About the TRINITY’s manuals About the TRINITY’s manuals How the TRINITY’s manuals are organized and how to use them This page explains the contents of each manual, and how to use them. First you should read the Basic Guide, and learn the basic ideas and procedures that you need to know. These manuals assume that you have a basic knowledge of synthesizers and MIDI.
Table of Contents Table of Contents STEP 1 1. Main features of the TRINITY series ........1 ACCESS .
Table of Contents Control from the pedals ..........18 5.
Table of Contents 5. Sequencer mode ............41 About the TRINITY’s sequencer .
Table of Contents Using pitch bend............63 Adjusting the volume .
STEP 1 1. Main features of the TRINITY series ACCESS All models of the TRINITY series feature the ACCESS (Advanced Control Combined Synthesis System), a PCM tone generation system that allows sound to be created completely in the digital domain. The tone generator has 24 Mbytes of PCM ROM, containing 375 multisamples and 258 drum sam- ples recorded at a sampling frequency of 48 kHz.
1. Main features of the TRINITY series 256 (320) programs and 256 combinations The TRINITY contains 128 programs in each bank A and B (a total of 256). (If the MOSS-TRI option is installed, the 64 programs of bank M are also available.) On the TRINITY V3 , TRINITY V3 pro and TRINITY V3 proX , banks A and B each contain 128 programs, and bank M contains 64 programs (a total of 320).
2. Connections 2. Connections Audio connections Other tone generator module VOLUME COMBI PROG BANK PAGE+ MIDI PHONES POWER EDIT GLOBAL PAGE- MULTI < Connections with a powered moni- Powered monitor, etc. tor/stereo amp > OUTPUT In order to faithfully reproduce the sound of the TRINITY series, we recommend that you use a powered monitor system (a speaker with a built-in amp, such as the separately sold PRO-...
2. Connections Pedal connections < Foot pedal connections > < Foot switch pedal connections > Be sure to use an EXP-2 or XVP-10 as the foot pedal. Connect an on/off type foot switch to the The function that is assigned to the pedal will be deter- switch jack.
(hard disk, etc.) here. This is available only on models MIDI IN connector. Use it when you wish to make MIDI A separately sold Korg EXP-2 or XVP-10 expression pedal depending on the angle at which you view it. These jacks are for recording to the hard disk such as a DAT recorder can be connected with an optional SCSI-TRI installed.
4. Basic operation of the touch view display LCD screen buttons c: Popup button g: Tab buttons When this button is pressed, a popup menu will appear. Popup menus con- By pressing and releasing a tab button, you can view a different tab page. tain a list of parameter values that you can select.
4. Basic operation of the touch view display Selecting modes The TRINITY has 7 modes. Press one of the mode keys [PROG] – [DISK] on the front panel to enter the respective mode. When the power is turned on , the TRINITY will automatically be in Combination Play mode.
5. Setting a parameter 5. Setting a parameter The parameter value in an edit cell can be set using four types of VALUE controllers ; the VALUE slider, the [ ][ ] keys, the VALUE dial, and the VALUE ENTER keys. In some cases, the [BANK] key and [COMPARE] key are also used.
5. Setting a parameter [BANK] key Press this key to select the bank of the combination or program. The banks that are available will depend on the model of TRINITY that you have, on whether the Playback Sampler/Flash ROM option is installed, and whether the MOSS-TRI option is installed.
5. Setting a parameter...
STEP 2 1. Listening to the demo songs On the TRINITY V3, TRINITY V3 pro, or TRINITY V3 proX, insert the included “TFD-00P-V3” ﬂoppy disk into the disk drive. On the TRINITY, insert the included “TFD-00P” into the disk drive. For details on how to insert a disk, refer to “8.
1. Listening to the demo songs Play back the second demo song Stop demo song playback, and use the following procedure. In the Sequencer mode page 1 display, press Song. Press the numeric key 1, and press the ENTER key. The second song will be selected.
2. Select and play a program 2. Select and play a program The programs that are available on the TRINITY will depend on the model, and on whether the Playback Sampler/ﬂash ROM option and/or the MOSS-TRI option are installed ( page 9 in this manual).
2. Select and play a program Selecting a program using a connected assignable foot switch Connect an assignable foot switch (an on/off type switch such as the separately sold Korg PS-1) to the rear panel SWITCH jack. Press the [GLOBAL] key.
3. Select and play a combination 3. Select and play a combination The combinations that are available on the TRINITY will depend on whether the Playback Sam- pler/ﬂash ROM option is installed ( page 9 in this manual). For the factory preset combination names, refer to the separate Voice Name List booklet. There are three ways to select combinations.
3. Select and play a combination Selecting a combination using a connected assignable foot switch Connect an assignable foot switch (an on/off type switch such as the separately sold Korg PS-1) to the rear panel SWITCH jack. Press the [GLOBAL] key.
4. About the performance functions 4. About the performance functions The pitch, tone, volume, and effects of the TRINITY can be controlled by controllers (joystick, rib- bon controller, connected pedals, etc.) and by the way in which you play the keyboard. These means of control are referred to as “performance functions.”...
Assignable Foot Switch An effect can be applied by operating an assignable foot switch (Korg PS-1 etc.) connected to the rear panel SWITCH jack. The function of the foot switch can be set in Global mode P1 “1–1: Global Setup” ( Parameter Guide, page 129).
5. Tuning 5. Tuning As an example, here’s how to set the tuning to 442 Hz. Press the [GLOBAL] key. You will enter Global mode. Press the [P1] key. You will enter page 1. Press Master Tune. The parameter value will be selected (the value at the right of Master Tune will be inverted). This value indicates the pitch of A4 in cents based on 440Hz as a value of “0.”...
6. Transposing 6. Transposing Shifting the pitch is known as “transposing.” As an example, here’s how to raise the pitch a whole tone. Press the [GLOBAL] key. You will enter Global mode. Press the [P1] key. You will enter page 1. Press Key Transpose.
7. Easy editing in Program Play mode 7. Easy editing in Program Play mode A certain amount of knowledge is necessary in order to edit parameters in Program Edit mode. However the TRINITY series allows you to use the 8 sliders displayed in the LCD in Program Play mode to modify the sound in several useful ways.
8. Easy editing in Combination Play mode 8. Easy editing in Combination Play mode In Combination Play mode, you can change the program assigned to each timbre of the combina- tion, and adjust the volume and pan for each timbre. As an example, here’s how to adjust the vol- ume of a timbre.
9. Writing a program or combination 9. Writing a program or combination A program or combination that you have modiﬁed by adjusting parameters with the performance editor or in any Edit mode can be saved into internal memory. This procedure is referred to as Writing a program or combination into memory.
9. Writing a program or combination Write using a page menu command In Program Play mode, press the page menu command Update Program, and follow the instruc- tions in the dialog box to write the data. In Combination Play mode, press the page menu com- mand Update Combination, and write the data by following the instructions in the dialog box.
10. Restoring the factory preset sounds 10. Restoring the factory preset sounds The factory preset sounds are referred to as the “pre-loaded” data. Here’s how to load the pre- loaded data. On the TRINITY V3, TRINITY V3 pro, or TRINITY V3 proX, insert the included “TFD-00P-V3” ﬂoppy disk into the disk drive.
11. Selecting by category 11. Selecting by category Program Play mode Programs can be selected by category only when 1–1b: Program Number/Program Name is selected. Use the radio buttons to select the searching conditions. When A is selected, only programs belonging to the category speciﬁed in A will be selected. When B is selected, only programs belonging to the category speciﬁed in B will be selected.
STEP 3 1. Program Play mode Press the front panel [PROG] key to enter this mode. Here you can select programs, and use the performance editor to adjust the sound. If you wish to save the changes you make with the perfor- mance editor, turn off the memory protect setting in Global mode ( page 51 in this manual), and use the program write operation ( page 23 in this manual).
2. Program Edit mode 2. Program Edit mode To enter this mode, press the front panel [PROG] key and then the [EDIT] key. Here you can make changes to the pitch, tone, volume, and other aspects of the program selected in Program Play mode.
2. Program Edit mode Filter: adjusting the tone color The sound of the multi-sample selected for the oscillator can be affected by the ﬁlter by using it to diminish or emphasize certain portions of the sound. On the TRINITY series, there are two ﬁlters for each oscillator, and you can specify how the two ﬁlters will work together.
2. Program Edit mode Basic program editing Select the program that you wish to edit in Program Play mode ( page 13 in this manual), and enter Program Edit mode to edit it. After making these edits, you can go ahead on your own, and call up various preset programs and edit them as you review the basic structure of a program ( page 28 in this manual).
2. Program Edit mode Filter settings Here we are going to adjust the tonal color. There are sometimes signiﬁcant differences in tone between instruments in the same family, such as the french horn with its mellow sound and a trumpet with its bright sound. When creating sounds on a synthesizer, this is also an important aspect that determines the character of the sound.
2. Program Edit mode Adjust the Frequency and Resonance parameters. Adjust the Frequency parameter to change the Level cutoff frequency. With ﬁlter types other than Low Pass Low Pass, higher settings will result in a brighter sound, and lower settings will result in a darker sound.
2. Program Edit mode Even if you change the multisample of a program, the parameter settings of that program will remain at the values appropriate for the previous multisample. (For example on a piano-type pro- gram, the Ampliﬁer EG will be set to create a piano-type envelope, producing a rapid attack and a gradual decay.) You can adjust the ﬁlter or ampliﬁer parameter values as needed.
2. Program Edit mode operate (such as the joystick or the ribbon controller), or from types of MIDI messages that are received. The amount (Amt) setting determines the degree (speed or depth) to which the dynamic modula- tion source will control the effect parameter. This corresponds to the Intensity setting of alternate modulation.
2. Program Edit mode About program parameters Some parameters of a program determine the type of change or effect that will occur in the sound (such as EG and LFO, etc.), and other parameters determine the depth of this change or effect. Even if you edit the parameters that determine the type of change or effect, this will make abso- lutely no difference in the sound if the parameters that determine the depth (Intensity) of the change or effect are set at 0.
3. Combination Play mode 3. Combination Play mode Press the front panel [COMBI] key to enter this mode. When the power is turned on, this mode will automatically be selected. Here you can select combinations, and specify the program, pan, and volume setting for each tim- bre of the combination.
3. Combination Play mode Layer, split, and velocity switch In a combination, you can use keyboard position or velocity to change the program that will sound. The program assigned to a timbre can be sounded in three ways; layer, split, or velocity switch.
4. Combination Edit mode 4. Combination Edit mode To enter this mode, press the front panel [COMBI] key and then the [EDIT] key. Here you can make settings for the combination selected in Combination Play mode. For each tim- bre you can select the program, adjust pan and volume settings, and specify the key zone and velocity zone.
4. Combination Edit mode To create a combination like the one shown above, select the programs for timbres 1–3 in Combi- nation Play mode or in Combination Edit mode P1, tab page 1 (Timb Param 1). Select a piano program for timbre 1. Select a brass program for timbre 2.
4. Combination Edit mode Other settings in Combination Edit mode In addition to the settings discussed here, Combination Edit mode allows you to adjust the pitch for each timbre (Transpose and Detune), and adjust pan position and send levels. You can also specify the MIDI channel for each timbre, and specify whether MIDI messages will be received or not.
5. Sequencer mode 5. Sequencer mode To enter Sequencer mode, press the front panel [SEQ] key. Here you can use the sequencer to playback or record songs, and edit recorded data. You can also record and edit patterns. Before editing sequencer song data, you must ﬁrst turn off the protect setting in Global mode ( page 51 in this manual).
5. Sequencer mode About patterns Each song in the TRINITY’s sequencer can have up to 100 of its own patterns. Phrases that are used repeatedly in a song can be recorded as patterns. If these patterns are placed in a track, the pattern data will be called up and played back whenever the song reaches that loca- tion.
5. Sequencer mode About recording Recording is the process of storing musical actions (notes that are played on the keyboard, con- trollers that are moved, etc.) into memory. The TRINITY series provides the following recording methods. Realtime recording In this method of recording, notes you play on the keyboard and controller movements etc. are recorded just as they are performed —...
5. Sequencer mode Song realtime recording procedure Preparations for recording Before you record, make track settings. The settings of steps – are made in Sequencer mode P1 tab pages 1–7. In Sequencer mode, press the [P1] key. The page 1 display (Track Play/Rec) will appear. Press Song.
5. Sequencer mode Overdub recording Make the preparations described in “Preparations for recording.” ( page 44 in this manual). Press tab button 7 (Pref.). The Preference display will appear. In Recording Setup, select OverDub. Overdub recording mode will be selected. For the rest of the procedure, refer to steps –...
5. Sequencer mode Loop recording Make the preparations described in “Preparations for recording.” ( page 44 in this manual). It should be noted that you cannot perform multi- track recording. Uncheck the MultiRec check box in step Press tab button 7 (Pref.). The Preference display will appear.
5. Sequencer mode Pattern recording procedure Pattern realtime recording Pattern realtime recording allows you to repeatedly playback a pattern of a speciﬁed length, and continue adding recorded data to it. In Sequencer mode, press the [P6] key, and press the tab 1 button (Pattern Edit). Tab page 1 (Pattern Edit) will be displayed.
6. About the effects 6. About the effects Effects allow you to modify the sound in various ways, or simulate an acoustic environment. The digital multi-effects provided on the TRINITY series allow you to select from a wide variety of different effects. Effects for which dynamic modulation can be speciﬁed allow you to control effect parameters while you play using any desired control source.
6. About the effects Combination Since the insert effect settings for each program are ignored by combinations, you will need to make new insert effect settings. Make effect grouping settings in Combination Edit mode P7 tab page 1 (Effect Grouping) FX Size, and make effect routing settings in tab page 2 (Insert Effects).
6. About the effects Send and pan settings The parameters that determine the send level and pan to the master effects will differ depending on whether insert effects are used (effect size greater than 0) or unused (effect size 0). If insert effects are used Effects are bypassed when Effect On/Off is set to Off.
7. Global mode 7. Global mode Press the front panel [GLOBAL] key to enter this mode. About memory protect The TRINITY provides memory protect settings (accessed in Global mode) that can help prevent accidental overwriting and loss of program, combination, or song data. Turn protect off when you wish to write a program or combination, or record a song.
7. Global mode Select Drumkit. The display will be inverted. Use the VALUE controller to select the drum kit that you wish to edit. Press Key. The display will be inverted. Use the VALUE controller to select the note number that you wish to edit. The settings for that note number will be displayed in the lower part of the LCD.
8. Disk mode 8. Disk mode Press the front panel [DISK] key to enter this mode. Types of ﬂoppy disks The TRINITY can use MS-DOS format 3.5 inch 2DD and 2HD disks. When formatted by the TRINITY, a 2DD disk will have a capacity of 720 Kbytes (9 sectors/track) and a 2HD disk will have a capacity of 1440 Kbytes (18 sectors/track).
8. Disk mode Removing a ﬂoppy disk To remove a ﬂoppy disk from the disk drive, make sure that the busy indicator located at the side of the disk drive is unlit, and also make sure that the LCD does not display a message such as “Loading”...
8. Disk mode shown as directory icons in the display. DOS file DOS directory Pre-defined files DOS file 1 program Bank 1 program .PCG file All program All combination 1 Combination 1 Combination bank All drum kit 1 drum kit Global parameters .SNG file 1 song...
9. Saving data 9. Saving data There are three ways in which data such as programs, combinations, drum kits, and sequencer songs can be saved; writing to internal memory, saving to ﬂoppy disk, and MIDI data dump. Writing to internal memory Sound data such as programs and combinations can be written into internal memory.
9. Saving data MIDI data dump MIDI data dump refers to the process of transmitting the settings of the TRINITY’s internal mem- ory as MIDI exclusive data to a connected MIDI device such as a computer, data ﬁler, or another TRINITY series instrument.
10. MIDI applications 10. MIDI applications Connections with MIDI devices and/or a computer < Connecting a MIDI keyboard/Sequencer/Computer > Connect the MIDI IN connector to the MIDI OUT connector of the external MIDI device. This will allow the TRINITY to be controlled by the external MIDI device (e.g., so that the TRINITY can be played from an external keyboard, or produce sound un- der the control of an external sequencer).
10. MIDI applications The settings in Global mode will depend on the type of connections and on how you are using the TRINITY. < Echo Back and Local Control settings > If you are recording on an external sequencer while listening to the sequencer playback (i.e., if you are using the TRINITY both as the keyboard for input and as the tone generator for play- back), connect the MIDI IN connector of the TRINITY to the MIDI OUT connector of the exter- nal sequencer, and the MIDI IN connector of the external sequencer to the MIDI OUT...
10. MIDI applications Global mode settings Position settings On the TRINITY series, you can transpose the pitch, and adjust the way in which velocity and aftertouch affect the sound. These settings are made in Global mode P1 Position. Position settings will also signiﬁcantly affect the way in which MIDI data is transmitted. For details refer to Parameter Guide page 129 “1–1b: Position.”...
10. MIDI applications About MIDI MIDI channels Similarly to the way in which a television set operates, the data of a channel can be received when the receiving device is set to the same channel as the transmitting device. However the way in which channels are handled differs in each mode.
10. MIDI applications Selecting a program A sound (program) can be selected using MIDI Program Change messages [Cn, pp] (‘pp’ is the program number that speciﬁes one of 128 programs). Bank Select messages [Bn, 00, mm](control change #00) and [Bn, 20, bb] (control change #32) (‘mm is the bank number MSB, ‘bb’...
10. MIDI applications Aftertouch If you play a note on the TRINITY and then press down harder on the keyboard, an aftertouch effect will be applied. At the same time, MIDI Aftertouch messages [Dn, vv] (‘vv’ = value) will also be transmitted.
10. MIDI applications Adjusting the stereo location (pan) The oscillators, timbres, and tracks of the TRINITY series can be sent to outputs L and R, and effect sends 1 and 2 (1 and 2 are the effect inputs). The Pan setting determines how the sound is divided between outputs L and R.
10. MIDI applications Adjusting the tone color When a MIDI Brightness message [Bn, 4A, vv] (control change #74: ‘vv’ = value) is received, the tone color will change. For a ‘vv’ value of 64 [40H], there will be no change in the tone. For lower values the sound will become darker, and for higher values the sound will become brighter (if a low pass ﬁlter is being used).
10. MIDI applications Tuning In Sequencer mode, you can use RPN messages to adjust the tuning of each track. In other modes, you can use RPN messages on the Global MIDI channel to adjust the master tuning parameter of Global mode P1. The procedure is as follows. Select RPN 01.
Inquiry Message [F0, 7E, nn, 06, 02, (nine bytes), F7] that means “I am a Korg TRINITY series, system version…”. A Master Volume message [F0, 7F, nn, 04, 01, vv, mm, F7] (vv: lower byte of value, mm: upper byte of value;...
10. MIDI applications mitted/received. When you then change modes on the TRINITY, a Mode Change will be trans- mitted. When you change programs or combinations, data for one program or one combination will be transmitted together with the Program Change message. When you edit individual param- eters, Parameter Change or Drumkit Parameter Change messages will be transmitted.
10. MIDI applications played back, the TRINITY’s sequencer will synchronize to the clock of the external sequencer, so you will need to set the time signature and starting measures of the two sequencers to match beforehand. Even if the MIDI Clock is set to External so that the sequencer is controlled from outside, tracks whose Track Status is EXT or BOTH will still transmit their data.
11. When you want to… 11. When you want to… Playback the TRINITY to control other MIDI equipment The MIDI messages transmitted by the TRINITY’s keyboard or controllers (joystick, etc.) can play external tone generators, or record data on external sequencers. The MIDI data that is transmitted by the TRINITY depends on the mode.
11. When you want to… Edit parameters via MIDI You can edit the parameters of the TRINITY using Parameter Change exclusive messages. If Global mode Enable Exclusive is checked, parameter change messages will be transmitted when you edit in Combination Edit mode or Program Edit mode, or when you use the performance edi- tor.
11. When you want to… Restore the factory sounds and settings In Disk mode, load the preload data from the included ﬂoppy disk. Insert the included ﬂoppy disk into the disk drive. Press the [DISK] key to enter Disk mode. Press the tab 1 button (Load).
11. When you want to… Press the tab 2 button (Vel Zone), and set the Top Vel to 127, the Bottom Vel to 1, and the Top Slope and Bottom Slope to 0. As desired, make other settings for the timbre. Repeat steps –...
11. When you want to… Playback a GM Score (GM music data) The TRINITY is not GM compatible, but can playback a GM score if you load the appropriate sound data and sequencer reset data from the included ﬂoppy disk. From the included ﬂoppy disk, load GENERAL.PCG and GENERAL.SNG.
12. Troubleshooting 12. Troubleshooting Problem Action Power does not come on when the power • Is the power cable connected to an AC outlet? switch is pressed. Power is on but nothing appears in the LCD. • Is the rear panel CONTRAST knob adjusted? •...