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Dell PowerEdge M1000e Technical Manual

Technical guide
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PowerEdge M1000e
Technical Guide
The M1000e
chassis provides
flexibility, power
and thermal
efficiency with
scalability for
future needs.

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  Summary of Contents for Dell PowerEdge M1000e

  • Page 1 PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide The M1000e chassis provides flexibility, power and thermal efficiency with scalability for future needs.
  • Page 2 Dell disclaims proprietary interest in the marks and names of others. ©Copyright 2010 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of any part of this work beyond that permitted by U.S. copyright laws without the written permission of Dell Inc. is unlawful and strictly forbidden.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    I/O ......................40 Overview ....................40 Quantities and Priorities ................41 Supported Mezzanine Cards and Switches ............44 I/O Module Installation ................45 FlexAddress ..................... 45 Storage ......................51 Video ......................52 Rack Information ..................... 53 PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 4 M1000e LCD Panel Recessed Position ............23 Figure 18. M1000e LCD Panel During Usage ............... 23 Figure 19. LCD Panel Capabilities ................24 Figure 20. Power Supplies in M1000e ............... 26 Figure 21. M1000e Power Supply Rear View ............... 27 Figure 22. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 5 Figure 51. CMC Module Features ................64 Figure 52. M1000e iKVM ..................65 Figure 53. Rear iKVM interface Panel ..............66 Figure 54. Front Keyboard/Video Ports ..............66 Figure 55. Enclosure After Unpacking ..............69 Figure 56. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 6: Product Comparison

    KVM options 1 x Avocent® Analog or Digital KVM 1 x Avocent® Analog KVM (optional) Putting 16 half-height blades in the PowerEdge M1000e is 60% more dense than using 1U servers. Server Density Comparison Figure 1. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 7: Table 2. Rack Vs. Blade Server Rack-Level Specification Comparison

    Lower Power Consumption per unit • Easier Manageability Dell’s blade server platform offers superior feature density over comparable rack servers, as can be seen from 0. (Darker blue shading indicates increased memory density.) Rack vs. Blade Server Rack-Level Specification Comparison Table 2.
  • Page 8: New Technologies

    2 New Technologies Overview The PowerEdge M1000e is designed to help customers be more efficient with time, power and cooling, investment, and system performance. It is a breakthrough Dell engineered and patent- pending design that maximizes flexibility, power and thermal efficiency, system-wide availability, performance, and manageability.
  • Page 9 1 optional integrated Keyboard/Video/Mouse (iKVM) switch. • Up to 6 hot-pluggable, redundant Power Supplies and 9 hot-pluggable, N+1 redundant fan modules. • System Front Control panel w/ LCD panel and two USB Keyboard/Mouse and one Video ―crash cart‖ connections. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 10: System Information

    The enclosure and its components spring from a revolutionary, ground-up design incorporating the latest advances in power, cooling, I/O, and management technologies. These technologies are packed into a highly available rack dense package that integrates into standard Dell and third-party 2000mm depth racks.
  • Page 11: Mechanical

    4 Mechanical Chassis Description The Dell M1000e supports up to sixteen half-height or 8 full-height server modules. The chassis guide and retention features are designed such that alternative module form factors are possible. The chassis architecture is flexible enough that server, storage, or other types of front-loading modules are possible.
  • Page 12: Figure 3. Possible Server Module Sizes, Front Panel View

    KVM between the blades. For more information, see System Control Panel Features in the Hardware Owner’s Manual. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 13: Back Panel Features

    For more information, see Back-Panel Features in the Hardware Owner’s Manual. Power Supply Indicators Figure 5 shows the power supply indicators. For more information, see Back-Panel Features in the Hardware Owner’s Manual. Power Supply Indicators Figure 5. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 14: Rails And Cable Management

    ―rack and stack‖ components. The configuration in the table assumes a server with four Ethernet ports and two Fibre Channel ports. In support of the M1000e, Dell offers a modular system cable management system to ease system installation in Dell or other industry-standard racks.
  • Page 15: Figure 6. Rack Cabling

    Static Rails for Square Hole Racks supports toolless installation in 19‖ EIA-310-E compliant square hole 4-post racks including all generations of Dell racks except for the 4200 & 2400 series. Minimum rail depth is 703 mm. Square-hole rack adjustment range is 712–755 mm.
  • Page 16: Figure 7. Rapidrails Rack Kit Contents

    Dell RapidRails Rack Kit Contents Figure 7. VersaRails Rack Kit Contents Figure 8. See Section 12 for more details. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 17: Rack Support

    RapidRails™ static rails for toolless mounting in 4-post racks with square holes • VersaRails™ static rails for tooled mounting in 4-post racks with square or unthreaded round holes See Section 12 for more details. Rack View M1000e in a Rack Figure 9. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 18: Fans

    Fans Figure 10. Rear View Showing Fans The PowerEdge M1000e chassis comes standard with 9 hot-swappable, redundant fan modules that are distributed evenly across the enclosure. The speed of each fan is individually managed by the CMC. Together, these design innovations can provide: •...
  • Page 19: Figure 11. Blades, Blanks, And 1 Open Slot Needing To Be Filled

    The blank blade, hard drive, and server I/O fillers for every blank slot are required for cooling/airflow reasons. Figure 11. Blades, Blanks, and 1 Open Slot Needing to be Filled Figure 12. Power Supply, Power Supply Blanks, and Open Slot Needing to be Filled PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 20: Figure 13. I/O Module And Open Slot Needing To Be Filled

    Dell Figure 13. I/O Module and Open Slot Needing to be Filled PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 21: Figure 14. Installed Cmc, I/O Module, And Power Supply Blanks

    Dell Figure 14. Installed CMC, I/O Module, and Power Supply Blanks Figure 15. Installed iKVM Blank PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 22: Cabling

    Consolidate uplinks from multiple chassis into 2-4 x 10GbE ports • Stacked CMCs CMC has a 2nd Ethernet port for connection to other CMCs in the rack CMC connects to the management network to manage all blade servers Saves port consumption on external switches PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 23: Control Panel/Lcd

    Figure 17. Simplified Cabling 4.11 Control Panel/LCD The control panel contains the local user interface. Functions include chassis level diagnostic LEDs, LCD panel, and power button. This device is hot-pluggable and is always powered, even in chassis standby mode. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 24: Figure 18. M1000E Lcd Panel Recessed Position

    CMC and each iDRAC, and status messages with detailed explanations in plain language. Users may access a wide variety of information about modules via the panel, including their type, user-defined name, configurations, service tag numbers, and IP address PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 25: Security

    The M1000e offers many security features, including the ability to: • Assign one admin per blade or one admin per multiple blades • Grant permissions to some blades but not to others • Customize administrative access for CMC, iDRAC, and I/O PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 26 Limited IP address range for clients connecting to the CMC • Secure Shell (SSH), which uses an encrypted layer for higher security • Single Sign-on, Two-Factor Authentication, and Public Key Authentication • Disabling front panel access PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 27: Power, Thermal, Acoustic

    Dell 5 Power, Thermal, Acoustic Built on Dell Energy Smart technology, the M1000e is one of the most power-efficient blade solutions on the market. The M1000e enclosure takes advantage of Energy Smart thermal design efficiencies, such as ultra-efficient power supplies and dynamic power-efficient fans with optimized airflow design to efficiently cool the chassis and enable better performance in a lower power envelope.
  • Page 28: Supported Voltages

    Figure 22. M1000e Power Supply Rear View The Dell power supplies utilize output Oring FETs to isolate the power supply from the 12V system bus. If a single power supply fails its output Oring FET for that power supply will turn off removing itself from the bus.
  • Page 29: Figure 23. Power Architecture

    CMCs, LCD and Control Panel are powered solely by 12 Volt Standby power, insuring that chassis level management is operational in the chassis standby state, whenever AC power is present. The server modules, I/O Modules, Fans, and iKVM are powered solely by 12 Volt Main power. Figure 23. Power Architecture PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 30: Power Management

    CMC. The blades will not shut down; rather they will slow down if necessary; Dell designed the system this way on purpose, in response to customer feedback that they did not want the blades to shut themselves down under any condition. I/O modules, on the other hand, will shut down prior to permanent damage, as they are less tolerant to power variation than the blade server hardware.
  • Page 31: Power Supply Specifications

    The low impedance design is coupled with a high‐efficiency air-moving device designed explicitly for the PowerEdge M1000e chassis. The efficiency of an air-moving device is defined as the work output PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 32: Figure 25. Server Cooling Air Profile

    Figure 26. I/O Module Inlet and IOM Locations PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 33: Figure 27. I/O Cooling Air Profile

    The Power Supplies, located in the rear of the system, use basic front‐to‐back cooling, but draw their inlet air from a duct located beneath the server modules, as seen in the figure above. This insures that the power supplies receive ambient temperature air. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 34: Environmental Specifications

    Acoustics The M1000e is engineered for sound quality in accordance with the Dell Enterprise acoustical specification. Compared to previous generations of products, the fans have more levels of control and finer tuning of the fan behavior. Firmware is optimized to choose the lowest fan speeds and...
  • Page 35 Re-installation of a fan will cause the rest of the fans to settle back to a quieter state. • Whenever communication to the CMC or iDRAC is lost such as during firmware update, the fan speed will increase and create more noise. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 36: Processors And Memory

    256 cores & 4TB of RAM: 4 sockets x 8 cores x 8 blades = 256 Cores; 32 DIMM sockets x 16GB DIMMs x 8 Blades = 4096GB or 4TB RAM. See the Technical Guide for each of the compatible blade servers offered for more details on processors and memory offered. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 37: Midplane

    The time division multiplexed serial bus is fully redundant, with health monitoring, separate links per CMC and error checking across all data. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 38: Figure 30. M1000E Midplane Front View

    The midplane is physically attached to the enclosure front structural element. It is aligned by guide‐pins and edges in all 3 axes. This provides close tolerance alignment between the server modules and their midplane connections. The midplane has been carefully designed to minimize the impact to the overall system airflow. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 39: Figure 31. M1000E Midplane Rear View

    Dell Figure 31. M1000e Midplane Rear View All M1000e midplane routing is fully isolated, supporting all chassis power, fabric, system management, and fault-tolerance requirements. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 40: Embedded Nics/Lan On Motherboard (Lom)

    Dell 8 Embedded NICs/LAN on Motherboard (LOM) See the Technical Guide for each of the compatible blade servers. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 41: Overview

    9 I/O Overview Dell M-series provides complete, snap-in FlexI/O scalability down to the switch interconnects. Flex I/O technology is the foundation of the M1000e I/O subsystem. Customers may mix and match I/O modules, including Cisco®, Dell™ PowerConnect™, Fibre Channel, and InfiniBand options. The I/O modules may be installed singly or in redundant pairs.
  • Page 42: Quantities And Priorities

    Ethernet Port Aggregator • Virtualization of Ethernet ports for integration into any Ethernet fabric • Fibre Channel products from Brocade and Emulex offering powerful connectivity to Dell/EMC SAN fabrics • High-availability clustering inside a single enclosure or between two enclosures Each server module connects to traditional network topologies while providing sufficient bandwidth for multi‐generational product lifecycle upgrades.
  • Page 43: Figure 33. High Speed I/O Architecture

    Fabric B and C are identical, fully customizable fabrics, routed as two sets of four lanes from mezzanine cards on the server modules to the I/O Modules in the rear of the chassis. Supported bandwidth ranges from 1 to 10 Gbps per lane depending on the fabric type used. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 44: Fabric Specifications

    While Fabric A is dedicated to the server module LOMs, requiring Ethernet switch or passthrough modules for I/O slots A1 and A2, Fabrics B and C can be populated with Ethernet, Fibre Channel, or InfiniBand solutions. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 45: Supported Mezzanine Cards And Switches

    For more information on the I/O module options, see the PowerEdge M-Series Blades I/O Guide. Supported Mezzanine Cards and Switches Dell supports one mezzanine design standard and one I/O Module design standard for true modular computing. The currently supported I/O modules include: •...
  • Page 46: I/O Module Installation

    This technology works with any vendor’s installed I/O module as well as with Dell PowerConnect™ products.
  • Page 47: Figure 36. Flexaddress Addresses

    If a replacement of the control panel is required, the SD card will push the WWN/MACs back to it. It is important to note that the chassis Control Panel also stores CMC configuration information, so it is advisable that customers keep a backup of the CMC configuration file. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 48: Flexaddress Features And Benefits

    No risk of duplicates on your network or SAN enclosure at a given time, until disabled Works with all I/O modules including Cisco, Brocade, Choice is independent of switch or pass-through and Dell PowerConnect switches as well as pass-thru module modules PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 49: Figure 38. Flexaddress Sd Card

    Figure 39. SD Slot on bottom of CMC  Select the slots and fabrics you want FlexAddress enabled on (see figure below). note blades must be powered off and have the latest firmware in order for FlexAddress MAC/WWNs to be deployed to them. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 50: Figure 40. Cmc Flexaddress Summary Screen

    FlexAddress MAC/WWNs are now deployed. CMC GUI shows users a summary of Server Assigned (hardware based) and chassis assigned (FlexAddress) MAC/WWNs for the entire chassis or per slot (see Figure Figure 41 below). Green Checkmarks denote which identifier is currently being used. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 51: Figure 41. Cmc Flexaddress Server Detail Screen

    Dell Figure 41. CMC FlexAddress Server Detail Screen For more information, review the FlexAddress chapter of the CMC User’s Guide. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 52: Storage

    Figure 42. Examples of Major Storage Platforms Supported The blade servers also support at least two internal hard drives which can be put into RAID if so desired. For details, see the Technical Guide for each of the compatible blade servers offered. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 53: Video

    Dell 11 Video The iKVM supports a video display resolution range from 640x480 at 60Hz up to 1280 x 1024 x 65,000 colors (noninterlaced) at 75Hz. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 54: Rack Information

    The RapidRails™ static rail system for the M1000e provides tool-less support for racks with square mounting holes including all generations of Dell racks except for the 4200 & 2400 series. Also available are the VersaRails™ static rails, which offer tooled mounting support for racks with square or unthreaded round mounting holes.
  • Page 55: Cable Management Arm (Cma)

    VersaRails static rail systems support a cable management arm. Included instead are a strain relief bar and cable enumerator clips to help manage and secure the potentially large number of cables exiting the back of the system. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 56: Rack View

    Figure 46. M1000e Mounted in the Rack The strain relief bar and cable enumerator clips can be used to help manage and secure the power cords and I/O cables exiting the back of the system as indicated below. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 57: Figure 47. M1000E Strain Relief Bar And Cable Enumerator Clips

    Dell Cable Enumerator Clips Strain Relief Bar Figure 47. M1000e Strain Relief Bar and Cable Enumerator Clips More information can be found in the Rack Installation Guide. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 58: Virtualization

    Fully Redundant Power & Cooling Fully Redundant I/O Hot-Swappable Drives • Power & Cooling Efficiency Super Efficient Power Supplies Optimized Airflow Best-in-class Fan Technology Many of the I/O modules offered provide significant benefits for use in virtualized environments, such as: PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 59: Figure 49. Examples Of I/O Modules Recommended For Use In Virtualized Environments

    Dell Figure 49. Examples of I/O modules Recommended for Use in Virtualized Environments PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 60: Systems Management

    Includes: real-time power management and monitoring; flexible security; status/ inventory/ alerting for blades, I/O and chassis • iDRAC One per blade with full DRAC functionality like other Dell servers including vMedia/KVM Integrates into CMC or can be used separately •...
  • Page 61: Server Management

    The base circuit, which integrates the baseboard management controller (BMC) function with hardware support for Virtual KVM (vKVM) and Virtual Media (vMedia), is the integrated Dell Remote Access Controller (iDRAC). iDRAC has two Ethernet connections, one for each CMC, providing system management interface redundancy.
  • Page 62: Enclosure Management

    More information on the iDRAC Lifecycle Controller can be found on support.dell.com. 14.3 Enclosure Management The CMC provides secure remote management access to the chassis and installed modules. The M1000e must have at least one CMC and supports an optional redundant module, each occupying a slot accessible through the rear of the chassis.
  • Page 63 Single Sign On using OS credentials (with AD) o Private Key Authentication (PK Auth) o Secure Web (SSL) and CLI (Telnet/SSH) interfaces  Support for Industry-Standard Interfaces o SMASH CLP o WSMAN o CIM XML PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 64: Figure 51. Chassis Management Controller

    Management Ethernet interface (10/100/1000M). This connection is distinct from the three redundant data Fabrics A, B and C. Unlike previous generations of Dell server modules, the iDRAC’s connectivity is independent of, and in addition to, the onboard GbE LOMs on the server module. Each server module’s iDRAC has its own IP address and can be accessed, if security settings allow, directly...
  • Page 65: Figure 52. Cmc Module Features

    Dell Figure 52. CMC Module Features PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 66: Integrated Keyboard And Mouse Controller (Ikvm)

    KVM Switch. The iKVM contains a ―seventeenth blade‖ feature, connecting the CMC Command Line Interface via the KVM switch and allowing text-based deployment wizards on VGA monitors. iKVM firmware is updated through the CMC. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 67: Figure 54. Rear Ikvm Interface Panel

    Figure 55. Front Keyboard/Video Ports Dell modular servers also include vKVM as a standard feature, routing the operator’s keyboard output, mouse output and video between the target server module and a console located on the system management IP network.
  • Page 68 Connection to vKVM and vMedia is through the CMC, with encryption available on a per stream basis. It is possible to connect the following Dell\Avocent KVMIP switches to the iKVM card in the M1000e blade enclosure using a CAT5 cable.
  • Page 69: Peripherals

    • A Dell 1U rack console which enables customers to mount a system administrator’s control station directly into a Dell rack without sacrificing rack space needed for servers and other peripherals. It features: 17" LCD flat-panel monitor with height adjustment...
  • Page 70: Packaging Options

    The M1000e comes from the factory on a pallet with components installed. The components must be taken out before it is installed in a rack. There are cardboard slings under the chassis to enable two people to lift it. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 71 Dell Appendix A. Regulatory Certifications Please see the external Product Safety, EMC, and Environmental Datasheets on dell.com at: http://www.dell.com/regulatory_compliance_datasheets. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 72: Status Messages

    Dell Appendix B. Status Messages C.1 LCD Status Messages See the M1000e Configuration Guide CMC Administrator Reference Guide for details. C.2 System Status Messages See the CMC Administrator Reference Guide for details. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...
  • Page 73 Videos highlighting the major M1000e features are available on http://www.dell.com/html/us/products/pedge/poweredge_mseries_blade_videos/poweredge.html PowerEdge M1000e Configuration Guide, Hardware Owner’s Manual CMC Administrator Reference Guide each contain a wealth of additional information about the PowerEdge M1000e’s capabilities. blade training material on dtt.us.dell.comdtt.us.dell.com is also a useful reference. PowerEdge M1000e Technical Guide...