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HP Kayak XU Technical Reference Manual

Technical reference manual hardware and bios
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Technical Reference Manual
Hardware and BIOS
HP Kayak XU PC Workstation

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  • Page 1 Technical Reference Manual Hardware and BIOS HP Kayak XU PC Workstation...
  • Page 2 Netscape Communications Corporation. Pentium and AGPset are trademarks of Intel Corporation. SCSISelect is a trademark of Adaptec Incorporated. SoundBlaster is a trademark of Creative Technology Limited. Hewlett-Packard France Performance Desktop Computing Operation 38053 Grenoble Cedex 9 France 1997 Hewlett-Packard Company...
  • Page 3: Conventions

    Binary numbers and bit patterns are identified by a lower case b. For example, 1101b or 10011011b Bibliography HP Kayak XU PC Workstation User’s Guide manual (D4700-90001). HP Kayak XU PC Workstation Familiarization Guide (D4700-90901). HP Kayak PC Workstation Service Handbook - 1st edition.
  • Page 4: How To Use This Online Guide

    How to use this online guide AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AA AA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA Click the Go Back button in the toolbar to go back to your previous place in AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA AA AA AAAA AAAA...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Contents Preface ..........Conventions .
  • Page 6 HP FastRAID Solution........
  • Page 7 4 HP BIOS HP/Phoenix BIOS Summary ....... . 52 SCSISelect Utility ......... 52 Power Saving and Ergonometry .
  • Page 8 viii...
  • Page 9: System Overview

    System Overview This manual describes the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation and provides detailed system specifications. This chapter introduces the external features, and lists the specifications and characteristic data of the system. It also summarizes the documentation which is available.
  • Page 10: External Features

    1 System Overview External Features External Features The following two diagrams show the front and rear views of the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation. T wo internal drive shelves for hard disk drives only Power Supply Up to six accessory boards can...
  • Page 11: Internal Features

    Chapter 4; and the Power-On Self-Test routines are described in Chapter 5. Specifications and Characteristic Data Hardware Control Panel The hardware control panel of the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation has the following features: a power on/off button with integrated on/error status light a press-and-hold RESET button a PC lock button.
  • Page 12: Electrical Specifications

    1 System Overview Specifications and Characteristic Data Electrical Specifications Parameter Input voltage Input current (max) Output power Input frequency Available power Max current at +12 V Max current at -12 V Max current at +3.3 V Max current at +5V Max current at -5V Max current at +5Vstb An attempt to draw too much current (such as a short circuit across edge-...
  • Page 13: Environmental Specifications

    Environmental Specifications Environmental Specifications (System Processing Unit, with Hard Disk) Operating Temperature +5°C to +40°C (+ 40°F to + 104° F) Storage Temperature - 40°C to +70°C (- 40°F to +158°F) Over Temperature Shutdown +50°C (+122°F) Operating Humidity 15% to 80% (relative) Storage Humidity 8% to 80% (relative) Acoustic noise emission...
  • Page 14: Documentation

    The table below summarizes the availability of the documentation that is appropriate to the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation. Only selected publications are available in paper-based form. Most are available as printable files from the HP division support servers, or from the HP Support Assistant CD-ROM. Division Support Server...
  • Page 15: Where To Find The Information

    Where to Find the Information The table below summarizes the availability of information within the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation documentation set. User’s Guide Product features Key features Product model numbers Connecting cables Keyboard, mouse, and turning on display, network,...
  • Page 16: System Board

    Kayak diagnostic utility Audio User’s Guide Setting up and configuring LAN Administrator’s Setting up and Guide configuring For address, refer to “Access HP World Wide Web” on page Familiarization User Online Guide Jumpers, Jumpers, switches and switches and connectors connectors...
  • Page 17 System Board This chapter describes the components of the system board, taking in turn the components of the Processor-Local Bus, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, the System Management (SM) bus and the Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) bus and the AGP Accelerated Graphics Port Controller.
  • Page 18: System Board

    2 System Board System Board System Board 9-pin Serial Port Connectors Keyboard and Mouse Connector 25-pin Parallel Port Connector VRM 1 Audio Jack. Line Out MIDI/Joystick Connector Audio Jacks. Line In and MIC IN USB Connector External 8-Bit SCSI Connector Processor 1 AGP Slot PCI Slots...
  • Page 19: Architectural View

    Architectural View The following block diagram gives an architectural view of the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation (for frequencies, see the table on page 16). Cartridge Intel Pentium II Processor L2 cache memory PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz) AIC-7860 Narrow (8-bit)
  • Page 20: Chip-Set

    2 System Board Chip-Set Chip-Set The Intel AGPset is comprised of two chips. The 440LX PAC chip and the PIIX4chip. • The PAC chip is the bridge between four buses: the PL bus, the main memory bus, the PCI bus and the AGP (graphic) bus. •...
  • Page 21: The Piix4, Pci/Isa Bridge Chip (82371Sb)

    Main Memory Controller The main memory controller supports four DIMM slots. Each slot can host a 168-pin unbuffered SDRAM module, running at 66 MHz, for a total of up to 512 MB of dynamic random access memory (ECC SDRAM). (Refer to Memory”...
  • Page 22 2 System Board Chip-Set Ultra DMA Controller The seven channel DMA controller incorporates the functionality of two 82C37 DMA controllers. Channels 0 to 3 are for 8-bit DMA devices, while channels 5 to 7 are for 16-bit devices (see programmed for any of the four transfer modes: the three active modes (single, demand, block), can perform three different types of transfer: read, write and verify.
  • Page 23: Devices On The Processor-Local Bus

    Devices on the Processor-Local Bus The Processor-Local (PL) bus of the Pentium II processors, also referred to as their FSB (Front Side Bus), is implemented in the GTL+ technology. This technology features open-drain signal drivers that are pulled-up to 1.5 V through 56 ohm resistors on both ends of the bus;...
  • Page 24 300 MHz processor multiplies the 66 MHz system clock by 4.5. Switch 1 on the system board switches, sets the frequency of the Processor-Local bus, which for all HP Kayak XU PC Workstation models, is 66 MHz. Switches 2, 3, 4 and 5 set the clock multiplier ratio.
  • Page 25: Cache Memory

    Switch Number 233 MHz 266 MHz DOWN DOWN The PCI bus frequency is 33 MHz and the ISA bus frequency is 8.33 MHz. UP=OFF, DOWN=ON The computer may execute erratically, if at all, or may overheat, if it is configured to operate at a higher processor speed than the processor is capable of supporting.
  • Page 26: Optional Second Microprocessor

    Devices on the Processor-Local Bus Optional Second Microprocessor The HP Kayak XU PC Workstation has dual processing capability. However, not all operating systems support a second processor, and of those that do, not all result in an increase in system performance. Installing a second processor is only advantageous when the software can make use of parallel activity.
  • Page 27: Devices On The Main Memory Bus

    There are four 168-pin DIMM slots on the system board for installing main memory; slots A, B, C and D. All HP Kayak XU PC Workstation models are supplied with one memory module (either 32 MB, 64 MB or 128 MB ECC SDRAM) in one of the four DIMM slots, leaving three slots free for memory upgrades.
  • Page 28: Devices On The Pci Bus

    The Adaptec AIC-7880 Ultra-wide SCSI PCI controller is integrated on the (16-bit) SCSI controller HP Kayak XU PC Workstation system board. Data is transferred at 40 MB/s on 16-bit wide, single-ended bus. The controller is fitted with a 16-bit SCSI flat cable with five connectors, plus a SCSI termination device;...
  • Page 29: Integrated Drive Electronics (Ide)

    Plug and Play. However, hot swap is not supported. The controller is BBS compliant. The Ultra-wide SCSI controller and cable supports RAIDport PCI devices such as the HP FastRAID solution (refer to AIC-7860 Narrow (8-bit) The Adaptec AIC-7860 Narrow SCSI PCI controller is integrated on the system board.
  • Page 30: Universal Serial Bus (Usb) Controller

    Over-current detection and protection is provided, but shared between the two ports. USB works only if the USB interface has been enabled within the HP Setup program. Currently, only the Microsoft Windows 95 operating system provides support for the USB.
  • Page 31: Accelerated Graphics Port (Agp) Controller

    • 2 X AGP with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: 66 MHz dou- ble clocked, 32 Bits, 3.3V, increased bus efficiency, 528 MB/s peak trans- fer rate. The HP Kayak XU PC Workstation fully supports all AGP 1.0 operating modes. 2 System Board...
  • Page 32: Devices On The Sm Bus

    2 System Board Devices on the SM Bus Devices on the SM Bus Device PIIX4 SM Bus Master Serial EEPROM LM75 LM78 SDRAM slot 1 SDRAM slot 2 SDRAM slot 3 SDRAM slot 4 The System Management (SM) bus is used to monitor several of the hardware functions (such as voltage levels, temperature, fan speed, DIMM presence and type) of the motherboard.
  • Page 33: Lm75 Chip

    2 System Board Devices on the SM Bus LM75 Chip The LM75 chip is a temperature sensor and alarm located on the motherboard. It is used to measure the temperature in one area of the PC Workstation, and to send an alarm to the processor in case of overheating. This chip includes a security mechanism which prevents the system fan from being disabled using software controls so long as the temperature measured by the sensor is above the maximum operating temperature.
  • Page 34: Devices On The Isa Bus

    Bidirectional mode (PC/XT, PC/AT, and PS/2 compatible). Enhanced mode (enhanced parallel port, EPP, compatible). High speed mode (MS/HP extended capabilities port, ECP, compatible). The integrated flexible disk controller (FDC) supports any of the following devices: tape drives, 3.5-inch flexible disk drives, 5.25-inch flexible disk drives.
  • Page 35: Audio Controller

    Audio Controller Audio Chip The HP Kayak XU PC Workstation has an audio chip (AD1816) integrated on the system board. It is driven from the ISA bus, and has the following specification: 8-bit and 16-bit stereo sampling from 4 kHz to 55.2 kHz.
  • Page 36 2 System Board Devices on the ISA Bus BIOS Update Crisis If, for example, during a BIOS update process, the procedure is interrupted Recovery Procedure by a power failure, and the system does not start, then you can still recover the situation of a destroyed system BIOS.
  • Page 37 System Board Switches The first system board switch sets the frequency of the Processor-Local bus, and the next four the ratio of processor-frequency to Processor-Local-bus- frequency, as summarized on configuration for the PC Workstation, as summarized in the table below. Switch: 1 - 5 6 - CONFIG...
  • Page 38: Little Ben

    Updating the System The System ROM can be updated with the latest BIOS firmware. This can be downloaded from HP’s World Wide Web site (refer to “Access HP World Wide Web” on page 6). The BIOS is in the form version number and are now available in 11 different european languages).
  • Page 39: Other Isa Accessory Devices

    Other ISA Accessory Devices ISA accessory boards are for slow peripheral accessories. There are two slots on the ISA bus for accessory boards. One of these is a combination slot with the PCI bus. Plug and Play All PCI accessory boards are Plug and Play, although not all ISA boards are. Check the accessory board’s documentation if you are unsure.
  • Page 40 2 System Board Devices on the ISA Bus...
  • Page 41: Interface Boards And Mass-Storage Drives

    Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives This chapter describes the video, mass storage, audio and network devices which are supplied with the PC. It also summarizes the pin connections on internal and external connectors.
  • Page 42: Matrox Millennium Ii Video Controller Board

    All models are supplied with a Matrox Millennium AGP video card fitted in the AGP accessory slot. It has the same features as the Millennium II PCI video card supplied with the HP Vectra VL 6/xxx series PC, except that there is no VESA connector. Its on-board MGA-2064W processor communicates directly with the Pentium II processor along the AGP bus.
  • Page 43: Video Memory

    The Matrox Millennium II AGP graphics controller board is supplied with 4 MB of video memory. This can be upgraded with an HP upgrade module. Upgrading the memory to 8 MB (using the 4MB upgrade module D5486A), gives access to higher refresh rates and video resolutions (as summarized on the next page);...
  • Page 44 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives Matrox Millennium II Video Controller Board 2D Resolution and Pixel Depth Resolution Bits/Pixel 4 MB 1600x1200 8, 16 1920x1035 8, 16 1920x1080 8, 16 1920x1200 1800x1440 Maximum 3D Color Resolutions Memory Bits/Pixel 4 MB 4 MB 4 MB 8 MB...
  • Page 45: Further Information

    Refer to the User’s Guide supplied with your display for details of the refresh rates supported by your display. This resolution is not preset on the HP displays. Further Information For more information on the Matrox Millennium II video adapter board, contact Matrox Electronic Systems: Matrox Electronic Systems Ltd., 1055 St.
  • Page 46: Hp Fastraid Solution

    FastRAID has been introduced as an option. Some models of the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation are supplied with the HP FastRAID installed, while all models are capable of supporting it (it is available as the HP FastRAID Accessory Kit). When installing HP FastRAID, please refer to the Installation and Configuration Guide supplied with the HP FastRAID Accessory Kit for instruction.
  • Page 47 FastRAID I/O subsystem is necessary following the replacement of the ARO-1130 adapter, as all information concerning the FastRAID configuration is stored on the hard disk drive(s). 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives HP FastRAID Solution...
  • Page 48 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives HP FastRAID Solution The disk striping features offered by the HP FastRAID solution are summarized in the following table: Feature: Description: Computer bus 32-bit PCI local bus and HP FastRAID socket connector Host bus data transfer rate...
  • Page 49: 10Bt/100Tx Lan Controller

    10BT/100TX LAN Controller Certain models of the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation are supplied only with a 10BT/100TX LAN adapter which supports the following standards: 100 Mbits per second over 2-pair, category-5, unshielded twisted pair (UTP), or shielded twisted pair (STP); 10 BaseT, 10 Mbits per second, ISO 8802-3 (IEEE 802.3 standard).
  • Page 50: 10Bt/100Tx Lan Features

    AMD based card may be available, but in order to use this tool on HP cards, only 29fxxx flash devices must be used. At present, no test has been carried out using this tool on HP cards.
  • Page 51 Also, remote boot can only work on one card. Therefore, if a customer wants to use two HP LAN cards without using HP LAN enhanced features (Remote boot, Remote power on), then there is no problem.
  • Page 52: Mass-Storage Drives

    CD-ROM Drives All models have a 24 Max IDE CD-ROM drive (D4383A) supplied in a 5.25-inch front-access shelf. HP product number Formatted storage capacity If a disk is still in the drive after power failure or drive failure, the disk can be reclaimed by inserting a stout wire, such as the end of a straightened paper-clip, into the small hole at the bottom of the door.
  • Page 53: Connectors And Sockets

    Connectors and Sockets IDE Connector Signal Signal Reset# Ground HD10 HD11 HD12 HD13 HD14 HD15 Ground 7 orientation key DMARQ Ground 2 DIOW# Ground 3 DIOR# Ground 4 IORDY CSEL DMACK# Ground 5 INTRQ IOCS16# PDIAG# CS1FX CS3FX DASP# Ground 6 Status Panel Connector Signal Signal...
  • Page 54 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives Connectors and Sockets 16-Bit SCSI Connector Signal Signal not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected not connected...
  • Page 55 8-Bit SCSI Connector Signal Signal 1 not connected 2 SCD0 3 not connected 4 SCD1 5 not connected 6 SCD2 7 not connected 8 SCD3 9 not connected 10 SCD4 11 not connected 12 SCD5 13 not connected 14 SCD6 15 not connected 16 SCD7 17 not connected...
  • Page 56 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives Connectors and Sockets Internal Audio CD AUDIO Connector Connectors Signal Analog Ground CD Right Channel Analog Ground CD Left Channel Audio Front Panel Connector Signal Analog Ground Key Way Front Panel input Left Front Panel Return Left Front panel Input Right Front Panel Return Right OUT Volume Low Limit...
  • Page 57 Socket Pin Layouts Ethernet UTP Connector Keyboard and Mouse Connector Serial Port Connector 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives Connectors and Sockets VGA Connector Parallel Port Connector MIDI/Joystick Connector 8- +5V +5V -9 7- A-2 B-1 - 10 6- A-Y B-X-1 1 5- GND MIDI-OUT -12...
  • Page 58 3 Interface Boards and Mass-Storage Drives Connectors and Sockets...
  • Page 59: Hp Bios

    HP BIOS The Setup program and BIOS are summarized in the two sections of this chapter. The POST routines are described in the next chapter.
  • Page 60: Hp/Phoenix Bios Summary

    4 HP BIOS HP/Phoenix BIOS Summary HP/Phoenix BIOS Summary The System ROM contains the POST (power-on self-test) routines, and the BIOS: the System BIOS, video BIOS (for models with an integrated video controller), and low option ROM. This chapter, and the following one, give an overview of the following aspects: •...
  • Page 61: Power Saving And Ergonometry

    Package Intrusion Feature Each time the cover is removed from the PC Workstation, a detector placed near the Power On/Off button will report the fact to the HP TopTOOLS utility. 4 HP BIOS...
  • Page 62: Bios Addresses

    4 HP BIOS BIOS Addresses BIOS Addresses This section provides a summary of the main features of the HP system BIOS. This is software that provides an interface between the computer hardware and the operating system. The procedure for updating the System ROM firmware is described on...
  • Page 63: Hp I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used By The System)

    HP I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used by the System Peripheral devices, accessory devices and system controllers are accessed via the system I/O space, which is not located in system memory space. The 64 KB of addressable I/O space comprises 8-bit and 16-bit registers (called I/O ports) located in the various system components.
  • Page 64 4 HP BIOS BIOS Addresses I/O Address Ports Function 0378h - 037Ah Parallel port 1 (LPT1) 0388h - 038Bh AD1816 Ad-lib (FM) 03B0h - 03DFh Video controller 03E8h - 03EFh Serial port 3 (COM3) 03F0h - 03F5h Primary flexible disk drive controller...
  • Page 65 AD1816 MIDI INTIN12 IRQ12 NS317 Mouse INTIN13 not connected INTIN14 IRQ14 PIIX4 IDE INTIN15 IRQ15 INTIN16 PCINTA INTIN17 PCINTB INTIN18 PCINTC INTIN19 PCINTD INTIN20 TFPC IRQ INTIN21 SCI IRQ INTIN22 not connected INTIN23 PIIX4 SM 4 HP BIOS BIOS Addresses...
  • Page 66 “mono-processing” in the system setup. 2 Virtual wire mode: On the HP Kayak XU PC Workstation, this mode is implemented using the 82C59 interrupt and the I/O APIC controller 82093AA. This mode is used during boot time, if the choice “multi- processing”...
  • Page 67 16-bit 8-bit Slot 1(LAN) SCSI SCSI A B C D Slot 2 Slot 3 (ARO) Slot 4 A B C D A B C D A B C D 4 HP BIOS BIOS Addresses PCI/ISA Bridge...
  • Page 68 4 HP BIOS BIOS Addresses...
  • Page 69: Power-On Self-Test And Error Messages

    Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages This chapter describes the Power-On Self-Test (POST) routines, which are contained in the computer’s ROM BIOS, the error messages which can result, and the suggestions for corrective action.
  • Page 70: Order In Which The Tests Are Performed

    PC is restarted. If you wish to view the POST details, press and the checkpoint code of the test currently in progress will appear in the upper right corner of the screen, and when POST is completed, the HP Summary Screen showing configuration information for the PC Workstation will appear.
  • Page 71 The following table lists the POST checkpoint codes written at the start of each test. Checkpoint Code Verify Real Mode Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI) Get CPU type Initialize system hardware Initialize chipset with initial POST values Set IN POST flag Initialize CPU registers Enable CPU cache Initialize caches to initial POST values...
  • Page 72 5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Order in Which the Tests are Performed Checkpoint Code Clear 512 KB base RAM Test CPU bus-clock frequency Initialize POST Dispatch Manager Test CMOS RAM Initialize alternate chipset registers Warm start shutdown Reinitialize the chipset (MB only) Shadow system BIOS ROM Reinitialize the cache (MB only) Autosize cache...
  • Page 73 Checkpoint POST Routine Description Code Test keyboard Set key click if enabled Enable keyboard Initialize POST display service Display prompt “Press F2 to enter SETUP” Disable CPU cache Test RAM between 512 and 640 KB Test extended memory Test extended memory address lines Jump to UserPatch1 Configure advanced cache registers Initialize Multi Processor APIC...
  • Page 74 5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Order in Which the Tests are Performed Checkpoint Code Late POST device initialization Detect and install external RS 232 ports Configure non-MCD IDE controllers Detect and install external parallel ports Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA devices Re-initialize onboard I/O ports Configure Motherboard Configurable Devices Initialize BIOS Data Area...
  • Page 75 Checkpoint POST Routine Description Code Determine number of ATA and SCSI drives Set time of day Check key lock Initialize typematic rate Erase F2 prompt Scan for F2 key stroke Enter SETUP Clear IN POST flag Check for errors POST done - prepare to boot operating system Terminate QuietBoot Check password (optional) Clear global descriptor table...
  • Page 76 5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Order in Which the Tests are Performed Checkpoint Code The following are for boot block in Flash ROM Initialize the chipset Initialize the bridge Initialize the CPU Initialize system timer Initialize system I/O Check force recovery boot Checksum BIOS ROM Go to BIOS Set Huge Segment...
  • Page 77: Error Message Summary

    Error Message Summary The EMU utility (.COM application written in C language) is to provide full screen online help messages (localized) on most common POST errors. When an error is generated in POST during the boot process, EMU is run by typing ENTER.
  • Page 78 5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Error Message Summary The following table list the error codes, causes and symptoms and the accompanied short message that are displayed in the upper left corner of the screen. Code # Cause / Symptom 0000h Any POST error that is not listed below 0010h...
  • Page 79 Code # Cause / Symptom 0310h Floppy A: not detected (but configured in CMOS) 0311h Floppy B: not detected (but configured in CMOS) 0305h Floppy A: plugged on Floppy B: connector 0306h General failure on floppy controller 0307h Conflict on floppy disk controller 0400h CD-ROM test failure 0401h...
  • Page 80 5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Error Message Summary Code # Cause / Symptom 0731h Defective SIMM (module 1, bank 3) 0732h Defective SIMM (module 2, bank 3) 0800h Found lower cache size than configured 0801h Cache self-test failure 0900h Lan (Chanteclerc) self-test failure 0901h Lan (Chanteclerc) not detected (but enabled in Setup)
  • Page 81: Beep Codes

    Beep Codes If a terminal error occurs during POST, the system issues a beep code before attempting to display the error in the upper left corner of the screen. Beep codes are useful for identifying the error when the system is unable to display the error message.
  • Page 82: Lights On The Hardware Control Panel

    5 Power-On Self-Test and Error Messages Lights on the Hardware Control Panel Lights on the Hardware Control Panel When the computer is first powered on, the power-on light on the status panel illuminates yellow for about a second before changing to green. This change of color is caused by the execution of an instruction early in the System BIOS code.

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