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XEROX Nuvera 100 roduction Systems Paper Manual

Production systems; perfecting production systems.
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Software Version 10.0
October 2009
701P49973
Xerox Nuvera

Paper Guide

Xerox Nuvera 100/120/144 EA/MX Production Systems
Xerox Nuvera 200/288 EA/MX Perfecting Production Systems
®

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Table of Contents

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   Summary of Contents for XEROX Nuvera 100 roduction Systems

  • Page 1: Paper Guide

    Software Version 10.0 October 2009 701P49973 ® Xerox Nuvera Paper Guide Xerox Nuvera 100/120/144 EA/MX Production Systems Xerox Nuvera 200/288 EA/MX Perfecting Production Systems...
  • Page 2 ©2009 Xerox Corporation. All rights reserved. Xerox® and the sphere of connectivity design, Xerox Nuvera®, FreeFlow® and DocuCard® are trademarks of Xerox Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Changes are periodically made to this document. Technical inaccuracies and typographic errors will be corrected in subsequent editions.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Finish / Smoothness ........... 1-7 Stock coating categories for Xerox Nuvera ......1-7 Formation .
  • Page 4 About Xerox papers ........4-1...
  • Page 5: Introduction

    Its goal is to help you optimize image quality, paper handling, and the overall performance of the system. The Xerox Nuvera family of products use a media selection model rather than a tray selection model. There are several benefits to selecting the media such as higher productivity, less wasted stock (especially important for specialty stock), and correct output media assurance.
  • Page 6: Related Resources

    - Variable information is lower case italicized text; replace the text with the actual value. For example, type name in the text field. • Document title - Document and chapter names are shown in italics. For example, the Xerox Nuvera Paper Guide. •...
  • Page 7: Selecting Stock

    Selecting stock There are many factors you must consider when selecting stocks for the Xerox Nuvera EA and MX Systems. This chapter will help you choose stocks that will optimize image quality and paper handling. Stock size and weight ranges The following table indicates the minimum and maximum paper sizes in inches and millimeters.
  • Page 8: Recommended Stocks

    Stocks that are recommended for use with the Xerox Nuvera have been categorized as Best, Better or Good. A broad range of stocks has been tested on the Xerox Nuvera for image quality. The following table defines image quality as Best, Better, and Good and lists general types of stock within each category.
  • Page 9: The Stock Library And Media Compatibility Guide

    (feeders, print engine, stackers). The modules can then adjust their settings for optimum performance as needed. The Media Compatibility Guide is a list of stocks that have been approved by Xerox for use with the Xerox Nuvera.
  • Page 10: Stocks That Should Not Be Used

    The stocks in the following table should not be run on a Xerox Nuvera System. Note Some paper properties are not included in the supplier’s paper specifications. Order papers with guaranteed performance from vendors with stringent quality assurance programs.
  • Page 11: Ordering Guidelines For Paper

    Order high quality papers to optimize print quality and productivity, and to minimize the amount of paper waste. • Test a small amount of a new paper in your Xerox Nuvera Systems before ordering a large quantity. • Order paper with guaranteed performance from vendors with stringent quality assurance programs.
  • Page 12: Paper Properties That Affect Xerographic Images

    Choosing the right paper calls for a strong knowledge of paper characteristics and how they relate to the specific print technology. Your Xerox Nuvera uses dry ink, which is a very fine powder. The following paper properties interact with the dry ink to determine the quality of images.
  • Page 13: Finish / Smoothness

    A solid black on a cast coated sheet appears as though it has been coated or varnished. Stock coating categories for Xerox Nuvera Coatings can be applied to papers to increase smoothness. When coated media are entered into the Stock Library, the coating type must be set to gloss, high-gloss, semi-gloss, satin, or matte.
  • Page 14: Formation

    The color of the paper (white, pink, buff etc.) must be specified in the Xerox Nuvera Stock Library. When choosing paper color remember that paper shades can vary significantly among brands.
  • Page 15: Paper Properties That Affect Paper Handling

    Xerox Nuvera Selecting stock Paper properties that affect paper handling The following paper properties affect how well the Xerox Nuvera System runs. You can maximize the productivity of your printer by choosing high quality papers and managing the moisture content. •...
  • Page 16: Grain

    Load heavyweight papers with the grain parallel to the lead (left side) edge of the tray so it will bend easier as it moves through the system. Load middleweight papers with the grain in either direction. The weight ranges for the Xerox Nuvera Systems are displayed in the following table.
  • Page 17: Determining Grain Direction

    Xerox Nuvera Selecting stock Determining grain direction One way to determine the grain is to fold a sheet of paper lengthwise, then make a crosswise fold. Cross-grain folds tend to be more rough and cracked as shown in the Fold with and against grain figure.
  • Page 18: Cut Quality

    Fibers, additives, and coatings can rub off of sheets as they are pulled through drive rollers. Papers with good surface strength shed fewer fibers and particles, which helps prevent the Xerox Nuvera System from becoming contaminated over time. System contamination causes jamming throughout the system, image quality problems, and fuser wraps (fuser agent becomes contaminated).
  • Page 19: Managing Your Paper Supply

    Inserter hints and tips The following guidelines will help you manage your paper supply and allow you to maximize: • Productivity - Your Xerox Nuvera will run with fewer problems. • Quality - Your finished product will look better. •...
  • Page 20: Checking Paper For Defects

    Managing your paper supply Xerox Nuvera Checking paper for defects CAUTION Return all defective paper to the supplier to prevent machine contamination, image quality defects, jams and misfeeds. Never attempt to use paper that is defective in any way. Check all paper that is shipped to you for the following defects: •...
  • Page 21: Handling Paper

    Xerox Nuvera Managing your paper supply Handling paper Even the best papers can be rendered useless by improper handling. Paper damage, caused by poor handling, may not be apparent until feeding or image quality problems occur. Protect your paper investment by following these paper handling tips: •...
  • Page 22: Paper And Moisture

    Managing your paper supply Xerox Nuvera Paper and moisture Paper fibers expand or contract with changes in humidity. Changes in moisture content can cause paper to deform, change dimensions, or change in stiffness. Problems caused by moisture Excess moisture in paper can cause: •...
  • Page 23: Controlling Moisture In Paper

    Xerox Nuvera Managing your paper supply Controlling moisture in paper Follow these guidelines to prevent moisture-related problems: • Store paper on pallets, on shelves, or in cabinets. Cartons can absorb extra moisture if placed on the floor. • Store paper in a climate controlled room, if possible. Most air conditioning systems provide a good mix of temperature and humidity.
  • Page 24: Using Storage Bags For Unused Paper

    Paper that has been unwrapped and not used, such as paper left over at the end of a shift, should be repackaged or protected with a moisture proof wrapper or plastic bag. To help protect unwrapped paper, three storage bag kits are available for purchase from Xerox. •...
  • Page 25: Conditioning Paper To The Printing Environment

    Xerox Nuvera Managing your paper supply Conditioning paper to the printing environment When paper is moved from a storage area to a print room, it must be conditioned to the print room temperature before it is used. Conditioning means allowing the paper to stand, unopened, in the print room until its temperature matches the temperature of the print room.
  • Page 26: Loading Paper Into Feeder Trays

    Refer to the Configuring Paper Stocks and Tray Settings section in the Xerox Nuvera User Guide and Training Aid. Note When programming a stock in a feed tray or the stock library it is important to set the correct stock properties, especially the weight listed as gsm.
  • Page 27 Managing your paper supply • Loading papers of varying types and weights may warrant manual adjustment of the decurler mechanism. Refer to the Adjusting the Decurler section in the Xerox Nuvera User Guide and Training Aid. • To avoid placing handling dings (dents) on sheets, you may need to fan the paper after it is loaded in the feed tray.
  • Page 28 Note Use regular (forward, straight) collated tabs with lead edge binders like the DS5000 and BFM. – Refer to Appendix C, the Xerox Nuvera User Guide and Training Aid or www.xerox.com for more information. 2-10 Paper Guide...
  • Page 29: Inserter Hints And Tips

    The Xerox Nuvera will allow you to stack printed jobs face up or face down. The default is to print jobs face down, which is the recommended orientation when using an inserter. If a job is printed face up, sheets fed from the inserter may be oriented incorrectly.
  • Page 30 Managing your paper supply Xerox Nuvera 2-12 Paper Guide...
  • Page 31: Tips By Stock Type

    Tips by stock type This chapter offers tips for running common types of stock in your Xerox Nuvera EA or MX System. Tips that apply to all stocks appear first and are followed by tips for specific types of stocks. The following stock types are a combination of: •...
  • Page 32: Stock Types

    Tips by stock type Xerox Nuvera Stock types The stock types covered in this section include: • All stocks (Tips that apply to all stocks) • Bond (56 to 158 gsm) • Bristol (147 to 220 gsm) • Carbonless •...
  • Page 33 • Before ordering stock, check the latest Xerox Nuvera Media Compatibility Guide. • If you wish to run a paper that has not been recommended by Xerox, test a small quantity before making a large purchase. Storage tips Refer to the Chapter 2 section on controlling moisture in paper.
  • Page 34 Tips by stock type Xerox Nuvera Carbonless Description A paper with an impact-sensitive coating that is used to produce multiple copies. Selection tips For best results, select paper that was designed for laser compatibility. Storage tips Follow general guidelines in Chapter 2, Managing your paper supply.
  • Page 35 Xerox Nuvera Tips by stock type CAUTION Running drilled paper containing paper plugs can damage the photoreceptor. Drilled Paper Description Drilled paper has two or more holes along one edge so it can be placed in a ring binder or spiral bound. A plastic reinforcement strip is placed on the drilled edge of some papers to prevent tearing from the holes.
  • Page 36 Tips by stock type Xerox Nuvera Heavyweight Coated (140 to 220 gsm) Description Any coated paper for use in printing that weighs 140 gsm or more. Coatings may be applied to one or both sides to enhance image quality. Selection tips Dry ink may not adhere well to some high-gloss, semi-gloss, and gloss coated heavyweight stocks.
  • Page 37 Xerox Nuvera Tips by stock type Label Stock Description Sheets of gum-backed paper that are affixed to sheets of waxy-topped paper. The top sheet is cut into various shapes and sizes that can be peeled off of the back sheet.
  • Page 38 Tips by stock type Xerox Nuvera Perforated Paper Description Paper that has been laser or mechanically cut or perforated with lines of small, regularly spaced holes or slits so a sheet can be easily separated into sections. Mechanical perforations (spiked wheel or die cut) create paper dust and chaff as well as a slight bulge below the perforations that prevent dry ink from adhering properly.
  • Page 39 • If you wish to use a preprinted paper that has not been tested by Xerox, check with your Xerox representative first. Some preprinted papers can cause system damage.
  • Page 40 Many scored papers are coated on one side. Image the coated side first. CAUTION If you wish to use a synthetic product that has not been tested by Xerox, check with Xerox Service or Xerox Nuvera Support first. Some synthetic materials can cause system damage.
  • Page 41 Xerox Nuvera Tips by stock type Tabs Note A special tabs guide must be installed on the trail edge paper guide before tabs can be loaded and run from a paper tray. Tabs can be run from any tray when the appropriate guide is installed.
  • Page 42 Only US Letter (8.5”x11”) and A4 (210x297mm) transparencies are supported. • Test a small quantity of non-Xerox transparencies before making a large purchase. (Xerox transparencies that are recommended for the Xerox Nuvera meet the specifications for clarity, dry ink receptivity, and coefficient of friction.)
  • Page 43 Xerox DocuCard Description A Xerox DocuCard is a sheet of paper with an embossed well and a removable ID card that is attached with adhesive inside of the well. With the DocuCard Enablement Kit installed, 8.5 x 11 inch, A4, 11 x 17 inch, and A3 size DocuCards can be printed on the Xerox Nuvera System.
  • Page 44 Tips by stock type Xerox Nuvera 3-14 Paper Guide...
  • Page 45: About Xerox Papers

    Tri-fold brochure Accessing paper information online A broad range of Xerox stocks have been tested for image quality and paper handling with the Xerox Nuvera. Check the following web site for the most recent list of papers that have been tested for use with Xerox Nuvera: http://www.xerox.com...
  • Page 46: To Order Xerox Paper

    2. Select the name of your country from the drop-down list at the top of the page. For technical information about Xerox paper If you have concerns or inquiries about running Xerox stocks in your Xerox Nuvera, or if you have problems running stocks from other vendors, call your Xerox Nuvera Support Center for assistance.
  • Page 47: Converting Paper Weight From Pounds To Gsm

    The Xerox Nuvera uses gsm paper weights exclusively. Many paper manufacturers in the United States, including Xerox, print paper weight on the paper packaging in both pounds and gsm. You will need to convert pounds to gsm only if the gsm weight has not been specified.
  • Page 48: Formula For Converting Paper Weights

    Converting paper weight from pounds to gsm Xerox Nuvera The following table shows the basic sizes for common types of paper. Note Tag appears in the table twice because two basic sizes are commonly used. Paper Grades Basic Size (inches)
  • Page 49: Table For Converting Paper Weights

    Xerox Nuvera Converting paper weight from pounds to gsm Table for converting paper weights 1. Locate the paper type at the top of the table. 2. Move down the paper type column and locate the basis weight. 3. Follow the basis weight row to the left to find the approximate gsm weight.
  • Page 50 Converting paper weight from pounds to gsm Xerox Nuvera Offset Bond Xerographic Bristol Weight Book Cover Index in gsm Ledger Writing (Tag) Text 17 x 22 25 x 38 20 x 26 24 x 36 25.5 x 30.5 22.5 x 28.5...
  • Page 51: Printing With Tabs

    Once the tabs guide is installed, program jobs according to the procedures for programming tab jobs. Obtaining additional tab guide kits If additional Feed Module Tab Guide kits (Part #600K14630) are needed, contact your Xerox Service Representative. The additional kits are customer installable and include installation instructions.
  • Page 52: Installing The Tabs Guide

    Media Optimization is only available on Xerox Nuvera 200/288 Perfecting Production Systems. Media Optimization for pre-cut tabs is available only on the Xerox Nuvera 200/288 Perfecting Production Systems. This mode maximizes productivity when printing mixed media jobs that include pre-cut tab stock or full-cut tab stock with a width greater than 8.5 x 11 inches (215.9 millimeters).
  • Page 53: Define Stocks, Program, And Load Feeder Trays

    Xerox Nuvera Printing with tabs Note When you finish running jobs that include cut tabs, make sure you disable Pre-Cut Tab mode by selecting [Printer: Media Optimization] and then [Normal] from the Media Optimization Switches dialog. Define stocks, program, and load feeder trays 1.
  • Page 54: Printing On Tabbed Stock

    Xerox Nuvera Printing on tabbed stock Programming a job with tabs incorporates many features and functions of the Xerox Nuvera. Jobs with tabbed stock must be set up according to the system’s finishing equipment. Refer to the following sets of hints and tips when printing jobs with tabbed stock.
  • Page 55: Managing The Feeder

    Feeder procedures The paper trays can either be programmed then loaded or loaded then programmed. For more information, see the Configuring Paper Stocks and Tray Settings section of the Xerox Nuvera User Guide and Training Aid From the Printer menu, select Paper Trays for a list of paper trays and information about individual trays, including whether the tray is active or inactive, how much stock is in the tray, and which stock is assigned to the tray.
  • Page 56: Copy Stock Attributes From One Tray To Another

    When loading stock with one side coated, follow the label for pre-printed stock for printing on the coated side. 4. Load the required stock in the tray. Load the stock with the curl side down. Load Xerox stock with the package seam side face up.
  • Page 57: Load Tab Stock In A Paper Tray

    Two tab guides are included with each feeder module. See Appendix B: Printing with tabs for more information. Contact the Xerox Customer Support center if you are not sure if the appropriate hardware is installed.
  • Page 58: Inserter Procedures

    Managing the Feeder Xerox Nuvera Inserter procedures Assign stock to a paper tray in the Inserter module using the same procedures as feeder trays in the paper module. If the same stock is programmed in a feeder paper tray and an inserter paper tray, the system will choose the feeder tray over the inserter tray.
  • Page 59: Managing Finishers And Stackers

    Managing Finishers and Stackers Finisher procedures From the Printer menu, select Finishing and/or Stacking to view a list of finishers and information about them, including whether the finisher is enabled or disabled and how each finisher is programmed. Stacker Limitations The DS5000 Stacker can stack up to 5000 sheets of 20-pound (75 gsm) bond paper.
  • Page 60: Unload Stacker Cart

    Managing Finishers and Stackers Xerox Nuvera Unload stacker cart To remove the stack from the stacker cart or top tray: 1. If an Unload condition exists, go to step 3. To manually initiate an unload condition for a specified stacker cart or top tray, go to step 2.
  • Page 61: Managing The Stock Library

    Managing the Stock Library From the Printer menu, select Stock Library to view a list of stocks. Define a new stock CAUTION An incorrect value for any stock attribute can cause faults or unacceptable image quality. 1. From the Printer menu. select Stock Library. 2.
  • Page 62: Delete A Stock

    Managing the Stock Library Xerox Nuvera Delete a stock Only an Administrator level user can delete stocks from the Stock Library. Note If the specified stock is being used for the current job, the stock cannot be deleted. If the specified stock is assigned to a tray, the stock cannot be deleted.
  • Page 63: Glossary Of Paper Terms

    Glossary of Paper Terms Glossary Term Definition additives Minerals, chemicals, sizing, and dyes added to paper pulp or coatings to improve the paper’s performance and appearance. basic size In the United States, the standard sheet size for a particular grade of paper. basis weight In the United States, the weight of a ream of paper cut to a specified size, expressed in pounds.
  • Page 64 Glossary of Paper Terms Xerox Nuvera Glossary Term Definition conditioning Allowing paper to stand, unopened, in the print room until the paper temperature matches the room temperature, to prevent jamming and image shift. contamination Paper dust or other foreign materials in the printer that can cause jamming, image quality problems and fuser wraps.
  • Page 65 A feeder module that is positioned between the output module and the first stacker of a Xerox Nuvera. Inserter trays and feeder trays are programmed and loaded in the same ways. label paper Paper made for label printing that is gummed on one side and attached to another waxy-topped sheet.
  • Page 66 Any previously printed paper that will be printed on again. system interface An integrated workstation, running Xerox software, for interfacing with and managing the Xerox Nuvera. pressure roll wrap A jam caused by a sheet of paper becoming wrapped around the pressure roll in the fuser.
  • Page 67 A single instance of a paper, as listed in the Stock Library. A stock is programmed and loaded into a feeder tray. stock attributes The set of characteristics that define a single instance of a paper in the Xerox Nuvera Stock Library. Stock attributes include stock size, type, coating, and drilled or undrilled.
  • Page 68 Glossary of Paper Terms Xerox Nuvera Glossary Term Definition talc A mineral substance that is used as a filler in some grades of paper. TAPPI Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry text paper A fine quality paper with a textured surface that can be produced with a wide variety of finishes.

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