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Yamaha FX High Output WaveRunner 2004 Owner's/Operator's Manual

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Table of Contents
2004
WaveRunner
FX High Output
FX Cruiser High Output
OWNER'S/OPERATOR'S
MANUAL
U.S.A. Edition
READ THIS MANUAL
CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATION!
LIT-18626-05-64

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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha FX High Output WaveRunner 2004

  • Page 1 2004 WaveRunner FX High Output FX Cruiser High Output OWNER’S/OPERATOR’S MANUAL U.S.A. Edition READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATION! LIT-18626-05-64...
  • Page 3 BECOME ALERT! will help you to obtain maximum enjoyment YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED! from your new Yamaha. If you have any questions about the operation or mainte- WARNING nance of your watercraft, please consult a Failure to follow WARNING instructions Yamaha dealer.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    EJU09920 CONTENTS GENERAL AND SAFETY INFORMATION FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS OPERATION MAINTENANCE AND CARE TROUBLESHOOTING AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX READ THIS OWNER’S/OPERATOR’S MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR WATERCRAFT.
  • Page 7 EJU09930 GENERAL AND SAFETY INFORMATION Identification numbers ......1-1 Primary Identification (PRI-ID) number ...........1-1 Hull Identification Number (HIN) ....1-2 Engine serial number ......1-2 Emission control information ....1-3 Approval label of Emission control certificate ..........1-3 Manufactured date label ......1-3 Star labels (For California only) .....1-4 Important labels ........1-5 Label location .........1-5 Warning labels ........1-6...
  • Page 8: Identification Numbers

    Hull Identification Number (HIN) and engine serial number in the spaces pro- vided for assistance when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer. Also record and keep these ID numbers in a separate place in case your watercraft is stolen.
  • Page 9: Hull Identification Number (Hin)

    EJU12051 Hull Identification Number (HIN) The HIN is stamped on a plate 1 attached to the aft deck. EJU09971 Engine serial number The engine serial number is stamped on a label 1 attached to the engine unit.
  • Page 10: Emission Control Information

    EJU13881 Emission control information This engine conforms to 2004 U.S. Envi- ronmental Protection Agency (EPA) and/or California Air Resouces Board (CARB) reg- ulations for marine SI engines. This engine is certified to operate on reg- ular unleaded gasoline. EJU19920 Approval label of Emission control certificate This label is attached to the top of the cyl- inder head and to the bulkhead.
  • Page 11: Star Labels (For California Only)

    EJU20130 Star labels (For California only) This watercraft is labeled with a California Air Resources Board (CARB) star label 1. See below for a description of your particu- lar label. One Star - Low Emission The one-star label identifies engines that meet the Air Resources Board’s 2001 exhaust emission standards.
  • Page 12: Important Labels

    EJU09980 Important labels EJU13510 Label location...
  • Page 13: Warning Labels

    EJU13520 Warning labels...
  • Page 15: Other Labels

    EJU13540 Other labels...
  • Page 16: Safety Information

    Limitations on who may Safety information operate the watercraft The safe use and operation of this Yamaha recommends a minimum opera- watercraft is dependent upon the use of tor age of 16 years old. proper riding techniques, as well as upon Adults must supervise use by minors.
  • Page 17: Cruising Limitations

    Do not operate the watercraft in rough EJU10010 Cruising limitations water, bad weather or when visibility is poor; this may lead to an accident caus- ing injury or death. Be alert to the possi- bility of adverse weather. Take note of weather forecasts and the prevailing weather conditions before setting out on your watercraft.
  • Page 18: Operation Requirements

    EJU11603 Operation requirements All riders must wear a Coast Guard approved personal flotation device (PFD) that is suitable for personal watercraft use. Wear protective clothing. Severe internal injuries can occur if water is forced into body cavities as a result of falling into water or being near the jet thrust nozzle.
  • Page 19 Helmets meeting Snell or DOT standards are required for IJSBA-sanctioned races. You must decide whether to wear a hel- met while you ride for recreation. You should know that a helmet could help pro- tect you in certain kinds of accidents and that it could injure you in others.
  • Page 20: Recommended Equipment

    Obey the “Rules of ror can also be used as an emergency the Road,” and be sure to check behind signal. Contact your Yamaha dealer or the you before making a turn. (See Rules of Coast Guard for more information.
  • Page 21: Hazard Information

    Always operate the watercraft throttle. This model has the Yamaha in an open area. Engine Management System (YEMS) Hot oil tank, muffler, and engine surfaces that includes an Off-Throttle Steering can cause serious burns.
  • Page 22: Water-Skiing

    Reverse can be used to slow down or EJU17820 Water-skiing stop during low-speed maneuvering, such You can use the watercraft for water-ski- as when docking. Once the engine is ing if it has the seating capacity to carry the idling, shift to reverse and gradually operator, a rearward-facing spotter, and the increase engine speed.
  • Page 23 A second person should be on board as a Your control while pulling a skier is spotter to watch the skier; in most states it affected by the skier’s ability, as well as is required by law. Let the skier direct the water and weather conditions.
  • Page 24: Rules Of The Road

    Rules of the Road Whenever two vessels on the water meet one another, one vessel has the right-of- Yamaha watercraft is legally consid- way; it is called the “stand-on” vessel. The ered a powerboat. Operation of the vessel that does not have the right-of-way is watercraft must be in accordance with called the “give-way”...
  • Page 25: Rules When Encountering Vessels

    Rules when encountering Meeting If you are meeting another power vessel vessels head on, and are close enough to run the There are three main situations that you risk of collision, neither of you has the right- may encounter with other vessels which of-way! Both of you should alter course to could lead to a collision unless the Steering avoid an accident.
  • Page 26: Other Special Situations

    Overtaking Sailing vessel right-of-way If you are passing another vessel, you are Sailing vessels should normally be given the give-way vessel. This means that the the right-of-way. The exceptions to this are: other vessel is expected to maintain its 1. When the sailing vessel is overtaking the course and speed.
  • Page 27 This system uses buoys and signs with Remember, markings may vary by geo- distinctive shapes and colors to show regu- graphic location. Always consult local boat- latory or advisory information. These mark- ing authorities before riding your watercraft ers are white with black letters and orange in unfamiliar waters.
  • Page 28: To Get More Boating Safety Information

    Yamaha is the watercraft industry’s lead- EJU11810 To get more boating ing manufacturer to build awareness and support for boating education. In 1997, safety information Yamaha launched its GET W.E.T. (Water- Be informed about boating safety. Addi- craft Education and Training) initiative and...
  • Page 29: Enjoy Your Watercraft Responsibly

    EJU10060 Enjoy your watercraft responsibly You share the areas you enjoy when riding your watercraft with others and with nature. So your enjoyment includes a responsibility to treat these other people, and the lands, waters, and wildlife with respect and courtesy. Whenever and wherever you ride, think of yourself as the guest of those around you.
  • Page 30 –MEMO–...
  • Page 31: Features And Functions

    Cooling water pilot outlet .....2-11 Steering system ........2-12 Tilt lever ..........2-13 Shift lever ..........2-14 Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS) selector ..........2-15 Handgrip ..........2-16 Yamaha Engine Management System (YEMS) ..........2-17 Yamaha Security System/Low-RPM mode ............2-17 Multifunction meter .......2-20 Storage compartments ......2-26...
  • Page 32: Location Of Main Components

    EJU10080 Location of main components 1 Handlebars Use to control direction. 2 Rear seat 3 Front seat 4 Footwell Use to place feet for balance. To keep proper balance while facing to the rear to watch the skier. 5 Sponsons 6 Gunwale 7 Bow eye Use to attach rope for transporting, mooring or...
  • Page 33 1 Fuel tank filler cap 8 Stern drain plugs 2 Stern eye Use to drain water in the bilge when the water- Use to attach rope for transporting or mooring. craft is on dry land. 3 Intake grate 9 Cleat Prevents debris from getting into the jet pump.
  • Page 34 1 Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS) selector 7 Multifunction meter Use to select the trim angle of the watercraft. Use to check watercraft operation. 2 QSTS shift lock lever 8 Shift lever 3 Start switch Use to put the watercraft into forward or Push to start the engine.
  • Page 35 1 Air filter case 8 Muffler 2 Water separator 9 Spark plugs/Spark plug caps/Ignition coils 3 Fuel tank 4 Battery 5 Flush hose connector Use to flush the engine cooling water pas- sages. 6 Electrical box Protects electrical components from water. 7 Oil tank...
  • Page 36: Operation Of Controls And Other Functions

    EJU10090 Operation of controls and other functions EJU12110 Rear seat To remove the rear seat: Pull the rear seat latch 1 up, and then pull the seat off. To install the rear seat: Insert the projections on the front of the seat into the stays on the deck, and then push the rear of the seat down to lock it in place securely.
  • Page 37: Front Seat

    EJU18590 Front seat To remove the front seat: 1. Remove the rear seat. 2. Pull the front seat latch 1 up, and then pull the seat off. To install the front seat: 1. Insert the projections on the front of the seat into the stays on the deck, and then push the rear of the seat down to lock it in place.
  • Page 38: Hood

    EJU17830 Hood The hood release lever 1 is located on the port (left) side of the watercraft. To open the hood, pull the hood release lever up, and then lift the hood up. To close the hood, push the hood down to lock it in place.
  • Page 39: Remote Control Transmitter

    Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the trans- mitter. Do not use detergent, alcohol, or other chemicals. If the remote control transmitter needs a new battery or it is not operating properly, contact a Yamaha dealer. Do not attempt to replace the battery your- self.
  • Page 40: Engine Stop Switch

    NOTE: While the engine is running, input from the remote control transmitter is not received. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the fol- lowing two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept...
  • Page 41: Engine Shut-Off Switch

    The engine will not start when the clip is removed from the engine shut-off switch. The engine will not start if the lock mode of the Yamaha Security System has been selected. (See page 2-18 for Yamaha Security System and low-RPM mode selection procedures.)
  • Page 42: Throttle Lever

    EJU10180 Throttle lever Squeeze the throttle lever 1 to increase engine speed. Release the throttle lever to decrease engine speed or to return it to the idle posi- tion. EJU17840 Cooling water pilot outlet This watercraft is equipped with cooling water pilot outlets.
  • Page 43: Steering System

    This model has the Yamaha Engine Man- agement System (YEMS) that includes an Off-Throttle Steering (OTS) system. It will activate at planing speeds should you attempt to steer the watercraft after releas- ing the throttle lever.
  • Page 44: Tilt Lever

    EJU12170 Tilt lever The tilt lever 1 is located in front of the glove compartment and is used to adjust the tilt of the handlebars. To adjust the tilt, pull the tilt lever up, and then move the handlebars up or down to the desired position.
  • Page 45: Shift Lever

    EJU18770 Shift lever The shift lever is located on the starboard (right) side of the watercraft and is used to control the reverse gate, which allows the watercraft to move into reverse or forward. When in the reverse position, the water- craft can be launched from a trailer, or backed up out of tight spots where you can- not turn around easily.
  • Page 46: Quick Shift Trim System (Qsts) Selector

    EJU17850 Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS) selector The QSTS selector 1 is located at the left handlebar grip and is used to adjust the trim angle of the watercraft. Operating the QSTS selector changes the angle of the jet thrust nozzle vertically. This changes the trim angle of the watercraft.
  • Page 47: Handgrip

    EJU10230 Bow down Turn the grip to A or B and the bow will go down while the watercraft is on plane. Bow down puts more of the bow in the water. This gives the watercraft more “hook,” which enhances turning performance. This position will also help the watercraft get up on plane more quickly.
  • Page 48: Yamaha Engine Management System (Yems)

    If you lose the remote control transmitter or it does not operate properly, contact a Yamaha dealer. Yamaha Security System The Yamaha Security System functions to help prevent unauthorized use or theft of the watercraft.
  • Page 49 The “SECURITY” indicator light will come on and the engine can be started. (See the items in “Selecting the nor- mal mode/low-RPM mode” for operation mode information.) Number of Yamaha Security Engine can beeps System mode be started 1 beep...
  • Page 50 While the engine is running, input from the remote control transmitter is not received. CAUTION: If the remote control transmitter does not operate when its buttons are pressed, the battery may be low. Have a Yamaha dealer replace the battery. 2-19...
  • Page 51: Multifunction Meter

    EJU20730 Multifunction meter This meter contains the following func- tions for help and convenience in operating the watercraft. 1 Tachometer 2 Speedometer 3 Hour meter/Voltmeter 4 Fuel meter 5 “L-MODE” indicator light 6 Warning light 7 Fuel warning indicator 8 Engine overheat warning indicator 9 Oil pressure warning indicator 0 Check engine warning indicator A Select button...
  • Page 52: Fuel Meter

    EJU17870 Tachometer The engine speed (r/min) is displayed by segments. Each segment indicates a 250 r/min increment. EJU20740 Speedometer The meter shows the watercraft speed against water. NOTE: To switch the speedometer display between kilometers and miles, push the select button 1 for at least 1 second, within 10 seconds after the meter is displayed.
  • Page 53: Hour Meter/Voltmeter

    The voltmeter displays 12 volts or more when the battery voltage is within specifica- tion. If the voltage displayed is low, beach the watercraft and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer check the charging system. EJU20760 Check engine warning indicator...
  • Page 54: Fuel Warning Indicator

    At the same time, the engine speed is limited to help pre- vent damage. If this occurs, reduce the engine speed, beach the watercraft, and have a Yamaha dealer check the oil pressure. NOTE: Press the select button 1 on the multifunc- tion meter to stop the buzzer.
  • Page 55: Engine Overheat Warning Indicator

    CAUTION: If you cannot locate and correct the cause of the overheating, consult a Yamaha dealer. Continuing to operate at higher speeds could result in severe engine damage. NOTE: Press the select button 1 on the multifunc- tion meter to stop the buzzer.
  • Page 56: Security" Indicator Light

    EJU20800 “SECURITY” indicator light The “SECURITY” indicator light 1 comes on when the unlock mode of the Yamaha Security System is selected. The watercraft can be ridden normally when this light is on. (See page 2-17 for more information.) EJU20810 “L-MODE”...
  • Page 57: Storage Compartments

    EJU12360 Storage compartments A front storage compartment, a glove compartment, and seat storage compart- ments are provided. NOTE: Make sure that the storage compartments are properly secured before operating the watercraft. The storage compartments are not designed to be waterproof. If you carry objects that must be kept dry, such as the manuals, put them in a waterproof bag.
  • Page 58: Glove Compartment

    EJU20820 Glove compartment A glove compartment 2 is located in front of the seat. To open the glove compartment, slide the latch 1 toward you, and then lift up the lid. To close the glove compartment, push the lid down until it locks securely. NOTE: A removable beverage holder 3 and transmitter holder 4 are provided in the...
  • Page 59: Operation

    EJU10400 OPERATION Fuel and oil ..........3-1 Gasoline ..........3-1 Engine oil ..........3-3 Filling the fuel tank .........3-3 Pre-operation checks ......3-4 Pre-operation check list ......3-4 Pre-operation check points ....3-5 Operation ..........3-18 Engine break-in ........3-18 Launching the watercraft .....3-19 Starting the engine .......3-20 Stopping the engine ......3-22 Leaving the watercraft ......3-22 Operating your watercraft ....3-23...
  • Page 60: Fuel And Oil

    EJU17980 Fuel and oil This watercraft is equipped with a 4-stroke engine. Conventional 2-stroke engine oil cannot be used. The engine utilizes an electronic fuel injection system to deliver the optimal air- fuel mixture ratio required by the engine. With optimal combustion conditions, this system is able to increase startability and improve fuel economy.
  • Page 61 Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if ethanol content does not exceed 10% and the fuel meets minimum octane ratings. Gasohol containing methanol is not rec- ommended by Yamaha because it can cause fuel system damage or engine perfor- mance problems.
  • Page 62: Engine Oil

    EJU17990 Engine oil Use a combination of the recommended SAE and API oil classifications shown in the chart below. CAUTION: Use only 4-stroke engine oil. EJU18002 Filling the fuel tank CAUTION: Be careful when refueling. Avoid getting water or other contaminants in the fuel tank.
  • Page 63: Pre-Operation Checks

    EJU13460 Pre-operation checks EJU13470 Pre-operation check list Before operating this watercraft, perform the checks in the following check list. See the accompanying text in this chapter for details on how to perform the checks. WARNING If any item in the pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating the watercraft, otherwise an accident could occur.
  • Page 64: Pre-Operation Check Points

    EJU20570 Hull and deck Check the hull and deck for cracks or other damage. If any damage is found, have a Yamaha dealer repair the watercraft.
  • Page 65: Fuel Level

    EJU18020 Fuel level Check the fuel system for leakage, cracks or malfunctions before each use. (See page 4-10 for check points and correct proce- dures.) 1. Remove the fuel tank filler cap to release any pressure that might have built up in the fuel tank.
  • Page 66: Engine Oil Level

    EJU20831 Engine oil level Check the engine oil level before each use. CAUTION: When checking the engine oil level on water, be careful of other watercraft, boats, swimmers, and obstacles. The water current and wind can cause the watercraft to move and lead to a colli- sion.
  • Page 67 If the engine oil level is significantly above the maximum level mark, the oil tank is overfilled. Have a Yamaha dealer remove the excessive amount of engine oil.
  • Page 68: Water Separator

    EJU19610 Water separator Check the water separator 1 for water. Normally the water separator is empty. The water separator retains any water entering through the fuel tank breather hose if the watercraft is capsized. If water remains in the water separator, drain it by removing the drain screw 2.
  • Page 69: Stern Drain Plug

    To remove water from the bilge: 1. Remove the stern drain plugs. 2. Raise the bow of the watercraft until the water drains. 3. After the water has drained, wipe the bilge with dry rags to make sure that the bilge is thoroughly dry.
  • Page 70 EJU19690 Battery Check the battery condition and the elec- trolyte level. Check that the battery leads are tightened securely and there is no corrosion on the battery terminals. WARNING The battery must always be fully charged and in good condition. Loss of battery power may leave you stranded.
  • Page 71: Fire Extinguisher

    Always carry a fire extinguisher on board. A fire extinguisher is not standard equip- ment with this watercraft. If you do not have one, contact a Yamaha dealer or a fire extinguisher dealer to obtain one meeting the proper specifications.
  • Page 72 EJU18340 Throttle Squeeze and release the throttle lever several times to make sure that there is no hesitation in its travel. It should be smooth over the complete range, and spring back to the idle position when released. WARNING Before starting the engine, always check the operation of the throttle lever.
  • Page 73: Shift Lever And Reverse Gate

    EJU12450 Shift lever and reverse gate Check for proper operation of the shift lever and reverse gate. Make sure that the reverse gate goes down to its stopper position when the shift lever is pulled up. Also, make sure that the reverse gate goes up to its stopper position when shift lever is pushed down.
  • Page 74: Quick Shift Trim System (Qsts)

    4. Check that the angle of the jet thrust nozzle changes when the selector is shifted from neutral to bow up or bow down. If the mechanism does not work properly, have a Yamaha dealer service it. 3-15...
  • Page 75: Jet Unit

    EJU10580 Jet unit Carefully check the jet intake for weeds, debris, or anything else that might restrict the intake of water. If the intake is clogged, cavitation could occur, reducing jet thrust, and possibly damaging the jet pump. In some cases, the engine may overheat because of lack of cooling water, and dam- age to the engine could result.
  • Page 76 EJU18351 Switches CAUTION: Do not run the engine for more than 15 seconds on land without supplying water. The engine can overheat. Check the start switch, the engine stop switch, and the engine shut-off switch for proper operation. Push the start switch 1 to start the engine.
  • Page 77: Operation

    Operation WARNING Before operating your watercraft, become familiar with all controls. Con- sult your Yamaha dealer about any con- trol function fully understand. Failure to understand how controls work could cause an accident or prevent you from avoiding an accident.
  • Page 78: Launching The Watercraft

    Use the remote control transmitter to select the unlock mode. (See page 2-18 for Yamaha Security System and low-RPM mode selection procedures.) After the watercraft is in the water, start the engine. Shift into reverse and move the watercraft back slowly.
  • Page 79: Starting The Engine

    Always operate the watercraft in an open area. 1. If the lock mode of the Yamaha Security System is selected, use the remote con- trol transmitter to select the unlock mode.
  • Page 80 3. Attach the clip 1 to the engine shut-off switch 2 and attach the engine shut-off cord 3 to your left wrist. WARNING Check that the engine shut-off cord is not frayed or broken, and keep it free from the handlebars so the engine stops if the operator falls off.
  • Page 81: Stopping The Engine

    EJU20850 Leaving the watercraft If leaving the watercraft, select the lock mode of the Yamaha Security System and remove the engine shut-off cord to reduce the chance of accidental starting or unau- thorized use by children or others. (See page 2-18 for Yamaha Security System and low-RPM mode selection procedures.)
  • Page 82: Operating Your Watercraft

    EJU10680 EJU11910 Operating your watercraft Learning to operate your watercraft Before operating the watercraft, always EJU11650 Getting to know your perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 3-4. The short time spent checking the watercraft watercraft will reward you with added safety Operating your watercraft requires skills and reliability.
  • Page 83: Riding Watercraft With Passengers

    Wear protective clothing. Severe internal The passengers must always wear USCG injuries can occur if water is forced into body approved PFD and wetsuit bottom or equiv- cavities as result of falling into the water or alent. being near the jet thrust nozzle. Normal WARNING swimwear does not adequately protect Do not apply throttle when anyone is at...
  • Page 84: Starting The Watercraft

    EJU18370 Starting the watercraft WARNING Scan constantly for people, objects, and other watercraft. Be alert for con- ditions that limit your visibility or block your vision of others. Operate defensively at safe speeds and keep a safe distance away from people, objects, and other watercraft.
  • Page 85: Starting From A Dock

    EJU10730 Starting and boarding in shallow water 1. Do not start the engine in less than 60 cm (2 ft) of water. Put the watercraft in water that is deep enough, and then board the watercraft from the side or the rear.
  • Page 86: Boarding And Starting In Deep Water

    EJU10750 Boarding and starting in deep water WARNING Operator and passenger should prac- tice getting on board in shallow water before riding in deep water. Boarding in deep water requires more skill. The fatigue and exposure that could result after unsuccessful attempts to get back on the watercraft may increase the risk of injuries and drown- ing.
  • Page 87: Boarding With Passengers

    EJU18490 Boarding with passengers WARNING Severe internal injuries can occur if water is forced into body cavities as a result of being near the jet thrust nozzle. Do not apply throttle until each passen- ger is seated with his or her feet on the floor of the footwell and is holding on to the person in front of him or her.
  • Page 88 NOTE: The heavier the total weight of the operator and passengers, the more difficult it will be to balance the watercraft. Do not operate the watercraft when the total weight exceeds 240 kg (530 lb) including any cargo. If it is difficult to balance the watercraft at a stand- still, proceed as follows: 1.
  • Page 89: Capsized Watercraft

    EJU18101 Capsized watercraft If the watercraft capsizes, turn it over immediately. Be sure to carefully follow the procedures below to prevent injury or damage to the watercraft. WARNING IMPROPER UPRIGHTING CAN CAUSE INJURY: Make sure that the engine shut-off cord is removed from the engine shut- off switch.
  • Page 90 3. Start the engine and operate the water- craft to discharge any water remaining in the engine compartment. (If the engine does not start, see page 5-7, “Towing the watercraft” or page 5-8, “Submerged watercraft.”) NOTE: To efficiently discharge water from the engine compartment, operate the watercraft as straight as possible and above planing speed for at least 2 minutes.
  • Page 91: Turning The Watercraft

    EJU19960 Turning the watercraft Steering control depends on the combi- nation of handlebar position and the amount of throttle. Water sucked in through the intake grate is pressurized by the impeller in the jet pump. As the pressurized water is expelled from the pump through the jet thrust nozzle, it creates thrust to move and steer the watercraft.
  • Page 92 This model has the Yamaha Engine Man- agement System (YEMS) that includes an Off-Throttle Steering (OTS) system. It will activate at planing speeds should you attempt to steer the watercraft after releas- ing the throttle lever (see condition C above).
  • Page 93: Stopping The Watercraft

    EJU18500 Stopping the watercraft The watercraft is not equipped with a sep- arate braking system. It is stopped by water resistance when throttle lever released. From full speed, the watercraft comes to a complete stop in approximately 100 m (330 ft) after the throttle is released and the engine is stopped, although this dis- tance will vary depending on many factors, including gross weight, water surface condi-...
  • Page 94: Beaching The Watercraft

    EJU10810 Beaching the watercraft 1. Make sure no obstructions, boats or swimmers are near the beach. Release the throttle lever about 100 m (330 ft) before you reach the intended beaching area. 2. Approach the beach slowly and stop the engine before reaching land.
  • Page 95: Reverse On Waterways

    EJU12540 Reverse on waterways Reverse can be used for slow speed maneuvering when it is necessary to back up out of tight spots where you cannot turn around. Reverse can only be used to slow down or stop during low speed maneuver- ing, such as when docking.
  • Page 96: Post-Operation Checks

    EJU18620 Post-operation checks Always perform the following post-opera- tion checks after operating the watercraft. 1. Remove the watercraft from the water. 2. Wash down the hull, handlebars, and jet unit with fresh water. 3. Remove the seat and check the engine compartment for water.
  • Page 97 3, if necessary). 10. Wipe the hull, handlebars, and jet unit dry with a clean cloth. 11. Spray a rust inhibitor, such as Yamaha Silicone Protectant and Lubricant, on metallic parts to minimize corrosion. 12. Allow the engine compartment to air dry completely before installing the seat.
  • Page 98: Transporting

    EJU18110 Transporting When transporting the watercraft on a trailer, secure the tie downs to the trailer through the bow eye and stern eye. CAUTION: Do not route ropes or tie downs over the seat, as they may leave permanent marks on the seat’s surface. Also, wrap the ropes or tie downs with tow- els or rags where they touch the body of the watercraft to avoid scratching or...
  • Page 99: Maintenance And Care

    EJU10860 MAINTENANCE AND CARE Storage ............4-1 Flushing the cooling system ....4-1 Lubrication ..........4-3 Fuel system ..........4-4 Battery ............4-5 Cleaning the watercraft ......4-6 Maintenance and adjustments ....4-7 Owner’s/Operator’s Manual and tool kit .............4-8 Periodic maintenance chart ....4-9 Inspecting the fuel system ....4-10 Changing the engine oil .......4-11 Checking the air filter element .....4-13 Inspecting the jet thrust...
  • Page 100: Storage

    It is advisable to have the watercraft serviced by a Yamaha dealer prior to stor- age. However, the following procedures can be performed by the owner. EJU18130...
  • Page 101 1. Put the watercraft on land in a horizontal position. 2. Remove the rear seat and seat storage compartment. (See page 2-5 for seat removal and installation procedures.) 3. Open the flushing hose connector cap 1, and then insert the garden hose adapter 2 into the flushing hose con- nector 3 and turn it until it is securely connected.
  • Page 102: Lubrication

    3. Remove the air filter case cover and air filter element. 4. Spray a rust inhibitor such as Yamaha Stor-Rite Engine Fogging Oil into each intake opening 3 for 3 seconds. 5. Install the air filter element and air filter case cover.
  • Page 103: Fuel System

    If any gasoline spills onto your skin, immediately wash with soap and water. Change clothing if gasoline spills on it. Top off the fuel tank with fresh gasoline and add one ounce of Yamaha Fuel Stabi- lizer and Conditioner to each gallon of fuel.
  • Page 104: Battery

    Fully charge the battery, and then store it in a cool, dark place. Apply Yamaha marine grease or Yamaha grease A to the battery terminals. Check the battery at least every 2 months and fully charge it if necessary.
  • Page 105: Cleaning The Watercraft

    12 volts. Specific gravity (for reference): 1.28 at 20 °C (68 °F) It is recommended to have a Yamaha dealer check the specific gravity and to charge the battery. If you maintain the battery yourself, be sure to read and follow the instructions provided with the battery tester and charger you use.
  • Page 106: Maintenance And Adjustments

    Remember that failures that are the result of the installation of parts or accessories which are not qualitatively equivalent to gen- uine Yamaha parts are not covered by the limited warranty. WARNING Be sure to turn off the engine when...
  • Page 107: Owner's/Operator's Manual And Tool Kit

    NOTE: A service manual is available for purchase through a Yamaha dealer for owners who have the mechanical skills, tools, and other equipment necessary to perform mainte- nance not covered by this Owner’s/Opera- tor’s Manual. EJU18740 Owner’s/Operator’s Manual and tool kit It is advisable always to carry the Owner’s/Operator’s Manual and tool kit 2...
  • Page 108: Periodic Maintenance Chart

    PMC-F1B1 ) This mark indicates maintenance that you may do yourself. ❍ ) This mark indicates work to be done by a Yamaha dealer. MAINTENANCE INTERVAL THEREAFTER INITIAL...
  • Page 109: Inspecting The Fuel System

    EJU18410 Fuel tank Check the fuel tank 1 for leakage or water in the tank. If water is found in the fuel system or if the fuel tank needs to be cleaned, have a Yamaha dealer service the watercraft. 4-10...
  • Page 110: Changing The Engine Oil

    The oil filter should be replaced every two years or every 200 hours of opera- tion. Have a Yamaha dealer replace the oil filter if necessary. It is recommended to have a Yamaha dealer change the engine oil. However, if...
  • Page 111 If oil is leaking or the oil pressure warn- ing indicator comes on when the engine is running, immediately turn the engine off and have a Yamaha dealer check the watercraft. Continuing to operate the engine under such conditions could cause severe engine damage.
  • Page 112: Checking The Air Filter Element

    EJU18190 Checking the air filter element The air filter element should be checked every 12 months or every 100 hours of oper- ation. To check the air filter: 1. Remove the rear and front seats. (See pages 2-5 and 2-6 for seat removal and installation procedures.) 2.
  • Page 113: Inspecting The Jet Thrust Nozzle Angle

    1 on the bracket, and that the arm 2 makes contact with the reverse gate. If the reverse gate does not reach the cor- rect positions, have a Yamaha dealer ser- vice it. EJU11040 Inspecting and adjusting the...
  • Page 114: Cleaning And Adjusting The Spark Plugs

    Do not attempt to diagnose any prob- lems yourself. Have a Yamaha dealer service the watercraft. Remove and inspect the spark plugs peri- odically; heat and deposits will cause the spark plugs to slowly break down and erode.
  • Page 115 Measure the spark plug gap a with a wire thickness gauge. Replace the spark plug or adjust the gap to specification if nec- essary. Spark plug gap: 0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in) To install the spark plug: 1. Clean the gasket surface. 2.
  • Page 116: Lubrication Points

    Lubrication points To keep moving parts sliding or rotating smoothly, coat them with water-resistant grease. Recommended water-resistant grease: Yamaha Marine Grease/ Yamaha Grease A Throttle cable (throttle body end) Throttle cable (handlebar end) Pull the throttle lever and remove the seal 1.
  • Page 117 Steering cable (nozzle end) Nozzle pivot shaft QSTS cable (nozzle end) QSTS cables (pulley end) QSTS cables (handlebar end) Remove the QSTS cable housing. Spray a rust inhibitor into the outer cable. Reinstall the QSTS cable housing. Shift cable (lever end) 4-18...
  • Page 118 Shift cable (reverse gate end) Intermediate housing Using a grease gun, fill the intermediate housing with water-resistant grease through the grease nipple 1. Grease quantity: Initial 10 hours or 1 month: 33.0–35.0 cm (1.11–1.18 oz) Every 100 hours or 12 months: 6.0–8.0 cm (0.20–0.27 oz) 4-19...
  • Page 119: Inspecting The Battery

    EJU19710 Inspecting the battery Check the level of the battery electrolyte and make sure that the negative and posi- tive leads are securely tightened. WARNING Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dangerous, causing severe burns, etc. Electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, or cloth- ing.
  • Page 120 CAUTION: Do not attempt to charge a battery hast- ily. Battery life could be shortened. It is recommended to have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery. If you charge the battery yourself, carefully read the battery charger instructions before charging and fol- low the points below.
  • Page 121: Adjusting The Fuel Injection System

    EJU18231 Adjusting the fuel injection system The fuel injection system was set at the Yamaha factory. Have a Yamaha dealer ser- vice the watercraft if necessary. CAUTION: Do not attempt to adjust the fuel injection system. If the settings are changed poor engine performance and damage may result.
  • Page 122: Replacing The Fuse

    EJU18250 Replacing the fuse The fuse is in the electrical box 1. To replace the fuse: 1. Remove the cap 2. 2. Replace the fuse 4 with the spare fuse 5 of the correct amperage by using the special tool 3 on the reverse side of the cap.
  • Page 123: Specifications

    EJU13590 Specifications MODEL Unit FX High Output/FX Cruiser High Output ITEM WATERCRAFT CAPACITY Maximum people on board Number of people Maximum load capacity kg (lb) 240 (530) DIMENSIONS Length mm (in) 3,340 (131.5) Width mm (in) 1,230 (48.4) Height mm (in) 1,160 (45.7) Dry weight kg (lb)
  • Page 124 MODEL Unit FX High Output/FX Cruiser High Output ITEM DRIVE UNIT Propulsion system Jet pump Jet pump type Axial flow, single stage Impeller rotation Counterclockwise (viewed from rear) Transmission Constant mesh 1-speed Jet thrust nozzle horizontal angle Degree 24 + 24 Jet thrust nozzle trim angle Degree -10, -5, 0, 5, 10...
  • Page 125: Troubleshooting And

    EJU11150 TROUBLESHOOTING AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Troubleshooting ........5-1 Troubleshooting chart ......5-1 Emergency procedures ......5-3 Cleaning the jet intake and impeller ..5-3 Jumping the battery .......5-5 Towing the watercraft ......5-7 Submerged watercraft ......5-8...
  • Page 126: Troubleshooting

    If you have any trouble with your watercraft, use this section to check for the possible cause. If you cannot find the cause, or if the procedure for replacement or repair is not described in this Owner’s/Operator’s Manual, have a Yamaha dealer perform the necessary service. EJU13670 Troubleshooting chart...
  • Page 127 Fuel Empty Refill as soon as possi- Engine runs irregu- larly or stalls Stale or contaminated Have serviced by 4-10 Yamaha dealer Fuel tank Water or dirt present Have serviced by 4-10 Yamaha dealer Spark plug Fouled or defective Replace...
  • Page 128: Emergency Procedures

    EJU11180 Emergency procedures EJU11190 Cleaning the jet intake and impeller If weeds or debris get caught in the intake or impeller, cavitation can occur, causing jet thrust to decrease even though engine speed rises. If this condition is allowed to continue, the engine will overheat and may seize.
  • Page 129 2. Remove any weeds or debris from around the drive shaft, impeller, pump housing, and jet thrust nozzle. If debris is difficult to remove, consult your Yamaha dealer. CAUTION: Always avoid operating your watercraft in areas where weed growth is thick. If trav-...
  • Page 130: Jumping The Battery

    EJU18440 Jumping the battery If the watercraft battery has run down, the engine can be started using a 12-volt bat- tery and jumper cables. WARNING Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dan- gerous, causing severe burns, etc. Elec- trolyte contains sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
  • Page 131: Connecting The Jumper Cables

    EJU18450 Connecting the jumper cables 1. Connect the positive (+) jumper cable 1 to the positive (+) terminals of both bat- teries. 2. Connect one end of the negative (–) jumper cable 2 to the negative (–) termi- nal of the booster battery 3. 3.
  • Page 132: Towing The Watercraft

    EJU19130 Towing the watercraft If the watercraft becomes inoperative in the water, it can be towed to shore. If the watercraft must be towed in an emergency using a towline, the operator should ride the watercraft, holding onto the handlebars. CAUTION: Tow the watercraft at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less, otherwise water could enter the...
  • Page 133: Submerged Watercraft

    EJU19020 Submerged watercraft If the watercraft is submerged or flooded with water, follow the procedure below and consult a Yamaha dealer as soon as possi- ble. Failure to do so may result in serious engine damage! In an emergency: 1. Beach the watercraft and remove the stern drain plugs to drain the water from the engine compartment.
  • Page 134 –MEMO–...
  • Page 135: Appendix

    EJU11240 APPENDIX Limited warranty ........6-1 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) ..........6-3 Index ............. 6-4...
  • Page 136: Limited Warranty

    Owner’s/Operator’s Manual. The owner of the watercraft shall give notice to an authorized Yamaha dealer of any and all apparent defects within ten [10] days of dis- covery and make the watercraft available at that time for inspection and repairs at the dealer’s place of business.
  • Page 137 If you should move after you have purchased your new watercraft, please advise us of your new address by sending a postcard listing your Yamaha model name, engine number, dealer number [or dealer’s name] as it is shown on your warranty card, your name and new mailing address.
  • Page 138 This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha Extended Service.
  • Page 139 Engine stop switch ........2-9 EJU11250 Index Enjoy your watercraft responsibly ..1-22 Filling the fuel tank ........3-3 Adjusting the fuel injection system ..4-22 Fire extinguisher........3-12 Approval label of Emission control Fishing vessel right-of-way....1-19 certificate..........1-3 Flushing the cooling system ....4-1 Front seat ..........
  • Page 140 Label location .......... 1-5 Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS)... 3-15 Launching the watercraft....... 3-19 Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS) Learning to operate your watercraft ..3-23 selector..........2-15 Leaving the watercraft......3-22 Limitations on who may operate Reading buoys and other markers ..1-19 the watercraft ..........
  • Page 141 Watercraft Education and Training..1-21 Water separator ........3-9 Water-skiing .......... 1-15 Yamaha Engine Management System (YEMS)........2-17 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)............ 6-3 Yamaha Security System...... 2-17 Yamaha Security System lock and unlock modes ........2-17 Yamaha Security System/Low-RPM mode ............. 2-17...
  • Page 144 YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, USA Printed in USA Jan. 2004—3.6 × 1 CR F1S-F8199-10 Printed on recycled paper...

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