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Kymco Mini LS Opearting Manual

Kymco mini ls mobility scooter.
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Mini LS


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  • Page 1 OPERATING MANUAL Mini LS...
  • Page 2 Introduction With the Mini LS you have now purchased a product which has been manufactured in accordance with the newest technical capabilities and based on the highest operating comfort. We have placed great value on the simplest possible operation and long service life in both construction and material selection.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents 1.0 Safety instructions ............5 1.1 Symbols used ............. 5 1.2 Intended use .............. 6 1.3 General Information ............ 6 1.4 Safety when driving ............. 7 1.5 Safety during transport, assembly and maintenance ..8 1.6 Safety when handling batteries ........9 1.7 Safety - information about electronics......
  • Page 4 Contents 8.8 Using the horn ............33 8.9 Switching off / parking the scooter ......33 9.0 Pushing the scooter ............. 34 10.0 Attaching the shopping basket ........34 11.0 Charging the batteries ..........35 11.1 Charging the batteries ..........36 11.1.1 Charging the batteries in the scooter via the tiller (22 Ah) ..............
  • Page 5 Contents 15.0 Maintenance and Inspection ........48 15.1 Daily maintenance before start of journey ....48 15.2 Annual inspection - inspection timetable ....49 16.0 Troubleshooting ............52 16.1 Before troubleshooting .......... 52 16.2 Troubleshooting ........... 53 16.3 Operation indicator blink codes ......55 16.3.1 Blink speed ............
  • Page 6: Safety Instructions

    Safety instructions 1.0 Safety instructions 1.1 Symbols used This instruction manual contains the following symbols which are used to highlight special hazards in dealing with the product or information for simplifying the handling. Symbol mean SERIAL NUMBER DATE OF MANUFACTURE MANUFACTURER Direct current 24V Protective earth (ground)
  • Page 7: Intended Use

    The Mini LS models are classified as an “invalid carriage” for use indoors, on pavements, footpaths, pedestrian zones and areas free from motor traffic.
  • Page 8: Safety When Driving

    Safety instructions • Only use accessories and spare parts authorized by KYMCO Healthcare UK Limited. • The scooter is only authorized for transport of one person. • Do not carry out any seat adjustments while driving. Tipping hazard! • Do not adjust the seat if the scooter is standing on an incline.
  • Page 9: Safety During Transport, Assembly And Maintenance

    Safety instructions • Do not drive backwards down gradients, stairs or kerbstones, or over obstacles. Danger due to unintentional movement! • Always turn the scooter off using the keyswitch if you: - want to get on or off - intend to stop for long periods - are putting the scooter away.
  • Page 10: Safety When Handling Batteries

    Safety instructions 1.6 Safety when handling batteries Fire hazard! • Do not cover the battery charger and ventilation slot while charging batteries. • Only use the battery charger in well-ventilated areas. Risk of accidents! • Only use the original battery charger (included in delivery). •...
  • Page 11: Versions

    Versions 2.0 Versions 3.0 Extent of delivery After receiving your scooter, please check the following: •That the delivery is complete in accordance with the list below •The delivery condition using the inspection plan (chapter 14.2) If any faults are apparent or components are missing, please contact your supplier or dealer.
  • Page 12: Components

    Components 4.0 Components 4.1 The scooter Dashboard with controls Shopping basket Seat unit with armrests Battery case Steering wheel Tiller 4.2 The dashboard - displays and controls Operation indicator (fault display) Key switch (ON-OFF switch) Speed controller Handle Handle Drive lever Drive lever (forwards) (reverse)
  • Page 13: Brief Instructions

    Brief instructions 5.0 Brief instructions The following brief instructions should enable people to quickly get used to operating the scooter after a long period of non-use and to refresh existing knowledge of operation. It is imperative that you follow the instructions given in the main manual! 5.1 Driving the scooter NOTE...
  • Page 14 Brief instructions 4.) Check the battery charging state 5.) Set the maximum speed Red-reserve Yellow-medium Green-full = lowest possible driving speed (approx. 1.5mph) = highest possible driving speed (approx. 4mph) 6.) Driving Operate the drive lever slowly until the required speed has been reached The drive lever position controls the speed variably right up to maximum driving speed.
  • Page 15: Transporting The Scooter

    Brief instructions 5.2 Transporting the scooter scooter Dismantling the (stages 1 to 9) 2.) Removing the battery case 1.) Remove the seat 3.) Fold the tiller down 4.) Remove the chassis...
  • Page 16 Brief instructions Reassembling the scooter (Stages 4 to 1) The scooter dismantled:    1. Chassis 2. Drive unit 3. Battery case 4. Seat unit  ...
  • Page 17: Setting Up The Scooter

    Adjusting the seat height 6.0 Setting up the scooter scooter The following passage describes how to set up your in order to ensure that you have a comfortable and safe drive. 6.1 Adjusting the seat height NOTE! scooter The seat must be removed from the in order to adjust the seat height.
  • Page 18 Adjusting the seat height n order to avoid danger when driving. Please adjust the height of seat, and then confirm if the seat’s bolt is at the right position, otherwise, the seat would be shaked. The seat height (h) is adjusted using the five holes (1-5) in the seat support.
  • Page 19 Adjusting the seat height Inserting the seat: Inserting the seat Pull the seat lock (a) and guide the seat into the seat support (1) from above. Let go off the seat lock and engage the rotational adjustment by turning the seat a little one way then the other.
  • Page 20: Adjusting The Seat Position

    Adjusting the seat 6.2 Adjusting the seat position 6.2.1 Adjusting the distance between seat Moving the seat and tiller Pull the locking lever (1) upwards and move the seat forwards or backwards to the required distance. Let go of locking lever and engage the locking mechanism by pushing the seat slightly forwards and backwards.
  • Page 21: Adjusting The Tiller Angle

    Adjusting the seat 6.3 Adjusting the tiller angle adjusting the tiller Always adjust the tiller so that you can reach all displays and controls easily at any time. The tiller can be variably adjusted. Turn and loose the locking knob(1) Push the tiller forwards or backwards into the required position (2).
  • Page 22: Information About Safe Scooter Driving

    Driving information 7.0 Information about safe d r iving Always carry out the safety information described in chapter 1.4 “Safety when driving“! Driving is very simple and after a few practice sessions you will Find it very easy. The following information should help you to drive safely through traffic: •always match your speed to the driving situation in which you find yourself.
  • Page 23: Driving Up Inclines And Down Slopes

    Driving information 7.1 Driving up inclines and down slopes If the payload is less than 80kg. It may run 130 m at 8° incline. If the payload is less than 120kg. It may run 75 m at 8° incline. If the payload is less than 136kg. It may run 60 m at 8° incline. (above performance is dependant on ambient temperature, drive surface and speed setting-guide only) The scooter will slow down to a safe reduced speed to protect the...
  • Page 24: Overcoming Obstacles

    Driving information 7.2 Overcoming obstacles scooter can climb over obstacles such as kerbstones up to height of 6 cm without any problem. Please observe the following points to make sure that your scooter doesn’t tip over while climbing obstacles: • Don’t try to drive over obstacles which are too high Example: kerbstones Remedy: always climb up kerbstones...
  • Page 25: Driving Information - Overcoming Kerbs

    Driving information 7.2.1 Driving Information – Overcoming kerbs Risk of accidents! Neogating kerbs needs some practice. • Please observe the maximum obstacle hights of 6 cm. • Please start practicing kerb climbing with small kerbs. Approach at a right angle Approach the kerb at a right angle.
  • Page 26: Overload Protection - Motor Protection

    Driving information 7.3 Overload protection - motor protection The overload protection switches the drive off if the motor becomes overloaded by trying to climb over too high an obstacle such as a kerbstone, or if you try to climb too steep of an incline. If the motor is overloaded, the following happens: scooter •...
  • Page 27: Battery Charging State = Driving Range

    Driving information 7.4 Battery charging state = driving range 7.4.1 Battery charging state Battery charge display Battery charge display: The battery charger display on the dashboard shows the battery charging state. Display ranges Full = maximum range Red-reserve Medium = decreased driving range, charge Yellow-medium batteries after journey Green-full...
  • Page 28: Driving Range

    Driving information 7.4.2 Driving range The driving range is dependent on the following conditions in addition to battery charge: - landscape conditions (level or steep) - weight of user - weather conditions (cold, rain) - driving with headlights (if fitted) For this reason, information about the driving range is only given as a guideline.
  • Page 29: Driving The Scooter

    Driving 8.0 Driving 8.1 Getting on and off Please observe the following before getting on or off: Turning the seat •The scooter must be standing on firm, level and non-slippery ground. •The engaging lever for push mode must be in the drive position (see chapt.9.0) •Turn off and remove the key.
  • Page 30 Driving NOTE! • If you feel you are safe enough, you can of course get onto the scooter without turning the seat round. • You can lift up the armrest on the side where you are standing and then get on.
  • Page 31: Turning The Seat

    Driving 45° 0° 90° 8.2 Turning the seat The seat can be turned to both 135° 45° sides of the angle, and firmly engaged in 8 positions (each position turns 45°). 180° 90° 135° Turning the seat: Pull the turning lock (1), turn the seat in the required direction or position (2) and engage.
  • Page 32: Adjusting The Speed

    Driving 8.4 Adjusting the speed Your maximum driving speed can be variably adjusted using the speed controller. Maximum driving speed = drive lever pressed as far as stop Controller symbols: Speed controller = lowest possible maximum driving speed (approx.2mph) = highest possible maximum driving speed (approx.
  • Page 33: Driving

    Driving 8.6 Driving Accident hazard due to locked tiller! • Before driving off, turn the tiller to check that it is not locked. Observe chapter 13.3.4. Hold the tiller firmly in both hands. Handle Handle Press the drive lever (1) in the direction of travel until the required speed has been reached.
  • Page 34: Using The Horn

    Driving 8.8 Using the horn Using the horn Press the horn button (5). It will sound for as long as you hold the button down.  Switching off 8.9 Switching off / parking Turn the key to the left to switch off.
  • Page 35: Attaching The Shopping Basket

    Pushing 9.0 Pushing Disengaging the drive In order to be able to push the scooter you must disengage the drive motor. The disengaging lever (1) is located on the right-hand side of the scooter No one is permitted to sit on the scooter When it is being pushed.
  • Page 36: Charging The Batteries

    Charging the batteries 11.0 charging the batteries Please also see the information given in the chapter entitled “Things to know“. Charging information: •The surrounding temperature should be between 10° and 30° Celsius. •The charging time will increase at lower temperatures. •Only use the original battery charger (included in delivery).
  • Page 37: Charging The Batteries

    Charging the batteries 11.1 Charging the batteries Switching off 11.1.1 Charging the batteries via the tiller Switch off. Engage the engaging lever for push mode into the “drive“ position. Engaging It is imperative that you observe the sequence for connecting and disconnecting the battery charger.
  • Page 38: Charging The 22 Ah Batteries In The Battery Case(when Removed From The Scooter)

    Charging the batteries 11.1.2 Charging the 22 Ah batteries in the battery case(when removed from the scooter) This section applies to the scooter fitted with22 Ah batteries. Removing the battery case 22 Ah batteries can be recognized because the battery case (1) is a single unit Remove the battery case upwards out of the scooter chassis.
  • Page 39: Led Information At Battery Charger During Charging

    Charging the batteries 11.1.3 LED information at battery charger during charging LED -> Color-> Meaning (a)-> Red-> battery charger -> Orange -> charging in progress -> Green-> charging complete, battery completely Removing 11.2 After charging the mains plug (1) Switch off and remove the battery charger plug from the mains socket.
  • Page 40: Things To Know

    Things to know 12.0 Things to know 12.1 The battery charger - functioning principle The battery charger regulates the voltage (Volt) and the current (Ampere) from your mains connection down to the voltage required for charging your batteries (24 Volt). The amount of charging current required is dependent on the charging state of the discharged batteries.
  • Page 41: What Are Batteries For Cyclic Use

    Things to know 12.2.1 What are batteries for cyclic use? Batteries for cyclic use are designed, in contrast to starter batteries as used in cars, so that they deliver continuous energy over a longer period of time and allow a considerable number of charging phases. 12.2.2 When do the batteries achieve their maximum performance? Fixed cycle batteries achieve a maximum performance after four or five...
  • Page 42: The Drive Unit

    Things to know Drive unit 12.5 The drive unit  The complete drive unit is located in the rear of the scooter and consists of the following main components: • the battery case (3) • the drive motor with rear axle (4) ...
  • Page 43: The Auto Switch-off

    Things to know 12.8 The auto switch-off The auto switch-off automatically switches the scooter off after 10 minutes at a stand- still. This protects the batteries from being discharged if the scooter was inadvertently not switched off. 12.9 Brakes Drive lever The scooter is automatically braked if the drive lever (1) is in the central position.
  • Page 44: Approval For Road Traffic Use

    Things to know 12.12 Approval for road traffic use Mini LS models are not defined as motor vehicles, but are a Class 2 Type invalid carriage. This type of scooter is for use on pavements and pedestrian areas with the exception of crossing roads.
  • Page 45: Transporting The Scooter

    Transporting the scooter 13.0 Transporting the scooter 13.1 Transport information Depending on the size of the transport vehicle, the scooter can be dismantled in a few steps so that it can also be easily transported in smaller vehicles. When transporting, take particular care to ensure that the batteries are securely fastened and make sure components cannot tip over.
  • Page 46: Working Step Summary

    Transporting the scooter In just a few steps you can   dismantle the scooter down to the following components to make it ready for transport: 1. Chassis 2. Drive unit  3. Battery case  Removing the seat 4. Seat unit 13.3.1 Working step summary 1.
  • Page 47: Folding The Tiller Down

    Transporting the scooter 13.3.4 Folding the tiller down Folding the tiller down Turn and loose the locking knob(1) Push the tiller forwards or backwards into the required position (2). Tighten the locking knob . Ensure that the tiller is engaged properly by moving slightly forwards and backwards 13.3.5 Disengaging the drive unit...
  • Page 48: Cleaning

    Cleaning 14.0 Cleaning NOTE • Only use mild detergents without scouring agents to clean any surfaces. • Please observe instructions for use on the detergents to avoid damage to the component surfaces. • Do not use any sharp-edged tools such as knives, metal scrapers or aggressive solvents for cleaning.
  • Page 49: Daily Maintenance Before Start Of Journey

    Maintenance and Inspection 15.0 Maintenance and Inspection If you find any faults on your scooter during maintenance which are not covered by the repair information, please contact your dealer. Always remove faulty scooters from operation and secure them against unauthorized use (remove key). 15.1 Daily maintenance before start of journey Check the brakes by driving slowly and then braking.
  • Page 50: Annual Inspection - Inspection Timetable

    Maintenance and Inspection 15.2 Annual inspection - inspection timetable Take your scooter once per year to your dealer for an inspection. He will have the necessary tools and experience to service your scooter correctly. Description Assessment (Component / inspection for) Defective Component : Seat Seatbelt /...
  • Page 51 Maintenance and Inspection Description Assessment (Component / inspection for) Defective Component : Tiller Panelling / no damage fixed securely Grip rubbers / no damage fixed securely Tiller, folding mechanism / no play in joint functions easily Component : chassis Connections / no damage Frames / no damage...
  • Page 52 Maintenance and Inspection Description Assessment (Component / inspection for) Defective Component : Displays and controls, electric system, electronic system Drive lever/ No damage Easy functioning over the entire lever movement Returns to central position after releasing from any position Secure blockage of magnetic brakes when lever is in central position ( scooter can not be pushed) Dashboard switches /...
  • Page 53: Troubleshooting

    Maintenance and Inspection Description Assessment (Component / inspection for) Defective Component : Drive Motor, drive / no damage fixed securely drive noise Motor, magnetic brake / holding force OK (Scooter can not be pushed with engaging lever in drive- position) Engaging lever / no damage functions easily...
  • Page 54: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting 16.2 Troubleshooting Fault Cause Remedy Scooter does not run / Scooter not Switch the scooter no display at the dashboard switched on (chapter 8) Power Battery not pluged supply interrupted Front unit connector not plugged in Check the battery fuses (chapter 17) Check fuse in...
  • Page 55 Troubleshooting Fault Cause Remedy Main fuses blow frequently Batteries defective Motor defective Visit your dealer Fault in control unit Short-circuit in electrical equipment Battery charge display moves Batteries Charge the batteries discharged (chapter 10) rapidly to discharged during journey Batteries defective Visit your dealer Motor jerks during driving Motor defective...
  • Page 56: Operation Indicator Blink Codes

    Troubleshooting 16.3 Operation indicator blink codes The operation indicator (1) on the dashboard is also designed as a display for error messages. Various faults in the drive electronics are displayed using blink sequence is as listed. 16.3.1 Blink list Instrument indicator Error code LED indicator Cause...
  • Page 57: Repairs

    Repairs 17.0 Repairs The following repair information should enable you to carry out small repairs on your vehicle yourself. You should, however, only carry out such work if you are used to working with the tools described here since it is impossible to fully prevent injury hazards when handling tools. If you are not sure, you should try to get help from a second person if possible or contact your dealer.
  • Page 58: Wheels - Removal And Replacement

    Repairs 17.3 Wheels - removal and replacement Tools required: Front wheel: 1 x socket spanner, size 12 mm Rear wheel: 1 x socket spanner, size 12 mm Front wheel Removing the wheels: Loosen the self-locking bolt (2) for the wheel fastening. Secure the scooter against rolling away.
  • Page 59 Repairs Fitting the front wheel: Fitting the front wheel Push the wheel onto the stem (3) as far as the wheel stop.  Screw the wheel fixing self-locking bolt (4) and tighten it (size 12 mm). lower the scooter. Retighten the self-locking bolt (4). ...
  • Page 60 Repairs Locating the washer Place the washer (8). Securing the rear wheel Screw the wheel fixing self-locking bolt(9) and tighten it (size 12 mm). Lower the scooter. Retighten the self-locking bolt.
  • Page 61: Replacing The Tyre

    Repairs 17.4 Replacing the wheel Front wheel Remove the damaged wheel. (wheel with tyre is one set) The wheel to be replaced with a new set Rear wheel...
  • Page 62: Fuses

    Repairs- fuses 17.5 Fuses Wiring diagram The scooter is fitted with the following fuses. • 7 A resettable fuse Position: in cable between charging socket and batteries (2). • 40 A fusible fuse Position: in each battery positive Battery fuses cable (2) External fuse position on battery case: (3) for 22 Ah batteries...
  • Page 63: Batteries

    Repairs- batteries 17.6 Batteries Only replace the batteries with the following battery types: 12 V / 22 Ah, lead acid deep cycle batteries. You may not use wet cell batteries with detachable cover caps. Risk of accidents! • Refitting the battery may only be carried out by your dealer. 17.6.1 Disposal of used or damaged batteries Caution acid! •...
  • Page 64: Replacing The Batteries

    Repairs - batteries 17.6.2 Refitting battery cables Fire and burn hazard if battery terminal is short- circuited! •Never touch the positive and negative battery terminals simultaneously with metal parts (short-circuiting). Remove the battery case from the Opening the battery case scooter as described in chapter 13.
  • Page 65: Temporary Storage

    Temporary storage 18.0 Temporary storage Front support If you are not intending to use your scooter for longer periods (e.g. over the winter, you should prepare it as follows: Remove soiling and dust. Charge the batteries completely. Place the scooter on supports. Lift high enough so that the tyres are no longer touching the floor.
  • Page 66: Specifications

    Appendix - specifications 19.1 Specifications 19.1.1 General data Scooter application class ......internal and external use Version ............Mini LS scooter Turning radius ..........125 cm Speed ............6.4 kph (4 mph) Maximum range* 22 Ah batteries .......... approx. 25km Maximum climable incline ......
  • Page 67: Torque For Fixing Screws

    Appendix - specifications 19.2 Torque for fixing screws Front wheel central self-locking bolt= 40 Nm Rear wheel central self-locking bolt= 50 Nm General torque for nuts and bolts: M 5 = 4.5 to 6 Nm M 6 = 8 to 12 Nm M 8 = 18 to 25 Nm M 10 = 30 to 40 Nm M 12 = 50 to 60 Nm...
  • Page 68: Wiring Diagram

    Wiring Diagram 20.0 Wiring Diagram...
  • Page 69: Warranty Information

    Warranty 21.0 Warranty information The Mini LS Model scooters are warranted for 12 months from date of purchase. Important! •During the warranty period any parts that have become defective due to faulty workmanship or material will be repaired or replaced without charge by KYMCO HEALTHCARE supplier / dealer.
  • Page 70 Work Shop use only-- Replacing the ECU(1) ECU Version: The control unit is a programmable electronic regulating unit. It regulates drive characteristics such as acceleration, maximum speed and braking behavior. The drive characteristics can be set to match the user's requirements by altering the programming.
  • Page 71 Work Shop use only-- Replacing the ECU(2)  Switch the Scooter off.  remove ECU protect cover  Disassemble the battery plugs (+)(-)and (1)(2) as picture--  Disassemble the ECU’s plug as picture--  Remove ECU bolts --.  Disassemble the ECU--. ...
  • Page 72 Work Shop use only- Removing and installing the motor  Switch the Scooter off.  Removing the seat.  Removing the batteries case .  Removing drive unit as picture.--  Remove the rear wheels.  Remove the motor stay bolts as picture.-- ...
  • Page 73 Work Shop use only-Adjusting the TOE-IN(1) Step 1: Handlebar - Push the tiller backward into the required position. - Moving the handlebar to the seat as picture - Ensure the handlebar is fixed firmly by seat. If the throttle levers touch the seat, remove the throttle levers.
  • Page 74 Work Shop use only-Adjusting the TOE-IN(2) Step 2: Measure the tyre’s “toe-in” Separately measure the figure between the upper and lower side. For Midi XL, should setting the standard point as picture. Lower Upper Standard poin Step 3: Adjusting the longer rod’s figure - For tyre’s “toe-in”, the upper distance should be less than the lower one.
  • Page 75 Work Shop use only-Adjusting the TOE-IN(3) Step 4 : Adjusting the shorter rod’s figure - To straighten the front tyres - The steering stem should be centered the body frame by adjusting the shorter rod - The front tyre parallels the steering stem by sight. - Tighten the shorter rod‘s nut after adjusting.
  • Page 76 Work Shop use only SP1 (Diagnostic Tool) introduction(1) Menus: You are in a menu if the display shows a message ending with ” ? “ Use the up and down keys to look through the menu. Use the help key to find out what each menu item does Press the enter key to use a menu item Once you are inside a menu item Use the help key to find out what to do next...
  • Page 77 Work Shop use only SP1 (Diagnostic Tool) introduction(2) Using your SP1: Plug in the sp1.-- Switch on the controller. The SP1 is ready for use. When you finish: Unplug the SP1. The controller is ready to drive. ...
  • Page 79 By KWANG YANG Motor Co., Ltd. Third Edition, APR. 2013 All rights reserved. Any reproduction or unauthorized use without the written permission of KWANG YANG Motor Co., Ltd. is strictly prohibited. T300-EQ20CC -A1 •NO.35 Wan Hsing Street,San Min District Kaohsiung city, Taiwan, Republic Of China •NO.61,Chung-Shan Sth Rd ,Lu-Chu Village ,Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, Republic Of China...
  • Page 80 KWANG YANG MOTOR CO., LTD No.35 Wan Hsing Street,San Min Distrist Kaohsiung Taiwan, Republic of China Telephone:886-7-3822526 FAX : 886-7-3950021...

Comments to this Manuals

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Latest comments:
  • Dave Neighbour Oct 12, 2018 11:29:
    I have a KYMCO Mini LS scooter but need to know the total weight.
    th​e manual doesn't state.

  • Richard Hazlehurst Mar 22, 2017 12:19:
    How do you brake when you want to stop