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Yamaha Electone EL-57 Owner's Manual

Yamaha electone owners manual el-57
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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha Electone EL-57

  • Page 2: Special Message Section

    SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
  • Page 3 • Always save data to a floppy disk frequently, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error. Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
  • Page 4 You are the proud owner of a fine electronic organ, Electone EL-87. The Yamaha EL-87 Electone combines the most advanced AWM tone generation technology with state-of-the-art digital electronics and features to give you stunning sound quality with maximum musical enjoyment. A large Liquid Crystal Display and sophisticated yet easy-to-use interface also greatly enhance the operability of this advanced instrument.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Panel Layout ...2 Main Features ...5 1 Quick Introductory Guide ...6 2 Voice Sections ... 18 3 Voice Controls and Effects ... 28 4 Rhythm and Accompaniment ... 39 5 Registration Memory ... 52 6 Music Disk Recorder ... 58 7 Voice Edit ...
  • Page 6: Panel Layout

  • Page 9: Main Features

    Main Features Your Yamaha Electone is packed with many sophisticated functions. Yet is amazingly easy to use. The main features are briefly described here so that you can quickly understand the capabilities of your Electone. Included among the main features are:...
  • Page 10: Quick Introductory Guide

    Electone. The basic operations and functions that you learn in this section will also be important when you later use the Electone's more advanced features. Yamaha products are manufactured specifically for the supply voltage in the area where they are to be sold. If...
  • Page 11: Basic Registrations

    Set the MASTER VOLUME control. The MASTER VOLUME control is an overall control which affects the volume of the entire instrument. MASTER VOLUME Press the Expression pedal down with your foot. Once you have set the MASTER VOLUME control to a suitable level, you can use the Expression pedal to change the volume with your foot as you play.
  • Page 12: Registration Menu Disk

    NOTE: See page 58 for more information on the Music Disk Recorder. NOTE: See page 10 for the complete list of the Registration Menus. NOTE: While you are in the Voice Edit mode or Rhythm Pattern/Sequence Program mode, the Registration Menus cannot be displayed on the LCD.
  • Page 13 Select one of the registrations shown on the LCD by pressing the appropriate Data Control button. Up to 16 registration selections are shown on the LCD, and the 16 Data Control buttons correspond to those selections. The Data Control buttons are used to select voices, rhythms and various functions.
  • Page 14: Registration Menu List

    Registration Menu List Disk 1 Page 1 LCD Display Sound Image Page 2 LCD Display Sound Image Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Lower Keyboard Voice Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Lower Keyboard Voice Pedal Voice Rhythm (Tempo) Pedal Voice Rhythm (Tempo)
  • Page 15 Page 3 LCD Display Sound Image Upper Keyboard Voice LCD Display Rhythm Tempo Accompaniment Type Upper Keyboard Voice Page 4 LCD Display Rhythm Tempo Accompaniment Type Upper Keyboard Voice Page 5 LCD Display Rhythm Tempo Accompaniment Type LCD Display Sound Image Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Lower Keyboard Voice...
  • Page 16 Disk 2 Page 1 LCD Display Sound Image Page 2 LCD Display Sound Image Page 3 LCD Display Sound Image Page 4 LCD Display Rhythm (Tempo) Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Accompaniment Type Upper Keyboard Voice Lead Voice Lower Keyboard Voice...
  • Page 17: Basic Operation

    Basic Operation Registration Set-up Select the keyboard to play Select the voice Select the rhythm (Voice Menu) (Rhythm Menu) Rhythm Program Voice Edit Finely adjust the voice Finely adjust the rhythm (User Rhythm (User Voice) (Voice Condition) (Rhythm Condition) /Rhythm Sequence) Add effects (Effect Set) Add reverb...
  • Page 18: Using The Lcd Display

    Using the LCD Display This section introduces you the convenient control functions of the LCD display. The LCD display lets you see at a glance the current settings and provides easy-to-understand graphic representation of all parameters. Selecting a voice/rhythm Press the panel voice/rhythm button which you want to use (For example, press the STRINGS button in the Upper Keyboard Voice section).
  • Page 19 Data Control Buttons The Data Control buttons are used to select 1 a voice/rhythm or function shown on the display. Press the STRINGS button in the Upper Keyboard Voice section once again. This LCD changes to show some of the other ways in which the Data Control buttons are used to control Electone functions.
  • Page 20 The Summary of the LCD Operation 1. To call up the LCD display 1) Pressing Panel Buttons 2) Pressing a Display Select button LCD display 2. To Select Pages Selecting the page you want to use with the Page buttons 3.
  • Page 21: Hold Button

    DATA CONTROL HOLD Button This button allows you to keep the LCD display at the current function. Normally, if the buttons of other functions are pressed, the LCD will switch to those functions. To keep this from happening, press the Hold button;...
  • Page 22: Voice Sections

    Voice Sections The EL-57 features 49 different high quality AWM voices, each of them can be used on the Upper keyboard, Lower keyboard and Pedalboard. There are four voice sections for the EL-57. Each voice section can, of course, have its own Voice Condition page(s), which allow you to finely set up voice and volume settings.
  • Page 23 Press one of the Data Control buttons that corresponds to voice you wish to select. The selected voice will be shown at the upper row of the LCD. In this case, Pop Organ appears. (If necessary) select a voice from the Lead Voice, following steps #1 and #2 above.
  • Page 24 NOTE: The Lead and Pedal Voices sound one note at a time; when you simultaneously press two or more keys, only the highest note will sound. VOICE EFFECT A. B. C. DISPLAY M. O. C. FOOT REGIST EXP. SHIFT PITCH/MIDI RHYTHM PROGRAM VOICE...
  • Page 25: Selecting Voices From The Dotted Buttons

    Selecting Voices from the Dotted Buttons —Dotted Buttons and User Voices— The EL-57 has a wide variety of voices from which you can choose-- far greater than what is immediately apparent from the front panel controls. You've already learned in the section above how to select the different voices that are available in the Voice Menu display of each panel voice.
  • Page 26 NOTE: You can directly view and select Voice Menu pages by holding down one of the Dotted buttons and simultaneously pressing the desired voice buttons in succession. To select voices from the dotted buttons: Press one of the dotted buttons in any of the voice sections. UPPER KEYBOARD VOICE STRINGS BRASS...
  • Page 27: Voice Menus

    To select User voices: Select the USER page when you wish to play voices that you've created in Voice Edit (page 78) or voices from a Voice Disk (page 85). Voice Menus The following chart lists the voices available and their button/page assignment.
  • Page 28 TRUMPET Trum- Trum- pet1 pet2 Trom- bone TUBA Tuba Tim- pani FLUTE Flute Whis- OBOE Oboe Bas- soon CLARINET Clari- SAXOPHONE Saxo- phone TUTTI Tutti Tutti CHORUS Chorus HARMONICA Harmo- nica...
  • Page 29: Electric Bass

    ORGAN Organ Jazz Organ Accor- Organ dion ORGAN BASS Organ Organ Bass 1 Bass 2 PIANO Piano Elec. Piano Harpsi -chord GUITAR Guitar Guitar Elec. Harp Guitar VIBRAPHONE Vibra- Gloc- Marim- phone ken. Synth. Chime ELECTRIC BASS Elec. Elec. Synth. Bass1 Bass 2 Bass...
  • Page 30: Details On Each Voice

  • Page 32: Voice Controls And Effects

    Voice Controls and Effects The Electone is equipped with two general kinds of functions that can be used to change the sound of the voices: Voice Controls and Effects. Voice controls include the Touch sensitivity, Volume, Octave (feet), Vibrato and Pan setting. The voice controls, as well as the selection of certain effects, are provided in the Voice Condition pages, described below.
  • Page 33 Selecting from Voice Condition Pages To call up the Voice Condition page: Choose a voice on the panel, then press that voice’s panel button again (or again press the Data Control button corresponding to the selected voice). LEAD VOICE VIOLIN FLUTE OBOE TRUM-...
  • Page 34 NOTE: Each effect may not be noticeable even though you select the effect here, if the corresponding settings on the Effect Set page (page 32) are not appropriate. NOTE: The Pan effect is displayed and active only when other effects are set to OFF (in the EFFECT parameter above).
  • Page 35 Voice Condition [PAGE 2] Press Page buttons to select PAGE 2. The Pedal voice section has PAGE 1 settings only (no PAGE 2). No Vibrato setting is available with the Pedal voice section. The Touch Vibrato function is only available with the Lead voice section. 1) 1 VIBRATO PRESET/USER Selects Preset, which calls up the original (factory) vibrato...
  • Page 36 VOICE EFFECT A. B. C. DISPLAY M. O. C. FOOT REGIST EXP. SHIFT PITCH/MIDI RHYTHM PROGRAM VOICE EDIT PATTERN SEQUENCE TREMOLO (FAST) DISPLAY SELECT 2 Selecting from Effect Set Pages You must first "turn on" the desired effect on the Voice Condition Page 1 before working on the Effect Set page.
  • Page 37 DELAY & FLANGER Page Press Page buttons to select Delay and Flanger pages. 3 DELAY Delay is a pronounced echo effect, with distinct delayed repeats of the original sound. SPEED Determines the time between delayed repeats. Range: 0-100 F.B. (Feedback) Determines the number of delayed repeats.
  • Page 38: Selecting From The Panel

    Selecting from the Panel Reverb, Sustain and Tremolo/Chorus pages are called up by pressing the respective panel buttons. 1) Reverb Reverb adds an echo-like effect to the sound, giving the impression of a performance in a large room or concert hall. The effect is applied equally and simultaneously to all voices, the entire system.
  • Page 39 2) Sustain The Sustain effect, selectable for the Upper, Lower and Pedal voices, causes voices to gradually fade out when the keys are released. The sustain on/off and sustain length settings are independent for each keyboard, providing maximum expressive control. To add sustain to the voices and call up the Sustain Length page: Press one of the SUSTAIN buttons in the SUSTAIN section.
  • Page 40 3) Tremolo/Chorus Tremolo recreates the rich, swirling sound of the popular rotating speaker effect. Just as with a conventional rotating speaker, you can switch between slow and fast speeds. And like a motor-driven speaker, the characteristic tremolo effect gradually changes speed after it is switched.
  • Page 41 1) Turning on the Tremolo effect (set to standby): Before you can switch Tremolo on and off in real time, you must first turn the effect on in the desired voice sections. This doesn’t actually start the effect, but merely puts Tremolo in a “standby” condition. 1 .
  • Page 42 PATTERN SEQUENCE TREMOLO (FAST) DISPLAY SELECT NOTE: The EL-57’s various effects include Glide effect. See page 119 for the information on Glide. 2) Setting the Tremolo effect Tremolo setting made here are global; in other words , they are applied the same to all voices for which Tremolo has been turned on (set to standby).
  • Page 43: Rhythm And Accompaniment

    Rhythm and Accompaniment The Rhythm features of the Electone use actual drum and percussion sampled sounds to automatically play various rhythms. Automatic Accompainment functions are used with the rhythms, providing appropriate and completely automatic accompaniment to match the style of the rhythm selected. Moreover, the Electone has a Keyboard Percussion feature that allows you to play drum and percussion sounds from the Lower keyboard and Pedalboard.
  • Page 44 NOTE: The left footswitch can also be used to turn the rhythm off and on in the middle of song. (To assign the footswitch for rhythm control, see page 118.) NOTE: ABOUT SYNCHRO START: Synchro Start functions quite defferently when the Auto Bass Chord feature is turned on and the Accompaniment Memory is turned off.
  • Page 45 Set the tempo. TEMPO 1 TEMPO Dial For adjusting the speed of the rhythm. Turn the dial clockwise to increase the tempo, and counter-clock wise to decrease it. 2 TEMPO Display (BAR/BEAT Indicator) Shows the current tempo. (Displayed values are given in beats per minute, just as on a conventional metronome.) The tempo range is 40 to 240 beats per minute.
  • Page 46 NOTE: See page 46 for the information on A.B.C. NOTE: The Auto Variation function is not applied to some of the rhythms. 2 Rhythm Condition Page The Rhythm Condition page includes Auto Variation, Percussion, and Accompaniment Volume Controls. To select the Rhythm Condition page: Choose a rhythm, and press that pattern's panel button again (or again press the Data Control button corresponding to the selected rhythm).
  • Page 47: Dotted Buttons And User Rhythms

    3 Dotted Buttons and User Rhythms The Rhythm section also has, like the voice sections, dotted buttons from which rhythms can be selected. These dotted buttons function as "wild card" rhythm selectors; any of the rhythms available from the panel buttons, the Rhythm Menus or User rhythms can be selected from these buttons.
  • Page 48: Rhythm Menus

    2) To call up the User rhythms: You can select the User page and rhythm when you wish to play rhythms you've created with the Rhythm Pattern Programmer function. (page 110) Press Page buttons to select the USER page. Press to select the User rhythm number (USER 1 - USER 8) and its Type (A - D).
  • Page 49 Page 5 SLOW ROCK Slow Slow Slow Rock 1 Rock 2 Rock 3 Page 6 TANGO Tango Tango Tango Page 7 LATIN1 Cha- Rhumba Begui- Mambo Salsa Page 8 LATIN2 Samba Samba Samba Bossa- Bossa- Bossa- nova1 nova2 nova3 Page 9 8 BEAT 8 Beat 8 Beat...
  • Page 50 5 Automatic Accompaniment - Auto Bass Chord (A.B.C.) The Auto Bass Chord (A.B.C.) function works with the Rhythm section of the Electone to automatically produce chord and bass accompaniment as you play. It adds a entirely new dimension to your performance by effectively putting a full backing band at your disposal.
  • Page 51 2) To select the A.B.C. function, call up the A.B.C./M.O.C. page: The Auto Bass Chord page can be called up by pressing the A.B.C./ M.O.C. button in the DISPLAY SELECT section. The A.B.C. section on this page are the same as the one found in the Rhythm Condition page.
  • Page 52: Accompaniment Controls

    NOTE: To turn the Accompaniment function off, press the Data Control button corresponding to the currently selected type. (When off, all types should appear in normal display.) NOTE: Even if the Accompaniment Type is changed, the Intro/Ending and Fill In patterns remain the same.
  • Page 53: Keyboard Percussion

    7 Keyboard Percussion The various drum and percussion sounds (a total of 43 are available) have been assigned to the Lower keyboard and Pedalboard for you to play. To play the Keyboard Percussion sounds: Turn off all the lower and Pedal voices by setting each voice's volume to minimum.
  • Page 54 Keyboard Percussion Percussion Assignments for the Lower Keyboard Percussion Assignments for the Pedalboard...
  • Page 55 8 Melody On Chord (M.O.C) The Melody On Chord (M.O.C.) feature automatically adds a harmony part to the melodies you play on the Upper keyboard. The harmony is derived from the chords you play on the Lower keyboard--or from the chords that are played for you, if you use Automatic Accompaniment.
  • Page 56: Registration Memory

    Registration Memory Registration Memory allows you to store virtually all the settings you make on the panel and LCD, providing a convenient way to instantly change all voice settings and rhythms while you're playing, with the simple touch of a single button on the Registration Memory panel. The eight buttons are conveniently located between the Upper and Lower keyboards for easy access while playing.
  • Page 57: Saving The Registration Data To Disk

    3 Saving the Registration Data to Disk Insert a formatted disk into the disk slot under the Music Disk Recorder (M.D.R.). Make certain that the disk is either blank or has data you can erase. If the disk is new and unformatted, you will have to format it.
  • Page 58: Registration Shift

    VOICE EFFECT A. B. C. DISPLAY M. O. C. FOOT REGIST EXP. SHIFT PITCH/MIDI RHYTHM PROGRAM VOICE EDIT PATTERN SEQUENCE TREMOLO (FAST) DISPLAY SELECT 4 Registration Shift The Registration Shift function allows you to change registrations, all the settings you make on the panel and LCD, without taking your hands from the keyboards.
  • Page 59 4 USER Selects the User mode. In the User mode, each press of the right footswitch selects registrations according to the order you specify. To set the User mode function: 1 . Select USER in the Registration Shift page. The page information, indicating that the Edit page is available, appears at the top right section of the LCD.
  • Page 60 2 DATA (Data Controls) The data controls are used to enter and delete registration numbers in the registration row. Move the cursor to the desired position and edit the registration data. For initially entering a registration number to a blank space in the registration row, or for replacing a number at the current cursor position.
  • Page 61 Registration numbers cannot be entered beyond the Registration Shift function's capacity of 80. The following message momentarily appears when the 80 spaces have been filled: First delete unnecessary registrations, then perform the operation again. Resetting the Electone to the Factory Preset (Power On Reset) All current settings including Registration Memories, User voices and User rhythms can be deleted at once by using the Power On Reset function.
  • Page 62: Music Disk Recorder

    Floppy disk slot LED (Lamp in-use) NOTE: When the EL-57 is turned on, the LED below the floppy disk slot will be lit indicating that the M.D.R. is ready to use. To eject a floppy disk: Before ejecting the disk, be sure to confirm that the M.D.R.
  • Page 63 To maintain the disk drive in optimum working order Yamaha recommends that you use a commercially-available dry-type head cleaning disk to clean the head about once a month. Ask your Yamaha dealer about the availability of proper head-cleaning disks.
  • Page 64: Formatting A Disk

    2 Formatting a Disk Before recording a performance to your blank disk, the disk must first be formatted. To format a disk: Put the disk, label facing up, into the disk drive (insertion slot). “Fort” will appear on the LED display indicating that the inserted disk requires to be formatted.
  • Page 65 3 Recording 1) To record a song: Set the desired registrations on the Electone. Make all the Electone settings necessary for the song you will record. This means entering the all registrations you will need for the entire performance in the Registration Memory. Make sure also to select the registration that you will use at the beginning of the song.
  • Page 66 If you make a mistake during recording: 1 . Press the PLAY button while the M.D.R. is still running. This stops the recording and returns you to the starting point of the song. The letters “rE” (retry) appear on the left side of the LED display and the PLAY and CUSTOM PLAY LEDs start flashing, indicating that you can re-record the song.
  • Page 67 Outline of M.D.R. Operation Though the M.D.R. is as easy to operate as a cassette tape recorder, it is far move versatil. Since it records all Electone settings and control movements as well as the notes you play as digital data, it allows you much more flexibility and control than even the most sophisticated tape recorder.
  • Page 68 2) To record each part separately: You can also record the parts of your performance independently; for example, first recording the chords and bass to the song (using the Lower and Pedalboard), and after that recording the melody. This function also lets you record keyboard percussion and performance control data, such as registration changes and expression pedal operation, separately from the other parts of the song.
  • Page 69 Separate recording for Lead and/or Keyboard Percussion parts: Hold down the SHIFT button and simultaneously press the appropriate button in the top row in the procedure #2. above. The two buttons (indicated in the illustration at the right) function as Lead and Keyboard Percussion selectors in the record mode.
  • Page 70 Press the CUSTOMPLAY button to start recording of the new part or parts (Upper part). Playback of the previously recorded parts starts immediately. The CUSTOM PLAY button is used here to record only the parts that have been selected for recording, and play back only those parts that have been selected for playback.
  • Page 71 4 Recording Registrations (and Bulk Data) You can also record registrations by themselves, without recording a performance. Bulk data, including Registration Memory and Registration Shift settings, Rhythm Pattern (User rhythms) and Rhythm Sequence data, and User voices, is also saved in the operation. There are two ways to record the registrations and bulk data: 1) To record only the registrations and bulk data:...
  • Page 72: Replacing Registrations

    5 Recalling Recorded Registrations (and Bulk Data) The registrations (and bulk data) recorded to song numbers in the above operation can be loaded back to the Electone by simply selecting the appropriate song number and pressing the PLAY button. When the operation has been completed, the M.D.R.
  • Page 73 7 Playback You can play back your recorded performance by simply pressing the PLAY button. Registrations and other data will be recalled to the Electone. 1) To play back a song: Select the number of the song you wish to play back by using the SONG SELECT buttons.
  • Page 74 3) To repeat playback of a song or songs: This feature allows you to repeatedly play back either all songs on a disk or only one specific song. Select the song number you wish to play back. If you wish to play back all songs on a disk, select the first song that will be played back.
  • Page 75: Other Functions

    8 Other Functions 1) Custom Play If you want to play back the song without resetting the registrations and other data, press the CUSTOM PLAY button. This displays the song time and starts playback immediately. 2) Pause If you want to temporarily stop playback of the song or songs, press the PAUSE button.
  • Page 76 4) Changing the Tempo You can change the tempo of the song as the song is playing on the M.D.R. by holding down the SHIFT button and pressing the TEMPO + or TEMPO - button. (The Tempo dial on the Electone panel cannot be used to change the tempo on the Music Disk Recorder.) Each press of the button slows down or speeds up the tempo by a small amount.
  • Page 77 5) Song Copy This function lets you copy the data recorded at one song number to another song number. To use the Song Copy function: Select the song number to be copied with the SONG SELECT buttons. While holding down the SHIFT button, press the SONG COPY FROM button.
  • Page 78 7) Disk Copy You can duplicate a floppy disk by copying the contents. Yamaha recommends that you keep two copies of important data on separate floppy disks by using this function. Prepare the source disk and the formatted blank disk to be copied.
  • Page 79 Insert the source disk into the disk slot. The M.D.R. starts reading the data in the source disk. “out 1” appears on the LED display. Press the eject button to take out the source disk. “In 2” appears on the LED display to urge you to insert the destination disk.
  • Page 80 8) Checking the Remaining Memory While plaback is stopped, you can check the amount of memory available for additional recording. To do this, simultaneously hold down the SHIFT button and the PAUSE button (indicated in the illustration at right as REM. MEM.: Remaining Memory).
  • Page 81 Messages on the M.D.R. LED Display Display Description of the Messages No disk is installed. Install a disk. 1) The installed disk is write-protected, so the Record, Song Copy, and Song Delete jobs cannot be performed. Set the disk's Write-protect tab to OFF(page 59). 2) If you are using a copy-protected playback-only disk, this message may appear when you attempt the Record, Song Copy, or Song Delete operations.
  • Page 82: Voice Edit

    Voice Edit The EL-57 Electone has a Voice Edit feature that allows you to create your own voices. The Voice Edit uses sophisticated sound shaping tools that make it possible to craft just about any kind of sound-- from authentic recreations of acoustic instruments to wild electronic voices and special effects.
  • Page 83 EDIT Page Algorithm and Operator At the left side of the display is the Algorithm used for this voice. An algorithm is a kind of “map” that shows how the sound components of the voice are related to each other. Each voice has five separate sound components and they are called “Operators.”...
  • Page 84 NOTE: The parameter value can be changed quickly when you press the Data Control button with the COARSE button held. 2) To edit the FM Operators: Adjust the Envelope Parameters of Operator 1 (after turning off the other Operators). The Envelope Parameters control the level of the sound and how that level changes over time.
  • Page 85 Adjust the RR (Release Rate) parameter. Play a note on the keyboard and then release it. Notice how the changes affect the tail end of the sound, just after you release the key. By changing this parameter, you can make the sound sustain beyond the release point (lower settings).
  • Page 86 NOTE: The Operator on/off settings you made here are temporary. Even though you turn off an Operator when editing a voice, the on/off status of the Operators will forcibly be changed and saved as “on” in a User voice. If you want an Operator muted, set the OL parameter of the selected Operator to the minimum.
  • Page 87: Saving Your New Voice

    2 Saving Your New Voice Once you have created a sound you are satisfied with, you'll want to save that sound for future use. To save your newly created voice: Use the Page buttons to select the SAVE page. The following display appears. SAVE Page Press the Data Control button that corresponds to the User voice number you wish to save to.
  • Page 88: Quitting Voice Edit

    VOICE EFFECT A. B. C. DISPLAY M. O. C. FOOT REGIST EXP. SHIFT PITCH/MIDI RHYTHM PROGRAM VOICE EDIT PATTERN SEQUENCE TREMOLO (FAST) DISPLAY SELECT 3 Quitting Voice Edit You can quit the Voice Edit function from any of its display pages. To quit: Press the VOICE EDIT button in the DISPLAY SELECT section once again.
  • Page 89 5 Selecting Voices From a Voice Disk (Optional) You can also load voices from optional Voice Disks (for EL-37) to the four User voices in the Voice Menu. To do this: Hold down the VOICE EDIT button in the DISPLAY SELECT section and simultaneously press any one of the panel voice buttons.
  • Page 90: Voice Editing Basics

    Voice Algorithm Examples 6 Voice Editing Basics The EL-57 Electone uses a sophisticated tone generation system developed by Yamaha that is capable of producing an exceptionally wide range of voices. To be more specific, the system uses individual sound sources that “modulate” each other's frequencies and thus create complex sounds not possible by the ordinary mixing of those sound sources.
  • Page 91 3) AWM Operators Each algorithm also has a special AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) Operator. AWM Operators are not sine waves like the other Operators, but are digital recordings of actual instrument sounds, such as piano, violin, guitar, and so on. The AWM Operator's sound is mixed with the sounds of the other Operators in the algorithm to create realistic voices.
  • Page 92 NOTE: When the D2R is set to 0, the level set by the D1L will be maintained until the key is released. The higher setting of the D2R rapidly lower the level. NOTE: With the RR set too low, the sound continues to sound.
  • Page 93 Envelope Parameters By using the modulators and setting them to various output levels, you can create all kinds of sounds. These sounds will be static, however, unless you have the output levels change in time. That is precisely what an envelope does.
  • Page 94 5) General Guidelines for Editing Operators Before you edit a voice, always check its algorithm to see which Operators function as carriers and which as modulators. Then select each Operator in turn and edit its parameters. The Output Level and envelope parameters function differently depending on whether they belong to a carrier or a modulator.
  • Page 95 6) Some Voice Editing Examples The following examples illustrate some specific uses of the Voice Edit controls. Make the changes as described in the examples, then go on to explore some other voices on your own, making changes as you like. Ex.1: Adding “bite”...
  • Page 97 FM Voice...
  • Page 100: Rhythm Program

    Rhythm Program The Electone also includes powerful Rhythm Program functions: the Rhythm Pattern Program and the Rhythm Sequence Program. The Rhythm Pattern Program allows you to record your own origianl rhythms using the high-quality percussion sounds of the Electone. The Rhythm Sequence Program lets you connect your original rhythms together with the Preset rhythms to create complete rhythm tracks, which you can automatically play back during your performance.
  • Page 101: Rhythm Pattern Program

    1 Rhythm Pattern Program The Rhythm Pattern Program works with the Keyboard Percussion feature to let you use any of 75 different percussion sounds in creating your own rhythms. Up to 16 separate rhythm “tracks” are provided in a single pattern for each instrument part, and up to 40 patterns--eight User numbers, each with five variations—can be memorized.
  • Page 102 NOTE: The User rhythm you have created can also be copied to the Rhythm Pattern Program. You can edit it again and improve it. NOTE: When preset rhythms are copied to the Rhythm Pattern Program, the copied patterns may differ in volume from the original patterns.
  • Page 103 2) Percussion Sounds Used for Rhythm Pattern Program The total of 75 different instrument sounds are available for the Rhythm Pattern Programming and are assigned to each key on the Upper and Lower keyboard, as shown in the following chart.. Assigned to the Upper Keyboard (35 types) Assigned to the Lower Keyboard (43 types) * The instrument assignments are the same as the ones...
  • Page 104 3) Step Write and Real Time Write There are two different methods you can use to program rhythms: Step Write and Real Time Write. Step Write allows you to enter percussion sounds as individual note values. As a method, it is very similar to writing down the notes on a sheet of music paper;...
  • Page 105 BEAT/QUANTIZE Page—Step Write 1 BEAT Determines the time signature used for the rhythm. Available time signatures are 2/4, 3/4 and 4/4. The 4/4 time is the default setting when a blank pattern has been selected. 2 QUANTIZE Determines the resolution of the Step Write function. Step Write operations involve advancing in “steps”...
  • Page 106 7) Editing with Step Write To enter sounds with Step Write: Raise the rhythm volume, and turn off all the Upper and Lower keyboard voices by setting each section’s volume to MIN. Select the EDIT page with the Page buttons. Select the percussion sound you wish to enter.
  • Page 107 3 CLEAR The Clear function is used to erase an instrument from the rhythm. All instances of the selected instrument, irrespective of which tracks they occupy, will be erased from the pattern. There are two ways to use Clear: [1] While holding down the Data Control button corresponding to CLEAR, press the key on the keyboard corresponding to the instrument you wish to erase.
  • Page 108 NOTE: You can return to the BEAT/ QUANTIZE page in the middle of editing and change the time signature and/or the Quantize value. NOTE: You can record up to sixteen different instrument sounds in a single rhythm, with each instrument occupying one of the sixteen available tracks.
  • Page 109 About Quantize The Quantize function is a process of rounding off timing and/or duration values. With Real Time Write It allows you to automatically correct the timing of the notes you play, according to the specified Quantize resolution. The range can be corrected is within 50 percent of the selected note (Quantize) value.
  • Page 110 NOTE: As in Step Write, you can record up to sixteen different instrument sounds in a single rhythm, with each instrument occupying one of the sixteen available tracks. Instruments can only be entered if there are empty tracks remaining. If all sixteen tracks have been used, no subsequently recordings can be performed or heard.
  • Page 111 9) Selecting Accompaniment Patterns This function of the Rhythm Pattern Program allows you to use one of the Electone’s Accompaniment patterns with your original rhythm. You can select and save the Accompaniment pattern that best matches the rhythm that you have created. However, you cannot save the Accompaniment type and volume setting.
  • Page 112 10) Saving Rhythm Patterns To save a newly created rhythm to a User pattern number: Select the SAVE page with the Page buttons. The current rhythm, if playing, will automatically be stopped when this page is selected. Using the appropriate Data Control buttons, select both the User number and variation type to which you wish to save the newly created rhythm.
  • Page 113 Once you have selected a User number and type, the following display will appear, prompting confirmation of the operation. Select “OK” to save the rhythm or “Cancel” to abort the operation and return to the previous display. When the pattern has been saved, the message “Completed!!” momentarily appears.
  • Page 114 12) Recalling User Rhythm Patterns The User rhythms you have created in the Rhythm Pattern Program can be selected and played from the panel Rhythm controls. To call up the User rhythms: Press one of the Dotted buttons in the Rhythm section. MARCH WALTZ SEQ.
  • Page 115: Rhythm Sequence Program

    2 Rhythm Sequence Program With the Rhythm Sequence Program function, you can connect any of the Electone’s existing rhythms and the rhythms of your own creation together to make complete rhythm compositions. You can save four rhythm compositions to the Sequence buttons on the panel for future recall.
  • Page 116 Every User rhythm consists of two measures. You can program the rhythm sequence a measure at a time. If you want to program two-measure User rhythms, you are required to enter it twice, for the first measure and the second measure. When entered, the first measure is displayed as positive box second measure is displayed as...
  • Page 117 Rhythm Pattern Number Table 0 1 March 1 1 8 Bolero 0 2 March 2 1 9 Swing 1 0 3 March 3 2 0 Swing 2 0 4 Polka 1 2 1 Swing 3 2 2 Swing 4 0 5 Polka 2 0 6 Country 1 2 3 Swing 5 0 7 Country 2...
  • Page 118 NOTE: Any existing pattern data that follows an Ending pattern is automatically deleted. NOTE: An Intro or Fill In pattern entered at the first position is not registered as a measure, and the current measure display shows “-Bar” even though a pattern has been entered.
  • Page 119 Audition: You can play the rhythm sequence at any time during the editing process by moving the cursor to the point at which you wish to begin playback and pressing the Rhythm START button. About Using Registration Memory with the Rhythm Sequence Program: The rhythms (Rhythm Menu) used to program the sequence can be changed during editing by selecting different registrations.
  • Page 120 5) Playing All Sequences in Order You can also have up to all four rhythm sequences automatically play in order, one after the other. To do this: Press the desired Sequence buttons, making sure that their LEDs are all lit. MARCH WALTZ SEQ.
  • Page 121 Saving Rhythm Pattern and Rhythm Sequence Data to Disk: Once you have created your own rhythms and rhythm sequences, you’ll want to save them to disk. Doing so allows you to free up memory in the Electone for creating additional rhythms and sequences. Also, the User rhythms and sequences you’ve saved to disk can be loaded back to the Electone any time.
  • Page 122: Footswitches, Knee Lever And Expression Pedal

    Footswitches, Knee Lever and Expression Pedal These leg- and foot-operated controls allow you to turn on and execute various performance functions without taking your hands from the keyboards. VOICE EFFECT A. B. C. DISPLAY M. O. C. FOOT REGIST EXP. SHIFT PITCH/MIDI RHYTHM...
  • Page 123 1) Rhythm Control Selection of left footswitch control over rhythm functions. When this is chosen, the following display appears: FOOT SWITCH-LEFT Page—Rhythm One of the three Rhythm Control functions can be selected. Pressing the footswitch executes the corresponding function. 1 STOP Functions as an off/on switch for the rhythm once the rhythm is started.
  • Page 124 3) Tremolo Control Selection of footswitch control over Tremolo. Pressing the footswitch turns the Tremolo effect on and off (Chorus), performing the same function as the TREMOLO (FAST) button in the DISPLAY SELECT section. If you want to use this function, the tremolo settings require to be set properly.
  • Page 125 2) Melody On Chord To select knee lever control over Melody On Chord: Press the A.B.C./M.O.C. button in the DISPLAY SELECT section to select the A.B.C./M.O.C. page. Then set the KNEE control to ON, and select one of the modes. Press the knee lever continuously to the right to get the Melody On Chord effect in the middle of the performance.
  • Page 126: Transpose And Pitch Controls

    Transpose and Pitch Controls There are two pitch-related controls on the Electone: Transpose and Pitch. Transpose allows you to change the key of the instrument and Pitch lets you finely adjust the tuning. These features make it easy to change the key of a song to accommodate a vocalist’s range or to precisely match the tuning of another instrument.
  • Page 127: Midi

    MIDI MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a kind of communication system for electronic musical instruments. It is built into most every modern digital musical instrument and allows different instruments to “talk” to each other and control each other’s functions. For example, the Upper keyboard of your Electone could be used to play sounds on a connected synthesizer.
  • Page 128 NOTE: Accompaniment pattern sounds cannot be controlled via MIDI. MIDI CONTROL Page 2 Internal/External Control LEAD Determines Internal or External control of the Lead Voices. When set to Internal, Lead Voices are played from the Electone and the sounds from a connected MIDI instrument can be played via MIDI channel 1 (or channel 2, when the To Lower function is on).
  • Page 129: Accessory Jacks And Controls

    Accessory Jacks and Controls On the underside of the Electone keyboard is a separate panel equipped with various input/output terminals, the functions of which are described below. 1 RHYTHM IN (Phone, L/R) This pair of phone jacks are for connection to an external rhythm machine.
  • Page 130: Appendix

    Appendix NOTE: See page 127 for more detailed information on the MIDI messages. EL-57 MIDI OUT MIDI IN Tone Generator EL-57 MIDI IN MIDI OUT MIDI Keyboard MIDI MIDI is an acronym that stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, which allows electronic musical instruments to communicate with each other, by sending and receiving MIDI messages.
  • Page 131: Midi Data Format

    MIDI Data Format Channel Messages Code (Hexadecimal) Function System Realtime Messages Code Function Transmit Receive Remarks Transmit Receive Remarks fl fl * fl fl fl fl fl fl fl...
  • Page 132: System Exclusive Message

    System Exclusive Message Electone Common Messages Bulk Dump Related Messages Code Control Change Code MDR-2P Status Code Other Code Massage Message Message Message Transmit Receive fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl fl...
  • Page 133 EL Series Common Messages Code Model-Specific Messages Code Electone/Single Keyboard Common Messages Code Massage Bulk Dump data Request-to-Send Voice parameter data Request-to-Receive Voice parameter data Request-to-Send all RAM Request-to-Send Registration data Request-to-Send R.S.P. data Request-to-Send User pattern data Request-to-Send User pattern data Request-to-Send User voice data Request-to-Receive all RAM Request-to-Receive Registration data...
  • Page 134 Switch Code Function Switch Code Data Remarks...
  • Page 135 EL-57 MIDI Implementation Chart Function Basic Channel Default 1, 2, 3, 16 Changed 4, 5 Mode Default Mode 3 Messages × Altered ************************ Note Number 36-96 True Voice ************************ Velocity Note ON 9nH, v=1-127 Note OFF 9nH, v=0 After Touch Key's ×...
  • Page 136: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Please note that the appearance of any of following phenomena does not indicate a mechanical failure of the Electone. Problem GENERAL OPERATION Some of the LEDs in the DISPLAY SELECT section do not light. No sound is produced from the Electone’s speakers. A cracking noise is sometimes heard.
  • Page 137: Registration Memory

    Problem EFFECTS The Touch Tone function does not operate. The Symphonic, Flanger, and Delay effects cannot be heard, even when they are set in Effect Set. The Tremolo effect cannot be heard, even when the TREMOLO (FAST) button in the DISPLAY SELECT section is on.
  • Page 138: Music Disk Recorder

    Problem RHYTHM PROGRAMMING During use of the Rhythm Pattern Program, no sound is produced even when you play a certain percussion sound. MUSIC DISK RECORDER Recording or playback cannot be performed. A total of 40 songs cannot be recorded. Recording is stopped before the performance is finished, or the Song Copy function cannot be executed.
  • Page 139: Voice Edit

    Specifications and description in this Owner's Manual are information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. As specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
  • Page 140 INDEX A.B.C..46 A.B.C./M.O.C ... 47, 51 ACC. (ACCOMPANIMENT) ... 48 ACC. (RHYTHM PROGRAM) ... 107 ACCENT(RHYTHM PROGRAM) ... 104 AFTER ... 29 ALG (ALGORITHM) ... 79, 86 AR (VOICE EDIT) ... 88 Attack Rate ... 88 AUTO VARI..42 AUX IN/OUT ...
  • Page 141 QUANTIZE ... 105 REAL TIME WRITE ... 110, 106 RECORD ... 61 REGIST SHIFT ... 54 Registration Data ... 63 Registration Memory ... 52 Registration Menu Disk ... 8 Remaining Memory (MDR) ... 86 Remaining Memory (Rhythm Pattern) ... 76 Repeat (Song) ...
  • Page 142 MEMO...
  • Page 143 Yamaha Corporation International Marketing Group P.O.Box1, Hamamatsu, Japan Phone: 81 -53-460-2301 (country code) Fax: 81-53-456-8872, 1109...

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Electone el-87