTSF Test 7. Select the desired Successful and Failed audits for the user or group as shown in Figure 8. Click OK. Note: Auditing must be enabled to configure this information. Use the local Computer Policy Editor to configure the audit policy on the NAS 2000s.

  • Page 123

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 69: Advanced Security Settings, Owner tab dialog box The current owner of the file or folder is listed at the top of the screen. To take ownership: 1. Select the appropriate user or group from the Change owner to list. 2.

  • Page 124: Share Management, Share Considerations, Defining Access Control Lists

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Share Management There are several ways to set up and manage shares. The WebUI provides screens for setting up and managing shares. Additional methods include using a command line interface, Windows Explorer, or NAS Management Console. This guide demonstrates using the WebUI to set up and manage shares.

  • Page 125: Integrating Local File System Security Into Windows Domain Environments, Comparing Administrative (hidden) And Standard Shares

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Integrating Local File System Security into Windows Domain Environments ACLs include properties specific to users and groups from a particular workgroup server or domain environment. In a multidomain environment, user and group permissions from several domains can apply to files stored on the same device.

  • Page 126: Nfs Compatibility Issues, Managing Shares, Creating A New Share

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management NFS Compatibility Issues When planning to manage CIFS and NFS shares, consider two specific requirements. Note: Further information, including details about the NFS Service and the User Mapping service, is available in the “UNIX File System Management” chapter. NFS service does not support spaces in the names for NFS file shares.

  • Page 127: Deleting A Share

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 70: Create a New Share dialog box, General tab 2. Enter the following information: Share name Share path Client protocol types To create a folder for the new share, check the indicated box and the system will create the folder at the same time it creates the share.

  • Page 128: Modifying Share Properties, Windows Sharing

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Modifying Share Properties To change share settings: 1. From the Shares menu, select the share to modify and then click Properties. The General tab of the Share Properties dialog box is displayed. Figure 71: Share Properties dialog box, General tab The name and path of the selected share is displayed.

  • Page 129: Unix Sharing

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 72: Share Properties dialog box, Windows Sharing tab 2. Select Offline settings. 3. Set the permissions. The Permissions box lists the currently approved users for this share. To add a new user or group, either select a user or group from the box at the bottom right of the screen or manually enter the user or group name in the Add a user or group box and then click Add.

  • Page 130: Web Sharing (http)

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 73: Share Properties dialog box, UNIX Sharing tab 2. Indicate the access permissions. Select the machine from the main user display box and then select the appropriate access method from the Access permissions drop down box. The types of access are: Read-only—Use this permission to restrict write access to the share.

  • Page 131: Protocol Parameter Settings

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Protocol Parameter Settings As previously mentioned, the NAS 2000s supports the following protocols: HTTP Microsoft SMB This section discusses the parameter settings for each protocol type. To access and enter protocol parameter settings: 1. From the Shares menu, select Sharing Protocols. The File-Sharing Protocols dialog box is displayed.

  • Page 132: Dfs Protocol Settings, Deploying Dfs

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management DFS Protocol Settings With Distributed File System (DFS) and the Windows SMB protocol, files can be distributed across multiple servers and appear to users as if they reside in one place on the network. A configuration containing multiple shares is known as a virtual namespace.

  • Page 133: Dfs Administration Tool, Accessing The Dfs Namespace From Other Computers

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 75: DFS Win32 GUI DFS Administration Tool The DFS Administration Tool provides extended functionality not found in the WebUI. These functions include: Management of multiple DFS Roots on multiple machines from a single interface Domain based DFS management Target and Link management Status Checks of a DFS managed share link...

  • Page 134: Setting Dfs Sharing Defaults, Creating A Local Dfs Root

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Setting DFS Sharing Defaults The We UI can be used to set the default DFS settings provided when creating a shared folder. When a new shared folder is create, the DFS defaults may be overridden. To set DFS sharing defaults: 1.

  • Page 135: Deleting A Local Dfs Root

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management 3. Select DFS, and then choose Properties. Figure 77: Local DFS Root tab 4. On the Local DFS Root tab, type the name of the DFS root in the Root name box. 5. In the Folder path box, type the path of the folder that corresponds to the root. Click Create folder if the folder does not exist.

  • Page 136: Publishing A New Share In Dfs

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Publishing a New Share in DFS Once a root has been established either on the local machine or one in the network, shares can be published in order to extend the virtual name space. For example, several shares can be created for a DFS root labeled “Engineering.”...

  • Page 137: Publishing An Existing Share In Dfs, Removing A Published Share From Dfs

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Figure 79: DFS share example, mapped drive In this case, Documentation exists on G:\documentation, Technical Specs exists on G:\technical specs and Project Info exists on C:\project info on the local machine but they are all accessible via \\DOCNASBOX\engineering. Publishing an Existing Share in DFS To enable an existing shares for DFS, perform the following steps: 1.

  • Page 138: Storage Management, Directory Quotas

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Storage Management The storage management features built into the NAS 2000s are composed of three main features and are applicable at the directory level of a share. These features include: Directory Quotas File Screening Storage Reports Each of these feature sets are describe below.

  • Page 139: Establishing Directory Quotas

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Because of the differences in the amount of storage requested for a file extension operation and the amount actually allocated by Windows 2003 for that extension, the user may be allowed to exceed his quota by as much as one cluster. For example, assume the user has a quota of 100 KB and has used 96 KB on a file system with a cluster size of 8 KB.

  • Page 140: File Screening

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Within each policy, there are a number of configuration screens that are presented in the form of a wizard. The wizard collects the following information to create a policy: Name of Policy Disk space limit and Unit of measurement Passive limit (If selected the limit will issue warnings but will not prevent access.

  • Page 141: Storage Reports

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Use caution when placing screening parameters on the system partition. If certain classes of files are screened from the system partition, the operating system may not have the access to save temporary working files. It is a good idea to exclude systems directories from screening. Another option is to create a passive screening policy that allows files to be saved but the file activity to be logged.

  • Page 142: Print Services, Configuring The Print Server

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Print Services Printer services are a new feature added to the NAS 2000s that has not been available previously. The new service supports network printers only and is not intended for use with locally attached printers (USB or Parallel port connected). If the NAS 2000s is a part of an Active Directory domain vs Workgroup, the NAS server enables the following management features: Restrict access to a printer based domain user accounts...

  • Page 143

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Note: While the “All Windows” support may be selected at this step, it is more efficient to add the alternative operating systems on each printer after the wizards are complete. See section below on “Adding Additional Operating System Support”. 6.

  • Page 144: Removing The Print Server Role, Adding An Additional Printer

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management Removing the Print Server Role To remove the print server role: 1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel, double-click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Manage Your Server. 2. Click on Add or Remove a Roll. 3.

  • Page 145: Adding Additional Operating System Support, Installing Print Services For Unix

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management 10. Enter a Share Name for the printer that will used on the network, click Next. 11. Enter a location description and a comment, click Next. 12. Select Print a test page and click Next. 13.

  • Page 146

    Folder, Printer, and Share Management NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 147: Microsoft Services For Nfs, Server For Nfs, Authenticating User Access

    Microsoft Services for NFS Microsoft Services for NFS is a comprehensive software package designed to provide complete UNIX environment integration into a Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows 2003, or Active Directory domain file server. Services for NFS manages tasks on both Windows and UNIX platforms.

  • Page 148: Indicating The Computer To Use For The Nfs User Mapping Server

    Microsoft Services for NFS Permissions are granted on a per-export basis; each export has its own permissions, independent of other exports on the system. For example, file system a can be exported to allow only the Accounting department access, and file system m can be exported allowing only the Management department access.

  • Page 149: Logging Events

    Microsoft Services for NFS Note: If the authentication software is not installed on all domain controllers that have user name mappings, including Primary Domain Controllers, Backup Domain Controllers, and Active Directory Domains, then domain user name mappings will not work correctly. Figure 81: Microsoft Services for NFS screen, Settings tab Logging Events Various levels of auditing are available.

  • Page 150: Server For Nfs Server Settings

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 82: Server for NFS screen, Logging tab Server for NFS Server Settings The NAS 2000s has new features for Services for NFS included in the Services for NFS administration GUI. The new features include settings that affect performance, such as toggling between TCP and UDP NFS versions 2 and 3.

  • Page 151

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 83: Server for NFS screen, Server Settings tab NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 152: Domain Controllers

    Microsoft Services for NFS Installing NFS Authentication Software on the Domain Controllers and Active Directory Domain Controllers The NFS Authentication software must be installed on all Primary Domain Controllers (PDCs) and backup domain controllers (BDCs) that have Windows users mapped to UNIX users.

  • Page 153

    Microsoft Services for NFS Microsoft Services for Unix 3.0 CD has been included with the NAS 2000s and is needed for the following procedure. To install the Authentication software on the domain controllers (CD Method): 1. Insert the Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX compact disc into the CD-ROM drive of the domain controller.

  • Page 154: Understanding Ntfs And Unix Permissions, Nfs File Shares, Creating A New Share

    Microsoft Services for NFS Understanding NTFS and UNIX Permissions When creating a NFS export, make sure that the NTFS permissions on the share allows the correct permissions that you want assigned for users/groups. The following will help clarify the translation between Unix and NTFS permissions: The UNIX read bit is represented within NTFS as the List Folder/Read Data permission The UNIX write bit is represented within NTFS as the Create File/Write Data, Create Folders/Append Data, Write Attributes, and Delete Subfolders and Files permissions...

  • Page 155

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 84: Create a New Share dialog box, General tab 2. In the General tab, enter the share name and path. Check the Unix (NFS) client protocol check box. Note: Uncheck the Microsoft SMB option if you do not want to allow SMB access to the share.

  • Page 156

    Microsoft Services for NFS To delete a share: 1. From the Shares menu, select the share to be deleted, and then click Delete. 2. Verify that this is the correct share, and then click OK. Modifying Share Properties To change share settings: 1.

  • Page 157

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 86: UNIX Sharing tab 3. From the UNIX Sharing tab of the Share Properties dialog box, a. Indicate the allowed clients. Select the machine to include in the Select a group box or manually enter the NFS client computer name or IP address.

  • Page 158: Encoding Types, Nfs Only, Nfs Protocol Properties Settings

    Microsoft Services for NFS Encoding Types Encoding types can be selected using the WebUI. These include the default ANSI as well as EUC-JP. Other encoding types include: ANSI (default) BIG5 (Chinese) EUC-JP (Japanese) EUC-KR (Korean) EUC-TW (Chinese) GB2312-80 (Simplified Chinese) KSC5601 (Korean) SHIFT-JIS (Japanese) If the option is set to ANSI on systems configured for non-English locales, the encoding...

  • Page 159: Nfs Async/sync Settings

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 87: NFS Sharing Protocols menu NFS properties include: Async/Sync Settings Locks Client Groups User and Group Mappings Settings for asynchronous/synchronous writes and service locks are discussed together in the following paragraphs of this chapter. Client groups and user and group mappings are each discussed in separate sections later in this chapter.

  • Page 160: Nfs Locks

    Microsoft Services for NFS Note: Using synchronous writes allows for greater data integrity. Asynchronous writes will increase performance but will reduce data integrity as the data is cached before being written to disk. Changing the write state causes the NFS service to be restarted. Notify users before toggling this setting.

  • Page 161

    Microsoft Services for NFS To enter locking parameters: 1. From the WebUI, access the NFS Protocol Properties menu by selecting Shares, Sharing Protocols. Select NFS Protocol and then click Properties. The NFS Properties menu is displayed. 2. In the NFS Properties menu, select NFS Locks. The NFS Locks dialog box is displayed. Figure 89 is an illustration of the NFS Locks dialog box.

  • Page 162: Nfs Client Groups

    Microsoft Services for NFS NFS Client Groups The Client Groups feature gives administrators a method of assigning access permissions to a set of clients. The administrator creates a client group, gives it a name, and then inserts clients into the group by client name or IP address. After the client group is created, the administrator adds or removes permissions for the entire group, instead of allowing or denying access for each individual client machine.

  • Page 163: Adding A New Client Group, Deleting A Client Group

    Microsoft Services for NFS Adding a New Client Group To add a new client group: 1. From the NFS Client Groups dialog box, click New. The New NFS Client Group dialog box is displayed. Figure 91: New NFS Client Group dialog box 2.

  • Page 164: Editing Client Group Information

    Microsoft Services for NFS Editing Client Group Information To modify the members of an existing client group: 1. From the NFS Client Groups dialog box, select the group to modify, and click Edit. The Edit NFS Client Group dialog box is displayed. Current members of the group are listed in the Members box.

  • Page 165: Nfs User And Group Mappings, Types Of Mappings, Explicit Mappings, Simple Mappings

    Microsoft Services for NFS NFS User and Group Mappings When a fileserver exports files within a homogeneous environment, there are no problems with authentication. It is a simple matter of making a direct comparison to determine whether the user should be allowed access to the file, and what level of access to allow. However, when a fileserver works in a heterogeneous environment, some method of translating user access is required.

  • Page 166: Squashed Mappings, User Name Mapping Best Practices

    Microsoft Services for NFS Squashed Mappings If the NFS server does not have a corresponding UID or GID or if the administrator has set other conditions to filter out the user, a process called squashing takes effect. Squashing is the conversion of an unmapped or filtered user to an anonymous user.

  • Page 167: Creating And Managing User And Group Mappings, General Tab

    Microsoft Services for NFS — Make sure that the Windows Group1 is mapped to the corresponding UNIX Group1. — Make sure that User1 is a member of Group1 on both Windows and UNIX. Map properly — Valid UNIX users should be mapped to valid Windows users. —...

  • Page 168: Simple Mapping Tab

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 94: User and Group Mappings dialog box, General tab From the General tab of the User and Group Mappings dialog box: 1. If an NIS server is being used: a. Select Use NIS server. b. Enter the NIS domain name. c.

  • Page 169: Explicit User Mapping Tab

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 95: User and Group Mappings dialog box, Simple Mapping tab Explicit User Mapping Tab Explicit (or advanced) mappings allow the administrator to map any user or group manually to any other user and group. Advanced mappings override simple mappings, giving administrators the capability of using simple mapping for most users and then using advanced mappings for the users with unique names on the different systems.

  • Page 170: Explicit Group Mapping Tab

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 96: User and Group Mappings dialog box, Explicit User Mapping tab To create explicit user mappings: 1. Click the List UNIX Users button to populate the UNIX users box. 2. To map a local Windows user to a UNIX user, highlight the Windows user in the Windows local users box and highlight the UNIX user that you want to map, and then click Add.

  • Page 171

    Microsoft Services for NFS Figure 97: User and Group Mappings dialog box, Explicit Group Mapping tab To create explicit group mappings: 1. Click the List UNIX Groups button to populate the UNIX Groups box. 2. To map a local Windows group to a UNIX group, highlight the Windows group in the Windows local groups box and highlight the UNIX group to map, and then click Add.

  • Page 172: Backing Up And Restoring Mappings, Backing Up User Mappings, Restoring User Mappings

    Microsoft Services for NFS Backing up and Restoring Mappings The user name-mapping server has the capability to save and retrieve mappings from files. This capability is useful for backing up mapping settings prior to making changes and for exporting the mapping file from one server to others, using the same mapping information. The user name-mapping server can save existing mappings to a file or load them from a file and populate the mapping server.

  • Page 173: Creating A Sample Nfs File Share

    Microsoft Services for NFS 2. Type the path and name of the file in the File path and name field or click Browse to locate the file. 3. After locating the file, click Restore. Creating a Sample NFS File Share HP recommends performing the following tests to verify that the setup of the shares, user mappings, and permissions grant the desired access to the NFS shares.

  • Page 174: Remote Desktop, Using Remote Desktop

    Microsoft Services for NFS Remote Desktop In addition to the WebUI, Remote Desktop is available for remote administration of Services for UNIX. This service let users connect to machines, log on, and obtain command prompts remotely. See Table 12 for a list of commonly used commands. Using Remote Desktop Microsoft Remote Desktop can be used to remotely access the NAS 2000s desktop.

  • Page 175: Netware File System Management

    NetWare File System Management File and Print Services for NetWare (FPNW) is one part of the Microsoft software package called Services for NetWare. The most common use of the NetWare network operating system is as a file and print server. Customers using NetWare as the platform to host their file and print services have become accustomed to its interface from both a user and an administrator point of view and have built up an investment in NetWare file and print services.

  • Page 176: Installing Services For Netware

    NetWare File System Management Installing Services for NetWare The installation of FPNW on the NAS 2000s allows for a smooth integration with existing Novell servers. FPNW allows a Windows 2000-based server to emulate a NetWare file and print server to users, clients, and administrators. This emulation allows authentication from Novell clients, the use of Novel logon scripts, the creation of Novell volumes (shares), the use of Novell file attributes, and many other Novell features.

  • Page 177: Managing File And Print Services For Netware

    NetWare File System Management Figure 100: Installing File and Print Services for NetWare Managing File and Print Services for NetWare To access FPNW: 1. From the desktop of the NAS 2000s, click Start > Settings > Control Panel, and then double-click FPNW.

  • Page 178: Creating And Managing Netware Users, Adding Local Netware Users

    NetWare File System Management 3. Indicate a Home directory root path. This path is relative to where the Sysvol volume has been installed. This will be the root location for the individual home directories. If the directory specified does not already exist, it must first be created.

  • Page 179: Enabling Local Netware User Accounts

    NetWare File System Management Enabling Local NetWare User Accounts 1. In the Users folder (NMC, Core Operating System, Local Users and Groups), right-click an NCP client listed in the right pane of the screen and then click Properties. 2. Select the NetWare Services tab. Figure 103: NetWare Services tab 3.

  • Page 180: Managing Ncp Volumes (shares), Creating A New Ncp Share

    NetWare File System Management Managing NCP Volumes (Shares) NCP file shares are created in the same manner as other file shares; however, there are some unique settings. NCP shares can be created and managed using the NAS Management Console. Note: NCP shares can be created only after Microsoft Services for NetWare is installed.

  • Page 181

    NetWare File System Management 4. In Share Name, type the name of the share. Users will see this name. 5. In Description, type a description for the share. Click Next. NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 182

    NetWare File System Management 6. The dialog box illustrated in Figure 105 is displayed. Figure 105: NetWare Basic Share Permissions dialog box 7. Select the appropriate permissions level. If a custom permissions level is desired, select the Customize share and folder permissions radio button and then click Custom.

  • Page 183

    NetWare File System Management Figure 106: Customize Permissions dialog box, Share Permissions tab 8. In the Share Permissions tab, select the appropriate permissions level for each user or group that is configured to have access to that share. 9. To enter file system permissions, select the Security tab. The following dialog box is displayed.

  • Page 184: Modifying Ncp Share Properties Using The Nas Management Console

    NetWare File System Management Figure 107: Customize Permissions dialog box, Security tab 10. In the Security tab of the Permissions dialog box, enter the file system security properties that apply to the share folder on the server. 11. After the permissions have been entered, click OK to return to the Create Shared Folder screens.

  • Page 185: Notes

    NetWare File System Management NOTES: 1. Permissions can be set on a shared volume regardless of its type of file system. 2. Share permissions are effective only when the share is accessed over the network. 3. The group of permissions you set for the share applies equally to all files and subdirectories in the volume.

  • Page 186

    NetWare File System Management NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 187: Remote Access Methods And Monitoring

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring The HP StorageWorks NAS 2000s comes from the factory with full remote manageability. Several methods of remote access are provided: Web based user interface Remote Desktop Integrated Lights-Out Port — Features — Integrated Lights-Out Port Configuration —...

  • Page 188: Web Based User Interface, Remote Desktop, Integrated Lights-out Port

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring Web Based User Interface The NAS 2000s includes a Web based user interface (WebUI) for the administrator to remotely manage the machine. Of all of the remote access methods, the WebUI is the most intuitive and easiest to learn and use. The WebUI permits complete system management, including system configuration, user and group management, shares management, UNIX file system management, and storage management.

  • Page 189: Features, Security Features, Manage Users Feature

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring Features The Integrated Lights-Out port provides the following features: Note: The remote client console must have a direct browser connection to the Integrated Lights-Out port without passing through a proxy server or firewall. Hardware based graphical remote console access Remote restart Server failure alerting Integration with Insight Manager...

  • Page 190: Manage Alerts Feature, Integrated Lights-out Port Configuration

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring Manage Alerts Feature The Manage Alerts feature allows the user to: Select alert types received Generate a global test alert Generate an individual test alert Clear pending alerts Enable alerts Refer to the Integrated Lights-Out Port User Guide for more information about the Integrated Lights-Out port features and functionality.

  • Page 191: Using The Integrated Lights-out Port To Access The Nas 2000s, Telnet Server

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring Using the Integrated Lights-Out Port to Access the NAS 2000s Using the Web interface of a client machine is the recommended procedure for remotely accessing the server: 1. In the URL field of the Web browser, enter the IP address of the Integrated Lights-Out port.

  • Page 192: Enabling Telnet Server, Sessions Information, Hp Insight Manager Version 7

    Remote Access Methods and Monitoring Enabling Telnet Server Telnet Server can be enabled in two ways. The first is to use Remote Desktop to access a command line interface and enter the following command: net start tlntsvr The Telnet Server service needs to be enabled prior to running this command. The service can be enabled by opening the services MMC: 1.

  • Page 193: Index

    Index editing NFS managing NFS conventions defined document translating equipment symbols ADG (Advanced Data Guarding) text symbols alerts, e-mail, setting up creating NFS file shares array controller purpose arrays data blocks defined data guarding explained audience data striping 46, Authentication software, installing date, system, changing authorized reseller, HP DM (Disk Manager) 53,...

  • Page 194

    Index Ethernet NIC teams modifying properties adding navigating to checking status FPNW configuring accessing configuring properties described configuring TCP/IP installing renaming the connection setting up showing connection icon getting help troubleshooting group names events, Services for NFS, logging examples explicit group mapping managing explicit mappings 165, groups...

  • Page 195

    Index with IP address with MAC address iLO. See Integrated Lights-Out Port localhost Insight Manager locks, NFS defined logging, Services for NFS events described logical drives. See LUNs Integrated Lights-Out port logical storage elements accessing NAS 2000s logs activating accessing configuration audit described 17,...

  • Page 196

    Index editing compatibility issues management, storage deleting shares managing system storage file share, creating mappings file shares, creating backup and restore file sharing tests best practices group mappings creating locks data stored modifying share properties explicit 165, protocol properties settings Server settings simple 165, share properties...

  • Page 197

    Index rack stability, warning scalability RAID scheduled shutdown ADG advantages security ADG disadvantages auditing ADG explained file level permissions level on server ownership of files RAID 0 Server for NFS RAID 0 advantages components RAID 0 disadvantages described RAID 0 explained Services for NFS RAID 1 advantages commands...

  • Page 198

    Index shares managing administrative system time, changing creating new 115, creating new NCP deleting TCP/IP, configuring on NIC team managing technical support, HP managing for a volume or folder Telnet Server modifying NCP properties enabling modifying NFS properties sessions information modifying properties text symbols time, system, changing...

  • Page 199

    Index virtual storage warning Volume Shadow Copy Service rack stability volumes symbols on equipment creating new share web sharing creating Novell websites managing shares for HP storage navigating to WebUI accessing planning defined launching Windows sharing workgroup environment NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

  • Page 200

    Index NAS 2000s Administration Guide...

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