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ZyXEL Communications ZyXEL WAP3205 User's Manual

Zyxel communications wireless n access point user's guide.
Also See for ZyXEL WAP3205:
Brochure - 2 pages
User's manual - 194 pages
User's manual - 208 pages
WAP3205
Wireless N Access Point
Default Login Details
IP Address
http://192.168.1.2
Password
Firmware Version 1.0
Edition 1, 6/2009
www.zyxel.com
www.zyxel.com
1234
Copyright © 2009
ZyXEL Communications Corporation

   Summary of Contents for ZyXEL Communications ZyXEL WAP3205

  • Page 1

    WAP3205 Wireless N Access Point Default Login Details IP Address http://192.168.1.2 Password 1234 Firmware Version 1.0 Edition 1, 6/2009 www.zyxel.com www.zyxel.com Copyright © 2009 ZyXEL Communications Corporation...

  • Page 3

    Refer to the included CD for support documents. Documentation Feedback Send your comments, questions or suggestions to: techwriters@zyxel.com.tw Thank you! The Technical Writing Team, ZyXEL Communications Corp., 6 Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu, 30099, Taiwan. Need More Help? More help is available at www.zyxel.com.

  • Page 4

    About This User's Guide • Download Library Search for the latest product updates and documentation from this link. Read the Tech Doc Overview to find out how to efficiently use the User Guide, Quick Start Guide and Command Line Interface Reference Guide in order to better understand how to use your product.

  • Page 5

    Document Conventions Warnings and Notes These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide. Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your device. Note: Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.

  • Page 6

    Document Conventions Icons Used in Figures Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The WAP3205 icon is not an exact representation of your device. WAP3205 Server Telephone Computer Notebook computer Modem Firewall Switch Router WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 7

    • Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool. • Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids. • Do NOT store things on the device. • Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

  • Page 8

    Safety Warnings WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Introduction ... 17 Getting to Know Your WAP3205 ... 19 Introducing the Web Configurator ... 23 Monitor ... 29 WAP3205 Modes ... 33 Easy Mode ... 35 Access Point Mode ... 45 Client Mode ... 53 Universal Repeater Mode ... 65 Tutorials ...

  • Page 10

    Contents Overview WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 11

    About This User's Guide ... 3 Document Conventions... 5 Safety Warnings... 7 Contents Overview ... 9 Table of Contents... 11 Part I: Introduction... 17 Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205 ... 19 1.1 Overview ... 19 1.2 Applications ... 19 1.3 Ways to Manage the WAP3205 ...

  • Page 12

    Table of Contents Chapter 4 WAP3205 Modes ... 33 4.1 Overview ... 33 4.1.1 Web Configurator Modes ... 33 4.1.2 Device Modes ... 33 Chapter 5 Easy Mode ... 35 5.1 Overview ... 35 5.2 What You Can Do ... 36 5.3 What You Need to Know ...

  • Page 13

    8.1 Overview ... 65 8.2 What You Can Do ... 65 8.3 What You Need to Know ... 66 8.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Universal Repeater Mode ... 66 8.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Universal Repeater Mode ... 66 8.4 Universal Repeater Mode Status Screen ...

  • Page 14

    Table of Contents Chapter 11 LAN... 101 11.1 Overview ... 101 11.2 What You Can Do ... 101 11.3 What You Need To Know ... 102 11.3.1 LAN TCP/IP ... 102 11.3.2 IP Alias ... 102 11.4 LAN IP Screen ... 103 11.5 IP Alias Screen ...

  • Page 15

    Table of Contents Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting ... 139 Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address ... 149 Appendix D Wireless LANs ... 167 Appendix E Common Services... 179 Appendix F Legal Information ... 183 Index... 191 WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 16

    Table of Contents WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 17: Introduction

    Introduction Getting to Know Your WAP3205 (19) Connection Wizard (25) Introducing the Web Configurator (23) WAP3205 Modes (33) Monitor (29) Tutorials (73)

  • Page 19: Getting To Know Your Wap3205

    H A P T E R Getting to Know Your WAP3205 1.1 Overview This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the WAP3205. The WAP3205 extends the range of your existing wired network without additional wiring, providing easy network access to mobile users. You can set up a wireless network with other IEEE 802.11b/g/n compatible devices.

  • Page 20

    Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205 • WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) button. You can use the WPS button or the WPS section of the Web Configurator to set up a wireless network with your ZyXEL Device. 1.4 Good Habits for Managing the WAP3205 Do the following things regularly to make the WAP3205 more secure and to manage the WAP3205 more effectively.

  • Page 21

    Table 1 Front Panel LEDs and WPS Button COLOR WLAN Green Green WAP3205 User’s Guide Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205 STATUS DESCRIPTION The WAP3205 is ready, but is not sending/ receiving data through the wireless LAN. Blinking The WAP3205 is sending/receiving data through the wireless LAN.

  • Page 22

    Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP3205 WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 23: Introducing The Web Configurator

    H A P T E R 2.1 Overview This chapter describes how to access the WAP3205 Web Configurator and provides an overview of its screens. The Web Configurator is an HTML-based management interface that allows easy setup and management of the WAP3205 via Internet browser. Use Internet Explorer 6.0 and later or Netscape Navigator 7.0 and later versions or Safari 2.0 or later versions.

  • Page 24

    Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator 2.2.1 Login Screen The Web Configurator initially displays the following login screen. Figure 3 Login screen The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 2 Login screen LABEL DESCRIPTION Type "1234" (default) as the password. Password Select the language you want to use to configure the Web Language...

  • Page 25

    2.2.2 Password Screen You should see a screen asking you to change your password (highly recommended) as shown next. Figure 4 Change Password Screen The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 3 Change Password Screen LABEL DESCRIPTION Type a new password.

  • Page 26

    Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator The Home screen displays as follows. Figure 5 Home Screen The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 4 Home Screen LABEL DESCRIPTION Click this to open the Easy mode Web Configurator. Select a language to go to the Easy mode Web Configurator in Language that language and click Login.

  • Page 27

    The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 5 Change Weather LABEL DESCRIPTION Choose which temperature unit you want the WAP3205 to C or display. Select the location for which you want to know the weather. Change Location the city you want is not listed, choose one that is closest to it.

  • Page 28

    Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator 2.3.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button Make sure the power LED is on. Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the WAP3205. Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the WAP3205 back to its factory-default configurations.

  • Page 29: Monitor

    H A P T E R 3.1 Overview This chapter discusses read-only information related to the device state of the WAP3205. Note: To access the Monitor screens, you can also click the links in the Summary table of the Status screen to view the packets sent/received as well as the status of clients connected to the WAP3205.

  • Page 30

    Chapter 3 Monitor Click Monitor > Log. Figure 8 Monitor > Log The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 7 Monitor > Log LABEL Time Message Refresh Clear 3.4 Packet Statistics Click the Packet Statistics (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or Monitor >...

  • Page 31

    packet specific statistics and the "system up time". The Poll Interval(s) field is configurable and is used for refreshing the screen. Figure 9 Summary: Packet Statistics The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 8 Summary: Packet Statistics LABEL DESCRIPTION Port...

  • Page 32

    Chapter 3 Monitor 3.5 WLAN Station Status Click the WLAN Station Status (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or Monitor > WLAN Station Status. View the wireless stations that are currently associated to the WAP3205 in the Association List. Association means that a wireless client (for example, your network or computer with a wireless network card) has connected successfully to the AP (or wireless router) using the same SSID, channel and security settings.

  • Page 33: Wap3205 Modes

    H A P T E R 4.1 Overview This chapter introduces the different modes available on your WAP3205. First, the term “mode” refers to two things in this User’s Guide. • Web Configurator mode. This refers to the Web Configurator interface you want to use for editing WAP3205 features.

  • Page 34

    Chapter 4 WAP3205 Modes • Universal Repeater. In this mode, the WAP3205 can be an access point and a wireless client at the same time. Use this mode if there is an existing wireless router or access point in your network and you also want to allow clients to connect to the WAP3205 wirelessly.

  • Page 35: Easy Mode

    H A P T E R 5.1 Overview The Web Configurator is set to Easy Mode by default. You can configure several key features of the WAP3205 in this mode. This mode is useful to users who are not fully familiar with some features that are usually intended for network administrators.

  • Page 36

    Chapter 5 Easy Mode Click Status to open the following screen screen. Figure 13 Easy Mode: Status Screen Navigation Panel Go to Network Screen 5.2 What You Can Do You can do the following in this mode: • Use this Navigation Panel mode.

  • Page 37

    5.4 Navigation Panel Use this navigation panel to opt out of the Easy mode. Figure 14 Control Panel The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 10 Control Panel ITEM Home Expert Mode Logout 5.5 Network Map Note: The Network MAP is viewable by Windows XP (need to install patch), Windows Vista and Windows 7 users only.

  • Page 38

    Chapter 5 Easy Mode When you log into the Web Configurator, the Network Map is shown as follows. Figure 15 Network Map The line connecting the WAP3205 to the gateway becomes green when the WAP3205 is able to ping the gateway. It becomes red when the ping initiating from the WAP3205 does not get a response from the gateway.

  • Page 39

    The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 11 Control Panel ITEM Wireless Security 5.6.1 Wireless Security Use this screen to configure security for your the Wireless LAN. You can enter the SSID and select the wireless security mode in the following screen. Note: Wireless Security in the control panel is not configurable when the WAP3205 is in Client Mode.

  • Page 40

    Chapter 5 Easy Mode The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen. Table 12 Wireless Security LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless (Service Set IDentity) The SSID identifies the Service Set with which a Network wireless station is associated. Wireless stations associating to the access Name (SSID) point (AP) must have the same SSID.

  • Page 41

    5.6.2 WPS Use this screen to add a wireless station to the network with the WAP3205’s first SSID using WPS. Click WPS in the Wireless Security to open the following screen. Figure 18 Wireless Security: WPS The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 13 Wireless Security: WPS LABEL DESCRIPTION...

  • Page 42

    Chapter 5 Easy Mode Table 13 Wireless Security: WPS LABEL DESCRIPTION Register Create a secure wireless network simply by entering a wireless client's PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the WAP3205’s interface and pushing this button. Type the same PIN number generated in the wireless station’s utility. Then click Register to associate to each other and perform the wireless security information synchronization.

  • Page 43

    Table 14 Status Screen in Easy Mode ITEM Wireless Network Name (SSID) Security WAP3205 User’s Guide DESCRIPTION This shows the SSID of the wireless network. You can configure this in the Wireless Security screen Section 10.3.1.1 on page 85). This shows the wireless security used by the WAP3205. Chapter 5 Easy Mode (Section 5.6.1 on page...

  • Page 44

    Chapter 5 Easy Mode WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 45: Access Point Mode

    H A P T E R 6.1 Overview The WAP3205 is set to access point mode by default. In this mode your WAP3205 bridges a wired network (LAN) and wireless LAN (WLAN) in the same subnet. See the figure below for an example. Figure 20 Wireless Internet Access in Access Point Mode Note: See Chapter 9 on page 73...

  • Page 46

    Chapter 6 Access Point Mode 6.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to AP Mode Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick start Guide for instructions on how to do this. To use your WAP3205 as an access point, go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode and select Access Point mode.

  • Page 47

    6.3.3 Configuring your WLAN, LAN and Maintenance Settings • See Configuration (81) and LAN settings. • See Maintenance and Troubleshooting (105) Maintenance settings. 6.4 AP Mode Status Screen Click to open the Status screen. Figure 22 Status Screen: Access Point Mode The following table describes the icons shown in the Status screen.

  • Page 48

    Chapter 6 Access Point Mode Table 15 Status Screen Icon Key: Access Point Mode (continued) ICON DESCRIPTION Select a number of seconds or None from the drop-down list box to refresh all screen statistics automatically at the end of every time interval or to not refresh the screen statistics.

  • Page 49

    Table 16 Status Screen: Access Point Mode LABEL DESCRIPTION This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up. This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up. Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen. Interface Status Interface This displays the WAP3205 port types.

  • Page 50

    Chapter 6 Access Point Mode The following screen and table show the features you can configure in Access Point mode. Figure 23 Menu: Access Point Mode The following table describes the sub-menus. Table 17 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode LINK Status MONITOR Packet...

  • Page 51

    Table 17 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode LINK Wireless General Security MAC Filter Advanced Station Scheduling IP Alias MAINTENANCE General Password Password Setup Time Time Setting Firmware Upgrade Backup/ Restore Reset/ Restart Restart Sys OP Mode WAP3205 User’s Guide Chapter 6 Access Point Mode FUNCTION Use this screen to configure general wireless LAN settings.

  • Page 52

    Chapter 6 Access Point Mode WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 53: Client Mode

    H A P T E R 7.1 Overview Your WAP3205 can act as a wireless client. In wireless client mode, it can connect to an existing network via an access point. Use this mode if you already have an access point or wireless router in your network. In the example below, one WAP3205 (A) is configured as a wireless client and another is used as an access point (B).

  • Page 54

    Chapter 7 Client Mode 7.3 What You Need to Know With the exception of the Wireless LAN screens, the LAN, Monitor, Configuration and Maintainance screens in Client mode are similar to the ones in Access Point Mode. See of this User’s Guide. 7.3.1 Setting your WAP3205 to Client Mode Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already.

  • Page 55

    7.4 Client Mode Status Screen Click to open the status screen. Figure 26 Status: Client Mode The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen. Table 18 Status Screen: Client Mode LABEL DESCRIPTION Logout Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator. Device Information Host Name This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance >...

  • Page 56

    Chapter 7 Client Mode Table 18 Status Screen: Client Mode LABEL DESCRIPTION Status This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON. Name (SSID) This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP3205 in the wireless LAN. Connect Status This shows whether or not the WAP3205 has successfully associated with an access point - Connected or Disassociated.

  • Page 57

    7.5 Wireless LAN Profile Screen Use this screen to view the wireless LAN profile settings of your WAP3205. Go to Configuration > Wireless LAN > Profile to open the following screen. Figure 27 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 19 Client Mode: WLAN >...

  • Page 58

    Chapter 7 Client Mode 7.5.1 Adding a New WLAN Profile Use this screen to create a new wireless LAN profile for your WAP3205. Click the Add button in the Configuration > Wireless LAN > Profile screen to open the following screen. Figure 28 Client Mode: WLAN >...

  • Page 59

    The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 21 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: No Security LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless Setup Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile. Network Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting. Name (SSID) Security...

  • Page 60

    Chapter 7 Client Mode The following table describes the labels in this screen.. Table 22 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless Setup Profile Name Enter a descriptive name for this profile. Network Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting. Name (SSID) Security Security...

  • Page 61

    7.5.1.3 WPA(2)-PSK Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect uses WPA(2)-PSK security mode. Figure 31 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK The following table describes the labels in this screen. . Table 23 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless Setup...

  • Page 62

    Chapter 7 Client Mode 7.5.2 Site Survey Screen Use this screen to scan for and connect to a wireless network automatically. Go to Configuration > Wireless LAN > Site Survey to open the following screen. Figure 32 Client Mode: WLAN > Site Survey The following table describes the labels in this screen.

  • Page 63

    7.5.3 WPS Screen Use this screen to enable Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) on the WAP3205. Go to Configuration > Wireless LAN > WPS to open the following screen. Figure 33 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 25 Client Mode: WLAN >...

  • Page 64

    Chapter 7 Client Mode Table 25 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Stop Click this button to cancel wireless security information synchronization. Rescan Click this button to search for available for WPS-enabled devices within transmission range and update this table. WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 65: Universal Repeater Mode

    H A P T E R Universal Repeater Mode 8.1 Overview Your WAP3205 can act as an access point and wireless client at the same time. In this mode, the WAP3205 can connect to an existing network through another access point and also lets wireless clients connect to the network through it. This helps you expand wireless coverage when you have an access point or wireless router already in your network.

  • Page 66

    Chapter 8 Universal Repeater Mode • Use other Wireless LAN screens wireless settings and wireless security between the wireless clients and the WAP3205. 8.3 What You Need to Know With the exception of the Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater screen, other configuration screens in Universal Repeater mode are similar to the ones in Access Point Mode.

  • Page 67

    The default IP address of the WAP3205 is “192.168.1.2”. If you did not change this, you can use the same IP address in Universal Repeater mode. Open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and type “192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web browser.

  • Page 68

    Chapter 8 Universal Repeater Mode The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen. Table 26 Status Screen: Universal Repeater Mode LABEL DESCRIPTION Logout Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator. Device Information Host Name This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance >...

  • Page 69

    Table 26 Status Screen: Universal Repeater Mode LABEL DESCRIPTION Rate For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is disconnected. For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled. System Status Item This column shows the type of data the WAP3205 is recording.

  • Page 70

    Chapter 8 Universal Repeater Mode 8.5.1 No Security Figure 37 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: No Security The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 27 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: No Security LABEL DESCRIPTION...

  • Page 71

    The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 28 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: Static WEP LABEL DESCRIPTION Universal Repeater Parameters SSID Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting. MAC Address Enter the MAC address of the access point to which you are connecting.

  • Page 72

    Chapter 8 Universal Repeater Mode 8.5.3 WPA(2)-PSK Figure 39 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: WPA(2)- The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 29 Universal Repeater Mode: Wireless LAN > Universal Repeater: WPA(2)- LABEL DESCRIPTION Universal Repeater Parameters SSID Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.

  • Page 73: Tutorials

    H A P T E R 9.1 Overview This chapter provides tutorials for your WAP3205 (in access point or universal repeater mode) as follows: • Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point • Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS • Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS) 9.2 Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point...

  • Page 74

    Chapter 9 Tutorials Note: The wireless client must be a WPS-aware device (for example, a WPS USB adapter or PCI card). There are two WPS methods for creating a secure connection. This tutorial shows you how to do both. • Push Button Configuration (PBC) - create a secure wireless network simply by pressing a button.

  • Page 75

    The following figure shows you an example to set up wireless network and security by pressing a button on both WAP3205 and wireless client (the NWD-211AN in this example). Figure 41 Example WPS Process: PBC Method Wireless Client 9.3.2 PIN Configuration When you use the PIN configuration method, you need to use both WAP3205’s configuration interface and the client’s utilities.

  • Page 76

    Chapter 9 Tutorials The following figure shows you the example to set up wireless network and security on WAP3205 and wireless client (ex. NWD-211AN in this example) by using PIN method. Figure 42 Example WPS Process: PIN Method Wireless Client WITHIN 2 MINUTES Authentication by PIN SECURITY INFO...

  • Page 77

    9.4 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS) This example shows you how to configure wireless security settings with the following parameters on your WAP3205. SSID SSID_Example3 Channel Auto Security WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared Key: ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey) Follow the steps below to configure the wireless settings on your WAP3205. The instructions require that your hardware is connected (see the Quick Start Guide) and you are logged into the Web Configurator through your LAN connection (see...

  • Page 78

    Chapter 9 Tutorials Select the SSID (SSID_Example3) for which you want to configure the security. Set security mode to WPA-PSK and enter ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey in the Pre-Shared Key field. Click Apply. Figure 44 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > Security Open the Status screen. Verify your wireless and wireless security settings under Device Information and check if the WLAN connection is up under Interface Status.

  • Page 79

    9.4.1 Configure Your Notebook Note: We use the ZyXEL NWD-211AN wireless adapter utility screens as an example for the wireless client. The screens may vary for different models. The WAP3205 supports IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11n wireless clients. Make sure that your notebook or computer’s wireless adapter supports one of these standards.

  • Page 80

    Chapter 9 Tutorials The Confirm Save window appears. Check your settings and click Save to continue. Figure 48 Confirm Save Check the status of your wireless connection in the screen below. If your wireless connection is weak or you have no connection, see the Troubleshooting section of this User’s Guide.

  • Page 81: Configuration

    Configuration Wireless LAN (83) LAN (101)

  • Page 83: Wireless Lan

    H A P T E R 10.1 Overview This chapter discusses how to configure the wireless network settings in your WAP3205. See the appendices for more detailed information about wireless networks. The following figure provides an example of a wireless network. Figure 50 Example of a Wireless Network The wireless network is the part in the blue circle.

  • Page 84

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN 10.2 What You Can Do • Use the General screen intra-BSS traffic and select the channel. • Use the Security screen security between the WAP3205 and the wireless clients. • Use the MAC Filter screen stations based on their MAC addresses from connecting to the WAP3205. •...

  • Page 85

    10.3.1.1 SSID Normally, the AP acts like a beacon and regularly broadcasts the SSID in the area. You can hide the SSID instead, in which case the AP does not broadcast the SSID. In addition, you should change the default SSID to something that is difficult to guess.

  • Page 86

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN The types of encryption you can choose depend on the type of user authentication. Table 30 Types of Encryption for Each Type of Authentication NO AUTHENTICATION Weakest No Security WPA-PSK Strongest WPA2-PSK Usually, you should set up the strongest encryption that every wireless client in the wireless network supports.

  • Page 87

    10.4 General Wireless LAN Screen Use this screen to enter the SSID, select the channel and enable intra-BSS traffic. Note: If you are configuring the WAP3205 from a computer connected to the wireless LAN and you change the WAP3205’s SSID, channel or security settings, you will lose your wireless connection when you press Apply to confirm.

  • Page 88

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > General LABEL DESCRIPTION Enable A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between Intra-BSS wireless clients or between a wireless client and a wired network client go Traffic through one access point (AP).

  • Page 89

    Note: If you do not enable any wireless security on your WAP3205, your network is accessible to any wireless networking device that is within range. Figure 52 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 32 Network >...

  • Page 90

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN Select Static WEP from the Security Mode list. Figure 53 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP The following table describes the wireless LAN security labels in this screen. Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP LABEL DESCRIPTION SSID...

  • Page 91

    Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP LABEL DESCRIPTION Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key. The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered automatically. Key 1 to Key The WEP keys are used to encrypt data.

  • Page 92

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN Table 34 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK LABEL DESCRIPTION Pre-Shared Key WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for authentication. Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard characters. Group Key The Group Key Update Timer is the rate at which the AP sends a new Update Timer group key out to all clients.

  • Page 93

    Table 35 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter LABEL DESCRIPTION Policy Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC Address table. Select Disable to deactivate the MAC filtering rule you configure below. Select Allow to permit access to the WAP3205, MAC addresses not listed will be denied access to the WAP3205.

  • Page 94

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 36 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced LABEL DESCRIPTION RTS/CTS Data with its frame size larger than this value will perform the RTS Threshold (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear To Send) handshake. Enter a value between 256 and 2432.

  • Page 95

    Table 36 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced LABEL DESCRIPTION Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP3205. Cancel Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen. 10.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen The QoS screen allows you to automatically give a service (such as VoIP and video) a priority level.

  • Page 96

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN Note: With WPS, wireless clients can only connect to the wireless network using the first SSID on the WAP3205. Figure 58 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 38 Network >...

  • Page 97

    10.10 WPS Station Screen Use this screen when you want to add a wireless station using WPS. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station tab. Note: After you click Push Button on this screen, you have to press a similar button in the wireless station utility within 2 minutes.

  • Page 98

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN on or off on certain days and at certain times. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling tab. Figure 60 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 40 Network >...

  • Page 99

    10.12 WDS Screen A Wireless Distribution System (WDS) is a wireless connection between two or more APs. Use this screen to set the operating mode of your WAP3205 to AP + Bridge or Bridge and establish wireless links with other APs. You need to know the MAC address of the peer device, which also must be in bridge mode.

  • Page 100

    Chapter 10 Wireless LAN Table 41 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS LABEL Phy Mode Remote MAC Address Security EncrypType EncrypKey Apply Cancel DESCRIPTION Select the Phy mode you want the WAP3205 to use. This dictates the maximum size of packets during data transmission. This field is not available when you select Disable in the Basic Setting field.

  • Page 101

    H A P T E R 11.1 Overview This chapter describes how to configure LAN settings. A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many computers are attached. A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building.

  • Page 102

    Chapter 11 LAN 11.3 What You Need To Know There are two separate IP networks, one inside the LAN network and the other outside the WAN network as shown next. Figure 63 LAN and WAN IP Addresses The LAN parameters of the WAP3205 are preset in the factory with the following values: •...

  • Page 103

    11.4 LAN IP Screen Use this screen to change the IP address for your WAP3205. Click Network > LAN > IP. Figure 64 Network > LAN > IP The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 42 Network > LAN > IP LABEL DESCRIPTION Get from DHCP...

  • Page 104

    Chapter 11 LAN Table 42 Network > LAN > IP LABEL Gateway IP Address DNS Assignment First DNS Server Second DNS Server Apply Reset 11.5 IP Alias Screen Use this screen to have the WAP3205 apply IP alias to create LAN subnets. Click LAN >...

  • Page 105: Maintenance And Troubleshooting

    Maintenance and Troubleshooting Maintenance (107) Troubleshooting (119)

  • Page 107: Maintenance

    H A P T E R 12.1 Overview This chapter provides information on the Maintenance screens. 12.2 What You Can Do • Use the General screen the management session. • Use the Password screen WAP3205’s system password. • Use the Time screen time and date.

  • Page 108

    Chapter 12 Maintenance 12.3 General Screen Use this screen to set the management session timeout period. Click Maintenance > General. The following screen displays. Figure 66 Maintenance > General The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 44 Maintenance > General LABEL Administrator Inactivity Timer...

  • Page 109

    The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 45 Maintenance > Password LABEL DESCRIPTION Password Setup Change your WAP3205’s password (recommended) using the fields as shown. Old Password Type the default password or the existing password you use to access the system in this field.

  • Page 110

    Chapter 12 Maintenance he following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 46 Maintenance > Time LABEL Current Time and Date Current Time Current Date Current Time and Date Manual New Time (hh:mm:ss) New Date (yyyy/mm/dd) Get from Time Server Auto User Defined...

  • Page 111

    Table 46 Maintenance > Time LABEL DESCRIPTION Start Date Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time starts if you selected Daylight Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour format. Here are a couple of examples: Daylight Saving Time starts in most parts of the United States on the first Sunday of April.

  • Page 112

    Chapter 12 Maintenance Click Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade. Follow the instructions in this screen to upload firmware to your WAP3205. Figure 69 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 47 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade LABEL DESCRIPTION File Path...

  • Page 113

    12.7 Configuration Backup/Restore Screen Backup configuration allows you to back up (save) the WAP3205’s current configuration to a file on your computer. Once your WAP3205 is configured and functioning properly, it is highly recommended that you back up your configuration file before making configuration changes.

  • Page 114

    Chapter 12 Maintenance Table 48 Maintenance > Backup/Restore LABEL DESCRIPTION Upload Click Upload to begin the upload process. Note: Do not turn off the WAP3205 while configuration file upload is in After you see a “configuration upload successful” screen, you must then wait one minute before logging into the WAP3205 again.

  • Page 115

    12.9 System Operation Mode Overview The Sys OP Mode (System Operation Mode) function lets you configure your WAP3205 as an access point, wireless client or both at the same time. You can choose between Access Point Mode, Client Mode and Universal Repeater Mode depending on your network topology and the features you require from your device.

  • Page 116

    Chapter 12 Maintenance Universal Repeater WAP3205 in Universal Repeater mode work as an access point and wireless client simutaneously. Figure 75 Universal Repeater Mode 12.10 Sys Op Mode Screen Use this screen to select how you want to use your WAP3205. Figure 76 Maintenance >...

  • Page 117

    LABEL DESCRIPTION Client Mode Select Client Mode if your device needs a wireless client to connect to an existing access point. • You cannot configure wireless LAN settings like MAC filtering, QoS, WDS and scheduling in the client mode. • The IP address of the device on the local network is the same as the IP address given to the WAP3205 while in access point mode (default is 192.168.1.2).

  • Page 118

    Chapter 12 Maintenance WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 119: Troubleshooting

    H A P T E R This chapter offers some suggestions to solve problems you might encounter. The potential problems are divided into the following categories. • Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs • WAP3205 Access and Login • Internet Access •...

  • Page 120

    Chapter 13 Troubleshooting Inspect your cables for damage. Contact the vendor to replace any damaged cables. Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor to the WAP3205. If the problem continues, contact the vendor. 13.2 WAP3205 Access and Login I don’t know the IP address of my WAP3205. The default IP address is 192.168.1.2.

  • Page 121

    • If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it, see the troubleshooting suggestions for Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as expected. See the Quick Start Guide. Make sure your Internet browser does not block pop-up windows and has JavaScripts and Java enabled.

  • Page 122

    Chapter 13 Troubleshooting 13.3 Internet Access I cannot access the Internet. Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as expected. See the Quick Start Guide. Make sure the WAP3205 is connected to a broadband modem or router with Internet access.

  • Page 123

    The Internet connection is slow or intermittent. There might be a lot of traffic on the network. Look at the LEDs, and check 1.5 on page 20. If the WAP3205 is sending or receiving a lot of information, try closing some programs that use the Internet, especially peer-to-peer applications. Check the signal strength.

  • Page 124

    Chapter 13 Troubleshooting If the WAP3205 restarts automatically, wait for the WAP3205 to finish restarting, and log in to the Web Configurator. The password is “1234”. If the WAP3205 does not restart automatically, disconnect and reconnect the WAP3205’s power. Then, follow the directions above again. 13.5 Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting I cannot access the WAP3205 or ping any computer from the WLAN (wireless AP or router).

  • Page 125: Product Specifications

    H A P T E R Product Specifications The following tables summarize the WAP3205’s hardware and firmware features. Table 50 Hardware Features Dimensions (W x D x Weight Power Specification Two Ethernet ports LEDs Reset Button WPS button Antenna Operation Environment Storage Environment Table 51 Firmware Features...

  • Page 126

    Chapter 14 Product Specifications Table 51 Firmware Features FEATURE Device Management Wireless Functionality Firmware Upgrade Configuration Backup & Restoration Wireless LAN Scheduler Time and Date IP Multicast Logging 14.1 Wall-mounting Instructions Complete the following steps to hang your WAP3205 on a wall. Select a position free of obstructions on a sturdy wall.

  • Page 127

    Make sure the screws are snugly fastened to the wall. They need to hold the weight of the WAP3205 with the connection cables. Align the holes on the back of the WAP3205 with the screws on the wall. Hang the WAP3205 on the screws.

  • Page 128

    Chapter 14 Product Specifications WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 129: Appendices And Index

    Appendices and Index Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions (131) IP Addresses and Subnetting (139) Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address (149) Wireless LANs (167) Common Services (179) Legal Information (183) Index (191)

  • Page 131

    P P E N D I X Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions In order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow: • Web browser pop-up windows from your device. • JavaScripts (enabled by default). • Java permissions (enabled by default). Note: Internet Explorer 6 screens are used here.

  • Page 132

    Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options, Privacy. Clear the Block pop-ups check box in the Pop-up Blocker section of the screen. This disables any web pop-up blockers you may have enabled. Figure 80 Internet Options: Privacy Click Apply to save this setting.

  • Page 133

    Select Settings…to open the Pop-up Blocker Settings screen. Figure 81 Internet Options: Privacy Type the IP address of your device (the web page that you do not want to have blocked) with the prefix “http://”. For example, http://192.168.167.1. WAP3205 User’s Guide Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions...

  • Page 134

    Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions Click Add to move the IP address to the list of Allowed sites. Figure 82 Pop-up Blocker Settings Click Close to return to the Privacy screen. Click Apply to save this setting. JavaScripts If pages of the Web Configurator do not display properly in Internet Explorer, check that JavaScripts are allowed.

  • Page 135

    In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security tab. Figure 83 Internet Options: Security Click the Custom Level... button. Scroll down to Scripting. Under Active scripting make sure that Enable is selected (the default). Under Scripting of Java applets make sure that Enable is selected (the default).

  • Page 136

    Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions Click OK to close the window. Figure 84 Security Settings - Java Scripting Java Permissions From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security tab. Click the Custom Level... button. Scroll down to Microsoft VM.

  • Page 137

    Click OK to close the window. Figure 85 Security Settings - Java JAVA (Sun) From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Advanced tab. Make sure that Use Java 2 for <applet> under Java (Sun) is selected. WAP3205 User’s Guide Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions...

  • Page 138

    Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions Click OK to close the window. Figure 86 Java (Sun) WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 139

    P P E N D I X IP Addresses and Subnetting This appendix introduces IP addresses and subnet masks. IP addresses identify individual devices on a network. Every networking device (including computers, servers, routers, printers, etc.) needs an IP address to communicate across the network.

  • Page 140

    Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting The following figure shows an example IP address in which the first three octets (192.168.1) are the network number, and the fourth octet (16) is the host ID. Figure 87 Network Number and Host ID How much of the IP address is the network number and how much is the host ID varies according to the subnet mask.

  • Page 141

    Table 52 Subnet Mask - Identifying Network Number Network Number Host ID By convention, subnet masks always consist of a continuous sequence of ones beginning from the leftmost bit of the mask, followed by a continuous sequence of zeros, for a total number of 32 bits. Subnet masks can be referred to by the size of the network number part (the bits with a “1”...

  • Page 142

    Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting As these two IP addresses cannot be used for individual hosts, calculate the maximum number of possible hosts in a network as follows: Table 54 Maximum Host Numbers SUBNET MASK 8 bits 255.0.0.0 16 bits 255.255.0.0 24 bits 255.255.255.0 29 bits 255.255.255.2 Notation...

  • Page 143

    Subnetting You can use subnetting to divide one network into multiple sub-networks. In the following example a network administrator creates two sub-networks to isolate a group of servers from the rest of the company network for security reasons. In this example, the company network address is 192.168.1.0. The first three octets of the address (192.168.1) are the network number, and the remaining octet is the host ID, allowing a maximum of 2 The following figure shows the company network before subnetting.

  • Page 144

    Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting The following figure shows the company network after subnetting. There are now two sub-networks, A and B. Figure 89 Subnetting Example: After Subnetting In a 25-bit subnet the host ID has 7 bits, so each sub-network has a maximum of –...

  • Page 145

    Each subnet contains 6 host ID bits, giving 2 host ID of all zeroes is the subnet itself, all ones is the subnet’s broadcast address). Table 56 Subnet 1 IP/SUBNET MASK IP Address (Decimal) IP Address (Binary) Subnet Mask (Binary) Subnet Address: 192.168.1.0 Broadcast Address:...

  • Page 146

    Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting Table 59 Subnet 4 (continued) IP/SUBNET MASK Subnet Address: 192.168.1.192 Broadcast Address: 192.168.1.255 Example: Eight Subnets Similarly, use a 27-bit mask to create eight subnets (000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110 and 111). The following table shows IP address last octet values for each subnet.

  • Page 147

    The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 16-bit network number. Table 62 16-bit Network Number Subnet Planning NO. “BORROWED” HOST BITS Configuring IP Addresses Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If the ISP or your network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP addresses, follow their instructions in selecting the IP addresses and the subnet mask.

  • Page 148

    Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting that you entered. You don't need to change the subnet mask computed by the WAP3205 unless you are instructed to do otherwise. Private IP Addresses Every machine on the Internet must have a unique address. If your networks are isolated from the Internet (running only between two branch offices, for example) you can assign any IP addresses to the hosts without problems.

  • Page 149

    P P E N D I X Setting up Your Computer’s IP All computers must have a 10M or 100M Ethernet adapter card and TCP/IP installed. Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP, Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems and all versions of UNIX/LINUX include the software components you need to install and use TCP/IP on your computer.

  • Page 150

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address Windows 95/98/Me Click Start, Settings, Control Panel and double-click the Network icon to open the Network window. Figure 90 WIndows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration Installing Components The Network window Configuration tab displays a list of installed components. You need a network adapter, the TCP/IP protocol and Client for Microsoft Networks.

  • Page 151

    Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers. Select TCP/IP from the list of network protocols and then click OK. If you need Client for Microsoft Networks: Click Add. Select Client and then click Add. Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers. Select Client for Microsoft Networks from the list of network clients and then click OK.

  • Page 152

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address Click the DNS Configuration tab. • If you do not know your DNS information, select Disable DNS. • If you know your DNS information, select Enable DNS and type the information in the fields below (you may not need to fill them all in). Figure 92 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration Click the Gateway tab.

  • Page 153

    Select your network adapter. You should see your computer's IP address, subnet mask and default gateway. Windows 2000/NT/XP The following example figures use the default Windows XP GUI theme. Click start (Start in Windows 2000/NT), Settings, Control Panel. Figure 93 Windows XP: Start Menu WAP3205 User’s Guide Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address...

  • Page 154

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address In the Control Panel, double-click Network Connections (Network and Dial- up Connections in Windows 2000/NT). Figure 94 Windows XP: Control Panel Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties. Figure 95 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 155

    Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (under the General tab in Win XP) and then click Properties. Figure 96 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens (the General tab in Windows XP). • If you have a dynamic IP address click Obtain an IP address automatically.

  • Page 156

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address • Click Advanced. Figure 97 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties If you do not know your gateway's IP address, remove any previously installed gateways in the IP Settings tab and click OK. Do one or more of the following if you want to configure additional IP addresses: •...

  • Page 157

    • Click OK when finished. Figure 98 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Properties In the Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window (the General tab in Windows XP): • Click Obtain DNS server address automatically if you do not know your DNS server IP address(es). •...

  • Page 158

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address If you have previously configured DNS servers, click Advanced and then the DNS tab to order them. Figure 99 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. Click Close (OK in Windows 2000/NT) to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.

  • Page 159

    Macintosh OS 8/9 Click the Apple menu, Control Panel and double-click TCP/IP to open the TCP/ IP Control Panel. Figure 100 Macintosh OS 8/9: Apple Menu WAP3205 User’s Guide Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address...

  • Page 160

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address Select Ethernet built-in from the Connect via list. Figure 101 Macintosh OS 8/9: TCP/IP For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP Server from the Configure: list. For statically assigned settings, do the following: •...

  • Page 161

    Macintosh OS X Click the Apple menu, and click System Preferences to open the System Preferences window. Figure 102 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu Click Network in the icon bar. • Select Automatic from the Location list. • Select Built-in Ethernet from the Show list. •...

  • Page 162

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address For statically assigned settings, do the following: • From the Configure box, select Manually. • Type your IP address in the IP Address box. • Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box. •...

  • Page 163

    Double-click on the profile of the network card you wish to configure. The Ethernet Device General screen displays as shown. Figure 105 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Ethernet Device: General • If you have a dynamic IP address click Automatically obtain IP address settings with and select dhcp from the drop down list.

  • Page 164

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address Click the Devices tab. Click the Activate button to apply the changes. The following screen displays. Click Yes to save the changes in all screens. Figure 107 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Activate After the network card restart process is complete, make sure the Status is Active in the Network Configuration screen.

  • Page 165

    • If you have a static IP address, enter static in the BOOTPROTO= field. Type IPADDR= followed by the IP address (in dotted decimal notation) and type NETMASK= followed by the subnet mask. The following example shows an example where the static IP address is 192.168.1.10 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0.

  • Page 166

    Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address Verifying Settings Enter ifconfig in a terminal screen to check your TCP/IP properties. Figure 112 Red Hat 9.0: Checking TCP/IP Properties [root@localhost]# ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet inet addr:172.23.19.129 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST RX packets:717 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:13 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:100...

  • Page 167

    P P E N D I X Wireless LAN Topologies This section discusses ad-hoc and infrastructure wireless LAN topologies. Ad-hoc Wireless LAN Configuration The simplest WLAN configuration is an independent (Ad-hoc) WLAN that connects a set of computers with wireless stations (A, B, C). Any time two or more wireless adapters are within range of each other, they can set up an independent network, which is commonly referred to as an Ad-hoc network or Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS).

  • Page 168

    Appendix D Wireless LANs with each other. When Intra-BSS is disabled, wireless station A and B can still access the wired network but cannot communicate with each other. Figure 114 Basic Service Set An Extended Service Set (ESS) consists of a series of overlapping BSSs, each containing an access point, with each access point connected together by a wired network.

  • Page 169

    An ESSID (ESS IDentification) uniquely identifies each ESS. All access points and their associated wireless stations within the same ESS must have the same ESSID in order to communicate. Figure 115 Infrastructure WLAN Channel A channel is the radio frequency(ies) used by IEEE 802.11a/b/g wireless devices. Channels available depend on your geographical area.

  • Page 170

    Appendix D Wireless LANs wireless gateway, but out-of-range of each other, so they cannot "hear" each other, that is they do not know if the channel is currently being used. Therefore, they are considered hidden from each other. Figure 116 RTS/CTS When station A sends data to the AP, it might not know that the station B is already using the channel.

  • Page 171

    Fragmentation Threshold A Fragmentation Threshold is the maximum data fragment size (between 256 and 2432 bytes) that can be sent in the wireless network before the AP will fragment the packet into smaller data frames. A large Fragmentation Threshold is recommended for networks not prone to interference while you should set a smaller threshold for busy networks or networks that are prone to interference.

  • Page 172

    Appendix D Wireless LANs several intermediate rate steps between the maximum and minimum data rates. The IEEE 802.11g data rate and modulation are as follows: Table 63 IEEE 802.11g DATA RATE (MBPS) 5.5 / 11 6/9/12/18/24/36/ 48/54 IEEE 802.1x In June 2001, the IEEE 802.1x standard was designed to extend the features of IEEE 802.11 to support extended authentication as well as providing additional accounting and control features.

  • Page 173

    Types of RADIUS Messages The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point and the RADIUS server for user authentication: • Access-Request Sent by an access point requesting authentication. • Access-Reject Sent by a RADIUS server rejecting access. •...

  • Page 174

    Appendix D Wireless LANs However, MD5 authentication has some weaknesses. Since the authentication server needs to get the plaintext passwords, the passwords must be stored. Thus someone other than the authentication server may access the password file. In addition, it is possible to impersonate an authentication server as MD5 authentication method does not perform mutual authentication.

  • Page 175

    If this feature is enabled, it is not necessary to configure a default encryption key in the Wireless screen. You may still configure and store keys here, but they will not be used while Dynamic WEP is enabled. Note: EAP-MD5 cannot be used with dynamic WEP key exchange For added security, certificate-based authentications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and PEAP) use dynamic keys for data encryption.

  • Page 176

    Appendix D Wireless LANs TKIP regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys so that the same encryption key is never used twice. The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then sets up a key hierarchy and management system, using the pair-wise key to dynamically generate unique data encryption keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated between the AP and the wireless clients.

  • Page 177

    WPA(2)-PSK Application Example A WPA(2)-PSK application looks as follows. First enter identical passwords into the AP and all wireless clients. The Pre-Shared Key (PSK) must consist of between 8 and 63 ASCII characters (including spaces and symbols). The AP checks each wireless client's password and (only) allows it to join the network if the password matches.

  • Page 178

    Appendix D Wireless LANs Security Parameters Summary Refer to this table to see what other security parameters you should configure for each Authentication Method/ key management protocol type. MAC address filters are not dependent on how you configure these security features. Table 65 Wireless Security Relational Matrix AUTHENTICATION METHOD/ KEY...

  • Page 179

    P P E N D I X The following table lists some commonly-used services and their associated protocols and port numbers. For a comprehensive list of port numbers, ICMP type/ code numbers and services, visit the IANA (Internet Assigned Number Authority) web site.

  • Page 180

    Appendix E Common Services Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued) NAME (IPSEC_TUNNEL) FINGER H.323 HTTP HTTPS ICMP IGMP (MULTICAST) MSN Messenger NEW-ICQ NEWS NNTP PING POP3 PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION User-Defined The IPSEC ESP (Encapsulation Security Protocol) tunneling protocol uses this service. Finger is a UNIX or Internet related command that can be used to find out if a user is logged on.

  • Page 181

    Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued) NAME PROTOCOL PPTP PPTP_TUNNEL User-Defined (GRE) RCMD REAL_AUDIO REXEC RLOGIN RTELNET RTSP TCP/UDP SFTP SMTP SNMP TCP/UDP SNMP-TRAPS TCP/UDP SQL-NET TCP/UDP STRM WORKS SYSLOG TACACS TELNET WAP3205 User’s Guide Appendix E Common Services PORT(S) DESCRIPTION 1723 Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol...

  • Page 182

    Appendix E Common Services Table 66 Commonly Used Services (continued) NAME TFTP VDOLIVE PROTOCOL PORT(S) DESCRIPTION Trivial File Transfer Protocol is an Internet file transfer protocol similar to FTP, but uses the UDP (User Datagram Protocol) rather than TCP (Transmission Control Protocol). 7000 Another videoconferencing solution.

  • Page 183

    ZyXEL Communications Corporation. Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved. Disclaimer ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any products, or software described herein.

  • Page 184

    Appendix F Legal Information harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this device does cause harmful interference to radio/television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

  • Page 185

    This device has been designed for the WLAN 2.4 GHz network throughout the EC region and Switzerland, with restrictions in France. This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

  • Page 186

    North American products. End-User License Agreement for "WAP3205" WARNING: ZyXEL Communications Corp. IS WILLING TO LICENSE THE ENCLOSED SOFTWARE TO YOU ONLY UPON THE CONDITION THAT YOU ACCEPT ALL OF THE TERMS CONTAINED IN THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THE TERMS CAREFULLY BEFORE COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION PROCESS AS INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE WILL INDICATE YOUR ASSENT TO THEM.

  • Page 187

    Grant of License for Personal Use ZyXEL Communications Corp. ("ZyXEL") grants you a non-exclusive, non- sublicense, non-transferable license to use the program with which this license is distributed (the "Software"), including any documentation files accompanying the Software ("Documentation"), for internal business use only, for up to the number of users specified in sales order and invoice.

  • Page 188

    Appendix F Legal Information permit third parties to link to the Software, or any part thereof. You may not use the Software, or any part thereof, in the operation of a service bureau or for the benefit of any other person or entity. You may not cause, assist or permit any third party to do any of the foregoing.

  • Page 189

    IN NO EVENT WILL ZyXEL BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY THIRD PARTY FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, OR LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM, OR FOR ANY CLAIM BY ANY OTHER PARTY, EVEN IF ZyXEL HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

  • Page 190

    Appendix F Legal Information 11 General This License Agreement shall be construed, interpreted and governed by the laws of Republic of China without regard to conflicts of laws provisions thereof. The exclusive forum for any disputes arising out of or relating to this License Agreement shall be an appropriate court or Commercial Arbitration Association sitting in ROC, Taiwan.

  • Page 191

    alternative subnet mask notation AP (Access Point) AP Mode menu status screen 47, 55, 67 AP+Bridge Bridge/Repeater bridged APs, security Certificate Authority certifications notices viewing Channel 48, 68, 169 Interference channel Configuration restore copyright CPU usage 49, 56, 69 CTS (Clear to Send) Daylight saving Dimensions WAP3205 User’s Guide...

  • Page 192

    Index IEEE 802.11g Independent Basic Service Set Internet Assigned Numbers Authority See IANA IP Address IP alias LAN overview LAN setup LAN TCP/IP Language Link type 49, 56, 68 Local Area Network MAC address MAC address filter MAC address filtering MAC filter managing the device good habits...

  • Page 193

    Service Set 40, 87 Service Set IDentification 40, 87 Service Set IDentity. See SSID. SSID 40, 48, 56, 68, 84, 87 subnet Subnet Mask subnet mask subnetting Summary Packet statistics Wireless station status syntax conventions System General Setup System restart Temperature Time setting Use Authentication...

  • Page 194

    Index WAP3205 User’s Guide...

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    Index WAP3205 User’s Guide...

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    Index WAP3205 User’s Guide...

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